Environmental Enrichment for Nonhuman Primates Resource Guide, March 1999 *************************

Articles on General Environmental Enrichment

"Articles on General Environmental Enrichment" is a chapter from: Kreger, Michael D. (March 1999). Environmental Enrichment for Nonhuman Primates Resource Guide. AWIC Resource Series No. 5. U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center, Beltsville, MD. E-mail: Contact us: http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/contact.php .

The following are links to AWIC and other chapters in this publication:

[ AWIC ] [ Main Contents ] [ Main Introduction ] [ Using this Resource Guide ] [ U.S. Laws, Regulations, & Policies ] [ Organizations & Websites ] [ Primate Centers & Animal Colonies ] [ Listservs ] [ Products and Suppliers ] [ Audiovisuals ] [ Journals & Newsletters ] [ Bibliography: Articles or Books/Conference Proceedings ] [ AWIC Newsletter Articles ] [ Appendix A ]


NOTE: Call numbers are included for publications contained in the collection of the National Agricultural Library (NAL). While NAL does not sell audiovisuals or publications from its collection, materials may be borrowed by interlib r ary loan. Borrowing information can be found on the NAL website http://www.nal.usda.gov/borrow-materials .

Acuna M. (1993). Christmas trees for environmental enrichment. Shape of Enrichment 2(4):1-2.
NAL call number: HV4737 S53
Descriptors: zoo animals, birds, mammals, Christmas tree as enrichment.

Baer J.F. (1998). A veterinary perspective of potential risk factors in environmental enrichment. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals. D.J. Shepherdson, J. Mellen, M. Hutchins, eds., Smithsonian Inst i tution Press: Washington and London, pp. 277-301.
NAL call number: SF408 S435 1998
Descriptors: zoos, animal care, parasites, stress, risks from enrichment.

Brent, L. (1995). Improving the laboratory environment for nonhuman primates. Animal Welfare Institute Quarterly 44(1):14-15.
NAL call number: HV4761 A5
Descriptors: primates, laboratory, enrichment.

Bryant, L. and C. Kinzley (1994). Environmental enrichment at the Oakland Zoo. American Zoo And Aquarium Association Regional Conference Proceedings 1994:183-184.
NAL call number: QL76.5 U6A472
Descriptors: zoos, environmental enrichment.

Carlstead, K. (1996). Effects of captivity on the behavior of wild mammals. In: Wild Mammals in Captivity Principles and Techniques. D.G. Kleiman, M.E. Allen, K.V. Thompson, and S. Lumpkin, eds., University of Chicago Pres s :Chicago, pp. 317-333.
NAL call number: SF408 W55 1996
Descriptors: zoo mammals, stress, behavior, enrichment options, environmental complexity.

Carlstead, K. and D. Shepherdson (1994). Effects of environmental enrichment on reproduction. Zoo Biology13(5):447-58.
NAL call number: QL77.5 Z6
Descriptors: stress, zoo animals, social behavior, environmental enrichment.

Coe, J.C. (1995). Opinion: Giving laboratory animals choices. Lab Animal 24(7):41-42.
NAL call number: QL55 A133
Descriptors: novelty, benefits, stimulus, laboratory animals.

Desmond, T. and G. Laule (1994). Use of positive reinforcement training in the management of species for reproduction. Zoo Biology 13(5):471-477.
NAL call number: QL77.5 Z6
Descriptors: training, animal care, social interaction, psychological well-being, techniques.

Embury, A.S. (1997). Planting for environmental enrichment at Melbourne Zoo. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, 21-25 August 1995, Copenhagen B. Holst, ed., Copenhagen Zoo: Fred e riksberg, pp. 290-298.
Descriptors: foraging, food as environmental enrichment, behavior stimulus.

Frew, L. (1994). Rags to enrichment. Environmental enrichment at Belfast Zoo. RATEL 21(5):166-167.
NAL call number: QL77.5 R37
Descriptors: zoo primates, environmental enrichment.

Irven, P.M. (1997). Some thoughts on behavioural and environmental enrichment. RATEL 24(3):87-89.
NAL call number: QL77.5 R37
Descriptors: zoo animal enrichment, wildlife parks.

Isbister, K. (1993). Building a behavioral enrichment program at Brookfield Zoo. Shape of Enrichment 2(3):6-7.
NAL call number: HV4737 S53
Descriptors: zoo animal enrichment, enrichment programs.

Johnson, S. (1996). Mixing it up: Enhancing the visitor experience and enriching the animal environment. Annual Conference Proceedings of the American Zoo and Aquarium Association 1996:183-89.
NAL call number: QL76.5 U6A472
Descriptors: animal welfare, zoos, visitors.

Koene, P. (1997). Time budgets of zoo mammals in relation to housing. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, 21-25 August 1995, Copenhagen, B. Holst, ed., Copenhagen Zoo: Frederiksberg , pp. 179-187.
Descriptors: zoo mammals, housing, activity, behavior.

Kreger, M.D., M. Hutchins, and N. Fascione (1998). Context, ethics, and environmental enrichment in zoos and aquariums. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals D.J. Shepherdson, J.D. Mellen, and M. H utchins, eds., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 59-82.
NAL call number: SF408 5435 1998
Descriptors: context, social housing, novelty, exhibit animals, reintroduction programs, animal welfare.

Laule, G. (1993). The use of behavioral management techniques to reduce or eliminate abnormal behavior. Animal Welfare Information Center Newsletter 4(4):1-2, 8-11.
NAL call number: aHV4701 A952
Descriptors: data collection, behavioral goals, strategies, social behavior.

Laule, G. (1995). The role of behavioral management in enhancing exhibit design and use. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Regional Conference Proceedings 1995:84-88.
NAL call number: QL76.5 U6A472
Descriptors: exhibit design, behavioral stimulation, positive reinforcement, zoos.

Laule,G. and T. Desmond (1998). Positive reinforcement training as an enrichment strategy. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals D.J. Shepherdson, J.D. Mellen, and M. Hutchins, eds., Smithsonian In s titution Press: Washington, D.C., pp. 302-313.
NAL call number: SF408 5435 1998
Descriptors: positive reinforcement, behavioral enrichment, stimulus.

Lawrence, A.B. and J.Rushen, eds. (1993). Stereotypic Animal Behaviour: Fundamentals and Applications to Welfare. CAB International: Wallingford, United Kingdom, 212p.
NAL call number: QL751.6 S75 1993
Descriptors: livestock, causes, motivation, stimulus, repetition.

Lindburg, D.G. (1998). Enrichment of captive mammals through provisioning. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals D.J. Shepherdson, J.D. Mellen, and M. Hutchins, eds., Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington, D.C., pp. 262-276.
NAL call number: SF408 5435 1998
Descriptors: zoo mammals, behavioral enrichment.

Mahoney, C.J. (1992). Opinion: Some thoughts on psychological enrichment. Lab Animal 21(5):27-37.
NAL call number: QL55 A1L33
Descriptors: psychological well-being, laboratory animals, environmental complexity.

Maple, T.L. and L.A. Perkins(1996). Enclosure furnishings and structural environmental enrichment. In: Wild Mammals in Captivity Principles and Techniques D.G. Kleiman, M.E. Allen, K.V. Thompson, and S. Lumpkin, eds., Unive r sity of Chicago Press: Chicago, pp. 212-222.
NAL call number: SF408 W55 1996
Descriptors: zoo mammals, design, behavior, enrichment options, environmental complexity.

Markowitz, H. (1997). Environmental enrichment and the conservation of behavior. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, 21-25 August 1995, Copenhagen B. Holst, ed., Copenhagen Zoo: Frede r iksberg, pp. 17-23.
Descriptors: species-typical behavior, zoos, mammals.

Markowitz, H. and C. Aday (1998). Power for captive animals: contingencies and nature. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals D.J. Shepherdson, J.D. Mellen, and M. Hutchins, eds. Smithsonian Instit u tion Press: Washington, D.C., 350p.
NAL call number: SF408 5435 1998
Descriptors: philosophy, zoo animals, environmental enrichment methods.

Martin, S. (1996). Training as enrichment. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Regional Conference Proceedings 1996:139-143.
NAL call number: QL76.5 U6A472
Descriptors: positive reinforcement, mammals, behavioral management.

Mason, A. (1993). Environmental enrichment at Twycross Zoo, United Kingdom. Shape of Enrichment 2(3):8.
NAL call number: HV4737 S53
Descriptors: zoos, mammals, environmental enrichment.

Mellen, J.D., D.J. Shepherdson, and M. Hutchins (1998). Epilogue: The future of environmental enrichment. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals. D.J. Shepherdson, J. Mellen, M. Hutchins, eds., Smit h sonian Institution Press: Washington and London, pp. 329-336.
NAL call number: SF408 S435 1998
Descriptors: Zoos, future areas for research, applications.

Morgan, K.N., S.W. Line, and H. Markowitz (1998). Zoos, enrichment, and the skeptical observer: the practical value of assessment. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals. D.J. Shepherdson, J. Mellen , M. Hutchins, eds., Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington and London, pp. 153-171.
NAL call number: SF408 S435 1998
Descriptors: methods of assessment, zoos, review.

Morimura, N. and U. Yoshikazu (1998). Behavior patterns of 9 mammals in the zoo: The comparison among species, and different environments. Japanese Journal of Animal Psychology 48(1):33-45.
Descriptors: wallaby, lion, wolf, bear, elephant, zebra, deer, Japanese macaque, chimpanzee, behavioral repetoire, activity budgets, feeding behavior.

National Research Council (1996). Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C., 127p.
NAL call number: SF406 G95 1996
Descriptors: guidelines, laboratory animal housing, management, veterinary medicine, physical plant.

Newberry, R.C. (1995). Environmental enrichment: Increasing the biological relevance of captive environments. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 44:229-243.
NAL call number: QL750 A6
Descriptors: natural behavior, activity levels, zoos, farms, laboratories.

Partridge, J. (1996). From rags to enrichment: Enriching our animals' lives. RATEL 23(1):28-30.
NAL call number: QL77.5 R37
Descriptors: environmental enrichment, zoos, mammals.

Partridge, J. (1993). Some potential enrichment ideas. RATEL 20(2):48-52.
NAL call number: QL77.5 R37
Descriptors: environmental enrichment, zoos, mammals.

Pecenko, N., S. Baebler, and T. Cirman (1997). Visitors as an environmental enrichment. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, 21-25 August 1995 Copenhagen B. Holst, ed., Copenhage n Zoo: Frederiksberg, pp. 325-333.
Descriptors: macaques, chimpanzees, visitor effects on animal activity, zoos.

Pereira, M.E. (1991). Primate preference for outdoors. Humane Innovations and Alternatives 5:313-315.
NAL call number: QL55 H8
Descriptors: housing preferences, animal welfare, enrichment.

Poole, T. (1997). Behavioral problems in captivity in general and their management. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, 21-25 August 1995, Copenhagen B. Holst, ed., Copenhagen Zoo, Frederiksberg, pp. 118-130.
Descriptors: zoos, stereotypies, mammals.

Poole, T. (1997). Happy animals make good science. Laboratory Animals 31:116-124.
NAL call number: QL55 A1L3
Descriptors: enrichment, behavior, activity levels, distress, confounding.

Poole, T. (1997). Identifying the behavioural needs of zoo mammals and providing appropriate captive environments. RATEL 24(6):200-211.
NAL call number: QL77.5 R37
Descriptors: behavior, enrichment, zoos, mammals.

Poole, T. (1998). Meeting a mammal's psychological needs: basic principles. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals. D.J. Shepherdson, J. Mellen, M. Hutchins, eds., Smithsonian Institution Press: Wash i ngton and London, pp. 83-94.
NAL call number: SF408 S435 1998
Descriptors: behavior, enrichment, zoos, mammals.

Rice, J.M. (1994). Zoo husbandry and research: an integrated approach. Humane Innovations and Alternatives 8:597-600.
NAL call number: QL55 H8
Descriptors: enrichment, animal training, husbandry.

Robinson, M.H. (1998). Enriching the lives of zoo animals, and their welfare: Where research can be fundamental. Animal Welfare 7(2):151-175.
NAL call number: HV4701 A557
Descriptors: role of enrichment in context of zoo missions, tradeoffs, visitor expectations, animal welfare, naturalitic exhibits.

Schwammer, H.M. (1997). Time management for zoo-animals: Behavioral problems in captivity in general and their management. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, 21-25 August 1995, Copen h agen B. Holst, ed., Copenhagen Zoo, Frederiksberg, pp. 239-243.
Descriptors: environmental enrichment, behavior, zoo animals.

Seidensticker, J. and D.L. Forthman (1998). Evolution, ecology, and enrichment: Basic considerations for wild animals in zoos. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals D.J. Shepherdson, J. Mellen, M. H utchins, eds., Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington and London, pp. 15-29.
NAL call number: SF408 S435 1998
Descriptors: zoo animals, life history, behavioral ecology.

Shepherdson, D.J. (1998). Introduction: Tracing the path of environmental enrichment in zoos. In: Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals. D.J. Shepherdson, J. Mellen, M. Hutchins, eds., Smithsonian Insti t ution Press: Washington and London, pp. 1-12.
NAL call number: SF408 S435 1998
Descriptors: review, history, rewards, zoos.

Shepherdson, D. (1992). Environmental enrichment: Back to the future. Proceedings of Symposium of the Association of British Wild Animal Keepers 15:42-54.
NAL call number: SK351 A8
Descriptors: zoos, housing, animal welfare.

Shepherdson, D. (1991). A wild time at the zoo: Practical enrichment for zoo animals. AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings 1991:413-420.
NAL call number: QL76.5 U6A472
Descriptors: zoos, environmental enrichment.

Shields, J. (1995). Behavioral enrichment for the rest of the zoo. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Regional Conference Proceedings 1995:456-457.
NAL call number: QL76.5 U6A472
Descriptors: zoos, behavioral enichment, Alabama.

Shikha, N.M. (1996). Environmental enrichment: to ward off boredom in zoo animals. Indian Zoo Year Book 1:3-6.
Descriptors: zoos, boredom, environmental enrichment.

Tardona, D.R. (1997). Animal behavioral enrichment and public perception: an opportunity to inform and educate. Animal Keepers' Forum 24(7):320-321.
NAL call number: QL77.5 A54
Descriptors: zoos, public perception, animal care.

Veasey, J.S., N.K. Waran, and R.J. Young (1996). On comparing the behaviour of zoo housed animals with wild conspecifics as a welfare indicator. Animal Welfare 5(1):13-24.
NAL call number: HV4701 A557
Descriptors: comparisons, preferences, behavioral flexibility, adaptation, animal welfare.


The following are links to AWIC and other chapters in this publication:

[ AWIC ] [ Main Contents ] [ Main Introduction ] [ Using this Resource Guide ] [ U.S. Laws, Regulations, & Policies ] [ Organizations & Websites ] [ Primate Centers & Animal Colonies ] [ Listservs ] [ Products and Suppliers ] [ Audiovisuals ] [ Journals & Newsletters ] [ Bibliography: Articles or Books/Conference Proceedings ] [ AWIC Newsletter Articles ] [ Appendix A ]

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http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/pubs/primates/primbiba.htm, April 13, 1999