NOTE: Information Resources on Swine Housing, Care and Welfare may be viewed by individual chapters via the table of contents below, or as one complete publication file at swinehousing.htm.

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Information Resources on Swine Housing, Care and Welfare


AWIC Resource Series No. 21

May 2003

Updates Housing, Husbandry, and Welfare of Swine, 1995

Compiled and edited by:

Cynthia P. Smith, M.S.
Animal Welfare Information Center
National Agricultural Library
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2351

Published by:

U. S. Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service
National Agricultural Library
Animal Welfare Information Center
Beltsville, Maryland 20705
Telephone: (301) 504-6212
Fax: (301) 504-7125
Contact us:
Web site:

Published in cooperation with the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine

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Table of Contents



How to Use This Document

Training Materials
Books and Proceedings

Website Resources

Bibliography    -    Behavior / Breeding / Feeding / General / Swine Health / Farm Worker Health
                              Housing / Husbandry / Legislation / Reproduction / Slaughter / Stockmanship / Transport


             The editor gratefully acknowledges members of the Animal Well-being Project Team including: Rich Reynnells, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES), Marlene Halverson, Animal Welfare Institute, Anna Johnson, National Pork Board, Ed Pajor, Purdue University, and Mike Appleby, Humane Society of the United States, for providing positive feedback and helpful suggestions during the development of this publication. Special thanks to Julie Correll, from Purdue University for processing orders and handling shipments of training materials. Thanks to staff members of the Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC), Gregg Goodman, for his assistance in processing literature citations, and D’Anna Jensen, for her important role in preparing the document for final printing.

             The Animal Welfare Information Center acknowledges CAB International and CABI Publishing, a leading international, not-for-profit publisher in applied life sciences, including animal science, nutrition, integrated crop management, plant sciences and forestry, for the use of more than sixty abstracts from the CAB Abstracts database. More information on CABI Publishing and CAB International is available at


             Stockperson training represents an integral component of any successful farm operation. Recent studies conducted by Coleman et al. (2000), have demonstrated that training programs aimed at modifying stockperson attitudes and behaviors have led to a number of positive benefits for pigs. These include a reduction of fearful behaviors displayed by pigs and an improvement in their reproductive performance. English et al. (1992), have defined a number of desirable characteristics in good stockpeople which include: a sound knowledge of the pigs and their requirements, patience, empathy, effective animal handling skills, recognition of individual pigs, an understanding of normal behavior and possess the ability to recognize and treat pigs that are ill or injured. Training programs and educational materials, that support knowledge in these areas, should be easily available to producers, extension swine specialists, animal scientists, veterinarians, truckers, and others involved in the swine industry.

            In an effort to supply these materials the following resource guide was developed through a collaborative effort with representatives from government, academia, and nonprofit organizations. The resource guide contains a detailed listing of training materials, books, selected web pages, research papers, and more. Funding was made available through the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES) and administered through Purdue University to assist with the purchasing of training materials in a variety of forms (videocassettes, training kits, and CD-ROMs). These materials have been added to the collection of the National Agricultural Library (NAL) and are listed in the following document in the Training Materials section. Please visit the National Agricultural Library Collection Service at for information on lending policies and restrictions.

            An effort has been made to include training materials that appeal to all learning styles and program sizes. Farm managers, extension agents, and others, are encouraged to be creative with the resources listed and integrate their use into their regular training programs. Sponsoring a video session night, featuring a training CD at a farm meeting, or conducting a book review, are just a few ideas of how the resources listed could be used to facilitate discussion and learning. It is hoped that producers and other swine professionals will find this resource an excellent tool for exploring and locating information regarding the care and welfare of pigs.

How to Use This Document

            This publication is divided into four major sections: Training Materials, Books and Proceedings, Website Resources, and a comprehensive Bibliography. Information on Document Delivery Services from the National Agricultural Library can be found at

Training Materials

            This section includes a listing of swine training materials divided into three different media types: Multimedia Training Packages, Audiovisuals and Kits, and Manuals and Booklets. All entries in this section are annotated, contain keywords, and NAL call numbers if available at the National Agricultural Library (NAL). Materials cover stockmanship, handling, housing, health, reproduction, and husbandry.

Books and Proceedings

            A bibliographic listing of books and proceedings covering swine welfare, biology, genetics, nutrition, production, housing, handling, and pork quality is included here. Each citation is arranged alphabetically according to the last name of the primary author. Citations include a listing of keywords and a NAL call number if available at the National Agricultural Library (NAL). Entries were included with publication dates ranging from 1999-2003.

Web Site Resources

            More than fifty annotated web site resources relating to the care, welfare, and housing of swine have been selected and listed alphabetically for convenience. Resources selected cover: codes of practice, animal welfare requirements, housing, disease, nutrition, and general husbandry information. All resources are accessible through the internet and are current as of July 2003.


            An extensive bibliography categorized into eleven subject subsections covering all aspects of swine husbandry comprise this section of the publication. Records in this section were retrieved primarily from the AGRICOLA, Medline, CAB International, and BIOSIS databases. Each citation is arranged alphabetically according to the last name of the primary author. Citations include a listing of keywords and a NAL call number if available at the National Agricultural Library (NAL). Entries were included with publications dates ranging from 1999-2003. Please note that citations with a copyright notice are protected by U.S. and/or international copyright laws and are used by special permission.

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Updated September 2010