Diseases of elephants. Colly, L. Proceedings of a Symposium on the African Elephant as a Game Ranch Animal: Berg en Dal, Kruger National Park, Apr. 20-30, 1991. 1-146. Chapter pagination: 106-114.

            Descriptors: parasites, diseases, disorders, review, Elaphus, Loxodonta.


Efficacy of absorption of various vitamin E forms by captive elephants and black rhinoceroses. Papas, A.M.; Cambre, R.C.; Citino, S.B.; Sokol, R.J. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 1991, v. 22 (3), p. 309-317. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: vitamin E forms, dietary implications, absorption efficiency.


The elephant. Pathak, S.C. Journal of the Assam Veterinary Council, 1991, v. 1, p. 65-68.

            Descriptors: anatomy, physiology, diseases, parasites, elephants.


Elephant handling - a problem of risk management and resource allocation. Lehnardt, John. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings, 1991, p. 569-575. ISSN: 0731-0390.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: elephants, handling techniques, safety considerations, care in captivity.


Elephant treatments: A challenge for the zoo veterinarian. Ruedi, D. Berliner und Muenchener Tieraerztliche Wochenschrift, 1991, v. 104 (3), p. 79-83. ref. graphs. ISSN: 0005-9366.

            Language: German with Summary in English.

            NAL call no: 41.8 B45

            Descriptors: elephant treatments, diseases, diagnosis, therapy.


Mammoths, mastodonts, and elephants: Biology, behavior, and fossil record. Haynes, Gary. New York. Cambridge University Press, 1991, xi, 413 p. , ill. ref, index. ISBN: 0521384354.

            NAL call no: QE882.P8H39 1991

            Descriptors: elephants, fossil.


Methods of sampling food consumption by free-ranging elephant. De Villiers, P.A.; Pietersen, E.W.; Hugo, T.A.; Meissner, H.H.; Kok, O.B. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 1991, v. 21 (1), p.23-27.

            NAL call no: SK575.S6S6

            Descriptors: sampling, food consumption, Loxodonta africana.


Observations on the placenta of elephants. Davis, S.; Benirschke, K. Erkrankungen der Zootiere, 1991, no. 33, p. 39-45. ISSN: 0138-5003.

            NAL call no: SF996.I5

            Descriptors: weight, placenta, morphology, histology.


Protected contact elephant training. Desmond, Tim; Laule, Gail. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings, 1991, p. 606-613. ISSN: 0731-0390.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A472

            Descriptors: techniques, care in captivity, handling techniques, physical restraint.


Protocol of a parturition in the elephant. Lang, E.M.; Eggenberger, U. Zoologische Garten, 1991, v. 61 (1), p. 5-7. ISSN: 0044-5169.

            Language: German.

            NAL call no: 410 Z724

            Descriptors: zoo animals, obstetrics, parturition, elephants, case reports.


Synthesis and receptor binding activity of elephant beta-endorphin, a beta-endorphin homolog with highly potent analgesic activity. Cheng, Heung Chin; Yamashiro, D. International Journal of Peptide Protein Research, 1991. V. 38 (1), p. 66-69.

            NAL call no: QD431.A1I5

            Descriptors: Elephas, beta-endorphin, synthesis, brain, receptors, binding.


Treatment of elephants, a challenge for zoo veterinarians. Ruedi, D. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 1991, v. 3, p. 79-83. ref.

            Language: German.

            NAL call no: 41.8 B45

            Descriptors: diseases, animal husbandry, elephants, zoo animals.


Vitamin E considerations in practical animal feeding and case studies with elephants and rhinoceros. Papas, A.M.; Cambre, R.C.; Citino, S.B. Proceedings of the Annual Dr. Scholl Conference on the Nutrition of Captive Wild Animals.1991, v. 8, p. 59-72. ISSN: 0749-1778.

            NAL call no: SF95.D7

            Descriptors: rhinoceros, elephant, vitamin E, feeding, vitamin E levels, diet in captivity.

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