National Agricultural Library Cataloging Record:
Urban agriculture : an abbreviated list of references and resource guide 2000.
1. Urban agriculture--Bibliography. 2. Urban agriculture--Directories. 3. Urban agriculture--Computer network resources. I. Title
Articles from Periodicals and Newsletters
Research, Studies and Reports
USDA Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) Program
Urban Agriculture Reports
1999 USDA Community Food Project Grants
Urban and Community Agriculture Resources
Urban agriculture's overall nature makes the concept difficult to define. Taken literally, urban agriculture means "to establish and perform an agricultural practice in or near an urban or city-like setting." This is an oversimplified and somewhat open-ended attempt at defining what is a much broader and more complex system of dynamic variables. Despite the lack of a proper definition, urban agriculture has experienced a recent surge in worldwide popularity.
Agriculture, until recently, was considered an exclusively rural activity. Today, up to 30% of agricultural production in the United States originates from within metropolitan areas, and up to 15% on a global scale (Smit et al., 1996). In the U.S. and other developed parts of the world, urban agriculture is a convenient novelty full of potential. In contrast, it often serves as the sole means of personal and economic survival in the less-developed regions of the world. Agriculture has a long and outstanding history, but what many may not realize is that agriculture began as an activity within densely populated areas. Population growth in these areas increased demand for food and sustenance. As a result, urban human settlement became segregated from rural animal and crop production areas.
Unfortunately, in modern times, arable land acreage is decreasing due to soil and environmental degradation, surges in industrial development, and the need to accommodate increasing urban populations. Urban sprawl causes annual cropland losses equivalent to an area one kilometer wide stretching from New York to San Francisco. These trends contribute greatly to concerns about natural resources and food security. One solution to meeting future urban food security demands, while protecting and conserving natural resources, is the conversion of unused parcels of land in the urban environment to sustainable food production areas. This transformation of urban areas is occurring worldwide at an ever increasing rate.
Urban agriculture is an alternative to what has been labeled conventional agriculture. However, it should not be considered solely an alternative means of producing food; it also is a viable adaptive function and response to urbanization. Urban agriculture is not so much an alternative to existing agricultural systems as it is an established branching of modern sustainable agricultural systems. Ideally, urban agriculture incorporates various elements of modern sustainable agriculture to establish productive, reusable, self-contained waste and nutrient cycles. Resource conservation and management, integrated pest management (IPM), and organic food production, for example, can contribute toward developing safe, non-polluting environments. Critics of urban agriculture claim that it is an unclean harbinger for disease, pest, noise, and pollution. However, with proper planning and management, urban agriculture can be a very effective and safe means of producing food.
Today, urban agriculture takes the form of roof-top, hydroponic and community gardening; roadside urban fringe agriculture; field-to-direct-sale farmers' markets; and livestock grazing in parks and feedlots. Urban agriculture promotes food security, improving each participant's health and quality of life, while creating dynamic, aesthetically pleasing cityscapes. Expanding on urban agriculture's conceptual framework has great potential to contribute to the facilitation of sustainable food systems in predominately urban areas. Considering the international scope of urban agriculture and an increased desire to establish sustainable food systems for the future, we may all look forward to an improvement in the lives of urban and rural dwellers alike.
Special note to the reader: This bibliographic compilation is an update to the first printed in 1997. The central focus of this current issue is urban and community agriculture resources that are available in North America. This resource list is not meant to be comprehensive. Urban agriculture is a broad and diverse subject which encompasses a variety of topics related to farming and food production systems. This list is meant to serve as a starting reference point for those interested in learning more about urban agriculture and the various organizations dedicated to its study as an agriculturally sustainable system. Note that some of the resources listed are available for reference at the National Agricultural Library, as indicated by the NAL call number, while others are available as reproduced copies in the reference files of urban agriculture at the Alternative Farming Systems Information Center, indicated by the acronym "AFSIC" after the entry. Some documents may be reviewed and downloaded from the World Wide Web.
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC)
AFSIC is one of several Information Centers at the National Agricultural Library (NAL) that provide in-depth coverage of specific subject areas relating to the food and agricultural sciences. AFSIC focuses on alternative farming systems, e.g., sustainable, low-input, regenerative, biodynamic, organic, that maintain agricultural productivity and profitability, while protecting natural resources. Support for AFSIC comes to NAL from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program, which is under the jurisdiction of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES).
This publication is available in hardcopy, or electronically on computer diskette, or via AFSIC's Internet Web Site: http://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/. Please send comments and corrections regarding this publication or requests for additional copies to:
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
National Agricultural Library, ARS, USDA
10301 Baltimore Ave., Room 304
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
telephone: 301-504-6559; fax: 301-504-6409
The author wishes to acknowledge the inspiration and assistance of Jac Smit and Joe Nasr of The Urban Agriculture Network in Silver Spring, MD. Also, very special thanks to the Alternative Farming Systems Information Center staff at the USDA National Agricultural Library for their patience, guidance and much needed proofreading.
NAL S494.5.U72B79 1992
Agriculture in the City's Countryside. Christopher R. Bryant and Thomas R.R. Johnston.
University of Toronto Press, 1992. 233 pp.
Takes into account the decline of farmland this past century, yet emphasizes the importance of those same areas to neighboring urban populations. This book explains linkages between land use, specialty agricultural products, and ways of marketing those products in a dynamic and complex macroscopic system resulting from advances in technology and industry with particular reference to studies done in Canada.
NAL HD 9000.5.F67 1999
For Hunger-Proof Cities: Sustainable Food Systems. Mustafa Koc et al., eds.
International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada, 1999. 240pp.
This book is comprised of several papers addressing the very pertinent issue of establishing and sustaining urban food security the world over.
NAL HD1491.U6G76 1997 Farms of Tomorrow Revisited: Community Supported Farms - Farm Supported Communities. Trauger Groh and Steven McFadden. Biodynamic Gardening and Farming Association, Inc., Kimberton, PA, 1997. 294pp.
A book highlighting the growing interest and movement of the CSA farm, and its importance to the livelihood and reappearance of community driven agriculture in today's and tomorrow's industrialized world.
NAL S501.2 O48 1994
MetroFarm. Michael Olson. TS Books, Santa Cruz, CA, 1994. 576 pp.
The guide to growing for big profit on a small parcel of land. The web site, http://www.metrofarm.com, includes details about ordering, the author, the book, and much more.
NAL S605.5 A25 1998
On Good Land: The Autobiography of an Urban Farm. Michael Ableman.
San Francisco, CA, Chronicle Books, 1998. 144 pp.
The story of Fairview Gardens. Follow farmer Michael Ableman as he chronicles the evolution of Fairview Gardens urban farm in California's Goleta Valley.
NAL SB457.3.H95 1996
A Patch of Eden: America's Inner City Gardens. H. Patricia Hynes. Chelsea Green Publishing Company, 1996. 208 pp.
Stories of successful, real life, inner-city garden projects in the formidable big city environments of New York, Philadelphia, Chicago and San Francisco.
NAL SB457.3.P555 1998 A Place to Grow: Voices and Images of Urban Gardeners. David Hassler and Lynn Gregor, eds. The Pilgrim Press, 1998. 120 pp.
Inspiring stories and oral history interviews of 13 inner-city urban gardeners in
Sustaining Agriculture Near Cities. William Lockeretz, ed. Soil and Water Conservation Society, 1987. 295 pp.
Establishes a socio-economic stance with respect to starting and maintaining viable agricultural production systems in and around urban areas. Also includes a number of geographic, demographic, and economic cost models of documented studies of urban fringe farming in the United States.
NAL S494.5.U72U73 1996
Urban Agriculture: Food, Jobs and Sustainable Cities. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Publication Series for Habitat II, Volume One, UNDP, 1996. 300 pp.
Documents not only the uses, effects, and impact of urban agriculture the world over, but also stresses its importance and relevance to future food production needs of the world's impoverished and often over populated cities. Includes descriptions and profiles of several urban agriculture projects on six continents with reference to use and increased future potential.
**Copies may be obtained from the Urban Agriculture Network in Silver Spring, MD (See contact information page.)
NAL Z5071.H89 1994
Urban Agriculture: A Source Book: With Reference Bibliography, Organizational Listings and Additional Bibliographies. Compiled by Steven Laurence Hutchins.
A handbook of bibliographic listings of urban agricultural resources.
NAL SB457.3.U73 1990 Urban Gardening Program: The Coordinators Book. The Pennsylvania State University/Cooperative Extension Service, 1990. 45 pp.
A complete guide to beginning a community gardening project. Includes everything from actually selecting a garden site to organizing community meetings.
NAL S494.5 P47W37 1993
Urban Permaculture: A Practical Handbook for Sustainable Living. David Watkins. Permanent Press, Clanfield, Hampshire, England, 1993. 152 pp.
Details sustainable living techniques in the urban environment.
NAL SB457.3 M36 1995
What Good is Community Greening? David Malakoff. American Community Gardening Association, Philadelphia, PA, 1995. 23p.
In need of proof of the benefits of community and urban greening? This is a good starting point. Provides evidence as to the improvement and enhancement of urban environments and its inhabitants.
"Breaking the impasse: helping communities cope with change at the rural-urban interface." Charles W. Abdalla and Timothy W. Kelsey. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. Vol. 51 No. 6, pp. 462-466. November-December, 1996.
Examines the many problems of integrating rural agriculture into urban communities.
"Can cities feed themselves?: worldwide turn to urban gardening signals hope."
Franz Schurmann, Pacific News Service. Downloadable from the world wide web at: http://www.pacificnews.org/jinn/. (Search "urban agriculture.")
Commentary highlighting the proceedings of the Second UN Conference on Human Settlement (Habitat II). The main focus of the article is future population growth in cities, food production concerns, and the role of urban agriculture in the developed and developing world.
"Communities experiment to address food security." Nutrition Week. Washington D.C.
Community Nutrition Institute. Vol. 25 No. 36, pp. 4-6. September 22, 1995.
Suggests looking to Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) to help resolve issues of food security in urban areas.
"Closing the nutrient loop." Toni Nelson. World Watch. Vol. 9 No. 5, pp. 10-17.
An account of urban agriculture in terms of the benefits of maintaining a self sufficient, self-contained cycle of inputs and outputs by establishing effective waste and nutrient management practices in urban settings for sustainable food production.
"Farming in cities." Jac Smit and Joe Nasr. In Context: A Journal of Hope, Sustainability, and Change. No. 42, pp. 20-23.
Explores and explains the utilization of unused land, urban waste, and various other resources to further the advancement of self sustaining cities by establishing what is described as a sustainable cycle to foster urban food production.
"Growing food in cities: urban agriculture in North America." Community Food Security News. Special Fall 1999/Winter 2000 issue.
This entire issue of Community Food Security News is dedicated to urban food production and security.
"Growing good news in cities"--UN Habitat Summit. Jonathan Steele. Observer. May 5, 1996.
An account of the ever increasing trend toward urbanization and population growth. An optimistic view of sustaining "mega-cities" by identifying the benefits realized through urban based food production.
"A sifting of news about regenerative agriculture." International Ag-Sieve. Vol. VI No. 1. 1993.
Feature: Home Gardens. Includes five articles related to home and urban food production.
"Urban food production--neglected resources for food and jobs." Hunger Notes. Vol. 18 No. 2. Fall, 1992.
This particular issue of Hunger Notes is dedicated to urban food production. Contains various editorials pertaining to urban agriculture and urban food systems. Editorial features include: "Food production and under-nutrition in third world cities" and "Urban agriculture: A tool to reduce urban hunger and poverty" among others.
"Urbaculture: cities of the developing world learn to feed themselves." Gary Stix. Scientific American. December, 1996.
Magazine article about the state of urban agriculture in the past and its impending importance in the present and near future.
"Urban agriculture." Michael Shuman. Greenprints. Issue 1. September 1999.
Michael Shuman of the Village Foundation examines the many different facets of urban and community farming nation-wide.
"Urban agriculture: a revolutionary model for economic development." Chris Lazarus.
New Village Journal. Issue 2, 2000.
An economic overview of the untapped potential of urban agriculture in the United States and its popularity and success internationally.
"Urban agriculture: it's about much more than food." Annu Ratta and Jac Smit.
WHY (World Hunger Year), No. 13, pp. 26-29. Summer, 1993.
Addresses some of the lesser known facts about urban agriculture around the world, while stressing that urban agricultural practices are an environmentally safe and economically effective means of establishing land sustainability while feeding, enhancing, and empowering urban populations.
"Urban agriculture for sustainable cities: using wastes and idle land and water bodies as resources." Jac Smit and Joe Nasr. Environment and Urbanization. Vol. 4 No. 2, pp. 141-152. October, 1992.
This article describes the benefits of cities becoming more self-sufficient through sustainable natural resource conservation. Suggests using under-utilized urban areas and natural resources to facilitate improvements in urban health and natural resource cycling, while alleviating urban poverty.
"Urban aquaculture: ethnic markets sustain new business." Beth Ferguson. New Village Journal. Issue 2, 2000.
The story of Bob Biagi, an urban "aquaculturalist" in Massachusetts who discovered an ethnic community business niche to market his fresh, aquafarm raised tilapia.
"Urban farming: making metropolitan market revenue." Beth Silva. AgVentures.
Vol. 2, Issue 6, pp. 40-45. December 1998/January, 1999.
A special report on how urban agriculture can be a productive, profitable and prosperous endeavor in urban communities.
Cities Feeding People (CFP) Report Series 1-30
Complete reports are available online via the World Wide Web: http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-4692-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html. Request print copies from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC). (See contact information page.)
Report 1: Urban Agriculture Research In East & Central Africa: Record, Capacities and Opportunities.
Camillus J. Sawio, University of Dar es Salaam (1993). 28 pp.
Report 2: Urban Agriculture Research In East Africa: Record, Capacities and Opportunities.
Davinder Lamba, Mazingira Institute (1993). 16 pp.
Report 3: Urban Agriculture Research in East & Central Africa I: Record, Capacities and Opportunities.
Kadmiel H. Wekwete, University of Zimbabwe (1993). 14 pp.
Report 4: Urban Agriculture Research in East & Southern Africa II: Record, Capacities and
Admos Chimbowu and Davison Gumbo, ENDA-Zimbabwe (1993). 18 pp.
Report 5: Urban Agriculture Research in West Africa: Record, Capacities and Opportunities.
Souleymane Diallo, ENDA-Tiers Monde (1993). 10 pp.
Report 6: Urban Agriculture Research in East & Southeast Asia: Record, Capacities and Opportunities.
Yue-man Yeung, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (1993). 13 pp.
Report 7: Urban Agriculture Research in Latin America: Record, Capacities and Opportunities.
Julio Prudencio Bohrt, UNITAS (1993). 24 pp.
Report 8: Urban Food Production: Evolution, Official Support, Significance.
Luc J.A. Mougeot, International Development Research Centre (1994). 38 pp.
Report 9: Promoting Urban Agriculture: Strategy Framework for Planners in North America, Europe and Asia.
Paul Sommers and Jac Smit, The Urban Agriculture Network (1994). 12 pp.
Report 10: Urban Agriculture and The Sustainable Dar-es-Salaam Project, Tanzania.
Camillus Sawio, UNCHS-IDRC Project Coordinator (1994). 19 pp.
Report 11: Une Histoire de Deux Villes: Comparing Community Gardening Programs in Montreal and Toronto.
Sean Cosgrove, Toronto Food Policy Council, Canada (1994). 6 pp.
Report 12: Urban Agriculture: Can Planners Make a Difference?
Timothy Greenhow, SWEDEPLAN/Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning (1994). 19 pp.
Report 13: Agricultura Urbana en América Latina: Evaluacion in situ para Iniciativa Regional.
Julio Prudencio Bohrt, consultor del CIID (1994). 24 pp.
Report 14: L'agriculture Urbaine en Afrique Tropicale: Evaluation in situ pour Initiative Régionale.
Kando Golhor, consultant du CRDI (1995). 27 pp.
Report 15: Cities Feeding People Project Fact Sheets.
Pascale Dennery, International Development Research Centre (1995). 44 pp.
Report 16: Urban Agriculture in Canada: A Survey of Municipal Initiatives in Canada and Abroad.
Michel Frojmovic, IDRC Consultant (1996). 24 pp.
Report 17: The Third Meeting of the Support Group on Urban Agriculture (SGUA): Proceedings, 18-19
March '96 IDRC, Ottawa, Canada.
IDRC (1996). 41 pp.
Report 18: Urban Agriculture, Progress and Prospect: 1975-2005.
Jac Smit, The Urban Agriculture Network (1996). 28 pp.
Report 19: Urban Agriculture: A Survey of Academic Expertise and Programs in Canada.
Rita Lindayati, IDRC Intern (1996). 57 pp.
Report 20: Managing Urban Agriculture in Dar es Salaam.
Camillus J. Sawio, University of Dar es Salaam.
Report 21: NGO Gender Capacity in Urban Agriculture: Case Studies from Harare (Zimbabwe),
Kampala (Uganda), and Accra (Ghana).
Mahbuba Kaneez Hasna, IDRC Intern (1998).
Report 22: (English) CFP Program Initiative Program Summary (1997 - 2000).
Report 22: (French) Initiative de programme Résumé de programme 1997- 2000.
Report 23: Farming in the Shadow of the City: Changes in Land Rights and Livelihoods in Peri-Urban
Daniel Maxwell (International Food Policy Research Institute, USA), Wordswort Odame Larbi (Lands Commission, Ghana), and Grace Mary Lamptey, Sawudatu Zakariah, and Margaret Armar-Klemesu (University of Ghana, Ghana) (1998).
Report 24: Peri-Urban Livestock Production Systems.
O.B. Smith (IDRC, Senegal) and E.A. Olaloku (International Livestock Research Institute, Ethiopia) (1998).
Report 25: Urban Agriculture and Food Security in Canada: A Survey of Canadian Non-Governmental Organizations.
LifeCycles, British Columbia (1999).
Report 26: (English) Gender Resources for Urban Agriculture Research: Methodology, Directory &
Alice Hovorka, IDRC (1998).
Report 26: (French) Genre et recherche en agriculture urbaine: méthodologie, répertoire et bibliographie
Alice J. Hovorka (1998).
Report 26: (Spanish) Metodologia para el analisis de genero para la investigacion sobre agricultura
Alice J. Hovorka (1998).
Report 27: Community-Based Technologies for Domestic Wastewater Treatment and Reuse: options
for urban agriculture.
Gregory D. Rose (1999).
Report 28: Planning for Urban Agriculture: A Review of Tools and Strategies for Urban Planners.
Soony Quon (1999).
Report 29: Urban Agriculture Research in Africa: Reviewing and Enhancing Project Impacts.
Luc J.A. Mougeot, Ph.D., IDRC (1999).
Report 30: An Overview of Public Health and Urban Agriculture: Water, Soil and Crop Contamination
& Emerging Urban Zoonoses (Includes Institutional Directory and Annotated Bibliography).
Kathleen Flynn, IDRC (1999).
Exploring Opportunities for Community Development Corporations Using Inner City Vacant Land for Urban Agriculture. Jerry Kaufman, University of Wisconsin-Madison. February 1999.
An overview of corporate policy in relation to vacant land use in the inner city.
NAL S494.5.U72B76 1970
Extension Urban Gardening: The 16 Cities Experience, Intern Report. Allison Brown, 1970.
A detailed report explaining the efficacy of providing urban garden projects with government supported extension services.
Introduction to Urban Greening: A Guidebook Prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank. Mark Sorenson. Environment Division, Social Programs and Sustainable Development Department, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington D.C.
No. ENV96-103. 50 pp. November, 1996.
A collaborative study of urban land management, policy and environment. This guidebook introduces topics such as: the benefits, constraints, requirements, financing, and history of urban greening and development.
Low-input Sustainable Agricultural Culture for Urban Gardens in the District of Columbia. University of the District of Columbia Agricultural Experiment Station.
October, 1999. 3 pp.
"InfoDoc" bulletin on the increased interest in urban gardening in the Washington D.C. metro area. Bulletin highlights "environmentally friendly" urban garden alternatives to chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Project Farm Fresh Start Pilot Program Report. Prepared by the Hartford Food System.
Project report highlighting the implementation of a program to increase the amount of locally grown fruit and vegetables at a school lunch program in Hartford, Connecticut. 19 pp.
Rutgers Urban Gardening: A Case Study In Urban Agriculture. I.C. Patel. Journal of Agricultural and Food Information. Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 35-46. 1996.
An overview and history of urban agriculture in the United States, as well as a specific report on the Rutgers Urban Gardening program (RUG) in Newark, New Jersey.
Seeds of Change: Strategies for Food Security in the Inner City. Linda Ashman et al.
University of California Los Angeles, 1993.
This report consists of the first half of an urban planning dissertation that focuses on urban agriculture and inner city food security.
A Survey of Some of the Community Gardens Operated in Washington, D.C. by The National Park Service. Steven Hutchins. pp. 2-16. December, 1994.
A survey and report of nine community gardens between September and December 1994. **AFSIC Collection.
A Survey of Urban Gardening in the District of Columbia. University of The District of Columbia Agricultural Experiment Station. 6 pp.
Agricultural experiment station survey on gardening practices in the District of Columbia.
Included are statistics on gardening activity, garden size, and pesticide usage.
Urban Agriculture (UNDP/GLO/84/007)
A study by the Division for Global and Interregional Programmes (DGIP), being executed by the Infrastructure and Urban Development (INU) of the World Bank (IBRD).
This report package contains a brief overview of the growing importance of urban agriculture in a growing world economy. Principle audience is developing nations whose growth in urban areas continue to increase.
Following the overview, the Developing Countries Farm Radio Network (DCFRN) in Canada has put together a radio broadcast package introducing four aspects of urban agriculture: 1) "Grow food in the city," 2) "Farm in a box," 3) "Profit from raising rabbits by the roadside," 4) "Grow food cheaply by the roadside." An audiotape of the four broadcasts is included along with a written script.
Urban Agriculture in the United States. Cornell Agricultural Economics Staff Paper No. 91-21. Nelson L. Bills. August, 1991.
A report and discussion of short and long term trends in agricultural land use and allocation in the United States. Specific emphasis on the conversion of farmland to urban land use and development.
The Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program since 1988, has offered competitive grants for sustainable agriculture research and education have been awarded by four regional administrative councils. Generally ranging from $30,000 to $200,000, they fund projects that usually involve scientists, producers and others in an interdisciplinary approach. Many funded projects involve on-farm research trials with crops and/or livestock; other projects have studied quality of life, agricultural marketing, integrated farming systems, and soil and water conservation. Successful proposals typically include economic analysis and outreach components. The program also funds education and demonstration projects, including the development of farmer-to-farmer networks. For more information about these project reports, contact the project coordinator or visit the Sustainable Agriculture Network web site: http://www.sare.org.
The Green House Project: Sustainable Agriculture in Urban Areas.
Project number: LNE99-128
Project coordinator: Michael Hamm
Dept of Nutritional Sciences
96 Lipman Drive
New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8525
Feeding Our Cities: Establishing a Strong Urban/Sustainable Agriculture Interface in Southern New England.
Project number: ENE98-042
Project coordinator: Michael T. Keilty
University of Connecticut Extension
107 Kenyon Road
Bethlehem, CT 06751
Strengthening Farms on the Edge: Developing Rural/Urban Partnerships.
Project number: LNC98-129
Project coordinator: Rebecca Cline-Seese
Northeast Ohio Coalition of Diversified Farms
29167 Ridge Road
Wickliffe, OH 44092
Marketing Sustainable and/or Organic Products in Small Metro Areas.
Project number: LNC98-126
Project coordinator: David Watt
Dept of Agricultural Economics, North Dakota State University
P.O. Box 5636
Fargo, ND 58105-5636
Sea Change Urban Horticulture Center: Sustainable Agriculture Initiatives.
Project number: LNE96-077
Project coordinator: Rosalind Johnson
Sea Change Inc.
1608 N. Carlisle St.
Philadelphia, PA 19121
Building Community Support for Agriculture on the Urban Edge.
Project number: SW97-037
Project coordinator: Lorna Michael Butler
Washington State University
7612 Pioneer Way, E.
Puyallup, WA 98371-4998
An Integrated System of Organic Food Production and Urban Food Waste Recycling Using On-farm Anaerobic Digestion and Fertigation.
Project number: LS98-090
Project coordinator: Anne Barkdoll
Full Circle Solutions, Inc.
3931 SE 37th Street
Gainesville, FL 32641
Community Food Projects are designed to increase food security in communities by bringing the whole food system together to assess strengths, establish linkages, and create systems that improve the self-reliance of community members over their food needs. The 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act (FAIR) established new authority for Federal grants to support the development of Community Food Projects designed to: meet the needs of low-income people by increasing their access to fresher, more nutritious food supplies; increase the self-reliance of communities in providing for their own food needs; and promote comprehensive responses to local food, farm, and nutrition issues. Additionally, projects should: develop linkages between two or more sectors of the food system; support the development of entrepreneurial projects; develop innovative linkages between the for-profit and non-profit food sectors and encourage long-term planning activities and multi-system, interagency approaches.
These grants are intended to help eligible private non-profit entities that need a one-time infusion of Federal assistance to establish and carry out multi-purpose community food projects. Projects are funded from $10,000-$250,000 and from one to three years. These are one-time matching grants. In Fiscal Year 1996, one million dollars were available to fund 13 of the 121 proposals that were reviewed. In Fiscal Year 1997, 2.5 million dollars were available to fund 18 of the 123 proposals that were reviewed. In Fiscal Year 1998, approximately $2.4 million was available to fund 18 of 73 proposals submitted. Funds have been authorized through the year, 2002 at $2.5 million per year. Community Food Project Grant information excerpted from United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Services web site. Visit: http://www.csrees.usda.gov/fo/communityfoodprojects.cfm for more information on community food project funding opportunities.
Allegheny County Food Security 2000 Initiative. Southwest Pennsylvania Food System Council, Homestead, PA.
Contact: Ken Regal, 412-464-0739
Project Summary: This project seeks to improve low-income consumers' access to fresh, locally grown produce through youth-led direct marketing, community gardening on vacant lots, and mobile farmstands. In addition, a Food Policy Council will be supported for effecting long-term strategy on food security by government, business, and the non-profit sector. Collaborators: Just Harvest Education Fund, Penn State Cooperative Extension, East Liberty Concerned Citizens Corporation, and the Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank.
Century 21 Island Food Security. Lopez Community Land Trust, Lopez Island, WA.
Contact: Thomas Forester, 360-468-3723
Project Summary: This project will establish a food processing center for the distribution of locally-produced fresh and processed foods on an island in rural San Juan County. The project will coordinate implementation of the food processing center with social service agencies, non-profit groups, and local markets. Collaborators: Washington State University
Cooperative Extension, San Juan County Department of Health and Community Services, Island District Economic Development Council, and the Rural Development Cooperative.
City Sprouts North Omaha Community Food Project. City Sprouts, Omaha, NE .
Contact: David Le Page, 402-558-2832
Project Summary: This project will develop a self-sustaining food system in the poorest area of Omaha, bringing together a coalition of growers, consumers, churches, educators, community groups, and policymakers to improve food access to low-income residents. Direct marketing by small rural and urban farmers through urban churches will allow environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable food access. Collaborators: Nebraska Sustainable Agriculture Society, Southeast Nebraska, Grassland Association, Omaha Farmers' Market, New Community Development Corporation, Urban League of Nebraska, and Mt. Moriah Baptist, Salem Baptist, and Sacred Heart Catholic Churches.
Clinch-Powell Community Kitchens. The Jubilee Project, Inc., Sneedville, TN.
Contact: Stephen Hodges, 423-733-4195
Project Summary: This project will construct a shared-use community kitchen facility for a food-based micro-enterprise with a revolving loan fund to enhance an existing business incubator and farmers market in the Appalachian region of Tennessee. Job training and technical and marketing assistance will be offered. Collaborators: Hancock County/ Hancock Schools,
Sneedville/Hancock Community Partners, Clinch-Powell Resource Conservation and Development Council, Appalachian Sustainable Development, and University of Tennessee Agricultural Development Center.
Culinary Crossroads. West CAP Integrated Food System, West Central Wisconsin Community
Action Agency, Glenwood City, WI.
Contact: Karla Miller, 715-235-8525
Project Summary: The project will integrate an existing business incubator with new food production entrepreneurs through support and technical assistance. The project assists 50 low-income families. It provides them with 10% discount on food purchases, as well as educational and cooking lessons, and offer opportunities for learning food retail and food management skills.
Collaborators: Otto Bremer Foundation, Menomonie Market, Chippewa Valley Restaurant Supply, Wisconsin Farmland Conservancy, and Second Harvest Food Bank of St. Paul.
ESNDC's "International Marketplace" Program. East Side Neighborhood Development
Company, St. Paul, MN.
Contact: Mike Anderson, 651-771-1152
Project Summary: The project will create a fresh foods market in an under-utilized commercial building in the business district of the city's east side to provide a cross-cultural gathering place, an educational facility, and a location to purchase locally-grown, fresh and processed ethnically- based foods. Collaborators: St. Paul Growers Association, Crossroads Resource Center, East Side Family Center, Neighborhood Development Center, and the East Side Arts Council.
Growing Low-Income Membership in New Farms Subscription Buying.
New Farms, Rociada, NM.
Contact: Daniel Hobbs, 505-425-8431
Project Summary: This project expands a subscription buying club for fresh produce, further developing a strong link between producers and consumers. Escalating rates of diabetes among indigenous people are addressed by greatly increased produce consumption. Collaborators: Friends of the Santa Fe Farmers Market, N.M. Acequia Association, N.M. Community
Development Loan Fund, Pecos Valley Medical Center, Rocky Mountain Farmers' Union, and Cooperative Extension Service.
Harvest Makers. Civic Works, Baltimore, MD.
Contact: John Ciekot, 410-366-8533
Project Summary: To establish a community food and nutrition program for 600 low-income households (1,800 persons) in order to increase their access to fresh produce by providing community gardens, harvesting, and marketing of production, along with nutrition and food preservation workshops. Farmers' markets and community gardens will be established and youth will be trained and employed to operate farm stands to help learn business skills.
Healthy Farms, Healthy Kids. Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA.
Contact: Robert Gottlieb, 323-259-2712
Project Summary: This is a pilot project in three low-income local schools to put a farmer's market and a fruit and salad bar in the schools to increase fruit and vegetable consumption by children. This is the follow-up to a one-school pilot project from which lessons learned have been applied. Los Angeles Unified School District administrators, food service directors and
children all support the project. The project can increase purchase of produce from local farms, increase nutrition value of children's diets and bring about systemic change in food purchasing by schools. The staff included a plan to train others interested in similar community food system work.
Hiawatha Pantry Community Food Project. Community Design Center of Minnesota, St. Paul,
Contact: Ruth Murphy, 651-228-7073
Project Summary: This project will develop a local alternative food system in southeastern Minnesota to link low- income consumers with farmers through establishment of a co-op food store, a community supported agriculture (CSA) project involving local churches, and the processing and marketing of local foods for sale in the Twin Cities. Collaborators: Houston
Arts Council, OM/EGA, Southeastern Minnesota Grass-Raised Livestock Direct Marketing Collaborative, and Practical Farmers of Iowa.
I Ka Pono Community Garden. Zen Center of Hawaii, Kamuela, HI.
Contact: Robert Althouse, 808-885-6109
This project will expand a community garden dedicated to organic farming education, cash crop production and marketing and to celebrate and renew cultural heritage around native food and medicinal herbs. The garden, situated in the middle of town, has substantial local support and will be used for community-wide celebrations. Collaborators: Parker School Board of Trustees,
Waimea School, Salvation Army, and the Senior Center.
Mercado Expansion Project. Norris Square Civic Association, Philadelphia, PA.
Contact: Elvin Padilla, 215-426-8723
Project Summary: This project will expand a community marketplace owned and operated by the Norris Square Civic Association, which features local and tropical goods purchased directly from farmers in Pennsylvania and Puerto Rico. The marketplace also serves as a business incubator for neighborhood entrepreneurs. Collaborators: Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Agro-Commercial de Puerto Rico, Reading Terminal Farmers' Market, and Philadelphia Citizens for Children and Youth.
NENA/PTE Market Garden and Regional Farm Stand. North East Block Club Alliance, Rochester, NY.
Contact: Hank Herrera, 716-544-0140
Project Summary: In this project, community based organizations in a low-income neighborhood will establish market gardens to produce fresh vegetables, begin a regional farm stand in Rochester's Public Market, provide entrepreneurship training for youth, and create trading linkages with producers and regional small food processors. Collaborators: Partners Through Food, Politics of Food, Small Scale Food Processor Association of New York, Worker Ownership Resource Center, and Cornell Cooperative Extension of Monroe County.
Potawat Health Village Food Garden. United Indian Health Services, Arcata, CA.
Contact: Laura Kadlecik, 707-677-3963
Project Summary: This project will establish a two-acre food garden and one-acre fruit orchard to distribute food among UIHS clients and staff, provide nutrition education, and offer job training in organic farming, and food handling and preparation. Nine Indian tribal entities in California's north coast region will participate in the project. Collaborators: University of California
Cooperative Extension, Humboldt Water Resources, and the California Endowment.
Press Street Market. Parkway Partners Program, Inc., New Orleans, LA.
Contact: Paula Berault, 540-286-2128
Project Summary: This project, part of a 43-acre park development on railroad land at the junction of four historically significant neighborhoods with high poverty rates, focuses on the establishment of a local open-air produce and food market and related economic development. A portion of the produce sold at the market will be grown in community gardens on near-by vacant lots by local youth. Collaborators: Crescent City Peace Alliance, Americorps of New Orleans, and Faubourg Marigny Neighborhood Improvement Association.
Proyecto Jardin. Arizona-Mexico Border Health Foundation, Tucson, AZ.
Contact: Susan Kunz, 520-795-9756
Project Summary: The project is located in the communities that border the U.S.-Mexican border in Santa Cruz County, which is located south of Tucson, Arizona. The goals of the project are to enhance capacity building and training in the food system, health, and nutrition; help empower low-income public housing residents to address their food needs by developing neighborhood gardens; help advance community and economic development by establishing micro- enterprises; and foster innovative partnerships among the public and private sectors by creating the infrastructure to enhance collaborative efforts and link the components of the food system. Project involves the Community Food Council, community gardens, marketing, education, and local produce stands.
The Salina Community Food Project. Kansas Rural Center, Whiting, KS.
Contact: Clare Komitsky or Daniel Nagengast, 785-873-3431
Project Summary: The project will investigate practical ways to support a regional food system in a rural small city setting, linking local growers with the County Commission on Aging to supply elderly nutrition programs in the area. Production from local farmers and ranchers will be processed and prepared by at-risk students in an entrepreneurship program providing jobs
and life skills training. Collaborators: Heartland Cluster Network, Smoky Hill Graziers, Saline County Commission on Aging, Saline County Cooperative Extension, and the Land to Hand Alliance.
Small Food Service Business Development for Saginaw Farmers Market. Neighborhood Renewal. Services of Saginaw, Inc., Saginaw, MI.
Contact: Mark Neumeier, 517-753-4900
Project Summary: The project will relocate and expand the Downtown Saginaw Farmers Market to provide increased opportunities for local farmers, improve the nutritional and economic health of a low- income neighborhood, and promote downtown revitalization. Funding will support acquisition and renovation of a new site, development of an outdoor pavilion for
farmer sales, and space for small food service businesses. Collaborators: PRIDE in Saginaw, Inc., City of Saginaw, Michigan Department of Agriculture, Saint Mary's medical center, and Saginaw News.
Sowing Seeds of Self-sufficiency. Rural Action, Inc., Athens, OH.
Contact: Karen Affeld, 740-593-7490
Project Summary: This project in rural Appalachia builds new linkages and partnerships among community gardens, farmers' markets, entrepreneurial development, job training programs, local growers, area restaurants and food processors in order to move the community as a whole toward a sustainable local food system, ensuring low-income people with food access and economic opportunity. Collaborators: Community Food Initiatives, Appalachian Center for Economic Networks, and the Small Business Development Center of Southeastern Ohio.
Youth Empowerment and Microbusiness Development. The West Philadelphia Partnership,
Contact: Tamara Dubowitz or Danny Gerber 215-898-8324
Project Summary: This proposal will plan, develop, and operate agriculturally-based enterprises at predominantly African American public schools in West Philadelphia, PA. The project will combine agricultural and horticultural pursuits with nutrition education and entrepreneurial development using existing school-based fruit and vegetable markets. Collaborators: University
City High School, Drew Elementary School, Greensgrow Farm, White Dog Café, Metropolitan Bakery, Fresh Fields/Whole Foods Market, The Enterprise Center, and the University of Pennsylvania.
*This section provides contact information for individuals and organizations involved with urban and community agriculture programs.
Albany Service Corps
88 North Lake Avenue
Albany, NY 12206
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC)
National Agricultural Library
10301 Baltimore Avenue, Room 304
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
Web site: http://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/
American Community Gardening Association
100 North 20th Street, 5th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103-1495
Web site: http://communitygarden.org
American Farmland Trust
1200 18th Street, NW, Suite 800
Washington, D.C. 20036
Web site: http://www.farmland.org
American Horticultural Therapy Association
362 A Christopher Avenue
Gaithersburg, MD 20879-3660
Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA)
P.O. Box 3657
Fayetteville, AR 72702
Web site: http://www.attra.org
Atlanta Urban Gardening
1757 Washington Road
East Point, GA 30344
Austin Sustainable Food Center
434 Bastrop Highway
Austin, TX 78741
Mary Kay Farinholt, Volunteer Coordinator
2521 N. Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218
Tel: 410-366-0600 x325
Biological Urban Gardening Services
P.O. Box 76
Citrus Heights, CA 95611-0076
Boston Urban Gardeners
46 Chestnut Avenue
Jamaica Plain, MA 02130
Carver Hills Neighborhood Project
Arnold Weathersby, President or
Olin Ivey, Executive Director
Georgia Environmental Associations
1586 Mary George Avenue, NW
6750 Peachtree Industrial Blvd.
Atlanta, GA 30318
Tel: 404-799-5382 or 770-447-4367
Center for Urban Agriculture at Fairview Gardens
598 N. Fairview Avenue
Goleta, CA 93117
The Center for Urban Ecology
4598 MacArthur Boulevard, NW
Washington, D.C. 20007-4227
Web site: http://www.nps.gov/cue/cueintro.html
The Center for Urban Education About Sustainable Agriculture (CUESA)
41 Sutter Street, Suite 1744
San Francisco, CA 94101
Canada's Office of Urban Agriculture
#801-318 Homer Street
Vancouver, British Columbia V6B 2V3
Web site: http://www.cityfarmer.org
**City Farmer maintains an outstanding web site that highlights a series of interesting
commentaries, information links, and updates related to the advancement of urban agriculture around the world.
Community Food Security Coalition
Andy Fisher, Coordinator
P.O. Box 209
Venice, CA 90294
Web site: http://www.foodsecurity.org
D.C. Community Harvest
419 V Street, NW
Washington, D.C. 20009
Cornell Cooperative Extension
2090 Adam Clayton Powell Boulevard
New York, NY 10027
Detroit Urban Cooperative Agriculture Network
c/o Hunger Action
220 Bagley, Suite 326
Detroit, MI 48226
Institute for Food and Development Policy
398 60th Street
Oakland, CA 94618
Tel: 510-654-4400 or 800-274-7826
Web site: http://www.foodfirst.org
P.O. Box 1901
Lubbock, TX 79408-1901
Web site: http://www.minifarms.com
The Garden Project
35 South Park
San Francisco, CA 94107
Chicago Botanic Garden
P.O. Box 400
Glencoe, IL 60022-0400
625 Broadway, 9th Floor
New York, NY 10012
3619 W. 32 Avenue #9
Denver, CO 80211-3155
The Hartford Food System
509 Wethersfield Avenue
Hartford, CT 06114
Heifer Project International
Alison Meares Cohen
2916 W. Blemont
Chicago, IL 60618
Tel: 773-279-9022 or 800-359-9580
Web site: http://www.heifer.org
International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
Cities Feeding People
P.O. Box 8500
Canada, K1G 3H9
Web site: http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-4692-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html
Or contact Brenda Lee Wilson at: firstname.lastname@example.org for more information about urban agriculture.
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
1200 Seventeenth Street, NW
Washington D.C. 20039-3006
Web site: http://www.ifpri.cgiar.org/
The Intervale Foundation
128 Intervale Road
Burlington, VT 05041
307 7th Ave., Suite 1201
New York, NY 10001
The Land Institute
Dr. Wes Jackson, Director
2440 Water Well Road
Salina KS 67401
Land Stewardship Project
2200 Fourth Street
White Bear Lake, MN 55110
Leaf for Life
260 Radford Hollow Road
Big Hill, KY 40405
Web site: http://www.leafforlife.org/
Kansas State University
Child and Family Programs
A22 Edwards Hall
Manhattan, KS 66506
Meadow Creek Local Food Project
1 Meadowcreek Lane
PO Box 100
Fox, AK 72051
Michigan Integrated Food and Farming Systems Collaboration
P.O. Box 539
Lake City, MI 49651
New Brunswick Urban Ecology Program
Department of Nutritional Sciences
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
New Brunswick, NJ 08903-0231
Nuestras Raices (Our Roots)
60 Hamilton Street
Holyoke, MA 01040
Ohio State University Extension, Cuyahoga County
Cultivating Our Community
Extension Agent, Urban Gardening
2490 Lee Boulevard, Suite 108
Cleveland Heights, OH 44118-1255
Penn State Urban Gardening Program
4601 Market Street, 2nd Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19139
Portland Community Gardens
6437 SE Division Street
Portland, OR 97206
Rutgers University/Cook College
P.O. Box 231
New Brunswick, NJ 08903
San Francisco League of Urban Gardeners (SLUG)
Mohammed Nuru, Executive Director
Bryan Lease, Community Garden
2088 Oakdale Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94121
Tel: 415-285-SLUG (7584)
Web site: http://www.slug-sf.org
The Seattle Youth Garden Works
1759 15 Avenue, NE
Seattle, WA 98105
Tel: 206-555-1212 ext. 3131
Sustainable Agriculture Network
National Agricultural Library
10301 Baltimore Avenue, Room 304
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
Web site: http://www.sare.org
Toronto Food Policy Council
277 Victoria St., Suite 203
Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 1W1
Web site: http://www.toronto.ca/health/tfpc_index.htm
University of the District of Columbia
Agricultural Experiment Station
4200 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20008
University of Wisconsin
Department of Urban and Regional Planning
Dr. Jerome Kaufman
925 Bascom Hall
Madison, WI 53706
The Urban Agriculture Network (TUAN)
Jac Smit, President
8209 Fenton Street, Suite 4
(at Silver Spring Avenue)
Silver Spring, MD 20910
P.O. Box 980460
Houston, TX 77098-0460
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
National Agricultural Library
The Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
http://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/AFSIC_pubs/urbanag.htm, September 2000
Web Policies and Important Links