Andrae, J.G.; Duckett, S.K.; Hunt, C.W.; Pritchard, G.T.; Owens, F.N. (2001). Effects of feeding high-oil corn to beef steers on carcass characteristics and meat quality. Journal of Animal Science 79 (3): 582-588. ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: yearling steers, high-oil corn, carcass characteristics, slaughter, postmortem, carcass, intramuscular lipid deposition, unsaturated fatty acids.


Apple, J.K.; Davis, J.C.; Stephenson, J. (1999) Influence of body condition score on by-product yield and value from cull beef cows. Journal of Animal Science 77 (10): 2670-9.ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: mature beef cows, British and Continental phenotypes, slaughter, body condition score (BCS), by-product yield, by-product weights, blood, feet (with hooves attached), oxlips, tongue, gullet, trachea, cheek meat, head meat, skull, tripe, honeycomb tripe, large and small intestines, spleen, mesenteric fat, weasand meat, kidneys, heart, lungs, oxtail.


Basarab, J.A.; Milligan, D.; Thorlakson, B.E. (1997). Traceback success rate of an electronic feedlot to slaughter information system for beef cattle. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77 (3): 525-528, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: yearling cattle, electronic identification eartag, equipment, reliability, slaughter information system, traceback success rate, Canada.


Chambaz, A.; Dufey, P.A.; Kreuzer, M.; Gresham, J. (2002). Sources of variation influencing the use of real-time ultrasound to predict intramuscular fat in live beef cattle. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 82 (2): 133-139, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: European breeds, Angus, Simmental, Charolais, Limousin, Blonde d’Aquitaine, Piedmontese, longissimus muscle, collagen, real-time ultrasound, imaging method, hide thickness, intramuscular fat, slaughter.


Chambaz, A.; Kreuzer, M., Scheeder, M.R.L.; Dufey, P.A. (2001). Characteristics of steers of six beef breeds fattened from eight months of age and slaughtered at a target level of intramuscular fat: II. Meat quality. Archiv fuer Tierzucht 44 (5): 473-488, ISSN: 0003-9438.

NAL Call Number: 49 AR23

Keywords: Angus, Simmental, Charolais, Limousin, Blonde d’Aquitaine, Piedmontese steers, breed differences, forage-based diet, 3.5% intramuscular fat (IMF), ultrasound assessments, housing, tie stall barn, loose housing, straw bedding. M. biceps femoris, M. longissimus dorsi, M. regio glutea, muscular system, collagen solubility, heme iron, intramuscular fat, meat quality, pH, shear force, tie-barn stall.


Conedera, G.; Marangon, S.; Chapman, P.A.; Zuin, A.; Caprioli, A. (1997). Atypical strains of verocytotoxin, producing Escherichia coli O157 in beef cattle at slaughter in Veneto Region, Italy. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B 44 (5): 301-306, ISSN: 0931-1793.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Z52

Keywords: slaughter, abattoirs, carcass contamination, Escherichia coli O157, infection, pathogen, serogroup O157, transmission risk, urease, verocytotoxin, producing, transmission to humans, Italy.


Cummins, L.; Knee, B.; Butler, K.; Warner, R.; Walker, P. (2000). Stocking pressure and seasonal influences on muscle glycogen levels in beef cattle. Asian, Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 13 (Suppl. Vol. B): 237, ISSN: 1011-2367.

NAL Call Number: SF55 A78A7

Keywords: beef quality defects, dark, cutting beef, meat, glycogen, grazing production systems, post, mortem rigor development, seasonal influences, stocking pressure.


Dabrowska, J. (2000). Pre-slaughter treatment of Black-and-White bulls and their slaughter value. [Przygotowanie przedubojowe buhajkow czarno-bialych a ich wartosc rzezna.] Annals of Warsaw Agricultural University. Animal Science 375 (24): 255-262, ISSN: 1232-3071.

Keywords: bulls, breed, Black-and-White, Ketomix supplement, intravenous glucose infusion,electrolyte drink antemortem stress, carcass composition, slaughtering, pH, low glycogen content, beef quality, Polish language, Poland.


Dell’Orto, V.; Rossi, C.A. S.; Gianazza, S.; Ripamonti, G. (1999). Effects of vitamin E on meat quality. [Effetti della vitamina E sulla qualita della carne.] Informatore Agrario 55 (49): 33-37, ISSN: 0020-0689.

NAL Call Number: 281.8 IN32

Keywords: Limousin, Charolais, breeds, vitamin E, supplements, meat quality, stress, transport, slaughter, beef cattle, heavy metals, toxicity, meat keeping quality, Italian language.


Elder, R.O.; Keen, J.E.; Siragusa, G.R.; et al. (2000). Correlation of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 prevalence in feces, hides, and carcasses of beef cattle during processing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97 (7): 2999-3003, ISSN: 0027-8424.

NAL Call Number: 500 N21P

Keywords: feeder cattle, slaughter, survey, frequency, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, strain, O157:H7, carcass contamination, sanitary procedures.


Fouilloux, M.; Noelle, R.G.; Gaillard, J.; Menissier, F. (2000). Genetic correlation estimations between artificial insemination sire performances and their progeny beef traits both measured in test stations. Genetics Selection Evolution (Paris) 32 (5): 483-499, ISSN: 0999-193X.

NAL Call Number: QH431 A1A52

Keywords: bulls, sire performance testing, artificial insemination, carcass composition, carcass fatness score, diet, genetic correlation, progeny beef traits, progeny dressing percentage, progeny growth, progeny skeletal frames, sire muscling scores, France.


Gazzola, C.; Jeffery, M. R.; White, D. H.; Hill, R. A.; Reid, D. J. (2001). Effect of age of castration, oestradiol treatment and genotype on the fat colour of beef cattle raised at pasture. Animal Science: An International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Research 73 (2): 261-266, ISSN: 1357-7298.

NAL Call Number: SF1.A56

Keywords: steers, age at castration, post-pubertal surgical castration, growth patterns, estradiol treatment, fat color, yellow fat, genotypes, grazing.


Grandin, T. (2001). Cattle vocalizations are associated with handling and equipment problems at beef slaughter plants. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 71 (3): 191-201, ISSN: 0168-1591.

NAL Call Number: QL750.A6

Keywords: abattoirs, commercial slaughter plants, behavior, animal welfare, stress, vocalization, aversive events, prodding with electric prods, slipping in the stunning box, missed stuns, sharp edges on equipment, excessive pressure from a restraint device, facility and equipment modifications, proper lighting, false floors, reduced voltage of electric prod, Australia, Canada, USA.


Gregory, N.G. (1996). Welfare and hygiene during preslaughter handling. Meat Science 43 (Suppl.): S35-S46.

NAL Call Number: TX373 M4

Keywords: meat quality, slaughter, animal welfare, stress, abattoirs, carcass quality, damage, food hygiene, literature reviews, glycogen, muscles, metabolism, handling, fish, pigs, beef cattle.


Grona, A.D.; Tatum, J.D.; Belk, K.E.; Smith, G.C.; Williams, F.L. (2002). An evaluation of the USDA standards for feeder cattle frame size and muscle thickness. Journal of Animal Science 80 (3): 560-567, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: feeder cattle, frame size, longissimus muscle, USDA meat grade standards, meat product, carcass, muscle thickness, meat grade, muscle weight.


Henricks, D.M.; Gray, S.L.; Owenby, J.J.; Lackey, B.R. (2001). Residues from anabolic preparations after good veterinary practice. APMIS 109 (4): 273-83.

Keywords: detection of estrogens in edible tissues of beef cattle, muscle, liver, kidney, fat tissues, E2beta (active isomer), radioimmunoassays, anabolic ear implants,.


Hernandez, D.A.J.; Renteria, E.T.; Lopez, V.G.; Montano, H.M. (1997). An abattoir monitoring system for diagnosis of tuberculosis in cattle in Baja California, Mexico. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 211 (6): 709-711, ISSN: 0003-1488.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 Am3

Keywords: beef, dairy, abattoir monitoring system, disease monitoring system, bacterial disease diagnosis, epidemiology, infection, prevalence, tuberculosis, lymph node, tissue specimens, lesions, Mexico.


Hirooka, H. (2000). Evaluation of testing schemes with clones for carcass traits in beef cattle. Animal Science Journal 71 (7): J19-J25, ISSN: 1344-3941.

NAL Call Number: SF1 A542

Keywords: beef bulls, clone testing scheme, breeding method, progeny testing, scheme, breeding method, carcass traits, genetic gains, heritability, selection index, Japanese language, Japan.


Jago, J.G.; Matthews, L.; Bass, J.J.; Knight, T.W. (1996). A comparison of two methods of castration on post, pubertal beef cattle and their effect on behaviour, growth and ultimate pH. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 56 (0): 394-397, ISSN: 0370-2731.

NAL Call Number: 49.9 N483

Keywords: bulls, pubertal, effects of surgical and immunocastration, sexual behavior, aggressive behavior, plasma testosterone growth, slaughter, meat quality, hot carcass weight, pH.


Jung, K.K.; Sung, S.K.; Choi, C.B. Kim, D.G. Kim, S.G.; Kim, D.Y.; Choi, B.J. (1996). Effects of castration on the carcass characteristics of Hanwoo and Holstein. Korean Journal of Animal Science 38 (3): 239-248, ISSN: 0367-5807.

NAL Call Number: 49.9 H19

Keywords: beef cattle, castration, carcasses, chemicophysical properties, organoleptic analysis, statistical methods, Korean language, Korea.


Keane, M.G.; Allen, P. (2002). A comparison of Friesian-Holstein, Piemontese X Friesian-Holstein and Romagnola X Friesian-Holstein steers for beef production and carcass traits. Livestock Production Science 78 (2): 143-158, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1.L5

Keywords: beef cattle, steers, beef breeds, breed differences, carcass composition, carcass quality, Romagnola, Holstein-Friesian, Piemontese, evaluation, genetic variation, animal husbandry, feed rations, feed intake, finishing, duration, concentrates, feed supplements, grass silage, body fat, bones, muscles, fat.


Keane, M. G.; Allen, P. (1998). Effects of production system intensity on performance, carcass composition and meat quality of beef cattle. Livestock Production Science 56 (3): 203-214, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: Charolais x Friesian male cattle, meat production, bulls, steers, animal husbandry, beef production, extensive livestock farming, intensive livestock farming, silage, pasture, farming systems, meat quality, carcass quality, age, growth, dressing percentage, conformation, carcass composition, fat, tenderness, taste, profitability, Irish Republic.


Kilpatrick, D.J.; Steen, R.W.J. (1999). A predictive model for beef cattle growth and carcass composition. Agricultural Systems 61 (2): 95-107, ISSN: 0308-521X.

NAL Call Number: HD1 A3

Abstract: Due to public concerns over food quality and animal welfare, beef producers are under increasing pressure to produce a high-quality product while still maintaining economic efficiency. Hence the need for a model for the accurate prediction of growth and carcass composition of beef cattle that is flexible enough to deal with the wide range of breeds of cattle and feeding regimes, either silage only or supplemented with concentrates, encountered on UK farms. This paper describes a model that has been developed based on a substantial database of experimental observations from a series of trials carried out by the Department of Agriculture for Northern Ireland. If animal and feed costs are provided, the model can provide information on the most economic level of concentrate feeding to achieve the animal growth and quality of carcass.

Keywords: beef cattle, carcass composition, growth rate, metabolizable energy, dry matter, feed intake, flow charts, carcass weight, simulation models, prediction, cattle farming, UK.


Kobolak, J.; Gocza, E. (2002). The role of the myostatin protein in meat quality: A review. Archiv fuer Tierzucht 45 (2):159-170, ISSN: 0003-9438.

NAL Call Number: 49 AR23

Keywords: breed, Belgian White-Blue, myostatin gene, beef, meat product, breeding, carcass composition, meat quality, muscle hypertrophy.


Kreikemeier, K.K.; Unruh, J.A.; Eck, T.P. (1998). Factors affecting the occurrence of dark-cutting beef and selected carcass traits in finished beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 76 (2): 388-395.ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Abstract: A data set was used to determine how various factors affect the occurrence of dark-cutting beef and selected carcass traits in finished beef cattle. Data were collected in 1989 and 1990 from one packer with plants located in Amarillo, TX; Boise, ID; Dakota City, NE; and Garden City, KS. The data set consisted of 3,659 lots consisting of 724,639 cattle. Compared with those at Boise and Dakota City, cattle slaughtered in Amarillo and Garden City had a higher incidence of dark cutters (1.1 vs .3%; P < .01) and a lower quality grade (50 vs 64% Choice plus Prime; P < .01). The highest incidences of dark cutters occurred during August, September, and October (1.1 to 1.4%; P < .01), with incidences of .4 to .7% during the other months. Carcass quality grade was higher during January, February, and March compared with May through November (60 to 62% Choice plus Prime vs 52 to 58%; P < .01). As the number of cattle in a lot increased, the incidence of dark cutters increased from .4 to 1.2% (P < .01), and quality grade declined from 62 to 52% Choice plus Prime (P < .01). As the mean weight of cattle in the lot increased, the incidence of dark cutters declined from .94 to .6% (P < .01), and carcasses grading Choice plus Prime increased from 56 to 62% (P < .01). With cattle held over a weekend or holiday, (“carry cattle”) the incidence of dark cutters increased from .8 to 1.6% (P < .01). We conclude that packing plant location, month of the year, weight of cattle, carry cattle, and number of cattle in a lot are most likely to influence the incidence of dark cutters and carcass quality traits.

Keywords: beef quality, carcass quality, carcass yield, dark cutting meat, winter, summer, body weight, feedlots, group size, heifers, steers, sex differences, seasonal fluctuations, stress response.


Laborde, F.L;. Mandell, I.B.; Tosh, J.J.; Buchanan-Smith, J.G.; Wilton, J.W. (2002). Effect of management strategy on growth performance, carcass characteristics, fatty acid composition, and palatability attributes in crossbred steers. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 82 (1): 49-57. ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Abstract: Crossbred steers (n = 136) were used to evaluate the effect of management strategy on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and fatty acid composition and palatability attributes of beef. Management strategies included: (1) high grain (75% high moisture corn) finishing (HG), or (2) backgrounding with restricted feeding of an alfalfa silage ration for 112 d, followed by HG until slaughter (BKG). Steers were slaughtered at 8-10 mm ultrasound backfat. Backgrounding increased (P < 0.001) days on feed and decreased (P < 0.01) days on grain, average daily gain and longissimus muscle area compared with the HG regime. Slaughter weight, intramuscular fat content, and marbling score were unaffected (P > 0.10) by management strategy. Longissimus muscle palatability attributes and shear force did not differ (P > 0.10) between management strategies, whereas BKG increased (P < 0.03) softness, overall tenderness, chewiness, and rate of breakdown scores, and decreased (P < 0.09) juiciness scores in semitendinosus muscle. Backgrounding increased (P < 0.05) conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), total monounsaturated fatty acids, and omega3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), and decreased (P < 0.05) total saturated fatty acids (SFA), and omega6 PUFA content of beef. While the change in quantitative and qualitative fatty acid composition of beef is in line with current dietary recommendations for humans, the magnitude of these changes was minimal.

Keywords: beef cattle, steers, animal husbandry, growth, performance, carcass composition, fatty acids, palatability, crossbreds, meat quality, feeds, finishing, silage, backfat, fat thickness, liveweight gain, muscles, slaughter weight, leanness, tenderness, flavor, moisture content.


Lynch, A.; Buckley, D.J.; Galvin, K.; Mullen, A.M.; Troy, D.J.; Kerry, J.P. (2002). Evaluation of rib steak colour from Friesian, Hereford and Charolais heifers pastured or overwintered prior to slaughter. Meat Science 61 (3): 227-232, ISSN: 0309-1740.

NAL Call Number: TX373 M4

Keywords: breed, Charolais, Friesian, Hereford, heifer, alpha-tocopherol, monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acid, breed differences, carcass quality, meat color, overwintering, pasture, rib steak, meat product, slaughter.


Nagaraja, T.G.; Chengappa, M.M. (1998). Liver abscesses in feedlot cattle: a review. Journal of Animal Science 76 (1): 287-98.ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: health, slaughter, grain feeding, diet, management factors, economic loss, reduced feed intake, reduced weight gain, decreased feed efficiency, decreased carcass yield, Fusobacterium necrophorum, ruminal anaerobic bacterial flora, Actinomyces pyogenes, etiologic agent, treatment, antimicrobial compounds, bacitracin methylene disalicylate, chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, tylosin, virginiamycin.


Naruse, M.; Kajikawa, H.; Morita, H.; Hashiba, K.; Maruyama, S.; Morimoto, H.; Miura, Y.; Fujita, K.; Fuke, T.; Amari, M.; Masaki, S.; Ozutsumi, K.; Abe, A. (1996). Relationships of dietary and ruminal characteristics to carcass traits in Wagyu steers (Bostaurus). Animal Science and Technology 67 (2): 146-152, ISSN: 0918-2365.

NAL Call Number: 49 N62

Keywords: breed, Wagyu (Japanese Black cattle), feeds, rumen digestion, volatile fatty acid (vfa), feed intake, carcass composition fat deposition, longissimus muscle, marbling score, rib-eye area.


Oka, A.; Iwaki, F.; Dohgo, T.; Ohtagaki, S.; Noda, M.; Shiozaki, T.; Endoh, O.; Ozaki, M.. (2002). Genetic effects on fatty acid composition of carcass fat of Japanese Black Wagyu steers. Journal of Animal Science 80 (4): 1005-1011, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: breed, Japanese Black Wagyu, steers, fatty acid, carcass fat composition, monounsaturated fatty acids, carcass, carcass fat, carcass fat fatty acid composition, genetic effects.


Papstein, H.; Losand, B.; Fiedler, I.; Hartung, M.; Ender, K. (1999). Investigations on growth of intensively fed male and female beef cattle twins and singles 2nd communication: Carcass composition, meat characteristics and muscle structure. Zuechtungskunde 71 (4): 267-276, ISSN: 0044-5401.

NAL Call Number: 49 Z8

Keywords: bulls, heifers, carcass composition, growth of tissues and organs, meat, color, protein content, quality, carcass composition, muscle structure, intensive feeding, German language.


Pastushenko, V. (200). Organic animal husbandry increases docosahexaenoic acid and conjugated linoleic acid in the beef meat. [Ekologiczny system utrzymania zwierzat wplywa na podwyzszenie poziomu kwasu dokozaheksaenowego (DHA) i koniugowanego kwasu linolenowego (CLA) w miesie wolowym.] Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej we Wroclawiu. Konferencje 375 (24): 277-278, ISSN: 1232-3071.

Keywords: animal husbandry methods, carcass composition, beef, quality, chemical composition, fatty acids, alternative agriculture, acids, animal products, farming systems, Germany.


Penny, C.D.; Lowman, B.G.; Scott, N.A.; Scott, P.R. (1997). Repeated oestrus synchrony and fixed-time artificial insemination in beef cows. Veterinary Record 140 (19): 496-498.

NAL Call Number: SF601 I4

Keywords: breeding, pregnancy diagnosis, prostaglandins, fertility, artificial insemination, beef cattle, estrus synchronization, mating systems.


Perotto, D.; Abrahao, J.J. dos S.; Moletta, J.L. (2000). Quantitative carcass traits of Zebu and crossbred Bos taurus x Zebu. [Caracteristicas quantitativas de carcaca de bovinos Zebu e de cruzamentos Bos toaurus x Zebu.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 29 (6) (Suppl. 1): 2019-2029, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: crossbreeding, breed, Zebu, carcasses, feedlots, age, weight, slaughtering, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Petherick, J.C.; Holroyd, R.G.; Doogan, V.J.; Venus, B.K. (2002). Productivity, carcass and meat quality of lot-fed Bos indicus cross steers grouped according to temperament. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 42 (4): 389-398., ISSN: 0816-1089.

NAL Call Number: 23 Au792

Keywords: steers, beef cattle, carcass quality, meat quality, performance, temperature, feedlots, liveweight, body condition, feed intake, handling, fearfulness, prediction, liveweight gain, feed conversion efficiency, dressing percentage, pH, stress.


Phillips, W.A.; Brown, M.A.; Holloway, J.W.; Mayeux, H.S. (2002). Animal performance and carcass quality of stocker calves on grass pasture with ad libitum access to a high energy diet. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Suppl. 1): 228, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: beef cattle, stocker calf, wheat, forage crop, average daily gain, carcass quality, feedlot, pasture grazing, stocking rate, Texas, USA.


Prawl, Z.I.; Hill, W. J.; Owens, F.N.; Gill, D.R.; Ball, R.L.; Porter, R. (1997). Effects of limited access time to feed on feedlot performance and carcass characteristics. Journal of Animal Science 75 (Suppl. 1): 239, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: steers, carcass characteristics, feed efficiency, feed, to gain ratio, feedlot performance, limited access time to feed, effects, feeding, behavior.


Purchas, R.W.; Burnham, D.L.; Morris, S.T. (2002). Effects of growth potential and growth path on tenderness of beef longissimus muscle from bulls and steers. Journal of Animal Science 80 (12): 3211-3221, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: breed, Angus, bull, steer, longissimus muscle, tenderness, carcass quality traits, growth potential, growth rates, meat quality.


Renand, G.; Havy, A.;Turin, F. (2002). Beef traits and meat quality characterisation in three French beef production systems with Salers, Aubrac and Gascon bulls. [Caract risation des aptitudes bouch res et qualit s de la viande de trois syst mes de production de viande bovine partir des races rustiques fran aises Salers, Aubrac et Gasconne.] Productions Animales 15 (3): 171-183, ISSN: 0990-0632.

NAL Call Number: SF1.P77

Keywords: bulls, beef cattle, animal husbandry methods, breeds, meat performance, meat texture, quality, performance, Europe, France, Western Europe, French language.


Renand, G.; Fisher, A.V. (1997). Comparison of methods for estimating carcass fat content of young Charolais bulls in performance testing station. Livestock Production Science 51 (1/3): 205-213, ISSN: 0301-6226.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: methodology, performance testing, genetics, Charolais, bulls, carcass composition, fat, analytical methods.


Restle, J.; Pascoal, L.L.; Faturi, C.; Alves Filho, D.C.; Brondani, I.L.; Pacheco, P.S.; Peixoto, L.A. de O. (2002). Breed and heterosis effects on carcass quantitatives traits of feedlots finished cull cows. [Efeito do grupo gen tico e da heterose nas caracter sticas quantitativas da carca a de vacas de descarte terminadas em confinamento.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 31 (1): 350-362, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: beef cattle, carcasses, weight, hybrids, crossbreeding, feedlots, fattening, feeding, husbandry methods, bovidae, bovinae, breeding methods, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Restle, J.; Grassi, C.; Feijo, G.L.D. (1996). Carcass characteristics of beef cattle bulls or steers castrated with burdizzo or knife, under pasture conditions. [Caracteristicas das carcacas e da carne de bovinos inteiros ou submetidos a duas formas de castracao, em condicoes de pastagem.] Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia 25 (2): 334-344, ISSN: 0100-4859.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: beef cattle, castration, carcasses, carcass composition, pastures, husbandry methods, Portuguese language, Brazil.


Riley, D.G.; Chase, C.C. Jr.; Hammond, A.C.; West, R.L.; Johnson, D.D.; Olson, T.A.; Coleman, S.W. (2002). Estimated genetic parameters for carcass traits of Brahman cattle. Journal of Animal Science 80 (4): 955-962, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: breed, Brahman, carcass traits, estimated genetic parameters, carcass yield, feedlots, genetic parameters, yield performance.


Roeber, D.L.; Cannell, R.C.; Wailes, W.R.; Belk, K.E.; Scanga, J.A.; Sofos, J.N.; Cowman, G.L.; Smith, G.C.; et al (2002). Frequencies of injection-site lesions in muscles from rounds of dairy and beef cow carcasses. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (3): 532-6, ISSN: 0022-0302.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: injection site lesions, muscle lesions, beef rounds, dairy rounds, educational programs, veterinary procedures, quality control.


Rossi, C.A.S.; Dell’Orto, V.; Baldi, A.; Morini, M. (1997). Weight, breed, and type of disease affecting the recovery of unwell beef cattle after transportation.[Peso, razza e tipo di patologia influenzano il recupero sanitario dei bovini da carne problema.] Atti della Societa Italiana di Buiatria 29: 191-198.

Keywords: stress, body weight, breeds, transport of animals, cattle diseases, Italian language.


Sally, E.; Crow, G.H. (1997). Prediction of carcass merit for beef cattle breeding stock. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77 (3): 574-575, ISSN: 0008-3984.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163

Keywords: British breeds, backfat, carcass merit, live weight, rib, eye area.


Santamaria, G.; Suarez, M.L.; Fidalgo, L.E.; Goicoa, A.; Suarez, C. Monserrat, L. (1996). Assessment of the neuroendocrin response in beef calves submitted to usual preslaughter handing methods. [Evaluacion de la respuesta neuroendocrina en terneros de carne sometidos a practicas de manejo habituales previas al sacrificio.] Investigacion Agraria. Produccion y Sanidad Animales 11 (1): 59-66, ISSN: 0213-5035.

NAL Call Number: SF15 S7 A52

Keywords: beef cattle calves, livestock management, slaughtering, stress, functional disorders, evaluation, Spanish language.


Schaefer, A.L.; Jones, S.D.M.; Stanley, R.W. (1997). The use of electrolyte solution for reducing transport stress. Journal of Animal Science 75 (1): 258-265, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: reviews, blood sugar, stress, dehydration, hypoglycemia, handling, metabolic disorders, etiology, treatment, transport of animals, animal welfare, electrolytes, fluid therapy, meat quality.


Sindt, J.J.; Drouillard, J.S.; Thippareddi, H.; Phebus, R.K.; Lambert, D.L.; Montgomery, S.P.; Farran, T.B.; LaBrune, H.J.; Higgins, J.J., Ethington, R.T. (2002). Evaluation of finishing performance, carcass characteristics, acid-resistant E. coli and total coliforms from steers fed combinations of wet corn gluten feed and steam-flaked corn. Journal of Animal Science 80 (12): 3328-3335, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: Escherichia coli (Enterobacteriaceae), beef cattle crossbred steers, feces, rumen, total coliform count, finishing performance, carcass characteristics, dietary manipulations, finishing diets, pH, steam-flaked corn.


Smith, L.B.; Daley, C.A.; Cooley, C.L.; Early, A.M. (2002). The effects of steroidogenic growth promotants on steer performance, carcass quality, tenderness, and intramuscular lipid content. Journal of Dairy Science 85 (Suppl. 1): 129.

NAL Call Number: 44.8 J822

Keywords: breed, Black Angus, crossbred, steer, 17-beta-estradiol, dosage, estrogen, growth stimulant, Compudose, Revalor-S, Synovex-S, growth stimulant, implant, conjugated linoleic acid, estrogen, growth stimulant drug, estradiol benzoate, Warner-Bratzler shear force value, average daily gain, carcass quality, intramuscular lipid content, meat tenderness.


Splan, R.K.; Cundiff, L.V.; Dikeman, M.E.; Van Vleck, L.D. (2002). Estimates of parameters between direct and maternal genetic effects for weaning weight and direct genetic effects for carcass traits in crossbred cattle. Journal of Animal Science 80 (12): 3107-3111, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: crossbred beef cattle, consumer preferences, meat product, quality parameters, carcass traits, genetic effects, genetic correlations, estimates, maternal, weaning weights.


Steen, R.W.J.; Kilpatrick, D.J.; Porter, M.G. (2002). Effects of the proportions of high or medium digestibility grass silage and concentrates in the diet of beef cattle on liveweight gain, carcass composition and fatty acid composition of muscle. Grass and Forage Science 57 (3): 279-291, ISSN: 0142-5242.

NAL Call Number: 60.19 B773

Keywords: beef, male, steer, muscle, fatty acid composition, muscular system, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, barley meal based concentrate, animal feed, carcass composition, concentrate supplementation, grass silage, high digestibility, medium digestibility, liveweight gain, soyabean meal based concentrate.


Steinhardt, M.; Thielscher, H.H. (1997). Reaction patterns of suckler calves exposed to transport stress. [Reaktionsmuster von Saugkaelbern auf Transportbelastung.] In: 3. Trenthorster Kolloquium, Workshop on Rearing of Cattle with Suckler Calves (Mutterkuhhaltung) as Extensive Rearing System. Studies on Appropriate and Environmentally Friendly Animal Husbandry, Dec. 5-6, 1996 Trenthorst, Germany. [Workshop Ueber Die Haltung von Rindern Mit Saugkaelbern (Mutterkuhhaltung) Als Extensive Tierhaltungsform. Studien Zur Artgerechten Und Umweltfreundlichen Tierhaltung.] FAL: Braunschweig-Voelkenrode, Germany, pp. 184-202, Series title, Landbauforschung Voelkenrode. Sonderheft (Germany), no. 177, ISSN: 0376-0723.

NAL Call Number: 18 L2353 Suppl.

Keywords: beef cattle calves, cows, mothers, dairy cows, transport of animals, behavior, animal welfare, animal health, blood composition, heart rate, body temperature, stress, Germany, European Union, German language.


Szucs, E.; Mezes, M.; Acs, I.; Barandi, Z.; Tran, A.T.; Abraham, M. (1996). Relation of stress susceptibility to meat quality in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 74 (Suppl. 1): 167, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: ACTH, beef performance, biobusiness, cholesterol, drip loss, foods, free fatty acid, glucose, meat quality, meeting abstract, stress susceptibility.


Tipton, N.C.; Paschal, J.C.; et al. (1997). Feedyard and carcass characteristics of Santa Gertrudis steers subject to seven different implant combinations. Journal of Animal Science 75 (Suppl. 1): 240, ISSN: 0021-8812.

NAL Call Number: 49 J82

Keywords: steers, Santa Gertrudis, breed, anabolic drugs, Revalor S, Synovex, S, average daily gain, carcass characteristics, feedyard characteristics, implant combination effects, steak, marbling, meat.


Vaz, F.N.; Restle, J.; Brondani, I.L.; Da Costa, E.C.; Vaz, R.Z.; Roso, C.; Carrilho, C.O. (2002). Energetic supplementation on carcass and meat quality of cull cows of different ages, finished on cultivated winter pasture under temporary grazing. [Suplementacao energetica sobre a qualidade da carcaca e da carne de vacas de diferentes idades, terminadas em pastagem cultivada de estacao fria sob pastejo horario.] Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 31(1): 173-182, ISSN: 1516-3598.

NAL Call Number: SF1 R45

Keywords: ryegrass, forage crop, beef cattle, breed, Charolais, cow, carcass quality, meat quality, meat tenderness, pasture grazing, Portuguese language.


Vecerek, V.; Vecerkova, E (2000). Animal protection and welfare of slaughter animals. [Ochrana a welfare jatecnych zvirat] Veterinarstvi 50 (11): 454-456, ISSN: 0506-8231.

NAL Call Number: 41.8 V6439

Keywords: animal welfare, legislation definitions, indicators, level of protection, slaughtering, meat production, environmental factors, European Union, Czech language, Czech Republic.


Villarroel, M.; Maria, G.A.; Sanudo, C.; Olleta, J.L.; Gebresenbet, G. (2003). Effect of transport time on sensorial aspects of beef meat quality. Meat Science 63 (3): 353-357, ISSN: 0309-1740.

NAL Call Number: TX373 M4

Keywords: beef cattle, slaughter bulls, transport time effects, sensory panelist, longissimus dorsi thoracis analysis, consumer preferences, muscular system, tenderness, meat product, quality parameters, transport times.


Woodward, B.W.; Fernandez, M.I. (1999). Comparison of conventional and organic beef production systems. II. Carcass characteristics. Livestock Production Science 61 (2/3): 225-231.

NAL Call Number: SF1 L5

Keywords: organic farming, animal husbandry, evaluation, carcass composition, carcass quality, low input agriculture, feedlots, finishing, backfat, fat thickness, carcass weight, dressing percentage.


Zaman, M.S.; Mir, Z.; Mir, P.S.; El-Meadawy, A.; McAllister, T.A.; Cheng, K.J.; ZoBell, D.; Mathison, G.W. (2002). Performance and carcass characteristics of beef cattle fed diets containing silage from intercropped barley and annual ryegrass. Animal Feed Science and Technology 99 (1-4): 1-11, ISSN: 0377-8401.

NAL Call Number: SF95 A55

Keywords: barley, ryegrass, animal performance, carcass characteristics, diet evaluation, feeding studies, dry matter yield, feed conversion efficiency.


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