Information Resources for Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees 1985-1999 *************************

Membership Issues and IACUC Communications



Bibliography

Clarke, S.P. (1998). The newsletter as an animal care and use program communication training tool. Lab Animal 27(6): 37-40.
NAL call number: QL55 A1L33
Descriptors: target audience, style and layout, content, editors, readership, supplements, cost, evaluation.

Dell, R.B. (1994). Interacting with the IACUC. Lab Animal 23 (8): 34-35.
NAL call number: QL55.A1L33.
Descriptors: laboratory animals, animal welfare, committees, communication, animal husbandry, animal experiments, project control, objectives..

Doris, P.A. (1988). Communicating animal welfare issues to the investigator: An institutional newsletter. SCAW Newsletter 10(1): 6,15.
NAL call number: QL55 N48
Descriptors: animal experiments, inspection, programs, policy, information needs.

Dresser, R. (1999). Community representatives and nonscientists on the IACUC: What difference should it make? ILAR Journal 40(1): 29-33.
NAL call number: QL55.A1I43
Abstract: During the 1980s, Congress and federal agency officials significantly revised US policy governing laboratory animal care and use. Before the revisions, activities involving laboratory animals were evaluated primarily by scientists and animal care staff employed by research facilities. The revised federal policy was designed to expand the evaluation to include other perspectives. New requirements for the participation of community members and nonscientists were established to further this aim. The revised federal policy has been in effect for more than a decade. In this article, I examine the requirements for community and nonscientist involvement in animal research oversight. First, I describe regulatory measures in the United States and other nations on public and nonscientist participation in research oversight. Then I discuss empirical data on and personal accounts of community representatives and nonscientists in the review process. I next consider different approaches to determining what these individuals can and ought to contribute. I conclude with suggestions on enhancing the participation of community representatives and non- scientists in evaluating laboratory animal care and use. My analysis draws on the relevant literature as well as my own experience serving as a nonscientist member of four different institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs) between 1985 and 1998.

Dyer, J.L. (1989) Liability exposure of community members. In Science and Animals: Addressing Contemporary Issues H.N. Guttman, J.A. Mench, and R.C. Simmonds (eds.), Bethesda, Maryland: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, pp. 133-136.
NAL call number: HV4704 S33 1988
Descriptors: violations, statutory duties of the committee, private action, open meetings, Freedom of Information Act, ACUC.

Farr, C.E. (1989). Community responsibility and the role of community members in public education. In Science and Animals: Addressing Contemporary Issues H.N. Guttman, J.A. Mench, and R.C. Simmonds (eds.), Bethesda, Maryland: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, pp. 139-141.
NAL call number: HV4704 S33 1988
Descriptors: community member functions, care and use of animals, confidentiality, public relations, ACUC.

Garnett, N. and S. Potkay (1995). Use of electronic communications for IACUC functions. ILAR Journal 37 (4): 190-192.
NAL call number: QL55.A1I43.
Descriptors: animal welfare, laboratory animals, committees, communication, dissemination of information.

Gerrity, L.W. (1989). Committee knowledge of protocol adherence. In Science and Animals: Addressing Contemporary Issues H.N. Guttman, J.A. Mench, and R.C. Simmonds (eds.), Bethesda, Maryland: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, pp. 137 -138.
NAL call number: HV4704 S33 1988
Descriptors: community representative, reduction, replacement and refinement, community member concerns, ACUC.

Hutchison, J. (1989). Thoughts on educating community members of animal care and use committees. In Science and Animals: Addressing Contemporary Issues H.N. Guttman, J.A. Mench, and R.C. Simmonds (eds.), Bethesda, Maryland: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, pp. 129-132.
NAL call number: HV4704 S33 1988
Descriptors: guidelines, public representation, educational programs.

Keefer, E. and F. Westbrook (1995/96). The role of the librarian in the work of the institutional animal care and use committee (IACUC). Animal Welfare Information Center Newsletter 6 (2/4): 9-11.
NAL call number: aHV4701.A952.
Descriptors: laboratory animals, animal welfare, committees, libraries, information services, resource materials, information needs..

Krulisch, L. and D. Faryna (1999). The 3 Cs of IACUC - principle investigator interaction. SCAW Newsletter 21(1): 11.
NAL call number: QL55 N48
Descriptors: communication, consistency, and creation of a positive atmosphere, meeting overview, education, standard operating procedures, regulatory issues, IACUC procedures, training courses.

Levin, L.H. and M.L. Stephens (1994/1995). Appointing animal protectionists to institutional animal care and use committees. Animal Welfare Information Center Newsletter 5 (4): 1-2, 8-10.
NAL call number: aHV4701.A952.
Descriptors: animal welfare, committees, nonaffiliated member, membership.

Milhaud, C.L. (1997). Role of the veterinarians in the ethical committees. STAL (Sciences et Techniques de l' Animal de Laboratoire) 22(1): 33-39.
Descriptors: ethics, communication, regulations, veterinarians, committees.

National Institutes of Health (1998). Development of the role of nonaffiliated and nonscientist members of Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees. A manual distributed at a workshop sponsored by the NIH Intramural Research Program and the Office for Protection from Research Risks, January 16, 1998, Bethesda, Maryland: NIH.
Descriptors: IACUC general functions, who should serve, alternatives, personal experiences, ethical and scientific issues, pain and distress, ethics, anesthesia and analgesia, survival surgery and postsurgical care, euthanasia, education and training resources, sample IACUC policies and guidelines, Essentials for Animal Research.

Powers, M.K. (1994). Gauging reactive styles: a guide to stress free investigator/IACUC interactions. Lab Animal 23 (10): 31-33.
NAL call number: QL55.A1L33.
Descriptors: work stress, communication, committees.

Recommended terms of reference for local animal care committees (1980). Journal of Medical Primatology 9(1-2): 145-148.
NAL call number: QL737.P9J66
Descriptors: ethics, guidelines, Canadian Council on Animal Care, ACUC.

Robb, J.W. (1995). Why should anyone want to be an unaffiliated member of an IACUC? In Current Issues and New Frontiers in Animal Research, K.A.L. Bayne, M. Greene, and E.D. Prentice, (eds.), Greenbelt, Maryland: Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, pp. 35-39.
NAL call number: HV4913 C87 1995
Descriptors: personal satisfaction, factors against serving, anecdotal incidents, challenge of inter-disciplinary dialogue, ethical reasons.

Robb, J.W. (1993). Personal reflections: the role and value of the unaffiliated member and the nonscientist member of the institutional animal care and use committee. ILAR News 35 (3/4): 50-53.
NAL call number: QL55.A1I43.
Descriptors: animal welfare, committees, nonaffiliated member, membership.

Scott, L.R. and P.D. Carter. (1996). The role of veterinarians on animal experimentation ethics committees. Australian Veterinary Journal 74 (4): 309-311.
NAL call number: 41.8 Au72
Descriptors: animal experiments, animal welfare, veterinarians, bioethics, committees, organizations..

Sprouse, S.R. (1993). Connecting two worlds: a high school teacher's work on IACUC fosters communication between scientists and students. ILAR News 35 (3/4): 54-55.
NAL call number: QL55.A1I43.
Descriptors: animal welfare, committees, membership, teachers.

Stephens, U.K. (1987). Role of laboratory animal technicians as committee members. Laboratory Animal Science 37(special issue): 103.
NAL call number: 410.9 P94
Descriptors: animal care, research, animal welfare, participation, ACUC.

Strandberg, J.D. (1987). Membership issues: Animal care and use committees. Laboratory Animal Science 37(special issue): 35-38.
NAL call number: 410.9 P94
Descriptors: laboratory animals, animal experiments, animal welfare.

Van Hoosier, Jr, G.L. (1987). Role of the veterinarian. Laboratory Animal Science 37(special issue): 101-102.
NAL call number: 410.9 P94
Descriptors: laboratory animals, animal welfare, ACUC.


Useful World Wide Web Sites


The University of Arizona Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Handbook
http://www.ahsc.arizona.edu/uac/iacuc/member.shtml
The University of Arizona IACUC maintains at least 3 Community Representative membership positions. This page details the role of the IACUC community members.

The University of Tennessee Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee
http://iacuc.tennessee.edu/
IACUC Membership--a very complete description of the composition, officers and their responsibilities, terms and appointments, and member responsibilities.




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Updated March 12, 2002