|H.R. 4091||S. 1915||H.R. 3575||H.R. 4044||Public Law 103-182|
|H.R. 4008||S. 2100||S. 2142||H.R. 4289||H.R. 3978|
|H.R. 3987||H.R. 3997||H.R. 3954||S. 1831||H.R. 3526|
Introduced March 18, 1994, by Henry A. Waxman (R-CA) and referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce. This act may be cited as the "Pesticide Food Safety Act of 1994."
Section 408 outlines requirements for tolerances and exemptions for pesticide residues in or on food. Pesticide residue safety margins are not considered ample unless exposure per unit of body measurement is at least 100 times less than no observable effect level in animals on which the pesticide chemical residue was tested. No observable effect level is the level of exposure to a pesticide chemical that reliable data, derived from exposure of humans or animals to the pesticide chemical, demonstrate will cause no adverse effect.
Introduced March 9, 1994, by Richard C. Shelby (D-AL) and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works. This act may be cited as the "Private Property Owners Bill of Rights."
Congress finds that the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (1 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) and section 404 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1344) have been implemented in a manner that deprives private property owners of the use and control of their property. As additional Federal programs are proposed that would limit and restrict the use of private property to provide habitat for plant and animal species, the rights of private property owners must be recognized and respected. Section 7 amends the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1540) to allow private property owners the right to appeal the following actions: determination that a parcel of property is critical habitat for a species; denial of a permit for an incidental take; and imposition of an order prohibiting or substantially limiting the use of the property. Section 8 outlines procedures for private property owners to gain compensation for property set aside as a result of a Federal agency's decision. Related bills: H.R. 3875, June 1994; H.R. 3997, March 1994; S. 1440, August 1993; S. 1521, October 1993; H.R. 1490, March 1993; S. 3159, August 1992; H.R. 4045, November 1991.
Introduced on November 19, 1993, by Charles W. Stenholm (R-TX) and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. This act may be cited as the "Animal Enterprise Protection Act of 1993."
Chapter 13 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding the following: Whoever by force, threat of force, or physical obstruction, intentionally injures, intimidates, or interferes with any person, or attempts to do so, because that person is engaging in activities in an animal enterprise; or intentionally damages or destroys the property of a facility , or attempts to do so, because that facility is an animal enterprise shall be punished. An "animal enterprise" is defined as a commercial or academic enterprise that uses animals for food or fiber production, agriculture, research, testing, a zoo, aquarium, circus, rodeo, lawful competitive animal event, and any fair or similar event intended to advance agriculture. Penalties for violation include in the case of a first offense a fine and imprisonment for not more than 1 year, in the case of a second or subsequent offense after a prior conviction, a fine and imprisonment for not more than 3 years. If bodily injury results then the length of imprisonment shall be not more than 10 years, and if death results, it shall be for any term of years or for life. Related bills and laws: H.R. 3064, September 1993; P.L. 102-346, August 1992.
Introduced March 16, 1994, by Martin H. Lancaster (R-NC) and referred to the Committee on Agriculture.
Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue regulations that authorize the Secretary to purchase and eradicate, in accordance with section 11 of the Act of May 29, 1884 (21 U.S.C. 114a), swine infected with or exposed to brucellosis. Related bill. S. 1901, 1994.
This act may be cited as the "North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act."
Passed December 8, 1993. Part 2, section 361, outlines agricultural, technical and conforming amendments governing importation and inspection of animals, and amendments to the Poultry Products Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 466(d)) and Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 620(e)). The Secretary of Agriculture shall make a grant to a land-grant college for the construction of a facility for the conduct of research in animal health, disease-transmitting insects, and toxic chemicals that require the use of a biocontainment facility. To be eligible for the grant, the land- grant college must be adjacent to the international border with Mexico and have an established program in animal health research. The facility constructed with the grant shall be known as the "Southwest Regional Animal Health Biocontainment Facility."
Introduced by Solomon P. Ortiz (R-TX) on March 10, 1994, and referred to the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Section 101(d) authorizes the Secretary of Commerce to enable the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out the Coastal Ocean Program. A total of $200,000 is available until expended to study the use of oceanic data obtained from satellite imagery and other sources to determine and predict the presence of endangered sea turtles in the Gulf of Mexico
Introduced May 10, 1994, by Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ), and read and passed. This act may be cited as the "Stewardship End-Result Contracts Demonstration Act."
Section 3 authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to apply all or part of revenues received from timber to be used for site preparation, replanting, silviculture programs, recreation and wildlife habitat.
Introduced May 23, 1994, by John W. Warner (R-VA) and referred to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. This act may be cited as the "Mount Pleasant National Scenic Area Act."
The purposes of this act are to ensure appropriate protection and preservation of the scenic quality, water quality, natural characteristics, and water resources of the Mount Pleasant National Scenic Area; to protect and manage vegetation to provide wildlife and fish habitat; and to encourage old-growth forest development.
Introduced April 21, 1994, by Elizabeth Furse (R-OR) and referred jointly to the Committees on Agriculture, Merchant Marine and Fisheries, and Public Works and Transportation. This act may be cited as the "Waterways Restoration Act of 1994."
Congress finds that protecting and restoring watersheds provides critical ecological benefits by restoring and maintaining biodiversity, providing fish and wildlife habitat, filtering pollutants, and performing other important ecological functions.
Introduced March 8, 1994, by Richard W. Pombo (R-CA) and referred to the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. This act may be cited as the "Endangered Species Management Act of 1994."
The purposes of this act are to provide a practical means whereby ecosystems upon which endangered and threatened species directly depend may be conserved, and to provide programs for the conservation of endangered species and threatened species that take into account economic and social consequences.
The Secretary of the Interior may not list a species as endangered or threatened unless a report has been prepared that includes a complete file of scientific data and collection methodology used to determine the listing, and a recovery plan for the species that includes scientific data and projected costs. The report must be reviewed by a scientific peer review panel. The Secretary of the Interior must submit an intent to list a species as endangered or threatened to a newspaper of general circulation in the State where the species is believed to occur for 5 consecutive days. Public hearings must also be held in the State where the species resides. Related bills: H.R. 3997, March 1994; S. 1440, August 1993; S. 1521, October 1993; H.R. 1490, March 1993; S. 3159, August 1992; H.R. 4045, November 1991.
Introduced March 9, 1994, by Jack Fields (R-TX) and referred jointly to the Committees on Merchant Marine and Fisheries and Ways and Means. This act may be cited as the "Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservation Act of 1994."
Congress finds that the world's rhinoceros population is declining at an alarming rate, a 90-percent decline since 1970. The purposes of this act are to assist in the conservation of rhinoceros and tigers by supporting the conservation programs of nations whose activities affect rhinoceros and tiger populations, and to provide financial resources for those programs.
Introduced March 10, 1994, by John T. Doolittle (R-CA) and referred to the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. This act may be cited as the "Balanced Economic and Environmental Priorities Act of 1994."
Section 4 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1533) is amended to include a section on economic impact analysis. An officer or employee of a Federal agency shall not implement or enforce a designation, regulation, or recovery plan unless the Secretary [of the Interior] has prepared an economic impact analysis. The economic impact analysis shall include determination of the following: identifiable and potential job losses; identifiable losses in the value of real property resulting from implementation and enforcement; and losses in business enterprises. Compensation shall be paid to persons who incur economic loss as a result of a species being listed as an endangered or threatened species. Related bills: H.R. 3978, March 1994; S. 1440, August 1993; S. 1521, October 1993; H.R. 1490, March 1993; S. 3159, August 1992; H.R. 4045, November 1991.
Introduced March 3, 1994, by Tim Johnson (R-SD) and referred to the Committee on Natural Resources. This act may be cited as the "Mni Wiconi Act Amendments of 1994."
Congress finds that the lack of water supplies on the Rosebud Reservation and Lower Brule Reservation restricts efforts to promote economic development of those reservations. The Secretary [of the Interior] is authorized and directed to plan, design, construct, operate maintain, and replace a municipal, rural and industrial water system. The Secretary shall make Federal grants to the Oglala Sioux, Rosebud Sioux, and Lower Brule Sioux Bio-Diversity Trusts. Each trust shall be eligible for Federal grants if it selects and provides funding to projects which restore, protect, and enhance wildlife and wildlife habitat.
Introduced February 7, 1994, by Claiborne Pell (D-RI) and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. This act may be cited as the "Antarctic Environmental Protection Act of 1994."
Congress finds that the Antarctic Treaty and the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty serve important U.S. environmental and resource management interests, while at the same time preserving the freedom of scientific investigation in Antarctica. Activities in Antarctica are to be planned and conducted so as to limit adverse impacts on the environment and dependent ecosystems. Section 4 outlines prohibited acts such as: disposing of wastes from land into the sea of Antarctica; introducing species of animals or plants not indigenous to Antarctica; killing, injuring, capturing, handling, or molesting any native mammal or bird; removing or damaging native plants such that their distribution or abundance would be affected; and flying or landing helicopters or other aircraft in a manner that disturbs concentrations of birds and seals. Related bills: S.1427, August 1993; S. 3189, August 1992.
Introduced November 17, 1993, by Nina M. Lowey (R-NY) and referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce.
It is the policy of the United States to end the needless maiming and suffering inflicted upon animals through the use of steel jaw leghold traps by prohibiting the shipment in interstate or foreign commerce of the traps and of articles of fur from animals that were trapped in the traps. It is unlawful for any person to knowingly import, export, ship, or receive any article of fur from an animal trapped in a steel jaw leghold trap; or to deliver, carry, transport, ship, sell, receive, acquire, or purchase any steel jaw leghold trap. Related bills: S. 1343, August 1993; H.R. 1354, March 1991; H.R. 4604, April 1990; S.2239, March 1982.
Contents, Animal Welfare Information Center Newsletter
Top of Document
The Animal Welfare Information Center
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service
National Agricultural Library
10301 Baltimore Ave.
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
Phone: (301) 504-6212
FAX: (301) 504-5181
Contact us: http://awic.nal.usda.gov/contact-us
Policies and Links