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You are here: Home / Publications / Bibliographies and Resource Guides / Information Resources on Big Cats   / Leopard - Conservation  Printer Friendly Page
Information Resources on Big Cats
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Leopard - Conservation

A.l Johany, A.M.H. (2007). Distribution and conservation of the Arabian Leopard Panthera pardus nimr in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Arid Environments 68(1): 20-30. ISSN: 0140-1963.
NAL Call Number: QH541.5.D4J6
Descriptors: Panthera pardus, wildlife management, population distribution, predation , wildlife habitats, mortality , animal ecology, Saudi Arabia.

Chambers M R, Santiapillai C, and Ishwaran N (1984). Tourist activity and behavior of the leopard Panthera pardus fusca in the Ruhuna National Park Sri Lanka. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 81(1): 42-48. ISSN: 0006-6982.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus fusca, behavior, tourist activity, wildlife management, conservation, stress, Ruhuna National Park, Sri Lanka.

Gavashelishvili, A. and V. Lukarevskiy (2008). Modelling the habitat requirements of leopard Panthera pardus in west and central Asia. Journal of Applied Ecology 45(2): 579-588. ISSN: 0021-8901.
NAL Call Number: 410 J828
Abstract: 1. Top predators are seen as keystone species of ecosystems. Knowledge of their habitat requirements is important for their conservation and the stability of the wildlife communities that depend on them. The goal of our study was to model the habitat of leopard Panthera pardus in west and central Asia, where it is endangered, and analyse the connectivity between different known populations in the Caucasus to enable more effective conservation management strategies to be implemented. 2. Presence and absence data for the species were evaluated from the Caucasus, Middle East and central Asia. Habitat variables related to climate, terrain, land cover and human disturbance were used to construct a predictive model of leopard habitat selection by employing a geographic information system (GIS) and logistic regression. 3. Our model suggested that leopards in west and central Asia avoid deserts, areas with long-duration snow cover and areas that are near urban development. Our research also provides an algorithm for sample data management, which could be used in modelling habitats for similar species. 4. Synthesis and applications. This model provides a tool to improve search effectiveness for leopard in the Caucasus, Middle East and central Asia as well as for the conservation and management of the species. The model can predict the probable distribution of leopards and the corridors between various known populations. Connectivity patterns can be used to facilitate corridor planning for leopard conservation, especially in the Caucasus, where the leopard is a top priority conservation species. Also, as top predators are often associated with high biodiversity, the leopard habitat model could help to identify biodiversity hotspots. The protection of biodiversity hotspots is seen as the most effective way to conserve biodiversity globally.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, habitat requirements, modelling, ecosystems, conservation management, climate, terrain, land cover, human disturbances, Asia.

Grassman, L.I. (1999). Ecology and behavior of the indochinese leopard in Kaeng Krachan National Park, Thailand. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 47(1): 77-93. ISSN: 0080-9462.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus delacouri, ecology, berhavior, radio collared, feces, scat, badger, barking deer, wild pig, seasonal changes, environmental stress, fire, floods, Thailand.

Hayward, M.W., J. Adendorff, L. Moolman, G.J. Hayward, and G.I.H. Kerley (2007). The successful reintroduction of leopard Panthera pardus to the Addo Elephant National Park. African Journal of Ecology 45(1): 103-104. ISSN: 0141-6707.
NAL Call Number: 409.6 Ea7
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, successful reintroduction, Addo Elephant National Park, conservation, South Africa.

Jenny, D. (1996). Spatial organization of leopards Panthera pardus in Tai National Park, Ivory Coast: is rainforest habitat a 'tropical haven'?. Journal of Zoology (United Kingdom) 240(3): 427-440. ISSN: 0952-8369.
Descriptors: leopards, Panthera pardus, spatial organization, rainforest habitat, Tia National Park, Ivory Coast.

Khorozyan, I. (2003). Habitat preferences by the persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor pocock, 1927) in Armenia. Zoology in the Middle East 30: 25-36. ISSN: 0939-7140.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus saxicolor, habitat preferences, Armenia, human activities, forest, pastures, conservation, livestock grazing, spatial distribution.

Khorozyan, I.G. and A.V. Abrarnov (2007). The leopard, Panthera pardus, (Carnivora : Felidae) and its resilience to human pressure in the Caucasus. Zoology in the Middle East 41: 11-24. ISSN: 0939-7140.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, human pressure, population, resilience, habitats, conservation, Caucasus.

Leonard, A., D. Tonkyn, and A. Shoemaker (1996). Measuring the full costs of inbreeding to captive, endangered leopards Panthera pardus. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77(3 Suppl. Part 2): 260. ISSN: 0012-9623.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, captive, inbreeding, conservation , reproductive system, reproduction, measuring full costs, systematics, taxonomy, wildlife management, conservation, adult mortality, meeting abstract, reintroduction.
Notes: 1996 Annual Combined Meeting of the Ecological Society of America on Ecologists/Biologists as Problem Solvers, Providence, Rhode Island, USA; August 10-14, 1996.

Marker, L.L. and A.J. Dickman (2005). Factors affecting leopard (Panthera pardus) spatial ecology, with particular reference to Namibian farmlands. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 35(2): 105-115. ISSN: 0379-4369.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, spatial ecology, wildlife management, terrestrial ecology, conservation, habitat degradation, farmland, home range size, prey biomass, long term viability.

Miththapala, S., J. Seidensticker, and S.J. O'brien (1996). Phylogeographic subspecies recognition in leopards (Panthera pardus): Molecular genetic variation. Conservation Biology 10(4): 1115-1132. ISSN: 0888-8892.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, phylogeographic subspecies recognition, molecular genetic variation, wildlife, endangered species, taxonomy, genetic divergence.

Mizutani, F. and P.A. Jewell (1998). Home-range and movements of leopards (Panthera pardus) on a livestock ranch in Kenya. Journal of Zoology (United Kingdom) 244(2): 269-286. ISSN: 0952-8369.
Descriptors: leopards, Panthera pardus, home range, movements, livestock ranch, Kenya, conservation.

Perez, I., E. Geffen, and O. Mokady (2006). Critically endangered Arabian leopards Panthera pardus nimr in Israel: estimating population parameters using molecular scatology. Oryx 40(3): 295-301. ISSN: 0030-6053.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus nimr, population studies, wildlife management, conservation, survey, critically endangered, population parameters, molecular scatology, laboratory techniques, Israel.

Santiapillai, C., M.R.1. Chambers, and N.O. Ishwaran (1982). The leopard (Meyer 1794) in the Ruhuna National Park, Sri Lanka, and observations relevant to its conservation endangered species. Biological Conservation 23(1): 5-14. ISSN: 0006-3207.
NAL Call Number: S900.B5
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus fusca, observations, conservation, endangerd species, Ruhuna National Park, Sri Lanka.

Santiapillai, C. and W.S. Ramono (1992). Status of the leopard (Panthera pardus) in Java, Indonesia. Tigerpaper (FAO) 19(2): 1-5. ISSN: 1014-2789.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, status, conservation, endangerd species, Java, Indonesia.

Shoemaker and A H (1985). 1983 studbook for rare leopards Panthera pardus ssp. Zoo Biology 4(2): 169-196. ISSN: 0733-3188.
Descriptors: rare leopards, Panthera pardus ssp, studbook, reproductive system, reproduction, taxonomy, veterinary medicine, wildlife management, conservation, Panthera pardus saxicolor, Panthera pardus kotiya, Panthera pardus japonensis, Panthera pardus orientalis.

Singh, H.S. (2005). Status of leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) in India. Indian Forester 131(10): 1353-1362. ISSN: 0019-4816.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus fusca, population studies, wildlife management, conservation, habitat fragmentation, species extinction, India.

Singh, L.A.K. and D. Swain (2005). The implications of increase in leopard numbers. Indian Forester 131(10): 1383-1385. ISSN: 0019-4816.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, population studies, terrestrial ecology, environmental sciences, wildlife management, conservation, India.

Sugimoto, T., J. Nagata, V.V. Aramilev, A. Belozor, S. Higashi, and D.R. Mccullough (2006). Species and sex identification from faecal samples of sympatric carnivores, Amur leopard and Siberian tiger, in the Russian far east. Conservation Genetics 7(5): 799-802. ISSN: 1566-0621.
Descriptors: leopard, carnivors, amur leopard, Siberian tiger, Panthera, molecular genetics, fecal samples, species identification, sex identification, Russian far east.

Uphyrkina, O., D. Miquelle, and H. Quigley (2002). Conservation genetics of the Far Eastern leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis). The Journal of Heredity 93(5): 303-11. ISSN: 0022-1503.
Abstract: The Far Eastern or Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) survives today as a tiny relict population of 25-40 individuals in the Russian Far East. The population descends from a 19th-century northeastern Asian subspecies whose range extended over southeastern Russia, the Korean peninsula, and northeastern China. A molecular genetic survey of nuclear microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variation validates subspecies distinctiveness but also reveals a markedly reduced level of genetic variation. The amount of genetic diversity measured is the lowest among leopard subspecies and is comparable to the genetically depleted Florida panther and Asiatic lion populations. When considered in the context of nonphysiological perils that threaten small populations (e.g., chance mortality, poaching, climatic extremes, and infectious disease), the genetic and demographic data indicate a critically diminished wild population under severe threat of extinction. An established captive population of P. p. orientalis displays much higher diversity than the wild population sample, but nearly all captive individuals are derived from a history of genetic admixture with the adjacent Chinese subspecies, P. p. japonensis. The conservation management implications of potential restoration/augmentation of the wild population with immigrants from the captive population are discussed. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus orientalis, conservation genetics, Amur leopard, genetic survey, mitochondral DNA, consevation management.

Uphyrkina, O., W.E. Johnson, H. Quigley, D. Miquelle, L. Marker, M. Bush, and S.J. O'brien (2001). Phylogenetics, genome diversity and origin of modern leopard, Panthera pardus. Molecular Ecology 10(11): 2617-2633. ISSN: 0962-1083.
Descriptors: origins of the modern leopard, Panthera pardus, phylogenetics, genome diversity, origin, evolution, adaptation, population genetics, population studies, systematics, taxonomy.

Uphyrkina, O. and S.J. O'brien (2003). Applying molecular genetic tools to the conservation and action plan for the critically endangered far eastern leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis). Comptes Rendus Biologies 326(Supplement 1): S93-S97. ISSN: 1631-0691.
Descriptors: Amur leopard, Panthera pardus orientalis, endangered, conservation, applying molecular genetic tools, genetic analysis, management, far eastern leopard.



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