Communication / Vocal / Hearing


Auditory communication, meteorology, and the Umwelt. Larom, D. Journal of Comparative Psychology, Jun. 2002, v. 116 (2), p.133-136. ISSN: 0735-7036.

            NAL call no: BF671.J6

            Descriptors: low frequency calls, vocalization, Elephas, Loxodonta.


The elephant listening project. Groo, M. AWI Quarterly, Animal Welfare Institute, Washington, DC. Winter 2001, v. 50 (1), p. 10. ISSN: 1071-1384.

            NAL call no: HV4761.A5

            Descriptors: acoustic tracking, communication between animals, Loxodonta.


Elephant communication. Langbauer, W.R. Jr. Zoo Biology, 2000, v. 19 (5), p. 425-445. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: communication, literature review, Elaphus, Loxodonta.


Unusually extensive networks of vocal recognition in African elephants. McComb, K.; Moss, C.; Sayialel, S.; Baker, L. Animal Behavior, 2000, v. 59 (6), p. 1103-1109. ISSN: 0003-3472.

            NAL call no: 410 B77

            Descriptors: auditory communication, bioacoustics, conspecific recognition.


Signals and assessment in African elephants: Evidence from playback experiments. Poole, J.H. Animal Behavior, London, Academic Press. Jul. 1999, v. 58 (pt. 1), p. 185-193. ref. ISSN: 0003-3472.

            NAL call no: 410 B77

            Descriptors: vocalization, social dominance, estrus, communication between animals.


Communication and social structure of African elephants. Poole, Joyce. Elephants. Care for the Wild International. Rusper, West Sussex. 1998, p. 1-127. Chapter pagination: 40-52. ISBN: 1872266037.

            Descriptors: sensory reception, sensory abilities, communication, social behavior.


Language in elephants. Jelaska, Sven. Priroda, 1993, v. 82 (6-7), p. 16-18. 789-790. ISSN: 0351-0662.

            Language: Serbo-Coatian.

            NAL call no: 410 P934

            Descriptors: acoustic signals, frequency, social behavior, Loxodonta africana.


African elephants respond to distant playbacks of low frequency conspecific calls. Langbauer, W.R. Jr.; Payne, K.B.; Charif, R.A.; Rapaport, L.; Osborn, F. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1991, v. 157, p. 35-46. ISSN: 0022-0949.

            NAL call no: 442.8 B77

            Descriptors: stimuli. Communication, elephants, behavioral biology.


Vocalization of African elephants recorded by radio telemetry. Langbauer, W.R. Jr.; Charif, R.A.; Payne, K.B.; Martin, R.B. American Zoologist, 1991, v. 31 (5), p. 98A. ISSN: 0003-1569.

            NAL call no: 410 Am3

            Descriptors: behavioral, biology, retrieval, computer applications.


Response of captive African elephants to playback of low-frequency calls. Langbauer, W.R. Jr.: Payne, K.B.; Charif, R.A.; Thomas, E.M. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 1989, v. 67 (10), p. 2604-2607.

            NAL call no: 470 C16D

            Descriptors: vocalizations, infraspecific communication, response to playback calls.


The social context of some very low frequency calls of African elephants. Poole, J.H.; Payne, K.; Lanfbauer, W.R. Jr.; Moss, C.J. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 1988, v. 22 (6), p. 385-392. ISSN: 0340-5443.

            NAL call no: QL751.B4

            Descriptors: social interactions, vocalization behavior, low-frequency, sound.


Elephant trunk calls. Poole J. Swara, 1987, v. 11 (6), p. 28-31. ISSN: 1081-6174.

            NAL call no: QL337.E25S9

            Descriptors: vocalizations, interpreted meanings, social organization.


The secretion of the temporal gland of the African elephant Loxodonta africana as an elephant repellent. Gorman. M.L. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 1986, v. 2 (2), p. 187-190. ISSN: 0266-4674.

            NAL call no: QH541.5.T7J68

            Descriptors: scent glands, behavior, gland secretions, use as a repellent.

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