Aarestrup, F.M. (1999). Association between the consumption of antimicrobial agents in animal husbandry and the occurrence of resistant bacteria among food animals. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 12 (4): 279-85, ISSN: 0924-8579.

Abstract: Antimicrobial agents are used in food animals for therapy and prophylaxis of bacterial infections and in feed to promote growth. The use of antimicrobial agents for food animals may cause problems in the therapy of infections by selecting for resistance among bacteria pathogenic for animals or humans. The emergence of resistant bacteria and resistance genes following the use of antimicrobial agents is relatively well documented and it seems evident that all antimicrobial agents will select for resistance. However, current knowledge regarding the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in food animals, the quantitative impact of the use of different antimicrobial agents on selection for resistance and the most appropriate treatment regimens to limit the development of resistance is incomplete. Surveillance programmes monitoring the occurrence and development of resistance and consumption of antimicrobial agents are urgently needed, as is research into the most appropriate ways to use antimicrobial agents in veterinary medicine to limit the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance.

Keywords: anti-infective agents, administration and dosage, drug resistance, multiple, meat, microbiology.


Adachi, K.; Fukumoto, K.; Nomura, Y.; et al. (1998). Significant decrease of serum vitamin A levels in Japanese black beef steers after introduction to a farm. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 60 (1): 101-102, ISSN: 0916-7250.

NAL Call Number: SF604 J342

Keywords: feeder steers, Japanese Black, breed, vitamin A, metabolism, serum, dietary intake, farm introduction, stress, bronchitis, diarrhea.


Adachi, K.; Kawano, H.; Tsuno, K.; et al. (1997). Values of the serum components in Japanese black beef steers at farms with high productivity and low frequencies of disease and death in Miyazaki Prefecture. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 59 (10): 873-877, ISSN: 0916-7250.

NAL Call Number: SF604 J342

Keywords: Japanese Black, breed, metabolic profile tests, high productivity, production diseases, prevention, serum levels, lactic dehydrogenase, glutamic, oxalacetic transaminase, gamma, glutamyl transpeptidase, creatine phosphokinase, triglyceride, total cholesterol, albumin (Alb), total protein, blood urea nitrogen, magnesium, vitamin E, serum calcium, Vitamin A, death, low frequency, disease, low frequency, fattening stage, high productivity, serum components, enzymes, physiological studies.


Alfaro, C.; Diaz Villegas, C.; Tirado, H. (1999). Sanitary conditions of a dual-purpose cattle production system in Ezequiel Zamora, Monagas State, Venezuela.[Caracterizacion sanitaria de la ganaderia doble proposito en el municipio Ezequiel Zamora del estado Monagas-Venezuela.] Veterinaria Tropical 24 (2): 103-119, ISSN: 0379-8275.

NAL Call Number: SF604 V486

Keywords: animal health, hygiene, beef cattle, dairy cattle, cattle diseases, animal husbandry, Spanish language, Venezuela.


Almeria, S.; Uriarte, J. (1999). Dynamics of pasture contamination by gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle under extensive management systems: proposal for strategic control. Veterinary Parasitology 83 (1): 37-47, ISSN: 0304-4017.

NAL Call Number: SF810 V4

Keywords: cows, heifers, calves, epidemiological study, gastrointestinal nematode infection, pasture nematode contamination, digestive system disease, parasitic disease Cooperia sp., Nematodirus sp., Oesophagostomum sp., Ostertagia sp. Trichostrongylus sp., hay meadows, seasonality, mountainous areas, Spain.


Andrews, A.H. (2003). Bovine Medicine: Diseases and Husbandry of Cattle Blackwell Scientific Publications: St. Louis, 2nd. Ed., 1216p., ISBN: 0632055960.

Keywords: management, calf rearing, suckler herds, beef finishing systems, dairy farming, heifer rearing, tropical cattle management, heat stress, nutrition, alternative forages, disease, diagnosis, congenital conditions, calf diarrhea, Salmonellosis, endoparasites, respiratory diseases, trace element disorders, mastitis and teat conditions, lameness, reproductive physiology, reproductive problems, artificial insemination, embryo transfer, viral diseases, bacterial conditions, ectoparasites, metabolic disorders, alimentary conditions, welfare, housing, hygiene, biosecurity, vaccines, growth promoters in cattle, injection damage, alternative medicine, bovine surgery.


Anziani, O.S.; Guglielmone, A.A.; Schmid, H. (1998). Efficacy of dicyclanil in the prevention of screwworm infestation (Cochliomyia hominivorax) in cattle castration wounds. Veterinary Parasitology 76 (3): 229-232, ISSN: 0304-4017.

NAL Call Number: SF810 V4

Keywords: cochliomyia hominivorax, castration, pest control, sterilization, surgical operations.


Arthur, P.F.; Archer, J.A.; Melville, G.J. (2000). Factors influencing dystocia and prediction of dystocia in Angus heifers selected for yearling growth rate. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 51 (1): 147-153, ISSN: 0004-9409.

NAL Call Number: 23 Au783

Keywords: Angus, heifers, selection, yearling growth rate, dystocia, calf birth weight, calf survival.


Bach, S.J.; McAllister, T.A.; Veira, D.M.; Gannon, V.P.J.; Holley, R.A. (2002). Transmission and control of Escherichia coli O157:H7: A review. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 82 (4): 475-490, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: beef cattle, dairy cattle, Escherichia coli O157:H7, contaminant, pathogen, bacterial disease, feces, prevention and control, transmission, manure, soil, water, flies, bacteriophage therapy, clinical techniques, vaccination, diet, geographical differences, ground beef, meat product, seasonality, Canada, Japan, United Kingdom, USA.


Ballweber, L.R.; Evans, R.R.; Siefker, C.; Johnson, E.G.; Rowland, W.K.; Zimmerman, G.L.; Thompson, L.; Walstrom, D.J.; Skogerboe, T.L.; Brake, A.C.; Karle, V.K. (2000). The effectiveness of doramectin pour, on in the control of gastrointestinal nematode infections in cow, calf herds. Veterinary Parasitology 90 (1/2): 93-102, ISSN: 0304-4017.

NAL Call Number: SF810 V4

Keywords: beef cow, calf herds, doramectin pour, control, gastrointestinal nematodosis, fecal egg count, calf weight gain, farm location, Idaho, Mississippi.


Barham, A.R.; Barham, B.L.; Johnson, A.K.; Allen, D.M.; Blanton, J.R., Jr.; Miller, M.F. (2002). Effects of the transportation of beef cattle from the feedyard to the packing plant on prevalence levels of Escherichia coli O157 and Salmonella spp. Journal of Food Protection 65 (2): 280-283, ISSN: 0362-028X.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J824

Abstract: Two hundred steers and heifers from a large feedyard (65 000-head capacity) were used to determine the prevalence levels of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 (EHEC O157) and Salmonella spp. prior to and after shipping to a commercial packing facility. Two samples, a ventral midline hide swab and a faecal sample, were aseptically collected from each animal 2 weeks prior to the date of transportation and at the packing plant immediately after exsanguination. Samples were collected from all trailers (n=46) before animals were loaded for transport to the packing facility. The average prevalence levels of EHEC O157 on hides (18%) and in faeces (9.5%) at the feedyard decreased (P>0.05) at the packing plant to 4.5 and 5.5%, respectively. The average prevalence levels of Salmonella spp. on hides (6%) and in faeces (18%) at the feedyard increased to 89 and 46%, respectively, upon arrival at the packing plant. Average prevalence levels for EHEC O157 and Salmonella spp. on the trailers were 5.43 and 59%, respectively. The results of this study demonstrate that transportation may be a potential stressor for cattle, as evidenced by the increased shedding of Salmonella spp.

Keywords: beef cattle, heifers, steers, disease prevalence, feces, food contamination, food safety, foodborne diseases, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, hides, skins, stress factors, transport of animals. Copyright© 2003, CAB International


Barling, K.S., McNeill, J.W., Paschal, J.C., McCollum, F.T. III; Craig, T.M.; Adams, L.G.; Thompson, J.A. (2001). Ranch-management factors associated with antibody seropositivity for Neospora caninum in consignments of beef calves in Texas, USA. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 52 (1): 53-61, ISSN: 0167-5877.

NAL Call Number: SF601 P7

Keywords: beef calves, Neospora caninum infection, parasitic disease, risk factors, questionnaire, management practices, logistic multiple-regression model, serum, seasonal calving patterns, stocking density, round bale feeder, self-contained cattle feeder, wildlife, cattle working dog, Texas, USA.


Barnett, P.V.; Carabin, H. (2002). A review of emergency foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccines. Vaccine 20 (11/12): 1505-1514, ISSN: 0264-410X.

NAL Call Number: QR189 V32

Keywords: cattle, pigs, sheep, literature review, emergency foot-and-mouth disease vaccines, viral disease, vaccination, immunization-method, clinical signs, local virus replication, spread of infection.


Beach, J.C.; Murano, E.A.; Acuff, G.R. (2002). Serotyping and antibiotic resistance profiling of Salmonella in feedlot and nonfeedlot beef cattle. Journal of Food Protection 65 (11): 1694-1699, ISSN: 0362-028X.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J824

Abstract: As part of a larger study to assess risk factors associated with hide and carcass contamination of beef cattle during transport to slaughter, a total of 281 salmonellae were isolated from 1,050 rectal, hide, carcass, and environmental samples. For feedlot cattle, salmonellae were recovered from 4.0% of rectal samples, 37.5% of hide samples, 19.0% of carcass samples, and 47.4% of environmental samples. For nonfeedlot cattle, salmonellae were recovered from 10.9% of rectal samples, 37.5% of hide samples, 54.2% of carcass samples, and 50.0% of environmental samples. Overall, the five serotypes most commonly associated with feedlot cattle and their environment were Salmonella Anatum (18.3% of the isolates), Salmonella Kentucky (17.5%), Salmonella Montevideo (9.2%), Salmonella Senftenberg (8.3%), and Salmonella Mbandaka (7.5%). The five serotypes most commonly associated with nonfeedlot cattle and their environment were Salmonella Kentucky (35.4%), Salmonella Montevideo (21.7%), Salmonella Cerro (7.5%), Salmonella Anatum (6.8%), and Salmonella Mbandaka (5.0%). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of all of the isolates associated with feedlot cattle revealed that 21.7% were resistant to tetracycline, compared with 11.2% of the isolates associated with nonfeedlot cattle. None of the other isolates from feedlot cattle were resistant to any of other antimicrobial agents tested, whereas 6.2% of nonfeedlot cattle isolates were resistant to more than four of the antimicrobial agents tested.

Keywords: tetracycline, Salmonella, contaminant, pathogen, serovar Anatum, serovar Cerro, serovar Kentucky, serovar Mbandaka, feedlot, host, antibiotic resistance, cattle carcass, meat product.


Bellows, R.A.; Lammoglia, M.A. (2000). Effect of severity of dystocia on cold tolerance and serum concentrations of glucose and cortisol in neonatal beef calves. Theriogenology 53 (3): 803-813, ISSN: 0093-691X.

NAL Call Number: QP251.A1T5

Keywords: dystocia, effects on, neonatal calves, rectal temperature, glucose concentrations, blood sampling, body weight, cold temperatures, shivering scores, cold tolerance.


Bengtsson, B.; Niskanen, R.; Forslund, K. (1999). Euthanasia of adult beef cattle by intravenous injection of pentobarbital sodium. [Avlivning av vuxna notkreatur med pentobarbitalnatrium i etanollosning.] Svensk Veterinartidning 51 (13): 633-636, ISSN: 0346-2250.

NAL Call Number: 41.9 SV23

Keywords: beef cattle, adult, intravenous injection, pentobarbital, cardiovascular system, ethanol, euthanasia, safety, xylazine, heart diseases, culling, animal welfare, dosage, injectable anaesthetics, analgesics, sedation, Swedish language.


Bingham, H.R.; Morley, P.S.; Wittum, T.E.; Bray, T.M.; Ellis, J.A.; Queen, W.G.; Shulaw, W.P. (2000). Effects of 3-methylindole production and immunity against bovine respiratory syncytial virus on development of respiratory tract disease and rate of gain of feedlot cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research 61 (10): 1309-14.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3A

Keywords: mixed-breed beef cattle, feedlot cattle, immunity, bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV), vaccination, rate of gain, health, growth performance.


Bingham, H.R.; Wittum, T.E.; Morley, P.S.; Bray, T.M.; Sarver, C.F.; Queen, W.G.; Shulaw, W.P. (2000). Evaluation of the ability of orally administered aspirin to mitigate effects of 3-methylindole in feedlot cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research 61 (10): 1209-13.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3A

Keywords: 3-methylindole (3MI)-induced respiratory tract disease, reduced rate of gain, orally administered dose of aspirin, respiratory tract disease, lungs evaluated at slaughter, gross pulmonary lesions.


Boadi, D.A.; Wittenberg, K.M.; Kennedy, A.D. (2002). Validation of the sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer gas technique for measurement of methane and carbon dioxide production by cattle. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 82 (2): 125-131, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), production, crossbred yearling beef heifers, air pollutant, excretion, open-circuit hood calorimetry, alfalfa, barley.


Bouet, J.M.; Seegers, H.; Beaudeau, F.; Lopez, C. (1999). Risk factors for respiratory disorders of calves in beef cattle herds. [Facteurs de risque des maladies respiratoires des veaux dans les elevages de vaches allaitantes de vendee.] In: 6emes rencontres autour des recherches sur les ruminants, P vitamin deficiencies aris, les 1er et 2 decembre 1999, Institut l’Elevage: Paris, France, pp. 187-190, ISBN: 2-84148-035-6.

Keywords:: beef calves, respiratory diseases, risk factors, cattle housing, French language.


Brambilla, G.; Fiori, M.; Pierdominici, E.; Antonucci, G.; Giorgi, P.; Ramazza, V.; Zucchi, M. (1998). A possible correlation between the blood leukocyte formula and the use of glucocorticoids as growth promoters in beef cattle. Veterinary Research Communications 22 (7): 457-465, ISSN: 0165-7380.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V38

Keywords: young bulls, heifers, glucocorticoids, growth promoters, illegal use, ELISA, liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, chemical analysis, animal welfare, lymphocytes, analytical methods, blood chemistry, certification., Italy.


Busato, A.; Steiner, L.; Martin, S.W.; Shoukri, M.M.; Gaillard, C. (1997). Calf health in cow-calf herds in Switzerland. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 30 (1): 9-22.

NAL Call Number: SF601 P7

Keywords: beef calves, Angus crossbreds, animal health, extensive beef farms, disease frequency, economic impact, calf diseases, risk factors, weight gain,. longitudinal study, farm management data, questionnaire, birth and weaning weights, clinical diagnosis, treatment costs, postmortem examination.


Caldow, G.L.; Crawshaw, M.; Gunn, G.J. (1998). Herd health security in the suckler herd. Cattle Practice 6 (3): 175-179, ISSN: 0969-1251.

NAL Call Number: SF961 C37

Keywords: beef cattle, health, animal husbandry, disease control, disease transmission, quarantine, disease prevention, cattle diseases, animal movement.


Carson, C.; McKay, J.S.; Brooks, H.W.; Kelly, D.F.; Stidworthy, M.F.; Wibbelt, G.; Morgan, K.L. (2001). Establishment and maintenance of a longitudinal study of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (the ULiSES scheme). Preventive Veterinary Medicine 51 (3/4): 245-57.

NAL Call Number: SF601 P7.

Keywords: Aberdeen Angus, breed, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) prevention and control, epidemiology, post-mortem samples of nervous tissue, peripheral lymphoid tissue, striated muscle, slaughter, pathology, England.


Cebra, C.K.; Cebra, M.L.; Ikede, B.O. (1999). Congenital joint laxity and disproportionate dwarfism in a herd of beef cattle. Journal of the American Veterinary Association 215 (4): 519-21, 483.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3

Keywords: congenital disease, disproportionate dwarfism, excessive extension of metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints, calf survival, radiographic evaluation, carpal and tarsal bones, chondrodystrophy, cause, feeding of dry, spoiled silage.


Chenoweth, P.J.; Vargas, C.A.; Rae, D.O.; Saltman, R.L.; Genho, P.C.; Crosby, G. (1997). Effects of an oral antibiotic on fertility traits in range beef cows in Florida. Journal of Animal Science 75 (Suppl. 1): 249, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: Simmental x Brahman, Angus x Brahman, Hereford x Brahman, crossbred cows, chlortetracycline, antibiotic fertility traits, oral antibiotic effects.


Chirase, N.K.; Greene, L.W.; Graham, G.D.; Avampato, J.M. (2001). Influence of clostridial vaccines and injection sites on performance, feeding behavior, and lesion size scores of beef steers. Journal of Animal Science 79 (6): 1409-1415.ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Abstract: Several clostridial vaccines are currently being used in the beef cattle industry. Of greatest concern is altering the location and route of administration of these vaccines to reduce injection-site lesions while maintaining seroconversion. Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of clostridial vaccines and injection sites on the performance, feeding behavior, and lesion size scores of beef steers. In Exp.1, 80 crossbred beef steers (BW 237 +/- 3.2 kg) were allotted randomly into five groups and given 14d to adapt to the feed and individual feed intake-monitoring devices (Pinpointer devices) before starting the study. Each group was assigned randomly to one of the following vaccination treatments: 1) control (sterile saline water), 2) Alpha-7 Ear (A7E), 3) Alpha-7 Prescapula (A7P), 4) Vision-7 Prescapula (V7P), and 5) Ultrabac-7 Prescapula U7P). All vaccines were injected s.c. in the ear or prescapular region, and injection sites were palpated on d 0 and 28 (Exp. 1) and on d 63 and 91 (Exp. 2). The protocol for Exp. 2 was exactly the same as for Exp. 1 except treatments included control, A7P, Alpha-CD Ear(ACDE), Alpha-CD Prescapula (ACDP), Fortress-7 Prescapula (F7P), and V7P. Also, control and steers receiving F7P and V7P were revaccinated on d 63 and palpated on d 91. Results of Exp. 1 indicated that the A7E and U7P steers had a feed intake lower (P < 0.01) than all other treatment groups. The ADG of the A7P and A7E steers were not different (P > 0.05) from those of the control steers. The gain:feed ratio of the A7E steers was 41% higher (P < 0.01) than that of the V7P steers (Exp. 1). The results of Exp. 2 indicated that the control, ACDP, and V7P steers had greater (P < 0.01) ADG than all other treatment groups, sizes differed by vaccine and injection site in both experiments. These data suggest that vaccinating beef steers s.c. in the ear produced gain: feed ratios and lesion size scores that were similar to prescapular vaccinations. However, more research is required to determine the immune response but the gain:feed ratios were not different (P > 0.05) among all treatment groups. Lesion of vaccinating cattle in the ear.

Keywords: steers, clostridium, spatial variation, vaccines, performance, feeding behavior, lesions, size, feed intake, subcutaneous injection, ears, application date, live weight gain, feed conversion efficiency, immune response.


Corwin, R.M. (1997). Economics of gastrointestinal parasitism of cattle. Veterinary Parasitology 72 (3/4): 451-457, ISSN: 0304-4017.

NAL Call Number: SF810 V4

Keywords: Dictyocaulus, viviparus, parasite, Ostertagia, ostertagi, parasite, gastrointestinal parasitism, anthelmintic programs, immunity, control measures, pasture management, economic effects, weight gain, reproduction, lactation, forage use.


Daniels, M.J.; Ball, N.; Hutchings, M.R.; Greig, A. (2001). The grazing response of cattle to pasture contaminated with rabbit faeces and the implications for the transmission of paratuberculosis. Veterinary Journal 161 (3): 306-13.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V484

Keywords: Transmission of Mycobacterium, paratuberculosis (or Johne”s disease), contamination via fecal-oral route, grazing behavior, monitoring, transponder, field rotation.


Davies, M.H.; Hadley, P.J.; Stosic, P.J.; Webster, S.D. (2000). Production factors that influence the hygienic condition of finished beef cattle. Veterinary Record 146 (7): 179-83.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 V641

Keywords: abattoirs, dirty beef cattle, age differences, surveys, farm of origin, transport and lairage, feed type, coat length, clipping, journey distance, United Kingdom.


Davis, J.R.; Apple, J.K.; Hellwig, D.H.; Kegley, E.B.; Pohlman, F.W. (2002). The effects of feeding broiler litter on microbial contamination of beef carcasses. Bioresource Technology 84 (2): 191-196, ISSN: 0960-8524.

NAL Call Number: TD930 A32

Keywords: Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, carcass contamination, foodborne pathogen, grazing, microbial contamination, bioresource technology, broiler litter feeding.


Daxenberger, A.; Lange, I.G.; Meyer, K.; Meyer, H.H.; Daxenberger, A.; Lange, I.G.; Meyer, K.; Meyer, H.H. (2000). Detection of anabolic residues in misplaced implantation sites in cattle. Journal of AOAC International 83 (4): 809-19.

NAL Call Number: S583 A7

Keywords: heifers, anabolic preparations, off-label injection sites, Synovex H, Finaplix H, Implus S, Component, EC Revalor H, administration and dosage, tissue analysis, food contamination.


De Meerschman, F.; Speybroeck, N.; Berkvens, D.; Rettignera, C.; Focant, C.; Leclipteux, T.; Cassart, D.; Losson, B. (2002). Fetal infection with Neospora caninum in dairy and beef cattle in Belgium. Theriogenology 58 (5): 933-45, ISSN: 0093-691X.

NAL Call Number: QP251.A1T5

Abstract: Neospora caninum is a protozoan parasite, which causes fetal and neonatal mortality in livestock and companion animals. In 224 abortions in Belgian cattle, different diagnostic methods were used to demonstrate infection, and the presence of N. caninum. An indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was used to analyze fetal and maternal sera and immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed when lesions consistent with neosporosis were observed in the brain, heart or liver. Twenty dairy cattle sera out of 70 (29%) and13 beef cattle sera out of 93 (14%) were positive by IFAT. A positive titer to N. caninum was found in seven and three fetuses born to beef and dairy cows, respectively. Lesions consistent with N. caninum infection were observed in 17 fetuses. Of nine positive beef fetuses, five were confirmed by IHC while, all but one dairy fetus were confirmed using the same technique.Age had no influence on the serological status of the mother (P =0.486) whereas husbandry system had a borderline influence (P = 0.082). However, a strong association (P = 0.004) between the level of antibodies in the dam and the occurrence of lesions in the fetus was observed and lesions were more prominent in dairy than in beef fetuses. Additionally, the distribution of intra-cerebral lesions was more extensive in dairy than in beef fetuses (P < 0.0001). Age and serological status of the fetus were found to influence the occurrence of lesions in beef fetuses (both P <0.001) but no such significant relationships could be demonstrated in dairy fetuses. The study indicated that N. caninum must be considered as an important cause of bovine abortion in Belgium.

Keywords: pregnancy, diseases, parasitology, coccidiosis, Neospora caninum, protozoan parasite, fetal diseases, fluorescent antibody technique, heart, liver, brain, pathology, necrosis.


Driemeier, D.; Gomes, M.J.P.; Moojen, V.; et al. (1997). Clinic, pathological aspects in the natural infection of bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRVS) in extensive management of cattle in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 17 (2): 77-81, ISSN: 0100-736X.

NAL Call Number: SF756.37 B7P5

Keywords: beef cattle, disease, Bovine Respiratory Syncytial (BRSV) infection, viral infection, chronic cough, severe dyspnea, pathology, microbiology, serology, extensive management, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Dubeski, P.L.; Owens, F.N.; Song, W.O.; Coburn, S.P.; Mahuren, J.D. (1996). Effect of B vitamin injections on plasma B vitamin concentrations of feed-restricted beef calves infected with bovine herpesvirus-1. Journal of Animal Science 74 (6): 1358-1366.ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Abstract: For nonruminants, stress and disease greatly increase requirements for vitamin B6, folic acid, pantothenic acid, and ascorbate. The effects of feed restriction, virus infection, and vitamin injections on plasma concentrations of B vitamins critical to the immune response were evaluated. Twelve beef steer calves, 6 to 8 mo of age, were fed below maintenance for 17 d and deprived of food for 3 d during a 20-d period after weaning. They then were inoculated intranasally with live attenuated bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1). Six calves received saline injections and six received injections of a B vitamin mixture and ascorbate every 48 h for 14 d before and 14 d after inoculation. A mild respiratory infection developed in all calves 4 to 5 d after inoculation. In control calves, restricted intake and food deprivation decreased plasma vitamin B6 and pantothenate and increased vitamin B12 but did not affect folic acid and ascorbate concentrations. Vitamin injections increased plasma concentrations of vitamin B6, folic acid, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, and ascorbate (P < .002). Plasma concentrations of vitamin B6, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, and ascorbate, but not folic acid, were markedly reduced in all calves during the BHV-1 infection (P = .001). The vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, vitamin B12, and ascorbate status of stressed calves may affect their immune response to vaccination or infection.

Keywords: calves, beef cattle, bovine herpesvirus, experimental infections, restricted feeding, stress response, thiamin, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, folic acid, pantothenic acid, vitamin b12, pyridoxine, blood plasma, pyridoxal, 4-pyridoxic acid, pyridoxal phosphate, ascorbic acid, intramuscular injection.


Duff, G.C.; Walker, D.A.; Malcolm-Callis, K.J.; Wiseman, M.W.; Hallford, D.M. (2000). Effects of preshipping vs. arrival medication with tilmicosin phosphate and feeding chlortetracycline on health and performance of newly received beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 78 (2): 267-74.ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: beef calves, feedlot, tilmicosin phosphate, feeding chlortetracycline, health, average daily gain, daily dry matter intake, bovine respiratory disease (BRD).


Durham, P.J.K.; Paine, G.D. (1997). Serological survey for antibodies to infectious agents in beef cattle in northern South Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal 75(2): 139-140.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Au72

Keywords: serological surveys, monitoring, animal husbandry, antibodies, vaccination, pathogens, geographical distribution, detection, South Australia.


Echternkamp, S.E.; Gregory, K.E. (1999). Effects of twinning of gestation length, retained placenta, and dystocia. Journal of Animal Science 77 (1): 39-47, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: beef cows, calves, twin birth, reproductive system disease, dystocia, incidence, retained placenta, conception rate, gestation length, neonatal survival, parity, postpartum interval.


Elder, R.O.; Keen, J.E.; Siragusa, G.R.; et al. (2000). Correlation of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 prevalence in feces, hides, and carcasses of beef cattle during processing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97 (7): 2999-3003, ISSN: 0027-8424.

NAL Call Number: 500 N21P

Keywords: feeder cattle, slaughter, survey, frequency, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, strain, O157:H7, carcass contamination, sanitary procedures.


Evermann, J.F.; Ridpath, J.F. (2002). Clinical and epidemiologic observations of bovine viral diarrhea virus in the northwestern United States. Veterinary Microbiology 89 (2/3): 129-139, ISSN: 0378-1135.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V44

Abstract: Retrospective analyses of cases from which bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) was isolated from 1980 to 2000 were conducted. These cases originated from the northwestern US and included both beef and dairy cattle. The results indicated that there was a shift in diseases associated with BVDV infection and in the animal age at onset of disease. Comparative results from the 1980 data indicated a low fetal infection rate (<5%), followed by steady increases of clinical cases and peaking at 6 months (30%). By 2000, the shift of BVDV cases was noticeable and indicated a biphasic occurrence of disease. The first phase was fetal infections, which increased to >25%, followed by a second phase at 6 months (>35%). Phylogenetic analysis was conducted on selected isolates from the time period 1998-2000 (n=54). There were representative viral isolates from the two genotypes (BVDV1 and BVDV2), as well as subgenotypes, BVDV1a and BVDV1b. The types were further correlated with the clinical manifestation, which were reported as mucosal disease, persistently infected (PI)-poor doer, and abortion-open cows. The results indicated that BVDV were distributed throughout the clinical spectrum of disease, with BVDV2 representing the greatest frequency of isolation, and the greatest association with abortion-open cows. When the BVDV genotypes and subgenotypes were categorized into early (<100 days gestation) versus late (>100 days gestation) fetal infections, there was an inverse relationship noted. It was observed that BVDV1a was associated least with early infection (14%) and most with late infections (86%). BVDV1b was intermediate, followed by BVDV2, which was associated more with early infections (45%) and less with late infections (55%) when compared with BVDV1a and BVDV1b.

Keywords: epidemiology, bovine viral diarrhea virus, pathogen, cow, beef cattle, abortion.


Farrow, C.S. (1999). Bovine Medical Imaging W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia, PA, Series: The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice, 215-446 p.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V535 v. 15, no. 2

Keywords: cattle, diseases, diagnosis, veterinary radiology.


Fleischer, K.; Schmidt, G.; Rumsey, T.S.; Fritsche, S.; Steinhart, H.; Kahl, S.; Elsasser, T.H. (2003). Comparison of steroid hormone patterns in different fat tissues of Synovex-S implanted and control steers. European Food Research and Technology 216 (2): 99-103, ISSN: 1438-2377.

NAL Call Number: TX341 Z45

Keywords: Synovex-S, effects, steroid hormones, Kruskal-Wallis-H-test, exogenous steroid administration, chromatography mass spectrometry, laboratory techniques, spectrum analysis techniques.


Fritschi, L.; Johnson, K.C.; Kliewer, E.V.; Fry, R. (2002). Animal-related occupations and the risk of leukemia, myeloma, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in Canada. Cancer Causes and Control 13 (6): 563-571, ISSN: 0957-5243.

Keywords: human health, occupational hazards, occupational health, blood disorders, epidemiology, exposure, farmers, leukemia, myeloma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, disease incidence, Canada.


Frisch, J.E.; O’Neill, C.J. (1998). Comparative evaluation of beef cattle breeds of African, European and Indian origins. 2. Resistance to cattle ticks and gastrointestinal nematodes. Animal Science: An International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Research 67 (1): 39-48, ISSN: 1357-7298.

NAL Call Number: SF1.A56

Keywords: Belmont Adaptaur, Belmont BX, Belmont Red, Boran, Brahman, Charolais, Tuli, breed differences, host, cattle tick, Acarina, pest, nematode, parasite, gastrointestinal nematode infestation, parasitic disease, breed difference, crossbreeding, heterosis, live weight gain, Australia.


Galbraith, H. (2002). Hormones in international meat production: Biological, sociological and consumer issues. Nutrition Research Reviews 15 (2): 293-314, ISSN: 0954-4224.

NAL Call Number: QP141 A1N87

Keywords: beef cattle, human, consumer, cancer, neoplastic disease, DNA, carcinogens, hormonal compounds, biological functions/effects, uses, hormones, xenobiotics, consumer issues, food safety, human health risks, international meat production, hormonal aspects, mathematical models, meat product, quality, safety, sociological issues, review, European Union.


Galland, J.C.; House, J.K.; Hyatt, D.R.; Hawkins, L.L.; Anderson, N.V.; Irwin, C.K.; Smith, B.P. (2000). Prevalence of Salmonella in beef feeder steers as determined by bacterial culture and ELISA serology. Veterinary Microbiology 76 (2): 143-51.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V44

Keywords: monitoring Salmonella infection, bacteriological culture, immune response (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), haptoglobin.


Galland, J.C.; Hyatt, D.R.; Crupper, S.S.; Acheson, D.W. (2001). Prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility, and diversity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates from a longitudinal study of beef cattle feedlots. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67 (4): 1619-27.

NAL Call Number: 448.3 Ap5

Keywords: bacteria prevelance, Escherichia coli infections, antibiotic susceptibility, beef cattle feedlots, fecal pat, environmental samples, USA, Kansas.


Galyean, M.L.; Perino, L.J.; Duff, G.C. (1999). Interaction of cattle health/immunity and nutrition. Journal of Animal Science 77 (5): 1120-1134. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Abstract: The usual means of assessing the health of newly received beef cattle susceptible to bovine respiratory disease (BRD)are subjective, typically involving visual evaluation aided by minimal clinical measurements. Recent evidence based on the occurrence of pneumonic lung lesions at slaughter indicates a need for more accurate methods of diagnosing BRD. Inadequate passive immune transfer at birth may be an important risk factor in susceptibility to BRD, suggesting the need for management to improve passive transfer success rates. Preweaning management and vaccination practices offer opportunities for beef cattle producers to improve the immune status of newly weaned calves and decrease postweanmg BRD. Feeding diets with higher levels of concentrate typically improves performance by newly weaned or received cattle, as does feeding diets supplemented with protein; however, limited data suggest that increasing concentrate and protein in receiving diets increases the rate and severity of subjectively determined BRD morbidity. Research with receiving diet concentrate/protein level relative to humoral and cell-mediated immune function coupled with indicators of health and performance is needed. Supplemental B vitamins are sometimes useful in receiving diets, but the effects have been variable, presumably reflecting differences in stress and associated feed intake responses. Vitamin E added to receiving diets to supply >(or)= 400 IU/animal daily seems beneficial for increasing gain and decreasing BRD morbidity; however, further dose titration experiments are needed. Supplemental Zn, Cu, Se, and Cr can alter immune function of newly received calves, and some field trials have shown decreases in BRD morbidity rate with supplementation; however, several experiments have shown no performance or health/immune benefits from supplementation of these trace minerals. Formulation of receiving diets should take into account decreased feed intake by highly stressed, newly received beef cattle and known nutrient deficiencies, but fortification of such diets with trace minerals beyond the levels needed to compensate for these effects is difficult to justify from present data.

Keywords: immune system, health, nutritional state, interactions, energy intake, dietary protein, nutrient intake, mineral nutrition, evaluation, clinical examination, lesions, respiratory diseases, risk factors, passive immunity, vaccination, weaning, calves, concentrates, performance, protein supplements, morbidity, vitamin supplements, stress, feed intake, vitamin E, vitamin B complex, live weight gain, dosage effects, zinc, copper, selenium, chromium, feed formulation, literature reviews.


Gannon, V.P.J.; Graham, T.A.; King, R.; Michel, P.; Read, S.; Ziebell, K.; Johnson, R.P. (2002). Escherichia coli O157: H7 infection in cows and calves in a beef cattle herd in Alberta, Canada. Epidemiology and Infection 129 (1): 163-172, ISSN: 0950-2688.

NAL Call Number: RA651 A1E74

Abstract: Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection of cows and calves in a naturally-infected beef cattle herd in Alberta, Canada, was investigated over 2 years, encompassing two calf production cycles. In both years of the study, E. coli O157:H7 was isolated from the faeces of cows shortly after but not before parturition in late winter: 6/38 (16%) in 1996 and 13/50 (26%) in 1997. At <1 week post-partum, 13/52 (25%) calves born in 1997 were shedding the organism. Faecal shedding of E. coli O157:H7 by cows and calves continued over the 7 weeks that they were in the calving pens, with the organism being isolated from the faeces of 2-18% of cows and 23-26% of calves during this period. Five weeks after they were moved onto a native grass pasture, all the calves and all but one cow in 1997 had ceased shedding the organism. When the calves were weaned in the fall, E. coli O157:H7 was isolated from the faeces of 0-1.5% of the calves 1 week prior to weaning and from 6-14% of the calves within 2 weeks after weaning. Parturition, calving pens and weaning appear to be important factors in maintaining E. coli O157: H7 infections in this beef cattle herd. Isolates from cows and calves during the immediate post-partum period were mostly of the same pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) type of E. coli O157:H7. Similarly, at weaning a common PFGE type of E. coli O157:H7, which differed slightly from the post-partum PFGE type, was isolated from the calves. These typing data suggest a common source of infection for the animals as well as demonstrate clonal turnover of resident populations of this pathogen.

Keywords: Escherichia coli, pathogen, strain-O157:H7, bacterial disease.


Gansheroff, L.J.; O”Brien, A.D. (2000). Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef cattle presented for slaughter in the U.S.: Higher prevalence rates than previously estimated. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97 (7): 2959-2961, ISSN: 0027-8424.

NAL Call Number: 500 N21P

Keywords: slaughter, Escherichia coli, pathogen, strain, O157:H7, contamination, meat.


Genovez, M.E.; Oliveira, J.C., Castro, V., Gregory, L., Del Fava, C.; Ferrari, C.I.L, Pituco, E.M.; Scarcelli, E.; Cardoso, M.V., Grasso, L.M.P.S; Santos, S.M. (2001). Reproductive performance of a Nelore beef cattle with endemic leptospirosis [Desempenho reprodutivo de um rebanho Nelore de criacao extensiva com leptospirose endemica: Estudos preliminares.] Revista Brasileira de Reproducao Animal 25 (2): 244-246, ISSN: 0102-0803.

NAL Call Number: QP251 R48

Keywords: Nelore, breed, bacterial disease, health, endemic leptospirosis, reproductive performance data, calving rate, age differences, conception rates, calving interval, antibody titers, immunity, Brazil, Portuguese language.


Golla, S.C.; Murano, E.A.; Johnson, L.G.; Tipton, N.C.; Cureington, E.A.; Savell, J.W. (2002). Determination of the occurrence of Arcobacter butzleri in beef and dairy cattle from Texas by various isolation methods. Journal of Food Protection 65 (12): 1849-1853, ISSN: 0362-028X.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J824

Keywords: Arcobacter butzleri, pathogen, cattle, beef, dairy, host, feces, bacterial disease, Collins isolation method, culturing techniques, Johnson-Murano isolation method, polymerase chain reaction, Texas.


Greenough, P.R. (1996). A Study of the Economic Importance, Cause and Prevention of Sandcracks and other Acquired Claw Defects in Beef Cattle Agriculture Development Fund: Saskatchewan, Canada, 11p.

NAL Call Number: SF967.L3G73 1996

Keywords: economics, claw defects, cracks, fissures, horizontal groove, nutrition, laminitis, conformation, frame size.


Griffin, D. (1997). Economic impact associated with respiratory disease in beef cattle. The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice 13 (3): 367-77.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V535

Keywords: economic loss, production costs, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, review.


Groot, M.J. (2002). Hepatitis in growth promoter treated cows. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A 49 (9): 466-469, ISSN: 0931-184X.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Z5

Abstract: Adult female beef cattle found positive for stanozolol in the urine were investigated for liver pathology. In all the animals toxic hepatitis was found, including cholestasis, periportal fibrosis and inflammation, focal necrosis and blood filled lacunae. As no clinical data of the cows were available, apart from the history of illegal stanozolol abuse, it is not possible to attribute all changes to the illegal hormone treatment. Moreover, the cows have probably been treated with a cocktail, and apart from stanozolol more anabolic steroids may have been used. Management factors, viral and bacterial infections, former caesarean sections and especially feeding regime may also be responsible for the lesions described. Striking similarities with data from hepatotoxicity found in human body builders using similar agents, however, suggest a major role of stanozolol as causative agent.

Keywords: adult, beef cattle, cows, female, hepatitis, diagnosis, digestive system disease, drug induced, etiology, pathology, stanozolo, adverse effects, androgenic, steroid, hepatitis, hepatotoxin, illegal growth promoter, toxicity, histopathology.


Hathaway, S.C. (1997). Intensive (pasture) beef cattle operations: the perspective of New Zealand. Revue Scientifique et Technique: Office International des Epizooties 16 (2): 382-390.

NAL Call Number: SF781 R4

Keywords: beef, food safety, microbial contamination, public health, beef cattle, intensive husbandry, meat hygiene, zoonoses, disease control, meat production, cattle diseases, Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Toxoplasma gondii, New Zealand.


Henricks, D.M.; Gray, S.L.; Owenby, J.J.; Lackey, B.R. (2001). Residues from anabolic preparations after good veterinary practice. APMIS 109 (4): 273-83.

NAL Call Number: QR1 A6

Keywords: detection of estrogens in edible tissues of beef cattle, muscle, liver, kidney, fat tissues, E2beta (active isomer), radioimmunoassays, anabolic ear implants,.


Herrick, J.B. (2000). Pneumonia in beef cattle, or “scratch shipping fever.” Large Animal Practice 21 (3): 29.

NAL Call Number: SF601 B6

Keywords: feedlots, pneumonia, etiology, mixed infections, stress, antibiotics, losses.


Higdon, H.L.; Spitzer, J.C.; Johnson, S.N.; Kennedy, S.P.; Burns, G. L; Bridges, W.C. (1999). Streptozotocin, induced diabetes mellitus in beef cows. Journal of Animal Science 77 (Suppl. 1): 219, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: diabetes mellitus, endocrine disease, pancreas, metabolic disease, streptozotocin, induced disease model.


Hopkins, S.G.; DiGiacomo, R.F. (1997). Natural transmission of bovine leukemia virus in dairy and beef cattle. The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice 13 (1): 107-28.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V535

Keywords: disease, bovine leukemia virus (BLV), vertical transmission, in utero, through colostrum and milk, horizontal transmission, contact transmission, review.


Hornitzky, M.A.; Vanselow, B.A.; Walker, K.; Bettelheim, K.A.; Corney, B.; Gill, P.; Bailey, G.; Djordjevic, S.P. (2002). Virulence properties and serotypes of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli from healthy Australian cattle. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68 (12): 6439-6445, ISSN: 0099-2240.

NAL Call Number: 448.3 Ap5

Abstract: The virulence properties and serotypes of complex Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (cSTEC) were determined in two studies of healthy cattle in eastern Australia. In the first, a snapshot study, 84 cSTEC isolates were recovered from 37 of 1,692 (2.2%) fecal samples collected from slaughter-age cattle from 72 commercial properties. The second, a longitudinal study of three feedlots and five pasture beef properties, resulted in the recovery of 118 cSTEC isolates from 104 animals. Of the 70 serotypes identified, 38 had not previously been reported.

Keywords: escherichia coli, bacterial toxins, virulence, serotypes, isolation, cattle dung, drinking water, feedlots, beef cattle, dairy cattle, polymerase chain reaction, genes, free range husbandry, New South Wales, Queensland.


Huber, J.T. (1997). Probiotics in cattle. In: Probiotics 2: Applications and Practical Aspects, R. Fuller (ed.), Chapman and Hall Ltd: London, United Kingdom, pp. 162-186, ISBN: 0-412-73610-1.

NAL Call Number: QR171.16 P76 1997

Keywords: beef cattle, calves, lactobacillus, streptococcus, aspergillus, deuteromycotina, bacteria, fungi, lactation, supplements, probiotics, milk production, feed intake, milk yield, animal feeding, animal performance, animal production, behavior.


Hunsaker, B.D.; Perino, L.J. (2001). Efficacy of intradermal vaccination. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 79 (1/2): 1-13.

NAL Call Number: SF757.2 V38

Keywords: alternative vaccination routes, laboratory animals, domestic farm animals, humans, viral, bacterial, parasitic, fungal antigens, clinical protection, body weight change, antibody titers, cytokines, cellular responses, beef cattle, morbidity, mortality, average daily gain, feed efficiency,needs, quality assurance, review.


Huwyler, U.; Reeve, J.L.; Korfitsen, J.; Liesegang, A.; Wanner, M. (1999). Efficacy evaluation of the use of oral tilmicosin in pneumonic calves. Schweizer Archiv fuer Tierheilkunde 141 (4): 203-208, ISSN: 0036-7281.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 SCH9

Keywords: calves, bacterial disease, respiratory system disease, bronchopneumonia, naturally occurring, treatment, medicated milk, tilmicosin, antibacterial, drug, efficacy, dosages.


Ishizaki, H.; Nishinasuno, T.; Kariya, Y. (1999). Effects of peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocyte function and blood components in Japanese black steers [Bos taurus] administered ACTH in a cold environment. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 61 (5): 487-492, ISSN: 0916-7250.

NAL Call Number: SF604 J342

Keywords: steers, breed, Japanese black, artificial stress, adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) challenge, leukocyte counts, plasma cortisol levels, peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function, blood composition, corticotropin, cold, environmental temperature, environmental factors.


Jenkins, C.; Pearce, M.C.; Chart, H.; Cheasty, T.; Willshaw, G.A.; Gunn, G.J.; Dougan, G.; Smith, H.R.; Synge, B.A.; Frankel, G. (2002). An eight-month study of a population of verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) in a Scottish cattle herd. Journal of Applied Microbiology 93 (6): 944-953, ISSN: 1364-5072.

NAL Call Number: QR1 J687

Abstract: Strains of Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) from Scottish beef cattle on the same farm were isolated during four visits over a period of eight months. Characteristics of these strains were examined to allow comparisons with strains of VTEC associated with human infection. Methods and Results: Strains were characterized to investigate the relationship between these bovine isolates with respect to serotype, Verocytotoxin (VT) type, intimin-type, and presence or absence of the enterohaemolysin genes. VT genes were detected in 176 of 710 (25%) faecal samples tested using PCR, although only 94 (13%) VTEC strains were isolated using DNA probes on cultures. Forty-five different serotypes were detected. Commonly isolated serotypes included O128ab:H8, O26:H11 and O113:H21. VTEC O26:H11 and O113:H21 have been associated with human disease. Strains harbouring the VT2 genes were most frequently isolated during the first three visits to the farm and those with both VT1 and VT2 genes were the major type during the final visit. Of the 94 strains of non-O157 VTEC isolated, 16 (17%) had the intimin gene, nine had the gene encoding beta-intimin and seven strains had an eta/zeta-intimin gene. Forty-one (44%) of 94 strains carried enterohaemolysin genes. Conclusions: Different serotypes and certain transmissible characteristics, such as VT-type and the enterohaemolysin phenotype, appeared to be common throughout the VTEC population at different times. Significance and Impact of the Study: Detailed typing and subtyping strains of VTEC as described in this study may improve our understanding of the relationship between bovine VTEC and those found in the human population.

Keywords: Scottish beef cattle herd, Escherichia coli (Enterobacteriaceae), pathogen, toxigenic isolates, bacterial toxins, intimin, proteins, toxin genes, toxins, verocytotoxins, biological activities/effects, production, microbiology, bacterial populations, epidemiology, gene functions, human populations, analysis, phenotypes, Scotland.


Johnston, A. M.; Edwards, D. S. (1996). Welfare implications of identification of cattle by ear tags. Veterinary Record 138 (25): 612-614, ISSN: 0042-4900.

NAL Call Number: SF601 I4

Keywords: calves, cull cows, animal welfare, metals, plastics, wounds, identification, ear tags, complications, ear diseases.


Kasari, T.R.; Barling, K.; McGrann, J. M. (1999). Estimated production and economic losses from Neospora caninum infection in Texas beef herds. Bovine Practitioner 33 (2): 113-120, ISSN: 0524-1685.

NAL Call Number: SF779.5 A1B6

Keywords: computer simulation, economic loss model, Standardized Performance Analysis (SPA) records, disease, Neospora caninum infection, parasite, pregnancy percentage, calving percentage (live calves born), calf death loss between birth and weaning, weaned calf crop, pounds of calf weaned .


Keen, J.E.; Elder, R.O. (2002). Isolation of shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 from hide surfaces and the oral cavity of finished beef feedlot cattle. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 220 (6): 756-763, ISSN: 0003-1488.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3

Abstract: To determine whether viable shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 could be isolated from hide surface locations and the oral cavity of finished beef feedlot cattle. Design: Within-animal prevalence distribution survey. Animals: 139 finished cattle in 4 pens in a feedlot in Nebraska, prevalence of fecal STEC O157 shedding ranged from 20 to >90%. Procedure: Samples were collected from 7 sites from each animal: feces, oral cavity, and 5 hide surface locations (lumbar region, ventral aspect of the neck, ventral abdominal midline (ventrum), dorsal thoracic midline (back), and distal aspect of the left hind limb (hock)). Results: Viable STEC O157 were isolated from the oral cavity or 1 or more hide surfaces of 130 cattle, including 50 fecal isolation-negative cattle. Site-specific prevalence of STEC O157 was 74.8% for oral cavity samples, 73.4% for back samples, 62.6% for neck samples, 60.4% for fecal samples, 54.0% for flank samples, 51.1% for ventrum samples, and 41.0% for hock samples. Only 5 cattle tested negative for STEC O157 at all 7 sites. Multiple correspondence and cluster analyses demonstrated that bacterial culture of feces, oral cavity samples, and back samples detected most cattle with STEC O157. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: Results suggest that viable STEC O157 may be isolated from the oral cavity, multiple hide surfaces, and feces of a high percentage of fed beef cattle and that bacterial culture of feces alone generally underestimates the percentage of fed beef cattle from which STEC O157 can be isolated.

Keywords: Escherichia coli, pathogen, strain-shiga-toxigenic O157, oral cavity, food safety, public veterinary medicine. Copyright© 2003, CAB International


King, C.; Rogers, G. (1996). The evaluation of injection site reactions in beef cattle, comparing three multivalent clostridial vaccines. Bovine Practitioner 30: 88, ISSN: 0524-1685.

NAL Call Number: SF779.5 A1B6

Keywords: castrated male, female, herd health program, injection site reaction, injury, meeting abstract, meeting poster, therapeutic method, vaccination.


Kottferova, J.; Korenekova, B. (1997). Comparison of the occurrence of risk elements in bulls and dairy cows coming from the fallout region of a metallurgical plant on the territory of Slovakia. Archiv fuer Tierzucht 40 (4): 309-316, ISSN: 0003-9438.

NAL Call Number: 49 AR23

Keywords: bulls, dairy cows, pollution, risk elements, toxicology, lead, copper, cadmium, zinc, nickel, organs, liver, kidneys, muscle, heart, Europe, Slovakia.


Larson, B.L. (1996). Calculating supplementation requirements to address trace mineral deficiency. Agri-Practice 17 (2): 6-10, ISSN: 0745-452X.

NAL Call Number: SF601.B6

Keywords: trace mineral deficiency, diagnosis, methods, nutrition, treatment, liver, serum, feedstuff samples.


Lasta, J.A.; Rearte, D. (1997). Sanitary conditions for the production of beef cattle in Argentina. [Condiciones sanitarias de la produccion de carne bovina en Argentina.] Revue Scientifique et Technique 16 (2): 369-81.

NAL Call Number: SF781.R4

Keywords: meat production, economy, natural resources, traditional extensive grazing, breed and age, diet of the animals, disease incidence, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), brucellosis, tuberculosis, salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis, colibacillosis, taeniosis, chemical contaminants in meat, Spanish language, Argentina.


Lechtenberg, K.F.; Smith, R.A.; Stokka, G.L. (1998). Feedlot medicine and management. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 14 (2): 177-197.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V535 v.14 no.2

Keywords: feedlots, nutrition, health, feedlot diseases, feedlot therapeutics, handling, stress.


Lee, R.W.H.; Strommer, J.; Hodgins, D.; Shewen, P.E.; Niu, Y.; Lo, R.Y.C. (2001). Towards development of an edible vaccine against bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis using transgenic white clover expressing a Mannheimia haemolytica A1 leukotoxin 50 fusion protein. Infection and Immunity 69 (9): 5786-5793.

NAL Call Number: QR1 I57

Abstract: Development of vaccines against bovine pneumonia steurellosis, or shipping fever, has focused mainly on Mannheimia haemolytica A1 leukotoxin (Lkt). In this study, the feasibility of expressing Lkt in a forage plant for use as an edible vaccine was investigated. Derivatives of the M. haemolytica Lkt in which the hydrophobic transmembrane domains were removed were made. Lkt66 retained its immunogenicity and was capable of eliciting an antibody response in rabbits that recognized and neutralized authentic Lkt. Genes encoding a shorter Lkt derivative, Lkt50, fused to a modified green fluorescent protein (mGFP5), were constructed for plant transformation. Constructs were screened by Western immunoblot analysis for their ability to express the fusion protein after agroinfiltration in tobacco. The fusion construct pBlkt50-mgfp5, which employs the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter for transcription, was selected and introduced into white clover by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Transgenic lines of white clover were recovered, and expression of Lkt50-GFP was monitored and confirmed by laser confocal microscopy and Western immunoblot analysis. Lkt50-GFP was found to be stable in clover tissue after drying of the plant material at room temperature for 4 days. An extract containing Lkt50-GFP from white clover was able to induce an immune response in rabbits (via injection), and rabbit antisera recognized and neutralized authentic Lkt. This is the first demonstration of the expression of an M. haemolytica antigen in plants and paves the way for the development of transgenic plants expressing M. haemolytica antigens as an edible vaccine.

Keywords: bacterial toxins, gene transfer, gene expression, trifolium repens, recombinant vaccines.


Lents, C.A.; Wettemann, R.P.; Paape, M.J.; Vizcarra, J.A.; Looper, M.L.; Buchanan, D.S.; Lusby, K.S. (2002). Efficacy of intramuscular treatment of beef cows with oxytetracycline to reduce mastitis and to increase calf growth. Journal of Animal Science 80 (6): 1405-1412, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: bacteria, mastitis causing species, oxytetracycline, antibacterial drug, intramuscular treatment, calf growth, somatic cell count, weaning weight.


Lents, C.A.; Wettemann, R.P.; Vizcarra, J.A.; Looper, M.L.; Paape, M.J. (1997). Dry cow treatment of beef cows: Effects on mammary health and calf growth. Journal of Animal Science 75 (Suppl. 1): 249, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: Hereford, Hereford x Angus, breed, host, Staphylococcus, aureus (Micrococcaceae), pathogen, disease, mastitis, antibacterial drugs, novobiocin sodium, penicillin G procaine.


Lowe, L.B. (1998). Prevention of bloat in pastured cattle: Using monensin sodium controlled release capsules (CRC). Bovine Practitioner 0 (32 PART 1): 27-30, ISSN: 0524-1685.

NAL Call Number: SF779.5 A1B6

Keywords: bloat, grazing, legume pastures, prevention, monensin sodium, controlled release capsule formulation, oral administration, live weight gain, milk yield, mortality, pasture housing, protein yield.


Loyacano, A.F.; Williams, J.C.; Gurie, J.; DeRosa, A.A. (2002). Effect of gastrointestinal nematode and liver fluke infections on weight gain and reproductive performance of beef heifers. Veterinary Parasitology 107 (3): 227-234, ISSN: 0304-4017.

NAL Call Number: SF810 V4

Keywords: Fasciola hepatica (bovine liver fluke), parasites, Ostertagia ostertagi, beef cattle, calf, crossbred, heifer, host, feces, clorsulon, antiinfective drug, dosage, drench administration, doramectin, subcutaneous administration, ivermectin, subcutaneous administration, palpation, prenatal diagnostic method, body weight, pregnancy, reproductive performance, weight gain.


Marley, S.E.; Corwin, R.M.; Hutcheson, D.P. (1996). Effect of Fasciola hepatica on productivity of beef steers from pasture through feedlot. Agri Practice 17 (1): 18-23, ISSN: 0745-452X.

NAL Call Number: SF601 B6

Keywords: steers, crossbred, fluke infected steers, antihelminthic-drug, antiparasitic-drug, herd health program, ivermectin-clorsulon, performance, pharmaceuticals.


McAllister, M.M.; Gould, D.H.; Raisbeck, M.F.; Cummings, B.A.; Loneragan, G.H. (1997). Evaluation of ruminal sulfide concentrations and seasonal outbreaks of polioencephalomalacia in beef cattle in a feedlot. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 211 (10): 1275-1279, ISSN: 0003-1488.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3

Keywords: steers, olioencephalomalacia, nervous system disease, nutritional disease, epidemiologic analysis, sulfide, ruminal fluid, thiamine, blood, feedlot, season.


Meerschman, F. de; Speybroeck, N.; Berkvens, D.; Rettigner, C.; Focant, C.; Leclipteux, T.; Cassart, D.; Losson, B. (2002). Fetal infection with Neospora caninum in dairy and beef cattle in Belgium. Theriogenology 58 (5): 933-945, ISSN: 0093-691X.

NAL Call Number: QP251.A1T5

Keywords: beef cattle, dairy cattle, abortion, Neospora caninum, protozoan parasite. brain, diagnosis, fetus, fetal, neonatal mortality, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, Belgium.


Melo, C.B.; Lobato, Z.I.P.; Camargos, M.F.; Souza, G.N.; Martins, N.R.S.; Leite, R.C. (2002). Distribution of antibodies to bovine herpesvirus 1 in cattle herds. [Distribuicao de anticorpos para herpesvirus bovino 1 em rebanhos bovinos.] Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia 54 (6): 575-580, ISSN: 0102-0935.

NAL Call Number: SF604.A76

Keywords: bovine herpesvirus, frequency rates, neutralizing antibodies, age differences, husbandry, beef cattle, beef herds, dairy cattle, dairy herds, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Moyo, D.Z.; Bwangamoi, O.; Hendrikx, W.M.; Eysker, M. (1996). The epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematode infections in communal cattle and commercial beef cattle on the highveld of Zimbabwe. Veterinary Parasitology 67 (1/2): 105-20.

NAL Call Number: SF810.V4

Keywords: epidemiological study, gastrointestinal nematode infections, irrigated pastures, fecal egg counts, seasonal variation, worm burdens sat time of necropsy, Cooperia pectinata, C. punctata, Haemonchus placei, Trichostrongylus axei, Oesophagostomum radiatum.


Nagaraja, T.G.; Chengappa, M.M. (1998). Liver abscesses in feedlot cattle: a review. Journal of Animal Science 76 (1): 287-98. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: health, slaughter, grain feeding,, diet, management factors, economic loss, reduced feed intake, reduced weight gain, decreased feed efficiency, decreased carcass yield, Fusobacterium necrophorum, ruminal anaerobic bacterial flora, Actinomyces pyogenes, etiologic agent, treatment, antimicrobial compounds, bacitracin methylene disalicylate, chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, tylosin, virginiamycin.


Nagels, J.W.; Davies-Colley, R.J.; Donnison, A.M.; Muirhead, R.W. (2002). Faecal contamination over flood events in a pastoral agricultural stream in New Zealand. Water Science and Technology 45 (12): 45-52, ISSN: 0273-1223.

NAL Call Number: TD420 A1P7

Abstract: Faecal bacterial dynamics during flood events were studied in the Topehaehae Stream near Morrinsville, New Zealand, in a catchment used for grazing dairy and beef cattle. During the rising limb of a natural flood event, E. coli bacterial concentration rose by more than 2 orders of magnitude and peaked at 41,000 cfu/100 mL. E. coli correlated closely with turbidity over the flood event, and both variables peaked close to the time of maximum flow acceleration rather than peak flow. An artificial flood on the same stream, created by releasing water from a supply reservoir during fine weather with no wash-in from the catchment, produced a broadly similar pattern of faecal contamination (peak E. coli=12,500 cfu/100 mL). This and other evidence suggests that direct deposition of faecal matter by cattle in the stream channel may be of similar or greater importance than wash-in from land. The flood experiments have been useful for constructing a model of faecal bacterial yields, and they imply that exclusion of livestock from stream channels may appreciably improve water quality.

Keywords: pollution control, Escherichia coli, bioindicator, stream concentration, environmental management, artificial flood, direct faecal matter deposition, flood events, maximum flow acceleration, peak flow, stream channels, livestock exclusion, supply reservoir water release, turbidity, water quality.


National Animal Health Monitoring System (U.S.) (1998). Changes in the U.S. beef cow-calf industry, 1993-1997 Part IV / National Animal Health Monitoring System U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services: Fort Collins, CO, 48 p.

NAL Call Number: aSF207 C43 1998

Keywords: husbandry, genetics, production, United States.


Nikolic, J.A.; Samanc, H.; Begovic, J.; Krsmanovic, J.; Aleksic, S.; Miscevic, B.; Huszenicza, G.; Damjanovic, Z. (1998). Basal serum cortisol concentrations in cattle. Acta Veterinaria (Beograd) 48 (5/6): 265-276, ISSN: 0567-8315.

Keywords: calves, cows, bulls, age differences, hydrocortisone, blood serum, blood chemistry, radioimmunoassay stress, normal values.


Nocek, J.E. (1997). Bovine acidosis: implications on laminitis. Journal of Dairy Science 80 (5): 1005-1028.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Abstract: Bovine lactic acidosis syndrome is associated with large increases of lactic acid in the rumen, which result from diets that are high in ruminally available carbohydrates, or forage that is low in effective fiber, or both. The syndrome involves two separate anatomical areas, the gastrointestinal tract and body fluids, and is related to the rate and extent of lactic acid production, utilization, and absorption. Clinical manifestations range from loss of appetite to death. Lactic acid accumulates in the rumen when the bacteria that synthesize lactic acid outnumber those that utilize lactic acid. The systemic impact of acidosis may have several physiological implications, including laminitis, a diffuse aseptic inflammation of the laminae (corium). Although a nutritional basis for the disease exists, etiology includes a multitude of interactive factors, such as metabolic and digestive disorders, postpartum stress, and localized trauma, which lead to the release of vasoactive substances that trigger mechanisms that cause degenerative changes in the foot. The severity of laminitis is related to the frequency, intensity, and duration of systemic acidotic insults on the mechanisms responsible for the release of vasoactive substance. The critical link between acidosis and laminitis appears to be associated with a persistent hypoperfusion, which results in ischemia in the digit. Management of acidosis is critical in preventing laminitis. High producing dairy herds attempting to maximize energy intake are continually confronted with subclinical acidosis and laminitis. Management of feeding and husbandry practices can be implemented to reduce incidence of disease.

Keywords: dairy cows, laminitis, lactic acidosis, etiology, ischemia, rumen motility, ph, rumen microorganisms, rumen mucosa, feed intake, beef cattle, diagnosis, risk factors, lesions, hemodynamics, soles, digits, incidence, feed formulation, age differences, dietary carbohydrate, literature reviews.


Oliveira, G.P. de; Freitas, A.R. de (1997). Behaviour of Haematobia irritans on farms with different cattle management. [Comportamento da Haematobia irritans em fazendas com diferentes manejos de bovinos.] Ciencia Rural 27 (2): 279-284, ISSN: 0103-8478.

NAL Call Number: S192.R4

Keywords: crossbred beef cattle, horn flies, chemical control, insecticides, acaricides, farms, population ecology, seasonal abundance, ectoparasites, trichlorfon, fenthion, organophosphorus insecticides, levamisole, anthelmintics, pyrethroids, amitraz, formamidine acaricides, pyrethroid acaricides, nontarget effects, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Ondrasovic, M.; Ondrasovicova, O.; Para, L.; Vargova, M.; Krajnak, M. (1998). Hygienic problems in cattle husbandry from the point of view of welfare. [Hygienicka problematika chovu hovadzieho dobytka z pohladu welfare.] In: Animal Protection and Welfare 98. Proceedings of the Conference Held on the Occasion of the 80th Foundation Anniversary of the Veterinary and Pharmaceutical University in Brno (Czech Republic) Veterinarni a Farmaceuticka Univ.: Brno, Czech Republic, pp. 110-113, ISBN: 80-85114-42-9.

Keywords: hygiene, animal welfare, behavior, health, animal performance.


Panicke, L.; Matthes, H.D. (1996). Postnatal development of cows calves and bulls calves. [Postnatale Entwicklung weiblicher and mannlicher Jungrinder.] Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej we Wroclawiu. Konferencje 291: 91-99, ISSN: 1232-3071.

Keywords: calves, heifers, bulls, perinatal period, growth period, growth rate, weight, animal developmental stages, biological development, Poland, German language.


Panter, K.E., Mayland, H.F.; Gardner, D.R.; Shewmaker, G. (2001). Beef cattle losses after grazing Lupinus argenteus (silvery lupine). Veterinary and Human Toxicology 43 (5): 279-282, ISSN: 0145-6296.

NAL Call Number: SF601 A47

Keywords: yearling steers, plant poisoning, death from eating seed pod stage Lupinus argenteus (silvery lupine), high levels of piperidine alkaloids, ammodendrine-methylammodendrine, reduced availability of quality feed.


Paputungan, U.; Makarechian, M. (2000). The influence of dam weight, body condition and udder scores on calf birth weight and preweaning growth rates in beef cattle. Asian, Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 13 (4): 435-439, ISSN: 1011-2367.

NAL Call Number: SF55 A78A7

Keywords: beef cows, weight, age, body condition at calving, udder scores, calf production, parturition, preweaning growth rate, weaning weights.


Petersen, J.J.; Currey, D.M. (1996). Timing of releases of gregarious Muscidifurax raptorellus (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to control flies associated with confined beef cattle. Journal of Agricultural Entomology  13 (1): 55-63, ISSN: 0735-939X.

NAL Call Number: SB599 J69

Keywords: pests, house fly (Musca domestica), biological control, Muscidifurax raptorellus, cattle housing, release techniques, biological control agents, evaluation.


Plasse, D.; Fossi, H.; Hoogesteijn, R. (1998). Mortality in Venezuelan beef cattle. World Animal Review (Multilingual Edition) 90 (1): 28-38, ISSN: 1014-6954.

NAL Call Number: SF191 W62

Keywords: breed, Criollo, Elite Brahman, Elite Guzerat, Elite Nellore, Guzerat, Registered Nellore, Bos, taurus x Bos, indicus, mortality, postweaning loss, preweaning loss, Venezuela, South America.


Polack, B.; Schwartz, I.; Berthelemy, M.; Belloc, C.; Manet, G.; Vuillaume, A.; Baron, T.; Gonda, M.A.; Levy, D. (1996). Serologic evidence for bovine immunodeficiency virus infection in France. Veterinary Microbiology 48 (1/2): 165-173, ISSN: 0378-1135.

NAL Call Number: SF601 V44

Keywords: serologic detection, bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV), seroprevalence, virulence, France.


Purdy, C.W.; Loan, R.W.; Straus, D.C.; Briggs, R.E.; Frank, G.H. (2000). Conglutinin and immunoconglutinin titers in stressed calves in a feedlot. American Journal of Veterinary Research 61 (11): 1403- 1409, ISSN: 0002-9645.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3A

Keywords: beef breed, calves, stress, feedlots, respiratory tract disease, conglutinin titers, housing, pens.


Quintanilla-Gozalo A.; Pereira-Bueno, J.; Tabares, E.; Innes, E.A.; Gonzalez-Paniello, R.; Ortega-Mora, L.M. (1999). Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infection in dairy and beef cattle in Spain. International Journal for Parasitology 29 (8): 1201-8.

NAL Call Number: QH547 I55

Keywords: neosporosis, abortion in cattle, beef and dairy cattle production, random herd samples, antibody detection, herd size, Spain.


Ramirez, V.R.; Misztal, I.; Bertrand, J.K. (1999). Comparison of threshold and linear models for calving difficulty in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 77 (Suppl. 1): 144, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: breeding value, linear model, mathematical model, reproductive performance, calving difficulty, threshold model, mathematical model.


Reid, C.A.; Avery, S.M.; Warriss, P.; Buncic, S. (2002). The effect of feed withdrawal on Escherichia coli shedding in beef cattle. Food Control 13 (6/7): 393-398, ISSN: 0956-7135.

NAL Call Number: TP372.7 F66

Abstract: Ten beef cattle feeding on silage were orally administered a marker organism (nalidixic acid resistant Escherichia coli K12) daily over six days. Subsequently, the administration of the marker organism was stopped, and the animals were divided into two groups (five animals each). The feed was removed from one group (i.e. fasted group) for 48 h, while the feeding of the control group was continued during that period, until both groups were subsequently slaughtered. During this pre-slaughter period, faecal shedding of total E. coli and E. coli K12, as well as of background flora (total aerobes, total anaerobes, and lactobacilli), was monitored in faecal material obtained by rectal swabs from each animal. After both 24 and 48 h of fasting, the levels of total E. coli shed significantly increased (P < 0.01) in the fasted group compared with the control group, total anaerobes shed also increased (after 48 h fasting, P < 0.05), while shedding of total aerobes and total lactobacilli did not change significantly. After slaughter of animals, the pH values and the levels of bacterial groups mentioned above were examined in contents of different sections of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (rumen, abomasum, caecum, small intestine, colon). The pH values were significantly increased in rumen and decreased in abomasum (P < 0.05) of the fasted animals compared with controls, but did not differ significantly in other GI sections. Significant decreases of total E. coli population (P < 0.05) in abomasums and lactobacilli (P < 0.01) in small intestines were observed in fasted animals, while other bacterial groups in other GI sections did not change significantly compared with controls. The marker organism E. coli K12 was not sufficiently competitive within the bovine GI tracts as it was pre-slaughter shed by, and post-slaughter isolated from, only a minority of animals regardless of the group. Overall, the results indicate that key fasting-induced changes of enteric E. coli populations, and influencing its faecal shedding, could have occurred within the relatively short caudal colon-rectumanus region of the bovine GI tract.

Keywords: Escherichia coli, shedding, strain-K12, aerobe, anaerobe, lactobacilli, feed withdrawal. Copyright© 2003, CAB International


Rivera, J.D.; Duff, G.C.; Galyean, M.L.; Stalker, L.A.; Reed, M.M.; Mitchell, B.R. (2002). Effects of vitamin E supplementation on feed intake and febrile responses of beef cattle challenged with infectious bovine respiratory virus. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Suppl. 1): 48, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: crossbred, host, infectious bovine respiratory virus, pathogen, fever, vitamin E, dietary supplement, average daily gain, dry matter intake, feed intake, rectal temperature, New Mexico, USA.


Rivera, J.D.; Duff, G.C.; Galyean, M.L.; Walker, D.A.; Nunnery, G.A. (2002). Effects of supplemental vitamin E on performance, health, and humoral immune response of beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 80 (4): 933-941, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: immunoglobulin G, serum titers, health, humoral immune response, performance, vitamin E, food supplement, supplemental effects.


Roeber, D.L.; Cannell, R.C.; Wailes, W.R.; Belk, K.E.; Scanga, J.A.; Sofos, J.N.; Cowman, G.L.; Smith, G.C.; et al (2002). Frequencies of injection-site lesions in muscles from rounds of dairy and beef cow carcasses. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (3): 532-6, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: injection site lesions, muscle lesions, beef rounds, dairy rounds, educational programs, veterinary procedures, quality control.


Rogers, G.M.; King, C.M. (1996). The comparison of injection site reactions caused by two commercial multivalent clostridial vaccines. Agri Practice 17 (2): 28-33, ISSN: 0745-452X.

NAL Call Number: SF601 B6

Keywords: disease prevention methods, efficacy, subcutaneous injection, injection site reactions, usage, injection procedure, body weight, vaccine injection.


Rossi, C.A. S.; Dell”Orto, V.; Baldi, A.; Morini, M. (1997). Weight, breed, and type of disease affecting the recovery of unwell beef cattle after transportation. [Peso, razza e tipo di patologia influenzano il recupero sanitario dei bovini da carne problema.] Atti della Societa Italiana di Buiatria 29: 191-198.

Keywords: stress, body weight, breeds, transport of animals, cattle diseases, Italian language.


Rumsey, T.S.; Kahl, S.; Elsasser, T.H. (1999). Field method for monitoring blood glucose in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 77 (8): 2194-2200, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: glucose, blood levels, blood sugar monitoring, field method, monitoring method, Accu, Chek Easy (ACE), human self, monitoring system, use for cattle.


Ruoho, O. (1996). Elimination of Salmonella infection in a beef herd in a loose housing system. [Salmonellasaneeraus lihanautojen kylmakasvattamossa.] Suomen Elainlaakarilehti 102 (12): 713-718, ISSN: 0039-5501.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 F49

Keywords: beef cattle housing, cattle diseases, bacterial diseases, disease control, disease transmission, disinfection, zoonoses, Salmonella, Finnish language, Finland


Russell, J.B.; Mantovani, H.C. (2002). The bacteriocins of ruminal bacteria and their potential as an alternative to antibiotics. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology 4 (4): 347-355, ISSN: 1464-1801.

NAL Call Number: QR74 J68

Abstract: Beef cattle have been fed ionophores and other antibiotics for more than 20 years to decrease ruminal fermentation losses (e.g methane and ammonia) and increase feed efficiency, and these improvements have been explained by an inhibition of Gram-positive ruminal bacteria. Ionophores are not used to treat human disease, but there has been an increased perception that antibiotics should not be used as feed additives. Some bacteria produce small peptides (bacteriocins) that inhibit Gram-positive bacteria. In vitro experiments indicated that the bacteriocin, nisin, and the ionophore, monensin, had similar effects on ruminal fermentation. However, preliminary results indicated that mixed ruminal bacteria degraded nisin, and the ruminal bacterium, Streptococcus bovis, became highly nisin-resistant. A variety of ruminal bacteria produce bacteriocins, and bacteriocin production has, in some cases, been correlated with changes in ruminal ecology. Some ruminal bacteriocins are as potent as nisin in vitro, and resistance can be circumvented. Based on these results, ruminal bacteriocins may provide an alternative to antibiotics in cattle rations.

Keywords: Streptococcus bovis, pathogen, bacteria, bacteriocins, antibacterial, nisin, review. Copyright© 2003, CAB International


Sanderson, M.W.; Dargatz, D.A. (2000). Risk factors for high herd level calf morbidity risk from birth to weaning in beef herds in the USA. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 44 (1/2): 97-106.

NAL Call Number: SF601 P7

Keywords: beef herds, calves, beef cattle, morbidity, risk factors, risk assessment, dystocia, animal housing, geographical variation, calving season, weaning, calving.


Sanderson, M.W.; Dargatz, D.A.; Garry, F.B. (2000). Biosecurity practices of beef cow, calf producers. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 217 (2): 185-189, ISSN: 0003-1488.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3

Keywords: cross sectional survey of producers, personal interviews, management practices, data collected, vaccine use, brucellosis testing of imported cattle, Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, bovine viral diarrhea, tuberculosis, feed contamination, quarantine procedures, veterinarians role in biosecurity education.


Sanderson, M.W.; Gay, J.M.; Baszler, T.V. (2000). Neospora caninum seroprevalence and associated risk factors in beef cattle in the northwestern United States. Veterinary Parasitology 90 (1/2): 15-24, ISSN: 0304-4017.

NAL Call Number: SF810 V4

Keywords: Neospora caninum, protozoa, epidemiology, serological surveys, seroprevalence, risk factors, cows, calves, questionnaires, pregnancy, animal husbandry, grazing, feeding, age, ELISA, stocking density, winter, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.


Sargison, N.D.; Hutner, J.E.B.; West, D.M.; Gwozdz, M.J. (1996). Observations on the efficacy of mass treatment by subconjunctival penicillin injection for the control of an outbreak of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 44 (4): 142-144, ISSN: 0048-0169.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 N483

Keywords: calves, efficacy, treatment, injection, drug therapy, lesions, cornea, eye diseases, keratoconjunctivitis, penicillins, bacterial diseases, New Zealand.


Sasaki, H.; Ichikawa, H.; Iwaki, K.; Tsubaki, Y.; et al. (1998). Fenpropathrin pour, on investigation for efficacy in tick control on grazing cattle. Journal of Rakuno Gakuen University Natural Science 22 (2): 221-224.

NAL Call Number: 44.9 R13

Keywords: cows, Fenpropathrin, acaricide, tick control, treatment, pour on medication.


Schettino R, Daniel; Di Santo C, Monica; Gogorza A, Lidia; Arroyo M,Guillermo; Torres T, Juan; Moran, P. (1996). Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis epidemiological behavior in beef cattle and a dairy cattle. Tandil, Buenos Aires, Argentina [Comportamiento epidemiologico de la rinotraqueitis infecciosa bovina en un rodeo de cria y otro de tambo. Tandil, Buenos Aires, Argentina.] Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias 11 (1): 30-36, ISSN: 0716-260X.

NAL Call Number: SF643 A92

Keywords: rhinotracheitis, bovine herpesvirus, epidemiology, organic diseases, respiratory diseases, Argentina, Spanish language.


Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K.S.; Stookey, J.M.; Crowe, T.G.; Genswein, B.M.A. (1998). Comparison of image analysis, exertion force, and behavior measurements for use in the assessment of beef cattle responses to hot-iron and freeze branding. Journal of Animal Science 76 (4): 972-979. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Abstract: Thirty-three steers (328 +/- 2 kg) from a total of 300 animals were randomly selected for a comparison of techniques designed to quantify the behavioral response to painful procedures. The steers were randomly assigned to freeze-branding, (F), hot-iron branding (H), and sham branding (S) treatments. The responses of all steers were videotaped to quantify the amount and intensity of head movements during branding. In addition, the force that steers exerted on the headgate and squeeze chute during branding was recorded using strain gauges and load cells. Behaviors believed to be indicative of pain (tail-flicking, kicking, falling, and vocalizing) were also recorded during branding. These techniques were compared for their effectiveness in measuring behavioral responses of steers during branding. Hot-iron-branded steers had greater maximum and average head movement distances and velocities than F or S steers (P < .05), and F steers only had greater maximum values than S animals (P < .05). The maximum exertion forces obtained from headgate load cells were also greater in H than in For S steers (P < .05); however, no differences were observed between H and F treatments for squeeze load cell or headgate strain gauge data. Hot-iron-branded steers had the greatest incidence of tail-flicks, kicks, falls in the chute, and vocalizations, and S steers had the least. Results indicate that H steers experienced more discomfort at the time of branding than F and S steers, whereas F steers experienced more discomfort than shams. Image analysis was a superior technique for detecting treatment differences compared with exertion force measurements and frequency counts of tail-flicks, kicks, falls, and vocalization during branding.

Keywords: steers, branding, pain, responses,image processing, video recordings, forces, strain gauges, transducers, animal behavior, animal welfare.


Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K.S.; Stookey, J.M.; De Passille, A.M.; Rushen, J. (1997). Comparison of hot-iron and freeze branding on cortisol levels and pain sensitivity in beef cattle. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77 (3): 369-374. ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Abstract: Thirty yearling (450-500 kg) heifers of mixed breeds (Hereford, Charolais, Angus and Shorthorn) were habituated to handling over a 14 +/- 2 d period before branding and were fitted non-surgically with jugular catheters 1 d before branding. On the day of branding, heifers were assigned to hot-iron brand (H), freeze brand (F), or control (C) treatments according to a predetermined randomized branding order (n = 10 per treatment). Blood samples were obtained at 20 and 0 min before and 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140, 160 and 180 min after application of branding treatments. To detect stress-induced analgesia, each animal”s sensitivity to pain was assessed by measuring the time it took them to respond to a thermal energy source (laser) applied to their hind legs. Foot-lift latencies were obtained 0, 10, 20, 60 and 120 min after the treatments were imposed. Sensitivity to touch also was assessed 1 and 7 d after branding by placing pressure on the brand site and measuring the amount of movement by the animals. Both H and F heifers had higher mean plasma cortisol concentrations than C animals 20 and 40 min after branding (P < 0.05). However, hot branding was found to cause a more pronounced cortisol response than freeze branding at 40 min (P < 0.05). No treatment differences in foot-lift latencies or sensitivity to touch were observed. Both branding methods cause discomfort in cattle; however, hot branding appears to cause a greater acute response than freeze branding.

Keywords: beef cattle, heifers, branding, hydrocortisone, pain, legs, pressure, movement, susceptibility, chemical composition, heat tolerance.


Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K.S.; Stookey, J.M. (1997). The use of infrared thermography to assess inflammation associated with hot-iron and freeze branding in cattle. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77 (4): 577-583. ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Abstract: Infrared thermography was used to compare differences in extent and duration of inflammation observed on hot-iron and freeze brand sites as an indicator of tissue damage and the associated discomfort to the animals. Thirty beef heifers of mixed breed were assigned to either hot-iron (H) or freeze (F) branding treatments according to a predetermined randomized branding order. Ten animals were branded each day over a 3-d period. On the day prior to branding, animals were clipped to expose two patches of skin; one to be used for the branding treatment and the other for a control. Thermographic images of control and treatment sites were made at 0.08 h (5 min) prior to branding, immediately after the brand was completed (0 h), as well as 0.08, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144 and 168 h after branding. Control site temperatures were subtracted from treatment site temperatures for each individual animal. Both F and H brand sites were consistently warmer (1.9 +/- 0.3 and 1.6 +/- 0.3 degrees C, respectively) than corresponding control sites between 2 and 168 h after branding. Treatment differences were obtained at 0, 0.08, 2, 8, and 144 h after branding (P < 0.001, 0.05, 0.005, 0.001, and 0.01, respectively). Freeze brand sites were warmer at 2 and 8 h after branding while H sites were warmer at 144 h after branding. The thermographic evaluation of hot-iron and freeze brand sites indicated that both methods caused tissue damage. However, H brand sites remained significantly warmer than F sites at 168 h after branding. In addition, H sites were significantly warmer than control sites while F sites were not warmer than control sites at 168 h. The prolonged inflammatory response observed in H animals indicates that more tissue damage and perhaps more discomfort are associated with H branding.

Keywords: heifers, beef cattle, branding, pain, thermography, skin temperature, heat, inflammation, evaluation, animal welfare, animal tissues, damage, Saskatchewan.


Scott, P. R. (1997). Epidemiology and treatment of bovine respiratory disease in beef cattle. Cattle Practice 5 (4): 283-288, ISSN: 0969-1251.

NAL Call Number: SF961 C37

Keywords: field study of beef farms, respiratory diseases, antibiotics, drug therapy, marbofloxacin, parainfluenza 3 virus, bovine respiratory syncytial virus, Scotland.


Sgoifo Rossi, C.A., Dell’Orto, V.; Ripamonti, G.; Galmozzi, G. (1998). Sex - breed and weight affect the receiving period of newly arrived beef cattle (Lombardy). [Sesso - razza e peso influenzano l”adattamento dei bovini da carne di ristallo (Lombardia).] Atti della Societa’ Italiana di Buiatria 30: 159-165.

Keywords: sex, breeds, weight, adaptation, intensive husbandry, morbidity, movement disorders, functional disorders, disease surveys, statistical methods, epidemiology, farming systems, intensive farming, Italian language, Italy.


Smith, R.A. (1998). Impact of disease on feedlot performance: a review. Journal of Animal Science 76 (1): 272-274. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Abstract: Morbidity and mortality of feedlot cattle have a variety of causes. Compared to respiratory disease, metabolic and digestive disorders generally are less prevalent and occur later in the feeding period. In addition to the obvious costs related to animal death and medication, subsequent performance of sick cattle often is depressed substantially. Closer coordination between veterinarians, nutritionists, and feedlot managers should help reduce the incidence of morbidity and mortality of feedlot cattle.

Keywords: feedlots, dry lot feeding, acidosis, bloat, polioencephalomalacia, feed intake, rumen metabolism, diagnosis, restricted feeding, social behavior, morbidity, mortality, performance, metabolic disorders, digestive disorders, respiratory diseases.


Smith, R.A.; Griffin, D.D.; Dargatz, D.A. (1997). The risks and prevention of contamination of beef feedlot cattle: the perspective of the United States of America. Revue Scientifique et Technique: Office International des Epizooties 16 (2): 359-368.

NAL Call Number: SF781.R4

Keywords: beef cattle, feedlots, public health, residues, disease control, contamination, beef, food hygiene, food safety, food poisoning, foodborne diseases, animal husbandry, meat hygiene, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, USA.


Soares, C.O.; Souza, J.C.P.; Madruga, C.R.; Madureira, R.C.; Massard, C.L.; Fonseca, A.H. (2000). Seroprevalence of Babesia bovis in cattle in the “Norte Fluminense” mesoregion. Esquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 20 (2): 75-79, ISSN: 0100-736X.

NAL Call Number: SF756.37.B7P5

Keywords: sex, female, male, breed, dairy cattle, beef cattle, location, differences in seroprevalence, Babesia bovis, Enzyme, Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), Portuguese language, Brazil.


Speer, N.C.; Young, C.; Roeber, D. (2001). The importance of preventing Bovine Respiratory Disease: A beef industry review. Bovine Practitioner 35 (2): 189-196, ISSN: 0524-1685.

NAL Call Number: SF779.5 A1B6

Keywords: value integration, vertical cooperation, preconditioning programs, decrease morbidity, increase BRD resistance, reduce stress, prior to and after shipment, cost of disease prevention programs, maximize net returns, review.


Spire, M.F.; Drouillard, J.S.; Galland, J.C.; Sargeant, J.M. (1999). Use of infrared thermography to detect inflammation caused by contaminated growth promotant ear implants in cattle. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 215 (9): 1320-1324.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3

Keywords: beef cattle, ears, trenbolone, estradiol, implantation, contamination, thermography, skin temperature, abscesses.


Spradbery, J.P.; Tozer, R.S. (1996). The efficacy of diazinon impregnated ear tags against buffalo fly and resulting weight gains and diazinon residues in meat and milk. Australian Veterinary Journal 73 (1): 6-10, ISSN: 0005-0423.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Au72

Keywords: body weight, buffalo fly control (Haematobia irritans exigua) butterfat, lactation, organophosphorus insecticide, Diazinon, treatment.


Strachan, N.J.C.; Dunn, G.M.; Ogden, I.D. (2002). Quantitative risk assessment of human infection from Escherichia coli O157 associated with recreational use of animal pasture. International Journal of Food Microbiology 75 (1/2): 39-51, ISSN: 0168-1605.

NAL Call Number: QR115 I57

Keywords: Escherichia coli O157, pathogen, cattle, human, host, Monte Carlo simulations, mathematical method, animal pastures, recreational use health hazards, bacterial shedding, quantitative microbial risk assessments, methodologies, survey results.


Szucs, E.; Mezes, M.; Acs, I.; Barandi, Z.; Tran, A.T.; Abraham, M. (1996). Relation of stress susceptibility to meat quality in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 74 (Suppl. 1): 167, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: ACTH, beef performance, biobusiness, cholesterol, drip loss, foods, free fatty acid, glucose, meat quality, meeting abstract, stress susceptibility.


Taylor, L.F. (1998). Outbreak of fibrinous pneumonia in recently weaned beef calves in southern Queensland. Australian Veterinary Journal 76 (1): 21-24, ISSN: 0005-0423.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Au72

Keywords: beef calves, Hereford, Herford crosses, breed, respiratory diseases, fibrinous pneumonia, diagnosis, outbreaks, morbidity, treatment, drug therapy, mortality, oxytetracycline, bacterial diseases,, Pasteurella haemolytica, Queensland, Australia, New South Wales.


Taylor, L.F.; Booker, C.W.; Jim, G.K.; Guichon, P.T. (1997). Sickness, mortality and the buller steer syndrome in a western Canadian feedlot. Australian Veterinary Journal 75 (10) 732-736, ISSN: 0005-0423,

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Au72

Abstract: Medical records of 78 445 male cattle that entered a 24 000-head feedlot in Alberta, Canada, between August 1991 and November 1993 were reviewed. The prevalence of dominance behaviour increased with increasing age of cattle on arrival at the feedlot. Sickness and mortality decreased with increasing age on arrival but increased in cattle exposed to aggressive bulls. Sickness and dominance behaviour mostly occurred within the first 30 days of the feeding period. Pens of cattle with a high prevalence of bullers did not have a correspondingly high prevalence of sickness or mortality. It is suggested that dominance behaviour is correlated with sickness in feedlot steers.

Keywords: age, buller-steer-syndrome, dominance, behavior, feedlot, mortality, sickness, Western Canada. Copyright© 2003, CAB International


Thomas, G.D.; Skoda, S.R.; Berkebile, D.R.; Campbell, J.B. (1996). Scheduled sanitation to reduce stable fly (Diptera: Muscidae) populations in beef cattle feedlots. Journal of Economic Entomology 89 (2): 411-414, ISSN: 0022-0493.

NAL Call Number: 421 J822

Keywords: beef cattle feedlot, biobusiness, economic entomology, stable flies, miscellaneous method, pest, pest assessment control, management, pest control, sanitation.


Thompson, K.W.; Smalling, J.D.; Saxton, A.M.; Schrick, F.N. (1997). Predictors of dystocia in replacement beef heifers. Journal of Animal Science 75 (Suppl. 1): 235, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: heifers, Angus, Polled Hereford, dystocia, pelvimetry, calf birth weight, disease predictor, pelvic area, disease predictors, weaning hip height, weaning weight, yearling hip height, yearling weight.


Toombs, R.E.; Grotelueschen, D.M.; Glock R.D.; Salman, M.D.; King, M.E.; Odde, K.G. (1998). Postnatal calf losses in beef herds: Causes and epidemiological characteristics. Large Animal Practice 19 (4): 16, 18, 20, 22, 23, ISSN: 1092-7603.

NAL Call Number: SF601 B6

Keywords : beef herds, management practices, morbidity, mortality, postnatal calf loss, neonatal disease preventative health measures.


Valcour, J.E.; Michel, P.; McEwen, S.A.; Wilson, J.B. (2002). Associations between indicators of livestock farming intensity and incidence of human Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases 8 (3): 252-257, ISSN: 1080-6040.

NAL Call Number: RA648.5 E46

Keywords: Escherichia coli, pathogen, human, shiga-toxin, toxin, liquid spreader, field equipment, livestock density indicators, analytical method, solid spreader, field equipment, livestock farming intensity.


Van Rooyen, C. (1998). Adaptability of cattle. [Aanpasbaarheid sorg vir meer geld.] Landbouweekblad 1055: 11, 13, 15.

Keywords: adaptability, metastigmata, hides and skins, thermal stress, pest resistance, resistance to injurious factors, Afrikaans language, South Africa.


Varona, L.; Misztal, I.; Bertrand, J.K. (1999). Threshold, linear versus linear, linear analysis of birth weight and calving ease using an animal model: II. Comparison of models. Journal of Animal Science 77 (8): 2003-2007, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: dystocia, reproductive system linear analysis, mathematical method, threshold, linear analysis, mathematical method, breeding, birth weight, calving difficulty, reproductive capacity, variance component estimation, Bayesian analysis.


Wagner, B.A.; Dargatz, D.A.; Salman, M.D.; Morley, P.S.; Wittum, T.E.; Keefe, T.J. (2002). Comparison of sampling techniques for measuring the antimicrobial susceptibility of enteric Escherichia coli recovered from feedlot cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research 63 (12): 1662-1670, ISSN: 0002-9645.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3A

Abstract: To evaluate the effectiveness of various sampling techniques for determining antimicrobial resistance patterns in Escherichia coli isolated from feces of feedlot cattle. Sample Population: Fecal samples obtained from 328 beef steers and 6 feedlot pens in which the cattle resided. Procedure: Single fecal samples were collected from the rectum of each steer and from floors of pens in which the cattle resided. Fecal material from each single sample was combined into pools containing 5 and 10 samples. Five isolates of Escherichia coli from each single sample and each pooled sample were tested for susceptibility to 17 antimicrobials. Results: Patterns of antimicrobial resistance for fecal samples obtained from the rectum of cattle did not differ from fecal samples obtained from pen floors. Resistance patterns from pooled samples differed from patterns observed for single fecal samples. Little pen-to-pen variation in resistance prevalence was observed. Clustering of resistance phenotypes within samples was detected. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: Studies of antimicrobial resistance in feedlot cattle can rely on fecal samples obtained from pen floors, thus avoiding the cost and effort of obtaining fecal samples from the rectum of cattle. Pooled fecal samples yielded resistance patterns that were consistent with those of single fecal samples when the prevalence of resistance to an antimicrobial was >2%. Pooling may be a practical alternative when investigating patterns of resistance that are not rare. Apparent clustering of resistance phenotypes within samples argues for examining fewer isolates per fecal sample and more fecal samples per pen.

Keywords: Escherichia coli (Enterobacteriaceae), pathogen, beef cattle, feces, bacterial disease, amikacin, antibacterial, drug resistance, antiinfective drug, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, ampicillin, apramycin, cefoxitin, ceftiofur, ceftriaxone, cephalothin, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, kanamycin, nalidixic acid, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, fecal sampling, clinical techniques, diagnostic techniques, antimicrobial susceptibility, feedlot, housing.


Waldner, C. (2001). Monitoring beef cattle productivity as a measure of environmental health. Environmental Research 86 (1): 94-106, ISSN: 0013-9351.

NAL Call Number: RA565 A1E5

Keywords: sentinels, environmental health, productivity, health data, natural gas developments, sour natural gas processing plant, biological accounting methods, nonpregnancy, abortion, calving late, stillbirth, calf mortality rates, comparison with published data.


Waldner, C.L.; Ribble, C.S.; Janzen, E.D.; Campbell, J.R. (2001). Associations between oil- and gas-well sites,processing facilities,flaring,and beef cattle reproduction and calf mortality in western Canada. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 50 (1/2): 1-17, ISSN: 0167-5877.

NAL Call Number: SF601 P7

Keywords: beef cows, cow-calf herds, pastured near active and inactive oil and natural-gas sites, batteries, compressor stations and processing plants, sour-gas flaring, health risks, environmental epidemiology, pregnancy status, calving interval, occurrence of twins, abortions, stillbirths, neonatal mortality, air-monitoring devices, hydrogen sulfide deposition, Canada.


Waldner, C.L.; Ribble, C.S.; Janzen, E.D.; Campbell, J.R. (2001). Associations between total sulfation,hydrogen sulfide deposition,and beef-cattle breeding outcomes in western Canada. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 50 (1/2): 19-33, ISSN: 0167-5877.

NAL Call Number: SF601 P7

Keywords: beef cows, cow-calf herds, pastured near oil- and gas-production facilities, health risks, pregnancy status, calving interval, occurrence of twins, abortions, stillbirths, neonatal mortality, air-monitoring devices, hydrogen sulfide deposition, Canada.


Wikse, S.E.; Field, R.W.; Holland, P.S.; Barling, K.S. (1999). Clinical response trials in beef cattle practice. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 21 (Suppl. 4): S137-S143, ISSN: 0193-1903.

NAL Call Number: SF601 C66

Keywords: veterinary services, economics, epidemiology, husbandry.


Wilson, S.C.; Fell, L.R.; Colditz, I.G.; Collins, D.P. (2002). An examination of some physiological variables for assessing the welfare of beef cattle in feedlots. Animal Welfare 11 (3): 305-316, ISSN: 0962-7286.

NAL Call Number: HV4701.A557

Keywords: beef cattle, feedlots, stocking density, surfaces, grazing, adrenal glands, weight, blood serum, IgA, t lymphocytes, leukocyte count, animal welfare, immune competence, cell mediated immunity, liveweight gain, IgG, natural killer cells, blood picture, lymphocyte transformation, hypothalamus, hypothalamic regulation, pituitary, dry surface, muddy surface.


Wittum, T.E.; Grotelueschen, D.M.; Brock, K.V.; Kvasnicka, W.G.; Floyd, J.G.; et al. (2001). Persistent bovine viral diarrhoea virus infection in US beef herds. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 49 (1/2): 83-94.

NAL Call Number: SF601 P7

Keywords: bovine diarrhea virus, persistence, infections, history, clinical aspects, animal husbandry, vaccination, calving season, breeding season, screening, mortality, growth, performance, vertical transmission, pregnancy.


Yeruham, I.; Perl, S.; Nyska, A. (1996) Skin tumours in cattle and sheep after freeze, or heat, branding. Journal of Comparative Pathology 114 (1): 101-106, ISSN: 0021-9975.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 J82

Keywords: dairy cattle, beef cattle, sheep, freeze-branding, heat-branding, tattooing with liquid nitrogen, carcinogenic epidermal neoplasia, papillomatosis, skin tumors, squamous cell carcinoma.


Zapletal, P.; Burzanski, J. (1996). Incidence of ectoparasites in cattle in the Beskid Slaski region and their effect on skin quality. [Wystepowanie ektopasozytow u bydla w rejonie Beskidu Slaskiego i ich wplyw na jakosc skory.] Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej we Wroclawiu. Konferencje 291: 211-216, ISSN: 1232-3071.

Keywords: breeds, Red-and-White, Black-and-White, Red Polish, skin producing, parasites, Mallophaga, skin diseases, lesions, scars, cuts, skin, hides, quality, Poland, Polish language.


Zehnder, C.M.; DiCostanzo, A.; Thate, K.; Gilland, R.; Murphy, M.J.; Halbach, T.R. (2000). Health and environmental implications of using composted household and yard waste bedding in a cattle feedlot. Journal of Animal Science 78 (3): 495-503. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: litter, feedlots, feedlot wastes, refuse compost, crop residues, waste utilization, animal health, heavy metals, cadmium, copper, molybdenum, nickel, lead, zinc, liver, kidneys, mineral content, rain, environmental temperature, cattle manure, blood picture, nitrogen content, phosphorus, Minnesota.


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