Animal Welfare Information Center

Johne's Disease--Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: A Debilitating Enteric Disease of Ruminants


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1998


Bartley, C. B.; Sweeney, M. T.; Plaunt, M. R. Growth and detection of Mycobacteria paratuberculosis in the ESP Culture System II. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology. 1998; 98: 507. ISSN: 1060-2011. Note: 98th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, May 17-21, 1998.
NAL Call No.: QR1.A5
Descriptors: bacterial culture, methodologies, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

Begara, Mcgorum I.; Wildblood, L. A.; Clarke, C. J.; Connor, K. M.; Stevenson, K.; McInnes, C. J.; Sharp, J. M.; Jones, D. G. Early immunopathological events in experimental ovine paratuberculosis. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. May 29, 1998; 63(3): 265-287. ISSN: 0165-2427.
NAL Call No.: SF757.2.V38
Descriptors: sheep, experimental oral infection, less than 2 week old lambs, neonatal, cervine isolate, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, investigation of bacteriological, histopathological and immunological changes up to 8 weeks of age, focal granuloma in Jejunal and ileal Peyer’s patches, CD8+ and CD2+ lymphocyte numbers.

Bewley, J. Controlling Johne's disease in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science. 1998; 81(Suppl. 1): 380. ISSN: 0022-0302. Note: Joint Meeting of the American Dairy Science Association and the American Society of Animal Science, Denver, Colorado, USA, July 28-31, 1998.
NAL Call No.: SF221 A4
Descriptors: dairy cattle, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, disease prevention and control, management and husbandry systems.

Billard, Patrick; Dubow, Michael S. Bioluminescence-based assays for detection and characterization of bacteria and chemicals in clinical laboratories. Clinical Biochemistry. Feb. 1998; 31(1): 1-14. ISSN: 0009-9120.
NAL Call No.: RB40.C6
Descriptors: application of bioluminescence, usefulness of bacterial (lux) and eucaryotic (luc) luciferase genes, examples of value as "reporters" of many endpoints, various enteric pathogenic organisms, Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Brooks, A. Quality of UK milk to be studied. British Medical Journal BMJ. Aug. 22, 1998; 317(7157): 491. ISSN: 0959-8138.
Descriptors: possible link between Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis and Crohn's disease, study on microbial content of milk, United Kingdom.

Bull, T. J.; Tizard, M.; Martin, H.; Millar, D.; Doran, T.; Hermon, Taylor J. The GS element in Mycobacterium avium ss. paratuberculosis: A mycobacterial pathogenicity island. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology. 1998; 98: 509. ISSN: 1060-2011. Note: 98th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, May 17-21, 1998.
NAL Call No.: QR1.A5
Descriptors: virulence associated gene, GS element, pathogenic bacteria, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, Johne's disease.

Burrells, C.; Clarke, C.J.; Colston, A.; Kay, J.M.; Porter, J.; Little, D.; Sharp, J.M. A study of immunological responses of sheep clinically-affected with paratuberculosis (Johne's disease). The relationship of blood, mesenteric lymph node and intestinal lymphocyte responses to gross and microscopic pathology. Veterinary and Immunology and Immunopathology. Dec 11, 1998; 66(3/4): 343-358. ISSN: 0165-2427.
NAL Call No.: SF757.2.V38
Descriptors: sheep, paratuberculosis, immune response, blood, lymph nodes, intestines, lymphocytes, pathology, infections, Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, bacterial proteins, feces, polymerase chain reaction, identification, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum, Johne's disease.

Carbonell, P.  Histopathological diagnosis of Johne's disease.  Australian Veterinary Journal. 1998; 76(7) 499.  ISSN: 0005-0423.
URL:  http://www.ava.com.au/avjpast.php?journalid=9&plink=avj03.htm
NAL Call No.:  41.8 AU72
Descriptors:  cattle, sheep, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, paratuberculosis, histopathology, diagnostic techniques.

Cetinkaya, B.; Erdogan, H.M.; Morgan, K.L.  Prevalence, incidence and geographical distribution of Johne's disease in cattle in England and the Welsh borders.  Veterinary Record.  1998; 43(10): 265-269.  ISSN: 0042-4900.
URL:  http://veterinaryrecord.bvapublications.com/
NAL Call No.:  41.8 V641
Descriptors:  dairy cattle, dairy herds, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, disease prevalence, incidence, geographical distribution, farm surveys, livestock numbers, vaccination, England, Wales.

Choy, E.; Whittington, R. J.; Marsh, I.; Marshall, J.; Campbell, M. T. A method for purification and characterisation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from the intestinal mucosa of sheep with Johne's disease. Veterinary Microbiology. Nov. 1998; 64(1): 51-60. ISSN: 0378-1135.
NAL Call No.: SF601.V44
Descriptors: methodology, purification, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, sheep intestinal mucosa, multibacillary Johne's disease, restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis, epidemiology.

Coetsier, Christophe; Havaux, Xavier; Mattelard, Francois; Sadatte, Sanaa; Cormont, Francoise; Buergelt, Klaus; Limbourg, Bernard; Latinne, Dominique; Bazin, Herve; Denef, Jean Francois; Cocito, Carlo. Detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in infected tissues by new species-specific immunohistological procedures. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology. July 1998; 5(4): 446-451. ISSN: 1071-412X.
Descriptors: preparation of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies, a 362 recombinant polypeptide with B cell epitopes, immunoglobins for histopathological diagnosis, Johne's disease, more sensitive than Ziehl-Neelsen staining.

Collins, M.T.; Manning, E.J.B.  Eradication of Johne's disease from a heavily infected herd in 12 months.  Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the American Association of Bovine Practioners Conference.  1998; (31): 241-244.  Note:  Meeting held Sept. 24-26, 1998, Spokane, Washington.
NAL Call No.:  SF961.A5
Descriptors:  cattle, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infected herd, disease control, disease eradication.

Ellingson, J. L. E.; Stabel, J. R.; Bishai, W. R.; Frothingham, R.; Miller, J. M. Evaluation of the repeatability and accuracy of a polymerase chain reaction method for identification of strains of the Mycobacterium avium complex. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology. 1998; 98: 360. ISSN: 1060-2011. Note: 98th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, May 17-21, 1998.
NAL Call No.: QR1.A5
Descriptors: cattle, humans, pigeons, primates, Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, diagnosis.

Ellingson, Jay L. E.; Bolin, Carole A.; Stabel, Judith R. Identification of a gene unique to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis and application to diagnosis of paratuberculosis. Molecular and Cellular Probes. June 1998; 12(3): 133-142. ISSN: 0890-8508.
NAL Call No.: RB43.7.M63
Descriptors: etiology, hspX gene cloned and sequenced, species apecific oligonucleotide synthesized, 5’terminus of mycobacterial recA gene, ovine, bovine and human isolates, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum, Mycobacterium intracellulare, dioligonucleotide hybridization (dOH) analysis, possible assay method.

Ellis, T. M.; Norris, R. T.; Martin, P. A. J.; Casey, R. H.; Hawkins, C. D. Evidence for freedom from Johne's disease in cattle and goats in Western Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal. Sept. 1998; 76(9): 630-633. ISSN: 0005-0423.
NAL Call No.: 41.8 Au72
Descriptors: epidemiology, cattle, goats, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, Australia.

Ellis, T. M.; Carson, B. A.; Kalkhoven, M. J.; Martin, P. A. J. Specificity of two absorbed ELISAs for surveys of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in cattle. Australian Veterinary Journal. July 1998; 76(7): 497-499. ISSN: 0005-0423.
NAL Call No.: 41.8 Au72
Descriptors: methods, techniques, cattle, ELISA assay, survey of disease levels, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

Garry, F.B.; Wells, S.  Reconsidering Johne's disease in dairy cows.  Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference.  1998; 12: 910-911.  Note:  Meeting held on January 10-14, 1998, Orlando, Florida.
NAL Call No.:  SF605.N672
Descriptors:  dairy cattle, paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

Garry, F.  Ten myths about Johne's disease.  Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian.  1998; 20(11): 1275-1282.  ISSN: 0193-1903.
NAL Call No.:  SF601.C66
Descriptors:  cattle, paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, disease prevalence, disease transmission, disease course, disease control, economic impact.

Grant, Irene R. Does Mycobacterium paratuberculosis survive current pasteurization conditions? Applied and Environmental Microbiology. July 1998; 64(7): 2760-2761. ISSN: 0099-2240.
NAL Call No.: 448.3 Ap5
Descriptors: milk processing, milk products, current pasteurization conditions, bacterial survival, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

Grant, Irene R.; Ball, H. J.; Rowe, M. T. Effect of high-temperature, short-time (HTST) pasteurization on milk containing low numbers of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Letters in Applied Microbiology. Feb. 1998; 26(2): 166-170. ISSN: 0266-8254.
NAL Call No.: QR1.L47
Descriptors: pasteurization treatment of milk, 72 degreesC for 15s. raw milk spiked with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis at various levels, cultured, BACTEC Middlebrook 12B radiometric medium, Herrold's egg yolk medium containing mycobactin J, IS900-based PCR, detection of acid-fast survivors, effect of bacterial differing concentrations.

Grant, Irene R.; Ball, Hywel J.; Rowe, Michael T. Isolation of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis from milk by immunomagnetic separation. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Sept. 1998; 64(9): 3153-3158. ISSN: 0099-2240.
NAL Call No.: 448.3 Ap5
Descriptors: milk, detection techniques, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, immunomagnetic separation technique, possible rapid detection method.

Gupta, V. K.; Singh, N.; Shankar, H. ELISA for detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis antibodies in goats. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. May 1998; 68(5): 462-463. ISSN: 0367-8318.
NAL Call No.: 41.8 IN22
Descriptors: goats, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, diagnosis, antibody testing method, ELISA.

Harboe, Morten; Wiker, Harald G.; Ulvund, Gunni; Lund, Pedersen Bent; Andersen, Ase Bengard; Hewinson, R. Glyn; Nagai, Sadamu. MPB70 and MPB83 as indicators of protein localization in mycobacterial cells. Infection and Immunity. Jan. 1998; 66(1): 289-296. ISSN: 0019-9567.
NAL Call No.: QR1.I57
Descriptors: marker proteins, culture media, Mycobacterium bovis BCG, Sauton medium, lysates, and sodium dodecyl sulfatepolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), ELISA and Western blotting, MPB64 and proteins of the antigen 85 complex, 3 heat shock proteins, DNAK, GroEL, GroES, 2 peaks described.

Higgs, A. R. B.; Hawkins, C. D. Ovine Johne's disease: The risk associated with sheep imported into Western Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal. Aug. 1998; 76(8): 546-550. ISSN: 0005-0423.
NAL Call No.: 41.8 Au72
Descriptors: risk assessment, sheep, importation concerns and screening, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, stochastic simulation model, surveillance tests, source flocks, serological tests on consigned sheep pre and post transport, Western Australia.

Homuth, Matthias; Valentin, Wiegand, Peter; Rohde, M.; Gerlach, Gerald F. Identification and characterization of a novel extracellular ferric reductase from Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Infection and Immunity. Feb. 1998; 66(2): 710-716. ISSN: 0019-9567.
NAL Call No.: QR1.I57
Descriptors: Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, reductase enzyme isolation, mobilizes iron from ferric ammonium citrate, ferritin, and transferrin by reduction of the metal, some properties of the enzyme mentioned, amino acids, bacterial physiology.

Hulten, K.; Karttunen, T. J.; Naser, S. A.; El Zimaity, H. M. T.; Graham, D. Y.; El Zaatari, F. A. K. In situ hybridization technique for the detection of mycobacterial spheroplasts in paraffin embedded tissue sections. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology. 1998; 98: 360. ISSN: 1060-2011. Note: 98th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, May 17-21, 1998.
NAL Call No.: QR1.A5
Descriptors: diagnosis and detection methods, cattle, tissue assay, cell wall deficient pathogen, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

International Embryo Transfer Society. Conclusions of the Research Subcommittee of the International Embryo Transfer Society (IETS) Import/Export Committee. Revue Scientifique et Technique Office International des Epizooties. Dec. 1998; 17(3): 839. ISSN: 0253-1933.
NAL Call No.: SF781.R4
Descriptors: issues of disease transfer, embryos, list of pathogens, cattle, goats, sheep, swine.

Keswani, J.; Frank, J. F. Thermal inactivation of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in milk. Journal of Food Protection. Aug. 1998; 61(8): 974-978. ISSN: 0362-028X.
NAL Call No.: 44.8 J824
Descriptors: milk, treatment, ultra-high temperature milk treatment, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, 3 strains, submerged glass capillary tube method, clumped and declumped suspensions.

Mainar, Jaime Raul C.; Vazquez, Boland Jose A. Factors associated with seroprevalence to Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in small-ruminant farms in the Madrid region (Spain). Preventive Veterinary Medicine. March 27, 1998; 34(4): 317-327. ISSN: 0167-5877.
NAL Call No.: SF601.P7
Descriptors: sheep, goats, 60 flocks, farm factors and management affecting infection levels, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, questionnaires, seroprevalence with agar-gel immunodiffusion assay, herd size, foreign breeds and crosses, replacement rate, membership in a professional livestock organization.

Manning, Elizabeth J. B.; Steinberg, Howard; Rossow, Kurt; Ruth, George R.; Collins, Michael T. Epizootic of paratuberculosis in farmed elk. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Nov. 1, 1998; 213(9): 1320-1322. ISSN: 0003-1488.
NAL Call No.: 41.8 Am3
Descriptors: elk, description of the John’s type disease, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, diagnostic techniques, production management and disease control suggestions.

May, B.; Fetrow, J.; Kapur, V.; Tune, K. The use of TaqMan as a technique to detect Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology. 1998; 98: 181. ISSN: 1060-2011. Note: 98th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, May 17-21, 1998.
NAL Call No.: QR1.A5
Descriptors: diagnosis and detection methods, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

McGraw, L.C.  Gene-based test for Johne's disease.  Agricultural Research.  1998; 46(10): 18-19.
NAL Call No.:  1.98 AG84.  ISSN: 0002-161X.
Descriptors:  dairy cattle, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, bacterial diseases, diagnostic techniques.

Naser, Saleh A.; Gillespie, Robert F.; Naser, Najih A.; El Zaatari, Foaud A. K. Effect of IS900 gene of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis on Mycobacterium smegmatis. Current Microbiology. Dec. 1998; 37(6): 373-379. ISSN: 0343-8651.
NAL Call No.: QR1.C78
Descriptors: IS900 gene and/or its encoding products, involvement in mycobactin dependency, possible explanation for the slow growth rate, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

Rahn, K.; Shin, S.; Wilson, J.; Johnson, R. P.; Alves, D.; McNab, B.; Lachowski, W.; Odumeru, J.; Spika, J. Milk as a potential source of human exposure to Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology. 1998; 98: 504. ISSN: 1060-2011. Note: 98th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, May 17-21, 1998.
NAL Call No.: QR1.A5
Descriptors: milk, human health risks, zoonotic potential of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

Silbaq, Fauzi S.; Cho, Sang Nae; Cole, Stewart T.; Brennan, Patrick J. Characterization of a 34-kilodalton protein of Mycobacterium leprae that is isologous to the immunodominant 34-kilodalton antigen of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Infection and Immunity. Nov. 1998; 66(11): 5576-5579. ISSN: 0019-9567.
NAL Call No.: QR1.I57
Descriptors: gene homology, proteins, description of some characteristics, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

Stabel, J. R.; Goff, J. P.; Ackermann, Mark R. Dietary calcium modulates Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infection in beige mice. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. Dec. 11, 1998; 66(3-4): 377-390. ISSN: 0165-2427.
NAL Call No.: SF757.2.V38
Descriptors: mouse model, laboratory experiment, differing levels of dietary calcium and effects on infection persistence, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, 0.02% Ca, 0.15% Ca, 0.45% Ca, 1.0% Ca.

Stabel, J. R. Johne's disease: A hidden threat. Journal of Dairy Science. Jan. 1998; 81(1): 283-288. ISSN: 0022-0302.
NAL Call No.: 44.8 J822
Abstract:  Paratuberculosis, which is also known as Johne's disease, is a chronic, progressive enteric disease of ruminants caused by infection with Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Cattle become infected with M. paratuberculosis as calves but often do not develop clinical signs until 2 to 5 yr of age. The clinical disease is characterized by chronic or intermittent diarrhea, emaciation, and death. Although animals with clinical disease are often culled from the herd, animals with subclinical paratuberculosis may cause economic losses because of reduced milk production and poor reproductive performance. Although the economic impact of paratuberculosis on the national cattle industry has not been determined, it is estimated to exceed $1.5 billion/yr. The diagnosis of subclinical paratuberculosis is difficult. Bacteriologic culture is the most definitive method of diagnosis, but culture is time consuming and labor intensive. Serological assays are not very useful because animals do not develop an antibody response until the clinical stages of disease. Development of assays to measure cell-mediated immunity is critical to accurate detection of paratuberculosis in subclinically infected animals. Although not considered a zoonotic agent, M. paratuberculosis has been identified in intestinal biopsy tissue from patients with Crohn's disease, an inflammatory enteritis in humans. Currently, the potential human health risk is being addressed by research evaluating pasteurization of dairy products in the US.
Descriptors: cattle, discussion of the signs and symptoms of the disease, difficulties of diagnosis, possible zoonotic agent in Crohn’s disease, assay concerns, food born illness, dairy products.

Stabel, J. R.; Steadham, E. Survival of intracellular Mycobacterium paratuberculosis after pasteurization of raw milk. Journal of Dairy Science. 1998; 81(Suppl. 1): 42. ISSN: 0022-0302. Note: Joint Meeting of the American Dairy Science Association and the American Society of Animal Science, Denver, Colorado, USA, July 28-31, 1998.
NAL Call No.: SF221 A4
Descriptors: cattle, milk, intracellular survival, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

Stabel, J. R. Temporal Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infection in T-cell receptor deficient mice. FASEB Journal. March 17, 1998; 12(4): A569. ISSN: 0892-6638. Note: Annual Meeting of the Professional Research Scientists on Experimental Biology 98, Part 1, San Francisco, California, USA, April 18-22, 1998.
NAL Call No.: QH301.F3
Descriptors: molecular genetic, C57BL/6 mouse model, T cell receptor deficient host, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, strains 19698 and Ben, infection, pathogenesis.

Sung, Nackmoon; Collins, Michael T. Thermal tolerance of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. March 1998; 64(3): 999-1005. ISSN: 0099-2240.
NAL Call No.: 448.3 Ap5
Descriptors: heat tolerance; human and bovine strains Dominic, Ben, BO45, ATCC 19698, in vitro, 4 temperatures: 62, 65, 68, and 71degree C, thermal death curves, clumped and singe cells, cell concentrations of clinical Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis strains in milk were 228.8, 47.8, and 21.8 s, respectively, Z value (the temperature required for the decimal reduction time to traverse 1 log cycle).

Sweeney, Raymond W.; Jones, Douglas E.; Habecker, Perry; Scott, Phillip. Interferon-gamma and interleukin 4 gene expression in cows infected with Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. American Journal of Veterinary Research. July 1998; 59(7): 842-847. ISSN: 0002-9645.
NAL Call No.: 41.8 Am3A
Descriptors: cattle, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, clinical progression factors, cytokine gene expression in affected tissues, Holstein cows, post slaughter sampling of ileum, cecal lympth nodes, reverse transcriptase-competitive polymerase chain reaction assay for mRNA expression of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin 4.

Tizard, Mark; Bull, Tim; Millar, Douglas; Doran, Tim; Martin, Helene; Sumar, Nazira; Ford, Jon; Hermon, Taylor John. A low G+C content genetic island in Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, and M. avium subsp. silvaticum with homologous genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Microbiology. Dec. 1998; 144(12): 3413-3423. ISSN: 1350-0872.
NAL Call No.: QR1.J64
Descriptors: gene specificity, detection, differential analysis, enteric pathogens, characterization.

Vannuffel, P.; Coetsier, C.; Bouyer, M.; Philippe, M.; Gala, J. L. P34 and F57 based-multiplex PCR assay for discrimination between tuberculous and nontuberculous mycobacteria. Abstracts of the Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 1998; 38: 158. Note: 38th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, San Diego, California, USA, September 24-27, 1998.
Descriptors: assay technique, humans, Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium bovis , Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, F57 and P34 analysis antigenic proteins.

Wells, S.J.; Ott, S.L.; Hillberg-Seitzinger, A.  Key health issues for dairy cattle--new and old.  Journal of Dairy Science.  1998; 81(11): 3029-3035.  ISSN: 0022-0302.
URL:  http://jds.fass.org/contents-by-date.0.shtml
NAL Call No.:  44.8 J822
Abstract:  The objective of this paper is to use available information to evaluate the relative importance of various health issues affecting dairy cattle. In addition to traditional ranking using evaluation methods based on impacts to animal productivity, this paper considers zoonotic risks, international trade implications, and animal welfare concerns. Traditional production costs rank mastitis, reproductive problems, and lameness as the top dairy cattle diseases. When the other areas of importance are included, the top-ranked diseases change to include salmonella, Johne's disease, bovine viral diarrhea-associated disease, and mastitis. Researchers in the dairy industry may want to reevaluate their criteria for setting research priorities to include zoonotic risks, international trade implications, and animal welfare concerns.
Descriptors:  dairy cows, animal health, milk production, bovine mastitis, animal welfare, production costs, bovine diarrhea virus, paratuberculosis, zoonoses, cryptosporidiosis, foodborne diseases, international trade, decision making, research projects, dairy research, research priorities.

Whittington, R.; Marsh, I.; Choy, E.; Cousins, D. Polymorphisms in IS1311, an insertion sequence common to Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, , can be used to distinguish between and within these species. Molecular and Cellular Probes. Dec. 1998; 12(6): 349-358 ISSN: 0890-8508.
NAL Call No.: RB43.7.M63
Descriptors: IS1311 insertion sequence, use as a probe, sheep, cattle strains, species evolution.

Whittington, R. J.; Marsh, I; Turner, M. J.; McAllister, S.; Choy, E.; Eamens, G. J.; Marshall, D. J.; Ottaway, S. Rapid detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in clinical samples from ruminants and in spiked environmental samples by modified BACTEC 12B radiometric culture and direct confirmation by IS900 PCR. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. March 1998; 36(3): 701-707. ISSN: 0095-1137.
NAL Call No.: QR46.J6
Descriptors: cattle, sheep, goats, radiometric culture medium BACTEC 12B with PANTA PLUS, mycobactin J, and egg yolk, detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, feces, mesenteric lymph nodes, intestinal walls, cattle, sheep, goats, IS900 PCR in the primary cultures, methodology, spiked soil and pasture samples, sensitivity, Herrold's egg yolk medium, PCR.

Williams, Stephanie Louise.  Analysis of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Susceptibility to Antimicrobial Agents.  1998; 54 leaves, ill.  Note:  Thesis (M.S.).  University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1998.
Descriptors:  Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, bacterial diseases, susceptibility to antibiotics, animal pathogen.


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