West Nile Virus (WVN) was first detected in 1999 in the western hemisphere and has spread throughout the world. West Nile virus is a flavavirus and can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses, and other mammals. The virus has been found in dogs and cats. Transmission of the virus is by mosquitoes that are infected by feeding on infected birds and other animals that are harboring the virus. This disease has caused a reduction in wild bird populations in some areas and has the potential to cause a significant disease problem in humans and other animals. Additional information on West Nile virus can be found in the Web sites listed in the publication.
Multiple sources were searched for citations published between the years 2004 to 2007. The sources of information include peer-reviewed journals, conference proceedings, theses, annual reports, dissertations, books, monographs, letters, Web pages, reviews, and patents.
This bibliographic information is an update to an earlier Animal Welfare Information Center, West Nile Virus Bibliography, 1965-2004.
Information on how to request materials that are included in the collection of the National Agricultural Library (NAL) may be found at: http://www.nal.usda.gov/services/request.shtml.
Readers are cautioned as to the dynamic nature of the internet and the fact that Web addresses and content are subject to change. All sites are current as of April 2007.