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You are here: Home / NAL Collections / Special Collections / Guide to the Collections / Index to the Manuscript Collections / Search Results Printer Friendly
National Agricultural Library Collections
  
Special Collections

Index to the Manuscript Collections--Search Results

44 record(s) found

Collection Number: 270
Collection Name: Sadler, Walter W., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1953
Latest Date: 1971
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Walter W. Sadler Papers consist of reprints of 55 of Sadler's published papers. Sadler published a variety of journal articles and essays on topics such as the hatchability of poultry eggs, pasteurization of milk, care of bats, salmonella in turkeys, avian diseases, animal-borne infections, and food-borne diseases of animal origin, to name only a few.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Walter W. Sadler attended the School of Veterinary Medicine at the Texas College of Agriculture and Mechanics. In 1951 he began working at the University of California, Davis, as an associate professor of veterinary public health, in the School of Veterinary Medicine Agricultural Experimental Station. This position combined his interests in avian medicine and public health with investigations on poultry diseases that can be transmitted to humans, either directly or through the food chain. He received a master's degree in public health at the University of California, Berkeley, focusing on food microbiology.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 306
Collection Name: Santamour, Frank S., Papers
Earliest Date: 1956
Latest Date: 2001
Linear Feet: 1.75
Collection Description: The Frank S. Santamour Papers consist of Santamour's publications and many photographs used in those publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Frank S. Santamour (1932-2000) was a research geneticist in the Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit of the U.S. National Arboretum. He received his M.S. in forestry from Yale University in 1954, his A.M. in biology from Harvard University in 1957, and his Ph.D. in forestry with a minor in plant genetics from the University of Minnesota in 1960. He first worked at the Northeast Forest Experimentation Station, U.S. Forest Service, from 1957-1964, and then took a position as a geneticist for the Morris Arboretum at the University of Pennsylvania from 1964-1967. In 1967 he joined the research staff of the U.S. National Arboretum and continued there until his death in 2000. An author or coauthor of more than 275 publications, he was thought to be the world's leading authority on the genetics, breeding, and development of superior landscape trees. Some of his achievements include using biochemical methods to examine graft incompatibility, insect and disease resistance, verifying interspecific hybrids in several genera, wound compartmentalization, and correct usage of nomenclature to describe landscape trees.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 149
Collection Name: Saunders, William, Manuscripts
Earliest Date: 1880
Latest Date: 1899
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The William Saunders Manuscripts include: "Alphabetical List of Plants in Four Different Languages, Botanical, English, German, French" (handwritten; call number 452.14 Sa8A Folio), "Cyclopaedia of Economic Plants; Their History Culture and Uses" (handwritten, 1880; six volumes; call number 452.8 Sa8), and "The Journal of William Saunders" (photostat, 1898-1899; call number 120 Sa8). The colllection includes facsimiles of the following documents from the National Grange: William Saunders' manuscript on History and Organization of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1885; American Association of the Red Cross document in which the Association thanks Saunders for the care of its Exhibits at New Orleans, 1885; Report of William Saunders concerning his trip to South Carolina to study the introduction of the tea plant as a profitable industry in the United States, 1897; excerpt from "The Journal of William Saunders" regarding the Gettysburg Cemetery, 1898; and William Saunders' portrait, undated. Other materials associated with the National Grange Collection on William Saunders include maps of pine supply in various states from the Tenth Census of the United States, 1881, and U.S. Department of Agriculture Album of Agricultural Statistics of the United States by J. R. Dodge, 1891, signed "Compliments of J.M. Rusk, Secretary of Agriculture.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Saunders (1822-1900), horticulturist and landscape gardener, was appointed Superintendent of the Experimental Gardens of the newly created Department of Agriculture in 1862. He established an extensive collection of trees on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., and developed a system of street tree-planting used in the District of Columbia in the 1870s. He wrote widely on general horticulture and his publications include some 3,000 titles.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 362
Collection Name: Scanned Images CDs/DVDs
Earliest Date: 1862
Latest Date: 1992
Bulk Dates: 1900-1990
Linear Feet: 6.25
Collection Description: These CDs and DVDs contain the original tiffs from scanned items in NALDR. All of these items have been transferred onto the Masters server. Collections include Journal of Agricultural Research, the Yearbook of Agriculture.
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 387
Collection Name: Schimmelpfennig Family Mill Collection
Earliest Date: 1899
Latest Date: 1987
Bulk Dates: 1930-1958, 1964-1965, 1974-1987
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Schimmelpfennig Family Mill Collection contains materials relating to the family's grain mill and family life in Sigourney, Iowa. Materials include ledger and account books containing detailed accounting of transactions at the mill for the years of 1899, 1930-1958, and 1974-1987. Also included in the collection are materials from the family's hobby interest in the history and preservation of old mills throughout the United States, including various old mill preservation and tourism ephemera. Of particular interest, the collection contains the diaries of Helen Schimmelpfennig, covering the dates of 1938-1942, 1944-1946, and 1964-1965, in which the author describes her daily life and activities in an Iowa farming community.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The information that follows was taken directly from The History of Keokuk County, Iowa: Communities and its Families, Preserving the Past and Present. Keo-Mah Genealogical Society, Inc., 2001. August (Gust) Schimmelpfennig (1876-1949), married Enza Messerschmidt (1885-1956) of Martinsburg, Iowa. He owned a hardware store in Delta, Iowa and later the “Old Red Mill” in Sigourney before it was destroyed by a fire in the early 1920s. He resumed activity in the milling and feed business by purchasing what became Schimmelpfennig’s Mill with his oldest son Everett (1908-1974) in 1929. The early years were plagued by the Great Depression when many lost their businesses and properties because they were unable to make payments for mortgage and taxes. Everett went on the road in and around the county selling calf vitamins to take in enough money to meet those obligations for the mill. The mill stayed in the family until 1958 when it was purchased by Walter Applegate and later sold to Charles Cassens. Everett married Helen Mary Zaki (1909-1994), a Sigourney High School friend and they had two children, Hal Everett (1932- ) and Marylee (1938- ). Hal Everett and his wife, Jean B. Wilson (1930- ) had a son, David Everett (1959- ) who is an economist with the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Maps; Photographs

Collection Number: 150
Collection Name: Schoening, Harry William, Papers
Earliest Date: 1903
Latest Date: 1960
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Harry William Schoening Papers consist of materials pertaining to Schoening's veterinary research; a pictorial history of individuals who worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry; correspondence related to his retirement; and photographs of his retirement party. There are Bureau of Animal Industry reports on hog cholera, cattle, swine, sheep and goats, horses, poultry, fur animals, foot-and-mouth disease, and parasites.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harry William Schoening (1886-1969) began his almost 50 years of service with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1907 working as a veterinary inspector handling meat inspection for the Bureau of Animal Industry. He retired as director of the Veterinary Pathology Branch of the Animal Disease and Parasite Research Division, Agricultural Research Service. Schoening conducted and supervised investigations into the causes and prevention of livestock diseases. Most prominent among these projects were those involving hog cholera and foot-and-mouth disease.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 271
Collection Name: Schrader, Lee Frederick, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1996
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Lee Frederick Schrader Collection contains more than 800 reports, booklets, and reprints of economic studies concerning the poultry industry. The collection covers major categories of the industry, including eggs, broilers, turkeys, and hatcheries. An author's index file is also included, which details the co-authors, the scope of each study, and where it was conducted.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Lee Frederick Schrader was an agricultural economics professor at Purdue University for over 30 years.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 310
Collection Name: Severn Run's Cazador (Caz), Screwworm Detection Dog, Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1994
Latest Date: 2000
Bulk Dates: 2000
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Severn Run's Cazador (Caz), Screwworm Detection Dog: Screwworm Eradication Program Records includes photographs, correspondence, Caz's working gear, a short biography by John Welch, and a wooden box containing Caz's remains.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The materials relate to Severn Run's Cazador (Caz), the screwworm detection dog. Cazador was an American Kennel Club-registered German wire-haired pointer who served as a detector dog with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service Screwworm Research Unit from 1988 until Caz's death in 2000. USDA scientist John B. Welch was Cazador's trainer and acquired him through the U.S. Customs Service’s Detector Dog training facility in Front Royal, Virginia.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 364
Collection Name: Shands, Henry, Lantern Slides
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: Henry Shands of the National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation donated 27 3"x4" lantern slides related to farming. Images show experimental fields and farming equipment. There are no dates on the slides.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Henry Shands is a retired employee of the ARS National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 151
Collection Name: Sharpe, Charles Farquharson Stewart, Papers
Earliest Date: 1925
Latest Date: 1991
Bulk Dates: 1925-1949
Linear Feet: 6.75
Collection Description: The Charles Farquharson Stewart Sharpe Papers consist of copies of articles, translations, and publications relating to geomorphology and erosion; correspondence and other records produced in the course of work for the Climatic and Physiographic Division; research notes and draft reports of physiographic studies in which Sharpe was involved; copies of published reports authored by Sharpe; and photographs and lantern slides documenting soil erosion studies.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Farquharson Stewart Sharpe (b. 1907) worked as a soil conservationist in the Climatic and Physiographic Division of the Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, from 1935-1943.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 299
Collection Name: Shear, Cornelius Lott, Certificates
Earliest Date: 1888
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 1.75
Collection Description: The Cornelius Lott Shear Certificates were presented to botanist and plant pathologist Shear, who traveled to foreign countries to research agriculture. Many of the certificates serve as introduction letters or statements of purpose.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Cornelius Lott Shear (1865-1956), an internationally-renowned mycologist and plant pathologist, began his 40-year career with the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1895. Much of Shear’s work took him all over the world and involved grapes, other small fruit, and fruit and plant diseases. In 1935 Shear retired as the principal pathologist for the Bureau of Plant Industry. Shear served in administrative positions for many organizations, including the American Phytopathological Society, the Botany Society of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He also held editorial positions for the journals Mycologia and Phytopathology.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 206
Collection Name: Sheep skin and wool samples
Earliest Date: 1948
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: Sheep skins and wool samples. 1948. Wool samples and accompanying black and white photographs of each type of animal, undated.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 46
Collection Name: Shorthorn Cattle Catalog Collection
Earliest Date: 1900
Latest Date: 2002
Linear Feet: 81
Collection Description: The Shorthorn Cattle Catalog Collection includes approximately 4,500 catalogs of Shorthorn public sales (a few private sale or herd catalogs), complete or nearly complete files of breed magazines, official herd books, breed history books, and a wide variety of ephemeral publications. Most of the catalogs were produced in the United States, but there are catalogs from Canada, the British Isles, Australia, South Africa, and other countries where Shorthorn cattle are bred.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Wayne Caldwell Neely (1904-1994) was a chairman of the department of economics and sociology at Hood College, in Frederick, Maryland. After Neely’s retirement from teaching in 1972, he served as secretary-treasurer of the Maryland Shorthorn Association until 1988. The Shorthorn Cattle Catalog Collection is an outgrowth of Neely’s love of the study of pedigrees and show and sale reports. His family owned a farm in Iowa called Verd Lea (meaning "green field"). The farm was actively engaged in breeding purebred Shorthorn cattle from 1883 until the farm was donated to the Wallace Foundation for Rural Research and Development in 1993.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 335
Collection Name: Shrader, Harlan Loy (H.L.), Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Harlan Loy Shrader Collection contains materials collected by Shrader during his time as a Senior Extension Poultry Husbandman from 1926 to 1959. The materials include reports, articles, newsletters, clippings, photographs, booklets, correspondence, items from various poultry extension services, a metal model of everted baby chick vents, etc. Some of the materials pertain to the American Poultry Historical Society. There are also materials on the “Chicken of Tomorrow” contest.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harlan Loy (H.L.) Shrader (1889-1970) has had a long history in the poultry industry. He received his B.S. and M.S. from the University of Missouri in 1914 and 1925. Shrader was an investigator in poultry and egg handling, Food Research Laboratory, USDA from 1914 to 1917. He was a pilot in the 11th Aero Squadron, AEF from 1917-1919. From 1920 to 1926, he served as an Extension Poultry Scientist in Missouri. In 1926 he became a Senior Extension Poultry Husbandman with the Federal Extension Service. He retired from this position in 1959. Shrader was a charter member of the National Chicken of Tomorrow Contest Committee. He authored or co-authored over two hundred articles, radio talks and speeches related to the poultry industry. He was a member of the Poultry Science Association and served as its President from 1929-1930 and on its Board of Directors from 1927-1932. In addition he was a member of Epsilon Sigma Phi, World’s Poultry Science Association, American Legion, AF&A Masons, Farm House and Acacia fraternities.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 377
Collection Name: Siegler, Eduoard Horace, Entomology Lantern Slides
Earliest Date: 1915
Latest Date: 1931
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Eduoard Horace Siegler Entomology Lantern Slides are a collection of slides that may have been used by travelling extension agents for instructional sessions. The title of one set of slides is "How Insects Attack Garden Vegetables and Methods of Control." It was a joint contribution of the Bureau of Entomology and Extension Service, United States Department of Agriculture, cooperating with the State Agricultural Colleges in extension work in agriculture and home economics. Some insects described include the colorado potato beetle, cabbage worm, asparagus beetle, the striped cucumber beetle, Mexican bean beetle, potato flea beetle, and squash-vine borer. There are also images of equipment used to spray insects. Another set of slides are related to the "Effect of Bentonite and of Hydrated Lime on the Toxicity of Phenothiazine to Codling Moth Larvae." Slides are undated but subjects correspond to the work of Siegler during 1915 to 1931.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Eduoard Horace Siegler (b. 1888), USDA Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, researched insecticides, equipment, and methods of controlling orchard insect pests. He also investigated the codling moth in Colorado. In 1917, he was in charge of the Connecticut at Wallingford field station for the study of deciduous fruit insects.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 415
Collection Name: Simonson, Roy Walter, Papers
Earliest Date: 1899
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1940-1970
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Roy Walter Simonson Papers consist of notes, correspondence, and memoranda concerning soil surveys in the United States from 1899 through 1953. There are also general notes on scientific aspects of soils such as definitions of soil horizons and classification of soils. There are notes, memoranda, and correspondence regarding the controversy surrounding the soil survey in the Southern Region in the 1940's. There are several folders of notes on Simonson's travels to foreign countries (Italy, West Germany, Netherlands, Ceylon (i.e. Sri Lanka), India, Brazil, the United Kingdom and South Africa) from the 1940's through 1971.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Roy Walter Simonson (b. 1908) obtained a bachelor's degree in soils and chemistry from North Dakota Agricultural College. He completed a Ph.D. in soils at the University of Wisconsin. In 1938 he joined Iowa State College as a faculty member and supervisor of the soil survey program. In 1943 he became soil correlator for the United States Department of Agriculture Division of Soil Survey in Knoxville, Tennessee. He was promoted to assistant chief of the USDA Division of Soil Survey and transferred to Beltsville, Maryland in 1949. Upon consolidation of the USDA's soil survey activities under the Soil Conservation Service in 1952, he supervised the classification, correlation, and nomenclature of soils throughout the United States. In 1973 he retired from USDA.
Subjects: Natural Resources; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 153
Collection Name: Skinner, John Louis, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1849
Latest Date: 1992
Linear Feet: 42.75
Collection Description: The John Louis Skinner Collection includes veterinary products brochures, feed and feed additives brochures; American Poultry Historical Society Poultry Hall of Fame nomination applications for 12 years; Poultry Science Association programs and members for twenty-five or more years; correspondence from the fourth and fifth European Poultry Conferences correspondence; and four years of World Poultry Congress programs, announcements, and promotional material.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Louis Skinner (b.1924), professor emeritus, Department of Poultry Science, University of Wisconsin, was employed in ithe poultry industry and at universities. A licensed poultry judge, editor of the Standard of Perfection, recorder of poultry history, Skinner is an honorary lifetime director of the American Poultry Historical Society and he was inducted into their Poultry Industry Hall of Fame in 1989.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 154
Collection Name: Skinner, William Woolford, Diary
Earliest Date: 1942
Latest Date: 1944
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Wiliam Woolford Skinner Diary is a four-volume, typewritten diary consisting of daily entries from December 1942 to March 1944 about Skinner’s work as chief of the Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Woolford Skinner (1874-1953) was a chemist at the University of Maryland from 1895-1899 and at the University of Arizona from 1899-1904. He held various positions with U.S. Department of Agriculture, including Chief of the Water and Beverage Lab, Bureau of Chemistry, 1914-1921; Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry, 1921-1927; Assistant Chief of chemistry and technical research, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, 1927-1935; Assistant Chief, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, 1935-1939; Associate Chief, Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering, 1939-1942; and Chief, Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, 1942-1944.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 156
Collection Name: Smith, Erwin Frink, Papers
Earliest Date: 1880
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 5.5
Collection Description: The Erwin Frink Smith Papers contain Smith's notes, writings, letters, and publications. Notable writings include his first paper on bacteria as a plant pathogen, his first paper on the fungus infestation of soils, material on the Fischer-Smith polemic, the results of his studies on crown gall in plants and its relation to cancer in animals, and his Bibliography of Peach Yellows.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Chief of Plant Pathology in the Bureau of Plant Industry, U.S. Department of Agriculture, for almost four decades, from 1889-1927, Smith (1854-1927) is recognized as the "father of bacterial plant pathology." The author of more than 240 articles, he was elected president of the Society of Cancer Research in 1924.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 157
Collection Name: Smith, Floyd Franklin, Papers
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Floyd Franklin Smith Papers include reprints of his articles, and U.S. Department of Agriculture circulars and bulletins of his writings.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Floyd Franklin Smith (1900-1984) worked as an entomologist at the USDA for 40 years and was recognized as an international authority on the biology and control of insect pests of flowers and ornamental plants. In 1929 Smith served as an associate entomologist with the Bureau of Entomology, stationed at Arlington Farms in Rosslyn, Virginia. From 1931 until the time of his retirement in 1970, Smith served as an entomologist for the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Truck Crop and Garden Insects Sections. He wrote and contributed to approximately 348 publications on insects and plants.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 158
Collection Name: Smith, Robert Morris, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1959
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Robert Smith Morris Papers contain letters and documents leading to the establishment of the National Chicken of Tomorrow Program, a notebook showing the original records of economic traits measured in the 1951 National Contest, and correspondence that established the rules and regulations governing the Arkansas Random Sample Poultry Tests.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Chicken of Tomorrow contest was created by the director of the A&P Food Stores, Howard Castner Pierce (see Collection 128. In the mid-1940s, there was a beef shortage. In response to this shortage, Pierce suggested to the poultry industry that they improve chickens grown for consumption, instead of focusing on egg production. He offered a $10,000 prize for development of the best meat-type chicken. Consequently, a National Chicken of Tomorrow committee was formed and a breeding and feeding program established. Forty-four states initially participated in the program, as well as the USDA. The result of this program was an improved chicken product for the consumer and more efficient methods to raise chickens for the breeders.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 209
Collection Name: Society of American Florists (SAF), Records and Book Collection of the
Earliest Date: 1793
Latest Date: 1993
Bulk Dates: 1925-1980
Linear Feet: 62.5
Collection Description: The Records and Book Collection of the Society of American Florists (SAF), 1793-1993, consists of both organizational records and bound volumes. The Records of the SAF, 1894-1993, contain proceedings, minutes, correspondence, memoranda, publications, photographs and scrapbooks from 1900 to 1988. The Book Collection of the SAF consists of over 200 volumes, including monographs and bound serials from 1793 to 1990.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Society of American Florists (SAF) was formed in 1884. Its earliest members came from the American Association of Nurserymen, Florists, and Seedsmen. The purpose of the SAF was to have a national organization devoted solely to florists. The organization was open to both horticultural and floral professionals and amateur gardeners. The first convention was held in 1885, and had over 200 members. The International Telegraph Delivery Association (later the Florists Transworld Delivery Association, or FTD) was created within the SAF. The name of the society was expanded in 1897 to the Society of American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturalists, even though the abbreviation SAF is still commonly used. In 1901 the SAF was granted a national charter, signed by President William McKinley. Throughout its history, the SAF has had several interest groups and committees. These groups have included the Florists’ Hail Association (to insure members against losses related to hail), the Florists’ Protective Association (to protect against other financial losses), the Ladies Society of American Florists, and the Youth Education Program. The SAF has also had a role in lobbying corporations and government bodies. Most of these lobbying efforts have been related to the transportation of floral products and orders.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 329
Collection Name: Soil Conservation Service Film Collection
Earliest Date: 1953
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Soil Conservation Service Film Collection contains films produced by and for the Soil Conservation Service. These films were used for education, training, and public service announcements.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1935 Congress passed an act that directed the Secretary of Agriculture to create an agency to deal with issues surrounding soil quality and erosion. This new agency would be called the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) and was actually the successor to the Soil Erosion Service (which itself was only two years old) of the Department of the Interior. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) had been examining soil erosion for years. However, a new program, developed by Hugh Hammond Bennett (the first Chief of the SCS), coordinated much knowledge and practices related to soil. Bennett first began to promote the fight against soil erosion in a published bulletin in 1928. The actions taken by the SCS to maintain and improve soil conditions were driven largely by private landowners, who were organized into local districts. Furthermore, the SCS was given the recommendation to coordinate its actions with other agencies doing similar work. Both of these methods allowed for the most concentrated effort possible to conserve the nation’s soil. After the USDA reorganization of 1994, the SCS was replaced by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals

Collection Number: 324
Collection Name: Solkoff, Joel, Papers
Earliest Date: 1974
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Joel Solkoff Papers consist of Solkoff's agricultural writings, which appeared in such publications as The New Republic, Congressional Record, Skeptic, The New York Times, Newsday, and The Washington Star. Also included are Solkoff’s book The Politics of Food, and several reviews of the book; several issues of MLAP Monthly Report, a publication for which Solkoff served as editor; a collection of unpublished manuscripts; and Solkoff’s resume (2004).
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 450
Collection Name: South Carolina Mirex Study Papers
Earliest Date: 1969
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The South Carolina Mirex Study Papers consist of: field notes; newspaper clippings about the insecticide Mirex and research concerning it; hearings reports; USDA-APHIS impact statement, data print outs, magnetic data cards, opinion and research reports.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The papers document a study conducted in South Carolina estuarine areas (1969-1971) to determine concentrations in fauna of Mirex, an insecticide used to attempt to control fire ants. The study was partially funded by the USDA.
Subjects: Natural Resources; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 212
Collection Name: Southeastern United States Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 1959
Bulk Dates: 1950-1959
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Southeast United States: Screwworm Eradication Program Records consist of documents describing various early proposals for eradicating the screwworm, the experiments and field tests in Florida and Curacao, the rearing and transportation of sterile flies, the building of fly-rearing facilities in Florida, the use of radiation to sterilize flies, treatments for wounded animals and the eradication program itself in the Southeast. The materials include surveys, reports, correspondence, research, and test data including radiation and treatment, and publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Southeast United States: Screwworm Eradication Program Records document the successful eradication of the New World screwworm (Cochliomyia americana) from Curacao and the U.S. Southeast. A flesh-eating pest of warm-blooded animals, the screwworm was brought under control using the Sterile Insect Technique, which emphasizes biological control methods. The technique uses large numbers of reared sterile flies to overwhelm and eliminate the wild fertile population through interbreeding. Reared flies are irradiated to render them sexually sterile.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 344
Collection Name: Southmeadow Fruit Gardens Records
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 2005
Bulk Dates: 1959-1989
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Southmeadow Fruit Gardens Records contain materials from a fruit nursery run by Robert A. Nitschke, including records, catalogs, order forms, tasting evaluation forms, and a large collection of color slides and photographs of a variety of fruits. Journal articles, association materials, and correspondence with other growers regarding grafting, plant samples, and the availability and quality of plants are also included. The predominant focus is on apples but there is also information on pears, peaches, grapes, gooseberries, cherries, plums, quince, and currents. A website for the Southmeadow Fruit Gardens can be found at http://www.southmeadowfruitgardens.com/index/html (as of 2/13/2006).
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 211
Collection Name: Southwestern United States and Mexico Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1922
Latest Date: 2004
Bulk Dates: 1960-1990
Linear Feet: 58
Collection Description: The Southwestern United States and Mexico Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records contain research and production records related to sterile fly production plants in Mission, Texas, and Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico. Included in the records are reports, research data, correspondence, fly production and release records, manuscripts, manuals and regulations, publications, notes, case reports, photographs, public information materials, and artifacts. The predominant language is English, though there are materials in Spanish as well. Materials originally located in this collection relating to Central America, the Caribbean, and North Africa have been removed.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: These materials document agricultural programs to eliminate the New World screwworm from the North American continent. A flesh-eating pest of warm-blooded animals, the screwworm was brought under control using the Sterile Insect Technique, which emphasizes biological control methods. The technique uses large numbers of reared sterile flies to overwhelm and eliminate the wild fertile population through interbreeding. These records focus on research activities which supported eradication in the United States and Mexico. Much of the collection relates to field research, the development of effective fly strains for mass rearing and distribution, and information about the release of sterile flies.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 84
Collection Name: Soybean Utilization in Japan Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1965
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: "Soybean Utilization in Japan" by William Brandemuhl was completed in 1965. This manuscript copy was given to Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, by Tomoko Brandemuhl in 2005. Tomoko published the manuscript in 2004. The general collection of the National Agricultural Library owns a copy of the publication. According to the author, the report served as a reference to those who were connected in some way with the Japanese market as well as those interested for academic purposes. Soybeans were an important component of the Asian diet. Topics included in the manuscript are a history of the soybean, Japan's production and supply of soybeans, and soybean utlilization
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Victor Brandemuhl (b. 1940-1998) graduated with a degree in economics from the University of Wisconsin in 1963. Upon his graduation, he received a scholarship from Honey Mead Products Company, Mankato, Minnesota, to study soybean utilitzation in Japan. He was the first American to study this subject in Japan and conducted research at Kyoto University Department of Agricultural Economics.
Processed:

Collection Number: 427
Collection Name: Speechly, William, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1779
Latest Date: 1779
Bulk Dates: 1779
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The William Speechly manuscript is titled "A Treatist on the culture of the pine apple and the management of the hot-house." This handwritten manuscript contains information on how to grow the pineapple plant in a greenhouse and includes a description of insect control. The manuscript is signed by A.N. Cudell, 1898.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Speechly was a gardener to the duke of Portland.
Subjects: Entomology; Plant Science
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 160
Collection Name: Spillman, Ramsay, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1940
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Ramsay Spillman Manuscript is typewritten (original with author; copy prepared by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics) and is titled “A Biography of William Jasper Spillman” (453 leaves) was written by son Ramsay Spillman.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1894, William Jasper Spillman (1863-1931) began his career as professor of agriculture at Washington State College, where he undertook extensive experiments to develop winter wheat varieties at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) experiment station. Among his many achievements, Spillman organized USDA’s Office of Farm Management and was instrumental in the establishment of a nationwide system of cooperative extension work. In recognition of his achievements, his associates elected him as the first president of the American Farm Economic Association.
Processed:

Collection Number: 400
Collection Name: Stereo Cards of USDA Buildings and Grounds in Washington D.C.
Earliest Date: 1870
Latest Date: 1930
Bulk Dates: 1870-1930
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The collection includes approximately 60 stereo cards documenting various USDA facilities from around 1870 to 1930, as this was when stereo cards were most popular. Many of the cards have information, such as the location of the building in the photograph, on the back or sides of the stereo card.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The stereo cards were collected by Rob Griesbach, Deputy Assistant Administrator, Office of Technology Transfer, ARS. They document the history of the USDA buildings on the National Mall from the beginning of the USDA to approximately 1920. Stereo cards were two photographs of the same object mounted on cardboard that when placed in a stereoscope would give the appearance of being three dimensional. They became popular after 1840 and were most prominently made between the 1870s and 1920s.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 357
Collection Name: Sterling Brown Hendricks Papers
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1970
Bulk Dates: 1960-1968
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Sterling Brown Hendricks Papers consists primarily of article reprints written and compiled by Hendricks, a USDA scientist and administrator from 1922-1970. Annual reports from the Mineral Nutrition Laboratory for the years 1958-1969 and reference articles are also included.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Sterling Brown Hendricks (April 13, 1902 - January 4, 1981) served within several departments of the USDA, including holding the position of Chief Scientist in the Mineral Nutrition Engineering Research Laboratory, ARS, USDA from 1943-1970. Hendricks was an accomplished chemist and mineralogist. He was awarded the ARS Science Hall of Fame posthumously in 1993 and the Sterling B. Hendricks Memorial Lectureship Award was established in 1982.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 267
Collection Name: Stiebeling, Hazel Katherine, Papers
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1989
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Hazel Katherine Stiebeling Papers consist of nutrition articles, family photographs, biographical documents and photographs related to Stiebeling's career, a book about her family written by Stiebeling, and a biography of Stiebeling written by Deborah Parry Dale in 1989.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Hazel Katherine Stiebeling (1896-1989) was a food economist for USDA beginning in 1930 and went on to hold leadership positions in home economics until her retirement as ARS deputy administrator in 1963. Her research and interest in diet deficiencies in the United States led to the development of school lunch programs, and programs for increased consumption of milk, fresh fruit, and green vegetables.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 161
Collection Name: Stine, Oscar Clemen, Papers
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 1957
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Oscar Clemen Stine Papers are handwritten and typed notes on wheat history, colonial wheat culture, wheat exports and imports, insects and diseases, business and wheat crops, acreage, consumption, demand, and foreign markets. Additionally, there are publications by Stine and a manuscript of his autobiography, "Reminiscences of O.C. Stine."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Oscar Clemen Stine (1884-1974) started working at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1916 as an economist in the Office of Farm Management. In 1921 he moved into the Division of Statistical and Historical Research of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE), which he headed during the 1920s. Stine was appointed Assistant Chief of the BAE in 1946, in charge of prices, income, and marketing.
Processed:
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 350
Collection Name: Stoesz, Abraham D. Papers
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1963
Bulk Dates: 1957-1961
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Abraham D. Stoesz Papers are composed of approximately 1100 35mm slides. Subjects of the slides include erosion, soil, plants, and flowers, as well as what seem to be tourism photographs from Washington D.C., New York City, and other cities and universities. Many slides are clearly labeled with the date, location, and subjects of the slide. The slides represent locations all over the United States. A second large part of the collection contains field notebooks kept by Stoesz. There are approximately 50 notebooks which include notes from conferences, meetings, field expeditions, etc. Some are clearly dated and easy to understand; others contain abbreviated notes and are undated. The notebooks date from 1952-1963, with the bulk of them relating to 1957-1961. Also included in this collection is a program from Stoesz's funeral, two photographs, and 12 35mm film rolls. All film rolls are rolled and may not be viewable without proper preservation. Eight of the rolls are stored in metal film canisters that could not be opened during the accession process.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Abraham D. Stoesz was born on April 26, 1894. He worked with the Soil Conservation Service beginning in the late 1920s and continued there until his retirement in the early 1960s. He worked in locations including Mandan, ND; Rapid City, SD; Lincoln, NE; Washington, DC; and Tanzania. He died on February 24, 1982. The Soil Conservation Service (SCS) is now called the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS); for more information: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 330
Collection Name: Strawberry Images Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1887
Latest Date: 1953
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Strawberry Images Collection contains black and white negatives, prints, and glass plates of strawberry plants and activities related to strawberry cultivation.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 162
Collection Name: Street, Harold Kent, Papers
Earliest Date: 1955
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Harold Kent Street Papers include resumes, official correspondence related to his various positions at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, newspaper clippings, unpublished works, photographs, and the article "The Restless Earth" by Nigel Calder.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harold Kent Street (1931-1981) was an agricultural journalist who worked in both the public and private sectors. Street was employed by several agencies within the U.S. Department of Agriculture during the mid-1960s and late 1970s including: the Agricultural Research Service (ARS); the Farm Credit Administration; and the Farmers’ Home Administration. In the private sector, Street served as an agricultural reporter for the American Banker Newspaper, The Dakota Farmer, The Hartford Courant, Successful Farming, Agri-Finance, The Rural New Yorker, and the University of Connecticut, as well as an editor for publications at Kraft Foods and the Independent Bankers’ Association of America.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 163
Collection Name: Stubbs, Harriett Singleton, Papers
Earliest Date: 1982
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Harriett Singleton Stubbs Papers consist of publications, brochures, reports, articles, speeches, fact sheets, bibliographies, and correspondence relating to acid rain in Canada and to United States government agencies and other organizations that dealt with acid rain.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harriett Singleton Stubbs was executive director of the Acid Rain Foundation, Inc., during the 1980s. The mission of the Acid Rain Foundation was to raise the level of public awareness, to publish educational materials, and to bring about resolution to global change issues.
Processed:

Collection Number: 164
Collection Name: Sturgeon, Ralph H., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1917
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 5.25
Collection Description: The Ralph H. Sturgeon Papers include correspondence, clippings, and photographs describing the professional activities and accomplishments of Sturgeon, a hatcheryman and breeder of Barred and White Plymouth Rock chickens and bantams in Bellevue, Ohio. Included are photographs of Colonel Harlan Sanders and Sturgeon; a letter from President Richard Nixon; newsletters; and judging materials from the American Poultry Association.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 286
Collection Name: Sugar Industry Miscellaneous Pamphlet Collection
Earliest Date: 1728
Latest Date: 1915
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Sugar Industry Miscellaneous Pamphlet Collection contains 152 items (pamphlets, books, and reprints), dealing with the development of the sugar industry. The materials are in Dutch, English, French, German, Polish, Spanish, and Swedish. Included are several rare publications from the 18th and 19th centuries.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The pamphlets may have belonged to Lewis S. Ware, 19th century editor of The Sugar Beet. His name or The Sugar Beet are inscribed on the cover of a number of the pamphlets.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 165
Collection Name: Sullivan, William Nicholas, Papers
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1978
Bulk Dates: 1963-1978
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The William Nicholas Sullivan Papers include research, correspondence, and publications on insect biorhythms, aircraft disinsection, and aerospace.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Nicholas Sullivan (1908-1979) worked primarily with the chemical and biophysical control laboratory of the Agricultural Environmental Quality Institute at the Agricultural Research Center. He was coinventor with Lyle Goodhue of the aerosol insecticide bomb, known as the “bug bomb.” In World War II, this reduced allied mosquito-vectored disease casualties in the Pacific theater and elsewhere. Sullivan won honors from the World Health Organization, which based its standards for ridding aircraft of insects on Sullivan's studies. During his lifetime, Sullivan produced 151 publications, mostly on aerosols and biological rhythms of insects, and received 23 patents.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 227
Collection Name: Swab, Joseph, Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1969
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1987-98
Linear Feet: 44
Collection Description: The NAL Activities Photographs were compiled by one of the National Agricultural Library’s (NAL) photographers, Joseph Swab. There are 116 photograph albums consisting of approximately 16,000 photographs, negatives, contact sheets, and slides. These albums contain Swab’s work as well as that of other NAL photographers, including Dan Starr, who photographed from 1989-1993. Subjects include the NAL building and renovation efforts, employees, meetings, events, and exhibits. The bulk dates range from 1987-1998. Additionally, Swab, as editor of NAL's newsletter Agricultural Libraries Information Notes (ALIN), saved photographs and negatives used for the production of ALIN from 1985-1997. All of these photographs were transferred to Special Collections for storage upon Swab’s retirement in 2003.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 332
Collection Name: Swab, Joseph, Publication Collection
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1987-1998
Linear Feet: 12.5
Collection Description: The Joseph Swab Publication collection contains bibliographies, pamphlets, newsletters, and forms whose layouts were designed by Swab, primarily from 1970-1998. The collection also contains a select number of older materials not designed by Swab.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None


Last Modified : August 2, 2013

 
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