Information Resources for Livestock and Poultry Handling and Transport, December 1988 *************************

Sheep

The Sheep "Bibliography" and "Audiovisuals" are chapters from: O'Driscoll, Jennifer, ed. (December 1998). Information Resources for Livestock and Poultry Handling and Transport. AWIC Resource Series No. 4. U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center, Beltsville, MD. Contact us: http://awic.nal.usda.gov/contact-us.

The following are links to AWIC and other chapters in this publication:

To: AWIC ] [ Main Document: Contents   Acknowledgements   Introduction   How to Use This Document ] Article: Assessment of Stress ] [Bibliographies or Audiovisuals on:  General   Cattle   Exotic and Other ,  Goats   Horses   Llamas   Poultry   Ratites   Sheep ,  Swine ] Internet Resources ] Organizations ] Guidelines ] Document Delivery Information ]


Bibliography: Sheep

Apple, J.K., J.E. Minton, K.M. Parsons, and J.A. Unruh (1993). Influence of repeated restraint and isolation stress and electrolyte administration on pituitary-adrenal secretions, electrolytes, and other blood constituents of sheep. Journal of Animal Science 71(1):71-77.
NAL call number: 49 J82

Bailey, A.N. and J.A. Fortune (1992). The response of Merino wethers to feedlotting and subsequent sea transport. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 35(2):167-180.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Baldock, N.M. and R.M. Sibly (1990). Effects of handling and transportation on the heart rate and behaviour of sheep. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 28(1):15-39.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Barber, A. and R.B. Freeman (1993). Design of sheep yards and shearing sheds. In: Livestock Handling and Transport, T. Grandin, ed., CAB International: Wallingford, UK, pp. 147-157.
NAL call number: SF89 L59 1993

Black, H., L.R. Matthews, and K.J. Bremner (1991). The welfare of sheep during sea transport. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 51st Conference, Otago University, 11-15 February 1991, 51:41-42.
NAL call number: 49.9 N483

Black, H., L.R. Matthews, and K.J. Bremner (1994). The behaviour of male lambs transported by sea from New Zealand to Saudi Arabia. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 42(1):16-23.
NAL call number: 41.8 N483

Black, H. (1995). The behaviour and welfare of male lambs transported by sea from New Zealand to Saudi Arabia. Surveillance Wellington 22(4):14-15.
NAL call number: SF604.63 N45 S87

Black, H. (1996). Inanition, stress and immunity in the expression of salmonellosis in the live sheep export industry. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 44(2):77-78.
NAL call number: 41.8 N483

Boutillier, Y. (1994). Restraint, accidents, anaesthesia, surgery, obstetrics in sheep. Bulletin des Groupement Techniques Veterinaires (3):13-17.
NAL call number: SF602 G7

Broom, D.M., J.A. Goode, S.J.G. Hall, D.M. Lloyd, and R.F. Parrott (1996). Hormonal and physiological effects of a 15 hour road journey in sheep: comparison with the responses to loading, handling and penning in the absence of transport. British Veterinary Journa1 152(5):593-604.
NAL call number: 41.8 V643

Cavanagh, R. (1990). Australian sheep dogs: Training & handling: Including a complete guide to commands. Whittlesea, Victoria, Australia: R. Cavanagh, 111p.
NAL call number: SF428.6 C38

Cockram, M.S. and R.A. Lee (1991). Some preslaughter factors affecting the occurrence of bruising in sheep. British Veterinary Journal 147(2):120-125.
NAL call number: 41.8 V643

Cockram, M.S., J.E. Kent, N.K. Waran, and P.J. Goddard (1996). Effects of journey length, space allowance during transport, and lairage during and after road transport on the behaviour of sheep. In: Proceedings of the 30th International Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, 14-17 August, 1996, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, p. 86.
NAL call number: SF756.7 I57 1996

Cockram, M.S., J.E. Kent, P.J. Goddard, N.K. Waran, I.M. McGilp, R.E. Jackson, G.M. Muwanga, and S. Prytherch (1996). Effect of space allowance during transport on the behavioural and physiological responses of lambs during and after transport. Animal Science 62(Pt. 3):461-477.
NAL call number: SF1 A56

Conroy, F. and P. Hanrahan (1994). Sheepyard and shearing shed design. East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: Agmedia, 74p.
NAL call number: SF379 S53 1994

Cottle, D.J. (1991). Australian sheep and wool handbook. Melbourne: Inkata Press, 499p.
NAL call number: SF375.5 A8A87

Davis, G.B. (1995). The export of live sheep for slaughter from New Zealand. Surveillance Wellington 22(2):26-28.
NAL call number: SF604.63 N45 S87

Douglas Hudson, C. and N. Waran (1993). Do sheep find transport aversive? An assessment using direct and indirect measures. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 38(1):78- 79.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Edwards, J. (1990). Shipping requirements for the carriage overseas of live sheep for slaughter. MAF (Wellington) Policy Paper 110, 43pp.

Ewbank, R. and J.E. Kent (1990). The behaviour of road-transported sheep. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 26(3):294.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Fabo, J. (1990). [Equipment for sheep shearing and for the processing of wool after shearing]. Linka na strihanie oviec a postrihovu upravu vlny. Vedecke Prace Vyskumneho Ustavu Ovciarskeho v Trencine (15):133-141.
NAL call number: 45.9 T72

Gudev, D., A. Kolev, I. Madzharov, and S.B. Selskostopanska (1994). [Adaptation period of rams after transportation and environment changes]. Vliyanie na transporta i promyanata na obstanovkata v"rkhu prod"lzhitelnostta na adaptatsionniya period pri kochove. Zhivotnov"dni-Nauki 31(1-4):227-228. Summaries in English and Russian.

Hall, S.J.G. and M. Clarkson (1995). Transport of sheep. Proceedings of the Sheep Veterinary Society 18:117-119.
NAL call number: SF968 I58 1993

Hall, S.J.G., B. Schmidt, and D.M. Broom (1997). Feeding behaviour and the intake of food and water by sheep after a period of deprivation lasting 14 h. Animal Science 64(Pt.1):105-110.
NAL call number: SF1 A56

Hall, S.J.G., M.L. Forsling, and D.M. Broom (1998). Stress responses of sheep to routine procedures: changes in plasma concentrations of vasopressin, oxytocin and cortisol. Veterinary Record 142(4):91-93.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Hamilton, G.R. and J.H. Stanton (1990). Sheep yard design - a survey of performance. In: Agricultural Engineering Conference 1990. Proceedings of a conference held in Toowoomba, Australia, 11-14 November 1990, p. 407- 410, National Conference Publication Number 90-13.
NAL call number: S671.3 A37 1990

Haresign, W., R.J. Williams, M. Khalid, and R. Rodway (1995). Heart rate responses and plasma cortisol and beta-endorphin concentrations in ewes subjected to laparoscopy and its associated handling procedures. Animal Science 61(1):77-83.
NAL call number: 41.8 V643

Hargreaves, A.L. and G.D. Hutson (1990). Some effects of repeated handling on stress responses in sheep. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 26(3):253-265.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Hargreaves, A.L. and G.D. Hutson (1990). The effect of gentling on heart rate, flight distance and aversion of sheep to a handling procedure. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 26(3):243-252.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Hargreaves, A.L. and G.D. Hutson (1990). The stress response in sheep during routine handling procedures. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 26(1):83-90.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Higgs, A.R.B., R.T. Norris, and R.B. Richards (1993). Epidemiology of salmonellosis in the live sheep export industry. Australian Veterinary Journal 70(9):330-335.
NAL call number: 41.8 Au72

Higgs, A.R.B., R.T. Norris, and R.B. Richards (1991). Season, age and adiposity influence death rates in sheep exported by sea. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 42(2):205-214.
NAL call number: 23 Au783

Higgs, A.R.B., R.T. Norris, N.J. Campbell, S. Koh, and R.B. Richards (1996). Contagious ecthyma in the live sheep export industry. Australian Veterinary Journal 74(3):215-220.
NAL call number: 41.8 Au72

Holmes, R.J. (1991). Sheep. In: Practical animal handling R.S. Anderson and A.T.B. Edney, eds., Pergamon Press: Oxford, UK, pp. 39-49.
NAL call number: SF61 P73 1991

Horton, G.M.J., J.A. Baldwin, S.M. Emanuele, J.E. Woht, and L.R. McDowell (1996). Performance and blood chemistry in lambs following fasting and transport. Animal Science 62(Pt.1):49-56.
NAL call number: SF1 A56

Hutson, G.D. (1993). Behavioural principles of sheep handling. Livestock Handling and Transport, T. Grandin, ed., CAB International: Wallingford, UK, pp. 127-146.
NAL call Number: SF89 L59 1993

Jarvis, A.M. and M.S. Cockram (1995). Some factors affecting resting behaviour of sheep in slaughterhouse lairages after transport from farms. Animal Welfare 4(1):53-60.
NAL call number: HV4701 A557

Jarvis, A.M. and M.S. Cockram (1995). Handling of sheep at markets and the incidence of bruising. Veterinary Record 136(23):582-585.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Jarvis, A.M. and M.S. Cockram (1994). Effects of handling and transport on bruising of sheep sent directly from farms to slaughter. Veterinary Record 135(22):523-527.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Jarvis, A.M., M.S. Cockram, and I.M. McGlip (1996). Bruising and biochemical measures of stress, dehydration and injury determined at slaughter in sheep transported from farms or markets. British Veterinary Journal 152(6):719-722.
NAL call number: 41.8 V643

Jephcott, E.H., R.D. Lynn, G.D. Thorburn, and I.C. McMillen (1990). Effects of electro-immobilisation on blood gas and pH status in sheep. Research in Veterinary Science 48(3):314-320.
NAL call Number: 41.8 R312

Khalid, M., W. Haresign, and D.G. Bradley (1998). Heart rate responses and plasma cortisol concentrations in ewes: comparison between cervical and laparoscopic intrauterine insemination and their associated handling procedures. Animal Science 66(2):383-387.
NAL call number: SF1 A56

Kim, F.B. and M.S. Cockram (1993). The resting behaviour of sheep in a slaughterhouse lairage after transportation. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 38(1):78.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Kim, F.B., R.E. Jackson, G.D.H. Gordon, and M.S. Cockram (1994). Resting behaviour of sheep in a slaughterhouse lairage. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 40(1):45-54.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Knowles, T.G., S.N. Brown, P.D. Warriss, A.J. Phillips, S.K. Dolan, P. Hunt, J.E. Ford, J.E. Edwards, and P.E. Watkins (1995). Effects on sheep of transport by road for up to 24 hours. Veterinary Record 136(17):431-438.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Knowles, T.G., D.H.L. Maunder, P.D. Warriss, and T.W.H. Hones (1994). Factors affecting the mortality of lambs in transit to or in lairage at a slaughterhouse, and reasons for carcase condemnations. Veterinary Record 135(5):109-111.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Knowles, T.G., D.H.L. Maunder, and P.D. Warriss (1994). Factors affecting the incidence of bruising in lambs arriving at one slaughterhouse. Veterinary Record 134(2):44-45.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Knowles, T.G., P.D. Warriss, S.N. Brown, S.C. Kestin, S.M. Rhind, J.E. Edwards, M.H. Anil, and S.K. Dolan (1993). Long distance transport of lambs and the time needed for subsequent recovery. Veterinary Record 133(12):286-293.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Knowles, T.G., P.D. Warriss, S.N. Brown, S.C. Kestin, J.E. Edwards, A.M. Perry, P.E. Watkins, and A.J. Phillips (1996). Effects of feeding, watering and resting intervals on lambs transported by road and ferry to France. Veterinary Record 139(14):335-339.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Knowles, T.G., P.D. Warriss, S.N. Brown, and S.C. Kestin (1993). Long distance transport of lambs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 38(1):75.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Knowles, T.G., P.D. Warriss, S.N. Brown, and S.C. Kestin (1994). Long distance transport of export lambs. Veterinary Record 134(5):107-110.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Lester, S.J., D.J. Mellor, and R.N. Ward (1991). Effects of repeated handling on the cortisol responses of young lambs castrated and tailed surgically. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 39(4):147-149.
NAL call number: 41.8 N483

Mateo, J.M., D.Q. Estep, and J.S. McCann (1991). Effects of differential handling on the behaviour of domestic ewes (Ovis aries). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 32(1):45-54.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

McDonald, C.L., J.B. Rowe, and S.P. Gittins (1994). Feeds and feeding methods for assembly of sheep before export. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 34(5):589-594. NAL call number: 23 Au792

McDonald, C.L. B.E. Warren, R.B. Richards, S.P. Gittins, C.J. Bunny, and J. Fry (1990). Feeding level to maintain liveweight of Merino wethers under simulated shipping. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 18:522.
NAL call number: 49.9 Au72

Murray, K.C., J.C. Eddison, S.L. Cullinane, P.H. Brooks, and J.A. Kirk (1996). The effect of origin, pre-slaughter handling and time from farm to slaughter on the welfare and meat quality of lamb. In: Proceedings of the 30th International Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology 14-17 August, 1996, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, p. 124.
NAL call No.: SF756 7 I57 1996

Norris, R.T., C.L. McDonald, R.B. Richards, M.W. Hyder, S.P. Gittins, and G.J. Norman (1990). Management of inappetant sheep during export by sea. Australian Veterinary Journal 67(7):244-247.
NAL call number: 41.8 Au72

Norris, R.T., R.B. Richards, and T. Higgs (1990). The live sheep export industry. Journal of Agriculture, Western Australia 31(4):131-148.
NAL call number: 23 W52J

Norris, R.T., R.B. Richards, and T. Higgs (1990). Minimising sheep deaths aboard ship. Journal of Agriculture, Western Australia 31(4):144-145.
NAL call number: 23 W52J

Norris, R.T., R.B. Richards, and T. Higgs (1990). Importance of live sheep exports. Journal of Agriculture, Western Australia 31(4):132-133.
NAL call number: 23 W52J

Norris, R.T., R.B. Richards, and T. Higgs (1990). Deaths of sheep during the phases of export. Journal of Agriculture, Western Australia 31(4):134-135.
NAL call number: 23 W52J

Norris, R.T., R.B. Richards, and T. Higgs (1990). Causes of sheep death during sea transport. Journal of Agriculture, Western Australia 31(4):136-138.
NAL call number: 23 W52J

Norris, R.T., R.B. Richards, and T. Higgs (1990). Predisposing causes of sheep deaths aboard ship. Journal of Agriculture, Western Australia 31(4):139-143.
NAL call number: 23 W52J

Norris, R.T., R.B. Richards, and G.J. Norman (1992). The duration of lot-feeding of sheep before sea transport. Australian Veterinary Journal 69(1):8-10.
NAL call number: 41.8 Au72

Osorio, J.C., C. Sanudo, I. Sierra, M.T. Osorio, J. Guerriero, and P. Santolaria (1992). Effect of transport on body weight loss in sheep. In: Actas de las XVI Jornadas Cientificas, Sociedad Espanola de Ovinotecnia y Caprinotecnia, Pamplona, Spain, September 1991, pp. 480-486.

Parrott, R.F., B.H. Misson, and C.F. De La Riva (1994). Differential stressor effects on the concentrations of cortisol, prolactin and catecholamines in the blood of sheep. Research in Veterinary Science 56(2):234-239.
NAL call number: 41.8 R312

Parrott, R.F., D.M. Lloyd, and J.A. Goode (1996). Stress hormone responses of sheep to food and water deprivation at high and low ambient temperatures. Animal Welfare 5(1): 45-56.
NAL call number: HV4701 A557

Parrott, R.F., S.J.G. Hall, D.M. Lloyd, J.A. Goode, and D.M. Broom (1998). Effects of a maximum permissible journey time (31 h) on physiological responses of fleeced and shorn sheep transport, with observations on behaviour during a short (1 h) rest-stop. Animal Science 66(Pt.1):197-207.
NAL call number: SF1 A56

Richards, R.B., M.W. Hyder, J. Fry, N.D. Costa, R.T. Norris, and A.R.B. Higgs (1991). Seasonal metabolic factors may be responsible for deaths in sheep exported by sea. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 42(2):215-226.
NAL call number: 23 Au783

Rushen, J. (1990). Use of aversion-learning techniques to measure distress in sheep. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 28(1-2):3-14.
NAL call number: QL750 A6

Simon, J.L. (1994). The environment and diseases of sheep. Bulletin des Groupement Techniques Veterinaires (3):3-11.
NAL call number: SF602 G7

Slade, C.F.R. and L. Stubbings (1994). Sheep housing. In: Livestock Housing, C.M. Wathes and D.R. Charles, eds., CAB International: Wallingford, UK, p. 359-378.
NAL call number: SF91 L59 1994

Smart, D., A.J. Forhead, R.F. Smith, and H. Dobson (1994). Transport stress delays the oestradiol-induced LH surge by a non-opioidergic mechanism in the early postpartum ewe. Journal of Endocrinology 142(3):447-451.
NAL call number: 448.8 J8293

Thomas, K.W., A.P. Kelly, P.T. Beers, and R.G. Brennan (1990). Thiamine deficiency in sheep exported live by sea. Australian Veterinary Journal 67(6):215-218.
NAL call number: 41.8 Au72

Waghorn, G.C., G.B. Davis, and M.J. Harcombe (1995). Specification of pen rail spacing and trough heights to prevent escape and enable good access to feed by sheep during sea shipments from New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 43(6):219-224.
NAL call number: 41.8 N483

Warriss, P.D., E.A. Bevis, and C.S. Young (1990). Transport and lairage times of lambs slaughtered commercially in the south of England. Veterinary Record 127(1):5-8.
NAL call number: 41.8 V641

Warriss, P.D., S.C. Kestin, C.S. Young, E.A. Bevis, and S.N. Brown (1990). Effect of preslaughter transport on carcass yield and indices of meat quality in sheep. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 51(4):517-523.
NAL call number: 382 So12

Watson, G.A.L. (1994). Sheep dipping and handling facilities: safety and maintenance. Farm Building Progress (115): 36-38.
NAL call number: TH4911 F37

Williams, H.L. (1993). Facilities for handling intensively managed sheep. In: Livestock Handling and Transport T. Grandin, ed., CAB International: Wallingford, UK, pp. 159-178.
NAL call number: SF89 L59 1993

Williams, C.S.F. (1990). Routine sheep and goat procedures. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Food Animal Practice 6(3):737-758.
NAL call Number: SF 601 V535


To: Top of Document ] Bibliography ] Audiovisuals ]

Audiovisuals: Sheep

Care and Maintenance of Shearing Equipment [videocassette]. Colso (?); 1975; 1/2" VHS, 30 min. (available from Purdue University Instructional Media Center)
Keyword: Sheep, shearing, equipment.
Note: Shearing expert Charles Swaim demonstrates the proper way to prepare and care for shearing equipment to prevent cutting the sheep's skin and how to position the blades for the best direction of movement.

Lamb Evaluation: Ewe Evaluation [videocassette]. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Cooperative Extension Service. Distributed by RMI Media Productions, Shawnee Mission, KS; 198?; 1/2" VHS, 27 min.
Keyword: Sheep, lambs, ewes, visual and tactile evaluation, marketing.
Note: How to evaluate market lambs using hands and eyes. How to judge breeding ewes.
NAL call number: Videocassette No. 1350.

Lamb Survival [videocassette]. Ipswich, UK: Farming Press Videos. Distributed in N. America by Diamond Farm Enterprises, Alexandria Bay, NY; 1993; 1/2" VHS, 84 min.
Keyword: Lambs, post natal care.
Note: David Henderson presents techniques to help lambs survive their first few days of life.
NAL call number: Videocassette No. 1937.

Planning a Working Facility for Sheep [videocassette]. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Ag; 1979; 16 min. (available for loan from Penn State Audiovisual Services)
Keyword: Sheep, facility design, handling.
Note: Explains the design and construction of efficient sheep handling facilities and the uses of the different pieces of equipment.

Sheep Handling and Feed Equipment [videocassette]. Winrock; 1982; 1/2" VHS, 22 min. (available from http://elroy.nmsu.edu/WebCatalog/Web [New Mexico State University, Department of Agricultural Communications])
Keyword: Sheep, handling, feeding.
Note: Describes equipment and techniques used in handling and feeding the sheep flock.
NAL call number: IPM970904649.

Sheep Management Practices I [videocassette]. Lubbock, TX: Creative Educational Video; 1989; 1/2" VHS, 54 min.
Keyword: Sheep, management, handling, restraint.
Note: This instructional video covers characteristics of sheep, housing and facilities, handling and restraint, lambing, tail docking, and castration. Includes a summary with quizzes and answers.
NAL call number: Videocassette No. 2580.

Sheep Management Practices II [videocassette]. Lubbock, TX: Creative Educational Video; 1989; 1/2" VHS, 43 min.
Keyword: Sheep, management, parasites, shearing.
Note: This instructional video covers identification, parasite control, foot care, and shearing. Includes a summary with quizzes and answers.
NAL call number: Videocassette No. 2581.


To: AWIC ] Top of Document ] [ Main Document: Contents   Acknowledgements   Introduction   How to Use This Document ] Article: Assessment of Stress ] [Bibliographies or Audiovisuals on:  General   Cattle   Exotic and Other   Goats   Horses   Llamas   Poultry   Ratites   Sheep   Swine ] Internet Resources ] Organizations ] Guidelines ] Document Delivery Information ]

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http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/pubs/livestock/lvstshee.htm, April 27, 1999