Aguilar, C.; Ku, J. (1998). Intake, rumen digestion and microbial nitrogen supply in beef cattle fed fresh swine excreta. [Consumo, digestion ruminal y suministro de nitrogeno microbiano en ganado para carne alimentado con excretas frescas de cerdos.] Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agricola 32 (3): 265-273, ISSN: 0034-7485.

Keywords: rumen digestion, feed intake, nitrogen, swine excreta, Spanish language, Cuba.


Alderton, B.W.; Hixon, D.L.; Hess, B.W.; Woodard, L.F.; Hallford, D.M.; Moss, G.E. (2000). Effects of supplemental protein type on productivity of primiparous beef cows. Journal of Animal Science 78 (12): 3027-3035, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: beef cows, breed, Gelbvieh X Angus, supplemental degradable protein (DIP), undegradable protein (UIP), forage intake, body wieght change, body condition score (BCS), postpartum interval to first estrus, conception rate, milk production, milk composition, serum metabolites, metabolic hormones, blood meal, animal feed supplement, native grass hay, soybean meal, trace, mineralized salt.


Alencar, M.M. de; Tullio, R.R.; Cruz, G.M. da; Correa, L. de A. (1996). Grazing behavior of beef cows. [Comportamento de pastejo de vacas de corte.] Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia 25 (1): 13-21, ISSN: 0100-4859.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: beef cattle cows, grazing systems, animal feeding, behavior, feeding habits, feeding systems, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Andrae, J.G.; Duckett, S.K.; Hunt, C.W.; Pritchard, G.T.; Owens, F.N. (2001). Effects of feeding high-oil corn to beef steers on carcass characteristics and meat quality. Journal of Animal Science 79 (3): 582-588. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: yearling steers, high-oil corn, carcass characteristics, slaughter, postmortem, carcass. intramuscular lipid deposition, unsaturation of fatty acids.


Anigbogu, N.M. (2000). Rumen content as a potential feed for livestock: Beef cattle fattening. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 70 (7): 754-755, ISSN: 0367-8318.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 IN22

Keywords: beef cattle, goat, sheep, rumen contents, potential feed.


Araba, A.; Byers, F.M. (2002). Environmentally friendly beef production from two genotypes fed cereal/molasses diets. Livestock Production Science 77 (2/3): 301-309, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: breed, Holstein x Friesian, Holstein x native Brown of Atlas, bull, heifer, meat product, carcass merit, diet, dry matter, replaced barley, sugar beet molasses, animal feed, environmental friendly beef production, feed efficiency, genotype, growth, live weight gain, Morocco, Africa.


Aumaitre, A.; Aulrich, K.; Chesson, A.; Flachowsky, G.; Piva, G. (2002). New feeds from genetically modified plants: Substantial equivalence, nutritional equivalence, digestibility, and safety for animals and the food chain. Livestock Production Science 74 (3): 223-238, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: husbandry, beef cattle, dairy cows, chicken, egg, hen, rabbit, genetically modified organism, feeding, carcass merit, feed efficiency, food chain, food safety, growth rate, maize,milk production, nutrient digestibility, recombinant DNA technology.


Bail, C.A.T. de; Brondani, I.L.; Restle, J. (2000). Concentrate levels during feedlot finishing for steers previously kept on native or cultivated pasture. [Niveis de concentrado na fase de terminacao em confinamento para novilhos previamente mantidos em pastagem nativa ou cultivada.] Ciencia Rural 30 (1): 151-157, ISSN: 0103-8478.

NAL Call Number: S192.R4

Keywords: feedlots, pastures, concentrates, weight gain, fattening, animal performance, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Baker, D.S.; Engle, T.E.; Whittier, J.C.; Burns, P.D.; Mortimer, R.G.; Schutz, D.N.; Enns, M. (2002). Trace mineral impact on reproductive performance, immune response and calf performance in grazing beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 80 (Suppl. 2):117, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: calf, crossbred beef cow, female, heifer, liver, IgG, dietary supplement, copper, manganese, zinc, humoral immune response, reproductive performance.


Bakrie, B.; Darma, J.; Tyasno; Mulyani (1996). Utilization of fermented cassava leaf as a source of protein in cattle. [Pemanfaatan tepung daun singkong difermentasi sebagai sumber protein dalam ransum sapi potong.] In: Proceedings of Scientific Meeting on Animal Husbandry Research Results: Application for Small Scale Industry. [Prosiding Temu Ilmiah Hasil-hasil Penelitian Peternakan: Aplikasi Hasil Penelitian Untuk Industri Peternakan Rakyat.] Basuno, E.; Mahyuddin, P.B.; Saepudin, Y.; Hidayat, S. (eds.), Balitnak: Bogor, Indonesia, pp. 123-130, ISBN: 979-8261-27-5.

Keywords: cattle feeds, soybean flake cassava, leaves, fermented products, proteins, dry matter intake, organic matter intake, chemical composition, feed consumption, Indonesian language, Indonesia.


Bass, R.; Swecker, W.S.; Eversole, D.E. (2001). Effects of oral vitamin E supplementation during late gestation in beef cattle that calved in late winter and late summer. American Journal of Veterinary Research 62 (6): 921-927, ISSN: 0002-9645.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3A

Keywords: Angus, Hereford, breed effects, oral vitamin E supplementation, late gestation, serum vitamin E and IgG concentrations, stored forages.


Beauchemin, K.A.; Yang, W.Z.; Rode, L.M. (2001). Effects of barley grain processing on the site and extent of digestion of beef feedlot finishing diets. Journal of Animal Science 79 (7): 1925-1936, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: feedlot finishing cattle, Jersey steers, breed, diet, effects of barley rolling, chewing activities, ruminal fermentation, extent of digestion, cannulated in the rumen and duodenum, dry matter intake.


Beretta,V.; Lobato, J.F.P. (1998). Intensive beef cattle production system: Evaluation of alternative winter feeding strategies for replacement heifers. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 27 (1): 157-163.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: heifers, Hereford, Aberdeen Angus, breed, Portuguese language, improved natural pasture, Lolium multiflorum, Trifolium repens, Lotus corniculatus, pasture forage, average daily gain, growth rate, feedlot system, intensive beef cattle production systems, winter feeding system.


Block, H.C.; McKinnon, J.J.; Mustafa, A.F.; Christensen, D.A. (2001). Evaluation of the 1996 NRC beef model under western Canadian environmental conditions. Journal of Animal Science 79 (1): 267-275.ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: dry lot feeding, diets, feed formulation, computer simulation, simulation models, live weight gain, finishing, body weight, cattle feeding, breed differences, American Angus, Charolais, Hereford (cattle breed), crossbreds, environmental temperature, wind speed, coat, depth, barley, barley silage, rapeseed oilmeal, straw, chemical composition, cold stress, accuracy, prediction, Saskatchewan.


Boadi, D.A.; Wittenberg, K.M. (2002). Methane production from dairy and beef heifers fed forages differing in nutrient density using the sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer gas technique. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 82 (2): 201-206, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: breed, beef, Charolais x Simmental, dairy, Holstein, methane excretion, sulfur hexafluoride trace gas technique, measurement method, diet, dry matter intake, forage quality, in vitro organic matter digestibility, nutrient density.


Boadi, D.A.; Wittenberg, K.M.; McCaughey, W.P. (2002). Effects of grain supplementation on methane production of grazing steers using the sulphur (SF6) tracer gas technique. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 82 (2): 151-157, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: steer, methane excretion, sulfur hexafluoride tracer gas technique, measurement method, dry matter intake, forage quality, grazing season, legume grass, pasture grazing, rolled barley, total organic matter intake.


Boberfeld, W.O. von; Wohler, K.; Erhardt, G.; Gauly, M.; Urban, C.; Seufert, H.; Wagner, A. (2002). Perspectives of grassland utilisation in peripheral regions. [Nutzungsperspektiven fur Grunland peripherer Regionen.] Berichte uber Landwirtschaft 80 (3): 419-445, ISSN: 0005-9080.

NAL Call Number: 18 G31

Keywords: animal production, beef cattle, farming systems, forage, grasslands, grazing, handling, herbage, labor costs, less favoured areas, nurse cows, behavior, temperment, breed differences, pastures, production costs, production economics, stables, traits, German language, German.


Bodine, T.N.; Purvis, H.T. II (2003). Effects of supplemental energy and/or degradable intake protein on performance, grazing behavior, intake, digestibility, and fecal and blood indices by beef steers grazed on dormant native tallgrass prairie. Journal of Animal Science 81 (1) 304-317, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: steers, feeding, grazing, food supplement, energetic value, protein values, feeding behavior, food intake, digestibility, experimental study, corn flour, soybean meal, blood product, feces, fodder, rangeland.


Bowman, J.G.P.; Sowell, B.F.; Boss, D.L.; Sherwood, H. (1999). Influence of liquid supplement delivery method on forage and supplement intake by grazing beef cows. Animal Feed Science and Technology 78 (3/4): 273-285, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: hay, supplements, feed intake, behavior, feeding habits; feeds, livestock.


Brito, R.M. de; Sampaio, A.A.M.; Cruz, G.M. da; Alencar, M.M. de; Barbosa, P.F.; Barbosa, R.T. (2002). Comparison of diet evaluation systems for cattle in an intensive beef production model. II - Creep feeding.[Comparacao de sistemas de avaliacao de dietas para bovinos no modelo de producao intensiva de carne. II - Creep feeding.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 31 (2, Suppl.): 1002-1010, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: analytical methods, beef cattle, calves, creep feeding, diets, evaluation, fattening performance, feed supplements, intensive husbandry, liveweight gain, nutrition, nutritive value, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Brosh, A.; Aharoni, Y.; Holzer, Z. (2002). Energy expenditure estimation from heart rate: Validation by long-term energy balance measurement in cows. Livestock Production Science 77 (2/3): 287-299.ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: beef cows, calves, body weight, diet, energy balance, energy expenditure, heart rate, lactation, late pregnancy, metabolizable energy, milk production, organic matter digestibility, oxygen consumption.


Broweleit, R.C.; Schacht, W.H.; Anderson, B.E.; Smart, A.J. (2000). Forage removal and grazing time of cattle on small paddocks. Journal of Range Management 53 (3): 282-286.

NAL Call Number: 60.18 J82

Keywords: heifers, grazing experiments, experimental design, feeding behavior, controlled grazing, adaptation, plant height, biomass, tillers.


Brown, V.E.; Rymer, C.; Agnew, R.E.; Givens, D.I. (2002). Relationship between in vitro gas production profiles of forages and in vivo rumen fermentation patterns in beef steers fed those forages. Animal Feed Science and Technology 98 (1/2):13-24, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: nutrition, ammonia, short chain fatty acids, feed fermentability, gas production, hay, grass silage, dry matter, maize, silage, pH, rumen fermentation, whole-crop wheat.


Bruce, L.B. (1998). Effect of selenium on cold adapted beef cattle. Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 11 (3): 265-267, ISSN: 1011-2367.

NAL Call Number: SF55 A78A7

Keywords: trace elements, selenium, deficiency, lesions, cold stress, energy demands, winter, cold adaptation, brown fat, adipose tissue, Alaska.


Byers, F.M. (1998). Energy density of growth in beef cattle with respect to growth regulation strategies. In: Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, McCracken, K.J.; Unsworth, E.F.; Wylie, A.R.G. (eds.), CAB International: Wallingford, England, UK, pp. 355-358, ISBN: 0-85199-276-5.

NAL Call Number: SF94.6 S95 1997

Keywords: estradiol, zeranol, energy accretion, fat accretion, growth, growth energy density, protein accretion.


Casass, I.; Sanz, A.; Bernu s, A.; Ferrer, R.; Revilla, R. (2001). Weight change and energy supply of pasture in suckler cows under mountain conditions: effect of calving season. [Variaci n de peso y aporte energ tico del pasto en vacas de cr a en condiciones de monta a: efecto de la poca de parto.] Investigacion Agraria. Produccion y Sanidad Animales 16 (1): 109-125, ISSN: 0213-5035.

NAL Call Number: SF15 S7 A52

Keywords: suckler cows, beef cattle, parturition, grazing, body weight, livestock management, animal feeding, reproduction.


Caton, J.S.; Bauer, M.L.; Hidari, H. (2000). Metabolic components of energy expenditure in growing beef cattle, Review. Asian, Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 13 (5): 702-710, ISSN: 1011-2367.

NAL Call Number: SF55 A78A7

Keywords: metabolism, whole body energy use, maintenance, visceral tissues, liver, gastrointestinal tract, muscle, adipose tissues protein, synthesis, turnover, urea, meat, production, ion transport.


Charmley, E.; Wichtel, J.; Richardson, G.; Lofstedt, R. (2002). The interaction between plane of nutrition and success of estrus synchronization using two methods. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Suppl. 1): 206, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: gonadotropin releasing hormone, fertilitydrug, estradiol benzoate, intramuscular administration, progesterone, intravaginal device, drug delivery system, fertility drug, breeding method, estrus synchronization, Ovsynch, body weight, energy nutrition, estrus success, plane of nutrition correlation, parity, silage, animal feed, winter calving.


Cheeke, P.R (1998). Applied Animal Nutrition: Feeds and Feeding, 2nd.ed., Prentice Hall: Hemel Hempstead, UK, 525 p., ISBN: 0-13-779331-6.

NAL Call Number: SF95 C463 1999

Keywords: feeds, nutrition, analytical methods, nutrition, physiology, protein sources, energy sources, forage, minerals, trace elements, vitamins, feeding behaviour, water, composition, processing, feed intake, beef cattle, cows, fish, animal welfare, exotics, furbearing animals, zoo animals, animal production, poultry.


Clark, J.H.; Ipharraguerre, I.R. (2001). Biotech crops as feeds for livestock. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 222 (1/2): AGRO91 2001, Conference/Meeting: 222nd National Meeting of the American Chemical Society Chicago, Illinois, USA August 26-30, 2001, ISSN: 0065-7727.

NAL Call Number: 381 AM33Pa

Keywords: genetic enhancement technology, crops fed to livestock, insect protection, herbicide tolerance, composition, digestibility, feeding value.


Coetzee, H. (June 1997). The cafeteria feedlot. Farmer’s Weekly pp. 60-61.

NAL Call Number: 24 F225

Keywords: beef cattle feedlots, unrestricted feeding, feeding systems, South Africa.


Coffey, K.P.; Coblentz, W.K.; Montgomery, T.G.; Shockey, J.D.; Bryant, K.J.; Francis, P.B.; Rosenkrans, C.F. Jr.; Gunter, S.A. (2002). Growth performance of stocker calves backgrounded on sod-seeded winter annuals or hay and grain. Journal of Animal Science 80 (4): 926-932, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: stocker calves, forage, animal feed, forage quality, grain, grazing season, growth performance, hay, sod-seeded winter annuals.


Corpet, D.E. (1999). Mechanism of antimicrobial growth promoters used in animal feed. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France 85 (7): 197-205, ISSN: 0989-6988.

NAL Call Number: S5 C65

Keywords: poultry, pigs, veal calves, beef cattle, European regulations, antimicrobial growth promoter, concentrations, animal species, withdrawal periods, avilamycin, carbadox, flavomycm, monensin, olaquindox, salinomycin, average daily gain, growth, review paper, French language.Seroprevalence of Babesia bovis in cattle in the "Norte Fluminense" mesoregion.


D’Hour, P.; Josien, E.; Petit, M.; Lassalas, J. (1996). Extending the grazing period for the suckler herd. [Allongement de la periode de paturage pour des vaches allaitantes.] In: Proceedings of the 3. meeting “Rencontres autour des recherches sur les ruminants”. Paris (France), December 4 and 5 1996. [3. Rencontres autour des recherches sur les ruminants. Paris (France), les 4 et 5 decembre 1996.] Institut de l'Elevage: Paris, France, p. 102, ISBN: 2-84148-022-4.

Keywords: beef cattle cows, grazing, duration, natural pastures, grassland management, grazing intensity, animal performance, animal feeding, behavior, French language, France.


Davies, I.H.; Munro, R. (1999). Osteochondrosis in bull beef cattle following lack of dietary mineral and vitamin supplementation. Veterinary Record 145 (8): 232-233, ISSN: 0042-4900.

NAL Call Number: SF601 I4

Keywords: beef bulls, supplementary feeding, mineral deficiencies, nutrient deficiencies, animal welfare, osteochondritis, bone diseases, joint diseases, lameness, weight gain, coat quality, barley, sugarbeet pulp, molasses, protein mix, Ca, Na, P, Mg, Cu.


Davis, J.R.; Apple, J.K.; Hellwig, D.H.; Kegley, E.B.; Pohlman, F.W. (2002). The effects of feeding broiler litter on microbial contamination of beef carcasses. Bioresource Technology 84 (2): 191-196, ISSN: 0960-8524.

NAL Call Number: TD930 A32

Keywords: Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, carcass contamination, foodborne pathogen, grazing, microbial contamination, bioresource technology, broiler litter feeding.


Davis, C.L; Drackley, J.K.; Tomkins, T. (1998). The Development, Nutrition, and Management of the Young Calf Iowa State University Press: Ames, Iowa, 1st. ed., 339 p.

NAL Call Number: SF205 D37 1998

Keywords: calf, care, management, anatomy, feeding, digestive system, energy and protein requirements, environmental temperature, metabolism, calving, colostrum, milk replacers, liquid feed, starter feed, housing, nutrition, husbandry.


Dawson, L.E.R.; Steen, R.W.J. (1997). The effect of spreading sodium bicarbonate over the surface of grass silage on the intake of grass silages by beef cattle. Animal Feed Science and Technology 67 (1): 61-67, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: grasses, silage, sodium bicarbonate, feed intake, ph, inorganic acid salts, chemicophysical properties, behavior.


Defoor, P.J.; Galyean, M.L.; Salyer, G.B.; Nunnery, G.A.; Parsons, C.H. (2002). Effects of roughage source and concentration on intake and performance by finishing heifers. Journal of Animal Science 80 (6): 1395-1404, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: finishing heifers, intake, performance, roughage concentration, roughage source.


DelCurto, T. (1999). Supplementation strategies for beef cattle consuming low, quality forages in the Western US: An executive summary of a WCC 104 publication. Journal of Animal Science 77 (Suppl. 1): 200-201, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: low, quality forages, nutrition, supplementation strategies.


Deswysen, A.G.; Dutilleul, P.; Fischer, V.; Campbell, C.P. (1997). Quantitative analysis of nycterohemeral eating and ruminating patterns in beef cattle fed pelleted concentrates with or without supplemental roughage. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77 (3): 375-384, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: Hereford steers, breed, quantitative analysis, eating, patterns, concentrates, roughage, timothy hay, feeding behavior, rumination, pelleted feeds, mastication, lucerne pellets, time spent eating.


Ely, D.G.; Aaron, D.K.; Johns, J.T.; Wyles, J.; Carver, L.A. (1997). Use of a molasses, based supplement with fat to improve performance of beef cows and calves grazing endophyte, infected tall fescue. Journal of Animal Science 75 (Suppl. 1): 249, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: cow, calves, Angus, Beefmaster, breed, molasses, based supplements, animal feed, nutritional supplements, performance.


Eng, K. (1997). Research addresses behavior, restricted intake on performance. Feedstuffs 69 (20): 19, 28.

NAL Call Number: 286.81 F322

Keywords: heifers, steers, temperament, lambs, unrestricted feeding, feed intake, performance.


Engle, T.E.; Spears, J.W.; Brown, T.T. Jr. (1999). Effects of dietary phosphorous and trace mineral source on immune function, mineral status, and performance of stressed steers. The Professional Animal Scientists 15 (4): 238-244.

NAL Call Number: SF51 P76

Keywords: steers, dietary minerals, phosphorus, mineral supplements, weaning, stress, maize silage, soybean oilmeal, experimental infections, bovine rhinovirus, rhinotracheitis, live weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion, body temperature, antibody formation, morbidity, blood plasma, copper, zinc, inorganic trace minerals, organic trace minerals.


Estermann, B.L.; Wettstein, H.R.; Sutter, F.; Erdin, D.; Kreuzer, M. (2003). Effect of calving period on herbage intake and nutrient turnover of Simmental and Angus suckler cows with Angus sired calves grazing subalpine and alpine pastures. Livestock Production Science 79 (2/3): 169-182, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: Simmental, Angus, breed, suckler cows, herbage intake, dry matter, slow-release alkane capsules, alpine climate, body weight, calving period, nutrient turnover, pasture grazing, subalpine climate.


Fernandez, M.I.; Woodward, B.W. (1999). Comparison of conventional and organic beef production systems. I. Feedlot performance and production costs. Livestock Production Science 61 (2/3): 213-223.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: husbandry, organic farming, feedlots, performance, economic analysis, costs, steers, farming systems, vaccination, creep feeding, feeds, maize, soybeans, hay, feed intake, live weight gain, live weight, feed conversion efficiency, backfat.


Fiems, L.O.; De Campeneere, S.; De Boever, J.L.; Vanacker, J.M. (2002). Performance of double-muscled bulls affected by grazing or restricted indoor feed intake during the growing period followed by finishing up to two different slaughter weights. Livestock Production Science 77 (1): 35-43, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: breed, Belgian Blue, bull, double-muscled, carcass composition, carcass quality, feed intake, feed restriction, growing period, growth rate, liveweight gain, maize silage, pasture grazing, slaughter, slaughter weight.


Forbes, J.M. (2002). The multifactorial nature of food intake control. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Supp1.): 112, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: beef cattle, dairy cattle, sheep, digestive tract capacity, digestive system, rumen, climate, diet selection, digestion rate, discomfort, metabolism, nutritional value, social factors, voluntary feed intake.


French, P.; O’Riordan, E.G.; Moloney, A.P.; O’Kiely, P.; Caffrey, P.J. (2001). Effects of concentrate level and grazing system on the performance of beef cattle grazing autumn herbage. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research 40 (1): 33-44, ISSN: 0791-6833.

NAL Call Number: S539.5 I74

Keywords: Continental crossbred steers, cattle grazing systems, evaluation, growth rate improvement strategies, grazing, autumn grass, supplementation, concentrates, performance effects, grass intakes, grazing management strategies, carcass characteristics, final live weight, carcass weight, carcass conformation score, carcass fat score.


Fritsche, S.; Rumsey, T.S.; Yurawecz, M.P.; Ku, Y.; Fritsche, J. (2001). Influence of growth promoting implants on fatty acid composition including conjugated linoleic acid isomers in beef fat. European Food Research and Technology 212 (6): 621-629.

NAL Call Number: TX341 Z45

Keywords: beef steers, growth promoting implants, comparative study, Synovex (SYN), Ralgro (RAL), Revalor (REV), fatty acid compositions, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), subcutaneous fat, intramuscular fat, lipids, analysis, liquid chromatography.


Galyean, M.L. (1996). Protein levels in beef cattle finishing diets: industry application, university research,and systems results. Journal of Animal Science 74 (11):2860-70. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: finishing beef cattle, nutritionists, survey, diet formulation, crude protein, metabolizable protein, dry matter, feed bunk management, feed intake, performance, implant programs.


Galyean, M.L.; Perino, L.J.; Duff, G.C. (1999). Interaction of cattle health/immunity and nutrition. Journal of Animal Science 77 (5): 1120-1134.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Abstract: The usual means of assessing the health of newly received beef cattle susceptible to bovine respiratory disease (BRD)are subjective, typically involving visual evaluation aided by minimal clinical measurements. Recent evidence based on the occurrence of pneumonic lung lesions at slaughter indicates a need for more accurate methods of diagnosing BRD. Inadequate passive immune transfer at birth may be an important risk factor in susceptibility to BRD, suggesting the need for management to improve passive transfer success rates. Preweaning management and vaccination practices offer opportunities for beef cattle producers to improve the immune status of newly weaned calves and decrease postweanmg BRD. Feeding diets with higher levels of concentrate typically improves performance by newly weaned or received cattle, as does feeding diets supplemented with protein; however, limited data suggest that increasing concentrate and protein in receiving diets increases the rate and severity of subjectively determined BRD morbidity. Research with receiving diet concentrate/protein level relative to humoral and cell-mediated immune function coupled with indicators of health and performance is needed. Supplemental B vitamins are sometimes useful in receiving diets, but the effects have been variable, presumably reflecting differences in stress and associated feed intake responses. Vitamin E added to receiving diets to supply >(or)= 400 IU/animal daily seems beneficial for increasing gain and decreasing BRD morbidity; however, further dose titration experiments are needed. Supplemental Zn, Cu, Se, and Cr can alter immune function of newly received calves, and some field trials have shown decreases in BRD morbidity rate with supplementation; however, several experiments have shown no performance or health/immune benefits from supplementation of these trace minerals. Formulation of receiving diets should take into account decreased feed intake by highly stressed, newly received beef cattle and known nutrient deficiencies, but fortification of such diets with trace minerals beyond the levels needed to compensate for these effects is difficult to justify from present data.

Keywords: immune system, health, nutritional state, interactions, energy intake, dietary protein, nutrient intake, mineral nutrition, evaluation, clinical examination, lesions, respiratory diseases, risk factors, passive immunity, vaccination, weaning, calves, concentrates, performance, protein supplements, morbidity, vitamin supplements, stress, feed intake, vitamin E, vitamin B complex, live weight gain, dosage effects, zinc, copper, selenium, chromium, feed formulation, literature reviews.


Ganskopp, D.; Myers, B.; Lambert, S.; Cruz, R. (1997). Preference and behavior of cattle grazing 8 varieties of grasses. Journal of Range Management 50 (6): 578-586.

NAL Call Number: 60.18 J82

Abstract: We compared the forage preferences of steers grazing among 8 varieties of grasses at 2 stages of phenology on the Northern Great Basin Experimental Range near Burns, Ore. Varieties included: “Nordan” (Agropyron desertorum (Fischer ex Link)Schultes) and “CD-II” (A. desertorum X A. cristatum (L.) Gaertner) crested wheatgrass; “Magnar” and “Trailhead” Basin wildryes (Leymus cinereus (Scribner & Merrill) A. Love); “Goldar” bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh)A. Love); “Bozoisky-Select” Russian wildrye (Psathyrostachys junceus (Fischer) Nevski); “Bannock” thickspike wheatgrass (Elymus lanceotatus ssp. lanceolatus (Scribner & J.G. Smith) Gould), and “Secar” Snake River wheatgrass (proposed nomenclature Elymus lanceolatus ssp. wawawaiensis (Scribner & J.G. Smith) Gould). Three esophageal-fistulated steers grazed each paddock, with 3 paddocks grazed at the boot stage of development, and 3 paddocks grazed after grasses entered quiescence. In boot-stage trials, steers were very selective and collectively harvested 53% of total bites from the preferred CD-II and Nordan. These crested wheatgrasses also ranked higher (P < 0.05) in bites visit and time/visit. Magnar, Trailhead, and Bozoisky-Select were avoided. When grasses were quiescent, steers were less selective; and CD-II, Nordan, Goldar, Bannock, and Bozoisky-Select were all equally acceptable. Magnar and Trailhead were again avoided. Steers consistently took more bites (p < 0.05) from preferred forages and regrazed preferred plants before any variety was depleted. Mean distance traveled between successive feeding stations was greater during bootstage trials (2.4 m) than at quiescence (1.4 m), suggesting steers searched among the nearest 48 neighboring plants in boot-stage trials and the nearest 24 neighbors during quiescence. Measures of grazing time per variety were strongly correlated (r > 0.95, P < 0.01) with total bites harvested from varieties and are probably adequate for ranking relative preferences of steers. By selectively grazing at both stages of phenology, cattle diets were higher in CP, P, and ADL than the standing crop. During boot-stage trials, diets were also higher in Ca and Mg than forage analyses would suggest. Except for phosphorus, the nutritive content of all varieties was satisfactory for lactating beef cattle at both stages of phenology. Given their proven ease of establishment, competitive ability, nutritional value, grazing tolerance, and high relative palatability, we suggest the crested wheatgrasses (CD-II and Nordan), are excellent candidates for reclaiming or establishment of pastures for beef production programs in the northern Great Basin.

Keywords: steers, grazing, feeding preferences, agropyron desertorum, leymus cinereus, interspecific hybridization, elymus spicatus, psathyrostachys juncea, elymus lanceolatus, phenology, maturity stage, selective grazing, chemical composition, biting rates, plant height, leaf area index, moisture content, biomass, density, mineral content, crude protein, fiber content, in vitro digestibility, palatability, Oregon.


Garcia-Rodriguez, A.; Ramirez-Carrillo, J.T.; Rocha-Chavez, G.; Lezama-Gutierrez, R.; Gutierrez-Vazquez, E. (2002). Nutritional quality of sun-dried swine excreta for beef cattle. Journal of Applied Animal Research 22 (1): 105-112, ISSN: 0971-2119.

NAL Call Number: SF55 I4J68

Keywords: breed, Bos indicus x Brown Swiss, feed intake, ground corn straws, sorghum straws, straw-excreta mixture, sun-dried swine excreta, animal acceptance, nutritional quality, weight gain.


Golda, J.; Kohoutek, A. (2002). Utilization of grasslands by agrotechnical and management practices for efficient beef cattle and suckler cows husbandry. [Vyuziti drnoveho pudniho fondu pratotechnickymi a pratoutilizacnimi postupy pro efektivni chov skotu bez trzni produkce mleka.] Vyzkum v Chovu Skotu 44 (2): 17-18, ISSN: 0139-7265.

Abstract: This article summarizes the main objectives and stages of a project which aims to assess the utilization of pastures and permanent meadows by cattle in less favourable production areas in the Czech Republic. The project includes especially: 1) evaluation of different grass and clover mixtures, 2) assessment of optimal grass varieties in order to extend the grazing period, 3) evaluation of the effect of grazed grasslands on the landscape formation, 4) assessment of botanical diversity of permanent grasslands, 5) evaluation of different grazing methods, 6) monitoring cattle behaviour, 7) economical analyses.

Keywords: beef cattle, suckler cows, heifers, feed grasses, meadows, pasture improvement, grazing, soil amendments, yield factors, behavior, feeding habits, feeds, grasses, natural resources, nonrenewable resources, Czech language, Czech Republic.


Gomes, P.; Paulino, M.F.; Detmann, E.; Valadares, F.S.; Zervoudakis, J.T.; Lana, R. (2002). Performance of growing crossbred steers supplemented during the dry season. [Desempenho de novilhos mesticos na fase de crescimento suplementados durante a epoca seca.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 31 (1): 139-147, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: nutrition, Brachiaria decumbens, forage crop, beef cattle, average daily gain, feed, supplements, corn gluten meal, cottonseed meal, soybean meal, wheat bran, dry season, Portuguese language.


Goto, M. (2002). Feeding effects of rice straw on digestion in the rumen of fattening beef cattle influenced by rice cropping methods. Grassland Science 48 (4): 379-391, ISSN: 0447-5933.

NAL Call Number: 60.9 J27

Keywords: beef cattle, fattening, silica, rice cropping methods, rice straw, rumen digestion, rice straw feeding, Japanese language, Japan.


Greene, L.W.; Chirase, N.K. (1998). Influence of stocker program mineral nutrition on feedlot performance. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 20 (12): 1372-1379, ISSN: 0193-1903.

NAL Call Number: SF601 C66

Keywords: feeder cattle, minerals, iron, cobalt, iodine, sodium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, potassium, manganese, selenium, copper, zinc, trace elements, nutrition, forage, composition, growth, nutrient requirements, mineral content, stress.


Greene, L.W. (1999). Designing mineral supplements for beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 77 (Suppl. 1): 125, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: minerals, dietary supplementation, forage, based diet, pasture grazing.


Grundy, H.F.; Wheeler, K.P.A.; Hardy, R. (1996). Rapeseed meal, maize-gluten feed and fish meal as protein supplements for maize silage given to growing/finishing Limousin Holstein Friesian bulls. Animal Science: An International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Research 63 (2): 223-228.

NAL Call Number: SF1 A56

Keywords: proteins, supplements, bulls, cattle, weight gain, feed conversion efficiency, feed intake, weight, maize, gluten, fish meal, rapeseed meal, silage, animal feeding, byproducts, cereals.


Gutman, M.; Henkin, Z.; Holzer, Z.; Noy-Meir, I.; Seligman, N.G. (2000). A case study of beef-cattle grazing in a Mediterranean-type woodland. Agroforestry Systems 48 (2): 119-140, ISSN: 0167-4366.

NAL Call Number: SD387 M8A3

Keywords: case studies, grazing, woodlands, beef cattle, scrub control, cattle feeding, controlled grazing, poultry manure, regrowth, stocking rate, thinning, silvopastoral systems, agroforestry systems, feed supplements, supplementary feeding, live weight, calving season, browsing, Israel.


Harapin, I.; Bauer, M.; Bedrica, L.; Potocnjak, D. (2000). Correlation between glutathione peroxidase activity and the quantity of selenium in the whole blood of beef calves. Acta Veterinaria Brno 69 (2): 87- 92, ISSN: 0001-7213.

NAL Call Number: SF604 B7

Keywords: beef calves, baseline data, glutathione peroxidase, antioxidant, whole blood, selenium, dietary supplement, whole blood.


Hartmann, J.; Schlichting, M.; Langholz, H.J. (1996). Studies on improving beef testing systems on station. 2. Automation of feeding of standardized test diet. [Untersuchungen zur Weiterentwicklung der Stationsprufung auf Fleischleistung beim Rind. 2. Automatisierung der Futterung einer Standardprufdiat]. Archiv fur Tierzucht  39 (2): 107-119, ISSN: 0003-9438.

NAL Call Number: 49 AR23

Keywords: bulls, housing systems, automation, transponders, equipment, floors, straw, litter, slatted floors, behavior, feed intake, estimation, automatic feed dispensers, German language.


Hassoun, P. (2002). Cattle feeding behaviour at pasture: A methodology related to on farm measurements. Animal Research 51 (1): 35-41.

Abstract: In order to study the effects of herbage allowance on cattle behaviour activities on the farm, some methodological aspects had to be defined. Two sets of observations have been conducted on farm using a beef suckler herd containing 24 cows and managed in a rotational grazing system including a total of 6 paddocks. Behaviour activities were recorded on two successive paddocks. In set 1, the herd activities were recorded every 5 min in daylight and 15 min at night for the first two days on the two paddocks. In set 2, ten cows were individually identified among the same herd. On the first and the last day on the two paddocks, daylight activities were recorded with 5-min frequencies. From these individual observations, total grazing and ruminating duration were calculated, simulating records every 5, 10, 15 and 20 min. In set 1,76% of the total grazing and 28% of the total ruminating activities occurred in daylight. Grazing started at dawn and finished at dusk. In set 2, grazing activity followed the same pattern as in set 1 in daylight. Whatever the frequency of the records, grazing and ruminating time were not significantly (P > 0.05) different. However the 10 min frequency gave fewer and lower individual differences than the 15 and 20 min frequencies, compared to the original record (5 min). It is concluded that visual observations of cattle managed in a rotational grazing system can be readily undertaken at the farm level with 5 to 20 min frequencies.

Keywords: feeding behavior, dark, daylight, pasture, rotational grazing, rumination. Copyright© 2003, CAB International.


Hathaway, R.L.; Delcurto, T.; Carroll, D.J. (1997). Improving economic efficiency by optimizing beef cattle winter feeding programs. Journal of Animal Science 75 (Suppl. 1): 108, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: winter feeding programs, improving economic efficiency, optimization, nutrition.


Heindl, U.; Schwarz, F.J.; Kirchgessner, M. (1996). Prediction of feed intake by beef cattle. Zuechtungskunde 68 (5): 357-368, ISSN: 0044-5401.

NAL Call Number: 49 Z8

Keywords: daily weight gain, dry matter, energy, feed intake, forage intake, German Simmental cow, grass silage, hay, maize silage, nutrition, German language.


Herring, A.D.; Larremore, M.B.; Hughes, L.J.; Richardson, C.R. (2000). Effects of a commercial direct-fed microbial on weight change, milk yield, and milk composition in lactating beef cows: a case study. The Professional Animal Scientists 16 (1): 54-58.

NAL Call Number: SF51 P76

Keywords: beef cows,lactation, probiotics, saccharomyces cerevisiae, streptococcus faecium, lactobacillus acidophilus, enzyme preparations, alpha-amylase, beta-glucanase, milk yield, lactation stage, milk fat percentage, milk protein percentage,somatic cell count, body weight, live weight gain, calves, weaning weight.


Hickey, M.C.; French, P.; Grant, J. (2002). Out-wintering pads for finishing beef cattle: animal production and welfare. Animal Science: An International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Research 75 (3): 447-458, ISSN: 1357-7298.

NAL Call Number: SF1.A56

Abstract: The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the performance and well being of animals accommodated outdoors over the winter period on out-wintering pads (OWPs), relative to animals housed indoors in conventional slatted sheds. One hundred and twenty-six steers were assigned at random to one of seven treatments. The first six treatments were accommodated on OWPs. These six treatments were arranged in a three (6, 12 and 18 m2 per head space allowance) by two (wind sheltered or exposed) factorial design. A seventh treatment group (control) was housed indoors in a slatted-floor shed at a space allowance of 3 m2 per head. All animals were offered silage ad libitum and 5 kg concentrate per day. All animals were slaughtered at the end of the 151 day experiment. Animal production and indices (climatic energy demand (CED), behaviour, cleanliness, hoof condition and immune function) of animal welfare were evaluated. There was no significant effect of stocking density outdoors or sheltering on liveweight gain, carcass gain, fat score, fat score per 100 kg carcass, kidney plus channel fat (KCF) as a proportion of carcass, carcass conformation score, killing-out proportion, food intake or food efficiency. Relative to animals housed indoors on slats, animals accommodated outdoors on OWPs had higher daily liveweight gain (P<0.001), carcass gain (P<0.05), and food intake (P<0.05). However, animals on the OWPs had less KCF per kg carcass and lower fat scores per 100 kg carcass. There was no effect of shelter on the CED of animals out-wintered, which was higher (P<0.001) than their counterparts wintered indoors on slats. Animals housed on slats were cleaner than animals housed at 6 or 12 m2 per head (P<0.05) but not 18 m2 per head. There was no effect of treatment on physiological measures. Animals confined on the OWP with or without shelter, had a greater number of lying bouts per 24 h (P<0.076), had a greater synchronized lying frequency (P<0.082) and displayed less hesitation prior to lying when compared with animals housed on slats. Indoor animals had more white line disease (P<0.01) and under-run (P<0.001) on their front hoof, when compared with outdoor animals. Animals accommodated outdoors at 18 m2 per head had more (P<0.05) claw erosion while the indoor animals had a greater (P<0.001) degree of under-run present on their hind hoof. There was no evidence to suggest that out-wintering compromised animal welfare. Further studies are required to determine the reason for the increased carcass growth and leanness of the cattle on the OWPs. many ref.

Keywords: housing, animal welfare, beef cattle, carcass composition, carcass quality, feed intake, hooves, liveweight gain, physical activity, steers, winter.CAB International.


Hill, G.M.; et al (2002). Peanut by-products fed to cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice 18 (2): 295-315, ISSN: 0749-0720.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V535

Keywords: feeding, feedstuffs, peanut hulls, by-product, adverse effects, tannins, dietary fiber, protein, economics.


Huber, J.T. (1997). Probiotics in cattle. In: Probiotics 2: Applications and Practical Aspects, R. Fuller (ed.), Chapman and Hall Ltd: London, United Kingdom, pp. 162-186, ISBN: 0-412-73610-1.

NAL Call Number: QR171.16 P76 1997

Keywords: beef cattle, calves, lactobacillus, streptococcus, aspergillus, deuteromycotina, bacteria, fungi, lactation, supplements, probiotics, milk production, feed intake, milk yield, animal feeding, animal performance, animal production, behavior.


Ingrand, S.; Agabriel, J.; Dedieu, B.; Lassalas, J. (2001). Effects of reducing access to food on intake and feeding behaviour of loose-housed dry Charolais cows. Animal Research 50 (2): 145-148.

Keywords: Charolais cows, breed, food intake, feeding behavior, hay ad libitum, feeding from mangers, nutritional requirements.


Ingrand, S.; Agabriel, J.; Lassalas, J. (1997). Individual feeding vs group feeding for Charolais cows. [Comportement d”ingestion de vaches Charolaises conduites a l”attache ou en stabulation libre.] In: Proceedings of the 4. meeting "Rencontres autour des recherches sur les ruminants”. Paris (France), December 4 and 5 1997 [4. Rencontres autour des recherches sur les ruminants. Paris (France), les 4 et 5 decembre 1997] Institut de l’Elevage: Paris, France, p.91, ISBN: 2-84148-026-7.

Keywords: cows, housing, tethered stalls, hay, feed intake, feeding habits, feeds, husbandry methods, behavior, French language, France.


Jannasch, R.W.; Charmley, E.; Rodd, A.V. (2002). The effect of spring turnout date on weight gain by cattle on native pasture. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 82 (4): 575-585, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: Hereford, breed, acid detergent fiber, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, body weight gain, forage quality, growth performance, herbage mass, native pasture grazing, soil compaction, spring turnout date, effect.


Jannasch, R.; Charmley, E. (2000). The effect of early and late turnout on weight loss by feeder cattle on spring pasture. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 80(4): 759-760, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: feeder cattle, nutrition, early turnout, forage biomass, forage quality, late turnout, spring pasture, weight gain, weight loss.


Jones, S.D.M.; Beauchemin, K.; Rode, L.; Jeremiah, L.E. (1997). The effects of feeding barley or corn on the carcass quality of beef cattle. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77 (3): 562, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: barley, corn, animal feed, carcass quality, animal feed, dressing yield, meat, color.


Jouany, J.P.; Michalet, D.B.; Doreau, M. (2000). Manipulation of the rumen ecosystem to support high, performance beef cattle: Review. Asian, Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 13 (1): 96-114, ISSN: 1011-2367.

NAL Call Number: SF55 A78A7

Keywords: beef cattle, high, performance, genetic selection, rumen bacteria, rumen protozoa, high energy diets, amino acid supply, carcass quality, diet composition, feed additives, feed energy value, high, energy diet, complications, lipid supplementation, meat quality, protein supply, rumen ecosystem, manipulation, rumen microbial protein synthesis, rumen acidosis, starch digestion.


Kamphues, J. (1999). Antibiotic growth promoters for the view of animal nutrition. Berliner und Munchener tierarztliche Wochenschrift 112 (10-11): 370-9.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 B45

Keywords: antibiotic growth promoter ban, alternatives, feed additives, bacterial resistance, pathogenic bacteria, therapeutics olaquindox, zincoxide, copper, weaning problems, E.coli infection, legislation, review, Sweden, Germany, German language.


Karn, J.F. (2001). Phosphorus nutrition of grazing cattle: A review. Animal Feed Science and Technology 89 (3/4): 133-153, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: grazing cattle, phosphorus deficiency, nutritional disease, dietary intake, homeostasis, nutritional requirements, skeletal reserves, status indicators, supplements.


Katepa-Mupondwa, F., Singh, A., Smith, S.R.Jr.; McCaughey, W.P. (2002). Grazing tolerance of alfalfa (Medicago spp.) under continuous and rotational stocking systems in pure stands and in mixture with meadow bromegrass (Bromus riparius Rehm. syn. B. biebersteinii Roem & Schult). Canadian Journal of Plant Science 82 (2): 337-347, ISSN: 0008-4220.

NAL Call Number: 450 C16

Keywords: beef cattle, grazing, Bromus riparius, meadow bromegrass, forage crop, alfalfa, grazing tolerance, mixed stands, pure stands, continuous stocking system, field method, rotational stocking system, Western Canada.


Kilimaru, S. (1996). The Intensive Growing and Feeding of Beef Bulls. [Cresterea Intensiva Si Ingrasarea Taurinelor Pentru Carne.] Institute of Technical and Economical Information: Kishinev, Republic of Moldova, 30p.

Keywords: bulls, animal feeding, Romanian language, Republic of Moldova.


Kirkpatrick, D.E.; Steen, R.W.J.; Unsworth, E.F. (1997). The effect of differing forage: Concentrate ratio and restricting feed intake on the energy and nitrogen utilization by beef cattle. Livestock Production Science 51 (1/3): 151-164, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: steers, Charolais, breed, nitrogen utilization, energy intake, energy utilization, feed intake, forage/concentrate ratio, grass silage, animal feed, high digestibility diet, low digestibility silage.


Koster, H. (May 1998). Licks for optimal beef production. Part 1. Farmer’s Weekly pp. 12-16.

NAL Call Number: 24 F225

Keywords: body condition, supplementary feeding, nutritional requirements, proteins, wintering, South Africa.


Koster, H. (May 1998). Licks for optimal beef production. Part 2. Farmer’s Weekly pp. 16-19.

NAL Call Number: 24 F225

Keywords: supplementary feeding, nutritional requirements, proteins, urea, South Africa.


Kvapilik, J. (1996). Pasture feeding of bulls, bullocks and heifers. [Pastevni vykrm bycku, volku a jalovic.] Vyzkum v Chovu Skotu 38(1): 2-7, ISSN: 0139-7265.

Keywords: beef cattle bulls, bullocks, heifers, grazing systems, fattening, feed intake, weight gain, slaughter weight, carcass composition, prices, costs, Germany, France, Ireland, Czech language.


Laborde, F.L;. Mandell, I.B.; Tosh, J.J.; Buchanan-Smith, J.G.; Wilton, J.W. (2002). Effect of management strategy on growth performance, carcass characteristics, fatty acid composition, and palatability attributes in crossbred steers. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 82 (1): 49-57. ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Abstract: Crossbred steers (n = 136) were used to evaluate the effect of management strategy on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and fatty acid composition and palatability attributes of beef. Management strategies included: (1) high grain (75% high moisture corn) finishing (HG), or (2) backgrounding with restricted feeding of an alfalfa silage ration for 112 d, followed by HG until slaughter (BKG). Steers were slaughtered at 8-10 mm ultrasound backfat. Backgrounding increased (P < 0.001) days on feed and decreased (P < 0.01) days on grain, average daily gain and longissimus muscle area compared with the HG regime. Slaughter weight, intramuscular fat content, and marbling score were unaffected (P > 0.10) by management strategy. Longissimus muscle palatability attributes and shear force did not differ (P > 0.10) between management strategies, whereas BKG increased (P < 0.03) softness, overall tenderness, chewiness, and rate of breakdown scores, and decreased (P < 0.09) juiciness scores in semitendinosus muscle. Backgrounding increased (P < 0.05) conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), total monounsaturated fatty acids, and omega3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), and decreased (P < 0.05) total saturated fatty acids (SFA), and omega6 PUFA content of beef. While the change in quantitative and qualitative fatty acid composition of beef is in line with current dietary recommendations for humans, the magnitude of these changes was minimal.

Keywords: beef cattle, steers, animal husbandry, growth, performance, carcass composition, fatty acids, palatability, crossbreds, meat quality, feeds, finishing, silage, backfat, fat thickness, liveweight gain, muscles, slaughter weight, leanness, tenderness, flavor, moisture content.


Laliberte, A.S.; Gardner, W.G.; Popp, J.D.; Quinton, D.A.; Mir, Z.; Mir, P.S.; Buckley, W.T. (1997). The distribution of molybdenum and copper in the tissues and organs of yearling beef cattle backgrounded on a molybdenum, enriched diet. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77 (3): 552, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: breed, Hereford x Angus, yearling, blood, blood and lymphatics, bone, skeletal system, heart, circulatory system, hide, kidney, excretory system, liver, digestive system, muscle, muscular system, cadmium, tissue distribution, copper, tissue distribution, lead, tissue distribution, mercury, tissue distribution, molybdenum, tissue distribution, fat, molybdenum, enriched diet.


Lana, R. de P. (2002). A system of feed supplementation for beef cattle under grazing. Simulation [Sistema de suplementacao alimentar para bovinos de corte em pastejo. Simulacao.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 31(1): 223-231, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: feed intake, supplements, pastures, diet, weight, behavior, feeding habits, grazing lands, land resources, natural resources, nonrenewable resources, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Lana, R. de P.; Gomes Junior, P. (2002). A system of feed supplementation for beef cattle under grazing. Validation [Sistema de suplementa o alimentar para bovinos de corte em pastejo. Valida o.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 31 (1) Suppl.: 451-459, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: beef cattle, supplements, feed intake, pastures, urea, weight gain, grazing, amides, behaviour, feeding habits, grazing lands, land resources, natural resources, nonrenewable resources, ruminants, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Larson, E.M.; Johnson, D.E. (1998). Predicting net energy of feedstuffs for beef cattle. In: Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, McCracken K.J., Unsworth E.F., Wylie A.R.G. (eds.), CAB International: Wallingford, England, UK, pp. 355-358, ISBN: 0-85199-276-5.

NAL Call Number: SF94.6 S95 1997

Keywords: dietary aspects, feed evaluation, feedstuff net energy, prediction.


Le Guevel, R.; Pakdel, F. (2001). Assessment of oestrogenic potency of chemicals used as growth promoter by in-vitro methods. Human Reproduction (Oxford) 16(5): 1030-1036, ISSN: 0268-1161.

Keywords: in-vitro bioassays, comparative study, estrogenic potency of chemicals used as growth promoters, beef cattle production in Non-European Union countries, 17beta-estradiol, alpha-zearalanol, testosterone, trenbolone, trenbolone acetate, melengestrol acetate, food contaminant, mycotoxin zearalenone, 17alpha-estradiol, estrone, 17alpha-epitestosterone, 19-nortestosterone, androstendione, zearalanone, alpha-zearalanol, beta-zearalanol, alpha-zearalenol, beta-zearalenol dd, alkaline phosphatase gene induction, estrogens in the human endometrial Ishikawa cell line.


Loerch, S.C. (1996). Limit, feeding corn as an alternative to hay for gestating beef cows. Journal of Animal Science 74 (6): 1211-1216, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: Simmental crossbred cows, breed, limit feeding, corn based diets, supplementation, monensin, alternatives to hay, reproductive performance, conception rate, calf weaning weight.


Lowman, B. (1997). Grass height for beef cattle. Cattle Practice 5 (1): 44, ISSN: 0969-1251.

NAL Call Number: SF961 C37

Keywords: grazing, height, plant height, feeding behavior.


Lowman, B.G.; Hinks, C.E.; Hunter, E.A.; Scott, N.A. (1996). Effect of breed type, sex, method of rearing and winter nutrition on lifetime performance and carcass composition in a 20-month beef system: grazing performance. Animal Science: An International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Research 63 (2): 215-222.

NAL Call Number: SF1 A56

Keywords: grazing, winter, cattle suckling, males, females, body condition, pastures height, weight gain, sex, biological differences, feeding level.


Lowman, B.G.; Lewis, M. (1996). Feeding and management of intensively reared bulls: conventional compared with organic. In: Recent Developments in Ruminant Nutrition 3. Feeding and Management of Intensively Reared Bulls: Conventional Compared with Organic, P.C. Garnsworthy and D.J.A. Cole (eds.), Nottingham University Press: Loughborough, United Kingdom, pp. 279-307, ISBN: 1-897676-42-5.

NAL Call Number: SF95 R463 1996

Keywords: feeding, management, grazing, organic agriculture, silage, beef, meat production, bulls, alternative agriculture, United Kingdom.


Luppi, A.; Gilioli, G. (2000). Plans for the control of anabolic substances in beef. [Piani di autocontrollo nella filiera delle carni bovine.] Obiettivi e Documenti Veterinari 21 (12): 15-18, ISSN: 0392-1913.

Keywords: legislation, abattoirs, animal production, housing, feeding, anabolics, residues, slaughter, beef quality, meat quality, meat production, carcasses, Italian language, Italy.


Mader, T.L.; Holt, S.M.; Hahn, G.L.; Davis, M.S.; Spiers, D.E. (2002). Feeding strategies for managing heat load in feedlot cattle. Journal of Animal Science 80 (9): 2373-2382, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: feeding, environmental effect, feedlot, body temperature, food intake, energy metabolism, experimental study, restricted feeding, heat stress.


Manterola, B.H.; Cerda, D.; et al. (1997). Study of the productive behavior and ruminal parameter variations in steers fed different levels of grape marc. [Estudio del comportamiento productivo y variacion de parametros ruminales en novillos alimentados con niveles crecientes de orujo de uva.] Avances en Produccion Animal 22 (1/2): 71-80, ISSN: 0378-4509.

NAL Call Number: SF1 A9

Keywords: beef cattle, breed, Hereford, fattening, diet, byproducts, wine industry, rumen, digestion, degradation, weight gain, feed conversion efficiency, carcass composition, Spanish language, Chile.


Manzano, R.P. (2002). Intake, digestive parameters and behavior of beef steers on Tanzania grass (Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Tanzania) pasture, supplemented with energy or protein sources [Consumo, par metros digestivos e comportamento de bovinos de corte em pastejo de capim Tanz nia (Panicum maximum Jacq. cv Tanz nia) suplementados com fontes de energia ou de prote na] Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Piracicaba, SP (Brazil), 160p.

Keywords: beef cattle, panicum maximum, supplements, pastures, digestibility, feed consumption, animal performance, consumption, grazing lands, land resources, natural resources, nonrenewable resources, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Marcal, W.S.; Gaste, L.; Liboni, M.; Pardo, P.E.; Do Nascimento, M.R.; Hisasi, C.S. (1999). Lead concentration in mineral salt mixtures used in beef cattle food supplementation in Brazil. Veterinarski Arhiv 69 (6): 349-355, ISSN: 0372-5480.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 V6416

Keywords: toxicity, lead concentrations, salt formulations, spectrophotometric technique, atomic plasma induction, Brazil


Marongiu, M.L.; Molle, G.; San Juan, L.; Bomboi, G.; Ligios, C.; Sanna, A.; Casu, S.; Diskin, M. G. (2002). Effects of feeding level before and after calving, and restricted suckling frequency on postpartum reproductive and productive performance of Sarda and Charolais X Sarda beef cows. Livestock Production Science 77 (2/3): 339-348, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: breed, Sarda, Charolais, body condition score, calving, conception rate, feeding level, genotype, postpartum anestrous interval, postpartum reproductive performance, suckling frequency, Sardinia, Italy.


Martin, O.S.M.; Balcells, J.; Vicente, F.; Castrillo, C. (2000). Influence of dietary rumen, degradable protein supply on rumen characteristics and carbohydrate fermentation in beef cattle offered high, grain diets. Animal Feed Science and Technology 88 (1/ 2): 59-77, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: crossbred Holstein, Friesian heifers, fitted with rumen and duodenal cannulae dietary treatments, barley straw, concentrate, barley, corn, urea, casein, rumen microbial yield, rumen ammonia, arabinose, digestibility, carbohydrate, fermentation, cellulose, glucose.


Masbulan, E.; Priyanto, D.; Priyanti, A.; Haryanto, B. (1999). Integration of beef cattle rearing on rice farming system in IP-300 areas in Yogyakarta (Indonesia). [Integrasi usaha sapi potong dalam sistem usahatani padi di kawasan IP 300 Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.] In: Guide Book for National Seminar on Animal Husbandry and Veterinary. [Buku Panduan Seminar Nasional Peternakan Dan Veteriner.] Puslitbangnak: Bogor, Indonesia, p. 61.

Keywords: integration, fattening, farming systems, oryza sativa, rice straw, feeds, composts, java, agricultural wastes, animal wastes, animal feeding, crop residues, gramineae, oryza, ruminants, straw, Indonesian language, Indonesia.


McIntosh, F. (2000). Developing a beef cattle nutritional management education package for producers in northern Australia. Asian, Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 13 (Suppl. Vol. B): 170-173, ISSN: 1011-2367.

NAL Call Number: SF55 A78A7

Keywords: beef producers, farmer training, marketing processing, nutritional management, producer education packages.


McNamee, B.F.; Kilpatrick, D.J.; Steen, R.W.J; Gordon, F.J. (2001). The prediction of grass silage intake by beef cattle receiving barley, based supplements. Livestock Production Science 68 (1): 25-30, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: ad libitum feed, dry matter intake, grass silage model, mathematical model, barley, feed concentrate, dry matter intake, grass silage, intake prediction


Miettinen, P. (1996). Effects of nutrition of reproduction (fertility and infertility) of dairy and beef cattle. Bovine Practitioner 30: 62-66, ISSN: 0524-1685.

NAL Call Number: SF779.5 A1B6

Keywords: breeding, dairy production, energy metabolism, feed efficiency, feeding, fertility, infertility, meeting paper, nutrition, reproduction.


Mir, P.S.; Bailey, D.R.C.; Mir, Z.; Jones, S.D.M.; Entz, T.; Husar, S.D.; Shannon, N.H.; Robertson, W.M. (1997). Effect of feeding barley based diets on animal performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of crossbred beef cattle with and without Wagyu genetics. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77 (4): 655-662, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: heifers, steers, Wagyu, breed, crossbred, growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, marbling grade, barley, based diets, carcass characteristics.


Moore, K.M.; Barry, T.N.; Cameron, P.N.; Lopez-Villalobos, N.; Cameron, D.J. (2003). Willow (Salix sp.) as a supplement for grazing cattle under drought conditions. Animal Feed Science and Technology 104 (1-4):1-11, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: willow supplementation, dry pasture, dead matter content, drought conditions, dry matter content, liveweight, metabolizable energy content, feed, chemical composition, dietary supplement, nutritive value, New Zealand.


Motonaga, T.; Ikuta, M. (1996). Techniques of feeding manegement for multiple birth on diversified farming for milk and beef, 1: Technique and milk replacer for Japanese black twins calves. Bulletin of the Zootechnical Experiment Station, Prefecture of Yamaguchi (12): 1-12, ISSN: 0287-1262.

Keywords: cows, calves, multiple births, milk replacers, feed intake, growth, behavior, development, feeding habits, feeds, livestock, pregnancy, reproduction, Japanese language.


Mount, M.E.; Cullor, J.S.; Kass, P.H.; Garret, W. (1996). Monensin concentrations measured in feeder cattle using enzyme immunoassay. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 38 (3): 169-172, ISSN: 0145-6296.

NAL Call Number: SF601 A47

Keywords: heifers, growth promoter, monensin, enzyme immunoassay, fecal, urinary, seral samples.


Muir, P.D.; Deaker, J.M.; Bown, M.D. (1998). Effects of forage, and grain, based feeding systems of beef quality: A review. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 41 (4): 623-635, ISSN: 0028-8233.

NAL Call Number: 23 N4892

Keywords: beef, fat color, flavor, marbling, juiciness, meat, meat color, tenderness, quality, finishing, forage based feeding system, grain based feeding system, literature review, New Zealand.


Murphy, M.D.; Coulter, B.S.; Noonan, D.G.; Connolly, J. (2002). The effect of sulphur fertilisation on grass growth and animal performance. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research 41 (1): 1-15, ISSN: 0791-6833.

NAL Call Number: S539.5 I74

Keywords: grass, forage crop, growth studies, livestock performance studies, copper analysis, blood level studies, molybdenum, sulfur, biological effects, deficiency effects, fertilization effects, nutrients, Irish grassland study, grazing, animal performance study, Ireland.


Mustafa, A.F.; McKinnon, J.J.; Christensen, D.A. (2001). Effects of feeding ensiled spearmint (Mentha spicata) byproduct on nutrient utilization and ruminal fermentation of steers. Animal Feed Science and Technology 92 (1/2): 33-43, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: steers, feeding, byproduct, ensiled spearmint, barley silage, comparison, fistulated steers, ruminal fermentation, nutrient utilization, neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent lignin (ADL), crude protein (CP), acid detergent insoluble protein, volatile fatty acids (VFA), dry matter, average daily gain, digestible energy content .


Myer, R.O., Blount, A.R. (2002). Influence of forage blend and cultivation method on cool season forage availability for grazing by beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 80 (Suppl. 2): 2, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: beef heifer, beef steer, overseeding cultivation, cultivation method, prepared seedbed cultivation, dry matter yield, bahiagrass, cool season grazing, forage blend, oats, rye, ryegrass.


National Research Council (2000). Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle: Update 2000 National Academy Press: Washington, USA, 8th edition, 232 p., ISBN: 0-309-06934-3.

Keywords: nutrient requirements, beef cattle, reproduction, computer software, cattle management, environmental conditions, energy, protein, growth and body reserves, reproduction, minerals, vitamins and water, feed intake, implications of stress.


Nelson, M.L.; Busboom, J.R.; Cronrath, J.D.; Falen, L.; Blankenbaker, A. (2000). Effects of graded levels of potato by-products in barley- and corn-based beef feedlot diets: I. Feedlot performance, carcass traits, meat composition, and appearance. Journal of Animal Science 78 (7): 1829-1836, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: crossbred beef steers, diet, barley, corn, potato by-product, feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, beef appearance, meat composition.


Nockels, C.F.; Odde, K.G.; Craig, A.M. (1996). Vitamin E supplementation and stress affect tissue alpha-tocopherol content of beef heifers. Journal of Animal Science 74 (3): 672-677.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Abstract: The effect of stress on tissue alpha-tocopherol was investigated in 16 crossbred heifers fed a corn/corn silage-based diet. For 28 d, eight heifers (379 +/- 10 kg BW) received a dietary supplement of 1,000 IU of dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate, whereas the controls (375 +/- 10 kg BW) received no supplemental vitamin E. Tissue samples of plasma, red blood cells, liver, trapezius, and longissimus muscles and subcutaneous fat immediately dorsal to each muscle were taken on d 1 for determination of alpha-tocopherol concentration. On d 2 through 4 each heifer was restricted to 2.61 kg of grass hay and allowed water. On d 5, 6, and 7 no feed or water was given, 100 IU of ACTH and .0024 mg of epinephrine/kg BW were given every 8 h, and biopsies for alpha-tocopherol content were again taken on d 7. The stress reduced (P < .01) mean BW, increased (P < .01) serum cortisol, creatine kinase, and urea. After stress, supplemental vitamin E reduced (P < .13) the increase in creatine kinase relative to that in heifers not supplemented with vitamin E. Stress also increased (P < .04) serum Se in heifers fortified with the vitamin E. Alpha-tocopherol content of plasma, red blood cells, liver, and subcutaneous fat dorsal to the trapezius muscle was increased (P < .01) by supplemental vitamin E. The stress treatment reduced (P < .01) alpha-tocopherol content of plasma in those fed the vitamin E and increased it (P < .05) in the nonsupplemented vitamin E-deficient heifers. Stress also decreased red blood cell (P < .01) and liver (P < .05) alpha-tocopherol content in cattle supplemented with vitamin E. Tissue alpha-tocopherol concentrations were reduced by stress only when a diet adequate in vitamin E was fed. In addition, in most sampled tissues, stress did not affect alpha-tocopherol concentrations.

Keywords: beef cattle, heifers, alpha-tocopherol, stress response, vitamin e acetate, water deprivation, restricted feeding, blood serum, selenium, urea, erythrocytes, hydrocortisone, liver, muscle tissue, adipose tissue, creatine kinase, maize, maize silage.


Nogueira, E.; Morais, M.G.; Costa e Silva, E.V.; Andrade, V.J.; Brito, A.T. (2001). Effect of creep-feeding calves on weight and pregnancy rate of primiparous beef heifers with low body condition. [Efeito da suplementacao de bezerros em creep-feeding sobre o peso e taxa de gestacao de primiparas Nelore com baixo escore corporal.] Revista Brasileira de Reproducao Animal 25 (2): 223-224, ISSN: 0102-0803.

NAL Call Number: QP251 R48

Keywords: calves, weaning weight, gestation rate, creep-feeding, body condition score, Brazil, Portuguese language.


Nussbaum, A.; Schiessler, G.; Hammon, H.M.; Blum, J.W. (2002). Growth performance and metabolic and endocrine traits in calves pair-fed by bucket or by automate starting in the neonatal period. Journal of Animal Science 80 (6):1545-1555, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: calf, neonate, hormones, metabolites, automate starting feeding, bucket pair-feeding, endocrine traits, feeding frequency, growth, growth performance, metabolic traits.


Okine, E.; Basarab, J.A.; Baron, V.; Price, M.A. (2002). Methane and manure production in cattle with different net feed intakes. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Suppl. 1): 206, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: barley, manure, methane production, nitrogen, potassium, dry matter intake, net feed intake, silage.


Olson, B. (2002). Orientation of beef cattle grazing foothill winter range in Montana. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Suppl. 1): 81, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: ambient weather, body orientation, foothill winter range, grazing, relative humidity, seasonality, solar radiation, Montana, USA.


Oltjen, J.W.; Sainz, R.D. (1997). Strategic supplementation of range beef cows: Split feeding by body condition and stocking rate. Journal of Animal Science 75 (Suppl. 1): 250, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: calf, cow, range beef cattle body condition, calving body condition score, grazing intensity, stocking rate, strategic supplementation, nutritional strategy, split feeding.


Opitz von Boberfeld, W (2000). Outdoor stock keeping of suckler cows during winter under the aspects of environment and forage foundation. [Caloroczne bezbudynkowe utrzymanie krow-matek miesnych z uwzglednieniem aspektow ochrony srodowiska i gospodarki paszowej.] Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej we Wroclawiu. Konferencje 375 (24): 27-37, ISSN: 1232-3071.

Keywords: animal feeding, pastures, grazing, grazing systems, grassland soils, wintering, silage, feed processing, quality, silage, making, nutrients, Lolium perenne, Festuca arundinacea, cultural soil types, ecological soil types, Germany.


Owens, F.N.; Secrist, D.S.; Hill, W.J.; Gill, D.R. (1997). The effect of grain source and grain processing on performance of feedlot cattle: a review. Journal of Animal Science 75 (3): 868-79. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: effects of grain species, grain processing,dry matter intake, rate and efficiency of gain, high concentrate diets, metabolizable energy (ME), high moisture corn and milo, steam-flaked corn or wheat.


Papstein, H.J.; Losand, B.; Gabel, M.; Ender, K. (1999). Investigations on growth of intensively fed male and female beef cattle twins and singles: 1st communication: live weight growth and feed conversion. Zuechtungskunde 71 (3): 168-181, ISSN: 0044-5401.

NAL Call Number: 49 Z8

Keywords: bulls, heifers, effects of, birth type, sex of twin partners, age, live weight growth, energy expenditure, live weight gain, German language.


Parwati, I.A.; Suyasa, NYM; Guntoro, S.; Yasa, MD.R (1999). Effect of probiotic and puncture laser application on body weight increase of Bali cattle. [Pengaruh pemberian probiotik dan laser punktur dalam meningkatkan berat badan sapi Bali.] In: Guide Book for National Seminar on Animal Husbandry and Veterinary. [Buku Panduan Seminar Nasional Peternakan Dan Veteriner.] Puslitbangnak: Bogor, Indonesia, pp. 14-15.

Keywords: probiotics, laser radiation, body weight, fattening, animal feeding, Indonesian language, Indonesia.


Pascoal, L.L.; Eifert, E.C. da; Restle, J. (2000). Level of crude protein for beef calves weaned at 66 days of age. [Nivel de proteina bruta para bezerros de corte desmamados aos 66 dias de idade.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 29 (5): 1537-1544, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: cattle feeding, young animals, Braford, breed, protein intake, feed intake, feed conversion efficiency, Portuguese language.


Perotto, D.; Moletta, J.L.; Oliveira, J.E.P. de; Lesskiu, C. (2000). Feed intake and feed:gain ratio of Charolais, Caracu and reciprocal crossbred males in finished in feedlot. [Consumo e conversao alimentar de machos bovinos inteiros Charoles, Caracu e cruzamentos reciprocos em confinamento.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 29 (1): 108-116, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: feed intake, feedlots, diet, weight gain, crossbreeding, behavior, breeding methods, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Phillips, W.A.; Brown, M.A.; Holloway, J.W.; Mayeux, H.S. (2002). Animal performance and carcass quality of stocker calves on grass pasture with ad libitum access to a high energy diet. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Suppl. 1): 228, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: beef cattle, stocker calf, wheat, forage crop, average daily gain, carcass quality, feedlot, pasture grazing, stocking rate, Texas, USA.


Ponter, A.A.; Douar, C.; Mialot, J.; Benoit, P.; Valiergue, H.; Grimard, B. (2000). Effect of underfeeding post, partum Charolais beef cows on composition of plasma non, esterified fatty acids. Animal Science: An International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Research 71 (2): 243-252, ISSN: 1357-7298.

NAL Call Number: SF1.A56

Keywords: Charolais, breed, beef cows, female blood, lymphatics, milk, reproductive system, non, esterified fatty acids, oleic acid, restricted diet, nutritional method, body weight, underfeeding, condition score.


Popp, J.D.; McCaughey, W.P.; Cohen, R.D.H. (1997). Effect of grazing system, stocking rate and season of use on herbage intake and grazing behaviour of stocker cattle grazing alfalfa-grass pastures. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77 (4): 677-682.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Abstract: An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of grazing system (continuous and rotational), stocking rate (light, 1.1 steers ha-1; heavy, 2.2 steers ha-1) and season of use on forage intake and grazing behaviour of stocker cattle grazing an approximately 70% alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), 25% meadow bromegrass (Bromus biebersteinii Roem & Schult.) and 5% Russian wildrye (Psathyrostachys juncea (Fisch.) Nevski) pasture. To determine organic matter intake, grazed herbage was collected with esophageal fistulated cattle and analyzed for in vitro digestible organic matter while fecal output was determined using chromic oxide. These variables were used to calculate organic matter intake. Daily herbage consumption (g OM kg BW-0.75 d-1 and kg OM d-1) did not differ (P > 0.05) for either grazing system or stocking rate from 1991 to 1993, with the exception of greater (P < 0.05) intakes at light compared with heavy stocking rates (10.9 vs. 8.4; kg OM d-1) late in the 1991 season. Grazing time was usually lower (8.9 vs. 10.3 h (3-yr mean); P < 0.05) in lightly than in heavily stocked pastures. As available herbage increased, cattle spent less time grazing (y = 12.46, 0.00103 x; r = 0.48, RSD = 2.04, P < 0.001; where y = grazing time and x = herbage mass). Biting rates ranged from 28 to 32 bites min-1, regardless of year, season, grazing system or stocking rate. Rate of intake (g OM kg-1 BW0.75 h-1) did not differ (P > 0.05) for either grazing system, although it tended to be greater (P < 0.10) at light than at heavy stocking rates. As animals in lightly stocked pastures spent less time grazing, herbage was consumed at an increased rate, which was reflected in increased average daily gain (y 0.067 x; r = 0.86, RSD = 0.14, P < 0.001; where y = daily gain and x = intake rate). Our results suggest that daily herbage consumption was not affected by grazing system or stocking rate; however, at lower stocking rates, grazing time declined and intake rate tended to increase.

Keywords: medicago sativa, bromus biebersteinii, psathyrostachys juncea, steers, stocking rate, seasons, feed intake, rotational grazing, continuous grazing, grazing, organic matter, in vitro digestibility, feces, biting rates, live weight gain, growth rate, grazing time, Manitoba.


Porte, F.E.; Manterola, B.H.; Cerda, A.D.; Mira, J.J. (1997). Productive behavior and study of ruminal parameters in steers fed different levels of swine feces. [Comportamiento productivo y estudio de parametros ruminales, de novillos alimentados con niveles crecientes de inclusion de fecas de cerdo en su racion.] Avances en Produccion Animal 22 (1/2): 81-90, ISSN: 0378-4509.

NAL Call Number: SF1 A9

Keywords: manures, feeding pig manure to growing beef cattle, rumen metabolism, pH, digestibility, feeding, feed conversion efficiency, live weight gain, nutritive value, carcass composition, Spanish language, Chile.


Potter, L.; Piva, L.J.F,; Mielitz, N.C.G.A (2000). Economic analyses of a production model to primiparous beef heifers at two, three and four years of age. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 29 (3): 861-870.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: beef cattle, female, heifer, primiparous, economic analysis, nutritional systems, continuous grazing, cultivated annual ryegrass natural pasture, feedlot diets, sorghum silage plus urea, Portuguese language.


Pozdisek, J. (1998). Voluntary intake of fresh forage of selected grass species conserved by freezing in cattle. [Dobrovolny prijem zelene pice vybranych druhu trav konzervovane zamrazovanim u skotu.] Zivocisna Vyroba UZPI 43 (8): 349-354, ISSN: 0044-4847.

NAL Call Number: SF1.C94

Keywords: feed grasses, dactylis, festuca arundinacea, lolium perenne, freezing, feed intake, proximate composition, feeding behavior, feeding habits, feeds, festuca, gramineae, grasses, lolium, Czech language.


Prawl, Z.I.; Hill, W. J.; Owens, F.N.; Gill, D.R.; Ball, R.L.; Porter, R. (1997). Effects of limited access time to feed on feedlot performance and carcass characteristics. Journal of Animal Science 75 (Suppl. 1): 239, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: steers, carcass characteristics, feed efficiency, feed, to gain ratio, feedlot performance, limited access time to feed, effects, feeding, behavior.


Pugh, D.G. (1996). Feeding broiler litter to beef cows. Bovine Practitioner 30: 59-61, ISSN: 0524-1685.

NAL Call Number: SF779.5 A1B6

Keywords: wastes, poultry manure, utilization, diseases, health risks to cattle, bacteria, feeds.


Rankins, D.L.; et al (2002). The importance of by-products to the US beef industry. Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice 18 (2): 207-11, ISSN: 0749-0720.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V535

Abstract: The use of by-products as nutrient sources for beef cattle will continue to be driven by economics. As landfill prices continue to escalate, more by-products will become economically viable as cattle feed. These considerations will be counter-balanced by safety concerns. American consumers are becoming increasingly concerned with the production aspects of their food. The environmental concerns associated with additional landfills will have to be balanced against which by-products consumers will accept in the production of the beef that they consume. These will most assuredly heighten over the coming years.

Keywords: feed, food handling, economics, meat standards, feed standards, nutrition, consumer product safety, cost-benefit analysis, USA.


Rankins, D.L.; Poore, M.H.; Capucille, D.J.; Rogers, G.M.; et al. (2002). Recycled poultry bedding as cattle feed. Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice 18 (2): 253-66, ISSN: 0749-0720.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V535

Abstract: Since the 1950s, recycled poultry bedding has been used as an economical feedstuff for beef cattle. It has been extensively studied at several experiment stations around the world with regard to its safety and nutritional aspects. It will continue to be closely scrutinized as the public increases its awareness of agricultural issues. As this study was being prepared, the news media was “spotlighting” bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Currently, in the United States there is a ban on incorporation of mammalian-derived protein feeds into ruminant diets. This has led to a requirement of beef cattle producers signing affidavits indicating that they had met this obligation. Some poultry companies use ruminant meat and bone meal in broiler diets when least-cost formulation indicates that it is economically desirable. This then poses the question of whether feeding RPB to beef cattle should be permitted if the birds had been fed ruminant meat and bone meal. It also raises the question of whether cattle grazing pastures fertilized with RPB are exposed to ruminant meat and bone meal. Because of the importance of pasture fertilization as a waste disposal solution for the poultry industry, it seems that the issue will be quickly resolved by omitting the ruminant meat and bone meal from poultry diets should concerns increase. Use of RPB, like many byproduct feeds, requires a higher level of management expertise than traditional feeds. Despite the potential problems discussed in this study, an informed beef cattle producer can gain a financially competitive edge by using RPB. A simple processing method, deep-stacking under polyethylene sheeting, can produce a safe product that will provide a complete diet when blended with an energy source and supplemented with some long-stem fiber. The diets can be used for both brood cows and stocker calves for extended periods of time, and the practice of feeding RPB is safe for both cattle and consumers. Economic parameters will influence the future use of RPB; however, the general public’s perception and acceptance will ultimately determine its long-term use.

Keywords: cattle feed, poultry manure, dietary fiber, analysis, dietary proteins, safety, review.


Rathmacher, J.A.; Bonilla, F.J.; Nissen, S. (1996). Effects of recombinant bovine growth hormone and androgen, estrogen growth promotants on growth and plasma metabolites of beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 74 (Suppl. 1): 297: ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: anabolic agent, hormone, drug.


Rausch, M.I.; Tripp, M.W.; Govoni, K.E.; Zang, W.; Weber, W.J.; Crooker, B.A.; Hoagland, T.A.; Zinn, S.A. (2002). The influence of level of feeding on growth and serum insulin-like growth factor I and insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins in growing beef cattle supplemented with somatotropin. Journal of Animal Science 80 (1): 94-100, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: insulin like growth factor I, serum concentration, insulin like growth factor binding protein 2, insulin like growth factor binding protein 3, somatotropin, dietary supplement, body composition, feed efficiency, feeding level, growth, weight gain.


Realini, C.E.; Hodgson, J.; Morris, S.T.; Purchas, R.W. (1999). Effect of sward surface height on herbage intake and performance of finishing beef cattle. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 42 (2): 155-164, ISSN: 0028-8233.

NAL Call Number: 23 N4892

Keywords: Angus crosses, finishing steers, forage crops, Lolium perenne (perennial ryegrass), Trifolium repens (white clover), sward surface height, weight gain, compensatory growth, cattle performance, herbage intake, ingestive behavior, meat, quality characteristics.


Restle, J.; Roso, C.; Aita, V.; N rnberg, J.L.; Brondani, I.L.; Cerd tes, L.; Carrilho, C. de O. (2002). Animal performance in summer grasses pastures. [Produ o animal em pastagem com gram neas de esta o quente.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 31(3) Suppl.: 1491-1500, ISSN: 1516-359.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: beef cattle, pastures, grazing, sorghum, millets, weight gain, brachiaria, behavior, feeding habits, grazing lands, land resources, natural resources, nonrenewable resources, plant products, poaceae, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Rivera, J.D.; Duff, G.C.; Galyean, M.L.; Stalker, L.A.; Reed, M.M.; Mitchell, B.R. (2002). Effects of vitamin E supplementation on feed intake and febrile responses of beef cattle challenged with infectious bovine respiratory virus. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Suppl. 1): 48, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: crossbred, host, infectious bovine respiratory virus, pathogen, fever, vitamin E, dietary supplement, average daily gain, dry matter intake, feed intake, rectal temperature, New Mexico, USA.


Rogers, G.M.; Poore, M.H. Paschal, J.C.; et al (2002). Feeding cotton products to cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice 18 (2): 267-94, ISSN 0749-0720.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V535

Keywords: feeding, cottonseed products, gossypol toxicosis, lower

production costs, economics, dietary analysis.


Rogers, G.M.; Capucille, D.J. (2000). Colostrum management: keeping beef calves alive and performing. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 22 (1): S6-S13, ISSN: 0193-1903.

NAL Call Number: SF601 C66

Keywords: beef calves, calf feeding, colostrum, passive transfer, colostral immunity parity, age, breed, nutritional state, feeding, lactation, udder conformation, health, vaccination status, parturition, dystocia, twinning, reviews.


Rude, B.J.; Hanson, K.C.; Tucker, W.B. (2002). Effect of supplementing corn or hay to beef cattle consuming annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) on performance and nutrient utilization. Journal of Applied Animal Research 21 (1): 35-48, ISSN: 0971-2119.

NAL Call Number: SF55 I4J68

Keywords: breed, Angus, Hereford, female, heifer, nutrition, Lolium multiflorum (ryegrass), forage crop, acid detergent fiber, dry matter, neutral detergent fiber, organic matter, protein digestibility, bermudagrass hay, feed, dietary supplementation, body weight gain, cracked corn, growth performance, nutrient utilization.


Sampaio, A.A.M.; de Brito, R.M.; Carvalho, R.M. (2002). Comparison of diet evaluation systems for cattle in an intensive beef production model. Feedlot of young bulls. [Comparacao de sistemas de avaliacao de dietas para bovinos no modelo de producao intensiva de carne. Confinamento de tourinhos jovens.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 31 (1):157-163, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: breed, Canchim x Nelore, economic analysis, Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System, Intestine Digestible Protein System, Metabolizable Protein System, beef production, body weight gain, feed, corn grain, feed, corn silage, cottonseed meal, diet, feedlot, soybean meal, whole soybean, Portuguese language.


Santos Alvarez, B. (2000). Use of probiotics in dairy cattle. [Uso de probi ticos en ganado vacuno de leche.] Nuestra Caba a 297: 42-46, ISSN: 0210-5659.

Keywords: rumen digestion, animal nutrition, probiotics, digestibility, animal feeding, animal performance, Spanish language.


Sanz Parejo, E (1999). Feeding of meat cow in extensive husbandry. [Alimentacion de la vaca de carne en extensivo.] Mundo Ganadero 109: 32-36, ISSN: 0214-9192.

Keywords: hay, supplements, feed intake, behavior, feeding habits.


Schoeman, S.J. (1996). Nutrient requirements of beef cattle, Seventh edition. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Veekunde 26 (1): 15-19, ISSN: 0375-1589.

NAL Call Number: SF1 S6

Keywords: bulls, growth, body weight data, weaning records, National Beef Cattle Performance, progeny testing.


Scholz, H.; Moerchen, F.; Schaefer, S.; Fahr, R. (2002). Supplementation of grain to suckling beef calves during the grazing period. [Zufuetterung von Getreide an maennliche Kaelber aus der Mutterkuh-haltung waehrend der Weideperiode.] Archiv fuer Tierzucht 45 (6): 511-521, ISSN: 0003-9438.

NAL Call Number: 49 AR23

Abstract: A study on 65 beef cow-calf pairs was conducted to investigate the intake of a feed supplementation with grain and its interrelations to performance and behaviourial characteristics of suckling calves, as well as the development of body condition and milk yield of the dam. The intake of grain in the group receiving the supplementation (group B) was on average 2.7 kg/calf/day during the grazing period. A substantial individual variation of feed intake from 1.8 kg to 7.7 kg grain/calf/day was determined. In this period, the daily gains and the weaning weights of the calves in group B were higher (15.4% resp. 7.4%). The advantage of the calves of the group B could be proven only in the second half of the grazing period. The supplementation of grain caused significantly lower suckling activities and grazing periods per day. Effects of a grain supplementation in the feeding of suckling calves on pasture could not be determined on both the body condition and the milk yield of the cows.

Keywords: body condition, feed intake, grain, animal feed, milk yield, pasture grazing, suckling, weaning weight.


Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K.S.; Atwood, S.; McAllister, T.A. (2002). Relationships between bunk attendance, intake and performance of steers and heifers on varying feeding regimes. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 76 (3):179-188, ISSN: 0168-1591.

NAL Call Number: QL750.A6

Keywords: beef cattle, steers, heifers, feeding behavior, duration, restricted feeding, unrestricted feeding, feed intake, dry matter, liveweight gain, feed conversion, eating rates, feeding frequency, individual characteristics, data collection, transponders, radio waves, fattening performance.


Schwarz, F.J.; Kirchgessner, M.; Stangl, G.I. (2000). Cobalt requirement of beef cattle, feed intake and growth at different levels of cobalt supply. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 83(3): 121-131, ISSN: 0931-2439.

NAL Call Number: 389.78 Z3

Keywords: beef bulls, German Simmental, performance criteria, growth, feed intake, energy intake, nutrient intake, carcass criteria, corn silage, nutrient intake, quadratic model.


Seixas, J.R.C.; Ezequiel, J.M.B.; Araujo, W. de A.; Resende, F.D. de; Martins Junior, A.; Kronka, S. do N.; Silva, L. das D.F. da; Dourado, J.B.; Soares, W.V.B. (1999). Performance of beef cattle in feedlot feeding with diets based on cottonseed meal, urea or starea. [Desempenho de bovinos confinados alimentados com dietas a base de farelo de algodao, ureia ou amireia.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 2(2): 432-438, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: feedlots, cottonseed meal, diet, urea, animal performance, oil mill byproducts, oilseed cakes, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Sekine, J.; Jin, H.; Oura, R.; Hishinuma, M. (1998). Effect of kinds of forage on feed intake and time spent for eating and rumination of Japanese black cows. Animal Science and Technology 69 (9): 865-869, ISSN: 0918-2365.

NAL Call Number: 49 N62

Keywords: feed intake, hay, rice straw, crop residues, digestion, eating disorders, rumination, behavior, agricultural wastes, Japan.


Shimojo, M.; Bungo, T.; Imura, Y.; Tobisa, M.; Koga, N.; Nakano, Y.; Goto, I.; Masuda, Y. (1997). Relative growth rate of beef cattle expressed using factors related to feed intake, maintenance requirements and feed efficiency. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University 42 (1/2): 87-93, ISSN: 0023- 6152.

NAL Call Number: 107.6 K995

Keywords: growth analysis, feed intake, maintenance requirements, feed efficiency, mathematical equations, daily intake, body weight, metabolic body size, metabolizable energy, relative growth rate.


Sindt, J.J.; Drouillard, J.S.; Thippareddi, H.; Phebus, R.K.; Lambert, D.L.; Montgomery, S.P.; Farran, T.B.; LaBrune, H.J.; Higgins, J.J., Ethington, R.T. (2002). Evaluation of finishing performance, carcass characteristics, acid-resistant E. coli and total coliforms from steers fed combinations of wet corn gluten feed and steam-flaked corn. Journal of Animal Science 80 (12): 3328-3335, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: Escherichia coli (Enterobacteriaceae), beef cattle crossbred steers, feces, rumen, total coliform count, finishing performance, carcass characteristics, dietary manipulations, finishing diets, pH, steam-flaked corn.


Skunmun, P.; Chantalakhana, C.; Pungchai, R.; Poondusit, T.; Prucsasri, P. (2002). Comparative feeding of male dairy, beef cattle and swamp buffalo I. Economics of beef production. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 15 (6): 878-883, ISSN: 1011-2367.

NAL Call Number: SF55 A78A7

Keywords: beef cattle, dairy cattle, swamp buffalo, beef production, meat product, meat quality, body weight, concentrate, feeding performance, growth, Thailand, Asia.


Skunmun, P.; Chantalakhana, C.; Pungchai, R.; Poondusit, T.; Prucsasri, P. (2002). Comparative feeding of male dairy, beef cattle and swamp buffalo I. Economics of beef production. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 15 (6): 878-883, ISSN: 1011-2367.

NAL Call Number: SF55 A78A7

Keywords: beef cattle, dairy cattle, swamp buffalo, beef production, meat product, meat quality, body weight, concentrate, feeding performance, growth, Thailand, Asia.


Song, M.K.; Choi, S.H. (2001). Growth promoters and their effects on beef production. Asian, Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 14 (1): 123-135, ISSN: 1011-2367.

NAL Call Number: SF55 A78A7

Keywords: growth promoters, anabolic implants, zeranol, trenbolone acetate, estradiol, progesterone, propionate, testosterone, drug, growth stimulant, implant, pollutant, dietary supplement, implantation, lasalocid, lysocellin, monensin, average daily gain, carcass characteristics, diet, feed conversion, feed efficiency, growth, literature review.


Soto, R.; Rubio, I.; Galina, C.S.; Castillo, E.; Rojas, S. (2001). Effect of pre- and post-partum feed supplementation on the productive and reproductive performance of grazing primiparous Brahman cows. Tropical Animal Health and Production 33 (3): 253-264, ISSN: 0049-4747.

NAL Call Number: SF601 T7

Keywords: Brahman cows, breed, feed supplementation, pre- and post-calving, reproductive performance, digestible energy, dry matter, crude protein, body weight, body condition score, urea, plasma, estrus, pregnancy rates.


Sowell, B.F.; Bowman, J.G.P.; Grings, E.E.; Macneil, M.D. (2003). Liquid supplement and forage intake by range beef cows. Journal of Animal Science 81 (1) 294-303, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: beef cows, feeding, food supplement, liquid product, fodder, voluntary intake, feeding behavior, food intake, experimental study, crude protein, urea, rangeland.


Sowell, B.F.; Wallace, J.D.; Branine, M.E.; Hubbert, M.E.; Fredrickson, E.L.; Bowman, J.G.P. (1996). Effects of restricted suckling on forage intake of range calves. Journal of Range Management 49 (4): 290-293.

NAL Call Number: 60.18 J82

Abstract: Twenty two-year-old primiparous Angus X Hereford cows and their heifer calves were used to study effects of milk consumption on calf performance, suckling behavior, and forage intake. Ten cow-calf pairs were allotted to each of 2 treatments on blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis [H.B.K.] Lag.) rangeland. Calves from 5 cows were prevented from suckling the rear udder quarters for 4 weeks to reduce milk intake by 32% when calves averaged 71 +/- 4 days of age. The other 5 calves were allowed to suckle normally. Four 12-day sampling periods were conducted from June through September. Calves from the control treatment weighed more (P < 0.05) than restricted calves in each period and at weaning. Calves from the restricted treatment did not (P > 0.10) suckle longer or more frequently than control calves during any sampling period. Forage organic matter intake was not (P > 0.10) different between cows or calves from either group at any date. Milk production was not different (P > 0.10) between groups 1 month after restriction periods were terminated. Calves on 4 week milk restriction did not increase forage organic matter intake and had decreased weaning weights compared to control animals.

Keywords: calves, suckling, beef cattle, bouteloua gracilis, restricted feeding, feeding behavior, physical activity, voluntary intake, forage, digestibility, biomass, digesta, fiber content, nitrogen content, body weight, feed intake, New Mexico.


Spears, J.W. (1996). Beef nutrition in the 21st century. Animal Feed Science Technology 58 (1/2): 29-35, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: animal nutrition, supplements, consumer behavior, beef quality, animal products, USA.


Sprinkle, J.E.; Holloway, J.W.; Warrington, B.G.; Ellis, W. C.; Stuth, J.W.; Forbes, T.D.A.; Greene, L.W. (2000). Digesta kinetics, energy intake, grazing behavior, and body temperature of grazing beef cattle differing in adaptation to heat. Journal of Animal Science 78 (6): 1608-1624, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: subtropics, Brahman, American Angus, Tuli, cows, cattle breeds, crossbreeding, crosses, breed differences, body condition, body temperature, cattle feeding, digesta, digestive tract, energy intake, environmental factors, environmental temperature, grazing, feeding behaviour, feed intake, heat adaptation, lactation, night grazing, Texas.


Steen, R.W.J.; Kilpatrick, D.J.; Porter, M.G. (2002). Effects of the proportions of high or medium digestibility grass silage and concentrates in the diet of beef cattle on liveweight gain, carcass composition and fatty acid composition of muscle. Grass and Forage Science 57 (3): 279-291, ISSN: 0142-5242.

NAL Call Number: 60.19 B773

Keywords: beef, male, steer, muscle, fatty acid composition, muscular system, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, barley meal based concentrate, animal feed, carcass composition, concentrate supplementation, grass silage, high digestibility, medium digestibility, liveweight gain, soyabean meal based concentrate.


Thorp, C.L.; Wylie, A.R.G.; Steen, R.W.J.; Shaw, C.; McEvoy, J.D. (2000). Effects of incremental changes in forage: Concentrate ratio on plasma hormone and metabolite concentrations and products of rumen fermentation in fattening beef steers. Animal Science: An International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Research 71 (1): 93-109, ISSN: 1357-7298.

NAL Call Number: SF1.A56

Keywords: Simmental x Friesian, breed, steer, open, circuit respiration calorimetry, dry matter, metabolizable energy, perennial ryegrass silage, rolled barley, rumen fermentation.


Tilden, W.; Cecava, M.J. (1995). Beef Cattle Feeding and Nutrition Academic Press: San Diego, CA, 2nd ed., 389 p.

NAL Call Number: SF203 P46 1995

Keywords: feeding, nutrition, breeding to finishing, vitamins, minerals, protein, computer modeling, ration formulation, feed stuffs, pasture and forages, hay, silage, concentrates.


Tima, M.P.; Figueroa, M.R.; Borquez, F.L.; Fuentes, T.F. (1996). Fattening of growing bulls and heifers in an intensive beef cattle production system. [Engorda de toritos y vaquillas aberdeen angus en un sistema intensivo de produccion de carne bovina.] Agro-Ciencia 12 (1): 75-81, ISSN: 0716-1689.

NAL Call Number: S15 A377

Keywords: intensive husbandry, bulls, heifers, age, fattening, winter, maize, silage making, oats, feed processing, feeding, weight gain, meat yield, copulation, Spanish language, Chile.


Trela, J.; Choroszy, Z.; Czaja, H.; Choroszy, B. (2002). Effectiveness of producing young beef cattle on permanent pastures. [Efektywnosc produkcji mlodego zywca wolowego z wykorzystaniem uzytkow zielonych.] Biuletyn Informacyjny Instytut Zootechniki 40 (3):109-116, ISSN: 0209-2492.

NAL Call Number: SF1 K7

Keywords: beef, breed, Black-and-White x Limousin, crossbred, fattening traits, permanent pastures, production effectiveness, slaughter traits, Polish language.


Tripp, M.W.; Ju, J.C.; Hoagland, T.A.; Riesen, J.W.; Yang, X.; Zinn, S.A. (2000). Influence of somatotropin and nutrition on bovine oocyte retrieval and in vitro development. Theriogenology 53 (8): 1581-1590, ISSN: 0093-691X.

NAL Call Number: QP251.A1T5

Keywords: yearling beef heifers, effects of, bovine somatotropin (bST), limit feeding, follicular growth, oocyte competence, in vitro fertilization, in vitro maturation, feeding, nutrition.


Tripp, M.W.; Hoagland, T.A.; Dahl, G.E.; Kimrey, A.S.; Zinn, S.A. (1998). Methionine and somatotropin supplementation in growing beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 76 (4): 1197-1203, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: growing beef cattle, steers, heifers, dietary supplements, bovine somatotropin, methionine, average daily gain, feed efficiency, body composition, serum concentrations serum, IGF, 1 (insulin, like growth factor, 1), progesterone.


Twardy, J. (1996). Production effects of extensive grazing of heifers in Carpathians. [Efekty produkcyjne przy ekstensywnym wypasie jalowizny w Karpatach.] Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej we Wroclawiu. Konferencje 291: 217-223, ISSN: 1232-3071.

Keywords: heifers, pastures, feed grasses, feeding systems, grazing, paddock grazing, rotational grazing, mountain farming, weight gain, Polish language, Poland.


Vaz, F.N.; Restle, J.; Brondani, I.L.; Da Costa, E.C.; Vaz, R.Z.; Roso, C.; Carrilho, C.O. (2002). Energetic supplementation on carcass and meat quality of cull cows of different ages, finished on cultivated winter pasture under temporary grazing. [Suplementacao energetica sobre a qualidade da carcaca e da carne de vacas de diferentes idades, terminadas em pastagem cultivada de estacao fria sob pastejo horario.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 31 (1): 173-182, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: ryegrass, forage crop, beef cattle, breed, Charolais, cow, carcass quality, meat quality, meat tenderness, pasture grazing, Portuguese language.


Ward, J.D.; Spears, J.W. (1999). The effects of low-copper diets with or without supplemental molybdenum on specific immune responses of stressed cattle. Journal of Animal Science 77 (1): 230-237. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Abstract: Angus bull calves (n = 42; 7 mo of age; 254 kg initial BW) were used to investigate the effects of dietary Cu and Mo on immune function of stressed cattle. Randomly selected calves (n = 22) were injected with 90 mg of Cu as Cu glycinate 28 d before weaning and castrated at weaning. These calves received 7.5 and 5 mg of supplemental Cu/kg of DM during a 41-d receiving phase and a 196-d growing phase, respectively. The remainder of the steers received no supplemental Cu during the experiment. Copper-supplemented steers had adequate Cu status at weaning, whereas unsupplemented calves were marginally Cu-deficient. Cell-mediated response to intradermal injection of phytohemagglutinin was not affected by dietary treatment during the receiving phase. During the growing phase, half of the steers in each Cu treatment were given 5 mg of supplemental Mo/kg of DM. Copper supplementation increased (P < .05) humoral response to ovalbumin injected on d 133 of the growing phase. On d 168 of the growing phase, calves receiving only supplemental Mo were severely Cu-deficient based on plasma and liver Cu concentrations. The other treatment groups had adequate Cu status. Before feeding on d 168 of the growing phase, half of the steers were loaded onto trailers and transported 2.5 h, and they remained on the trailers an additional 9.5 h. Humoral response to porcine erythrocytes (PRBC) and delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) to dinitrochlorobenzene was tested at the end of the stress period. There was a Cu x stress interaction for humoral response to PRBC, with Cu decreasing antibody titers in unstressed calves and increasing titers in stressed steers. Stressed steers had lower (P = .03) ADG during the 28 d following stress. The results of this study indicate that Cu deficiency and 5 mg of supplemental Mo/kg of DM do not dramatically alter the specific immunity of stressed cattle.

Keywords: steers, stress, copper, molybdenum, dietary minerals, healing, castration, antibody formation, skin tests, blood plasma, ceruloplasmin, enzyme activity, hydrocortisone, mineral deficiencies.


Wertz E; Berger LL; Walker, P.M.; Faulkner, D.B.; McKeith, F.K.; Rodriguez-Zas, S. (2001). Early weaning and postweaning nutritional management affect feedlot performance of Angus X Simmental heifers and the relationship of 12th rib fat and marbling score to feed efficiency. Journal of Animal Science 79 (7):1660-1669, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: breed, Angus X Simmental, heifer, effects of postweaning nutritional management, feedlot performance, carcass traits, intramuscular and subcutaneous fat deposition, feed efficiency, grazing, endophyte-infected tall fescue, concentrate diet, average daily gain, feed efficiency, feedlot performance, growth.


Wheeler, J.S.; Lalman, D.L.; Horn, G.W.; Redmon, L.A.; Lents, C.A. (2002). Effects of supplementation on intake, digestion, and performance of beef cattle consuming fertilized, stockpiled bermudagrass forage. Journal of Animal Science 80 (3): 780-9, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: beef, cows, supplement protein concentration, forage intake, forage utilization, stockpiled bermudagrass.


White, T.W.; Saxton, A.M. (1998). Forage feeding behavior of hereford and hereford crossbred steers during the summer. The Professional Animal Scientists 14 (1): 62-67.

NAL Call Number: SF51 P76

Keywords: breeds, Hereford, Brahman, Aberdeen-Angus, crossbreds, steers, forage, summer, air temperature, pastures, breed differences, shade, pens, grasses, animal behavior, diurnal variation.


Williams, J.J.; Greene, L.W. (2002). Effects of dietary cation anion balance on blood parameters and performance characteristics of beef cattle during the pre-receiving and receiving phases of the feedlot. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Suppl. 1): 273, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: beef heifer, blood and lymphatics, pH, urine, bicarbonate ion, calcium(II) ion, dietary intake, magnesium(II) ion--dietary intake, potassium ion dietary intake, sodium ion dietary intake, average daily gain (ADG), dietary cation anion balance, feed intake, feedlot performance, partial carbon dioxide pressure.


Woods, V.B.; O’Mara, F.P.; Moloney, A.P. (2002). The in situ ruminal degradability of concentrate feedstuffs in steers as affected by level of feed consumption and ratio of grass silage to concentrate. Animal Feed Science and Technology 100 (1/2): 15-30, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: steers, Friesian, breed, feeding level, dry matter, grass silage, concentrate, in situ ruminal degradability, digestibility, feed consumption, diet.


Wright, I.A.; Maxwell, T.J.; Russel, A.J.F.; Hunter, E.A.; Sibbald, A.R.; Hetherington, R.A., Whyte, T.K. (1996). The effect of grazed sward height and stocking rate on animal performance and output from beef cow systems. Grass and Forage Science 51 (2): 199-208.

NAL Call Number: 60.19 B773

Keywords: cows, stocking density, height, body condition, silage, lolium perenne, meat production.


Xiccato, G., Trocino, A., Queaque, P. I., Sartori, A., Carazzolo, A. (2002). Rearing veal calves with respect to animal welfare: effects of housing and solid feed supplementation on growth performance and meat quality. Livestock Production Science 75 (3): 269-280. ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Abstract: This study aims to evaluate how rearing techniques that improve veal calf welfare affect growth performance and carcass and meat quality, by comparing both traditional rearing in individual stalls with group rearing in collective pens and exclusive milk feeding with maize grain supplementation. Eighty male calves were raised from 60 days-of-age (live weight 76.4 plus or minus 5.5 kg) until slaughter (at 182 and 189 days-of-age). Both group rearing and maize grain supplementation significantly improved growth performance (final live weight: +7 kg in group-reared calves compared to individually reared calves, and +10 kg in maize-supplemented calves compared to exclusively milk-fed calves) and carcass conformation, with no differences in dressing percentage. Group rearing increased blood packed cell volume value. Neither the type of housing nor the feeding system significantly modified carcass or meat colour or the main physical and sensory traits of the meat. Carcass fatness and meat ether extract concentration were higher in the calves reared in individual stalls or supplemented with maize grain. Our results suggest that rearing veal calves in pens and providing solid feed supplements may improve growth performance without impairing carcass and meat quality.

Keywords: husbandry, animal welfare, beef cattle, carcass quality, housing, growth, haematocrit, maize, meat composition, meat quality, veal, veal calves. Copyright© 2003, CAB International


Zaman, M.S.; Mir, Z.; Mir, P.S.; El-Meadawy, A.; McAllister, T.A.; Cheng, K.J.; ZoBell, D.; Mathison, G.W. (2002). Performance and carcass characteristics of beef cattle fed diets containing silage from intercropped barley and annual ryegrass. Animal Feed Science and Technology 99 (1-4): 1-11, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: barley, ryegrass, animal performance, carcass characteristics, diet evaluation, feeding studies, dry matter yield, feed conversion efficiency.


Zanetti, M.A.; Resende, J.M.L.; Schalch, F.; Miotto, C.M. (2000). Performance of steers fed different protein supplements in the mineral mixtures. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 29 (3): 935-939.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: crossbreed beef cattle evaluation, commercial mineral supplements, salt, protein, urea, mineralized salt, Braquiaria decubens grass, sugar cane supplementation, weight gain, Portuguese language.



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