Digestive / Food / Nutrition


Long-term administration of alpha-tocopherol in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Kenny, David E. Zoo Biology, 2001, v. 20 (4), p. 245-250. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: animal care, nutrition, alpha tocopherol, vitamin E, elephants.


The role of nutrition and its possible impact on elephant foot care. Sadler, William C. The Elephant’s Foot: Prevention and Care of Foot Conditions in Captive Asian and African Elephants. Csuti, Blair, Sargent Eva L.; Bechert, Ursula S. (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2001, i-viii. 1-165 p. Chapter pagination: 13-15. ISBN: 0813828201.

            NAL call no: SF997.5.E4E43 2001

            Descriptors: care in captivity, foot care, nutritional aspects, diet in captivity, feet.


Mineral status of elephant. Sarmah, B.C.; Kalita, D.J.; Pathak, S.C.; Sharma, B. Indian Veterinary Journal, Jul. 1999, v. 76 (7), p. 661-662. ISSN: 0019-6479.

            NAL call no: 41.8 IN2

            Descriptors: calcium, iron, copper, minerals, elephants.


A preliminary study on feeding activity patterns and budgets of domesticated elephants (Elephas maximus maximus) in Sri Lanka. Karunaratne, S.H.P.P.; Ranawana, K.B. Ceylon Journal of Science, Biological Sciences, 1999, v. 27 (1), p. 61-65. ref. ISSN: 0069-2379.

            NAL call no: 475 C33

            Descriptors: feeding behavior, leaves, browse, jackfruits, behavior.


A record of the food retention time of the Asiatic elephant, Elephas maximus. Weerasinghe, Udayani; Jayasekara, Palitha; Takatsuki, Seiki. Mammal Study, Dec. 1999, v. 24 (2), p. 115-119. ISSN: 1343-4152.

            Descriptors: dung, digestive system, body size, food retention time.


Plasma vitamin E and other analyte levels in Nepalese camp elephants (Elephas maximus). Shrestha, S.P.; Ullrey, D.E.; Bernard, J.B.; Wemmer, C.; Kraemer, D.C. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Sept.1998, v. 29 (3), p. 269-278. ref. ISSN: 1042-7260.

            NAL call no: SF601.J6

            Descriptors: retinol, alpha tocopherol, vitamin E, blood, plasma, age.


A preliminary study of the food preferences of domesticated elephants (Elephas maximus L). In Sri Lanka. Karunaratne, S.H.P.P.; Ranawana, K.B. Ceylon Journal of Science, Biological Sciences, 1998, v. 25, p. 58-64. ref. ISSN: 0069-2379.

            NAL call no: 475 C33

            Descriptors: feeding preferences, feeding behavior, leaves, trees, browse.


Preliminary studies on mineral supplements for Asian elephants. Cheeran, J.; Nagaraj, B.N.; Animon, M.M. Tigerpaper (FAO), Oct./Dec. 1997, v. 24 (4), p. 18-20. ref.

            NAL call no: QL84.5.A1T53

            Descriptors: Indian elephant, supplement feeding, mineral nutrients.


About Dillenia aurea and feeding behavior of elephants. Datye, Hemant S. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, Aug. 1996, v. 93 (2), p. 289-290. ISSN: 0006-6982.

            NAL call no: 513 B63

            Descriptors: food plants, Dillenia aurea, Elephas maximus.


Nutrient value of elephant forages in elephant training center, Lampung. Mukhtar, Abdullah Syarief. Buletin Penelitian Hutan, 1995, v. 0 (589), p. 55-65. ISSN: 0215-028X.

            Language: Indonesian.

            NAL call no: SD97.I42B8

            Descriptors: animal husbandry, forage nutrient value, grazing area, training center.


Studies on diet preferences of the elephant (Elephas maximus) in Royal Chitwan National Park. Dhakal, G.; Ojha, N.P. Tigerpaper (FAO), Oct./Dec. 1995, v. 22 (4), p. 29-31. ISSN: 1014-2789. FAO Accession No. XF97:364751.

            NAL call no: QL84.5.A1T53

            Descriptors: feeding preferences, elephants, behavior, feeding habits.


Bioavailable forms of vitamin E for correcting a biochemical deficiency in captive elephants. Crissey, S.D.; Papas, A.; Petric, A. Ongules/Ungulates 91': Proceedings of the International Symposium ‘Ongules/Ungulates 91', Toulouse, France, Sept. 2-6, 1991. 1992, i-xii, 1-661 p. Chapter pagination: 163-166.

            NAL call no: QL737.U4054 1992

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, vitamin E levels, dietary supplementation, plasma.


Stable carbon isotope ratios in Asian elephant collagen: Implications for dietary studies. Sukumar, R.; Ramesh, R. Oecologia, 1992, v. 91 (4), p. 536-539. ISSN: 0029-8549.

            NAL call no: QL750.03

            Descriptors: protein, bone, bone collagen, stable carbon isotope ratios, Elephas.


Vertebrate ecology workshop - Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu. Feeding behavior of domesticated elephants. Chandra, M.S.; Ravoof, A.; Khan, I.A. Myforest, 1990, v. 26 (3), p. 239-242.

            Descriptors: feeding behavior, activity patterns, light, shade, temperature.


Circulatory levels of vitamin E in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Dierenfeld, E.S.; Dolensek, E.P. Zoo Biology, 1988, v. 7 (2), p. 165-172. ISSN: 0733-3188.

            NAL call no: QL77.5.Z6

            Descriptors: dietary requirements, Elephas maximus, plasma, vitamin E content.


Carbon isotopic evidence for different feeding patterns in an Asian elephant population. Sukumar, R.; Bhattacharya, S.K.; Krishnamurthy, R.V. Current Science, 1987, v. 56 (1), p. 11-14. ISSN: 0011-3891.

            NAL call no: 475 SCI23

            Descriptors: grazing, browsing, diets, Elephas maximus.


Feeding elephants. Abeyratne, A.S. Loris, 1986, v. 17 (4), p. 172-174. ISSN: 0024-6514.

            Descriptors: dietary requirement, Elephas maximus, nutrition, diet.


A case of rhododendron poisoning in circus elephants. Schaller, K. Kleintierpraxis, Feb. 1983, v. 28 (1), p. 53-56. ISSN: 0023-2076.

            Language: German.

            NAL call no: 41.8 K67

            Descriptors: miscellaneous animal disorders, rhododendrons, azaleas, poisoning.


Nutritional implications of dental problems in elephants. Reichard, T.A.; Ullrey, D.E.; Robinson, P.T. Proceedings of the Annual Dr. Scholl Conference on the Nutrition of Captive Wild Animals, 1983, p. 63-67. ISSN: 0749-1778.

            NAL call no: SF95.D7

            Descriptors: diet in captivity, dentition, dental problems, digestibility, Elephas.


Studies on nutritional requirements of the elephant (Elephas maximus). Ananthasubramaniam, C.R.; Chandrashekharan, K.; Surendran, P.U. Indian Veterinary Journal, Mar. 1982, v. 59 (3), p. 227-232. ref. tables. ISSN: 0019-6479.

            NAL call no: 41.8 IN2

            Descriptors: animal nutrition, studies, elephant.


Studies on the nutritional requirements of elephant (Elephas maximus) 1. Evaluation of the nutritive value of palm leaf (Caryota urens). Bhaskaran, Nair V.; Ananthasubramaniam, C.R. Indian Veterinary Journal, 1979, v. 56 (8), p. 667-671. ISSN: 0019-6479.

            NAL call no: 41.8 IN2

            Descriptors: diet, food plants, nutritive value, palm leaf, ageing, Elephas maximus.

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