American Association of Zoo Keepersí (AAZK) Behavioral Husbandry Committee.
Description: This committee provides specific resources in the areas of enrichment, training and animal welfare. The committee augments the "Enrichment Options" column in the Animal Keepers' Forum and in The Shape of Enrichment newsletter to provide a means for communicating ideas, techniques and information about enrichment. The website provides a glossary of training terms, information about health and safety concerns, printed resources, the enrichment video library and links to useful web sites.
Animal Welfare Institute, Laboratory Animals Section.
Description: The lab animals section of the AWI website contains full-text articles about primate cage space, lighting, manipulanda, and social housing largely written by primatologist Viktor Reinhardt. The site includes a number of reference publications by Victor and Annie Reinhardt including multiple online databases.
Best practice in the accommodation and care of primates used in scientific procedures. Medical Research Council (MRC).
Description: Made available online by the UK's National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs), this ethics guide provides information about experimental design, accommodation and environment (including enrichment, social housing and foraging), handling and training, and veterinary care.
Catarrhine Café Cookbook. Psychological Well being Program, W.N.P.R.C.
Description: Compiled by R. Bellanca and D. Koberstein, the cookbook contains foraging enrichment ideas originally intended for macaques and baboons but applicable for other species of non-human primates. It includes Tricks of the Trade, recipes, and examples of enrichment items.
Comfortable Quarters for Nonhuman Primates in Research Institutions. Reinhardt, V.
Online: http://labanimals.awionline.org/pubs/cq02/Cq-prim.html (see pages 65-77)
Description: Published by the Animal Welfare Institute, Comfortable Quarters offers suggestions and recommendations about how husbandry-related variables can be minimized or avoided thereby maximizing the animals' well-being and reducing the number of subjects required to obtain reliable research data.
Disneys Animal Kingdom Theme Park Animal Enrichment Program Course.
Description: Provides information about the enrichment framework used to devise enrichment programs for animals at the Animal Kingdom. Includes an introduction to enrichment and steps to set up and evaluate an enrichment program.
Disneys Animal Kingdom Theme Park ® Animal Training Program Course.
Description: Provides information about the framework used to train animals at the Animal Kingdom. The web site provides information on learning theory and training terminology; working within an animal's current facility, species natural history, and individual background; and the process of creating a training program, from setting goals to implementation and evaluation.
Enrichment for Nonhuman Primates. National Institutes of Health, O.L.A.W.
Description: This is a set of six booklets providing an overview of behavior and enrichment for baboons, capuchins, chimpanzees, macaques, marmosets and tamarins, and squirrel monkeys commonly used in research, education and entertainment. You may request a hard copy of any of the booklets, by emailing the NIH, Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Environmental Enrichment for Caged Macaques: Photographic Documentation and Literature Review. Reinhardt, V. and A. Reinhardt.
Description: A walk-through electronic slideshow developed by Viktor Reinhardt and David Seelig containing 60 photographs of enrichment techniques for laboratory rhesus macaques. Sections are divided into Animate Environmental Enrichment and Inanimate Environmental Enrichment. The publication is also available as a book. To request a free copy, send an e-mail to: email@example.com.
Environmental Enrichment, Handling; Non-Invasive Methods; Ethical and Legal Aspects of Primate Research. EUPRIM-Net.
Description: Handouts and presentations from a workshop conducted January 14-18, 2008. Includes discussion about environmental enrichment, blood pressure measurements, handling and training, telemetry, and non-invasive methods of endocrine assessment.
Environmental Enrichment for Primates: Annotated Database on Environmental Enrichment and Refinement of Husbandry for Nonhuman Primates.
Description: A searchable database of enrichment and refinement citations for nonhuman primates.
Environmental Enrichment and Refinement for Nonhuman Primates Kept in Research Laboratories: A Photographic Documentation and Literature Review. Reinhardt, V. and A. Reinhardt.
Description: The 2008 3rd edition contains information on all nonhuman primate species. It provides literature reviews, pictures, and a bibliography of refinement techniques that can be used in research laboratories.
Great Ape Trust.
Description: A world-class research center dedicated to providing sanctuary and an honorable life for great apes, studying the intelligence of great apes, advancing conservation of great apes and providing unique educational experiences about great apes. Formerly known as the Iowa Primate Learning Sanctuary.
Guidelines for the Housing and Management of Orang utans (Pongo pygmaeus and Pongo abeli). Cocks, L. and Australasian Primate TAG.
Description: Provides information on the care of orang utans in captivity. Includes a chapter on activity patterns and behavioral enrichment.
Improving the environment of laboratory rhesus monkeys through social interactions and paired housing . Bolderson, A.
Online: http://vip.vetsci.usyd.edu.au/contentUpload/content_2619/Bolderson.pdf (24 KB)
Description: This paper provided by the Veterinary Information Portal is a literature review of social housing options for rhesus macaques.
International Directory of Primatology.
Description: A directory of the field of primatology including detailed information about organizations, field studies, population management, people active in primatology, and information resources. The online directory is searchable and available at the above website.
IPS International Guidelines for the Acquisition, Care and Breeding of Nohuman Primates, Second Edition. International Primatological Society.
Description: These guidelines, prepared by the Captive Care and Breeding Committee, aim to promote good practice in the acquisition, care and breeding of primates and the enhancement of welfare.
Laboratory Primate Newsletter.
Description: The quarterly newsletter provides information of interest to people involved in nonhuman primate research. A Directory of Graduate Programs in Primatology and Primate Research is issued periodically. The newsletter is available by e-mail or on the web. To subscribe, send the message: Subscribe LPN-L your-own-name to firstname.lastname@example.org. The website contains all issues of Laboratory Primate Newsletter, policies, graduate programs, and related links. The site also contains a very useful environmental enrichment section called Articles on Environmental Enrichment and Psychological Well-being which contains all articles on environmental enrichment and psychological well-being that were printed in the newsletter from 1984-2003. The site topics are social enrichment, environmental enrichment, training, physiological and other measures of stress and psychological well-being, rearing and social development, colony management, editorials, and information resources. Articles are available full text and free of charge.
Managing Monkey Behavior: Advancing the Social Management of Old World Monkeys. Whittaker, M. Active Environments, Inc.
Description: This paper presents a review of social housing and management of old world monkeys in captivity. It also discusses positive reinforcement training.
Orangutan Enrichment Catalog.
Description: A reference for orangutan care givers. This catalog provides ideas to use with the orangutans.
Primate Info Net (PIN).
Description: PIN is a comprehensive website relating to all aspects of primatology maintained by the Wisconsin Primate Research Center (WPRC) Library (http://library.primate.wisc.edu/) at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. The website includes information services, organizations and programs, information resources, products and services for primates, and related sites.
Primate Resource Referrral Service (PRRS).
Primate Resource Referral Service, Washington National Primate Research Center Box 357330 University of Washington Seattle Washington 98195-7330 USA
Tel: (206) 543-5178; Fax: (206) 616-1710
Description: The PRRS provides communication between research institutions to facilitate exchanges of nonhuman primates or their tissues. The goal of the PRRS is to increase sharing of these animals, thereby decreasing the need to import animals for research, and to ultimately decrease the number of animals needed. The PRRS maintains a database of information about programs, sources, services, available/wanted animals, tissues, and primate equipment.
Description: PrimateLit is a bibliographical database for primatology and exists through a cooperative agreement between the Washington (WaNRPC) and Wisconsin (WRPC) National Primate Research Centers. The WPRC coordinates the project with technical support from the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Library Technology Group. Literature acquisition, analysis, and indexing are carried out by the Primate Information Center at the WaNRPC, University of Washington. The database contains records dating from 1940 to November 2010. It allows primate researchers to do their bibliographic research on their home or office computers.
Safe Pair Housing of Macaques. Carlson, J.
Description: This book published by the Animal Welfare Institute discusses the steps involved in pair housing macaques safely. Chapters include selecting potential pairs, the familiarization process, how to pair animals, and long-term compatibility considerations.
The Shape of Enrichment.
Description: A nonprofit corportation with aims to further environmental enrichment efforts worldwide. A quarterly publication called The Shape of Enrichment provides an open forum to exchange enrichment ideas among animal professionals. There is also an enrichment and training video library maintained in conjunction with the American Association of Zoo Keepers. Finally, the bi-annual International Conference on Environmental Enrichment is promoted on the Web site.
Taking Better Care of Monkeys and Apes: Refinement of Housing and Handling Practices for Caged Nonhuman Primates. Reinhardt, V.
Description: This 2008 book examines the refinement of traditional housing and handling practices for nonhuman primates who live in cages alone, in pairs or trios.
Teaching Materials - American Society of Primatologists.
Description: Provides links to resources for people interested in learning more about nonhuman primates, or for teachers who would like to teach about primates in their classroom.
Training Laboratory-Housed Nonhuman Primates: A Survey of Current Practice in the UK. Prescott, M.J. and H.M. Buchanan Smith. National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research.
Description: This is a powerpoint presentation that presents an overview of the literature about training nonhuman primates to cooperate in the laboratory environment. It also provides data from a questionnaire about the current status of training in UK facilities.
The Welfare of Non-human Primates Used in Research, Report of the Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare .
Description: A report prepared for the European Union (EU) Commission about the welfare of non-human primates used for experiments, adopted on December 17, 2002. Includes information about various enrichment aspects such as social housing, animal training, and provision of visual barriers.