Adkins, E., T. Driggers, G. Ferguson, W. Gehrmann, Z. Gyimesi, E. May, M. Ogle, and T. Owens (2003). Ultraviolet light and reptiles, amphibians. Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery 13(4): 27-37. ISSN: 1529-9651.
NAL Call Number: SF997.5.R4 B85
Descriptors: amphibians, reptiles, ultraviolet light, care in captivity, UV light importance, deficiencies.
Belden, L.K. and A.R. Blaustein (2002). Exposure of red-legged frog embryos to ambient UV-B radiation in the field negatively affects larval growth and development. Oecologia 130(4): 551-554. ISSN: 0029-8549.
NAL Call Number: QL750.O3
Descriptors: frog, embryos, ambient UV-B radiation, exposure, larval growth, development, negative affects.
Belden, L.K. and A.R. Blaustein (2002). UV-B induced skin darkening in larval salamanders does not prevent sublethal effects of exposure on growth. Copeia 2002(3): 748-754. ISSN: 0045-8511.
Descriptors: amphibians, salamander, Ambystoma gracile, Ambystoma macrodactylum, Taricha granulosa, Salamandridae, color pigments, melanin production, UV B induced skin darkening in larvae, implications for growth and survival, skin, larval development, growth, survival, light, UV B.
Blaustein, A.R. and L.K. Belden (2003). Amphibian defenses against ultraviolet-B radiation. Evolution and Development 5(1): 89-97. ISSN: 1520-541X.
Descriptors: amphibians, biological effects, defense mechanisms, UV B radiation, defense mechanisms.
Calfee, R.D., C.M. Bridges, and E.E. Little (2006). Sensitivity of two salamander (Ambystoma) species to ultraviolet radiation. Journal of Herpetology 40(1): 35-42. ISSN: 0022-1511.
NAL Call Number: QL640.J6
Descriptors: amphibians, spotted salamander, mole salamander, ultraviolet radiation, sensitivity, embryos, larvae, UV-B.
Cummins, C.P. (2003). UV-B radiation, climate change and frogs - the importance of phenology. Annales Zoologici Fennici 40(1): 61-67. ISSN: 0003-455X.
NAL Call Number: 410 AN712
Descriptors: frogs, Rana temoraria, climate change, UV-B radiation, effects, importance of phenology.
Cummins, C.P. (2002). Testing for effects of UV-B radiation on anti-predator behavior in amphibians: A critique and some suggestions. Ethology 108(7): 643-648. ISSN: 0179-1613.
NAL Call Number: QL750.E74
Descriptors: toad, Bufo boreas, frog, Rana cascadae, Taricha granulosa, salamander, behavioral techniques, avoidance behavior, anti predator behavior, effects of UV B exposure, experimental design considerations, light, UV B radiation.
Formicki, G., W. Zamachowski, and R. Stawarz (2003). Effects of UV-A and UV-B on oxygen consumption in common toad (Bufo bufo) tadpoles. Journal of Zoology 259(3): 317-326. ISSN: 0952-8369.
Descriptors: amphibians, common toad, Bufo bufo, tadpoles, oxygen consumption, UV- A, UV- B, exposure effect.
Hatch, A.C. and A.R. Blaustein (2003). Combined effects of UV-B radiation and nitrate fertilizer on larval amphibians. Ecological Applications 13(4): 1083-1093. ISSN: 1051-0761.
NAL Call Number: QH540.E23
Descriptors: amphibians, Ambystoma macrodactylum, UV-B radiation, nitrate fertilizer, larval amphibians, combined effects.
Licht, L.E. (2003). Shedding light on ultraviolet radiation and amphibian embryos. Bioscience 53(6): 551-561. ISSN: 0006-3568.
Descriptors: amphibians, UV-B radiation, amphibian embryos, effects.
Little, E.E., R.D. Calfee, D.L. Fabacher, C. Carey, V.S. Blazer, and E.M. Middleton (2003). Effects of ultraviolet radiation on toad early life stages. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 10(3): 167-172. ISSN: 0944-1344.
Descriptors: amphibians, toad, Bufo ultraviolet radiation, early life stages, effects, UVB, solar radiation, harmful levels.
Pahkala, M., A. Laurila, and J. Merila (2003). Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on behaviour and growth of three species of amphibian larvae. Chemosphere 51(3): 197-204. ISSN: 0045-6535.
Abstract: Effects of ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation on amphibian embryos have been investigated in a number of studies, but the effects on larvae have received less attention. We investigated the effects of UV-B radiation on the behaviour and growth of larvae of three amphibians (Rana arvalis, Rana temporaria and Bufo bufo) in two different experiments. First, we tested whether larvae of the three species actively avoid UV-B exposure if given a choice. We found no evidence for active avoidance of UV-B or changes in activity in the presence of UV-B in any of the species. Second, we assessed the effects of natural (1.25 kJm(-2)) and enhanced (1.58 kJm(-2)) UV-B radiation on the survival and growth of the three species and found that the exposure to UV-B radiation did not have any effect on survival rates of any of the species. However, UV-B radiation had a positive effect on the growth of R. arvalis and R. temporaria, whereas the growth of B. bufo tadpoles was unaffected by the UV-B treatments. Our results suggest that a short-term exposure to UV-B radiation does not induce any UV-B avoidance behaviour in tadpoles of these three species. Furthermore, unlike some previous studies, the results suggest that the young tadpoles of these species are not negatively affected by UV-B radiation. In fact, our results demonstrate that a moderate amount of UV-B radiation enhance tadpole growth rates in two of the three species.
Descriptors: amphibians, ultraviolet radiation, effects, behavior, growth, amphibian larvae, three species, embryos, UV-B.
Pahkala, M., J. Merila, I. Ots, and A. Laurila (2003). Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on metamorphic traits in the common frog rana temporaria. Journal of Zoology 259(1): 57-62. ISSN: 0952-8369.
Descriptors: amphibians, common frog, Rana temporaria, ultraviolet-B, effects, metamorphic traits, larval development, embryonic development.
Pahkala, M., A. Laurila, and J. Merila (2002). Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on common frog Rana temporaria embryos from along a latitudinal gradient. Oecologia Berlin 133(4): 458-465. ISSN: 0029-8549.
Descriptors: common frog, Rana temporaria, ultraviolet-B radiation, effects, embryos, amphibians, tolerance.
Pahkala, M., K. Rasanen, A. Laurila, U. Johanson, L.O. Bjorn, and J. Merila (2002). Lethal and sublethal effects of uv-b/ph synergism on common frog embryos. Conservation Biology 16(4): 1063-1073. ISSN: 0888-8892.
NAL Call Number: QH75.A1C5
Descriptors: amphibians, frog embryos, ultraviolet-B, sublethal effects, lethal effects, synergistic effectcs, pH, stressors, Rana temporaria.
Peterson, G.S., L.B. Johnson, R.P. Axler, and S.A. Diamond (2002). Assessment of the risk of solar ultraviolet radiation to amphibians. II. In situ characterization of exposure in amphibian habitats. Environmental Science and Technology 36(13): 2859-2865. ISSN: 0013-936X.
NAL Call Number: TD420.A1E5
Descriptors: amphibians, Rana pipiens, behavior, habitat utilization, semiaquatic habitat, wetlands, light, solar UV radiation, exposure risks in wetland habitats, north, UV exposure risks, influencing factors, wetland habitats, Minnesota, USA.
Scheessele, E.A., T.S. Garcia, and A.R. Blaustein (2003). Indirect effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on amphibians: using mesocosm experiments to examine UV-B effects on trophic level interactions. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 298. ISSN: 0012-9623.
Descriptors: amphibians, ultraviolet b radiation, indirect effects, trophic level interactions, mesocism experiments, meeting.
Notes: Meeting Information: 88th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America held jointly with the International Society for Ecological Modeling - North American Chapter, Savannah, Georgia, USA; August 03-08, 2003.
Trenham, P.C. and S.A. Diamond (2005). Coordinated studies of ultraviolet radiation and amphibians in lentic wetland habitats. Ecosystems 8(5): 455-461. ISSN: 1432-9840.
NAL Call Number: QH540.E3645
Descriptors: ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation, solar radiation, amphibians, wetlands, research methods, mortality, human health, bioindicators, literature reviews, population decline.
Notes: In the special section: Ultraviolet Radiation and Amphibians in Lentic Wetlands.
Weyrauch, S.L. and T.C.J. Grubb (2006). Effects of the interaction between genetic diversity and UV-B radiation on wood frog fitness. Conservation Biology 20(3): 802-810. ISSN: 0888-8892.
NAL Call Number: QH75.A1C5
Descriptors: wood frog, Rana sylvatica, UV-B radiation, genetic diversity, effects on fitness, environmental stressor.
Language of Text: English; Spanish.