Digestive / Food / Nutrition


Geophagy in the African elephant in relation to availability of dietary sodium. Holdo, Ricardo M.; Dudley, Joseph P.; McDowell, Lee R. Journal of Mammalogy, Aug. 2002, v. 83 (3), p. 652-664. ISSN: 0022-2372.

            NAL call no: 410 J823

            Descriptors: behavior, mineral licks, activity budgets, nutritional requirements.


The role of nutrition and its possible impact on elephant foot care. Sadler, William C. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert, Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames, 2002, i-viii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 13-15. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: care in captivity, foot care, nutritional aspects, diet in captivity, feet.


3D-kinematics of trunk movements in captive feeding African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Martin, F.; Niemitz C. Advances in Ethology, 2002, v. 37, p. 115. ISSN: 0931-4202.

            NAL call no: 410 Z35B

            Descriptors: cognition, feeding, movement, reaching, trunk movement.


Circulating levels of alpha-tocopherol and retinol in free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Savage, A.; Leong, K.M.; Grobler, D.; Lehnhardt, J.; Dierenfeld, E.S.; Stevens, E.F.; Aebischer, C.P. Zoo Biology, 1999, v. 18 (4), p. 319-323. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: blood plasma, nutritional state, retinol, alpha-tocopherol.


Investigation of selected plants as possible causes of flaccid trunk paralysis in free-ranging elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Zimbabwe. Wrench, A.: Kock, N.D.: Gordon, S.J.G.; Turner, A.D.; Fries, D.S. Zimbabwe Veterinary Journal, 1999, v. 30 (3-4), p. 93-97. ref.

            NAL call no: SF601.R5

            Descriptors: paralysis, brain, poisoning, histopathology, nervous system.


The intestine and endocrine pancreas of the African elephant: a histological, immunocytochemical and immunofluorescence study. Van Aswegen, G.; Van Noorden, S.; Kotze, s.H.; De Vos, V.; Schoeman, J.H. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Dec. 1996, v. 63 (4), p. 335-340. tables, fig. ref. ISSN: 0030-2465.

            NAL call no: 41.8 ON1

            Descriptors: intestines, pancreas, elephant, digestive system.


Characterization of mucus glycoproteins in the intestinal mucosa of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) following lectin histochemistry. Coetzee, H.L.; Kotze, S.H.; Lourens, N. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Sept. 1995, v. 62 (3), p. 187-192. ref. ISSN: 0030-2465.

            NAL call no: 41.8 ON1

            Descriptors: glycoproteins, intestinal mucosa, lectins, histochemistry.


Isotopic tracking of change in diet and habitat use in African elephants. Koch, Paul L.; Heisinger, Jennifer; Moss, Cynthia; Carlson, Richard W.; Fogel, Marilyn L.; Behrensmeyer, Anna K. Science, Mar. 3, 1995, v. 267 (5202), p. 1340-1343. ISSN: 0036-8075.

            NAL call no: 470 SCI2

            Descriptors: biochemistry, carbon and nitrogen isotope composition, diet, habitat.


A histocytochemical study of mucus glycoproteins or mucins in the intestinal tract of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana). Kotze, S.H.; Coetzee, H.L. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Jun. 1994, v. 61 (2), p. 177-181. ISSN: 0030-2465.

            NAL call no: 41.8 On1

            Descriptors: intestinal mucosa, mucins, histochemistry.


The oesophagus and stomach of the African elephant: A histological, immunocytochemical and immunofluorescence study. Van Aswegen, G.; Schoeman, J.H.; De Vos, V.; Van Noorden, S. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Sept. 1994, v. 61 (3), p. 223-229. ref. ISSN: 0030-2465.

            NAL call no: 41.8 On1

            Descriptors: esophagus, stomach, histology, cells, animal anatomy.


Suspected cardiac glycoside poisoning in elephants (Loxodonta africana). Brain, C.; Fox, V.E.B. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 1994, v. 65 (4), p. 173-174. ISSN: 0038-2809.

            NAL call no: 41.8 SO8

            Descriptors: elephants, cardiovascular system, toxicolgy, cardiac glycosides.


Bioavailable forms of vitamin E for correcting a biochemical deficiency in captive elephants. Crissey, S.D.; Papas, A.; Petric, A. Proceedings on the International Symposium”Ongules/Ungulates 91'. Toulouse, France, Sept. 2-6, 1991. i-xii, p. 1-661. Chapter pagination: 163-166. 1992.

            NAL call no: QL737.U4O54 1992

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, vitamins, diet deficiency, vitamin E, plasma.


Applied aspects of digestive physiology of elephant. Meissner, H.H. Proceedings of Symposium on the African Elephant as a Game Ranch Animal. Berg en Dal, Kruger National Park Apr. 29-30, 1991, p. 1-146. Chapter pagination: 125-135.

            Descriptors: Loxodonta africana, nutrition, digestive physiology.


Coprophagy in African elephants. Lowis, R. EANHS Bulletin, 1991, v. 21 (1), p. 11-12. ISSN: 0374-7387.

            NAL call no: QH1.E3

            Descriptors: diet, coprophagy, Africa, nutrition, Loxodonta africana.


Method of sampling food consumption by free-ranging elephant. De Villiers, P.A.; Pietersen, E.W.; Hugo, T.A.; Meissner, H.H.; Kok, Q.B. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 1991, v. 21 (1), p. 23-27. ISSN: 0379-4369.

            NAL call no: SK575.S6S6

            Descriptors: food plant, chemical analysis, field technique, elephant.


Lameness in young African elephants (Loxodonta africana) caused by inadequate nutrition. Spala, P.; Vahala, J.; Kralove, D.; Hradecky, P. Zoologische Garten, 1990, v. 60 (3-4), p. 244-247. ref. ISSN: 0044-5169.

            NAL call no: 410 Z724

            Descriptors: legs, disorders, diets, lameness, nutritional disorders, elephants.


Quality of food and voluntary intake by elephant as measured by lignin index. Meissner, H.H.; Spreeth, E.B.; Villiers, P.A. de; Pietersen, E.W.; Hugo, T.A.; Terblanche, B.F.; De Villiers, P.A. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 1990, v. 20 (3), p. 104-110. ref. ISSN: 0379-4369.

            NAL call no: SK575.S6S6

            Descriptors: broadleaves, browse, elephants.


Digestibility of timothy hay by African elephants. Roehrs, J.M.; Brockway, C.R.; Ross, D.V.; Reichard, T.A.; Ullrey, D.W. Zoo Biology, 1989, v. 8 (4), p. 331-338. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: nutrition, dietary studies, dry matter intake, metabolism.


Parotid salivary gland of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana): Structure and composition of saliva. Raubenheimer, E.J.; Dauth, J.; Dreyer, M.J.; De Vos, V. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, Dec. 1988, v. 59 (4), p. 184-187. ref. ISSN: 0038-2809.

            NAL call no: 41.8 SO8

            Descriptors: saliva, electrolytes, parotid gland, deglutition, elephants.


Regulatory peptides in the endocrine cells and nerves of the gut of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana). Van Aswegen, G.; Van Noorden, S.; Viljoen, A.T.; Polak, J.M. Regulatory Peptides, 1987, v. 18 (5-6), p. 352. ISSN: 0167-0115.

            NAL call no: QP572.P4C66

            Descriptors: biochemical studies, metabolism, proteins, peptides, amino acids.


African elephant and hippopotamus: The results of nutritional research. Van Hoven, W. Proceedings of the Annual Dr. Scholl Conference on the Nutrition of Captive Wild Animals, 1983, v. 2, p. 47-62. ISSN: 0749-1778.

            NAL call no: SF95.D7

            Descriptors: nutrition, digestion, diet, gut contents, lipid and fatty acid metabolism.


Nutrient digestibility and gastrointestinal electrolyte flux in the elephant and rhinoceros. Clemens, E.T.; Maloiy, G.M.O. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A, 1983, v. 75 (4), p. 653-658. ref. ISSN: 0300-9629.

            NAL call no: QP1.C6

            Descriptors: digestion, elephants, rhinoceros.


The digestive physiology of three East African herbivores: The elephant, rhinoceros and hippopotamus Kenya. Clemens, E.T.; Maloiy, G.M.O. Journal of Zoology, London. Oct. 1982, v. 198 (2), p. 141-156. ill. ISSN: 0022-5460.

            NAL call no: 410.9 L84P

            Descriptors: digestive physiology, elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus.


Gross assimilation efficiency and food passage time in the African elephant. Rees, P.A. African Journal of Ecology, 1982, v. 20 (3), p. 193-198.

            NAL call no: 409.6 Ea7

            Descriptors: assimilation, food consumption, excretion, Loxodonta africana.


Diet and feeding behavior of the forest elephant. Short, J. Mammalia, 1981, v. 45 (2), p. 177-185. ISSN: 0025-1461.

            NAL call no: 410 M31

            Descriptors: diet, food plants, food preferences, foraging, feeding behavior.


Fermentative digestion in the African elephant. Van Hoven, W.; Prins, R.A.; Lankhorst, A. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 1981, v. 11 (3), p. 78-86. ISSN: 0379-4369.

            NAL call no: SK575.S6S6

            Descriptors: digestion, microbial fermentation, nutrition, elephant.


The daily food intake of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana Blumenbach, in Rhodesia. Guy, P.R. Arnoldia, v. 7 (26), 6 p.

            NAL call no: QL461.A7

            Descriptors: elephant, daily food intake.


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