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Pasture



Adamovics, A. (2004). Zirgu spekam un skaistumam nepieciesamas ganibas. [Pastures for power and beauty of horses]. Agro Tops(7): 53-55. ISSN: 1407-5164.
Abstract: This article presents requirements for management of quality horse pastures.
Descriptors: pastures, grasslands, horse pasture characteristics, fertilizer application, Latvia.
Language of Text: Latvian.

Anonymous (2004). Pasture fructan concentration as a cause of equine laminitis. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 24(12): 542. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: equine foot disease, laminitis, effects of pasture, starch digestion, pasture management practices, grazing management practices, fructans.

Araya, O., R. Urzua, and H. Bustamante (2004). Efecto del selenato de bario inyectable sobre la actividad de glutation peroxidasa en caballos a pastoreo. [The effect of injectable barium selenate on the glutathione peroxidase activity of horses on pastures]. Archivos De Medicina Veterinaria 36(1): 31-37. ISSN: 0301-732X.
Descriptors: horses, barium selenate, erythrocytic glutathione peroxidase activity, selenium status.
Language of Text: Spanish with an English summary.

Avery, A. (1996). Pastures for Horses: A Winning Resource, Rural Industries Research & Development Corporation, Dept. of Natural Resources & Environment Victoria: Victoria, Australia, 198 p. ISBN: 0642259739.
NAL Call Number: SB199.A94 1996
Descriptors: pastures, Australia, horses feeding and feeds.

Bagnola Junior, J., A.F.T. Amarante, and L.F.F. Meyer (1996). Verminose em equinos: exames parastiologicos, contaminacao da pastagem e pastejo alternado com ovinos. [Helminthoses of horses: parasitological examination, pasture contamination and alternation of grazing with sheep]. Veterinaria e Zootecnia 8: 47-57. ISSN: 0102-5716.
NAL Call Number: SF604.V466
Descriptors: horses, sheep, pastures, parasitic contamination, epidemiology.
Language of Text: Portuguese with an English summary.

Barbosa, O.F., U.F. Rocha, G.S. da Silva, V.E. Soares, V.A. Veronez, G.P. de Oliveira, V.J.C. Landim, and A.J. da Costa (2001). A survey on Cyathostominae nematodes (Strongylidea, Strongylidae) in pasture bred horses from Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Semina: Ciencias Agrarias Londrina 22(1): 21-26. ISSN: 1676-546X.
Online: http://www.uel.br/proppg/semina/pdf/semina_22_1_19_9.pdf
Descriptors: horses, effect of age differences on infection, nematode infection, epidemiology, intestinal contamination.
Language of Text: English with a Portuguese summary.

Benyovovszky, B.M., K. Penksza, and J. Hausenblasz (1998). Qualitaetsaanforderungen der Pferde an die Weide. [Quality requirements of pasture for horses]. In: Conference on Nutrition of Domestic Animals "Zadravec Erjavec Days", Radenci (Slovenia), Vol. 7, p. 216-223.
Descriptors: horses, pastures, grazing, grasses, quality, palatability, animal feeding, land resources, natural resources, nonrenewable resources, organoleptic properties, quality.
Language of Text: German with English, German and Slovenian summaries.

Benyovszky, B.M. and K. Penksza (2002). A N-mutragyazas optimalis szintje a kedveltseg szempontjabol egy isaszegi lolegelon. [Optimal level of N fertilization considering feeding preference in a horse paddock]. Novenytermeles 51(5): 509-512. ISSN: 0546-8191.
Descriptors: horses, controlled grazing, grasslands, Bromus inermis, Festuca rubra, Poa pratensis, Bromus, Equidae, feeding systems, Festuca, grazing systems, land cover, mammals, Perissodactyla, Poa, Poaceae, vegetation.
Language of Text: Hungarian with English and Hungarian summaries.

Bikbulatov, Z.G., B. Satyev Kh, and V.I. Samokhvalov (1997). [All-year-round maintenance of horses on pastures]. Kormoproizvodstvo(3): 24-26. ISSN: 0235-2540.
NAL Call Number: SB193.A1L8
Descriptors: horses, pasture management, pasture yield improvement.
Language of Text: Russian.

Brown Douglas, C.G., T.J. Parkinson, E.C. Firth, and P.F. Fennessy (2005). Bodyweights and growth rates of spring- and autumn-born Thoroughbred horses raised on pasture. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 53(5): 326-331. ISSN: 0048-0169.
Descriptors: autumn, body weight, foaling, growth rate, pastures, racehorses, spring, Thoroughbred, horses.

Burger, S.M. (1996). Horse Owner's Field Guide to Toxic Plants, Breakthrough: Ossining, New York, USA, 230 p. ISBN: 0914327623.
NAL Call Number: SB617.4.B97 1996
Descriptors: poisonous plants, identification, toxicology, horses health, United States, geographical distribution.

Capewell, L.G., D. Hunt, J. Guerrero, K. Newcomb, and T. Root (2005). The prevalence of strongyles in stabled and pastured horses in Vermont and efficacy of anthelmintic programs in these horses. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine 3(3): 227-232. ISSN: 1542-2666.
Online: www.jarvm.com
Descriptors: anthelmintics, disease control, disease prevalence, fenbendazole, ivermectin, pastures, potency, stables, horses, Strongylidae.

Carnevale, E.M., M.J. Hermenet, and O.J. Ginther (1997). Age and pasture effects on vernal transition in mares. Theriogenology 47(5): 1009-1018. ISSN: 0093-691X.
Descriptors: mares, follicular activity, vernal transition, age, pasture, ovulation.

Coleto, L. (1999). Equine babesiosis: A disease linked to the extensive horse raising in the pasture land of Extremadura ("dehesa"). Cahiers Options Mediterraneennes 39: 273-276. ISSN: 1022-1379.
Abstract: Serologic testing was carried out to show antibodies to Babesia equi and Babesia caballi in mares raised in extensive regime in the "dehesa" of Extremadura, their transmission to the mares' offspring and their permanence in the foals. We have studied 33 Andalusian mare and foal serums. The technique used has been that of indirect immunofluorescence (IFI). The result is 63.6 per cent of the mares and 54.5 per cent of the foals seropositive to B. equi. All serums were negative to B. caballi.
Descriptors: Babesia equi, immunofluorescence, spain, Babesia, Europe, immunological techniques, piroplasmea, protozoa, southern Europe, sporozoa, western Europe.
Language of Text: English and French summaries.
Notes: Meeting Information: Meeting of the Mediterranean Sub Network of the FAO CIHEAM Inter Regional Cooperative Research and Development Network on Pastures and Fodder Crops. Badajoz (Spain). 26-29 Nov 1997.

Craig, S. (1997). Pasture management, indigenous veterinary care and the role of the horse in Mustang, Nepal. In: Rangelands and Pastoral Development in the Hindu Kush Himalayas: Proceedings of a Regional Experts' Meeting, November 5, 1996-November 7, 1996, Kathmandu, Nepal, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD): Kathmandu, Nepal, p. 147-170.
Descriptors: horses, pasture management, grazing technique, indigenous veterinary practice.

Crane, K., M. Smith, and D. Reynolds (1995). Horse pasture. Wyoming Wildlife 59(3): 32-35. ISSN: 0043-9819.
Descriptors: horses, grazing, pasture.

Cubitt, T.A., W.B. Staniar, D.S. Kronfeld, B.M. Byrd, and P.A. Harris (2005). Environmental effects on nutritive value of equine pastures. Pferdeheilkunde 21: 13-14. ISSN: 0177-7726.
Descriptors: carbohydrates, chemical composition, crude protein, energy content, environmental factors, fiber content, nutritive value, pastures, plant composition, protein content, temperature, Equidae, Festuca arundinacea, Poa pratensis, Trifolium repens.
Notes: Meeting Information: Proceedings Equine Nutrition Conference, Hannover, Germany, 1-2 October, 2005.

Dorchies, P. (1995). Le point sur le parasitisme du cheval au paturage. [Parasitoses of horses at pasture]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 1995, Institut du Cheval: Paris, France, Vol. 21, p. 78-81. ISBN: 2910610055.
Descriptors: horses, parasites, helminthoses, parasitology, anthelmintics, pasture.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Dvojnos, G., L. Balachov, and N. Samzuk (1999). [Wild horses in grasing management of pastures in Chernobyl exclusion zone (in Polesje)]. Vestnik Zoologii Supplement 11: 67-71.
Descriptors: horses, grazing, pasture management.
Language of Text: Russian.

Fisher, C. (1995). Horse care: perilous pasture plants. Rural Heritage 20(2): 44-45. ISSN: 0889-2970.
NAL Call Number: SF311.E9
Descriptors: horses, poisonous plants, poisoning, Sorghum sudanense, Euphorbia esula, Equisetum arvense, Trifolium hybridum, Pteridium aquilinum, Hypericum perforatum, Glechoma hederacea, Prunus serotina, Kalmia latifolia, Solanum dulcamara, Rhododendron maximum, North America.

Fleurance, G., P. Duncan, and C. Menard (2000). Utilisation heterogene d'une prairie par des chevaux: Relations avec les caracteristiques de la vegetation et l'etat d'infestation parasitaire de la pature. [Heterogeneous use of a prairie by horses: Relations between the vegetation characteristics and the parasitic infestation of the pasture]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 2000, Les Haras Nationaux Direction Du Developpement: Paris, France, Vol. 26, p. 153-165.
NAL Call Number:
Descriptors: grazing behavior, grass height and variety, grass intake, feeding preference, selective feeding, preference for shorter grasses, reduction of parasitic infestation, Mulassier Poitevan mares, wet grassland.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Gallagher, J.R. (1996). The potential of pasture to supply the nutritional requirements of grazing horses. Australian Veterinary Journal 73(2): 67-68. ISSN: 0005-0423.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 Au72
Descriptors: horses, grazing, nutritional state, pastures, irrigated pastures, feeding preferences, seasonal variation, grazing behavior, horse diseases, nutritive value, literature reviews, Australia, dryland pastures.

Gallagher, J.R. and T.G. Reeves (1996). Selenium and copper intakes of oat/vetch pasture grazed by horses. Journal of Animal Science 74(Suppl. 1): 183. ISSN: 0021-8812.
NAL Call Number: 49 J82
Descriptors: horses, nutrition, selenium, copper, oat, vetch pasture grazing.
Notes: Meeting Information: 88th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Animal Science, Rapid City, South Dakota, USA; July 24-26, 1996.

Gee, E.K., E.C. Firth, P.C.H. Morel, P.F. Fennessy, N.D. Grace, and T.D. Mogg (2005). Enlargements of the distal third metacarpus and metatarsus in Thoroughbred foals at pasture from birth to 160 days of age. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 53(6): 438-447. ISSN: 0048-0169.
Descriptors: autumn, bone diseases, foals, metacarpus, metatarsus, postnatal development, racehorses, radiography, seasonal variation, summer, Thoroughbred, horses.

Gee, E.K., P.C.H. Morel, T.D. Mogg, E.C. Firth, N.D. Grace, and P.F. Fennessy (2004). Liver copper kinetics in Thoroughbred foals at pasture from birth to 160 days of age. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 47(2): 109-118. ISSN: 0028-8233.
NAL Call Number: 23 N4892
Descriptors: horses, mares, pregnancy, copper intake, copper deficieny, orthopedic disease, copper supplementation, copper injection.

Giessen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Tierzucht und Haustiergenetik. (1996). Pferdeweide - Know-how. [Horse pastures - Know-how]. Reiterjournal (Germany) 17(2): 85-86. ISSN: 0173-2404.
Descriptors: pastures, horses, maintenance, fertilizer application, weed control, grazing systems, pasture improvement, feeding systems, grassland management, grazing lands, land resources, natural resources, pest control.
Language of Text: German.

Grace, N. (2005). Pasture counts: The contribution of pasture to the diets of horses. In: J.D. Pagan (Editor), Advances in Equine Nutrition III, Nottingham University Press: Nottingham, UK, p. 11-21. ISBN: 1904761283.
NAL Call Number: SF285.5.A39 2005
Descriptors: pasture productivity, frequently grazed pastures, disease resistant pasture species, pasture production factors, pasture utilization by horses, dry matter intakes (DMI), digestible energy intakes (DEI), Thoroughbreds, growth and development of young horses.

Grace, N.D., S.G. Pearce, E.C. Firth, and P.F. Fennessy (1999). Concentrations of macro- and micro-elements in the milk of pasture-fed Thoroughbred mares. Australian Veterinary Journal 77(3): 177-180. ISSN: 0005-0423.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 Au72
Descriptors: horses, lactating mares, Thoroughbreds, foals, nutrition, pasture feeding, macroelement concentration, microelement concentration, dietary mineral requirements.

Grace, N.D., H.L. Shaw, E.K. Gee, and E.C. Firth (2002). Determination of the digestible energy intake and apparent absorption of macroelements in pasture-fed lactating Thoroughbred mares. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 50(5): 182-185. ISSN: 0048-0169.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 N483
Descriptors: horses, lactating mares, nutritional value of pasture, digestible energy intake, dry matter digestibility, macroelement absorption.

Hamet, N., E. Doligez, C. Cazier, F. Chansard, C. Nizet, and C. Collobert (2000). Definition de messages techniques coherents concernant le paturage des chevaux et la prevention du parasitisme. I. Relation entre la gestion des zones paturees et la contamination de l'herbe et des animaux. [Defining the technical advice concerning the pasturage of horses and the prevention of parasites. 1. Relationship between grazing zones of pastures and contamination of the herbage and animals]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 2000, Les Haras Nationaux Direction du Developpement: Vol. 26, p. 45-53.
Descriptors: pasture management, stud farms, relationship between pasture management practices and internal parasites, brood mares, foals, nutrition, disease prevention, parasite prevention.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Harris, P., S.R. Bailey, J. Elliott, and A. Longland (2006). Countermeasures for pasture-associated laminitis in ponies and horses. Journal of Nutrition 136(7 Suppl.): 2114s-2121s.
Abstract: Laminitis occurs throughout the world in horses and ponies and has major welfare implications. It is obviously important to be able to recognize and treat the condition in its early stages so that pain and suffering are kept to a minimum. However, ideally it would be preferred to be able to recommend certain interventions/countermeasures that avoid or prevent the condition from occurring in the first place. Because pasture-associated laminitis occurs with grass consumption, one obvious way to avoid the condition is to prevent access to pasture and to feed forage alternatives that are known to be low in rapidly fermentable material. For the majority of horses, total restriction is not always a viable or desired option for financial, welfare, and health reasons. It also may not be necessary for those animals that are not predisposed to laminitis. This review discusses the possible countermeasures that could be considered now and in the future in the following 7 key areas: 1) Identifying animals predisposed to the condition; 2) Limiting development of insulin resistance; 3) Avoiding high intakes of rapidly fermentable material; 4) Preventing/reducing the formation and absorption of the various "triggering factors"; 5) Reducing/preventing oxidative damage; 6) Preventing/reducing matrix metalloproteinase activity; and 7) Preventing changes in blood flow. It is unfortunate that little or no hard data exist at present on effective countermeasures, only mechanistic evidence for avoiding risk factors. However, there is much to gain, and research in this area is urgently required.
Descriptors: laminitis prevention, genetic predisposition identification, equine nutrition, insulin resistance, fermentation, oxidative damage, metalloproteinase activity, blood flow, risk factors, equine welfare.

Hoffman, R.M. (2000). Optimal nutrition and supplementation of horses on pasture. In: 62nd Cornell Nutrition Conference for Feed Manufacturers Proceedings, October 24, 2000-October 26, 2000, Rochester, New York, Departments of Poultry Husbandry, Animal Husbandry, and Biochemistry and Nutrition, New York State College of Agriculture, and the Graduate School of Nutrition, Cornell University, in cooperation with the American Feed Manufacturers' Association: Ithaca. New York, USA, p. 89-99.
NAL Call Number: 389.79 C81
Descriptors: horse feeding, diet, mineral supplements, nutrient requirements, grazing, feed intake, nutrient content, vitamin supplements, protein supplements, dietary carbohydrate, dietary fat, growth, bones, milk composition, blood sugar, feed supplements, nutrition physiology, product development.

Hoffman, R.M., J.A. Wilson, D.S. Kronfeld, W.L. Cooper, L.A. Lawrence, D. Sklan, and P.A. Harris (2001). Hydrolyzable carbohydrates in pasture, hay, and horse feeds: direct assay and seasonal variation. Journal of Animal Science 79(2): 500-506. ISSN: 0021-8812.
NAL Call Number: 49 J82
Descriptors: feed, nutrition, hydrolyzable carbohydrates, forages, concentrates, nonstructural carbohydrate, hydrolyzable carbohydrate concentration, near-infrared spectrum, seasonal variation, rapidly fermentable carbohydrates, laminitis, colic.

Hoskin, S.O. and E.K. Gee (2004). Feeding value of pastures for horses. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 52(6): 332-341. ISSN: 0048-0169.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 N483
Abstract: The feeding value of fresh pasture grazed in situ is determined by animal performance or productivity and could be relatively easily established for growing and lactating horses. Despite this, there is a lack of published information on the relative feeding value of different pastures and forages grazed by horses in New Zealand and the world. In addition, for adult breeding or non-breeding and young or adult sport or performance horses, the definition of feeding value and its determination remain problematic. Limited information suggests that the feeding value of perennial ryegrass-based pasture in New Zealand for young growing horses is high, and growth rates for Thoroughbred horses fed solely on pasture in New Zealand are similar to those reported from the Northern Hemisphere where grain-based supplements are fed in addition to pasture or other forages. Attempts to assess the ability of fresh pastures to meet the nutrient requirements of horses are hampered by problems associated with determination of feed intake by grazing horses and lack of knowledge of the digestibility and utilisation of digested nutrients, including the relative bioavailability of macro- and micro-minerals in pasture. A further challenge for future research is to determine the effect of herbage allowance and grazing behaviour, including pasture species preferences, on voluntary feed intake by grazing horses. Grazing pasture has benefits for equine health and well-being including reduced risk of some nutrition-related disorders and reduced prevalence of stereotypic behaviour. Pastured horses have greater freedom for expression of natural behaviours including social interaction and exercise. However, grazing pasture is also associated with animal health problems, particularly parasitism and diseases related to pasture-associated toxins.
Descriptors: horses, growth, lactation, feed value, performance, productivity, grazing pasture, forages, parasites.

Hoveland, C.S. (2004). New forages for horse pastures. In: Proceedings American Forage and Grassland Council, June 12, 2004-June 16, 2004, Roanoke, Virginia, Vol. 13, p. 193-197.
NAL Call Number: SB193.F59
Descriptors: horses, pastures, pasture plants, forage, grazing.

Huang, Y. (2000). [Mineral elements in pastures and blood of Hequ horse]. Acta Prataculturae Sinica 9(3): 32-35. ISSN: 1004-5759.
NAL Call Number: SB202.C6T73
Descriptors: horses, nutrition, forage species, mineral content, Kobresia bellardii, Poa alpigena, Elymus nutans, Festuca ovina, Scirpus distigmaticus, Carex scabriostris, Leontopodium nanum, Taraxacum mongolicum.
Language of Text: Chinese with an English summary.

Hunt, W.F. (1997). Research on foal growth under various pasture conditions. Proceedings of the Annual Seminar of the Equine Branch of the New Zealand Veterinary Association (NZVA) 174: 27-35. ISSN: 0112-9643.
NAL Call Number: SF604.P82
Descriptors: foals, grazing, nutrition, skeletal growth, weight gain, high-endophyte ryegrass, chicory, Tama ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum cv. Tama, measurement techniques.

Ince, J.C., A.C. Longland, M. Moore Colyer, C.J. Newbold, C. Drakley, and P. Harris (2005). A pilot study to estimate the intake of grass by ponies with restricted access to pasture. In: Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science Annual Conference, April 4, 2005-April 6, 2005, York, UK , British Society of Animal Science: Penicuik, United Kingdom, p. 109. ISBN: 0906562473.
NAL Call Number:
Descriptors: grass intake, weight gain, pasture managment and production, feeding restriction, pilot studies, access to pasture, ponies.

Kapron, B. and B. Nowakowicz Debek (2003). Effect of winter weight gains on pasture grass intake capacity of saddle breed foals aged 12-18 months. Annals of Animal Science 3(1): 47-54. ISSN: 1642-3402.
NAL Call Number: SF1.A66
Descriptors: horses, foals, weight gain, seasonality, feed intake, compensatory growth, concentrate, digestive system, development, pasture.
Language of Text: English with an Polish summary.

Kawai, M. (2001). [Intake and digestibility in Hokkaido native horses on woodland pasture]. Journal of Japanese Society of Grassland Science 47(2): 204-211. ISSN: 0447-5933.
NAL Call Number: 60.9 J27
Descriptors: horses, pasture, grazing, feed intake, feed digestibility.
Language of Text: Japanese.

Kawai, M., H. Inaba, S. Kondo, H. Hata, and M. Okubo (1999). Comparison of intake, digestibility and nutritive value of Sasa nipponica in Hokkaido [Japan] native horses on summer and winter woodland pasture. Journal of Japanese Society of Grassland Science 45(1): 15-19. ISSN: 0447-5933.
NAL Call Number: 60.9 J27
Abstract: Amount or intake, digestibility and nutritive value of sasa (Sasa nipponica) foliage in Hokkaido native horses were determined on woodland by the double-indicator method and compared among seasons, i.e. summer, non-snowy periods in winter and snowy periods in winter. The total number of mares and fillies used for experiment were 9 and 3 in summer, 4 and 9 during non-snowy periods in winter and 4 and 6 during snowy periods in winter. The dry matter intake of Sasa nipponica foliage was significantly higher in summer and during non-snowy periods in winter than that during snowy periods in winter (P<0.05). The apparent digestibility of NDF in winter was lower than that in summer (P<0.05). The contents of DCP and DE were 9.2% DM and 1.73 Mcal/kgDM in winter, and were similar to those in summer. The DCP intake of mares and fillies were more than the maintenance requirements (NRC, 1989) of the horses in all seasons. The DE intake of mares was found to be less than the maintenance requirement of the horses during snowy periods in winter, resulting into their body weight losses during this experimental periods. The DE intake of fillies were more than maintenance requirement in all seasons, while their body weight increased in summer and during non-snowy periods in winter, and maintained during snowy periods in winter.
Descriptors: Sasa nipponica, nutritive value of sasa, Hokkaido native horses, Japan, seasonal comparision, body weights, feeding habits of horses.
Language of Text: English and Japanese summaries.

Kawai, M., N. Yabu, T. Asa, K. Deguchi, and S. Matsuoka (2005). Intake, digestibility and rate of passage of grass in grazing by light breed horses on different pastures. In: XX International Grassland Congress: Offered Papers, June 26, 2005-July 1, 2005, Dublin, Ireland, Wageningen Academic Publishers: Wageningen, Netherlands, 515 p. ISBN: 9076998817.
Descriptors: grazing behavior, digestive system, forage intake, passage rate.

Kronfeld, D.S. (1997). Variations in energy requirements of horses and errors in estimation of pasture intake. In: Proceedings of the15th Equine Nutrition and Physiology Symposium, May 28, 1997-May 31, 1997, Fort Worth, Texas, USA, Savoy, USA: Equine Nutrition & Physiology Society Publications, p. 383.
Descriptors: horses, energy requirement, pasture intake.

Kronfeld, D.S., K.H. Treiber, T.M. Hess, R.K. Splan, B.M. Byrd, W.B. Staniar, and N.W. White (2006). Metabolic syndrome in healthy ponies facilitates nutritional countermeasures against pasture laminitis. Journal of Nutrition 136(7 Suppl.): 2090s-2093s.
Descriptors: laminitis prevention, predisposition identification, pedigree analysis, equine nutrition.

Kurvers, C.M., P.R. van Weeren, C.W. Rogers, and M.C. van Dierendonck (2006). Quantification of spontaneous locomotion activity in foals kept in pastures under various management conditions. American Journal of Veterinary Research 67(7): 1212-1217.
Abstract: Objective-To describe spontaneous locomotion activity of foals kept under various management conditions and assess the suitability of global positioning system (GPS) technology for recording foal activity. Animals-59 foals. Procedures-During the foals' first 4 months of life, 921 observation periods (15 minutes each) were collected and analyzed for locomotion activities. The GPS system was evaluated by simultaneously carrying out field observations with a handheld computer. Results-Foals spent 0.5% of total observed time cantering, 0.2% trotting, 10.7% walking, 32.0% grazing, 34.8% standing, and 21.6% lying down. Total observed daytime workload (velocity x distance) in the first month was approximately twice that in the following months. Locomotion activity decreased with increasing age. Colts had more activity than fillies in certain periods, and foals that were stabled for some portion of the day had compensatory locomotion activity, which was probably insufficient to reach the level of foals kept continually outside. The GPS recordings and handheld-computer observations were strongly correlated for canter, trot, and walk and moderately correlated for standing and lying. Correlation for grazing was low. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results indicated that domestically managed foals, when kept 24 h/d at pasture, will exercise at a level comparable with feral foals. High workload during the first month of life might be important for conditioning the musculoskeletal system. The GPS technique accurately quantified canter, trot, and walk activities; less accurately indexed resting; and was unsuitable for grazing because of the wide array of velocities used while foraging.
Descriptors: foals, management practices, global positioning system, activity recording methods, daytime workload.

Longland, A.C. and B.M. Byrd (2006). Pasture nonstructural carbohydrates and equine laminitis. Journal of Nutrition 136(7 Suppl.): 2099s-2102s.
Abstract: Fresh forages constitute a majority of the diet for many horses and ponies that graze on pastures during the growing season in many parts of the world. Grasses generally predominate in such pastures, with varying proportions of legumes. Nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC) (simple sugars, starch, and fructan) can induce laminitis experimentally, and NSC can accumulate to >400 g/kg of dry matter (DM) in pasture grasses. In this article we discuss the environmental factors affecting NSC accumulation in pastures and estimate the potential daily intakes of pasture NSC by grazing horses. We also discuss strategies for both reducing the NSC content of pastures and management practices that can help reduce intakes of pasture NSC by equines at risk of developing laminitis. This study reveals the importance of accurate forage analysis in the development of feeding regimens for equines at risk of laminitis.
Descriptors: diet composition, grasses, dry matter, forage analysis, nonstructural carbohydrates, administration of dietary carbohydrates, dosage of dietary carbohydrates, laminitis.

Mage, C. (1996). Epidemiologie parasitaire chez les juments de trait au paturage (Strongles). [Parasitic epidemiology of draft mares kept on pasture (Strongyles)]. Revue De Medecine Veterinaire 147(3): 211-214. ISSN: 0035-1555.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 R32
Descriptors: mares, draft horses, grazing, pastures, biological contamination, Stongyles, Strongylus vulgaris, parasitic infection.
Language of Text: French with English and French summaries.

Mage, C., C. Trillaud Geyl, and G. Arnaud (1995). Epidemiologie de l'infestation des jeunes chevaux au paturage par les strongles gastro-intestinaux. [Epidemiology of gastrointestinal strongyle infection in young horses on pasture]. Revue De Medecine Veterinaire 146(1): 41-44.
Descriptors: horses, epidemiological studies, parasitology, pasture contamination.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Mair, T.S. (1996). Obstructive pulmonary disease in 18 horses at summer pasture. The Veterinary Record 138(4): 89-91. ISSN: 0042-4900.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 V641
Descriptors: horses, summer, animal diseases, grazing, seasons, drug therapy, respiratory disorders, endoscopy, inflammation, granulocytes, clenbuterol, prednisolone, respiratory diseases, hypersensitivity, adrenal cortex hormones, agricultural chemicals, animal feeding, behavior, blood, blood cells, cells, corticoids, disease control, disorders, feeding habits, functional disorders, glucocorticoids, hormones, immunological diseases, leukocytes, organic diseases, seasons, therapy, dyspnoea, neutrophils, obstructive pulmonary disease.

Manteaux, J.P., N. Manteaux, and C. Casset (1996). Prairies paturees par des chevaux pur-sang en Normandie: composition minerale des zones surpaturees. [Pastures grazed by Thoroughbred horses in Normandy: mineral composition of overgrazed areas]. Fourrages(146): 149-164. ISSN: 0429-2766.
Descriptors: horses, overgrazing, pasture composition, pasture mineral composition, legumes.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

McCluskey, B., J. Traub Dargatz, L. Garber, and F. Ross (1999). Survey of endophyte infection and its associated toxin in pastures grazed by horses. In: Proceedings of the 45th Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, December 5, 1999-December 8, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico, p. 213-216.
Descriptors: horses, tall fescue grass, grazing, pasture, Neotyphodium coenophialum, toxins, endophytes, literature reviews, surveys.

McGorum, B.C., I.G. Mayhew, H. Amory, P. Deprez, L. Gillies, K. Green, T.S. Mair, H. Nollet, I.D. Wijnberg, and C.N. Hahn (2006). Horses on pasture may be affected by equine motor neuron disease. Equine Veterinary Journal 38(1): 47-51.
NAL Call Number: SF955.E6
Abstract: REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Equine motor neuron disease (EMND) was diagnosed in 3 horses maintained on lush, grass-based pasture. This contrasted with North American studies which identified limited or no access to green herbage as an important risk factor for EMND. HYPOTHESIS: Grazing horses that have an apparently adequate intake of pasture herbage to meet normal equine vitamin E requirements can develop EMND. METHODS: Owners of 32 European horses diagnosed with EMND completed a questionnaire regarding intrinsic, managemental, nutritional and environmental factors that could potentially be risk factors for EMND, and also regarding clinical signs, treatments and case outcome. Plasma/serum vitamin E data for these horses were supplied by the veterinarians. No control population was studied. RESULTS: Thirteen of 32 horses (termed the 'grazing' group) had part- or full-time access to grass-based pasture at the onset of EMND (median duration at pasture 12 h/day, range 3-24 h). Five of these horses were at pasture for at least 235 h/day at the onset of EMND, 2 of which were at pasture for at least 23.5 h/day throughout the year. Despite grazing, all these horses had a low vitamin E status. The remaining 19 horses resembled those cases reported from North America, in that they had no or limited access to pasture. CONCLUSIONS AND POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: A diagnosis of EMND should not be discounted on the basis that a horse has access, even full-time, to lush grass-based pasture. Inadequate vitamin E intake was probably not the sole cause of either the EMND or the low vitamin E status in the grazing horses; the latter was probably the result of abnormal bioavailability or excessive utilisation of vitamin E.
Descriptors: equine motor neuron disease, pasture effects, risk factors, vitamin E requirements, pasture access.

Medica, D.L., M.J. Hanaway, S.L. Ralston, and M.V.K. Sukhdeo (1996). Grazing behavior of horses on pasture: predisposition to strongylid infection? Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 16(10): 421-427. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: horses, pasture, grazing, behavior, Strongylus vulgaris, parasite predisposition.

Mejdell, C.M. and K.E. Boe (2005). Responses to climatic variables of horses housed outdoors under Nordic winter conditions. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 85(3): 301-308. ISSN: 0008-3984.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 C163
Descriptors: horses, cold zones, cold stress, winter hardiness, animal behavior, air temperature, snow, rain, wind, body condition, thyroid hormones, blood serum, hairs, animal housing, horse breeds, Norway, shivering, Icelandic pony horse breed.
Language of Text: English with a French summary.

Meldrum, B. (2004). Recognizing poisonous plants and poisonous plant diseases in the horse. "Do you know what is in your pasture?". In: Proceedings American Forage and Grassland Council, June 12, 2004-June 16, 2004, Roanoke, Virginia, Vol. 13, p. 186-192.
NAL Call Number: SB193.F59
Descriptors: horses, pasture plants, poisonous plants, poisoning.

Mesochina, P., J.L. Peyraud, P. Duncan, D. Micol, and C. Trillaud Geyl (2000). Ingestion d'herbe au paturage par le cheval de selle en croissance: effet de l'age des poulains et de la biomasse d'herbe. [Grass intake by growing horses at pasture: a test of the effects of the horses' age and sward biomass]. Annales De Zootechnie 49(6): 505-515. ISSN: 0003-424X.
NAL Call Number: 49 F84
Descriptors: horses, age variation, nutrition, pasture intake, grazing preference, Medicago sativa, Dactylis glomerata, Lolium perenne, Trifolium repens, Taraxacum officinale, Poa pratensis.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Moulin, C. (2000). Comment aborder le conseil sur le paturage en productions equines? Les enseignements techniques et methodologiques de travaux sur le fonctionnement des systemes d'alimentation. [How does one approach pasture production for horses? The effect of acquired techniques and methods on digestive tract function]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 2000, Les Haras Nationaux Direction Du Developpement: Paris, France, Vol. 26, p. 65-77.
Descriptors: horses, grazing, feeding systems, pasture management, adequate nutrition, pasture diversity, surveys.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Orth, D., P. Carrere, A. Lefevre, P. Duquet, Y. Michelin, E. Josien, and G. L'Homme (1997). L'adjonction de chevaux aux bovins en conditions de sous-chargement modifie-t-elle l'utilisation de la ressource herbagere? [Does the association of horses with cattle under under-stocked grazing conditions modify the utilization of the pasture resource?]. Fourrages ISSN: 0429-2766.
Descriptors: natural pastures, rangelands, highlands, stocking density, grazing intensity, mixed grazing, cattle, horses, feeding habits, Auvergne, behavior, Bovidae, Bovinae, domestic animals, Europe, feeding systems, France, grassland management, grazing systems, land resources, livestock, livestock management, natural resources, nonrenewable resources, pasture, physiographic features, ruminants, useful animals, western Europe.
Language of Text: French with English and French summaries.

Pearce, S.G., E.C. Firth, N.D. Grace, and P.F. Fennessy (1999). The effect of high pasture molybdenum concentrations on the copper status of grazing horses in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 42(1): 93-99. ISSN: 0028-8233.
NAL Call Number: 23 N4892
Descriptors: horses, nutrition, pasture content, mineral levels.

Pirkelmann, H. (1997). Ohne Weide und Auslauf geht es nicht. Fuer Jungpferde kommt nur die Gruppenhaltung im Laufstall in Frage. [Without pasture and free range nothing works. For young horses only group housing in a loose housing system is possible]. Wurttemberg Agricultural Weekly 164(8): 16-18, 20. ISSN: 0043-9606.
NAL Call Number: 18 W96
Descriptors: mares, foals, animal housing, design, free range husbandry, animal welfare, loose housing system, young horse needs, pastures, farming systems, grazing lands.
Language of Text: German.

Rogers, C.W., B. Eastwood, E.K. Gee, and E.C. Firth (2004). The effect of grain supplementation on the faecal pH of horses maintained on pasture. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 64: 165-170. ISSN: 0370-2731.
NAL Call Number: 49.9 N483
Descriptors: horses, nutrition, pasture, grazing, fecal pH, grain supplementation.

Romaniuk, K., R. Szymborska, J. Kal, and a. Karpinska (2005). Wystepowanie muchowek u krow i konikow polskich przebywajacych na pastwisku. [Outbreaks of diptera in cows and primitive Polish horses maintained in pastures]. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 61(3): 332-334. ISSN: 0025-8628.
Descriptors: pasture management, pest control, fly prevalance, effect of climate on fly population.
Language of Text: Polish.

Ryan, P., B. Rude, B. Warren, L. Boyd, D. Lang, D. Scruggs, and R. Hopper (2001). Effects of exposing late-term pregnant mares to toxic and non-toxic endophyte-infected tall Fescue pastures. Biology of Reproduction 64(Suppl. 1): 346-347. ISSN: 0006-3363.
NAL Call Number: QL876.B5
Descriptors: horses, pregnant mares, reproduction, pastures, endophytes, tall Fescue plants, toxicology.
Notes: Meeting Information: Thirty-fourth Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Reproduction, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; July 28-August 01, 2001.

Seki, Y., Y.M. Seimiya, G. Yaegashi, S. Kumagai, H. Sentsui, T. Nishimori, and R. Ishihara (2004). Occurrence of equine coital exanthema in pastured draft horses and isolation of equine herpesvirus 3 from progenital lesions. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 66(12): 1503-1508. ISSN: 0916-7250.
Descriptors: antibodies, artificial insemination, clinical aspects, copulation, disease prevalence, disease prevention, epidemics, epidemiology, exanthema, genes, mares, stallions, viral proteins, virus neutralization, equine herpesvirus, horses.

Singer, J.W., W.J. Bamka, D. Kluchinski, and R. Govindasamy (2002). Using the recommended stocking density to predict equine pasture management. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 22(2): 73-76. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: horses, pasture management, maintenance procedures.

Singer, J.W., N. Bobsin, W.J. Bamka, and D. Kluchinshi (1999). Horse pasture management. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 19(9): 540-592. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: horses, pasture management, maintenance procedures, forage species, stocking rates, fertilization, nutrition.

Singer, J.W., D. Kluchinski, W.J. Bamka, N. Bobsin, and R. Govindasamy (2002). Effectiveness of cooperative extension equine pasture management programs. Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education 31: 59-61. ISSN: 1059-9053.
NAL Call Number: S530.J6
Descriptors: horse pastures, cooperative extension services, surveys.

Swerczek, T.W. (2002). Saprotrophic fungi and bacteria and commensal bacteria that infect frost-damaged pastures may be contributing to gut microbial overgrowth and lesions associated with the mare reproductive loss syndrome. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 22(6): 234-237. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: horses, pasture, effects of frost on pasture, fungi, bacteria, reproductive loss syndrome.

Teerasak Traimongkolkul, Somchai Sajapitak, Piyawan Suthanmapinanta, Nirachara Rochanapat, Churee Pankamnerd, and Thratorn Jangploy (1998). Kan pamoen saphawa phrae rabat khong phayat nai plaeng ya nai farm ma. [Assessment of pasture infestation by parasites in horse farm]. In: Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the Thai Veterinary Medical Association (TVMA) and the 4th Conference of the Veterinary Practitioner Association of Thailand, August 5, 1998-August 7, 1998, Bangkok (Thailand), Thai Veterinary Medical Association Bangkok (Thailand): p. 65-78. 372 p.
Descriptors: pasture management methods, parasite infestation, anthelminthic program, Strongylus.
Language of Text: Thai with English and Thai summaries.

Thamsborg, S.M., P.S. Leifsson, C. Grondahl, M. Larsen, and P. Nansen (1998). Impact of mixed strongyle infections in foals after one month on pasture. Equine Veterinary Journal 30(3): 240-245. ISSN: 0425-1644.
NAL Call Number: SF955.E6
Descriptors: foals, Strongylus vulgaris, grazing, nematode infections, incidence, nematode larvae, mixed infections, cyathostoma, contamination, vigor, weight gain, feces, anorexia, postmortem examinations, blood chemistry, prepatent period, albumins, globulins.

Traimongkolkul, T., S. Sajapitak, P. Suthanmapinanta, N. Rochanapat, C. Pankamnerd, and T. Jangploy (1998). [An assessment of pasture infestation by parasites in horse farm]. Kasetsart Journal, Natural Sciences 32(3): 299-308. ISSN: 0075-5192.
NAL Call Number: 22.5 K153
Descriptors: horses, pasture contamination, nematoda, grazing, manure, seasonality.
Language of Text: Thai with an English summary.

Treiber, K.H., D.S. Kronfeld, T.M. Hess, B.M. Byrd, R.K. Splan, and W.B. Staniar (2006). Evaluation of genetic and metabolic predispositions and nutritional risk factors for pasture-associated laminitis in ponies. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228(10): 1538-45.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate genetic and metabolic predispositions and nutritional risk factors for development of pasture-associated laminitis in ponies. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. ANIMALS: 160 ponies. PROCEDURES: A previous diagnosis of laminitis was used to differentiate 54 ponies (PL group) from 106 nonlaminitic ponies (NL group). Pedigree analysis was used to determine a mode of inheritance for ponies with a previous diagnosis of laminitis. In early March, ponies were weighed and scored for body condition and basal venous blood samples were obtained. Plasma was analyzed for glucose, insulin, triglycerides, nonesterified fatty acids, and cortisol concentrations. Basal proxies for insulin sensitivity (reciprocal of the square root of insulin [RISQI]) and insulin secretory response (modified insulin-to-glucose ratio [MIRG]) were calculated. Observations were repeated in May, when some ponies had signs of clinical laminitis. RESULTS: A previous diagnosis of laminitis was consistent with the expected inheritance of a dominant major gene or genes with reduced penetrance. A prelaminitic metabolic profile was defined on the basis of body condition, plasma triglyceride concentration, RISQI, and MIRG. Meeting > or = 3 of these criteria differentiated PL- from NL-group ponies with a total predictive power of 78%. Determination of prelaminitic metabolic syndrome in March predicted 11 of 13 cases of clinical laminitis observed in May when pasture starch concentration was high. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Prelaminitic metabolic syndrome in apparently healthy ponies is comparable to metabolic syndromes in humans and is the first such set of risk factors to be supported by data in equids. Prelaminitic metabolic syndrome identifies ponies requiring special management, such as avoiding high starch intake that exacerbates insulin resistance.
Descriptors: equine laminitis, metabolic and genetic predisposition, nutritional risk factors, pedigree analysis, body condition scoring, basal venous blood values, insulin sensitivity, management practices.

Trillaud Geyl, C. (1995). Quantites d'herbe ingerees par le poulain de selle en croissance au paturage. [Intake of grass by growing saddle horses on pasture]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 1995, Institut du Cheval: Paris, France, Vol. 21, p. 68-72.
Descriptors: horses, pasture, grazing, forage intake, weight gain, mixed pasture grasses, Festuca, Dactylis, growth and lignin content of grass.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Trzaskos, M., H. Czyz, T. Kitczak, and J. Dmochowski (2004). Suitability of vermicompost for improvement of low quality woodland pastures used by Shetland ponies. In: Land Use Systems in Grassland Dominated Regions. Proceedings of the 20th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation, June 21, 2004-June 24, 2004, Luzern, Switzerland, Grassland Science in Europe, p. 726-728.
Descriptors: application rates, botanical composition, calcium, chemical composition, crude protein, grass sward, magnesium, nutrient content, nutritive value, phosphorus, plant composition, potassium, protein content, woodland grasslands, Festuca rubra, horses, Lolium perenne, Phleum pratense, Poa pratensis, Trifolium repens.

Undersander, D.J. and R. Antoniewicz (1997). Pastures for Horses, University of Wisconsin--Extension, Cooperative Extension: Madison, Wisconsin, 7 p.
Online: http://learningstore.uwex.edu/pdf/A3680.pdf
Descriptors: pastures.

United States. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Veterinary Services. Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health. National Animal Health Monitoring System (U.S.). (1999). Endophytes in United States Horse Pastures, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: Fort Collins, CO, 1 sheet, 2 p.
NAL Call Number: aSF757.5.E53 1999
Descriptors: veterinary toxicology, horse diseases and pests, United States, endophytic fungi, endophytes, pastures, mycotoxins.

Varela, E.B. (1995). Control of the growth rate of young foals in a pasture-feeding program in Argentina. Proceedings From the Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners 41: 274-275. ISSN: 0065-7182.
NAL Call Number: SF601.A46
Descriptors: foals, growth rate, Argentina, biological development, growth of horses, pasture feeding.

Watts, K.A. (2004). Forage and pasture management for laminitic horses. Clinical Techniques in Equine Practice 3(1): 88-95. ISSN: 1534-7516.
NAL Call Number: SF951.C56
Descriptors: horses, laminitis, hydrolyzable carbohydrates, fructan, metabolic disorders, forage content, management practices, feeding.
Notes: Special issue: Laminitis.

Wichtel, J.J., N.D. Grace, and E.C. Firth (1998). The effect of injectable barium selenate on the selenium status of horses on pasture. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 46(5): 186-190. ISSN: 0048-0169.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 N483
Descriptors: horses, pasture, supplementation, nutrition, supplement injection, barium, selenium, trace elements.

in all seasons, while their body weight increased in summer and during non-snowy periods in winter, and maintained during snowy periods in winter.
Descriptors: Sasa nipponica, nutritive value of sasa, Hokkaido native horses, Japan, seasonal comparision, body weights, feeding habits of horses.
Language of Text: English and Japanese summaries.

Burger, S.M. (1996). Horse Owner's Field Guide to Toxic Plants, Breakthrough: Ossining, New York, USA, 230 p. ISBN: 0914327623.
NAL Call Number: SB617.4.B97 1996
Descriptors: poisonous plants, identification, toxicology, horses health, United States, geographical distribution.

Giessen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Tierzucht und Haustiergenetik. (1996). Pferdeweide - Know-how. [Horse pastures - Know-how]. Reiterjournal (Germany) 17(2): 85-86. ISSN: 0173-2404.
Descriptors: pastures, horses, maintenance, fertilizer application, weed control, grazing systems, pasture improvement, feeding systems, grassland management, grazing lands, land resources, natural resources, pest control.
Language of Text: German.

Adamovics, A. (2004). Zirgu spekam un skaistumam nepieciesamas ganibas. [Pastures for power and beauty of horses]. Agro Tops(7): 53-55. ISSN: 1407-5164.
Abstract: This article presents requirements for management of quality horse pastures.
Descriptors: pastures, grasslands, horse pasture characteristics, fertilizer application, Latvia.
Language of Text: Latvian.

Avery, A. (1996). Pastures for Horses: A Winning Resource, Rural Industries Research & Development Corporation, Dept. of Natural Resources & Environment Victoria: Victoria, Australia, 198 p. ISBN: 0642259739.
NAL Call Number: SB199.A94 1996
Descriptors: pastures, Australia, horses feeding and feeds.

Undersander, D.J. and R. Antoniewicz (1997). Pastures for Horses, University of Wisconsin--Extension, Cooperative Extension: Madison, Wisconsin, 7 p.
Descriptors: pastures.

Grace, N. (2005). Pasture counts: The contribution of pasture to the diets of horses. In: J.D. Pagan (Editor), Advances in Equine Nutrition III, Nottingham University Press: Nottingham, UK, p. 11-21. ISBN: 1904761283.
NAL Call Number: SF285.5.A39 2005
Descriptors: pasture productivity, frequently grazed pastures, disease resistant pasture species, pasture production factors, pasture utilization by horses, dry matter intakes (DMI), digestible energy intakes (DEI), Thoroughbreds, growth and development of young horses.

Hamet, N., E. Doligez, C. Cazier, F. Chansard, C. Nizet, and C. Collobert (2000). Definition de messages techniques coherents concernant le paturage des chevaux et la prevention du parasitisme. I. Relation entre la gestion des zones paturees et la contamination de l'herbe et des animaux. [Defining the technical advice concerning the pasturage of horses and the prevention of parasites. 1. Relationship between grazing zones of pastures and contamination of the herbage and animals]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 2000, Les Haras Nationaux Direction du Developpement: Vol. 26, p. 45-53.
Descriptors: pasture management, stud farms, relationship between pasture management practices and internal parasites, brood mares, foals, nutrition, disease prevention, parasite prevention.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Orth, D., P. Carrere, A. Lefevre, P. Duquet, Y. Michelin, E. Josien, and G. L'Homme (1997). L'adjonction de chevaux aux bovins en conditions de sous-chargement modifie-t-elle l'utilisation de la ressource herbagere? [Does the association of horses with cattle under under-stocked grazing conditions modify the utilization of the pasture resource?]. Fourrages ISSN: 0429-2766.
Descriptors: natural pastures, rangelands, highlands, stocking density, grazing intensity, mixed grazing, cattle, horses, feeding habits, Auvergne, behavior, Bovidae, Bovinae, domestic animals, Europe, feeding systems, France, grassland management, grazing systems, land resources, livestock, livestock management, natural resources, nonrenewable resources, pasture, physiographic features, ruminants, useful animals, western Europe.
Language of Text: French with English and French summaries.

Carnevale, E.M., M.J. Hermenet, and O.J. Ginther (1997). Age and pasture effects on vernal transition in mares. Theriogenology 47(5): 1009-1018. ISSN: 0093-691X.
Descriptors: mares, follicular activity, vernal transition, age, pasture, ovulation.

Pirkelmann, H. (1997). Ohne Weide und Auslauf geht es nicht. Fuer Jungpferde kommt nur die Gruppenhaltung im Laufstall in Frage. [Without pasture and free range nothing works. For young horses only group housing in a loose housing system is possible]. Wurttemberg Agricultural Weekly 164(8): 16-18, 20. ISSN: 0043-9606.
NAL Call Number: 18 W96
Descriptors: mares, foals, animal housing, design, free range husbandry, animal welfare, loose housing system, young horse needs, pastures, farming systems, grazing lands.
Language of Text: German.

Mage, C. (1996). Epidemiologie parasitaire chez les juments de trait au paturage (Strongles). [Parasitic epidemiology of draft mares kept on pasture (Strongyles)]. Revue De Medecine Veterinaire 147(3): 211-214. ISSN: 0035-1555.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 R32
Descriptors: mares, draft horses, grazing, pastures, biological contamination, Stongyles, Strongylus vulgaris, parasitic infection.
Language of Text: French with English and French summaries.

McCluskey, B., J. Traub Dargatz, L. Garber, and F. Ross (1999). Survey of endophyte infection and its associated toxin in pastures grazed by horses. In: Proceedings of the 45th Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, December 5, 1999-December 8, 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico, p. 213-216.
Descriptors: horses, tall fescue grass, grazing, pasture, Neotyphodium coenophialum, toxins, endophytes, literature reviews, surveys.

Mair, T.S. (1996). Obstructive pulmonary disease in 18 horses at summer pasture. The Veterinary Record 138(4): 89-91. ISSN: 0042-4900.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 V641
Descriptors: horses, summer, animal diseases, grazing, seasons, drug therapy, respiratory disorders, endoscopy, inflammation, granulocytes, clenbuterol, prednisolone, respiratory diseases, hypersensitivity, adrenal cortex hormones, agricultural chemicals, animal feeding, behavior, blood, blood cells, cells, corticoids, disease control, disorders, feeding habits, functional disorders, glucocorticoids, hormones, immunological diseases, leukocytes, organic diseases, seasons, therapy, dyspnoea, neutrophils, obstructive pulmonary disease.

Ryan, P., B. Rude, B. Warren, L. Boyd, D. Lang, D. Scruggs, and R. Hopper (2001). Effects of exposing late-term pregnant mares to toxic and non-toxic endophyte-infected tall Fescue pastures. Biology of Reproduction 64(Suppl. 1): 346-347. ISSN: 0006-3363.
NAL Call Number: QL876.B5
Descriptors: horses, pregnant mares, reproduction, pastures, endophytes, tall Fescue plants, toxicology.
Notes: Meeting Information: Thirty-fourth Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Reproduction, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; July 28-August 01, 2001.

Fisher, C. (1995). Horse care: perilous pasture plants. Rural Heritage 20(2): 44-45. ISSN: 0889-2970.
NAL Call Number: SF311.E9
Descriptors: horses, poisonous plants, poisoning, Sorghum sudanense, Euphorbia esula, Equisetum arvense, Trifolium hybridum, Pteridium aquilinum, Hypericum perforatum, Glechoma hederacea, Prunus serotina, Kalmia latifolia, Solanum dulcamara, Rhododendron maximum, North America.

Hoveland, C.S. (2004). New forages for horse pastures. In: Proceedings American Forage and Grassland Council, June 12, 2004-June 16, 2004, Roanoke, Virginia, Vol. 13, p. 193-197.
NAL Call Number: SB193.F59
Descriptors: horses, pastures, pasture plants, forage, grazing.

Benyovovszky, B.M., K. Penksza, and J. Hausenblasz (1998). Qualitaetsaanforderungen der Pferde an die Weide. [Quality requirements of pasture for horses]. In: Conference on Nutrition of Domestic Animals "Zadravec Erjavec Days", Radenci (Slovenia), Vol. 7, p. 216-223.
Descriptors: horses, pastures, grazing, grasses, quality, palatability, animal feeding, land resources, natural resources, nonrenewable resources, organoleptic properties, quality.
Language of Text: German with English, German and Slovenian summaries.

Wichtel, J.J., N.D. Grace, and E.C. Firth (1998). The effect of injectable barium selenate on the selenium status of horses on pasture. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 46(5): 186-190. ISSN: 0048-0169.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 N483
Descriptors: horses, pasture, supplementation, nutrition, supplement injection, barium, selenium, trace elements.

Meldrum, B. (2004). Recognizing poisonous plants and poisonous plant diseases in the horse. "Do you know what is in your pasture?". In: Proceedings American Forage and Grassland Council, June 12, 2004-June 16, 2004, Roanoke, Virginia, Vol. 13, p. 186-192.
NAL Call Number: SB193.F59
Descriptors: horses, pasture plants, poisonous plants, poisoning.

Bikbulatov, Z.G., B. Satyev Kh, and V.I. Samokhvalov (1997). [All-year-round maintenance of horses on pastures]. Kormoproizvodstvo(3): 24-26. ISSN: 0235-2540.
NAL Call Number: SB193.A1L8
Descriptors: horses, pasture management, pasture yield improvement.
Language of Text: Russian.

Singer, J.W., N. Bobsin, W.J. Bamka, and D. Kluchinshi (1999). Horse pasture management. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 19(9): 540-592. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: horses, pasture management, maintenance procedures, forage species, stocking rates, fertilization, nutrition.

Singer, J.W., W.J. Bamka, D. Kluchinski, and R. Govindasamy (2002). Using the recommended stocking density to predict equine pasture management. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 22(2): 73-76. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: horses, pasture management, maintenance procedures.

Craig, S. (1997). Pasture management, indigenous veterinary care and the role of the horse in Mustang, Nepal. In: Rangelands and Pastoral Development in the Hindu Kush Himalayas: Proceedings of a Regional Experts' Meeting, November 5, 1996-November 7, 1996, Kathmandu, Nepal, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD): Kathmandu, Nepal, p. 147-170.
Descriptors: horses, pasture management, grazing technique, indigenous veterinary practice.

Trillaud Geyl, C. (1995). Quantites d'herbe ingerees par le poulain de selle en croissance au paturage. [Intake of grass by growing saddle horses on pasture]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 1995, Institut du Cheval: Paris, France, Vol. 21, p. 68-72.
Descriptors: horses, pasture, grazing, forage intake, weight gain, mixed pasture grasses, Festuca, Dactylis, growth and lignin content of grass.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Kawai, M. (2001). [Intake and digestibility in Hokkaido native horses on woodland pasture]. Journal of Japanese Society of Grassland Science 47(2): 204-211. ISSN: 0447-5933.
NAL Call Number: 60.9 J27
Descriptors: horses, pasture, grazing, feed intake, feed digestibility.
Language of Text: Japanese.

Medica, D.L., M.J. Hanaway, S.L. Ralston, and M.V.K. Sukhdeo (1996). Grazing behavior of horses on pasture: predisposition to strongylid infection? Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 16(10): 421-427. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: horses, pasture, grazing, behavior, Strongylus vulgaris, parasite predisposition.

Swerczek, T.W. (2002). Saprotrophic fungi and bacteria and commensal bacteria that infect frost-damaged pastures may be contributing to gut microbial overgrowth and lesions associated with the mare reproductive loss syndrome. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 22(6): 234-237. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: horses, pasture, effects of frost on pasture, fungi, bacteria, reproductive loss syndrome.

Traimongkolkul, T., S. Sajapitak, P. Suthanmapinanta, N. Rochanapat, C. Pankamnerd, and T. Jangploy (1998). [An assessment of pasture infestation by parasites in horse farm]. Kasetsart Journal, Natural Sciences 32(3): 299-308. ISSN: 0075-5192.
NAL Call Number: 22.5 K153
Descriptors: horses, pasture contamination, nematoda, grazing, manure, seasonality.
Language of Text: Thai with an English summary.

Dorchies, P. (1995). Le point sur le parasitisme du cheval au paturage. [Parasitoses of horses at pasture]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 1995, Institut du Cheval: Paris, France, Vol. 21, p. 78-81. ISBN: 2910610055.
Descriptors: horses, parasites, helminthoses, parasitology, anthelmintics, pasture.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Manteaux, J.P., N. Manteaux, and C. Casset (1996). Prairies paturees par des chevaux pur-sang en Normandie: composition minerale des zones surpaturees. [Pastures grazed by Thoroughbred horses in Normandy: mineral composition of overgrazed areas]. Fourrages(146): 149-164. ISSN: 0429-2766.
Descriptors: horses, overgrazing, pasture composition, pasture mineral composition, legumes.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Gallagher, J.R. and T.G. Reeves (1996). Selenium and copper intakes of oat/vetch pasture grazed by horses. Journal of Animal Science 74(Suppl. 1): 183. ISSN: 0021-8812.
NAL Call Number: 49 J82
Descriptors: horses, nutrition, selenium, copper, oat, vetch pasture grazing.
Notes: Meeting Information: 88th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Animal Science, Rapid City, South Dakota, USA; July 24-26, 1996.

Pearce, S.G., E.C. Firth, N.D. Grace, and P.F. Fennessy (1999). The effect of high pasture molybdenum concentrations on the copper status of grazing horses in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 42(1): 93-99. ISSN: 0028-8233.
NAL Call Number: 23 N4892
Descriptors: horses, nutrition, pasture content, mineral levels.

Huang, Y. (2000). [Mineral elements in pastures and blood of Hequ horse]. Acta Prataculturae Sinica 9(3): 32-35. ISSN: 1004-5759.
NAL Call Number: SB202.C6T73
Descriptors: horses, nutrition, forage species, mineral content, Kobresia bellardii, Poa alpigena, Elymus nutans, Festuca ovina, Scirpus distigmaticus, Carex scabriostris, Leontopodium nanum, Taraxacum mongolicum.
Language of Text: Chinese with an English summary.

Gee, E.K., P.C.H. Morel, T.D. Mogg, E.C. Firth, N.D. Grace, and P.F. Fennessy (2004). Liver copper kinetics in Thoroughbred foals at pasture from birth to 160 days of age. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 47(2): 109-118. ISSN: 0028-8233.
NAL Call Number: 23 N4892
Descriptors: horses, mares, pregnancy, copper intake, copper deficieny, orthopedic disease, copper supplementation, copper injection.

Watts, K.A. (2004). Forage and pasture management for laminitic horses. Clinical Techniques in Equine Practice 3(1): 88-95. ISSN: 1534-7516.
NAL Call Number: SF951.C56
Descriptors: horses, laminitis, hydrolyzable carbohydrates, fructan, metabolic disorders, forage content, management practices, feeding.
Notes: Special issue: Laminitis.

Grace, N.D., S.G. Pearce, E.C. Firth, and P.F. Fennessy (1999). Concentrations of macro- and micro-elements in the milk of pasture-fed Thoroughbred mares. Australian Veterinary Journal 77(3): 177-180. ISSN: 0005-0423.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 Au72
Descriptors: horses, lactating mares, Thoroughbreds, foals, nutrition, pasture feeding, macroelement concentration, microelement concentration, dietary mineral requirements.

Grace, N.D., H.L. Shaw, E.K. Gee, and E.C. Firth (2002). Determination of the digestible energy intake and apparent absorption of macroelements in pasture-fed lactating Thoroughbred mares. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 50(5): 182-185. ISSN: 0048-0169.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 N483
Descriptors: horses, lactating mares, nutritional value of pasture, digestible energy intake, dry matter digestibility, macroelement absorption.

Hoskin, S.O. and E.K. Gee (2004). Feeding value of pastures for horses. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 52(6): 332-341. ISSN: 0048-0169.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 N483
Abstract: The feeding value of fresh pasture grazed in situ is determined by animal performance or productivity and could be relatively easily established for growing and lactating horses. Despite this, there is a lack of published information on the relative feeding value of different pastures and forages grazed by horses in New Zealand and the world. In addition, for adult breeding or non-breeding and young or adult sport or performance horses, the definition of feeding value and its determination remain problematic. Limited information suggests that the feeding value of perennial ryegrass-based pasture in New Zealand for young growing horses is high, and growth rates for Thoroughbred horses fed solely on pasture in New Zealand are similar to those reported from the Northern Hemisphere where grain-based supplements are fed in addition to pasture or other forages. Attempts to assess the ability of fresh pastures to meet the nutrient requirements of horses are hampered by problems associated with determination of feed intake by grazing horses and lack of knowledge of the digestibility and utilisation of digested nutrients, including the relative bioavailability of macro- and micro-minerals in pasture. A further challenge for future research is to determine the effect of herbage allowance and grazing behaviour, including pasture species preferences, on voluntary feed intake by grazing horses. Grazing pasture has benefits for equine health and well-being including reduced risk of some nutrition-related disorders and reduced prevalence of stereotypic behaviour. Pastured horses have greater freedom for expression of natural behaviours including social interaction and exercise. However, grazing pasture is also associated with animal health problems, particularly parasitism and diseases related to pasture-associated toxins.
Descriptors: horses, growth, lactation, feed value, performance, productivity, grazing pasture, forages, parasites.

Dvojnos, G., L. Balachov, and N. Samzuk (1999). [Wild horses in grasing management of pastures in Chernobyl exclusion zone (in Polesje)]. Vestnik Zoologii Supplement 11: 67-71.
Descriptors: horses, grazing, pasture management.
Language of Text: Russian.

Crane, K., M. Smith, and D. Reynolds (1995). Horse pasture. Wyoming Wildlife 59(3): 32-35. ISSN: 0043-9819.
Descriptors: horses, grazing, pasture.

Gallagher, J.R. (1996). The potential of pasture to supply the nutritional requirements of grazing horses. Australian Veterinary Journal 73(2): 67-68. ISSN: 0005-0423.
NAL Call Number: 41.8 Au72
Descriptors: horses, grazing, nutritional state, pastures, irrigated pastures, feeding preferences, seasonal variation, grazing behavior, horse diseases, nutritive value, literature reviews, Australia, dryland pastures.

Moulin, C. (2000). Comment aborder le conseil sur le paturage en productions equines? Les enseignements techniques et methodologiques de travaux sur le fonctionnement des systemes d'alimentation. [How does one approach pasture production for horses? The effect of acquired techniques and methods on digestive tract function]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 2000, Les Haras Nationaux Direction Du Developpement: Paris, France, Vol. 26, p. 65-77.
Descriptors: horses, grazing, feeding systems, pasture management, adequate nutrition, pasture diversity, surveys.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Kapron, B. and B. Nowakowicz Debek (2003). Effect of winter weight gains on pasture grass intake capacity of saddle breed foals aged 12-18 months. Annals of Animal Science 3(1): 47-54. ISSN: 1642-3402.
NAL Call Number: SF1.A66
Descriptors: horses, foals, weight gain, seasonality, feed intake, compensatory growth, concentrate, digestive system, development, pasture.
Language of Text: English with an Polish summary.

Mage, C., C. Trillaud Geyl, and G. Arnaud (1995). Epidemiologie de l'infestation des jeunes chevaux au paturage par les strongles gastro-intestinaux. [Epidemiology of gastrointestinal strongyle infection in young horses on pasture]. Revue De Medecine Veterinaire 146(1): 41-44.
Descriptors: horses, epidemiological studies, parasitology, pasture contamination.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Kronfeld, D.S. (1997). Variations in energy requirements of horses and errors in estimation of pasture intake. In: Proceedings of the15th Equine Nutrition and Physiology Symposium, May 28, 1997-May 31, 1997, Fort Worth, Texas, USA, Savoy, USA: Equine Nutrition & Physiology Society Publications, p. 383.
Descriptors: horses, energy requirement, pasture intake.

Barbosa, O.F., U.F. Rocha, G.S. da Silva, V.E. Soares, V.A. Veronez, G.P. de Oliveira, V.J.C. Landim, and A.J. da Costa (2001). A survey on Cyathostominae nematodes (Strongylidea, Strongylidae) in pasture bred horses from Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Semina: Ciencias Agrarias Londrina 22(1): 21-26. ISSN: 1676-546X.
Online: http://www.uel.br/proppg/semina/pdf/semina_22_1_19_9.pdf
Descriptors: horses, effect of age differences on infection, nematode infection, epidemiology, intestinal contamination.
Language of Text: English with a Portuguese summary.

Benyovszky, B.M. and K. Penksza (2002). A N-mutragyazas optimalis szintje a kedveltseg szempontjabol egy isaszegi lolegelon. [Optimal level of N fertilization considering feeding preference in a horse paddock]. Novenytermeles 51(5): 509-512. ISSN: 0546-8191.
Descriptors: horses, controlled grazing, grasslands, Bromus inermis, Festuca rubra, Poa pratensis, Bromus, Equidae, feeding systems, Festuca, grazing systems, land cover, mammals, Perissodactyla, Poa, Poaceae, vegetation.
Language of Text: Hungarian with English and Hungarian summaries.

Mesochina, P., J.L. Peyraud, P. Duncan, D. Micol, and C. Trillaud Geyl (2000). Ingestion d'herbe au paturage par le cheval de selle en croissance: effet de l'age des poulains et de la biomasse d'herbe. [Grass intake by growing horses at pasture: a test of the effects of the horses' age and sward biomass]. Annales De Zootechnie 49(6): 505-515. ISSN: 0003-424X.
NAL Call Number: 49 F84
Descriptors: horses, age variation, nutrition, pasture intake, grazing preference, Medicago sativa, Dactylis glomerata, Lolium perenne, Trifolium repens, Taraxacum officinale, Poa pratensis.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Singer, J.W., D. Kluchinski, W.J. Bamka, N. Bobsin, and R. Govindasamy (2002). Effectiveness of cooperative extension equine pasture management programs. Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education 31: 59-61. ISSN: 1059-9053.
NAL Call Number: S530.J6
Descriptors: horse pastures, cooperative extension services, surveys.

Hoffman, R.M. (2000). Optimal nutrition and supplementation of horses on pasture. In: 62nd Cornell Nutrition Conference for Feed Manufacturers Proceedings, October 24, 2000-October 26, 2000, Rochester, New York, Departments of Poultry Husbandry, Animal Husbandry, and Biochemistry and Nutrition, New York State College of Agriculture, and the Graduate School of Nutrition, Cornell University, in cooperation with the American Feed Manufacturers' Association: Ithaca. New York, USA, p. 89-99.
NAL Call Number: 389.79 C81
Descriptors: horse feeding, diet, mineral supplements, nutrient requirements, grazing, feed intake, nutrient content, vitamin supplements, protein supplements, dietary carbohydrate, dietary fat, growth, bones, milk composition, blood sugar, feed supplements, nutrition physiology, product development.

Kawai, M., H. Hisano, Y. Yabu, N. Yabu, and S. Matsuoka (2004). Effects of fallen snow on the voluntary intake and grazing behavior of Hokkaido native horses in winter woodland with underlying Sasa senanensis. Animal Science Journal 75(5): 435-440. ISSN: 1344-3941.
Descriptors: grazing behavior, seasonal variation, effect of snowfall, feed intake, feed digestibility.

Fleurance, G., P. Duncan, and C. Menard (2000). Utilisation heterogene d'une prairie par des chevaux: Relations avec les caracteristiques de la vegetation et l'etat d'infestation parasitaire de la pature. [Heterogeneous use of a prairie by horses: Relations between the vegetation characteristics and the parasitic infestation of the pasture]. In: Journee de la Recherche Equine, March 1, 2000, Les Haras Nationaux Direction Du Developpement: Paris, France, Vol. 26, p. 153-165.
NAL Call Number:
Descriptors: grazing behavior, grass height and variety, grass intake, feeding preference, selective feeding, preference for shorter grasses, reduction of parasitic infestation, Mulassier Poitevan mares, wet grassland.
Language of Text: French with an English summary.

Kawai, M., N. Yabu, T. Asa, K. Deguchi, and S. Matsuoka (2005). Intake, digestibility and rate of passage of grass in grazing by light breed horses on different pastures. In: XX International Grassland Congress: Offered Papers, June 26, 2005-July 1, 2005, Dublin, Ireland, Wageningen Academic Publishers: Wageningen, Netherlands, 515 p. ISBN: 9076998817.
Descriptors: grazing behavior, digestive system, forage intake, passage rate.

Ince, J.C., A.C. Longland, M. Moore Colyer, C.J. Newbold, C. Drakley, and P. Harris (2005). A pilot study to estimate the intake of grass by ponies with restricted access to pasture. In: Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science Annual Conference, April 4, 2005-April 6, 2005, York, UK , British Society of Animal Science: Penicuik, United Kingdom, p. 109. ISBN: 0906562473.
NAL Call Number:
Descriptors: grass intake, weight gain, pasture managment and production, feeding restriction, pilot studies, access to pasture, ponies.

Varela, E.B. (1995). Control of the growth rate of young foals in a pasture-feeding program in Argentina. Proceedings From the Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners 41: 274-275. ISSN: 0065-7182.
NAL Call Number: SF601.A46
Descriptors: foals, growth rate, Argentina, biological development, growth of horses, pasture feeding.

Hunt, W.F. (1997). Research on foal growth under various pasture conditions. Proceedings of the Annual Seminar of the Equine Branch of the New Zealand Veterinary Association (NZVA) 174: 27-35. ISSN: 0112-9643.
NAL Call Number: SF604.P82
Descriptors: foals, grazing, nutrition, skeletal growth, weight gain, high-endophyte ryegrass, chicory, Tama ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum cv. Tama, measurement techniques.

Hoffman, R.M., J.A. Wilson, D.S. Kronfeld, W.L. Cooper, L.A. Lawrence, D. Sklan, and P.A. Harris (2001). Hydrolyzable carbohydrates in pasture, hay, and horse feeds: direct assay and seasonal variation. Journal of Animal Science 79(2): 500-506. ISSN: 0021-8812.
NAL Call Number: 49 J82
Descriptors: feed, nutrition, hydrolyzable carbohydrates, forages, concentrates, nonstructural carbohydrate, hydrolyzable carbohydrate concentration, near-infrared spectrum, seasonal variation, rapidly fermentable carbohydrates, laminitis, colic.

Anonymous (2004). Pasture fructan concentration as a cause of equine laminitis. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 24(12): 542. ISSN: 0737-0806.
NAL Call Number: SF951.J65
Descriptors: equine foot disease, laminitis, effects of pasture, starch digestion, pasture management practices, grazing management practices, fructans.

Coleto, L. (1999). Equine babesiosis: A disease linked to the extensive horse raising in the pasture land of Extremadura ("dehesa"). Cahiers Options Mediterraneennes 39: 273-276. ISSN: 1022-1379.
Abstract: Serologic testing was carried out to show antibodies to Babesia equi and Babesia caballi in mares raised in extensive regime in the "dehesa" of Extremadura, their transmission to the mares' offspring and their permanence in the foals. We have studied 33 Andalusian mare and foal serums. The technique used has been that of indirect immunofluorescence (IFI). The result is 63.6 per cent of the mares and 54.5 per cent of the foals seropositive to B. equi. All serums were negative to B. caballi.
Descriptors: Babesia equi, immunofluorescence, spain, Babesia, Europe, immunological techniques, piroplasmea, protozoa, southern Europe, sporozoa, western Europe.
Language of Text: English and French summaries.
Notes: Meeting Information: Meeting of the Mediterranean Sub Network of the FAO CIHEAM Inter Regional Cooperative Research and Development Network on Pastures and Fodder Crops. Badajoz (Spain). 26-29 Nov 1997.


Pasture -- Web Resources

 

Horse Nutrition, Bulletin 762-00, Pasture Management.
Online: http://ohioline.osu.edu/b762/b762_19.html
Description: Pasture improvement strategies including weed control, maimizing soil fertility, rotation of grazing land, and regular renovation.

Horse Pasture Management.
Online: http://www.rce.rutgers.edu/horsepastures/
Description: Pasture management strategies to enhance welfare of horses and efficiency of land maintenance. Includes information on pasture species, toxic plants, soil fertility, and weed control.

Manure and Pasture Management for Recreational Horse Owners.
Online: http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/naturalresources/components/7540_05.html
Description: Strategies for efficient use of pasture. Includes a calendar that summarizes pasture management practices for March through October.

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 Last updated: October 25, 2011