Picture of wheat head infected with Fusarium scab

Recent Advances in Wheat Head Scab Research in China

Li-Feng Chen, Gui-Hua Bai, and Anne E. Desjardins

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USDA, Agricultural Research Service

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US Wheat and Barley Scab Initiative online newsletter,
Fusarium Focus

Titles were translated from Chinese to English
by the authors of this review.

1 Arrigoni O, Zacheo G, Arrigoni-Liso R, Bleve-Zacheo T, Lamberti F. 1979. Relationship between ascorbic acid and resistance in tomato plants to Meloidogyne incognita. Phytopathology 69(6):579-581

2. Bai G-H, Chen L-F, Shaner GE. 1999. Breeding for resistance to head blight of wheat in China. In: Wheat Fusarium Head Blight. Kurt Leonard (ed.). APS Press (in press)

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4. Bai G-H, Xiao Q-P, Mei J-F. 1989. Genetic analysis of resistance to scab in six wheat cultivars. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai 5(4):17-23

5. Bai G-H, Zhou C-F, Qian C-M, Ge Y-F. 1989a. Analysis of combining ability of resistance to scab and other characters in eight wheat cultivars. Jiangsu Agricultural Sciences (Suppl.) (1):79-83

6. Bai G-H, Zhou C-F, Qian C-M, Ge Y-F. 1989b. A study of scab-resistance in new wheat cultivars and advanced lines. Jiangsu Agricultural Sciences (7):20-22

7. Bai G-H, Zhou C-F, Qian C-M, Ge Y-F. 1990. Genetic analysis of genes for resistance to scab spread in wheat cultivars. Pages 171-177 in: Advances in Genetic Researches on Resistance to Diseases in Major Crops. Zhu L-H. ed. Jiangsu Science Technology Publishing House, Nanjing, China

8. Bai G-J, Fan X-H. 1998. A preliminary analysis of wheat disease epidemics in northern Anhui. Plant Protection Technology and Extension 18(5):8

9. Chen C-H. 1983. A study of the inheritance of scab-resistance in wheat. Acta Agriculturae Universitae Zhejiangensis 9 (2):115-126

10. Chen H-K, Wang G-C, Liang X-Y. 1982. Study of Fusarium: Fusarium species on wheat and barley in Zhejiang and their pathogenicity. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 12(3):1-12

11. Chen H-Y, Zhang L-Q, Pan X-P, Chen W-D, Zhang L. 1989. A diallel cross analysis of resistance to scab spread (Gibberella zeae (Schw.) Petch) with 8 varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of South China Agricultural University 10(4):56-64

12. Chen J-L. 1989. Breeding strategies and resistance inheritance of Sumai 3, a resource for resistance to wheat head scab. Shaanxi Jouranl of Agricultural Sciences (2):2-5(12)

13. Chen L-F, Song Y-L, Xu Y-G, Nie L, Xu L-L. 1997. Comparison of activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase between scab-resistant and susceptible wheat varieties. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 27(3):209-213

14. Chen L-F, Song Y-L, Xu Y-G. 1996. Variation in the concentrations of deoxynivalenol in the spikes of winter wheat infected by Fusarium graminearum Schw. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 26(1):25-28

15. Chen L-F, Xu Y-G. 1989. Electron microscope observation of direct invasion of wheat spikes by Fusarium graminearum. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 12(2):127-128

16. Chen L-F, Ye M-B, Chen Y-X, Xu L-L, Xu Y-G. 1997. The relationship between ascorbic acid and resistance of wheat to scab. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 27(2):113-118

17. Chen L-F, Zhao Y-J, Ma G-L, Xu Y-G. 1996. Identification of pathogens causing wheat head blight in Qinghai Province. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 19(2):116-118

18. Chen L-F. 1985. A study of specialization of Gibberella zeae (Schw.) Petch. M.S. Dissertation Nanjing Agricultural University Nanjing

19. Chen P-D, Liu D-J, Sun W-X. 1997. New countermeasures of breeding wheat for scab resistance. Pages 59-65 in: Fusarium Head Scab: Global Status and Future Prospects. Dubin H.J. Gilchrist L. Reeves J McNab A. (eds.). CIMMYT, Mexico D.F.

20. Chen P-D, Sun W-X, Liu W-X, Yuan J-H, Liu Z-H, Feng Y-G, Wang S-L, Zhou B, Liu D-J. 1998. Transfer of wheat scab resistance from Elymus giganteus to common wheat and allocation of wheat scab resistance genes on chromosomes. Hereditas (Beijing) 20(suppl.):124

21. Chen P-D, Wang Z-T, Wang S-L, Huang L, Wang Y-Z, Liu D-J. 1993. Transfer of scab resistance from Elymus giganteus into common wheat. Pages 153-157 in: Proceeding of 8th international wheat Genetics symposium. Li Z-S, Xin Z-Y (eds.). Agricultural Science and Technology Press, Beijing

22. Chen Y-F, Han D-J, Min D-H, Ren H-L, Li C-L. 1995. Selection of Fusarium graminearum toxin-resistance of wheat haploid clones. Acta Universitae Agriculturae Boreali-occidentalis 23(2):70-73

23. Chen Y-L, Chen W-Q, Zhang S-X, Xie S-X, Zhu D-Y, Yang L, Shi L-P, Dai S-H. 1991. Effect of a mixture of triadimefon and carbendazim on wheat rusts and scab. Pesticides 30(2):53(61)

24. Cheng S-H, Yang S-M, Zhang B-Q, Ji K-Z, Zhao B-H, Gao D-R. 1994. Preliminary study of the identification method of wheat scab resistance to spread. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 27(3):45-49

25. CWSCG. 1984a. Identification of scab resistance in wheat germplasm resources. Crop Genetic Resources (4):2-7

26. CWSCG. 1984b. Fusarium species distribution and pathogenicity from scabby heads in China. Journal of Shanghai Normal College (3):69-82

27. Chu F-S, Li G-Y. 1994. Simultaneous occurrence of fumonisin B1 and other mycotoxins in moldy corn collected from the People's Republic of China in regions with a high incidence of esophageal cancer. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60(3):847-852

28. Dai F-M, Zhou S-M. 1995. Isolation and utilization of microbial strains to control wheat scab. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica 22(2):112-116

29. Dai S-E. 1941. Problems related to breeding for scab resistance of wheat varieties. Agricultural Report (6):616-625

30. Desjardins AE, Proctor RH, Bai G-H, McCormick SP, Shaner GE, Buechley G, Hohn TM. 1996. Reduced virulence of trichothecene antibiotic-nonproducing mutants of Gibberella zeae in wheat field tests. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 9:775-781

31. Duan S-K, Wang B-T. 1989. Study of single spikelet inoculation techniques for evaluation of resistance to scab spread in wheat. Shaanxi Agricultural Sciences (6):20-21

32. El-Zahaby HM, Gullner G, Kiraly Z. 1995. Effects of powdery mildew infection of barley on the ascobate-glutathione cycle and other antioxidants in different host-pathogen interaction. Phytopathology 85(10):1225-1230

33. Fang Y-M, Zhang Y-W, He M-J. 1996. Evaluation results of breeding materials with the Taigu male-sterile gene for wheat head scab resistance. Fujian Rice and Wheat Science and Technology 14(2):57-58

34. Fang Y-M, Zhu H, Zhang Y-W, He M-J. 1996. Brief report on recurrent selection breeding for resistance to wheat head scab. Fujian Rice and Wheat Science and Technology 14(2):59-60

35. Fu X-L, He P, Zhu Q-L. 1996. Selection of wheat variant cell lines resistant to Fusarium graminearum toxin. Acta Universitae Agriculturae Boreali-Occidentalis 24(3):16-20

36. Gan G-F, Zhang C-M, Wang Y-L, Yang H-L. 1996. Distribution patterns and sampling techniques of wheat scab. Gansu Agricultural Science and Technology (3):34-35

37. Gao Z-M, Tan G-J, Bu X-Z, Wang J-H, Bu X-W. 1991. Control of wheat scab with mixtures of carbendazim and other fungicides. Pesticides 30(5):47-48

38. Gilchrist L, Rajaram S, Mujeeb-kazi A, van Ginkel M, Vivar H, Pfeiffer W. 1997. Fusarium scab screening program at CIMMYT. Pages 7-12 in: Fusarium Head Scab: Global Status and Future Prospects. Dubin H.J. Gilchrist L. Reeves J McNab A. (eds.). CIMMYT, Mexico D.F.

39. Gu J-Q. 1983. A study of genetics of wheat scab resistance. Scientia Agriculturae Sinica (6):61-64

40. Guo L-J, Yao Q-X, Hu Q-D, Zhang H, Deng F-Y, Zheng H-J, Huang W-F. 1992. Studies of screening resistance to Fusarium graminearum Schw. by tissue culture of wheat. Acta Genetica Sinica 19(3):259-265

41. Guo L-J, Yao Q-X, Hu Q-D, Zhang H, Kang S-L, Deng F-Y, Dong J-G, Huang W-F. 1992. In vitro screening of mutants resistant to Fusarium graminearum and Helminthosporium sativum in wheat. I. Selection of callus resistant to Fusarium graminearum and Helminthosporium sativum and disease resistance assay in wheat. Hereditas (Beijing) 14(3):4-7

42. Guo X-H, Li R-X, Hu X-Z, Tang T-C. 1999. The causes for and control strategy of epidemics of wheat disease in Shijiazhuang in 1998. Plant Protection Technology and Extension 19(1): 14-15

43. Hsia Y-T, Hsiao C-P, Gao C-X. 1955. Varietal resistance of wheat varieties to Gibberella zeae head blight. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica (1):19-30

44. Hu G-G, Xu J-Y, Wang Z-M, Li Q-X. 1994. Induced auxotrophs of Fusarium graminearum and their properties. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 24(4) 373-377

45. Hu G-L, Zhou L-H, Yan Y-Y. 1992. Identification of Fusarium species causing wheat scab in Henan Province. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Henanensis 26(4):395-399

46. Huang C-H, Li J-H, Zhang Y-Q, Wang M, Liu S. 1993. A study of the control effect of Bacillus-HCH on scab of wheat. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University 12(6):566-569

47. Huang X-M, Liu Z-Z, Yao Q-H, Wang Z-Y, Lu S-H, Yang Y-M. 1991. The sensitivity to deoxynivalenol of mesophyllous protoplasts of wheat varieties with different degrees of resistance to head scab. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai 7(suppl.):8-15

48. Huang X-M, Liu Z-Z, Yao Q-H, Wang Z-Y. 1995. Preliminary studies on a technique for identification of scab resistance of wheat varieties on the basis of protoplast sensitivities to deoxynivalenol. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 25(1):78

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50. Jiang G-L, Wu Z-S. 1989. The inheritance of wheat head scab resistance of a cross between Aiganzao and Sumai 3 and the correlation of head scab resistance with agronomic traits. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 12(4):122-123

51. Jiang G-L, Wu Z-S. 1996. Development of scab-resistance gene pools and its application to wheat breeding. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 19(1):1-8

52. Jiang Z-H, Liu M-S. 1982. A method of conidial production in Fusarium graminearum Schw. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 12(2):15-20

53. Jin T-M. 1989. Isolation, purification, and characterization of a wheat scab resistant antibiotic substance 861-A. Acta Microbiologica Sinica 29(4):317-319

54. Jing J-X, Shang H-S, Zhu W-W, Wang M-N. 1996. Effect of diniconazole in controlling wheat head blight. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-occidentalis Sinica 5(2):71-74

55. Kiraly Z, Farkas GL. 1962. Relation between phenol metabolism and stem rust resistance in wheat. Phytopathology 52(7):657-664

56. Li D-W. 1989. Current status of research on wheat scab in Henan. Plant Protection (1):33-35

57. Li S-R, Li A-S, Zhang J, Xu W, Li M, Sun G-Z, Wang G-J, Tang F-L, Li Z-J. 1995. Screening in vitro and biochemical changes of wheat scab resistant mutants. Journal of Nuclear Agricultural Science 16(3):158-161

58. Li S-R, Li A-S, Zhang J, Xu W, Li M, Sun G-Z, Wang G-J, Tang F-L, Li Z-J, Zhang Y-X. 1996. Effects of -ray irradiation combined with crude toxin produced by Fusarium graminearum on wheat immature embryos in vitro culture. Acta Agriculturae Nucleatae Sinica 10(3):155-160

59. Li X-Y, Wu Z-S. 1994. Studies on relationship between choline concentration in flowering spikes and resistance to scab among bread wheat varieties. Acta Agronomica Sinica 20(2):176-185

60. Li Y-F, Yu Y-J. 1988. Monosomic analysis for scab resistance index in wheat cultivar "WZHHS". Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University 7:327-331

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63. Liao Y-C, Yu Y-J. 1985. Genetic analysis of head scab resistance in local wheat cultivar Wangshuibai. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University 4:6-14

64. Liu D-J, Weng Y-Q, Chen P-D, Wang Y-N. 1989. Gene transfer of scab resistance from Roegneria kamoji and Elymus giganteus to common wheat. Jiangsu Agricultural Sciences (suppl.) (1):97-100

65. Liu D-J. 1994. Retrospect and prospect on transfer of disease resistance from alien species into common wheat. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 17(3):1-7

66. Liu S-H, Wu S-X, Li S-M, Fang X-M, Xu W-Z. 1996. Report on breeding for transgressive cultivar Sumai 3 resistant to wheat head scab. Fujian Rice and Wheat Science and Technology 14(1):62-66

67. Liu S-H. 1995. Recurrent selection breeding for resistance to wheat head scab. Fujian Rice and Wheat Science and Technology 13(1):7-11

68. Liu S-Y. 1997. Analysis of epidemic factors and control measures of wheat scab in 1997. Sichuan Agricultural Science and Technology (6):16-18

69. Liu T-R. 1990. Integrated management of wheat head scab. Pages 211-226. in Integrated management of wheat pests. Li G-B, Zheng S-M, Li Z-Q (eds.). China Agricultural Science and Technology Publishing House, Beijing

70. Liu Z-Z, Chen Q-Q, Yao Q-H, Huang X-M, Lu S-H, Wei C-M, Sun X-J, Zhang F-Q, Tang Y-L. 1991. Growth hormone-like action of deoxynivalenol toxin on induction and differentiation of wheat calli. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai 7(suppl.):1-7

71. Liu Z-Z, Lu S-H, Huang X-M, Yao Q-H, Wei C-M, Xue W-L. 1993. Growth hormone-like activity of deoxynivalenol toxin and Fusarium head blight. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai 9(2):92-96

72. Liu Z-Z, Wang Z-Y, Huang D-C, Zhao W-J, Huang X-M, Yao Q-H, Sun X-J, Yang Y-M. 1991. Generality of scab-resistance transgression in wheat and utilization of scab-resistance genetic resources. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai 7(suppl.):65-70

73. Liu Z-Z, Wang Z-Y. 1990. Improved scab resistance in China: Sources of resistance and problems. Pages 178-187 in: Wheat for the Nontraditional Warm Areas. A proceeding of the international conference. Saunders D.A. (ed.). 1990. Foz do Iguacu, Brazil

74. Lu G, Xue Y. 1995. Study of "vomiting toxin" content and visible index of wheat scabbed grain. Provisions and Feed Industry (6):35-36

75. Lu J-P, Tan X-L, Yu J-F. 1998. Epidemics and integrated management of wheat diseases at or after the heading stage. Communications on Agricultural Technology (6):29

76. Lu M, Wang Y-Z, Zhu W-Y, Chen H-G, Wu Z-F. 1989. Analysis of main toxic substances produced by Fusarium graminearum from Jiangsu. Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Science 5(3):46-48

77. Lu W-Z, Jiang N, Zhou N, Shen X-R, Xu R-L. 1995. Research and utilization of wheat somaclonal variants resistant to scab. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology 3(2):7-11

78. Lu W-Z, Liu F-L, Lin Y-B, Wang C-L. 1990. Correlation analysis between resistance to scab and plant height in wheat. Pages 229-235 in: Advances in Genetic Researches on Resistance to Diseases in Major Crops. Zhu L-H. (ed.). Jiangsu Science and Technology Publishing House, Nanjing

79. Lu W-Z, Zhou N, Liu F-L, Lin Y-B. 1991. Induction and screening of somaclonal variants resistant to wheat head scab. Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4:13-14

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81. Luo X-Y. 1989. Contamination of Fusarium toxins in cereal grains. Chinese Periodical of Food Safety 1(1):42

82. Miller JD, Young JC, Arnison PG. 1986. Degradation of deoxynivalenol by suspension cultures of a Fusarium head blight resistant wheat cultivar. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 8:147-150

83. Peng S-P, Yu Y-J. 1987. Leaf inoculation method for evaluation of resistance to wheat scab. Hubei Agricultural Science (12):16-18

84. Schroeder HW, Christensen JJ. 1963. Factors affecting resistance of wheat to scab caused by Gibberella zeae. Phytopathology 53:831-838

85. Shao Z-R, Liu W-C, Zhou M-G, Xu H, Li Y, Zhang G-Y. 1998. Tests on and analysis of efficacy of Kangjunling to control wheat diseases. Pages 108-113 in: Chemical control of plant disease in China Vol. 1. Zhou M-G (ed.). China Agricultural Science and Technology Publishing House, Beijing

86. Shen Q-Q, Yu S-P, Xu Y-Z, Chen S-M, Yang J-M. 1993. Recurrent selection breeding by using Taigu male-sterile gene for resistance to scab of wheat. Acta Agriculturae Zhejiangensis 5(3):152-157

87. Shen X-R, Lu W-Z, Xu R-L, Jiang N, Zhou M-P. 1996. Comparison of resistance to scab, agronomic traits, and RAPD analysis between the somaclonal wheat line 895004 and its donor parent. Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences 12(1):7-10

88. Shi J-R, Wang Y-Z, Shen S-W, Chen H-G, Zou L. 1998. The effect of Fusarium toxin DON on the soluble protein of young wheat heads. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 28(4):317-322

89. Shi J-R, Wang Y-Z. 1999. The occurrence and control of wheat scab and sharp-eye spot in Jiangsu in 1998. Plant Protection (2):17-19

90. Shi Z-X, Wang D-B. 1991. Inhibitory effect of Bacillus spp. as biocontrol agent for Gibberella zeae (Schw.) Petch. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University 10(2):151-154

91. Song Y-L, Chen L-F, Xu Y-G. 1997. Effect of deoxynivalenol on the activities of superoxide dismutase of wheat callus. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 20(2):112-113

92. Song Y-L, Xu Y-G, Chen L-F. 1995. The isozyme of superoxide dismutase in wheat head tissues infected by Fusarium graminearum Schw. Pages 809-812 in: China's 2nd National Symposium of Annual Youth Meeting on Agronomy. China Agricultural Science and Technology Press, Beijing

93. Sun G-Z, Wang G-J, Chen Y-C, Zhang Y-X, Tang F-L, Yan W-Y, Li Z-J. 1995. Variation and selection of wheat mutants resistant to scab. Acta Agriculturae Nucleatae Sinica 9(1):1-6

94. Wan Y-F, Yan J, Yang J-L, Liu F-Q. 1997. Study of wild relatives of wheat for resistance to head scab. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 27(2):107-111

95. Wan Y-F, Ye H-Z. 1992. Gel electrophoretic analyses of the protein and acid phosphatase patterns of Fusarium sp. causing head blight of wheat and their significance in taxonomy. Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University 10(2):331-339

96. Wan Y-F, Ye H-Z. 1993. Some physiological and biochemical characteristics of resistance of wheat to Fusarium graminearum. Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University 11(3):439-443

97. Wang G-C, Chen H-Z. 1995. A medium for promoting sporulation of Fusarium. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 25(2):165-166

98. Wang Q, Zhang Y-H, Guo M, Ji H-P, Jiang H-Y. 1997. Study of the pathogenicity of wheat scab isolates in Heilongjiang Province. Heilongjiang Agricultural Science (4):14-15

99. Wang S-L, Qi L-L, Chen P-D, Liu D-J, Friebe B, Gill BS. 1999. Molecular cytogenetic identification of wheat-Elymus tsukushiense introgression lines. Euphytica 107:217-224

100. Wang X-E, Chen P-D, Liu D-J. 1994. Isolation and identification of Triticum aestivum L-Roegneria ciliaris (Trin.) Nevski Addition lines. Pages 419-423 in: Symposium of Plant Genetics: Theory and Application

101. Wang X-E, Chen P-D, Liu D-J. 1997. Development of euplasmic T.aestivum-R.ciliaris disomic addition Line D and ditelosomic addition Line tBL. Acta Genetica Sinica 24(2):127-131

102. Wang Y-N, Chen P-D, Liu D-J. 1986. Studies on transfer of E-giganteus germplasm into wheat. I. Production of wheat X E. giganteus hybrids. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 1:10-14

103. Wang Y-P, Liu Y-Q, Pan N-S, Chen Z-L. 1992. Preliminary studies of the control of wheat scab with Bacillus subtilis A014 strain. Chinese Journal of Biological Control 8(2):54-57

104. Wang Y-P, Wang J-X, Liu Y-Q. 1992. Genetic studies of the resistance to scab spread in wheat varieties. Acta Agronomica Sinica 18(5):373-379

105. Wang Y-Z, Chen H-G, Hao S-F. 1990. Interaction between wheat varieties and pathogenic isolates causing scab of wheat. Pages 206-210 in: Advances in Genetic Researches on Resistance to Diseases in Major Crops. Zhu L-H. ed. Jiangsu Science and Technology Publishing House, Nanjing

106. Wang Y-Z, Chen H-G, Yang X-N, Lu M, Wu Z-F. 1989. Bioactivity of crude toxin produced by Fusarium graminearum and its application in identification of Fusarium head blight resistance of wheat cultivars. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 22(4):54-57

107. Wang Y-Z, Miller JD. 1987. Screening techniques and sources of resistance to Fusarium head blight. Pages 239-250 in: Wheat Production Constraints in Tropical Environments. Saunders D.A. (ed.). CIMMYT, Mexico D.F.

108. Wang Y-Z, Miller JD. 1989. Study of the resistance of wheat cultivars to the mycotoxin produced by Fusarium graminearum. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 19(2):105-108

109. Wang Y-Z, Yang X-N, Xiao Q-P. 1982. The improvement of identification techniques for scab resistance of wheat and the development of resistance sources. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 5:67-77

110. Wang Y-Z. 1997. Epidemiology and management of wheat scab in China. Pages 97-105 in: Fusarium Head Scab: Global Status and Future Prospects. Dubin HJ. Gilchrist L. Reeves J McNab A. (eds.). CIMMYT, Mexico D.F

111. Wang Z-Y, Liu Z-Z, Zhao W-J, Huang D-Z, Huang X-M. 1989. Advances in scab resistance testing and improvement in wheat varieties. Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Science (suppl.) (1):64-68.

112. Wei C-M, Lu S-H, Xue W-L, Xu S-Z, Zhang W-T. 1990. The distribution along the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River of isolates of Fusarium graminearum producing deoxynivalenol. Shanghai Agricultural Science and Technology (6):19-20

113. Weng Y-Q, Liu D-J. 1989. Morphology, scab resistance and cytogenetics of intergeneric hybrids of Triticum aestivum L. with Roegneria C. Koch (Agropyron) species. Sicentia Agriculture Sinica 22:1-7

114. Weng Y-Q, Liu D-J. 1991. Morphology and cytogenetics of interspecific hybrids among Roegneria ciliaris, R.japonensis and R. kamoji. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University14:6-11

115. Weng Y-Q, Wu L-F, Chen P-D, Liu D-J. 1993. Development of alien addition lines with scab resistance from Roegneria kamoji. Pages 368-372 in: Proceeding of 8th international wheat Genetics symposium. Li Z-S, Xin Z-Y (eds.). Agricultural Science and Technology Press, Beijing

116. Wu G-Q, Peng W-H, Ye H-Z. 1996. Changes in gliadin in wheat seeds infected by Fusarium graminearum. Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University 14(4):529-532

117. Wu L-F, Wang X-F, Weng Y-Q, Chen P-D, Liu D-J. 1997. Scab resistance cytogenetics of backcross derivatives of the intergeneric hybrid between wheat and Rogeneria Kamoji. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences 25(1):7-10

118. Wu Y-L, Wu G-Q, Ye H-Z. 1997. Changes in protein components of wheat grain infected with F. graminearum. Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University 15(3):329-334

119. Wu Y-L. 1998. Kangjunling-a highly effective mixture to control wheat scab. Pages 139-140. in: Chemical control of plant disease in China Vol. 1. Zhou M-G (ed.). China Agricultural Science and Technology Publishing House, Beijing

120. Wu Y-S. 1939. Wheat scab. New Report of Agriculture and Forestry:32-34

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