Alban, L., A.K. Ersboll, T.W. Bennedsgaard, and P.F. Johnsen (2001). Validation of welfare assessment methods at herd level: an example. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica. Section A, Animal Science 51(Supplementum 30): 99‑102, ISSN: 0906‑4702.
NAL Call No.: S3.A27
Keywords: dairy herds, animal welfare, validity, assessment methods, environment based method, animal based method.

Albright, J.L. (2000). Dairy cattle behaviour, facilities, handling and husbandry. In: Livestock Handling and Transport, 2nd ed. T. Grandin (ed.), CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, ISBN: 0-85-199409-1, p.127-150.
NAL Call No.: SF88.L58 2000
Keywords: handling, husbandry, behavior, housing, dairy cattle, social behavior, calves, bulls, transport of animals, animal welfare.

Albright, J.L. and C.W. Arave (1997). The Behaviour of Cattle. CAB International: Wallingford, UK, 306 p., ISBN: 0-85-199196-3.
NAL Call No.: SF202.5 A43 1997
Keywords: animal production, animal welfare, dairy cattle, beef cattle, maternal and calf behavior, behavioral responses to management systems, human-cattle interactions, training cattle, social behavior, reproductive behavior, feeding behavior.

Arave, C.W. and J.L. Albright (1998). Animal welfare issues: dairy. Animal Welfare Information Center Newsletter 9(1/2): 3-10, ISSN: 1050-561X.
NAL Call No.: aHV4701.A952
Keywords: animal health, dairy farming, cows, reviews, animal welfare, transport of animals, exercise, tail docking, dehorning, disease, environmental issues.

Berentsen, P.B.M., G.W.J. Giesen, and M.M.F.H. Schneiders (1998). Conversion from conventional to biological dairy farming: Economic and environmental consequences at farm level dairy farming. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture: An International Journal 16(3): 311-328, ISSN: 0144-8765.
NAL Call No.: S605.5.B5
Abstract: Biological dairy farming is often advocated as a solution for environmental problems caused by Dutch dairy farming. At the same time, biological farming can improve animal welfare and increase income due to a higher milk price. In this paper the central issue is to quantify economic and environmental consequences for dairy farms when converting to biological dairy farming. A linear programming model is used to model an extensive and an intensive dairy farm typical for the Province of Utrecht, The Netherlands. The objective function of the model maximizes labour income of the farm. From the results it appears that the extensive farm benefits from conversion while the intensive farm loses income. The environmental consequences are quite diverse. The nitrogen surplus after conversion is much lower than before because nitrogen fixation by legumes is omitted from the calculation. On the other hand, ammonia emission is higher after conversion to biological farming due to a higher number of animals. On the extensive farm the phosphate surplus in the biological situation is much higher than in the conventional situation due to the fact that a shortage of nitrogen in the biological situation can only be made up by applying animal manure (slurry) from other farms with consequential overfertilization of phosphate. When environmental legislation is introduced, the biological farms appear to lose more income than the conventional farms. From the sensitivity analysis it appears that assumptions about milk yield per cow and milk price are crucial for the economic results of biological farms.
Keywords: dairy farming, organic farming, economic analysis, environmental impact, dairy farms, sustainability, animal welfare, milk, food prices, mathematical models, extensive husbandry, intensive husbandry, nitrogen fixation, nitrogen balance, ammonia, emission, phosphate, cattle slurry, milk yield, farm income.

Boettcher, P.J. (2001). 2020 Vision? The future of dairy cattle breeding from an academic perspective. Journal of Dairy Science 84 ( Elect. Supplement ): E62‑E68, ISSN: 0022‑0302.
NAL Call No.: 44.8 J822
Keywords: breeding, dairy farming, dairy industry, dairy research, global marketing, genomics, technology, computers, forecasts, health, animal welfare, production costs.

Brade, W. (2001). Animal welfare aspects of dairy farming: definition, conditions, and criteria. [Tiergerechte Milchrinderhaltung: definition, Anforderungen und Kriterien]. Praktische Tierarzt 82(8): 588-594, ISSN: 0032‑681X.
NAL Call No: 41.8 P882
Keywords: age, animal behavior, feeding, housing, husbandry, nutrition, animal welfare, dairy farming, health hazards, stress, German language.

Burgat, F. and R. Dantzer, R. (2001). Does livestock has a right to welfare? [Les animaux d'elevage ont-ils droit au bien-etre?] Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique: Paris, France, 191p., ISBN: 2-7380-0965-4.
Keywords: large-scale livestock farming, animal welfare, philosophy, ethics, legislation, French language.

Chenoweth, P.J. (1998). Animal production and welfare issues: dairy cattle and veal calves. Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference 12: 902-903.
NAL Call No.: SF605.N672
Keywords: calves, animal welfare, cattle husbandry.

de Grassi, A.M. (2001). A look at bovine welfare: What's good, what's bad, and the lessons within. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 219(10): 1369‑1373, ISSN: 0003‑1488.
NAL Call No.: 41.8 Am3
Keywords: animal welfare, attitudes, farming American Farm Bureau Federation.

Farm Animal Welfare Council (1997). Report on The Welfare of Dairy Cattle. Farm Animal Welfare Council: Surbiton, UK, 96p.
Keywords: dairy industry, organic farming, animal welfare issues, stockmanship, training, housing and environment, lameness, machine milking, infectious diseases, mastitis, nutrition, fertility and reproduction, handling facilities, calf and heifer rearing, mutilations, new technology, somatotropin, unwanted progeny, extended lactation, United Kingdom.

Federation of Animal Science Societies (1999). Guidelines for Dairy Cattle Husbandry. In: Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching, First Revised Edition, Federation of Animal Science Societies (FASS): Savoy, Il., p. 37-47.
NAL Call No.: QL55.G8 1999
Keywords: facilities, environment, housing, bedding pasture, feed, water, social environment, tail-docking, foot care, handling, transportaion, euthanasia.

Francis, J., and S. Sibanda (2001). Case study of the viability of smallholder dairy farming in Nharira Lancashire, Zimbabwe. Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 14 (8): 1098-1105.
NAL Call No.: SF55 A78A7
Keywords: smallholder dairy farming, Zimbabwe, considerable inter farm differences, economics, milk sales, cattle feed expenses, number of cows, size of land holdings.

Gregory, N.G. (1995). Welfare of dairy cattle. Proceedings of the 12th seminar for the Society of Dairy Cattle Veterinarians of the New Zealand Veterinary Association held at New Plymouth, New Zealand, June 27-30, 1995, p. 85-96.
Keywords: health, dairy farming, attitudes, veterinarians, animal welfare, New Zealand.

Gregory, N.G. (1995). Welfare of dairy cattle. Dairy Farming Annual 47: 130-139.
Keywords: cows, veterinarians, animal welfare, dairy farms, farm management, New Zealand.

Hemsworth, P.H., J.L. Barnett, L. Beveridge, and L.R. Matthews (1995). The welfare of extensively managed dairy cattle: a review. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 42(3): 161-182, ISSN: 0168-1591.
NAL Call No.: QL750.A6
Keywords: dairy cattle, dairy farming, cattle husbandry, animal welfare, extensive livestock farming, literature reviews.

Ilgner, H. (1998). Operational organization and management of milk production in larger stocks as exemplified by the Gorlsdorf dairy farm. [Verfahrensgestaltung und Management der Milchproduktion in grosseren Bestanden am Beispiel des Milchgutes Gorlsdorf.] Zuchtungskunde 70(6): 414-421, ISSN: 0044-5401.
NAL Call No.: 49 Z8
Keywords: milk production, farm management, dairy cattle, cows, dairy farms, dairy farming, production possibilities, milk, animal welfare, identification, health, prophylaxis, vaccination, Germany, German language.

Lindberg, R.A., and P.V. Phibbs (2001). Genetically modified organisms: basic technology, problems and promises. Bovine Practitioner 35 (1): 1-7, ISSN: 0524-1685.
NAL Call No.: SF779.5 A1B6
Keywords: new biotechnologies, overview, genetic manipulation, food animals, introduction to biotechnology, genomics, bioinformatics, gene mapping, cloning, genetically modified organisms, transgenic animals, potential impact on the beef, dairy and veterinary industries, regulatory responsibilities, future challenges.

Ozawa, T., N. Lopez‑Villalobos, and H.T. Blair (2001). A comparison of dairy farming between New Zealand and Japan. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 61: 203‑206, ISSN: 0370‑2731.
NAL Call No.: 49.9 N483
Keywords: dairy cows, farm expense, rice, grain crop, milk solids, financial analysis, butter, dairy product, cash surplus ration, fixed expenses, gross assets, turnover ratio, hay, animal feed, high interest expenditure, milk, dairy product, production, non‑subsidized lone procurement, pasture grazing system, feeding method, silage, animal feed, skim milk powder, dairy product, variable cost, analytical method, Japan, New Zealand.

Rollin, B.E. (1996). The new ethic for animals and the dairy industry. Annual Meeting held on Feb. 18-21, 1996, Nashville, Tennessee, The Council: Arlington, VA, ISSN: 0271-9967.
NAL Call No.: SF967.M3N32
Keywords: animal welfare, dairy cattle.

Rougoor, C. (1998). High production requires good animal welfare. [Hoge productie stelt eisen aan diermanagement.] Praktijkonderzoek Rundvee, Schapen en Paarden 11(6): 22-24.
Keywords: dairy farms, cows, milk, costs, veterinary services, animal welfare, monitoring, dairy cattle, productivity, dairy farming, Netherlands, Dutch language.

Rushen, J. (2001). Assessing the welfare of dairy cattle. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS 4(3): 223‑234.
NAL Call No.: HV4701 J68
Keywords: dairy cows, animal welfare, lameness, bovine mastitis, intensive livestock farming, dairy farming, livestock numbers, selection criteria, farm structure, cow housing, floor type, literature reviews.

Schulte, R., B. Earley, and S.V.D. Wouw, and N. Culleton (1998). Animal welfare: development of methodology for its assessment. Farm and Food 8(3): 20-23, ISSN: 0046-3302.
NAL Call No.: TX341 F3
Keywords: dairy farming, animal welfare, case studies, evaluation, regulations, agricultural policy, dairy farms, organic farming, ethology, immunology, European Union Countries.

Seufert, H. (1997). Theoretical and practical experiences with milk production. [Art- und praxisgemasse Verfahren der Milcherzeugung.] Ergebnisse Landwirtschaftlicher Forschung an der Justus Liebig-Universitat 23: 29-55, ISSN: 0026-3753.
NAL Call No.: SF221 M5
Keywords: dairy farming, milk production, animal welfare, costs, planning, Germany, German language.

Sundrum, A. (2001). Organic livestock farming: a critical review. Livestock Production Science 67 (3): 207‑215, ISSN: 0301‑6226.
NAL Call No.: SF1.L5
Keywords: livestock, animal welfare, livestock farming, organic farming, reviews, environmental impact, production methods, minimal standards, legislation standards, quality assurance.

Thomsen, J. (1999). Cow-comfort: just a word or an important factor [for increased milk yield]? [Kuh-Komfort: nur Schlagwort oder Erfolgsfaktor?] Milchpraxis 37(4): 183-186, ISSN: 0026-3753.
NAL Call No.: SF221 M5
Keywords: milk yield, diary cows, animal welfare, dairy farming, German language.

Tosi, M.V., E. Canali, L. Gregoretti, V. Ferrante, C. Rusconi, M. Verga, and C. Carenzi (2001). A descriptive analysis of welfare indicators measured on Italian dairy farms: preliminary results. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica. Section A, Animal Science 51(Supplementum 30): 69‑72, ISSN: 0906‑4702.
NAL Call No.: S3.A27
Keywords: dairy cows, behavior, dairy farms, farmer questionnaire, animal welfare, assessment tools, inter‑suckling in cows, human animal relationships, Italy.

Waterfield, W. (1999). The Provision and Developments in Management Advice to Dairy Farmers. Nuffield Farming Scholarships Trust (NFST): Uckfield, UK, 34 p., ISBN: 1-90-180186-1.
Keywords: extension, professional services, consultants, financial planning, farm planning, technology transfer, information services, diffusion of research, diffusion of information, farmers, dairy farms, farm management, consumer attitudes, animal welfare, comparisons between countries, United Kingdom, Japan, USA, Australia.

Webster, A.J.F. (2001). Welfare on the dairy farm: cows and their minders. Research in Veterinary Science 70 (Supplement A): 34, ISSN: 0034‑5288.
NAL Call No.: 41.8 R312
Keywords: animal care, animal welfare, improvement.

Webster, A.J.F. (1995). Welfare considerations in future selection and management strategies. BSAP Occasional Publication (19): 87-91, ISSN: 0263-967X.
NAL Call No.: SF5.B74
Keywords: dairy cows, genetic improvement, milk yield, cost benefit analysis, animal welfare, production costs, species differences, energy cost of activities, energy cost of production, beef cows, bovine mastitis, embryo transfer, lameness.

Whay, H.R., D.C.J. Main, L.E. Green, and A.J.F. Webster (2001). Identification of issues affecting the welfare of dairy cows through expert opinion. Research in Veterinary Science 70 (Supplement A): 34, ISSN: 0034‑5288.
NAL Call No.: 41.8 R312
Keywords: dystocia, reproductive system disease, mastitis, animal welfare issues, identification, body condition, calf disease, cleanliness, comfort, cubicle design, expert opinions, behavior, lameness, non‑specific disease, nutrition, production, skin lesions, social interaction, stockperson, animal interactions, dystocia, mastitis.

Wierenga, H.K. and H.J. Blokhuis (1997). Cattle welfare, science and policy. Presented at the XIX World Buiatrics Congress, Edinburgh, UK, July 8-12, 1996, Vol.32, No.31.2, p. 16-18.
Keywords: animal welfare, veal calves, beef cattle, dairy cows, health, behavior, housing, milk production, transport of animals.

Wilfried, B.V. (2001). Animal welfare aspects of dairy farming. [Tiergerechte Milchrinderhaltung.] Berichte ueber Landwirtschaft 79(4): 578‑596, ISSN: 0005‑9080.
Keywords: dairy cows, welfare issues, ethology, management specific indicators, housing, natural feedstuffs, stress avoidance, production stability, German language.

Wilson, J. (2001). Keeping a Cow NSW Agriculture: Orange, Australia, 5th.ed., 106p., ISBN: 0‑7313‑0552‑3.
Keywords: selection, behavior, breeding, reproduction, milking, milk handling, how a milking machine works, milk composition, quality, making dairy foods at home, feeding, calf rearing, health.

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December 19, 2002