Aquaculture Related Resources








Lutz, C .G. Comparing apples to apples: genotype environment interactions. Aquac Mag. [Little Rock, Ark., Briggs Associates, inc.]. Sept/Oct 2001. v. 27 (5) p. 67‑70. ISSN: 0199‑1388.

NAL call no: SH1.C65

Descriptors: freshwater fishes, shellfish, shellfish culture, mollusc culture, genotype environment interaction, fish culture, shrimp culture, ponds, cages, fish ponds.


Nickum, M. J. A summary of aquaculture in Canada: Atlantic and Pacific regions.  Aquac Mag. [Little Rock, Ark., Briggs Associates, inc.]. Sept/Oct 2001. v. 27 (5) p. 42‑50. ISSN: 0199‑1388.

NAL call no: SH1.C65

Descriptors: fish culture, salmon culture, shellfish culture, mollusc culture, water pollution, environmental impact, Canada, northwest atlantic, northeast pacific.





Castell, J. Farming the waters: bringing aquatic plant and animal species to agriculture. Can J Anim Sci. Ottawa : Agricultural Institute of Canada, 1957. June 2000. v. 80 (2) p. 235‑243. ISSN: 0008‑3984.

NAL call no: 41.8 C163

Abstract: Aquaculture has a long history, with carp culture in Asia starting before 2000 BC and oyster culture in the Roman Empire before the time of Julius Caesar. However, it is clearly the past 40 yr that have seen the most dramatic expansion of aquaculture. The world's population now exceeds 6 billion people and is still growing at an alarming rate. The world's wild fish harvest has clearly peaked at or above the maximum sustainable yield of about 90 million t. Many fish stocks are suffering from over‑fishing and there is little hope of any increase in the capture fisheries production. Though modern agricultural practices have been very efficient at increasing the per acre yields, the world is experiencing an alarmingly steady decrease in the amount of agricultural land devoted to food production. In the past 20‑30 yr production of fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants (aquaculture) has become an increasingly important means of producing food, and in some countries aquaculture production accounts for more than half of the total fishery harvest and is even as high as 90% in a few countries. I have reviewed the historical growth of aquaculture, compared the product value in various countries and reviewed aquaculture practices for a number of plant, molluscan, crustacean and fish species around the world. These culture technologies were compared and contrasted with agricultural practices. Finally, some predictions for the future of aquaculture development in Canada and the world have been made.

Descriptors: aquaculture, aquatic plants, aquatic animals, fish farming, history, food production, fish diseases, world, prediction, Canada.


Nash, C. E.; A. Nagasawa. Sumiyoshi fishermen remember their angel. World Aquac. [Baton Rouge, La.: World Aquaculture Society,. June 2000. v. 31 (2) p. 39, 41‑42. ISSN: 1041‑5602.

NAL call no: SH1.W62

Descriptors: seaweeds, fishermen, history, life cycle, algae culture, spores, seasonal variation, dormancy, reproduction, Mollusca, shells.


Saito, H.; Imabayashi, H.; Kawai, K. (2000) Interaction between handling cost and growth of the bivalve‑feeder Halla okudai under rearing conditions, in relation to prey species. Fisheries Science Tokyo 66 (5): 863‑870, ISSN: 0919‑9268.

NAL call no: SH1.F8195

Descriptors: development, ecology, environmental sciences, Pelecypoda, Polychaeta, Annelida, Crassostrea gigas, Pacific oyster, Halla okudai, Mytilus galloprovincialis, blue mussel, Ruditapes philippinarum, short neck clam, Annelids, energy budget, foraging behavior, growth increment, intertidal communities, oxygen consumption, prey conditions, prey handling cost, rearing conditions, respiration rate.


Saito, H.; Imabayashi, H.; Kawai, K. (2000) Interaction between searching cost and growth of the bivalve‑feeder Halla okudai under rearing conditions, in relation to prey size. Fisheries Science Tokyo 66 (5): 908‑914, ISSN: 0919‑9268.

NAL call no: SH1.F8195

Descriptors: behavior, ecology, environmental sciences, Pelecypoda, Polychaeta, Annelida, Halla okudai, predator, Ruditapes philippinarum, prey, Annelids, feces, digestive system, energy budget, feeding experiment, foraging behavior, growth rate, predator prey interactions, prey searching cost, prey size, rearing conditions, respiration rate.


Verschuere, L.; Rombaut, G.; Sorgeloos, P.; Verstraete, W. (2000) Probiotic bacteria as biological control agents in aquaculture. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 64(4): 655‑71, ISSN: 1092‑2172.

NAL call no: QR1.B25

Abstract: There is an urgent need in aquaculture to develop microbial control strategies, since disease outbreaks are recognized as important constraints to aquaculture production and trade and since the development of antibiotic resistance has become a matter of growing concern. One of the alternatives to antimicrobials in disease control could be the use of probiotic bacteria as microbial control agents. This review describes the state of the art of probiotic research in the culture of fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and live food, with an evaluation of the results obtained so far. A new definition of probiotics, also applicable to aquatic environments, is proposed, and a detailed description is given of their possible modes of action, i.e., production of compounds that are inhibitory toward pathogens, competition with harmful microorganisms for nutrients and energy, competition with deleterious species for adhesion sites, enhancement of the immune response of the animal, improvement of water quality, and interaction with phytoplankton. A rationale is proposed for the multistep and multidisciplinary process required for the development of effective and safe probiotics for commercial application in aquaculture. Finally, directions for further research are discussed.

Descriptors: aquaculture methods, bacteria, pest control biological methods, probiotics, Crustacea, fishes.





Skakelja, N. (1997) An overview of genetic research in the Laboratory of Aquaculture at the Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Split, Croatia. Bartley, D.M. (FAO, Rome (Italy). Fisheries Resources and Environment Division); Basurco, B. Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Mediterraneennes, Zaragoza (Spain). Institut Agronomique Mediterraneen de Zaragoza; FAO, Rome (Italy). Genetics and breeding of Mediterranean aquaculture species. Zaragoza (Spain). CIHEAM‑IAMZ 1998, ISSN 1022‑1379.

Abstract: This paper is an overview of marine aquaculture in Croatia and an in‑depth coverage of works and achievements of scientists in the Laboratory of Marine Aquaculture. At the end of the 80's the first steps into the field of fish genetics were made by working on hybrids of Sparus aurata x Diplodus puntazzo, Sparus aurata x Diplodus vulgaris and finally Dentex dentex x Diplodus sargus; the last cross was found to be potentially interesting for marine aquaculture. Further research on chromosome manipulation was conducted to induce triploidy of Sparus aurata by temperature shocking freshly fertilized eggs. At the beginning of the 90's research on population genetics of mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) was conducted in the Laboratory in co‑operation with French colleagues from IFREMER. The present work includes research on chromosome structure of Sparid species from the Eastern Adriatic as well as population genetics. In the future, will be implemented a database on Adriatic fish, mainly with the goal to support a program of protection of wild populations of finfish.

Descriptors: Sparus, Diplodus, Mytilus, Croatia, aquaculture, karyotypes, population genetics, Balkans, Bivalvia, bony fishes, cell structure, Europe, fishes, genetics, Mollusca, Percoidei.





Jalabert, B.; Michel, A. (1996) Which researches and which developments for aquaculture? Comptes Rendus de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France 82 (9) 171‑182, ISSN: 0989‑6988. Note: In French.

NAL call no: S5 C65

Descriptors: conservation, physiology, systematics and taxonomy, wildlife management, conservation, Europe, Palearctic region, France, aquaculture, aquatic environment, development policies, outlets stability, rearing systems, research, resource management, socioeconomic context.





Lees, D.N.; Henshilwood, K.; Green, J.; Gallimore, C.I.; Brown, D.W. (1995) Detection of small round structured viruses in shellfish by reverse transcription‑PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol 61(12): 4418‑24, ISSN: 0099‑2240.

NAL call no: 448.3 AP5

Abstract: We describe the application of a previously developed sample extraction procedure to the detection of small round structured viruses (SRSVs) in shellfish. Initial seeding experiments showed that PCR inhibitor removal and virus recoveries were comparable to those in previous studies with poliovirus. Shellfish from a range of sewage‑contaminated sites were then tested for the presence of SRSVs by using broadly reactive PCR primers followed by Southern blotting with internal probe sites. Positive results were obtained from 5 of 31 field samples tested. Four of these positive samples were from highly polluted sites. PCR product sequence analysis confirmed their identity as SRSV and showed sequence diversity compared with virus controls, suggesting that the results were not a consequence of PCR cross‑contamination. Finally, shellfish associated with four separate outbreaks of viral gastroenteritis were tested by PCR and Southern blot for the presence of SRSVs. All outbreak samples tested gave positive results. As far as we are aware, this is the first demonstration of the detection in environmentally contaminated shellfish of the SRSVs responsible for human gastroenteritis. This development may help contribute to the further development of public health controls for molluscan shellfish.

Descriptors: food microbiology, Norwalk virus isolation and purification, shellfish virology, amino acid sequence, base sequence, molecular sequence data, polymerase chain reaction methods, sequence alignment.





McVey, E. M. Mollusc culture: January 1989 ‑ February 1993. Quick Bibliogr Ser U S Dep Agric Natl Agric Libr U S. Beltsville, Md. : The Library. Mar 1993. (93‑19) 27 p. ISSN: 1052‑5378.

NAL call no: aZ5071.N3

Descriptors: mollusc culture, shellfish, bibliographies.





Day, J. D.; A. P. Edwards; G. A. Rodgers. Development of an industrial‑scale process for the heterotrophic production of a micro‑algal mollusc feed. Bioresource Technol. Essex : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers. 1991. v. 38 (2/3) p. 245‑249. ISSN: 0960‑8524.

NAL call no: TD930.A32

Descriptors: algae culture, industrial methods, dry feeds, powders, feeding, trials, UK.


Nash, C. E. Production of aquatic animals : crustaceans, molluscs, amphibians, and reptiles. Amsterdam ; New York : Elsevier Science, 1991. xii, 244 p. : ill. World animal science. C, Production‑system approach ; 4. ISBN: 0444883126.

NAL call no: SH370.P76 1990

Descriptors: shellfish culture, amphibian culture, reptile culture, aquaculture.





Kautsky, N.; Folke, C. (1989) A sustainable development of aquaculture. Food Laboratory News (no. 18) p. 43‑48, ISSN: 1100‑3227.

NAL call no: TX541.F663

Descriptors: mollusc culture, fish culture, aquatic communities, environmental effects, aquaculture, biocoenosis, injurious factors, shellfish culture.


Quayle, D. B.; G. F. Newkirk. Farming bivalve molluscs : methods for study and development. Advances in world aquaculture ; v. 1. Baton Rouge, LA : World Aquaculture Society in association with the International Development Research Centre, c1989. ix, 294 p. : ill. ISBN: 0962452904.

NAL call no: SH370.Q82

Descriptors: shellfish culture, Bivalvia.





Amidei, R. E. West Coast mollusc culture : a present and future perspective : proceedings of a California Sea Grant Workshop, in cooperation with the Pacific Sea Grant College Program, July 9‑10, 1987, University of California, Berkeley. Sea grant report; no. T‑CSGCP‑017. California Sea Grant Workshop (1987 : University of California, Berkeley). University of California (System). Sea Grant College Program. Pacific Sea Grant College Program.  La Jolla : Institute of Marine Resources, 1988. 87 p. : ill. 

NAL call no: SH365.A18C3 1987

Descriptors: mollusks Pacific Coast U.S. congresses, shellfish culture Pacific Coast U.S. congresses.





Glude, J. B. The applicability of recent innovations to mollusc culture in the western Pacific Islands. Aquaculture. Amsterdam : Elsevier Scientific Publishing. June 15, 1984. v. 39 (1/4) p. 29‑43. ill., maps. ISSN: 0044‑8486.                       

NAL call no: SH1.A6

Descriptors: Pacific Islands.


Morse, D. E.; K. K. Chew; R. R. Mann. Recent innovations in cultivation of Pacific molluscs : proceedings of an international symposium sponsored by the California Sea Grant College Program and the Pacific Sea Grant College Programs in Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington : held at La Jolla, California, U.S.A., 1 December to 3 December 1982. University of California (System). Sea Grant College Program. International Symposium on Recent Innovations in the Cultivation of Pacific molluscs (1982 : La Jolla, Calif.). Developments in aquaculture and fisheries science ; 14. Amsterdam ; New York : Elsevier : Distributors for the United States and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co., 1984. xi, 404 p. : ill., maps. ISBN: 0444423508. 

NAL call no: SH1.D43 v.14

Descriptors: shellfish culture Pacific area technological innovations congresses, shellfish culture technological innovations congresses.





Lynch, T. Award‑winning research team continues advances in mollusc culture techniques. Aquaculture Mag. Little Rock : Briggs Associates, Inc. Sept/Oct 1982. v. 8 (6) p. 14‑17. ill. ISSN: 0199‑1388.

NAL call no: SH1.C65

Descriptors: Abalone culture, rearing techniques, reproduction, larval development, metamorphosis, growth, molecular mechanisms, biological/ cellular/ physiological processes.





Boyle, P. R. Molluscs and man. The Institute of Biology's studies in biology, 0537‑9024 ; no. 134. London : Edward Arnold, c1981. 59 p. : ill. ISBN: 0713128240 (pbk.).

NAL call no: QH301.I52 no.134

Descriptors: shellfish culture.


Colt, J. E.; D. A. Armstrong. Nitrogen toxicity to crustaceans, fish, and molluscs. Proceedings of the Bio‑Engineering Symposium for Fish Culture / edited by Lochie Jo Allen and Edward C. Kinney. Bethesda, Md. : Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society, c1981. p. 34‑46.

NAL call no: SH151.B54 1979

Descriptors: nitrogen toxicity, bioengineering, mechanisms, toxic effects, culture growth, maintenance, aeration, culture system hyraulics, animal welfare.


Tagatz, M.E.; Ivey, J.M.; Gregory, N.R.; Oglesby, J.L. (1981) Effects of pentachlorophenol on field‑ and laboratory‑developed estuarine benthic communities. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 26(1): 137‑43, ISSN: 0007‑4861.

NAL call no: RA1270.P35A1

Descriptors: chlorophenols toxicity, pentachlorophenol toxicity, water pollutants toxicity, water pollutants chemical toxicity, Annelida drug effects, Arthropods drug effects, Florida, Mollusca drug effects, pentachlorophenol analysis, seawater analysis.





Gottardi, G. "Active" water in fish culture sanitation, contamination of water, molluscs. Acque "attive" in piscicoltura.  Inf Zootec. Bologna, Edagricole. Jan 31, 1980. v. 27 (2) p. 40‑41. ill. ISSN: 0020‑0778. Note: In Italian.

NAL call no: 49 IN3

Descriptors: contaminant sources, culture, aquaculture, water contamination, chemical pollutants, micro-organisms, potential pathogens, active water.


Persoone, G.; C. Claus. Mass culture of algae: a bottleneck in the nursery culturing of molluscs.  Algae biomass : production and use / sponsored by the National Council for Research and Development, Israel and the Gesellschaft fur Strahlen‑ und Umweltforschung (GSF), Munich, Germany;  editors, Gedaliah Shelef, Carl J. Soeder. Amsterdam, Elsevier/North‑Holland Biomedical Press, 1980. p. 265‑285. ill. 

NAL call no: SH389.A44

Descriptors: Descriptors: contaminant sources, culture, aquaculture, water contamination, chemical pollutants, micro-organisms, potential pathogens, active water.


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