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You are here: Home / Publications / Bibliographies and Resource Guides / Information Resources on the Care and Welfare of Dogs   / Husbandry  Printer Friendly Page
Information Resources on the Care and Welfare of Dogs: Animal Welfare Information Center
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Anonymous (2000). Taking care of your pregnant dog. Veterinary Medicine 95(10): 801-802. ISSN: 8750-7943.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 M69
Descriptors: bitches, pregnancy, pet care, whelping.

Hoffman, M. and L.J. Ackerman (1998). Dogs: The Ultimate Care Guide: Good Health, Loving Care, Maximum Longevity, Rodale Press: Emmaus, PA, 450 p. ISBN: 0875965326 .
NAL Call Number: SF427.D57 1998
Descriptors: care, health, husbandry.

Hubrecht, R.C. and V. Reinhardt (2002). Comfortable quarters for dogs in research institutions . In: V. Reinhardt and A. Reinhardt (Editors), Comfortable Quarters for Laboratory Animals, 9th edition, Animal Welfare Institute: Washington, DC, p. 56-64.
NAL Call Number: SF406.3 .C66 2002
Descriptors: laboratory housing, design, space allowance, socialization requirements, exercise, enrichment devices, handling, stress.

Prescott, M.J. (2004). Refining dog husbandry and care. Eighth report of BVAAWF/FRAME/RSPCA/UFAW Joint Working Group on Refinement. Laboratory Animals 38(Suppl.. 1): 1-94. ISSN: 0023-6772.
NAL Call Number: QL55.A1L3
Abstract: An estimated 140 000 dogs are used worldwide in research and testing every year. Although there is a growing trend of providing more complex environments for laboratory dogs, worldwide much dog husbandry and care fails to incorporate what is known about their natural behaviour and their behavioural and welfare needs. With this in mind, the BVAAWF/FRAME/RSPCA/UFAW joint Working Group on Refinement set out to identify and document ways in which dog husbandry and care can be refined to make significant reductions in suffering and improvements in animal welfare. The Working Group's report contains recommendations on housing and on physical environment, food and feeding, environmental enrichment and exercise, health and hygiene, identification and record keeping, breeding, balancing supply and demand, grouping, transport, handling and restraint, procedures, long-term use, rehoming, staff training, and areas for future research for refining dog husbandry and care. Advice is also given on interpreting dog signals, preventing and managing aggression, and controlling noise in dog facilities. Particular emphasis is placed on providing an enriched environment for dogs which permits them to express a wide range of normal behaviour and to exercise a degree of choice, and on combining this with a socialization, habituation and training programme. Together these measures should significantly reduce and/or eliminate fear-elated behavioural responses and stereotypic behaviours. They will also have a positive effect on the behavioural development of the dogs, helping to ensure that calm, confident, and well-adjusted individuals are issued to the end-use areas. This in turn will assist in the collection of reliable and accurate experimental data from dog studies and will avoid unnecessary wastage of life. The report represents a valuable resource for staff training. It should be read and thought about, and the recommendations acted upon, by all those involved with the management, care and use of dogs bred and used for research and testing. Where standards fall below those detailed here, a programme of improvement should be put in place. This should aim to achieve a proper balance between conspecific and human social interaction for dogs, and provide pens and other environments developed with an understanding of the natural behaviours of the dog, and empathetic personnel trained and competent to care for them. Employing a canine behaviour specialist can help to achieve these aims. It may be necessary for managers of facilities to rethink the way that dog husbandry and care has been practised in the past in order to allocate the time, staffing and funding required to implement the programme. Only through sincere commitment, adequate resources and sufficient will to change can significant reductions in suffering and improvements in animal welfare be guaranteed.
Descriptors: history, behavior, housing, husbandry, legislation, research, pen construction, pen design, stocking density, single housing, outdoor runs, lighting, temperature, humidity, noise.

Rollin, B.E. (2005). An ethicist's commentary on the dog breeder who provides bad husbandry. Canadian Veterinary Journal 46(5): 395. ISSN: 0008-5286.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 R3224
Descriptors: husbandry ethics, dogs, Ontario.

Sales, G., R. Hubrecht, A. Peyvandi, S. Milligan, and B. Shield (1997). Noise in dog kennelling: is barking a welfare problem for dogs? Applied Animal Behaviour Science 52(3-4): 321-329. ISSN: 0168-1591.
NAL Call Number: QL750.A6
Abstract: Noise levels (sound pressure levels, SPLs) were monitored over 24 and 48 h in a number of different types of kennels including shelters, training establishments and research laboratories. Two measures of SPL were used, Lpeak and Leq, over both low (1 Hz-20 kHz) and high (12.5-70 kHz) frequency ranges and using a linear weighting. At most sites the noise levels followed a diurnal pattern; levels were generally low and relatively constant overnight, increased gradually in the early morning and then fluctuated during the working day. Levels decreased in the evening at different times depending on the local regimes. In one facility near railway lines the diurnal pattern was less obvious. During the day Lpeak values regularly exceeded 100 dB and often reached 125 dB; Leq values were between 65 and 100 dB. The high noise levels were caused mainly by barking, but husbandry procedures such as cleaning also contributed to them. The noise levels recorded here may have welfare implications. There is currently a lack of adequate guide lines for noise levels in dog kennels.
Descriptors: noise, kennels, housing, husbandry, animal welfare, dogs.

Stooker, M. (2006). Illegale hondenhandel. Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde 131(10): 374. ISSN: 0040-7453.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 T431
Descriptors: animal husbandry methods, animal husbandry standards, animal welfare, commerce standards, animal rights, cats, dogs, Europe, eastern, Netherlands.

Swallow J, Anderson D, Buckwell AC, Harris T, Hawkins P, Kirkwood J, Lomas M, Meacham S, Peters A, Prescott M, Owen S, Quest R, Sutcliffe R, and Thompson K (2005). Guidance on the transport of laboratory animals. Laboratory Animals 39(1): 1-39. ISSN: 0023-6772.
NAL Call Number: QL55.A1L3
Descriptors: animal care, laboratory animal science association, animal transport, working group, standards.

Trunsky, J. (2003). Dog feces collection bag dispenser and receptacle. Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Patents 1271(3) ISSN: 0098-1133.
NAL Call Number: T223 .A21
Descriptors: patent, animal waste, sanitation, dog feces collection bag.

Von der Leyen, K. (2001). Puppies: Selection and Character, Training and Games, Feeding and Care, Heath, Barron's : Hauppauge, NY , 159 p. ISBN: 0764116010.
NAL Call Number: SF427 .V5913 2001
Descriptors: puppies, selection, care, training, health, husbandry.

Wilden, I. (1997). Peculiarities in the social behaviour of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) and consequences for the management. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, August 21-25, 1995, Copenhagen, Copenhagen Zoo: Frederiksberg, p. 260-267. ISBN: 8789431146.
Descriptors: Lycaon pictus, social behavior, housing, litter box lay out, implications for management in captivity, African wild dogs.



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