ISSN:1052-5378

Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: A Bibliography

Special Reference Briefs Series no. SRB 94-13

September 1994

Compiled By:
Kim Guenther
Biotechnology Information Center

Edited by:
Raymond Dobert
Biotechnology Information Center
Reference and User Services Branch
and
Jane Gates
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center, Information Centers Branch
National Agricultural Library, Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture
Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2351


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Guenther, Kim
Biotechnology and sustainable agriculture : a bibliography.
(Special reference briefs ; 94-13)
1. Biotechnology--Bibliography. 2. Sustainable agriculture-- Biblography. I. Title.
aS21.D27S64 no.94-13

Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: A Bibliography

Go to: Author Index | Subject Index | Top of Document

"Sustainable agriculture" is both a term and a concept whose definition has varied a great deal. As articulated in the 1990 "Farm Bill" Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, P.L. 101-624, Title XVI, Subtitle A, Section 1603) sustainable agriculture means "an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will, over the long term: (A) satisfy human food and fiber needs; (B) enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agricultural economy depends; (C) make the most efficient use of nonrenewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls; (D) sustain the economic viability of farm operations; and (E) enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole."

As with sustainable agriculture, the term biotechnology has a multitude of definitions. USDA has defined biotechnology as "the use of living organisms, cells, subcellular organelles and/or parts of those structures, as well as the molecules, to effect biological, chemical or physical changes." (Solving Agricultural Problems with Biotechnology. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Jan. 1990. Program Aid 1445) Using this loose definition, many farming practices, from plant breeding to animal husbandry, would be considered as utilizing biotechnology. Today, the term is used more frequently to describe the use of molecular biology and recombinant DNA technology to produce plants and animals with novel traits.

A range of crops and agricultural products have been produced using the molecular tools of biotechnology and are beginning to be utilized in agricultural systems in the United States. At the same time, an increasing number of farmers are adopting sustainable cultural practices. Are these two developments compatible with each other? Biotechnology has the potential to assist farmers in reducing on-farm chemical inputs and produce value-added commodities. Conversely, there are concerns about the use of biotechnology in agricultural systems including the possibility that it may lead to greater farmer dependence on the providers of the new technology. Where these two new developments will lead American agriculture is open for debate.

This Special Reference Brief has been prepared jointly by the Biotechnology Information Center and the Alternative Farming Systems Information Center to provide an introduction to the literature and debate surrounding the use of biotechnology in sustainable farming systems. While not an exhaustive search of the literature, its purpose is to serve as a foundation upon which to build as the dialogue continues in the future. As an increasing number of "biotech" crops are made available for production and consumption, the dialogue will engage policy makers, researchers, farmers, ethicists and consumers. For meaningful discussions to occur, an appreciation of the many viewpoints held on the impact of biotechnology on the structure of agriculture is essential.

The scope of literature covered is fairly broad and includes the impact of biotechnology on technical deployment of alternative control methods, e.g. biocontrol and integrated pest management (IPM), as well as the cultural and sociological issues surrounding the changes that this new technology might bring to agriculture. Since agriculture is a global enterprise, many of the articles focus on the international arena where questions remain on the role of biotechnology in sustainable development in developing countries. Most of the papers included have been written within the past 7 years, althugh several earlier important works have been included. Several bibliographic databases, including Agricola and CAB Abstracts were used to locate appropriate citations. The vast majority of the items are in the National Agricultural Library's collection (as indicated by the NAL call number accompanying each citation). Items designated as being working tools are part of the Biotechnology Information Center's collection and are available by contacting the Center.

If you have any questions or require further information, please contact:

Biotechnology Information Center
National Agricultural Library, Fourth Floor
10301 Baltimore Ave.
Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2351, USA.
301-504-5947; Fax 301-504-7098

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
National Agricultural Library, Fourth Floor
10301 Baltimore Ave.
Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2351, USA.
301-504-6559; Fax 301-504-6409
asfic@nal.usda.gov

By Kim Guenther
Edited by Raymond Dobert and Jane Gates


Bibliography

Page 1

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001
"Agbio and third world development." Shand, Hope. Bio/Technology 11(3): S13 (March 1993).
NAL Call Number: QH442.B5
Keywords: biotechnology-social-impacts; biotechnology-political-aspects; germplasm; patents; developing-countries; genetic-engineering; biodiversity; ecosystem-risks

002
Agricultural Biotechnology for Sustainable Productivity in Indonesia: New Approach, Innovation and Challenges Manwan, Ibrahim; Moeljopawiro, Sugiono. Indonesia: Central Research Institute for Food Crops, Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture, 1993.
NAL Call Number: [in process]
Keywords: biotechnology; sustainability; policy; research

003
"Agricultural biotechnology: growing concern?" Anderson, Julie. Trends in Biotechnology 7(8):196-197.
NAL Call Number: TP166.T72
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; agricultural-research; biotechnology; societal-issues; pesticide production; organic- farming; selection-criteria; breeding-methods

004
Altered Harvest: Agriculture, Genetics, and the Fate of the World's Food Supply Doyle, Jack. New York, NY: Penguin Books, 1986.
NAL Call Number: HD9006.D65
Keywords: genetic-engineering; government-policy; biotechnology; food-industry; agricultural-chemicals; biodiversity; green-revolution; agricultural-research-policy

005
"An environmentalist"s perspective on genetic modification." Hill, Julie. BIOtechnology Education 3(2):52-54 (June 1992).
NAL Call Number: TP248.2 B546
Keywords: genetically-modified-organisms; environmental-risks; genetic-engineering; biosafety; United Kingdom; environmental- releases; public-opinion

006
"Appropriate biotechnology." Broerse, J.E.W. In Biotechnology and Farmer"s Rights: Opportunities and Threats for Small-Scale Farmers in Developing Countries ed. Brouwer, H; Stokhof, E.; Bunders, J. Amsterdam: VU University Press, 1992.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 B563B533
Keywords: food-supply; small-farms; developing-countries; sustainable-agriculture; appropriate-technology


Page 2

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007
"Appropriate biotechnology." Hobbelink, Henk. In Biotechnology and the Future of World Agriculture: Fourth Resource Hobbelink, Henk. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Zed Books, 1991.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563H6
Keywords: agricultural-biotechnology; agricultural-research; developing-countries; food-supply

008
"Appropriate biotechnology for sustainable agriculture in developing countries." Bunders, Joske. Trends in Biotechnology 6(8):173-180 (August 1988).
NAL Call Number: TA166.T72
Keywords: farming-systems; agricultural-rsearch-projects; biotechnology; rural-development; developing-countries; chemical-industry; technology-assessment

009
"Beyond the farming crisis." Ehrenfeld, D. Technology Review 90(5): 47-56 (July 1987).
NAL Call Number: T1.T44
Keywords: alternative-farming; farm-inputs; biotechnology; herbicide-resistance; subsidies

010
Beyond Mendel"s Garden: Biotechnology in the Service of World Agriculture Persley, Gabrielle J. Wallingford, Oxon, UK: CAB International, 1990.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 B563B554 no. 1
Keywords: genetic-engineering; food-supply; developing- countries

011
"Biocontrol of insects and weeds." Whitten, M.J.; Oakeshott, J.G. In Agricultural Biotechnology: Opportunities for International Development ed. Persley, Gabrielle J. United Kingdom: CAB International, 1990.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 .B563B554 No. 2
Keywords: biological-control; synthetic-pheromones; bacillus-thuringiensis; mycoinsecticides; beneficial-insects

012
"Biodiversity and biotechnology for sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and forestry production." Bhatia, C.R. Indian Farming 43(7):21-24 (October 1993).
NAL Call Number: 22 IN283
Keywords: biodiversity; biotechnology; sustainable- agriculture; forestry; India; tissue-culture; biopesticides; animal-productivity


Page 3

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013
"Biodiversity and its importance to biotechnology industry." [Online, ipaunep@gn.apc.org] Statement of Reuben Olembo, Assistant Executive Director of UNEP, before the Second Asia- Pacific Conference on Agricultural Biotechnology Madras, India, 6-10 March 1994.
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center Working Tool
Keywords: biodiversity; biotechnology; sustainable- development; biotechnology-industry; ethics; breeders-rights; genetic-engineering; biological-diversity; resource- conservation; Asia

014
The Biodiversity of Microorganisms and Invertebrates: Its Role in Sustainable Agriculture: Proceedings of the First Workshop on the Ecological Foundations of Sustainable Agriculture (WEFSA 1) London, 26-27 July 1990. Hawksworth, D.L. United Kingdom: CAB International, 1991.
NAL Call Number: S589.7 .W67
Keywords: diversity; biotechnology; microorganisms; bacteria; fungi

015
Biodiversity: Saving Species with Biotechnology Avery, Dennis T. Indianapolis, IN: Hudson Institute, 1993.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 B563A94
Keywords: biodiversity; third-world-agriculture; environmental-aspects; food; gene-banks; technology- utilization; developing-countries; government-policy; population-growth; organic-farming; GATT

016
"Biological ontrol and a biotechnology trojan horse." Dreistadt, Steve. Journal of Pesticide Reform 8(4):17-20 (Winter 1989).
NAL Call Number: SB950.2 A1J58
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; biological-control; conservation; public-perception; research; history

017
"Biological control of arthropod pests: traditional and emerging technologies." Hoy, Marjorie A. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 3(2/3)63-68 (Spring/Summer 1988).
NAL Call Number: S605.5 .A43
Keywords: biological-control


Page 4

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018
"Biopesticides and economic democracy." Kloppenburg, Jack. In Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Policy Alternatives NABC Report 1 ed. Fessenden MacDonald, June. Ithaca, NY : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563N33
Keywords: technology-assessment; agricultural-chemicals; public-policy; economics; land-grant-universities; agricultural-biotechnology; sustainable-agriculture; biopesticides

019
"Biopesticides and the environment." Pimentel, David. In Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Policy Alternatives NABC Report 1 ed. Fessenden MacDonald, June. Ithaca, NY : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563N33
Keywords: agricultural-biotechnology; biopesticides; pesticide-use; biological-control; viruses; risk-assessment

020
"Bioprospecting: a force for sustainable development." Reid, Walter V. Environmental Science Technology 27(9):1730, 1732 (1993).
NAL Call Number: TD420.A1E5

Keywords: bioprospecting; biodiversity; pharmaceutical- industry; technology-transfer; property-rights; convention-on- biological-diversity; genetic-resources

021
The Biorevolution: Cornucopia or Pandora"s Box? ed. Wheale, P.; McNally, R. London: Pluto Press, 1990.
NAL Call Number: [in process]
Keywords: transgenic-manipulation; patent-rights; animal-welfare; bovine-somatotropin; genetic-engineering; ethics; public-perception; regulation

022
"Biosafety and sustainable productivity." Hornig, Susanna (ed). Center for Biotechnology Policy and Ethics 3(5):1-2 (1994).
NAL Call Number: [in process]
Keywords: biosafety; ethics; acceptable-risk; risk-assessment; social-consequences; public-perception; food-safety

023
"Biotech tradeoffs in the rural economy." Buttel, Frederick. Rural Development Perspectives June 1987: 11-15.
NAL Call Number: aHT392.A55
Keywords: economics; commercialization; rural-communities; agricultural-research; biotechnology-industry; farm-structure


Page 5

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024
"Bio-tech could tighten the grip of the chemical companies." Harvey, Graham. Soil Association Review Sept. 1987: 14-15.
NAL Call Number: S605.5.S64
Keywords: agricultural-chemicals; chemical-industry; genetic- engineering; pesticide-resistance; organic-agriculture; United-Kingdom; non-food-products

025
"Biotechnological tools for conserving biodiversity." Chopra, V.L. Indian Farming 43(7):13, 15-16 (October 1993).
NAL Call Number: 22 In283
Keywords: tissue-culture; cell-culture; cryopreservation; India; genetic-resources; gene-banks

026
"Biotechnologies and sustainable development: potential and constraints." Kumar, N.; Howard, M.C. In Asia"s Environmental Crisis. ed. Howard, M.C. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993, p. 169-179.
NAL Call Number: [in process]
Keywords: agricultural production; developing-countries; sustainability; economic-growth; food-supply; technical- progress; environmental-degradation; policy

027
Biotechnologies et enviroment pour un developpement durable: symposium international du 23 au 26 septembre 1991, Universite de Montreal: Programme officiel [Biotechnologies and Environment For Sustainable Development: International Symposium, September 23-26, 1991] Official Program: Proceedings Montreal: Industry, Science and Technology Canada, 1991.
NAL Call Number: TP248.14 .B568
Keywords: biotechnology-congresses; sustainability; biotechnology; intellectual-property-rights; bioremediation; bioherbicides

028
"Biotechnology and agricultural pesticide use: an interaction between genes and poisons." Cox, Caroline. Journal of Pesticide Reform 13(3):4-11 (Fall 1993).
NAL Call Number: SB950.2 A1J58
Keywords: biotechnology; pesticides; genetic-engineering; herbicid-resistance; potential-impacts; field-tests; gene- transfer; insecticides; research-priorities


Page 6

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029
"Biotechnology and crop breeding for sustainable agriculture." Hauptli, Holly; Katz, David; Thomas, Bruce R.; Goodman, Robert M. In Sustainable Agricultural Systems: proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Agricultural Systems held at Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, September 1988. ed. Edwards, Clive A.; et. al. Ankeny, IA: Soil and Water Conservation Society, 1990.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 S86S86
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; agricultural-systems; technology-adoption; tomato; herbicide-tolerance; insect- resistant-plants; breeding

030
"Biotechnology and disease control in animals: social and ethical issues." Mason, James B. In Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Policy Alternatives NABC Report 1 ed. Fessenden MacDonald, June. Ithaca, NY : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563N33
Keywords: agricultural-biotechnology; animal-disease; diagnostics; immunization; animal-welfare

031
"Biotechnology and pesticides." [author unknown] Pesticides News 5:7-9 (August 1989).
NAL Call Number: SB950.9 .P473
Keywords: genetically-engineered-organisms; environmental- impact; biopesticides; insect-resistant-plants; genetic- diversity; European-Economic-Community; regulations; third-world

032
"Biotechnology and public agricultural research policy." Buttel, Frederick H. In Agricultural Science Policy in Transition Bethesda, MD: Agricultural Research Institute, 1986.
NAL Call Number: S540 .A2A47
Keywords: biotechnology-history; research-system; environmental-policy; social-impact; land-grant-universities; risk-assessment

033
"Biotechnology and sustainable agriculture." Drake, Lisa M.K. California Grower 14(9):22 (Sept. 1990).
NAL Call Number: SB379 A9A9
Keywords: agricultural-chemicals; biotechnology; sustainability; pest-control


Page 7

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034
"Biotechnology and sustainable agriculture." Fraley, Robert T. Global Focus Spring 1992: 14-16.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 .S86G66
Keywords: sustainability; biotechnology; plant-breeding; developing-countries; technology-transfer; Monsanto

035
Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture Kirschenmann, Frederick. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Food Association, Winter 1992.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563K57
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; biotechnology; technology- assessment; agriculture-structure; systems-research; genetic- diversity

036
"Biotechnology and sustainable agriculture: policy alternatives." Goodman, Robert M. In Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Policy Alternatives NABC Report 1 ed. Fessenden MacDonald, June. Ithaca, NY : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563N33
Keywords: biotechnology-congresses; agricultural- biotechnology; government-policy; sustainable-agriculture; family-farm; biopesticides; herbicide-tolerance; animal-disease; animal-growth-promotants

037
Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture : Policy Alternatives, NABC Report 1 ed. Fessenden MacDonald, June. Ithaca, NY : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563N33
Keywords: biotechnology-congresses; agricultural- biotechnology; government-policy; sustainable-agriculture; family-farm; biopesticides; herbicide-tolerance; animal- disease; animal-growth-promotants

038
"Biotechnology and sustainable agriculture." Swaminathan, M.S. In Biotechnology Revolution and the Third World: challenges and policy optons New Delhi: Research and Information System for the Nonaligned and Other Developing Countries, 1988.
NAL Call Number: TP248.195 .D48B56
Keywords: biotechnology; social-aspects; developing-countries; political-aspects; economics; productivity; plant-breeding; rice; legumes; biofertilizer


Page 8

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039
"Biotechnology and sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa - role of biotechnology in developing country development." Okafor, N. World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology 10(3): 243-48 (May 1994).
NAL Call Number: QR1.M562
Keywords: biotechnology; breeding; development; economics; food-processing; vaccines

040
"Biotechnology and sustainable development in the Third World." Graaf, F.K. de Trends in Biotechnology 9(9):297-299 (Sept. 1991).
NAL Call Number: TA166.T72
Keywords: sustainability; small-farms; plant-breeding; legal- rights; biotechnology; developing- countries

041
"Biotechnology and the quality of animal production in sustainable agriculture." Demeyer, D.I. Journal of Applied Animal Research 1(2):65-79 (July 1992).
NAL Call Number: SF55 I4I68
Keywords: animal-production; risk-benefit-assessment; reproduction-technology; defaunation; developing-countries; animal-wastes

042
"Biotechnology and the organic movement." Harris, P. New Farmer & Grower No. 30:29 (1991).
NAL Call Number: [in process]
Keywords: biotechnology; organic-farming

043
"Biotechnology and the small farm: what can green-revolution studies tell us about the social impacts of bovine growth hormone?" DuPuis, E. Melanie; Geisler, Charles. BioScience 38(6): 406-411 (June 1988).
NAL Call Number: 500 Am322A
Keywords: bovine-growth-hormone; social-impact; public- perception; public-acceptance; green-revolution; U.S. - biotechnology policy; appropriate-technology; economics; technology-diffusion


Page 9

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044
"Biotechnology"curse or blessing?" Dudley, Nigel. Living Earth May 1992, 22-23.
NAL Call Number: S605.5 L58
Keywords: organic-production; environmental-risks; genetic-manipulation; environmental-impacts

045
Biotechnology for Biological Control of Pests and Vectors ed. Maramorosch, Karl. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1991.
NAL Call Number: RA639.3.B57
Keywords: biotechnology; biological-control; vector-control

046
"Biotechnology for sustainable agriculture." Dalmacio, Ida F. In Sustainable Agriculture for the Asian and Pacific Region: papers from the Meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee of the Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region, May 18-24, 1992, International Technical Cooperation Center, Rural Development Administration, Suweon, Korea Taipei, Taiwan: Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region, 1992.
NAL Call Number: SB177.A75F47 - no. 44
Keywords: disease-control; biofertilizers; microbial- degradation; waste-treatment; micropropagation; feed-additives; developing-countries

047
"Biotechnology for sustainable development." Clark, N.; Juma, C. Nature and Resources 27(3):14-17 (1991).
NAL Call Number: GB651.N3
Keywords: sustainability; crop-production; appropriate- technology; genetic-resources; technology-transfer; agricultural-development; plant-breeding

048
Biotechnology for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Developing Countries Clark, Norman; Juma, Calestous. Nairobi: ACTS Press, 1991.
NAL Call Number: TP248.195.D44C55 1991
Keywords: research-policy; developing-countries; technology- assessment; biodiversity

049
"Biotechnology has role in sustainable ag"." Harlander, Susan. At the Crossroads 2(2): 2-3, 8 (October 1992).
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords: biotechnology; genetic-engineering; sustainable- agriculture; land-grant-universities; public-perception


Page 10

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050
Biotechnology in a Hungry World: speech given by Dennis T. Avery before the Institute for Science in Society, Washington, D.C., June 11, 1993.
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords: biotechnology; sustainability; organic-farming; biodiversity; third-world-development; genetic-engineering; gene-banks; genetic-diversity; economic-growth

051
Biotechnology in Agriculture: Implications for Sustainability Proceedings of the Institute for Alternative Agriculture Third Annual Scientific Symposium Washington, DC March, 1986. Greenbelt, MD: Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Inc., 1986.
NAL Call Number: TP248.2 B542
Keywords: biotechnology; sustainability; crop-production; genetic-engineering; regulations; risks; research-policy; farming-systems; economic-impacts; developing-countries

052
"Biotechnology, pesticides and the third world." King, D. Pesticide Outlook 4(1): 30-33 (February 1993).
NAL Call Number: SB950.9 P47
Keywords: green-revolution; herbicide-tolerance; developing- countries; genetically-engineered-organisms; biopesticides; food-shortages; risk-assessment

053
Biotechnology"s Bitter Harvest: Herbicide-Tolerant Crops and the Threat to Sustainable Agriculture Goldburg, Rebecca; Rissler, Jane; Shand, Hope; Hassebrook, Chuck. [place of publication unknown]: The Biotechnology Working Group, 1990.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563B563
Keywords: agricultural-biotechnology; sustainable-agriculture; herbicide-tolerance; chemicals; environmental-impact; economic-impact; third-world

054
"Biotechnology, sustainable agriculture and the family farm." Hassebrook, Charles. In Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Policy Alternatives NABC Report 1 ed. Fessenden MacDonald, June. Ithaca, NY : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563N33
Keywords: agricultural-biotechnology; government-policy; sustainable-agriculture; family-farm; herbicide-tolerance; agricultural-research; social-planning; livestock


Page 11

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055
"Breeding uniformity: will global biotechnology threaten global biodiversity?" King, Jonathon W. Amicus Journal Spring 1993: 25-30.
NAL Call Number: [in process]
Keywords: biotechnology-industry; biodiversity; third-world; genetic-diversity; policy; gene-banks

056
"Can agricultural colleges meet the needs of sustainable agriculture?" [commentary] Lacy, William B. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 8(1):40-45 (Winter 1993).
NAL Call Number: S605.5.A43
Keywords: agricultural-education; extension; policy-analysis; biotechnology; land-grant-universities; research

057
"Can new technology buy happiness?" [commentary] Freiberg, Bill. Seed Industry 43(4):3 (April 1992).
NAL Call Number: SB113.2 S45
Keywords: appropriate-technology; structure-of-agriculture; public-policy; societal-impact

058
Choices for the Heartland: Alternative Directions in Biotechnology and Implications for Family Farming, Rural America and the Environment Hassebrook, Chuck; Hegyes, Gabriel. Iowa State University, Technology and Social Change Program: Center for Rural Affairs, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563H37
Keywords: family-farming; biotechnology; sustainable- agriculture; rural-communities; agricultural-biotechnology; north-central-states; societal-impact; appropriate-use; industrialization; land-grant-universities; extension

059
"Conserving microbial gene pools for sustainable development." Stevenson, R.E. Nature and Resources 27(3):37-42 (1991).
NAL Call Number: GB651.N3
Keywords: sustainability; microorganisms; genetic-resources; culture-collections; cultures; preservation; microbial- degradation; technology-transfer


Page 12

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060
"Contribution of biotechnologies to sustainable rural development in developing countries: a case study in Thailand." Bhumiratana, S. In Biotechnologies in perspective: socio-economic implications for developing countries ed. Sasson, Albert; Costarini, Vivien. Paris: UNESCO, 1991, 155-166.
NAL Call Number: TP248.195.P47S37
Keywords: agriculture; research-policy; economic-development; sustainability; rural-development; agricultural-development

061
"Debating the responsibilities of plant scientists in the decade of the environment." [commentary] Crouch, Martha L. The Plant Cell 2(4):275-276 (April 1990).
NAL Call Number: QK725 P532
Keywords: appropriate-technology; technology-development; agroindustry; plant-sciences; basic-research; clonal- propagation; sustainability

062
"Ecologically sustainable biotechnology." Moser, Anton. Bio/Technology 12(5):544 (May 1994).
NAL Call Number: QH442.B5
Keywords: environmental-protection; public-policy; pollution; sustainability-indices; technology-impact

063
"Economists predicts biotechnology will accelerate decline of farming." Smith, Stewart. AgBiotechnology 9(2):1,11 (March/April 1992).
NAL Call Number: Q320 .A4
Keywords:agricultural-systems; technology-adoption; public- research; farm-labor

064
"Emerging plant technologies." In U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, A New Technological Era for American Agriculture OTA-F-474 Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 1992, p. 37.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 .I5N49
Keywords: transgenic-plants; biotechnology; biological- control; plant tissue-culture; microbial-herbicides


Page 13

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065
"Environmentally sound biotechnology." Gandhi, B.M.; Ramachandran, S. Indian Farming 42(3):15-26 (June 1992).
NAL Call Number: 22 IN283
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; biofertilizers; biological- control; integrated-pest-management; biocides; biomass; human- health; genetically-engineered-organisms; field-release; India; environmental-protection; public-perception

066
"Farming--it's declining in the U.S." Smith, Stew. Choices First Quarter 1992: 8-10.
NAL Call Number: HD1751.C45
Keywords: small-farms; U.S.-policy; technology-adoption; structure-of-agriculture; non-farm-activity; agricultural- research; land-grant-universities

067
"Finding oasis in time of drought." Forster, Thomas. Food Monitor 45:24-27, 38 (Fall 1988).
NAL Call Number: TX341 F696
Keywords: food-production; food-policy; organic-farming; biotechnology; alternative-farming; sustainable-agriculture; agricultural-research

068
Future Harvest: Pesticide-Free Farming Bender, Jim. Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 .S86097
Keywords: alternative-agriculture; sustainability; soil- conservation; organic-farming; environmental-protection

069
The Gene Hunters: Biotechnology and the Scramble for Seeds Juma, Calestous. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563J865
Keywords: genetic-resources; biotechnology; intellectual- property; patent-rights; gene-banks; plant-breeding; third- world; Kenya; Africa

070
"'Gene raiders' must pay for conservation." Milne, R. New Scientist 130(1774):17 (June 22, 1991).
NAL Call Number: 472 N42
Keywords: diversity; conservation; genetic-resources; levies; biotechnology-industry


Page 14

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071
Genetic Engineering: An Organic Response [videocassette] Barre, MA: Natural Organic Farmers Association, 1988.
NAL Call Number: Videocassette #594 (VHS; 120 minutes).
Keywords: biotechnology; agricultural-innovations; genetic- engineering; environmental-aspects

072
"The genetic question in agricultural stability." In Monographs in Economic Anthropology Brush, S.B. Lanham, MD: University Press of America 7:217-230 (1989).
NAL Call Number: [in process]
Keywords: biotechnology; sustainability; farming-systems; genetic-variation; conservation; agricultural-development

073
"Genetically engineered herbicide resistance." Comstock, G. Journal of Agricultural Ethics 3(2):114-146, 1990.
NAL Call Number: BJ52.5.J68
Keywords: genetic-engineering; crops; herbicide-resistance; public-finance; ethics; sustainability

074
"Genetically-engineered herbicide-resistant crops - a moral imperative for world food production." Gressel, Jonathan. AgroFood Industry Hi-tech 3(6):3-7 (Nov./Dec. 1992).
NAL Call Number: S494.5 B563A382
Keywords: food-supply; herbicide-resistance; genetic- engineering; parasitic-weeds; biotechnology-ethical-aspects; wheat; appropriate-use; agricultural-research

075
Harvesting Nature"s Diversity Shand, Hope. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, October 1993.
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords: biodiversity; biotechnology; genetic-diversity; sustainable-agriculture; developing-countries; genetic-resources; indigenous-knowledge; conservation; forestry; aquaculture; patenting

076
"Impact of biotechnology in sustaining food and agriculture in developing countries." Nawawy, A. S. In Harnessing Biotechnology for the 21st Century: Proceedings of the Ninth International Biotechnology Symposium and Exposition, Crystal City, Virginia, August 16-21, 1992 ed. Ladisch, M.R., A. Bose, A Washington, DC: American Chemical Society, 1992, pp. 577-80.
NAL Call Number: TP248.14 I56
Keywords: biotechnology; developing-countries; crop- improvement


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077
"Implications of biotechnology for the development of sustainable agricultural systems." Buttel, Frederick H.; Youngberg, I. Garth. In Environmentally Sound Agriculture [Selected Papers from the Fourth International Conference of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements, Cambridge, Massachusetts, August 18 to 20, 1982] ed. Lockeretz, William. New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, 1983.
NAL Call Number: S604.5 E58
Keywords: organic-farming; biotechnology; genetic-engineering; applied-research; agricultural-development; forecasts; structure-of-agriculture; research

078
"Insect and disease resistance." Meeusen, R.L. In Agricultural Biotechnology: Opportunities for International Development ed. Persley, Gabrielle J. United Kingdom: CAB International, 1990.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 .B563B554 no. 2
Keywords: genetically-engineered-insect-resistance; biotechnology

079
"Insect pest control by copying nature using genetically engineered crops." Boulter, D. Phytochemistry-Oxford Oxford: Elsevier Science Ltd. 34(6):1453-1466 (Dec. 1993).
NAL Call Number: 450-P5622
Keywords: plant-protection; insect-pests; plant-breeding; genetic-engineering; transgenic-plants

080
"Is biotechnology compatible with sustainable agriculture?" Duvick, Don.; Crouch, Martha. Ag Bioethics Forum Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University 4(1):2-4, 6 (June 1992).
NAL Call Number: S494.5 B563A42
Keywords: biotechnology; sustainability; social-impact; organization-of-research; disease-resistant-plants; crop- diversity; structure-of-agriculture

081
"Is genetically engineered herbicide-resistance (GEHR) compatible with low-input sustainable agriculture (LISA)?" Comstock, Gary. In Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Policy Alternatives NABC Report 1 ed. Fessenden MacDonald, June. Ithaca, NY : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563N33
Keywords: agricultural-biotechnology; sustainable-agriculture; biopesticides; herbicide-tolerance; herbicides; morality; structure-of-agriculture


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082
Lab to Land: Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture in Asia: Proceedings of the first ANSAB Workshop March 29 - April 1, 1992 ed. Ferchak, John; Ribeiro, Sharmila. Washington, DC: Appropriate Technology International, 1993.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563L33
Keywords: biotechnology; biofertilizers; commercialization; small-scale-agriculture; technology-transfer; sustainability; non-governmental-organizations; indigenous-knowledge; appropriate-technology

083
"The land grant colleges"changes ahead?" Chasan, Rebecca. The Plant Cell 5(1): 3-7 (January 1993).
NAL Call Number: QK725 P532
Keywords: land-grant-universities; basic-research; biotechnology; public-policy; social-impacts; research-funding

084
"The Last Harvest? Biotechnology and Third World Agriculture." Juma, Calestous. Genewatch 6:1-3,9-11 (1990).
NAL Call Number: QH442.G393
Keywords: biotechnology; third-world-agriculture; patent- rights; international-policy; cocoa

085
The Laws of Life: Another Development and the New Biotechnologies Fowler, Cary; Lachkovics, Eva; Mooney, Pat; Shand, Hope. Special Issue of Development Dialogue 1988: 1-2.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563L3
Keywords: biotechnology; third-world-development; public- policy; plant-genetics; animal-husbandry; organic-agriculture; regulation; patents; gene-banks; socio-economic-impact; appropriate-technology

086
"Low-input/sustainable agriculture research and education: challenges to the agricultural economics profession." Madden, Patrick. American Journal of Agriculture Economics 70(5): 1167-1172 (December 1988).
NAL Call Number: 280.8 J822
Keywords: farm-inputs; alternative-farming; biotechnology; research-educational-programs; agricultural-economics; farm- management; trends


Page17

087
"New varieties for sustainable agriculture: genetic improvement assisted by biotechnology." Izquierdo, Juan. In Seeds of Conflict: Biodiversity and Food Security: study/action packet prepared for World Food Day, October 15, 1993. U.S. National Committee for World Food Day. Washington, DC: U.S. National Committee for World Food Day, 1993.
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords:sustainable-agriculture; germplasm; plant-breeding; disease-resistance; Latin-America; Caribbean; Food-and-Agriculture-Organization

088
"No commercial gene-altered crop approvals until fed gov't assesses the ecological risks." Rissler, Jane; Mellon, Margaret. Genetic Engineering News 12(3):4,12 (February 1994).
NAL Call Number: QH442.G456
Keywords: environmental-risks; transgenic-crops; gene-transfer; Union-of-Concerned-Scientists; sustainable- agriculture; genetic-diversity; risk-assessment

089
"Northwest research priorities: sustainable agriculture and biotechnology." Miller, Meredith. Journal of Pesticide Reform 13(3):15 (Fall 1993).
NAL Call Number: SB950.2 A1J58
Keywords: research-institutions; land-grant-universities; sustainable-agriculture; research-funding

090
"Open questions in sustainable agriculture." [commentary] Lockeretz, William. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 3(4):174-181 (Fall 1988).
NAL Call Number: S606.5.A43
Keywords: organic-soil-amendments; crop-rotation; pesticides; farm-income; environmental-pollution; organic-farming; resource-conservation; alternative-agriculture; low-input- agriculture; structure-of-agriculture

091
"Opportunities for biotechnology transfer to developing countries." Durzan, D.J.; Durzan, M.D. HortTechnology 3(3):268-279 (1993).
NAL Call Number: SB317.5.H68
Keywords: technology-transfer; biotechnology; technology- adoption; sustainability; horticultural-crops; legal-rights


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092
"Opportunities for modern biotechnology in control of insect pests and weeds, with special reference to developing countries." Whitten, M.J.; Oakeshott, J.G. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin 39(4): 155-181 (1991).
NAL Call Number: 421.P692
Keywords: insect-pests; weeds; biological-control; biotechnology; developing-countires; integrated-control; mycoherbicides

093
"Organic Farming and Biotechnology." ed. McCuen, Gary E. Poison in Your Food [Ideas in Conflict Series] Hudson, WI: Gary E. McCuen Publications, 1991.
NAL Call Number: TX533.P58 1991
Keywords: organic-farming; definitions; public-perception; green-revolution; pesticides; food-safety; bovine-growth-hormone; family-farms

094
Organic Farming: Current Technology and Its Role in a Sustainable Agriculture: proceedings of a symposium: Proceedings of a symposium sponsored by Divisions S-3, S-4, S-6, S-8, and A-5 of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and the Soil Science Society of America in Atlanta, Ga., 29 Nov. 3 Dec. 1981. ASA Special Publication No. 46. ed. Kral, David M. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, 1984.
NAL Call Number: 64.9 Am3
Keywords: organic-farming-congresses; research; opportunities; chemical-input-reduction; economics; public-policy

095
"The Original Biotechnologist." Hobbelink, Henk. In Biotechnology and the Future of World Agriculture: The Fourth Resource Hobbelink, Henk. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Zed Books, 1991.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563H6
Keywords: agricultural-biotechnology; forecasting; diversity; indigenous-farming-systems; multiple-cropping; small-farms; developing-countries

096
"Our vision for the agricultural sciences need not include biotechnology." Jackson, Wes. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4(2):207-215 (1991).
NAL Call Number: BJ52.5.J68
Keywords: agricultural-chemicals; industrialization; ecology; resource-management


Page 19

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097
"Our vision for the agricultural sciences needs to include biotechnology." Duvick, Donald N. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4(2):166-206 (1991).
NAL Call Number: BJ52.5 .J68
Keywords:research-institutions; ethics; structure-of- agriculture; society

098
Perils Amidst The Promise: Ecological Risks of Transgenic Crops in a Global Market Rissler, Jane; Mellon, Margaret. Cambridge, MA: Union of Concerned Scientists, 1993.
NAL Call Number: SB123.57 R57
Keywords: safety; regulations; commercialization; gene-flow; genetic-diversity; risk-assessment; weediness

099
Pest Control & Sustainable Agriculture ed. Corey, S.; Dall, D.; Milne, W. Canberra, Australia: CSIRO Australia, 1993.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 .S86A97
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; agricultral-pests; integrated-pest-management; biological-control; microbial- pest-control

100
"Pest management in sustainable agricultural systems." Luna, John M.; House, Garfield J. In Sustainable Agricultural Systems ed. Edwards, Clive A.; Lal, Rattan; Madden, Patrick; Miller, Robert H.; House, Gar. Ankeny, IA: Soil and Water Conservation Society, 1990.
NAL Call Number: S494.5 S86S86
Keywords: integrated-pest-management; biotechnology; insect- pests; control; integrated-control; sustainability; pest- control

101
"Philosophy and the natural environment." Moore, Colin. AgBiotech News and Information 5(11):391N-393N (November 1993).
NAL Call Number: S494.5 B563A43
Keywords: sustainability; environmentalism; genetic- engineering; international-development; bioethics

102
"Planetary patriotism: sustainable agriculture for the future." Schneiderman, Howard A.; Carpenter, Will D. Environmental Science Technology 24(4):466-473 (April 1990).
NAL Call Number: TD420.A1E5
Keywords: land-use; sustainability; environmental-protection; biotechnology; alternative-farming; gene-transfer; animal- agriculture; fertilizer; tropical-agriculture


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103
Plant Breeding and Sustainable Agriculture: Considerations for Objectives and Methods: Proceedings of a symposium sponsored by Division C-1 of the Crop Science Society of America CSSA Special Publication No. 18. ed. Sleper, D.A.; Barker, T.C.; Bramel-Cox, P.J. Madison, WI: Crop Science Society of America; American Society of Agronomy, 1991.
NAL Call Number: SB123.P543
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; plant-breeding

104
"Political activists working to change land-grant colleges: coalitions advocate the use of new agricultural methods." Jaschik, Scott. The Chronicle of Higher Education 37(27): A1, A24 (March 1991).
NAL Call Number: LB2300.C5
Keywords: agriculture-education; land-grant-universities; research-support; family-farms; educational-reform; biotechnology; sustainable-agriculture; environmental- education; academic-freedom; research-priorities

105
"Promises of biotechnologies for developing countries." In Biotechnologies and Development Sasson, Albert. Paris, France: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 1988.
NAL Call Number: TP248.2 S27
Keywords: biotechnology; developing-countries; green- revolution; plant-genetic-resources; biodiversity; drought- tolerant-plants

106
"The promise of biotechnology for sustainable agriculture." Vodkin, Lila O. In Illinois Research, Illinois Agricultural Experimental Station 31(3/4): 35 (Fall/Winter 1989).
NAL Call Number: 100 IL64
Keywords: biotechnology; sustainability; gene-transfer; applications

107
Report of the 1993 World Food Day Teleconference U.S. National Committee for World Food Day Washington, DC: U.S. National Committee for World Food Day, 1993.
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords: biodiversity; food-security; gene-banks; genetic- diversity; farmer"s-rights; patenting; international-research- centers; developing-countries


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108
Research Through Biotechnology: Institutional Impacts and Societal Concerns Bibliographies in Technology and Social Change Series, No. 1 Reichel, Brian J.; Woodman, William F.; Shelley, Mack C. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Research Foundation, 1987.
NAL Call Number: Z7914 .B33R4
Keywords: biotechnology; research; economic-aspects; social- aspects; bibliography

109
The role of biotechnology in the future development of organic food production and processing - 23rd-24th April, 1992 Limerick, Ireland: 23rd-24th April, 1992, Limerick, Ireland. (sponsors) Limerick Food Centre Shannon Development (Ireland) and CRITT Biotechnologies, 1992.
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords: organic-products-marketing; organic-food-production; organic-food-processing; biotechnology; organic-food- packaging; organic-movement; plant-breeding

110
Safer Foods For America: At What Cost? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, July 27, 1993 United States Congress. Committee on Government Operations. Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations. Washington, D.C.: U.S. G.P.O., 1991.
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords: food-safety; pesticide-residues; chemical- pesticides; biotechnology; alternative-agriculture; biopesticides; U.S.-Food-and-Drug-Adminstration; policy

111
Seeds of Conflict: Biodiversity and Food Security: Study/action packet prepared for World Food Day, October 15, 1993. U.S. National Committee for World Food Day. Washington, DC: U.S. National Committee for World Food Day, 1993.
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords: biodiversity; gene-banks; sustainable-agriculture; food-security; genetic-resources; conservation; third-world; indigenous-knowledge; economics


Page 22

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112
"Should the development of herbicide-tolerant plants be a focus of sustainable agriculture research?" Goldberg, Rebecca J. In Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Policy Alternatives NABC Report 1 ed. Fessenden MacDonald, June. Ithaca, NY : National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, 1989.
NAL Call Number: S494.5.B563N33
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; pesticides; herbicide- tolerance; environmental-impact; weed-control; cultural- practices; forestry

113
Superpigs and Wondercorn: The Brave New World of Biotechnology and Where it All May Lead Fox, Michael W. New York, NY: Lyons & Burford, 1992.
NAL Call Number: TP248.6 F69
Keywords: genetic-engineering; social-aspects; environmental-aspects; biotechnology; patenting; biodiversity; ethics; animal-welfare

114
"Sustainable agriculture: what"s it all about?" Agricultural Outlook -U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service May 1992: 30-33.
NAL Call Number: aHD1751.A42
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; conventional-agriculture; technological-innovation; U.S.-Department-of-Agriculture; chemicals; food-demand; green-revolution

115
"Sustainable development and biotechnology." Mannion, Antoinette M. Environmental Conservation 19(4):297-306 (Winter 1992).
NAL Call Number: QH540.E55
Keywords: resource-utilization; environmental-impact; biotechnology; applications; biodiversity; pollution-control; resource-recovery; biomass

116
"Sustainable agriculture: the objective of genetic breeding assisted by biotechnology." Izquierdo, Juan [extracted from a presentation made by Juan Izquierdo at the First National Congress on Plant Biotechnology, REDBIO-Argentina, Huerta Grande, Cordoba, Argentina, May 30 - June 2, 1993] Technical Cooperation Network on Plant Biotechnology (REDBIO), circular letter no. 8, June 1994.
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords: green-revolution; plant-breeding; molecular-markers; Latin-America; Food-and-Agriculture-Organization


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117
Sustainable Agriculture: The Research Challenge, Science Council of Canada Report 43. Ottawa, Ontario: Science Council of Canada, July 1992.
NAL Call Number: S451.5.A1S97
Keywords: sustainable-agriculture; Canada; environmental- aspects; research-policy

118
"Symposium on biodiversity, biotechnology and sustainable development." Rojas, Miguel; Jaffe, Walter. Biotechnology and Development Monitor 19:21-22 (June 1994).
NAL Call Number: Biotechnology Information Center working tool
Keywords: biodiversity, sustainable-development, biotechnology, developing-countries, bioprospecting; pharmaceuticals; economics; indigenous-knowledge; Costa-Rica

119
The Threatened Gene: Food, Politics, and the Loss of Genetic Diversity Fowler, Cary; Mooney, Pat. Cambridge, England: The Butterworth Press, 1990.
NAL Call Number: SB123.F69
Keywords: crops; genetics; global-conservation; genetic- erosion; seed-trade; genetic-resources; social-impact; developing-countries

120
"Towards a second Green Revolution: from chemicals to new biological techniques in agriculture in the tropics for sustainable development." Ghatak, S. In Sustainable Environmental Management: Principles and Practice ed. Turner, Kerry. London: Belhaven Press, 1988 p. 145-169.
NAL Call Number: HD75.6.S88
Keywords: green-revolution; tropics; biotechnology; research; sustained-yield-management; fertilizers; pesticides; biological-control; developing-countries

121
U.S. Agricultural Research: Strategic Challenges And Options ed. Weaver, Robert W. Bethesda, MD: Agricultural Research Institute, 1993.
NAL Call Number: S541.U83
Keywords: agricultural-research; land-grant-universities; research-priorities; funding; regulations; intellectual- property-rights; infrastructure


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122
"The values of biotechnology." DePolo, Jamie. Futures 12(1):20-27 (Spring 1994).
NAL Call Number: HG6024 A1C6
Keywords:biotechnology; ethics; society; public-perception; risk-assessment; sustainability; public-research; Michigan

123
"The very structure of scientific research mitigates against developing products to help the environment, the poor, and the hungry." Crouch, Martha. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4(2): 151:158 (1991).
NAL Call Number: BJ52.5 .J68
Keywords: agricultural-research; applied-research; sustainability; society; genetic-engineering; ethics; scientific-culture

124
"The very structure of scientific research does not mitigate against developing products to help the environment, the poor, and the hungry." Beachy, Roger N. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4(2): 159-1165 (1991).
NAL Call Number: BJ52.5 J68
Keywords: biotechnology; basic-research; genetic-improvement; technology-utilization; developing-countries; biotechnology- industry; virus-resistant-plants; technology-transfer

125
"A voice of concern." Hill, J. New Farmer & Grower 30:32-33 (1991).
NAL Call Number: [in process]
Keywords: biotechnology; organic-farming; herbicide- resistance; genetic-engineering

126
"We have not yet identified the heart of the moral issues in agricultural biotechnology." Kline, David A. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4(2):216-222 (1991).
NAL Call Number: BJ52.5.J68
Keywords: public-policy; biotechnology; social-issues; ethics; technology-use; bovine-growth-hormone; land-grant-universities; morality


Page 25

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127
"Will the benefits of classical biological control be lost in the 'biotechnology stampede.'" Van Driesche, R.G.; Ferro, D.N. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 2(2): 50, 96 (Spring 1987).

NAL Call Number: S605.5.A43
Keywords: biological-control; plant-protection; biotechnology; biological-control-organisms.


Subject Index

Go to: Author Index | Subject Index | Top of Document

Note: The references below refer to the page number in the print publication.

academic-freedom 20
Africa 8, 13
agricultural-chemicals 1, 6
agricultural-development 9, 12, 14, 15
agricultural-economics 16
agricultural-production 5
agricultural-research 1, 2, 4, 6, 10, 13, 14, 23, 24
agricultural-systems 6, 12
alternative-farming 2, 13, 16, 19
animal-agriculture 19
animal-disease 6, 7
animal-growth-promotants 7
animal-husbandry 16
animal-production/productivity 2, 8
animal-wastes 8
animal-welfare 4, 6, 22
applied-research 15, 24
appropriate-technology 1, 8, 9, 11, 12, 16
appropriate-use 11, 14
aquaculture 2, 14
Asia 3, 5, 16
Bacillus-thuringiensis 2
basic-research 12, 16, 24
bibliography 21
biocides 13
biodiversity 1-5, 9-11, 14, 17, 20-23
bioethics 15, 19
biofertilizer 7
bioherbicides 5
biological-control 2-4, 9, 12, 13, 18, 19, 23, 25
biomass 13, 22
biopesticides 2, 4, 6, 7, 10, 21
bioprospecting 4, 23
bioremediation 5
biosafety 1, 4
biotechnology-congresses 5, 7
biotechnology-industry 3, 4, 11, 13, 24
bovine-growth-hormone 8, 18, 24
bovine-somatotropin 4
breeding 1, 6-9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 20-22
Canada 5, 23
Caribbean 17
cell-culture 5
chemical-industry 1, 2, 5
chemicals 4, 7, 10, 18, 22, 23
clonal-propagation 12
commercialization 4, 16, 19
conservation 3, 6, 13, 14, 17, 19, 21-23
Convention-on-Biological-Diversity 4
conventional-agriculture 22
Costa-Rica 23
crop-diversity 15
crop-production 9, 10
crop-rotation 17
cryopreservation 5
culture-collections 11
developing-countries 1-3, 5, 7-10, 14, 18, 20, 23, 24
disease-control 9
disease-resistance 15, 17
diversity 3, 13, 14, 18
ecology 18
economic-development 12
economic-growth 5, 10
economic-impact(s) 10, 16
economics 4, 7, 8, 16, 18, 21, 23
ecosystem-risks 1
education 1, 11, 16, 20
environmental-aspects 3, 14, 22, 23
environmental-degradation 5
environmental-impact(s) 6, 9, 10, 22
environmental-policy 6
environmental-protection 12-13, 19
environmental-releases 1
environmental-risks 1, 9, 17
environmentalism 19
ethics 3, 4, 14, 18, 19, 22, 24
European-Economic-Community 6
extension 11
family-farm(s)/farming 7, 10, 11, 18, 20
farm-income 17
farm-inputs 2, 16
farm-labor 12
farm-management 16
farm-structure 4
farmers-rights 20
farming-systems 2, 10, 14, 18
feed-additives 9
field-release/tests 5, 13
Food and Drug Administration 21
Food-and-Agriculture-Organization 17, 22
food-demand 22
food-policy 13
food-processing 8, 21
food-production 13, 21
food-safety 4, 18, 21
food-shortages 10
food-supply 1, 2, 5, 14
forecasting/forecasts 15, 18
forestry 2, 14, 22
fungi 3
GATT 3
gene-banks 3, 5, 10, 11, 13, 16, 20, 21
gene-flow 19
gene-transfer 5, 17, 19, 20
genetic-diversity 6, 7, 10, 11, 14, 17, 19, 20
genetic-resources 4, 5, 9, 11, 13, 14, 20, 21, 23
genetically-engineered-organisms 6, 10, 13
germplasm 1, 17
government-policy 1, 3, 7, 10
green-revolution 1, 8, 10, 18, 20, 22, 23
herbicide-resistance 2, 5, 14, 15, 24
herbicide-tolerance 6, 7, 10, 15, 22
history. 3, 6
horticultural-crops 17
human-health 13
India 2, 3, 5, 13
indigenous-farming-systems 18
indigenous-knowledge 14, 16, 21, 23
industrialization 11, 18
insect-resistant 6
insecticides 3, 5
insects 2, 3
integrated-control1 8, 19
integrated-pest-management 13, 19
intellectual-property 5, 13, 23
international-development 19
international-research-centers 20
Kenya 1, 3
land-grant-universities 4, 6, 9, 11, 13, 16, 17, 20, 23, 24
land-use 19
Latin-America 17, 22
legal-rights 8, 17
Michigan 24
microbial-degradation 9, 11
microbial-pest-control 19
microorganisms 3, 11
micropropagation 9
morality 15, 24
multiple-cropping 18
mycoherbicides 18
mycoinsecticides 2
non-governmental-organizations 16
organic-agriculture 5, 16
organic-farming 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 15, 17, 18, 24
organic-food 21
organic-movement 21
patent-rights 4, 13, 16
patents 1, 16
pest-control 6, 19
pesticide-resistance 5
pharmaceutical-industry 4
pharmaceuticals 23
plant-breeding 7-9, 13, 15, 17, 21, 22
plant-sciences 12
policy 1, 5, 11, 21
political-aspects 1, 7
pollution 12, 17, 22
population-growth 3
preservation 11
productivity 1, 2, 4, 7
property-rights 4, 5, 23
public-acceptance 8
public-opinion 1
public-perception 3, 4, 8, 9, 13, 18, 24
public-policy 4, 11, 12, 16, 18, 24
public-research 12, 24
regulation(s) 4, 10, 16, 19
regulatory-impact 23
reproduction-technology. 8
research-funding 16, 17, 20, 23
research-institutions 17, 19
research-policy 1, 10, 12, 23
research-priorities 5, 20, 23
research-system 6
resource-conservation 3, 17
resource-management 18
resource-recovery 22
rice 7
risk-assessment 4, 6, 10, 17, 19, 24
risk-benefit-assessment 8
risks 1, 4, 9, 10, 17, 19
rural-communities 4, 11
rural-development 2, 12
scientific-culture 24
seed-trade 23
small-farms 1, 8, 13, 18
small-scale-agriculture 16
social-aspects 7, 21, 22
social-consequences 4
social-impact 1, 6, 8, 15, 23
social-impacts 1, 16
societal-impact 11
society 6, 10, 14, 18-20, 24
socio-economic-impact 16
soil-conservation 13
structure-of-agriculture 7, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19
subsidies 2
sustainability 1, 5-6, 8-17, 19, 20, 24
sustainability-indices 12
sustainable-development 3, 23
systems-research 7
technology-adoption 6, 12, 13, 17
technology-assessment 2, 4, 7, 9
technology-development 12
technology-diffusion 8
technology-transfer 4, 7, 9, 11, 16, 17, 24
technology-utilization 3, 24
third-world 3, 6, 10, 11, 13, 16, 21
tissue-culture 2, 5, 12
tomato 6
transgenic-manipulation 4
trends 1, 2, 8, 16
tropical-agriculture 19
tropics 23
U.S.-Department-of-Agriculture 22
United-Kingdom 5
vaccines 8
viruses 4
virus-resistant-plants 24
waste-treatment 9
weediness 19
weeds 2, 14, 18
wheat 14


Author Index

Go to: Author Index | Subject Index | Top of Document

Note: The references below refer to the page number in the print publication.

Anderson, J 1
Avery, D.T. 3, 10
Barker, T.C 20
Beachy, R.N. 24
Bender, J. 13
Bhatia, C.R 2
Bhumiratana, S. 12
Boulter, D. 15
Bramel-Cox, P.J. 20
Broerse, J.E.W. 1
Brush, S.B. 14
Bunders, J. 2
Buttel, F.H. 4, 6, 15
Carpenter, W.D. 19
Chasan, R. 16
Chopra, V.L 5
Clark, N. 9
Comstock, G. 14, 15
Corey, S. 19
Cox, C 5
CRITT Biotechnologies. 21
Crouch, M.L. 12, 15, 24
Dall, D. 19
Dalmacio, I. F 9
Demeyer, D.I. 8
DePolo, J. 24
Doyle, J. 1
Drake, L.M.K. 6
Dreistadt, S. 3
Dudley, N. 9
DuPuis, E.M. 8
Durzan, D.J. 17
Durzan, M.D. 17
Duvick, D.N. 15, 19
Economic Research Service, USDA 22
Ehrenfeld, D. 2
Ferchak, J. 16
Ferro, D.N. 25
Fessenden MacDonald, J. 7
Forster, T. 13
Fowler, C. 16, 23
Fox, M.W. 22
Fraley, R.T. 7
Freiberg, B. 11
Gandhi, B.M. 13
Geisler, C. 8
Ghatak, S. 23
Goldburg, R.J. 10, 22
Goodman, R.M. 7
Graaf, F.K. de 8
Gressel, J. 14
Harlander, S. 9
Harris, P. 8
Harvey, G. 5
Hassebrook, C. 10, 11
Hauptli, H. 6
Hawksworth, D.L. 3
Hegyes, G. 11
Hill, J. 1, 24
Hobbelink, H. 2, 18
Hornig, S. 4
House, G.J. 19
Howard, M.C. 5
Hoy, M. A. 3
Industry, Science and Technology Canada 5
Institute for Alternative Agriculture 10
Izquierdo, J. 17, 22
Jackson, W. 18
Jaffe, W. 23
Jaschik, S. 20
Juma, C. 9, 13, 16
Katz, D. 6
King, D. 10
King, J.W. 11
Kirschenmann, F. 7
Kline, D.A. 24
Kloppenburg, J. 4
Kral, D.M. 18
Kumar, N. 5
Lachkovics, E. 16
Lacy, W.B. 11
Limerick Food Center 21
Lockeretz, W. 17
Luna, J.M. 19
Madden, P. 16
Mannion, A.M. 22
Manwan, I. 1
Maramorosch, K. 9
Mason, J.B. 6
McCuen, G.E. 18
McNally, R. 4
Meeusen, R.L. 15
Mellon, M. 17, 19
Miller, M. 17
Milne, R. 13
Milne, W. 19
Moeljopawiro, S. 1
Mooney, P. 16, 23
Moore, C. 19
Moser, A. 12
Natural Organic Farmers Association 14
Nawawy, A.S. 14
Oakeshott, J.G. 2, 18
Okafor, N. 8
Olembo, R. 3
Persley, G. 2
Pimentel, D. 4
Reichel, B.J. 21
Reid, W. V. 4
Ribeiro, S. 16
Rissler, J. 10, 19
Rojas, M. 23
Sasson, A. 20
Schneiderman, H.A. 19
Science Council of Canada 23
Shand, H. 1, 10, 14 23
Shelley, M.C. 21
Sleper, D.A. 20
Smith, S. 12, 13
Stevenson, R.E. 11
Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations, U.S. House of Representatives 21
Swaminathan, M.S. 7
Thomas, B.R. 6
U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment 12
U.S. National Committee for World Food Day 20, 21
Van Driesche, R.G. 25
Vodkin, L.O. 20
Weaver, R.W. 23
Wheale, P. 4
Whitten, M.J. 2, 18
Woodman, W.F. 21
Youngberg, I. G. 15


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