Veterinary

 

Clinical treatment of a leg problem in an adult bull elephant. Mpanduji, D.G.; Mdegela, R.H.; Batamuzi, E.K.; Mtambo, M.M.A.; Bittegeko, S.B.P. Pachyderm, Jan./Jun. 2002, v. 32, p. 67-68. ISSN: 1026-2881.

            Descriptors: treatment techniques, swollen left foreleg, tentative diagnosis, treatment.

 

Conjunctival microflora in clinically normal Asian elephants in Thailand. Tuntivanich, P.; Soontornvipart, K. Tuntivanich, N.; Wongaumnuaykul, S.; Briksawan, P. Veterinary Research Communications, Jun. 2002, v. 26 (4), p. 251-254. ISSN: 0165-7380.

            NAL call no: SF601.V38

            Descriptors: conjunctiva, sensory system, eye, microorganisms.

 

Dosage requirements of orally administered Ibuprofen in African and Asian elephants. Bechert, U.; Christensen, J.M.; Finnegan, M. Proceedings of the Mayday Conference: A Cross-Species Approach to Pain and Analgesia, 2002. Ludders, J.W.; Paul-Mur, Robertson S.; Gaynor, J.; Hellyer, P.W.; Wong, P.; Barakatt, C. (Eds.).

            Descriptors: Ibuprofen, dosage requirements, oral administration.

 

Monitoring of adrenocortical activity in elephants by measuring urinary cortisol metabolites. Dehnhard, M.; Szdzuy, K.; Heistermann, M.; Mostl, E. Advances in Ethology, 2002, v. 37, p. 162. ISSN: 0931-4202.

            NAL call no: 410 Z354

            Descriptors: parturition, pregnancy, adrenal gland, enzyme immunoassay.

 

Non-invasive assessment of adrenal function in the male African elephant (Loxodonta africana) and its relation to musth. Ganswindt, A.; Heistermann, M.; Palme, R.; Borragan, S.; Hodges, J.K. Advances in Ethology, 2002, v. 37, p. 167. ISSN; 0931-4202.

            NAL call no: 410 Z35B

            Descriptors: behavior, endocrine system, adrenal gland , enzyme immunoassay.

 

Pharmacokinetics and effects of succinylcholine in African elephant (Loxodonta africana), and impala (Aepyceros melampus). Pitts, Neville Iain; Mitchell, Graham. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Apr. 2002, v. 15 (3), p. 251-260. ISSN: 0928-0987.

            Descriptors: general anesthetic drug, intramuscular administration, plasma, blood.

 

Captive elephant foot care: Natural-habitat husbandry techniques. Buckley, Carol. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames, 2001, i-viii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 53-55. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: care in captivity, foot care, natural habitat, husbandry, limbs, feet.

 

Determining dosages for antibiotic and anti-inflammatory agents. Mortenson, Jack. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-viii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 141-144. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: treatment techniques, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory agents, dosages.

 

Diagnostic imaging of the limbs of African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Hittmair, K.; Vielgrader, H.; Konar, M.; Weissengruber, G.; Forstenpointner, G. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound, Mar./Apr. 2001, v. 42 (2), p. 175. ISSN: 1058-8183.

            NAL call no: SF757.8.A4

            Descriptors: degenerative joint disease, diagnosis, severity, foot, inflamation.

 

The elephant’s foot: Prevention and care of foot conditions in captive Asian and African elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert, Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-viii, 1-163 p. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: foot care, pathological conditions, treatment techniques, feet.

 

Elephant husbandry and foot care at the Schoenbrunner Tiergarten, Vienna. Schwammer, Harald M. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair, Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert Ursula S.; (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-viii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 69-71. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: care in captivity, husbandry, foot care, limbs, feet.

 

Foot care for captive elephants. Roocroft, Alan; Oosterhuis, James. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames, 2001, 9-viii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 21-52. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: care in captivity, foot care, limbs, feet. Elephas, Loxodonta.

 

Foot care at the Indianapolis Zoo: A comprehensive approach. Sampson, Jill. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert, Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames, 2001, i-viii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 57-62.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: care in captivity, foot care, comprehensive approach, limbs, feet.

 

A history of elephant foot care at the Milwaukee County Zoo. Sorenson, David. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert, Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, 2001, i-viii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 65-68. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: care in captivity, foot care, history, limbs, feet.

 

Occurance and treatment of nail/foot abscesses, nail cracks, and sole abscesses in captive elephants. West, Gary. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press. 2001, i-viii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 93-97. ISBN: 0813829201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: treatment techniques, limbs, feet, nails, abscesses, nail cracks.

 

An overview of foot conditions in Asian and African elephants. Fowler, Murray E. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert, Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, 2001, i-viii, 1-165 p. Chapter pagination: 3-7.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: limbs, feet, foot conditions, diseases, disorders.

 

Split nails, abscesses, and cuticular fluid pockets. Rutkowski, Charlie; Marion, Fred; Hopper, Ray. The Elephants Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert, Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-viii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 85-86. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: treatment techniques, limbs, feet, diseases and disorders.

 

Treatment of an abscessed foot pad of an African elephant (Loxodonta africana) using a sandal and topically applied chitosan. Houser, Daniel; Simmons, Lee G.; Armstrong, Douglas L. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captives Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert, Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-viii. 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 107-113. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: treatment techniques, hind limbs, abscessed foot pad, case report.

 

Treatment of osteomyelitis in elephant feet. Gage, Laurie J. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair; Sargent, Eva L.; Bechert Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001. i-vii, 1-163 p. Chapter pagination: 117-118.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: treatment techniques, forelimb skeleton, hind limb, osteomyelitis, feet.

 

Evaluation of a multiple-antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in captive elephants. Larsen,Scott; Salman,

M.D.; Mikota, Susan K.; Isaza, Ramiro; Montali, Richard J.; Triantis, Joni. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Sept. 2000, v. 31 (3), p. 291-302. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: infection, veterinary medicine, methods and techniques, Mycobacterium.

 

The measurement of glucocorticoid concentrations in the serum and faeces of captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana) after ACTH stimulation. Stead, S.K.; Meltzer, D.G.A.; Palme, R. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, Sept. 2000, v. 71 (3), p. 192-196. ISSN: 0038-2809.

            NAL call no: SF41.8.SO8

            Descriptors: faeces, serum, blood and lymphatics, corticosterone, measurement.

 

Radiographic diagnosis of lameness in African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Hittmair, Kathaeina M.; Vielgrader, Hanna D. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 2000, v. 41 (6), p. 511-515. ref. ISSN: 1058-8183.

            NAL call no: SF757.8.A4

            Descriptors: radiology, joint disease, animal care, elephants, lameness.

 

Serum oxytetracycline concentrations in African elephant (Loxodonta africana) calves after long-acting formulation injection. Bush, M.; Stoskopf, M.K.; Raath, J.P.; Papich, M.G. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Mar. 2000, v. 31 (1), p. 41-46. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: infection, pharmacology, serum oxytetracycline, antibacterial drug.

 

African elephant sesquiterpenes. Goodwin, T.E.; Rasmussen, E.L.; Guinn, A.C.; McKelvey, S.S.; Gunawardena, R.; Riddle, S.W.; Riddle, H.S. Journal of Natural Products, Nov. 1999, v. 62 (11), p. 1570-1572. ISSN: 0163-3864.

            NAL call no: 442.8 L77

            Descriptors: animal glands, secretions, chemical composition, chemical structure.

 

Antibiotic therapy in elephants. Olsen, J.H.; Fowler, M.E.; Miller, R.E. Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Current Therapy 4, 1999, p. 533-541. ref. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia. ISBN: 0721686648.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: pesticides and drugs, general, zoo animals.

 

Flaccid trunk paralysis in free-ranging elephants. Kock, N.D.; Fowler, M.E.; Miller, R.E. Zoo and Wild Anim al Medicine: Current Therapy 4, 1999, p. 541-544. ref. ISBN: 0721686648.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: non-communicable diseases, injuries, toxicology poisoning.

 

Intravenous fluid therapy in a juvenile African elephant (Loxodonta africana) with salmonella diarrhea with simulatneous control of the blood values. Lawrenz, A.; Marholdt, D.; Olbricht, G.; Schurer, U. Erkrankungen der Zootiere, 1999, v. 39, p. 113-119.

            Language: German.

            NAL call no: SF996.I5

            Descriptors: treatment techniques, intravenous fluid therapy, bacterial diseases.

 

Radiography of elephant limbs. Hittmair, Katharina; Vielgrader, Hanna. Erkrankungen der Zootiere, 1999, v. 39, p. 135-137. ISSN: 0138-5003.

            NAL call no: SF996.I5

            Descriptors: skeleton, appendages, techniques, limb disorders. Elephants.

 

Radiographic techniques for the elephant foot and carpus. Gage, L.J.; Fowler, M.E.; Miller R.E. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy 4, 1999, p. 517-520. ref. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia. ISBN: 0721686648.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: animal treatment and diagnosis, non drug, zoo animals.

 

Surgical treatment of gunshot wounds under xylazine and ketamine anaesthesia in an elephant: Clinical case report. Sharma, S.P. Indian Veterinary Journal, Nov. 1997, v. 74 (11), p. 973-974. ISSN: 0019-6479.

            NAL call no: 41.8 IN2

            Descriptors: gunshot wound, injury, treatment, elephant.

 

Respiratory and circulatory parameters of the African elephants (Loxodonta africana) anaesthetised with etorphine and azaperone. Still, J.; Raath, J.P.; Matzner, L. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, Sept. 1996, v. 67 (3), p. 123-127. ISSN: 0038-2809.

            NAL call no: 41.8 SO8

            Descriptors: respiratory system, cardiovascular system, anaesthesia.

 

Serum oxytetracycline levels in free-ranging male African elephants (Loxodonta africana) injected with a long-acting formulation. Bush, Mitchell; Raath, J.P.; DeVos, Valerius; Stoskopf, Michael K. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Sept. 1996, v. 27 (3), p. 382-385. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: antiinfective drug, oxytetracycline, metabolism, pharmacology.

 

Urinary cortisol analysis for monitoring adrenal activity in elephants. Brown, Janine L.; Wemmer, Christen M.; Lehnhardt, John. Zoo Biology, 1995, v. 14 (6), p. 533-542. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: urinary cortisol analysis, adrenal function, physiological techniques.

 

Arterial blood pressure of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) under etorphine anaesthesia and after remobilization with diprenorphine. Hattingh, J.; Know, C.M.; Raath, J.P. The Veterinary Record, Nov. 5, 1994, v. 135 (19), p. 458-459. ISSN: 0042-4900.

            NAL call no: 41.8 V641

            Descriptors: blood pressure, arteries, anaesthesia etorphine, Loxodonta, diprenorphine.

 

Cardiopulmonary effects of three prolonged periods of isoflurane anesthesia in an adult elephant. Dunlop, C.I.; Hodgson, D.S.; Cambre, R.C.; Kenny, D.E.; Martin, H.D. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Nov. 15, 1994, v. 205 (10), p. 1439-1444. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: anesthesia, inhaled anesthetics, drug effects, cardiopulmonary system.

 

Pharmacokinetics of amikacin in African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Lodwick, L.J.; Dubach, J.M.; Phillips, L.G.; Brown, C.S.; Jandreski, M.A. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 1994, v. 25 (3), p. 367-375. ref. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: antibiotics, amikacin, elephants, pharmacokinetics.

 

Surgical castration of the elephant (Elephas maximus and Loxodonta africana). Foerner, J.J.; Houck, R.I.; Copeland, J.F.; Schmidt, M.J.; Byron, H.T.; Olsen, J.H. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 1994, v. 25 (3), p. 355-359. ref. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF602.J6

            Descriptors: surgery, zoo animals, anaesthesia, castration, elephants.

 

Suspected cardiac glycosides poisoning in elephants (Loxodonta africana). Brain, C.; Fox V.E.B. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 1994, v. 65 (4), p. 173-174. ref. ISSN: 0038-2809.

            NAL call no: 41.8 SO8

            Descriptors: animal toxicology, poisoning and pharmacology, plants, Loxodonta.

 

Autopsy procedure and a review of diseases of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana, in the Kruger National Park. Keet, D.F. Proceedings of an International

Symposium on Capture, Care and Management of Threatened Mammals, Skukuza, Kruger Natiuonal Park Sept. 14-18, 1993, i-iv, p. 1-84. Chapter pagination: 25-33.

            Descriptors: dissection, autopsy procedure, pathological techniques, disease.

 

Castration of the elephant. Olson, John H.; Byron, H.T. Jr. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy 3rd, Fowler, Murray E. (Ed.) W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia. 1993, i-xxv. P. 1-617. Chapter pagination: 441-444.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: surgical techniques, testis, castration methods, review.

 

Foot care in elephants. Fowler, Murray E. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy, 3rd, 1993, i-xxv. P. 1-617. Chapter pagination: 448-453. W.B. Saunders, Co., Philadelphia.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: care in captivity, toenail care procedures, foot care procedures, review.

 

Veterinary care of performing elephants. Houck, Richard. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy, 3rd, W. B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, 1993,. i-xxv. P. 1-617. Chapter pagination: 453-454. Fowler, Murray E. (Ed.)

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: care in captivity, treatment techniques, diseases, disorders.

 

Oesophageal choke in and African elephant. Wood, D.T. The Veterinary Record, Dec. 5, 1992, v. 131 (23), p. 536-542. ISSN: 0042-4900.

            NAL call no: 41.8 V641

            Descriptors: esophageal diseases, Loxodonta africana.

 

An approach to the autopsy on an African elephant. Keet, D.F. Proceedings of a Symposium on the African Elephant as a Game Ranch Animal. Berg en Dal, Kruger National Park, Apr. 29-30, 1991, p. 1-146. Chapter pagination: 136-146.

            Descriptors: Loxodonta africana, anatomical techniques, autopsy procedure.

 

Comparative pharmacokinetics of trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole administered intravenously and orally to captive elephants. Page, C.D.; Mautino, M.; Derendorf, H.; Anhalt, J.P. Pharmaceutical Research New York, 1991, v. 8 (Suppl. 10), p. S263. ISSN: 0724-8741. Also: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 1991, v. 22 (4), p. 409-416. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6 (Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine)

            Descriptors: antibacterial, drug serum concentration, half life, clearance.

 

The diagnosis of diseases in elephants (Loxodonta africana). Meltzer, D.G.A. Proceedings of a Symposium on the African Elephant as a Game Ranch Animal, Berg en Dal, Kruger National Park, Apr. 29-30, 1991, p. 1-146. Chapter pagination: 115-124.

            Descriptors: diagnostic techniques, disease diagnosis, heamatological data, review.

 

Clinical chemistry values for free-ranging elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Hill, F.W.G.; Smith, D.A. Zimbabwe Veterinary Journal, 1990, v. 21 (1), p. 33-42. ref. ISSN: 1016-1511.

            NAL call no: SF601.R5

            Descriptors: blood serum, urea, protein, calcium, phosphorus, normal values.

 

Tusk extraction in the African elephant (Loxodonta africana). Welsch, B.; Jacobson, E.R.; Kollias, G.V.; Kramer, L.; Gardner, H.; Page, C.D. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 1989, v. 20 (4), p. 446-453. ref. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: animal health, hygiene, animal disorders, zoo animals.

 

Reconstruction of the distal trunk of an African elephant. Caffee, H.H. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 1989, v. 83 (6), p. 1049-1051. ref. ISSN: 0032-1052.

            NAL call no: SF601.V523

            Descriptors: trauma, zoo animals, surgery, elephants, amputation, stumps.

 

Complication in tusk eruption in an African elephant (Loxodonta africana). Gass, H. Arbeitstagung der Zootieraerzte im deutschsprachigen Raum, 1988, p. 87-88. ISSN: 0722-8112.

            Language: German.

            Descriptors: elephants, tooth diseases, surgical operations, zoos.

 

Extraction of an infected tusk in an adult African elephant. Briggs, M.; Schmidt, M.; Black, D.; Roach, R.; Opdahl, J.; Stark, G.; Owens, D.; Driver, M. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, May 15,1988, v. 192 (10), p. 1455-1456. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.9 AM3

            Descriptors: surgical operations, anaesthesia, tusk extraction, elephants.

 

Foot and skin care: Vital components of the elephant management program at the Lincoln Park Zoo. Bettenbender, Robin. AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings, 1988, p. 545-547. ISSN: 0731-0493.

            NAL call no: QL76.5.U6A47

            Descriptors: care in captivity, foot and skin care methods, care limbs, foot care.

 

Acute myocarditis in a captive African elephant (Loxodonta africana). Seaman, J.T.; Finnie, E.P. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Jan. 1987, v. 23 (1), p. 170-171. ISSN: 0090-3558.

            NAL call no: 41.9 W64B

            Descriptors: acute disease, myocarditis, pathology, elephants.

 

Elephant radiology. Fowler, M.E. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, 1986. I-xxiv, p. 1-1127. Chapter pagination: 897-901.

            NAL call no: SF996.Z66

            Descriptors: elephant, radiology, techniques, review.

 

Medical treatment of tusk pulpitis in an African elephant. Wyatt, J.D. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Nov. 1, 1986, v. 189 (9), p. 1193. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: antibiotics, tooth disease, elephants, case reports.

 

Postoperative care and recovery of a female elephant after delivery of a dead fetus by episiotomy. Merkt, H.; Ahlers, D.; Bader, H.; Rath, D.; Brandt, H.P.; Boer, M.; Dittrich, L. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 1986, v. 99 (10), p. 329-333. ref.

            Language: German.

            NAL call no: 41.8 B45

            Descriptors: postoperative care. Perineum, blood transfusion, vulva, obstetrics.

 

Ivermectin treatment of lice infestations in two elephant species. Karesh, W.B.; Robinson, P.T. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Dec. 1, 1985, v. 187 (11), p. 1235-1236. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: ivermectin, lice, drug therapy, insecticides, elephants.

 

Medical and surgical management of a fractured tusk in an African elephant. Allen, J.L.; Welsch, B.; Jacobson, E.R.; Turner, T.A.; Tabeling, H. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Dec. 1, 1984, v. 185 (11), p. 1447-1449. ref. ISSN: 0003-1488.

            NAL call no: 41.8 AM3

            Descriptors: elephants, dentistry, etorphine, ketamine, xylazine, butorphanol.

 

Management of a tibial fracture in an adult African bush elephant. Oosterhuis, J.E.; Nelson, L.S. American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings, 1981, p. 109. ISSN: 0095-0610.

            NAL call no: SF605.A4

            Descriptors: injuries, tibial fracture, management, case report, Loxodonta.


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