Environmental Enrichment for Nonhuman Primates Resource Guide, March 1999 *************************

Organizations and Websites

"Organizations and Websites" (Updated November 2003 by Kristina Adams) is a chapter from: Kreger, Michael D. (March 1999). Environmental Enrichment for Nonhuman Primates Resource Guide. AWIC Resource Series No. 5. U.S. Department of Agr iculture, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center, Beltsville, MD. Contact us: http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/contact.php

The following are links to AWIC and other chapters in this publication:

[ AWIC ] [ Main Contents ] [ Main Introduction ] [ Using this Resource Guide ] [ U.S. Laws, Regulations, & Policies ] [ Organizations & Websites ] [ Primate Centers & Animal Colonies ] [ Listservs ] [ Products and Suppliers ] [ Audiovisuals ] [ Journals & Newsletters ] [ Bibliography: Articles or Books/Conference Proceedings ] [ AWIC Newsletter Articles ] [ Appendix A ]

American Association of Zoo Keepers (AAZK) http://www.aazk.org

AAZK’s Enrichment Committee provides “animal caregivers the means in which to enrich, stimulate, and challenge the lives of the animals in their care." The committee augments the "Enrichment Options" column in the Animal Keepers' Forum and in The Shape of Enrichment newsletter to provide a means for communicating ideas, techniques and information about enrichment. The website provides definitions, health and safety issues, printed resources, the enrichment video library, suggested guidelines for enrichment, and links.

American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) http://www.aza.org
8403 Colesville Rd., Suite 710
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3314
Tel: (301) 562-0777; Fax: (301) 562-0888

The AZA Office of Conservation and Science coordinates Taxon Advisory Groups (TAG) which monitor the status of particular species in captivity and provide recommendations on species management in captivity and with respect to conservation efforts. Primate TAGs include gibbons, great apes, New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, and prosimians. Committees, such as the Behavior and Husbandry Advisory Committee, specialize in broad scientific areas and are coordinated to serve in advisory capacities for TAGs. The AZA holds regional and annual conferences at which environmental enrichment at zoos is often discussed. Services are geared towards member institutions, but anyone may contact members of these groups for information. There are fees for AZA membership, published membership directories, reports, and conference proceedings.

American Society of Primatologists http://www.asp.org/

The American Society of Primatologists is an educational and scientific organization whose purpose is to promote the discovery and exchange of information regarding primates, including all aspects of their anatomy, behavior, development, ecology, evolution, genetics, nutrition, physiology, reproduction, systematics, conservation, husbandry, and use in biomedical research. The society publishes the American Journal of Primatology, a quarterly bulletin for members, and the book Primate Conservation: The Role of Zoological Parks (J. Wallis, ed., 1997).

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Office of Animal Care (APHIS/AC) http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ac/
4700 River Rd., Unit 85
Riverdale, MD 20737-1234
Tel: (301) 734-5240; Fax: (301) 734-4978; E-mail: ace@aphis.usda.gov

The U.S. Department of Agriculture office that enforces the Animal Welfare Act and develops regulations for animal care by exhibitors, researchers, and animal dealers. APHIS/AC answers questions regarding the regulations including those about the psychological well-being of nonhuman primates. The staff also refers patrons to regional offices where they can communicate directly with Animal Care inspectors and veterinary medical officers. APHIS/AC provides information on its activities and legislative updates in a free newsletter.

Animal Welfare Information Center http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic
National Agricultural Library
10301 Baltimore Ave.
Beltsville, MD 20705
Tel: (301) 504-6212; Fax: (301) 504-7125; Contact us: http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/contact.php

A U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service information provider that assists researchers, educators, and exhibitors who must comply with the Animal Welfare Act. Provides reference and referral services including multi-database literature searches, publication of animal care and use resource guides, bibliographies, and Animal Welfare Information Center Bulletin, and offering the workshop "Meeting the Information Requirements of the Animal Welfare Act". Some publications include sections or articles relevant to environmental enrichment for nonhuman primates. All services are free except for extended online literature searches.

Animal Welfare Institute
Laboratory Animals Section http://www.awionline.org/Lab_animals/
PO Box 3650
Washington, DC 20027
Tel: (703) 836-4300; Fax: (703) 836-0400; E-mail: awi@awionline.org

The lab animals section of the AWI website contains full-text articles about primate cage space, lighting, manipulanda, and social housing largely written by primatologist Viktor Reinhardt. The site includes a number of reference publications by Victor and Annie Reinhardt including Environmental Enhancement for Caged Rhesus Macaques: A Photographic Documentation and Literature Review; Annotated Bibliography on Refinement and Environmental Enrichment for Primates Kept in Laboratories; and Environmental Enrichment for Primates: Annotated Database on Environmental Enrichment and Refinement for Nonhuman Primates. The database contains over 1500 entries and 400 full-text articles available online. It includes theoretical, philosophical, practical, and technical citations from journal articles, books, and chapters. The database is regularly updated and is easily searched by the search engine on its home page. The "Special Features" button lists search topics and suggests keywords.

The Association of British Wild Animal Keepers (ABWAK) http://www.abwak.org/

ABWAK is a non-profit organization specializing in improving cooperation among wild animal keepers. The site has links to information about the journal Ratel, animal diets, husbandry, grants, and job openings. A publication called Guidelines for Environmental Enrichment can be purchased through the website.

Australian and New Zealand Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching, Limited (ANZCCART)

AUSTRALIA http://www.adelaide.edu.au/ANZCCART/
The Director
Mitchell Building B03
The University of Adelaide
South Australia 5005
Tel: 61-8-8303 7586, Fax: 61-8-8303 7587; E-mail: anzccart@adelaide.edu.au

NEW ZEALAND http://www.royalsociety.org.nz/organisation/panels/anzccart/
The Executive Officer
C/- The Royal Society of New Zealand
P.O. Box 598
Tel: 64-4-472 7421; Fax: 64-4-473 1841; E-mail: anzccart@rsnz.org

Through its varied activities, ANZCCART seeks to promote effective communication and cooperation between all those concerned with the care and use of animals in research and teaching. It publishes a quarterly newsletter and other publications on topics such as euthanasia, animal care and use committees, humane care and use of animals in research, and pain. Articles sometimes address environmental enrichment issues. The newsletter is free of charge.

Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC) http://www.ccac.ca/
315-350 Albert Street
Ottawa ON K1R 1B1
Tel: 613-238-4031; Fax: 613-238-2837; E-mail: pjohnson@ccac.ca

CCAC establishes and enforces standards and guidelines (in Canada) concerning the use of animals in research, testing and teaching. Maintains active, expert committees on all aspects of animal care and use. The Council's program is based on its major publication "Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals," Volume 1, 2nd Edition (1993) and Volume 2 (1984). Both documents address environmental enrichment. CCAC conducts workshops and training courses on various aspects of the care and use of experimental animals, as well as the training of personnel working with these animals. Semi-annually publishes the newsletter, Resource.

Environmental Enhancement for Caged Rhesus Macaques: A Photographic Documentation http://www.primate.wisc.edu/pin/pef/sl ide/intro.html

A walk-through electronic slideshow developed by Viktor Reinhardt and David Seelig containing 60 photographs of enrichment techniques for laboratory rhesus macaques. Sections are divided into Animate Environmental Enrichment and Inanimate Environmental Enrichment.

European Federation for Primatology http://www.unipv.it/webbio/efp/efp.htm

The EFP brings together national primatological societies as well as groups of primatologists in those countries of Europe where societies could not yet be founded. It coordinates activities between different European societies and promotes the management and study of nonhuman primates. The EFP newsletter is published in the journal Folia Primatologica.

European Marmoset Research Group (EMRG) http://www.emrg.org
Christopher Pryce
Behavioural Neurobiology Laboratory
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
Schorenstr. 16
CH-8603 Schwerzenbach
Tel: +41 (0) 1 655 7386; Fax: +41 (0) 1 655 7203; E-mail: pryce@behav.biol.ethz.ch

The EMRG is a nonprofit organization that aims to facilitate communication exchange between academic and industrial institutions conducting biological and/or biomedical research using nonhuman primates with a specific goal of optimizing the use of marmosets and tamarins. The group publishes a biannual newsletter and organizes workshops. It also published the 1997 Handbook of Marmosets and Tamarins in Biological and Biomedical Research.

European Primate Resources Network http://www.euprim-net.eu/

EUPREN is an initiative of European institutes that perform research on nonhuman primates. The objectives of EUPREN are to ensure ethical and controlled use of primates, to secure availability of high quality primates for research, and to establish an information network for those interested or working in research. The website contains bylaws; a census of primates in Europe and North Africa; abstracts from meetings on remote monitoring, housing, husbandry, and well-being, and marmoset and tamarin research; and a discussion paper on cage sizes for primates.

International Directory of Primatology http://www.primate.wisc.edu/pin/idp
Wisconsin Primate Research Center
University of Wisconsin-Madison
1220 Capitol Court
Madison, WI 53715
Tel: (608) 263-3512; Fax: (608) 263-4031; E-mail: hamel@primate.wisc.edu

A directory of the field of primatology including detailed information about organizations, field studies, population management, people active in primatology, and information resources. The online directory is searchable and available at the above website.

Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) http://dels.nas.edu/ilar/
The Keck Center of the National Academies
500 5th Street, NW, Keck 687
Washington, DC 20001
Tel: (202) 334-2590; Fax: (202) 334-1687; E-mail: ILAR@nas.edu

ILAR is a division of the Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences. It develops guidelines and disseminates information on the scientific, technological, and ethical use of animals and related biological resources in research, testing, and education. ILAR promotes high-quality, humane care of animals and the appropriate use of animals and alternatives. ILAR functions within the mission of the National Academy of Sciences as an advisor to the federal government, the biomedical research community, and the public. ILAR spearheaded the committee which produced the 1998 book The Psychological Well-being of Nonhuman Primates.

International Primatological Society (IPS) http://www.internationalprimatologicalsociety.org/index.cfm
Richard Wrangham, President
Harvard University
Peabody Museum, 11 Divinity Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
Tel: (617) 495-5948; Fax: (617) 496-8041; Email: wrangham@fas.harvard.edu

The society facilitates cooperation among primatologists and fosters conservation and the judicious use of primates in research. Environmental enrichment issues are addressed by the Captive Care and Breeding Committee. IPS operates a small grants program for education and enrichment studies that have broad implications. The grants program is open to all applicants. IPS publishes a biannual newsletter and maintains a page for Educational Resources About Primates on the Web.

Laboratory Primate Newsletter http://www.brown.edu/Research/Primate
Psychology Department
Box 1853
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island 02912
Tel: (401) 863-2511; Fax: (401) 863-1300; E-mail: primate@brown.edu

The quarterly newsletter provides information of interest to people involved in nonhuman primate research. A Directory of Graduate Programs in Primatology and Primate Research is issued periodically. The newsletter is available by e-mail or on the web. To subscribe, send the message: Subscribe LPN-L your-own-name to listserv@listserv.brown.edu. The website contains all issues of Laboratory Primate Newsletter, policies, graduate programs, and related links. The site also contains a very useful environmental enrichment section called Articles on Environmental Enrichment and Psychological Well-being which contains all articles on environmental enrichment and psychological well-being that were printed in the newsletter from 1984-2003. The site topics are social enrichment, environmental enrichment, training, physiological and other measures of stress and psychological well-being, rearing and social development, colony management, editorials, and information resources. Articles are available full text and free of charge.

Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) http://www.nih.gov/grants/olaw/olaw.htm
National Institutes of Health Office of Extramural Research
OLAW, Division of Animal Welfare
6100 Executive Blvd., Suite B01
Rockville, MD 20892-7507
Tel: (301) 496-7163; Fax: (301) 402-2803; E-mail: olaw@od.nih.gov

OLAW enforces the PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals for researchers who receive Public Health Service funding. Produces conferences and workshops relating to responsible animal care and use in biomedical research. OLAW can provide guidance on the development of plans to enhance psychological well-being of nonhuman primates. The PHS Policy requires adherence to the Animal Welfare Act regulations and the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.

PrimateLit http://primatelit.library.wisc.edu
Library and Information Service
Wisconsin Primate Research Center
University of Wisconsin
1220 Capitol Court
Madison, WI 53715
Tel: (608) 263-3512; E-mail: library@primate.wisc.edu

PrimateLit is a bibliographical database for primatology and exists through a cooperative agreement between the Washington (WaNRPC) and Wisconsin (WRPC) National Primate Research Centers. The WPRC coordinates the project with technical support from the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Library Technology Group. Literature acquisition, analysis, and indexing are carried out by the Primate Information Center at the WaNRPC, University of Washington. The database, comprising over 165,000 records dating from 1940, allows primate researchers to do their bibliographic research on their home or office computers.

Primate Info Net (PIN) http://www.primate.wisc.edu/pin/
Primate Center Library
Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center
1220 Capitol Court
Madison, WI 53715-1299
Tel: (608) 263-3512; Fax: (608) 263-4031; E-mail: library@primate.wisc.edu

PIN is a comprehensive website relating to all aspects of primatology maintained by the Wisconsin Primate Research Center (WPRC) Library (http://library.primate.wisc.edu/) at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. The website includes information services, organizations and programs, information resources, products and services for primates, and related sites.

The WPRC Library is available to the public and is used for computerized database searches; document delivery; and contains 6,000 books; 10,000 volumes of journals; 300 active journal subscriptions; and 7,000 slides, videotapes, and other audiovisual materials. This is a major international resource. Other library services include:

ASKPRIMATE: A cooperative Internet reference service available to the public. To ask a question or for referral, send e-mail to: askprimate@primate.wisc.edu.

PRIMATE-JOBS: A job listing service on the World Wide Web. Includes paid and volunteer positions wanted and available.

Audiovisual Services: An archival collection of primate-related videotapes, slides, and audiotapes may be borrowed for research or education. For more information, contact Ray Hamel, Special Collections Librarian, via e-mail at: hamel@primate.wisc.edu.

International Directory of Primatology: A directory of the field of primatology that includes (1) detailed entries for major primate centers, laboratories, educational programs, foundations, conservation agencies, societies, and sanctuaries, (2) a listing of field studies and (3) information about primate specialist group members, studbook keepers and others who work with primates in captive settings.

World Directory of Primatologists. A list of over 3000 people in the field of primatology with contact and e-mail information.

Primate Products and Services http://www.primate.wisc.edu/pin/prodser.html
Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center
University of Wisconsin, Madison
1220 Capitol Court
Madison, WI 53715-1299
Tel: (608) 263-3512; Fax: (608) 263-4031; E-mail: library@primate.wisc.edu

A directory of companies that support of Primate Info Net and other Internet-based services of the Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center Library and Information Service. These services provide for communication, referral, and access to information about nonhuman primates for primatologists worldwide. Listings include a brief description of each company's products or services, e-mail address and a link to the company web page.

Primate Society of Great Britain http://www.psgb.org/
Dr H. C. McKiggan-Fee
Staff Development
St. Andrews University
St. Andrews
Scotland KY16 9AJ
Tel: 01334 467174; E-mail: info@psgb.org

PSGB is a membership organization affiliated with the International Primatological Society. It has a Conservation Working Party and Captive Care Working Party to provide advice and coordinate action. Sponsors annual meeting. Publishes triennial Primate Eye.

Primate Supply Information Clearinghouse (PSIC)
Washington Regional Primate Research Center
Box 357330
University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195-7330
Tel: (206) 543-5178; Fax: (206) 616-1710; E-mail: psic@bart.rprc.washington.edu

The PSIC is an NIH-supported conservation program that provides communication between research institutions to facilitate exchanges of nonhuman primates or their tissues. The goal of the PSIC is to increase sharing of these animals, thereby decreasing the need to import animals for research, and to ultimately decrease the number of animals needed. The PSIC maintains a database of information about programs, sources, services, available/wanted animals, tissues, and primate equipment. PSIC publishes two bulletins that serve as a reference and resource guides.

Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (SCAW) http://www.scaw.com/
7833 Walker Drive
Suite 410
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Tel: (301) 345-3500; Fax: (301) 345-3503; E-mail: info@scaw.com

A professional, non-profit organization that sponsors conferences addressing contemporary animal care and use issues in research. Publishes conference proceedings, training manuals, newsletters. Publications include Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates in Research and other SCAW-sponsored conference proceedings. Anyone may request membership, attend conferences, or purchase publications.

Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) http://www.ufaw.org.uk
The Old School
Brewhouse Hill
Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire
AL4 8AN 
Tel: +44 (0)1582 831818; Fax: +44 (0)1582 831414; E-mail: ufaw@ufaw.org.uk

UFAW is a scientific and technical animal welfare organization. It uses scientific knowledge and established expertise to improve the welfare of animals as pets, in zoos, laboratories, on farms and in the wild. UFAW does not campaign but funds research, holds symposia, gives advice to Government and others and produces publications on animal welfare.

The following are links to AWIC and other chapters in this publication:

[ AWIC ] [ Main Contents ] [ Main Introduction ] [ Using this Resource Guide ] [ U.S. Laws, Regulations, & Policies ] [ Organizations & Websites ] [ Primate Centers & Animal Colonies ] [ Listservs ] [ Products and Suppliers ] [ Audiovisuals ] [ Journals & Newsletters ] [ Bibliography: Articles or Books/Conference Proceedings ] [ AWIC Newsletter Articles ] [ Appendix A ]

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Updated March 7, 2012