NOTE: Information Resources on the Care and
Welfare of Dairy Cattle may be viewed by individual chapters via the table of contents below, or as one complete publication file dairy2.htm.
Table of Contents
How to Use This Document
An Overview of Current Dairy Welfare Concerns from the North
Effects of Dairy Cattle Breeding and Production Methods on Animal
Perception of the Dairy Industry
Concept of Animal Welfare
Welfare of Veal Calves
Welfare of Cows
Leg and Foot Problems
Housing Systems and Welfare
Milk Yield and Welfare in Dairy Cows
The editor gratefully acknowledges Dr. Julie Morrow of the United States
Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, for taking the time
to write a thoughtful introduction to this publication. Thanks also to Dr. Broom
from the University of Cambridge, Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine,
for permission to reprint his excellent review on breeding and production concerns
relating to dairy welfare.
Special thanks to D'Anna Jensen for the cover design, final editing, formatting,
and printing of this publication. Her role in guiding this publication to its
final stages is greatly appreciated. Thanks also to Barbara Buchanan for her work in developing the web version of this publication.
This document contains two introductory articles written by experts in the farm
animal welfare field from North America and Europe respectively. Each article
ends with a list of references cited by the author. The second section of this
publication consists of an extensive bibliography categorized into the following
topics: behavior, breeding, feeding, health, housing, husbandry, legislation,
reproduction, slaughter, and transport. Citations listed in this section may or
may not overlap with articles cited by the introductory authors.
Citations were selected from searches conducted using a variety of agricultural,
medical, and life science databases. Within a subject category citations are arranged
alphabetically according to the last name of the primary author. Each citation
is listed with a set of keywords that describe useful information about the entry.
If a citation is listed from a publication available through the National Agricultural
Library (NAL) a NAL call number has been included.
Information on how to obtain copies of articles mentioned in the
bibliography are available from the National Agricultural Library's
Document Delivery Services Branch at
This section provides information on how to request materials that
are included in the collection of the National Agricultural Library (NAL).
Please read carefully as there are certain restrictions on media and
All patrons are encouraged to explore local library resources
first before contacting the National Agricultural Library.
The final section of this document contains an annotated listing of web links
for internet sites that include information on the care and welfare of dairy cattle
in their content. World Wide Web addresses are listed to access specialized databases,
extension materials, and publications produced by a variety of non-profit organizations.
Readers are cautioned as to the dynamic nature of the internet and the fact that
addresses and content are subject to change.
The Animal Welfare Information Center, Contact us: http://awic.nal.usda.gov/contact-us
Updated January 2005