G.M. Darrow, The Strawberry: History, Breeding and Physiology
Before 1800Beginning about 1750, a few gardens had Early Hudson (a Virginian) and Hautbois, Wood and Chilean, all imported from Europe. In 1771 Large Hautbois, the Chili, the Redwood, and the Wood were offered for sale in Prince's (Long Island nurseryman) catalogue, and the first Pine and Large Early Scarlet about 1790.
1800 to 1840First commercial culture beginning about 1812 near the larger cities Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore; by 1830's a few hundred acres of native strawberry varieties (Early Hudson, Hudsons Bay, Large Early Scarlet, Old Scarlet, Methven Scarlet, and Crimson Cone) near large cities, a few Mulberry (a Pine) near Boston.
1840Hovey, the first American variety put in trade.
1840 to 1858By 1854 about 1500 acres, 95 percent native varieties; 600 acres, all Virginian varieties below Baltimore. In 1857 some Hovey around Boston.
1858Wilson extensively planted.
1858 to 1880By 1860 and through 1875 probably 90 percent of acreage Wilson, some Neunan beginning 1870 in South Atlantic States, by 1880 some Charles Downing, Crescent, Cumberland Triumph, Sharpless, and Miners Prolific.
1880 to 1900Up to 1895 Wilson, Crescent, and Sharpless largest part of acreage in United States; Neunan to 1890 chief variety in South Atlantic States and as a pollinator for Cloud, replaced by Hoffman beginning about 1890; and Lady Thompson beginning about 1895; Gandy from 1890 chief late in North and Midwest; Aroma from 1895 a leading sort in Midwest; Warfield for early from 1890 in the North.
1900 to 1920Hoffman in South Atlantic to 1905, then Klondike in entire South, except Missionary beginning about 1910 in south-central Florida and along Atlantic and Gulf Coasts; Aroma leader in entire Midwest; Dunlap and Warfield -for North Midwest and to New England; Gandy for late from Virginia and Kentucky north; others important: Haverland, Sample, and Bubach pollinated by Parsons, Bederwood, Glen Mary, William Belt, Early Ozark, and Excelsior; Joe, Jessie, and Chesapeake in Del-Mar-Va peninsula; Marshall in central California, Oregon, and Washington; Klondike and Brandywine in southern California; some Gold Dollar, Clyde, and Jessie in central California; Clark in Hood River area of Oregon and Magoon in Oregon and Washington also.
1920 to 1940Haverland, Warfield, Sample, Bubach, Wm. Belt, Glen Mary, Parsons, Bederwood, Early Ozark, Excelsior, and part of Dunlap replaced by Howard 17; Gandy replaced by Aroma except along Atlantic Coast States; Blakemore in 1930's replacing Klondike and part of Missionary in the South.
1940 to 1960Blakemore leading variety in the South; Marshall in the Pacific Northwest; Shasta and Lassen replacing Marshall in California; Northwest replacing Marshall in Washington and Oregon; Massey replacing Blakemore and Klondike in North Carolina; and Albritton replacing Massey; Florida Ninety replacing Missionary in Florida; Klonmore replacing Klondike in Louisiana and Headliner replacing Klonmore; Armore replacing part of Blakemore in Missouri; Tennessee Beauty replacing part of Blakemore in Kentucky and Tennessee; Robinson replacing most of Howard 17 in Michigan and in part of Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania; Sparkle and Catskill replacing part of Howard 17 in the Northeast; Midland, Pocahontas, and Dixieland replacing part of Blakemore and Howard 17.
1960 to 1965Florida Ninety only varlety grown in Florida; Dabreak replacing Headliner in Louisiana; Blakemore still major variety in Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Missouri, but Pocahontas, Dixieland, and Tennessee Beauty grown also; Albritton only variety in North Carolina; Pocahontas, Midland, Dixieland, Surecrop grown in Maryland and Virginia to Missouri; Jerseybelle in New Jersey; Catskill and Sparkle in New England, New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio; Robinson, Midway, and some Catskill in Michigan; Northwest grown chiefly but also some Siletz, in Oregon and Washington; Shasta and Lassen grown in California, but Lassen being replaced by Tioga, Fresno, Torrey, and Solana.