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You are here: Home / Publications / Bibliographies and Resource Guides / Animal Euthanasia / Dogs and Cats  Printer Friendly Page
Animal Euthanasia
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 Dogs and Cats

Andersen, M.C., B.J. Martin, and G.W. Roemer (2004). Use of matrix population models to estimate the efficacy of euthanasia versus trap-neuter-return for management of free-roaming cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 225(12): 1871-1876. ISSN: 0003-1488.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of trap-neuter-return and trap-euthanatize management strategies for controlling urban free-roaming cat populations by use of matrix population models. DESIGN: Prospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Estimates of free-roaming cat populations in urban environments. PROCEDURE: Data from the literature describing the biology of free-roaming cat populations in urban environments were gathered. A matrix population model was developed with a range of high and low survival and fecundity values and all combinations of those values. The response of population growth rate to a range of management actions was assessed with an elasticity analysis. RESULTS: All possible combinations of survival and fecundity values of free-roaming cats led to predictions of rapid, exponential population growth. The model predicted effective cat population control by use of annual euthanasia of > or = 50% of the population or by annual neutering of > 75% of the fertile population. Elasticity analyses revealed that the modeled population was most susceptible to control through euthanasia. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Free-roaming cat populations have a high intrinsic growth rate, and euthanasia is estimated to be more effective at reducing cat populations than trap-neuter-return programs.
Descriptors: castration, cats, euthanasia, animal population control methods, population dynamics, program evaluation, prospective studies, survival analysis.

Arnemo, J.M. (2005). Eutanasi av husdyr ved skyting. [Euthanasia of domestic animals by firearms]. Norsk Veterinaertidsskrift 117(6): 457-463. ISSN: 0332-5741.
Descriptors: animal welfare, euthanasia of livestock, firearms, guidelines.
Language of Text: Norwegian, Summary in English.

Bartlett, P., A. Bartlett, S. Walshaw, and S. Halstead (2005). Rates of euthanasia and adoption for dogs and cats in Michigan animal shelters. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 8(2): 97-104. ISSN: 1088-8705.
Descriptors: animal rescue shelters, animal law, animal welfare, Michigan.

Boissevain, I. (2002). Euthanasie zonder toestemming van de eigenaar. [Euthanasia without approval of the owner]. Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde 127(18): 564. ISSN: 0040-7453.
Descriptors: euthanasia, animal ethics, legislation, cats, emergency medical services, animal ownership.
Language of Text: Dutch.

Carpenter, S. (2002). Questions regarding article on pet relinquishments, euthanasias. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 220(7): 963; Author Reply 963. ISSN: 0003-1488.
Descriptors: companion animals, animal behavior, human-pet bonding, breeding, cats, dogs, personality assessment.
Notes: Comment On: J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002 Feb 1;220(3):306-11.

Das, B.C., M.A. Hossain, and M.R. Alam (2000). Assessment of certain drugs for euthanasia in indigenous dogs. Bangladesh Veterinarian 17(2): 95-99. ISSN: 1012-5949.
Descriptors: dogs, magnesium sulfate, thiopentone, xylazine, dosage, euthanasia, pulse, respiration rate, urination.

Davis, H., P. Irwin, M. Richardson, and A. O' Brien Malone (2003). When a pet dies: Religious issues, euthanasia and strategies for coping with bereavement. Anthrozoos 16(1): 57-74. ISSN: 0892-7936.
Descriptors: coping with death, euthanasia of pets, human behavior, ownership, pets, religion, questionnaire.

Edney, A.T.B. (1998). Reasons for the euthanasia of dogs and cats. Veterinary Record Journal of the British Veterinary Association 143(4): 114. ISSN: 0042-4900.
Descriptors: dogs, cats, euthanasia, animal injuries, behavior problems, England, illness, old age, reasons.

Elkins, A.D. (1998). Euthanasia of a family pet: Stressful for both the practice team and the client. Canine Practice 23(6): 17, 19. ISSN: 1057-6622.
Descriptors: pets, euthanasia, emotions, stress, pain, client, team.

Elkins, A.D. (1998). Euthanasia of a family pet: Stressful for the both the practice team and the client. Feline Practice 26(5): 5, 13. ISSN: 1057-6614.
NAL Call Number: SF985.F4
Descriptors: pets, euthanasia, veterinarians, psychological stress, customer relations, cats, distress, pain.

Froslie, A. and J. Teige (1998). Avlivning av dyr av dyrevernhensyn. [Killing animals for humane reasons]. Norsk Veterinaertidsskrift 110(11): 707-711. ISSN: 0332-5741.
Descriptors: euthanasia, pets, professional ethics, animal welfare, dogs.
Language of Text: Norwegian, Summary in English.

Gee, R. (2001). Euthanasia of greyhounds. The Veterinary Record 149(12): 368. ISSN: 0042-4900.
Descriptors: dogs, euthanasia, veterinary medicine, data collection, forms and records, licensure, greyhounds.

Gorodetsky, E. (1997). Epidemiology of dog and cat euthanasia across Canadian prairie provinces. Canadian Veterinary Journal 38(10): 649-652. ISSN: 0008-5286.
Descriptors: cats, data collection, dogs, age factors, Canada, animal welfare, attitudes, breeding, euthanasia statistics and numerical data.

Lumb, W.V., K. Doshi, and R.J. Scott (2000). Estudo comparativo do T-61 e pentobarbital para eutanasia em cae. [A comparative study of T-61 and pentobarbital for euthanasia of dogs]. A Hora Veterinaria 19(114): 39-41. ISSN: 0101-9163.
Descriptors: euthanasia, pentobarbital, T-61, electroencephalography, respiration, poisoning, euthanasia of animals, dogs, arterial blood pressure, time to collapse, signs of recovery.
Language of Text: Portuguese, Summary in English.

Lund, J.D. (2006). En undersogelse fra 1999 viste, at mange mennesker vaelger at fa deres hund aflivet pa grund af problemer med dens adfaerd. Nu skal en ny undersogelse vise, hvordan status er i dag. [Euthanasia of pet dogs because of behavioural problems]. Dansk Veterinaertidsskrift 89(9): 10-13. ISSN: 0106-6854.
Descriptors: Denmark, dogs as pets, euthansia because of behavior problems, aggression, animal behavior, bites.
Language of Text: Danish, Summary in English.

Lund, J.D. and D.B. Soerensen (1997). Aflivning af familiehunde paa grund af adfaerdsproblemer. [Euthanasia of companion dogs because of behaviour problems]. Dansk Veterinaertidsskrift 80(15): 655-659. ISSN: 0106-6854.
Descriptors: dogs, pet animals, destruction of animals, abnormal behavior, sex, age groups, euthanasia.
Language of Text: Danish, Summary in English and Danish.

Mallery, K.F., L.M. Freeman, N.K. Harpster, and J.E. Rush (1999). Factors contributing to the decision for euthanasia of dogs with congestive heart failure. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 214(8): 1201-1204. ISSN: 0003-1488.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of clinical signs that affect quality of life in dogs with congestive heart failure (CHF), and to characterize the role of these clinical signs in the decision for euthanasia. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 38 dogs with CHF that had been euthanatized within the preceding 22 months. PROCEDURE: Clinical information and factors affecting the decision for euthanasia were reviewed and recorded from medical records of dogs with CHF. Each owner was then interviewed via telephone to determine whether their dog had anorexia or other clinical signs of disease prior to euthanasia, their perception of their dogs' quality of life, and the most important factor and contributing factors that influenced the decision to euthanatize their dog. RESULTS: Of the 38 dogs with CHF, > 70% had weakness (35 dogs), coughing (33), anorexia (32), weight loss (32), dyspnea (30), or exercise intolerance (28) reported by their owners. Factors often named by owners as most important in the decision for euthanasia were poor prognosis given by the attending veterinarian, recurrent clinical signs of CHF (ie, coughing, dyspnea, or ascites), and poor quality of life. Weakness, anorexia, and recurrent clinical signs of CHF were the most common contributing factors in the decision for euthanasia. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Anorexia, weight loss, and exercise intolerance are common in dogs euthanatized because of CHF. The importance of quality of life and poor prognosis in making a decision for euthanasia suggests that addressing these factors may improve patient management.
Descriptors: human-animal bond, dogs, euthanasia, congestive heart failure, quality of life, anorexia, cough, dyspnea, prospective studies, questionnaires, retrospective studies, weight loss.

McNeill, B. (2005). Role of the veterinary nurse in euthanasia and pet loss support. VN Times 5(10): 16-17. ISSN: 0922-8012.
Descriptors: veterinary practice, owner grieving, veterinarian, veterinary nurse, euthanasia, death of pet.

Menezes, D.C.R., A.M. Quessada, A.L.S. Guimaraes, and E.C.S. de Almeida (2005). Eutanasia em pequenos animais em Teresina-PI. [Euthanasia in small animals in Teresina-PI]. Semina: Ciencias Agrarias Londrina 26(4): 575-579. ISSN: 1676-546X.
Descriptors: report, animal hospitals, animal welfare, reasons for euthanasia, German Shepherd, dogs, cats.
Language of Text: Portuguese, Summary in English.

Mikkelsen, J. and J.D. Lund (1999). Aflivning af hunde pa grund af adfaerdsproblemer. En epidemiologisk undersogelse over euthanasi af hunde i Danmark - med saerlig fokus pa aggressionsproblemer. [Euthanasia of dogs because of behavioural problems. An epidemiological study on euthanasia of dogs in Denmark - with particular reference to aggression problems]. Dansk Veterinaertidsskrift 82(11): 474-479. ISSN: 0106-6854.
Descriptors: questionnaire study, veterinary medicine, reasons for euthanasia, dogs, behavioral problems.
Language of Text: Danish, Summary in English.

Passantino, A., C. Fenga, C. Morciano, C. Morelli, M. Russo, C.d. Pietro, and M. Passantino (2006). Euthanasia of companion animals: A legal and ethical analysis. Annali Dell' Istituto Superiore Di Sanita 42(4): 491-495. ISSN: 0021-2571.
Descriptors: euthanasia, companion animals, legislation, Italy, ethics, veterinary medicine.
Language of Text: Italian, Summary in English.

Piirainen, K. and S. Taponen (2003). Ongelmakayttaytyminen lemmikkikoirien lopetussyyna. [Behaviour problems as reason of euthanasia]. Suomen Elainlaakarilehti 109(3): 132-138. ISSN: 0039-5501.
Descriptors: abnormal behavior, euthanasia, behavior problems, dogs, pet animals, risk factors, size of dog, aggression.
Language of Text: Finnish, Summary in English.

Ramsay, E.C. and R.W. Wetzel (1998). Comparison of five regimens for oral administration of medication to induce sedation in dogs prior to euthanasia. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 213(2): 240-242. ISSN: 0003-1488.
Descriptors: dogs, euthanasia, oral administration, acepromazine, dosage, combination drug therapy, drug effects, neuroleptics, comparison.

Rippe, K.P. (1998). Therapieren oder euthanasieren? Wie weit darf (und soll) der Tierarzt in der Behandlung eines Tieres gehen?. [Therapy or euthanasia? How far can (and should) the veterinarian go in the treatment of pet animals?]. Schweizer Archiv Fuer Tierheilkunde 140(4): 143-148. ISSN: 0036-7281.
Descriptors: veterinary medicine, animal owners, pet animals, euthanasia, moral dilemma, ethics, treatment options.
Language of Text: German, Summary in English.

Rogelberg, S., C. Reeve, C. Spitzmuller, N. DiGiacomo, O. Clark, L. Teeter, A. Walker, P. Starling, and N. Carter (2007). Impact of euthanasia rates, euthanasia practices, and human resource practices on employee turnover in animal shelters. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 230(5): 713-719. ISSN: 0003-1488.
Descriptors: animal shelters, companion animals, dogs, cats, euthanasia, shelter personnel.

Rollin, B.E. and L. Lunetta (2000). An ethicist's commentary on euthanizing deaf Dalmatian puppies. Canadian Veterinary Journal 41(6): 438-439. ISSN: 0008-5286.
Descriptors: animal welfare, deafness, dog diseases, ethics, euthanasia, dogs.
Notes: Erratum In: Can Vet J 2000 Jul;41(7):537.

Santori, P. (2003). L'eutanasia negli animali da compagnia. Le procedure per una decisione clinica informata e responsabile (il consenso informato nell'eutanasia). [Euthanasia of pet animals. The procedure for making an informed and responsible clinical decision (informed consent in euthanasia)]. SISCA Observer 7(1): 21-22.
Descriptors: euthanasia, companion animals, veterinary medicine, cats, dogs.
Language of Text: Italian.

Scarlett, J.M., M.D. Salman, J.G. New, and P.H. Kass (2002). The role of veterinary practitioners in reducing dog and cat relinquishments and euthanasias. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 220(3): 306-311. ISSN: 0003-1488.
Descriptors: veterinarians, dogs, cats, euthanasia, behavior problems, counseling, gonadectomy, roles.

Stauch, S. (2006). Euthanasie in der Kleintierpraxis. [The euthanasia of dogs and cats in a small animal veterinary practice]. Dissertation, Freie Universitat Berlin: Berlin, Germany. 142 p.
Descriptors: small animal practice, veterinary medicine, euthanasia, aging animals, dogs, cats.
Language of Text: German, Summary in English.

Steele, B. (2002). Euthanasia of NGRC-registered greyhounds. The Veterinary Record 150(23): 732. ISSN: 0042-4900.
Descriptors: animal welfare, euthanasia, breeding, dogs, England, greyhounds.

Svendsen, O. (2005). Aflivning af hunde og katte. [Euthanasia of dogs and cats]. Dansk Veterinaertidsskrift 88(11): 20-22. ISSN: 0106-6854.
Descriptors: animal welfare, euthanasia, pets, techniques, cats, dogs.
Language of Text: Danish.

Swindle, M.M., G.A. Vogler, L.K. Fulton, R.P. Marini and S. Popilskis (2002). Preanesthesia, anesthesia, analgesia, and euthanasia. In: J.G. Fox, L.C. Anderson, F.M. Loew and F.W. Quimby (Editors), Laboratory Animal Medicine, 2nd edition, Academic Press: London, UK, p. 956-1003. ISBN: 0122639510.
Descriptors: anesthesia, analgesics, animal welfare, euthanasia, laboratory animals, preanesthetic, dogs.

Tait, J. (2003). Changing protocols surrounding euthanasia. Canadian Veterinary Journal 44(2): 156-158. ISSN: 0008-5286.
Descriptors: euthanasia, pets, veterinarians.
Language of Text: English, French.

Venturoli, A., G. Peccolo, and P.F. Bergamini (1999). Eutanasia nel cane e nel gatto: determinazione ed incidenza del fenomeno nella provincia di Bologna dal 1980 al 1996. [Cat and dog euthanasia: determination and incidence in the province of Bologna in the period 1980-1996]. Obiettivi e Documenti Veterinari 20(4): 49-56. ISSN: 0392-1913.
Descriptors: University of Bologna, euthanasia, data collection, private veterinary hospitals, decline in rates of euthanasia, prevalence of disease, vaccination programs.
Language of Text: Italian, Summary in English.

Watts, M. (2006). Euthanasia of greyhounds. The Veterinary Record 159(6): 187. ISSN: 0042-4900.
Descriptors: euthanasia, animal welfare, dogs, pedigree, greyhounds.

Wetzel, R.W. and E.C. Ramsay (1998). Comparison of four regimens for intraoral administration of medication to induce sedation in cats prior to euthanasia. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 213(2): 243-245. ISSN: 0003-1488.
Descriptors: cats, euthanasia, oral administration, ketamine, dosage, combination drug therapy, drug effects, neuroleptics.


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