Csintalan, Cs.; Visnyei, L. (1998). Animal welfare requirements in the EU for the protection of calves and laying hens kept in battery cages. [A borjak es a ketreces tojotyukok tartasanak allatvedelmi kovetelmenyei az EU-ban.] Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja 12: 753-757, ISSN: 0025-004X.

Keywords: animal welfare, calves, poultry, international agreements, directives, legislation, Protection and Human Treatment of Animals Act (1998), review, European Union, Hungarian language.


Luppi, A.; Gilioli, G. (2000). Plans for the control of anabolic substances in beef. [Piani di autocontrollo nella filiera delle carni bovine.] Obiettivi e Documenti Veterinari 21 (12): 15-18, ISSN: 0392-1913.

Keywords: legislation, abattoirs, animal production, housing, feeding, anabolics, residues, slaughter, beef quality, meat quality, meat production, carcasses, Italian language, Italy.


Rossi, P.; Gastaldo, A. (2002). Structural costs of raising beef cattle organically. [Costo delle strutture per l’allevamento biologico dei bovini da carne.] Informatore Agrario 58 (2): 39-44, ISSN: 0020-0689.

NAL Call Number: 281.8 IN32

Abstract: EC regulation 1804/99 stipulates the maximum numbers of cattle/ha in pasture and maximum numbers/m2 in covered and uncovered housing for organic production. Various possibilities for meeting housing regulations (boxes with litter and outside exercise areas) for bullocks and cows are proposed and contrasted with conventional installations. The ideal solution is new buildings but, if this is not easily achieved, the farmer must analyse in detail the cost of adapting existing housing compared with building new. It is estimated that the cost of new multiple box with inclined litter facilities for housing organic beef production would be more than twice that of new conventional stalls. The costs of adapting conventional slotted floors and supplying a paved exercise area would depend on the buildings to be adapted but an average cost might well be 90 - 120 Euros. Provision for the cows and calves would cost less than for bullocks for fattening. Beef cattle are probably the most costly to provide statutory organic housing for, but against these costs must be set possible increased returns.

Keywords: beef cattle, housing, costs, boxes, litter, outside exercise areas, conventional stalls, European Union, organic farming, regulations, Italian language. Copyright© 2003, CAB International


Szabo, F.; Dohy, J.; Marton, I. (2000). Outlook for the Hungarian beef industry in the globalising market. [Husmarhatenyesztesunk lehetosegei globalizalodo vilagunkban.] Allattenyesztes es Takarmanyozas 49 (6): 485-493, ISSN: 0230-1814.

Keywords: beef production, beef quality, cost benefit analysis, domestic markets, EU regulations, globalization, input output analysis, market prices, meat yield, production costs, profitability, world markets, Hungarian language, Hungary.


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