Information Resources for Livestock and Poultry Handling and Transport, December 1988 *************************

Poultry

The Poultry "Bibliography" and "Audiovisuals" are chapters from: O'Driscoll, Jennifer, ed. (December 1998). Information Resources for Livestock and Poultry Handling and Transport. AWIC Resource Series No. 4. U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center, Beltsville, MD. Contact us: http://awic.nal.usda.gov/contact-us.

The following are links to AWIC and other chapters in this publication:

To: AWIC ] [ Main Document: Contents   Acknowledgements   Introduction   How to Use This Document ] Article: Assessment of Stress ] [Bibliographies or Audiovisuals on:  General   Cattle   Exotic and Other   Goats   Horses   Llamas   Poultry   Ratites   Sheep   Swine ] Internet Resources ] Organizations ] Guidelines ] Document Delivery Information ]


Bibliography: Poultry

Alami, M.A. (1993). Aversion of broiler chickens to horizontal vibration using passive avoidance technique. In: United Kingdom informal group meeting on human response to vibration. Proceedings of a conference held in Farnborough, UK, 20-22 September 1993, 7 pp.

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (1994). National poultry improvement plan and auxiliary provisions. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service: Hyattsville, MD, 94 p.
NAL call number: aSF601 A1U5

Baker, C.J. (1994). Aerodynamics of poultry transporters: implications for environmental control. World's Poultry Science Journal 50(1):62-63.
NAL call number: 47.8 W89

Baker, C.J., S. Dalley, X. Yang, P. Kettlewell, and R. Hoxey (1996). An investigation of the aerodynamic and ventilation characteristics of poultry transport vehicles. 2. Wind tunnel experiments. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 65(2):97-113.
NAL call number: 58.8 J82

Barbut, S., S.A. McEwen, and R.J. Julian (1990). Turkey downgrading: Effect of truck cage location and unloading. Poultry Science 69(8):1410-1413.
NAL call number: 47.8 Am33P

Barnett, J.L. and E.A. Newman (1997). Review of welfare research in the laying hen and the research and management implications for the Australian egg industry. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 48(4):385-402.
NAL call number: 23 Au783

Bayliss, P A. and M.H. Hinton (1990). Transportation of broilers with special reference to mortality rates. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 28(1):93-118.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Behrends, J.I., J.M. Randall, M.A. Stiles, J.A. Lines, and P.J. Kettlewell (1996). Noise and vibration on a poultry transporter. In: Proceedings of the 30th International Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, 14-17 August, 1996, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, p.76.
NAL call number: SF756.7 I57 1996

Biro, R. (1990). Baby chicks. In: Conference proceedings: Animal Transportation Association, April 22-25, 1990, 16th Annual Conference, p. 25-26.
NAL call number: HE9788.4 A55A54 1990

Broom, D.M. (1990). Effects of handling and transport on laying hens. World's Poultry Science Journal 46(1):48-50.
NAL call number: 47.8 W89

Campo, J.L. and C. Carnicer (1994). Effects of several "stressors" on tonic immobility reaction of chickens. Archiv fur Geflugelzucht und Kleintierkunde 58(2):75-78.
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Curtis, P.E. (1991). Chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. In: Practical animal handling R.S. Anderson and A.T.B. Edney, eds., Pergamon Press: Oxford, UK, p. 77-87.
NAL call number: SF61 P73 1991

Dalley, S., C.J. Baker, X. Yang, P. Kettlewell, and R. Hoxey (1996). An investigation of the aerodynamic and ventilation characteristics of poultry transport vehicles. 3. Internal flow field calculations. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 65(2):115-127.
NAL call number: 58.8 J82

Duggan, J.A. and J.M. Randall (1994). Aversion of broilers to whole-body vertical vibration. In: Proceedings of the 9th European Poultry Conference, Glasgow, UK, 7-12 August 1994: Volume 2. Symposia papers, p. 415-418.
NAL call number: IPM951010914

Duggan, J.A., J.M. Randall, and C.J. Nicol (1996). Behavioural responses of broiler chickens to whole-body vertical vibration. In: Proceedings of the 30th International Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology 14-17 August, 1996, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, p. 89.
NAL call number: SF756.7 I57 1996

Duggan, J.A. (1993). Indicators for the assessment of broiler welfare in response to whole-body vertical vibration. In: United Kingdom informal group meeting on human response to vibration. Proceedings of a conference held in Farnborough, UK, 20-22 September 1993, 12pp.

Ekstrand, C. (1998). An oberservational study of the effects of catching method on carcase rejection rates in broilers. Animal Welfare 7(1):87-96.
NAL call number: HV4701 A557

El Assaad, F.G., L.E. Stewart, E.T. Mallinson, L.E. Carr, S.W. Joseph, and G. Berney (1993). Decontamination of poultry transport cages. In: Paper / American Society of Agricultural Engineers, American Society of Agricultural Engineers: St. Joseph, MI, 26pp.
NAL call number: 290.9 Am32P

El Assaad, F.G., L.E. Stewart, E.T. Mallinson, L.E. Carr, S.W. Joseph, and G.E. Berney (1995). Decontamination of poultry transport cages. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 38(4):1213-1220.
NAL call number: 290.9 Am32T

El Assaad, F.G., L.E. Stewart, E.T. Mallinson, L.E. Carr, S.W. Joseph, and G.E. Berney (1993). Prediction of residual chlorine in a poultry transport cage disinfection system. In: Paper / American Society of Agricultural Engineers, American Society of Agricultural Engineers: St. Joseph, MI, 20 pp.
NAL call number: 290.9 Am32P

El Assaad, F.G. (1992). A laboratory system for evaluating poultry transport crate disinfection. University of Maryland at College Park, Department of Agricultural Engineering. Thesis research directed by the Department of Agricultural Engineering.
NAL call number: MdU LD3231.M70d-El-Assaad,-F.G.

El Assaad, F.G. and L.E. Stewart (1990.) Reducing salmonella contamination in broiler transport cages. In: The Maryland Poultryman, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Maryland, p. 11-12.
NAL call number: 275.28 M36

El Assaad, F.G., L.E. Stewart, and L.E. Carr (1990). Disinfection of poultry transport cages. In: Paper / American Society of Agricultural Engineers, American Society of Agricultural Engineers: St. Joseph, MI, 35 pp.
NAL call number: 290.9 Am32P

Erhardt, W., H. Gehra, M. Schafer, T. Brill, and J. Henke (1996). CO2-stunning of turkeys. Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 103(2):62-64.
NAL call number: 41.8 D482

Fernandez, C.R., G.J. Hernandez, G. Polanco, P. Taboada, and J.A. Garcia (1991). [Weight losses in broilers during transport to the abattoir]. Mermas durante la transportacion de broilers hacia el matadero. Revista Cubana de Ciencia Avicola 18(2): 162-167.
NAL call number: SF481 R48

Fitko, R., K. Jakubowski, H. Zielinski, and I. Potrzuska (1993). The level of corticosterone, adrenaline and noradrenaline and activity of blood neutrophils in chickens under an acute immobilization stress. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 49(1):37-38.
NAL call number: 41.8 M463

Gancic, M. and I. Rajic (1998). [Production of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). 7. Transport of eggs, chicks and adult quails.] Gajenje japanskih prepelica (Coturnix coturnix japonica). 7. Pakovanje i transport jaja, mladunaca i odraslih prepelica. Zivinarstvo 33(1):23-24.
NAL call number: SF487 K68 1968

Gilbert, J. (1996). Jerry Stone on catching and hauling. Small Farm Today 13(5):43-44.
NAL call number: S1 M57

Gorssen, J. and P. Koene (1997). Behaviour and thermogenesis of racing pigeons housed under transport conditions. Animal Welfare 6(2):153-168.
NAL call number: HV4701 A557

Grattan, D.A.P. (1993). Causes of trauma in broilers. Veterinary Record 132(2):48.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Gregory, N.G. and S.D. Austin (1992). Causes of trauma in broilers arriving dead at poultry processing plants. Veterinary Record 131(22):501-503.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Gregory, N.G., L.J. Wilkins, D.M. Alvey, and S.A. Tucker (1993). Effect of catching method and lighting intensity on the prevalence of broken bones and on the ease of handling of end-of-lay hens. Veterinary Record 132(6):127-129.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Gregory, N.G. (1994). Pathology and handling of poultry at the slaughterhouse. World's Poultry Science Journal 50(1):66-67.
NAL call number: 47.8 W89

Gregory, N.G., L.J. Wilkins, S.D. Austin, C.G. Belyavin, D.M. Alvey, and S.A. Tucker (199 ). Effect of catching method on the prevalence of broken bones in end of lay hens. Avian Pathology 21(4):717-722.
NAL call number: SF995.A1A9

Grigor, P.N., B.O. Hughes, and M.C. Appleby (1995). Effects of regular handling and exposure to an outside area on subsequent fearfulness and dispersal in domestic hens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 44(1):47-55.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Gurer, C., I. Erbas, and S. Ozdemir (1991). Effects of litter, transport and live weight on broiler carcass quality and the localization and classification of carcass damage. Doga, Turk Veterinerlik ve Hayvancilik Dergisi 15(3):320-327.
NAL call number: SF1 D57

Hemsworth, P.H., G.J. Coleman, J.L. Barnett, and R.B. Jones (1994). Behavioural responses to humans and the productivity of commercial broiler chickens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 41(1/2):101-114.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Hillebrand, S.J.W., E. Lambooij, and C.H. Veerkamp (1996). The effects of alternative electrical and mechanical stunning methods on hemorrhaging and meat quality of broiler breast and thigh muscles. Poultry Science 75(5):664-671.
NAL call number: 47.8 Am33P

Hoxey, R.P., P.J. Kettlewell, A.M. Meehan, C.J. Baker, and X. Yang (1996). An investigation of the aerodynamic and ventilation characteristics of poultry transport vehicles. I. Full-scale measurements. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 65(1):77-83.
NAL call number: 58.8 J82

Jakob, H.P., R. Morgenstern, P. Albicker, and R.K. Hoop (1998). [Reasons fro rejecting slaughtered broilers ffrom two major Swiss producers.] Konfiskationsursachen bei geschlachteten Broilern aus zwei grossen schweizerischen Mastorganisationen. Schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde 140(2):60-64. Summaries in English, French, and Italian.
NAL call number: 41.8 SCH9

Jones, R.B. and D. Waddington (1993). Attenuation of the domestic chick's fear of human beings via regular handling: In search of a sensitive period. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 36(2/3):185-195.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Jones, R.B. and D.G. Satterlee (1996). Hoods, shackles, and struggling broilers. Misset World Poultry 12(4):56-57.
NAL call number: SF481 M54

Jones, R.B. (1994). Regular handling and the domestic chick's fear of human beings: generalisation of response. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 42(2):129-143.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Jones, R.B. (1992). The nature of handling immediately prior to test affects tonic immobility fear reactions in laying hens and broilers. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 34(3):247-254.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Jones, R.B. (1993). The handling phenomenon and fear reduction: Strategic relevance for the domestic fowl? Applied Animal Behaviour Science 38(1):77-78.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Jones, R.B., T.K. Hagedorn, and D.G. Satterlee (1998). Adoption of immobility by shackled broiler chickens: effects of light intensity and diverse hooding devices. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 55(3/4):327-335.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Juul Kristensen, B. and H. Christensen (1993). Chasing of chickens - energy expenditure and musculoskeletal work load. In: Advances in industrial ergonomics and safety V. Proceedings of the annual international industrial ergonomics and safety conference Copenhagen, Denmark, R. Nielsen, ed., p.85-292.

Kannan, G. and J.A. Mench (1996). Influence of different handling methods and crating periods on plasma corticosterone concentrations in broilers. British Poultry Science 37(1): 21-31.
NAL call number: 47.8 B77

Kannan, G. and J.A. Mench (1997). Prior handling does not significantly reduce the stress response to pre-slaughter handling in broiler chickens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 51(1/2):87-99.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Kettlewell, P.J. and M.A. Mitchell (1994). Catching, handling and loading of poultry for road transportation. World's Poultry Science Journal 50(1):54-56.
NAL call number: 47.8 W89

Kettlewell, P.J. and P. Moran (1992). A study of heat production and heat loss in crated broiler chickens: a mathematical model for a single bird. British Poultry Science 33(2):239-252.
NAL call number: 47.8 B77

Kettlewell, P.J., M.A. Mitchell, and C. Boon (1993). The thermal environment on poultry transport vehicles. In: Livestock Environment IV. Proceedings of a conference held in Coventry, UK, 6-9 July 1993, E. Collins, ed., pp. 552-559.
NAL call number: SF91 L58 1993

Kettlewell, P., M. Mitchell, and A. Meehan (1993). The distribution of thermal loads within poultry transport vehicles. Agricultural Engineer 48(1):26-30.
NAL call number: 58.9 In7

Knowles, T.G., R.C. Ball, P.D. Warriss, and J.E. Edwards (1996). A survey to investigate potential dehydration in slaughtered broiler chickens. British Veterinary Journal 152(3):307-314.
NAL call number: 41.8 V643

Knowles, T.G. and D.M. Broom (1990). The handling and transport of broilers and spent hens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 28(1/2):75-91.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Knowles, T.G. (1994). Handling and transport of spent hens. World's Poultry Science Journal 50(1):60-61.
NAL call number: 47.8 W89

Le Maho, Y., H. Karmann, D. Briot, Y. Handrich, J.P. Robin, E. Mioskowski, Y. Cherel, and J. Farni (1992). Stress in birds due to routine handling and a technique to avoid it. American Journal of Physiology 263(4, Pt.2):R775-R781.

Leonard, M.L. and R.W. Fairfull (1992). Effect of early handling on growth, mortality and feed efficiency in White Leghorns. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 34(1/2):121-128.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Lyon, C.E. and B.G. Lyon (1994). The location of wing restraints and the incidence of residual blood in broiler breast meat. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 3(4):359-361.
NAL call number: SF481 J68

Macasek, P. (1992). [Cleaning and disinfection of transport cages for live poultry]. Cistenie a dezinfekcia prepravnych klietok zivej hydiny. Prumysl Potravin 43(1):25-28.
NAL call number: TP368.P7

McEwen, S.A. and S. Barbut (1992). Survey of turkey downgrading at slaughter: carcass defects and associations with transport, toenail trimming, and type of bird. Poultry Science 71(7):1107-1115.
NAL call number: 47.8 Am33P

Mench, J.A. (1992). The welfare of poultry in modern production systems. Poultry Science Reviews 4(2):107-128.

Mengert, U. and K. Fehlhaber (1996). Investigations on the influence of preslaughter stress on the endogenic microbial contamination in broiler carcasses. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 109(1):28-31.
NAL call number: 41.8 B45

Metheringham, J. and R. Hubrecht (1996). Poultry in transit--a cause for concern. British Veterinary Journal 152(3):247-250.
NAL call number: 41.8 V643

Mielnik, M. and N. Kolstad (1991). The influence of transportation time on the quality of broiler meat. Norwegian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5(3):245-251.
NAL call number: S3 N672

Mills, D.S. and C.J. Nicol (1990). Tonic immobility in spent hens after catching and transport. Veterinary Record 126(9):201-212.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Mitchell, M.A., P.J. Kettlewell, and M.H. Maxwell (1994). Physiological stress in broiler chickens during transport. In: Proceedings 9th European poultry conference, Glasgow, UK, 7-12, August, 1994: Volume 2. Symposia papers. Andover, UK: WPSA, United Kingdom Branch, p. 423-426.

Mitchell, M.A. and P.J. Kettlewell (1994). Road transportation of broiler chickens: Induction of physiological stress. World's Poultry Science Journal 50(1): p.57-59.
NAL call number: 47.8 W89

Mitchell, M.A., P.J. Kettlewell, and M.H. Maxwell (1992). Indicators of physiological stress in broiler chickens during road transportation. Animal Welfare 1(2):91-103.
NAL call number: HV4701 A557

Moran, E.T. and M.C. Todd (1994). Continuous submarginal phosphorus with broilers and the effect of preslaughter transportation: Carcass defects, further-processing yields, and tibia-femur integrity. Poultry Science 73(9):1448-1457.
NAL call number: 47.8 Am33P

Moran, P., B. Whetlor, and P. Berry (1993). A conveyor system for handling laying hens. Agricultural Engineer 48(4):120-122.

Moran, P., G.B. Scott, and C. Boon (1993). Welfare of hens on conveyor systems. In: Livestock Environment IV. Proceedings of a conference held in Coventry, UK, 6-9 July 1993, E. Collins, ed., pp. 236-243.
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Moran, Jr., E.T. (1994). Carcass quality after broiler livehaul and influence of withdrawal feed nutrition. In: Proceedings of the Maryland Nutrition Conference for Feed Manufacturers, p. 30-38.

Moran, Jr., E.T. and S.F. Bilgili (1995). Influence of broiler livehaul on carcass quality and further-processing yields. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research 4(1):13-22.
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Muelnik, M. (1990). [Duration of transport and quality of slaughter chickens]. Transporttid og kvalitet paa slaktekylling. Fjoerfe 107(3):129.
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Mulder, R. (1996). Impact of transport on the incidence of human pathogens in poultry. Misset World Poultry 12(9):18-19.
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Newberry, R.C. and R. Blair (1993). Behavioral responses of broiler chickens to handling: Effects of dietary tryptophan and two lighting regimens. Poultry Science 72(7):1237-1244.
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Nicol, C.J. (1992). Effects of environmental enrichment and gentle handling on behaviour and fear responses of transported broilers. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 33(4):367-380.
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Nicol, C. and C. Saville-Weeks (1993). Poultry handling and transport. In: Livestock Handling and Transport T. Grandin, ed., CAB International: Wallingford, UK, pp.
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Nicol, C.J. and G.B. Scott (1990). Pre-slaughter handling and transport of broiler chickens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 28(1/2):57-73.
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Piazza, V. and S. Govoni (1991). [Transport - slaughtering and hygienical quality of poultry]. Trasporto - macellazione e qualita igienica del pollame. Rivista di Avicoltura 60(5):15-18.
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Pietras, M., E. Herbut, and M. Jastrzebski (1990). [Effect of transport of one-day old chickens on some physiological parameters in relation to incubation period]. Wplyw transportu jednodniowych pisklat brojlerow na wybrane wskazniki fizjologiczne z uwzglednieniem czasu trwania inkubacji. Roczniki Naukowe Zootechniki 17(1-2):147-156.
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Quan, B.Z., Y. Shao, R. Huang, et al. (1995). Study on the effects of shipping stress on commercial broilers. Experimental observation of some haematological values. Chinese Journal of Veterinary Medicine 21(12):17.
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Raj, A.B.M. (1994). An investigation into the batch killing of turkeys in their transport containers using mixtures of gases. Research in Veterinary Science 56(3):325-331.
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Randall, J.H. and D.G. Poggenpoel (1993). Distracting laying hens with a 'toy': Does it work? South African Journal of Animal Science 23(5/6):192-195.
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Randall, J.M., W.V. Streader, and A.M. Meehan (1993). Vibration on poultry transporters. British Poultry Science 34(4):635-642.
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Randall, J.M., M.T. Cove, and R.P. White (1996). Resonant frequencies of broiler chickens. Animal Science 62(Pt.2):369-374.
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Randall, J.M., W.V. Streader, and A.M. Meehan (1994). Vibration on poultry transporters. World's Poultry Science Journal 50(1):64-65.
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Roberts, D.H. (1990). [Transport by air of one day-old chicks. Warning and precautions]. Trasporto aereo di pulcini di 1 gior. Avvertenze e precauzioni. Selezione Veterinaria 31(2):211-212.
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Rutter, S.M. and J.M. Randall (1993). Aversion of domestic fowl to whole-body vibratory motion. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 37(1):69-73.
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Rutter, S.M., G.B. Scott, and P. Moran (1993). Aversiveness of mechanical conveying to laying hens. British Poultry Science 34(2):279-285.
NAL call number: 47.8 B77

Sacht, J.H. (1990). Animal welfare during transportation: Poultry transport. Rundschau fur Fleischhygiene und Lebensmitteluberwachung 42(1):4-6.

Scholtyssek, S. and F. Ehinger (1991). Effects of transportation on broilers and broiler carcasses. Translation --AFRC-Institute-of-Engineering-Research. Number 24, 18 pp.; Translation from German of 'Transporteinflusse auf Broiler und deren Schlachtkorper', Archiv fur Geflugelkunde 1978 40(1). Available from Publications Unit, Silsoe Research Institute, Wrest Park, Silsoe, Bedford MK45 4HS, UK.

Schoorlemmer, I. (1997). [Testing a British broiler catching machine: First uses in Germany]. Britische Haehnchenfangmaschine im Test: Erste Einsaetze in Deutschland. DGS Magazin (2):22-25.

Schroeder, G., E. Rieger, and D. Ehlert (1992). [Transport of broilers according to animal welfare requirements]. Tierschutzgerechter Transport von Broilern. Deutsche Gefluegelwirtschaft und Schweineproduktion 44(24):690-694 .
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Scott, G.B. and P. Moran (1992). Behavioural responses of laying hens to carriage on horizontal and inclined conveyors. Animal Welfare 1(4):269-277.
NAL call number: HV4701 A557

Scott, G.B. (1994). Catching and handling of broiler chickens. In: Proceedings 9th European Poultry Conference, Glasgow, UK, 7-12 August, 1994: Volume 2. Symposia papers. Andover, UK: World's Poultry Science Association, United Kingdom Branch, p. 411-414.
NAL call number: SF481.2 E97 1994

Scott, G.B. and P. Moran (1993). Effects of visual stimuli and noise on fear levels in laying hens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 37(4):321-329.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Scott, G.B. (1994). Effects of short-term whole body vibration on animals with particular reference to poultry. World's Poultry Science Journal 50(1):25-38.
NAL call number: 47.8 W89

Scott, G.B. and P. Moran (1993). Fear levels in laying hens carried by hand and by mechanical conveyors. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 36(4):337-345.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Scott, G.B. (1993). Poultry handling: A review of mechanical devices and their effect on bird welfare. World's Poultry Science Journal 49: 44-57.
NAL call number: 47.8 W89

Severini, M., M. Trevisani, and A.R. Loschi (1995). Effects of stress on poultry meat quality. Folia Veterinaria 39(1-2):37-39.
NAL call number: 41.8 F712

Sherwin, C.M., S.C. Kestin, C.J. Nicol, T.G. Knowles, S.N. Brown, H.J. Reed, and P.D. Warriss (1993). Variation in behavioural indices of fearfulness and fatigue in transported broilers. British Veterinary Journal 149(6):571-578.
NAL call number: 41.8 V643

Snizek, J. (1994). Principles of housing, handling and transporting farm animals from the welfare aspect: poultry. (A review). Studijni Informace Zivocisna Vyroba (2), 44 pp.
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Sparrey, J.M., P.J. Kettlewell, and C. Boon (1993). Design of shackles for the conveyance of live poultry. In: Livestock Environment IV. Proceedings of a conference held in Coventry, UK, 6-9 July 1993, E. Collins, ed., pp. 188-194.
NAL call number: SF91 L58 1993

Sowinska, J., K. Filus, S. Gierczynski, and A. Wojcik (1995). Corticosterone level in blood of meat turkeys after application - before pre-slaughter handling - of vitamin E and selenium. Acta Academiae Agriculturae ac Technicae Olstenensis, Zootechnica (44):55-60.

Sundermann, F. (1993). [The solution? Loading machines for turkeys]. Die Loesung? Verlademaschinen fuer Puten. Deutsche Gefluegelwirtschaft und Schweineproduktion 45(36):6-8.
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Thomas, E. (1990). Design of water bath stunners in broiler plants. [Correspondence]. Veterinary Record 127(19):483.
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Tison, J. (1997). Ventilation rates for day-old chicks for use in transport trucks. Poultry Bulletin p. 65, 72. AVAILABILITY: Directorate of Agricultural Information, Ministry of Agriculture, Priv. Bag X114, Pretoria 0001

Tison, J. (1994). Ventilation of day-old chick transporters. Poultry Bulletin p.353. AVAILABILITY: Directorate of Agricultural Information, Ministry of Agriculture, Priv. Bag X114, Pretoria 0001

Vilafranca, M. (1993). [Transport and slaughtering of poultry]. Transporte y sacrificio de las aves de corral. Nuestra Cabana (247):28-30.

Waran, N.K. and D. Cuddeford (1995). Effects of loading and transport on the heart rate and behaviour of horses. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 43(2):71-81.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Warriss, P.D., S.N. Brown, T.G. Knowles, J.E. Edwards, and J.A. Duggan (1997). Potential effect of vibration during transport on glycogen reserves in broiler chickens. British Veterinary Journal 153(2):215-219.
NAL call number: 41.8 V643

Warriss, P.D., E.A. Bevis, S.N. Brown, and J.E. Edwards (1992). Longer journeys to processing plants are associated with higher mortality in broiler chickens. British Poultry Science 33(1):201-206.
NAL call number: 47.8 B77

Warriss, P.D., E.A. Bevis, and S.N. Brown (1990). Time spent by broiler chickens in transit to processing plants. Veterinary Record 127(25/26):617-619.
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Warriss, P.D. and S.N. Brown (1996). Time spent by turkeys in transit to processing plants. Veterinary Record 139(3):72-73.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Warriss, P.D., S.C. Kestin, S.N. Brown, T.G. Knowles, J. Wilkins, J.E. Edwards, S.D. Austin, and C.J. Nicol (1993). The depletion of glycogen stores and indices of dehydration in transported broilers. British Veterinary Journal 149(4):391-398.
NAL call number: 41.8 V643

Webster, A.J.F. (1994). Welfare research - husbandry systems. In: Proceedings 9th European poultry conference, Glasgow, UK, 7-12 August 1994: Volume 2. Symposia papers, Andover, UK: World's Poultry Science Association (United Kingdom Branch), p. 228-229.
NAL call number: SF481.2 E97 1994

Webster, A.J.F., A. Tuddenham, C.A. Saville, and G.B. Scott (1993). Thermal stress on chickens in transit. British Poultry Science 34(2):267-277.
NAL call number: 47.8 B77

Weeks, C.A. and H.M. Wyld (1994). Quantifying thermal stress in transit using a model hen. In: Proceedings of the 9th European poultry conference, Glasgow, UK, 7-12, August, 1994: Volume 2. Symposia papers. Andover, UK: WPSA (United Kingdom Branch), p. 419-422.
NAL call number: SF481.2 E97 1994

Xie, R.B. (1993). Long-distance transport of chicks. Poultry Husbandry and Disease Control (3):19-20.
NAL call number: SF481.75 C6Y35

Xin, H. and S.R. Rieger (1995). Physical conditions and mortalities associated with international air transport of young chicks. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 38(6):1863-1867.
NAL call number: 290.9 Am32T

Xin, H. and J.D. Harmon (1996). Responses of group-housed neonatal chicks to posthatch holding environment. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 39(6):2249-2254.
NAL call number: 290.9 Am32T

Xin, H. and K. Lee (1996). Use of Aqua-Jel and feed for nutrient supply during long journey air transport of baby chicks. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 39(3):1123-1126.
NAL call number: 290.9 Am32T


To: Top of Document ] Bibliography ] Audiovisuals ]

Audiovisuals: Poultry

Handling Live Birds [videocassette]. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Ag; 1988; 1/2" VHS, 20 min. (available for loan from Penn State Audiovisual Services)
Keyword: Hens, handling.
Note: Demonstrates correct method for holding hens to examine for behavioral and physical characteristics related to health and performance.

Poultry at Home [videocassette]. Ipswich, UK: Farming Press Videos. Distributed in N.
America by Diamond Farm Enterprises, Alexandria Bay, NY; 1993; 1/2" VHS, 77 min.
Keyword: Raising chickens, basic management, health.
Note: A beginner's guide to poultry health and management. Victoria Roberts and Julie Musk use over 50 pure breeds to illustrate the various points. Topics include: choosing your breed, housing, handling, predators, feed and digestion, diseases and parasites, breeding, sexing, candling eggs, and rearing chicks.
NAL call number: Videocassette No. 1914.

Poultry Heat Stress [videocassette]. 1 hr., TC-33 (available from Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension)
Keyword: Chickens, heat stress, management.
Note: Techniques to alleviate heat stress of poultry during hot weather.

Restraint and Handling of the Bird [videocassette]. Davis, CA: School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California at Davis; 1978; 1/2" VHS, 12 min.
Keyword: Birds, handling, restraint.
Note: Discusses common anatomical characteristics of all birds. Common physical and chemical restraint techniques used on most birds are demonstrated.
NAL call number: Videocassette No. 1907.


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http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/pubs/livestock/lvstpltr.htm, April 27, 1999