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You are here: Home / Publications / Bibliographies and Resource Guides / Horses in History Bibliography  / USDA Publications  Printer Friendly Page
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Horses in History: A Bibliography
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USDA Publications, 1863-1955

Morris, F. (1863). Cavalry horses in America. In: Report of the Commissioner of Agriculture for the Year 1863, Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, p. 159-190.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84 1863
Descriptors: horses in the Civil War, The War between the States, cavalry troops, cavalry officers, railroads, Greirson, Southern raids using Mississippi blood stock horses, importance of horses to the military, horsemanship at the times, horse racing in England and America, excellence of the Southern horses and horsemen compared to the North, origins of the Thoroughbred, superiority of the English thoroughbred, some individual horses discussed, discussion of breeding and inbreeding, mustangs, recommendations for production of "good cavalry horses," care and management, buying cavalry quality horses by the government, descriptions of the horses "Slasher" and "Eclipse".

Harbaugh, W.H. (1887). Investigation of the disease known as "staggers" among horses in Virginia and North Carolina. In: Third Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1886, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 209-238.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=09ErAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: staggers, symptoms, horses, blind staggers, brain lesions, post-mortem examinations, hypostatic congestion, series of correspondences with horse owners and horse doctors, apoplexy, rapidly fatal.

US Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Animal Industry. (1890). Special Report on Diseases of the Horse. Prepared Under the Direction of Dr. D.E. Salmon, Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry., Rev. edition, G.P.O: Washington, 560 p.
Online: http://www.archive.org/details/specialreporton04indugoog
Descriptors: diseases, glanders, horses, shoeing.

Folsetter, W. (1891). Glanders among horses and mules in Texas. In: Sixth and Seventh Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1889 and 1890, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 393-398.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=B6kWAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: glanders, horses, number of cases, quarantine, De Witt County, Texas.

Martin, G.A. (1891). The Chicago Horse Show of 1890. In: Sixth and Seventh Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1889 and 1890, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 349-360.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=B6kWAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: Chicago Horse Show, Cleveland Bay, November 1890, lists of winners, coach horses, French coach, German coach, hackney, draft horses, Clydesdales, Suffolk Punch, Percheron, Belgian, American Trotters, Shetland pony, shoeing contests, names of owners.

Romaine, H. (1891). Exhibition of the Vermont Trotting Horse Breeders' Association. In: Sixth and Seventh Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1889 and 1890, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 441-448.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=B6kWAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: Rutland, Vermont, Vermont Association of Road and Trotting Horse Breeders, Morgan horses, list of exhibitors and horses exhibited.

Romaine, H. (1891). Horse Breeding in New Jersey. In: Sixth and Seventh Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1889 and 1890, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 385-386.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=B6kWAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: New Jersey, breeding of horses, New Jersey Association of Trotting Horse Breeders, market value of horses.

Williams, W.L. (1891). Infectious abortion of mares. In: Sixth and Seventh Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1889 and 1890, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 449-456.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=B6kWAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: infectious abortion of mares, Mississippi Valley, Illinois, observations, experiments.

Faville, G.C. (1893). Supposed maladie du colt among horses in Nebraska. In: Eighth and Ninth Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1891 and 1892, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 359-366.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=dHwWAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: maladie du colt, dourine, Nebraska, horses, history of cases, stages of disease.

Jones, J.L. (1893). The mule: Its uses, how to breed, grow, prepare for the market, and sell. In: Eighth and Ninth Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1891 and 1892, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 335-342.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=dHwWAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: mules, hinny, characteristics, number of mules foaled by state, types of mules, physical appearance, temperament, uses, selecting breeding animals.

Schroeder, E.C. (1893). "Bottom-disease" among horses in South Dakota. In: Eighth and Ninth Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1891 and 1892, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 371-374.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=dHwWAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: South Dakota, bottom-disease, description of the disease, lesions, association with pasture.

Faville, G.C. (1896). Extirpation of maladie du colt. In: Tenth and EleventhAnnual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Years 1893 and 1894, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 62-65.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=w-MrAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: maladie du colt, horses, Nebraska, history of cases, period of incubation, eradication of disease, dourine.

US Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Animal Industry. (1896). Special Report on Diseases of the Horse. Prepared Under the Direction of Dr. D.E. Salmon, Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry. By Drs. Michener, Law, Harbaugh, Trumbower, Liautard, Holcombe, Huidekoper, and Dickson., G.P.O: Washington, 576 p.
Online: http://www.archive.org/stream/specialreportond00unit
Descriptors: diseases, glanders, horses, shoeing.
Notes: Reprinted by Order of Congress.

Smith, T. (1897). Cirrhosis of the liver in horses. In: Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Fiscal Years 1895 and 1896, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 180-183.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=YLQoAAAAYAAJ
Descriptors: cirrhosis of the liver in horses, equine mycosis, bottom disease, South Dakota.

Fish, P.A. (1897). Leeches: A histological investigation of two cases of an equine mycosis, with a historical account of a supposed similar disease, called Bursattee, occurring in India. In: Twelfth and Thirteenth Annual Reports of the Bureau of Animal Industry, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 229-259.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=i9MrAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: leeches, leeching, Florida, horse disease, bursattee, rain sore, description of the disease, historical background of the disease, tumors on lips, face and scrotum, histology of leeches, distribution of cases, pathology, mycosis of horses, nodules, fungus, no treatment known, includes illustrations of pathology slides.

Rommel, G.M. (1902). Market Classes of Horses, US Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry - Bulletin No. 37, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 32 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=8sQrAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5B no.37
Descriptors: horse breeds, horse breeding, draft horse, London vanner, Scotch or Glasgow vanner, express horse, roadsters, coach horses, Standard-bred horse, Thoroughbred, hunters, polo ponies, cavalry horses, ponies, range horses.

Adams, J.W. (1903). Horseshoeing, Farmers' Bulletin No. 179, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 29 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.179
Descriptors: horseshoeing, farriers, types, shapes, materials, how to do it, correcting leg and hoof problems, anatomy of the foot and hoof.
Notes: Contribution from Bureau of Animal Industry.

Langworthy, C.F. (1903). Principles of Horse Feeding, Farmers' Bulletin No. 170, Government Printing office: Washington, 44 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.170
Descriptors: horses, feeds, feeding, grain, hay, pasture.

US Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Animal Industry. (1903). Special Report on Diseases of the Horse. By Drs. Pearson, Michener, Law, Harbaugh, Trumbower, Liautard, Holcombe, Huidekoper, Stiles, and Adams, Rev. ed. edition, G.P.O: Washington, 600 p.
Online: http://www.archive.org/details/specialreportonh00unit
Descriptors: diseases, glanders, horses, osteoporosis, shoeing.
Notes: An entirely new article on "The examination of a horse," by Dr. Leonard Pearson, State veterinarian of Pennsylvania, is included; and the chapter on shoeing in this edition is written by Dr. J.W. Adams, professor of surgery and lecturer on shoeing, veterinary department, University of Pennsylvania.

Experiment Station Work, XXVIII Compiled From the Publications of the Agricultural Experiment Stations: Home Mixing Fertilizers, Grain Rations, Sweet Corn in the South, Horse Feeding, Kherson Oats, Classification of Swine, Cowpea Hay, Silage for Dairy Cows, Weight of Feeds (1905). Farmers' Bulletin No. 222, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 32 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.222
Descriptors: classification of swine, cowpea hay, dairy cows, grain rations, hay, home mixing fertilizers, horse feeding, horse nutrition, Kherson oats, silage, sweet corn in the South, weight of feeds.

Rommel, G.M. (1905). Government encouragement of imported breeds of horses. In: Twenty-Second Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Year 1905, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 147-159.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=tUEWAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: importation of horses, government policies, breeding horses.

Melvin, A. D. (1906). Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry for 1906. [From Annual Reports, Department of Agriculture]. Washington: Government Printing Office, 56 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An5A
Descriptors: bottom disease of horses, zebra hybrids, glanders, horse breeding, inspection and quarantine of imported animals, scabies in horses.
Notes: Includes chapters about veneral disease of horses, glanders, so-called bottom disease of horses, horse breeding investigations, and breeding zebra hybrids.

US Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Animal Industry. (1907). Special Report on Diseases of the Horse. By Drs. Pearson, Michener, Law, Harbaugh, Trumbower, Liautard, Holcombe, Huidekoper, Stiles, Mohler, and Adams, G.P.O: Washington, 608 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=CFIWAAAAYAAJ
Descriptors: Diseases, glanders, Horses, osteoporosis, shoeing.
Notes: From the introduction: "As the work was thoroughly revised in 1903, it has been found necessary to make only a slight revision at this time. A brief chapter on "Osteoporosis, or bighead," by Dr. John R. Mohler, Chief of the Pathological Division of this Bureau, has been added.".

Experiment Station Work, XLIV Compiled From the Publications of the Agricultural Experiment Stations: Distributing Manure and Fertilizers, Cooking Cereal Foods Silage Making, Winterkilling of Peach Buds, Horse-Feeding Tests, Color of Apples, Supplements to Corn for Hogs, Ringing Herbaceous Plants, Tankage for Hogs Following Cattle, Potato Scab, Gas Injury to Trees, Hoppers for Poultry Feeding, the Tuna or Prickly Pear (1908). Farmers' Bulletin No. 316, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 32 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.316
Descriptors: cereal foods, choice of apples, fertilizers, hoppers for poultry feeding, horse-feeding tests, manure, silage making, supplements to corn for hogs, tankage for hogs following cattle.

Hickman, R.W. (1908). Epizootic Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis of Horses. In: Twenty-Third Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Year 1906, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 165-172.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=sU0WAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: horses, cerebro-spinal meningitis, staggers.
Notes: Issued February 28, 1908. Also issued as Circ. 122.

Mohler, J.R. (1908). Osteoporosis or bighead of the horse. In: Twenty-Third Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Year 1906, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 173-179.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=_tMrAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: osteoporosis, bighead, horses, also known as: swelled head, bone softening, osteoclastia, enzootic ostitis, rarefying ostitis, osteomalacia, fragilitis ossium, and osseous cachexia.
Notes: Issued February 28, 1908. Also issued as Circ. 121.

Rommel, G.M. (1908). The Preservation of Our Native Types of Horses, Department Circular No. 137, Government Printing Office: Washington, DC,
NAL Call Number: 1 An5C 137
Abstract: Reprinted from the 24th Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industy (1907).
Descriptors: light horses, Narragansett pacer, Morgan, Standardbred, Saddle horse, draft horses, Conestoga draft horse, pedigrees, Hambletonian, imported horses, breeding carriage horses.
Notes: Issued October 24, 1908.

Rommel, G.M. (1908). Suggestions for horse and mule raising in the South. In: Twenty-Third Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Year 1906, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 247-261.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=_tMrAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: breeding, raising, horses, mules, selecting a stallion, feeding, lists of certified studbooks.

Rommel, G.M. (1909). The Preservation of our Native Types of Horses. In: Twenty-Fourth Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Year 1907, Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, p. 85-143.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=sElJAAAAMAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1An5
Descriptors: Morgan horses, American Saddle horses, Standardbred, breeding.
Notes: Issued January 20, 1909. The author discusses the breeding programs for American Saddle horses, Morgan horses, and the Standardbred. He provides pictures and pedigrees.

Mohler, J.R. (1909). Infectious Anemia or Swamp Fever of Horses., Bureau of Animal Industry Circular 138, Government Printing Office: Washinton, 4 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=vkWffAttDfYC
NAL Call Number: 1 An5c
Descriptors: American surra, anemia, horses, malarial fever, no-name disease, pernicious anemia, plains paralysis, swamp fever, the unknown disease, typhoid fever of horses.

Beal, W.H. (Editor) (1910). Experiment Station Work, LIX: Tillage V. Sod Mulch in Orchards, Blackleg of the Irish Potato, Ear Characters of Seed Corn, Progress in Horse Breeding, Seed Disinfection, Sweet Potatoes, Farmer's Bulletin No. 419, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 24 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=E_ds9B4YtJgC
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.419
Descriptors: agriculture, United States, horse breeding update.
Notes: Compiled from the publications of the agricultural experiment stations. Horse breeding notes are on pages 19-22.

George M. Rommel (1910). The Regeneration of the Morgan Horse, Department Circular No. 163, Government Printing Office : Washington, DC, 14 p.
NAL Call Number: 1An5C 163 (UA A59)
Descriptors: Morgan horses, breeding, USDA's Morgan Horse Farm.
Notes: Issued August 18, 1910. The author indicates that the Morgan horse breed was declining in the early 1900s, possibly due to Morgan breeders trying to breed for speed and racehorses. He provides a history of the Morgan horse, and the best methods to revive the breed, based largely on the writings of Linsley (1857). The current breeding methods and status of horses at the then USDA's Morgan Horse Farm in Middlebury, VT are outlined.

Mohler, J.R. (1911). Dourine of Horses: Its Cause and Suppression, Bulletin (US Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry) 142, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C., 5 leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm., 38 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=Koc-AAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5B no.142
Descriptors: horses, diseases, dourine, Trypanosoma equiperdum, other names include "el dourine," "maladie du colt," covering disease, equine syphilis, genital glanders, breeding paralysis, chancrous epizootic, epizootic paraplegia, and "beschalkrankheit".
Notes: "August 3, 1911".

Mohler, J.R. and A. Eichhorn (1911). The Diagnosis of Glanders by Complement Fixation, Bulletin (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry) 136, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry: Washington, D.C., 32 p., 5 leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm. p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An5B no.136
Descriptors: glanders, diagnosis, complement fixation, controlling glanders in an infected stable.
Notes: "April 7, 1911".

Pearson, L. (1911). Special Report on Diseases of the Horse, Rev. edition, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C., plates (part. col.) ; 24 cm., 614 p.
Descriptors: horses, diseases.
Notes: At head of title: U.S. Department of agriculture Bureau of animal industry.

Rommel, G.M. (1911). The Army Remount Problem, Bureau of Animal Industry Circular No. 186, Government Printing Office: Washington, 21 p.
Online: http://www.archive.org/details/armyremountprobl00rommrich
NAL Call Number: 1.9 An5C
Abstract: It is pointed out that although the mounted service of the U.S. Army is now being furnished in a fairly satisfactory manner with horses purchased and developed under the remount system, the price of remounts is high. The plan devised by this Department and the War Department, previously noted to encourage the breeding of horses is deemed necessary, because horses of the proper type are not sufficiently numerous to supply the army in case of war, and the time may soon come when it will be difficult to supply those needed in time of peace. Previous to the Civil War most of the horses bred in the United States were of the light type, but in the last 40 years the heavy draft horse has been bred for farm use. Although the number of horses has increased, the proportion suitable for remounts has appreciably decreased. There is a brief account of the mounted service in the militia and of police in large cities. Specifications for saddle horses purchased in 1910 for the use of the New York mounted police, a brief account of the horse breeding work of this Department, and an outline of the plan for encouraging the breeding of horses for the army, are also given.
Descriptors: remount horses, U.S. Army, horse breeding.
Notes: Issued December 15, 1911.

Melvin, A.D. (1911). Animals Imported for Breeding Purposes for Which Certificates of Pure Breeding Have Been Issued by the Bureau of Animal Industry: Horses, January 1 to March 31, 1911, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 16 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An53
Abstract: Beginning with January 1, 1911, the customs officials of the Treasury Department have required certificates of pure breeding issued by the Department of Agriculture for the free entry of animals imported for breeding purposes. This publication contains a list of the horses imported for breeding purposes from January 1, 1911, to March 31, 1911, inclusive, for which certificates of pure breeding have been issued under the provisions of B.A.I. [Bureau of Animal Industry] Order 175 of this department.
Descriptors: Belgian draft, Clydesdale, date of entry, Hackney, importer, name of animal, Percheron, ports of entry, registry numbers, Shetland Pony, Shire, Thoroughbred, Welsh pony.
Notes: A.D. Melvin, the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry wrote a Letter of Transmittal at the start of this document to the Secretary of Agriculture, James Wilson. In it, he indicates that this is the first publication with this information. "As this information is needed by breeders and importers and for the use of employees of the bureau, I respectfully recommend it's publication. It is proposed to issue a similar list quarterly or at other suitable intervals. The details of the examination of pedigrees and of the certification of pure breeding of animals offered for importation are in charge of the Animal Husbandry Division of this bureau, with the assistance of inspectors in teh inspection and quarantine service at ports of entry and at other places as needed.".

Melvin, A.D. (1911). Animals Imported for Breeding Purposes for Which Certificates of Pure Breeding Have Been Issued by the Bureau of Animal Industry: Horses, April 1 to June 30, 1911, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 11 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An53
Abstract: This publication contains a list of the horses imported for breeding purposes from January 1, 1911, to March 31, 1911, inclusive, for which certificates of pure breeding have been issued under the provisions of B.A.I. [Bureau of Animal Industry] Order 175 of this department.
Descriptors: Belgian draft, Clydesdale, date of entry, Hackney, importer, name of animal, Percheron, ports of entry, registry numbers, Shetland Pony, Shire, Suffolk, Welsh pony.

Melvin, A.D. (1911). Animals Imported for Breeding Purposes for Which Certificates of Pure Breeding Have Been Issued by the Bureau of Animal Industry: Horses, July 1 to September 30, 1911, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 22 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An53
Descriptors: Belgian draft, Clydesdale, date of entry, Hackney, importer, name of animal, Percheron, ports of entry, registry numbers, Shetland Pony, Shire, Suffolk, Welsh pony.
Notes: During this time period, 586 Percheron stallions and 164 Percheron mares were imported for breeding purposes.

Mohler, J.R. and A. Eichhorn (1912). Various Methods for the Diagnosis of Glanders. In: Twenty-Seventh Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Year 1910, Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, p. 345-370.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=nk8WAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Descriptors: glanders bacillus, glanders, horses, disease symptoms.
Notes: Issued February 10, 1912.

Rommel, G.M. (1912). The Army Remount Problem. In: Twenty-Seventh Annual Report of the Bureau of Animal Industry for the Year 1910, Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, p. 103-124.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=nk8WAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 An5
Abstract: The Calvary Bureau was established in 1863 because of the need for Army remounts during the war.  6 remount depots established, one at Giesboro Manor (north bank of the Potomac river) - all established around 1908. Vermont Work: The work at the Morgan Horse Farm is progressing satisfactorily, and each successive year's foals by General Gates show the wisdom of his purchase as the leading sire.
Descriptors: carriage horses, General Gates, Morgan horses, trotting horses, Army remount horses, horse breeding.
Notes: Issued February 10, 1912. Other horse topics covered include: "Horse breeding work"in the introduction on pages 25-27; "Breeding Horse for the United States Army" is also found in the introduction, pages 21-22, 34-46; Classification for American Carriage Horses on page 27; Colorado Work: The work in carriage horse breeding at the Colorado Experiment Station has been much more satisfactory than during the previous year; Provides a plan for breeding horses starting on page 41; Talks about the waste of horseflesh during war, specifically mentioning the Civil War starting on page 38.  .

Melvin, A.D. (1912). Animals Imported for Breeding Purposes for Which Certificates of Pure Breeding Have Been Issued by the Bureau of Animal Industry: Horses, October 1 to December 31, 1911, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 16 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An53
Abstract: Beginning with January 1, 1911, the customs officials of the Treasury Department have required certificates of pure breeding issued by the Department of Agriculture for the free entry of animals imported for breeding purposes. This publication contains a list of the horses imported for breeding purposes from January 1, 1911, to March 31, 1911, inclusive, for which certificates of pure breeding have been issued under the provisions of B.A.I. [Bureau of Animal Industry] Order 175 of this department.
Descriptors: Belgian draft, Clydesdale, date of entry, Hackney, importer, name of animal, Percheron, ports of entry, registry numbers, Shire, Suffolk, Thorougbred, Welsh pony.

Melvin, A.D. (1913). Animals Imported for Breeding Purposes for Which Certificates of Pure Breeding Have Been Issued by the Bureau of Animal Industry: Horses, 1912, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 52 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An53
Abstract: This publication contains a list of the horses imported for breeding purposes during the year 1912, for which certificates of pure breeding have been issued under the provisions of B.A.I. [Bureau of Animal Industry] Order 186 of this department.
Descriptors: Belgian draft, Clydesdale, date of entry, French draft, Hackney, importer, name of animal, Percheron, ports of entry, registry numbers, Shetland Pony, Shire, Standardbred, Suffolk, Thorougbred, Welsh pony.
Notes: Instead of being published quartely, the list was published just once for all of 1912. Nearly 2000 Percherons were imported during the year 1912 (1104 stallions and 859 mares).

United States Bureau of Animal Industry (1914). Horse and Mule Raising in the South, Government Printing Office: Washington, 4 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag863H
Descriptors: mules, horses, breeding animals, southern states.
Notes: Prepared in the Bureau of Animal Industry. At head of title: Special US Department of Agriculture. Office of the secretary.

Melvin, A.D. (1914). Animals Imported for Breeding Purposes for Which Certificates of Pure Breeding Have Been Issued by the Bureau of Animal Industry: Horses, 1913, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 46 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An53
Abstract: This publication contains a list of the horses imported for breeding purposes during the year 1913, for which certificates of pure breeding have been issued under the provisions of B.A.I. [Bureau of Animal Industry] Orders 186 and 206 of this department.
Descriptors: Belgian, Clydesdale, date of entry, French draft, Hackney, importer, name of animal, Percheron, ports of entry, registry numbers, Shetland Pony, Shire, Standardbred, Suffolk, Thorougbred, Welsh pony.

Anonymous (1914). Farmers should raise well-bred horses for increased European demand. US Departrment of Agriculture Weekly News Letter to Crop Correspondents Vol. II(No. 12): 2-3.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=UhDOAAAAMAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84w
Descriptors: American horses, European wear, breeding horses, exporting horses, high-quality animals.

Bell, G.A. (1914). Breeds of Draft Horses, Farmer's Bulletin No. 619, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 17 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=xmwTAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.619
Descriptors: draft horses, horse breeds, Belgian, Percheron, French Draft, Clydesdale, Shire, Suffolk.
Notes: Originally issued Nov. 16, 1914.

Anonymous (1914). Imported draft horses no longer necessary. US Department of Agriculture Weekly News Letter to Crop Correspondents Vol. II(No. 15): 4.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=UhDOAAAAMAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84w
Descriptors: draft horses, effects of war on importations, Percheron, Belgians.

Melvin, A.D. (1915). Animals Imported for Breeding Purposes for Which Certificates of Pure Breeding Have Been Issued by the Bureau of Animal Industry: Horses, 1914, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 22 p.
Abstract: This publication contains a list of the horses imported for breeding purposes during the year 1914, for which certificates of pure breeding have been issued under the provisions of Bureau of Animal Industry Order 206 of this department.
Descriptors: Belgian draft, Clydesdale, date of entry, French draft, Hackney, importer, name of animal, Percheron, ports of entry, registry numbers, Shetland Pony, Shire, Standardbred, Suffolk, Thorougbred, Welsh pony.

Stambaugh, V.G. (1915). Breaking and Training Colts, Farmers' Bulletin No. 667, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., ill. ; 23 cm., 16 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=ODRZB4edmEcC
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.667
Descriptors: horses, training.

Anonymous (1915). How the farmer can use the facilities of the Department (information from the Animal Husbandry Division in the Bureau of Animal Industry). US Departrment of Agriculture Weekly News Letter Vol. II(No. 38): 8.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=UhDOAAAAMAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84w
Descriptors: imported animals, breeding horse, Morgan horses, remount horses.

Anonymous (1915). Breaking colts: First steps in gentling, breaking to lead, teaching colt to obey commands, steps preliminary to hitching to a vehicle. US Department of Agriculture Weekly News Letter II(No. 41): 2-3.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=UhDOAAAAMAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84w
Descriptors: horses, training, young horses, colts, harness training.

Bell, G.A. and J.O. Williams (1916). Feeding Horses, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1030, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 24 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1030
Descriptors: horses, feeds and feeding.

US Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Animal Industry (1916). Special Report on Diseases of the Horse. By Drs. Pearson, Michener, Law, Harbaugh, Trumbower, Liautard, Holcombe, Huidekoper, Mohler, Eichhorn, Hall, and Adams, Rev. edition, G.P.O: Washington, 628 p.
Online: http://www.archive.org/details/specialreporton00trumgoog
Descriptors: diseases, examination of a sick horse, horses, infectious disease, lameness, shoeing.
Notes: "Since the original edition issued by the Department in 1890 several editions have been printed by order of Congress. The work was reprinted in 1896, and revised and reprinted in 1903, 1908, and 1911. In accordance with the foregoing resolution it again has been revised so as to embody the latest practical development of knowledge of the subject." D.F. Houston, Secretary, Department of Agriculture.

Anonymous (1916). Horse and Mule Investigations. In: E.H. Bradley (Preparer), Program of Work of the United States Department of Agriculture for the Fiscal Year 1917, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 61, 65-67.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=2zjOAAAAMAAJ
Abstract: This Program represents an attempt to forecast the work of the department for an entire fiscal year. Information on horse and mule investigations was filed by the Bureau of Animal Industry.
Descriptors: feeding, breeding, management, horses, mules, farm work animals, American carriage horses, Standardbred, Carmon, Colorado Experiment Station, Morgan horses, New England, U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, breeding horses on Indian reservations, South Dakota, breeding horses suitable for military purposes, certification of pedgirees, imported animals.

Melvin, A.D. (1916). Animals Imported for Breeding Purposes for Which Certificates of Pure Breeding Have Been Issued by the Bureau of Animal Industry: Horses, 1915, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, 7 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An53
Abstract: This publication contains a list of the horses imported for breeding purposes during the year 1915, for which certificates of pure breeding have been issued under the provisions of Bureau of Animal Industry Order 206 of this department.
Descriptors: Belgian draft, Clydesdale, date of entry, French draft, Hackney, importer, name of animal, Percheron, ports of entry, registry numbers, Shire, Standardbred, Suffolk, Thorougbred, Welsh pony.

Cooper, M.R. (1917). Cost of Keeping Farm Horses and Cost of Horse Labor: A Study of Records for 316 Horses on 27 Farms in Illinois, Ohio, and New York, Bulletin (United States Department of Agriculture) No. 560, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 22 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84B no.560
Descriptors: costs, horses, Illinois, New York (State), Ohio.
Notes: Issued July 9, 1917.

Reese, H.H. (1917). Horse-Breeding Suggestions for Farmers, Farmers' Bulletin No. 803, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 22 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=pGTRfck-yOAC
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.803
Descriptors: Breeding, feeding, Horses, mating considerations, raising foals.
Notes: Contribution from the Bureau of Animal Industry.

Reese, H.H. (1917). How to Select a Sound Horse, Farmers' Bulletin No. 779, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 27 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.779
Abstract: This gives concise information on the selection of sound horses by thorough, systematic examination, and points out by means of illustrations how to observe blemishes, vices, faulty conformation, unsoundness, general characteristics, and the indications of age in horses.
Descriptors: horses, judging, purchasing.

Reese, H.H. (1918). Breeding horses for the United States army. Yearbook United States Department Agriculture 1917: 341-356.
Online: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/IND43843095/PDF (PDF | 1.1 MB)
Descriptors: cavalry horses, types of horses, production of light-horse stock, Congressional funding, horse breeding.

Reese, H.H. (1918). Breeds of Light Horses, Farmers' Bulletin No. 952, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 16 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.952
Descriptors: horse breeds, horses, physiology.
Notes: Contribution from the Bureau of Animal Industry.

Rommel, G.M. (1919). Live Stock and Reconstruction. In: Yearbook of the United States Department of Agriculture, 1918, Government Printing Office: Washington, p. 289-302.
Online: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/IND43843127/PDF (PDF | 525 KB)
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84Y
Descriptors: cattle, horses, livestock industry, pigs, postwar livestock numbers, sheep, World War I.
Notes: George M. Rommel was Chief of the Animal Husbandry Division in the Bureau of Animal Industry, US Department of Agriculture.  Information about the numbers of animals pre and post war in Europe and America is contained within.  There is also some information on horse numbers and breeding, including notes about the Percheron breed becoming more popular in Britain after the war.

Bell, G.A. and J.O. Williams (1920). Cottonseed Meal for Horses, Bulletin No. 929, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 10 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=2nETAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84B no.929
Descriptors: horses, feeds and feeding, cottonseed meal.
Notes: Caption title. "December 17, 1920.".

Mohler, J.R. and H.W. Schoening (1920). Dourine of Horses, Farmers' Bulletin no. 1146, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., ill. ; 23 cm., 12 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=b8MrAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1146
Descriptors: horses, feeds and feeding.

Reynoldson, L.A. (1920). Influence of the Tractor on Use of Horses, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1093, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 26 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1093
Descriptors: draft horses, impact of the development of tractors, replacement of draft animals, exclusive and combined help of tractor and horse, displacement of horses, Corn Belt farms, USA.

Anonymous. (1920). The Bureau Range Finder: A Reflection of Current Public Opinion Regarding Activities of the Bureau of Animal Industry, Based on the Press, Correspondence, and Kindred Sources, for the Week Ended -- January 10, 1920.
NAL Call Number: 1.9 An5B
Abstract: Under the section titled "Specific Support and Approval" there is the following:
"In a 300-mile endurance contest with horses of the purest Arabian breeding, 'Castor,' a Morgan gelding bred by the U.S. Department of Agriculture at its Middlebury (Vt.) Morgan Horse farm, was the only horse with a clean speed record at the end of the grueling contest. 'Castor' won third place for speed at the end of the contest, notwithstanding the fact that he fell in the deep sand on a bad bit of road, injured his nose, and made the last 5 miles in a walk. This achievement is an indication of what has been accomplished by the Department of Agriculture in the rehabilitation of the Morgan breed during the few years since the work was undertaken." -- Semi-Weekly Farm News (January 6).

Reese, H.H. (1921). Breeds of Light Horses, Rev. December 1921 edition, Farmers' Bulletin No. 952, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 16 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=d2MTAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.952
Descriptors: horse breeds, horses, physiology, Arabian, Thoroughbred, Standardbred, American Saddle, Morgan, Hackney, French Coach, German Coach, Cleveland Bay.
Notes: Originally issued June 1918.

Williams, J.O. (1921). Developing an American Utility Horse, Department Circular No. 153, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 22 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84D no. 153
Abstract: This is an account of the progress of a horse-breedig project begun in 1904 in cooperation with the Colorado Experiment Station at Fort Collins, Colo., and transferred in July, 1919, to teh United States-Wyoming horse breeding station at Buffalo, Wyo., which is conducted in cooperation with the State of Wyoming. The object is to develop a distinct breed of light utility horses from native American breeds, viz, the Morgan, the American Saddle horse, and in particular the Standardbred, which has furnished all the stallions and most of the mares. Eleven stallions are leased or available for lease to citizens for service on private herds or for community breeding. Two others, including the famous Standardbred stallion Carmon 32917 which headed the stud from 1904 until recently, are also allowed to serve a limited number of mares brought to the stations. Descriptions and pedigrees are given of the stallions available for public service and also desciptions and breeding records of the foundation mares.
Descriptors: horses, breeding, American horses.
Notes: "Contribution from the Bureau of Animal Industry."

Reese, H.H. (1921). Breeding Morgan Horses at the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, Department Circular No. 199, Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 18 p.
NAL Call Number: 1Ag84D no. 199
Abstract: Morgan horses are generally chestnut, brown, bay, or black, and extensive white marks are not common. A little under 15 hands is the average heights, with the average weight around 1,000 pounds; but, as in all breeds, considerable variation is to be found, some very attractive individuals weighing rather more than 1,200 pounds. This breed has always been noted for smooth lines, good style, easy keeping qualities, endurance, and docility - the latter, however, not being obtained at a sacrifice of ambition or courage. Small ears, full eyes with great width between them, crested necks, well-sprung ribs with the last one close to the point of the hip, deep barrels, fairly level croups, full quarter, and enduring legs and feet are the quality that have made Morgan horses famous for a century. (Includes pedigree of Troubadour of Willowmoor)
Descriptors: Morgan horse, breeding horses.
Notes: "Contribution from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry."

Cooper, M.R. and J.O. Williams (1922). Cost of Using Horses on Corn-Belt Farms, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1298, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 16 p.
Online: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/catalog/ORC00000545
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1298
Descriptors: horses, Middle West, working animals, draft horses, tractors, mechanization, production costs.

Williams, J.O. and E.B. Krantz (1922). Stallion Enrollment As Related to the Horse-Breeding Situation, May 1, 1923 edition, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 11 p.
NAL Call Number: 1.9 An524
Descriptors: horses, stallions, registries, names of stallions, enrollment.
Notes: Also,see Stallion enrollment and the horse-breeding situation, by J.O.Williams and S.R.Speelman... June 14,1924. 11 p. catd. under U.S.D.A. B.A.I. An.husb.div.

Stambaugh, V.G. (1923). Breaking and Training Colts, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1368, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 21 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1368
Descriptors: horses, training.
Notes: "This bulletin is a revision of and supersedes Farmers’ Bulletin 667." Bibliography: p. 20.

US Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Animal Industry. (1923). Special Report on Diseases of the Horse / by Drs. Pearson, Michener, Law, Harbaugh, Trumbower, Liautard, Holcombe, Huidekoper, Mohler, Eichhorn, Hall, and Adams., Rev. Ed. edition, G.P.O: Washington, [D.C.], [42] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm., 629 p.
Online: http://www.archive.org/details/specialreportond00unituoft
NAL Call Number: 1 An52M 1923
Descriptors: horses, diseases.

Williams, J.O. (1923). Mule Production, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1341, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 28 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1341
Descriptors: mules, breeding.

Reese, H.H. (1923). Breeding Morgan Horses at the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, Department Circular No. 199, Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 22 p.
NAL Call Number: 1Ag84D no. 199
Descriptors: Morgan horses, breeding program.
Notes: Contribution from the Bureau of Animal Industry. This circular was first issued in November 1921 and revised September 1923.

Williams, J.O. and E.B. Krantz (1924). Care and Management of Farm Work Horses, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1419, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 18 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1419
Descriptors: draft horses, horse husbandry, feeding, farm work, keeping a horse in good physical condition, seasonal dietary requirements, feed rations and feeding, regular grooming, fitting harnesses, harness repair equipment, stable, shed, paddock, bedding, hay, night pastures, when to water, 10-12 gallons daily, salt, wintering idle horses, preparing for the spring work.

Asmus, H. and J.O. Williams (1927). Farm Horseshoeing, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1535, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 13 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1535
Descriptors: horses, horseshoeing.
Notes: Contribution from Bureau of Animal Industry.

Williams, J.O. (1927). Morgan Horse Record. In: Yearbook of Agriculture 1926, US Department of Agriculture: Washington, p. 526-529.
Online: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/IND43842870/PDF (PDF | 226 KB)
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84y
Descriptors: Morgan horses, temperament, description of the history of the breed, United States Morgan Horse Farm, breeding Morgan horses, Morgans as ranch horses.

Williams, J.O. (1927). Our Work Stock. In: The Extension Animal Husbandman, Serial No. 5, US Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Animal Husbandry and the Office of Cooperative Extension Work Cooperating: Washington, DC, p. 2-6.
NAL Call Number: Reserve 1.9 An528 (also found separately at 1.9 An524W)
Descriptors: Morgan horses, colt clubs, mules, number of horses and mules on farms, city's work horses, shoeing, endurance riding, big hitch demonstrations.
Notes: Opens with a poem by Will Chamberlain entitled "The Horse." This issue discusses horse and mule production. The introduction provides some statistics, including the fact that the aggregated value of horses and mules is more that one-fourth the estimated value of all livestock and that in 7 states, the value of horses and mules exceeds that of all other livestock combined. Interesting, something called a Colt Club is mentioned at the end- clubs in various states designed to teach kids how to care for animals and build character! The author reports at the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm in Vermont a stud of about 60 pure-bred Morgans is maintained for the purpose of obtaining information on breeding, feeding, and management practices. The U.S. Range Livestock Experiment Station at Miles City, Mont., is being utitlized in conducting studies on raising horses under range conditions. For this purpose over 100 head of animals, about half of which are draft horses and mules and the balance light horses, are being maintained. This work is in cooperation with the Montana Experiment Station. Work on breeding remount horses was started by the Bureau of Animal Industry in 1912 through the donation of two Thoroughbred stallions to the bureau by the noted horse fancier, August Belmont. The idea involved was to make available to farmers in light-horse-producing sections, the services of high-class stallions for grading up purposes and thus produce foals that might be suitable for remounts for the Army. Owing to lack of funds to meet the expansion of this project, the work was transferred to the War Department in 1920. Over 450 stallions of the Thoroughbred, Morgan, and Arabian breeds are now distributed throughout the country under this plan.

Reese, H.H., J.O. Williams and S.R. Speelman (1929). Horse-Breeding Suggestions for Farmers, Rev. Mar. 1929/ by J.O. Williams and S.R. Speelman edition, Farmers' Bulletin No. 803, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 18 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.803 1929
Descriptors: Breeding, Horses.
Notes: Originally issued May 1917.

Reese, H.H. (1931). Breeds of Light Horses, Farmers' Bulletin No. 952, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 16 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=d2MTAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.952
Descriptors: American saddle horse, Arabian, Cleveland Bay, French coach, German coach, Hackney, horse breeds, horses, Morgan horse, physiology, Standardbred, Thoroughbred.

Speelman, S.R. (1933). Stallion Enrollment and the Horse-Breeding Situation, United States. Bureau of Animal Industry. Animal Husbandry Division: 24 p.
NAL Call Number: Reserve 1.9 An524
Descriptors: horses, breeding, stallion enrollment, names and addresses of State and National officials in charge of stallion enrollment and registry, number of licensed stallions and jacks, number of horses and mules on farms, imported animals.

Bell, G.A., J.O. Williams and S.R. Speelman (1934). Breeds of Draft Horses, Rev. Sept. 1934 edition, Farmer's Bulletin No. 619, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 17 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.619 1934
Descriptors: draft horses, horse breeds.
Notes: Rev. by J.O. Williams and S.R. Speelman. Originally issued Nov. 1914.

Reese, H.H., J.O. Williams and S.R. Speelman (1934). Horse-Breeding Suggestions for Farmers, Rev. Oct. 1934 edition, Farmers' Bulletin No. 803, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 20 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.803 1934
Descriptors: horses, breeding.
Notes: Originally issued May 1917. Bibliography: p. 22.

Mohler, J.R. and H.W. Schoening (1935). Dourine of Horses, Slightly rev. Aug. 1935 edition, Farmers' Bulletin no. 1146, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C., ill. ; 23 cm., 10 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1146 1935
Descriptors: horses, dourine, diseases.
Notes: Originally issued Aug. 1920; rev. Dec. 1929.

Speelman, S.R. (1935). Stallion Enrollment and the Horse-Breeding Situation, United States Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Animal Industry. Animal Husbandry Division.: Washington, DC, 25 p.
NAL Call Number: 1.9 An52St
Descriptors: horses, breeding, stallion enrollment, names and addresses of State and National officials in charge of stallion enrollment and registry, horse stables, manual for US Sergeants, anatomy, physiology, conformation, stable hygiene, control of animals, uses of medicines, diseases and injuries, list of authorities consulted.
Notes: A US War Department document. Includes photos and color drawings.

Williams, J.O. and W. Jackson (1936). Improving Horses and Mules. Yearbook of Agriculture: 929-946.
Online: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/IND43893536/PDF (PDF | 1.2 KB)
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84Y 1936-1937
Descriptors: breeding, horses, mules.
Notes: The authors decribe the research conducted by the US Department of Agriculture on horses and mules.

US Department of Agriculture (1938). Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry, 1938. Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C. 85 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An5A
Abstract: Horse breeding investigations include studies of light horses at the Morgan Horse Farm, breeding of purebred Nonius, Nonius x Thoroughbred, and of draft horses at Miles City, Montana. The physiology of reproduction in mares and stallions was studied at various Stations. Chemical methods of pregnancy diagnosis in the mare are being developed at Columbia, also a simple method for the preparation of concentrated gonadotropic hormone from pregnancy serum.
Descriptors: horse breeding, horse breeds, pregnancy, pregnancy diagnosis, techniques, temperament, thoroughbred, horses.

Williams, J.O. and S.R. Speelman (1938). Mule Production, Rev. Feb. 1938 edition, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1341, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 28 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1341 1938
Descriptors: mules, livestock.
Notes: Originally issued Aug. 1923.

Krantz, E.B. and S.R. Speelman. (1939). Nutrition of Horses and Mules. In: Yearbook of Agriculture 1939, US Department of Agriculture: Washington, p. 763-786.
Online: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/naldc/download.xhtml?id=IND43893690&content=PDF
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84y
Descriptors: equine nutrition requirements, practical feeding under different conditions, need for research into nutritional requirements.

Speelman, S.R. (1941). Breeds of Light Horses, Rev. Sep. 1941 edition, Farmers' Bulletin No. 952, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 13 p.
Online: http://books.google.com/books?id=d2MTAAAAYAAJ
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.952 1941
Abstract: CONCISE descriptions of the origin, development, general appearance, and adaptability of the Arabian, Thoroughbred, Standardbred, American Saddle Horse, Morgan, Hackney, French Coach, German Coach, and Cleveland Bay, with illustrations of each breed..
Descriptors: thoroughbred, horses.
Notes: Contribution from Bureau of Animal Industry. "A revision of former editions by H.H. Reese." Originally issued June 1918.

Speelman, S.R. and H.H. Reese (1941). Horse Breeding Suggestions for Farmers, Rev. Aug. 1941 edition, Farmers' Bulletin No. 803, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 21 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.803 1941
Descriptors: horses, breeding.
Notes: "Revision of former editions by H.H. Reese." Contribution from Bureau of Animal Industry. Originally issued May 1917. Also -- NAL Fiche S-70 no.803 1941.

US Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Animal Industry. (1942). Special Report on Diseases of the Horse/ By Drs. Pearson, Huidekoper, Michener, Harbaugh, Law, Trumbower, Liautard, Holcombe, Adams, and Mohler, Rev. ed. edition, Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C, viii, 584 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 An52M 1942
Descriptors: diseases, horses.

Bishopp, F.C. (1942). Some Insect Pests of Horses and Mules. In: Yearbook of Agriculture 1942, US Department of Agriculture: Washington, p. 492-500.
Online: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/naldc/download.xhtml?id=IND43893849&content=PDF
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84y
Descriptors: mosquitoes, sand flies (punkies), houseflies, horseflies, deer flies, buffalo gnats (blackflies), fleas, lice, ticks, methods of insect control around horses.

Phillips, R. W., Spencer, D. A., Speelman, S. R., Black, W. H., Williams, J. O., & Earle, I. P. (1942). The United States Morgan Horse Farm: An Outline of Experimental Work in Progress or Recently Conducted With Horses, Sheep, Cattle, and Pastures. A.H.D. No. 52. 12 p.
NAL Call Number: 1.9 An52Ah no. 52
Descriptors: animal breeding, animal production, breeding programmes, breeds, cattle breeds, Corriedale, crossbreds, crosses, ewes, fertility, foals, harness, history, income, lamb production, lambs, livestock farming, mares, mating, Merino, milking, pastures, pregnancy, rams, research, seasons, sheep breeds, sheep farming, Shorthorn, cattle, horses, sheep.
Notes: BRIEF accounts are given of the foundation of the Morgan stud, the breeding programme followed, and the tests used in assessing performance in saddle and harness. Data on fertility of 223 mares bred during 1928-39 are tabulated according to numbers of services, age and fertility, and gestation periods (144 mares). Older mares tend to produce heavier foals; [male] foals were heavier, but not significantly, than [female][female] at birth. For the Morgan Horse Farm, this publication contains information about founding the stud, the breeding program, measuring performance, fertility in the stud, gestation records, birth weights and sex of foals, and exercise vs. non-exercise in colts. The report also contains similar information for sheep, dual-purpose cattle, and pasture investigations. The introduction to the document is as follows. "The United States Morgan Horse Farm, located in the town of Weybridge, VT., two miles north of Middlebury, was established in 1907 for the purpose of perpetuating and improving the Morgan breed. The original farmstead consisted of 400 acres and some buildings and was given to the United States Department of Agriculture by Colonel Joseph Battell of Middlebury. Colonel Battell was a life-long, ardent admirer and breeder of Morgans as well as founder and publisher of the Morgan Horse and Register (now called the American Morgan Horse Register), official stud book of the breed. The area of the farm was increased by a subsequent gift from Colonel Battell in 1908 and by purchase of a large tract (about 550 acres) from Middlebury College in 1917. In all, the United States Morgan Horse Farm now comprises approximately 1,000 acres of gently rolling land, underlain with limstone, which is particularly adapted to the raising of pasturage and hay and is suitable for the production of light-type horses. Animals maintained at the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm for experimental purposes at the present time include approximately 75 Morgan horses of all ages and 165 mature sheep."

Jackson, W. (1943). Horses and Mules. In: Yearbook of Agriculture 1942, US Department of Agriculture: Washington, p. 239-244.
Online: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/naldc/download.xhtml?id=IND43893917&content=PDF
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84y
Descriptors: research on breeding and nutrition of horses, measuring equine performance and utitlity, Morgan horses, pulling ability of horse teams, dynamometer contests, artificial insemination.

Williams, J.O. and N.R. Ellis (1945). Feeding Horses, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1030, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 18 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1030 1945
Descriptors: horses, feeding and feeds.
Notes: Originally issued Dec. 1916.

Krantz, E.B. (1946). Morgan Horse Perpetuated and Developed. U.S. Agricultural Research Administration Research Achievement Sheet 53(A): 1-2.
NAL Call Number: 1.96 R31 no. 53(A)
Descriptors: Morgan horses, breeding program.
Notes: Issued March 20, 1946.

Bureau of Animal Industry. US Department of Agriculture (1948). Explanatory Statements of Work Under Appropriations and Supplemental Funds, Fiscal Year 1948, Vol. Volume I, p. 167-221.
NAL Call Number: 1.9 Ag81 Exp
Notes: On page 170, there is discussion of horse and mule husbandry investigations:
Improvement of Morgan horses: The rapid growth of public interest in the use of light horses as a popular means of recreation in recent years, and particularly during the last two or three, has broadened materially the practical application and usefulness of the Bureau's light horse investigations with Morgans at the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, Middlebury, Vt. In this work, the old type Morgan has successfully been improved in both size and quality through the application of linebreeding and improved methods of selection. Members of the stud today are not only considerably taller and heavier on average than their predecessors, but such increases have been attained without any sacrifice of quality. Continued efforts to improve the general riding qualities of Morgans are also resulting in the production of individuals having better performance at the walk, trot, and canter and the popularity of the improved type has been spreading rapidly to other sections of the country beyond the traditional New England stronghold of this breed, particularly to the Middle West and the Pacific Coast areas.
Minimum roughage levels for preganancy and growth studied: Results of studies on the minimum bulk suitable for horses have shown that it is possible to maintain adult horses or ponies, either idle, or, at work, on rations which supply roughage at a level as low as one-fifth of that customarily used. As the roughage level has been reduced the efficiency of utilitization of concentrate feed has increased. A study to determine whethere minimum roughage levels suited to maintenance and work are adequate for pregnancy and growth has now been in progress for approximately 2 years. It appears from results thus far obtained that the requirements for the successful completion of pregancy are probably greater than for maintenance and work. Foals carried to term by mares on low roughage rations have been strong, healthy animals which have grown out at greater rate than in the case of two control animals at the usual roughage levels. Although in localities where roughages are produced there is greater economy in the utitlization of large amounts of roughage, in those areas such as are found around large cities along the eatern seaboard bulky feeds are sometimes expensive beyond their real value.

US Department of Agriculture. (1948). Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry, Agricultural Research Administration, 1948. 104 p.
Descriptors: animal breeding, animal feeding, animal nutrition, animal production, Morgan horse, performance rating.
Notes: Horse. U. S. Morgan Horse Farm. Performance tests of 3-yr-old Morgan horses under saddle [see A. B. A., 17, No. 813].

Williams, J.O. and S.R. Speelman (1948). Mule Production, Slightly rev. July 1948 edition, Farmers' Bulletin No. 1341, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 28 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.1341 1948
Descriptors: mules, breeding.
Notes: Originally issued Aug. 1923; rev. Feb. 1938.

Reese, H.H. and S.R. Speelman (1949). How to Select a Sound Horse, Rev. edition, Farmer's Bulletin No. 779, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C, 22 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.779
Descriptors: horses, judging, soundness.
Notes: Also Fiche S-70 no.779 1949.

Dawson, W.M., R.W. Phillips and E.B. Krantz (1950). Performance of Morgan Horses Under Saddle, Department Circular No. 824, US Department of Agriculture: Washington, DC, 36 p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84C no.824
Abstract: At the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm in Middlebury, Vermont, tests consisting of 1 mile under saddle at the walk, 1 mile at the trot, and 11.35 miles across country at the walk, trot and canter were carried out with 68 three-yr-old Morgan horses, the progeny of 8 sires. The association of a great many factors with performance is discussed; their relation to sire and sex are indicated, and measurements and scores are compared and tabulated. The results indicate that such characters as speed at the walk and on the cross-country course, height to floor of chest, length from point of shoulder to point of hip, style and beauty, slope of croup and shoulder, and action at the trot are controlled by hereditary factors. Length of stride at the trot and general conformation in relation to performance differed significantly between the sexes. Until further investigation has been made regarding the relationship between form and function, breeders are advised to select for performance in accordance with the findings of the present study, and to breed from horses with proved ability to transmit performance.
Descriptors: animal breeding, body measurements, conformation, crossbreeding, heritability, progeny, thorax, horses, Morgan horses, versatility, trotting, performance measures.

US Department of Agriculture. (1951). Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry, Agricultural Research Administration, 1950. 105 p.
Abstract: Horse. The inheritance of performance ability in Morgan horses is indicated by the results of performance tests of progeny of different sires. [See A. B. A. 19, No. 499.]
Descriptors: Morgan horse, performance testing, performance traits.

Anonymous (1951). B.o.A.I. US Department of Agriculture Explanatory Notes for the Department of Agriculture, Fiscal Year 1951, Volume I edition, p. 298-386.
NAL Call Number: 1.9 Ag81Exp
Descriptors: Morgan horses, transfer of the USDA Morgan Horse Farm to the Vermont Agricultural College, budge information, breeding light horses, Middlebury, Vermont, Beltsville, Maryland, horse and mule activities.
Notes: Discussion of the budget - including increases and decreases for various animal husbandry and disease programs. On page 301, there is a note indicating a decrease of 19,000 resulting from closing out the horse breeding work at Middlebury, Vermont. On page 306, there is a more detailed discussion: The Budget estimates propose a decrease of $19,000 under the project "Horse and mule husbandry investigations" due to the discontinuance by December 31, 1950, of research at the U.S. Morgan Horse Farm, Middlebury, Vermont on breeding of light horses. The station at Middlebury comprises 987 acres, about half of which were donated by Joseph Battell in 1907 for investigations of Morgan horses. The Morgan horse has been used for experimental studies, the results of which are applicable to horses of all light breeds and much of which has been applied to draft breeds as well. The particular field of study was the heritability of performance characteristics, which provide a basis for the application of genetics to horse breeding. With the closing of this work, horse and mule activities will be limited to a small nutrition project at Beltsville, Maryland, a cooperative project with mules in Tennessee and to the answering of routine correspondence with farmers and others. Although horse numbers have declined materially in recent years in the United States, numerous requests for information on them are received each year since they continue to be maintained on 60 percent of the farms and ranches in this country and have an inventory value in excess of $300,000,000.

Speelman, S.R. (1954). Breeds of Draft Horses, Slightly rev. Apr. 1954 edition, Farmer's Bulletin No. 619, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Washington, D.C., 16 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. p.
NAL Call Number: 1 Ag84F no.619 1954
Descriptors: draft horses, horse breeds.
Notes: Originally issued Nov. 1914; rev Apr. 1941. "A revision of former editions by G.A. Bell."

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