"Housing, husbandry, care & welfare of selected birds (quail, pheasant, finches, ostrich, dove, parrot & others)-care/behavior/husbandry.biology/enrichment"

  CARE / BEHAVIOR / HUSBANDRY / BIOLOGY / ENRICHMENT

 


2003

 

California condors and DDE: a re-evaluation. Snyder, N.F.R.; Meretsky, V.J. Ibis, London. 2003, v. 145 (1), p. 136-151.

            NAL call no: SB359.5.B78

Descriptors: California Condors, Gymnogyps californianus, DDE, reproductive effect, re-evaluation, eggshell thickness, DDT, eggshell breakage, pre and past 1960's, population decline.

Abstract: Eggshells of wild California Condors Gymnogyps californianus were much thinner in the 1960s, when DDT was used heavily, than during earlier pre-DDT and later reduced-DDT periods. However, eggshell thickness was more strongly linked to egg size (mass) than to measured levels of p,p’DDE (the primary metabolite of DDT). Egg size was consistent within the individual females and yielded correlation coefficients with shell thickness ranging from 0.49 to 0.97, depending on the period and the analysis assumptions used. Measured DDE levels, although often substantial, provided only a weak correlation r=0.33) with shell thickness. In part, the absence of a strong DDE/thickness correlation may have been an artefact of losses of DDE from fragment membranes over time. Nevertheless, the extreme (28-29%) shell thinning of the 1960s was not linked with clearly increased egg-breakage or nest-failure rates, and one female of the 1980s with 25.6% shell thinning was the most productive female of her era. Some eggs with over 30% shell thinning hatched successfully, and broken eggs closely resembled hatched eggs in shell thickness, strongly suggesting that shell thinning was not an important cause of breakage. The apparent absence of harmful effects from the extreme shell thinning of the 1960s may have resulted from (1) the fact that historic pre-DDT condor eggs were on average 16.7% thicker shelled for their mass than predicted by the overall egg mass/shell thickness curve for birds, and (2) a possible egg-size decline or sampling bias toward small-egged females in the 1960s. That DDE was an important cause of the Condor’s decline appears unlikely from overall available data.


Colour polymorphism in birds: Causes and functions. Galeotti, P.; Rubolini, D.; Dunn, P.O.; Fasola, M. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Jul. 2003, v. 16 (4), p. 635-646. ISSN: 1010-061X.

            NAL call no: QH359.J68

Descriptors: color polymorphism, birds, function, plumage, evolutionary causes, sexual selection.

Abstract: We studied polymorphism in all species of birds that are presently known to show intraspecific variation in plumage colour. At least three main mechanisms have been put forward to explain the maintenance of polymorphism: apostatic, disruptive and sexual selection. All of them make partly different predictions. Our aims were to investigate evolutionary causes and adaptive functions of colour polymorphism by taking into account a number of ecological and morphological features of polymorphic species. Overall, we found 334 species showing colour polymorphism, which is 3.5% of all bird species. The occurrence of colour polymorphism was very high in Strigiformes, Ciconiiformes, Cuculiformes and Galliformes. Phylogenetically corrected analysis using independent contrasts revealed that colour polymorphism was maximally expressed in species showing a daily activity rhythm extended to day/night, living in both open and closed habitats. All these findings support the hypothesis that colour polymorphism probably evolved under selective pressures linked to bird detectability as affected by variable light conditions during activity period. Thus, we conclude that selective agents may be prey, predators and competitors, and that colour polymorphism in birds may be maintained by disruptive selection.

 

The effect of night transportation on the heart rate and skin temperature of ostriches during real transportation. Crowther, C.; Davis, R.; Glass, W. Meat Science, Aug. 2003, v. 64 (4), p. 365-370. ref. ISSN: 0309-1740.

            NAL call no: TX373.M4

            Descriptors: skin temperature, heart rate, night transportation, heat stress, animal welfare.

Abstract: Literature has identified a number of stressors that have negative impacts on the welfare of ostriches during transportation. In order to maintain or improve the welfare of animals it is important to minimise or eliminate the impact of such stressors. Literature suggested that ostrich welfare during transit might be improved by using darkened vehicles. A preliminary study was carried out which the response of ostrich heart rate and skin temperature (indicators of stress) to transportation. Comparisons were made between transportation during the day and at night. Statistical tests suggested that heart rates and skin temperatures recorded during the night were lower than those recorded during the day. The usual response of ostriches to darkness is to sit, which provides greater stability for the bird while the transportation unit is in motion. Temperatures inside the transportation unit were significantly lower at night. This may also contribute to the lowering of heart rate and skin temperature as it reduces effects of heat stress. The conclusion has been drawn that transporting ostriches at night is potentially beneficial for the reduction of stress and maintenance of welfare.

 

Establishing appropriate measures for monitoring aging in birds: Comparing short and long lived species. Ottinger, M.A.; Reed, E.; Wu, J.; Thompson, N.; French, J.B. Jr. Experimental Gerontology, Jul. 2003, v. 38 (7), p. 747-750. ISSN: 0531-5565.

            NAL call no: QP86.E85

Descriptors: aging in birds, monitoring, short and long lived, comparison study, Japanese quail, American kestrel.

Abstract: In order to reveal patterns of reproductive aging in birds we focus on a short lived species, the Japanese quail and the American kestrel, which has a life span of medium length. Quail have been studied extensively in the laboratory as models for understanding avian endocrinology and behavior, and as a subject for toxicological research and testing. In the lab, Japanese quail show age-related deterioration in endocrine, behavioral, and sensory system responses; the American kestrel is relatively long lived and shows moderate evidence of senescence in the oldest birds. Using data collected from captive kestrels at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, a database was designed to document selected parameters over the life cycle of the kestrels. Life table data collected from many species indicate that longer lived species of birds show senescence in survival ability but this pattern has not been established for reproduction function. We suggest that useful comparisons among species can be made by identifying stages in reproductive life history, organized on a relative time scale. Preliminary data from quail and kestrels, admittedly only two species, do not yet indicate a pattern of greater reproductive senescence in longer-lived birds.

 

Isosexual pair housing improves the welfare of young Amazon parrots. Meehan, C.L.; Garner, J.P.; Mench, J.L. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Mar. 20, 2003, v. 81 (1), p. 73-88. ISSN: 0168-1591.

            NAL call no: QL750.A6

Descriptors: Amazona amazonica, illness, diseases, behavior, handler response test, environmental enrichment.

Abstract: It has been suggested that isolation from conspecifics may contribute to the development of abnormal behaviors that are common in captive parrots, including sterotypy, feather plucking, excessive fearfulness and aggression (e.g. [Proceedings of the European Symposium on Bird diseases, Beerse, Belgium (1987), p. 98; Kleintierpraxis 38 (1993) 511]. Thus, we assessed the influence of isosexual pair housing on the development of these behaviors, as well as the incidence of illness and injury, in young Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica). Parrots (n=21) were parent raised to 6 months of age and then housed either singly or in isosexual pairs. All cages included inanimate enrichments that were changed regularly, and all parrots were handled regularly. Behavioral activity was recorded 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after the parrots were housed in the experimental cages, and responses (e.g. willingness to approach, tolerance to touch, flight distance) to familiar and strange human handlers and to novel objects introduced into the home cage were recorded periodically. Paired parrots used their enrichments more (GLM:F1, 10 = 13.74; P=0.004), and spent less time screaming (F1, 10 = 4.90; P=0.051), less time preening (F1, 10 = 5.12; P=0.047), and less time inactive (F1, 10 = 9.24; P<0.012) than singly housed parrots. Time spent climbing, walking and flying decreased in both groups during the study, but the decrease was greater in the singly housed parrots (F1,54 = 4.50; P = 0.038). None of the paired parrots developed stereotypy by month 12, while 57% of the singly housed parrots did. Responses to familiar handlers did not differ, but paired parrots responded increasingly significantly less fearfully and aggressively to unfamiliar handlers during the study than did singly housed parrots (F1,54= 6.37; P = 0.015). Latency to approach novel objects was significantly reduced in the paired group when the two birds were tested together (F1, 15 = 7.69; P=0.005). No parrots in the single group sustained injuries while 21% of the parrots in the paired condition experienced injuries, although none of these could be directly linked to intr-pair aggression. Rates of illness did not differ between the two groups. Isosexual pair housing resulted in a more active and diverse behavioral repertoire, eliminated the development of sterotypy and reduced fear responses to novel objects without imparting significant risk of illness and injury or jeopardizing the ability of parrots to relate positively with humans. Thus, it appears that pair housing can significantly improve environmental quality and positively affect the welfare of captive parrots.

 

Oral biology and beak disorders of birds. Olsen, G.H. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice, Sept. 2003, v. 6(3), p. 505-521. ISSN: 1094-9194.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E95E97

            Descriptors: beak disorders, oral biology, beak anatomy, trauma, diseases, birds.

Abstract: The beak, or bill of the bird is a complicated structure. This article describes beak anatomy as well as disorders of the beak, including trauma and diseases.

 

Raptors. Forbes, N.A.; Coles, G. (ed); Dobsen, J. (ed); Elliott, J. (ed); Elwood, C. (ed); Hall, E. (ed); Heath, S. (ed); Hill, P. (ed); Moore, P.H. (ed); Innes, J. (ed); Jeffery, A. (ed); Redrobe, S. (ed); Tasker, S. (ed); Williams, J. (ed); Yam, P. Scientific Proceedings Veterinary Programme: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 46th Annual Congress, Birmingham, UK. Apr. 3-6, 2003, p. 517-520. ref. ISBN: 0905214773.

            Descriptors: raptors, biology, care, nutrition, medicine, birds.

 

Small birds. Chitty, J.R.; Coles, G. (ed); Dobson, J. (ed); Elliott, J. (ed); Elwood, C. (ed); Hall, E. (ed); Heath, S. (ed); Hill, P. (ed); Moore, P.H. (ed); Innes, J. (ed); Jeffery, A. (ed); Redrobe, S. (ed); Tasker, S. (ed); Williams, J. (ed); Yam, P. Scientific Proceedings Veterinary Programme: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 46th Annual Congress, Birmingham, UK. Apr. 3-6, 2003, p. 520-522. ref. ISBN: 0905214773.

            Descriptors: small birds, aviary birds, pets, care, diseases.

 

 

2002

 

Attachment of radiotransmitters to one-day-old sage grouse chicks. Burkepile, N.A.; Connelly, J.W.; Stanley, D.W.; Reese, K.P. Wildlife Society Bulletin. The Wildlife Society, Bethesda, MD. Spring, 2002, v. 30 (1), p. 93-96. ref. ISSN: 0091-7648.

            NAL call no: SK357.A1W5

            Descriptors: telemetry, wild birds, young animals.

 

Avian incubation: Behavior, environment and evolution. Deeming, D.C. (ed.). Oxford Ornithology Series, 2002, No. 13, i-xiv. p. 1-421. ISSN: 1363-3201.

            NAL call no: QL675.A95

            Descriptors: parental care in birds, Aves, embryo development, comprehensive review.

 

Environmental enrichment for parrots in naturalistic settings. Ng, San San. IZN, International Zoo News, Mar. 2002, v. 49 (2), p. 74-81; No. 315. ISSN: 0020-9155.

            NAL call no: QL76.I58

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing techniques, environmental enrichment.

 

The grey parrot in aviculture. Silva, Moraton; Derian, A.L. Avicultural Magazine, 2002, v. 108 (1), p. 8-16. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: care in captivity, review and recommendations, reproductive techniques.

 

The influence of stress from transport and handling on hematologic and clinical chemistry blood parameters of racing pigeons (Columbia livia domestica). Scope, A.; Filip, T.; Gabler, C. Resch, F. Avian Diseases, Jan/Mar. 2002, v. 46 (1), p. 224-229. ref. ISSN: 0005-2086.

            NAL call no: 41.8 Av5

            Descriptors: stress, transport, handling, hematology, blood chemistry.

Abstract: In the present study, the influence of stress from handling and transport on some frequently examined blood parameters of racing pigeons was evaluated. After 3 hr. there was a highly significant (P<0.01) increase in the number as well as in the percentage of heterophils and decrease of lymphocytes. In clinical chemistries, increases of creatine kinase and glucose and a decrease or uric acid were observed. There was a mean decrease of the total white blood count of >15% that was less significant (P<0.05). Changes in lactate dehydrogenase, basophils, and monocytes did not prove to be significant; eosinophils, aspartate aminotransferase, total protein, and the packed cell volume were not influenced by stress.

 

Intersensory redundancy facilitates prenatal perceptual learning in bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) embryos. Lickliter, Robert; Bahrick, Lorraine E.; Honeycutt, Hunter. Developmental Psychology (US), Jan. 2002, v. 38 (1), p. 15-23. ISSN: 0012-1649.

            NAL call no: BF712.D46      

            Descriptors: conditioning, physiology, perception, sense organs. embryology.

Abstract: Information presented redundantly and in temporal synchrony across sensory modalities (intersensory redundancy) selectively recruits attention and facilitates perceptual learning in human infants. This comparative study examined whether intersensory redundancy also facilitates perceptual learning prenatally. The authors assessed quail (Colinus virginianus) embryos’ ability to learn a maternal call when it was (a) unimodal, (b) concurrent but asynchronous with patterned light, or (c) redundant and synchronous with patterned light. Chicks’ preference for the familiar over a novel maternal call was assessed 24 hr following hatching. Chicks receiving redundant , synchronous stimulation as embryos learned the call 4 times faster than those who received the unimodal exposure. Chicks who received asynchronous bimodal stimulation showed no evidence of learning. These results provide the first evidence that embryos are sensitive to redundant, bimodal information and that it can facilitate learning during the prenatal period.

 

Introduction to basic husbandry, handling and nutrition of caged birds. Keeble, E.J. Irish Veterinary Journal, 2002, v. 55 (5), p. 232-236. ref. ISSN: 0368-0762.

            NAL call no: 41.8 IR4

            Descriptors: animal feeding, husbandry, nutrition, diets, aviary birds.

Abstract: This paper provides information regarding the proper housing, welfare, nutrition and handling of budgerigars, parrots, canaries and other commonly kept pet birds.

 

Noninvasive methods for an individually relevant marking and identification of parrots and birds of prey. Kummerfeld, N.; Meyer, W.; Herrmann, R. Kleintierpraxis, 2002, v. 47 (4), p. 239-243. ref. ISSN: 0023-2076.

            NAL call no: 41.8 K67

Descriptors: identification, markers, photography, analytical methods, scale patterns, pedigram, craniograms, iridograms.

Abstract: Considering the currently used marking methods of birds by foot rings or microchip transponders, that might cause harm to the animals, the present study discusses the identification of parrots and birds of prey based on important natural markings that are registered as craniograms or iridograms. As a new approach in this connection, the making of a pedigram is demonstrated, which nay be done a photography of the pattern of the horny scales of the toes, or by the preparation of plastic castings of this scale pattern. The latter technique causes no pain, is non-invasive, and the resulting documents can be stored and managed in a practice-oriented way.

 

Pigeon allergens in indoor environments: A preliminary study. Curtis, L.; Lee, B.S.; Cai, D.; Morozova, I.; Fan, J.L.; Scheff, P.; Persky, V. Allergy (Denmark), Jul. 2002, v. 57 (7), p. 627-531. ISSN: 0105-4538 and, Comment in Allergy, Jul. 2002, v. 57 (7), p. 566-569.

            NAL call no: RC583.A5

            Descriptors: air pollution, allergens, dust, pigeons, immunology.

Abstract: Background: Few studies have measured pigeon allergens in non pigeon coop environments. This study was conducted to determine approximate coop pigeon dropping allergen concentrations in indoor environments. Methods: Polyclonal antibody serum was prepared by injecting a rabbit three times with Freund’s adjuvant. One hundred and fifteen dust samples were collected in a pigeon infested school, pigeon coops, homes and hospitals and analyzed by a direct competitive pigeon enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: The highest level pigeon allergen inhibitory activity were recorded in four samples from pigeon coop bedding samples with a median activity of 11.2% relative to pigeon droppings. The second highest level of pigeon allergens was in a pigeon-infested high school with a median of 7.4% activity related to pigeon droppings. At an entrance underneath pigeon roosts, one sample had a relative inhibitory activity of 62.3%. Pigeon allergen inhibitory levels were generally low in the home and hospital samples, but nevertheless 46 out of 89 of these samples were still above detection limit. Conclusions: This study suggests that large concentrations of pigeon allergens can be found in buildings without domestic pigeons such as the pigeon-infested high school.

 

Pigeons. Redrobe, S. BSAVA Manual of Exotic Pets, 2002, Ed. 4. P. 168-178. British Small Animal veterinary Association, Quedgeley, UK. ISBN: 0905214471.

            NAL call no: SF981.B78

            Descriptors: anesthetics, aviaries, diagnosis, restraint, surgery, diseases.

 

A portable aviary for field observations of behavior. Van Why, Kyle R.; Williams, Christopher K.; Applegate, Roger D.; Flock, Brian E. Journal of Field Ornithology, Winter 2002, v. 73 (1), p. 20-22. ISSN: 0273-8570.

            NAL call no: 413.8 B534

            Descriptors: bird observation techniques, housing techniques, portable aviary.

 

[Some principles of canary breeding and rearing.] Florou, Paneri P. Deltion tes Ellenkes Kteniatrikes Etairelas. Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society, 2002, v. 53 (2), p. 162-171. ref. ISSN: 0257-2354. Note: In Greek.

            NAL call no: 41.8 So18

            Descriptors: animal anatomy, animal nutrition, aviary birds, feeding, reviews.

 

The Technology of Bobwhite Management: The Theory Behind the Practice. Guthery, F.S.; Guthery, F.S., 2002, xi. 215 pp. ref. ISBN: 0813808936.

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, physiology, habitats, wildlife management, dynamics.

Abstract: This book elaborates on the management of northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus), stressing theory-based management technologies. Population declines that started in the 2880s prevail over approximately three-fourths of the original range of C. virgininaus in the United States, indicating the threat of extinction. The different chapters discuss the bioenergetic and biophysical properties of bobwhites as well as their water requirements, a mathematical model to determine energy-based carrying capacity for subsequent application in the theory of habitat management, population dynamics of the species from a continental perspective, and demographic aspects in relation to the theory and practice of harvest management and population viability. Theories of habitat and habitat management are addressed.

 

 

2001

 

African Grey Parrots Everything about History, Care, Nutrition, Handling and Behavior. Wright, Maggie. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Barron’s c 2001. 95 p. ill. map. ref. ISBN: 0764110357.

            NAL call no: SF473.P3 W75 2001

            Descriptors: African grey parrot, husbandry, management.

 

Behavior of captive Bulwer’s wattled pheasants, Lophura bulweri (Galliformes: Phasianidae). Rowden, John. Zoo Biology, 2001, v. 20 (1), p. 15-25. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

Descriptors: captive observations, behavior, breeding programs, husbandry, male and female differences.

Abstract: Bulwer’s wattled pheasant (Lophura bulweri) have traditionally been housed in pairs in captivity, although it is unknown whether monogamy is the species natural mating system. In1998 we placed our group of 3.3 L. Bulweri together in a complex outdoor habitat, in order to investigate several questions. These included whether monogamous pairing was the natural mating system for the species, how the new grouping would affect their behavior, and what microhabitats the individuals preferred within the complex habitat. Initially, all six individuals remained in the same enclosure without conflict. After a period of approximately 6 weeks, 2.1 of these individuals were removed for their safety, due to increasingly aggressive interactions. The data we collected indicate that the species may have an exploded lek type of mating system in the wild and that individuals may flock together in the nonbreeding season. In addition, males and females seem to prefer different types of shade regimes. These results suggest ways to improve husbandry and breeding success of the species in captivity.

 

Behavioral aspects of captive birds of prey. Jones, Michael P. Veterinary Clinics of North America Exotic Animal Practice, Sept. 2001, v. 4 (3), p. 613-632. ISSN: 1094-0104.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E95E97

            Descriptors: care in captivity, behavior, management, Falconiformes, Strigiformes.

 

Biting and screaming behavior in parrots. Wilson, Liz. Veterinary Clinics of North America Exotic Animal Practice, Sept. 2001, v. 4 (3), p. 641-650. ISSN: 1094-9194.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E95E97

            Descriptors: care in captivity, biting, aggressive behavior, screaming, management.

 

The blue-faced parrotfinch, Erythrura trichroa. Kingston, Russell. Australian Aviculture, Dec. 2001, v. 55 (12), p. 273-275. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, Aves, Passeriformes, Erythrura trichroa.

 

Body condition and immune response in wild zebra finches: Effects of capture, confinement and captive rearing. Ewenson, E.L.; Zann, R.A.; Flannery, G.R. Die Naturwissenschaften (Germany), Sept. 2001, v. 88 (9), p. 391-394. ISSN: 0028-1042.

            NAL call no: SD79.A3E5

            Descriptors: songbirds, physiology, immunology, leucocyte count.

Abstract: Behavioral ecologists attempt to predict fitness in birds from estimates of body condition and immune capacity. We investigated how the stresses associated with capture, confinement and captive-rearing of wild zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) affected different elements of the immune system and body condition. Wild birds had higher heterophil:lymphocyte ratios and total leucocyte counts than aviary birds, presumably an outcome of mounting specific resistance to pathogens, but this response diminished significantly within 10 days of confinement. Wild birds had lower phytohaemagglutinin-A (PHA) responses than their aviary-bred counterparts possibly because energetic costs limited a general resistance response. Wild birds were heavier and had higher haematocrits than their aviary counterparts, but had less fat, although just 10 days of captivity significantly increased fat levels. Measures of body condition were of limited use for predicting immune responsiveness. We concluded that the different elements of the immune system and body condition respond independently, and often unpredictably, to many ecological and behavioural stressors.

 

Common fallacies about psittacine care. Ryan, Thomas. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, 2001, v. 22, p. 155-161.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: care in captivity, discussion of common fallacies, Psittaciformes, parrot family.

 

Corticosterone and insulin interact to regulate glucose and triglyceride levels during stress in a bird. Remage, Healey Luke; Romero, L. Michael. American Journal of Physiology, Sept. 2001, v. 281 (3 Part 2): R.994-R1003. ISSN: 0002-9513.

            NAL call no: 447.8.AM3

            Descriptors: hyperglycemia, metabolic disease, behavior, endocrine system.

Abstract: Captive European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) were exposed to the stress of handling and restraint while corticosterone, glucose, and triglyceride concentrations were monitored in blood plasma. In saline-injected controls, basal samples ere taken within 3 min of disturbance with subsequent samples taken at 40, 70, and 150 min. This was repeated at two times during the daily cycle (day and night) on two different photoperiods: short and long days. During both photoperiods, corticosterone concentrations approximately tripled (compared with a sixfold increase in free-living starlings) and triglyceride concentrations decreased 25-45% in response to stress at both times of the day, whereas, an approx 25% stress-induced hyperglycemia occurred only at night. Exogenous corticosterone (200mug), 1.0 or 4.0 IU/kg of insulin, or a combination of corticosterone with each insulin dose was then separately administered to alter the above responses. Insulin did not affect corticosterone or triglyceride concentrations but resulted in a dose-dependent hypoglycemia of 10-40%. Injected corticosterone resulted in supraphysiological corticosterone concentrations (three to five fold higher than normal), yet it did not affect the already altered plasma glucose or triglyceride concentrations. This suggests that glucose output and triglyceride decreases were already maximal in response to handling and restraint. However, the low glucose concentrations resulting from exogenous insulin returned to basal quicker with exogenous corticosterone but only during the day. No response to either hormone showed photoperiodic differences. These data suggest that corticosterone’s role in metabolism changes to meet varying energetic demands throughout the day.

 

Deflighting procedures and their welfare implications in captive birds. Hesterman, H.; Gregory, N.G.; Boardman, W.S.J. Animal Welfare, Nov. 2001, v. 10 (4), p. 405-419. ISSN: 0962-7286.

            NAL call no: HV4701.A557

            Descriptors: deflighting procedures, animal welfare implications, captive birds.

Abstract: Deflighting is used to prevent large captive birds from escaping by limiting their ability to fly. This practice deprives birds of this normal behavior, but can allow them to express other behaviours that would be suppressed if they were confined to cages or aviaries. The potential negative welfare issues associated with deflighting include the stress of capture and restraint, pain and discomfort associated with the procedure and during recovery, risk of post-operative infections, risk of neuroma formation which could lead to pain, and loss of the ability to fly. The potential practical and welfare advantages of deflighting include a reduction in the need to closely confine or cage the birds to prevent them from escaping, and deflighting may be the only way of keeping particular birds in an open situation for display, such as in parks or zoos. In these respects, there must be a balance between the requirement for this practice and the welfare compromises it introduces for birds. By outlining temporary and permanent methods and the complications involved, the following review highlights potential welfare problems and discusses ways of avoiding them. It also evaluates the necessity of deflighting and the need for careful risk assessment.

 

Effect of melatonin on circadian rhythm, locomotor activity and body temperature in the intact house sparrow, Japanese quail and owl. Murakami, N.; Kawano, T.; Nakahara, K.; Nasu, T.; Shiota, K. Brain Research (Netherlands), Jan. 2001, v. 889 (1-2), p. 220-224. ISSN: 0006-8993.

            Descriptors: antioxidants, pharmacology, body temperature, drug effects, melatonin.

Abstract: We compared the effect of melatonin on circadian body rhythm, body temperature, and locomotion in the intact house sparrow, Japanese quail and owl. Daily treatment with melatonin at a fixed time did not entrain the free-running rhythm of locomotor activity in the house sparrow and the disrupted rhythm in Japanese quail under constant dim light. However, melatonin clearly inhibited movement for several hours after treatment. The duration of resting after injection of melatonin was dose-dependent. Body temperature was significantly decreased after melatonin treatment, the effect being more potent during the active phase than in the resting phase. Although this effect of melatonin on body temperature was also dose-dependent, the magnitude of the decrease in body temperature after injection of melatonin was greater in the house sparrow than in the Japanese quail. On the other hand, melatonin induced a further large decrease of body temperature in a nocturnal bird, the owl, whose pineal gland is degenerate. The decrease of body temperature was larger in the active phase than in the resting phase, and melatonin did not prevent movement in spite of the decrease in body temperature. These results suggest that the effects of melatonin differ among avian species, and that these mechanisms may not be linked to each other.

 

Elements for a turtle dove (Streptotelia turtur) management plan. Boutin, J.M. Game and Wildlife Science, Mar. 2001, v. 18 (1), p. 87-112. ref. ISSN: 1622-7662.

            Descriptors: Columbiformes, management, diet, habitats, wild animals.

 

Environmental enrichment for pet parrots. Evans, M. In Practice, Nov./Dec. 2001, v. 23 (10), p. 596-605. ref. ISSN: 0263-841X.

            NAL call no: SF601.I4

            Descriptors: parrots, pets, cage size, environmental enrichment, perches.

 

Fabricated trees. Grams, Kayla; Roletto, Jan. Animal Keeper’s Forum, 2001, v. 28 (2), p. 58-60. ISSN: 0164-9531.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.A54

            Descriptors: housing techniques, fabricated trees, enrichment for zoo enclosures, aviaries.

 

The Gouldian finch. Murray, Ray. Australian Aviculture, Nov. 2001, v. 55 (11), p. 245-249. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, restraint, sedation, surgery techniques, management.

 

High security housing. Oschadleus, Dieter. Africa Birds and Birding. Dec./Jan. 2001, v. 5 (6), p. 16. ISSN: 1025-8264.

            Descriptors: breeding site, barbed wire of security enclosure, habitat, captive birds.

 

Laboratory birds: Refinements in husbandry and procedures. Lab Animal. London: Royal Society Press Ltd. Oct. 2001, v. 35 (Suppl. 1), p. S1-S163. ref. ISSN: 0023-6772. Available: www.catchword.com/rsm/00236772/v35n4x1/contp1-1.htm

            NAL call no: QL55.A1L3

            Descriptors: birds, laboratory animals, diets, training, blood sampling, anesthesia.

 

Optimal conditions for breeding of captive Humboldt penguins (Spheniscus humboldti): a survey of British zoos. Blay, Nicola; Cote, Isabelle M. Zoo Biology, 2001, v. 20 (6), p. 545-555. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: care in captivity, breeding programs, captive breeding.

Abstract: We surveyed 16 British zoos and bird gardens to assess the optimal conditions for breeding of captive Humboldt penguins (Spheniscus humboldti). We obtained information on population, enclosure, and husbandry characteristics and related these variables to three measures of per capita breeding success, namely, per capita egg productivity, chick productivity, and hatching success (measured as the proportion of eggs laid that hatched). All three fitness measures increased with an increasing number of breeding pairs and total population size bur were not related to population density. Once the effect of number of breeding pairs was removed statistically, chick productivity was found to be highest when nesting boxes were lined with sand and gravel instead of alternative substrata such as twigs or vegetation. Hatching success increased with increasing pool size and was highest in enclosures with concrete floors. Adult mortality in zoos was generally low and appeared related to the use of chlorine in freshwater pools and to the presence of other penguin species in Humboldt penguin displays. Several enclosures and husbandry parameters were not variable enough to assess their impact on reproduction of captive Humboldt penguins. Recommendations for optimising conditions for captive breeding of Humboldt penguins include keeping as large a population as possible in a concrete enclosure with a large pool area, while providing sand and gravel as nesting material. Bird density may be important but we did not detect detrimental effects on breeding for densities up to 0.25 birds m-2. Adult mortality can be minimised by exhibiting Humboldt penguins in single-species display and avoiding chlorination of pool water. An experimental approach is recommended to confirm the results of this correlation study.

 

Order Anseriformes (ducks, geese, swans). Captive management and medicine. Fowler, Murray E. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals. Fowler, Murray E.; Cubas, Zalmir S. (eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001. i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 105-114. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: care in captivity, sedation, anesthesia, surgical techniques, management.

 

Order Ciconiiformes (herons, storks ibises). Management in captivity. Prudente do Amaral, Priscilla; Sanfilippo, Luiz Francisco. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals, Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001. i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 83-84. ISBN; 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: care in captivity, captive management, Aves, Ciconiiformes.

 

Order Columbiformes (pigeons, doves). Medicine. Werther, Karin. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals, Fowler, Murray E.; Cubas, Zalmir S.; (eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 141-145. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: Columbiformes, care in captivity, diseases, management, disorders.

 

Order Galliformes, family Cracidae. Crax blumenbachii preservation project. Motta de Avelar Azeredo, Roberto; Simpson, James G.P.; Barros, Lucia Paolinelli. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals, Fowler, Murray E.; Cubas, Zalmir S. (eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001. i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 136-138. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: conservation measures, endangered status, care in captivity, Brazil.

 

Order Gruiformes (sun bitterns, trumpeters, rails). Cziulik, Marcia. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals. Fowler, Murray E.; Cubas, Zalmir S. (eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001. i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 133-135. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: care in captivity, biology, captive management, reproductive techniques.

 

Order Phoenicopteriformes (flamingos). Fowler, Murray E. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals. Fowler, Murray E.; Cubas, Zalmir S. (eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001. i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 95-102. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: care in captivity, physical restraint techniques, biology, anesthesia.

 

Order Piciformes (toucans, woodpeckers). Captive management: Family Ramphastidae (toucans). Jennings, Jerry. Biology, Medicine, and Surgery of South American Wild Animals. Fowler, Murray E.; Cubas, Zalmir S. (eds). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 180-199. ref. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: care in captivity, captive management, reproductive techniques.

 

Order Sphenisciformes (penguins). Fowler, Gene S.; Fowler, Murray E. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals. Fowler, Murray E.; Cubas, Zalmir, S. (eds). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001. i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 53-64. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: care in captivity, sedation, anesthesia, biology, surgical techniques.

 

Order Strigiformes (owls). Fowler, Murray E. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals. Fowler, Murray E; Cubas, Zalmir S. (eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001. i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 125-132. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: care in captivity, physical restraining techniques, surgical techniques.

 

Order Tinamiformes (tinamous). Biology. Silveira, Luis Fabio; Hoefling, Elizabeth. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals, Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 72-74. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: Tinamiformes, care in captivity, biology, captive management.

 

Order Trochiliiformes (hummingbirds). Orr, Kathlyn A.; Fowler, Murray E. Biology, Medicine and Surgery of South American Wild Animals, Fowler, Murray E.; Cubas Zalmir S. (eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-x. 1-536 p. Chapter pagination: 174-179. ISBN: 0813828465.

            NAL call no: SF996.4.B56

            Descriptors: care in captivity, physical restraining techniques, anesthesia, sedation.

 

Ostrich flock health. Black, Doug. Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine, Jul. 2001, v. 10 (3), p. 117-130. ISSN: 1055-937X.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1S36

            Descriptors: care in captivity, flock health management, Struthio camelus.

 

Parrot behavior and management for avian veterinarians and avian technicians. Wilson, Liz. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, 2001, v. 22, p. 175-188.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: care in captivity, treatment techniques, behavior management.

 

Photo-schedule management in bird rearing. Zhang, LuQiang; Yang, ZenCai; Sun, RuYong; Zhang, L.Q.; Yang, Z.C.; Sun, R.Y. Chinese Journal of Zoology, 2001, v. 36 (4), p. 70-73. ref. ISSN: 0250-3263.

            NAL call no: QL1.T8

            Descriptors: light regime, artificial light, photoperiod, lighting, reproduction.

Abstract: Serving as an important ecological factor, light may be used to alter the rules of bird reproduction. Photo-schedule management may potentially extend the reproductive period and break the seasonality of reproduction. The principles of using a photo-schedule for bird-rearing are presented, and the effects of light management on reproduction are discussed.

 

Quail raising tips. Anon. Agriculture, Apr. 2001, v. 5 (4), p. 24-25. ISSN: 0118-8577.

            Descriptors: quail, breeds, housing, feeding, temperature, waste.

 

The Sibley Guide to Bird Life & Behavior. 1st Ed. Sibley, David, 1961; Elphick, Chris.; Dunning, John B.; New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001. 588 p. ill. maps. ISBN: 0679451234.

            NAL call no: QL681.S495 2001

            Descriptors: birds, North America, behavior.

 

 

2000

 

Aerodynamic control by the avian tail. Rayner, J.M.V..; Maybury, W.J.; Couldrick, L.B. American Zoologist, Dec. 2000, v. 40 (6), p. 1183. ISSN: 0003-1569.

            NAL call no: 410 AM3

            Descriptors: aerodynamic control, body drag reduction, flight stability, tails, body drag.

Abstract: The bird tail has been credited as a means of controlling stability and manoeuverability in flight and as a supplementary lifting organ, but others have emphasized its role in sexual selection and display. Theoretical models of tail aerodynamics based on slender wing theory have not hitherto been tested. Flow visualization and force measurements with mounted European starling Stumus vulgaris reveal the geometry of vortices around the tail, and the effect of the tail on airflow around the body. Lift from the spread starling tail at low speeds is strongly influenced by the presence of the body and does not correspond to predictions of slender wing theory. A furled tail has an important effect on body aerodynamics, it acts as a splitter plate, controlling the onset of separation on the anterior part of the body, and reducing parasite drag significantly. Flow control and body drag reduction is hypothesized to be the major role of the tail in normal forward flight, although the tail plays varied roles in different species. It probably evolved from a balancing, and heavy, bony tail in bipedal theropods.

 

Behavior dysfunction in captive psittacine birds: A “F-T-H-R” in your cap: Practical guidelines to parrot behavior. D’Arezzo, C.; Pepperberg, I.M. Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, 2000, v. 14, p. 904-906.

            NAL call no: SF605.N672

            Descriptors: Psittaciformes, behavior problems, parrot family, pets.

 

Bird Nests and Construction Behaviour. Hansell, Michael H., 1940. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000, xii. 280 p. ref. ISBN: 0521460387.

            NAL call no: QL675.H34 2000

            Descriptors: bird nests, design and construction, birds behavior.

 

The care and maintenance of the captive cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo. Finney, J.K. Animal Technology, 2000, v. 51 (1), p. 37-46. ref. ISSN: 0264-4754.

            NAL call no: QL55.I5

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, health, enrichment, behavior, welfare, hygiene.

 

Care of orphan birds. Ackermann, J.; Bonagura, J.D. Kirk’s Current Veterinary Therapy XIII: Small Animal Practice, 2000, p. 1101-1104. ref. ISBN: 0721655238. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia.

            NAL call no: SF745 K57

            Descriptors: artificial rearing, animal housing, nutrition, diets.

 

A criacao de tuins (Forpus spp.) em cativeiro. [Captive breeding of parrots (Forpus spp.).] Antunes, S. Melopsittacus, 2000, v. 3 (1), p. 45-47. ref. Note: In Portuguese.

            Descriptors: animal breeding, animal husbandry, Psittaciformes.

 

Environmental enrichment for psittacines at Edinburgh Zoo. Feld, D.A.; Thomas, R. International Zoo Yearbook, 2000, v. 37, p. 232-237. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: bird care in captivity, environmental enrichment, Psittaciformes, Aves, UK.

 

Galliformes. Coles, Brian H. Avian Medicine, Tully, Thomas N. Jr.; Lawton, Martin P.C.; Dorrestein, Gerry M. (eds.). Butterworth, Heinemann, Oxford & Woburn. 2000. i-xiv. 1-411 p. Chapter pagination: 266-295. ISBN: 0750635983.

            NAL call no: SF994.A93

            Descriptors: care in captivity, fowl, diseases, parasites, disorders, veterinary procedures.

 

Husbandry and breeding of blue-eyed cockatoos Cacatua ophthalmica at Chester Zoo 1966-1998. Wilkinson, R.; Pilgrim, M.; Woolham, A.; Morris, A.; West, B. International Zoo Yearbook, 2000, v. 37, p. 116-125. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, breeding programs.

 

Husbandry, breeding and hand rearing of salmon-crested cockatoo Cacatua moluccensis at Loro Parque Fundacion, Puerto de la Cruz. Sweeney, R.G. International Zoo Yearbook, 2000, v. 37, p. 130-137. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: care in captivity, hand rearing, rearing techniques, captive breeding.

 

Husbandry and breeding of palm cockatoos Probosciger aterrimus at Rotterdam Zoo. King, C.E. International Zoo Yearbook, 2000, v. 37, p. 69-80. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, reproductive techniques.

 

The husbandry of fairy wrens. O’Grady, Bob. Bird Keeping in Australia, Jul. 2000, v. 43 (7), p. 100-103. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry notes, fairy wrens.

 

Husbandry and management of Kea Nestor notabilis at Paradise Park, Hayle. Woolcock, D. International Zoo Yearbook, 2000, v. 37, p. 146-152. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, breeding programs, captive breeding.

 

Keeping Indian scops owl. Chester, Mark. Tyto, Sept. 2000, v. 5(3), p. 134-137. ISSN: 1363-4380.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing techniques, aviary layout, nest sites.

 

A madarak egyedi azonositasi lehetosegei. [Possibilities for individual identification of birds.] Molnar, V.; Beregi, A.; Lukacs, Z.J. Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja, 2000, v. 122 (5), p. 259-262. ref. ISSN: 0025-004X. Note: In Hungarian.

            NAL call no: 41.8 V644

            Descriptors: identification, birds.

 

Maintenance of a captive flock of house finches free of infection by Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Nolan, P.M.; Duckworth, R.A.; Hill, G.E.; Roberts, S.R. Avian Diseases, Oct./Dec. 2000, v. 44 (4), p. 948-952. ref. ISSN: 0005-2086.

            NAL call no: 41.8 Av5

            Descriptors: flocks, epidemics, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, incidence, bacterial disease, eyes.

Abstract: Since the beginning of an epidemic of conjunctivitis in wild house finches caused by Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), all captive colonies established by capturing free-ranging house finches from the eastern population have also either been infected at the time of capture or developed infection shortly after capture. In an attempt to avoid this infection in captive flocks being maintained for studies of the finches’ behavior and ecology, we compared two different flock management strategies and were able to prevent the development of mycoplasmal conjunctivitis with one of the strategies. Single-sex flocks were built by introducing only seronegative wild-caught birds showing no clinical signs of conjunctivitis and covering their outdoor flight cages with netting to prevent interaction with other wild birds although only the female flocks were initially treated with a 6-wk course of tylosin tartrate (0.3 mg/ml). The female flocks never developed conjunctivitis although the disease did develop in the male flocks. Furthermore, serologic assessments of the healthy flock by serum plate agglutination assays for MG indicated that the females remained free of MG infection in the final 7 wk of the study, during which they were unmedicated. We concluded that any low-level MG infection not diagnosed by the initial test for seroconversion was cleared by the prolonged drug treatment.

 

Management guidelines for the welfare of zoo animals. Birds of prey in flying demonstrations. Second edition. Parry-Jones, Jemima. Federation of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and Ireland, London, 2000. i-iii. p. 1-44, i-xiii.

            NAL call no: QL76.L44

            Descriptors: flying demonstrations, welfare, care in captivity, management guidelines.

 

Management guidelines for the welfare of zoo animals. Falconiformes (diurnal birds of prey). Parry-Jones, Jemima. Federation of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and Ireland, London, 2000, i-iii. 1-44 p., i-xiii.

            NAL call no: QL76.L44

            Descriptors: welfare, care in captivity, falcons, management guidelines, welfare in zoos.

 

Management and husbandry of black cockatoos Calyptorhynchus spp. In captivity. King, C.E.; Heinhuis, H.; Brouwer, K. International Zoo Yearbook, 2000, v. 37, p. 87-116. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: care in captivity, captive management and husbandry, review.

 

Neonatal handling of Amazon parrots alters the stress response and immune function. Collette, J.C.; Millam, J.R.; Klasing, K.C.; Wakenell, P.S. Applied animal Behavior Science, Mar. 2000, v. 66 (4), p. 335-349. ref. ISSN: 0168-1591.

            NAL call no: QL750.A6

            Descriptors: Amazona, tameness, restraint, blood serum, antibody formation.

 

Owl play. Marshall, Ian. Tyto, Feb. 2000, v. 4 (5), p. 145-146. ISSN: 1363-4380.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, courtship, play items, interactions.

 

Passerines and exotic softbills. Dorrestein, Gerry M. Avian Medicine, Tully, Thomas N. Jr.; Lawton, Martin P.C.; Dorrestein, Gerry M. (eds.). Butterworth, Heinemann, Oxford & Woburn. 2000, i-xiv. 1-411 p. Chapter pagination: 144-179. ISBN: 0750635983.

            NAL call no: SF994.A93

            Descriptors: bird care in captivity, veterinary techniques, diseases, parasites.

 

Pigeon therapeutics. Harlin, R.W. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice, Jan. 2000, v. 3 (1), p. 19-34. ISSN: 1094-9194.

            NAL call no: SF997.E95E97

            Descriptors: bird diseases, drug therapy, nutrition, bacterial infections, prevention.

Abstract: This article examines therapeutics for pigeons, discussing their physiology and reproduction, housing, and nutrition. The author also looks at ways to prevent infection, while discussing treatments for various viral diseases, such as paramyxovirus and pigeon herpesvirus, bacterial infections, such as paratyphoid, and parasitic diseases. Drug dosages are listed for antibiotics, antifungals, antiparasitics, and vaccines.

 

Psittacine birds. Harcourt-Brown, Nigel H. Avian Medicine, Tully, Thomas N. Jr.; Lawton, Martin P.C.; Dorrestein, Gerry M. (eds.). Butterworth, Heinemann, Oxford & Woburn. 2000. i-xiv. 1-411 p. Chapter pagination: 112-143. ISBN: 0750635983.

            NAL call no: SF994.A93

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diseases, parasites, Psittaciformes, parrot family.

 

The purple-bellied parrot Triciaria malachitacea: Its biology and husbandry. Cornejo. Juan. Avicultural Magazine, 1999, v. 105 (1), p. 26-39. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, biology and conservation.

 

Raptors. Redig, Patrick T.; Ackermann, Janette. Avian Medicine, Tully Thomas N. Jr.; Lawton, Martin P.C.; Dorrestein, Gerry M. (eds.). Butterworth, Heinemann, Oxford & Woburn. 2000, i-xiv. 1-411 p. Chapter pagination: 180-214. ISBN: 0750635983.

            NAL call no: SF994.A93

            Descriptors: care in captivity, birds of prey, pathological techniques, diseases, parasites.

 

Refinements in Laboratory Bird Husbandry. Hawkins, P.; Balls, M. (ed); Zeller, A.M.(ed); Halder, M.E. Progress in the Reduction, Refinement and Replacement of Animal Experimentation: Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, Bologna, Italy. Aug. 29-Sept 2, 1999. 2000. p. 1313-1318. ref. Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, NE.

            NAL call no: QL1.D48

            Descriptors: animal experiments, animal welfare, cages, laboratory animals.

 

Seabirds. Robinson, Ian. Avian Medicine, Tully, Thomas N. Jr.; Lawton, Martin P.C.; Dorrestein, Gerry M. (eds.). Butterworth, Heinemann, Oxford & Woburn, 2000, i-xiv. 1-411 p. Chapter pagination: 339-363.

            NAL call no: SF994.A93

            Descriptors: Aves, care in captivity, sea birds, diseases, veterinary procedures.

 

The Swift Parakeet. Laubscher, Cyril. Published by the author for the Parrot Society UK, Opington, 1999. p. 1-48. ISBN: 0950030651.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing and breeding, diet in captivity.

 

Training and enrichment models for avian exhibits. Mellen, Jill. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Annual Conference Proceedings, 2000, p. 49-54.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: Aves, bird care in captivity, training, enrichment models for exhibits.

 

Transportation of ostriches - a review. Wotton, S.B.; Hewitt, L. Veterinary Record, 1999, v. 145 (25), p. 725-731. ref. ISSN: 0041-4900.

            NAL call no: 41.8 V641

            Descriptors: reviews, transport of animals, behavior, stress, mortality, handling, animal welfare.

 

Waterfowl. Routh, Andy; Sanderson, Stephanie. Avian Medicine, Tully, Thomas N. Jr.; Lawton, Martin P.C.; Dorrestein, Gerry M. (eds.). Butterworth, Heinemann, Oxford & Woburn, 2000, i-xiv, 1-411 p. Chapter pagination: 234-265. ISBN: 0750635983.

            NAL call no: SF994.A93

            Descriptors: care in captivity, Anseriformes, veterinary procedures, diseases, ducks, geese.

 

 

1999

 

Australian Model Code of Practice for the Welfare of Animals: Husbandry of Captive Bred Emus. Australia, Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management, 1999, 12 pp. SCARM report 69. CSIRO Publishing Co. Collingwood, Australia. ISBN: 0643064125.

            NAL call no: SF511.5 E46A35 1999

            Descriptors: emu husbandry, animal welfare, guidelines, code of practice.

Abstract: This Code is intended as a guide for all people responsible for the welfare and husbandry of emus that are bred and/or reared in captivity.

 

Behaviour in natural and captive environments. Deeming, D.C.; Bubier, N.E.; Deeming, D.C. The Ostrich: Biology, Production and Health, 1999, p. 83-104. ref. CABI Publishing Co. Wallingford, UK. ISBN: 0851993508.

            NAL call no: SF511.0774-1999

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, reviews, animal behavior, age, ostrich.

 

A behavioral test of presbycusis in the bird auditory system. Langermann, U.; Hamann, I.; Friebe, A. Hearing Research, Nov. 1999, v. 137 (1-2), p. 68-76. ISSN: 0378-5955.

            Descriptors: presbycusis, ear disease, auditory system, behavior, starlings, various ages.

Abstract: Absolute auditory thresholds were determined behaviorally in European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) between the age of 6 months and up to 13 years using a GO/NOGO procedure. The thresholds that we observed in individual starlings over a time period of 11 years showed no systematic increase over time. When comparing young starlings (age 6 to 12 months) with old starlings (age 8 to 13 years), we discovered no substantial age-related hearing loss. In the frequency range from 0.5 to 4 kHz, the thresholds of old subjects were on average increased by 1.5 to 3 dB. For frequencies of 6 and 8 kHz, the mean threshold increase of old subjects was 6.1 and 4.9dB, respectively. This demonstrates excellent hearing in subjects that had lived on average more than five times the starlings demographic life-span of 22 months. This result is discussed with respect to the large threshold shift usually found in aging mammals and tp differences between the bird and the mammalian auditory system.

 

Breeding Neophema parrots in suspended cages. Powells, Barry. Australian Aviculture, Nov. 1999, v. 53 (11), p. 254-255. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing techniques, suspended cages, relationships.

 

Care and management of poultry in the laboratory. Klopp, S. Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews, 1999, v. 10 (2), p. 97-99. ref.

            NAL call no: QL698.C7

            Descriptors: poultry, laboratory animals, research, animal husbandry.

 

Criacao de azulhao. [Grosbeak rearing.] Pacini-Tostes, Aloisio. Atualidades Ornitologicas, Jul./Aug. 1999, v. 90, p.6. ISSN: 0104-2386. Note: In Portuguese.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry and breeding, biological notes.

 

Criacao de pintassilgo. [Rearing of finches of the genus Carduelis.] Pacini-Tostes, Aloisio. Atualidades Ornitologicas, May/Jun. 1999, v. 89, p. 5. ISSN: 0104-2386. Note: In Portuguese.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry and breeding, reproductive techniques.

 

Development of body temperature regulation in ostrich chicks. Brown, C.R.; Prior, S.A. British Poultry Science, Sept. 1999, v. 40 (4), p. 529-535. ISSN: 0007-1668.

            NAL call no: 47.8 B77

            Descriptors: body temperature regulation, young ostriches, growth and development.

Abstract: Information in the literature indicates that young ostrich chicks, despite being precocial, are poor thermoregulators and may take between 8 and 12 weeks to develop efficient homeothermy. We measured the body temperatures (Tb) of young ostrich chicks (1 to 10 d) at ambient temperatures between 13° and 28° C under controlled conditions in the laboratory and under typical farm-rearing conditions to assess their ability to thermoregulate. Even 1-d-old ostriches could maintain a Tb above 36° C at temperatures of 20 degrees C and older chicks maintained a Tb above 36° C at temperatures of 13° C in a constant temperature room. Chicks from 2-d-old could maintain adult T(b)s outdoors under a wide range of ambient temperatures and weather conditions. We concluded that ostrich chicks have well developed homeothermy soon after hatching and that some of the higher rearing temperatures recommended in the literature are unnecessary. In appropriate climates, chicks can be allowed outdoors soon after hatching provided they are not exposed to unfavorable weather conditions. Thermoregulation is, however, energetically expensive and thermoregulatory behavior such as huddling may compete with other important activities like feeding.

 

Enrichment Notebook, 2nd ed. Stark, Beth. American Association of Zoo Keepers, Enrichment Committee. c1999. 1 v. (loose leaf): ill, forms.

            NAL call no: SF408.45.A44 1999

            Descriptors: zoo animals, environmental enrichment, feeding, feeds, manuals.

 

Evidence of sperm storage in the female ostrich. Swan, R.A.; Sicouri, O. Australian Veterinary Journal, Oct. 1999, v. 77 (10), p. 649-650. ISSN: 0005-0423.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AU72

            Descriptors: fertility, physiology, ostriches physiology, spermatozoa physiology, fertile eggs.

Abstract: Objective: To determine the length of time following mating that fertile eggs can be laid by an ostrich (Struthio camelus). Design: A clinical reproductive problem in a pair of breeding ostriches provided the opportunity to mate the birds at intervals of 5 to 8 days and assess the fertility of eggs laid. Procedure: Following prolapse of the phallus of the male ostrich during the breeding season, the pair were immediately separated. The hen was reintroduced to the cock at intervals of 5 to 8 days over a 6 week period for supervised mating. Records were kept of dates of mating and laying, number of eggs laid, egg weights, and fertility determined by candling after 2 weeks incubation. Results: Over the 6 week period, 10 eggs were laid, of which 8 were fertile and 2 infertile. Fertile eggs weighed 1020 to 1285 g (mean 1143). The two infertile eggs weighed 1160 and 925 g. Six fertile eggs were laid 2 to 7 days after mating. The remaining two fertile eggs were laid the same days that mating occurred, suggesting that fertilization resulted from the last matings 5 and 8 days previously, or from earlier matings. Conclusions: Sperm storage occurs in ostrich hens and fertile eggs can be laid for at least 5 to 8 days after copulation. Further studies are required to demonstrate the maximum period during which stored sperm are capable of successful fertilization.

 

Grooming. Ryan, Thomas. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1999, v. 20. p. 42-46.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: Aves, bird care in captivity, wing, nail and beak trimming, recommendations.

 

Husbandry (aviary birds). Ryan, T.; Roston, M.A. (ed); Marx, K.L. Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference on Avian Medicine and Surgery, Apr. 25-27, 1999, Mid-Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians. Baltimore, MD. 1999. p 42-45. ref.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: pets, aviary birds, diets, cages, perches.

 

Husbandry. Ryan, Thomas. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1999, v. 20, p. 42-45.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: Aves, bird care in captivity, review, recommendations.

 

Husbandry and breeding of the Papuan mountain pigeon Gymnophaps albertisii at Vogelpark Walsrode. Muller, Martina. Avicultural Magazine, 1999, v. 105 (2), p. 72-76. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, Aves.

 

Husbandry and care of quail. Ottinger, M.A.; Rattner, B.A. Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews, 1999, v. 10 (2), p. 117-120. ref. ISSN: 1357-048X.

            NAL call no: QL698.C7

            Descriptors: physiology, biochemistry, quail, husbandry, care.

 

Husbandry and care of passerine birds. Harding, C.F. Poultry and Avian Biology Review, Middlesex, UK: Science and Technology Letters, 1999, v. 10 (2), p. 79-83. ISSN: 1357-048X.

            NAL call no: QL698.C7

            Descriptors: husbandry, care, passerine birds, perching birds.

 

Husbandry and care of research parrot colonies. Millam, J.R. Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews, 1999, v. 10 (2), p. 85-89. ref. ISSN: 1357-048X.

            NAL call no: QL698.C7

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, laboratory animals, aviary birds, animal health.

 

Keas in captivity. Roberts, Jennie. Ratel, Oct. 1999, v. 26 (5), p. 189-200. ISSN: 0305-1218.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.R37

            Descriptors: care in captivity, Nestor notabilis, Psittacidae.

 

Medical management of the California condor. Ensley, Philip K. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy, 4th ed. Fowler, Murray E.; Miller, R. Eric. W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, London. 1999, i-xxiii, 1-747 p. Chapter pagination: 277-292. ISBN: 0721686648.

            NAL call no: SF996 Z66 1999

            Descriptors: care in captivity, medical management, captive husbandry.

 

New handling techniques for the avian patient. Davis, Christine. Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine. Oct. 1999, v. 8 (4), p. 178-182. ISSN: 1055-937X.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1S36

            Descriptors: handling techniques, treatment methods, restraining techniques, birds.

 

The Ostrich: Biology, Production and Health. Deeming, D.C. CABI Publishing; Wallingford, UK. ISBN: 0851993508.

            NAL call no: SF511.O774 1999

            Descriptors: animal production, animal health, biology.

Abstract: This multiauthor book is intended to serve as the reference text on ostrich biology, production and health, for many yers to come. Following an introductory chapter on the species, the subsequent 12 chapters cover (1) anatomy, (2), physiology, (3) behavior in natural and captive environments, (4) basic concepts and recent advances in digestion and nutrition, (5) reproduction, (6) factors affecting success of commercial incubation, (7) rearing environments around the world, (8) welfare, (9) slaughter and products, (10) breeding and genetics, (11) veterinary problems, and (12) health management and veterinary procedures. There is a subject index.

 

Parrot behavior and management for avian veterinarians and avian technicians. Wilson, Liz. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1999, v. 20, p. 1-14.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: care in captivity, behavior management techniques, behavior in captivity.

 

Reproductive management of captive parrots. Millam, J.R. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice, Jan. 1999, v.2 (1), p. 93-110. ISSN: 1094-9194.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E95E97

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, parrots, physiology, reproduction, behavior, egg laying.

Abstract: Studies of the behavior of Amazon parrots throughout a reproductive trial indicate that activities such as food gathering, which may occupy large fractions of the activity budget of wild parrots, occupy little time in captivity. This may be one factor contributing to the large percentage of time during which Amazon parrots are generally inactive in typical captive conditions. The extent of inactivity in captive Amazons creates an open time niche wherein enrichment devices might play a role in improving their well being. Studies of the reproductive endocrinology and the behavior of parrots suggest that hand rearing may impair adult fertility and nest box use. Hand rearing may also cause Cockatiels to lay eggs on cage floors rather than in nest boxes. However, the use of nest boxes with oversized nest entrances can be very effective in alleviating chronic floor laying Cockatiels. Another egg-laying problem in Cockatiels, unwanted egg laying, can be prevented by the use of long-acting formulations of the superactive GnRH agonists, leuprolide acetate, which presumably [figure: see text] acts in birds, as in mammals, by down-regulating pituitary GnRH receptors. Manipulations to limit the increase in prolactin normally seen during incubation in poultry can significantly increase egg production. As clutch size in Cockatiels may also be limited by raising prolactin levels, such manipulations may be effective in stimulating egg production in parrots. An alternative approach for increasing flock-egg production is to place foster eggs in nests of Cockatiel pairs that are slow to lay. This technique stimulates males to increase their nest-oriented behavior and, subsequently, may stimulate egg laying in some females that might not otherwise have laid eggs. The parental phases of reproduction in Amazon parrots are often a time of heightened aggressiveness towards humans, but low levels of serum testosterone in males during that time suggests that this particular interspecies aggressiveness may not be dependent on elevated testosterone levels. Occasional human handling during the nestling stage may produce a degree of tameness comparable with hand-reared chicks, yet not impair adult reproductive performance. Such handling mau also alter the immune status of captive parrots, and possibly reduce the serum corticosterone response to handling. If so, occasional human handling during the nestling stage could improve the adaptation of parrots to captivity.

 

Taming parent-reared orange-winged Amazon parrots by neonatal handling. Aengus, W.L.; Millam, J.R. Zoo Biology, 1999, v. 18 (3), p. 177-187. ref. ISSN: 0733-3188. www.interscience.wiley.com/jpages/0733-3188

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: Amazona, tameness, animal husbandry, aggressive behavior.

 

Transportation of ostriches-a review. Wotton, S.B.; Hewitt, L. The Veterinary Record, Dec. 18/25, 1999, v. 145 (25), p. 725-731. ref. ISSN: 0042-4900.

            NAL call no: 41.8 V641

            Descriptors: ostriches, transport, handling, stress, space requirements.

 

A tropical owl called spectacled owl. Krahe, R.G. S.C.R.O. Annual Report, 1999, v. 4, p. 12-23.

            NAL call no: SF82.W57

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing techniques, rearing techniques.

 

Turacos: Husbandry, management, and medical considerations. Phalen, David N.; Tocidlowski, Maryanne; Faske, Jay; Faske, Suzanne. Birds and All That Jazz. Proceedings of the 20th Annual conference & Expo, Sept. 1-3, 1999. Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1999, i-x. 1-449 p, Chapter pagination: 187-203.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: biological notes, bird care in captivity, blood, hematological parameters.

 

The UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory Animals, Vol. 1. Terrestrial Vertebrates. Poole, T. Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, 1999, ed. 7, xiii. 840 pp. ref. Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, UK. ISBN: 0632051310.

            NAL call no: QL55.U5 1999

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, animal welfare, animal housing, laboratory animals.

Abstract: The new edition of this leading textbook on laboratory animals is the work of 60 contributors, and it incorporates numerous improvements in husbandry, arising from experience gained since the previous edition of 1987. The text deals with mammals (30 chapters), birds (6 chapters) and reptiles (one chapter). Each chapter describes biological features, housing, breeding, feeding and common welfare problems of a given species. Thus there are 31 pages on mice, 18 on rats, 22 on guinea pigs, and 20 on dogs. Primates are the subject of 9 chapters. Amphibians and fish are dealt with in the accompanying volume 2.

 

Use of light in aviculture and avian medicine. Ryan, Thomas. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1999, v. 20, p. 69-76.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: bird care in captivity, treatment techniques, light and behavior modification.

 

Waterfowl: Health and Management. UK Wildlife Information Network. 1999, available: www.wildlifeinformation.org.

            Descriptors: waterfowl, diseases, management, husbandry, toxicology.

Abstract: This multimedia CE-ROM contains text and pictures on the diseases and the management of many different species of waterfowl from around the world. The information is backed up by references and includes techniques on general field procedures, recording and submitting specimens, specimen collection and preservation, specimen shipment, and disease control operations. The data can be accessed via the species of waterfowl, the infectious or non-infectious agents, or by the environmental factors. The species list, which contains about 160 species of mainly geese, ducks and swans includes common names in several languages. The CD can be searched through a web browser and contains Internet links. This will be of great interest to veterinarians and others those involved in management of waterfowl in zoos or in the wild.

 

Water quality for a water fowl collection. Cambre, Richard C. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, 4th ed. Fowler, Murray E.; Miller, R. Eric. W.B. Saunders, Co. Philadelphia, London. 1999, i-xxiii. 1-747 p. Chapter pagination: 292-299. ISBN: 0721686648.
NAL call no: SF996 Z66 1999

            Descriptors: water quality requirements, housing techniques, man made habitat, captive birds.

 

Welfare. Mitchell, M.A.; Deeming, D.C. The Ostrich: Biology, Production and Health, 1999, p. 217-230. ref. ISBN: 0851993508.

            NAL call no: SF511.O774 1999

            Descriptors: reviews, animal welfare, animal husbandry, ostriches.

 

 

1998

 

Abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets. Van Hoek, Caroline S.; Ten Cate, Carel. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 1998, v. 1 (1), p. 51-64. ISSN: 1088-8705.

            NAL call no: HV701.J68

            Descriptors: housing techniques, abnormal behavior, caged individuals, prevention.

 

Appreciating avian intelligence: The importance of a proper domestic environment. Davis, C. 1997 AVMA Animal Welfare Forum: Pet Bird Welfare, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1998, v. 212 (8), p. 1220-1222. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: aviary birds, animal behavior, mental ability, environment, pets.

 

[Basic studies on the practical farming of the ostrich]. Saito, T.; Rasa, F.S.T.; Osaka, H.; Sitizyo, K. Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, 1998, v. 51, p. 117-122. ref. ISSN: 0372-0349. Note: In Japanese.

            NAL call no: 513 T64

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, animal housing, ostriches.

 

Beginners’ tips for pigeon and dove keeping. Brickell, N.; Thomason, N. Avizandum, Mar. 1998, p. 9-11.

            Descriptors: feeding, pigeons, doves, Columbiformes, useful animals, pets.

 

Behavioral evidence for individual recognition in Japanese quail. Riters, L.V.; Balthazart, J. Behaviour, Jul. 1998, v. 135 (5), p. 551-578. ISSN: 0005-7959.

            NAL call no: 410 B393

            Descriptors: quails, behavior, reproduction, males, females, physiological functions.

 

Bird Care and Training. Higdon, Pam. Howell Book House, N.Y., c 1998. 126 pp. ill. ref. ISBN: 0876052278.

            NAL call no: SF461.H54 1998

            Descriptors: cage birds, training, animal care.

 

Captive birds of prey and environmental enrichment: Results of a field survey. Tardona, Daniel R.; Tardona, Jayne H. Animal Keeper’s Forum, Dec. 1998, v. 25 (12), p. 471-481. ISSN: 0164-9531.

            NAL call no: QL77.A54

            Descriptors: housing techniques, environmental enrichment, raptors.

 

Captive management of birds for a lifetime. Clubb, S.L. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Apr. 15, 1998, v. 212 (8), p. 1243-1245. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 Am3

            Descriptors: birds, pet care, lifespan, animal welfare, developmental stages.

 

Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the welfare of ostrich and emu. New Zealand, Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 1998. 21 p; 30 cm. Code of Animal Welfare, no. 21. ISBN: 047807476X. ISSN: 1171-090X.

            NAL call no: HV4890.4.A3C63 no. 21

            Descriptors: code of recommendations, minimum standards, ostrich, emu.

 

The Complete Guide to Bird Care. Alderton, David. Howell Book House, N.Y. c1998, 112 pp. ill. ISBN: 0876050380.

            NAL call no: SF461.A547 1998

            Descriptors: cage birds, care.

 

Development of microsatellite markers for parentage typing of chicks in the ostrich, Struthio camelus. Kimwele, C.N.; Graves, J.A.; Burke, T.; Hanotte, O.; Molecular Ecology, 1998, v. 7 (2), p. 249-251. ref. ISSN: 0962-1083.

            NAL call no: QH540.M64

            Descriptors: microsatellites, ostrich, DNA, genetics, ancestry.

 

Effect of winter climatic conditions on the behaviour of adult ostriches (Struthio camelus) on a British farm. Deeming, D.C. Animal Welfare, 1998, v. 7 (3), p. 307-315. ref. ISSN: 0962-7286.

            NAL call no: HV4701.A557

            Descriptors: ostriches, winter, rain, foraging, physical activity, animal husbandry.

 

Feeding and vigilance behaviour of breeding ostriches (Struthio camelus) in a farming environment in Britain. Ross, E.J.; Deeming, D.C. British Poultry Science, May 1998, v. 39 (2), p. 173-177. ref. ISSN: 0007-1668.

            NAL call no: 47.8 B77

            Descriptors: ostriches, feeding behavior, animal behavior, physical activity.

Abstract: 1. Vigilance and feeding behaviour of male and female adult breeding ostriches were recorded to determine feeding and scanning bout lengths, a time budget and the pattern ov vigilance immediately after food was provided. 2. Males were more vigilant and fed for shorter periods than females immediately after concentrate food was delivered but not throughout the whole day. 3. Most interscan periods of males were below 50 s with a maximum of 90 s compared with most interscan periods of females lasting less than 70 s with a maximum of 160 s. 4. Gender differences in behaviour are attributed to increased male vigilance for predators and/or conspecifics, and increased female feeding required for egg production and greater opportunity to feed because of male vigilance.

 

Finken in Kafig und Voliere. [Finches in cages and aviaries.] Egidius, Hans. Gefiederte Welt, Feb. 1998, v. 122 (2), p. 57-59. ISSN: 0016-5816. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, cage and aviary conditions.

 

Gruppenhaltung von Blaustirn-Amazonen und Graupapageien - Moglichkeiten und Grenzen. [Keeping blue-fronted amazons and grey parrots in groups - possibilities and limitations.] Lantermann, Werner. Gefiederte Welt, Jun. 1998, v. 122 (6), p. 210-213. ISSN: 0016-5816. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, mixed group, possibilities and limits.

 

Hand rearing owlets. Catlow, Peter. Tyto, De c. 1998, v. 3 (5), p. 133-135. ISSN: 1363-4380.

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, nestling feeds, housing techniques, rearing techniques.

 

The husbandry, breeding and European regional studbook of the red spectacled amazon at Loro Parque. Sweeney, Roger G. International Zoo News (IZN), Sept. 1998, v. 45 (6), p. 352-362. No. 287. ISSN: 0020-9155.

            NAL call no: QL76.I58

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, breeding programs.

 

Hypothermia in birds. Miller, Erica A. Wildlife Rehabilitation, 1998, v. 16, p. 37-46. ISSN: 0737-1829.

            NAL call no: SF996.45.J69

            Descriptors: Aves, care in captivity, body temperature, diagnosis and treatment.

 

Integrating ostrich behaviour in commercial farming systems. Lambrechts, H.; Huchzermeyer, F.W.; Swart, D.; Huchzermeyer, F.W. Proceedings of the Second International Scientific Ratite Congress, Oudtshoorn, South Africa. Sept. 21-25, 1998. p. 167-169. ref.

Descriptors: farming systems, animal behavior, stress, aggression, husbandry, production systems.

 

Perspectives on pet bird welfare from the pet industry. Meyers, N.M. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Apr. 15, 1998, v. 212 (8), p. 1238-1242. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 Am3

            Descriptors: birds, animal welfare, quarantine, transport of animals.

 

1997 AVMA animal welfare forum: Pet bird welfare. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1998, v. 212 (8), p. 1215-1249. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 Am3

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, animal welfare, nutrition, diets, pets, aviary birds.

Abstract: Ten papers on various aspects of pet bird husbandry and welfare are presented. Topics include creating the correct environment for pet birds, selecting the appropriate bird as a pet, bird nutrition, bird anaesthesia and surgery, pet bird welfare, and pet birds and ecotourism. 1

 

Partridges and Francolins: Their Conservation, Breeding and Management. Robbins, G.E.S. World Pheasant Association, Reading. 1998, i-iv. p. 1-114. ISBN: 0906964453.

            NAL call no: SF510.P3R6

            Descriptors: care in captivity, captive management and breeding, parasites, diseases.

Abstract: The volume covers 92 species which include partridges, francolins, snowcocks and spurfowl, each species having its own data sheet giving details of country of origin, habitat and general description in addition to captive breeding, research and conservation; Aviaries; Breeding management; General management and husbandry.

 

Pet birds: Historical and modern perspectives on the keeper and the kept. Graham, D.L. 1997 AVMA Animal Welfare Forum: Pet Bird Welfare, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1998, v. 212 (8), p. 1216-1219. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 Am3

            Descriptors: pets, animal husbandry, aviary birds, history, veterinary history.

 

Restraint and housing of ratites. Raines, A.M. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Food Animal Practice, 1998, v. 14 (3), p. 387-399. ref. ISSN: 0749-0720.

            NAL call no: SF601.V535

            Descriptors: restraint, housing, transport of animals, ratites.

 

Restraint and housing of ratites. Raines, A.M. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, Nov. 1998, v. 14 (3), p. 387-399. ISSN: 0749-0720.

            NAL call no: SF601.V535

            Descriptors: emus, physiology, housing, ostriches, restraint.

Abstract: Large animal practitioners are called upon to assist producers to prevent and control disease and to manage flocks. The concerns that exist in traditional livestock and poultry management are also applicable to ratites. Adequate ventilation, shelter, and space allocation are the foundations of flock health. Practitioners need to know how to handle ratites in order to perform a through physical examination and collect diagnostic samples.

 

A review of fine avian abodes. Swann, Karen; Green, Deborah. Proceedings of the Joint Conference AAZK, EMA, AZH, 1998, Indianapolis Zoological Society, Inc. 1-286 p. Chapter pagination: 67-72.

            Descriptors: Aves, bird housing techniques, nest and roost boxes, review.

 

Sex identification of parrots, toucans, and curassows by PCR: Perspectives for wild and captive population studies. Miyaki, C.Y.; Griffiths, R.; Orr, K.; Nahum, L.A.; Pereira, S.L.; Wajntal, A. Zoo Biology, 1998, v. 17 (5), p. 415-423. ref. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: parrots, wild birds, sec diagnosis, polymerase chain reaction.

 

The sun conure. Osborne, Tod. Australian Aviculture, Aug. 1998, v. 52 (8), p. 187-189. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, bird care in captivity, captive breeding, housing techniques.

 

Why Does my Bird do That?: A Guide to Parrot Behavior. Rach, Julie. New York: Howell book House, c.1998. xvi. 208 p. ill. ref. ISBN: 0876050119.

            NAL call no: SF473.P3.R328 1998

            Descriptors: parrots behavior, caged birds behavior, pet birds.

 

 

1997

 

Bau einer Volierenanlage - was muss bei der Planung berucksichtigt werden? [The construction of an aviary - what does the planning have to take into account?] Dorge, Ray. Papageien, Mar. 1997, v. 10 (3), p. 73-78. ISSN: 0934-327X. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: Aves, housing, aviary construction, detailed account.

 

Der Bau eines Papageienhauses. [The construction of a parrot house.] Seum, Wolfgang. Papageien, 1997, v. 10 (12), p. 366-368. ISSN: 0934-327X. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: Psittaciformes, housing techniques, aviary construction.

 

Behavior of captive American kestrels hatched from o.p’-dicofol exposed females. MacLellan, K.N.M.; Bird, D.M.; Shutt, L.J.; Fry, D.M. Archives of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology, New York, Springer-Verlag. May 1997, v. 32 (4), p. 411-415. ref. ISSN: 0090-4341.

            NAL call no: TD172.A7

            Descriptors: Falco sparverius, behavior patterns, dicofol, exposure.

 

Behaviour of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) in semi-natural aviaries. Schmid, I.; Wechsler, B. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Dec. 1997, v. 55 (1-2), p. 103-112. ref. ISSN: 0168-1591.

            NAL call no: QL750.A6

            Descriptors: Japanese quails, animal behavior, aviaries.

 

Behaviour and management of pigeons. Mahmound, E.A.A. Thesis in Animal Poultry ethology and Management, 1997, 295 p. notes, photo, tables, bibliography. Available: Library, Fac. of Vet. Med., Moshtohor, Zagazig Univ., Egypt.

            Descriptors: pigeons, feeding, sexual behavior, biological development, behavior.

 

Behaviour and thermogenesis of racing pigeons housed under transport conditions. Gorssen, J.; Koene, P. Animal Welfare, 1997, v. 6 (2), p. 153-168. ref. ISSN: 0962-7286.

            NAL call no: HV4601.A557

            Descriptors: racing pigeons, transport, heat production, crowding, animal welfare.

 

Birds of Prey: Medicine and Management. Heidenreich, M. 1997, 304 p. Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, UK. ISBN: 0632041862.

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, treatment, surgery, breeding, nutrition, behavior.

 

Breeding and hand rearing the southern sulawesi hornbill Penelopides exarhatus sanfordi for the Zoological Society of San Diego. Mace, Michael; Azua, John. International Zoo Yearbook, 1997, v. 35, p. 247-253. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing, rearing techniques, hand rearing.

 

The burrowing owl (Speotyto cunicularia). Turk, Tony. Tyto, Apr. 1997, v. 2 (1), p. 18-22. ISSN: 1363-4380.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, aviary requirements, care in captivity.

 

Causation and influence of environmental enrichment on feather picking of the crimson-bellied conure (Pyrrhura perlata perlata). Hoek, C.S. van; King, C.E. Zoo Biology, 1997, v. 16 (2), p. 161-172. ref. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: Psittaciformes, feather picking, enrichment, behavior patterns.

 

Courtship and breeding behavior in the Sacramento Zoo’s flamingo flock. Johnston, Georgann B. Exotic Bird Report, Fall, 1997, v. 9 (3), p. 2-3.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, courtship, hatching success, influencing factors.

 

Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae (Ziegensittisch) - Studien zum arteigenen Verhalten unter Volierenbedingungen und zur Ableitung eines optimierten Haltungssystems nach Kriterien der Tiergartenbiologie. [Behaviour of Red-Fronted New Zealand Parakeets (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) kept in Aviaries and Proposal for Optimum Husbandry.] Schumann, K. 1997, 144 pp. ref. Tierarztliche Hochschule, Hannover, Germany. Thesis. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, animal behavior, aviary birds.

 

Diurnal behavioural patterns in the houbara bustard (Chlamydotis undulata) in captivity: Effects of temperature and daylight. Jacquet, J.M.; Launay, F. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 1997, v. 55 (1-2), p. 137-151. ref. ISSN: 0168-1591.

            NAL call no: QL750.A6

            Descriptors: temperature, photoperiod, diurnal activity, feeding behavior.

Abstract: Twenty adult male houbara were allocated to 4 groups: 12 h light, 12 h dark (12L:12D) at 20° C or 30° C, 8L:16D at 20 degrees C and 16L:8D at 20° C. The temperature was constant and food and water were available ad libitum. The birds were observed fot 96 h and behaviour was analysed for locomotor activity and feeding. Both behaviours were distributed in bouts of high activity in the morning and in the afternoon. At high temperature, the activity pattern was enhanced through an increased midday resting period and reduced food intake was associated with less total feeding activity. Short days contracted the patterns, while long days extended them. Total activity during the day was not modified by daylength, which in short days resulted from a significantly increased activity per hour of light. The evening feeding peak and the increased alertness of the birds at the endo of the night revealed an anticipation of both dawn and dusk. Observations of houbara in the wild have shown bimodal patterns of activity, which have been related to diurnal fluctuations in temperature and food availability. It is suggested that the distribution of activity in 2 bouts constitutes in the houbara a response to inner behavioural or nutritional requirements, independent from daily changes in environmental conditions.

 

Effect of climatic conditions on the behaviour of adult ostriches (Struthio camelus) in Britain. Deeming, D.C. Animal Welfare, 1997, v. 6 (4), p. 349-356. ref. ISSN: 0962-7286.

            NAL call no: HV4701.A557

            Descriptors: animal welfare, animal behavior, weather, climatic factors, rain, UK.

Abstract: This study recorded the frequency of behaviours of adult ostriches kept on a farm in Oxfordshire, UK, during the spring of 1996. Adult ostriches came from farmed flocks (originally from Namibia, Zimbabwe and Israel), were older than 3 years of age, in breeding condition and producing eggs. Nine trios of 1 male and 2 females were observed from a distance of at least 50 m using binoculars and the naked eye. ‘Rainy’, ‘dull and dry’, ‘bright and dry’, and ‘sunny’ weather categories were used to assess the influence of climate on behaviour. Six main behaviours (sitting, standing, pacing, walking, foraging and feeding) were observed together with a variety of low frequency ‘other’ behaviours which were combined for analysis. Gender had no significant effect on any of the behaviour frequencies. During ‘rainy’ periods both males and females showed sitting behaviour five times more than during ‘dull’ and ‘bright’ weather and two and a half times more than during ‘sunny’ weather. Increased sitting behaviour during rainy periods was due to a significant reduction in pacing and ‘other’ behaviours with no significant effect on feeding and foraging behaviours. Sitting during sunny weather also occurred more often than during dull and bright weather but not at the expense of any other particular behaviour. It is concluded that adult ostriches in the UK alter their behaviour in response to prevailing weather conditions, particularly rain.

 

The effect of cover on the behaviour of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Buchwalder, T.; Wechsler, B. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 1997, v. 54 (4), p. 335-343. ref. ISSN: 0168-1591.

            NAL call no: QL750.A6

            Descriptors: cages, nesting, activity, flight, animal welfare.

 

Effects of foraging enrichment on the behaviour of parrots. Coulton, L.E.; Waran, N.K.; Young, R.J.; Animal Welfare, 1997, v. 6 (4), p. 357-363. ref. ISSN: 0962-7286.

            NAL call no: HV4701.A557

            Descriptors: behavior, foraging, housing , feeding, Psittaciformes, parrots.

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to enrich parrot enclosures by creating foraging opportunities for the species and to investigate the possible preference for a variable versus a constant food supply. The subjects were housed as single-species groups, which comprised 2 male and 2 female red-fronted macaws (Ara rubrogenys), a male-female pair of thick-billed parrots (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha), a male-female pair of green-winged macaws (Ara chloroptera) and a male-female pair of yellow-backed chattering lorys (Lorius garrulus). The foraging device comprised of a length of wood (2x0.08x0.08 m) with 50 holes (0.02 m diameter x 0.02 m depth) drilled into one face. Food was placed in the holes of the foraging device in one of two distributions: ‘constant’, one food item in every hole (total = 50 food items) or ‘variable’, 5 food items in 10 of the holes (total = 50 food items). The holes were then covered with starch paper. During the enrichment period the parrots spent significantly more time allopreening than in baseline or post-enrichment periods. Use of the foraging device implied that birds were performing contrafreeloading since identical free food was available in their food bowls. There was no preference for a variable over a constant food source. It is concluded that providing extra foraging opportunities for parrots is a useful form of enrichment.

 

Enrichment or good husbandry? Dow, Susan M. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, Aug. 21-25, 1995, Copenhagen Zoo, Frederiksberg. 1997, 1-372 p., Chapter pagination: 232-238. ISBN: 8789431146.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, environmental enrichment, good husbandry.

 

Feather mites are potentially an important source of allergens for pigeons and budgerigar keepers. Collof, M.J.; Merrett, T.G.; Merrett, J.; McSharry, C.; Boyd, G. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 1997, v. 27 (1), p. 60-67. ISSN: 0954-7894.

            Descriptors: allergy, occupational health, clinical immunology, human medicine.

Abstract: Background: Previous studies on allergy to feathers have not addressed whether organisms living on feathers (mites, lice, molds) are a source of allergens. Objective: To investigate whether feather mites produced allergens of clinical relevance to bird keepers. Methods: We examined serum IgE responses of 96 pigeon breeders to an extract of feather mites from pigeons (predominately Diplaegidia columbae), using western blotting, specific IgE assay using AlaSTAT EIA and RAST inhibition. Results: Feather mites are a major source of soluble proteins derived from feathers, accounting for up to 10% of the total weight of the feather. Forty-three sera had a negative score (0) for anti-feather mite IgE, 27 were weakly positive (1-2) and 26 had strongly positive scores (3-4). Fewer pigeon breeders with scores gtoreq 3 were asymptomatic than those with negative scores (12 versus 40%), more had late onset symptoms (with or without early onset symptoms; 77% versus 44%) and had IgE antibody against house dust mite (89% versus 23%). Western blotting of eight sera against the extract of Diplaegidia columbae revealed 20 IgE-binding components ranging from 22 to 200 kDa. A high diversity of components was recognized by each serum:arithmetic mean 7 (range 2-14). RAST inhibition indicated feather mites had species-specific epitopes as well as ones that cross-reacted with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Conclusion: Strongly-positive alaSTAT scores to pigeon feather mite were associated with allergic symptoms of late onset in pigeon breeders. We conclude that feather mites are a major source of clinically-relevant allergens for pigeon breeders.

 

Feeding and pecking behaviour in ostrich (Struthio camelus) chicks in captivity. Paxton, C.G.M.; Bubier, N.E.; Deeming, D.C. British Poultry Science, May 1997, v. 38 (2), p. 151-155. ref. ISSN: 0007-1668.

            NAL call no: 47.8 B77

            Descriptors: ostrich, chicks, behavior, feeding, animal welfare.

Abstract:1. Three sets of experiments were performed on two batches of ostrich chicks to investigate the factors affecting the pecking and feeding behaviour of grouped individuals. 2. Chicks showed no significant alteration of their feeding behaviour in response to raising pen walls in the rearing facility from 30 to 60 cm. 3. Further analysis on a different set of birds revealed consistent short term individual differences in the frequency of feeding and non-feeding pecks. 4. There were significant pen effects on behaviour suggesting the possible development of a pen “culture” of pecking behaviour. 5. Pecking behaviours in 26 to 33 d-old chicks, with the exception of drinking, were generally negatively correlated, so any non-food pecking by a chick was generally associated with fewer pecks targeted at food. 6. By the age of two months chicks were pecking at food on the floor to a far greater extent than at any food presented in food trays.

 

The Grain Eating Birds of Sub-Saharan Africa: Identification, Biology and Management. Allan, R. 1997, viii, 191 p. ref. Natural Resources Institute (NRI), Chatham, UK. ISBN: 0859544648.

            Descriptors: biology, morphology, chemical control.

Abstract: This book is divided into 4 chapters on grain-eating birds (morphology, biology and classification); cereal crops; bird pest surveys and monitoring (Quelea surveys, monitoring and use of mist nets); crop protection (protection methods for breeding and non-breeding season crops, and use of chemical products).

 

Haltung und Zucht des Grunwangen-Rotschwanzsittichs Pyrrhura molinae. [Care and rearing of the parakeet (Pyrrhura molinae).] Wurth, Volker. Papageien, Mar. 1997, v. 10 (3), p. 70-72. ISSN: 0934-327X. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, optimum conditions, rearing techniques.

 

Haltung und Zucht des Ziegensittichs Cyanoramphus n. novaezelandiae. [The care and rearing of the parakeet Cyanoramphus n. novaezelandiae.] Schmidt, Ralph. Papageien, Apr. 1997, v. 10 (4), p. 109-112. ISSN: 0934-327X. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, rearing techniques, Psittacidae, Aves.

 

Haltung und Zucht von Hellroten Aras (Ara macao). [Keeping and rearing macaws Ara maco.] Schwarzwalder, Erich. Papageien, Jan. 1997, v. 10 (1), p. 6-9. ISSN: 0934-327X. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, hand rearing, optimum conditions, Psittacidae.

 

Haltung und Zucht von Molukkenkakadus (Cacatua moluccensis). [The keeping and rearing of the cockatoo Cacatua moluccensis.] Spreen, Horst. Papageien, Oct. 1997, v. 10 (10), p. 294-296. ISSN: 0934-327X. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, rearing techniques, general account.

 

Haltung und Zucht von Schmalschnabelsittichen Brotogeris. [Care and breeding of the Brotogeris parakeets.] Derks, Dinand. Papageien, Apr. 1997, v. 10 (4), p. 102-104. ISSN: 0934-327X. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing, rearing, detailed account.

 

Housing and presenting owls. Sayers, Bernard Charles. Tyto, Jun. 1997, v. 2(2), p. 1-78. ISSN: 1363-4380.

            Descriptors: Strigiformes, housing techniques, aviary design and layout.

 

Husbandry and breeding of the Mount Apo lorikeet Trichoglossus johnstoniae at Loro Parque. Sweeney, Roger G. Avicultural Magazine, 1997, v. 103 (1), p. 6-14. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, captive breeding.

 

A method for restraining penguins. Wilson, Rory P. Marine Ornithology, 1997, v. 25 (1-2), p. 72-73. ISSN: 1018-3337.

            Descriptors: handling techniques, physical restraint techniques, field restraint.

 

Monitoring the health and productivity of farmed ostrich flocks. More, S.J. Australian Veterinary Journal, Aug. 1997, v. 75 (8), p. 583-587. ref. ISSN: 0005-0423.

            NAL call no: 41.8 Au72

            Descriptors: ostriches, animal health, monitoring, animal husbandry.

 

Non invasive methods developed for studies of captive wild birds. Millam, J.R.; Delwiche, M.J. Exotic Bird Report, Fall, 1997, v. 9 (3), p. 1, 6-7.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, nutrition, behavior, activity patterns, housing.

 

North American wood warbler collection and management at the North Carolina Zoological Park. Reininger, Kenneth T. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Regional Conference Proceedings, 1997, p. 353-359. ISSN: 1088-0402.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, quarantine and husbandry, netting, acclimation.

 

Pigeons and doves. Hooimeijer, Jan; Dorrestein, Gerry M. Avian Medicine and Surgery. Altman, Robert B.; Clubb, Susan L.; Dorrestein, Gerry M.; Quesenberry, Katherine. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, London, etc. 1997. i-xv. 1-1070 p. Chapter pagination: 886-909. ISBN: 0721654460.

            NAL call no: SF994 A95 1997

            Descriptors: common diseases, treatment, diagnosis, parasites.

 

Planting for environmental enrichment at the Melbourne Zoo. Embury, Amanda S. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, Aug. 21-25, 1995. Copenhagen Zoo. Frederiksberg. 1997, 1-372 p. Chapter pagination: 290-298. ISBN: 8789431146.

            Descriptors: bird housing techniques, planting for environmental enrichment, Australia.

 

Psittacula roseata. [Psittacula roseata.] Baumgartner, Benno. Papageien, Jun. 1997, v. 10 (6), p. 170-171. ISSN: 0934-327X. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: reproductive techniques, optimum housing and feeding.

 

Regarding pigeons, their keeper, and their keeping. Harrison, G.J. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Sept. 1997, v. 211 (5), p. 539. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8Am3

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, standards, breeding, injuries, genetics.

 

A safer method of handling shrikes and other biting birds. Craig, Susan H. North American Bird Bander, Jul.-Sept. 1997, v. 22 (3), p. 123. ISSN: 0363-8979.

            Descriptors: Laniidae, handling techniques, safer handling method.

 

Strutsar och andra ratiter, del 1. Biologi och farmning. [Ostriches and other ratites, part 1. Biology and farming.] Jansson, D.S. Svensk Veterinartidning, 1997, v. 49 (4), p. 177-184. ref. Note: In Swedish.

            NAL call no: 41.9 SV23

            Descriptors: meat animals, taxonomy, reproductive physiology.

 

Wildlife Care for Birds and Mammals: Volume 7 Basic Manual Wildlife Rehabilitation Series. 3rd ed. Carlson, Dale Bick; Ruth, Irene. Madison, CT: Bick Pub. House. c1997. 7 v. in 1, 286 pp. ill. ref. ISBN: 1884158161.

            NAL call no: SF996.45.C37 1997

            Descriptors: wildlife rehabilitation, wildlife rescue of birds.

 

World directory of institutions housing penguins 1997. Cheney, Cynthia. Penguin Conservation, Jacksonville. 1997. 1-8 p.

            Descriptors: directories, institutions housing penguins.

 

 

1996

 

The ABC’s of housing raptors. Gibson, Marjorie J. Journal of Wildlife Rehabilitation, Fall, 1996, v. 19 (3), p. 23-31 (Special Topics Issue). ISSN: 1071-2232.

            NAL call no: SF996.45.J69

            Descriptors: Aves, housing techniques, raptors, care in captivity.

 

Aspergillosis outbreaks: A facilities management approach to control. McGill, Patricia A. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Regional Conference Proceedings, 1996, p. 683-686. ISSN: 1088-0402.

            Descriptors: Aves, housing, fungal diseases, care in captivity, aspergillosis.

 

Aviculture medical management. Clipsham, Robert. Diseases of Cage and Aviary Birds, 3rd ed. 1996. p. 880-903. Rosskopf, W.J.; Woerpel, R.W. (eds.) Williams & Wilkins Co. Baltimore, MD, London. ISBN: 0683073826.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1D57

            Descriptors: aviculture, medical management, breeding, housing, veterinary medicine.

 

Avian exhibit substrate of “the bottom line”. Bohmke, Bruce W. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Regional Conference Proceedings, 1996, p. 457-459. ISSN: 1088-0402.

            Descriptors: Aves, bird housing, aviary substrates, overview.

 

Baby bird science and medicine. Speer, Brian L. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1996, v. 17, p. 40-58.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: Aves, diagnostic techniques, diseases and disorders, diagnosis, young animals.

 

Behavioral considerations in a captive breeding program for houbara bustards (Chlamydotis undulata macqueenii). Warren, S.M. Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery, 1996, v. 10 (3), p. 187-193. ref.

            NAL call no: SF994.J6

Descriptors: breeding, animal housing, sexual differences, aggression, behavior, zoo animals, wild caught, inter-sex association.

Abstract: Houbara bustards were observed in 3 adjacent aviaries at the National Avian research Center’s Al Ain Zoo site (United Arab Emirates) during the 1995 breeding season. All birds had been taken from the wild as adults and had not previously exhibited sexual behaviour. Both males and females exhibited strong diurnal patterns of behaviour. Birds were most active during the afternoon and early evening; male courtship display was also most prominent at this time. Individuals spent most of their time (approximately 70%) resting and the remainder of their time in other activities, such as locomotion, feeding, drinking and social and comfort behaviours. Four of the six males under observation were seen to display. Females were never seen to be sexually active. Stereotypic typic behaviour was observed in 56% of females, and 17% of males. Social interactions (aggression) were quite common, with males being more involved in more actions than females. No obvious pattern of dominance status in relation to gender was observed, yet it was clear that dominance status was related to male sexual status; the displaying male in each aviary was also the male of higher dominance status. Birds tended to use the space at the rear of the aviaries in preference to the space at the front, and this behaviour was more prevalent in females than males. Cluster analysis revealed an absence of intersex association. The different social and environmental requirements of males and females are discussed in light of the results of this study and studies on the biology of the species in the wild. It is proposed that a more naturalistic approach to the management of houbara bustards is taken.

 

Behavioral management. Swengel, Scott R.; Archibald, George W.; Ellis, David H.; Smith, Dwight G. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 105-122. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

Descriptors: Gruidae, bird care in captivity, behavior management, reproductive behavior, cranes.

 

Breeding problems. Cooper, John E. BSAVA Manual of Psittacine Birds, New Edition, 1996, p. 198-204. Beynon, P.H.; Forbes, N.A,; Lawton, M.P.C. (eds.). Iowa State university Press, Ames, IA. ISBN: 0813823498.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1M37 1996

            Descriptors: bird breeding problems, diagnosis, low fertility, egg quality.

 

Breeding the thick-billed parrot Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha at Jersey Wildlife Preserve Trust. French, Hilary. Dodo, 1996, v. 32, p. 126-132. ISN: 0265-5640.

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing breeding, hand reared parents.

 

BSAVA Manual of Psittacine Birds. New Edition. Beynon, Peter H.; Forbes, Neil A.; Lawton, Martin P.C. (eds.). British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Cheltenham. 1996. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA. ISBN: 0813823498.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1M37 1996

            Descriptors: manual of husbandry, care in captivity, veterinary manual.

Abstract: This manual aims to serve as an easily accessible source of information on the clinical aspects of birds of the family Psittacidae belonging to the order Psittaciformes. The book is a new edition and comprises twenty-three chapters. The beginning chapters cover basic aspects of nutrition and husbandry. Other chapters deal with such topics as breeding and behavioral problems of the birds as well as problems associated with their pelvic limbs, wings, head, and respiratory system. Management of diarrhoea, trauma, polydipsia, and fits in psittacines is also covered. An appendix with names of generic drugs mentioned in the text, a subject index, tables, and black-and-white and color illustrations are incorporated into the text. This volume will be of immense help to veterinary surgeons and aviculturists.

 

Cage bird behavior, taming, and psychology with common behavioral problems and solutions. Davis, Christine. Diseases of Cage and Aviary Birds, 3rd ed. 1996. p. 19-29. Rosskopf, W.J.; Woerpel, R.W. (eds.). Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, MD, London. ISBN: 0683073826.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1D57 1996

            Descriptors: behavioral management, caged behavior, behavior problems.

 

Caging and environment. McCluggage, David M. Diseases of Cage and Aviary Birds, 3rd ed. 1996, p. 39-42. Rosskopf, W.J.; Woerpel, R.W. (eds.). Williams & Wilkins Co. Baltimore, MD, London. ISBN: 0683073826.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1D57 1996

            Descriptors: aviary design, cage cover, care placement, environmental requirement.

 

Chick rearing. Wellington, Marianne; Burke, Ann; Nicolich, Jane M.; O’Malley, Kathleen. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 77-104. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: Gruidae, cranes, rearing techniques.

 

Companion avian bond. Harris, James M. Diseases of Cage and Aviary Birds, 3rd ed. Rosskopf, W.J.; Woerpel, R.W. (eds.). 1996, p. 71-74. Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, MD, London. ISBN: 0683073826.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1D57

            Descriptors: behavior problems, diseases, human-bird bond, training.

 

Crane biology. Archibald, George W.; Lewis, James C. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 1-29. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: Gruidae, biological notes, Aves.

 

Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: Gruidae, biology, husbandry and conservation, care in captivity.

 

Developmental problems in young ratites. Speer, Brian L. Ratite Management, Medicine, and Surgery. Tully, Thomas N. Jr.; Shane, Simon M. (eds.). Krieger Publishing Co. Malabar, FL 1996. i-xvii. 1-188 p. Chapter pagination: 147-154. ISBN: 0894648748.

            NAL call no: SF995.5.R37 1996

            Descriptors: Ratitae, diseases and disorders, developmental disorders, review.

 

Exhibit design workshop piano/harp wire enclosures. Macek, Michael. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Regional Conference Proceedings, 1996, p. 668-669. ISSN: 1088-0402.

            Descriptors: bird housing techniques, care in captivity, piano wire enclosures, evaluation.

 

Facilities. Swengel, Scott R.; Besser, Richard W. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 253-262. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: care in captivity, facilities, reproductive techniques, cranes.

 

General husbandry. Swengel, Scott R.; Carpenter, James W. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996, i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 31-43. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: Gruidae, care in captivity, cranes.

 

Haltung und Zucht des Hartlaubturakos im Vogelpark Bobenheim-Roxheim (Tauraco hartlaubi). [Care and breeding of Hartlaub’s turaco (Tauraco hartlaubi) in Bobenheim Roxheim, Germany.] Berenz, Reiner. Voliere, Nov. 1996, v. 19 (11), p. 347-350. ISSN: 0344-9270. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, optimum conditions, reproductive techniques.

 

Haltung und Zucht des Keas (Nestor n. notabilis). [The keeping and breeding of keas (Nestor n. notabilis).] Pfeffer, Franz. Voliere, Jan. 1996, v. 19 (1), p. 6-10. ISSN: 0344-9270. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, optimum conditions, reproductive techniques.

 

Housing of ornamental birds. Kummerfeld, N. Medycyna Weterynaryjna, 1996, v. 52 (3), p. 150-151. ref. ISSN: 0025-8628.

            NAL call no: 41.8 M463

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, behavior, housing, cages, aviary birds.

 

Husbandry and diseases of domestic pigeons. Harlin, Roger W. Diseases of Cage and Aviary Birds, 3rd ed. 1996. p. 944-950. Rosskopf, W.J.; Woerpel, R.W. (eds.). Williams & Wilkins Co. Baltimore, MD, London. ISBN: 0683073826.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1D57

            Descriptors: infection, parasitology, Aves, treatment.

 

Husbandry and management of ostriches. Black, Doug. University of Sydney Post Graduate Foundation in Veterinary Science Proceedings, 1996, v. 279, p. 259-298. ISSN: 1362-5091. (Misnumbered on front cover as 278).

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, management, ostrich.

 

Husbandry and nutrition. Forbes, Neil A.; Richardson, Tony. BSAVA Manual of Raptors, Pigeons and Waterfowl. Beynon, Peter H.; Forbes, Neil A.; Harcourt-Brown, Nigel H. (eds.). Small animal Veterinary Association Ltd., 1996, 1-360 p. Chapter pagination: 289-298. ISBN: 0905214293.

            NAL call no: SF994.B73 1996

            Descriptors: Anseriformes, care in captivity, review, ducks, geese, swans.

 

Husbandry practices employed by private aviculturists, bird markets and zoo collections, which may be conducive to fostering infectious diseases. Wolff, P.L. Revue Scientifique et Technique International des Epizooties. Mar. 1996, v. 15 (1), p. 55-71. ref. ISSN: 0253-1933.

            NAL call no: SF781.R4

            Descriptors: care in captivity, optimum conditions for reduction of infectious diseases.

Abstract: The husbandry practices (caging, nutrition, transport, quarantine) which can reduce the incidence and spread of infectious disease are reviewed. Significant avian pathogens (bacteria, viruses, parasites) are listed, together with their host range and modes of transmission.

 

Husbandry practices as related to infectious and parasitic diseases of farmed ratites. Tully, T.N.; Shane, S.M. Revue Scientifique et Technique Office International des Epizooties, 1996, v. 15 (1), p. 73-89. ref. ISSN: 0253-1933.

            NAL call no: SF781.R4

            Descriptors: husbandry, bacterial diseases, viral diseases, mycoses, parasites, control.

Abstract: Since the mid 1980s there has been a world-wide increase in the numbers of farm-raised ratites. The focus of ostrich production remains in South Africa, but other countries are initiating production of this bird in addition to the emu and rhea. Ostriches, emus and rheas are being produced commercially outside their native habitat, resulting in new and unique disease presentations. The authors describe bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases which are emerging in production settings. It is suggested that biosecurity, together with adequate management and nutrition, will reduce the likelihood of flock exposure and limit mortality in the event of infection. The problem currently facing the industry is that most ratite facilities do not incorporate separate quarantine areas. Newly-introduced birds may contaminate soil and facilities with pathogens such as Mycobacterium spp. and Salmonella spp. Ratites have excellent production potential if producers can profitably multiply and rear healthy stock. Diseases which may affect the viability of an intensive production facility are discussed.

 

Inexpensive housing perches, and bathing containers for raptors. Middleton, Kim. Wildlife Rehabilitation, 1996, v. 14, p. 109-115. ISSN: 0737-1829.

            NAL call no: SF996.45.J69

            Descriptors: birds of prey, housing, perches, bathing containers, inexpensive.

 

Management and husbandry. Forbes, Neil A.; Parry-Jones, Jemima. BSAVA Manual of Raptors, Pigeons and Waterfowl. Beynon, Peter H.; Forbes, Neil A.; Harcourt-Brown, Nigel H. Small Animal Veterinary Association Ltd. 1996, 1-360 p. Chapter pagination: 116-128. ISBN: 0905214293.

            NAL call no: SF994.B73 1996

            Descriptors: Falconiformes, Strigiformes, care in captivity.

 

Neonate husbandry and problems. Scott, Peter W. ; Stoodley, John. BSAVA Manual of Psittacine Birds, New Ed. 1996, p. 205-210. Beynon, P.H.; Forbes, N.A.; Lawton, M.P.C. (eds.) Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA. ISBN: 0813823498.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1M37 1996

            Descriptors: anesthesia, hand rearing, neonatal care, infectious diseases, baby birds.

 

Neonate husbandry and related diseases. Butterworth, Graham; Harcourt-Brown, Nigel H. BSAVA Manual of Raptors, Pigeons and Waterfowl. Beynon, Peter H.; Forbes, Neil A.; Harcourt-Brown, Nigel H. (eds.). Small Animal Veterinary Association Ltd. Cheltenham. 1996, 1-360 p. Chapter pagination: 216-223. ISBN: 0905214293.

            NAL call no: SF994.B73 1996

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, young, rearing techniques, diseases and disorders.

 

Pet avian grooming. Allen, Karen L. Diseases of Cage and Aviary Birds, 3rd ed. 1996, p. 50-53. Rosskopf, W.J.; Woerpel, R.W. (eds.). Williams & Wilkins Co. Baltimore, MD, London. ISBN: 0683073826.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1D57 1996

            Descriptors: bathing, beak trimming, wing clipping, pet bird care.

 

Reproductive physiology. Gee, George F.; Russman, Shirley E. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 123-136. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: hormones, reproductive physiology, hormonal control, Gruidae, cranes.

 

Restraint and handling of the emu. Mouser, David. Ratite Management, Medicine, and Surgery, Tully, Thomas N. Jr.; Shane, Simon M. (eds.). Krieger Publishing Co., Malabar, FL. 1996. i-xvii. 1-188 p. Chapter pagination: 41-45. ISBN: 0894648748.

            NAL call no: SF995.5.R37 1996

            Descriptors: handling techniques, housing, restraint, transportation, review.

 

Restraint and handling of the ostrich. Wade, John R. Ratite Management, Medicine, and Surgery. Tully, Thomas N. Jr.; Shane, Simon M. (eds.). Krieger Publishing Co. Malabar, FL. 1996, i-xvii. 1-188 p. Chapter pagination: 37-40. ISBN: 0894648748.

            NAL call no: SF995.5.R37 1996

            Descriptors: handling techniques, restraint, housing, care in captivity.

 

Special techniques, part A: Crane artificial insemination. Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 205-217. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: Gruidae, artificial insemination, reproductive techniques, cranes.

 

Special techniques, C: Sex determination. Swengel, Scott R. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996, i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 223-229. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: Gruidae, sexing techniques, cranes.

 

Special techniques, D. Reintroduction techniques. Nagendran, Meenakshi; Urbanek, Richard P.; Ellis, David H. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 231-240. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: Gruidae, release and relocation programs. reintroduction techniques, cranes.

 

Special techniques, part E: Flight restraint. Ellis, David H.; Dein, F. Joshua. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David, H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 241-244. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: Gruidae, handling techniques, physical restraining techniques, cranes.

 

Special techniques, part F: Predator and pest management. Lewis, Thomas E. Cranes: Their Biology, Husbandry and Conservation. Ellis, David H.; Gee, George F.; Mirande, Claire M. (eds.). Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA. 1996. i-xii. 1-308 p. Chapter pagination: 245-252. ISBN: 0888393857.

            NAL call no: QL696.G84C73 1996

            Descriptors: Gruidae, care in captivity, predator and pest management, cranes.

 

Um nytjar af aetharfugli. [Eider husbandry in Iceland.] Snaebjornsson, Arni. Bliki (Reykjavik). Dec. 1996, v. 17, p. 55-63. ISSN: 0256-4181. Note: In Icelandic.

            Descriptors: economic husbandry, conservation, animals and man, sea ducks, down.

 

Wildlife and husbandry diseases. Fowler, M.E. (Coordinator). Revue Scientifique et Technique, Office International des Epizooties, 1996, v. 15 (1), 354 pp. ref. ISSN: 0253-1933.

            NAL call no: SF781.R4

            Descriptors: diseases, husbandry, parasitoses, wildlife, conservation.

Abstract: This volume is designed to provide a resource for animal control officers, administrators, government officials, veterinarians and legislators who may require information on the management of wild animals in captivity. 20 papers by 31 contributors review the effect of husbandry practices on infectious and parasitic diseases of reptiles, amphibians, birds, ratites, carnivores, suids, camelids and cervids.

 

Zoo mesh. Smith, Kim. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Regional Conference Proceedings, 1996, p. 800-801. ISSN: 1088-0402.

            Descriptors: bird care in captivity, education and entertainment, zoo exhibit barriers.

 

 

1995

 

Andean condor medicine, reproduction and husbandry. Olsen, Glenn H.; Carpenter, James W. Association of Avian Veterinarians Main Conference Proceedings, 1995, p. 147-152.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: care in captivity, blood, haematological values, medical management.

 

Aviary constructions and birds at Cobham. Sawyer, R.C.J. Aviculture Magazine, 1995 (Centenary celebration issue). V. 101 (4), p. 187-191. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: housing techniques, aviary design and construction, Aves.

 

Aviaries, and the selection of sites. Baxter, Eric. Bird Keeping in Australia, Apr. 1995, v. 38 (4), p. 49-51. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: Aves, housing techniques, aviary site selection and construction.

 

Behavior problems of companion birds. Reisner, J.R. Applied Animal Behavior Science, 1995, v. 46 (1-2), p. 134. ISSN: 0168-1591.

            NAL call no: QL750.A6

            Descriptors: aggression, feather picking, husbandry, management, behavior, vices.

 

Bird health and the importance of full spectrum light. Brain, Susie. Journal of Wildlife Rehabilitation, Fall, 1995, v. 18 (3), p. 3-9 (Special Topics Issue). ISSN: 1071-2232.

            NAL call no: SF996.45.J69

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diseases, disorders, treatment techniques.

 

The captive propagation of three species of shrikes at the San Diego Zoo and Wild Animal Park. Azua, John V.; Lieberman, Alan. Proceedings of the Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology, 1995, v. 6 (1), p. 254-257. ISSN: 0511-7550.

            Descriptors: housing and diet, captive breeding, reproductive behavior.

 

Constructing an aviary. Shears, Alan. Australian Aviculture, 1995, v. 49 (7), p. 149-150. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, aviary construction, general guidelines, Aves.

 

The Eclectus parrot: Medicine and aviculture. Speer, B.L.; Roston, M.A.; Marx, K.L. Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, Williamsburg, VA. Apr. 29-May 2, 1995, p. 156-166. ref.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: aviculture, physiology, nutrition, sex diagnosis, viral diseases.

 

Environmental Enrichment Information Resources for Laboratory Animals: 1965-1995. Birds, Cats, Dogs, Farm Animals, Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents, AWIC Resource Series No. 2. Nicol, C.; McCube, S.; Appleby, M.C.; Elnon, D.; Gunn, D.; Morton, D.B.; Weered, H.A. van de; Baumans, V. 1995, ix 294 pp., Animal Welfare Information Center, Beltsville, MD. ISBN: 090076791X.

            NAL call no: aHv4701 A94 no. 2

Descriptors: birds, animal welfare, behavior, enrichment, environment, reviews, animal husbandry, laboratory animals, bibliographies.

 

Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Zucht des Kapuzenloris. [Experience in care and breeding of the violet-necked lory.] Becker, Astrid; Haase, Matthias. Voliere, Jul. 1995, v. 18 (7), p. 214-218. ISSN: 0344-9270. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, optimum conditions, reproductive techniques.

 

Haltung und Zucht des Humboldtpinguins im Zoologischen Garten Koln (Spheniscus humboldti). [The keeping and breeding of the Humboldt penguin in the Koln Zoological Garden (Spheniscus humboldti).] Pagel, Theo. Voliere, Jun. 1995, v. 18 (6), p. 182-185. ISSN: 0344-9270. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, optimum conditions, reproductive techniques.

 

Haltung und Zucht des Jendayasittichs (Aratinga solstitialis jendaya). [Care and breeding of the Jendaya sun conure (Aratinga solstitialis jendaya).] Wuetz, Ditmar. Voliere, Sept. 1995, v. 18 (9), p. 283-285. ISSN: 0344-9270. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, optimum conditions, care in captivity, breeding.

 

Haltung und Zucht des Weissburzelloris (Pseudeos fuscata). [Care and breeding of the dusky lory (Pseudeos fuscata).] Wuetz, Dietmar. Voliere, Apr. 1995, v. 18 (4), p. 114-116. ISSN: 0344-9270. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, care in captivity, optimum conditions, breeding.

 

Management of substrate in aviaries to reduce exposure to fungus and mold. Raphael, Bonnie L.; Sheppard, Christine; Bruning, Don; Maher, Eileen; Cooper, Patti. Junge, Randall e. (Ed.). Proceedings Joint Conference American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians & Wildlife Disease Association. Place of publication not given. 1995, i-xxviii. 1-546 p. chapter pagination: 220-222.

            NAL call no: SF605.A4

            Descriptors: Aves, housing, aviary substrate management, reduce exposure to fungus.

 

A roosting appliance for finches. Whitaker, Gerald. Australian Aviculture, Jun. 1995, v. 49 (6), p. 143. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, roosting appliance design and construction, care.

 

Shocking facts about electric fences. Philpot, Bob. Bird Keeping in Australia, Mar. 1995, v. 38 (3), p. 40-42. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, electric fencing for predator exclusion, Aves, bird enclosures.

 

Socialization pen for crane pairing. Businga, Nancy K. Animal Keeper’s Forum, Jan. 1995, v. 22 (1), p. 32. ISSN: 0164-9531.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.A54

            Descriptors: Gruidae, crane, housing techniques, socialization pen, design, pairing behavior.

 

Stella’s lorikeet. Cooke, Dulcie. Avicultural Magazine, 1995, v. 101 (2), p. 58-62. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: Loridae, diet in captivity, housing techniques, recommendations.

 

On the sulphur crested cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea Gremlin 1788. Vit, Rudolf. Gefiederte Welt, Aug. 1995, v. 119 (8), p. 254-256. ISSN: 0016-5816.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, aviary conditions, Aves, care in captivity.

 

Understanding the Bird of Prey. Fox, Nick. Hancock House Publishers Ltd. Surrey, British Columbia. 1995. p. 1-375. ISBN: 0888393172.

            Descriptors: Falconiformes, Strigiformes, falcons, owls, management, care in captivity, prey.

 

Zebra finch behavior and effect of modest enrichment of standard cages. Jacobs, H.; Smith, N.; Smith, P.; Smyth, L.; Yew, P.; Saibaba, P.; Hau, J. Animal Welfare, Feb. 1995, v. 4 (1), p. 3-9. ref. ISSN: 0962-7286.

            NAL call no: HV4701.A557

            Descriptors: housing techniques, behavior, enrichment of standard cages, effects.

Abstract: Zebra finches are often housed in monogamous pairs in small barren cages. In the present study it was investigated whether modest enrichment resulted in behavioural changes. Four plywood box cages of 2 different lengths were compared. A small and a large cage were used fir the barren environment. Another small and large cage were used for the enriched environment, and included additional perches, twigs as well as sand and water baths. A ethogram consisting of 19 different behavioural patterns was used. The behaviour of the wild birds was studied using a combination of alternating (20s) one-zero and instantaneous sampling, 1 hour per day during a continuous 4-week period. Locomotor activity, vocalisation and singing was significantly increased in the enriched cages and flying was more frequent in the large enriched cage than in any of the other cages. It was concluded that this study demonstrated the usefulness of behavioural analyses to determine to what extent simple enrichment allows the birds to exhibit a wider range of their natural behaviour.

 

 

1994

 

Alcids in North American zoos and aquaria. Gunther, Mary Roman. International Zoo Yearbook, 1994, v. 33, p. 136-141. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: auk type birds, care in captivity, husbandry, captive breeding and rearing.

 

Amelioration of laboratory conditions for pigeons (Columbia livia). Huber, L. Animal Welfare, 1994, v. 3 (4), p. 321-324. ref. ISSN: 0962-7286.

            NAL call no: HV4701.A557

            Descriptors: laboratory animals, housing, animal welfare.

 

The avian flock. Clubb, Susan L.; Flammer, Keven. Avian Medicine, Principles and Application. Ritchie, Branson W.; Harrison, Greg J.;Harrison, Linda R. Wingers Publishing, Inc. Lake Worth, FL. 1994, 1-1348 p. Chapter pagination: 45-62. ISBN: 0963699601.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1A94 1996

            Descriptors: bird care in captivity, flock husbandry and treatment, treatment techniques.

 

Behavior and social organization. Ellis, Susie. Penguin Husbandry Manual. First Edition. Feb. 1994. Ellis, Susie; Branch, Sherry (eds.). American Zoo and Aquarium Association (place of publication not given). 1994. i-v. 1-197 p. Chapter pagination: 34-53.

            Descriptors: birds, care in captivity, behavioral considerations, social organization, overview.

 

Breeding amazons in captivity. Thompson, Dale R. Proceedings Annual Conference Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1994, p. 409-415.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: Amazona parrots, care in captivity, husbandry guidelines for captive breeding.

 

Breeding productivity, microhabitat requirements, and parental care of neotropical migrant bird in the Ozarks of Arkansas. Li, Pingjun. 1994, vi, 136 leaves. ill. ref. Thesis, University of Arkansas.

            NAL call no: ArUQL684.A8L5 1994

            Descriptors: birds, breeding, Arkansas, habitat, wild birds.

 

Building an aviary. United Bird Societies of SA Inc. Bird Keeping in Australia, Jul. 1994, v. 37 (7), p. 104-105. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: Aves, housing techniques, aviary construction.

 

Canaries. Lupu, Corina. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1994, v. 15, p. 67-74.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: diagnostic techniques, treatment techniques, parasites, diseases, disorders.

 

The Complete Bird Owner’s Handbook. New Ed. Gallerstein, Gary A. 1952; Acker, Heather. Howell book House, New York, Toronto. Maxwell Macmillian International, c1994. xxiv, 320 p. plates, ill. ISBN: 0876059035.

            NAL call no: SF461.G35 1994

            Descriptors: cage birds, diseases, pets.

 

Directory of Institutions Housing Penguins: 11/94. Anon. Penguin Conservation, Nov. 1994, v. 7 (3), 7 p. (Unpaginated leaflet).

            Descriptors: directories, Spheniscidae, penguins, institutions holding specimens.

 

Everybird: A Guide to Bird Health. Rev. Macwhirter, Pat. Melbourne: Inkata Press, 1994. X, 190 p. ill. ref. ISBN: 0409308684.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1E94 1994

            Descriptors: cage birds, diseases, treatment, handbooks, wounds, feeding.

 

Der Feinsittich (Neophema chrysostoma Kuhl, 1820). [The blue-winged parrot Neophema chrysostoma Kuhl, 1820.] Ehlenbroker, Jorg. Voliere, Oct. 1994, v. 17 (10), p. 308-310. ISSN: 0344-9270. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing techniques, biological notes.

 

Gouldians benefit from exercise. Grigg, Ted. Australian Aviculture, Apr. 1994, 48 (4), p. 95-96. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: bird, housing techniques, provisions for exercise, importance.

 

Health. Walsh, Michael; Cramm, Anita. Penguin Husbandry Manual. First Edition. Feb. 1994. Ellis, Susie; Branch, Sherry (eds.). American Zoo and Aquarium Association (place of publication not given). 1994. i-v. 1-197 p. Chapter pagination: 126-140.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, veterinary care, parasites, diseases and disorders, penguins.

 

Housing and enclosure requirements. Beall, Fred.;Branch, Sherry. Penguin Husbandry Manual. First Edition. Feb. 1994. Ellis, Susie; Branch, Sherry (eds.). 1994. i-v. 1-197 p. Chapter pagination: 1-13.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, housing and enclosure requirements, penguins.

 

The husbandry of the cinereous vulture (Aegypius monachus) in North American zoos. Diebold, Edward N.; White, Elizabeth S. 1994 North American Regional Studbook for the Cinereous Vulture (Aegypius monachus). Fourth edition. Milwaukee County Zoological Park, 1994. 100 p. Chapter pagination: 12 p.

Descriptors: care in captivity, zoo husbandry, reproductive techniques.

 

The husbandry, medical, and surgical management of domestic water fowl (Anseriformes) collections. LaBonde, Jerry. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Mid Atlantic States Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1994, v. 15, p. 42-65.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: swans, geese, ducks, care in captivity, husbandry and medical management, treatment methods.

 

Husbandry and reproduction of the red-faced mousebird. Macek, Michael; Bohmke, Bruce. Avicultural Magazine, 1994, v. 100 (1), p. 49-51. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: Urocolius indicus, captive breeding and rearing records, St. Louis Zoo.

 

Identificazione elettronica negli uccelli: esperienze di impianto intramuscolare e sottocutaneo. [Electronic identification in birds: Experience with intramuscular and subcutaneous implants.] Gandini, G.; Rampin, T.; Cerutti, F.; Sironi, G.; Restelli, R.; Cavalchini, L.G. Obiettivi e Documenti Veterinari, 1994, v. 15 (5), p. 47-51. ref. ISSN: 0392-1913. Note: In Italian.

            Descriptors: identification, transponders, techniques, Japanese quail, pectoral muscles.

Abstract: Electronic transponders (Trovan, AEG), 1.8 x 12 mm in size, were implanted in the pectoral muscles or s.c. in the neck region of 10 Japanese quails. There was no effect on their flight or walking activities over a 30-day observation period, and at the end of this period no inflammatory reactions or lesions were found at the implantation site. An i.m. implant was also evaluated in 57 psittaciform birds; no lesions or changes in behaviour were found 2 years later.

 

Komfortverhalten beim Afrikanischen Strauss (Struthio camelus). [Comfort behaviour of the African ostrich (Struthio camelus).] Sambraus, H.H. Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 1994, v. 101 (8), p. 307-308. ref. Note: In German.

            NAL call no: 41.8 D82

            Descriptors: plumage, production, behavior, diurnal activity, sun bathing.

Abstract: Comfort behaviour of ostriches consists of caring of plumage and sand bathing. From studies of 120 ostriches in relation to the possibilities for ostrich production in central Europe it is concluded that care of plumage will be possible, but special devices must be constructed to allow sand bathing in every season.

 

Lexicon of Parrots. Arndt, Thomas. Verlag Arndt & Muller, Papageien, Bruckenfeldstrasse 30, 7518 Bretten, Germany, undated ?1994, 229 p. Unpaginated. Separately paginated loose leaf sheets. In two volumes with sheets issued at different times.

            Descriptors: morphology, behavior, care in captivity, housing techniques, diet, flight.

 

Management. Schneider, Tom. Penguin Husbandry Manual, First Edition. Ellis, Susie; Branch, Sherry (eds.). American Zoo and Aquarium Association. (place of publication not given). 1994, i-v. 1-197 p. Chapter pagination: 14-33.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, management techniques, sexing techniques, penguins.

 

Perception and Motor Control in Birds: An Ecological Approach. Davies, Mark N.O. 1960; Green, Patrick R. Berlin; New York: Springer-Verlag, c1994. xiv. 364 p. ill. ref. ISBN: 3540528555.

            NAL call no: QL698.P47 1994

            Descriptors: birds sense organs, behavior, physiology, perceptual motor processes.

 

Penguin Husbandry Manual. First Edition. Feb. 1994. Ellis, Susie; Branch, Sherry (eds.). American Zoo and Aquarium Association (place of publication not given). 1994. i-v. 1-197 p.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry manual, Spheniscidae, penguins.

 

Pigeons. Harlin, Roger W. Veterinary Clinics of North America Small Animal Practice, 1994, v. 24 (1), p. 157-173. ISSN: 0195-5616.

            NAL call no: SF601.V523

            Descriptors: diagnosis, disease, drug therapy, health care, nutrition, housing.

 

Reproduction. Henry, Linda; Sirpenski, Gayle. Penguin Husbandry Manual, First Edition. Ellis, Linda; Branch, Sherry (eds.). Feb. 1994. American Zoo and Aquarium Association (place of publication not given). 1994, i-v. 1-197 p. Chapter pagination: 54-94.

            Descriptors: rearing techniques, hand rearing guidelines, captive breeding, penguins.

 

Techniques for prolonged confinement and transport of small insectivorous passerines. Bocetti, Carol I. Journal of Field Ornithology, Spring, 1994, v. 65 (2), p. 232-236. ISSN: 0273-8570.

            NAL call no: 413.8 B534

Descriptors: song birds, perching birds, housing techniques, prolonged confinement in captivity, transportation.

 

U.C. Davis Amazon breeding project. Millam, J.R. Proceedings Annual Conference Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1994, p. 403-408.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

Descriptors: Amazona parrots, breeding programs, care in captivity, handling techniques, U.C. Davis.

 

Veterinary care of wild Australian birds: 1. Husbandry. Vogelnest, Larry. University of Sydney Post Graduate Committee in Veterinary Science Proceedings, 1994, v. 233, p. 117-138. ISSN: 0814-6829.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, pathological techniques, husbandry.

 

Welfare of ducks in intensive units. Raud, H.; Faure, J.M. Revue Scientifique et Technique, Office International des Epizootics. 1994, v. 13 (1), p. 119-129. ref. ISSN: 0253-1933. Note: In English and French.

            NAL call no: SF781.R4

            Descriptors: abnormal behvior, intensive husbandry, animal welfare.

 

Wildfowl. Ogilvie, Malcom; Pearson, Bruce. Hamlyn, London. 1994, p. 1-160. ISBN: 0600579735.

            Descriptors: feeding behavior, nutrition, reproduction, locomotion, feeding.

 

 

1993

 

Accommodation [sic] of lories and lorikeets. Van Dooren, Gert. Lori Journal Internationaal, 1993, (2), p. 34-38. ISSN: 1381-5253.

            Descriptors: care in captivity housing techniques, notes, Loriidae.

 

The bathtub cage for lories. Taylor, Jim. Lorinae, Jun. 1993, v. 9 (2), p. 16-21: Issue 34.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, new cage design, care in captivity.

 

Building baby bird incubators. Watson, Joe; Heckly, Susan. Journal of Wildlife Rehabilitation, Winter 1993, v. 16 (4), p. 3-6. ISSN: 1071-2232.

            NAL call no: SF996.45.J69

            Descriptors: housing techniques, rearing techniques, incubator for nesting, Aves, young birds.

 

Captive management and husbandry of red-crowned cranes in Europe. Belterman, R.; King, C.E. IZN-International Zoo News, 1993, v. 40 (1), p. 6-20. No. 242. ISSN: 0020-9155.

            NAL call no: QL76.I58

            Descriptors: care in captivity, breeding programs, reproductive techniques.

 

Care, behavior, and growth of captive-reared American woodcocks. Vander-Haegen, W. Matthew; Krohn, William B.; Owen, Ray B. Jr. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report, Jul.1993, v. 16, p. 57-65. ISSN: 0895-1926.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diet and housing techniques, behavior, cage construction.

 

Care of oiled seabirds. Brain, L.T.A. Veterinary Record, 1993, v. 133 (19), p. 484. ISSN: 0042-4900.

            NAL call no: 41.8 V641

            Descriptors: oil spills, pollution, mineral oils, animal welfare, rescuing and cleaning wild birds.

 

Cave swallows. Levy, C.; Brown, J.; Degia, C. Gosse Bird Club Broadsheet, Mar. 1993, v. 60, p. 32. ISSN: 1017-348X.

            Descriptors: avian prey, behavior, ecology, predators, avoidance behavior.

 

A comparison of the behavior of solitary and group-house budgerigars. Pope, S.J.; Nicol, C.J. Animal Welfare, Aug. 1993, v. 2 (3), p. 269-277. ISSN: 0962-7286.

            NAL call no: HV4701.A557

Descriptors: care in captivity, solitary vs group housing, effects on behavior, food consumption, activity levels.

Abstract: The behaviour of budgerigars housed in aviaries in a group of 6, or caged individually was studied over 2 months. Budgerigars in the aviary consumed more food and were more active, performing more wing stretching and flying. Caged birds vocalized more. When tested individually, the aviary birds were more active in a novel test chamber and were more likely to approach an unfamiliar bird than were caged birds.

 

Constructing perches for healthier feet. Jones, Maggie. Journal of Wildlife Rehabilitation, Spring, 1993, v. 16 (1), p. 13-16. ISSN: 1071-2232.

            NAL call no: SF996.45.J69

            Descriptors: Falconiformes, falcons, Strigiformes, owls, housing techniques, perch construction.

 

Le diamant mandarin. [The Zebra Finch.] Pomarede, Maurice. Maisons Alfort: Editions du Point Veterinaire, 1993, 216 p. plates, ill. map. ISBN: 2863261002. Note: In French.

            NAL call no: SF473.Z42P65 1993

            Descriptors: zebra finch, aviculture.

 

Emerald lorikeet (Neopsittacus pullicauda pullicauda). Baur, Frederick. Loriinae, Jun. 1993, v. 9 (2), p. 2-10. Issue 34.

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing techniques, aviary design, optimum conditions.

 

Housing, Husbandry, and Welfare of Selected Birds (Quail, Pheasant, Finches, Ostrich, Dove, Parrot): Jan. 1980-Dec. 1993, Quick Bibliography Series. Kreger, Michael D. Animal Welfare Information Center, No. 94-26. Available: www.nal.usda.gov/awic/pubs/oldbib/qb9426.htm

            NAL call no: aZ5071.N3 no. 94-26

            Descriptors: birds bibliography, housing, handling, bibliography.

 

Introducing the ostrich. Kimminau, K.M. Veterinary Technician, 1993, v. 14 (8), p. 459-467. ref. ISSN: 8750-8990.

            NAL call no: SF406.A5

            Descriptors: animal behavior, housing, anatomy, restraint, anesthesia, drug therapy.

 

Mixed species aviary breeding. Rakos, Tom. Bird Keeping in Australia, Aug. 1993, 36 (8), p. 119-120. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: Aves, housing techniques, mixed species aviaries, observations on breeding.

 

Notes on the husbandry and breeding of musk lorikeets at Chester Zoo. Wilkinson, Roger; Woodham, Andrew; Morris, Paul; Morris, Anne. Avicultural Magazine, 1993, v. 99 (4), p. 188-192. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: care in captivity, captive breeding and rearing, records.

 

The ostrich Struthio camelus: Capture, care accommodation, and transportation. Keffen, R.H. The Capture and Care Manual: Care, Accommodation and Transportation of Wild African Animals. McKenzie, Andrew A. (ed.). Wildlife Decision Support Services and The South African Veterinary Foundation. Lynnwood Ridge & Menlo Park. 1993. i-xxviii. 1-729 p. Chapter pagination: 634-652.

            NAL call no: SK571 C63 1993

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diet in captivity, housing techniques, parasites, diseases.

 

The pheasant aviary environment. Johnson, K. WPA News, 1993, p. 34-37, No. 40. ISSN: 0963-3278.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, aviary design and landscaping, native vegetation.

 

Pheasants of the World: Their Breeding and Management. Howman, K. 1993, 184 pp. Hancock House Publishers Ltd. Surrey, Canada. ISBN: 088839280X.

            NAL call no: SF509.H68

            Descriptors: breeding, genetics, husbandry, farming, management.

Abstract: This is the second edition, the 1st edition having been published in 1978. After a brief introduction, the book has chapters on housing, feeding and diseases of pigeons, breeding season, incubation and brooding, and the different pheasant species. The book is profusely illustrated with excellent colour photographs.

 

Zur Problematik der Flugunfahigmachung von Geflugel und zu Fragen der Teichhaltung von Wassergeflugel aus der Sicht des Tierschutzrechts. [On the problems of rendering birds flightless and keeping of waterfowl on ponds from the point of animal welfare.] Kosters, J.; Jakoby, J.R.; Korbel, R. Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 1993, v. 100 (2), p. 73-76. ref. Note: In German.

            NAL call no: 41.8 D482

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, cosmetic surgery, animal welfare.

Abstract: Methods of rendering birds flightless are described and evaluated from the point of animal welfare. Animal welfare and other laws, that should be considered when waterfowl are kept on ponds are discussed.

 

Small indoor flights for finches. White, David, Australian Aviculture, Jun. 1993, v. 47 (6), p. 125-127. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, small indoor flights, care in captivity.

 

Soziale Deprivation bei Amazonenpapageien (Amazona, Aratingidae) in Menschenhand. [Social deprivation in captive Amazon parrots (Amazona, Aratingidae).] Lantermann, W. Kleintierpraxis, 1993, v. 38 (8), p. 511-520. ref. ISSN: 0023-2076. Note: In German.

            Descriptors: housing, nutrition, therapy, behavior, aviary birds.

Abstract: Conditions of captivity for 43 Amazon parrots (housing, nutrition, relationship between owner and pet) are described. Animal:man relations, behaviour changes of the bird, amazon parrots and partner birds, birds without behaviour problems, therapeutical possibilities for behavioural problems are discussed. Most of the birds showed significant behavioural aberrations when reaching sexual maturity, attributable to social isolation from other parrots on the one hand and a very intimate attachment to the pet owner on the other hand. There are effective therapeutical possibilities by keeping the birds in pairs or little groups and by changing the external housing, nutritional and housing conditions. Even long-term isolated parrots with evident behavioural aberrations could be resocialized in this way.

 

[Strange birds penguins! The king penguin (2).] Dekker, D. Dieren, 1993, v. 9 (6), p. 165-167. ISSN: 0168-6631. Note: In Dutch.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, captive breeding, reproductive techniques.

 

Die Versorgung und Rehabilitation von vorubergehend in Menschenhand geratenen Greifvogeln - ein Tierschutzproblem. [Animal welfare aspects of the care and rehabilitation of birds of prey.] Richter, T.; Hartmann, S. Tierarztliche Umschau,1993, v. 48 (4), p. 239-250. ref. Note: In German.

            NAL call no: 41.8 T445

            Descriptors: biology, veterinary services, animal welfare, predatory birds.

Abstract: The reception, temporary housing and rehabilitation of indigenous birds of prey are discussed with respect to the legal, biological and medical aspects. Although against German hunting rights, involvement of veterinarians in the care of birds of prey is required for welfare reasons. Such involvement would not affect the size of the free-living population. The ethological and medical requirements for the successful rehabilitation of predatory birds are discussed.

 

 

1992

 

The Atlas of Quails. Alderton, D. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, N.J. 1992. 1-144 p.

            NAL call no: SF510.Q2A38 1992Ov

            Descriptors: housing and care in captivity, handling techniques, rearing.

 

Aviary design and construction. Johnson, Tom; Clubb, Kevin. Psittacine Aviculture: Perspectives, Techniques and Research. Schubot, Richard M.; Clubb, Kevin J.; Clubb, Susan. Aviculture Breeding and Research Center, Loxahatchee. 1992. i-x. p. 1.1-28.4, Glossary 1-11, Index 1-24, Chapter pagination: 4.1-4.12.

            Descriptors: Psittaciformes, housing techniques, aviary design and construction.

 

The biology and husbandry of whydahs and combassous. Baptista, L.F. A.F.A. Watchbird, 1992, v. 19 (1), p. 40-45. ISSN: 0199-543X.

            NAL call no: QL671.A33

            Descriptors: nest parasitism, parasite biology, nest and roost boxes, avicultural needs.

 

Bustard husbandry. Weeks, Louise. AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings, 1992, p. 810-816. ISSN: 0731-0539.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry protocol, reproductive techniques.

            NAL call no: QL76.5 U6A47

 

Care and management of caged birds. Kruckenberg, S. The College, c1992 [Manhattan Kan.]. videocassette (51 min) sd. col

            NAL call no: Videocassette no. 2104

            Descriptors: aviculture, care, husbandry, housing.

 

The cassowary in captivity. Perron, R. IZN- International Zoo News, 1992, v. 39 (7), p. 4-14. ISSN: 0020-9155.

            NAL call no: QL76.I58

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing techniques, handling techniques, rearing.

 

Conures. Colpman, P. Bird Keeping in Australia, 1992, v. 35 (1), p. 1-5. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, nutrition, feeding behavior, diet in captivity, housing.

 

Habitat enrichment for two species of pheasants. Bruce, Dan. Shape of Enrichment, Nov. 1992, v. 1 (2), p. 8-9. ISSN: 1088-8152.

            NAL call no: HV737.S53

            Descriptors: housing techniques, habitat enrichment, Lophura edwardsi, Tragopan t.

 

Health risks of housing small psittacines in galvanized wire mesh cages. Howard, B.R. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1992, v. 200 (11), p. 1667-1674. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 Am3

            Descriptors: housing techniques, galvanized wire mesh cages, health risks, adult cockatiels, Nymphicus hollandicus.

Abstract: Each week over a 6 week period, 80 adult cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) of either gender were dosed orally with fine particles of pure zinc or galvanized coating removed from welded wire mesh. At dosage of 32 mg/wk, all birds became severely ill and either died or were killed within 2 weeks. Dosage of 2 mg/wk induced chronic illness marked by dullness, weight loss, and intermittent excretion of greenish droppings. PM examination findings were unremarkable, except for signs suggestive of impaired gastrointestinal tract motility and histological degenerative changes associated with focal mononuclear infiltration in the liver, kidneys, and pancreas. Tissue, especially pancreatic, contents of zinc were markedly high. Pure zinc was as toxic as galvanizing zinc. White rust, an oxidation product, also was toxic. The galvanized coating on cages and flights must be carefully wire brushed and examined before housing psittacine birds.

 

The husbandry of the noisy Pitta versicolor. Hobcroft, D. Australian Aviculture, 1992, v. 46 (4), p. 77-79. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry notes, Pittidae.

 

A note on keeping the houbara bustard in captivity. Shkolnaya, YeA. Bustard Studies, 1992, v. 5, p. 194-195. ISSN: 0254-0878.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, care in captivity, stress relief, rearing techniques.

 

Parrot wellbeing. Does it deserve more attention? King, C.E. Psitta Scene, 1992, v. 4 (2), p. 7-8. ISSN: 1363-3368.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, requirements for well-being, Psittaciformes.

 

The Pesquet’s parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus). Norman, Denise. Psittacine Aviculture: Perspectives, Techniques and Research. Schubot, Richard M.; Clubb, Kevin J.; Clubb, Susan L. Aviculture Breeding and Research Center, Loxahatchee. 1992. i-x. p. 1.1-28.4. Glossary 1-11. Index 1-24. Chapter pagination: 28.1.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, avicultural status and husbandry, Psittacidae.

 

Population density and breeding success of birds. Fletcher, Mark R.; Jones, Sian A.; Greig-Smith, Peter W.; Hardy, Anthony R.; Hart, Andrew D.M. Pesticides, Cereal Farming and the Environment. Grieg-Smith, Peter; Frampton, Geoff; Hardy, Tony. (eds.). The Boxworth project. HMSO. London. 1992. 1-288 p. Chapter pagination: 160-174. ISBN: 0112428726.

            NAL call no: QH545.P4P4814 1992

            Descriptors: Aves, prey, pesticide impact, pesticide effects, breeding effects.

 

Seed-Eating Birds: Their Care and Breeding: Finches and Allied Species-Doves, Quail and Hemipodes. Trollope, Jeffrey; Trollope, Jeffrey. London: Blandford: New York, N.Y. Dist. In US by Sterling Pub. Co. 1992, 336 pp. col. ill. ref. ISBN: 0713722703.

            NAL call no: SF461.T76 1992

            Descriptors: cage birds, cage birds breeding.

 

 

1991

 

Avian-Exotic Animal Care Guides. Woerpel, Richard W.; Rosskopf Walter J. American Veterinary Publications, c1991. 83 pp. ref. ISBN: 0939674246 (loose leaf).

            NAL call no: SF413.W63

            Descriptors: wild birds as pets, guides.

 

Avian restraint and handling. Vogt, S.L. Veterinary Technician, 1991, v. 12 (4), p. 351-357. ref. ISSN: 8750-8990.

            NAL call no: SF406.A5

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, aviary birds, restraint of animals.

 

Basic avian health care and nutrition for the new bird owner. Vogt, S.L. Veterinary Technician, 1991, v. 12 (6), p. 461-464, 466-467. ref. ISSN: 8750-8990.

            NAL call no: SF406.A5

            Descriptors: pets, cages, diets, aviary birds, nutrition.

             

Breeding, biology and captive husbandry of the plate-billed mountain toucan (Andigena laminirostris). Shannon, Peter W. AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings, 1991, p. 188-195. ISSN: 0731-0439.

            NAL call no: QL76.5 U6A47

            Descriptors: reproductive techniques, breeding techniques, observations in captivity.

 

Captive propagation of the collard sunbird (Anthreptes collaris). Dellinger, R.M.; Eckart, C.J. A.F.A. Watchbird, 1991, v. 18 (2), p. 40-45. ISSN: 0199-543X.

            NAL call no: QL671.A33

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diet in captivity, housing techniques.

 

Curassow husbandry at the Houston Zoological Gardens. Plasse, Rochelle. AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings, 1991, p. 229-236. ISSN: 0731-0439.

            NAL call no: QL76.5 U6A47

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, captive breeding, diseases and disorders, review.

 

Emu husbandry. Padget, D. Journal of the Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1991, v. 5 (1), p. 48-49. ISSN: 1044-8314.

            NAL call no: SF994.J6

            Descriptors: care in captivity, sexing techniques, Dromaiidae.

 

Facilities. Weaver, James D. Falcon Propagation: A Manual on Captive Breeding. Revised edition. The Peregrine Fund, Inc. Boise, ID. 1991. i-viii. 1-100 p. Chapter pagination: 3-10.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, care in captivity, Falco peregrinus, peregrin falcon.

 

High rise housing for waterfowl. Molesky, D.M. Bios, 1991, v. 61 (1-2), p. 26-32. ISSN: 0005-3155.

            Descriptors: nest and roost boxes, elevated nest baskets, design and evaluation.

  

Learning principles as they apply to animal husbandry. Mellen, Jill D.; Ellis-Joseph, Sue. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings, 1991, p. 548-552. ISSN: 0731-0390.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: care in captivity, Aves, birds, captive management applications, learning.

 

Macaw breeding and conservation. Abramson, J. A.F.A. Watchbird, 1991, v. 18 (3), p. 40-43. ISSN: 0199-543X.

            NAL call no: QL671.A33

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing techniques, captive breeding, parrots.

 

Nesting and hand rearing of ramphastids. San Antonio Bird Department. AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings, 1991, p. 203-207. ISSN: 0731-0439.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: housing techniques, hand rearing, rearing techniques, nest management.

 

Ramphastid husbandry and medicine at Riverbanks Zoo. Calhoon, Kevin. AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings, 1991. P. 208-212. ISSN: 0731-0439.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry techniques, diseases and disorders.

 

Studies on abnormal reproductive behaviours in Baladi pigeons kept under intensive system breeding. Kamel, M.M. Veterinary Medical Journal Giza, 1991, v. 39 (3), p. 755-762. ref. ISSN: 1110-1423.

            NAL call no: SF604.C13

            Descriptors: animal behavior, intensive husbandry, abnormal behavior, mating.

 

The welfare of pet parrots. Roe, D. Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW), 1991, 32 pp. ref. ISBN: 0900767758.

            NAL call no: SF473.P3R63

            Descriptors: pets, aviary birds, behavior, animal welfare.

Abstract: This booklet is intended for people who are thinking about keeping a parrot as a pet, particularly one of the larger species and contains basic information in a easy-to-read format on : parrots as pets, appearance, choosing a parrot, how many to have, housing, furniture, position of the cage, freedom in the house, diet, diseases, plumage, handling and wing clipping. Sources of information are listed at the end of the book.

 

 

1990

 

Bird injuries, cause of death, and recuperation from collisions with windows. Klem, D. Jr. Journal of Field Ornithology, 1990, v. 61 (1), p. 115-119. ISSN: 0273-8570.

            NAL call no: 413.8 B534

            Descriptors: injuries, mortality, window collisions, survival, treatment, recovery.

 

Companion bird management and nutrition. Taylor, M. Proceedings Annual Conference Association of Avian Veterinarians, 1990, p. 409-414.

            NAL call no: SF994.M52

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing techniques, caging systems, design and sanitation.

 

Concepts in flamingo exhibit design. Shannon, Peter. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings, 1990. P. 226-230. ISSN: 0731-0390.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: housing techniques, exhibit design concepts, Phoenicopteridae, captive birds.

 

Establishing an enclosure for gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua). Stronge, John. Penguin Management: Proceedings of a Symposium held at Cotswald Wildlife Park Ltd. Burford, Oxford. Blackwell, Simon (Ed.). 1990. 1-64 p. Chapter pagination: 23-27.

            Descriptors: housing techniques, enclosure design and construction, Aves.

 

Genus Amazona. Stoodley, J.; Stoodley, P. Bezels Publications, Portsmouth. 1990. i-xi. 1-135 p.

            NAL call no: SF473.P3S75

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing techniques, care in captivity, biology, parrots.

 

Husbandry and propagation of the black-napped fruit dove, Ptilinopus melanospila, at the St. Louis Zoo. Bohmke, B.W. Avicultrual Magazine, 1990, v. 96 (4), p. 178-180. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: care in captivity, observations, notes, reproduction.

 

L'elevage des autriches. [Ostrich husbandry.] Campodonico, P.; Masson, C. Bulletin des G.T.V., 1990, No. 2, p. 59-73. ISSN: 0399-2519. Note: In French.

            NAL call no: SF602.G7

            Descriptors: anesthesia, anthelmintics, drug therapy, diseases, parasitoses, captive birds.

Abstract: The first part of this series on ostrich husbandry summarizes knowledge on the geographical distribution of ostriches, emus, rheas and cassowaries, their adaptability to captivity, diseases and parasites and their treatment, and anaesthesia.

 

Successful propagation of three Halcyon kingfisher species H. s. smymensis, H. a. albiventris and H. c. cinnamomina at the Cincinnati Zoo. Oehler, D.A. Avicultural Magazine, 1990, v. 96 (1), p. 1-9. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: breeding techniques, diet in captivity, housing techniques.

 

Uber Einfang und Versorgung verletzter Weiss- und Schwarzstorche. [Capture and care of injured white storks and black storks.] Hatlapa, H.H. Praktische Tierarzt, 1990, v. 71 (4), p. 46-47. ref. ISSN: 0032-681X. Note: In German.

            NAL call no: 41.8 P882

            Descriptors: wild animals, fractures, storks, care, treatment.

 

Vulture management and research at the Paris menagerie. Schlee, M.A. Vulture News, 1990, p. 11-16, No. 23.

            Descriptors: caging systems, nest platforms, reproductive behavior, care & observations.

 

 

1989

 

The Bird Care Book: All You Need to Know to Keep Your Bird Healthy and Happy. Rev. and updated. Gerstenfeld, Sheldon L. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. c1989. xxi. 229 p. ill. bibl. ISBN: 0201095599.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1G47 1989

            Descriptors: cage birds diseases, management, care, health, diet.

 

Caging as a technique for rearing wild passerine birds. de Hamel, R.; McLean, I.G. Journal of Wildlife Management, 1989, v. 53 (3), p. 852-856. ISSN: 0022-541X.

            NAL call no: 410. J827

            Descriptors: caged chick rearing, caging systems, survival in captivity, rearing.

 

The captive maintenance and propagation of the genus Polyplectron. Searle, K.C. World Pheasant Association Journal, 1989, v. 14, p. 16-32. ISSN: 0963-326X.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, review, diet in captivity, housing techniques.

 

The care and feeding of marbled murrelets in captivity. Nelson, Kristine; Douma, Barbara. AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings, 1989, p. 390-397. ISSN: 0731-0439.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry requirements and observations, Aves.

 

The finch carrying cage. Barham, K. Australian Aviculture, 1989, v. 43 (3), p. 53-54. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: caging systems, transportation cage design, Passeriformes.

 

Free flight aviaries: Balancing display and conservation. Pichner, Jimmy. AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings, 1989, p. 167-171. ISSN: 0731-0439.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: free flight aviary design, housing techniques, review and discussion.

 

Humboldt penguin husbandry at Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle. Harris, E.L. SPN-Spheniscus Penguin Newsletter, 1989, v. 1 (2), p. 1, 10-13. ISSN: 1045-0076.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, techniques.

 

Husbandry and captive breeding of fairy bluebirds (Irena puella). Silveri, A.; Bohmke, B. Avicultural Magazine, 1989, v. 95 (4), p. 161-169. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, diet in captivity, caging systems.

 

An improved waterfowl enclosure: Considering animal welfare as a research priority. Davis, D.S.; Allan, H.A, Jr. Journal of Field Ornithology, 1989, c. 60 (2), p. 162-167. ISSN: 0273-8570.

            NAL call no: 413.8 B534

            Descriptors: caging systems, new enclosures, housing techniques, animal welfare.

 

Introduction to Southern African Cage and Aviary Birds. Volume 2, Seed Eating Birds. Brickell, N. ARU, Durban, 1989, p. 1-294.

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, caging systems, morphology, behavior, biology.

 

Planning and managing a semi-tropical free flight aviary. Salisbury, C. Lex. AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings, 1989, p. 480-487. ISSN: 0731-0439.

            NAL call no: 76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: Aves, housing techniques, planning and management.

 

Quail. Their breeding and management. Robbins, G.E.S. World Pheasant Association, Reading, 1989, p. 1-108.

            Descriptors: breeding and management, diet in captivity, parasites, diseases, disorders.

 

Recognizing and caring for the sick bird. Texler, K.H. Australian Aviculture, 1989, v. 43 (3), p. 58-61. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, disease recognition, treatment of disease, review.

 

Simplified cage modification to reduce self-inflicted injury in confined birds. Parrish, J.W.; Saunders, D.K. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 1989, v. 17 (1), p. 80-81. ISSN: 0091-7648.

            NAL call no: SK357.A1W5

            Descriptors: caging systems, injuries, self inflicted injuries, fiberglass screens.

 

 

1988

 

Aviary materials and construction. White, D. Australian Aviculture, 1988, v. 42 (10), p. 246-251. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: caging systems, aviary materials and construction, Aves.

 

Birds. Nebraska 4-H Small Animal and Pet Series. Nebraska Cooperative Extension 4-H; no. 279. 15 pp. ill.

            NAL call no: NBU S533.F66N42-no. 279

            Descriptors: cage birds, juvenile literature.

 

Cabinet or aviary breeding zebra finches. Pinch, R. Australian Aviculture, 1988, v. 42 (9), p. 216-217. ISSN: 1030-5440.

            Descriptors: caging systems, cabinet or aviary breeding, discussion and notes.

 

Captive management of the California condor Gymnogyps californianus. Toone, W.D.; Risser, A.C. Jr. International Zoo Yearbook, 1988, v.27, p. 50-58. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: captive management, diet in captivity, housing techniques.

 

Captive management of aquatic birds. Pokras, M.A. AAV Today, 1988, v. 2 (1), p. 24-33. ISSN: 0892-9904.

            NAL call no: SF994.A2

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing techniques, parasites and disorders.

 

Diamonds are forever. Schultz, B. Bird Keeping in Australia, 1988, v. 31 (5), p. 81-83. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: birds, care in captivity, housing, diet in captivity, caging systems.

 

Hand-rearing the secretary bird Sagittarius serpentarius at Oklahoma City Zoo. Todd, W.T. International Zoo Yearbook, 1988, v. 27, p. 258-263. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: captive management, housing techniques, diet in captivity, captive care.

 

Husbandry, breeding and post-embryonic growth of Abdim’s stork Ciconia abdimi hand reared at London Zoo. Duignan, P.J.; Nuttall, C.; Kirkwood, J.K.; Olney, P.J.S. International Zoo Yearbook, 1988, v. 27, p. 245-252. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL75.I5

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diseases, mortality, breeding and rearing relationships.

 

Keeping and Breeding Zebra Finches: The Complete Type Standard Guide. Blackwell, Chris. 1988, 192 pp., plates, ill. ref. Blandon Press, N.Y., N.Y. ISBN: 0713719591.

            NAL call no: SF473.Z42B58

            Descriptors: zebra finch, behavior, management, housing, breeding.

 

Weather and Bird Behaviour. 2nd ed. Elkins, Norman. Calton, Staffordshire, England: T. & A. D. Poyser, c1988. 239 p. plates. ill. maps. ISBN: 0856610518.

            NAL call no: QL698.3.E45 1988

            Descriptors: birds, behavior, climatic factors.

 

 

1987

 

Aviary design at Aviculture Institute: A 1987 update. Hanson, J.T.; Thompson, D.R. Proceedings of the Jean Delacour/IFCB Symposium on Breeding Birds in Captivity. 1987. i-xxv. 1-574 p. Chapter pagination: 102-108.

            Descriptors: caging systems, aviary design, Psittaciformes, housing techniques.

 

Caging and environment. Giddings, R.F. Companion Bird Medicine. Burr, E.W. (ed.). Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA. 1987. i-x. 1-247 p. Chapter pagination: 8-14.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1C66 1987

            Descriptors: Aves, caging systems, optimum environments for captive species.

 

The canary and other passerine cage birds. Keymer, I.F. The UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory Animals. T.B. Poole (ed).; R. Robinson. 6th ed. London: Longman. p. 687-700. ISBN: 058240911X.

            NAL call no: QL55.U5 1987

            Descriptors: laboratory animals, aviary birds, canaries, biology, husbandry.

 

Captive breeding. Eagles. Carpenter, J.W.; Gabel, R.R.; Wiemeyer, S.N. National Wildlife Federation Scientific and Technical Series, 1987, p. 349-356. No. 10. ISSN: 1044-4971

            NAL call no: QL696.F3M52 1991

            Descriptors: caging systems, rearing techniques, breeding techniques.

 

Care and rehabilitation of injured owls. A user’s guide to the medical treatment of raptorial birds and the housing, release, training and captive breeding of native owls. McKeever, K. The Owl Rehabilitation Research Foundation, Vinland, Ontario. 1987, p. 1-196.

            Descriptors: captive breeding, release, training, manual, care in captivity, anesthesia.

 

Cool water. Schultz, B. Bird Keeping in Australia, 1987, v. 30 (9), p. 130-131. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: bird care in captivity, housing techniques, Aves.

 

European wild birds. Cooper, J.E. UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory Animals. T.B. Poole (ed); R. Robinson. 6th ed. p. 709-715. ISBN: 058240911X

            NAL call no: QL55.U5 1987

            Descriptors: laboratory animals, wild birds, animal husbandry, Europe.

 

Evaporative airconditioning. Schultz, B. Bird Keeping in Australia, 1987, v. 30 (9), p. 132-133. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: caging systems, aviary evaporative air conditioning system design.

 

Hand Rearing Parrots and Other Birds. Low, R. Blandford Press, Poole, N.Y., Sydney. 1987, 1-128 p.

            NAL call no: QL698.3.L68 1991

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, digestion, incubators, environmental control devices.

 

Hooded parrots - their housing, care and breeding. Birdbrain. Bird Keeping in Australia, 1987, v. 30 (4), p. 60-61. ISSN: 0045-2076.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, Psittacidae, Aves.

 

Housing and feeding of Psittaculirostris. Van Oosten, J.R. Fig Parrot, 1987, v. 1 (1), p. 3-5, 8.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, general account, Psittacidae.

 

Introduction to birds. Cooper, J.E. The UFAW Habdbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory Animals. T.B. Poole (ed).; R. Robinson. 6th ed. London: Longman. p. 628-639. ISBN: 058240911X.

            NAL call no: QL55.U5 1987

            Descriptors: laboratory animals, birds, biology, husbandry, disease control.

 

The penguin encounter at Sea World, San Diego. Todd, F.S. International Zoo Yearbook, 1987, v. 26, p. 104-109. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: care in captivity, exhibit husbandry, environmental control, aquaria, California.

 

Propagation of captive eastern screech owls. Wiemeyer, S.N. Journal of Raptor Research, 1987, v. 21 (2), p. 49-56. ISSN: 0892-1016.

            NAL call no: QL696.F3J682

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing techniques, maintenance and pairing procedure.

 

White cockatoo husbandry. Silva, T. Avicultural Magazine, 1987, v. 93 (4), p. 202-208. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL761.A9

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, breeding techniques, Cacatua.

 

 

1986

 

Biology of birds of paradise and bowerbirds. Diamond, J. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 1986, v. 17, p. 17-37. ISSN: 0066-4162.

            NAL call no: QH540.A55

            Descriptors: anatomy, feeding behavior, skeletal musculature, skull, diet.

 

The Complete Cage and Aviary Bird Handbook. Alderton, D. Pelham, London. 1986. 1-160 p.

            Descriptors: care and breeding in captivity, diet, parasites, diseases, disorders.

 

Electrified fences for aviaries and enclosures. Nash, R.G.; Nash, D.M. Avicultural Magazine, 1985, v. 91 (4), p. 208-211. ISSN: 0005-2258.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: Aves, caging systems, electrified fencing, predators.

 

Husbandry and captive breeding of birds of prey. Enderson, J. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, Fowler, M.E. (ed.). W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, London. 1986. i-xxiv. 1-1127 p. Chapter pagination: 376-379.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

Descriptors: Falconiformes, falcons, Strigiformes, owls, care in captivity, breeding techniques, review.

 

Husbandry of Galliformes. Amand, W.B. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. Fowler, M. E. (ed.). W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, London, 1986. i-xxiv.. 1-1127 p. Chapter pagination: 466.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: Galliformes, care in captivity, fowl.

 

Husbandry practices. Harrison G.J. Clinical Avian Medicine and Surgery Including Aviculture. Harrison, G.J.; Harrison, L.R. (eds.). W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, London. 1986, i-xviii. 1-717 p. Chapter pagination: 12-19.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1C5

            Descriptors: Aves, care in captivity, birds.

 

Plants suitable for use in aviaries. Staples, G. Clinical Avian Medicine and Surgery Including Aviculture. Harrison, G.J.; Harrison, L.R. (eds.). W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, London. 1986. i-xviii. 10717 p. Chapter pagination: 667-668.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1C5

            Descriptors: caging systems, aviaries, food plants, diet, Aves.

 

 

1985

 

Bird Behavior. Burton, R. Granada, London. 1985, p. 1-224.

            Descriptors: Aves, diet, feeding, flight, behavior, communication, reproduction.

 

Pheasant rearing: Associated husbandry and disease problems. Swarbrick, O. Veterinary Record, 1985, v. 116 (23), p. 610-617. ISSN: 0042-4900.

            NAL call no: 41.8.V641

            Descriptors: rearing techniques, diseases and disorders, mortality.

 

 

1984

 

Canary, bengalese and zebra finch. Ellis, M. Evolution of Domesticated Animals, 1984, Chapter pagination: 357-360. ref. ISBN: 0582460468.

            NAL call no: S41.E93

            Descriptors: aviary birds, canaries, domesticated birds, varieties.

 

The capture and care of birds exported from south west Africa. Panagis, K.; Stutterheim, I.M. Bokmakierie, 1984, v. 36 (1), p. 4-6. ISSN: 0006-5838.

            Descriptors: techniques, care in captivity, housing, caging, Aves.

 

A hazard of plastic litter. Sharrock, R.; Sharrock, L. Bird Observer, 1984, v. 94, No. 632. ISSN: 0313-5888.

            Descriptors: injuries, accidental entrapment, plastic litter, hazards for birds.

 

Hummingbirds. Their Life and Behavior. A Photographic Study of the North American Species. Tyrrell, E.Q. Crown Publishers, Inc., New York, 1984, i-xii. 1-212 p.

            Descriptors: anatomy, general morphology, metabolic rate, diet, flight, behavior.

 

Indoor aviary maintenance. Schmitt, E.C. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums Regional Conference Proceedings, 1984, p. 408-412. ISSN: 0731-0439.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing techniques, indoor aviaries.

 

Nest Building and Bird Behavior. Collias, N.E.; Collias, E.C. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J. 1984, i-xix. 1-336 p.

            Descriptors: nest building behavior, evolution, courtship, Aves.

 

 

1983

 

The maintenance and captive breeding of the pink pigeon Nesoenas mayeri. Jones, C.G.; Jeggo, D.F.; Hartley, J. Dodo, 1983, p. 16-26, No. 20. ISSN: 0265-5640.

            Descriptors: diet, caging systems, hand rearing, breeding, food preferences.

 

Perches to limit feather picking. Swan, M. Game Conservancy Annual Review, 1983, 99-100 p. No. 14. ISSN: 0533-9979.

            NAL call no: SK351.G3

            Descriptors: caging systems, behavior, feather picking, housing techniques.

 

 

1982

 

The American kestrel as a laboratory research animal. Bird, D.M. Nature (London), 1982, v. 299, p. 300-301. No. 5881. ISSN: 0028-0836.

            NAL call no: 472 N21

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, housing techniques, pen design, laboratory animal.

 

Caging and environment. Dilger, W.C.; Bell, J. Diseases of Cage and Aviary Birds, 2nd ed. 1982, p. 11-17. ill. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia. Margaret L. Petrak (ed). ISBN: 081210692X.

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1D57 1982

            Descriptors: cage birds, cleaning, feeding, care.

 

Controlled environment aviaries. Kenyon, G. Avicultural Magazine, 1982, v. 88 (1), p. 36-39. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: caging systems, design and construction, controlled environment.

 

Hummingbirds. Mobbs, A.J. Triplegate Ltd., Surrey. 1982. i-xi. 1-192 p.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diet, caging systems, feeding behavior, nutrition.

 

Looking after Cage Birds: Keep and Care. Alderton, D. Ward Lock, Ltd., London. 1982: 1-128 p.

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, breeding, housing, behavior, communication.

 

Medical and husbandry aspects of captive Andean condors: A model for the California condor. Carpenter, J.W. American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings, 1982, p. 13-19. ISSN: 0095-0610

            NAL call no: SF605.A4

            Descriptors: medical and husbandry aspects, care in captivity, wildlife management.

 

Radiant heat. Fisher (Lord). Proceedings International Symposium Zoo Design, 1982, v. 3, p. 52-53.

            Descriptors: bird housing techniques, heating system, Aves.

 

Waterfowl exhibit techniques at Sea World. Drieschman, W.S. Proceedings International Symposium Zoo Design, 1982, v. 3, p. 5-7.

Descriptors: housing techniques, water fowl exhibition techniques, zoological gardens, aquarium, California.

 

 

1981

 

Animal, bird and plant compatability. Bland, G.E. Ratel, 1981, v. 8 (3), p. 23-27. ISSN: 0305-1218.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.R37

            Descriptors: housing techniques, plant selection and compatibility in enclosures.

 

The Bird Care Book: Everything you Need to Know to Keep any Bird Healthy and Happy. Gerstenfeld, Sheldon L.1943. Reading, MA. Addison-wesley Pub. Co. c 1981. 186 p. ill. bibl. ISBN: 0201039087; 0201039095 (pbk).

            NAL call no: SF994.2.A1G47

            Descriptors: caged bird diseases, birds diseases.

 

Housing and facility considerations for small animal and bird producers. Skinner, J.L.; Brevik, T.J. Pap. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng. Microfiche Collect., St. Joseph, Mich. The Society, 1981. (fiche no. 81-4550) 1 microfiche. ill. ref.

            NAL call no: FICHE S-72

            Descriptors: housing, bird, small animals, considerations.

 

 

1980

 

Amazon parrot husbandry. Noegel, R. Avicultural Magazine, 1980, v. 86 (4), p. 232-245. ISSN: 0005-2256.

            NAL call no: QL671.A9

            Descriptors: care in captivity, Amazona, Psittacidae.

 

Breeding and husbandry of Adelie penguins, Pygascelis adeliae, at Sea World of Florida. Beldegreen, R.A.; Asper, E.D. International Zoo Yearbook, 1980, v. 20, p. 197-200. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: QL76.I5

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diet in captivity, housing, reproductive behavior.

 

Cleaning of cages for laboratory animals. Haigh, P.B. Journal of the Institute of Animal Technicians, 1980, v. 31 (1), p. 49-54.

            NAL call no: QL55.I5

Descriptors: Aves, Mammalia, care in captivity, cage cleaning techniques, birds as animal models.

 

The husbandry of falcons for return to the wild. Cade, T.J. International Zoo Yearbook, 1980, v. 20, p. 23-35. ISSN: 0074-9664.

            NAL call no: Q76.I5

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry in preparation for release, Falconiformes.

 

The husbandry and medicine of captive penguins. Stosfkopf, M.K.; Beall, F.B. American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings, 1980, p. 81-96. ISSN: 0095-0610.

            NAL call no: SF605.A4

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diseases, parasites, review.

 

Keeping and breeding the waldrapp ibis. Schenker, A.; Hirsch, U.; Mallet, M.; Pechlaner, H.; Thaler, E.; Wackernagel, H. International Zoo News (IZN), 1980, v. 27 (2-3), p. 9-15. ISSN: 0020-9155.

            NAL call no: QL76.I58

            Descriptors: breeding techniques, care in captivity, diet in captivity, rearing.

 

Parrots. Their Care and Breeding. Low, R. Blandford Press, Poole, Dorset. 1980. i-xiii. 1-654 p.

            NAL call no: SF473.P3L682

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diseases, diet, caging systems, taming, hand rearing.

 

 

1979

 

Cage and aviary design and construction. Jones, C.G. First Aid and Care of Wild Birds. Cooper, J.E.; Eley, J.T. (eds.). David & Charles, Newton, Abbot, London & North Pomfret (Vancouver). 1979, 1-288 p. Chapter pagination: 246-258.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing techniques, caging systems.

 

Care and Rehabilitation of Injured Owls. A User’s Guide to the Medical Treatment of Raptorial Birds, and the Housing, Release, Training and Captive Breeding of Native Owls. McKeever, K. The Owl Rehabilitation Research Foundation, Vineland, Ontario. 1979, 1-112 p.

            Descriptors: Strigiformes, care in captivity, housing techniques, release training.

 

Husbandry of the chukar partridge. Woodard, A.E. Game Bird Breeders, Aviculturists, Zoologists, and Conservationists Gazette, 1979, v. 28 (3), p. 7-16. Also: v. 28 (1-2), p. 28-32, 42. ISSN: 0164-3711.

            NAL call no: 47.8 G144

            Descriptors: daylength effect, photoperiod, fertility effect.

 

Methods of keeping birds cool. Poultry Industry. Sutton. Apr. 1979 (Suppl. 1) p. 9. ill. ISSN: 0032-5759.

            NAL call no: 47.8 P8644

            Descriptors: birds, housing keeping cool.

 

 

1978

 

Care of Wild Feathered & Furred: Treating and Feeding Injured Birds and Animals. Rev. ed. Hickman, Mae; Buy, Maxine; Levine, Stephen. New York: Michael Kesend Pub., 1978. xvi. 143 pp. ill. ISBN: 093557607X.

            NAL call no: QL83.2.H5 1978

            Descriptors: wildlife rescue, wildlife diseases, captured birds, care, handling, diets.

 

Falconry and Hawking. Glasier, P. Batsford, London. 1978. 1-312 p.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, diet, handling and housing, housing techniques.

 

The influence of housing and cage design on bird behaviour. Polach, M. Poultry. Advisor. Jun. 1978 v. 11 (6), p. 37-41.

            NAL call no: SF481.P622

            Descriptors: housing, cage design, behavior.

 

Perching birds, parrots, cockatoos and macaws (psittacines and passerines). Passeriform husbandry. Thompson, D.R. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. Fowler, M.E. (ed.). W.B. Saunders, Co., Philadelphia, London & Toronto. 1978. i-xvi. 1-951 p. Chapter pagination: 353-355.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing and nesting requirements, rearing, breeding.

 

Perching birds, parrots, cockatoos and macaws (psittacines and passerines). Psittacine husbandry. Rundel, R.S. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. Fowler, M.E. (ed.). W.B. Saunders, Co. Philadelphia, London & Toronto. 1978. i-xvi. 1-951 p. Chapter pagination: 350-353.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing, breeding, rearing, structure.

 

Raptors (Falconiformes and Strigiformes). Husbandry and captive breeding. Enderson, J. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. Fowler, M.E. (Ed.). W.B. Saunders, Co. Philadelphia, London & Toronto. 1978. i-xvi. 1-951 p. Chapter pagination: 232-236.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: care in captivity, rearing and breeding techniques, artificial insemination.

 

Sanitation and disinfection. Fowler, M.E. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. Fowler, M.E. (ed.). W.B. Saunders, Co. Philadelphia, London & Toronto. 1978. i-xvi. 1-951 p. Chapter pagination: 21-29.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: Aves, birds, Reptilia, Mammalia, housing, sanitation and disinfection.

 

Territory in Bird Life. Howard, Henry Eliot, 1873-1940. New York. Arno Press, 1978. xiii. 308 p. ill. Reprint of 1920 ed. Published by J. Murray, London. ISBN: 0405106963.

            NAL call no: QL698.c.H6-1978.

            Descriptors: birds behavior, territoriality, zoology.

 

 

1977

 

Ways of the Bird. Van Vleck, Sarita. New York, N.Y. Lyons & Burford, c1993. xi. 141 p. ill. ref. ISBN: 155821223X. Originally published Growing wings. Dublin, N.H.: W.L. Bauhan, 1977.

            NAL call no: QL698.3.V3 1993

            Descriptors: birds, behavior, habits.

 

 

1976

 

Birds: Their Life, Their Ways, Their World. Christopher Perrins; illustrations by Ad Cameron. New York: A.H. Abrams, 1976. 160 p. col. ill.

            NAL call no: QL674.P4

            Descriptors: behavior, anatomy, identification, habitats.

 

The overhead mist line. A method of controlling humidity in aviaries. Robbins, G.E.S. World Pheasant Association Journal, 1976, v. 1, p. 58. ISSN: 0963-326X.

            Descriptors: care in captivity, housing, aviary humidity control, Aves.

 

 

1975

 

Bird Life. Rowley, Ian. New York, Taplinger Pub. Co. 1975, 284 p. 14 leaves of plates. ill.

            NAL call no: QL693.R68

            Descriptors: birds, Australia, behavior.


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