Website Resources


Website addresses change periodically. The sites listed are current as of July 2003. Emphasis was placed on selecting resources relevant to the care, welfare, and housing of swine.

AgNIC Swine Page

This site provides links to notable World Wide Web resources that deal with the production, marketing, and research aspects of swine and pork. Agricultural, marketing, and statistical sites; databases, library and publisher catalogs, and other reference sources are also listed.

Agriculture and Agri-food Canada

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada provides information, research and technology, and policies and programs to achieve security of the food system, health of the environment and innovation for growth. Abstracts available from “The Lennoxville Symposium on Farm Animal Welfare in Canada: New technologies, research and world trade.”


Quality educational materials for producers and swine educators can be found here. Training modules, audiovisuals, and books, covering swine health, breeding, stockmanship, and farm management can be ordered through this site.

Alberta Farm Animal Care (AFAC) Association


AFAC is an association started by farmers. AFAC’s goal is to promote responsible animal care and enhance public understanding of Alberta’s animal agriculture. AFAC participates in issues and legislation that encourage research into relevant to animal care. Website contains Farm Animal Welfare News, a publication that contains current information on farm animal welfare initiatives, relevant issues, and research conducted in Canada. Links to reports, codes of practice, legislative information, and information on training courses for swine handling and transport, are included.

Alternatives to Intensive Confinement Systems for Farm Animals: An Annotated Bibliography

Full text links to articles on alternative hog production systems. Hoop structures, Swedish deep-

bedded systems, huts, pasture raising, and other alternative housing systems are reviewed. Information on sustainable methods that allow the expression of species typical behaviors such as nesting and rooting is included.

American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV)

The AASV is an educational professional society organized to increase the knowledge of veterinarians in the field of swine medicine and practice.

Animal Well-Being and Stress Control Systems

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the principal research agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. ARS is charged with extending the Nation’s scientific knowledge across a broad range of program areas. This Website describes ARS research initiatives in the area of farm animal well-being and stress.

Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC)


National Agricultural Library

10301 Baltimore Ave.

Beltsville, MD 20705

Tel: (301) 504-6212, Fax: (301) 504-7125, Contact us:

The Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) located at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Library provides reference services primarily for patrons using animals covered by the Animal Welfare Act. Farm animals used in teaching, testing, and non production oriented research, are covered by the Act. AWIC produces bibliographies on the welfare and husbandry of swine, cattle, horses, sheep, poultry, dogs, cats, rabbits, and rodents. The Animal Welfare Information Center Bulletin contains several articles on agricultural animal care and use including anesthesia, analgesia, animal transport, and animal welfare issues. The AWIC Website includes these documents. The site also contains links to US farm animal policies, guidelines, and congressional activity.


Animal Welfare Issues: Swine

An overview of current welfare issues facing the swine industry today, including animal welfare assessment, current practices, and alternative production systems are briefly reviewed.

Full text Codes of Recommendations and Minimum Standards for swine and other species are available at this site. Humane treatment of swine during transport, slaughter, and sale yards covered.

Animal Well-Being and Stress Control Systems

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the principal research agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. ARS is charged with extending the Nation’s scientific knowledge across a broad range of program areas. This Website describes ARS research initiatives in the area of farm animal well-being and stress.

Animal Welfare and Behavior Group at Michigan State

Description of current research projects of the Animal Welfare and Behavior Group at Michigan

State. Projects include studies on memory and learning in pigs, and a novel animal welfare training program patterned after traditional animal judging teams. The program offers students the opportunity to assess the welfare of animals maintained under different housing, husbandry and environmental conditions.

Animal Health and Welfare

The health and welfare of animals are central to Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affair's (DEFRA) work of protecting and improving livestock and controlling and eradicating disease. The Animal Health and Welfare pages are divided into various subject areas including: BSE, Tuberculosis, Identification, Animal Welfare, International Trade, Disease surveillance and control. The Animal Welfare page for swine includes codes of practice, a series of online booklets on alternative sow housing, outdoor pig production, stress, lameness, and condition scoring.

Annotated Database on Refinement of Housing and Handling Conditions and

Environmental Enrichment for Laboratory Animals. Part II: Cattle, Calves, Chickens,

Goats, Horses, Quails, Pigs, Sheep

An annotated database of articles, abstracts, book chapters, and books, on all aspects of refinement and environmental enrichment are available at this site. Housing and handling of farm animals is included. The database is regularly updated

ARS News and Information “New Feeder Curbs Pregnant Sows’ Hoggish Ways”

This article describes an automated feeding system that is currently being tested at Texas Tech University. The feeding system eliminates the need for crating sows during their four-month pregnancies.

Combined Livestock Issues Database Information

A reference database compiled for farm animal researchers and educators. The database provides references on contemporary issues in animal agriculture.

Companion Animals and Livestock

This site is provided by New South Wales Department of Agriculture. Swine pages contain information on swine breeding, selection, health, nutrition, and housing. Low cost straw-based housing is reviewed.

Cooperative State Research Education and Extension Service (CSREES) Home Page

CSREES link the research and education programs of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and works with land-grant institutions in each state, territory and the District of Columbia. The mission of CSREES is in cooperation with partners and customers, to advance a global system of research, extension and higher education in the food and agricultural sciences and related environmental and human sciences to benefit people, communities, and the Nation. A clickable map of extension programs by state is also available. Swine producers are encouraged to use this site to locate extension materials that are specific to their state’s climatic conditions, types of housing, feed resources, etc.

Danish National Committee for Pig Production

This site contains English translations of annual reports and other important documents prepared by the Danish National Committee for Pig Production. The Annual Report 2002 contains information summarizing current research findings and developments on swine housing, feeding, health, and welfare in Denmark.

Dr. Temple Grandin's Web Page

Full text, abstracts, reviews, and general information based on or related to the work of applied ethologist Temple Grandin. Topics include livestock behavior, design of stockyards and restraining systems, humane and ritual slaughter, stress and meat quality, current research, animal welfare/rights, and books.

Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Behavior (EFAB)

This online encyclopedia containing audio and video clips of farm animals exhibiting various behaviors, is intended for research and teaching purposes. The encyclopedia is provided by the USDA, ARS, Southern Plains Area, Livestock Issues Research Unit, and Multimedia Division.

European Commission on Animal Welfare


The European Commission’s activities on animal welfare recognize that animals are sentient beings. The Directorate General for Health and Consumer Protection is responsible for setting standards for the welfare of animals on the farm, during transport and at slaughter. Links are available to animal welfare policy objectives, legislative action, ongoing initiatives, and international animal welfare issues.

Healthy Animals


The Healthy Animals Website offers an online compilation of animal health related research news. The site is maintained by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s chief scientific agency, the Agricultural Research Service.

Humane Hogs

An article describing the experiences of an Iowa farm family that uses pasture farrowing and Swedish deep-bedded systems to raise hogs.

International Veterinary Information Service (IVIS)


A not-for-profit organization created to provide clinically relevant, up-to-date information to veterinary practitioners, veterinary students, clinicians and researchers worldwide using the internet. The IVIS Website allows users free access to original, electronic textbooks, reviews, updates, and other resources on a wide variety of veterinary topics. All publications are original contributions written specifically for the IVIS Website and reviewed by the editor(s) of the book. Each book includes links to information about relevant medications. Book chapters can be printed on a desktop printer for easy reading. Veterinary related information available for farm, laboratory, companion, and exotic animal species.

Is Outdoor Housing an Enriched Environment for Pigs?

Segment of an article entitled Environmental Enrichment for Dairy Calves and Pigs, written by Julie Morrow-Tesch, Ph.D. Discussion of the effects of environmental enrichment on the brain development in pigs.

National Pork Board

Many swine related resources available online including brochures, fact sheets, video clips, handbooks, and conference listings. Subject coverage includes, health, biosecurity, genetics, animal care, environmental issues, and quality assurance. Emphasis on swine production issues that are of relevance to U.S. producers.


National Institute for Animal Agriculture (NIAA)

The National Institute for Animal Agriculture (NIAA) is an umbrella organization of producers, veterinarians, processors, corporations, and commodity organizations that advocate programs that improve animal health, care, and food safety. NIAA produces educational videos and pamphlets on animal care, behavior, handling, transportation, and disease. Authors include animal scientists working in academic research institutions and commercial production facilities. Videos, pamphlets, and meeting proceedings may be ordered directly from NIAA.


NetVet focuses on veterinary resources with links to veterinary education, listservs, organizations, publications, and images. This award-winning site is an excellent starting point for looking for materials for training personnel in care and use of agricultural animals. A useful feature of NetVet is the Electronic Zoo. Among the Electronic Zoo animal group icons are horses, cows, pigs, small ruminants, and birds. Each icon contains a list of Websites related to these species.

Ohio Agricultural Education WWW Server

This server provides ordering and pricing information for Learning Laboratory Kits, interactive

CDs, books, videos, and brochures. Subject coverage includes quality assurance, animal care, welfare, and handling, of beef, dairy, swine, goats, sheep, rabbits, and dogs. Teaching materials for FFA projects are listed as well.

Oklahoma State University, Department of Animal Science Web Page

This is a quality Website containing sections covering breeds of livestock, free ration formulation software, extension publications, youth instructional materials, and more.

Ontario Pork

Information on animal welfare standards, codes of practice, guidelines, humane pig transport, and current Canadian animal welfare legislation are available.

Ontario, Canada, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Livestock Web Page

Web pages are available for dairy, beef, swine, goats, and alternative livestock. The swine page includes information on animal welfare, housing, health, genetics, reproduction, and more.

Pasture Based Swine Management

The purpose of this site is to provide a description of a project funded by USDA, Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) to support the development of sustainable swine enterprises for limited-resource farmers in the Mississippi Delta. General and technical information about alternative methods of producing pork are presented.

Pig Health Website


A searchable Website which includes information on pig health, swine welfare, hog management, pork safety, and new books in print.


A Website devoted to pig health and welfare. Information on disease descriptions, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, management, and disease control are covered.

Pork Industry Institute Texas Tech University

Well maintained site featuring research papers, presentations, and lectures from swine expert John McGlone, PhD. Current information on alternative housing systems for sows including many photos of outdoor pig production systems is included. Discussion of EU legislation and current trends in the US.


Full text fact sheets, bulletins, slide presentations, and conference proceedings covering swine care, behavior, welfare, stress, housing, and management. Recent research report comparing two different types of housing for pregnant gilts are included.

Prairie Swine Centre

Center for research excellence in research, technology transfer and education all directed at efficient, sustainable pork production in Canada. Scope includes nutrition, behavior, welfare, housing, environment, management, and training programs.

Profitable Pork: Strategies for Hog Producers

An informative full text bulletin exploring successful alternative hog production systems in the United States is presented. Methods for determining the right system appropriate for each farm are discussed. Descriptions of deep straw systems, farrowing in deep straw, hoop structures, and pigs on pasture, are reviewed. Environmental concerns and organic pork are also covered. A listing of organizations, additional publications, Websites, and listservs are included.

Recognition of Pain in Farm Animals

An article written by James E. Breazile, M.A., D.V.M., Ph.D., in the Animal Welfare Information Center’s Newsletter, that discusses pain perception in farm animals.

Review of Swine Genetics in the U.S.

Author Larry D. Young, USDA-ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center Clay Center, Nebraska, reviews the history of swine genetics in the United States.

Stotfold Pig Development Unit (Unit was closed after 23 years. See article below.)

The Stotfold Pig Development Unit is one of the British pig industry’s centers of excellence for practical research and communication of technical information. This informative web page contains booklets on sow feeding, sow welfare, tail docking, tooth clipping, and environmental issues.

Stress Assessment for Pigs

Information on a new product developed to monitor sounds occurring in pig buildings or transport vehicles that may indicate distress. The device detects and warns of a specific frequency spectrum associated with distress vocalization of hogs. The system is intended to give hog producers an early warning of stressful experiences occurring to the pigs, so that action can be taken before the welfare of the pigs and the economic viability of the swine farm enterprise is unduly compromised.

Sustainable Hog Production Overview

This publication discusses various aspects of sustainable hog production including: breed selection, feed alternatives, odor and dust problems, waste and crop nutrient management, health, humane concerns, vertical integration, and methods for identifying alternative markets. Information on hooped shelters for finishing hogs and gestating sows, pasture production and farrowing, Swedish deep-bedded group nursing system, and alternative marketing of pork is available. Links for sources of additional information are also provided.

Swine Care Handbook

The purpose of this handbook is to provide pork producers with current information on practices that are recommended for safe, humane, and efficient pork production. Subjects covered include: husbandry, handling, breeding herd management, environmental management, facilities and equipment, feeding and nutrition, and herd health management. The handbook is produced by the National Pork Board and was revised in 2002.

Swine Breeds

This site provides educational and informational resources on breeds of swine throughout the world, provided by the Oklahoma State University, Department of Animal Science.

Swine Health and Production

A refereed journal published bimonthly by the American Association of Swine Practitioners.

Swine Resources

This site is provided by the Oklahoma State University, Animal Science Department Virtual Library. It contains links to many swine related resources including extension materials, teaching materials, software information, and more.

University of Minnesota Extension Service: Swine Production

This educational Website contains swine extension publications on natural and organic pork production, niche marketing, alternative hog production systems, and more.

US Pig Gene Mapping Coordination Program

Links provided to swine gene databases, swine gene maps, and species comparative gene maps.

USDA APHIS Veterinary Services (VS) Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health (CEAH)

Information on bio security strategies for swine farms. E coli, Salmonella other disease pathogens covered.

Walking Farrowing Pen: New Welfare Solution for Nursing Sows

Description and design photos of a farrowing pen that allows the sow freedom to move around are found here. The “Walking Farrowing Pen” was developed in Poland through research carried out at the University of Agriculture in Lublin and IBMER in Poznan.

Welfare of Intensively Kept Pigs: Report of the Scientific Veterinary Committee, 1997

A comprehensive report on swine management and housing options that ensure good health and welfare. The contents include a review of the concepts and measurement of animal welfare; biology and behavior of pigs in natural and semi-natural conditions; husbandry; production system comparisons, economics, and future research.




This is a great way to locate library resources near your home or farm. Your local librarian can assist you in borrowing training materials from state libraries and/or the National Agricultural Library (NAL). However, not all local libraries have web pages. For libraries not listed check your local telephone directly.


XPLOR, University of Missouri, Cooperative Extension Swine Publications

This site contains fact sheets and abstracts relating to swine feeding, management, breeding, housing, and waste management. Hoop structures for gestating sows are included.


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  Last update: October 25, 2011