Anesthesia / Analgesia / Sedation / Capture

 

A simple method of providing intermittent positive-pressure ventilation to etorphine-immobilized elephants (Loxodonta africana) in the field. Horne, William A.; Tchamba, Martin N.; Loomis, Michael R. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Dec. 2001, v. 32 (4), p. 519-522. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: sedation, oxygen consumption, ventilation rate, physiological techniques.

 

Etorphine-halothane anaesthesia in two five-year-old African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Stegmann, G.F. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, Dec. 1999, v. 70 (4), p. 164-166. tables, ref. ISSN: 0038-2809.

            NAL call no: 41.8 On1

            Descriptors: anaesthesia, neurotropic drugs, drugs, African elephant.

 

Chemical immobilization of African elephant in lowland forest, southwestern Cameroon. Elkan, Paul W.; Planton, Hubert P.; Powell, James A.; Haigh, Jerry A.; Karesh, William B. Pachyderm, Jan. 1998, v. 25, p. 32-37. ISSN: 1026-2881.

            Descriptors: sedation, chemical immobilization, problems, solutions.

 

A practical anesthesia monitoring protocol for free-ranging adult African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Osofsky, S.A. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 1997, v. 33 (1), p. 72-77. ref. ISSN: 0090-3558.

            NAL call no: 41.9 W64B

            Descriptors: anaesthesia, monitoring, immobilization, etorphine, wild animals.

 

Chemical capture of the free ranging African elephant. Bengis, R.G. Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, Eastern States Veterinary Association. 1996, v. 10, p. 892-894.

            NAL call no: SF605.N672

            Descriptors: capture of animals, etorphine, carfentanil, diprenorphine, naltrexone, dosage.

 

Immobilization of African elephant, Loxodonta africana, with etorphine hydrochloride (M99R). Yabe, Tomoko; Tasaka, Kiyoshi; Shichiri, Shigemi; Hashizaki, Fumitaka; Hiramatsu, Hiroshi; Sotani, Katsunori; Saito, Masaru. Journal of Japanese Association of Zoological Gardens and Aquariums, Mar. 1996, v. 37 (3-4), p. 92-98. ISSN: 0386-7498.

            Language: Japanese.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.D63

            Descriptors: sedation, etorphine hydrochloride, dose and behavior, Loxodonta.

 

Management of musth in a male African elephant by chemical sedatives in the Assam State Zoo, Guwahati. Thakuria, D.B.; Barthakur, T. Indian Veterinary Journal, Mar. 1996, v. 73 (3), p. 339-340. ISSN: 0019-6479.

            NAL call no: 41.8 IN2

            Descriptors: sedation, chemical sedation, management in captivity, musth.

 

Respiratory and circulatory parameters of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) anaesthetised with etorphine and azaperone. Still, J.; Raath, J.P.; Matzner, L. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, Sept. 1996, v. 67 (3), p. 123-127. ref. ISSN: 0038-2809.

            NAL call no: 41.8 SO8

            Descriptors: anaesthesia, immobilization, heart rate, cardiovascular system.

 

Comparative effects of etorphine and carfentanil on cardiopulmonary parameters in juvenile African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Schumacher, Juergen; Heard, Darryl J.; Caligiuri, Randolph; Norton, Terry; Jacobson, Elliott R. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Dec. 1995, v. 26 (4), p. 503-507. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: analgesic drug, etorphine, carfentanil, efficacy, safety, general anesthetic.

 

The neuromuscular junction in the African elephant, Loxodonta africana, and African buffalo, Syncerus caffer. Kramer, Beverley; Hattingh, J.; Teixeira, Maria, Wolf, D.; Raath, J.P. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 1995, v. 25 (1), p. 14-16. ISSN: 0379-4369.

            NAL call no: SK575.S6S6

            Descriptors: nervous system, acetylcholine receptor, anesthetic drug, respiration.

 

Pulse oximetry monitoring of free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana) immobilized with an etorphine/hyaluronidase combination antagonized with diprenorphine. Osofsky, S.A. Proceedings of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, Joint Conference, Aug. 12-17, 1995, p. 273-277.

            NAL call no: SF605.A4

            Descriptors: anaesthesia, immobilization, narcotic antagonists, elephants, etorphine.

 

Arterial blood pressure of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) under etorphine anaesthesia and after remobilization with diprenorphine. Hattingh, J.; Knox, C.M.; Raath, J.P. Veterinary Record, Nov. 5, 1994, v. 135 (19), p. 458-459. ref. ISSN: 0042-4900.

            NAL call no: 41.8 V641

            Descriptors: immobilization, blood pressure, anaesthetics drugs, blood circulation.

 

Arterial blood pressure in anaesthetized African elephants. Hattingh, J.; Knox, C.M.; Raath, J.P.; Keet, D.F. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 1994, v. 24 (1-2), p. 15-17. ref. ISSN: 0379-4369.

            NAL call no: SK575.S6S6

            Descriptors: immobilization, elephants, blood pressure, adverse effects.

 

Cardiopulmonary effects of three prolonged periods of isoflurane anesthesia in an adult elephant. Dunlop, C.I.; Hodgson, D.S.; Cambre, R.C.; Kenny, D.E.; Martin, H.D. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Nov. 15, 1994, v. 205 (10), p. 1439-1444. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: anaesthesia, drugs, cardiovascular system, cardiopulmonary effects.

 

Chemical capture of the African elephant Loxodonta africana. Raath, J.P. The Capture and Care Manual: Capture, Care, Accommodation and Transportation of Wild African Animals. McKenzie, Andrew A. (Ed.). 1993: i-xxviii, 1-729. Chapter pagination: 484-493.

            NAL call no: SK571.C36 1993

            Descriptors: sedation, chemical capture procedures, elephant.

 

Chemical immobilization of free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Zimbabwe, using etorphine (M99) mixed with hyaluronidase and evaluation of biological data collected soon after immobilization. Kock, M.D.; Martin, R.B.; Kock, N. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 1993, v. 24 (1), p. 1-10. ref. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: blood chemistry, stress, immobilization, elephants, etorphine.

 

Current immobilization procedures used in elephants. Kock, Richard A.; Morkel, Peter; Kock, Michael D. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy. 3rd ed. Fowler, Murray E. (Ed.). W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia. 1993, i-xxv, 1-617. Chapter pagination: 436-441.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: Elaphus, Loxodonta, sedation, immobilization procedures, anesthetics.

 

Etorphine-azaperone anaesthesia in an African elephant (Loxodonta africana). Still, J. Journal of Veterinary Anaesthesia. 1993, v. 20, p. 54-55. ref. ISSN: 0950-7817.

            NAL call no: SF914.V47

            Descriptors: elephants, drugs, neurotropic drugs, analgesics, anaesthetics.

 

Immobilization of African elephants with carfentanil and antagonism with nalmefene and diprenorphine. Jacobson, E.R.; Kollias, G.V.; Heard, D.J.; Caligiuri, R. Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine, 1988, v. 19 (1-2), p. 1-7. ref. ISSN: 0093-4526.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: zoo animals, anaesthesia, fentanyl, elephants, immobilization.

 

Prolonged isoflurane anesthesia of an Adult elephant on two occasions. Dunlop, C.I.; Hodgson, D.S.; Cambre, R.C.; Kenney, D. Veterinary Surgery, 1988, v. 17 (3), p. 167-168. ISSN: 0161-3499.

            NAL call no: SF911.V43

            Descriptors: adverse effects, inhaled anaesthetics, elephants, isoflurane.

 

Use of halothane to maintain anesthesia induced with etorphine in juvenile African elephants. Heard, D.J.; Kollias, G.V.; Webb, A.I.; Jacobson, E.R.; Brick, K.A. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1988, v. 193 (2), p. 254-256. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: anaesthetics, young animals, elephants, halothane, etorphine, induction.

 

Physiologic effects of etorphine and carfentanil in African elephants. Jacobson, E.R.; Heard, D.J.; Caligiuri, R.; Kollias, G.V. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Zoological and Avian Medicine, Association of Avian Veterinarians and American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, 1987, p. 1-586. Chapter pagination: 525-527.

            NAL call no: SF994.I57 1987

Descriptors: carfentanil and etorphine, effects, heart, respiratory system, blood pressure, body temperature, haemodynamics, Loxodonta.

 

A practical anesthesia monitoring protocol for free-ranging adult African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Osofsky, Steven A. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Jan. 1997, v. 33 (1), p. 72-77. ISSN: 0090-3558.

            NAL call no: 41.9 W64B

            Descriptors: sedation, anaesthesia monitoring, free-ranging adults, Loxodonta.

 

Effects of oxygen supplementation on blood gas values in chemically restrained juvenile African elephants. Heard, D.J.; Jacobson, E.R.; Brock, K.A. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1986, v. 189 (9), p. 1071-1074. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: anaesthesia, heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen supplementation.

 

Serum concentrations of etorphine in juvenile African elephants. Jacobson, E.R.; Chen, C.L.; Gronwall, R.; Tiller, A. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Nov. 1, 1986, v. 189 (9), p. 1079-1081. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: restraint of animals, etorphine, elephants, pharmacokinetics.

 

Use of tolazoline as an antagonist to xylazine-ketamine-induced immobilization in African elephants. Allen, J.L. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 1986, v. 47 (4), p. 781-783. ref. ISSN: 0002-9645.

            NAL call no:41.8 AM3A

            Descriptors: zoo animals, restraint, xylazine, ketamine, sympathomimetics.

 

Effects of yohimbine on combined xylazine-ketamine-induced sedation and immobilization in juvenile African elephants. Jacobson, E.R.; Allen, J.; Martin, H.; Kollias, G.V. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Dec. 1, 1985, v. 187 (11), p. 1195-1198. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: xylazine, ketamine, sympathomimetics, restraint of animals, elephants.

 

Restraint of baby elephants with Rompun. Trembath, P.R. Veterinary Medical Review, 1985, v. 2, p. 169-170.

            NAL call no: SF601.V43

            Descriptors: anaesthesia, zoo animals, xylazine, restraint of animals, elephants.

 

Etorphine analgesia supplemented by halothane anesthesia in an adult African elephant. Tamas, P.M.; Geiser, D.R. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Dec. 1, 1983, v. 183 (11), p. 1312-1314. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: zoo animals, etorphine, halothane, anaesthesia, elephants.

 

Casting an elephant. Anon. Africana, 1980, v. 7 (2), p. 22-26.

            NAL call no: QL337.E25A4

            Descriptors: cast preparation, immobilization, tranquilization, sedation.

 


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