Fielden, L.J.; Krasnov, B.R.; Khokhlova, I.S.; Arakelyan, M.S. (2004) Respiratory gas exchange in the desert flea Xenopsylla ramesis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae): Response to temperature and blood-feeding. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A Molecular & Integrative Physiology. 137A(3): 557-565. ISSN: 1095-6433.

            NAL call number: QP1.C6

Descriptors: metabolism, physiology, terrestrial ecology, Siphonaptera, gerbilline rodent, Cricetidae, Xenopsylla ramesis, desert flea, carbon dioxide emissions, respirometry, laboratory techniques, ambient temperature, blood feeding, environmental extremes, life cycle, metabolic rates and responses, microenvironment, parasitism, respiratory gas exchange, starvation, temperature response, thermal sensitivity, environmental biology, Middle East.


Wissinger, S.; Steinmetz, J.; Alexander, J.S.; Brown, W. (2004) Larval cannibalism, time constraints, and adult fitness in caddisflies that inhabit temporary wetlands. Oecologia. 138(1): 39-47. ISSN: 0029-8549.

            NAL call number: QL750 O3

Descriptors: behavior, development, evolution and adaptation, terrestrial ecology, Trichoptera, Asynarchus nigriculus, caddisfly, dietary supplementation, cannibalism, detritus quality, development times, emergence dates, fecundity, fitness, habitat drying, laboratory experiments, life history, resource allocation, survival, temporary wetlands, environmental biology.




Petavy, G. (2002) Douleur, douleur et effort dans les arthropodes. [Pain, suffering and stress in arthropods.] STAL. Sciences et Techniques de l'Animal de Laboratoire. 27: 37-42. ISSN: 0339-722X. Note: Numero Special. Ethique et Invertebres, In French.

Descriptors: euthanasia, arthropod care, Crustacea, Hymenoptera, anesthesia, insect experimentation legislation, pain, stress, suffering, laboratory insects, comparative and experimental morphology, physiology and pathology.



Gavloski, J.E.; R.J. Lamb (2000) Compensation for herbivory in cruciferous plants: specific responses to three defoliating insects. Environmental Entomology. 29(6): 1258-1267. ISSN: 0046-225X.

            NAL call number: QL461.E532

Abstract: Plant compensation may be specific to the defoliation of a particular insect herbivore, or a generalized response to herbivory. These alternate hypotheses were tested by measuring biomass and seed production of Brassica napus l. and Sinapis alba l. in response to 0, 25, or 75% defoliation of seedling plants. The herbivores were adults of Phyllotreta cruciferae (goeze), larvae of Plutella xylostella l., and larvae of Mamestra configurata (walker). Although defoliated to the same extent, both B. napus and S. alba compensated most for defoliation by M. configurata and least for defoliation by P. cruciferae. Both plant species compensated better for 25% than for 75% defoliation, and S. alba compensated better than B. napus. Laboratory and field experiments showed similar patterns of compensatory leaf growth, but recovery was more rapid in a controlled environment. Compensation was associated with changes in root biomass that were correlated with foliage biomass, indicating that root-shoot ratios were maintained. Complete recovery of foliage after defoliation did not assure complete recovery of plant fitness. For these three herbivorous insects, compensation by two plant species for defoliation was specific to the insect defoliator, and not a generalized response to herbivory. The compensatory responses of the two plant species explain, in part, the differential impact the three herbivores have on the crops.

Descriptors: Phyllotreta cruciferae, Coleoptera, Plutella xylostella, Lepidoptera, Mamestra configurata, herbivores, Brassica napus, Sinapis alba, defoliation, compensatory growth, regrowth, leaves, roots, root shoot ratio, seed output, Manitoba.


Thomas, D.J.; J.A. Morgan; J.M. Whipps; J.R. Saunders (2000) Plasmid transfer between the Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki and tenebrionis in laboratory culture and soil and in lepidopteran and coleopteran larvae. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 66(1): 118-124. ISSN: 0099-2240.

            NAL call number: 448.3 Ap5

Abstract: Plasmid transfer between Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki HD1 and B. thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis donor strains and a streptomycin-resistant B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki recipient was studied under environmentally relevant laboratory conditions in vitro, in soil, and in insects. Plasmid transfer was detected in vitro at temperatures of 5 to 37 degrees C, at pH 5.9 to 9.0, and at water activities of 0.965 to 0.995, and the highest transfer ratios (up to 10(-1) transconjugant/donor) were detected within 4 h. In contrast, no plasmid transfer was detected in nonsterile soil, and rapid formation of spores by the introduced strains probably contributed most to the lack of plasmid transfer observed. When a B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki strain was used as the donor strain, plasmid transfer was detected in killed susceptible lepidopteran insect (Lacanobia oleracea) larvae but not in the nonsusceptible coleopteran insect Phaedon chocleriae. When a B. thuringiensis subsp. tenerbrionis strain was used as the donor strain, no plasmid transfer was detected in either of these insects even when they were killed. These results show that in larger susceptible lepidopteran insects there is a greater opportunity for growth of B. thuringiensis strains, and this finding, combined with decreased competition due to a low initial background bacterial population, can provide suitable conditions for efficient plasmid transfer in the environment.

            Descriptors: genetic transformation, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, larvae, comparison study.



Cowger, N.L.; K.C. O'Connor; T.G. Hammond; D.J. Lacks; G.L. Navar. (1999) Characterization of bimodal cell death of insect cells in a rotating-wall vessel and shaker flask. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 64(1): 14-26. ISSN: 0006-3592.

            NAL call number: 381 J8224

Abstract: In previous publications, we reported the benefits of a high-aspect rotating-wall vessel (HARV) over conventional bioreactors for insect-cell cultivation in terms of reduced medium requirements and enhanced longevity. To more fully understand the effects that HARV cultivation has on longevity, the present study characterizes the mode and kinetics of Spodoptera frugiperda cell death in this quiescent environment relative to a shaker-flask control. Data from flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy show a greater accumulation of apoptotic cells in the HARV culture, by a factor of at least 2 at the end of the cultivation period. We present a kinetic model of growth and bimodal cell death. The model is unique for including both apoptosis and necrosis, and further, transition steps within the two pathways. Kinetic constants reveal that total cell death is reduced in the HARV and the accumulation of apoptotic cells in this vessel results from reduced depletion by lysis and secondary necrosis. The ratio of early apoptotic to necrotic cell formation is found independent of cultivation conditions. In the model, apoptosis is only well represented by an integral term, which may indicate its dependence on accumulation of some factor over time; in contrast, necrosis is adequately represented with a first-order term. Cell-cycle analysis shows the percent of tetraploid cells gradually decreases during cultivation in both vessels. For example, between 90% and 70% viability, tetraploid cells in the HARV drop from 43 +/- 1% to 24 +/- 4%. The data suggests the tetraploid phase as the likely origin for apoptosis in our cultures. Possible mechanisms for these changes in bimodal cell death are discussed, including hydrodynamic forces, cell-cell interactions, waste accumulation, and mass transport. These studies may benefit insect-cell cultivation by increasing our understanding of cell death in culture and providing a means for further enhancing culture longevity.

Descriptors: insects, cells, bioreactors, insect cell cultivation, apoptosis, culture longevity.


Gibbs, A.G. (1999) Laboratory selection for the comparative physiologist. Journal of Experimental Biology. 202(20): 2709-2718. ISSN: 0022-0949.

            NAL call number: 442.8 B77

Descriptors: selection, experimentation, laboratory, evolution, in house mice, nest building behavior, Drosophila melanogaster, desiccation and stress resistance, thermal sensitivity, environmental stress, natural selection, high temperature, Mus domesticus.


Manachini, B.; Agosti, M.; Rigamonti, I. (1999) Environmental impact of Bt-corn on non target entomofauna: synthesis of field and laboratory studies. Human and environmental exposure to xenobiotics. p. 873-882. ISBN: 88-7830-299-6. Note: Proceedings of the XI Symposium Pesticide Chemistry, Cremona, Italy, 11-15 September, 1999. Editors: Del Re, A. A. M.; Brown, C.; Capri, E.; Errera, G.; Evans, S. P.; Trevisan, M.

            NAL call number: SB950.93 S56 1999

Descriptors: maize, transgenic plants, crystal proteins, endotoxins, nontarget effects and organisms, soil fauna, predators, natural enemies, biodiversity, pesticides, agricultural entomology, Zea mays, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, Chrysoperla carnea, Rhopalosiphum padi, Carabidae, Italy, Poaceae, Cyperales, Firmicutes, bacteria, prokaryotes, Neuroptera, Rhopalosiphum, Sternorrhyncha, Homoptera, Hemiptera, Coleoptera, Southern Europe, biotechnology, biological resources, host resistance and immunity.



Chang, S.H.; H.L. Sun; Z.H. Li (1998) Effect of temperature oscillation on insect cell growth and baculovirus replication. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 64(6): 2237-2239. ISSN: 0099-2240.

            NAL call number: 448.3 Ap5

Abstract: Temperature oscillation can enhance cell viability of sf9 insect cells and baculovirus production of occlusion bodies (OB) and extracellular virus (ECV) compared with constant temperature in stationary culture and suspension culture. The optimal oscillation range was 24 to 28 degrees C. At this temperature oscillation, the viability of uninfected and infected sf9 cells can be maintained much longer than at 28 degrees C. Although the rate of virus infection was a little low at 24 to 28 degrees C, the final cell infectivity was similar to that at a constant temperature of 28 degrees C. The production of OB was increased from 13.4 to 17.4/cell in stationary culture and from 13.9/cell to 18.1/cell in suspension culture. The titer of ECV was increased from 87 to 114 PFU/cell in stationary culture and from 79 to 114 PFU/cell in suspension culture.

Descriptors: Spodoptera frugiperda, nuclear polyhedrosis viruses, viral replication, virus infection.


Chun, Y.S.; Ryoo, M.I.; Choi, W.I. (1998) Influences of resource patch distribution on a host-parasitoid system stability in patchy environment: a laboratory study. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 1(2): 223-234. ISSN: 1226-8615.

Descriptors: Sitophilus oryzae, Curculionidae, Hymenopteran parasites, Anisopteromalus calandrae, parasitism effect on host abundance on plant host, influence of plant host spatial distribution, Sativa oryzae, rice, prevalence in presence/absence of hymenopteran parasite, plant/ host spatial distribution and intraspecific competition, prevalence and plant host spatial distribution relationships, Pteromalidae, Coleopteran hosts, parasitism effect on host abundance, parasites diseases and disorders, ecology, competition, Polyphaga, Coleoptera, Chalcidoidea, Terebrantia, Apocrita, beetles.


Fuller, R.L.; Ribble, C.; Kelley, A.; Gaenzle, E. (1998) Impact of stream grazers on periphyton communities: A laboratory and field manipulation. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 13(1): 105-114. ISSN: 0270-5060.

            NAL call number: QH541.5 F7J68

Descriptors: freshwater ecology, Ephemeroptera, Trichoptera, periphyton, Psilotreta, Stenonema, grazing effects, growth, species abundance, species density, survivorship, environmental biology, developmental biology, embryology, comparative study.



Mitsunaga, T.; Fuji, K. (1997) The effects of spatial and temporal environmental heterogeneities on persistence in a laboratory experimental community. Researches on Population Ecology (Kyoto). 39(2): 249-260. ISSN: 0034-5466.

            NAL call number: 420 K99

Descriptors: parasitology, terrestrial ecology, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Leguminosae, bean weevil, parasite host, kidney bean, wasp, attack rate, community dynamics, environmental heterogeneity, spatial, temporal, environmental biology, comparative study.


Ostrom, P.H.; Colunga-Garcia, M.; Gage, S.H. (1997) Establishing pathways of energy flow for insect predators using stable isotope ratios: field and laboratory evidence. Oecologia (Berlin). 109(1): 108-113. ISSN: 0029-8549.

            NAL call number: QL750.O3

Descriptors: ecology, metabolism, physiology, radiology, medical sciences, Coleoptera, Coleomegilla maculate, Hippodamia variegate, carbon-13, nitrogen-15, research article, analytical method, energy flow, food web, stable isotope ratio, terrestrial ecology, radiation-radiation and isotope techniques, environmental biology, energy and respiratory metabolism, comparative study.


Shimoda, T.; Takabayashi, J.; Ashihara, W.; Takafuji, A. (1997) Response of predatory insect Scolothrips takahashii toward herbivore-induced plant volatiles under laboratory and field conditions. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 23(8): 2033-2048. ISSN: 0098-0331.

            NAL call number: QD415.A1J6

Descriptors: behavior, biochemistry and molecular biophysics, ecology, economic entomology, horticulture, nutrition, Acarina, Chelicerata, Arachnida, Leguminosae, Thysanoptera, lima bean, two-spotted spider mite, Scolothrips takahashii, Tetranychus urticae, herbivore-induced plant volatiles, laboratory equipment, leaves, pest management, tritrophic interactions, y-tube olfactometer, environmental biology.



Tuda, M. (1996) Temporal/spatial structure and the dynamical property of laboratory host-parasitoid systems. Researches on Population Ecology (Kyoto). 38(2): 133-140. ISSN: 0034-5466.

            NAL call number: 420 K99

Descriptors: ecology, parasitology, physiology, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, azuki bean, mung bean, Callosobruchus maculates, Callosobruchus phaseoli, Heterospilus prosopidis, adult, carrying capacity, host, host population structure, host-parasitoid systems, larva, parasitoid, persistence, population studies, resource competition, vulnerable period, comparative study.




Larsen, K.S. (1995) Laboratory rearing of the squirrel flea Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum with notes on its biology. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 76(3): 241-245. ISSN: 0013-8703.

            NAL call number: 421 EN895

Descriptors: ecology, economic entomology, reproductive system, Mustelidae, Siphonaptera, Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum, behavior, farmed mink, life history, pest.


Palmer, T.M. (1995) The influence of spatial heterogeneity on the behavior and growth of two herbivorous stream insects. Oecologia. 104(4): 476-486. ISSN: 0029-8549.

            NAL call number: QL750.O3

Descriptors: aquatic insects, growth, behavior patterns, spatial variation, aquatic environment, velocity, laboratory tests.


Roush, R.T.; Hopper, K.R. (1995) Use of single family lines to preserve genetic variation in laboratory colonies. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 88(6): 713-717. ISSN: 0013-8746.

            NAL call number: 420 EN82

Descriptors: conservation, ecology, economic entomology, enzymology, biochemistry and molecular biophysics, genetics, physiology, population genetics, adaptation, allele frequency, allozymes, biological control, conservation, genetic drift, homozygosity, inbreeding, population size, selection, conservation, cytogenetics.



Cronin, J.T.; Strong, D.R. (1993) Substantially submaximal oviposition rates by a mymarid egg parasitoid in the laboratory and field. Ecology. 74(6): 1813-1825. ISSN: 0012-9658.

            NAL call number: 410 Ec7

Descriptors: ecology, parasitology, pathology, physiology, Homoptera, Hymenoptera, ambush predator, behavior, optimal foraging, spatial heterogeneity, environmental biology, parasitology, comparative and experimental morphology, pathology, oceanography and limnology, reproductive system, biochemistry, developmental biology, embryology, morphogenesis.



Heath, R.R.; A. Manukian (1992) Development and evaluation of systems to collect volatile semiochemicals from insects and plants using a charcoal-infused medium for air purification. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 18(7): 1209-1226. ISSN: 0098-0331.

            NAL call number: QD415.A1J6

Abstract: A system is described for the collection of volatiles produced by plants and insects that minimizes stresses on the plant or insect in an environment that is free from chemical impurities. Air entering a volatile collection chamber containing insects and/or plants was purified using a nonwoven fabric medium infused with charcoal. When three layers of this material were used, the total amount of impurities detected by gas chromatography was less than 40 ng/hr at a collection rate of 1 L/min. The air filtration system can maintain this level of air purification for 96 hr at an air flow of 0.43 m/sec, or a total volume of approximately 750,000 L of air. The air filtration system did not alter the relative humidity of the purified air compared to the relative humidity of ambient air. A multiport collector system was developed for use with the insect volatile collection system and enabled up to three samples to be collected without disturbing the system.

            Descriptors: plants, semiochemicals, insect volatile compounds, collectors, air filters.


Lai, C.H.; Yoshida, T. (1992) Population stability in laboratory ecosystem of stored product insects and parasitoids. Chinese Journal of Entomology. 12(3): 183-191.

            NAL call number: QL461 C465

Descriptors: ecology, economic entomology, parasitology, physiology, reproductive system, reproduction, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Anisopteromalus calandrae, Callosobruchus chinensis, Choetospila elegans, Lariophagus distinguendus, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, community complexity, population density, population dynamics, environmental biology, comparative study.



Cooke, B.D. (1990) Notes on the comparative reproductive biology and the laboratory breeding of the rabbit flea Xenopsylla cunicularis smit (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Australian Journal of Zoology. 38(5): 527-534. ISSN: 0004-959X.

            NAL call number: 410 Au73

Descriptors: Xenopsyllidae, parasite, vector, myxomatosis, Oryctolagus cuniculus, reproduction, growth, survival, development, environmental factor, humidity, Siphonaptera, viral disease, infection, Lagomorpha.


Shumiya, S. (1990) Laboratory animals for aging research. Laboratory animals for aging research. Future development. Seibutsu no Kagaku Iden (Heredity). 44(4): 36-41. ISSN: 0387-0022. Note: Journal Number: F0863AAK.

            NAL call number: 443.8 ID2

Descriptors: laboratory species, senile change and disease, Alzheimer disease, experimental disease, lifetime, habitat environment, controlled diet, environmental effect, dietary effect, Meriones unguiculatus, Suncus murinus, organism, aging, physiology, variation, presenile dementia, brain disease, central nervous system disease, basal ganglia disease, model, environment, effect, Myomorpha, Soricidae, Insectivora.


Wagner, R. (1990) A laboratory study on the life cycle of Sericostoma personatum (kirby and spence), and light dark-dependent food consumption. Hydrobiologia. 208(3): 201-212. ISSN: 0018-8158.

            NAL call number: 410 H992

Descriptors: Trichoptera, life history, photoperiod, feeding, temperature, freshwater environment.



Haefner, J.W.; Abbott, L.C. (1989) Extrapolation of laboratory pH dose-response data to fluctuating environments: comparisons with a null model. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 46(9): 1499-1509. ISSN: 0706-652X.

            NAL call number: 442.9 C16J

Descriptors: Gammarus lacustris, Amphipoda, Isoperla fulva, Pteronarcella badia, Plecoptera, ecological modelling, survival, null model for laboratory pH dose response data, extrapolation to fluctuating environments, external pH, ecological techniques, population dynamics, abiotic factors, chemical factors, Peracarida, Eumalacostraca, Malacostraca, Crustacea, stoneflies.


Ramzan, M.; Chahal, B.S. (1989) Effect of initial infestation levels of three common species of stored grain pests on their population build-up at constant laboratory conditions. Journal of Research, Punjab Agricultural University. 26(1): 71-76. ISSN: 0048-6019.

            NAL call number: S19.P8

Descriptors: stored products, pests, development, growth, relative humidity, temperature, population dynamics, cereal grains, environmental factors, wheat, commodities, biodeterioration, agricultural entomology, Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Dermestidae, Tenebrionidae, Sitophilus oryzae, Trogoderma granarium, Tribolium castaneum, Triticum, Gramineae, Cyperales, biodeterioration, pathogens and biogenic diseases of plants.



Fuller, R.L.; Destaffan, P.A. (1988) A laboratory study of the vulnerability of prey to predation by three aquatic insects. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 66(4): 875-878. ISSN: 0008-4301.

            NAL call number: 470 C16D

Descriptors: predator prey relation, Plecoptera, Megaloptera, laboratory study, freshwater environment, Baetidae, Ephemerellidae, Simuliidae, Ephemeroptera, Diptera.


Grace, B.; J.L. Shipp (1988) A laboratory technique for examining the flight activity of insects under controlled environment conditions. International Journal of Biometeorology. 32(1): 65-69. ISSN: 0020-7128.

            NAL call number: 340.8 IN8

Descriptors: Simulium arcticum, insect behavior, flight, environmental factors, humidity, daylight, temperature, wind speed, correlation, Alberta, Canada.



Elkarmi, L.A.; Harris, M.K.; Morrison, R.K. (1987) Laboratory rearing of Chrysoperla rufilabris (burmeister), a predator of insect pests. Southwestern Entomologist. 12(1): 73-78. ISSN: 0147-1724.

            NAL call number: QL461.S65

Descriptors: Chrysoperla rufilabris, Neuroptera, procedures evaluation, weight, eggs, reproductive productivity, rearing techniques and conditions, fecundity, comparison with Chrysoperla carnea, environmental influences, larva, developmental period, photoperiod, temperature, fecundity relationship, captive rearing programme, care in captivity, biometrics, reproduction, life cycle, developmental stages, abiotic factors, physical factors, light.



Osbrink, W.L.; Rust, M.K. (1985) Cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae): factors influencing host-finding behavior in the laboratory. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 78(1): 29-34. ISSN: 0013-8746.

            NAL call number: 420 En82

Descriptors: Siphonaptera, spatial orientation, host selection, temperature, vision, stimulus, Pulicidae, thermotaxis, environmental factor.


Ryazanova, G.I.; Mazokhin-Porshnyakov, G.A. (1985) [Spatial interaction of the Calopteryx splendens (Odonata, Calopterygidae) larvae in a laboratory experiment.] Zoologiceskij Zurnal. 64(9): 1360-1367. ISSN: 0044-5134. Note: In Russian.

            NAL call number: 410 R92

Descriptors: Odonata, larva, territorial behavior, spatial distribution, Calopterygidae, freshwater environment.



Burton, R.L.; W.D. Perkins (1984) Containerization for rearing insects. Advances and challenges in insect rearing / edited by E.G. King and N.C. Leppla. p. 51-56. New Orleans: Agricultural Research Service, Southern Region, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

            NAL call number: aSF518.A3 1984

            Descriptors: rearing techniques, containers, design, environment.


Elliott, J.M. (1984) Hatching time and growth of Nemurella pictetii (Plecoptera: Nemouridae) in the laboratory and a Lake District stream. Freshwater Biology. 14(5): 491-499. ISSN: 0046-5070.

            NAL call number: QH96.F6

Descriptors: Plecoptera, life history, Great Britain, Nemouridae, freshwater environment, comparison study.


Shapiro, M. (1984) Micro-organisms as contaminants and pathogens in insect rearing. Advances and challenges in insect rearing / edited by E.G. King and N.C. Leppla. p. 130-142. New Orleans: Agricultural Research Service, Southern Region, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

            NAL call number: aSF518.A3 1984

Descriptors: laboratory rearing, environment, microbial contamination, pathogens, facilities, treatment.


Shepard, R.B.; Minshall, G.W. (1984) Selection of fine-particulate foods by some stream insects under laboratory conditions. American Midland Naturalist. 1111(1): 23-32. ISSN: 0003-0031.

            NAL call number: 410 M58

Descriptors: Plecoptera, freshwater environment, diet, food, selection, United States, season, Coprophagous, trophic relation and chain, Baetidae, Ephemerellidae.



Marrone, P.G. (1982) An inexpensive technique for controlling soil moisture in laboratory experiments with insects requiring growing plants. Pedobiologia. 24(2): 121-127. ISSN: 0031-4056.

            NAL call number: 56.8 P343

Descriptors: environmental control device, ecological techniques, inexpensive soil moisture controlling technique, insect care in captivity, housing techniques.



Beerwinkle, K.R.; March, P.A. (1981) A cam-operated, electronic proportional-control system for laboratory simulation of outside summer temperatures. Southwestern Entomologist. 6(1): 53-56. ISSN: 0147-1724.

            NAL call number: QL461.S65

Descriptors: comprehensive zoology, environmental control device, temperature, simulation control system, Haematobia irritans, Muscidae, dung habitat, temperature effect on larval migration, laboratory simulation, care in captivity, housing techniques, terrestrial habitat, abiotic factors, physical factors, Cyclorrhapha, Brachycera, Diptera, true flies.


Brown, J.J.; Hussain, Y.B. (1981) Physiological effects of volcanic ash upon selected insects in the laboratory. Melanderia. 37: 30-35. ISSN: 0076-6224.

            NAL call number: QL651 M4

Descriptors: mortality, laboratory study, natural disaster, abrasion, Apis mellifica, Blattidae, volcanic ash, Coleoptera, cuticle, desiccation, Diptera, environmental factor, Galleria mellonella, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Musca domestica, Osmia lignaria, Supella longipalpa, Tenebrio molitor, ecology, Washington, United States.


Dekozlowski, S.J.; Bunting, D.L. II (1981) A laboratory study on the thermal tolerance of four south-eastern stream insect species (Trichoptera, Ephemeroptera). Hydrobiologia. 79(2): 141-145. ISSN: 0018-8158.

            NAL call number: 410 H992

Descriptors: benthos, streams, Ephemeroptera, laboratory study, environmental factor, freshwater environment, temperature, tolerance, Trichoptera, ecology.



Fuller, R.L.; Mckay, R.J. (1980) Field and laboratory studies of net-spinning activity by Hydropsyche larve (Trichoptera: Hydropsychae). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 58(11): 2006-2014. ISSN: 0008-4301.

            NAL call number: 470 C16D

Descriptors: net construction behavior, water current, Hydropsychidae, insect migration, freshwater environment, photoperiod, temperature, weaving, Trichoptera, ethology.



Bhaskaran, G.; Friedman, S.; Rodriguez, J.G. (1979) Current topics in insect endocrinology and nutrition: a tribute to Gottfried S. Fraenkel. Note: Proceedings of a symposium held during the annual meeting of the Entomological Society of America in Denver, Colo., Nov. 1979, vi, 362 pgs.: ill.; 26 cm. New York: Plenum Press, c1981.

            NAL call number: QL495 E48 1979

            Descriptors: physiology, congresses, food, insect endocrinology, nutrition, proceedings.


Moth, I.T. (1979) Laboratory energetics of larvae of Sericostoma personatum (Trichoptera). Holarctic Ecology. 2(1): 1-5.

            NAL call number: QH540 H6

Descriptors: energy balance, food intake, streams, growth, laboratory study, environmental factor, freshwater environment, respiration, Trichoptera.


Vaughan, J.A.; Coombs, M.E. (1979) Laboratory breeding of the European rabbit flea Spilopsyllus cuniculi (dale). Journal of Hygiene. 83(3): 521-530.

            NAL call number: 449.8 J82

Descriptors: feeding, laboratory rearing, environmental factor, fecundity, blood sucking, Siphonaptera.



Leppla, N.C.; Carlyle, S.L. (1978) Modular rooms for modification of ambient laboratory environments. U S Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin (1576): 28-30. ISSN: 0082-9811.

            NAL call number: 1 Ag84Te

Descriptors: rearing and breeding techniques, modular room system with environmental controls.



Mac Kay, R.J. (1977) Behavior of Pycnopsyche (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae) on mineral substrates in laboratory streams. Ecology. 58(1): 191-195. ISSN: 0094-6621.

            NAL call number: QH540 E32

Descriptors: selection, burrowing behavior, inorganic compound, artificial stream, granulometry, larva, freshwater environment, artificial substrate, tube house, ecology.


Sherberger, F.F.; Benfield, E.F.; Dickson, K.L.; Cairns, J. Jr. (1977) Effects of thermal shocks on drifting aquatic insects. A laboratory simulation. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 34(4): 529-536. ISSN: 0008-2686.

            NAL call number: 442.9 C16J

Descriptors: Baetidae, shock, environment, experimental study, Hydropsychidae, larva, freshwater environment, temperature, ecology, Trichoptera.



McDonald, I.C. (1976) Ecological genetics and the sampling of insect populations for laboratory colonization. Environmental Entomology. 5(5): 815-820. ISSN: 0046-225X.

            NAL call number: QL461 E532

            Descriptors: sampling, terrestrial environment, insect population, ecology.


McDonald, I.C. (1976) Population structure and the sampling of insects for laboratory colonization. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. 84(3): 212-213. ISSN: 0028-7199.

            NAL call number: 420 N48J

            Descriptors: sampling, artificial rearing, terrestrial environment, population structure.




Kettela, E.G. (1975) Forest insects and tree diseases in national parks in the Maritime Provinces. Fredericton. Canadian Forestry Service, Dept. of the Environment, 21 pgs., maps.

            NAL call number: SD13.F65 No.54 

            Descriptors: miscellaneous forest insects, diseases, national parks, maritime provinces.


Lillehammer, A. (1975) Norwegian stoneflies. IV. Laboratory studies on ecological factors influencing distribution. Norwegian Journal of Entomology. 22(2): 99-108.

            NAL call number: 421 N812

Descriptors: feeding, postembryonic development, environment, Europe, longevity, Norway, temperature, ecology, Plecoptera.



Return to Document Top


Return to Laboratory Care / Research Contents


Return to Main Contents