NOTE: Housing, Husbandry, Care & Welfare of Selected Birds (Quail, Pheasant, Finches, Ostrich, Dove, Parrot & Others) may be viewed as individual chapters below, or as one complete publication file birds2.htm.
Introduction | Analgesia / Anesthetic / Anesthesia |
Anatomy / Physiology / Morphology
Care / Behavior / Husbandry / Biology / Enrichment | Diseases / Parasites /Conditions
Feeding / Nutrition | Veterinary | Selected Websites
This publication is an update and expansion of the previous publication (QB-94-26), dated December 1980 - December 1993. The references listed in this publication were selected from various resources and arranged in six alphabetical sections: Analgesia/Anesthesia; Anatomy; Care/Behavior/Husbandry/Biology/Enrichment; Diseases/Parasites/Conditions; Feeding/Nutrition and Veterinary. Abstracts are included when available. Reference citations are listed chronologically and alphabetically. The citations in this publication pertain basically to wild/exotic birds and those used in research. Production birds such as chickens are not included here but there are a few citations on ducks and turkeys which may have application to other birds in general. Also, there are some references pertaining to the commercial use of birds, such as ostrich and emu, when the information might have application to other birds. Birds are presently being brought under regulation by USDA, APHIS, Animal Care. This will affect research facilities, exhibitors, dealers and transporters. It is hoped this publication will provide a useful reference source for anyone handling or caring for birds. An additional section of Selected Websites is included at the end of the publication.
The Animal Welfare Information Center, http://awic.nal.usda.gov/contact-us
March 2, 2004