Cheetah - Behavior
Bissett, C. and R.T.F. Bernard (2007). Habitat selection and feeding ecology of the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) in thicket vegetation: is the cheetah a savanna specialist. Journal of Zoology Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 271(3): 310-317. ISSN: 0952-8369.
NAL Call Number: QL1.J68
Abstract: Habitat selection and feeding ecology of a reintroduced population of cheetahs Acinonyx jubatus were studied in a 16 000 ha game reserve in the Eastern Cape Province (South Africa). Seventy per cent of the reserve is characterized by very dense thicket vegetation (valley bushveld) and the remainder is open and savanna-like. The results illustrated a strong effect of sex and group size on the behaviour of cheetahs. The coalition (three adult males) killed significantly larger animals (55% of kills weighed more than 65 kg) than single female cheetahs (less than 2% of kills weighed more than 65 kg). Female cheetahs showed temporal and spatial avoidance of lions by hunting at dawn and dusk and positioning their home ranges [95% utilization distribution (UDs)] significantly farther from the pride of lions than did the coalition. The coalition hunted earlier and later than female cheetahs, and 46% of their kills were made in darkness. In addition, their home range overlapped that of the lions and they showed neither temporal nor spatial avoidance of the lions. The rates of kleptoparasitism were lower and the kill retention times were longer than those reported elsewhere in Africa, and it is suggested that this is a consequence of the cover provided by the thicket vegetation and prey size. The home ranges (95% UDs) of female cheetahs incorporated more thicket vegetation than that of the coalition, indicating that the coalition is less susceptible to predation than single females. These data suggest that cheetahs possess greater behavioural flexibility than previously reported, that they can hunt successfully in thicket vegetation, sometimes in darkness, that they are not restricted to killing small to medium-sized prey, and that they may not be savanna specialists.
Descriptors: cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus, diet, habitat selection, feeding ecology, adaptability, dense thicket, behavioral flexibiity, gender differences relationship to lions, South Africa.
Caro, T.M. (1993). Behavioral solutions to breeding cheetahs in captivity: insights from the wild. Zoo Biology 12(1): 19-30. ISSN: 0733-3188.
NAL Call Number: QL77.5.Z6
Descriptors: captive cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, behavioral solutions, wild animals, breeding, reproductive efficiency, zoos, aggression, breeding programs.
Notes: In the special issue: The cheetah / edited by D.E. Wildt and J. Grisham.
Caro, T.M. (1995). Short-term costs and correlates of play in cheetahs. Animal Behaviour 49(2): 333-45. ISSN: 0003-3472.
Abstract: A study investigated the costs and benefits of play by observing cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus, cubs in the wild. When all of the potential costs of play were considered, the overall costs seemed to be low. The fact that very young cubs demonstrated high rates of locomotor play indicates that play may have immediate instead of delayed benefits, possibly helping cubs escape predation. The components of noncontact social play may be functionally or causally related to approaching prey, and components of object and contact play may be associated with contacting prey. However, it seems that only some aspects of play may be appropriate for practicing predatory skills.
Descriptors: cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, cubs, cub play behaviors, play short term costs, benefits, wild, locomotor play, prey, practicing predatory skills.
Caro, T.M. (1987). Indirect costs of play: cheetah cubs reduce maternal hunting success. Animal Behaviour P.: 295-7. ISSN: 0003-3472.
Descriptors: cheetah, Acrinonyx jubatus, cubs, play, indirect costs, maternal hunting success, reduced.
Caro, T.M., C.D. FitzGibbon, and M.E. Holt (1989). Physiological costs of behavioural strategies for male cheetahs. Animal Behaviour P.: 309-17. ISSN: 0003-3472.
Descriptors: male cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, behavioral strategies, physiological costs.
Cooper, A.B., N. Pettorelli, and S.M. Durant (2007). Large carnivore menus: factors affecting hunting decisions by cheetahs in the Serengeti. Animal Behaviour 73(Part 4): 651-659. ISSN: 0003-3472.
Descriptors: cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, hunting decisions, factors affecting, predation, prey, predators, large carnivors, behvior, time of year, abundance, Serengeti Africa.
Durant, S.M. (2000). Predator avoidance, breeding experience and reproductive success in endangered cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus. Animal Behaviour 60(1): 121-130. ISSN: 0003-3472.
Descriptors: cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, behavior, predator avoidance, breeding experience, reproductive success, wildlife management.
Federico, B. and P.G. Bracchi (2001). Captive bred cheetah behaviour. Annali Della Facolta Di Medicina Veterinaria, Universita Di Parma 21: 47-60. ISSN: 0393-4802.
Descriptors: cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus, animal behaviour, captive bred, biology, capture of animals, habitats, male animals, maternal behaviour.
Language of Text: Italian.
Laurenson, M.K. (1993). Early maternal behavior of wild cheetahs: implications for captive husbandry. Zoo Biology 12(1): 31-43. ISSN: 0733-3188.
NAL Call Number: QL77.5.Z6
Descriptors: wild cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, early maternal behavior, habitats, captive husbandry, endangered species, Tanzania, mothering ability, lairs.
Notes: In the special issue: The cheetah/ edited by D.E. Wildt and J. Grisham.
Laurenson, M.K. (1995). Behavioural costs and constraints of lactation in free-living cheetahs. Animal Behaviour 50(3): 815-26. ISSN: 0003-3472.
Abstract: Changes in the behavior of wild cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, during lactation and possible extra costs or limits related to denning were investigated. Lactating females nearly doubled their normal food intake, but only mothers with cubs in the lair spent more time drinking. Lactating females with emerged cubs spent an increased amount of time watching and hunting in comparison to time spent at rest and moving. Lactating females with cubs in the lair spent more time traveling each day, traveled further, had limited ranging patterns, and were apt to make more kills in the heat part of the day than when their cubs were with them.
Descriptors: cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus, free living, constraints of lactation, behavioral costs, food intake, time traveling, range patterns, kills behavior.
Laurenson, M.K. and T.M. Caro (1994). Monitoring the effects of non-trivial handling in free-living cheetahs. Animal Behaviour P.: 547-57. ISSN: 0003-3472.
Abstract: Cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, were examined for detrimental effects due to disturbance and nontrivial experimental handling. Females were unaffected by the use of radio collars weighing less than 2 percent of their body weight or by aerial radio-tracking that involved flying at tree height. Cub predation and maternal care were also unaffected by human entry into lairs to count and weigh cubs in their mother's absence. It was concluded that these potentially sensitive animals are probably not disturbed by considerate field techniques.
Descriptors: cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, free living, non trivial experimental handling, effects, disturbances, detrimental effects, radio collars, field techniques.
O'donovan, D., J.E. Hindle, S. Mckeown, and S. O'donovan (1993). Effects of visitors on the behaviour of female cheetahs Acinonyx jubatus and cubs. International Zoo Yearbook 32(0): 238-244. ISSN: 0074-9664.
Descriptors: cheetahs, females, cubs, behavior, visitors effects, conservation, development, wildlife management, adult.
Ruiz Miranda, C.R., S. Wells, R. Golden, and J. Seidensticker (1998). Vocalization and other behavioral responses of male cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) during experimental separation and reunion trials. Zoo Biology 17(1): 1-16. ISSN: 0733-3188.
Descriptors: male cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, vocalization, other behavioral responses, experimental separation and reunion trials, psychological attachment, husbandry technique.
Sharp, N.C.C. (1997). Timed running speed of a cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus). Journal of Zoology (London) 241(3): 493-494. ISSN: 0952-8369.
Descriptors: cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus, running speed, timed, systematics, locomotion, highest running speed for any animal.
Wielebnowski, N. and J.L. Brown (1998). Behavioral correlates of physiological estrus in cheetahs. Zoo Biology 17(3): 193-209. ISSN: 0733-3188.
NAL Call Number: QL77.5.Z6
Descriptors: cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, estrus, animal behavior, monitoring, feces, estradiol, metabolites, estrus, age, individual characteristics, behavior change, feces composition.
Wielebnowski, N.C. (1999). Behavioral differences as predictors of breeding status in captive cheetahs. Zoo Biology 18(4): 335-349. ISSN: 0733-3188.
Descriptors: cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, captive born, behavioral differences, predictors, breeding status, behavioral variation, husbandry regimens, breeding problems.
Williams, B.G., N.K. Waran, J. Carruther, and R.J. Young (1996). The effect of a moving bait on the behaviour of captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus). Animal Welfare 5(3): 271-281. ISSN: 0962-7286.
NAL Call Number: HV4701.A557
Descriptors: captive cheetahs, Acinonyx jubatus, zoo animals, animal behavior, moving bait, effect, behavior, environmental enrichment, behavior patterns, hunting behavior, enrichment device.