Lion - Behavior
Boag, B. and J.A. Mlotkiewicz (1994). Effect of odor derived from lion faeces on behavior of wild rabbits. Journal of Chemical Ecology 20(3): 631-637. ISSN: 0098-0331.
NAL Call Number: QD415.A1J6
Abstract: A synthetic repellent derived from lion feces was tested in both pen and field bioassay trials. The chemical suppressed the feeding of rabbits on carrots for approximately one month. The application of the chemical to rabbit burrows under field conditions showed that it decreased rabbit numbers in the treated warrens and that this effect could still be detected after five months. It is suggested that this chemical could be a timely environmentally acceptable addition to the armamentarium of control measures required to reduce the recent increase in rabbit numbers occurring in Britain.
Descriptors: lion, Panthera leo, rabbits, vertebrate pests, pest control, feces, predators, odors, field tests, lions, rodent repellents, Britian.
Hayward, M.W. and G.J. Hayward (2007). Activity patterns of reintroduced lion Panthera leo and spotted hyaena Crocuta crocuta in the Addo Elephant National Park, South Africa. African Journal of Ecology 45(2): 135-141. ISSN: 0141-6707.
NAL Call Number: 409.6 Ea7
Abstract: Africa's large predator guild competes for a limited food resource base. To minimize the degree of competition, we hypothesized that the two largest members of this guild and its fiercest competitors, the lion and the spotted hyaena, would partition their activity patterns to avoid interacting. We used 96-h continuous follows of focal animal(s) to determine when the six radio-collared lions and eight radio-collared spotted hyaenas, reintroduced into Addo Elephant National Park in 2003/2004, were active using a binomial measure of activity which was defined as movements >100 m during each hourly period. Contrary to our predictions, lions and hyaenas did not partition their activity times, probably because of their current low population densities. Both species exhibited a crepuscular activity pattern although hyaenas were far less active during daylight. A sub-adult lioness minimized competitive interactions by becoming diurnal. This is likely to be a common strategy for lions that have been expelled from their natal pride to become nomadic, as it allows them to minimize kleptoparasitic and agonistic interactions from competitively dominant conspecifics and competitors. The increase in testosterone that occurs in males upon reaching sexual maturity, darkens their pelage and causes them to be more directly impacted by the heat, and thereby affords females an opportunity to escape from males during hot temperatures. Similarly, the longer pelage of young hyaenas restricts their activity to the cooler night-time.
Descriptors: lions, Panthera leo, behavior, Carnivora, interspecific competition, intraspecific competition, competition avoidance, crepuscular, nocturnal, nomadism, temperature inhibition, spotted hyaena, Crocuta crocuta.
Kiffner, C., M. Waltert, B. Meyer, and M. Mcohlenberg (2008). Response of lions (Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758) and spotted hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777) to sound playbacks. African Journal of Ecology 46(2): 223-226. ISSN: 0141-6707.
NAL Call Number: 409.6 Ea7
Descriptors: lion, Panthera leo, spotted hyaenas, Crocuta crocuta, sound playbacks, response, behavior.
Powell, D.M. (1995). Preliminary evaluation of environmental enrichment techniques for African lions (Panthera leo). Animal Welfare (United Kingdom) 4(4): 361-370. ISSN: 0962-7286.
Descriptors: lion, Panthera leo persica, zoo animals, behavior, animal housing, environmental enrichment techniques, preliminary evaluation.
Power, R.J. (2002). Prey selection of lions Panthera leo in a small, enclosed reserve. Koedoe (South Africa) 45(2): 67-75. ISSN: 0075-6458.
Descriptors: lions, Panthera leo, prey selection, small enclosed reserve, predation, mammals, resource conservation, resource management, South Africa.
Singh, M., P.P. Raval, N. Dharaiya, and V.C. Soni (1999). Feeding niche of Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) and leopard (Panthera pardus) in the Gir Protected Area. Tigerpaper (FAO) 26(3): 12-15. ISSN: 1014-2789.
Descriptors: lions, Panthera leo persica, leopard, Panthera pardus, feeding habits, predation, behavior, carnivora, felidae, protected area.