Environmental Enrichment for Nonhuman Primates Resource Guide, March 1999 *************************

Articles on Enrichment Plans

"Articles on Enrichment Plans" is a chapter from: Kreger, Michael D. (March 1999). Environmental Enrichment for Nonhuman Primates Resource Guide. AWIC Resource Series No. 5. U.S. Department of A griculture, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center, Beltsville, MD. E-mail: Contact us: http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/contact.php .

The following are links to AWIC and other chapters in this publication:

[ AWIC ] [ Main Contents ] [ Main Introduction ] [ Using this Resource Guide ] [ U.S. Laws, Regulations, & Policies ] [ Organizations & Websites ] [ Primate Centers & Animal Colonies ] [ Listservs ] [ Products and Suppliers ] [ Audiovisuals ] [ Journals & Newsletters ] [ Bibliography: Articles or Books/Conference Proceedings ] [ AWIC Newsletter Articles ] [ Appendix A ]


NOTE: Call numbers are included for publications contained in the collection of the National Agricultural Library (NAL). While NAL does not sell audiovisuals or publications from its collection, materials may be borrowed by interlib rary loan. Borrowing information can be found on the NAL website http://www.nal.usda.gov/borrow-materials .

Bloomsmith, M.A., L.Y. Brent, and S.J. Schapiro. (1991). Guidelines for developing and managing an environmental enrichment program for nonhuman primates. Laboratory Animal Science 41(4):372-377.
NAL call number: 410.9 P94
Before implementing an environmental enrichment program for nonhuman primates, several issues should be considered. The assignment of enrichment tasks can be made to caretakers, a dedicated "enrichment technician," volunteers, students or individuals wit h training in behavioral science. Determining the enrichment techniques to be used must take into account personnel time available; the species, age, sex, and individual histories of the nonhuman primates; and experimental protocols for which animals are being maintained. Identifying the most beneficial way to use the available personnel time must be tailored for each institution. To meet federal regulations, records must be kept of the environmental enhancements available to each nonhuman primate. Good r ecord-keeping will allow appropriate evaluation of the program. This evaluation should involve the animals' responses to the enrichment opportunity, cost and durability of enrichment items, human and nonhuman safety considerations, and personnel required. The well-being of captive nonhuman primates will be most improved if well-informed decisions are made in developing and managing environmental enrichment programs.
Descriptors: record keeping, evaluation, enrichment plans.

Dewey, A. (1994). The development of enrichment masterplan. Proceedings of the 20th National Conference of the American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc. Topeka, KS: AAZK, pp. 88-93.
NAL call number: QL76 A46 1993
Descriptors: planning, evaluation, enrichment plan, education, zoo primates.

National Research Council (1998). The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C., 168p.
NAL call number: SF407 P7P79 1988
Descriptors: guidelines, enrichment program elements, apes, cebids, prosimians, callitrichids, cercopithecids, research needs, sample plans.

Primate Environmental Enhancement Plans. 1990-Present
Collection of primate environmental enhancement plans prepared by research institutions and zoos from around the United States. Reports were prepared to meet USDA Animal Welfare Act mandate for providing for the "psychological well-being" of nonhuman pr imates.
NAL call number: HV4737 P75
Descriptors: environmental enrichment plans, psychological wellbeing, Animal Welfare Act.

Taylor, W.J. and M.L. Laudenslager (1998). Low-cost environmental enrichment plan for laboratory macaques. Lab Animal 27(4):28-31.
NAL call number: QL55 A1L33
Descriptors: psychological well-being, Animal Welfare Act, laboratory macaques.


The following are links to AWIC and other chapters in this publication:

[ AWIC ] [ Main Contents ] [ Main Introduction ] [ Using this Resource Guide ] [ U.S. Laws, Regulations, & Policies ] [ Organizations & Websites ] [ Primate Centers & Animal Colonies ] [ Listservs ] [ Products and Suppliers ] [ Audiovisuals ] [ Journals & Newsletters ] [ Bibliography: Articles or Books/Conference Proceedings ] [ AWIC Newsletter Articles ] [ Appendix A ]

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http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/pubs/primates/primbibc.htm, April 13, 1999