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Information Resources on Big Cats
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Leopard - Veterinary

Babu, N.G.R., A.J. Bragitha, M.M. Babu, C.R. Prasad, and T. Gopal (1993). Incidence of salmonellosis in leopards (Panthera pardus). Indian Veterinary Journal 70(3): 289-290. ISSN: 0019-6479.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, salmonellosis, incidence, infection, veterinary medicine, diagnosis, infection source, mortality.

Berger, M., P. Schawalder, H. Stich, and A. Lussi (1995). "Neck Lesion" bei Grosskatzen: Untersuchungen beim Leoparden (Panthera pardus). ["Neck lesion" in big cats. Examinations in the leopard (Panthera pardus)]. Kleintierpraxis 40(7): 537-549. ISSN: 0023-2076.
Descriptors: leopards, Panthera pardus, tooth diseases, teeth, veterinary medicine, dental caries, radiography, microscopy, diagnosis, analytical methods, Carnivora, mouth.
Language of Text: German, Summaries in German, English and French.

Chandranaik, B.M., S. Murthy, D. Das, G.S. Mamatha, C. Renukaprasad, and G. Krishnappa (2005). Helminthiasis in leopards (Panthera pardus) at Bannerghatta Biological Park. Zoos Print Journal 20(7): 1934. ISSN: 0971-6378.
Descriptors: leopards, infection, helminthiasis, veterinary medicine, animal care, parasitic disease, drug therapy, prevention, control, complications, gastroenteritis, digestive system disease, symptomss, anorexia nervosa, behavioral and mental disorders, deworming.

Clifford, D.H. (1958). Observations on effect of preanesthetic medication with meperidine and promazine on barbiturate anesthesia in an ocelot and a leopard. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 133(9): 459-63. ISSN: 0003-1488.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, ocelot, anesthesia, analgesia, barbiturates, meperidine, pre-anesthetic medication, observations, promazine, effect.

Hawkey, C.M. and M.G. Hart (1986). Haematological reference values for adult pumas, lions, tigers, leopards, jaguars and cheetahs. Research in Veterinary Science 41(2): 268-269. ISSN: 0034-5288.
Abstract: Normal haematological values and fibrinogen levels were obtained from a number of healthy adult Felidae in the collection of the Zoological Society of London. The group comprised 29 pumas (Felis concolor), 32 lions (Panthera leo), 27 tigers (P tigris), 19 leopards (P pardus), 18 jaguars (P onca) and 22 cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus). The values provided a basis for identifying abnormalities in the blood of sick individuals of these species and for undertaking interspecies comparisons.
Descriptors: cheetah, Acinonyx jubata, pumas, Felis concolor, lions, Panthera leo, tigers, Panthera tigris, leopards, Panthera pardus, jaguars, Panthera onca, adult, fibrinogen levels, blood, hematological reference values.

Jayakumar S R, Babu M M, Gopal T, and Keshavamurthy B S (1989). Rabies in a wild leopard Felis pardus. Indian Veterinary Journal 66(11): 1076-1077. ISSN: 0019-6479.
Descriptors: wild leopard, rabies, Felis pardus, infection, nervous system, neural coordination, wildlife management, conservation, India.

Mohanty, J., L.N. Acharya, and A.K. Mohanty (1985). Obstipation in a Leopard (Panthera pardus). Indian Veterinary Journal (India) 62(10): 899-902. ISSN: 0019-6479.
Abstract: A female leopard suffered from obstipation due to faecal concretion in the region of colon. There was no response to medicinal treatment. Enterotomy was performed after 15 days of obstruction. Satisfactory recovery occurred in 17 days.
Descriptors: leopards, Panthera pardus, obstipation, female, fecal concretion, colon, enterotomy, medicinal treatment, recovery, veterinary care, India.
Language of Text: Summary in English.

Nath, I., T.K. Pattanaik, N. Sahoo, V.S.C. Bose, H.K. Mohapatra, and P.K. Roy (2006). A case of histiocytoma in a leopard Panthera pardus. Zoos Print Journal 21(6): 2302. ISSN: (p) 0973-2535 - (E) 0973-2551.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, histiocytoma, pharmacology, tumor biology, respiratory system, respiratory distress, drug therapy, neoplastic disease.

Neiffer, D.L. (2001). Clostridium perfringens enterotoxicosis in two Amur leopards (Panthera pardus orientalis). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 32(1): 134-135. ISSN: 1042-7260.
Abstract: Two 6-yr-old male sibling Amur leopards (Panthera pardus orientalis) housed together at the Pittsburgh Zoo presented for acute onset of diarrhea with no changes in appetite or behavior. Heat-fixed modified Wright-stained and Gram-stained fecal smears revealed a mixed bacterial population with a large number of gram-positive Clostridium perfringens-like spores (>20 per high-power oil immersion field). In addition, C. perfringens enterotoxin was isolated from one leopard at 1:256, confirming the presence of C. perfringens enterotoxicosis. Treatment with oral metronidazole, tylosin tartrate, and psyllium fiber was prescribed, with return of more normal stool by the third day of treatment. Fecal consistency steadily improved and was considered normal by the time all prescribed treatments were complete. Diarrhea has not recurred. Partially thawed meat in the leopards' diet may have precipitated the production of an endogenous clostridial enterotoxicosis by disrupting digestive tract flora with resultant clostridial overgrowth and sporulation.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus orientalis, enterotoxicosis, Clostridium perfringens, zoo, diarrhea, fecal smears, treatment.

Penzhorn, B.L., E. Stylianides, M. Van Vuuren, K.M.D.G.A. Alexander, and N. Mukarati (2002). Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in free-ranging lion and leopard populations in southern Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 32(2): 163-165. ISSN: 0379-4369.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, Toxoplasma gondii, seroprevalence, free ranging, lion, leopard, population studies, parasitology, toxoplasmosis, infectious disease, parasitic disease, antibodies.

Pythal, C., K.M. Pillai, C.G. Varghese, and T. Surendranathan (1993). Death of a wild Indian leopard Panthera pardus fusca (meyer) due to parasitism with the lung fluke Paragonimus westermanii (Kerbert, 1878) and the hookworm Galoncus perniciosus (Linstow, 1885). Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 24(1): 44-46. ISSN: 0971-0701.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus fusca, parasitism, lung fluke, Paragonimus westermanii, hookworm, Galoncus perniciosus, death, free living, reservoir host.

Rameshkumar B, Ramasamy V, and Gopal M S (1989). Use of ketamine hydrochloride as general anesthetic in combination with triflupromazine hydrochloride in a black panther Panthera pardus. Indian Veterinary Journal 66(7): 667-668. ISSN: 0019-6479.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, general anesthetic drug, tail amputation, drug interactions, ketamine hydrochloride, triflupromazine, combination of drugs.

Rao, M.R.K.M., Ch. Choudhary, and S. Ali (1984). Case of sudden death in a panther (Panthera pardus) with choke. Indian Veterinary Journal (India) 61(7): 618. ISSN: 0019-6479.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, sudden death, choke.
Language of Text: Summary in English.

Rosen, S., I. Horowitz, Y. Braverman, M.J.R. Hall, and N.P. Wyatt (1998). Dual infestation of a leopard by Wohlfahrtia magnifica and Lipoptena chalcomelaena. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 12(3): 313-314. ISSN: 0269-283X.
NAL Call Number: RA639.M44
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, Lipoptena chalcomelaena, myiasis, new host records, case studies, infestation, Wohlfahrtia magnifica, duel infestation.

Sabapara, R.H. (1995). Chemical restraint and sedation of leopards (Panthera pardus). Indian Veterinary Journal 72(6): 655-657. ISSN: 0019-6479.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, chemical restraint, sedation, nervous system, pharmacology , veterinary medicine, wildlife management, conservation, handling technique.

Sabapara, R.H., R.G. Jani, and P.R. Patel (2003). Squamous cell carcinoma of lungs in an Indian leopard Panthera pardus. Zoos' Print Journal 18(3): 1056. ISSN: (p) 0973-2535; (E) 0973-2551.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, squamous cell carcinoma, lungs, respiratory system, respiration, tumor biology, lung neoplasms, neoplastic disease, mortality, symptoms.

Shukla, B.B., R. Kumar, A.K. Upadhyay, S.K. Shukla, V.P. Dixit, and M. Kumar (2003). Relationship of age with body weight in orphaned leopard cubs. Zoos' Print Journal 18(3): 1058. ISSN: (p) 0971-6378; online: 0973-2543.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, orphaned newborn cubs, animal care, nutrition, age body weight relationship, diet, feeding frequency.

Siegal Willott, J.L., T. Henrikson, J.W. Carpenter, and G.A. Andrews (2005). Chronic obstipation in a leopard (Panthera pardus) caused by intrapelvic uterine leiomyoma compression of the distal colon. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 36(3): 534-537. ISSN: 1042-7260.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, chronic obstipation, intrapelvic uterine leiomyoma, compression, distal colon, constipation, imaging modalities, diagnostic.

Singh, B., P.N. Dhingra, N. Singh, and M. Chandra (1983). Infectious feline enteritis in panther cubs (Panthera pardus). Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 53(8): 921-924. ISSN: 0367-8318.
Descriptors: leopards, Panthera pardus, cubs, infectious feline enteritis, India.

Somvanshi, R., G.L. Koul, and J.C. Biswas (1987). Sarcocystis in a leopard (Panthera pardus). Indian Veterinary Medical Journal 11(3): 174-175. ISSN: 0250-5266.
NAL Call Number: SF601.I45
Descriptors: leopards, sarcocystis, myocardium, postmortem-examinations, India.

Tehsin, R.H. (1996). Panther, Panthera pardus (Linnaeus) with guinea worm infection. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 93(1): 79-80. ISSN: 0006-6982.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, guina worm infection, parasitology, physiology, note .

Tripathy S B and Acharjyo L N (1985). Parotitis in captive Panthera pardus and Panthera leo persica. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 5(1): 59. ISSN: 0970-051X.
Descriptors: leopard, Panthera pardus, lion, Panthera leo persica, captive, parotid glands, parotitis, dental system, oral system, ingestion, infection, pathology, pharmacology, veterinary medicine, tetracycline, pheniramine maleate, vitamin c, anti-infective drug.

Tripathy, S.B., L.N. Acharjyo, A.T. Rao, and B.C. Nayak (1980). Hemorrhagic cystitis in a captive black panther [Panthera pardus] India/ Short communication. Indian Veterinary Journal 57(3): 252-253. ISSN: 0019-6479.
Descriptors: leopards, Panthera pardus, black panther, captive, hemorrhagic cyctitis, India.



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