Agriculture Then and Now

1860* 2010** % Change
Number of farms 2,044,000 2,201,000 7.68
Total acreage 407,213,000 921,000,000 126.17
Average acreage per farm 199 418 110.05
Total U.S. population 31,443,321***
(10.6/sq. mi)
308,745,538
(87.4/sq. mi)
881.91
Labor force in agriculture 15,141,000*** 2,113,000 -86.05
% of population in agriculture 48% 0.68% N/A

*Historical Statistics of the United States (Millennial Edition Online),
Cambridge University Press - date accessed 2/6/09

**2012 Statistical Abstract (online), U.S. Census Bureau -
date accessed 4/5/12

***Estimate from Growing A Nation: The Story of American Agriculture -
date accessed 2/6/09