Gandolf, A.R., A. Lifschitz, C. Stadler, B. Watson, L. Galvanek, M. Ballent, and C. Lanusse (2009). The pharmacokinetics of orally administered ivermectin in African elephants (Loxodonta africana): implications for parasite elimination. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 40(1): 107-112. ISSN: 1042-7260.
Descriptors: African elephant, Loxodonta africana, ivermectin, parasites, parasite resistance.
Kinsella, J.M., S.L. Deem, S. Blake, and A.S. Freeman (2004). Endoparasites of African forest elephants (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) from the Republic of Congo and central African Republic. Comparative Parasitology 71(2): 104-110. ISSN: 1525-2647.
NAL Call Number: QL391.J68
Descriptors: endoparasites, fecal samples, African elephants. necropsy, Republic of Congo, forest elephants, parasite fauna, intestinal parasites, schistosome, nematode.
McAloon, F.M. (2004). Oribatid mites as intermediate hosts of Anoplocephala manubriata, cestode of the Asian elephant in India. Experimental and Applied Acarology 32(3): 181-5.
NAL Call Number: SB940 .E9
Abstract: Anoplocephala manubriata (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) is a tapeworm that parasitizes both African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximas) elephants. Its life cycle has not yet been completely elucidated nor have intermediate hosts been previously reported. Soil and substrate was collected in the Kodanadu Forest Range, Ernakulum District and Guruvayur Devaswom Temple grounds, Thrissur District, in Kerala, India. Oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) were collected from dung piles near captive elephants' bedding and examined for immature stages of the tapeworm. Five species of oribatids were found to contain at least one immature life stage of A. manubriata: Galumna flabellifera orientalis Hammer 1958, Scheloribates latipes (C.L. Koch 1844), S. praeincisus (Berlese 1913), Protoribates seminudus (Hammer 1971), and P. triangularis (Hammer 1971).
Descriptors: Cestoda growth and development, cestode infections, mites parasitology, cestode infections parasitology, cestode infections transmission, India, mite infestations parasitology, mite infestations.
Saseendran, P.C., S. Rajendran, R. Subramanian, M. Sasikumar, G. Vivek, and K.S. Anil (2004). Incidence of helminthic infection among annually dewormed captive elephants. Zoos' Print Journal 19(3): 1422.
Descriptors: captive elephants, helminthic infection, dewormed, incidence.