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You are here: Home / NAL Collections / Special Collections / Guide to the Collections / Index to the Manuscript Collections / Search Results Printer Friendly
National Agricultural Library Collections
  
Special Collections

Index to the Manuscript Collections--Search Results

416 record(s) found

Collection Number: 418
Collection Name: Edward Everett, Papers
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 2010
Linear Feet: 8
Collection Description: The Edward Everett Terrell Papers mainly consist of photographs, micrographs, negatives, and illustrations of the plant specimens featured in Dr. Terrell’s research and publications. There are also plant species distribution maps, journal article reprints, and personal files and correspondence relating to publications, reviews, and specimen collections.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edward Everett Terrell (1923-2011) was a taxonomic botanist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, for 25 years. He was also a researcher and collaborator with the Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, and the Department of Plant Biology, University of Maryland. Dr. Terrell published many articles and books, including Checklist of Names for 3,000 Vascular Plants of Economic Importance (1977), Revision of Houstonia (Rubiaceae-Hedyotideae) (1996), and Annotated List of the Flora of the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (2000).
Processed:
Subjects: Plant Science; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 72
Collection Name: Gwin, James M., Poultry Collection
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1906
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 90.25
Collection Description: The James M. Gwin Poultry Collection is recognized as one of the world’s most nearly complete poultry information resources and contains approximately 50,000 items. It consists primarily of business correspondence pertaining to several poultry associations, catalogs of poultry manufacturing firms, documents about early breeders in the poultry industry, egg and poultry legislation, papers on meetings for different states of the United States, and several other miscellaneous clippings of publications related to the egg and poultry industry.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: An educator, administrator, promoter, and literature collector in the field of poultry, James M. Gwin (1906-1993) worked in the poultry industry in the following capacities: military procurement officer in World War II; regulatory official in grading and inspection; professor of poultry husbandry; director of extension at the University of Maryland; marketing manager for a major feed supplier; general manager of the Poultry and Egg National Board; and professor of marketing at the University of Illinois, Edwardsville. A charter member of the American Poultry Historical Society, Gwin served as president from 1960-1962. In 1977, he was elected to the American Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Posters
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 302
Collection Name: 100 Years of Federal Forestry Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 402, Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1905
Latest Date: 1976
Linear Feet: 4.75
Collection Description: The 100 Years of Federal Forestry Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 402 Photograph Collection contains the original photographs for "100 Years of Federal Forestry," Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 402, published in 1976. The book is a pictorial history of the National Forest System and the Nation's chief federal forestry agency, the Forest Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Photograph proofs are mounted and captioned.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service was created in 1905. Its mission evolved from providing water and timber for the United States to managing public lands in national forests and grasslands. The Forest Service also is the world’s largest forestry research organization, and it provides technical and financial assistance to state and private forestry agencies.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 391
Collection Name: 100 Years of the International Federation for Home Economics Manuscript and Associated Records
Earliest Date: 1975
Latest Date: 2009
Linear Feet: 21.25
Collection Description: The collection includes manuscript materials and reference sources for the anniversary book 100 Years of the International Federation for Home Economics, script text for the DVD version of book, photographs of members, International Federation for Home Economics (IFHE) History Committee annual reports, other documents associated with the work of the History Committee, IFHE bulletins, files of IFHE Congresses and Councils, and IFHE countries and regions history reports. Additional materials include video tape interviews from some of the IFHE Presidents and Secretary Generals, written reports and statements, and photographs for the DVD titled Reflections of Past IFHE Presidents. Records of selective United Nations World Women’s Conferences and 2000 Focuses, the 1988 Washington Connection Conference, the 1998 American Regional Conference, the IFHE Development Fund, IFHE Councils, IFHE Women and Families in Development Committee are included as collection donor Nancy B. Leidenfrost participated in these events or committees.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The International Federation for Home Economics is the only worldwide organization concerned with Home Economics and Consumer Studies. It was founded in 1908 to serve as a platform for international exchange within the field of Home Economics. IFHE is an International Non Governmental Organization (INGO), having consultative status with the United Nations (ECOSOC, FAO, UNESCO, UNICEF) and with the Council of Europe.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 285
Collection Name: 4-H Slide Collection
Earliest Date: 1969
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The 4-H Slide Collection contains 769 35-millimeter color slides of 4-H club activities during the 1970s such as swimming, canoeing, archery, dairy judging, and knitting; 1970s posters promoting 4-H; an undated slide show titled "Audio-Visual Media in Education"; and unlabeled slides of meetings, people, and events.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: 4-H (Head, Heart, Hands, and Health) is the Cooperative Extension System’s educational program for young people. The program partners the cooperative efforts of youths, volunteer leaders, state land-grant universities, state and local governments, foundations, and the Cooperative State Research, Educational and Extension Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Partners work across the country and internationally to assist youths in developing knowledge, skills, and attitudes that will enable them to become productive and contributing members of society.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 1
Collection Name: Agricultural and Pomological Club of King George County, Virginia, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1871
Latest Date: 1876
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Agricultural and Pomological Club of King George County, Virginia, Manuscript consists of the handwritten record book of the club's meetings from 1871-1876. It contains entries on the establishment of the club including its constitution, by-laws, officers, and membership. There is a handwritten index of names and subjects listed in the book. Some of the subjects of meetings include seeds received from the secretary of agriculture for distribution among club members; canning; commercial fertilizer; implements; plowing; crops; grapes; hay; improvement of farms; fences and fence laws; immigration; labor; land; manures; potatoes; and sheep husbandry. Members present at first meeting included Col. Edward T. Tayloe, Maj. John D. Rogers, John F. Dickerson, John P. Robb, Fielding Lewis, Horace D. Ashton, Michael Wallace, Thomas T. Arnold, Julien J. Hason, and William I. Brown [sic]. The Virginia Historical Society Library owns a related eight-page manuscript, "Proceedings at a meeting held at the court house, on Saturday the 11th of November, 1871."
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 217
Collection Name: Agricultural Artifacts Collection
Linear Feet: 19.25
Collection Description: The Agricultural Artifacts Collection consists of a variety of small to medium-sized artifacts relating to agriculture. There are hand scythes from China, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Thailand, and the United States; a cocoa knife from Jamaica; a long scythe blade; and various small metal implements. Other categories of artifacts include tools, models, and research and laboratory devices. Examples include an animal trap, an insect trap, a telescope, a liquid nitrogen carrier, a magnifying eye piece, and models of farmers hoeing and plowing. No specific dates are known. Alice H. Schilberg donated one stereoscope plus one colored image titled "Grounds from the Agricultural Department, Washington, DC." J. F. Harris publishers, Washington, D.C. A plant exploration bag was carried by for U.S. National Arboretum director John L. Creech. The tan bag has a loose top with grommets and rope so it can be pulled shut. There are leather straps for adjusting to a satchel. Creech marked the locations he traveled using marker on the outside of the bag. His journeys include: Japan (1956, 57, and 61), Ethiopa (1958), Hong Kong (1961), India (1962), Nepal (1962), Mexico (1960), USSR (1963), Sikkim (1964), Taiwan (1967), and Siberia (1972).
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 2
Collection Name: Agricultural History Society (AHS) Records
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 2003
Linear Feet: 33.25
Collection Description: The Agricultural History Society (AHS) Records contain meeting papers such as minutes, reports, programs, invitations, and financial statements; correspondence; and materials pertaining to the Agricultural History journal, such as administrative records, correspondence, award committee notes, reviewed articles, permission to publish forms, and information on symposiums given by the journal.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Agricultural History Society (AHS), founded in 1919, was one of the first specialized history groups. The distinguished botanist Rodney H. True was chosen as chair and later elected the first president of the society. The founding members were of diverse professions: historians, sociologists, economists, and other scientists who believed they could better comprehend their individual fields through an understanding of the history of agriculture. The society maintained a close association with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) through the Bureau of Agricultural Economics and successor organizations. Several employees of USDA have served as secretary-treasurer or editor of Agricultural History, or both. Today the society's stated purpose is "stimulating interest in, promoting the study of and facilitating research and publications on Rural Societies." The journal Agricultural History explores agricultural developments over time, in all regions, and among all peoples. Agricultural History is issued quarterly and publishes a range of articles on institutions, organizations, methodologies, and sciences—all of which have been contributing factors in agricultural growth. The journal includes research, book and film reviews, and special issues that unite diverse methodology under one agriculture history-related theme.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.

Collection Number: 260
Collection Name: Agricultural Marketing Service and Farm Market Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1959
Latest Date: 1984
Bulk Dates: 1960s-1970s
Linear Feet: 11.5
Collection Description: The Agricultural Marketing Service and Farm Market Photograph Collection consists primarily of slides of farm markets and associated marketing and transportation activities throughout the United States, with a few examples from foreign countries.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 3
Collection Name: Agricultural Relations Council (ARC) Records
Earliest Date: 1956
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Agricultural Relations Council (ARC) Records include some membership listings and directories, ARCLight newsletters (April 1956- July 1994), biographies of past presidents and significant early members, and meeting programs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Agricultural Relations Council (ARC) was founded in December 1953 as a national professional association for practitioners of agricultural public relations. ARC conceived and organized the first U.S. Agricultural Communicators’ Congress (USACC) in Washington, D.C., in June 1984, and has coordinated a similar national program for every four years since.
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Collection Number: 397
Collection Name: Agricultural Research Service Insect Biocontrol Laboratory Rose Gall Midge Photographs
Earliest Date: 1915
Latest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Insect Biocontrol Laboratory Rose Gall Midge Photograph Collection contains approximately 100 photographs related to the work on the rose gall midge (Dasineura spp.) in the 1970s by the Agricultural Research Service's Insect Biocontrol Laboratory. They show various aspects of early pest research in regards to rose plants in the DC area from approximately 1915-1970. Other offices mentioned throughout the collection are Tropical Crops and Truck Crops, both part of the Agricultural Research Service.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Insect Biocontrol Laboratory conducted research on the management of insect pests on agriculture and to manage their threat on our nation's food and fiber using non-chemical approaches. One such project was the rose gall midge and their relationship with rose plants. The collection is comprised of photographs of some of this early research and are labeled based on what type of information they collected.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 342
Collection Name: Alexander, Lyle Thomas, Papers
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Lyle Thomas Alexander Papers contain biographical documents, letters, photographs, awards, medals, publications, journal transcript of West Africa and Belgian Congo, maps, and clippings related to his career as a soil chemist for USDA Soil Conservation Service.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Lyle T. Alexander (1905-1983) worked for USDA for over 40 years as a soil chemist. After graduating from the University of Arkansas with a chemistry degree in 1928, he began working at USDA as a soil scientist in the Soil Conservation Service. He earned a Ph.D. in physical chemistry at the University of Maryland in 1935. During his career with USDA, Alexander developed a specialty in tropical soils. He became an expert in the radioactive fallout content of soils and agriculture, thereby traveling extensively to Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific area, the Sahara area of Africa, Europe, and the Near East. He retired in 1968 as chief of the Soil Survey Laboratories, Soil Conservation Service. After retirement, he went to work as a consultant for Resources for the Future, in Washington, D.C. He collaborated with Marion Clawson and Hans Landsberg on the topic of desalination of seawater. During his career with the USDA, he authored approximately 70 papers in soil science in such publications as the USDA's technical bulletins and its yearbooks (1938-1957), and the Proceedings of the Soil Science of America. Together with Thomas M. Shaw, he held a patent in the use of dielectric constant measurements to detect ice formations.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 266
Collection Name: Alfred H. Baumhover Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1949
Latest Date: 1997
Bulk Dates: 1950-1970
Linear Feet: 17
Collection Description: The Alfred H. Baumhover: Screwworm Eradication Program Records include reports, correspondence, publications, public information materials, photographs, awards, notes, and artifacts.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Alfred H. Baumhover (b. 1921) was integral to the screwworm eradication program in its early stages and continued to advise the program for many years. Baumhover, an entomologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), is best known for his contributions to the screwworm eradication programs of the 1950s and 1960s. He began his career in 1949 in the USDA Grasshopper Control Division and worked with Raymond Bushland in Texas on various farm pests. Bushland and Edward F. Knipling were preparing to begin field experimentation on the sterile insect technique. Baumhover became the lead field agent of these experiments, which primarily targeted the screwworm. In 1954 he led the experiment in Curacao that eradicated screwworms from the island. For his efforts, he was conferred knighthood by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands. Baumhover also worked on the eradication programs in the Southeast and Southwest United States. Although he continued to advise the screwworm program throughout his career, Baumhover worked primarily with tobacco insect research from 1963 until his retirement.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 5
Collection Name: Alvord, Henry E., Correspondence
Earliest Date: 1887
Latest Date: 1890
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: Henry E. Alvord's Correspondence relates to the passage of An Act to Establish Agricultural Experiment Stations on March 2, 1887, and an amendment in 1890 authorizing appropriations for agricultural experiment stations. The collection contains petitions with suggestions on how to change the act.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Alvord (1844-1904) was chairman of the executive committee of the Association of American Agricultural Colleges and Experimental Stations and president of Maryland Agricultural College from 1888-1892.
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Collection Number: 6
Collection Name: American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA) Records (now the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association)
Earliest Date: 1938
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 145
Collection Description: The American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA) Records contains correspondence, constitution, bylaws, handbooks, directories, ledgers, invoices, newsletters, black and white and color photographs, membership listings, reports, policies, student chapters papers, publications, and papers of various committees. A majority of the records are drafts of articles for the American Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The AAEA is a professional society for those interested in agricultural economics. The organization is committed to furthering knowledge about the economics of agriculture, rural communities, and natural resources. It was organized in 1910 as the American Farm Management Association, and became the American Farm Economics Association in 1914. In 1968 a subgroup left the organization and called itself the American Agricultural Economics Association.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 7
Collection Name: American Agricultural Editors Association (AAEA) Records
Earliest Date: 1944
Latest Date: 1987
Linear Feet: 28
Collection Description: Transferred to University of Illinois in 2010. American Agricultural Editors Association (AAEA) Records include correspondence of officers, the American Agricultural Editors Association constitution, minutes of meetings, committee notes, membership directories, reports, and Agricultural Editors Photo School correspondence and newsletters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The American Agricultural Editors Association (AAEA) was founded in 1921 by a small group of magazine editors to provide opportunities for professional improvement and networking to agricultural editors, writers and photojournalists.
Processed:

Collection Number: 359
Collection Name: American Biological Safety Association Collection
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1964-1998
Linear Feet: 6
Collection Description: This collection contains conference, administrative, and publication records for the American Biological Safety Association. Materials include photographs of conference attendees (with captions), conference publications, membership directories, ABSA newsletters, ABSA governing laws, digital copies of "Safety Bulletin," and administrative files for ABSA regarding conference planning, annual meetings, membership, meeting minutes, newsletters, and the Arnold G. Wedum Memorial Lecture materials.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: "The American Biological Safety Association (ABSA) was founded in 1984 to promote biosafety as a scientific discipline and serve the growing needs of biosafety professionals throughout the world. Its goals are to provide a professional association that represents the interests and needs of practitioners of biological safety, and to provide a forum for the continued and timely exchange of biosafety in formation." from www.absa.org
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 307
Collection Name: American Conifer Society (ACS) Records
Earliest Date: 1983
Latest Date: 2002
Bulk Dates: 1990-1999
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The American Conifer Society (ACS) Records include correspondence, ACS Bulletin materials, Board of Directors' minutes, audiotapes of Board of Directors' meetings, financial records, legal incorporation documents, by-laws and policy documents, legal contract documents, national annual meetings, members' plant inventories, materials pertinent to the slide program "A Brief Look at Garden Conifers," ACS Central Region meeting files, locations of ACS national meetings (1983-2001), and membership directories. This is an open collection.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The American Conifer Society (ACS) is an organization of people who develop, preserve, and propagate conifers, clarify nomenclature, and educate the public.
Processed:

Collection Number: 259
Collection Name: American Dairy Goat Association Records
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 2000
Bulk Dates: 1928-1950
Linear Feet: 69
Collection Description: The American Dairy Goat Association (ADGA) Records include registration records of dairy goats, meeting minutes, and publications. The majority of the collection consists of ADGA office records organized alphabetically by goat herd name, then by goat name. Cards include information on registration number, owners, breeders, records of transfer, and additional categories. Animal owners retain the official registration certificate. Also included are publications of the American Dairy Goat Association, the American Milk Goat Record Association, and the Nubian Milk Goat Register. Information in the collection is useful for researchers to track pedigrees.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 152
Collection Name: American Poultry Historical Society (APHS) Photograph Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1925-1954
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The American Poultry Historical Society (APHS) Photograph Collection contains 115 black-and-white and color photographs, with captions and texts, mostly of members of poultry-related institutions and of events held by various poultry groups. Some of the institutions, conferences, and groups represented include the American Association of Instructors and Investigators in Poultry; American Feed Manufacturers Association; American Poultry Association; American Poultry and Hatchery Federation; American Poultry School; International Baby Chick Association; Judging and Breeding School; National Poultry Improvement Plan; National Turkey Federation; National Poultry Congress; Northeast Poultry Producers Council; Poultry Science Association; and the World’s Poultry Congress.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The American Poultry Historical Society (APHS) was organized in 1952. According to the book American Poultry History 1823-1973, "The purpose of the [society] is to find, collect, and preserve records, pictures, materials and objects connected with the development of the poultry industry and to make available its great history to this and future generations, and to honor or recognize persons for outstanding achievement or leadership." The society (and a Hall of Fame, which was formed in 1954) was modeled on similar developments in the dairy industry. The APHS wanted to form an independent and inclusive organization that would serve all types of interest in the poultry industry, from "fanciers" to commercial poultry breeders.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 231
Collection Name: American Poultry Historical Society Artifact Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Linear Feet: 8.5
Collection Description: The American Poultry Historical Society Artifact Collection includes a marble rooster, an electronic egg, model poultry houses, an "Utgaard Hatchery" box, and poultry feed burlap sacks.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 9
Collection Name: American Romney Breeders Association (ARBA) Records
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 1980
Linear Feet: 48.5
Collection Description: American Romney Breeders Association (ARBA) Records consist of the American Romney Breeders Association's certificates of registry for ewes and rams.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The American Romney Breeders Association (ARBA) was founded in 1912 by Joe Wing, a world traveler and expert on sheep. He became an early secretary of ARBA, and was instrumental in the development of Romney sheep in America.
Processed:

Collection Number: 10
Collection Name: American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) Records
Earliest Date: 1883
Latest Date: 1982
Linear Feet: 12.75
Collection Description: The American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) Records consist mostly of photographs and negatives of people and places, organized and labeled by state and name of conference held within the state. Most photographs were taken at ASTA's annual meetings. Other organizational photographs include Southern Seedsmen’s Association, Western Seedsmen’s Association, and Pacific Seedsmen’s Association. The collection also includes minutes, constitutions, by-laws, letters, and memoranda of both New England Seedsmen’s Association and Seed Council of North America; as well as records of the ASTA’s National Beautification Committee papers (1967-1971), reports, committee papers, and seed packets.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: One of the oldest trade organizations in America, the American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) was founded in 1883. Its founding members wanted an effective voice of action in all matters concerning the development, marketing and free movement of seeds, associated products, and services throughout the world with a minimum of regulations affecting its members.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 354
Collection Name: American Seed Trade Association Photographs
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1956
Bulk Dates: 1924-1956, n.d.
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The American Seed Trade Association Photographs contain matted 24"x15" (inc. mat) group photographs from various United States seed trade association meetings. Persons in photographs are not identified. Seed trade associations represented are as follows: American Seed Trade Association (1924, 1925, 1928, 1932, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1951, 1952), Atlantic Seedmen's Association (1956), California Seed Association (1949), Pacific Seedmen's Association (1943), and Western Seedmen's Association (1924, 1931, 1932, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1952, 1953).
Historical or Biographical Sketch: "Founded in 1883, the American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) is one of the oldest trade organizations in the United States. Its membership consists of about 850 companies involved in seed production and distribution, plant breeding, and related industries in North America. As an authority on plant germplasm, ASTA advocates science and policy issues of industry-wide importance." [From the American Seed Trade Association website, www.amseed.com]
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 229
Collection Name: American Society of Agricultural Consultants (ASAC) Records
Earliest Date: 1988
Latest Date: 1988
Bulk Dates: 1988
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The American Society of Agricultural Consultants (ASAC) Records consist of nine VHS video tapes of the International Agribusiness Forum at the 25th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Consultants, October 9-12, 1988, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The American Society of Agricultural Consultants (ASAC) is a non-profit organization founded in 1963 to improve the standards and image of professional agricultural consultants.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 232
Collection Name: American Society of Agricultural Engineers Records
Earliest Date: 1968
Latest Date: 1972
Bulk Dates: 1968-1972
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The American Society of Agricultural Engineers Records includes yearbooks, journals and transactions.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The American Society of Agricultural Engineers is a professional and technical organization dedicated to the advancement of engineering applicable to agricultural, food, and biological systems.
Processed:

Collection Number: 316
Collection Name: Appalachian Oral History Project Collection
Earliest Date: 1970
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Appalachian Oral History Project Collection consists of five document boxes with file folders of transcribed oral history interviews plus the Appalachian Oral History Project Union Catalog, which is in reality a box list for the file folders.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Begun in 1970 as a cooperative effort by Alice Lloyd College and Lee Junior College in eastern Kentucky, the Appalachian Oral History Project was expanded to include Emory & Henry College in Virginia and Appalachian State University in North Carolina. The primary purpose was to collect tape recorded interviews of the history and folklore of the Central Appalachian region. In 1977, with the goal of making the material more accessible to researchers, the Project published the Appalachian Oral History Project Union Catalog, which is based on annotations from selected transcribed tapes.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 11
Collection Name: Arkell, Thomas, Account Book
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1829
Latest Date: 1886
Bulk Dates: 1829-1849 & 1854-1886
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Thomas Arkell Account Book Collection consists of two account books, one covering the years 1829-1849, and one spanning 1854-1886. The earlier account book contains entries on dairy products, barley, oats, and the cradling and harvesting of wheat. The later account book, 1854-86, consists of pedigrees of Durham or Short Horned cattle bought and bred by Thomas Arkell on his Little Farmham Farm near Guelph, Canada.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Thomas Arkell (ca. 1802-1875) was a native of Berkshire, England. He settled in Puslinch Township, Ontario, Canada, in May 1831 after living briefly in New York. He became a prominent sheep and cattle breeder in Puslinch and served as a magistrate there for more than 30 years.
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Collection Number: 389
Collection Name: ARS Biological Control Documentation Center Records
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1990
Bulk Dates: 1920s - 1990s
Linear Feet: 140
Collection Description: The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Biological Control Documentation Center Collection contains materials relating to biological control research conducted within the branches and divisions of the Agricultural Research Service. Formats of materials include correspondence, unpublished reports, research reports, grant applications, publications, shipping records, databases, photographs, and videotapes. Materials from closed international laboratories are also included. The records were collected and donated by Jack R. Coulson throughout his career working at many of the branches and divisions of ARS that dealt with biological control. Some of the records donated with the ARS Biological Control Documentation Center Collection were separated and accessioned as smaller collections because they were related to biological control but not directly part of this collection. These collections are the International Organization of Biological Control Collection, membership records and journal abstracts of the nonprofit organization, and the Jack R. Coulson Papers, his personal papers and editing contributions to biological control articles. Books accompanying the manuscript materials are held in Special Collections.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Historical timeline- 1934: Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine (BEPQ) was created. 1953: Agricultural Research Service (ARS) was established and BEPQ was abolished. 1954: Insect Identification and Parasite Introduction (IIPI) Research Branch was formed under ARS. Three foreign locations initially reported to IIPI one of which was the European Parasite Lab (EPL). 1964: Biological Control of Insects Research Laboratory (BCIRL) in Columbia, Missouri was created. 1975-1993: Asian Parasite Laboratory (APL) was reestablished with the help of special funds for ARS biological control research on the gypsy moth. It was located in Seoul, South Korea and sponsored by the Beneficial Insect Introduction Branch (BIIB), ARS, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 345
Collection Name: ARS Research Report U-matic Videocassette Collection
Earliest Date: 1969
Latest Date: 1989
Bulk Dates: 1978-1988
Linear Feet: 36
Collection Description: The ARS Research Report U-matic Videocassette Collection is composed of over 200 USDA produced videos on a wide range of subjects. The majority of the videos are stored on the U-matic format, although there are roughly 10 films found on film reels and one audio cassette. Many videos are public service announcements, others are informational videos in a longer format. Topics include plant and animal production, agricultural planning, pesticides, new research directions and machinery, and food and nutrition. The materials were donated by William E. Premble at ARS in 1992. The series of videos were a part of the ARS Research Report series.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 348
Collection Name: Artifacts: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: Artifacts: Screwworm Eradication Program Records contain materials used in various screwworm eradication program areas. Materials include screwworm fly dispersal boxes, a collection tube, a collection cup and holders, and signs.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 12
Collection Name: Associates of the National Agricultural Library (NAL) Records
Earliest Date: 1971
Latest Date: 1989
Linear Feet: 11
Collection Description: The Associates of the National Agricultural Library (NAL) Records consist of copies of the Journal of NAL Associates, newsletters, as well as other publications and promotional materials with which the Associates were involved.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Associates of the National Agricultural Library (NAL) was founded in 1970 to promote the development of the library by means of encouraging the donation of gifts and desirable collections, providing direct financial assistance for the purchase of unique items, aiding in public relations by informing the community about library services and challenges, and communicating the needs of the community to the library administration. In the 1990s, the organization dissolved.
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Collection Number: 261
Collection Name: Atwater, Wilbur Olin, Papers
Earliest Date: 1865
Latest Date: 1993
Bulk Dates: 1893-1904
Linear Feet: 9
Collection Description: The Wilbur Olin Atwater Papers contain correspondence, photographs, publications, and data sheets related to Atwater's research in the chemical composition of foods, dietary studies, and the respiration calorimeter.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Wilbur Olin Atwater (1844-1907) was the first Chief of the Office of Experiment Stations, U.S. Department of Agriculture, in 1888, and the first person in the United States to conduct chemical analysis of food. As a special agent in charge of USDA nutrition programs beginning in 1891, he developed plans for experiments in the areas of food nutrition, the effects of food processing on nutrient changes, food consumption studies, and human nutrient requirements and metabolism.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 215
Collection Name: Audiovisual Materials: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1944
Latest Date: 2003
Linear Feet: 7
Collection Description: Collection includes photographs, slides, and films portraying the screwworm eradication efforts in the U.S., Mexico, and South America.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Screwworm Audiovisual materials document aspects of the effort to eliminate the New World screwworm from North American and South America. A flesh-eating pest of warm-blooded animals, the screwworm was brought under control using the Sterile Insect Technique, which emphasizes biological control methods. The technique uses large numbers of reared sterile flies to overwhelm and eliminate the wild fertile population through interbreeding.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 13
Collection Name: Bailey, Warren, Papers
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1976
Linear Feet: 7
Collection Description: The Warren Bailey Papers include correspondence and information on meetings attended, unpublished reports by various authors on topics such as food production and farms, published reports by Bailey and various authors, and hand written reports and notes from college classes he attended on economics.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Warren R. Bailey (1910-1984) joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1938 as an agricultural economist working in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Chicago, Illinois; and then Berkeley, California; before moving to Washington, D.C., in 1952. During the 1950s, he conducted research on farming problems in the western states. In the late 1960s he served as acting chief of the Production Adjustments Division of the Economic Research Service (ERS). Bailey worked at USDA for 36 years, retiring in 1974 as the deputy director of the Commodity Economics Division of ERS.
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Collection Number: 14
Collection Name: Ball, Will L., Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1881
Latest Date: 1905
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Will L. Ball Collection contains materials related to poultry business and consists mostly of correspondence between breeders and suppliers of fancy poultry and game cocks. A selection of handwritten correspondence dated between 1881 and 1883 is addressed to Will L. Ball.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Will L. Ball was a resident of Canada.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.

Collection Number: 340
Collection Name: Ballard, Myron, Account Book
Earliest Date: 1828
Latest Date: 1850
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Myron Ballard Account Book from Bradford County, Pennsylvania, contains price data from 1828-1850. A letter written by agricultural economist Everett E. Edwards accompanies the book. Edwards explained that Fred W. Card donated the book to the Agricultural History Unit of USDA's Division of Statistical and Historical Research.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Myron Ballard (1800-1878) lived in Columbia Township, Bradford County, Pennsylvania.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 15
Collection Name: Barnes, Cornelius, Account Book
Earliest Date: 1802
Latest Date: 1809
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Cornelius Barnes Account Book consists of accounting entries relating to the use of leather for the making of boots, shoes, and the binding of books.
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Collection Number: 70
Collection Name: Beagle, Eldon C., Papers
Earliest Date: 1939
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1960's - early1980's
Linear Feet: 56.25
Collection Description: The Eldon C. Beagle Papers are composed of correspondence; government and United Nations publications; bibliographies on rice hull and furfural research, articles, studies, research papers and personal journals. Some records relate to international projects in the Philippines, India, Egypt, Thailand, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Australia, and Japan.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Eldon Beagle (b. 1923) was a consultant to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Food and Agricultural Industries Service, the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United States/United Nations, the UN Industrial Development Organization, and the U.S. Agency for International Development from 1970-1982. Beagle’s agricultural expertise centered on rice and rice hulls (with a few references to straw and almonds); post-harvest processing, milling, and utilization; marketing-distribution of agricultural by-products; biomass energy; and conversion technologies, processes and equipment.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 16
Collection Name: Beattie, Rolla Kent, Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1927
Latest Date: 1949
Linear Feet: 2.75
Collection Description: The Rolla Kent Beattie Photograph Collection consists of negatives that relate to trips to Colorado, California, Hawaii, Florida, the District of Columbia, Japan, Formosa (Taiwan), Hong Kong, Indochina, Cambodia, Malaya, China, France, and England, where he visited shrines, temples, pagodas, gardens, parks, graves, exhibits, and tourist areas. The images document cultural and scenic aspects of the trips.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: A forest pathologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1912-1945, Beattie (1875-1960) is notable for his studies of Northwest flora and chestnut blight. He spent three years in Asia for the USDA's Division of Forest Pathology surveying chestnut trees and related plants and gathering seeds to introduce disease-resistant strains to the United States.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 17
Collection Name: Beaty, Layne R., Papers
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 11
Collection Description: The Layne R. Beaty Papers focus on the history of farm radio and television broadcasting in the United States and on the origins and development of the National Farm and Home Hour, the most popular radio program in the 20th century. There are a small number of documents relating to the Voice of America and Clear Channel Broadcasting. His papers include photographs, correspondence, reports, surveys, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, farm radio and television station promotional literature, annual directories, reports and yearbooks, annual convention literature, and professional newsletters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Beaty (b. 1935) was chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Radio and Television Service from 1954-1980. He graduated from Southeastern Oklahoma State University in 1935. Between 1943 and 1951, he worked as farm editor of radio station WBAP in Fort Worth, Texas. In 1947, he served as president of the National Association of Radio Farm Directors (NARFD).
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 320
Collection Name: Beaty, Layne, Oral History Tape
Earliest Date: 1985
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Layne Beaty Oral History Tape contains the interview of Beaty by Roy Battles on August 12, 1985. Collection consists of two tapes with call numbers: Audiocassette no. 81 pt. 1 and Audiocassette no. 81 pt. 2. The two tapes have been digitized and the collection contains a DVD copy of the originals.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Beaty (b. 1935) was chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Radio and Television Service from 1954-1980. He graduated from Southeastern Oklahoma State University in 1935. Between 1943 and 1951, he worked as farm editor of radio station WBAP in Fort Worth, Texas. In 1947, he served as president of the National Association of Radio Farm Directors (NARFD).
Processed:
Text Available in NALDR: http://media.archimedes.nal.usda.gov/speccol/Layne...
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 459
Collection Name: Becker, Joseph Aloysius
Earliest Date: 1957
Latest Date: 1966
Bulk Dates: 1959
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: Commemorative scrapbook, dated January 31, 1959, from the occasion of Joseph Aloysius Becker's retirement from the United States Department of Agriculture. Includes congratulatory letters to him from Ezra Taft Benson (the Secretary of Agriculture), and other notable figures. It also includes a summary of Becker's career in the Department. Two award certificates are also part of the collection: 1957 United States Department of Agriculture Distinguished Service Award; and: 1966 OPEDA (Organization of Professional Employees of the United States Department of Agriculture) award.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Joseph Aloysius Becker (1891-1975) was born in Hurley, Wisconsin. He was a member of the University of Wisconsin-Madison class of 1914 from which he received his B.S. and M.S. degrees. In 1918 he became a state field statistical agent for the US Department of Agriculture, duties being to appraise crop prospects and analyze crop conditions from information reported by farmers. In 1922 he was transferred to Washington, D.C. to head research on methods and serve on the Crop Reporting Board in the role of Assistant Chief of the Division of Crop and Livestock Estimates. He also served as principle statistician for the Division. In August 1935, he became Head of the Division and Chairman of the Crop Reporting Board and served in that capacity until May 1937. After time spent on leave due to ill health, he returned to the Division as Assistant Head. He led most of the adjustments in statistical procedures required by the Great Depression. In 1942 he was designated Chairman of the Crop Reporting Board until he was transferred in August 1944 to the Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations to serve as chief consultant for statistical methods in foreign countries. In 1957 he received the Department’s Distinguished Service Award. He retired from the Department in 1959.
Subjects: USDA History

Collection Number: 284
Collection Name: Beef Cattle Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Beef Cattle Photograph Collection consists of various breeds of beef cattle from different geographical regions including Beltsville, Maryland. Photographs are filed by breed, subject, activity, or place.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 18
Collection Name: Bellinger, Lyle Frederick, Collection
Earliest Date: 1897
Latest Date: 1902
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Lyle Frederick Bellinger Collection consists of 14 letters received from G. D. Brill while Brill was posted to China by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Brill was based at the confluence of the Yangtze and Han Rivers in order to establish a school of agriculture. There are eight black and white photographs, four of which have been colored by hand. All are pictures of Chinese scenery and people, except for a 1901 portrait of Brill.
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Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 374
Collection Name: Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC) Symposia Records
Earliest Date: 1987
Latest Date: 1993
Bulk Dates: 1987-1993
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC) Symposia records are Friends of the Agricultural Research - Beltsville (FAR-B) files on the Beltsville Symposia starting in 1987 through 1993 (BARC Symposia XII-XXIV). There are programs, committee membership information, speaker and attendee materials, and bills and receipts with some explanatory letters. The materials were retained by Francis (Frank) Longen, the first and longest serving Treasurer of FAR-B.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Friends of the Agricultural Research-Beltsville (FAR-B) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting the research, educational, and outreach programs at the Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC). Its members include USDA alumni as well as individuals or groups from academia, industry, government, BARC employees and the general public. BARC is among the prominent USDA locations and is the research arm of the United States Department of Agriculture. It has an international reputation for its cutting-edge research in just about every scientific area and discipline.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 360
Collection Name: Beltsville Area Modernization Study Records
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 1997
Bulk Dates: 1930-1960
Linear Feet: 12
Collection Description: The Beltsville Area Modernization Study Records contain materials collected by Robinson & Associates, Inc., a company that was hired by the Beltsville Area Research Center (BARC) to conduct a modernization study. The records include historical newspaper clippings, journal articles, USDA and government agency memos and correspondence, photographs and negatives, floorplans, maps, and blueprints. The main subject of all materials is BARC buildings and land development. The study evaluated all BARC buildings and produced an extensive report outlining their findings.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 447
Collection Name: Beltsville Cattle Reproduction Photographs
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1938
Bulk Dates: 1930-1931
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The collection consists of a photograph album of approximately 100 black and white photographs showing cattle reproductive issues such as artificial insemination, anatomy, and pathology. Photographs are primarily taken in Beltsville or at another USDA location; some are labeled. The cover carries the title of "Beltsville Bulls." It looks as if an attempt was made to erase the word "Bulls." The album contains photographs of both bulls and cows. Location of some of the photographs can be identified as BARC EAST (e.g. "Beltsville Calf Barn" and "Bull Exerciser at Beltsville, Maryland."). Some photographs are from microscope images.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: This album was found in Building 200 of the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. It was transferred to the National Agricultural Library in 2011 by H. David (Dave) Guthrie of the Animal Biosciences and Biotechnology Laboratory. Some of the photographs are labeled, most are not, except with a number. There is no text in the album concerning the history or purpose of the album, but in general the photographs represent cattle reproduction activities at Beltsville Research Center in the 1930s. Some unlabeled photographs are clearly not Beltsville.
Subjects: Animal Science; USDA History
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 42
Collection Name: Bereskin, Ben, Papers
Earliest Date: 1954
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 18.75
Collection Description: The Ben Bereskin Papers include papers, photographs, publications and reports by Bereskin and others (H.O. Hetzer) as well as data, notes, correspondence, drafts, abstracts, and other manuscripts. Materials cover subjects such as livestock, poultry, and swine.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Ben Bereskin (b. 1922) began working at U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1965 as a research geneticist (animal) with USDA’s Agricultural Research Service, Animal Husbandry Research Division, Swine Research Branch. Bereskin’s swine research objectives included selection for lean growth on low protein diets; comparing responses of pigs to selection under different dietary regimes; monitoring and evaluating physiological traits in the selected lines; evaluating the genetic X nutritional interaction effects and evaluating responses to reverse selection. In 1975 he was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and in 1985-1986 he was the sole winner of the National Swine Improvement Federation’s Distinguished Service Award. Bereskin retired in 1988 as a research geneticist at the USDA Nonruminant Animal Nutrition Laboratory, Animal Science Institute.
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Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 20
Collection Name: Bergland, Robert Selmer, Collection
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Robert Selmer Bergland Collection includes press clippings containing information about him during his tenure in the U.S. Congress (1971-1977); and his background, experience, nomination, and approval as Secretary of Agriculture under the Carter administration. There is a photograph album of a trip to the Philippines presented to Bergland from the National Grains Authority.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Bergland (b. 1928) was Secretary of Agriculture from 1977-1981 under President Jimmy Carter. A Democrat, he served as a U.S. Representative from Minnesota from 1971-1977, leaving Congress to head the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 21
Collection Name: Beyers, Herbert, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 2.25
Collection Description: The Herbert Beyers Collection contains original issues or copies of Norbest News, Norbest Turkey News, and Norbest Market Letter. There are articles and reprints from trade journals and newspapers plus a brief biography highlighting Beyers’ accomplishments.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Beyers (b. 1903) was general manager of Norbest Turkey Growers Association, the nation's largest turkey marketing organization, from 1933-1967, and became president in 1967. He was known as "Mr. Turkey, U.S.A." because of his prominence in the turkey industry for more than 40 years and he served as a constant advisor to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) officials on many of the laws and USDA regulations on turkey grading and inspection.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 22
Collection Name: Block, John R., Collection
Earliest Date: 1980
Latest Date: 1981
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The John R. Block Collection includes press clippings containing information about John Block, Illinois; and his background, experience, nomination, and approval as Secretary of Agriculture under the Reagan administration.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Block (b. 1935) was Secretary of Agriculture from 1981-1986.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 23
Collection Name: Blomquist, Anton Gabriel, Letters
Earliest Date: 1876
Latest Date: 1882
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Anton Gabriel Blomquist Letters consist of correspondence from Blomquist to Franklin B. Hough, forest commissioner and first chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Division of Forestry, about forestry and the Forest Institute at Evois, Finland.
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Collection Number: 24
Collection Name: Bolton, James, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1776
Latest Date: 1795
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The James Bolton manuscript is the original manuscript Icones Fungorum Circa Halifax Sponte Nascentium [Halifax, England], 1784-1792. It contains notes and drawings upon which the author, James Bolton, based his published work, entitled, An History of Fungesses growing about Halifax (England), four volumes, 182 copper plates, Halifax, 1788-1791. The six manuscript volumes contain 242 watercolor plates representing the plants mostly in their natural size, with brief remarks on the page opposite each illustration indicating where and when the specimen was collected. Because some of his original names were tentative, Bolton went through the manuscript volumes and inserted at the top of each page the name finally adopted for publication with the citation of the plate upon which the species occurs in the published work.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: James Bolton (1750-1799) was a British mycologist who illustrated fungi. He became interested in fungi through his work on William Watson’s The History and antiquities of the parish of Halifax, in Yorkshire (1775). Bolton provided illustrations for several natural history publications, but he was best known for his book An history of the fungusses growing about Halifax (1788-1791). This book established Bolton’s place in mycology, and was a standard resource for the identification of mushrooms in the field.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 25
Collection Name: Boone, Merritt Anderson, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1983
Linear Feet: 5
Collection Description: The Merritt Anderson Boone Collection includes a bibliography of Boone's published works; manuscripts and technical reports by Boone; correspondence; and reprints of some of his published articles. The collection contains items relating to poultry activities in South Carolina. There are materials from the South Carolina Poultry Extension Service and from various poultry short courses conducted by Clemson University between 1930 and 1979. Other components are minutes of the South Carolina Poultry Improvement Association meetings held in 1953-1955 and 1970-1974, and printer's dies from the 1965-1968 Association's yearbooks; approximately 1,000 35-millimeter color slides on various aspects of the poultry industry during the 1960s; and miscellaneous reprints, circulars, and bulletins pertaining to poultry breeding and industry from the 1939-1983 period.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Merritt Anderson "Dan" Boone (1920-1993) was a professor of poultry science at Clemson University from 1947-1977. Originally from Geneva, Nebraska, he studied animal science at the University of Nebraska. He then served four years in the Veterinary Corps of the U.S. Army. While waiting to go to veterinary school, he decided to pursue a master’s degree in poultry science. In the meantime, Boone worked in both the dairy and poultry industries. He worked for the federal Milk Marketing Administration in Chicago and a dairy farm in Utah. He worked for the Michigan State Poultry Improvement Association before settling into a career as a research professor in poultry at Clemson University. While at Clemson, Boone worked primarily in genetics and physiology (where he contributed to heat stress research).
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Reprints

Collection Number: 26
Collection Name: Borthwick, Harry A., Papers
Earliest Date: 1901
Latest Date: 1967
Linear Feet: 112
Collection Description: The Harry A. Borthwick Papers contain reprints, experiment results, correspondence, abstracts, manuscripts, photographs, negatives, positives, maps, graphs, tables, charts, slides, and notebooks. There are indexes to the reprints, abstracts, photographs, and negatives.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Borthwick (1898-1974), plant physiologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), is notable for heading the investigation on photoperiodism, which culminated in the discovery of phytochrome in plants. In 1995, he was named to the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Science Hall of Fame in recognition of contributions in elucidating the importance of photoperiodic mechanisms controlling flowering in plants.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 278
Collection Name: Botanic Garden Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1922
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Botanic Garden Photograph Collection consists of color and black and white lantern slides of U.S. and international botanic gardens and includes landscape and interior views, selected plant specimens, and garden design diagrams. Featured U.S. gardens are the Missouri Botanic Garden, the National Botanic Garden and the National Arboretum, Golden Gate Park, and New York Botanic Garden. International gardens include Konigl Botanischer Garten in Dahlen bei Berlin; Botanic Garden, Tokyo; Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, England; and Quinta Normal, Santiago, Chile.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 27
Collection Name: Brant, Albert Wade, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1907
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 28.5
Collection Description: The Albert Wade Brant Collection contains copies of scientific literature and non-published documents on poultry meat and egg research, dating from approximately 1930 until 1998. An author file of 17,000 cards accompanies the publications. The abstracts were generated or made available by the following organizations or individuals: Institute of American Poultry Industries; University of Illinois; U.S. Egg and Poultry Magazine; Dr. George F. Stewart and A. Wade Brant. Other materials in the collection include minutes of the Pacific Dairy and Poultry Association (PDPA), Institute of American Poultry Industries (IAPI), letters, photographs, cartoons, post cards, humorous poems, chicken and turkey stories, newspaper clippings, chicken jokes, Poultry Science Association mementos, and films.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Albert Wade Brant (b. 1919) graduated from Kansas State University in 1940 with a bachelor of science degree in poultry husbandry, received a master of science degree in poultry nutrition from Michigan State University in 1942, and a Ph.D. in food science and technology in 1949 from Iowa State University. For 10 years (1949-1959) Brant worked for the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service (ARS) in Beltsville, Maryland, conducting research on egg and poultry meat quality, rising to the position of chief of the Poultry Research Branch, Animal Husbandry Research Division. From late-1959 through 1980 Brant worked at the University of California – Davis, College of Agriculture, Department of Food Science and Technology as a Food Technologist, Lecturer in Food Science and Technology, and Associate in the Agricultural Experiment Station. Brant was actively involved with the World Poultry Science Association (WPSA) and its USA Branch (and predecessor committee) from 1958-1996 and remains a lifetime member. From 1965-1978, he served as secretary/ treasurer, vice president, and president of the USA Branch. In 1978 he was elected treasurer of the WPSA and served in that capacity until 1996. Brant authored or co-authored over 250 research papers, bulletins, technical articles, and book chapters, and two public service patents.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 28
Collection Name: Breimyer, Harold F., Papers
Earliest Date: 1958
Latest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Harold F. Breimyer Papers include correspondence produced during Breimyer’s association with the American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA) and the American Farm Economic Association (AFEA), programs of meetings, reprints, and newspaper clippings related to AAEA and AFEA.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harold F. Breimyer (1914-2001) worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) as an economist for 30 years and was an agent for the University of Missouri’s agricultural extension.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 29
Collection Name: Brewster, John Monroe, Papers
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The John Monroe Brewster Papers include correspondence, research notes, photographs, and a manuscript of a book of Brewster's writings which was published posthumously. The book is titled: A Philosopher Among Economists [Selected Works of John M. Brewster]. Philadelphia: J. T. Murphy Co., [1970].
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Monroe Brewster (1904-1965), an agricultural economist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), began his service in 1936 in the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, Land Use Planning Division. Throughout his career he continued to serve as an agricultural economist within many different USDA divisions including the Farm Security Administration, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Production and Marketing Administration, Agricultural Marketing Service, and the Production Economics Research Branch. Brewster’s last position at the USDA was as the leader of the Farm Size and Resource Requirements Investigations, Agricultural Adjustments Branch of the Farm Economics Division of the Economic Research Service. Some of his notable studies focused on oilseed processing, the relation of resources-to-income in family farming, the classification and structure of family and non-family farms, the effects of technological advance on American farming, and cultural attitudes as a factor in the economic growth of under-developed countries. In 1954 Dr. Brewster received the USDA Superior Service Award and the Agricultural Marketing Service Meritorious Award for his work with cottonseed oil mills.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 30
Collection Name: Brooks, Emerson Merlyn, Papers
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1972
Linear Feet: 17.5
Collection Description: The Emerson Merlyn Brooks Papers contain the original manuscript material, worksheets, photographs, and maps relating to the book The Growth of a Nation; A Pictorial Review of the United States from Colonial Days to the Present, 1956. There are also materials intended for use in a book called Pictorial Agriculture-USA.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Emerson Merlyn Brooks (1905-1982) was an agricultural statistician who began his U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) career in 1933 with the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE). In 1939 Brooks was transferred to Washington, D.C., to specialize in estimates of the tobacco, peanut, and sugar crops. From 1963-1967, he served as the deputy director of the Field Operations Division. Brooks completed his service with the USDA working with the Statistical Reporting Service (SRS) as a staff officer for career development and foreign programs, from 1967-1972.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 423
Collection Name: Buie, Thomas S. Papers
Earliest Date: 1941
Latest Date: 1948
Bulk Dates: 1946-1948
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Thomas S. Buie Papers contain articles, memoranda, letters, and newspaper clippings pertaining to the attempt of the Farm Bureau Federation to effect the closure of the regional offices of the Soil Conservation Service and the transfer of the functions to other USDA agencies.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Thomas S. Buie (1896-1973) was appointed director of the Soil Conservation Service Southeastern Regional Office in Spartanburg, South Carolina in 1935 and served until 1954. Prior to that he was the Regional Director of the South Tyger Regional Project, one of the first United States federally initiated soil conservation projects (begun in 1933). Buie experimented with erosion control techniques beginning in the 1930's and is responsible for the adoption of many soil and water conservation practices in South Carolina and the Southeast. He was one of the founders of the Soil Conservation Society of America where he served as president in 1948. He was a member of the Clemson University class of 1917; he received his M.S. and Ph.D from Iowa State University.
Subjects: Natural Resources; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 221
Collection Name: Byerly, Theodore, Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1925
Latest Date: 1990
Linear Feet: 25.75
Collection Description: The Theodore Byerly Papers contain correspondence, manuscripts, publications, clippings, biographical information, photographs, and office files relating to Byerly’s career in poultry science and his participation in agricultural organizations.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Theodore Byerly (1902-1990) was an instructor of zoology and a professor of poultry science, as well as a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) employee for 40 years. Though the focus of his work was animal husbandry, he also performed research on beef, swine, and sheep. While with the USDA, some of his positions included chief of Animal and Poultry Husbandry Research and ARS deputy administrator of farm research. His papers include correspondence, manuscripts, publications, clippings, biographical information, photographs, and office files.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 317
Collection Name: Calvert County, Maryland, Oral History Transcripts
Earliest Date: 1990
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Calvert County, Maryland, Oral History Transcripts consist of four oral history interviews. Interviewees include Gorman Buckler, Y.D. Hance, Michael Phipps, and J.W. Waters-Ross.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum and the National Agricultural Library conducted a series of interviews with farmers, farm families, agricultural workers, scientists, and others in Calvert County, Maryland, who made significant contributions to American agriculture.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 32
Collection Name: Capron, Horace, Memoirs
Earliest Date: 1884
Latest Date: 1884
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Horace Capron Memoirs [ca. 1884] describe Capron's activities as an operator of mills in New York and Maryland and as a plantation owner and livestock breeder in Maryland and Illinois. In addition, Capron details his service in the Union Army during the Civil War and his tenure as the third Commissioner of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Finally, he discusses his pioneering work for Japan in the development of the island of Hokkaido. This two-volume autobiography is a copy of the original.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Horace Capron (1804-1885) was the third Commissioner of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) (1867-1871). Capron decided to start a career in the cotton manufacturing business in his youth. He became a superintendent of a cotton factory in Baltimore County, Maryland in 1829. Capron started his own factory in Laurel, Maryland, 1836. It was built on land that his wife, Louisa, had inherited upon her father’s death in 1831. Louisa died in 1848, and four years later, Capron received a commission from President Millard Fillmore as special agent for native tribes in the Southwest. He held this post through the end of 1853. Capron remarried in early 1854, and he resettled on farmland in northern Illinois. He also served in the Civil War. In 1867 Capron was appointed by President Andrew Johnson to be the Commissioner of the USDA. In this capacity, Capron commenced on plans for several new USDA buildings, and he also formed the grounds for an arboretum. Capron resigned this post in 1871 to take a similar role in the Kaitakushi Department of Japan, where he primarily advised on the development of the island of Hokkaido. Capron returned to the United States in 1875, and lived his remaining years in Washington, D.C.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 33
Collection Name: Card, Leslie E., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 1948
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Leslie E. Card Papers contain correspondence, reports, publications, photographs, and miscellaneous papers relating to poultry industry and research in the United States. The correspondence documents early egg-laying contests. There is a comprehensive list, by state, of poultry farmers in the United States (1925). A group of materials relate to the James E. Rice testimonial dinner (1934). Also included are official publications, notes, and programs of the annual meetings of the Poultry Science Association.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: With a Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1922, Card (1883-1968) became an instructor at the University of Connecticut from 1914-1919 and Cornell University from 1919-1922. He was head of the poultry division of the University of Illinois from 1922-1947, and head of the animal science department from 1947-1957. An author of poultry textbooks and many scientific articles, Card researched poultry breeding, physiology, and egg formation. In 1968 he was elected to the American Poultry Historical Society's Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 38
Collection Name: Cardon, Philip Vincent, Papers
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1961
Linear Feet: 5.5
Collection Description: The Philip Vincent Cardon Papers include correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, reprints, unpublished lectures and research papers, outlines and notes for radio talks and skits, and some memorabilia.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Among the many positions which Cardon (1889-1965) held with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) were agronomist for the Bureau of Plant Industry (1909-1919) and director of the USDA Graduate School (1950-1952). Beginning in 1953, he served as director general of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 39
Collection Name: Carpenter, Clifford D., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1965
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Clifford D. Carpenter Papers include Carpenter's research, writings, and photographic accomplishments. Materials chronicle the events leading to his election to the International Poultry Hall of Fame and the American Poultry Historical Society Poultry Hall of Fame [1968]. Also includes a 2012 donation of three letters written by Carpenter to his wife in 1934 and 1935. They were written by Carpenter while he was on business trips. The letters were found in an antique store and subsequently donated to Special Collections.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 40
Collection Name: Carpenter, Clifford D., Poultry Humor Art Collection
Earliest Date: 1952
Latest Date: 1962
Linear Feet: 6.25
Collection Description: The Clifford D. Carpenter Poultry Humor Art Collection contains original artwork, comics, and advertisements created by artists Joe E. Buresch, Charles Dennis, Charles W. Trotter, and others.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Clifford D. Carpenter (1897-1965) received a doctorate in veterinary medicine from Cornell University in 1920 and a master of science degree from the University of Kansas in 1938. He was the founder of the first private, exclusively-poultry veterinary practice in America in 1923 and worked in this practice from 1923-1935. From 1935-1944, he worked in an industry veterinary practice. President of the Institute of American Poultry Industries, 1944-1958, he provided pioneering and inspiring leadership to the rapidly growing and changing poultry industry. He was a delegate and chairman of the U.S. participation committee to the 9th, 11th, and 12th World's Poultry Congress. In 1968, he was elected to the American Poultry Historical Society Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 56
Collection Name: Carper, Elsie, Collection on Extension Service, Home Economics, and 4-H
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1990
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The Elsie Carper Collection on Extension Service, Home Economics, and 4-H contains materials relating to early extension work, largely saved by Extension specialists and program leaders over Carper's many years of employment as a clerk at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Subject areas include Cooperative Extension history, early history of Extension home economics, Extension Homemaker's Organization, early history of the National Association of Extension Home Economists, and 4-H materials.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Association of Extension Home Economists (NAEHE) began in 1934 as the Home Demonstration Agents’ National Association. The mission of this organization was "to promote the interest of home demonstration work." NAEHE also had a goal of helping to improve the skills of its members in the areas of home economics and adult education. In 1965, members of the National Negro Home Demonstration Agents Association (NNHDAA) merged into the NAEHE. The NNHDAA had been founded seven years earlier, and specifically focused on home economics in the African-American community. In 1995, the NAEHE once again changed its name, this time to the National Extension Association of Family & Consumer Sciences. This change came about because of the evolutionary shift of the profession to family and consumer science.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 226
Collection Name: Carver, George Washington, Collection
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1996
Bulk Dates: 1940-1977
Linear Feet: 6.25
Collection Description: The George Washington Carver Collection consists of photographs and text used in an exhibit at the National Agricultural Library (NAL). Photographs are not originals. NAL staff requested from another source for exhibit. Date of exhibit is unknown. Additionally, there are photocopies of articles (1920-1996) published about Carver. Most articles were obtained by Special Collections through interlibrary loan. There are photocopies of the "Official Personal Record Folder for Federal Employee" for Carver located at the National Archives and Records Administration, National Personnel Records Center, Civilian Personnel Records, 111 Winnebago Street, St. Louis, Missouri 63118-4199. There is also a transcript of a one-man play titled "Listening to the Still Small Voice: The Story of George Washington Carver." By Paxton J. Williams. No date. Autographed by author. Donated by Esther Edwards, USDA Visitor's Center, in 2001.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George Washington Carver (1864-1943), farmer, agricultural chemist, and educator, dedicated his life to agricultural research projects. He developed crop-rotation methods for conserving nutrients in the soil and he created new uses for the peanut and sweet potato crops which helped to improve the southern agricultural economy. Carver was the first African American to serve on the faculty of Iowa State University and spent the majority of his career as director of agricultural research at Tuskegee Institute. Beginning in 1935, he worked for the United States Department of Agriculture as a collaborator in the Division of Plant Mycology.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 372
Collection Name: Carver, George Washington, Correspondence Collection
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 1943
Bulk Dates: 1932-1933, 1938, 1943
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The collection contains correspondence between Carver and former Agricultural Research Service scientist Paul R. Miller. There are three handwritten letters dated 1932-1933 from Carver and a reply from Miller regarding rust specimens. A signed portrait from Carver to Miller (1938) is included. Additionally, there are two letters dated 1943 from Rackham Holt (author of George Washington Carver: An American Biography) to Miller regarding Miller's text contribution to the book. Miller described Carver's standing in the scientific world.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George Washington Carver (1864-1943), farmer, agricultural chemist, and educator, dedicated his life to agricultural research projects. He developed crop-rotation methods for conserving nutrients in the soil and he created new uses for the peanut and sweet potato crops which helped to improve the southern agricultural economy. Carver was the first African American to serve on the faculty of Iowa State University and spent the majority of his career as director of agricultural research at Tuskegee Institute. Beginning in 1935, he worked for the United States Department of Agriculture as a collaborator in the Division of Plant Mycology.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 41
Collection Name: Cedar Valley Land Company of Vinton, Iowa Records
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1907
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Cedar Valley Land Company of Vinton, Iowa, Records consist of two volumes of the company's contracts and records of land sales.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 313
Collection Name: Celebrity Pesticide Spots Phonograph Records
Earliest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 1.75
Collection Description: The Celebrity Pesticide Spots Phonograph Records consist of four 33 1/3 RPM records containing spots about the safe use of pesticides produced by USDA Office of Information, Radio and Television Service, Washington, D.C. Three of the records are identical; there are a total of two unique records. Celebrity voices include Minnie Pearl, Art Carney, Arthur Godfrey, and Eva Gabor. Additionally, there is a typescript of the spots with a generic letter about the typescript signed by Layne Beaty, Chief of Radio and Television Service. The letter appears to have been sent out to public service directors.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals

Collection Number: 35
Collection Name: Chamberlain, Frank Wilbut, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1943
Latest Date: 1945
Bulk Dates: Pre 1945-1943 ???
Linear Feet: 9
Collection Description: The Frank Wilbut Chamberlain Papers include copies of galley proofs of Chamberlain’s book Atlas of Avian Anatomy. Proofs contain sections on osteology, arthrology, and myology. Copies of a typed manuscript with penciled notes cover other systems of the avian species, such as circulatory, lymphatic, respiratory, urinary, nervous, etc. Manuscript may have been intended to be Volume 2 of the Atlas of Avian Anatomy. Also includes printer’s blocks of different parts of the chicken skeleton, ligaments and muscles.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Frank Wilbut Chamberlain was a professor of anatomy at Michigan State College, and published the Atlas of Avian Anatomy as Agricultural Experiment Station Memoir Bulletin 5 in June 1943. Correspondence (largely from 1944 and 1945) and printers' blocks included in the collection indicate that Chamberlain intended to publish a second volume of the atlas, but there is no evidence that it ever went to press.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 281
Collection Name: Charles Valentine Riley Memorial Foundation Records
Earliest Date: 1985
Latest Date: 2012
Bulk Dates: 1985-2001
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Charles Valentine Riley Memorial Foundation Records include correspondence, agreements, minutes, financial records, briefing books, and publications and reports produced by the foundation.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Charles Valentine Riley Memorial Foundation was formally organized on November 4, 1985, when the bylaws were adopted and a memorandum of agreement between the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Riley Foundation was signed by then-Secretary of Agriculture John Block and the first president of the Board of Directors of the Riley Foundation, John Gordon. Its stated purpose is "to promote a broader and more complete understanding of agriculture as the most basic human endeavor, . . . To make secure the lever that is agriculture and its fulcrum, the natural environment, during this and succeeding generations, [and]. . . To facilitate the exchange of disparate views between individuals and groups and to make these views more apparent to the public at large without being an advocate for any particular point of view."
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.

Collection Number: 349
Collection Name: Chester N. Husman Awards: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1947
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: Chester N. Husman Awards: Screwworm Eradication Program Records contains awards given to Chester N. Husman and Agricultural Research Service (ARS) for their efforts in the screwworm eradication programs. Granting organizations include the U.S. War Department, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Mexican government.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Chester N. Husman was an engineer for the USDA and assisted on the screwworm efforts. He participated in research efforts in Florida, assisting with the rearing process and construction of buildings. At Sebring, Florida, Husman developed a system for collecting screwworm larvae which involved transporting larvae in a water tray; this decreased mortality rates and rates at which the larvae escaped their holding trays. In the 1970s he designed irradiators that were used to sterilize the screwworms, often referred to as the Husman irradiator.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 436
Collection Name: Chico Plant Introduction Station Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1952
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Chico Plant Introduction Station Photograph Collection primarily contains 5" x 7" photographs and negatives of pistachios that were grown in Chico, California. Photographers include W.E. Whitehouse, R.L. Taylor, J.C. Long, C.L. Stone, and Mitchell. Some photographs were taken at the Beltsville area and D.C. laboratories since specimens were sent there from Chico. Additional subjects include persimmons, walnuts, pears, crab apples, apricots, plums, peach-almont tree, cherries, avocados, guavas, mangoes, annonas, jujubes, oranges, and vegetables. Many of these were taken on plant exploration trips such as Whitehouse's trip to Persia in 1929, Dorsett and Dorsett's trip to China in 1924-25, Dorsett and Morse's trip to China in 1931, and Long and Stone's trip to California in 1936. The collection also includes a set of 4" x 6" index cards with plant introduction number, name of plant, type of fruit, where it originated, and other information such as whether it was growing in quarantine at Bell, Maryland or where seeds were sent.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Chico Plant Introduction Station is no longer in existence but was originally part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Office of Foreign Seed and Plant Introductions from 1904 until the 1970s, at which time the property was transferred to the Forest Service.
Subjects: Plant Science
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 36
Collection Name: Christie, Andrew, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1938
Latest Date: 1940
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Andrew Christie Papers consist of correspondence, newspaper clippings and photographs concerning Christie’s work with the Seventh World's Poultry Congress, held in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1939.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: One of the earliest U.S. poultry breeders to recognize the need to breed poultry specifically for their meat-producing characteristics, Andrew Christie of Kingston, New Hampshire, developed his strain of New Hampshire Red chickens to produce a superior meat-type chicken.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 294
Collection Name: Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Collection
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Collection contains photographs and papers related to the 326th Company CCC in New Germany, Maryland. CCC activities represented are camp life, work projects, national defense, and education.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Civilian Conservation Corps was part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, which was a plan to rehabilitate and recover the nation from the Great Depression. It was in operation from 1933 to 1942. Its creation came about as a result of the Emergency Conservation Work Act. In just nine years, over three million unemployed young men fought a war with the destruction and corrosion of America’s natural resources. Programs were set up in every state and also in four territories (Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands). Some of the tasks done by members of the CCC included fighting fires, building roads, erecting fire towers, soil erosion control, and planting trees (in all, more than 3 billion). The CCC also helped to develop several recreational facilities in parks of many jurisdictions (from metropolitan to national). The CCC began to go into decline in the early 1940s, mostly due a better economy and the United States' entry into World War II. Congress no longer funded the CCC because it was not considered to be essential to the war effort.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 456
Collection Name: Coffman, C. (Charles) Benjamin, Papers
Earliest Date: 1959
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1970-1980
Linear Feet: 16.25
Collection Description: Charles Benjamin Coffman's papers primarily consist of technical data concerned with the herbicidal properties of chemicals used or potentially used for weed management. Most of this data consists of reports from the Weed Science Society of America (WSSA) for the American National Standards Committee on Common Names for Pest Control Chemicals of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). These files are arranged alphabetically by chemical name. The papers also include correspondence, field notes and data, field results, publications, trademark search reference materials, negatives, and films.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: C. Benjamin Coffman (1941- ) retired in August 2013 an agronomist from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Animal and Natural Resources Institute (ANRI), Sustainable Agricultural Systems Lab (SASL). He was born in Baltimore, Maryland on December 19, 1941. He received a BS degree in agronomy, an MS degree in soil fertility with a minor in plant physiology, and his PhD (1972) in soil minerology with minor in geology and chemistry, all from the University of Maryland-College Park. He had a long career at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC) of the Agricultural Research Service, where he began in 1965 as a student technician. He also was an educator in the University of Maryland Geology Department. He conducted research on control of narcotic plants; and: weed management in field crops. He published extensively. Most recently, he conducted research for three projects: Weed Biocontrol Project, Farming System Project, and Cover Crops Project. He contributed to experimental planning, field operations, and weed management in these projects.
Subjects: Farms and Farming Systems; Plant Science
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 97
Collection Name: Coles, Rupert, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1977
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Rupert Coles Papers consist of Christmas cards created from Coles's original artwork.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Rupert Coles was the Chief Poultry Advisory Officer, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, in Great Britain (dates unknown). Coles served as the President of the World Poultry Science Association (WPSA) circa 1956-1957 (the best estimate is that he served from 1954-1958, corresponding to the period of time between the World Poultry Congresses, which took place every four years). He was the acting secretary-treasurer of the WPSA from 1968-1970 and became secretary in 1970. He held that position until at least 1982. Coles wrote a book entitled: Development of the Poultry Industry in England and Wales 1945-1959. [Poultry World Limited, London, 1960] Coles had a B.A., M.S. in economics, M.S. In Agriculture, and Ph.D.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 280
Collection Name: Collection of Expedition Photographs from the Office of Plant Exploration
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1945
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Collection of Expedition Photographs from the Office of Plant Exploration consists of lantern slides and negatives of three U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant-collecting expeditions: a trip to Southeast Asia and China in the latter half of 1922 possibly by J. F. Rock; a forage and fruit-collecting trip to Germany and the Soviet Union from July to September 1929 by H. L. Westover and W. E. Whitehouse; and an expedition to Caucasus (now part of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, and some of Russia including Chechnya), Turkestan (in current Uzbekistan), and Siberia from 1910-1911 by Frank E. Meyer. Lantern slides are mostly black and white. In 2002, the Arnold Arboretum donated 300 to 500 black and white photographs and negatives related to Palemon Howard Dorsett. Those photographs and negatives relating to the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition, which took place between 1929 and 1931, were separated and placed in the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition Collection. Most of the envelopes contain detailed descriptions including subject, date, place, and photographer. The dates range from 1914 to 1945, with the bulk being from 1924 to 1930. The subject matter is plants and landscapes. The geographic areas include China, Japan, Korea, the Soviet Union, Spain, Africa, Mexico, Central and South America. Among the photographers are Dorsett, Piemeisal, Kephart, Whitehouse, Westover, Ryerson, Archer, McMullan, Polhamus, Muller, and Erlanson.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 376
Collection Name: Collection of papers related to the translation of Five Continents by Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov.
Earliest Date: 1992
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: This is a collection of papers related to the National Agricultural Library's translation project in which Doris Love translated the Russian book Five Continents written by Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov. In 1992, Love was in communication with Henry L. Shands, Associate Deputy Administrator, Genetic Resources, National Program Staff. Records include correspondence, drafts, final text, contract papers, photocopies of images, and diskettes. There is a copy of the book in Special Collections.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Russian Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov (1887-1943) is recognized as one of the foremost plant geographers of the twentieth century. Nikolai I. Vavilov was born into the family of a merchant in Moscow. In 1911, having graduated from the Agricultural Institute, Vavilov continued to work at the Department of Agriculture Proper headed by Prof. Pryanishnikov. In 1911-1912 Vavilov did practical work at the Bureau for Applied Botany and at the Bureau of Mycology and Phytopathology of the Agricultural Scientific Committee. In 1913-1914, Vavilov traveled to Europe where he studied plant immunity, mostly with Prof. W. Bateson, a co-founder of the science of genetics. In autumn 1917 the Head of the Bureau for Applied Botany Robert. E. Regel (1867-1920) supported the nomination of N.I.Vavilov, a young professor from the Saratov Higher Agricultural Courses, as Deputy Head of the Bureau. Vavilov continued his investigations in Saratov where he has awarded the title of Professor of the Saratov University in 1918. During the Civil War, from 1918 to 1920, Saratov became the scientific stronghold for the Department of Applied Botany (Bureau till 1917). In 1920 Vavilov was elected head of the Department, and soon moved to Petrograd (St.Petersburg now) together with his students and associates. In 1924, the Department was transformed into the Institute of Applied Botany and new Crops (VIR since 1930), and occupied the position of the central nationwide institution responsible for collecting the world plant diversity and studying it for the purposes of plant breeding. He took part in over 100 collecting missions. His major foreign expeditions included those to Iran (1916); the United States, Central and South America (1921, 1930, 1932); the Mediterranean and Ethiopia (1926-1927). For his expedition to Afghanistan in 1924 Vavilov was awarded the N.M.Przhevalskii Gold Medal of the Russian Geographic Society. These missions and the determined search for plants were based on the Vavilov's concepts in the sphere of evolutionary genetics, i.e. the Law of Homologous Series in Variation (1920) and the theory of the Centers of Origin of Cultivated Plants (1926). Vavilov, the symbol of glory of the national science, is at the same time the symbol of its tragedy. As early as in the beginning of the 1930's his scientific programs were being deprived of governmental support. In the stifling atmosphere of a totalitarian state, the institute headed by Vavilov turned into a resistance point to the pseudo-scientific concepts of Trofim D.Lysenco. As a result of this controversy, Vavilov was arrested in August 1940, and his closest associates were also sacked and imprisoned. He died in the Saratov prison of dystrophia on 26 January 1943 and was buried in a common prison grave.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 37
Collection Name: Cooke, George, Diary
Earliest Date: 1826
Latest Date: 1849
Bulk Dates: 1826-1841, 1845-1849
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The George Cooke Diary is a two-volume handwritten record of a Maryland plantation in Hazelwood, near Patuxent, Maryland. The diary includes daily entries for a 20-year period describing the operation of the family farm. It contains information on weather conditions, travel, and Cooke’s pedigree.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George Cooke (1791-1849) was an antebellum planter in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, during the early part of the 19th century. He was born in Annapolis, Maryland, the last of nine children of aristocratic parents William and Elizabeth. George spent most of his childhood growing up in Baltimore, where his father practiced law and served on the city council. George and his brothers fought for the United States during the War of 1812. In 1814, George Cooke married Eleanor Addison Dall, the daughter of James Dall, a Baltimore merchant, and Sarah Brooke Holliday. The couple had 12 children. In 1819, Cooke won an auction that allowed him to buy the 505-acre “Hazlewood” estate for $36 per acre (a total of $18,180). Soon after, the family moved onto the farm located in what is now Howard County, Maryland. Cooke was primarily a planter during his life at Hazlewood. During the 1830s, he was also active in politics, and was once appointed to the state lottery commission. From 1826 through 1849, he maintained a thorough diary of the activities on the plantation, as well as the various other events and interests in his life. Cooke’s account is considered to be one of the most complete in existence of farm life in Maryland during his era.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 404
Collection Name: Coulson, Jack R., Papers
Earliest Date: 1965
Latest Date: 1998
Linear Feet: 5
Collection Description: The Jack R. Coulson Papers contain abstracts, reports, drafts of publications, journals, indexes, and other materials pertaining to his work in biological control. There are letters from scientists providing edits to Agricultural Research Service documents.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Jack Coulson worked in the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) as both the Director of the Biological Control Documentation Center and at the Beneficial Insect Introduction Lab (BIIL) in Beltsville, Maryland. He was also the Global President of the International Organization of Biological Control (IOBC).
Subjects: Entomology
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 413
Collection Name: Coville, Frederick Vernon, Blueberry Records
Earliest Date: 1907
Latest Date: 1938
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: United States Department of Agriculture blueberry records of Frederick Vernon Coville document the earliest crosses of commercial blueberries. Frederick Vernon Coville along with George M. Darrow were the first breeders in the blueberry program. These research notes are primarily Coville's and include a complete description of blueberry plant parentage and field note data. There are daily, pencilled entries about growing plants in research fields and separate notebooks with descriptions of blueberry plant variety characteristics and crosses.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Frederick Vernon Coville (1867-1937) worked for the United States Department of Agriculture as assistant botanist (1888-1893) and botanist (1893-1937). He was instrumental in the establishment of the United States National Arboretum in 1927. He was the first to discover the importance of soil acidity on the growth of blueberries as well as the impact of cold on plants. Through his early work on crossing blueberry plants, he was responsible for the commercialization of blueberries.
Subjects: Plant Science; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 44
Collection Name: Coxe, William, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1810
Latest Date: 1831
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The William Coxe Manuscript is a two-volume, undated manuscript on pomology. The first manuscript volume contains 832 pages of text and sketches of fruits which William Coxe used to write A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees in America, published in 1817. This volume includes notes with dates ranging from 1810-1828. The notes were intended for use in a second edition of A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees in America, which was never published due to Coxe's death. The second manuscript volume consists of an atlas of life-size, watercolor plates of fruit on Bristol-board, painted by Coxe's daughters. The watercolor plates are cut out from the Bristol-board and fastened to the leaves of the book, then each name is handwritten in pen above the illustration.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Coxe (1762-1831), a pomologist, was one of the foremost fruit growers in America who experimented with new varieties of fruits at his home in Burlington, New Jersey. He collected specimens from the United States and abroad. A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees in America is a classic of American pomological literature. It is considered by many specialists as the illustrative evidence of fruit culture during the colonial and revolutionary period of the new American nation. William A. Taylor, assistant pomologist, U.S. Department of Agriculture, read an 1857 article in Country Gentleman about the manuscript. Through the use of Library of Congress geneological materials, Taylor was able to contact Coxe's family members and locate the manuscripts. The grandchildren of Elizabeth (Coxe) McMurtrie, one of Coxe's daughters, donated the manuscripts to Secretary of Agriculture D. F. Houston in 1915.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 45
Collection Name: Cram, Eloise, Papers
Earliest Date: 1853
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Eloise Cram Papers contain correspondence, photographs, scientific articles, and various ephemera relating to the professional lives and work of several scientists employed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) and by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The scientists included are Eloise B. Cram, Maurice C. Hall, Brayton H. Ransom, Charles W. Stiles, Albert Hassell, and Daniel E. Salmon.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Parasitologist Eloise Cram (1897-1957) entered government service as a zoologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI), where she became noted as a world authority on the parasites of poultry, and eventually rose to be Head, Parasites of Poultry and Game Birds, USDA. When she took a position at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), she contributed to the study of pinworm and researched the curbing of the helminthic disease Schistosomiasis.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 240
Collection Name: Cunningham, Isabel S., Collection on Frank N. Meyer
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1907
Latest Date: 1919
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Isabel S. Cunningham Collection on Frank N. Meyer consists of photocopies of original correspondence, documents, and articles relating to Frank N. Meyer (1875-1918), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant explorer from 1902-1918, collected by Isabel S. Cunningham during research for her book, Frank N. Meyer: Plant Hunter in Asia. In April 2006, Cunningham donated more of her research notes, articles, photographs, and a first edition annotated copy of Frank N. Meyer: Plant Hunter in Asia.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1901, Frans Nicholas Meijer (1875-1918) emigrated from the Netherlands to America where he became Frank Meyer. Almost immediately, Meyer went to work for USDA scientist Erwin F. Smith, known internationally for his groundbreaking work in bacteriology. In 1902, Meyer began working at USDA’s Plant Introduction Station in Santa Ana, California. The period from 1905-1908 marked the beginning of Meyer’s expeditions to Asia, where he collected plants in China, Russia, and Japan, as well as other countries. During his second expedition from 1909-1912, he collected in Europe, Russia, and in China. From 1913-1915, he explored and collected plants in Russia and China. Meyer’s fourth and final expedition took place from 1916-18. The purpose of this journey is stated in the accompanying typescript, dated July 25, 1916. Meyer died an untimely death in June of 1918. While traveling on the Feng Yang Maru Japanese riverboat, destined for Shanghai, he fell overboard into the Yangtze River. His body was recovered, but the circumstances of his death will always remain a mystery and source of speculation. Honored the world over for his contributions as a plant explorer, Frank Meyer’s work touches us all everyday. From apricots to wild pears, his introductions number over 2,500.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 216
Collection Name: Dairy Collection
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1986
Bulk Dates: 1961-1986
Linear Feet: 26.25
Collection Description: The Dairy Collections consists mostly of dairy publications. Papers relate to dairy programs, agricultural organizations, committees, conferences, reports, congressional testimony, marketing, and federal regulations.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 48
Collection Name: Darrow, George McMillan, Papers
Earliest Date: 1835
Latest Date: 1980
Bulk Dates: 1925-65
Linear Feet: 19.25
Collection Description: The George McMillan Darrow Papers contain materials related to Darrow's scientific career and the literature he contributed to the field. There are correspondence, manuscripts, galley proofs, a book, publications such as articles and reports, photographs, field notes, papers related to physiology, and miscellaneous items.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George McMillan Darrow (1889-1983), who was considered one of the foremost American authorities on strawberries, worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture for 46 years (1911-1957) as a pomologist and small fruits breeder. Among Darrow's contributions to pomology were the domestication and introduction of the Darrow blueberry.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 49
Collection Name: Davis, John Herbert, Papers
Earliest Date: 1905
Latest Date: 1984
Bulk Dates: 1938-78
Linear Feet: 41
Collection Description: The John Herbert Davis Papers consist of an autobiography, correspondence, speeches, broadcast text, reports, congressional testimony, photographs, periodical publications, term papers, school notes, masters degree thesis, Ph.D. thesis draft, programs, newspaper clippings, certificates signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, oral history tapes, Middle East material, and books authored by Davis.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Herbert Davis (1904-1988) worked as an agricultural economist with several U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administrations beginning in 1936, including the Resettlement Administration, the Farm Security Administration, and the Farm Credit Administration. From 1942-1944, he served as the chief of the Wheat Section, Grain Division of the Commodity Credit Corporation. After working outside of USDA for several years, Davis returned to USDA in 1953 as the president/director of the Commodity Credit Corporation. In June 1953 he became the Assistant Secretary of Agriculture, initially responsible for commodity marketing and adjustment activities, and then responsible for the Foreign Agricultural Service and Agricultural Marketing Service. From 1957-1959 he served as a consultant in the Foreign Agricultural Service, the commissioner general of the United Nations Relief and Work Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) and as vice chairman of the Board of Trustees and director of the New York Office of the American University of Beirut (dates unknown).
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs

Collection Number: 403
Collection Name: den Boer, Arie, Crabapple Papers
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1960
Bulk Dates: 1940
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The papers consist of Arie F. den Boer's research notes and files used to write the book Flowering Crabapples published by the American Association of Nurserymen in 1959. His research notebooks contain hand-drawn images of crabapple trees. Includes a copy of the book.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Arie den Boer was a landscape gardener at the Water Works in Des Moines, Iowa. Water Works manager Charles Sing Denman encouraged his interest in crabapple research. Den Boer developed the park named Charles Sing Denman Woods which has the largest collection of flower crabapple trees in existence.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 386
Collection Name: Devine, Thomas E., Papers
Earliest Date: 1953
Latest Date: 2009
Linear Feet: 22.5
Collection Description: The Thomas E. Devine Papers contain materials from his 32 years of research for the Agricultural Research Service on the genetics and breeding of legumes (birdsfoot trefoil, alfalfa, and soybeans). Papers include information on attended conferences, advisory capacities, professional organizations, and research-related correspondence. Many of Dr. Devine’s 90 publications are included in the papers. Yearly performance records from his federal service document work plans, successes, and c hallenges. Years and topics of research include: 1967 1969, research geneticist, breeding and genetics of birdsfoot trefoil, Ithaca, NY; 1969-1974, insect and disease resistant alfalfas for the Eastern United States, Beltsville, Maryland; 1974-1997, research program on the genetics and breeding of soybeans, Plant Nutrition Laboratory, Beltsville, MD; 1997-2009, breeding legume winter cover crops for use in sustainable agricultural systems, Weed Science Laboratory, Beltsville, MD. Detailed field plans and evaluations exist from various research projects. Successful projects from Dr. Devine’s work include: eight soybean germplasm releases, five soybean cultivar releases, and two hairy vetch cultivar releases; interspecific hybridization; the allopolyploidization of induced tetraploids by means of x ray irradiation; selection for tolerance to herbicides, air pollutants and edaphic stresses; the development of disease and insect resistance; the genetics and coevolution of host/microsymbiont nitrogen-fixing interactions; mapping the soybean genome; breeding legumes for sustainable agricultural systems; research on anthracnose resistance in alfalfa production; the first anthracnose resistant alfalfa variety, Arc; development and release of nine alfalfa clones as bioindicators of air pollution, and nine disease resistant alfalfa stocks.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Dr. Thomas E. Devine conducted research for the Agricultural Research Service on the genetics and breeding of legumes (birdsfoot trefoil, alfalfa, and soybeans) for 42 years. From 1967-1969, he served as research geneticist with full responsibility for the breeding and genetics of birdsfoot trefoil at Ithaca, New York. He served concurrently as a member of the graduate faculty of the Department of Plant Breeding and Biometry at Cornell University. He transferred to Beltsville, Maryland, in 1969 to develop insect and disease resistant alfalfas for the Eastern United States. In 1974, he transferred to the Plant Nutrition Laboratory to conduct a research program on the genetics and breeding of soybeans and has continued this work to the present amid several reorganizations and administrative changes. His research assignment was augmented with responsibility for breeding legume winter cover crops for use in sustainable agricultural systems with his transfer to the Weed Science Laboratory after the abolition of the Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory in 1997. He retired in 2009.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 50
Collection Name: Dodge, Jacob Richards, Clippings
Earliest Date: 1878
Latest Date: 1902
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The Jacob Richards Dodge Clippings Collection contains five bound volumes of clippings of agricultural articles written by and about Dodge.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) statistician Jacob Richards Dodge (1823-1902) was chief of the USDA's Statistical Division for 27 years. Dodge was born in New Boston, New Hampshire, learned the art of printing, and engaged in teaching, first in New Hampshire and afterwards in Mississippi, where he successfully conducted an academy. In 1849 he redirected his career path to the field of journalism, studying rural economy and statistical information. When the new Department of Agriculture was established in 1862, he became engaged in editorial work and statistical investigation. At the same time, he chronicled the events of the Civil War for the Associated Press. In 1866 he assumed charge of the Statisitical Division, which he retained through the changing administrations until 1874. He accepted a temporary commission for investigation of commercial agriculture in the Treasury Department, and the charge of the statistics of agriculture of the 10th Census in 1879. Commissioner George Bailey Loring compelled him to take his former position as statistician in 1881, the duties of which performed until his retirement in 1893.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 373
Collection Name: Donahoo, Absalom, apple nursery records
Earliest Date: 1870
Latest Date: 1880
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: This notebook contains Absalom Donahoo's records of the apple cultivars he was testing for potential commercial production in Nebraska City, Otoe County, Nebraska. His land was south of Nebraska City on Highway 75.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Absalom Donahoo (1833-1880) was a friend of Sterling Morton, Secretary of Agriculture from 1893-1897, and a charter member of the Nebraska Horticultural Society.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 371
Collection Name: Dorsett, Palemon Howard, Persimmon Collection
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1930
Bulk Dates: 1924-1925, 1930
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The Palemon Howard Dorsett Persimmon Collection contains 200 photographs of persimmon fruits, trees, workers, and related views. The photographs were taken by Palemon Howard Dorsett on several plant exploration trips to Asia from 1924-1930. There are many handwritten legends and Chinese writing. Materials originated from the USDA New Crops Research Branch offices in Beltsville, Maryland. Some of the photographs may duplicate those found in the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Exploration Expedition Collection held in Special Collections. Besides photographs, there is a blueprint of the persimmon hot-water processing kiln for use in the treatment of Chinese persimmons in Peiping, China and the vicinity, 1930. Additionally, there is a typewritten document and notes on the establishment of the Chico, California, Testing and Propagating Garden in 1930. The collection includes the publication Where Persimmon Was King: P.H. Dorsett's Photographic Tour Around Peking, China 1924-1931 edited by William H. Preston.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Palemon Howard Dorsett (1862-1943) was a United States Department of Agriculture plant explorer with USDA Section of Plant Introduction. Dorsett traveled to the persimmon growing region north of Peiping (now Beijing). He and his son James explored the region in 1924-25 and then again in 1930-31 with the Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 51
Collection Name: Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition Collection
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 1945
Linear Feet: 31.5
Collection Description: The Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition Collection consists of seven photograph albums of the 1929-1931 Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition illustrating plant varieties and uses, landscapes, and Asian cultural practices. In addition to the photographs, the collection contains diaries created by Palemon Howard Dorsett and William Joseph Morse so that they would have a complete report of their work. Combining memoranda, expense reports, itineraries, maps, correspondence, ship logs, invoices, and photographs, the two explorers created 17 books dating from 1928-1932. The photographs in the diaries are from the same trip as the ones in the photograph albums. In 2002, the Arnold Arboretum donated 300 to 500 black and white photographs and negatives from plant expeditions of Palemon Howard Dorsett and other USDA plant explorers. Some of these photographs were taken during the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition and can be found in this collection. The remainder of the photographs and negatives are located in the Collection of Expedition Photographs from the Office of Plant Exploration. In June 2004, Morse's daughter donated a scrapbook of Dorsett and Morse's expeditions in Asia during 1930. There are 32 black and white photographs (two of which are hand-colored) with captions. The photographs in the scrapbook have negative numbers that correspond to the numbers on the negatives from the Arnold Arboretum. Morse's daughter donated more materials to Special Collections in July 2004. This donation included 9 pamphlets on Japan; a scrapbook of black and white photographs (unlabeled) depicting damage from the 1923 Tokyo earthquake; 86 loose black and white photographs taken while Morse was in Japan; packages of postcards depicting Japanese scenery and social life; a blank stationery set; local Japanese restaurant menus; and holiday cards, some of which are personalized to the Morse family.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1929, Palemon Howard Dorsett (1862-1943) and William Joseph Morse (1884-1959) embarked upon a plant exploration trip officially know as the Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition. Dorsett was the veteran plant explorer for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Section of Plant Introduction, and Morse was a soybean specialist from the USDA Office of Forage Crops. This expedition was initiated in response to the growing importance of the soybean as a food crop during the first quarter of the 20th century. The purpose was primarily to collect soybean germplasm, and also seeds and propagating materials for other crops of interest.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 455
Collection Name: Dr. Kathleen A. Merrigan Collection
Earliest Date: 1971
Latest Date: 2013
Bulk Dates: 1989-2002
Linear Feet: 38
Collection Description: ---Please note: Materials in the Dr. Kathleen A. Merrigan Collection are restricted for onsite researcher use. Access is pending review by USDA Office of General Counsel (OGC).--- Papers from the career of Dr. Kathleen A. Merrigan include materials from her tenure as Deputy Secretary of USDA, and from her prior positions at the Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University; the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service; the Henry A. Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture; the U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry; and as a consultant in private practice. The papers include documents and legislation from her appointment as a member of the National Organic Standards Board (1995-2000). Materials contained in the collection include: publications, drafts and final versions of legislation, news and journal articles, correspondence, press releases, memoranda, reports, policy statements, trade organization literature, conference proceedings, agendas, meeting notes, and travel itineraries. Subjects covered primarily concern sustainable agriculture, organic farming, pesticides, food systems and related policy, agricultural marketing and trade issues, and standards and regulations.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Kathleen A. Merrigan was Deputy Secretary of USDA from 2009 to 2013. During her tenure she launched the USDA's Know your Farmer, Know your Food initiative and championed the Healthy Kids initiative. Before being appointed Deputy Secretary, Merrigan served for eight years as assistant professor and Director of the graduate program in Agriculture, Food and Environment at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University. She also directed the Center on Agriculture, Food and the Environment at Tufts, where she led several research projects related to organic food production. Prior to this, Merrigan was Administrator of the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (1999 to 2001), where she developed USDA's organic certification and food labeling standards. From 1994 to 1999, she monitored national agriculture and food systems policy as a senior analyst with the Henry A. Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture. From 1987 to 1992, she served as senior science and technology advisor to Senator Patrick Leahy, Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry. Her work as an aide to the Senate Committee included authoring the 1990 Organic Foods Production Act, which set standards for organically-grown foods in the United States. Merrigan was also engaged in agricultural policy in positions at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, the Texas Department of Agriculture, and the Massachusetts State Senate. She earned a Ph.D. in environmental planning and policy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She holds a master's degree in public affairs from the University of Texas, and a bachelor of arts degree in English and political science from Williams College.
Processed:
Subjects: Agricultural Organizations; Farms and Farming Systems; Human Nutrition; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 148
Collection Name: Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories Photograph Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1949
Bulk Dates: 1930s and 1940s
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories Photograph Collection contains approximately 2,000 black and white glossy photographs depicting many facets of poultry and the poultry industry during the 1930s and 1940s. Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories, a major producer of pharmaceutics to treat poultry, used this collection as it published different editions of Dr. Salsbury Health Messenger, a widely distributed poultry health manual in the 1930-40 era.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Veterinarian Joseph E. Salsbury (b. 1887) opened Dr. Salsbury's Poultry Service Company in 1924 in Charles City, Iowa, in order to combat poultry mortality by the use of low-cost medicine. By 1935, the company purchased 55 acres for its research farm and changed its name to Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories. Branches were opened in 1936 and 1937 in Pomona, California; Kansas City, Missouri; Fort Worth, Texas; and Columbus, Ohio. The first product developed by Salsbury was Avitone, a flock wormer. By 1951, the company line consisted of 55 products, and 9 out of 10 of these were for poultry ailments. The research specialists in helminthology, protozoology, biochemistry, and other branches of science developed new products at the research farm.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 250
Collection Name: Drechsler, Charles, Papers
Earliest Date: 1927
Latest Date: 1956
Bulk Dates: 1954-56
Linear Feet: 15
Collection Description: The Charles Drechsler Papers consist of the figures or illustrations for two articles in the Journal of Botany in 1954 and 1956: Two Species of Conidiobolus with Minutely Ridges Zygospores and Two New Species of Conidiobolus, notes and pencil drawings for an unpublished article on Helminthosporium spp., a few letters, and specimens of cereal crops with plant diseases.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Drechsler (1892-1986), a world authority on fungi, spent 45 years as a plant pathologist and mycologist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. While in the position of Mycologist, Horticultural Crops Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service, Drechsler published two articles in the Journal of Botany in 1954 and 1956, the illustrations for which are included in the collection.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 274
Collection Name: Drug Garden Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1902
Latest Date: 1943
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Drug Garden Photograph Collection consists of black and white lantern slides featuring drug gardens at several institutions across the United States; views of drug plant field plots including some at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) South Farm in Beltsville, Maryland, during the mid-1940s; detailed photographs of drug plant specimens, distribution charts by plant species, and a few paintings of drug plants in color.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Drug and medicinal plant investigations were not organized in USDA until 1901 or 1902. The investigations were conducted under the direction of botanist Rodney H. True. There was an increased interest in the work because a considerable portion of the plants then used as drugs were imported. With a view to encouraging people in the United States to grow these types of plants, cooperative experiments were begun on the culture of belladonna, digitalis, stramonium, hyoscyamus, aconite, arnica, licorice, and the opium poppy. Small plots of drug plants were grown in the hope of learning the influence of climate and latititude on the development of the plants in question and on the production of their characteristic active principles. State experiment stations were located at Puyallup, Washington, and Burlington, Vermont. Experiments were begun on the Potomac Flats and Arlington Farm.
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Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 352
Collection Name: Duke, James A., Papers
Earliest Date: 1948
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 19
Collection Description: The James A. Duke Papers consist of notes, drafts of articles, published articles, reprints, statistical data, reports, and photographs. Materials document the uses of common roots, herbs, fruits, vegetables, plants, and leaves to prevent or even cure illnesses. Duke analyzes and discusses about the different types of chemical composition of the roots, herbs, fruits, vegetables, plants and leaves. He also provides details about his trips to various places including where he lived with different ethnic groups and how these groups used their surrounding forest products to create "folk" remedies or herbal medicinals. Besides studying these ethnic groups’ forest dependency, Duke writes about different everyday foods and how they can prove to be advantageous or disadvantageous to healthy living.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Dr. James A. "Jim" Duke’s is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate from the University of North Carolina. Duke began his passion on neotropical ethnobotany at Washington University and Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis, Missouri. From 1963 to 1965, he was an ecologist with the USDA for ecological and ethnobotanical studies in Panama and Columbia. During this period, Duke lived with various ethnic groups while observing their dependence on forest products. In 1971, rejoining USDA, Duke was given assignments relating to crop diversification, energy plant studies, and medicinal plants in developing countries. After 30 years with the USDA, Duke retired on September 30, 1995. There after from 1966 to 1968, Duke was a resident in Panama; while working on an encyclopedia of economic plants, he also teamed up with the National Cancer Institute to work on their AIDS and cancer screening program and their Designer Food Program. Between 1990 to 1992, Duke helps advise the National Institute of Health’s Designer Food Program. Besides continuing with his passion on neotropical ethnobotany, Duke also has a curiosity in natural foods and nutritional approaches to preventive medicine. Today, Duke has written multiple significant books and articles and he also helps advise several councils, research groups, pharmaceuticals, and he is CEO of Duke’s Herbal Vineyard Inc.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 383
Collection Name: Duley, F. L. (Frank Leslie), Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1939
Latest Date: 1965
Bulk Dates: 1939-1940
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The Frank Leslie Duley Photograph Collection consists of photographs and negatives of sorghum, corn, soil moisture, and soil structure. Many are not labeled as to place. Some are labeled with towns and cities in Nebraska including Lincoln, Dalton, Chappell, and Gurley. There is a note in the collection: "The pictures in this box were examined at this time. There are many in here that might be used for practical publications. It is hoped that they might be preserved." The note is date December 6, 1965, and signed F. L. Duley.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Frank Leslie Duley (b. 1888)
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 52
Collection Name: Dun, Edwin, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 1919
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Edwin Dun Manuscript [ca. 1919] (136 pages) is titled "Reminiscences of Nearly Half a Century in Japan." Dun wrote about life on the farm in central Ohio, where he grew up, and the events that led to his journey to Japan. He described his life in Japan, the people he met, historic events, and natural disasters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edwin Dun (1848-1931) went to Japan in the 1870s as an agricultural expert, whose chief knowledge was in the area of raising sheep and cattle, and served as U.S. minister to Japan.
Processed:
Text Available in NALDR: http://archive.org/details/CAT10899295DunReminisce...
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 34
Collection Name: Early Extension Service Miscellaneous Materials
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1980
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: Early Extension Service Miscellaneous Materials contain reference materials from the early U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) extension services including publications, glass slides, photographs, and film.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Materials were gathered by Helen Strow (1904-1999) and Beatrice Judkins (d. 2003), who were employed by the USDA Extension Service.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 421
Collection Name: Economic Research Service Historic Farm Production Records
Earliest Date: 1935
Latest Date: 1985
Bulk Dates: 1935-1985
Linear Feet: 53
Collection Description: The Economic Research Service Historic Farm Production Expenses Records were generated by staff in the Farm Income Sections and Projects, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. The records include correspondence, memoranda, research notes, surveys, descriptions of procedures, and documentation of estimates. There are a number of ledgers documenting expenditures, by state, for dairy supplies, seed, grazing fees, insurance, real estate, fertilizer, hired labor, board and lodgings, repairs and operation of farm capitol items.
Subjects: Economics
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 53
Collection Name: Edwards, Everett Eugene, Papers
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1951
Linear Feet: 9
Collection Description: The Everett Eugene Edwards Papers include his writings, speeches, bibliographies, administrative information related to his position at the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), materials for courses he taught, and historical materials that he may have used for research.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Everett Eugene Edwards (1900-1952) was an agricultural economist and historian in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Division of Statistical and Historical Research from 1927-1952. He was the editor of Agricultural History from 1931-1952. Edwards made notable contributions to agricultural history through his work as an author, editor, bibliographer, and critic.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 54
Collection Name: Eisenbeiss, Gene, Papers
Earliest Date: 1974
Latest Date: 1996
Bulk Dates: 1974-96
Linear Feet: 13.75
Collection Description: The Gene Eisenbeiss Papers include administrative files such as correspondence regarding registration of cultivar names, location of cultivars for purchase, and information requested about the Ilex genus. There are also miscellaneous publications and literature on plants as well as engraving blocks of holly used for publications and given to Eisenbeiss by Harry William Dengler, Extension Service, USDA, at the University of Maryland.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Gene Eisenbeiss (1926-97), a horticulturist, was employed by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for more than 30 years, 26 of which he spent at the U.S. National Arboretum. He was the international registrar of cultivated Ilex (holly) for more than 20 years. He was involved with the publication of authoritative and comprehensive cultivar checklists (with more than 200 publications on hollies), and was responsible for the introduction of at least 14 cultivars.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 55
Collection Name: Eliot, Jared, Letters
Earliest Date: 1747
Latest Date: 1769
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Jared Eliot Letters are photostat copies of letters [1747-1769?] from the original in the Yale University Library. Thirty-nine letters about farming to Eliot (1685-1763) including correspondence from John Bartram, Peter Collinson, Thomas Fitch, Benjamin Franklin, R. Jackson, William Logan, James Monk, Peter Oliver, W. Robinson, Benjamin Stiles, and Robert Walker.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1706, Eliot graduated from Yale College, then called the “Collegiate School” of Connecticut. Eminent physician and minister, Eliot also became an internationally respected scientist. He studied ways to improve farming methods and wrote agricultural essays. He discovered that the black sand found on Connecticut beaches contained iron ore, which could be smelted to produce iron. In 1762, he published an essay on making of iron from the black sand and was awarded a gold medal by the Royal Society of London. Included in his will was a bequest to Yale College, which became its first endowed book fund.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 74
Collection Name: Entomology Lantern Slide Collection
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1939
Linear Feet: 17
Collection Description: Entomology Lantern Slide Collection consists of glass positives of insects, a lantern slide projector, and unknown equipment.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 265
Collection Name: Enzler, Clarence Joseph, Papers
Earliest Date: 1938
Latest Date: 1972
Linear Feet: 16.5
Collection Description: The Clarence Joseph Enzler Papers include speeches and testimonies of former Secretaries of Agriculture, including Henry A. Wallace, Henry Claude Wickard, Clinton Anderson, Charles Brannan, Ezra Taft Benson, Orville L. Freeman, and Clifford Hardin. There are also speeches and testimonies of Assistant Secretaries Ervin L. Peterson, J. Earl Coke, John P. Duncan, Jr., George L. Mehren, Trienah Meyers, Joseph M. Robertson, and under secretaries Norris Dodd, J. Phil Campbell, and John A. Schnittker. Also included are miscellaneous speeches of U.S. Presidents and congressional figures, and press releases.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Clarence Joseph Enzler (1910-1976), an accomplished speech-writer and speaker, worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1937-1972, leaving the department briefly from 1943-1945 to serve as the feature editor with the National Catholic Welfare Conference News Service. During his USDA career he worked in the Resettlement Administration, the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, the Office of Information, and the Office of the Secretary. He assisted the Secretaries of Agriculture and other top USDA officials in the preparation of speeches, magazine articles, congressional testimony, annual reports and other informational material. He prepared speeches for eight Secretaries of Agriculture. A prolific author, he had articles published in many national magazines and wrote a spiritual and philosophical book titled My Other Self.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 57
Collection Name: Estabrook , Leon Moyer, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1869
Latest Date: 1937
Linear Feet: 3.5
Collection Description: The Leon Moyer Estabrook Manuscript is an unbound typescript titled “Life of One American; Memoirs of Leon M. Estabrook.” It contains Estabrook’s account of his life and work as statistician and chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Bureau of Statistics and Crop Estimation. The typescript includes descriptions of the work done in early years of the Bureau of Plant Industry and of USDA scientists such as B. T. Galloway and Walter Swingle. There is information relating to crop reporting, and some observations on agricultural conditions during Estabrook's travel abroad. He also provided information about USDA buildings.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1905, Le on Moyer Estabrook (1869-1937) organized and became the first Chief of the Office of Records, which centralized the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Bureau of Plant Industry’s accounting systems. He became the Chief of the Office of Seed Distribution in 1909, then Chief Clerk of USDA. In 1913, Estabrook became Chief of the Bureau of Statistics (changed to Bureau of Crop Estimates in 1914). He represented USDA at the General Assembly meeting of the International Institute of Agriculture in Rome in 1920. Estabrook became Associate Chief of the new Bureau of Agricultural Economics in 1921. From 1925 to 1929, he traveled all over the world collecting data and writing reports for the first World Census of Agriculture (1930), for which he was highly commended. In 1930, he organized the first Inter-American Conference of Agriculture. In 1931, Estabrook retired.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 58
Collection Name: Evans, Frank L., Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1906
Latest Date: 1906
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Frank L. Evans Manuscript [ca. 1906] is titled "Reminiscences Covering Personal Characteristics of Several Executive Heads of the United States Department of Agriculture, 1871-1906." Though containing neither table of contents nor index, Evans’s manuscript is divided into three sections. In the first portion, he lists and describes the Commissioners/Secretaries of Agriculture under whom he served and his opinion of each of them. The executives covered are Frederick Watts, 1871-1877; William LeDuc, 1877-1881; George Loring, 1881-1885; Norman Colman, 1885-1889; Jeremiah Rusk, 1889-1893; J. Sterling Morton, 1893-1897; and James Wilson, 1897-1913. The manuscript also includes William Saunders, who served as horticulturist and superintendent of the grounds from 1862-1900, and whom Evans considered a remarkable individual and unsung hero. The second portion of the manuscript describes the occasion of Evans’s retirement. The third and final portion details Evans’s career with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the inner workings of the department.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1875, Frank L. Evans was hired by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to work in the mailing room of the Seed Division; within a few months, he was promoted to the Statistical Division. In 1890, Evans was appointed cashier. In 1893, he was appointed disbursing officer and chief, Division of Accounts, a position which he held until his resignation in 1906.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 343
Collection Name: Ewing, R., and LeNeil, R., Poultry Anatomy Drawings
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Linear Feet: 30
Collection Description: The R. Ewing and R. LeNeil Poultry Anatomy Drawings materials consist of approximately 600 anatomical drawings of poultry used in publications. There are 10 oversized boxes and an inventory of the collection is on CD.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 457
Collection Name: Farmer's Day Books
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1960
Bulk Dates: 1930's
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Farmer's Day books consist of 14 daily diaries of painter, handyman and farmer Roy Sayre (Walter LeRoy Sayre, 1894-1979) of Jacksonville, Illinois. The books are 8 inches in height by 5 inches or slightly larger. They date from 1926 through 1940, some volumes consist of two years, and 1944. A second author, almost certainly his wife, Esther (Esther Robinson Sayre, 1897-1991), adds comments and reuses some of the books and records daily events in the late 1950's and early 1960's. There are some inclusions within the pages (receipts, notes). Roy Sayre was a painter and occasional farmer.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Donated to NAL by American Red Cross, Monroe County Chapter, Bloomington, Indiana, to whom the books were originally donated. They record the daily events and schedules of a painter, handyman and farmer in rural and "small-town" Illinois during the late 1920's, 1930's and early 40's. The events of the late 1950's and early 1960's are recorded by another author, apparently his wife, Esther.
Subjects: Agricultural History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 291
Collection Name: Flood Control Collection
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1972
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Flood Control Collection contains reports, articles, publications, correspondence, notes, and data regarding the issue of flood control in the United States due to erosion, loss of forests, man-made dams, and storms. Most of the publications were produced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Soil Conservation Service, but the collection also includes articles written for professional meetings such as the American Society of Agricultural Engineers and the Society of American Foresters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1935 Congress passed an act that directed the Secretary of Agriculture to create an agency to deal with issues surrounding soil quality and erosion. This new agency would be called the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) and was actually the successor to the Soil Erosion Service (which itself was only two years old) of the Department of the Interior. The USDA had been examining soil erosion for years. However, a new program, developed by Hugh Hammond Bennett (the first chief of the SCS), coordinated much knowledge and practices related to soil. Bennett first began to promote the fight against soil erosion in a published bulletin in 1928. The actions taken by the SCS to maintain and improve soil conditions were driven largely by private landowners, who were organized into local districts. Furthermore, the SCS was given the recommendation to coordinate its actions with other agencies doing similar work. Both of these methods allowed for the most concentrated effort possible to conserve the nation’s soil. After the USDA reorganization of 1994, the SCS was replaced by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 395
Collection Name: Food Irradiation Files of Michelle Marcotte and Marcotte Consulting
Earliest Date: 1987
Latest Date: 2006
Linear Feet: 21.25
Collection Description: The Food Irradiation Files of Michelle Marcotte and Marcotte Consulting contain research papers and printed information materials about food processing and food irradiation in Canada and the United States over a thirty year time frame. In 1987 Marcotte began building this collection while working for the Atomic Energy of Canada, Commercial Products, in Kanata, Ontario, Canada. The company is now known as MDS Nordion. When Marcotte left Nordion in 1995, she continued to grow the collection as part of her consulting work in the field. During the time, research papers were not that widely available on the web and much of the research in the field was published as white paper often as part of Joint FAO-IAEA research contracts. Having the hard copy was the only way to have access to the information. The information collected formed huge reviews of literature required to submit food irradiation petitions to Canada and the United States for request approval to irradiate mangoes, poultry, animal feeds, red meat and then later dietary supplements (botanicals), shellfish, crustaceans, shelf stable foods and assisted the National Food Processors Petition on ready to eat foods. The files include many petitions Marcotte authored or co-authored: the Nordion animal feed petition, the Sterigenics shelf stable petition, parts of Sterigenics 7.5 MeV petition, the Steritech (Australia) spice petition which was later expanded to include dry ingredients nuts and seeds, and the Steris botanicals (dietary supplements) petition.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Michelle Marcotte graduated from the University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada in 1977 with a bachelor of arts degree in Home Economics, majoring in Foods and Nutrition. She began her career as an internal food consultant for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Next she worked for MDS Nordion as Senior Market Development Specialist, Food Irradiation Applications. This was followed by employment by Inter/Sect Alliance. Finally, she created Marcotte Consulting Inc. (Canada) and Marcotte Consulting LLC (Maryland USA) to provide management consulting services to assist industry, governments, and other organizations.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 402
Collection Name: Food Puppets
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The USDA Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), received as an anonymous donation two food puppets that are believed to have been part of a children’s television show, though we have no further information as to their origin.
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 398
Collection Name: Food Quality Laboratory Photograph Album Collection
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1950
Bulk Dates: 1900s-1940s
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Food Quality Laboratory Photograph Album Collection consists of three photograph albums that document the construction of part of Beltsville Agricultural Research Center East (BARC-East) abattoir, one of the oldest continuously operating federal slaughter plants in the United States, and some Agricultural Research Service research and short courses conducted there for economic development to small famers and minorities.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Beltsville Agricultural Research Center East (BARC-East) abattoir is one of the oldest continuously operating federal slaughter plants in the United States. It has been home to various Agricultural Research Service (ARS) research projects and some short courses have been taught there in regards to economic development for small farmers and minorities.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 428
Collection Name: Forest Service Leader Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1901
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Forest Service Leader Photograph Collection consists of twenty-two unframed black and white photographs of twentieth-century United States Forest Service officials. There are two photographs of Gifford Pinchot.
Subjects: Forestry; USDA History
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 62
Collection Name: Fossum, M. Truman, Floriculture Collection
Earliest Date: 1890
Latest Date: 1986
Linear Feet: 195.25
Collection Description: The M. Truman Fossum Floriculture Collection contains papers relating to all of Fossum’s endeavors, including business and personal correspondence as well as reports and publications related to the fields of marketing, horticulture, and the floriculture industry in the United States and abroad.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In his career, Fossum (1912-1991) served as assistant professor of horticulture at the University of Maryland, director of Research and Member Services for the Society of American Florists, consultant for the Bureau of Census, agricultural economist and consultant for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and economic analyst for Florists’ Transworld Delivery Association (FTD). On behalf of the floral industry, Fossum campaigned for unbiased, third-party statistical information services for the industry, which led to the establishment of the Horticultural Specialties Census. He initiated benchmark economic studies and services relating to the floral industry, and he led the cooperative effort with the USDA for the development of market-news-reporting on ornamental crops.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 63
Collection Name: Foust, Clifford M., Collection
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 14
Collection Description: The Clifford M. Foust Collection includes a card catalog; contact cards; photocopies of articles; correspondence; articles written by Foust; notes for his book entitled Rhubarb: The Wondrous Drug (Princeton University Press, 1992); recipes; and personal files on rhubarb.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: A professor of history at the University of Maryland, Clifford M. Foust maintained a rhubarb collection.
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Collection Number: 64
Collection Name: Friant, Julian N., Papers
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1941
Linear Feet: 14
Collection Description: The Julian N. Friant Papers include correspondence with many U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) officials such as Henry A. Wallace (1933-1939), Paul Appleby (1933-1938), Chester Davis (1933-1937), and Rex Tugwell (1933-1935). There is also substantial correspondence with James Farley (1933-1937) and others. The material spans activities related to personnel work of the USDA, the Roosevelt administration, the Democratic Party, and congressional relations.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Julian Friant (1888-1939) served as a special assistant to Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace (1933-1939). A Democrat and leader in the fight for national assistance to farmers, Friant was instrumental in developing a successful program of patronage within the USDA. His duties involved the review and recommendation of thousands of qualified applicants for jobs under the New Deal.
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Collection Number: 394
Collection Name: Functional Food Files of Michelle Marcotte and Marcotte Consulting
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Functional Food Files of Michelle Marcotte and Marcotte Consulting reflect the development of regulatory change in Canada for health foods, including dietary supplements which in Canada are usually termed herbal medicines, and for functional foods or neutraceuticals. Marcotte's work in the field is part of her consulting practice which focuses on market development through regulatory change and communications. This work required an incorporation of nutrition, food technology and regulatory knowledge to affect market development for an emerging system.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Michelle Marcotte graduated from the University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada in 1977 with a bachelor of arts degree in Home Economics, majoring in Foods and Nutrition. She began her career as an internal food consultant for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Next she worked for MDS Nordion as Senior Market Development Specialist, Food Irradiation Applications. This was followed by employment by Inter/Sect Alliance. Finally, she created Marcotte Consulting Inc. (Canada) and Marcotte Consulting LLC (Maryland USA) to provide management consulting services to assist industry, governments, and other organizations. She also co-chaired the United Nations Environment Program Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 228
Collection Name: Gabriel, Gail D., Collection
Earliest Date: 1985
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Gail D. Gabriel Collection consists of documents relating to the Oak Orchard Swamp in Elba, New York. Collected and donated by Gail D. Gabriel.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 66
Collection Name: Galloway, Beverly Thomas, Papers
Earliest Date: 1891
Latest Date: 1933
Linear Feet: 7.75
Collection Description: The Beverly Thomas Galloway Papers consist of biographical information, correspondence, speeches, memoranda, notebooks, photographs, scrapbooks, and published and unpublished articles.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Beverly Thomas Galloway (1863-1938) was appointed as plant pathologist in 1887 for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The following year he became Chief of the Division of Vegetable Physiology and Pathology. In 1900, he became chief of the Division of Gardens and Grounds, was the leader in planning the consolidation of several divisions into what soon became the Bureau of Plant Industry, and moved into position of Chief of this new bureau. For two years (1913-1914), he served as Assistant Secretary of Agriculture and later returned to research work, particularly investigations of the pathological aspects.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 67
Collection Name: Gannon, Arthur Francis, Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1934
Latest Date: 1958
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Arthur Francis Gannon Papers include correspondence and articles relating to his poultry projects.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Gannon (b. 1896) was the poultry project leader at the University of Georgia, Agricultural Extension Service. In 1958, Gannon was the recipient of the Pfizer Extension Award (prior to 1958 called the Poultry Service Extension Teaching Award).
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Collection Number: 79
Collection Name: Gardner, Karl E., Papers on the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for the National Defense (ICNND) National Surveys of Turkey and the West Indies
Earliest Date: 1956
Latest Date: 1996
Bulk Dates: 1950s-1960s
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Karl E. Gardner Papers on the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for the National Defense (ICNND) National Surveys of Turkey and the West Indies consist of correspondence, reports, field notebooks, data, news clippings, drafts, and publications related to the committee activities of the ICNND National Survey of the Turkish Armed Forces in 1957 and the West Indies Survey of 1961.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Karl E. Gardner (b. 1913) served on the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for the National Defense (ICNND) National Survey of the Turkish Armed Forces in 1957 and the West Indies Survey of 1961. The ICNND, a subdivision of the National Research Council, U.S. National Library of Medicine, conducted nutrition studies in more than 20 countries from 1956-1969.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 412
Collection Name: Gentner, Walter A., Collection
Earliest Date: 1952
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 7
Collection Description: The Walter A. Gentner Collection contains research manuscripts, photographs, award plaques and certificates, framed artifacts, paintings, and memorabilia related to Gentner’s career as a plant physiologist with the United States Department of Agriculture's Weed Science Laboratory.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Dr. Walter A. Gentner, Jr. (1922-2011) joined the USDA in 1955. As a plant physiologist and laboratory leader, he evaluated chemicals for herbicidal properties and developed chemical guidelines designed to improve the safety and effectiveness of herbicides. Beginning in 1971, he became involved with studies of the chemical control of illicit narcotic plants. He served on the United Nations Division of Narcotic Drugs Team, and was a National Technical Advisor on Narcotics. Dr. Gentner was the Supervisory Plant Physiologist and Laboratory Chief of the Weed Science Laboratory at Beltsville, Maryland. He retired from USDA in 1988.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 120
Collection Name: Gilbert, Henry G., Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection
Earliest Date: 1724
Latest Date: 2013
Bulk Dates: 1890-2003
Linear Feet: 1129
Collection Description: The Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection is a special reference collection of over 150,000 American and foreign catalogs. It was begun in 1904 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) economic botanist, Percy Leroy Ricker. Its purpose now, as then, is to provide information regarding sources, prices, and descriptions of plant material offered for sale by U.S. nurserymen, growers, and seedsmen and, to a lesser extent, by foreign firms. The collection is now named for its longtime curator, Henry G. Gilbert (1930-1996). There are catalogs from the following countries: Africa, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Burma, Canada, Canary Islands, Ceylon, Chile, China, England, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Holland, Hungary, India, Italy, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Russia, Scotland, South America, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Henry G. Gilbert (1930-1996) was a reference librarian at the National Agricultural Library (NAL), USDA. He worked at NAL for 27 years, beginning his tenure at the South Building in Washington, D.C., just prior to the library’s move to Beltsville, Maryland. In addition to working in reference, Gilbert was NAL’s librarian for the U.S. National Arboretum and the curator of the library’s collection of nursery and seed trade catalogs. Gilbert earned an associate of science degree in horticulture from the State University of New York at Farmingdale, a bachelor of science degree in entomology from the University of Georgia, and a master of library science degree from the Pratt Institute (New York). Prior to becoming a librarian at NAL, Gilbert worked for various agricultural organizations, including a position at the Port of New York as a USDA Plant Quarantine Inspector.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 68
Collection Name: Glendora Products Company Can Label Collection
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1956
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Glendora Products Company Can Label Collection contains mint-condition labels of various products from the company's warehouse and also includes patent and trademark documents and correspondence relating to them.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Glendora Products Company engaged in packing fruits and vegetables. Labels were removed from the Glendora warehouse vault in Warren, Pennsylvania.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 69
Collection Name: Gordeuk, Alexander, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 9.5
Collection Description: The Alexander Gordeuk Papers contain items relating to the U.S. Branch of the World Poultry Science Association and its participation in World’s Poultry Congresses held in Mexico in 1958, in the Soviet Union in 1966, and in Spain in 1970. The papers include records and minutes; photographs, negatives and color slides; and numerous publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Alexander Gordeuk of Rahway, New Jersey, was a member of U.S. Participation Committee, World’s Poultry Congress.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 300
Collection Name: Grand Champion Cows and Bulls Photograph and Pedigree Album
Earliest Date: 1901
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Grand Champion Cows and Bulls Photograph and Pedigree Album contains black and white photographs of grand champion bulls and cows and corresponding pedigree charts. Breeds include Brown Swiss, Guernsey, and Ayrshire.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Livestock exhibits and shows, which are often part of county and state fairs, are places where livestock farmers and breeders enter their animals into competition. The largest such shows attract competitors from many different states and provinces. For each type of animal, a range of honors can be given. The highest honor an animal can receive is grand champion, followed by reserve grand champion. Winning exhibitors usually follow up the competition by entering their animals into an auction. The animals that earn the most money and attention at these auctions are steers. When the auction is for charity, the original owner of the animal is guaranteed a certain amount of the winning bid. This amount depends on the type of animal and the level of the prize given to the animal. The largest shows and exhibits have auctions that gross hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 71
Collection Name: Groff, George Weidman, Manuscript
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1920
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The George Weidman Groff Manuscript is a three-volume typewritten manuscript [ca. 1949] of notes and photographs by George Weidman Groff on an expedition to Cochin, China, and Siam (now Thailand) during May and June 1920, in search of canker-resistant citrus fruits.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Horticulturist George Weidman Groff (1884-1954) was director and professor of agriculture at Canton Christian College in Canton, China. He served as a part-time field assistant for the USDA Office of Crop Physiology and Breeding Investigations from 1918-1920. He and Otto August Reinking (b. 1890) initiated a plant expedition to China to search for canker-resistant citrus fruits. While abroad during the course of his career, Groff studied plant life in South China, Indo-China, Thailand, the Philippines, and Malaya. Groff was responsible for the development of certain citrus fruits, including improvement and introduction of papaya, lychee, eucalyptus robusta, the Siam banana, other sub-tropical fruits, and some ornamentals. He was largely responsible for gathering the largest collection of bamboo in Southeast Asia. Groff successfully imported some good livestock breeders from the U.S. and improved the local livestock quality.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 361
Collection Name: Gunn, Charles R., Collection
Earliest Date: 1984
Latest Date: 2006
Linear Feet: 63.5
Collection Description: The Charles R. Gunn Collection contains negatives, slides, photographs, and artwork for USDA publications authored or co-authored by Gunn.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles R. Gunn served as an Agricultural Research Service researcher for 30 years until his retirement in 1992. He worked in the Systematic Botany and Mycology Lab. He now lives in Asheville, North Carolina.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 401
Collection Name: Gypsy Moth Research Collection
Earliest Date: 1971
Latest Date: 1984
Bulk Dates: 1970s - 1980s
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: Collection contains correspondence, reports, and various other forms of records pertaining to the research done by the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) on the gypsy moth in the 1970s and 1980s. The files were collected by Waldemar Klassen, an entomologist who worked on the research. The collection is in file folders and arranged by year.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The gypsy moth is one of North America's most devastating forest pests. Since its accidental introduction in Boston in the late 1860s, researchers have been attempting to eradicate it. Gypsy moths feed on hundreds of different species of plants and can be found throughout the United States but mainly on the Eastern coast. The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) has been a key member in funding and researching the safe removal of gypsy moths. Klassen specialized in integrated pest management, area-wide pest management, and insect genetics.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 73
Collection Name: Hanke, Oscar August, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1971
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Oscar August Hanke Papers relate to Hanke’s work with the Watt Publishing Company and include files of the American Farm Bureau Federation, the American Poultry and Hatchery Federation, the American Poultry Historical Society, the International Baby Chick Association, the Poultry and Egg National Board, and the United Egg Producers. There are also materials related to research conducted for the publication of American Poultry History, 1823-1973, which Hanke edited.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Oscar August Hanke (1902-1989) was author, editor, and editorial director of the Watt Publishing company for 41 years (1926-1967). He was a member of the organizing committee for the National Turkey Federation and the Poulty and Egg National Board. In 1971, he was elected to the American Poultry Historical Society's Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 75
Collection Name: Harding, Thomas Swann, Manuscripts
Earliest Date: 1943
Latest Date: 1949
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Thomas Swann Harding Manuscripts include three typewritten documents: "110 Years of Federal Aid to Agriculture," 1949; "Our First World War Secretary of Agriculture," 1943; and "The Scientific Achievements of the U.S. Department of Agriculture," 1943.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Thomas Swann Harding (b. 1890) was a chemist, editor, and writer for USDA for more than 37 years. He received a bachelor of science degree in agricultural chemistry at the Maryland Agricultural College in 1910. After a short period of employment in chemical research work at the Maryland Experiment Station and Agricultural College, he began research on the preparation of rare sugars and carbohydrates for the USDA Bureau of Chemistry in 1910. In 1918 he joined a pharmaceutical firm (Digestive Ferments Company), but returned to work on dairy cattle nutrition experiments in the laboratories of the Dairy Division of the Bureau of Animal Industry in 1922. Six years later, he became editor of scientific publications, Office of Information, and shortly thereafter assumed charge of the employee news bulletin. His interest in the history and growth of USDA led to numerous articles and publications about USDA. He retired in 1951.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 87
Collection Name: Harlan, Harry V., Manuscript
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1957
Latest Date: 1957
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Harry V. Harlan Manuscript is titled "Manuscript of One Man's Life with Barley; The Memories and Observations of Harry V. Harlan." The manuscript, written by Harlan in 1957, is in loose-leaf form with original handwriting. Harlan's purpose in writing the book was to contribute a general picture of the evolution of barley research at a time (early 1910-1944) during which he was one of the few scholars entirely devoted to its study. Topics include plant exploration, barley background, barley breeding, adventures and discoveries at American experiment stations, uses of barley, and advice.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harry V. Harlan graduated from Kansas State College in 1904. He worked in Manila, Philippines, from 1905-1908. After two years of graduate school at Kansas State, he joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture and worked for David Fairchild, then Mark Carleton, both scientists. Even though he had no prior experience with barley, he was assigned to the barley project.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 254
Collection Name: Hartman, Roland Clarence, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1928
Latest Date: 1980
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Roland Clarence Hartman Papers include speeches, articles, publications, and advertising material related to poultry.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Roland Clarence Hartman (1906-) was a writer and editor of The Poultry Tribune, Everybody's Poultry Magazine, The Pacific Poultryman, and the Poultry Digest.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 76
Collection Name: Heinemann, Charles Brunk, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1938
Latest Date: 1938
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Charles Brunk Heinemann Manuscript, a typewritten carbon copy of the manuscript "American Live Stock Markets and Marketing," is about the evolution and development of the system of livestock marketing in the United States and a brief history of certain of these markets.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Born 1882 in Shelby County, Illinois, C. B. Heinemann (1882-1955) was one of the founders of NIMPA (National Independent Meat Packers Association. Following the founding of NIMPA, Heinemann served as secretary, then as executive vice president and assistant treasurer. In 1948, he was elected president, an office he held untile 1953. He died in 1953 in Hollywood, Florida.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 356
Collection Name: Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center History Collection
Earliest Date: 1934
Latest Date: 2011
Linear Feet: 29
Collection Description: The Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC) History Collection contains several donations from the ARS Visitor Center at BARC. Materials include land surveys, building specifications, blueprints, and reports about the Visitor Center; a photograph album compiled by Robert T. Walker, former BARC landscape architect, showing the construction of BARC buildings (Departmental Laboratory Group, Main Lab, Mansion House, Sheep Barn, Animal Husbandry Lab, Animal Disease Station, Poultry Unit, Horticultural Field Station, and the Civilian Conservation Corps at the USDA Experimental Farm); blueprints from the construction of BARC; lab materials (microscopes, lab glassware, measuring devices); the silver tea set used during VIP visits; and a miniature train car that was on display at the Visitor Center. In 2011, the ARS Visitor Center closed. At that time the following materials were transferred to Special Collections: ARS Visitor Center records of tours; information files on BARC history, a model of the visitor center, a framed painting of the Log Lodge by a former USDA employee (38.5" x 26.75"), a framed blueprint of The Log Lodge (February 23, 1934) by Louis De Laouranthys for Animal Husbandry Division, Bureau of Animal Industry (26" x 21"); a drawing of the Log Lodge on onion skin paper, undated; a poster on foamcore of the Agricultural Administrators (post 2004); Agricultural Research Center blueprint, undated; and a microscope and case.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center is a central part of the USDA's Agricultural Research Service and is one of the world's largest agricultural research complexes. On June 6, 2000, BARC is named in honor of former Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace, who was instrumental in it's expansion; under his guidance the center grew to 12,600 acres with over 40 major research buildings. USDA began relocating research to Beltsville in 1910. Major expansion during the 1930s and 1940s established its importance within the USDA's research activities.
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Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 367
Collection Name: Hereford, Maryland, Home Makers Club Record Book and Home Economics Publication Collection
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1960
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: This collection contains Hereford, Maryland, Home Makers Club Record Book, 1926-1932; Extension Service bulletins and documents; newspaper clippings on sewing, and other related publications.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 77
Collection Name: Herrera, Alfonso L., Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Alfonso L. Herrera Manuscript, titled "Siliza y Vida; Importancia de la Siliza en Biologia, Medicina, Plasmogenia, Agricultura e Industria y Teorias Acerca del Origen de la Vida" (1930), is 791 numbered leaves. Translation of title page: Silica And Life; The importance of silica in biology, medicine, plasmogenia, agriculture and theories about the origin of life. Illustrated work with 115 prints and color plates. Imitation of chromosomes segmentation by calcium fluorosilicate. Infiltration of sea-water in fluorosilicate fresh water.
Processed:

Collection Number: 78
Collection Name: Hinman, Elijah, Account Book
Earliest Date: 1769
Latest Date: 1812
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Elijah Hinman Account Book is a handwritten, 124 page account book containing entries on many agricultural activities including farm animals, flax, indigo, ginger, labor, lumber, molasses, nails, plows, plowing, prices (received and paid), salt, and wine.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 47
Collection Name: Historic Poster Collection
Earliest Date: 1877
Latest Date: 1950
Bulk Dates: 1915-1950
Linear Feet: 90
Collection Description: The Historic Poster Collection contains approximately 470 posters relating to World Wars I and II, poultry, cattle, dairy, food, and farming. Most of the posters are not dated. There are approximately 300 World War I- and World War II-era posters. Although many of these posters are not dated, the known date-range runs from 1917-1919 and 1940-1946. The posters display government information relating to wartime agricultural programs and educate and encourage Americans to participate in the war effort through increased food production and conservation. Homemakers are asked to Win the War in the Kitchen by planting war gardens and canning vegetables, while farmers are told that Your Farm Can Help, and encouraged to plant particular crops, construct storage silos, and eliminate plant diseases to help the war effort. Additional World War II posters highlight the various important uses of cotton by U.S. soldiers and encourage Americans to Make America Strong by promoting community education and involvement in proper meal preparation and food preservation. The collection also includes approximately 100 poultry posters and promotional advertisements. Most materials are not dated. The poultry-related advertisements and educational posters provide information about poultry processing, production, and standards of quality; and encourage the consumption of eggs, chicken, and turkey.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Posters
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 257
Collection Name: History of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 1993-2000 Videotapes Collection (formerly titled USDA Video, Teleconference and Radio Center Records)
Earliest Date: 2000
Latest Date: 2001
Bulk Dates: 2000-2001
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The History of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 1993-2000 Videotapes Collection consists of videotape oral histories of senior members of the department's administration from 1993-2000. Secretaries of Agriculture Dan Glickman and Mike Espy are among those interviewed. The interviews were recorded in 2000 and 2001. The collection also includes print and electronic transcripts and a few audiotapes.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 80
Collection Name: Hixson, Floyd Marcus, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 1982
Linear Feet: 5.5
Collection Description: The Floyd M. Hixson Papers consist of performance reports of various poultry tests conducted by several American states and Canadian provinces. Other chicken- and turkey-testing program reports cover topics of meat and egg production.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Floyd Marcus Hixon (b. 1918) was a professor of animal sciences at California State University, Fresno, from 1951-1980. Born in Holdenville, Oklahoma, he earned his bachelor of science degree at Oklahoma A&M College, and his master of science and Ph.D. degrees at Kansas State University.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 81
Collection Name: Hodgson, Ralph Edward, Papers
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 5
Collection Description: The Ralph Edward Hodgson Papers consist of autobiographical and biographical information, writings, studies, papers, speeches, trip reports, bulletins, reprints, and publications. Of significance to those interested in Hodgson's early years is his 1970 autobiographical work titled "From the Sands of Mazomanie: A Story of a Wisconsin Farm Boy."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Ralph Edward Hodgson (1906-1990) worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1930-1973 and held progressively more responsible positions in professional, scientific, and administrative work in connection with dairy and animal husbandry, focusing on dairy cattle breeding, feeding, and management. His notable positions within USDA include Assistant Chief, Bureau of Dairy Industry, 1945-1953; Chief, Dairy Husbandry Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service, 1953-1957, and Director, Animal Science Research Division, 1957-1973.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 82
Collection Name: Hogue, Robert L., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1995
Linear Feet: 21.25
Collection Description: The Robert L. Hogue Papers relate to Hogue’s role on the Participation Committee, U.S.A. Branch, of the World’s Poultry Science Association, which dealt with the 15th World’s Poultry Congress held in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1974. Files include bulletins published during and following World War II on animal feedstuffs, publications on poultry housing and equipment, newsprint, 16-millimeter films, brochures, photographs, and negatives.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Robert L. Hogue (1913-2000) encouraged development of 4-H poultry programs; coordinated disease control and marketing programs; encouraged consumer enlightenment; and provided an organizational hub for industry, university, and governmental interests throughout the United States, as well as representing the United States at many foreign poultry activities. In 1989, Hogue was inducted into the American Poultry Historical Society's Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 83
Collection Name: Hollenback, Clinton C., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1911
Latest Date: 1920
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The Clinton C. Hollenback Papers include personal correspondence and ledger accounts of purchases and sales of hatching eggs, baby chicks, and farm equipment. There are brochures, invoices, receipts, and price lists, along with detailed egg-production and incubation records of individual pedigree chickens and numerous American Poultry Association prize ribbons awarded to Hollenback’s entries in the 1919 Mukwonago, Wisconsin, Poultry Show.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Clinton C. Hollenback of Columbus, Ohio, was a poultry breeder, exhibitor, and merchandiser of poultry and agricultural products.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 393
Collection Name: Holroyd, Glenn A. Papers
Earliest Date: 1957
Latest Date: 1971
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Glenn A. Holroyd Papers include photographs, awards, newsletters, documentation of education courses.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Glenn Holroyd worked for the Federal Government for 35 years. He began in 1945 working with the Kansas City Regional Office of the Commodity Credit Corportaiton (CCC), which then became the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS). He started out as a programmer, then systems analyst, and eventually became Chief of the Price Support Systems Division. His work was instrumental in installing Electronic Data Processing methods with the ASCS and the CCC.
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 263
Collection Name: Hough, Franklin Benjamin, Papers
Earliest Date: 1870
Latest Date: 1884
Bulk Dates: 1876-77
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Franklin Benjamin Hough Papers consist of handwritten correspondence, agreements, and memoranda. Much of the correspondence deals with forestry matters, and, specifically, a paper that Hough presented to the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 1873 on "The Duty of Governments in the Preservation of Forests." His study revealed that forests were beneficial to climate, streamflow, and soil, and argued that it was necessary to preserve and renew forests. The address triggered a national forest-preservation movement and lobbying effort backed by AAAS. In response, Congress approved funding in 1876 for a federal forestry expert within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Hough was appointed to the position soon after.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Franklin Benjamin Hough (1822-1885) was the first physician in Lewis County, New York; forest commissioner, USDA, from 1876-1881, and the chief of the Division of Forestry, USDA, from 1881-1883.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 264
Collection Name: Hough, Romeyn Beck, Papers
Earliest Date: 1882
Latest Date: 1908
Bulk Dates: 1882-1900
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Romeyn Beck Hough Papers include Hough's journals from 1882-1887, 1890-1894, 1898-1900; a July 6, 1908, letter to Hough from Melvil Dewey requesting Hough's book Handbook of the Trees of the Northern States and Canada; and an undated statement made by Dewey, President of the American Library Institute, commending Hough’s book at a meeting of the Virginia State Library Association.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Romeyn Beck Hough (1857-1924), son of Franklin Benjamin Hough, was a naturalist, author, and businessman in the state of New York. In 1888 he published the first volume of a series of 12 books titled American Woods, which contained the native and naturalized species of woods in the United States and Canada. These volumes were unique in that they included samples of wood as illustrations. Hough also devised a machine for cutting wood sections with thicknesses of 1/10 to 1/1,200 of an inch. In the scientific world, American Woods was well-received and won numerous awards, including the grand prize at the Paris Exposition in 1889. Subsequently, Hough produced another book, Handbook of the Trees of the Northern States and Canada, containing photographic and textual descriptions of 208 kinds of trees found in Canada and in the Eastern United States. To do research for these publications, Hough traveled frequently and kept journals of his activities.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 85
Collection Name: Howe, Paul E., Papers
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1907
Latest Date: 1973
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Paul E. Howe Papers include Howe's publications and a 1959 Work Project Annual Report for the Animal Husbandry Research Division, Dairy Cattle Research Branch of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Paul E. Howe (1885-1974) started working at the USDA in 1923 as a biological chemist in the Bureau of Animal Industry. In 1936 he became an Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry and Chief of the Division of Animal Nutrition, which conducted research in animal nutrition and the biochemical study of animal products. During World War II he was Head of the Division of Foods and Nutrition of the Surgeon General’s office. After the war, he worked on the nutritional needs of the civilian populations of Germany and Japan. As his career progressed, Howe also served as a consulting biochemist within USDA and, in 1952, went on detail to the Foreign Agricultural Relations Technical Collaboration Branch for approximately five months. He retired in 1955. Howe wrote extensively on topics such as the effects of fasting on humans and animals, animal nutrition, and the biochemistry of animal products.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 114
Collection Name: Hudson Brick and Supply Company Ledgers
Earliest Date: 1925
Latest Date: 1929
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Hudson Brick and Supply Company Ledgers contain two ledgers from the brickyard formerly located on the grounds of the U. S. National Arboretum.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 407
Collection Name: Human Nutrition Information Service Records
Earliest Date: 1960
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Human Nutrition Information Service Records consist of historical information on food and nutrition research in the U.S. Department of Agriculture from 1894 to 1976 and includes information on legislative authority, why research was conducted in agriculture, a chronology of organizational changes, and highlights of accomplishments. There are also food brochures and leaflets from the 1970s-1990s, correspondence, recipes, food guide information for 1956 , and articles and speeches, 1991.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Human Nutrition Information Service (HNIS) offered support services from November 1981 through February 1994 to the Food and Nutrition Service (renamed Food and Consumer Service) of the United States Department of Agriculture. HNIS had the primary responsibility for the Department of Agriculture's role in the National Nutrition Monitoring System and in formulating dietary guidelines for healthy Americans. Most of HNIS was incorporated into the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) in 1994.
Subjects: Human Nutrition; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 219
Collection Name: Husman, Soren, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1925
Latest Date: 1939
Bulk Dates: 1930-32
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Soren Husman Papers contain photographs of Husman and of the California Turkey Industry Federation (1925-1939), personal correspondence, and a newspaper clipping.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Soren Husman, of Gustine, California, was one of the pioneer turkey growers in the San Joaquin Valley. He was a successful breeder, hatcheryman, and grower, beginning operations in the early 1930s. He developed a method for effectively heating brooder houses by designing a furnace at the outside end of the brooder houses by digging a pit (used as a firebox) from which a pipe was extended through the inside length of the brooder house.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 220
Collection Name: Imle, Ernest, Papers
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 2000
Bulk Dates: 1940-1980
Linear Feet: 13.5
Collection Description: The Ernest Imle Papers include photographs, reports, and articles about U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) rubber research from the 1940s to the 1970s, primarily at the Regional Rubber Experiment Station. Additionally, there are articles and correspondence on tropical agriculture, including cacao, and publications on lilies.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Ernest Imle (b. 1910), a plant pathologist, began working for USDA in 1942. He was director of the Regional Rubber Experiment Station in Turrialba, Costa Rica, from 1945-1954, botanist for the Plant Introduction Section from 1955-1957, director of research at the American Cocoa Research Institute from 1957-1971, and assistant director of the International Programs Division of the Agricultural Research Service from 1971-1998. His research interests included improvement and diseases of tropical crops, research and training needs in tropical agriculture, plant introduction, and quarantine and germplasm problems. Imle developed budding techniques for the rapid production of commercial plants with a vigorous rootstock, a high-yielding stem and a blight-resistant crown.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 43
Collection Name: Inter-American Financial and Economic Advisory Committee Records on Cotton Trade Agreement
Earliest Date: 1931
Latest Date: 1941
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Inter-American Financial and Economic Advisory Committee Records on Cotton Trade Agreement contain the committee's copies of the Proposed Cotton Agreement Draft and paperwork relating to it.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 86
Collection Name: Intercollegiate Poultry Judging Contest Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1965
Linear Feet: 2.25
Collection Description: The Intercollegiate Poultry Judging Contest Records consist of five bound volumes listing poultry judging team members and coaches, and the names of the institutions that sponsored the teams. Also included are pictures of the winning team members and coaches.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Intercollegiate Poultry Judging Contest was open to undergraduate students enrolled in participating colleges. Contestants formed teams to judge poultry in areas such as production judging, breed selection, and market products judging.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 355
Collection Name: International Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1954
Latest Date: 2002
Bulk Dates: 1976-2000
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: This collection documents screwworm eradication efforts in international programs. Countries represented in this collection include Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Curacao, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, England, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, North Africa (including Libya), Panama, Paraguay, and the United States. Some records are organized by region, including Central America and the West Indies. Materials relating to the programs in Mexico are located in Collection 211, Southwestern United States and Mexico Collection. Due to the interconnectedness and staff overlap of many of the screwworm eradication programs, there may be international program materials in other Screwworm Eradication Program Record collections.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 283
Collection Name: International Food Information Service Records
Earliest Date: 1970
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 7.5
Collection Description: The International Food Information Service Records include minutes of meetings, correspondence, reports, financial statements, and directories.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The International Food Information Service (IFIS) is a non-profit organization established in 1968 to serve the international food science, food technology, and human nutrition community by providing information products and services, commissioning research in information science, and providing education in information science.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 133
Collection Name: International Poultry Industry Exposition Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1968
Latest Date: 1972
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The International Poultry Industry Exposition Records consist of four bound volumes of publicity notices for the 1968 and 1969 International Poultry Industry Expositions (IPIE) in Chicago and New Orleans, respectively. In addition, there are two volumes of promotional material for a joint IPIE and Northeast Poultry Producers Council (NEPPCO) exposition in Cincinnati in 1970.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The International Poultry Industry Exposition (IPIE) was held annually from 1968-1970, and was sponsored by the Chicago-based Poultry Industry Manufacturers’ Council (PIMCO). The exposition -- commonly called the PIMCO Show -- brought together educators and businessmen involved with poultry all around the world. Educational sessions were held in many areas of poultry breeding, processing, and marketing. Poultry firms, whose areas of expertise ranged from equipment to services, occupied tens of thousands of square feet of exhibit space. In 1970, PIMCO joined with the Northeast Poultry Producers Council to present the IPIE show.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 353
Collection Name: Ioanes, Raymond Andrew, Papers
Earliest Date: 1953
Latest Date: 1997
Bulk Dates: 1954-1965, 1990-1997
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Raymond Andrew Ioanes Papers include correspondence and memoranda from the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS), speeches given by Ioanes, and 2 photographs. Topics include 20th century history of FAS, foreign agriculture trade, the dispersal of surplus agricultural products in foreign countries, and trade relations with Russia, the European Community (EC), and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Materials relating to the Association for Diplomatic Studies' Foreign Affairs Oral History Program, for which Ioanes acted as both an interviewer and interviewee, are represented, including interviews conducted by Ioanes and two copies, one edited manuscript and one finalized, of an interview in which he is the interviewee. Foreign Affairs Oral History Program materials are housed at Georgetown University.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Raymond Andrew Ioanes (1918-2005) began working for the Foreign Agriculture Service in 1953 and served as Administrator starting in 1962 until his retirement in 1973. Ioanes was very active in world food trade and provided food relief by supplying surplus American agriculture products to other countries. Ioanes was influential on many large scale USDA food relief programs, including relief to Berlin after World War II and the implementation of the "Food for Peace Program," Public Law 480, which outlined the U.S. food relief program to Third World countries.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 346
Collection Name: Isabel S. Cunningham Collection on Howard Scott Gentry
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1995
Bulk Dates: 1984-1993
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Isabel S. Cunningham Collection on Howard Scott Gentry consists of articles, notes, photographs, and Cunningham's draft articles on Howard Gentry's expeditions as plant collector. Cunningham collected these materials to write several articles about Gentry. Cunningham donated these materials in April 2006.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Howard Scott Gentry (1903-1993) earned a bachelor's degree in vertebrate zoology from the University of California at Berkeley in 1931. In 1933, Gentry started plant expeditions in Yaqui country (Sonora-Chihuahua, Mexico) and the following year in Indian barranca country in Mexico. He published his first book titled Rio May Plants of Sonora-Chihuahua in 1942. Gentry started working for the United States Department of Agriculture's Rubber Office in 1942 until 1945. The next four years he was a research botanist at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. In 1947 he obtained a Ph.D. in botany from the University of Michigan. From 1950 to 1971, Gentry was a plant collector for the New Crops Research Branch, USDA, and led expeditions into Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Iran, and Mexico. In 1970 Gentry opened the Gentry Experimental Farm in Murrieta, California, and became a research botanist at the Desert Botanical Garden two years later. He began his final position as Research Director for the Desert Botanical Garden in 1985.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 88
Collection Name: Janick, Jules and Moore, James N., Manuscripts
Earliest Date: 1971
Latest Date: 1983
Linear Feet: 6.75
Collection Description: The Jules Janick and James N. Moore Manuscripts consist of the authors' manuscripts and correspondence. Janick and Moore determined a need for updating the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) 1937 Yearbook of Agriculture (Better Plants and Animals). They served as editors for Advances in Fruit Breeding, published in 1975 by Purdue University Press, West Lafayette, Indiana, and considered the monograph a standard reference for fruit breeding throughout the world. Each chapter was written by a world-recognized authority, and the book includes all major fruits and nuts, temperate as well as tropical. The manuscript materials include the authors’ manuscripts and correspondence between the individual chapter authors and editors. Janick and Moore also edited a companion volume to Advances in Fruit Breeding, the monograph Methods in Fruit Breeding, published in 1983 by Purdue University Press, West Lafayette, Indiana. The editors provided updates to the literature and information on new advances in plant science. The manuscript materials include correspondence and rough drafts for the book.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Jules Janick (b. 1931) was a professor of horticulture at Purdue University, and James N. Moore (b. 1931) was a professor of horticulture and forestry at the University of Arkansas.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 347
Collection Name: Jefferson, Roland Maurice, Collection
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 2007
Bulk Dates: 1979-1989
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Roland Jefferson Collection contains articles, correspondence, e-mail, documents, lectures, photographs, programs, and other notes. Some of the articles, correspondence, and programs are in Japanese or Taiwanese. The majority of the collection highlights Jefferson’s work, including plant expeditions for cherry trees at the United States National Arboretum and his post-retirement lectures. The collection also mentions Jefferson’s work with plant labels, crabapples, the dogwood seed exchange program, and the President Reagan Cherry Tree. Part of the collection was donated by Roland Maurice Jefferson in April 2006. Isabel S. Cunningham added to the collection with an April 2006 donation of materials which she collected to write a series of articles on Jefferson’s work as a plant explorer.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Roland Maurice Jefferson (1923-) was born in Washington, D.C. on September 3, 1923. In 1950 he obtained a bachelor's degree in botany from Howard University and started making plant labels at the United States National Arboretum (USNA) in 1956. The next year Jefferson was promoted to become the first African-American botanist at the USNA and over the next decade studied crabapples. In 1973, Jefferson started compiling historical and scientific data about the Japanese cherry trees planted in Washington, D.C.'s Potomac Park, which included taking cuttings from the surviving trees. In 1977 he published "The Japanese flowering cherry trees of Washington, D.C., which was later translated into Japanese. In 1978-1979 he was part of a plant expedition in Europe to study cherry and crabapple trees. In 1981, Nancy Reagan presented the President Reagan Cherry Tree to Japan, which Jefferson propagated from the 1912 cherry tree that First Lady Taft planted from Japan. From 1981-1983 he went to Japan to study, lecture, locate, evaluate, and collect cherry tree budwood from Prunus germplasm or ornamental cherry trees. He started the dogwood seed exchange program from 1982-1983, where Japanese school children collected cherry seeds in exchange for American collected dogwood seeds. In 1983 he married Keiko Ishisaki. In 1986, Jefferson led expeditions into Japan, Korea, and Taiwan to study cherry trees. He retired from the USNA in 1987, but continued to lecture on cherry trees in Japan through 1998.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Text Available in NALDR: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/CAT78696066/PDF
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 89
Collection Name: Jefferson, Thomas, Correspondence
Earliest Date: 1786
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Thomas Jefferson Correspondence collection consists of eleven letters to Jefferson, from Jefferson, and about Jefferson (1786-1819) and a set of four letters (1915) between W. K. Bixby and Secretary of Agriculture D. F. Houston, regarding Jefferson letters that Bixby had found and sent to Houston. Houston later placed the Jefferson letters in the Department of Agriculture Library. The Jefferson letters contain information on agricultural topics. For example, subjects include nursery stock purchased by Jefferson, a request to Jefferson for an appointment to a federal agricultural office, letters from Jefferson transferring "millet seed" and "succory seed" to various acquaintances in the United States and Canada, and a letter to Jefferson from "Lord Sheffield" of the Board of Agriculture in London, England, commenting on Jefferson’s invention of a "mould board" for use in farming.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), one of the founders of the United States, was born into a family of high social standing in Albemarle County, Virginia. His father, Peter Jefferson, was an agriculturalist who had a 1,900-acre plantation, on which he primarily grew tobacco and wheat. Thomas inherited the entire family estate upon his father’s death in 1757. He attended the College of William and Mary, and also studied law under George Wythe. Jefferson was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1767. Jefferson was best known for his career in public service, which began when he became a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1769. Other major positions Jefferson held in public office include delegate to the Second Continental Congress; governor of Virginia; foreign minister to France; Secretary of State; Vice President of the United States; and President of the United States. Jefferson’s greatest accomplishments as President were the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark expedition, both of which allowing the country to handle future expansion and development. Despite a long career in public service, Jefferson never lost his strong interest in agriculture. He had begun his career as an agriculturalist at the age of 21, when he was legally able to take over his father’s estate. As a statesman, he represented himself as a farmer. In addition to his inheritance, Jefferson owned over 5,000 acres in Albemarle County that he maintained as a plantation. The home farm within this plantation was Monticello, which was atop a mountain. After the end of his second term as President in 1809, Jefferson retired to Monticello. In his retirement, Jefferson advised Presidents Madison and Monroe, and also helped found and design the University of Virginia.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 336
Collection Name: Jenkins, Woodrow R., Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1960
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Woodrow R. Jenkins Collection contains mostly slides from Jenkins’ time as a Poultry Extension Scientist for the Extension Service, USDA, Washington, D.C. from 1960 to 1979. The slides are of visits to various poultry farms or businesses; a 1961 poultry fact finding conference; a script for "Poultry Production- Civil Defense"; and various meetings, conferences, and workshops. Also included are black and white photographs and reels of film. The films are titled "Peanut Hull Logs" and "Magic Eggs". There is an additional unlabeled canister of film. In additiion there is a record introducing National Turkey Month and a film "Teach in for Retailers from the Poultry and Egg National Board." The majority of the slides are labeled with either the poultry farm/business name, type of equipment, or location. The 1961 fact finding slides are accompanied by a description of each slide. Some of the photographs accompany a "Fun and Food Camp" report.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Woodrow "Wood" R. Jenkins (1918-1995) served as a Poultry Extension Scientist for the Extension Service, USDA, Washington D.C. from 1960-1979. He was Assistant Director of the Federal Extension Service, Agricultural Science, Technology and Management Decision from 1967 to 1970. He received a B.S. in Poultry Husbandry in 1940 from Purdue University. In 1947, Jenkins received a M.S. in Physiology and Genetics also from Purdue University. Wood Jenkins was active in the World’s Poultry Science Association (WPSA) and the USA Branch of the WPSA. He served as a member of the USDA’s work group on the World’s Poultry Congresses from 1962 to 1979. He was a U.S. Delegate to the 1962 and 1970 World’s Poultry Congresses. He also served as Treasurer of the 1974 World’s Poultry Congress. In addition he was the Secretary-Treasurer of the USA Branch of the WPSA. He served on various committees of the USA Branch of WPSA along with various youth program committees in poultry. He was a strong proponent of youth programs in poultry. Jenkins was also a member of the Poultry Science Association and Epsilon Sigma Phi. He received the Poultry and Egg Institute of America’s Poultry Industry Service Award in 1977. In 1978, he received the Distinguished Service Award from Epsilon Sigma Phi. In 1979, he was elected a Fellow in the Poultry Science Association.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 368
Collection Name: John B. Carpenter Collection
Earliest Date: 1854
Latest Date: 1954
Bulk Dates: 1952-1954
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The John B. Carpenter Collection includes materials relating to the project undertaken in the 1950s by John D. Carpenter to create a subject index to Miles Joseph Berkeley's work on Vegetable Pathology from 1854-1857. The collection contains one bound volume containing "Vegetable Pathology" by Miles Joseph Berkeley (1854-1857), extracted by John B. Carpenter in 1945 from The Gardener's Chronicle. There are ten pieces of correspondence between John B. Carpenter and J.G. Dickson on Carpenter's creation of an index to accompany the "Vegetable Pathology" work. Also included are two copies of the completed Index by Carpenter and one small binder containing "Observations, Botanical and Physiological, on the Potato Murrain" by Miles Joseph Berkeley.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John B. Carpenter was born in 1915 and worked as a Senior Plant Pathologist for the USDA Rubber Disease Investigation in La Hulera, Turrialba, Costa Rica in the 1950s. He later became a Senior Plant Pathologist in Indio, California. In the 1980s, Carpenter was a Cooperative Extension Specialist and Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Riverside.
Processed:

Collection Number: 90
Collection Name: Jump, William Ashby, Papers
Earliest Date: 1938
Latest Date: 1949
Linear Feet: 6
Collection Description: The William Ashby Jump Papers consist primarily of correspondence, budgetary data, and reports relating directly to his work and professional interests. It also includes 27 volumes of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Budgetary Material, 1946-1952, housed with the rare books.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Ashby Jump (1891-1949) began his career with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1907 as a messenger boy for the Bureau of Animal Industry and progressed through various administrative positions within the Bureau of Markets and the Division of Publications. He soon became the chief administrative officer to the Secretary of Agriculture (1921-1924), the Assistant Director of the office of Personnel and Business Administration and Budget Officer for the Department (1925-1934), and the Director of Finance in the Office of Budget and Finance (1934-1949.) Jump was recognized as an outstanding authority on budgetary and financial administration. His early realization that budgeting was a basic part of program development and operation did much to make the concept of budgeting the vital management force that it is today.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 91
Collection Name: Kellogg, Charles Edwin, Papers
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1975
Bulk Dates: 1947-71
Linear Feet: 307
Collection Description: The Charles Edwin Kellogg Papers contain scripts of Kellogg's speeches, articles, reviews, reprints, correspondence, field notes, journals, slides, photographs, soil maps, and publications relating to soil science and agriculture. Publications include many of the rare works of soil science pioneers such as Glinka, Ruffin, Evelyn, Young, and Marbut.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Edwin Kellogg (1902-1980) began his career at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1934 as a soil technologist on the National Cooperative Soil Survey and was appointed Chief of the Soil Survey Division of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils in 1935. His department became a part of the Bureau of Plant Industry in 1939. A prolific writer, Kellogg played a major part in outlining and writing Soils and Man, the USDA's Yearbook of Agriculture for 1938, and wrote the first edition of the Soil Survey Manual in 1939, which was subsequently adopted by soil survey organizations throughout the world. He advised international organizations and national research and agricultural agencies in this and other countries, helping to organize research and promote improved farming systems for efficient production, soil conservation, and high standards of rural living. While traveling to other countries to learn farming methods and to assist in agricultural development programs, Kellogg wrote field notes and took photographs of his soil surveys and of other experiences of the trips. At the time of his retirement in 1971, Kellogg was the Deputy Administrator of the Soil Conservation Service.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 93
Collection Name: Kimber Poultry Breeding Farms Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1965
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The Kimber Poultry Breeding Farms Records contain 1926-1927 pedigrees of individual records attained by chickens in breeding pens; a catalog describing all factors in Kimber Farms’ efforts to produce a more profitable White Leghorn chicken; newsletters; and a photograph.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: This is Walter F. Hughes’s collection of materials pertaining to Kimber Poultry Breeding Farms.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 94
Collection Name: Knight, Henry Granger, Diary
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1942
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The Henry Granger Knight Diary is two volumes and contains detailed daily entries of Knight's work activities for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Henry Granger Knight (1878-1942), a chemist, was Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils from 1927-1939 and then of the Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering from 1939-1942.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 461
Collection Name: Knipling, Edward B. Memorabilia
Collection Description: The collection consists of memorabilia (plaques, plates, books, medallions, and more) that was collected by or awarded to Dr. Edward B. Knipling during his career with the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) of the United States Department of Agriculture, but chiefly during the years that he served as Administrator of the Agricultural Research Service . Most of the items were displayed at one time in his office in the USDA's Jamie L. Whitten Building at 14th & Independence Ave., SW, in Washington DC. Additional items include a "baton of authority."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edward B. Knipling served as Administrator of the Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture from 2004-2013. He served in the USDA for 46 years, most of the time in leadership positions, and retired on August 30, 2013. He earned a B.S. in forestry from Virginia Tech University (1961), and an M.A. (1963) and Ph.D. (1966) in plant physiology from Duke University. After serving in the army, he began his career with the Agricultural Research Service in 1968.
Subjects: USDA History
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia

Collection Number: 210
Collection Name: Knipling, Edward Fred, Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1906
Latest Date: 2003
Bulk Dates: 1930-1990
Linear Feet: 59
Collection Description: The Edward Fred Knipling Papers are part of the larger Screwworm Eradication Program Records. This collection covers all of the areas of entomology researched by Knipling during his career with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), including his early research on the screwworm and the eradication efforts in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, and the Southeast United States in the 1950s. His research included parasite control methods and work on the boll weevil, fruit fly, tsetse fly, European corn borer, and various species of ticks and moths. In addition, the collection reflects Knipling’s continued activity in entomology after his 1973 retirement from the USDA. Materials included are correspondence, publications, manuscripts, reports, photographs, research data, notes, speeches, awards, artifacts, and biographical data.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edward Fred Knipling (1909-2000) was a world-famous entomologist and theorist. His contributions featured the parasitoid augmentation technique, insect control methods involving the medication of the hosts, and various models of total insect population management. He was best known, however, for the sterile insect technique (SIT), which was employed in screwworm eradication efforts in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, Florida, Texas, Mexico, and parts of Central America. Knipling studied entomology at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University) and Iowa State College (now University), and worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1930-1973; Knipling continued to serve as a collaborator with the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) at the USDA and remained active in the field of entomology until 2000.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 95
Collection Name: Land Ladies' Club Records
Earliest Date: 1936
Latest Date: 1990
Linear Feet: 2.75
Collection Description: The Land Ladies' Club Records contain archives of the Land Ladies’ Club consisting of membership lists, financial documents, charitable activities records, and other records associated with the various activities of the club.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Land Ladies' Club was founded in 1930 as an active organization of women whose husbands were professionals in the Farm Economics Research Division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 96
Collection Name: Langworthy, Charles Ford, Papers
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1919
Linear Feet: 6
Collection Description: The Charles Ford Langworthy Papers contain miscellaneous publications and notes on food and nutrition with a subject index.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Ford Langworthy (1864-1932) was Chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Office of Home Economics, predecessor of the Bureau of Home Economics.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 98
Collection Name: LeDuc, William Gates, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1890
Latest Date: 1927
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The William Gates LeDuc Manuscript is an autobiography [ca. 1909] of LeDuc, the fifth U.S. Commissioner of Agriculture. This manuscript, "Recollection of a Quartermaster; Autobiography of General William Gates LeDuc," was copied in 1927 from the original owned by LeDuc's brother Henry. It includes one original letter written by LeDuc on April 8, 1892. Subjects include a family history, details on LeDuc's travels and business dealings, an account of LeDuc's role as quartermaster in the Civil War, incidents during his term of office as commissioner of agriculture, and information about farm life and society in general during the 19th century.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Gates LeDuc (1823-1917) was born and raised in Ohio, and was a graduate of Kenyon College. After graduation, Le Duc went into the book trade, then settled in Minnesota where he started the manufacture and marketing of flour from Minnesota spring wheat. He volunteered for service in the Civil War, served as quartermaster in the army, and was discharged with the brevet rank of brigadier general. After several unsuccessful business ventures, LeDuc turned to farming. He became Commissioner of Agriculture on July 1, 1877, and served until June 30, 1881. Afterward, he was appointed as a receiver of the National Bank in Fayetteville, North Carolina. As Commissioner, LeDuc desired to make the United States as self-sufficient as possible. He believed that sugar and tea should be produced in the United States instead of imported from other countries. Research was done on improving the yield of sugar from cane and obtaining sugar from beets, corn, sorghum, and other products. He established an experimental tea farm at Summerville, South Carolina. Because of the spread of disease through animals, he established the Division of Veterinary Science to deal with disease prevention. He organized a Division of Forestry headed by Franklin B. Hough.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 246
Collection Name: Leidenfrost, Nancy Boyd, Papers
Earliest Date: 1965
Latest Date: 2003
Linear Feet: 13.25
Collection Description: The Nancy B. Leidenfrost Papers consist of literature from the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, including references and publications associated with policies, development, administration, and evaluation. In addition, there are papers related to projects Leidenfrost initiated and coordinated, books she edited, and papers she authored in support of action on food security public issues, education, and the critical issue of poverty and international development for families. There are 500 black and white photographs relating to the Home Economics Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the University of Maryland, c. 1900-1970. Most of the photographs are of the Extension Service's home demonstrations in the United States and abroad. Also included are materials related to principles of design, such as a "good taste" quiz and a "Good and Bad Design" photograph book.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Nancy B. Leidenfrost was a national program leader for the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, Extension Service, USDA from 1969-89, and a national program leader for Hunger and Undernutrition Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), from 1989-1994.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 99
Collection Name: Lloyd, William Allison, Papers
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1945
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The William Allison Lloyd Papers consist of three volumes of papers and addresses relating to agricultural extension from 1913-1940. The collection includes the pre-Smith-Lever work in the northern and western states. Lloyd addresses the organization of cooperative extension work under the Smith-Lever Act; the development of county agent work in the northern and western states, and the development of the County Farm Bureau as an extension agency. He also discusses the New Deal’s national agricultural policies and the Extension Service. Biographical information and a subject index to Lloyd’s public papers are included at end of the third volume.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Allison Lloyd (1870-1946), a lawyer who practiced in Ohio and Texas, was hired by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Office of Farm Management (later the Office of Cooperative Extension Work) in 1913 to supervise the work of county agents in more than 30 states in the U.S. midwestern and western United States. Furthermore, he pioneered programs in farm leadership at the local level, and also worked on plans for state and county bureaus through which extension work could be done. Lloyd was best known for his contributions of scientific applications to practical farming.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 100
Collection Name: Logan, William, Diary
Earliest Date: 1748
Latest Date: 1756
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The William Logan Diary is titled “Memorandum in Husbandry on My Own Plantation.” It contains entries on barley, cattle, corn, horses, manure, plowing, wheat, and wine made by Logan near Germantown, Pennsylvania.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Logan was a tenant farmer of Mathew Potter, near Germantown, Pennsylvania.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 101
Collection Name: Lucas, Alfred Martin, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1866
Latest Date: 1962
Linear Feet: 27
Collection Description: The Alfred Martin Lucas (b. 1900) Papers contain original artwork, color swatches, galley proofs, and other materials related to the Atlas of Avian Hematology, 1961. Collection contains detailed notes on avian anatomy, unidentified printers’ plates, three German language publications, a list of poultry theses presented for advanced degrees in the United States between 1896 and 1950, and a copy of the proceedings from Avian Leukosis Conference of 1962.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 222
Collection Name: Lund, Everett Eugene, Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Everett Eugene Lund Papers contain reprints of Lund's publications, notes, correspondence, biographical information on parasitologists, and photographs and slides related to poultry diseases.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Everett Eugene Lund (1907-2000) received a Ph.D. in zoology at the University of California, Berkeley, in the early 1930s and worked as a biologist of disease research for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) at the U.S. Rabbit Experiment Station in Fontana, California, in the 1940s. He was as a world expert on the nutrition and diseases of turkeys while working at the USDA Beltsville Research Center, Animal Disease & Parasite Research Division (later to become the Animal Parasitology Institute) in the 1950s and 1960s. He retired from the USDA in 1970.
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Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 297
Collection Name: Man O' War Photograph Collection
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Man O' War Photograph Collection contains black and white photographs of the racehorse Man O' War (1917-1947). It includes photographs of the horse, races, and trainer. No dates on photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Man O' War (1917-1947) was a race horse who competed from 1919-1920. His parents were Mahubah (dam) and Fair Play (sire). Man O' War picked up the nickname "Big Red" because he had a noticeably redder coat than his father. For almost his entire life, Red was owned by Samuel D. Riddle, a Philadelphia sportsman who had purchased the horse as a yearling from Major August Belmont in a fire sale. Although he raced for only two years (1919-1920), Red compiled a remarkable record of 20 wins in 21 starts. His only loss was a second-place finish to Upset in the Sanford Memorial in 1919. Red’s impressive showing on the race track was enough to revive a sport that had been reeling during the war years of the 1910s, making him one of the major sports stars of the era. Man O' War's legacy goes well beyond what he did on the racetrack. His career at stud was considered to be equally as impressive. In his lifetime, Red's offspring, despite being seemingly low in quantity compared to other sires', had won more money than those of any other sire in the history of horse racing. Red sired such horses as Clyde Van Dusen, Battleship, Crusader, and War Admiral (who lost to Seabiscuit, the grandson of Man O' War, in a legendary match race). In all, 61 of Red’s progeny won a total of 172 stakes races, for total winnings of over $1.7 million. He died of a heart attack in 1947, just a month after his longtime groom, Will Harbut, had himself succumbed to a heart attack.
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Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 169
Collection Name: Manchurian Month, The: Monthly Supplement of the Manchuria Daily News Collection
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 1936
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Manchurian Month: Monthly Supplement of the Manchuria Daily News Collection contains political, social, economic, and other information.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: This was a monthly newspaper published the first of each month by the government of Manchoukuo, a puppet state under the tutelage of the Japanese Imperial Army, during the 1930s.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 314
Collection Name: Manihot Bibliography
Earliest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Manihot Bibliography contains original bibliographic records and master computer list of bibliographic entries from 1970 for the genus Manihot. The name Dr. David J. Rogers, Taximetrics Laboratory, Department of Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80302 appears on a letter and the address is stamped on the computer printout. The bibliography may not have been published. In the General Collection at call no. QK474.5.A1F5 , there is a series called Flora Netotropica and Monograph 13 of that series contains the following publication: David J. Rogers, David J. and S.G. Appan. Manihot and Manihotoides (Euphorbiaceae); A Computer Assisted Study, 1973. (The monograph on its own at call no. QK474.5.A1 is listed as being at the National Arboretum.) The object of study is Manihot esulenta Crantz. This crop, which lives in tropic areas, is grown primarily for its roots.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 327
Collection Name: Marshall, Dale, Papers
Linear Feet: 22.5
Collection Description: The Dale Marshall Papers consist of a pre-publication draft of Marshall's horticultural bibliographies and copies of the articles listed in the bibliographies.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 103
Collection Name: Marth, Paul C. and Mitchell, John W., Papers
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The Paul C. Marth and John W. Mitchell Papers include biographical information about both men; material gathered for the book Classic Papers in Horticultural Science; 66 of Marth’s notebooks; Marth’s 1942 Ph.D. thesis; reprints; and negatives of roses. There is correspondence mostly with Marth, very little Mitchell correspondence, and correspondence between J. Ray Frank and Stephen Weller regarding the two men in 1987.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1944, Paul C. Marth (b. 1909) and John W. Mitchell (b. 1905) developed a plant growth regulator for use as a selective herbicide. The substance, "2,4-D," allowed for selective broadleaf weed control in agriculture and turf management. Together, Marth and Mitchell wrote articles.
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Collection Number: 104
Collection Name: Martin, Joseph Holmes, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1917
Latest Date: 1930
Bulk Dates: 1917-1930s
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Joseph Holmes Martin Papers include his theses entitled, "The Influence of Mating Upon the Strength of Fertility of Eggs," and "Inheritance in Poultry," as well as black and white photographs of Martin and other leaders of the poultry and allied industries, including Secretaries of Agriculture Earl Butz and Ezra T. Benson, and university and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) leaders in poultry science from the 1930s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Joseph Holmes Martin (1895-1977) was head of the poultry department at the University of Kentucky from 1922-1938 and Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana, from 1922-1938. He specialized in poultry genetics and wrote more than 80 poultry publications, including Turkey Management. In 1971, he was elected to the American Poultry Historical Society Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 363
Collection Name: Mayberry, Bennie Douglas, Collection on George Washington Carver
Earliest Date: 1992
Latest Date: 1992
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Bennie Douglas Mayberry Collection on George Washington Carver includes the original book materials of Mayberry's manuscript "George Washington Carver - A Handbook", photographs of George Washington Carver, a facsimile of Carver's official USDA personnel record, a reprint of the article "Bennie Douglas Mayberry: An Unsung Hero" (1995), Mayberry's resume, and photographs of Mayberry.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Bennie Douglas Mayberry spent nearly 40 years working for Tuskegee Instutitue, first in the department of horticulture and lastly as the director of the Carver Research Foundation. Known as an innovative researcher and dynamic teacher, Mayberry was also an outstanding administrator who developed research and instructional programs in the 1890 land-grant system. Some of his accomplishments include improving methods for canning sweet potato, developing instructional materials in the isotope and radiation technology program in 1959, and devising nutrient management projects that examined the absorption and translocation of strontium in plants and the effects of maleic hydrazide in tea. He was influenced by George Washington Carver, the great agricultural chemist, who guest lectured during Mayberry's undergraduate years.
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Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 252
Collection Name: Mayberry, Dean Howard, Papers
Earliest Date: 1957
Latest Date: 1990
Bulk Dates: 1960-1979
Linear Feet: 51.25
Collection Description: The Dean Howard Mayberry Papers include records of research of the Northern Regional Research Laboratory as well as press releases, correspondence, publications, and papers on research relating to the transformation of agricultural products into commercial commodities. Some topics of research include oils, cereals, antibiotics, starch, polysaccharides, amylose, corn, and alcohol.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Dean Howard Mayberry began his U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) service in 1956 with the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) as the supervisory publications editor for agricultural and biological sciences, for the Information Division in Washington, D.C. From 1958-1978 he was a public information officer for the ARS Information Division, Current Information Branch based in Peoria, Illinois, at the Northern Regional Research Laboratory. From 1978-1982 he worked for the Science and Education Administration, and in 1982 he was reassigned to ARS. Mayberry retired from the USDA in 1985 as a public affairs specialist.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 102
Collection Name: McFarland, J. Horace, Papers
Earliest Date: 1923
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 432
Collection Description: The J. Horace McFarland Papers relate to Mount Pleasant Press; the majority of the collection includes glass negatives, acetate negatives, transparencies, slides, photographs, and watercolors of plants (ornamental and vegetables). There are plant-breeding records which include rose cards or letter-sized forms consisting of a black and white photograph of a variety of a rose and accompanying scientific documentation. Also included are original artwork; catalogs produced by the company; photographs of the office; and a map of McFarland’s residence.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: McFarland (1859-1948), conservationist, master printer, and horticulturist, was well known for his books and photographs of roses. In 1878, McFarland started his own printing business, Mount Pleasant Press, which specialized in horticultural printing and was the first to use color photographs in its publications. In fact, many images were taken at McFarland's famous trial gardens on the grounds of his residence, Breeze Hill.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 341
Collection Name: McLaughlin, Israel, Account Book and Papers
Earliest Date: 1838
Latest Date: 1944
Bulk Dates: 1838-1881
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Israel McLaughlin Account Book contains handwritten examples and practice pages of mathematical computations such as “The Single Rule of Three”, The Double Rule of Three”, “Compound Interest”, “Insurance Commission and Brokage”, “Discount”, “Barter”, “Loss and Gain”, and “Domestic Exchange.” There are several pages listing loans due to Israel McLaughlin in 1853, 1853-55, 1857-58, 1868, and 1871-72. One page has newspaper clippings of household remedies for illnesses. The account book also contained loose documents, most of which are land deeds for property owned by Robert J. Stringfellow in Cheatham County, Tennessee. Other names include the Pack and Harris families. There is a business card of John O'Neill, Solicitor of Claims, Washington D.C. and an envelope with a return address of T.R. Dickson, Country Court Clerk, Charlotte, Tennessee. The collection includes an 1862 bill of sale for four slaves.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 105
Collection Name: Meler, Charles J., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1959
Latest Date: 1965
Linear Feet: 2.25
Collection Description: The Charles J. Meler Papers include correspondence, egg marketing orders, and egg promotion material along with contracts for egg producers and started pullet growers in Illinois and neighboring states; publications of the American Poultry and Hatchery Federation and the Illinois Poultry Industry Council, and miscellaneous brochures from nationally known commercial poultry breeding organizations and equipment manufacturers.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles J. Meler of Nashville, Illinois, was a hatcheryman, member of the Illinois Poultry Industry Council, and past president of the American Poultry and Hatchery Federation.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 396
Collection Name: Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee Files of Michelle Marcotte and Marcotte Consulting
Earliest Date: 1991
Latest Date: 2006
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee (MBTOC) Files of Michelle Marcotte and Marcotte Consulting collection contains files and books pertaining to the early years of MBTOC and about the growing body of knowledge of methyl bromide alternatives. As information about methyl bromide alternatives grew, MBTOC was able to identify where adoption of alternatives could take place, and assist the phase out of this ozone depleting chemical.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1991 after methyl bromide was listed as an ozone depleting substance, Marcotte was asked by the government of Canada to present three papers on the use of irradiation as an alternative to methyl bromide at a conference between the governments of Canada and the United States. The Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee (MBTOC) was soon created. Marcotte was appointed co-chair in 2005 and when the committee was divided into subcommittes, she became chair of the MBTOC Quarantine, Structures and Commodities. In the years of 1992-2003, MBTOC's work mainly consisted of obtaining, assessing and summarizing the research on the uses of methyl bromide, the technical efficacy of alternatives and the economic costs. This work was reported twice annually in the May and October reports of the Technical and Economic Assessment Panel reports. Every four years the group prepares an Assessment report which covers in very considerable detail all the research on methyl bromide uses and alternatives for those uses. However, by 2003, methyl bromide had still not been phased out for most of its uses in developed countries (referred to as Non A(5) countries in the Protocol), which had a phase out date of 2005. (The phase out date for developing countries (referred to as A(5) countries in the Protocol) was 2015. In each case there were step-down reductions which reduced the allowed use of methyl bromide according to the Protocol. In 2003, MBTOC began to receive critical use nominations from Parties requesting the continued use of many methyl bromide applications under the critical use exemption of the Protocol. Once the phase out date was reached for methyl bromide (in 2005) for developing countries, MBTOC’s role morphed from a technical and economic research assessment and policy advisory role to that of assessing and making recommendations on the critical use nominations submitted by Parties to the Montreal Protocol which then fed into Decisions by the Parties on critical use exemptions to the phase out. This work is done in addition to continuing to assess and report on methyl bromide uses, alternatives and their adoption.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 295
Collection Name: Meyer, Frank N., Collection
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1905
Latest Date: 1918
Linear Feet: 6
Collection Description: The Frank N. Meyer Collection consists of a typescript, certificate and photographs of Meyer. The typescript contains excerpts from letters between Frank N. Meyer and his superior, David Fairchild in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Bureau of Plant Industry, relating to Meyer’s plant exploration trip to South China in 1916-1918. Photographs of various botanical specimens are included. The last segment of typescripts concerns Meyer’s drowning on June 2, 1918, in the Yangtze River en route to Shanghai. The 1905 certificate identifies USDA plant explorer Frank N. Meyer as an agricultural explorer of the United States Department of Agriculture who is visiting Manchuria and other parts of China for “the purpose of Aiding in Agricultural Development, especially along the line of Pomology.” A black and white photograph of Meyer has a label which reads "Frank N. Meyer, Agricultural Explorer. Born November 29, 1875. Died June 1, 1918. Returning from a successful raid in the high mountains. Tired but satisfied. Wu Tai Shan, Shansi, China. February 25, 1908." A photograph of Meyer and Fairchild has a label which reads "Frank Meyer (right) converses with renowned plant explorer Dr. David Fairchild. At the young age of 22, Fairchild helped to create the USDA’s Office of Foreign Seed and Plant Introduction where he served as chairman from 1904-28. Throughout Meyer’s travels, Fairchild was a guiding force, providing insight and support through his letters."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1901, Frans Nicholas Meijer (1875-1918) emigrated from the Netherlands to America where he became Frank Meyer. Almost immediately, Meyer went to work for the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Erwin F. Smith, known internationally for his groundbreaking work in bacteriology. In 1902, Meyer began working at USDA’s Plant Introduction Station in Santa Ana, California. The period from 1905-1908 marked the beginning of Meyer’s expeditions to Asia, where he collected plants in China, Russia, and Japan, as well as other countries. During his second expedition from 1909-1912, he collected in Europe, Russia, and in China. From 1913-1915, he explored and collected plants in Russia and China. Meyer’s fourth and final expedition took place from 1916-1918. The purpose of this journey is stated in the accompanying typescript, dated July 25, 1916. In summary, Meyer was to explore the portion of China lying southeast of Shanghai and south of the Yangtze River. He was to seek and collect southern peaches, bamboos—both timber and edible—the tung or wood-oil tree, improved varieties of tallow trees, the litchi, the longan, root crops for wet lands, new varieties of rice, soy beans, raspberries, blackberries, pears, chestnuts, and ornamental shrubs and timber trees. Meyer died an untimely death in June 1918. A passenger on the Feng Yang Maru Japanese riverboat, destined for Shanghai, he fell overboard into the Yangtze River. His body was recovered, but the circumstances of his death will always remain a mystery and source of speculation. Honored the world over for his contributions as a plant explorer, Frank Meyer’s work touches us all every day. From apricots to wild pears, his introductions number over 2,500.
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Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 282
Collection Name: Meyer, Lillian (Jean), Cookbook Collection
Earliest Date: 1820
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1970-1980
Linear Feet: 24.75
Collection Description: The Lillian (Jean) Meyer Cookbook Collection consists of 450 American and international cookbooks. An index has been created for the collection.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The collection of cookbooks was assembled by Lillian Eugene Nicholson Meyer, born in 1917 in Missouri and died May 11, 1983. Lillian, who was known as "Jean," was the wife of Dr. Frederick G. Meyer, who served as a research botanist at the U.S. National Arboretum from 1958-1991. Jean was an author and botanical illustrator. In both her art and her cooking, she demonstrated her interest in herbs, and the collection is particularly strong in that regard. She passed away suddenly while she was creating the illustrations for A Pompeian Herbal by Wilhelmina Feenster Jashemski, a colleague of her husband's. While traveling, Jean and Frederick purchased cookbooks from different regions of the United States and the world. Many of the cookbooks contain Jean's recipe annotations and comments.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 61
Collection Name: Midwestern Milk Marketing Conference
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1946
Latest Date: 1949
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Midwestern Milk Marketing Conference contains correspondence, programs, constitutions, and notes from the initial meetings of the Midwestern Milk Marketing Conference from 1946-1949. Includes letters from the Assistant Director and Director of the USDA Production and Marketing Administration Dairy Branch regarding attending the meeting.
Processed:

Collection Number: 106
Collection Name: Millar, Richard I., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1896
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 7.5
Collection Description: The Richard I. Millar Papers include reprints, bulletins and pamphlets; and clippings from trade journals, newspapers, and commercial brochures. Material addresses poultry management practices and equipment.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Millar used this poultry material in his teaching and research.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 326
Collection Name: Mitlin, Norman, Papers
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 6.5
Collection Description: The Norman Mitlin Papers consist of 29 boll weevil articles (1964-1977) authored by Mitlin, 30 of Mitlin’s handwritten laboratory notebooks (1953-1975) from the Boll Weevil Research Laboratory, drafts, correspondence, and photographs. Most of the articles deal with the development of sterilization methods. There is correspondence between Mitlin and Mississippi State University, where he taught graduate school classes, and documentation related to his training.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1949 Norman Mitlin (1918-2003) began his career as a research entomologist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in Beltsville, Maryland. He specialized in the development of new synthetic insecticides and later in the toxicology and physiology of insects. He was a pioneer in developing methods of using chemicals to sexually sterilize insects. In 1961 he was transferred to the newly activated USDA Boll Weevil Research Laboratory at Mississippi State University, Starkville. He headed a unit that was responsible for developing methods of sterilizing the boll weevil. His methods were incorporated into a program that effectively eliminated the boll weevil as a major pest. While working at the Boll Weevil Laboratory, Mitlin served as an adjunct professor at Mississippi State University in the entomology department. Mitlin retired in 1978 from the USDA.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 107
Collection Name: Mohler, John R., Papers
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1943
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The John R. Mohler Papers consist of photographs, Canadian exhibits, U.S. exhibits, a manuscript entitled "The Outbreak of Foot and Mouth Diseases in California," a log book, and certificates.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John R. Mohler (1875-1952) began working at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1897 as an assistant inspector for the Bureau of Animal Industry. He was promoted to the position of Chief of the Pathological Division in 1902, and became the Chief of the Bureau in 1917, a position he held until his retirement in 1943. Mohler’s work focused on animal diseases, in particular those that affected cattle, birds, sheep, horses, and hogs. He authored or co-authored numerous bulletins, circulars, and articles on these topics. In 1933 Mohler was elected vice president of the International Veterinary Congress and in 1939 received the 12th International Veterinary Congress Prize in recognition of his distinguished achievements in veterinary service in the United States and foreign countries. This is the highest honor the veterinary profession bestows.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 290
Collection Name: Mohrhardt, Foster Edward, Papers
Earliest Date: 1934
Latest Date: 1968
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Foster Edward Mohrhardt Papers consist of Mohrhardt's published papers, speeches, studies, book reviews, and biographical articles and includes a bibliography detailing these publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Foster Edward Mohrhardt (1907-1992) was named director of the library of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1954, and during his 14 years as Director, the library was transformed into the National Agricultural Library (NAL). He played an active part in improving the system through the use of information technology, structural reorganization, and expansion of goals. Accomplishments include construction of the library’s building in Beltsville, Maryland; the initiation of computerized cataloging and indexing (1965), the antecedent to the library’s AGRICOLA database; the publication of the library’s card catalog in book form; and the development of the library’s first agricultural thesaurus. President of the American Library Association from 1967-1968, Mohrhardt also presided over several organizations in the field of research as well as founded the International Association of Agricultural Librarians and Documentalists.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 392
Collection Name: Molecular Plant Pathology Laboratory Photographs
Earliest Date: 1888
Latest Date: 1968
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: Collection includes photographs, associated notes, and a record book on various USDA activities and employees, dating between 1888 and 1968. Collection includes a series of photographs on testing of insecticide spraying apparatuses on different plant crops between 1912 and 1944. Much of the collection consists of photographs of employees from departments of Plant Industry and Plant Pathology, and other unknown individuals and departments. Also included are photographs of Arlington Farm in Arlington, Virginia before it was closed in the 1940s. The last item in the collection is a 1925 record book on seed treatment data from Rocky Ford, Colorado. More recent handwritten notes, possibly on the use of these historical documents in recent research, are inserted in the photographs and record book.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 109
Collection Name: Mosher, Martin L., Manuscripts
Earliest Date: 1965
Latest Date: 1974
Linear Feet: 2.4
Collection Description: The Martin L. Mosher Manuscripts include two multi-volume titles. The first is a seven-volume manuscript titled "Farmstead Pictures of the United States of North America at the Middle of the Twentieth Century" (1965); it contains 570 mounted illustrations textually documented, depicting the historic, geographic, and economic setting of farm people within each of the states. Mosher's two-volume manuscript, "The Cornbelt’s Last Open Pollenated Corn" (1974) is a historic study of open pollinated corn, such as was grown by Cornbelt farmers during the years immediately preceding the general introduction of hybrid corn.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Martin L. Mosher (b. 1882) spent more than 40 years working for the Agricultural Extension Service in Iowa and Illinois; the last 27 years of his career were spent as Farm Management Specialist in the Agricultural Extension Service in Illinois. During his career, Mosher received some of the highest honors given to extension workers.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 111
Collection Name: Mueller, Clyde Dewey, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1939
Latest Date: 1995
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Clyde Dewey Mueller Papers include correspondence, files of breeding techniques, computer programs, random sample test reports, brochures published by a dozen poultry breeders, and an autobiography.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Clyde Dewey Mueller was a poultry geneticist for different U.S. and foreign breeders of chicken and turkey.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 460
Collection Name: National 4-H Camp Medal
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1929
Bulk Dates: 1929
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: One bronze-toned medal measuring 1.5 inches x 2 inches. It is constructed of an unidentified metal. It has a plain (no lettering) bar at the top, connected to a disc by two rings. The front (obverse) of the disc carries the words United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Colleges in an outer ring, and the the words Cooperative Extension Service in an inner ring. In the center is the clover-shaped 4-H emblem. On the back (reverse) from top to bottom the words are: United States; Department of Agriculture; Washington, D.C.; National Boys & Girls; 4-H Club Camp;1929. There is a hinged pin with a clasp across the back of the bar.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The medal was found and purchased in June 2013 at a flea market in New Oxford, Pennsylvania by US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service scientist Dr. Gary L. Miller and his wife Melissa K. Miller. The medal at time of purchase did not have any history with it. It is most likely that it is a participant's badge from the Third National 4-H Camp held in Washington DC in 1929.
Subjects: Agricultural Organizations; USDA History

Collection Number: 113
Collection Name: National Agricultural Library (NAL) Records
Earliest Date: 1867
Latest Date: 2002
Bulk Dates: 1867-1980
Linear Feet: 81
Collection Description: The National Agricultural Library (NAL) Records include correspondence, reports, regulations, agreements, budget hearings, clippings, articles, newsletters, manuals, and photographs on library-related activities. Of particular note are the records from 1907-1940 when Claribel R. Barnett was not only head librarian for the departmental library but also was quite active in the library-related organizations. The archival material includes papers relating to directors of the library such as Ralph Robert Shaw, 1940-1954, Foster E. Mohrhardt, 1954-1968, and John Sherrod, 1968-1973.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1862 President Abraham Lincoln signed an act that established the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). One year later, through a donation of a collection of over 1,000 volumes of agriculture-related materials from the Agricultural Division of the U.S. Patent Office, the library mandated by the act establishing the USDA came to life. The purpose of the library was to gather agricultural information from a wide array of sources and provide it to the people of the United States. In the century that followed, the library was located in various locations in the USDA's buildings in Washington, D.C. Also during this time, the library had a formidable succession of librarians who were leaders in furthering the professionalism of librarianship. In 1962 Secretary of Agriculture Orville J. Freeman designated the USDA's library the National Agricultural Library (NAL). This move put the library on par with other national libraries, and also affirmed its distinction as one of the world’s foremost institutes of agricultural information. In 1960 plans were drawn up to create a new dedicated facility for the library. In 1969 the USDA's information institution was successfully moved from the USDA South Building to what is now the Abraham Lincoln Building, USDA, in Beltsville, Maryland. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s NAL brought forth many agriculture-related information resources and centers. Most notable of these resources are the Dictionary Catalog of the National Agricultural Library, 1862-1965; the National Agricultural Library Catalog, 1966-1970; CAIN (CAtaloging and INdexing) and CAIN-ON-LINE (later renamed AGRICOLA); and the Food and Nutrition Information Center.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 115
Collection Name: National Association of County Agricultural Agents (NACAA) Records
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 1992
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The National Association of County Agricultural Agents (NACAA) Records consist of the constitution and by-laws of the NACAA, patents and registration of trade names paperwork, distinguished service awards lists, articles of incorporation, photographs, copies of the book History of the National Association of County Agricultural Agents, 1915-60, and NACAA Educational Foundation applications and records.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The first annual meeting of the National Association of County Agricultural Agents (NACAA) took place in Chicago, Illinois, in 1916, during the International Livestock Exposition. The main purposes of the organization were set forth to include providing a means for the exchange of constructive ideas in county agent work and to establish high standards in the states regarding the qualifications and ability of women to be employed for Extension work.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 315
Collection Name: National Association of Extension Home Economists Collection
Earliest Date: 1943
Latest Date: 1984
Linear Feet: 3.25
Collection Description: The National Association of Extension Home Economists Collection consists of 3 sets of bound volumes, totaling 13 in all. Volumes 1-9 (1943-1984) are titled Minutes of Meetings. Volumes 1-2 (1943-1984) are titled Reporter and subtitled News from National, the Letter, the News Letter, the HDA Reporter, and the EHE Reporter. Volumes 1-2 (1946-1984) are titled Annual Meeting Programs.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 255
Collection Name: National Commission on Small Farms (NCSF) Records
Earliest Date: 1997
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1997-1998
Linear Feet: 16.25
Collection Description: The National Commission on Small Farms (NCSF) Records relate to the work of the National Commission on Small Farms. Records include administrative files; transcripts (paper, tape, and disk) of public hearings; letters from small farmers; executive correspondence; memoranda; drafts and final copy of “Report of the USDA National Commission on Small Farms: A Time to Act”; letterhead and design for final report; email requests for copies of the NCSF report; computer disks of small farm documents; committee reports within the NCSF; and miscellaneous resource documents.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Commission on Small Farms (NCSF) was established by Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman in 1997. The committee was charged to study the problems of small and limited-resource farmers and to make recommendations to help those farmers.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 268
Collection Name: National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) Collection
Earliest Date: 1941
Latest Date: 1986
Bulk Dates: 1967-1986
Linear Feet: 16.25
Collection Description: The National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) Collection consists of miscellaneous articles and brochures on farm safety. There are also materials from NIFS meetings.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1945, the National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) was created by a member of the National Safety Council who invited state farm safety specialists to yearly meetings to discuss ways to improve farm safety. Prior to 1937 little was published on the subject.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 116
Collection Name: National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1906
Latest Date: 1992
Linear Feet: 22.5
Collection Description: The National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) Records contain documents, reports, and summaries of early efforts to improve the economic aspects of poultry production through breeding and disease control. Materials include newsletters, publications, and reports relating to the poultry industry and the early history of NPIP. Also included are tape recordings of NPIP conferences, and registered trademarks of NPIP emblems and poultry breeding farms.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) provides a cooperative industry-state-federal program for controlling certain poultry diseases.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 112
Collection Name: National School Lunch Week Collection
Earliest Date: 1956
Latest Date: 1966
Bulk Dates: 1956-1966
Linear Feet: 6
Collection Description: The National School Lunch Week Collection consists of four scrapbooks commemorating National School Lunch Week in 1956 (10th Anniversary Year), 1964, 1965, and 1966 (20th Anniversary Year). The format of materials in the scrapbooks include correspondence, clippings, report excerpts, press releases, photographs, articles, newsletters, artwork, audio scripts, and ephemera. USDA Consumer and Marketing Service and American School Food Service Association (ASFSA) information is represented as well.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: National School Lunch Week was established in 1962. The concept of this week, which begins on the second Sunday in October, is to celebrate and promote the National School Lunch program. According to the American School Food Service Association (ASFSA), this week "is designed to help raise awareness of and garner support for the role that nutrition programs play in the lives of America’s children." Each year, the President of the United States issues a proclamation that calls on the people to observe National School Lunch Week. The program itself began in 1946, the result of a call for the standardization of the appropriations given by Congress to states to administer school local school lunch programs. Prior to 1946 such programs were run on a year-to-year basis, and expansion was quite slow. The congressional legislation provided schools with standards of nutrition for school lunches, as well as federal financial aid to purchase proper food and equipment.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 117
Collection Name: National Turkey Federation (NTF) Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1983
Linear Feet: 94.5
Collection Description: The National Turkey Federation (NTF) Records document the hiring of the Evans Advertising Agency, Salt Lake City, Utah, through 1982 to promote the consumption of turkey products. Records describe the history and objectives of NTF and contain photographs of the early officers; statistics, correspondence, promotional budgets; marketing research projects; recipes; photographs, slides, and audio, filmstrips, videotapes, plus hundreds of color photographs and transparencies, and recipes.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Turkey Federation (NTF) is an industry organization whose main objectives are to promote the consumption of turkey meat and to encourage turkey growers to gear their production to the market demands plus projected growth. The Evans Advertising Agency, Salt Lake City, Utah, was employed by the NTF through 1982 to promote the consumption of turkey products.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 234
Collection Name: New Guinea Impatiens Collection
Earliest Date: 1971
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 4.25
Collection Description: The New Guinea Impatiens Collection, gathered and maintained by Robert J. Armstrong, contains a pedigree book from Longwood Gardens Breeding program; slides showing the original New Guinea impatiens collection and the progeny developed from them at Longwood; and letters, memoranda, reports, brochures, and press releases concerning the breeding program.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service and Longwood Foundation of Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, jointly sponsored an expedition to the subtropical highlands of Australian New Guinea from January to April 1970. Horticulturists Harold F. Winters and J. J. Higgins collected impatiens, which were released by USDA Plant Genetics and Germplasm Research Institute in February 1972 to nurserymen, plant breeders, and other scientists. Geneticist Robert J. Armstrong bred new varieties with ornamental leaves at Longwood Gardens.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 118
Collection Name: New York State Poultry Industry Coordinated Effort (SPICE) Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1954
Latest Date: 1968
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The New York State Poultry Industry Coordinated Effort (SPICE) Records consist of SPICE’s bylaws, articles of incorporation, subsequent amendments, and special studies. Records of organizations that became part of the federation are also included, as well as minutes, membership lists, officers, and financial records.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The New York State Poultry Industry Coordinated Effort (SPICE) was incorporated in 1962 and formed as a federation of organizations representing the poultry industry in New York to improve their economic position.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 380
Collection Name: Norcross, Marvin A., Papers
Earliest Date: 1966
Latest Date: 2007
Bulk Dates: 1966-1996
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Marvin A. Norcross Papers relate to food safety and food residues, including integrating the concept of risk assessment into food production and processing. There are manuscripts for talks (including slides), publication, and awards. There is also all research data associated with his Ph.D. these titled "An Immunological Study of the Localization of Certain Chemical Carcinogens in Rat Tissue" and includes black and white photographs of dissections, camera slides, and microscope slides.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Born in Tansboro, New Jersey, Marvin A. Norcross (1931-2007) attended Rutgers University and was the recipient of a Veterinary Medical degree (1959) and Ph.D. degree in Pathology (1966) from the University of Pennsylvania. He joined Merck, Sharpe and Dome, initially as a veterinary pathologist and later he was responsible for all developmental studies leading to new animal health products and related claims in the United States. Norcross moved to Rockville in 1975 and became director of the Division of Veterinary Medical Research with the Center for Veterinary Medicine, Food and Drug Administration (1975-1978). After several positions at the Food and Drug Administration, Norcross moved to the Science and Technology Program, Food Safety and Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture (1982-1994). There, in various positions, he was responsible for the overall planning, coordination, direction, and evaluation of the field laboratories and scientific development programs, and provided advice and recommendations regarding the development of overall missions, goals, and policies regarding scientific and technical initiatives in the FSIS. From 1994-1996, Norcross served as the first full-time United States Coordinator for Codex Alimentarius, an inter-governmental body jointly established in 1963 by the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization, to coordinate international food safety and quality standards. He retired in 1996.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 119
Collection Name: North, Charles E., Papers
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1961
Linear Feet: 123.5
Collection Description: The Charles E. North Papers contain correspondence, articles, and reports on a variety of subjects related to the development of the dairy industry during the first half of the 20th century; records concerning his efforts toward gaining passage of milk legislation; patents on processes and devices related to the milk industry; and photographs and movies which reflect his efforts and determination toward upgrading the sanitary standards for processing milk.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles E. North (1869-1961), a physician, public health officer, inventor, and agricultural scientist, was a pioneer in the dairy industry and a leader in gaining public acceptance of milk pasteurization laws, developer of processes and devices, and author of many articles and reports related to the development of the dairy industry.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 189
Collection Name: Norwood, Lewis F., Collection on the Joint Committee to Study the Cooperative Extension Service
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1967
Bulk Dates: 1966-67
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Lewis F.Norwood Collection on the Joint Committee to Study the Cooperative Extension Service includes publications related to the Extension Service and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), meeting minutes, memoranda, draft documents, reports, letters, and guidelines for interviews with land-grant universities.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Lewis F. Norwood, Jr., served as Chairman of the Subcommittee on Purpose and Objectives, Task Force to Study the Cooperative Extension Service. The Cooperative Extension Service (CES) consisted of a partnership between state land-grant colleges/universities and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in cooperation with local governments and people in order to aid and diffuse among the people of the United States useful and practical information as provided for by legislation. Its main function was to educate the people on farming and homemaking. A Joint Committee to Study the Cooperative Extension Service was formed to anaylze and evaluate contributions of the CES, to review basic administrative and operational relationships between the USDA and respective land-grant universities, to examine the functions exercised by the CES in relationship to other entension and and extension-related programs of various executive departments of the federal government, and to project the future scope of the CES in order that it may make the maximum contribution to local, state, and national goals and needs of the people it served.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 366
Collection Name: Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Card Files
Earliest Date: 1700
Latest Date: 1950
Linear Feet: 71
Collection Description: The Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Card Files consist of seven card files related to the Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection housed in Special Collections. This inactive card file contains plant information, nursery locations, and catalog holdlings.
Processed:
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 121
Collection Name: Nursery Associations Records Collection
Earliest Date: 1896
Latest Date: 1941
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Nursery Associations Records Collection consists of the Letterpress Book (1886-1896) of the Western Association of Wholesale Nurserymen; Account Book (1926-1933) of the American Association of Propagating Nurserymen; Record Book (1937-1938) of the Pacific Coast Nursery Association; Treasury Records (1936-1938) of the Council of Eastern Nurserymen; and American Horticultural Council.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 318
Collection Name: Nutrition Publications from Sandy Facinoli
Earliest Date: 1922
Latest Date: 1989
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: Publications related to nutrition survey results and the history of nutrition as well as various bulletins, reports, and reprints relating to nutrition. There is biographical information on Louise Stanley, Hazel Stiebeling, and Wilbur O. Atwater.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 432
Collection Name: Office of the Secretary of Agriculture Memoranda
Earliest Date: 1897
Latest Date: 1979
Bulk Dates: 1913-1979
Linear Feet: 11.25
Collection Description: The materials consist of USDA Secretary of Agriculture Memoranda and Circulars (1918-1979), General Orders (1897-1913), Plant and Operations Memoranda (1936-37), Secretary Special Orders (1927-34, 1939), Technical Advisory Board Circulars (1938-1940), USDA Defense and Agriculture Series (1940-41), and USDA Defense Exercise Memoranda (1960-1970s).
Subjects: USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 323
Collection Name: Olmsted, Arthur J., Collection of USDA Photographs
Earliest Date: 1880
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Arthur J. Olmsted Collection consists of black and white photographs of the first U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administration building; other USDA buildings in Washington, D.C., that no longer exist; greenhouses on the National Mall; storm damage to buildings; a motion picture lab; Division of Illustration offices; a group photograph of "Agriculture Lab" photographers; C.A. Holder, foreign trade advisor; a corn club visitng Washington, D.C.; and USDA Assistant Secretary Carl S. Vrooman. Photographs are undated but appear to range in date from the 1880s-1930s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: From the caption on one of the photographs, it appears likely that Olmsted was at a one time the chief photographer for the "Agriculture Lab."
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 123
Collection Name: Olsen, Nils Andreas, Collection
Earliest Date: 1855
Latest Date: 1936
Linear Feet: 25
Collection Description: The Nils Andreas Olsen Collection consists of journals, ledgers, and other account books of the Evans Hardware Company, Princeton, Minnesota, covering functions prior to 1920; records of Alfred Erickson, Washington County, Minnesota; minutes, payroll book, cash books, and other records of the Golden Valley Creamery Association and its member groups, a cooperative functioning from 1908 to 1910; some 19th century military post records; and other miscellaneous material.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Nils Andreas Olsen (1886-1940) was born in Herscher, Illinois. He graduated from Luther College, Iowa, in 1907; was a graduate student in history and economics at Johns Hopkins University in 1907-1908; received a master's degree in history and economics at the University of Wisconsin in 1909; was an instructor in history and economics at Muhlenberg College, Pennsylvania, 1909-1910; an instructor and graduate student in history and economics at Harvard University, 1910-1912; and a farm manager from 1912-1919. Olsen joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1919 as an assistant agricultural economist; he was promoted through the various economic branches and in May 1925, became Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. As Assistant Chief he was responsible for the development and coordination of the research work in the bureau and also continued to have charge of the Division of Agricultural Finance, directing the research and investigational work of that unit. On July 16, 1928, Olsen became Chief of the bureau. He retired in 1935.
Processed:

Collection Number: 305
Collection Name: Oral Histories: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 2000
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 19
Collection Description: The Screwworm Eradication Program Records: Oral Histories contains oral history video- and audiotapes and printed transcripts of persons involved in the U.S. Screwworm Eradication Program. Included are: former U.S. Rep. Kika de la Garza (D-Texas); longtime Mexican-American employees Manuel Ortega and Santana Munoz; technician Jimmy Bruce; Edward Knipling, a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) entomologist and leading theoretician for the program; USDA entomologist Lloyd Wendel; Owen Hugh (O.H.) Graham; USDA scientist James Whitten; Edward "Tony" Hauschild, a pilot and former supervisor for screwworm dispersal flights; John Welch, former entomologist and current director of the Mexican - American Commission for the Eradication of Screwworm; and USDA entomologist Alfred Baumhover, a lead contributor to the program in the 1950s and 1960s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The interviews were conducted in the early 2000s by Paul (Tommy) Stanford, Larry Quinn, and the original project manager Lynn Stewart, who also organized the materials and produced the video.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 213
Collection Name: Owen Hugh Graham Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1879
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1960-1990
Linear Feet: 14
Collection Description: The Owen Hugh Graham: Screwworm Eradication Program Records relate to eradication efforts in Florida, the U.S. Southwest, Mexico, Central America and North Africa. Materials include correspondence, reports, publications, maps, charts, photographs, public information materials, and manuscripts. Most items are in English, with some in Spanish and a few articles in French.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Owen Hugh Graham (1917-present) Papers document aspects of the effort to eliminate the New World screwworm from the North American continent. A flesh-eating pest of warm-blooded animals, the screwworm was brought under control using the Sterile Insect Technique, which emphasizes biological control methods. The technique uses large numbers of reared sterile flies to overwhelm and eliminate the wild fertile population through interbreeding. As a research entomologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Graham was involved in screwworm research over a period of years and was Director of the USDA Agricultural Research Service's Screwworm Research Laboratory at Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico, from 1981-1984.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 19
Collection Name: P.J. Berckmans Company's Nurseries Records
Earliest Date: 1899
Latest Date: 1923
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: P.J. Berckmans Company's Fruitland Nurseries Records contain an inventory of the nursery stock list dated 1918, purchase and shipping orders, a private letter, covers of catalogs, and a number of photographs of the nursery stock.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The P.J. Berckmans Company's Fruitland Nurseries of Augusta, Georgia, were started in 1858 by P.J. Berckmans.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 124
Collection Name: Passmore, Deborah Griscom, Watercolor Collection
Earliest Date: 1911
Latest Date: 1911
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Deborah Griscom Passmore Watercolor Collection consist of an original manuscript "Flowers in Water Color: Wildflowers of America" by Deborah G. Passmore. There are 61 original, signed Passmore watercolors in this collection, as well as several signed sketches, unsigned works, and two watercolors signed by another artist, Dora Paxon. In the front of the manuscript, there is an anonymous, typescript biography of Passmore which is immediately followed by a brief, handwritten note detailing Passmore's death, and the signature of Carrie Harrison. (Her relationship to Passmore is unknown, but she may have been a botanist in the Bureau of Plant Industry, U.S. Department of Agriculture.) There are several newspaper obituaries pasted onto the end of the typescript, below Carrie Harrison's signature.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Born in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on July 17, 1840, Deborah Griscom Passmore was educated in a Friends school and studied art under several famous artists including Thomas Moran. She also attended the School of Design and the Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia before coming to Washington, D.C., where, in 1892, she took an appointment with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Division of Pomology. She painted for many exhibits and flowers and fruits in watercolor became her specialty.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 125
Collection Name: Payne, Loyal F., Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1890
Latest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Loyal F. Payne Collection materials relate to the history and development of the poultry industry in the United States from the early 1800s through the 1950s. Catalogs, brochures, and production records of three early poultry-breeding companies describe increased egg production of chickens between 1942 and 1966. Papers include a copy of a manuscript by George F. Carter, “Pre-Columbian Chickens in America” (1968), and a list of early poultrymen in the United States between 1890 and 1925.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Loyal F. Payne (1889-1970) was professor and head of the poultry departments at the University of Massachusetts (1914-1921) and Kansas State University (1921-1954). He performed original research on chicken embryo mortality during incubation and was a founding member of the American Poultry Historical Society. In 1968, Payne was inducted into the American Poultry Historical Society's Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 126
Collection Name: Peale, Titian Ramsay, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1796
Latest Date: 1796
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Titian Ramsay Peale Manuscript is Peale's original manuscript "Drawings of American Insects; Showing Them in Their Several States, Together with Such Minute Insects as Require Investigation by the Microscope," which includes colored plates and drawings.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Son of painter Charles Wilson Peale, Titian Ramsay Peale (1799-1885) was an artist and naturalist.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 127
Collection Name: Pennington, Mary E., Papers
Earliest Date: 1895
Latest Date: 1952
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Mary E. Pennington Papers include articles, government bulletins, and speeches to technical and commercial organizations on the handling, refrigeration, and distribution of perishables.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Mary E. Pennington (1872-1952) was one of the nation’s most outstanding food and refrigeration scientists. A specialist in bacteriology and food science, she established the Philadelphia Clinical Laboratory in 1898, serving some 400 subscribing doctors. In 1905 she was named bacteriological chemist and chief of the Food Research Laboratory of the Department of Agriculture. During World War I, she took an active part in the War Food Administration under Herbert Hoover. In 1919 she left USDA to head the research department of the American Balsa Company. From 1923-1931 she was director of the Household Refrigeration Bureau of the National Association of Ice Industries.
Processed:

Collection Number: 218
Collection Name: People on the Farm Program Records
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1976-83
Linear Feet: 7.5
Collection Description: The People on the Farm Program Records include correspondence, notes, drafts, manuscripts, photographs, and contacts sheets for the "People on the Farm" leaflet series produced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture from 1977-1982. The collection includes a complete set of the publications, titled: "People on the Farm: Dairying"; "People on the Farm: Growing Wheat"; "People on the Farm: Growing Vegetables"; "People on the Farm: Black Families"; "People on the Farm: Growing Oranges"; "People on the Farm: Broiler Growers"; "People on the Farm: Corn and Hog Farming"; "People on the Farm: Raising Beef Cattle"; "Visiting People on a Dairy Farm"; and "A Teacher's Guide to People on the Farm."
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 128
Collection Name: Pierce, Howard Castner, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1903
Latest Date: 1963
Linear Feet: 5
Collection Description: The Howard Castner Pierce Papers consist of black and white photographs and negatives concerning the poultry industry during the early part of the twentieth century in the United States, and publications of the Food Research Laboratory, Bureau of Chemistry. Also included are correspondence, drawings, and plans of poultry devices submitted to the U.S. Patent Office; material on the first National Chicken of Tomorrow contest in 1946; publications of the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, and lesson plans for a poultry course taught by Pierce at Iowa State College. The photographs document poultry processing, grading, and egg candling experiments conducted by the Bureau of Chemistry, U.S. Department of Agriculture (1912-19); packing plants in Topeka, Kansas and Atlantic, Iowa (1910); poultry houses in Petaluma and Loomis, California (undated); a tour of Europe in 1924 coinciding with the World's Poultry Congress held in Barcelona, Spain; the Seventh World's Poultry Congress held in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1939; a caricature of Pierce farming, made in 1944; and a testimonial dinner for Pierce in 1963.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Howard Castner Pierce (1882-1967) served as head of the Poultry Department at Iowa State College; investigator, Food Research Laboratory, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA); marketing specialist for the Bureau of Economics, USDA; and poultry buyer and director of research for the Great Atlantic & Pacific (A&P) Food Stores.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 275
Collection Name: Pinchot, Gifford, Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1898
Latest Date: 1910
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The Gifford Pinchot Photograph Collection approximately 30 glass negatives of Gifford Pinchot. The activities depicted include Pinchot operating a movie projector, fishing, working at his desk, and participating in a ceremony for the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Negatives are numbered. Glass negatives are undated, but may be from 1923-1935.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946) was the fourth Chief of the U.S. Forest Service. Born in Simsbury, Connecticut, he was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy and Yale University. After his graduation from Yale in 1889, he went to Europe to study forestry, since it was not offered as a course of study at any university in the United States at the time. Pinchot worked in several countries during his time in Europe, but his most notable stop was at L'Ecole Nationale Foretière in Nancy, France. He returned to the United States in 1892. Upon his return, Pinchot did forestry work at Biltmore, the George W. Vanderbilt estate, in North Carolina. Pinchot’s career in forestry was highly decorated. In the early 1900s, he helped found the School of Forestry at Yale, where he was a professor from 1903-1936. Furthermore, he was also the Chief of the U.S. Forest Service from 1898-1910, serving under three Presidents. Pinchot and President Theodore Roosevelt, both staunch conservationists, put forth policies that helped protect the nation’s natural resources. In addition to his duties with the Forest Service, Pinchot was an author. His most distinguished works were his Primer for Forestry (1899), The Fight for Conservation (1909), and Breaking New Ground (1947). Pinchot also had a career in politics. He served two separate terms as Governor of Pennsylvania (1923-1927, 1931-1935), the home of his father James's family, and the location of the family's country estate, "Grey Towers."
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 236
Collection Name: Plitt, Charles C., Collection
Earliest Date: 1897
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 10.25
Collection Description: The Charles C. Plitt Collection consists of a series of journals resulting from weekly botany field trips, which Plitt referred to as “tramps,” ranging in date from about 1898-1922. Plitt led these tramps through many areas around Baltimore; such as Loch Raven, Glen Burnie, Towson, Curtis Bay, and Ellicott City. The collection also includes biographical data, correspondence, photographs, and a book.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: A lifelong Marylander, Charles C. Plitt (1869-1933) was both a professor of botany and an international authority on lichens. In 1891, he received a degree in pharmacy from the old Maryland College of Pharmacy. In 1920, he was appointed full professor of botany and pharmacognosy at the School of Pharmacy of the University of Maryland. In 1921, Plitt was awarded an honorary doctor of science degree for his meritorious work in botany by the International Academy of Sciences.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 279
Collection Name: Poisonous Plants Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1907
Latest Date: 1925
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Poisonous Plants Photograph Collection contains black and white lantern slides of different species of livestock suffering from plant poisons. Most slides feature livestock that have been poisoned and/or include scientific name of poisonous plant species, animal type, animal number, and date and time of photograph. These captions allow the viewer to follow the course of a particular animal's reaction to a plant toxin. A few slide images show landscapes. A few images show livestock, but do not specify a plant poisoning. Some images include charts, tables and figures related to poisonous plant research.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 130
Collection Name: Poppleton, Daniel, Account Book
Earliest Date: 1818
Latest Date: 1939
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Daniel Poppleton Account Book (typewritten copy, 1939) is titled "A Pioneer Farmer of Licking County, Ohio . . . 1818-1852." Most of the entries in the account book are debit items. Little money was in circulation at that time, and marketing of farm products was accomplished through barter. There is an introduction to the account book written by W.W. Stockberger, which provides biographical information about Poppleton and an explanation of the account book.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Daniel Poppleton (1784-1852) was born at Pownal, Bennington County, Vermont. In 1812 he and his wife became the first settlers in Hartford Township, Licking County, Ohio. Poppleton served as the first Justice of the Peace in Hartford Township.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 131
Collection Name: Poultry and Egg National Board Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1939
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 11.5
Collection Description: The Poultry and Egg National Board Records include board-meeting minutes, financial statements, annual reports, egg promotional material, new product research, cholesterol and fat studies, diet and nutritional cookbooks, reports of the American Home Economics Association conferences, and reports of the 1969 White House Conference on Nutrition.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: This poultry and egg trade association, established in 1940, provided information on human nutrition to consumers for more than 30 years.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 304
Collection Name: Poultry Industry Hall of Fame Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1991
Latest Date: 2002
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Poultry Industry Hall of Fame Records contain nomination forms of American Poultry Historical Society members who became inductees in the Hall of Fame, artwork for Hall of Fame plaques, and correspondence regarding the preparation of plaques. See also the Skinner, John Louis, Collection.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Poultry Hall of Fame was created in 1953 at the annual meeting of the American Poultry Historical Society (APHS). Selections for t he Hall of Fame were to be made on a triennial basis, with the formal inductions taking place at the beginning of the following fiscal year. The APHS recognized the most outstanding people involved in the poultry industry and in poultry research from North America. The Hall of Fame was located in Jull Hall, University of Maryland from 1954-1970. Each inductee was represented with an oil-painted or photographic portrait. The Hall of Fame was moved to the National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Maryland in 1970. Because of space limitations, the representations of the inductees were changed to etched, metal plaques featuring drawings of the inductees. These plaques were smaller in size than the portraits previously used.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 135
Collection Name: Poultry Processing Collection
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1970
Bulk Dates: 1940s to 1970s
Linear Feet: 5.75
Collection Description: The Poultry Processing Collection consists primarily of black and white images and negatives of numerous dimensions, mounted and unmounted, representing the various stages in the handling and processing of poultry and eggs. There are some color images and written material associated with poultry technology.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 132
Collection Name: Poultry Publications Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1899
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 40.25
Collection Description: The Poultry Publications Collection consists of U.S. and foreign poultry husbandry publications in the form of bulletins, circulars, pamphlets or booklets published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, state experiment stations, extension service, trade magazines, commercial companies and foreign universities or governments.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 134
Collection Name: Poultry Science Department, University of Wisconsin, Cackelator: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Poultry Science Department, University of Wisconsin, Cackelator is an electronic box. The cackelator was used by Ag-Way Coop representatives as an early on-the-farm "computor" to formulate feed mixtures based on flock production factors such as body weight and egg weight. This briefcase size device was carried to the farm and used by the feed representative and flock-owner to make nutritional determinations to provide the highest net income for the poultryman.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia

Collection Number: 296
Collection Name: Poultry Scrapbooks
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1928
Latest Date: 1945
Bulk Dates: 1940-1945
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The Poultry Scrapbooks consist of four scrapbooks about people in the poultry industry, which contain primarily newspaper clippings but also include newsletters, letters, wedding and birth announcements, photographs, and obituaries. In some instances, entire sections of newspapers are simply folded into the scrapbooks.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The collection appears to have been the property of Thomas Burr Charles, who was the head of the Department of Poultry Husbandry at the University of New Hampshire, Durham, until at least 1945.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 136
Collection Name: Poultry Times Newspaper and Poultryman Newspaper Photograph Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1963
Latest Date: 1986
Linear Feet: 37.5
Collection Description: The Poultry Times Newspaper and Poultryman Newspaper Photograph Collection contains black and white negatives taken by the staff of Poultry Times, a weekly newspaper from Gainesville, Georgia, (1956-1985) and the Poultryman, a weekly newspaper from Vineland, New Jersey (1956-1969). Included are negatives of state poultry associations’ personnel and functions, universities’ personnel, U.S. Department of Agriculture and other organizations’ personnel and events, and poultry-related commercial firms’ personnel and products. The Poultry Times portrait file contains negatives and black and white photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Poultry Times is published by Poultry and Egg News and includes news articles on research; technical development; and current trends in production, marketing, and pricing. There are reports of activities of industry organizations with an emphasis placed on regional news.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 137
Collection Name: Prestele, Wilhelm Heinrich (William Henry), Papers
Earliest Date: 1889
Latest Date: 1890
Bulk Dates: 1889-1890s
Linear Feet: 12
Collection Description: The Wilhelm Heinrich (William Henry) Prestele Papers consist of grape variety watercolors, sketches, tracings, notes, papers, plant specimens, and an album cover.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1887, Wilhelm Heinrich Prestele (1838-1895) was appointed the first artist of the Pomology Division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Prestele was assigned to create illustrations for a book on native American grapes written by Thomas Volney Munson. Munson was asked to prepare this exhaustive monograph on grapes by the Secretary of Agriculture. As Munson wrote in his 1909 publication titled Foundations of American Grape Culture, "The manuscript for this monograph, and accurate life-size colored plates of all our native grape species, were prepared and delivered but from lack of sufficient appropriation by Congress the work remains unpublished."
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 138
Collection Name: Prince Family Manuscript Collection
Earliest Date: 1779
Latest Date: 1914
Bulk Dates: 1790-1861
Linear Feet: 8
Collection Description: The Prince Family Manuscript Collection contains correspondence, account books, notebooks, and journals that provide an insight into the difficulties of maintaining a large nursery in the early years of the new American nation. Much of the material concerns business dealings between members of the Prince family and those transacting business with them. The remaining portion of the material deals with observations on and experiments with plants.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: This material is concerned with the most productive and innovative years of the Prince nurseries, which were based in Flushing, Long Island, New York. During these years, the nursery was owned and operated by William Prince, Jr., and William Prince, his son. Their Linnaean Gardens developed into experimental grounds for cultivating native American species and for testing European and Asian species.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 303
Collection Name: Progress Report: Food for Victory Crusade Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1943
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Progress Report: Food for Victory Crusade Manuscript summarizes the results of the World War II-era program after three months. It includes sample forms and advertising media such as a magazine article, a newspaper advertisement, poster, a moving picture still photograph, a circular, and a Purina newsletter.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Purina Mills, St. Louis, Missouri, initiated a program called "Food for Victory Crusade" in 1943 to help farmers make simple improvements in their management, sanitation, and feeding practices, in order to increase the production of food during World War II. The Purina field force made personal calls on farmers to compare their practices with approved practices validated by U.S. Department of Agriculture and 44 of the state agricultural colleges. After the evaluation, the farmer was to correct any faults in his system.
Processed:
Formats: Posters
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 214
Collection Name: Promotional Materials: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 2003
Linear Feet: 12
Collection Description: Promotional Materials: Screwworm Eradication Program Records include items relating to screwworm eradication programs in the U.S. Southwest, Mexico, Central America, and North Africa. There are public information and promotional materials such as baseball caps, mugs, calendars, key rings and bumper stickers, publications and brochures, photographs, fly case collection reports, 16-millimeter films, and fly distribution artifacts.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: These promotional materials collected by Paul T. "Tommy" Stanford (b. 1955), document agricultural programs to eliminate the New World screwworm from the North American continent. Stanford has been involved in aspects of screwworm eradication programs since the 1980s and is Facilities and Administrative Manager for the Kika de la Garza Subtropical Agricultural Research Center in Weslaco, Texas. He also provides administrative support to the Agricultural Research Service Screwworm Research teams located in Mexico and Panama.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 451
Collection Name: Publication Board Documents Collection
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1945
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The collection consists of 119 documents or photocopies of documents released by the Publication Board. Most documents are technical reports captured from the Axis countries during World War II, or reports on Allied defense-related topics. These documents were classified during the War, and released from classification by the Board after the War. Specific topics are varied but generally about: chemical or industrial processes of strategic importance in Germany or the U.S., some agriculture-related. Documents are in English or in German.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Publication Board was established by the president in 1945 under the United States Department of Commerce on the advice of Ralph Shaw, librarian of the USDA library. The purpose of the Board was to declassify and make available technical information obtained through war research performed by the Allies or performed in and captured from the Axis countries. (Source: The Birth of Information Science (digitized edition of "From Documentation to Information Science" by Irene S. Farkas-Conn))
Subjects: Physical Sciences; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 140
Collection Name: Pugsley, Charles William, Manuscript
Bulk Dates: 193-?
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Charles William Pugsley Manuscript was compiled circa 1930s by Pugsley and is titled, "The Land Grant College in South Dakota: Its Field of Work. A Court Record with Supporting Notes." Part 1 of the manuscript contains copies of documents which were presented to and considered by the court. Part 2 has materials used by the attorneys for the defense.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles William Pugsley (d.1940) was president of South Dakota State College. The Regents of Education of South Dakota reported to the 1933 Legislature of the State Senate about duplication in work of the institutions of higher learning in the state. The Legislature discontinued certain courses. Alumni and friends of the university brought suit before the Supreme Court of South Dakota questioning the legal right of the Regents to discontinue courses. The Regents won. Pugsley was U.S. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture from 1921-1923.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 430
Collection Name: Quelea Research Collection
Earliest Date: 1960
Latest Date: 1999
Bulk Dates: 1960s-1990s
Linear Feet: 6.25
Collection Description: The Quelea Research Collection consists of reports and notes from Richard L. Bruggers, director of the National Wildlife Research Center. The documents gathered are primarily published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations; however, many are produced by government and non-government entities. The documents in the numbered boxes 1-9 are in English, and the translation project are in French and Spanish, and include research reorts, technical reports, conference minutes, and other types of informational reports, many with maps. Many documents are accompanied by brief notes from Dr. Bruggers. The notes were not digitized
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Quelea is the common name for an East African weaverbird, Quelea quelea. Less than 5 inhes (13 cm) long and wieghing slightly more than 1/2 ounce (1.3 grams), the tiny birds are found throughout sub-Saharan Africa in areas receing less than 30 inches (76 cm) of annual rainfall. With the spread of grain farming and irrigation, they have extended their natural habitats, generally picking new breeding grounds every year. Highly mobile, they often descend in a locust like manner upon fields and in flight may indeed be mistaken for locusts. Queleas are often found in concentrations of more than a million birds; such a flock can destroy up to 60 tons of grain in a single day, consuming half and knocking the rest to the ground.
Subjects: Animal Science
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 312
Collection Name: Radio Home Features Typescripts
Earliest Date: 1964
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 5.75
Collection Description: The Radio Home Features Typescripts were produced by USDA Office of Information, Radio and Television Service, Washington, D.C. Dates of typescripts are 1964-1967, 1969, and 1970-1988.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture Office of Communications produces a series of radio news feature reports through its Broadcast Media and Technology Center. These news features cover a wide variety of topics in agriculture and home economics, and are intended for the general public as a listening audience. Such topics include food safety, environmental issues, weather, crop projections and reports, and health issues. Each week, the Office of Communications sends out audio recordings of these stories to media outlets all around the United States, who then broadcast the material.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 141
Collection Name: Reall, Joseph H., Correspondence
Earliest Date: 1879
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Joseph H. Reall Correspondence contains nine typewritten copies of letters, the majority written to Henry E. Alvord during November and December 1879, regarding plans for the organization of the American Agricultural Association (apparently first considered under the name National Agricultural Society), the proposed and the elected officers, and the organizational meeting held December 10-12, 1879. Reall became the chairman of the Executive Committee and Henry E. Alvord was made one of the directors. The letters show that governors appointed delegates to the meeting and that 200 acceptances had been received by December 1. There is also a press release regarding the organization of this society. The typewritten copies were made possible through the courtesy of Caroline B. Sherman, Henry E. Alvord's niece.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 321
Collection Name: Report on Trials of Plows
Earliest Date: 1867
Latest Date: 1867
Bulk Dates: 1867
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: "Report on Trials of Plows" by Anonymous, Manuscript. Transactions of the New York State Agricultural Society. 1867. Part I. Volume XXVII. Illustrated. The book is composed of illustrations which appear to be original art with hand lettering on captions. It appears to have been self-published. The illustrations were inserted in handmade pages which were hole-punched. A cord was inserted through the pages and the front and back covers of the book, which have artistic designs on them. The book measures 9"x6"x4".
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 272
Collection Name: Reynnells, Richard D., Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1957
Latest Date: 1999
Linear Feet: 32.75
Collection Description: The Richard D. Reynnells Collection contains correspondence, meeting notes, photographs, unpublished papers, breeder management guides, conference proceedings, and articles pertaining to the mission of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service at the state, regional and national levels during the 1980s and 1990s. Much of the material is related to poultry workshops and symposia, including documents regarding planning, locations, publicity, programs, speakers, proceedings, and recommendations made by the participants.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Richard D. Reynnells is the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Program Leader for Poultry Science and a member of the Board of Directors for the American Poultry Historical Society.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 142
Collection Name: Richardson, John Peter, Correspondence
Earliest Date: 1840
Latest Date: 1840
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The John Peter Richardson Correspondence collection contains two letters between W.S. Reynolds and John Peter Richardson relating to the status of agriculture within South Carolina and the possibility of a survey of agriculture, soils, and mineral resources.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Peter Richardson resided in Clarendon, Sumter District, South Carolina, and W.S. Reynolds resided in Blackville in the Barnwell District of South Carolina .
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 143
Collection Name: Riley, Charles Valentine, Collection
Earliest Date: 1868
Latest Date: 1919
Linear Feet: 12.75
Collection Description: The Charles Valentine Riley Collection consist of letters to Riley, unpublished lectures, notes, photographs, news clippings, reports, reprints, paintings, drawings, sketch books, books, and artifacts. The collection focuses on the history of entomology and the development of biological control of insects injurious to crops, and on Riley’s energetic efforts on its behalf during the latter part of the 19th century.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Valentine Riley (1843-1895) was a visual artist and entomologist in the mid-19th century. Born in England, Riley settled in the United States in 1850. He had grown up studying and sketching insects, and he quickly began to apply his abilities while working for Prairie Farmer, a leading agricultural journal. In 1868 Riley was recommended for and appointed to the post of entomologist for the state of Missouri. In this capacity, he not only became a distinguished entomologist, but he also revolutionized the entire field of entomology. In 1878 Riley became the second Chief Entomologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, succeeding Townend Glover. Riley held this position over a period of 17 years, having parted with the USDA briefly from 1880-1881 over a procedural dispute. During the 1880s Riley was also closely involved with the U.S. National Museum (currently the Smithsonian Institution), to whom he donated his collection of over 100,000 insect specimens. He served as an assistant curator for the museum, specializing in insects. Riley worked in both capacities until his death in 1895.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 190
Collection Name: Riley, Charles Valentine, Printing Blocks
Collection Group: Riley, Charles Valentine
Earliest Date: 1872
Latest Date: 1895
Linear Feet: 55
Collection Description: The Charles Valentine Riley Printing Blocks consist of 1,211 woodcuts, electrotypes (electroplated lead molds of original engravings), and metal casts used to illustrate Riley's publications. Approximately 508 blocks were figures for the 9 Missouri annual reports (1869-1877) produced by Riley when he was Missouri's first state entomologist. Other printing blocks were used in publications such as American Entomologist and American Entomologist and Botanist. Some of the electrotypes are duplicates or cast from woodcuts which are present, but most represent different drawings than the woodcuts.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Riley (1843-1895) was the state entomologist of Missouri (1868-1877), an entomologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1878-1879), and Chief of the Federal Entomological Service (1894-1895).
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 328
Collection Name: Rivera, William McLeod, Papers
Earliest Date: 1962
Latest Date: 1992
Bulk Dates: 1986-1992
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The William McLeod Rivera papers consist of journals, papers both written and collected by Rivera, conference publications, correspondence, and information on courses taught by Rivera.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William McLeod Rivera is an associate professor in the College of Agricultural and Natural Sciences at the University of Maryland. His subject area of expertise is agriculture extension education. Throughout his career he has worked all around the world in consultancy capacities on projects and programs related to adult and agricultural extension education. These projects have ranged from formulating curricula for educational institutions to developing extension programs for rural farmers. He has worked under such organizations as the United Nations, World Education, Inc., the World Bank, and the U.S. Agency for International Development. Rivera is also a well-accomplished author, having had two books published, edited several other books, and written many articles in several adult and agricultural extension education books and journals.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 351
Collection Name: Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, Papers
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1928
Latest Date: 1928
Bulk Dates: 1928
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Joseph Francis Charles Rock Papers contain a bibliofilm (microfilm photograph) of Rock's specimen notebook from 1928. Lists a specimen number followed by a description of the the specimen and the location or altitude. The actual specimens are currently at Harvard University Herbaria.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Joseph Francis Charles Rock (1884-1962) was a plant explorer, botanist, linguist, and correspondent for National Geographic Magazine. He is famous for his work with studying the Nakhi (Naxi) language and his works on Hawaiian plants.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 385
Collection Name: Rogers, George Burnett, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The George Burnett Rogers Papers contain documents related to poultry and egg production, marketing, pollution, and other related research. Many of Rogers' publications and presentations are included, as well as a limited amount of his personal correspondence. The collection also contains: poultry trade show pamphlets and programs; egg and poultry pricing documents; poultry and egg marketing, consumer, price-related papers, publications, research data; materials from private poultry companies and associations; survey results; academic and technical papers for conferences, presentations, and publications; poultry and egg-related product trade catalogs, brochures; farm price support data; bibliographies on topics such as eggs and poultry; three egg and poultry bumper stickers; cost of living issue-related papers and documents.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George Burnett Rogers was born in 1919. He worked and published in the Poultry Branch, Food & Restaurant Division, Office of Price Stabilization in the early 1950s. Later he moved to the United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Marketing Economics Division, staying there from the 1950s-1970s. He published numerous articles and monographs on poultry and egg production, marketing, price controls, and other matters.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 144
Collection Name: Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, Collection
Earliest Date: 1934
Latest Date: 1941
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Collection consists of copies of press releases, presidential addresses, inaugural addresses, executive orders, and newspaper articles of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, all pertaining to agricultural matters. It is likely that this collection was originally housed in the library of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945), the 32nd President of the United States, held office from 1933-1945. Roosevelt dealt with the problems related to the Great Depression from the previous administration and established several key programs and experiments that would become part of his New Deal. He also successfully led the United States through World War II until his death near the end of the war. The goal of the New Deal was to rehabilitate the economy, recover agricultural resources, and prevent citizens from losing their homes and farms. Some of Roosevelt’s experiments included Social Security, a revamped tax system, work relief programs, and tighter control over banks. Roosevelt was also able to gain federal regulation of the economy.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 145
Collection Name: Rowley, Percy B., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1922
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Percy B. Rowley Papers and photographs pertain to the production and sale of hatching eggs and young poultry to foreign markets; records of advertising, permits, correspondence, and photographs of shipments to Asia and South America; and records of the Washington State Poultry Improvement Association, of which Rowley was an active, longtime member.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Percy B. Rowley was one of the earliest U.S. poultry breeders of egg-producing chickens to open East Asia as a market for their products following World War II.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 258
Collection Name: Royal C. Steadman Watercolor Collection
Earliest Date: 1923
Latest Date: 1928
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Royal C. Steadman Watercolor Collection consists of 12 watercolors of sweet potatoes and 4 watercolors of flowers. The sweet potato watercolors were painted by Steadman from 1923-25; the watercolors are 17 4/8" x 13 7/8" on cardboard 22" x 16 3/4". Specific flower information is as follows: daffodil "Mod de Graaff", specimen no. 104840, dated 3-5-1924; iris "David Teniers, specimen no. 104854, dated 3-11-1924 tulip "Baron de la Taunaye:, specimen no. an0006 (an =assigned number), dated 3-27-1924; iris "Freya", specimen no. 110120, dated 5-9-1928.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Royal Charles Steadman was born on July 23, 1875, in Portland, Maine. Among his educational credits, Steadman listed general art studies at the School of Drawing and Painting of the Museum of Fine Arts and at the Cowles Art School, both of which were located in Boston, Massachusetts. At the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence, Rhode Island, he studied jewelry design. In 1915, Steadman began his career with USDA as a pomological artist for the Bureau of Plant Industry. Using as models the live specimens sent to USDA by farmers, growers, and plant explorers, Steadman produced watercolors of fruits, vegetables, and flowers. On occasion, he also created black and white and pen and ink drawings. In addition, he constructed wax models of fruits and vegetables. He also painted watercolors of fruits which had been stored at cool temperatures, showing the effects of freezing and cold storage on plant tissues. Certainly, Steadman was a versatile artist. Prior to his employment with USDA, he was the head jewelry designer for a commercial firm. He had also designed stage scenery and served as an instructor at the Rhode Island School of Design. While employed by USDA, Steadman pursued other artistic endeavors in his spare time. For Amanda Newton, he painted a portrait of her grandfather, Isaac Newton, a former commissioner of agriculture. He also created paintings of historical scenes. And, he submitted several designs for postage stamps to the postmaster general. In 1920, Steadman was promoted to botanical artist. And, he remained with USDA until his retirement in 1941.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 147
Collection Name: Russell, Edward John, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1927
Latest Date: 1927
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Edward John Russell Manuscript, titled “Field Experiments at Rothamsted,” was given to the Graduate School of the U.S. Department of Agriculture by Sir John Russell. It was proposed for publication, along with many black and white photographs, as a Bureau of Chemistry and Soils Bulletin in 1928; however, it was never published.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edward John Russell was Director of Rothamsted Experimental Station in Harpenden, England in 1927.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 146
Collection Name: Russell, Paul George, Papers
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1959
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Paul George Russell Papers consist of notes and drafts of his U.S. Department of Agriculture circular "Oriental Flowering Cherries" published in March 1934, clippings, photographs of his retirement in 1959, and biographical information. The circular provides facts on cultivation and historical details about varieties of ornamental cherries grown in the United States, including trees growing around the tidal basin in Washington, D.C. A published version of the circular is located in the general collection of the National Agricultural Library.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Botanist Paul George Russell (1889-1963), began his 50-year career with the federal government in 1908 as a scientific aide and clerk in the National Herbarium, U.S. National Museum. He accompanied J.N. Rose on botanical expeditions to Mexico (1910), the West Indies (1913), and South America (1915). From 1916-1959, Russell was employed with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Among his various responsibilities as botanist, he was in charge of the introduction of foreign trees upon their arrival in the United States. At the time of his retirement, he was part of the New Crops Research Branch of the Crops Research Division and was a national authority on the identification of plant species by seed alone.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 270
Collection Name: Sadler, Walter W., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1953
Latest Date: 1971
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Walter W. Sadler Papers consist of reprints of 55 of Sadler's published papers. Sadler published a variety of journal articles and essays on topics such as the hatchability of poultry eggs, pasteurization of milk, care of bats, salmonella in turkeys, avian diseases, animal-borne infections, and food-borne diseases of animal origin, to name only a few.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Walter W. Sadler attended the School of Veterinary Medicine at the Texas College of Agriculture and Mechanics. In 1951 he began working at the University of California, Davis, as an associate professor of veterinary public health, in the School of Veterinary Medicine Agricultural Experimental Station. This position combined his interests in avian medicine and public health with investigations on poultry diseases that can be transmitted to humans, either directly or through the food chain. He received a master's degree in public health at the University of California, Berkeley, focusing on food microbiology.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 306
Collection Name: Santamour, Frank S., Papers
Earliest Date: 1956
Latest Date: 2001
Linear Feet: 1.75
Collection Description: The Frank S. Santamour Papers consist of Santamour's publications and many photographs used in those publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Frank S. Santamour (1932-2000) was a research geneticist in the Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit of the U.S. National Arboretum. He received his M.S. in forestry from Yale University in 1954, his A.M. in biology from Harvard University in 1957, and his Ph.D. in forestry with a minor in plant genetics from the University of Minnesota in 1960. He first worked at the Northeast Forest Experimentation Station, U.S. Forest Service, from 1957-1964, and then took a position as a geneticist for the Morris Arboretum at the University of Pennsylvania from 1964-1967. In 1967 he joined the research staff of the U.S. National Arboretum and continued there until his death in 2000. An author or coauthor of more than 275 publications, he was thought to be the world's leading authority on the genetics, breeding, and development of superior landscape trees. Some of his achievements include using biochemical methods to examine graft incompatibility, insect and disease resistance, verifying interspecific hybrids in several genera, wound compartmentalization, and correct usage of nomenclature to describe landscape trees.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 149
Collection Name: Saunders, William, Manuscripts
Earliest Date: 1880
Latest Date: 1899
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The William Saunders Manuscripts include: "Alphabetical List of Plants in Four Different Languages, Botanical, English, German, French" (handwritten; call number 452.14 Sa8A Folio), "Cyclopaedia of Economic Plants; Their History Culture and Uses" (handwritten, 1880; six volumes; call number 452.8 Sa8), and "The Journal of William Saunders" (photostat, 1898-1899; call number 120 Sa8). The colllection includes facsimiles of the following documents from the National Grange: William Saunders' manuscript on History and Organization of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1885; American Association of the Red Cross document in which the Association thanks Saunders for the care of its Exhibits at New Orleans, 1885; Report of William Saunders concerning his trip to South Carolina to study the introduction of the tea plant as a profitable industry in the United States, 1897; excerpt from "The Journal of William Saunders" regarding the Gettysburg Cemetery, 1898; and William Saunders' portrait, undated. Other materials associated with the National Grange Collection on William Saunders include maps of pine supply in various states from the Tenth Census of the United States, 1881, and U.S. Department of Agriculture Album of Agricultural Statistics of the United States by J. R. Dodge, 1891, signed "Compliments of J.M. Rusk, Secretary of Agriculture.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Saunders (1822-1900), horticulturist and landscape gardener, was appointed Superintendent of the Experimental Gardens of the newly created Department of Agriculture in 1862. He established an extensive collection of trees on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., and developed a system of street tree-planting used in the District of Columbia in the 1870s. He wrote widely on general horticulture and his publications include some 3,000 titles.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 362
Collection Name: Scanned Images CDs/DVDs
Earliest Date: 1862
Latest Date: 1992
Bulk Dates: 1900-1990
Linear Feet: 6.25
Collection Description: These CDs and DVDs contain the original tiffs from scanned items in NALDR. All of these items have been transferred onto the Masters server. Collections include Journal of Agricultural Research, the Yearbook of Agriculture.
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 387
Collection Name: Schimmelpfennig Family Mill Collection
Earliest Date: 1899
Latest Date: 1987
Bulk Dates: 1930-1958, 1964-1965, 1974-1987
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Schimmelpfennig Family Mill Collection contains materials relating to the family's grain mill and family life in Sigourney, Iowa. Materials include ledger and account books containing detailed accounting of transactions at the mill for the years of 1899, 1930-1958, and 1974-1987. Also included in the collection are materials from the family's hobby interest in the history and preservation of old mills throughout the United States, including various old mill preservation and tourism ephemera. Of particular interest, the collection contains the diaries of Helen Schimmelpfennig, covering the dates of 1938-1942, 1944-1946, and 1964-1965, in which the author describes her daily life and activities in an Iowa farming community.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The information that follows was taken directly from The History of Keokuk County, Iowa: Communities and its Families, Preserving the Past and Present. Keo-Mah Genealogical Society, Inc., 2001. August (Gust) Schimmelpfennig (1876-1949), married Enza Messerschmidt (1885-1956) of Martinsburg, Iowa. He owned a hardware store in Delta, Iowa and later the “Old Red Mill” in Sigourney before it was destroyed by a fire in the early 1920s. He resumed activity in the milling and feed business by purchasing what became Schimmelpfennig’s Mill with his oldest son Everett (1908-1974) in 1929. The early years were plagued by the Great Depression when many lost their businesses and properties because they were unable to make payments for mortgage and taxes. Everett went on the road in and around the county selling calf vitamins to take in enough money to meet those obligations for the mill. The mill stayed in the family until 1958 when it was purchased by Walter Applegate and later sold to Charles Cassens. Everett married Helen Mary Zaki (1909-1994), a Sigourney High School friend and they had two children, Hal Everett (1932- ) and Marylee (1938- ). Hal Everett and his wife, Jean B. Wilson (1930- ) had a son, David Everett (1959- ) who is an economist with the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Maps; Photographs

Collection Number: 150
Collection Name: Schoening, Harry William, Papers
Earliest Date: 1903
Latest Date: 1960
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Harry William Schoening Papers consist of materials pertaining to Schoening's veterinary research; a pictorial history of individuals who worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry; correspondence related to his retirement; and photographs of his retirement party. There are Bureau of Animal Industry reports on hog cholera, cattle, swine, sheep and goats, horses, poultry, fur animals, foot-and-mouth disease, and parasites.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harry William Schoening (1886-1969) began his almost 50 years of service with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1907 working as a veterinary inspector handling meat inspection for the Bureau of Animal Industry. He retired as director of the Veterinary Pathology Branch of the Animal Disease and Parasite Research Division, Agricultural Research Service. Schoening conducted and supervised investigations into the causes and prevention of livestock diseases. Most prominent among these projects were those involving hog cholera and foot-and-mouth disease.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 271
Collection Name: Schrader, Lee Frederick, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1996
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Lee Frederick Schrader Collection contains more than 800 reports, booklets, and reprints of economic studies concerning the poultry industry. The collection covers major categories of the industry, including eggs, broilers, turkeys, and hatcheries. An author's index file is also included, which details the co-authors, the scope of each study, and where it was conducted.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Lee Frederick Schrader was an agricultural economics professor at Purdue University for over 30 years.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 310
Collection Name: Severn Run's Cazador (Caz), Screwworm Detection Dog, Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1994
Latest Date: 2000
Bulk Dates: 2000
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Severn Run's Cazador (Caz), Screwworm Detection Dog: Screwworm Eradication Program Records includes photographs, correspondence, Caz's working gear, a short biography by John Welch, and a wooden box containing Caz's remains.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The materials relate to Severn Run's Cazador (Caz), the screwworm detection dog. Cazador was an American Kennel Club-registered German wire-haired pointer who served as a detector dog with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service Screwworm Research Unit from 1988 until Caz's death in 2000. USDA scientist John B. Welch was Cazador's trainer and acquired him through the U.S. Customs Service’s Detector Dog training facility in Front Royal, Virginia.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 364
Collection Name: Shands, Henry, Lantern Slides
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: Henry Shands of the National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation donated 27 3"x4" lantern slides related to farming. Images show experimental fields and farming equipment. There are no dates on the slides.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Henry Shands is a retired employee of the ARS National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 151
Collection Name: Sharpe, Charles Farquharson Stewart, Papers
Earliest Date: 1925
Latest Date: 1991
Bulk Dates: 1925-1949
Linear Feet: 6.75
Collection Description: The Charles Farquharson Stewart Sharpe Papers consist of copies of articles, translations, and publications relating to geomorphology and erosion; correspondence and other records produced in the course of work for the Climatic and Physiographic Division; research notes and draft reports of physiographic studies in which Sharpe was involved; copies of published reports authored by Sharpe; and photographs and lantern slides documenting soil erosion studies.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Farquharson Stewart Sharpe (b. 1907) worked as a soil conservationist in the Climatic and Physiographic Division of the Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, from 1935-1943.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 299
Collection Name: Shear, Cornelius Lott, Certificates
Earliest Date: 1888
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 1.75
Collection Description: The Cornelius Lott Shear Certificates were presented to botanist and plant pathologist Shear, who traveled to foreign countries to research agriculture. Many of the certificates serve as introduction letters or statements of purpose.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Cornelius Lott Shear (1865-1956), an internationally-renowned mycologist and plant pathologist, began his 40-year career with the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1895. Much of Shear’s work took him all over the world and involved grapes, other small fruit, and fruit and plant diseases. In 1935 Shear retired as the principal pathologist for the Bureau of Plant Industry. Shear served in administrative positions for many organizations, including the American Phytopathological Society, the Botany Society of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He also held editorial positions for the journals Mycologia and Phytopathology.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 206
Collection Name: Sheep skin and wool samples
Earliest Date: 1948
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: Sheep skins and wool samples. 1948. Wool samples and accompanying black and white photographs of each type of animal, undated.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 46
Collection Name: Shorthorn Cattle Catalog Collection
Earliest Date: 1900
Latest Date: 2002
Linear Feet: 81
Collection Description: The Shorthorn Cattle Catalog Collection includes approximately 4,500 catalogs of Shorthorn public sales (a few private sale or herd catalogs), complete or nearly complete files of breed magazines, official herd books, breed history books, and a wide variety of ephemeral publications. Most of the catalogs were produced in the United States, but there are catalogs from Canada, the British Isles, Australia, South Africa, and other countries where Shorthorn cattle are bred.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Wayne Caldwell Neely (1904-1994) was a chairman of the department of economics and sociology at Hood College, in Frederick, Maryland. After Neely’s retirement from teaching in 1972, he served as secretary-treasurer of the Maryland Shorthorn Association until 1988. The Shorthorn Cattle Catalog Collection is an outgrowth of Neely’s love of the study of pedigrees and show and sale reports. His family owned a farm in Iowa called Verd Lea (meaning "green field"). The farm was actively engaged in breeding purebred Shorthorn cattle from 1883 until the farm was donated to the Wallace Foundation for Rural Research and Development in 1993.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 335
Collection Name: Shrader, Harlan Loy (H.L.), Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Harlan Loy Shrader Collection contains materials collected by Shrader during his time as a Senior Extension Poultry Husbandman from 1926 to 1959. The materials include reports, articles, newsletters, clippings, photographs, booklets, correspondence, items from various poultry extension services, a metal model of everted baby chick vents, etc. Some of the materials pertain to the American Poultry Historical Society. There are also materials on the “Chicken of Tomorrow” contest.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harlan Loy (H.L.) Shrader (1889-1970) has had a long history in the poultry industry. He received his B.S. and M.S. from the University of Missouri in 1914 and 1925. Shrader was an investigator in poultry and egg handling, Food Research Laboratory, USDA from 1914 to 1917. He was a pilot in the 11th Aero Squadron, AEF from 1917-1919. From 1920 to 1926, he served as an Extension Poultry Scientist in Missouri. In 1926 he became a Senior Extension Poultry Husbandman with the Federal Extension Service. He retired from this position in 1959. Shrader was a charter member of the National Chicken of Tomorrow Contest Committee. He authored or co-authored over two hundred articles, radio talks and speeches related to the poultry industry. He was a member of the Poultry Science Association and served as its President from 1929-1930 and on its Board of Directors from 1927-1932. In addition he was a member of Epsilon Sigma Phi, World’s Poultry Science Association, American Legion, AF&A Masons, Farm House and Acacia fraternities.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 377
Collection Name: Siegler, Eduoard Horace, Entomology Lantern Slides
Earliest Date: 1915
Latest Date: 1931
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Eduoard Horace Siegler Entomology Lantern Slides are a collection of slides that may have been used by travelling extension agents for instructional sessions. The title of one set of slides is "How Insects Attack Garden Vegetables and Methods of Control." It was a joint contribution of the Bureau of Entomology and Extension Service, United States Department of Agriculture, cooperating with the State Agricultural Colleges in extension work in agriculture and home economics. Some insects described include the colorado potato beetle, cabbage worm, asparagus beetle, the striped cucumber beetle, Mexican bean beetle, potato flea beetle, and squash-vine borer. There are also images of equipment used to spray insects. Another set of slides are related to the "Effect of Bentonite and of Hydrated Lime on the Toxicity of Phenothiazine to Codling Moth Larvae." Slides are undated but subjects correspond to the work of Siegler during 1915 to 1931.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Eduoard Horace Siegler (b. 1888), USDA Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, researched insecticides, equipment, and methods of controlling orchard insect pests. He also investigated the codling moth in Colorado. In 1917, he was in charge of the Connecticut at Wallingford field station for the study of deciduous fruit insects.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 415
Collection Name: Simonson, Roy Walter, Papers
Earliest Date: 1899
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1940-1970
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Roy Walter Simonson Papers consist of notes, correspondence, and memoranda concerning soil surveys in the United States from 1899 through 1953. There are also general notes on scientific aspects of soils such as definitions of soil horizons and classification of soils. There are notes, memoranda, and correspondence regarding the controversy surrounding the soil survey in the Southern Region in the 1940's. There are several folders of notes on Simonson's travels to foreign countries (Italy, West Germany, Netherlands, Ceylon (i.e. Sri Lanka), India, Brazil, the United Kingdom and South Africa) from the 1940's through 1971.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Roy Walter Simonson (b. 1908) obtained a bachelor's degree in soils and chemistry from North Dakota Agricultural College. He completed a Ph.D. in soils at the University of Wisconsin. In 1938 he joined Iowa State College as a faculty member and supervisor of the soil survey program. In 1943 he became soil correlator for the United States Department of Agriculture Division of Soil Survey in Knoxville, Tennessee. He was promoted to assistant chief of the USDA Division of Soil Survey and transferred to Beltsville, Maryland in 1949. Upon consolidation of the USDA's soil survey activities under the Soil Conservation Service in 1952, he supervised the classification, correlation, and nomenclature of soils throughout the United States. In 1973 he retired from USDA.
Subjects: Natural Resources; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 153
Collection Name: Skinner, John Louis, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1849
Latest Date: 1992
Linear Feet: 42.75
Collection Description: The John Louis Skinner Collection includes veterinary products brochures, feed and feed additives brochures; American Poultry Historical Society Poultry Hall of Fame nomination applications for 12 years; Poultry Science Association programs and members for twenty-five or more years; correspondence from the fourth and fifth European Poultry Conferences correspondence; and four years of World Poultry Congress programs, announcements, and promotional material.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Louis Skinner (b.1924), professor emeritus, Department of Poultry Science, University of Wisconsin, was employed in ithe poultry industry and at universities. A licensed poultry judge, editor of the Standard of Perfection, recorder of poultry history, Skinner is an honorary lifetime director of the American Poultry Historical Society and he was inducted into their Poultry Industry Hall of Fame in 1989.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 154
Collection Name: Skinner, William Woolford, Diary
Earliest Date: 1942
Latest Date: 1944
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Wiliam Woolford Skinner Diary is a four-volume, typewritten diary consisting of daily entries from December 1942 to March 1944 about Skinner’s work as chief of the Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Woolford Skinner (1874-1953) was a chemist at the University of Maryland from 1895-1899 and at the University of Arizona from 1899-1904. He held various positions with U.S. Department of Agriculture, including Chief of the Water and Beverage Lab, Bureau of Chemistry, 1914-1921; Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry, 1921-1927; Assistant Chief of chemistry and technical research, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, 1927-1935; Assistant Chief, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, 1935-1939; Associate Chief, Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering, 1939-1942; and Chief, Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, 1942-1944.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 156
Collection Name: Smith, Erwin Frink, Papers
Earliest Date: 1880
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 5.5
Collection Description: The Erwin Frink Smith Papers contain Smith's notes, writings, letters, and publications. Notable writings include his first paper on bacteria as a plant pathogen, his first paper on the fungus infestation of soils, material on the Fischer-Smith polemic, the results of his studies on crown gall in plants and its relation to cancer in animals, and his Bibliography of Peach Yellows.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Chief of Plant Pathology in the Bureau of Plant Industry, U.S. Department of Agriculture, for almost four decades, from 1889-1927, Smith (1854-1927) is recognized as the "father of bacterial plant pathology." The author of more than 240 articles, he was elected president of the Society of Cancer Research in 1924.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 157
Collection Name: Smith, Floyd Franklin, Papers
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Floyd Franklin Smith Papers include reprints of his articles, and U.S. Department of Agriculture circulars and bulletins of his writings.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Floyd Franklin Smith (1900-1984) worked as an entomologist at the USDA for 40 years and was recognized as an international authority on the biology and control of insect pests of flowers and ornamental plants. In 1929 Smith served as an associate entomologist with the Bureau of Entomology, stationed at Arlington Farms in Rosslyn, Virginia. From 1931 until the time of his retirement in 1970, Smith served as an entomologist for the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Truck Crop and Garden Insects Sections. He wrote and contributed to approximately 348 publications on insects and plants.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 158
Collection Name: Smith, Robert Morris, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1959
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Robert Smith Morris Papers contain letters and documents leading to the establishment of the National Chicken of Tomorrow Program, a notebook showing the original records of economic traits measured in the 1951 National Contest, and correspondence that established the rules and regulations governing the Arkansas Random Sample Poultry Tests.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Chicken of Tomorrow contest was created by the director of the A&P Food Stores, Howard Castner Pierce (see Collection 128. In the mid-1940s, there was a beef shortage. In response to this shortage, Pierce suggested to the poultry industry that they improve chickens grown for consumption, instead of focusing on egg production. He offered a $10,000 prize for development of the best meat-type chicken. Consequently, a National Chicken of Tomorrow committee was formed and a breeding and feeding program established. Forty-four states initially participated in the program, as well as the USDA. The result of this program was an improved chicken product for the consumer and more efficient methods to raise chickens for the breeders.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 209
Collection Name: Society of American Florists (SAF), Records and Book Collection of the
Earliest Date: 1793
Latest Date: 1993
Bulk Dates: 1925-1980
Linear Feet: 62.5
Collection Description: The Records and Book Collection of the Society of American Florists (SAF), 1793-1993, consists of both organizational records and bound volumes. The Records of the SAF, 1894-1993, contain proceedings, minutes, correspondence, memoranda, publications, photographs and scrapbooks from 1900 to 1988. The Book Collection of the SAF consists of over 200 volumes, including monographs and bound serials from 1793 to 1990.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Society of American Florists (SAF) was formed in 1884. Its earliest members came from the American Association of Nurserymen, Florists, and Seedsmen. The purpose of the SAF was to have a national organization devoted solely to florists. The organization was open to both horticultural and floral professionals and amateur gardeners. The first convention was held in 1885, and had over 200 members. The International Telegraph Delivery Association (later the Florists Transworld Delivery Association, or FTD) was created within the SAF. The name of the society was expanded in 1897 to the Society of American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturalists, even though the abbreviation SAF is still commonly used. In 1901 the SAF was granted a national charter, signed by President William McKinley. Throughout its history, the SAF has had several interest groups and committees. These groups have included the Florists’ Hail Association (to insure members against losses related to hail), the Florists’ Protective Association (to protect against other financial losses), the Ladies Society of American Florists, and the Youth Education Program. The SAF has also had a role in lobbying corporations and government bodies. Most of these lobbying efforts have been related to the transportation of floral products and orders.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 329
Collection Name: Soil Conservation Service Film Collection
Earliest Date: 1953
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Soil Conservation Service Film Collection contains films produced by and for the Soil Conservation Service. These films were used for education, training, and public service announcements.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1935 Congress passed an act that directed the Secretary of Agriculture to create an agency to deal with issues surrounding soil quality and erosion. This new agency would be called the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) and was actually the successor to the Soil Erosion Service (which itself was only two years old) of the Department of the Interior. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) had been examining soil erosion for years. However, a new program, developed by Hugh Hammond Bennett (the first Chief of the SCS), coordinated much knowledge and practices related to soil. Bennett first began to promote the fight against soil erosion in a published bulletin in 1928. The actions taken by the SCS to maintain and improve soil conditions were driven largely by private landowners, who were organized into local districts. Furthermore, the SCS was given the recommendation to coordinate its actions with other agencies doing similar work. Both of these methods allowed for the most concentrated effort possible to conserve the nation’s soil. After the USDA reorganization of 1994, the SCS was replaced by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals

Collection Number: 324
Collection Name: Solkoff, Joel, Papers
Earliest Date: 1974
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Joel Solkoff Papers consist of Solkoff's agricultural writings, which appeared in such publications as The New Republic, Congressional Record, Skeptic, The New York Times, Newsday, and The Washington Star. Also included are Solkoff’s book The Politics of Food, and several reviews of the book; several issues of MLAP Monthly Report, a publication for which Solkoff served as editor; a collection of unpublished manuscripts; and Solkoff’s resume (2004).
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 450
Collection Name: South Carolina Mirex Study Papers
Earliest Date: 1969
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The South Carolina Mirex Study Papers consist of: field notes; newspaper clippings about the insecticide Mirex and research concerning it; hearings reports; USDA-APHIS impact statement, data print outs, magnetic data cards, opinion and research reports.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The papers document a study conducted in South Carolina estuarine areas (1969-1971) to determine concentrations in fauna of Mirex, an insecticide used to attempt to control fire ants. The study was partially funded by the USDA.
Subjects: Natural Resources; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 212
Collection Name: Southeastern United States Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 1959
Bulk Dates: 1950-1959
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Southeast United States: Screwworm Eradication Program Records consist of documents describing various early proposals for eradicating the screwworm, the experiments and field tests in Florida and Curacao, the rearing and transportation of sterile flies, the building of fly-rearing facilities in Florida, the use of radiation to sterilize flies, treatments for wounded animals and the eradication program itself in the Southeast. The materials include surveys, reports, correspondence, research, and test data including radiation and treatment, and publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Southeast United States: Screwworm Eradication Program Records document the successful eradication of the New World screwworm (Cochliomyia americana) from Curacao and the U.S. Southeast. A flesh-eating pest of warm-blooded animals, the screwworm was brought under control using the Sterile Insect Technique, which emphasizes biological control methods. The technique uses large numbers of reared sterile flies to overwhelm and eliminate the wild fertile population through interbreeding. Reared flies are irradiated to render them sexually sterile.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 344
Collection Name: Southmeadow Fruit Gardens Records
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 2005
Bulk Dates: 1959-1989
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Southmeadow Fruit Gardens Records contain materials from a fruit nursery run by Robert A. Nitschke, including records, catalogs, order forms, tasting evaluation forms, and a large collection of color slides and photographs of a variety of fruits. Journal articles, association materials, and correspondence with other growers regarding grafting, plant samples, and the availability and quality of plants are also included. The predominant focus is on apples but there is also information on pears, peaches, grapes, gooseberries, cherries, plums, quince, and currents. A website for the Southmeadow Fruit Gardens can be found at http://www.southmeadowfruitgardens.com/index/html (as of 2/13/2006).
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 211
Collection Name: Southwestern United States and Mexico Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1922
Latest Date: 2004
Bulk Dates: 1960-1990
Linear Feet: 58
Collection Description: The Southwestern United States and Mexico Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records contain research and production records related to sterile fly production plants in Mission, Texas, and Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico. Included in the records are reports, research data, correspondence, fly production and release records, manuscripts, manuals and regulations, publications, notes, case reports, photographs, public information materials, and artifacts. The predominant language is English, though there are materials in Spanish as well. Materials originally located in this collection relating to Central America, the Caribbean, and North Africa have been removed.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: These materials document agricultural programs to eliminate the New World screwworm from the North American continent. A flesh-eating pest of warm-blooded animals, the screwworm was brought under control using the Sterile Insect Technique, which emphasizes biological control methods. The technique uses large numbers of reared sterile flies to overwhelm and eliminate the wild fertile population through interbreeding. These records focus on research activities which supported eradication in the United States and Mexico. Much of the collection relates to field research, the development of effective fly strains for mass rearing and distribution, and information about the release of sterile flies.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 84
Collection Name: Soybean Utilization in Japan Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1965
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: "Soybean Utilization in Japan" by William Brandemuhl was completed in 1965. This manuscript copy was given to Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, by Tomoko Brandemuhl in 2005. Tomoko published the manuscript in 2004. The general collection of the National Agricultural Library owns a copy of the publication. According to the author, the report served as a reference to those who were connected in some way with the Japanese market as well as those interested for academic purposes. Soybeans were an important component of the Asian diet. Topics included in the manuscript are a history of the soybean, Japan's production and supply of soybeans, and soybean utlilization
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Victor Brandemuhl (b. 1940-1998) graduated with a degree in economics from the University of Wisconsin in 1963. Upon his graduation, he received a scholarship from Honey Mead Products Company, Mankato, Minnesota, to study soybean utilitzation in Japan. He was the first American to study this subject in Japan and conducted research at Kyoto University Department of Agricultural Economics.
Processed:

Collection Number: 427
Collection Name: Speechly, William, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1779
Latest Date: 1779
Bulk Dates: 1779
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The William Speechly manuscript is titled "A Treatist on the culture of the pine apple and the management of the hot-house." This handwritten manuscript contains information on how to grow the pineapple plant in a greenhouse and includes a description of insect control. The manuscript is signed by A.N. Cudell, 1898.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Speechly was a gardener to the duke of Portland.
Subjects: Entomology; Plant Science
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 160
Collection Name: Spillman, Ramsay, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1940
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Ramsay Spillman Manuscript is typewritten (original with author; copy prepared by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics) and is titled “A Biography of William Jasper Spillman” (453 leaves) was written by son Ramsay Spillman.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1894, William Jasper Spillman (1863-1931) began his career as professor of agriculture at Washington State College, where he undertook extensive experiments to develop winter wheat varieties at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) experiment station. Among his many achievements, Spillman organized USDA’s Office of Farm Management and was instrumental in the establishment of a nationwide system of cooperative extension work. In recognition of his achievements, his associates elected him as the first president of the American Farm Economic Association.
Processed:

Collection Number: 400
Collection Name: Stereo Cards of USDA Buildings and Grounds in Washington D.C.
Earliest Date: 1870
Latest Date: 1930
Bulk Dates: 1870-1930
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The collection includes approximately 60 stereo cards documenting various USDA facilities from around 1870 to 1930, as this was when stereo cards were most popular. Many of the cards have information, such as the location of the building in the photograph, on the back or sides of the stereo card.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The stereo cards were collected by Rob Griesbach, Deputy Assistant Administrator, Office of Technology Transfer, ARS. They document the history of the USDA buildings on the National Mall from the beginning of the USDA to approximately 1920. Stereo cards were two photographs of the same object mounted on cardboard that when placed in a stereoscope would give the appearance of being three dimensional. They became popular after 1840 and were most prominently made between the 1870s and 1920s.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 357
Collection Name: Sterling Brown Hendricks Papers
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1970
Bulk Dates: 1960-1968
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Sterling Brown Hendricks Papers consists primarily of article reprints written and compiled by Hendricks, a USDA scientist and administrator from 1922-1970. Annual reports from the Mineral Nutrition Laboratory for the years 1958-1969 and reference articles are also included.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Sterling Brown Hendricks (April 13, 1902 - January 4, 1981) served within several departments of the USDA, including holding the position of Chief Scientist in the Mineral Nutrition Engineering Research Laboratory, ARS, USDA from 1943-1970. Hendricks was an accomplished chemist and mineralogist. He was awarded the ARS Science Hall of Fame posthumously in 1993 and the Sterling B. Hendricks Memorial Lectureship Award was established in 1982.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 267
Collection Name: Stiebeling, Hazel Katherine, Papers
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1989
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Hazel Katherine Stiebeling Papers consist of nutrition articles, family photographs, biographical documents and photographs related to Stiebeling's career, a book about her family written by Stiebeling, and a biography of Stiebeling written by Deborah Parry Dale in 1989.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Hazel Katherine Stiebeling (1896-1989) was a food economist for USDA beginning in 1930 and went on to hold leadership positions in home economics until her retirement as ARS deputy administrator in 1963. Her research and interest in diet deficiencies in the United States led to the development of school lunch programs, and programs for increased consumption of milk, fresh fruit, and green vegetables.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 161
Collection Name: Stine, Oscar Clemen, Papers
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 1957
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Oscar Clemen Stine Papers are handwritten and typed notes on wheat history, colonial wheat culture, wheat exports and imports, insects and diseases, business and wheat crops, acreage, consumption, demand, and foreign markets. Additionally, there are publications by Stine and a manuscript of his autobiography, "Reminiscences of O.C. Stine."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Oscar Clemen Stine (1884-1974) started working at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1916 as an economist in the Office of Farm Management. In 1921 he moved into the Division of Statistical and Historical Research of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE), which he headed during the 1920s. Stine was appointed Assistant Chief of the BAE in 1946, in charge of prices, income, and marketing.
Processed:
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 350
Collection Name: Stoesz, Abraham D. Papers
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1963
Bulk Dates: 1957-1961
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Abraham D. Stoesz Papers are composed of approximately 1100 35mm slides. Subjects of the slides include erosion, soil, plants, and flowers, as well as what seem to be tourism photographs from Washington D.C., New York City, and other cities and universities. Many slides are clearly labeled with the date, location, and subjects of the slide. The slides represent locations all over the United States. A second large part of the collection contains field notebooks kept by Stoesz. There are approximately 50 notebooks which include notes from conferences, meetings, field expeditions, etc. Some are clearly dated and easy to understand; others contain abbreviated notes and are undated. The notebooks date from 1952-1963, with the bulk of them relating to 1957-1961. Also included in this collection is a program from Stoesz's funeral, two photographs, and 12 35mm film rolls. All film rolls are rolled and may not be viewable without proper preservation. Eight of the rolls are stored in metal film canisters that could not be opened during the accession process.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Abraham D. Stoesz was born on April 26, 1894. He worked with the Soil Conservation Service beginning in the late 1920s and continued there until his retirement in the early 1960s. He worked in locations including Mandan, ND; Rapid City, SD; Lincoln, NE; Washington, DC; and Tanzania. He died on February 24, 1982. The Soil Conservation Service (SCS) is now called the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS); for more information: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 330
Collection Name: Strawberry Images Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1887
Latest Date: 1953
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Strawberry Images Collection contains black and white negatives, prints, and glass plates of strawberry plants and activities related to strawberry cultivation.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 162
Collection Name: Street, Harold Kent, Papers
Earliest Date: 1955
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Harold Kent Street Papers include resumes, official correspondence related to his various positions at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, newspaper clippings, unpublished works, photographs, and the article "The Restless Earth" by Nigel Calder.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harold Kent Street (1931-1981) was an agricultural journalist who worked in both the public and private sectors. Street was employed by several agencies within the U.S. Department of Agriculture during the mid-1960s and late 1970s including: the Agricultural Research Service (ARS); the Farm Credit Administration; and the Farmers’ Home Administration. In the private sector, Street served as an agricultural reporter for the American Banker Newspaper, The Dakota Farmer, The Hartford Courant, Successful Farming, Agri-Finance, The Rural New Yorker, and the University of Connecticut, as well as an editor for publications at Kraft Foods and the Independent Bankers’ Association of America.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 163
Collection Name: Stubbs, Harriett Singleton, Papers
Earliest Date: 1982
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Harriett Singleton Stubbs Papers consist of publications, brochures, reports, articles, speeches, fact sheets, bibliographies, and correspondence relating to acid rain in Canada and to United States government agencies and other organizations that dealt with acid rain.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harriett Singleton Stubbs was executive director of the Acid Rain Foundation, Inc., during the 1980s. The mission of the Acid Rain Foundation was to raise the level of public awareness, to publish educational materials, and to bring about resolution to global change issues.
Processed:

Collection Number: 164
Collection Name: Sturgeon, Ralph H., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1917
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 5.25
Collection Description: The Ralph H. Sturgeon Papers include correspondence, clippings, and photographs describing the professional activities and accomplishments of Sturgeon, a hatcheryman and breeder of Barred and White Plymouth Rock chickens and bantams in Bellevue, Ohio. Included are photographs of Colonel Harlan Sanders and Sturgeon; a letter from President Richard Nixon; newsletters; and judging materials from the American Poultry Association.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 286
Collection Name: Sugar Industry Miscellaneous Pamphlet Collection
Earliest Date: 1728
Latest Date: 1915
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Sugar Industry Miscellaneous Pamphlet Collection contains 152 items (pamphlets, books, and reprints), dealing with the development of the sugar industry. The materials are in Dutch, English, French, German, Polish, Spanish, and Swedish. Included are several rare publications from the 18th and 19th centuries.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The pamphlets may have belonged to Lewis S. Ware, 19th century editor of The Sugar Beet. His name or The Sugar Beet are inscribed on the cover of a number of the pamphlets.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 165
Collection Name: Sullivan, William Nicholas, Papers
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1978
Bulk Dates: 1963-1978
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The William Nicholas Sullivan Papers include research, correspondence, and publications on insect biorhythms, aircraft disinsection, and aerospace.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Nicholas Sullivan (1908-1979) worked primarily with the chemical and biophysical control laboratory of the Agricultural Environmental Quality Institute at the Agricultural Research Center. He was coinventor with Lyle Goodhue of the aerosol insecticide bomb, known as the “bug bomb.” In World War II, this reduced allied mosquito-vectored disease casualties in the Pacific theater and elsewhere. Sullivan won honors from the World Health Organization, which based its standards for ridding aircraft of insects on Sullivan's studies. During his lifetime, Sullivan produced 151 publications, mostly on aerosols and biological rhythms of insects, and received 23 patents.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 227
Collection Name: Swab, Joseph, Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1969
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1987-98
Linear Feet: 44
Collection Description: The NAL Activities Photographs were compiled by one of the National Agricultural Library’s (NAL) photographers, Joseph Swab. There are 116 photograph albums consisting of approximately 16,000 photographs, negatives, contact sheets, and slides. These albums contain Swab’s work as well as that of other NAL photographers, including Dan Starr, who photographed from 1989-1993. Subjects include the NAL building and renovation efforts, employees, meetings, events, and exhibits. The bulk dates range from 1987-1998. Additionally, Swab, as editor of NAL's newsletter Agricultural Libraries Information Notes (ALIN), saved photographs and negatives used for the production of ALIN from 1985-1997. All of these photographs were transferred to Special Collections for storage upon Swab’s retirement in 2003.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 332
Collection Name: Swab, Joseph, Publication Collection
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1987-1998
Linear Feet: 12.5
Collection Description: The Joseph Swab Publication collection contains bibliographies, pamphlets, newsletters, and forms whose layouts were designed by Swab, primarily from 1970-1998. The collection also contains a select number of older materials not designed by Swab.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 166
Collection Name: Tayloe Family Journal
Earliest Date: 1831
Latest Date: 1849
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Tayloe Family Journal is a handwritten agricultural journal of the Tayloe family of the Fredericksburg, Virginia, area. It contains entries on barns, beef, cattle, clover, corn, cultivators, dairying, ditching, drought, fallowing, fencing, grapes, harvesting, hogs, manure, marl, oats, pruning, and sheep, as well as some detailed maps, farm inventories, and an index.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 167
Collection Name: Taylor, Albert Davis, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1936
Latest Date: 1936
Linear Feet: 0.3
Collection Description: The Albert Davis Taylor Manuscript is the result of an inspection trip of landscape architecture in national forests conducted during the summer of 1936 by Taylor and R. D. Bonnet. This manuscript, the report of the trip, consists of assessments of the problems of landscape and recreational planning in the national forests, supplemented by illustrations of desirable and undesirable application of methods and principles of design to specific problems. Increasing social use of national forests made it necessary to reevaluate the standard of landscape design throughout the U.S. Forest Service in an effort to preserve the natural aspects of the forest. The typewritten manuscript is titled "Problems of Landscape Architecture in the National Forests; Report to the Chief, Forest Service, on a Trip of Inspection through Some of the National Forests in Regions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9." Written in 1936, it consists of 223 pages, including photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Albert Davis Taylor (d. 1951), consulting landscape architect for the U.S. Forest Service and R.D. Bonnet, associate landscape architect in the Washington office of the Division of Recreation and Lands, conducted an inspection trip of landscape architecture in national forests during the summer of 1936.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 378
Collection Name: Taylor, William A., Memory Book
Earliest Date: 1944
Latest Date: 1944
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The William A. Taylor Memory Book is a work copy of a memory book compiled and produced by friends of William A. Taylor, former Chief of the Bureau of Plant Industry, who was employed by the United States Department of Agriculture for over 20 years and retired in 1933. Taylor was so favorably remembered by his former associates that they prepared a memory book primarily of the Plant Industry Station in Beltsville in the 1940s and presented it to him in 1944. The book contains reminiscences, congratulatory letters, and photographs. The original given to Taylor had considerably less materials than this work copy saved by Robert L. Taylor (no relation to William). Robert L. Taylor was a scientific photographer who worked for the United States Department of Agriculture for over fifty years beginning in 1910 and travelled extensively with the cotton office in the 1920s and 1930s. He did the majority of the photographic work for the book and kept the work copy.
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 168
Collection Name: Termohlen, William Dewey, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1900
Latest Date: 1955
Linear Feet: 8.5
Collection Description: The William Dewey Termohlen Papers consist of speeches, articles, notes, clippings, and reprints on poultry nutrition, diseases, marketing, quality control, prices, and statistics. There are also publications that contain information on egg quality and grading, washing market eggs, seasonal effects on egg quality, and the purchasing habits of consumers. Other items include personal correspondence with industry, academic, and government leaders.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Dewey Termohlen (1898-1970) was an Iowa agricultural extension economist, 1926-1933; director, Poultry Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA, 1933-1960; and agricultural attache to Japan.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 251
Collection Name: Terrill, Clair Elman, Collection
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1978
Bulk Dates: 1930s-60s
Linear Feet: 66
Collection Description: The Clair Elman Terrill Collection contains proofs and photographs for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) bulletins and circulars, sheep and goat registry and breeding records, a card catalog of rabbit publications, and black and white photographs of rabbits and related subjects. There are papers related to the U.S. Rabbit Experiment Station in Fontana, California, and the U.S. Fur Experiment Station in Ithaca, New York. Also included are photographs, glass and acetate negatives, equipment, and wool samples used in Hardy's work for the U.S. Animal Husbandry Experiment Station (part of the USDA Division of Animal Husbandry) and his Thin Cross-Section Device. There are records of the Sheep and Fur Animal Research Branch, Animal Husbandry Division, Agricultural Research Service. Additionally, the collection contains over 200 wool samples from 1950-1960 labeled with sheep identification number, location, and date. Samples were taken from Beltsville, Maryland, and other locations within the United States.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Clair Elman Terrill (1910-2001), a worldwide leader in sheep production research, was the chief of USDA’s Sheep and Fur Animal Research Branch, Animal Husbandry Division, Agricultural Research Service, from 1955-1972. He developed a three-pronged strategy for increasing efficiency of meat production from sheep without increasing feed demands: genetically increase the lamb crop, remove low-producing adults at an early age, and reduce lamb mortality.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 8
Collection Name: The Association for Communication Excellence in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Life and Human Sciences (ACE) Records
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 30
Collection Description: The Association for Communication Excellence in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Life and Human Sciences (ACE) Records includes newsletters, ACE Journal (quarterly), clip art books, communication handbooks, minutes of board meetings, annual meeting programs, correspondence, manuscript of "The Presidents of ACE," annual directories, early publications, and miscellaneous photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Association for Communication Excellence in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Life and Human Sciences (ACE) is an international association of communicators and information technologists. ACE members are writers, editors, photographers, graphic designers, videographers, electronic media producers, marketing and public relations practitioners, researchers, Web developers, database programmers, distance education specialists, educators, and managers. They work in universities, government agencies, and research organizations in the public sector, as well as companies and firms in the private sector. ACE develops professional skills of its members to extend knowledge about agriculture, natural resources and human sciences to people worldwide.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 225
Collection Name: The Citizens Food Committee Program: Posters and Publicity Material
Earliest Date: 1947
Latest Date: 1947
Linear Feet: 32.75
Collection Description: The Citizens Food Committee Program: Posters and Publicity Material contains posters, drafts, and mock-ups of advertising materials related to food conservation. These materials illustrate the efforts of the Citizens Food Committee to appeal to Americans to save food to share with Europeans during the post-World War II era.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: President Harry S. Truman launched a new experiment in public conservation in the fall of 1947 in an effort to make available extra bushels of grain to feed the hungry in Europe. He appointed a Citizens Food Committee to develop a campaign to appeal to the American people to conserve. With a slogan of: "Save Wheat, Save Meat, Save the Peace," the campaign urged children to become a member of the "Clean Plate Club," provided housewives with meal-planning ideas, and appealed to all Americans to support the "Peace Plate" initiative.
Processed:
Formats: Posters
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 370
Collection Name: The Payne/National 4-H Fellowship Collection
Earliest Date: 1941
Latest Date: 1980
Bulk Dates: 1947-1969
Linear Feet: 6.75
Collection Description: The Payne/National 4-H Fellowship Collection includes photographs, publications, scrapbooks, programs, monthly reports, newsletters and news clippings, and correspondence detailing various 4-H fellows.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National 4-H Fellowship was one of the largest grants for study available to professional Extension workers. It was awarded beginning in 1931. Initially, two fellowships were established by Congresswoman Frances Payne Bolton of Ohio through the Payne Fund, Inc. (1927). The Payne organization established the 4-H fellowships as an experiment, in the hopes that the 4-H fellowship would be the nucleus of a larger number of permanent educational fellowships. Sixteen fellowships were granted by the Payne Fund from 1931-1938. Beginning with 1939, the fellowships were financed by the National 4-H Service Committee, and, since 1953, the Massey-Ferguson Company assisted the Committee in financial support of an enlarged program of six fellowships annually. The program ended in 1969. Fellowships were available to three men and three women. In one year, fellows learned the function, structure, and relationships of the Federal Extension Service and the Department of Agriculture; became acquainted with professional and educational organizations; and participated in the cultural experiences of Washington, D.C. Employees of the Extension Training Branch of the Federal Extension Service supervised the program.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 333
Collection Name: The United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 50th Anniversary , 1953-2004
Earliest Date: 1947
Latest Date: 2004
Bulk Dates: 2000- 2004
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 50th Anniversary Time Capsule materials in this collection were donated from ARS offices across the nation and Puerto Rico. The materials capture the work, progress, and inventions of ARS over the last 50 years. The donations were various. Types of items included in the capsule are posters, photographs, ephemera, awards, computer software, brochures, stuffed animals, training items, paperweights, miniatures of inventions, buttons, audio tapes, key chains, articles, bookmarks, pens, clothing, and food replicas. In January 2005, a DVD and VHS copy of the Time Capsule program were added to the collection. There is no sound on any of the recordings.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: As ARS closed out their 50th anniversary year on November 2, 2004 they sealed the time capsule that ARS employees helped to build. Each office, unit, or location was encouraged to send in an item that defined what they contributed to the overall ARS mission. ARS employees were encouraged to donate materials of significant accomplishment and something that characterized their place in history. All items were to be sent to Susan Fugate, Head, Special Collections, National Agricultural Library. The Special Collections staff entered items into a database and housed the materials in acid-free boxes. The donation period was actually extended until December 31, 2004.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs

Collection Number: 170
Collection Name: Thom, Charles, Papers
Earliest Date: 1891
Latest Date: 1968
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Charles Thom Papers range from materials from Thom's college years to biographical memoirs published after his death. The collection includes correspondence, notes, notebooks, essays, lectures, speeches, diaries, and journals; published items including monographs, journal articles, and newspaper clippings; and lantern slides from professional trips. The majority of the collection focuses on soil microbiology, mycology, food spoilage, food poisoning, and penicillin.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Thom (1872-1956) worked in various capacities for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for over 40 years. In 1904, he began working for the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, where he remained as mycologist in charge of cheese investigations until 1913. By 1927 he was head of the Division of Soil Microbiology of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils. After his retirement, he carried out inspections for the War Food Administration. Throughout his career, Thom was involved in important research with two genera of mold: Aspergillus and Penicillium.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 171
Collection Name: Thomas, David, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1872
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The David Thomas Collection contains publications and reprints of papers dealing with various aspects of ornithology given by David Thomas. Material was written by numerous authors and published by various scientific journals and other organizations.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: David Thomas was a librarian at Cornell University.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 172
Collection Name: Thomas, Mary, Publication Collection
Earliest Date: 1843
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Mary Thomas Publication Collection contains pamphlets, reports, books, periodicals, and trade catalogs on different agricultural subjects. Pamphlets published by various state agricultural departments. Periodicals consist of "The Cultivator" and "American Horticulturist." Catalogs relate to seeds, beekeeping supplies, iron tools, botany books, tractors, gas engines and other farm equipment.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 173
Collection Name: Thorburn, Grant, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1830
Latest Date: 1834
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Grant Thorburn Manuscript is a 50-page invoice book of flowers, trees, and seeds for Grant Thorburn & Sons.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Grant Thorburn & Sons was one of America’s first major businesses devoted to the sale of plant and crop seeds to the public. Grant Thorburn (1773-1863), originally from Scotland, moved to New York City in 1794 as a nailmaker. He entered the seed trade in 1805, after realizing the possible market for mass-produced seeds. In addition to having created one of the early seed businesses, Thorburn first distributed a seed catalogue in 1822. Upon Grant Thorburn’s death in 1863, the company was transferred to his son James, and was incorporated in 1895.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 417
Collection Name: Tidestrom, Ivar Frederick, Papers
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1950
Bulk Dates: 1940-1950
Linear Feet: 6.25
Collection Description: The Ivar Frederick Tidestrom Papers consist of flora of several regions and states, including the Chesapeake Bay, Texas and Oklahoma. The collection also contains a number of keys and revisions of keys for various plant families, as well as notes on plants that Tidestrom collected in France and the United States. There are a limited number of personal photographs and some correspondence related to Latin nomenclature and validation of species.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Ivar Frederick Tidestrom (1865-1956) was a Swedish-born American botanist, taxonomist, and plant explorer. He served as assistant botanist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture with Frederick V. Colville, retiring in 1934. Tidestrom published several books, including Ferns and Fern Allies (1907-1908), Elysium marianum: Salicaceae, Ceriferae, Betulaceae (1910), and A Flora of Arizona and New Mexico (1941).
Processed:
Subjects: Plant Science
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 175
Collection Name: Tontz, Robert Lee, Papers
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 6.5
Collection Description: The Robert Lee Tontz Papers consist of statistics, clippings, and publications related to U.S. and foreign trade, including comparisons between exports and imports from 1790 through the 1970s. Also included are data about projected voting in congressional elections (farm versus nonfarm belts) dating from the 1950s to the 1970s, correspondence, reports, membership files on the Farm Bureau and the Grange, and photographs. There is a copy of Tontz’s work: The Agricultural Parity Concept--Reprints of Selected Articles and Memberships of General Farmers’ Organizations, United States 1874-1960. A bibliography of Tontz's publications is also included.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Robert Lee Tontz was Chief of the Trade Statistics and Analysis Branch, Foreign Development and Trade Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), during the 1960s. From the 1940s-1960s, Tontz taught and researched economic problems of international agricultural trade at several universities in the United States and the USDA. He has authored over 100 publications.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 339
Collection Name: Troy [Pennsylvania] Farmers Club Records
Earliest Date: 1874
Latest Date: 1888
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Troy, Pennsyvlania, Farmers Club materials consist of four record books that include the organization's charter, meeting minutes, and account information. The entries indicate the agricultural problems of the community during the period covered and show how the farmers worked together. The first officers were J. C. McKean, president; G. M. Card, secretary.; A. M. Cornell, treasurer.; and A. S. Hooker, reporting secretary. According to letters found with the record books in the Everett Eugene Edwards Papers, these materials were loaned to the USDA Division of Statistical and Historical Research's Agricultural History Unit by Fred W. Card in 1941. Everett Edwards, agricultural economist, reviewed the record books, determined they were valuable, and recommended that a co-worker persuade Card to donate them.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Troy Farmers Club was created in 1874 to hold meetings for the discussion of subjects pertaining to agriculture and horticulture and to hold an annual fair for the encouragement of agriculture and horticulture.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 176
Collection Name: True, Alfred Charles, Papers
Earliest Date: 1847
Latest Date: 1929
Linear Feet: 9
Collection Description: The Alfred Charles True Papers include manuscripts, notes, and drafts of works True was engaged in writing, as well as papers and documents that he accumulated for historical research between 1900 and 1929. The materials reflect his interest in agricultural history and relate especially to his trilogy histories on research, education, and extension work.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Alfred Charles True (1853-1929) was Chief of the Office of Experiment Stations from 1893-1915 and director of the State Relations Service from 1915-1923.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 185
Collection Name: U.S. Forest Service History Collection
Earliest Date: 1890
Latest Date: 1991
Bulk Dates: 1940-1979
Linear Feet: 91.25
Collection Description: The U.S. Forest Service History Collection contains forester field notes, photographs, negatives, slides, films, videos, audio cassettes, albums, manuals, speeches, t-shirts, pins, oral histories, and other files related to U.S. Forest Service history.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1876 Congress passed a bill that established the forest administration in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Franklin B. Hough was appointed as special agent to report on the condition of the forests and how to preserve them. The results of his study revealed that forests were beneficial to climate, streamflow, and soil and it was necessary to preserve and renew forests. By 1878 the forest administration became the Division of Forestry. The Forest Service as it is known today was largely due to the work of former Chief Gifford Pinchot and his 11 employees who popularized the concept of forest conservation in 1898.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 301
Collection Name: U.S. Forest Service Lassie Collection
Earliest Date: 1960
Latest Date: 1969
Linear Feet: 1.75
Collection Description: The U.S. Forest Service Lassie Collection contains promotional material featuring Lassie and Forest Ranger Corey Stuart and includes children's books, comic books, games, litter bag, stereo pictures, and photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In the early 1960s, members of the U.S. Forest Service met with executives of the popular "Lassie" television series to discuss ways in which conservation could be applied to the story ideas for the show. By 1964, the Wrather Corporation changed the cast of the show by removing Lassie from her television family and placing her with Forest Ranger Corey Stuart, played by Bob Bray. Plots of the show began to emphasize wildlife management, forest and wildlife research, and wilderness management. Filmed on national rangeland, the "Lassie" episodes were produced with the cooperation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 159
Collection Name: U.S. Forest Service Smokey Bear Collection
Earliest Date: 1902
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 119.88
Collection Description: The U.S. Forest Service Smokey Bear Collection consists of audiovisuals, posters, slides, photographs, posters and cartoons, original artwork, and a wide variety of commercial products, some of which are from around the world. In November of 2004, a retired Forest Service employee donated around 22 pieces of memorabilia from the Smokey Sports Collection. One of the Smokey Bear campaigns was to join up with college, minor league, and professional athletes to promote fire prevention awareness. Various memorabilia, such as playing cards, posters, baseball gloves and balls, hockey pucks, batting helmets, activity books, wallets, penants, wrist bands, water bottles, and rally rags, were given away to children at sporting events. In December of 2004, Lew Southard, Branch Chief of Fire Prevention in the Forest Service, donated a 60th Annivesary Smokey Bear Commemorative Doll.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: During World War II, the prevalence of human-caused forest fires and the need for wood compelled the U.S. Forest Service to organize the Cooperative Forest Fire Prevention Campaign. In 1944, as a means of encouraging citizens to participate in fire prevention, the campaign introduced the symbol of a bear, endowed with the evocative name of Smokey. In the spring of 1950, a real cub became a living representation of Smokey Bear when he was saved from a forest fire. The Smokey Bear fire prevention advertising campaign is the best-known character symbol in the world.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 293
Collection Name: U.S. Forest Service Uniform
Earliest Date: 1960
Latest Date: 1967
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The U.S. Forest Service Uniform is a uniform jacket from the 1960s. It belonged to Donald K. Morriss, former Head of Timber Inventory in the Washington Office, who retired in 1967 and moved to Port Charlotte, Florida. The uniform was given to the Washington Office History Section on May 4, 1982, by Robert E. Gillespie, Assistant Director of Timber Management (Silviculture), upon his retirement. From 1967-1982, the uniform hung in a closet in Timber Management. The uniform was transferred to the National Agricultural Library in the 1980s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1876 Congress passed a bill that established the forest administration in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Franklin B. Hough was appointed as special agent to report on the condition of the forests and how to preserve them. The results of his study revealed that forests were beneficial to climate, streamflow, and soil and it was necessary to preserve and renew forests. By 1878 the forest administration became the Division of Forestry. The Forest Service as it is known today was largely due to the work of former chief Gifford Pinchot and his eleven employees who popularized the concept of forest conservation in 1898.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 203
Collection Name: U.S. Forest Service Woodsy Owl Collection
Earliest Date: 1974
Latest Date: 1987
Linear Feet: 73
Collection Description: The U.S. Forest Service Woodsy Owl Collection includes films, slides, negatives, videotapes, posters, original artwork, songsheets, bumper stickers, patches, keyrings, campaign materials, costumes, distribution materials, legislation, photograph albums, and other miscellaneous items. Campaign materials consist of publication proposals, drafts, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, news releases, newsletters, magazines, and public service announcement statistics and information.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Woodsy Owl was the U.S. Forest Service’s anti-pollution symbol. Beginning in 1970, the Forest Service promoted Woodsy Owl’s “Give a hoot! Don’t pollute.” campaign against littering and vandalism in national forests.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 223
Collection Name: U.S. National Animal Parasite Collection Records
Earliest Date: 1886
Latest Date: 1987
Linear Feet: 188.25
Collection Description: The U.S. National Animal Parasite Collection Records contain photographs, line drawings, lantern slides, and negatives of animal parasites. Many of the drawings were used as illustrations for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) publications. There are copies of articles, reprints, and several manuscripts, materials on the history of animal parasitology in USDA, including biographical information, photographs, and documents prepared for the centennial anniversary of the Bureau of Animal Industry. There is a chart created by parasitologist Cooper Curtis which he used in a presentation before the Biological Society of Washington in 1934.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1884, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) established the Bureau of Animal Industry. In 1891, the bureau was divided into four sections; parasite research was assigned to the "Zoological Laboratory" of the Division of Animal Pathology. Charles Wardell Stiles started the Parasite Collection and the Index-Catalogue of Medical Veterinary Zoology with his assistant, Albert Hassall. When the USDA eliminated its system of bureaus in 1953, the parasitology lab of the Zoological Division of the Bureau of Animal Industry became the Beltsville Parasitological Laboratory of the Animal Disease and Parasitic Research Branch of the Agricultural Research Service. By the end of the 1960s, the name changed to the National Animal Parasite Laboratory. Since 1972, this unit has been known as the Animal Parasitology Institute.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 369
Collection Name: United States Department of Agriculture and Department of Health and Human Services Dietary Guidelines Collection
Earliest Date: 1977
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 29
Collection Description: Materials include correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, drafts, publications, articles, posters, and audiotapes. There are also committee papers, including Senate Nutrition Subcommittee and Senate Agriculture Committee materials. New accession includes publications related to Nutrition Subcommittee of the Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee; dietary goals documents; and dietary guidelines documents.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) collaborated on writing dietary guidelines for Americans resulting in the 1980 document titled Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans. This was the first time the United States government made available nutritional guidelines to the public. These guidelines provided information based on the best current knowledge of the relationships of nutrition to maintaining health and minimizing the risk of disease. After the guidelines were published, several professional, industry, and Congressional groups argued as to whether it was appropriate for the government to offer any general nutrition message to the public beyond the basic food groups. Congressional hearings ensued. A committee was established by the USDA and the HHS to review the guidelines and update them in light of any new and pertinent scientific evidence.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 408
Collection Name: United States National Arboretum Collection Cherry Tree Files
Earliest Date: 1809
Latest Date: 1993
Bulk Dates: 1909-1979
Linear Feet: 6
Collection Description: The United States National Arboretum (USNA) Collection Cherry Tree Files contain materials which relate to the history of cherry trees introduced to the District of Columbia from Japan. The files were compiled by botanist Roland Maurice Jefferson beginning in 1973, throughout his career as a botanist at the National Arboretum, and in retirement. One of the products of this research was The Japanese Flowering Cherry Trees of Washington, D.C.: A Living Symbol of Friendship, a 1977 USNA publication he coauthored with Alan Fusonie of the National Agricultural Library. Most of the materials are reproductions or transcriptions of original records which Jefferson assembled from the holdings of several institutions, including the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); the Montgomery Library of the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden; the Library of Congress; the Historical Society of Washington, D.C., formerly the Columbia Historical Society; the United States National Arboretum; and the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library in Washington, D.C. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, newspaper and magazine articles, photographs, publications, and programs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Roland Maurice Jefferson (1923-) was born in Washington, D.C. on September 3, 1923. In 1950 he obtained a bachelor's degree in botany from Howard University and started making plant labels at the United States National Arboretum (USNA) in 1956. The next year Jefferson was promoted to become the first African-American botanist at the USNA and over the next decade studied crabapples. In 1973, Jefferson started compiling historical and scientific data about the Japanese cherry trees planted in Washington, D.C.'s Potomac Park, which included taking cuttings from the surviving trees. In 1977 he published "The Japanese flowering cherry trees of Washington, D.C., which was later translated into Japanese. In 1978-1979 he was part of a plant expedition in Europe to study cherry and crabapple trees. In 1981, Nancy Reagan presented the President Reagan Cherry Tree to Japan, which Jefferson propagated from the 1912 cherry tree that First Lady Taft planted from Japan. From 1981-1983 he went to Japan to study, lecture, locate, evaluate, and collect cherry tree budwood from Prunus germplasm or ornamental cherry trees. He started the dogwood seed exchange program from 1982-1983, where Japanese school children collected cherry seeds in exchange for American collected dogwood seeds. In 1983 he married Keiko Ishisaki. In 1986, Jefferson led expeditions into Japan, Korea, and Taiwan to study cherry trees. He retired from the USNA in 1987, but continued to lecture on cherry trees in Japan through 1998.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Subjects: Agricultural History; Forestry; Plant Exploration
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 186
Collection Name: United States National Arboretum Records
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 34.5
Collection Description: The U.S. National Arboretum Records consist of legislation, Advisory Council papers, correspondence, maps, photographs, field-trip notes, herbarium index files, bound Service Lot Reports, plant indexes, files of staff (John L. Creech and Frederick G. Meyer), taxonomic information, Fred Meyer files, and brochures from miscellaneous arboreta and botanical gardens. There are documents related to Fern Valley, including photographs, cards, programs, newspaper articles, and albums which were collected by volunteer Margaret Donnald. Note that the cherry tree files previously located in this collection are now a separate collection "United States National Arboretum Collection Cherry Tree Files."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Administered by the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. National Arboretum was established in 1927 to conduct research, provide education, and conserve and display trees, shrubs, flowers, and other plants to enhance the environment. Today's research includes trees, shrubs, turf, and floral plants; development of new technologies for the floral and nursery industries; development of plants with superior characteristics through a program of testing and genetic improvement; development of new methods of pest and disease detection and control; taxonomy and nomenclature of ornamental plants and their wild relatives; and collection and preservation of plant germplasm with ornamental potential.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 183
Collection Name: USDA and National Cancer Institute (NCI) Plant Collections Records
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1959
Latest Date: 1980
Linear Feet: 9.5
Collection Description: The USDA and National Cancer Institute (NCI) Plant Collections Records consist of 36 "active books." Each "active book" is a three-ring binder containing individual "active sheets," forms that were used for recording collection and antitumor activity data on plant species within specific geographic areas. The purpose of the "active sheets" was not to record data on antitumor activity, but to maintain a procurement status file on plants collected in approximately 40 geographic areas. Active sheets were filed alphabetically by genus and species name within the geographic book, and color-coded tabs were used to indicate the status of activity and positioned on each sheet in such a way as to indicated whether a recollection was needed or not needed. When many tabs pointed outward in an active book, it would signal a need for U.S. Department of Agriculture botanists to conduct plant exploration for recollections--species that were collected again because of a previous collection that was active.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: For more than two decades, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Cancer Institute collaborated on collecting data on plants, referred to as antitumor active or cytotoxic, to be used in research for treating/curing cancer.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 60
Collection Name: USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS), Veterinary Services
Earliest Date: 1947
Latest Date: 1974
Bulk Dates: 1960-69
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) cover animal inspection and quarantine memoranda, procedures, forms, letters, and reports. Topics include export livestock; domestics, ruminants, and swine; organisms and vectors; restricted meat; restricted byproducts; and virus-serum control. There are materials related to the Animal Quarantine Station in Clifton, New York, 1949. Additionally, there are records on the Foreign Animal Diseases Advisory Committee, 1974; the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Industry Advisory Committee on Foot-and-Mouth Disease, 1947-1972; and files of court case involving George C. Bump and his failure to permit the depopulation of his poultry flock exposed to Exotic Newcastle Disease.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The goals of the Veterinary Services (VS) program of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) are to properly manage cases of animal disease, and to advocate methods for maintaining healthy and productive animals. VS began as the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI), which was established under the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1884. The BAI set out to deal with livestock problems, most notably diseases. The bureau established several divisions, including those for dairy, animal husbandry, inspection, and quarantine. The organization of the BAI remained virtually unchanged for almost 70 years (the exception being its grouping with other bureaus under the Agricultural Research Administration from 1942-1953). In 1953 the BAI was abolished. Its functions were assigned to various branches of the new Agricultural Research Service, mostly to Animal Disease Eradication and Animal Inspection and Quarantine. These two branches merged in 1970 to form Veterinary Services, ARS. VS was transferred to APHIS in 1972, and remained when APHIS was reorganized and superceded by an organization of the same name. Throughout its history, Veterinary Services has eradicated several diseases from the United States, including foot-and-mouth disease, cattle fever ticks, screwworms, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, exotic Newcastle disease, and hog cholera.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 248
Collection Name: USDA Animal Husbandry Division Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1954
Bulk Dates: 1923-1954
Linear Feet: 25
Collection Description: The USDA Animal Husbandry Division Photograph Collection contains acetate and glass photographic negatives of animals such as cattle, pigs, swine, poultry, sheep, quail, hare, rabbits, and mink. Also included are negatives of Bureau of Animal Industry employees. Images were taken in Beltsville, Maryland, and other locations within the United States and foreign countries.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Although the U.S. Department of Agriculture had recognized animal husbandry as a unique sector in 1901, it was not until 1910 that the Animal Husbandry Division was established under the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI). The research performed in the division focused on the breeding and feeding of animals that were of most importance to agricultural and military productivity and food production. Key areas of research included cattle, horses, and poultry production. Soon after its establishment, the Animal Husbandry Division moved its research facilities to the new research center in Beltsville, Maryland. It remained directly under the BAI until the formation of the Agricultural Research Service, which abolished the BAI and split its functions accordingly. The former Animal Husbandry Division is now under the current Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Veterinary Services.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 179
Collection Name: USDA Buildings Architectural Drawings Collection
Earliest Date: 1901
Latest Date: 1903
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The USDA Buildings Architectural Drawings Collection (ca. 1920) consists of plans of U.S. Department of Agriculture buildings, specifically the administration building, lab buildings, and a view of the National Mall area. There are eight architects’ drawings mounted on pasteboard which were made by the architectural firm Raukin, Kellogg, and Crane, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The buldings were to be located on the north portion of the grounds at that time and in conformity with the plan of the Commission on the Improvement of the Park System.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 277
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Division of Land Economics Records [?]
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 1955
Bulk Dates: 1934-1952
Linear Feet: 6.25
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Division of Land Economics Records [?] consist of reports, correspondence, and publications relating to the work of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, probably the Division of Land Economics. Most of the material is the product of Bureau or Division, though some was produced by the Land Utilization Division of the Resettlement Administration. Topics include general land policy and policy planning, zoning, settlement patterns, local land utilization studies, tenancy and land ownership, and water projects.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Bureau of Agricultural Economics was established in 1922 and included the Land Economics Division. The Division was abolished in 1953. The Land Utilization Division functions of the Resettlement Administration were transferred to USDA Bureau of Agricultural Economics in 1937.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 178
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Animal Industry Photograph Collection (see processing note) many are labeled ASI Archives
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1951
Linear Feet: 17
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Animal Industry Photograph Collection comprises black and white photographs, 531 glass negatives, and 1,220 acetate negatives covering many aspects of the animal industry. Subjects include animal anatomy, animal housing, equipment such as slaughtering tools, animal products such as wool, processing steps, cuts of beef, diseases, and laboratories. Black and white photographs document people involved in the work of the Bureau of Animal Industry.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) was formed in 1884, and was an evolution from the Veterinary Division that had been established a year earlier, and also from the program of the Treasury Department that regulated animal transportation. The BAI was the first bureau established in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). BAI was created to put more emphasis on combating diseases that caused problems in cattle trade and production. The early focus of the bureau was to eradicate the most damaging, most communicable livestock diseases. In addition, very soon after its establishment, the bureau took on the duty of enforcing the new Meat Inspection Act. The BAI created two divisions for this task - one for meat inspection, the other for animal quarantine. Throughout its history, the Bureau of Animal Industry had many other important divisions. Most notable of these were Animal Husbandry, Animal Nutrition, Animal Pathology, Dairy, and Zoological. These divisions had a multitude of tasks related to animal industry, including research, disease eradication, breeding, inspection, and even marketing of animal products. As the research needs of the bureau changed, so did the divisions; many of them changed names and/or merged with others. In 1942 BAI was placed under the Agricultural Research Administration, which was created to consolidate the work of the USDA's major bureaus. In 1953 the USDA established the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), which abolished the bureau system. The functions of the BAI were transferred to various branches of ARS, mostly to the branches of Animal Inspection and Quarantine, and Animal Disease Eradication. The majority of the original functions of the BAI are now the responsibility of Veterinary Services, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS).
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 331
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Biological Survey Records (Duckstamps)
Earliest Date: 1918
Latest Date: 1939
Bulk Dates: 1934-1939
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Biological Survey Records consist of memoranda and transcripts related to hunting regulations; water and forest conservation; wildlife control, management, research, and development; migratory habits of birds and other animals; control of rodent pests; and bureau management.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Biological Survey began as the Office of Economic Ornithology in 1885, under the Division of Entomology. Its main task at the time was to study how birds affected farm production. In its first decade, this unit would evolve into the Division of Biological Survey, and its duties were expanded to include the distribution of birds and other animals in the wild, as well as to track the food and migratory habits of the animals. In addition, the research done by this division was used to maintain the delicate balance between controlling dangerous species and protecting endangered species. The division reached bureau status in 1905. Research was then expanded to include the economic connections between conserving wildlife and controlling species that were a danger to agriculture. The bureau also had the responsibilities of enforcing wildlife laws and managing wildlife refuges. In 1939 the bureau was transferred to the Department of the Interior (DOI). In 1940 it merged with the Bureau of Fisheries (also transferred to the DOI in 1939) to become the Fish and Wildlife Service.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 31
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Dairy Industry Records
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1960-1967
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Dairy Industry Records include clippings of articles by or about Ollie E. Reed, chief of the Bureau of Dairy Industry from 1928-1953; historical information on the Dairy Division as part of the Bureau of Animal Industry as well as the Bureau of Dairy Industry; publications of the Dairy Cattle Research Branch (1956-1957); speeches of Carl W. Larson, former Chief of the Bureau of Dairy Industry and Reed's predecessor; certificates of Ralph E. Hodgson, former chief, Dairy Husbandry Research (1957); and black and white photographs of Beltsville dairy buildings and animals, and dairy personnel.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Secretary of Agriculture Henry C. Wallace, a dairy specialist, supported the expansion of the Dairy Division into the Bureau of Dairying on July 1, 1924. Two years later the name changed to the Bureau of Dairy Industry and five major divisions formed: Division of Dairy Research Laboratories; Division of Market Milk Investigations; Division of Breeding, Feeding, and Management; Division of Dairy Herd Improvement Investigations; and Division of Dairy Manufacturing Investigations and Introduction.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 309
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Entomology Album
Earliest Date: 1925
Latest Date: 1966
Bulk Dates: 1936-53
Linear Feet: 1.6
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Entomology Album consists of black and white photographs, most of which are not labeled, and clippings. There is one U.S. Department of Agriculture Office of Information publication dated 1958. The black and white photographs are primarily of individuals. The date range is 1925-1961 (bulk 1936-1944). Within the album, a few are labeled: R. H. Nelson, 3-1-55; Jessie Mingle, June 1953; P. G. Piguet (sp?), Feb. 1947. At the back of the album are three 8x10 group photographs of the American Association of Economic Entomologists at Washington, D. C., dated January 2, 1925. In the file folders, subjects include the tornado at Beltsville, undated; the fire at Beltsville, 1941; and photographs of Eleanor Roosevelt, dated 1939. The date range of the clippings is 1937-1966 (bulk 1940-1953). Some subjects include: bees; William Robinson, 1941; G. Harris White, 1947; obituaries of Claribel Barnett [1950?], Percy Annand, 1950, Lee A. Strong, 1941, and Norman McIndoo, 1956; fire at Beltsville, 1941; Duke of Windsor visits CCC camps, 1941; National Youth Administration, 1940; insecticides, including DDT; Beltsville forest fire, 1950; and visits of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953, and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, 1959.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Division of Entomology was formed in 1863. Early heads of this division included Townend Glover and Charles Valentine Riley. Early research included the development of insect control and eradication practices, as well as the identification of insects and their life cycles. In 1904 the Division of Entomology reached bureau status, and research greatly expanded to include many more laboratories around the country and the creation of new inspection procedures to prevent insect pest infestation. In 1934 the Bureau of Entomology merged with the Bureau of Plant Quarantine to form the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. This new bureau was able to more efficiently cover more research topics.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 235
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Collection
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1940
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: [19--]. The USDA Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Collection contains materials related to the Japanese Beetle, Mountain Pine Beetle, and Dutch Elm Disease. There are black and white photographs, bark samples, insect samples, and framed examples of foliage damage from the insects. Text accompanies the samples. From 1940-1997, the materials were housed at the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago, Illinois, and were used for an exhibit.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine was established in 1934. In 1942, it became part of the Agricultural Research Administration. The purpose of the bureau was to study and control insects in cooperation with the states to prevent plant diseases.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 298
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Personnel and Equipment Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1936
Latest Date: 1942
Bulk Dates: 1938-1941
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Personnel and Equipment Photograph Collection contains black and white photographs of Bureau of Plant Quarantine inspection personnel; plant inspection facilities in Washington and New Jersey; and inspection equipment. Personnel include L.M. Scott, C.E. Cooley, Leonard S. McLaine, J.F. Olds, H.S. McLeod, T.A. Barnett, Donald P. Limber, Martin Hansen, Emile Kostal, Herbert L. Sanford, Charles E. Prince, Emmit I. Smith, John C. Pritchett, James W. Stanton, J. Paul Young, R.F. Wilbur, Clarence V. Scott, Louis M. Scott, James M.R. Adams, Louis Greenberg, George Janifer, and Michael Holmes.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine was established in 1934. In 1942, it became part of the Agricultural Research Administration. The purpose of the bureau was to study and control insects in cooperation with the states to prevent plant diseases.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 334
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics Records
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 1972
Bulk Dates: 1950-1970
Linear Feet: 178
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics Records contain a history of the bureau; organizational charts; photographs of employees, nutrition experiments, equipment, exhibits, and food; a scrapbook of the 25th anniversary of the bureau (1923-1948); publicity information including posters, and lab notebooks. There is also a reprint collection of 24,000 publications and a card index.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1915, the Office of Home Economics was established within the States Relations Service and in 1922, Secretary Henry A. Wallace announced his plans to expand the scope of the office and to establish a bureau under the leadership of a woman. In 1923, the Bureau of Home Economics was established with Louise Stanley as its chief. During the Great Depression, Stanley initiated studies of American diets and had researchers focus on areas of the nation which were most affected by drought and high unemployment. The study results provided basis for determining food products needed for an adequate diet and for planning relief programs using nutritious surplus products. During the period between the two World Wars, USDA concentrated its research in three primary avenues: improving the quantity and quality of agricultural production, finding new uses for agricultural products, and improving and conserving soil. For the National Nutrition Conference held in 1941, the Bureau of Home Economics supplied data showing that an appalling number of families in the US had been living on inadequate diets. Following the recommendations of the conference, USDA launched a national campaign to improve American diets. In this campaign, the nutritive values of food established by the Bureau of Home Economics became an important consideration in the development of goals for agricultural production during the war years.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Posters; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 65
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Horticultural and Pomological Investigations Records
Earliest Date: 1892
Latest Date: 1960
Bulk Dates: 1902-49
Linear Feet: 51.25
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Horticultural and Pomological Investigations Records contain black and white photographs, acetate and glass negatives, glass slides, drawings, note cards, project reports, research records, and correspondence related to small fruits and nuts from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Fruit Laboratory. Examples of topics include experimental fruits, varieties, plant anatomy, breeding, crossing, diseases, insects, irrigation, handling, pruning, harvesting, and marketing. Many photographs were taken in Beltsville and Glenn Dale, Maryland. A subset of this collection is a group of 350 images depicting grapevine plants and grounds of the USDA Oakville, California Experimental Winery. This land is now the property of the University of California. Additional photographs exist of other grapevine research done by USDA in various parts of the country. These materials complement the USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Wine Research Collection (Collection 288) housed in Special Collections, National Agricultural Library.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1913 the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Bureau of Plant Industry combined the functions of its Offices of Horticultural Investigations, Pomological Investigations, and Field Investigations in Pomology, and named the new unit the Office of Horticultural and Pomological Investigations. This office did research in the areas of breeding, growing, physiology, pathology, and disease, with a specific focus on crops. The office changed its name to the Office of Horticulture in 1926, and then merged with several other offices in 1928 to form the Office of Horticultural Crops and Diseases (later the Division of Fruit and Vegetable Crops and Diseases). In 1951, the division was split into the Division of Fruit and Nut Crops and Diseases; and the Division of Vegetable Crops and Diseases, both coming under the Horticultural Crops Group. In the USDA reorganization in 1953, the Horticultural Crops Group became the Horticultural Crops Research Branch.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 242
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Records
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1959
Bulk Dates: 1920-1950
Linear Feet: 6
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Records consist of a scrapbook detailing the activities of the Bureau of Plant Industry from the 1920s to the early 1950s. Materials are black and white photographs (some tinted) and negatives of Bureau of Plant Industry employees including botanist Emsweller, research stations and gardens around the United States and crops. Subjects of the photographs include staff, buildings, offices, laboratories, fields, and orchards. There are also research station maps and plans, clippings, and correspondence. Most of the material dates from the 1930s through the 1940s. Many items are unidentified or missing. There are also numerous loose materials inserted in the scrapbook.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) formed in 1901 as a major consolidation of several independent units that all had in common the research of plant and crop science. The BPI had a major focus on doing its experimentation on farms. For its first forty years, the main research center for the BPI was the Arlington (Virginia) Experimental Farm. In addition, the bureau investigated problems related to crop pests, and it also provided instruction programs for farmers around the country. Other major areas of research included seeds, plant disease and pathology, and breeding. The BPI had come together as a collection of research divisions, and continued to maintain and expand these. There were divisions for such areas as botany, fiber plants, plant exploration and introduction, tobacco, cereal crops, and mycology. The BPI was placed under the Agricultural Research Administration in 1942, and was merged with the engineering research functions of the Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering to form the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering (BPISAE). The BPISAE was abolished in 1953 with the reorganization of the USDA. In 1972, the functions that had once belonged to the BPI were transferred to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS).
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 288
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Wine Research Collection
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1976
Bulk Dates: 1933-40
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Wine Research Collection consists of correspondence between the College of Agriculture of the University of California, Berkeley, and the Bureau of Plant Industry in regard to establishing an experimental winery for the improvement of wine quality and production. The dates of correspondence range from 1933-1952, most from the early 1930s. Subjects include the collaboration of the divisions in securing varieties for the winery, and other topics such as location of the winery and experimentation in wine culture. There are several articles on wine history and processes, some by John R. McGrew or W.V. Cruess.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The interest in the wine industry was revived after the repeal of the 18th Amendment, "Prohibition," in 1934. Letters were written mainly by E.C. Auchter, Assistant Chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Plant Industry, and several chemists, botanists, professors (including professor W.V. Cruess of the University of California, Berkeley), and wineries. Materials were in the possession of John R. McGrew when donated to the National Agricultural Library.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 241
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Statistics Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1910
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The USDA Bu reau of Statistics Photograph Collection consists of seven glass negatives, ca. 1910, which are images of statisticians and clerks at work in their offices. There are several glass plates of Victor H. Olmsted, Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, with other members of the Crop Reporting Board, including Assistant Secretary of Agriculture Willet Martin Hays.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Crop Reporting Board prepared the final monthly crop reports and was composed of the Chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Statistics as chairman; the Assistant Chief of the bureau; an expert statistician in the employ of the bureau; and two changeable members--special field agents or state statistical agents--who were called to Washington, D.C., for this service in preparing each crop.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 292
Collection Name: USDA Commodity Stabilization Service Records
Earliest Date: 1935
Latest Date: 1969
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The USDA Commodity Stabilization Service Records contain handwritten notes or typescript charts with statistical figures about the production and trade of chemicals used as insecticides in commercial agriculture.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Commodity Stabilization Service was the successor agency to the Production and Marketing Administration and was responsible for its price support and adjustment activities.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 256
Collection Name: USDA Division of Agricultural Engineering Records
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1981
Bulk Dates: 1919-1940
Linear Feet: 40
Collection Description: The USDA Division of Agricultural Engineering Records contain photographs, glass negatives, and acetate negatives relating to agricultural engineering. Some of the subjects include irrigation, drainage, farm buildings, farm power and machinery, crops and crop conditioning, harvesting, care and handling of products, road construction, and farm electrification. Additionally, there are articles on agricultural engineering and farm electrification, and speeches and papers by Arthur William Turner, Assistant Chief, Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering in 1943. Also, there are materials collected for a book to be written on the history of farm electrification by M. Conner Ahrens, assistant chief of the Farm Electrification Research Branch of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) agricultural engineering research began in the Division of Irrigation Investigations in the Office of Experiment Stations in 1898. By 1915, the Division of Agricultural Engineering was created within the Office of Public Roads and Rural Engineering, Bureau of Plant Industry. Agricultural engineering attained bureau status in 1931 and included the Divisions of Irrigation; Drainage and Soil Erosion Control; Mechanical Equipment; Structures; and Plans and Services. In 1939 a new bureau was created called the Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering, followed in 1943 by the establishment of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering. The USDA reorganized in 1953 and the new Agricultural Engineering Research Branch became part of the Agricultural Research Service. In 1957 the branch became its own division with four branches including Crop Production, Livestock Engineering and Farm Structures, Harvesting and Farm Processing, and Farm Electrification. M. Conner Ahrens was former assistant chief of the USDA Farm Electrification Research Branch. Arthur William Turner was Assistant Chief for the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering beginning in 1943.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 245
Collection Name: USDA Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1898
Latest Date: 1951
Bulk Dates: 1903-1930
Linear Feet: 51.5
Collection Description: The USDA Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases Photograph Collection contains glass and acetate negatives as well as black and white prints. Subjects include aspects of cereal crop classification, production, utilization, farm machinery, diseases, and pests in the United States and foreign countries. Crops include corn, barley, oats, sorghum, sorgo, milo, millet, wheat, flax, rice, rye, and kafir. A number of the negatives were used in the Journal of Agricultural Research; U.S. Department of Agriculture bulletins, circulars, and yearbooks; and other reports.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Bureau of Plant Industry created a Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases in 1938, due to the expanding functions of the Bureau related to the reorganization of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The work of this division involved various aspects of crop pathology and physiology, as well as several important diseases greatly affecting crops. This division became part of the Field Crops Divisions of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering in 1946; the Field Crops Group in 1951; and the Field Crops Research Branch of the Agricultural Research Service (as the Cereal Crops Section) in 1953.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 244
Collection Name: USDA Division of Farm Population and Rural Life Records
Earliest Date: 1935
Latest Date: 1953
Bulk Dates: 1936-1946
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The USDA Division of Farm Population and Rural Life Records consist of reports, manuscripts, and unpublished addresses cited in Sociology in Government: A Bibliography of the Work of the Division of Farm Population and Rural Life, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1919-1953 (Olaf Frederick Larson, Edward O. Moe, and Julie Nadine Zimmerman, Westview Press in cooperation with the American Sociological Association and the Rural Sociological Society, 1992). Also included are several additional reports and memoranda not cited in the book, but related to the subject.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Division of Farm Population and Rural Life existed under the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE). The division was established in 1919, and it was the first unit in the history of the federal government to have the sole purpose of conducting sociological research. During the 1910s and 1920s, work was done to build up knowledge about rural life. The research was based on farm population, the organization of rural communities, family life, and standards of living on farms. During the Depression era, under President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, there was higher demand for information from new agricultural agencies like the Agricultural Adjustment Agency, the Farm Security Administration, and the Soil Conservation Service. The research being done helped to develop programs to improve living conditions for the rural and farm population of the United States. During World War II, research in the division was strictly directed toward winning the war. Much of the research being done was designated for dissemination only within the federal government. Upon the reorganization of the USDA in 1953, the functions of the BAE were split between the Agricultural Research Service and the Agricultural Marketing Service, and the division faded away.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 276
Collection Name: USDA Engineering Division Personnel Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1940
Linear Feet: 2.25
Collection Description: The USDA Engineering Division Personnel Photograph Collection consists of a photograph album of Engineering Division personnel, including both group and individual shots. Photographs were taken in March 1924 and include staff of Research, Engineering, Grazing, Forest Management, District 7, Operation, Public Relations, Lands, Forester and Branch Chiefs, and Finance and Accounts.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 237
Collection Name: USDA Entomology Research Division Reprints
Earliest Date: 1939
Latest Date: 1971
Bulk Dates: 1951-1959
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The USDA Entomology Research Division Reprints consist of articles written by employees in collaboration with other scientists about different aspects of entomology. These records include reprints of articles, a majority of which are about the use of pesticides to control insects.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Entomology Research Division (ERD) existed under the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) from 1953-1971. In its entire existence, the only person to serve as director of the ERD was Edward F. Knipling, a pioneer of insect eradication techniques and principles. One of the major areas of research during the ERD years was screwworm eradication. This division was originally named the Division of Entomology when it was formed in 1863. Early heads of this division included Townend Glover and Charles Valentine Riley. Early research included the development of insect control and eradication practices, as well as the identification of insects and their life cycles. In 1904 the Division of Entomology reached bureau status, and research greatly expanded to include many more laboratories around the country and the creation of new inspection procedures to prevent insect pest infestation. In 1934 the Bureau of Entomology merged with the Bureau of Plant Quarantine to form the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. This new bureau was able to more efficiently cover more research topics. After the USDA reorganization of 1953, entomology research was placed under its own division of the ARS. This division was abolished in 1972, and its research functions were assigned to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 289
Collection Name: USDA Farm Building Plans Collection
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The USDA Farm Building Plans Collection includes compilations of house plans and heating duct layouts. There is a series of U.S. Department of Agriculture publications entitled “House Planning Aids.” These small publications contain information about how to design and arrange various parts of a home.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Farmers Home Administration (FmHA) was established in 1946 through an act of Congress. It merged the functions of the Farm Security Administration and the Emergency Crop and Feed Loan Division of the Farm Credit Administration. The mission of the FmHA was to allow the government to provide insured loans to farmers who were unable to secure credit by other means. The loans could be used for purchasing and/or repairing farms and farm buildings. The FmHA continued programs to liquidate older projects and programs, and it also continued the tenant-purchase program from the Bankhead-Jones Act of 1937. Upon the USDA reorganization of 1953, the FmHA became part of the Agricultural Credit Group.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 59
Collection Name: USDA Fiber Collection
Earliest Date: 1902
Latest Date: 1982
Linear Feet: 189
Collection Description: The USDA Fiber Collection contains documents relating to more than 300 genera of plants used for fiber. The materials cover the subject of natural plant fiber crops other than cotton and include information on cordage, textiles, and miscellaneous fibers as well as the products made from them. There are reprints and photocopies of fiber articles with an extensive card index, manuscripts, foreign and domestic publications, promotional brochures, reports, newspaper clippings, glass and acetate negatives, slides, black and white photographs, and fiber specimens.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In the early 1900s, Lyster H. Dewey, U.S. Department of Agriculture botanist in charge of fiber plant investigations, created the collection. The collection was begun in the early 1900s by Lyster H. Dewey and was called the "Dewey Index." A separate set of reference materials, mainly on hard or cordage fibers, was started when Harry Edwards took over the hard fiber work in 1915. After he retired, all references were filed in the Dewey Index as they came in. The Dewey Index grew unchanged to thousands of index cards and thousands of indexed publications and reprints. Fiber specialists researched, traveled, and observed commercial production of fiber and research projects around the world. When research work began at Arlington Farms, fiber plants were included and research gradually became a greater part of the activity. Later, cooperative research was expanded to other parts of the United States, especially in Michigan, Wisconsin, Oregon, California, Florida, and Maryland, but was not limited to those states. In 1943, the fiber office was moved from the Administration Building in Washington, D.C., to Beltsville in Buildings 003 and 001 where it continued (in 001) until moved to the National Agricultural Library in 1984. In 1965, the research on plant fibers other than cotton was discontinued and the employees on fiber research were transferred to other work. However, the reference material was kept partially current by those interested in the project and who were assigned elsewhere. In 1970, a former employee (Nelson) retired and came back as a volunteer to review literature, make index cards, and accumulate reference material.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 375
Collection Name: USDA Foot-and-Mouth Research Laboratory Records
Earliest Date: 1943
Latest Date: 1956
Bulk Dates: 1947-1949
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The USDA Foot-and-Mouth Research Laboratory Records consist of office files, correspondence, newspaper clippings, press releases, publications, reports to Congress, and materials related to the cooperation of the United States and Mexico to eradicate foot-and-mouth disease in Mexico. These records support the plans of the United States Department of Agriculture to increase the security of the United States from foot-and-mouth disease through research during the late 1940s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In the 1940s, foot-and-mouth disease was one of the world's most widespread and costly livestock maladies. Congress passed Public Law 496 in 1948 which authorized the establishment of a foot-and-mouth disease research laboratory on a coastal island separated from the mainland by deep navigable water. The Bureau of Animal Industry developed preliminary plans for getting the project under way, obtained data on the suitability of the coastal islands of the United States and requested appropriation of necessary funds. The facility was eventually constructed on Plum Island, New York. In 1947, Congress authorized a cooperative project with Mexico to eradicate foot-and-mouth disease in Mexico. Both nations provided personnel and funds for the program. A combination of slaughter and vaccination was adopted as an eradication measure. By spring of 1951, foot-and-mouth disease in Mexico had been eradicated.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 325
Collection Name: USDA Forage Crop Investigations Records
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1909
Latest Date: 1930
Bulk Dates: 1929-1931
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The USDA Forage Crop Investigations Records consist of field notes written by William J. Morse from 1909-1930 while he was working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forage Crop Investigations. These 55 hand-written ledgers document Morse’s discoveries of foreign plants throughout his international travels. Almost half of the field notes relate to the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition from 1929-1931. See Collection 325 for journals and photograph albums related to the expedition.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William J. Morse (1884-1959) was a soybean specialist from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Office of Forage Crops. He was a junior team member on the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition and was charged with the collection of soybean materials. The Division of Forage Crops and Diseases operated under the Bureau of Plant Industry of the USDA. Its main purpose was to research crops that are grown specifically for livestock consumption. It started in the 1900s as the Office of Forage-crop Investigations, and was re-designated the Office of Forage Crops in 1926. In 1929 the office took on research related to forage disease from the Office of Vegetable and Forage Crops, and became the Office (Division in 1931) of Forage Crops and Diseases. This division became a divisional component of the Field Crops Division of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Research in 1946. After the USDA reorganization of 1953, the Division became the Forage and Range Section of the Field Crops Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 180
Collection Name: USDA Foreign Agricultural Affairs Representation, Foreign Visitor Protocol Office Collection
Earliest Date: 1896
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 12
Collection Description: The USDA Foreign Agricultural Affairs Representation, Foreign Visitor Protocol Office Collection consists of items from foreign countries or American organizations which were presented as gifts to various U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) officials. There are also dies of the USDA seal, including the original die from Bailey Banks & Biddle Co., 1896.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 247
Collection Name: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service Records
Earliest Date: 1954
Latest Date: 1989
Bulk Dates: 1960s-1980s
Linear Feet: 57.5
Collection Description: The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service Records consist of reports on agricultural trade; U.S. agreements with foreign governments; copies of Title I, Public Law 480 (Food for Peace) documents; and agricultural assessments of other nations. There is information on the agricultural status of all countries, not only U.S. trading partners. Other generating offices include the U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of Agriculture Office of the General Sales Manager, and the Commodity Credit Corporation. Files are arranged by country.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Division of Foreign Agricultural Service, Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE), was created in 1930 as a result of the passing of the Foreign Agricultural Service Act. The task of the division was to work with foreign trade relations and policies connected to agriculture, primarily with the cooperation of the Department of State. In 1938, the functions of the division were taken from the BAE and placed directly under the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture. This created the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS). In 1939, the FAS was succeeded by the Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations (OFAR). During the reorganization of the USDA in 1953, a new Foreign Agricultural Service was created, and continued the role of the OFAR.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 365
Collection Name: USDA Fruit Laboratory Card Catalog Collection
Linear Feet: 87
Collection Description: The USDA Fruit Lab Card Catalog Collection is a series of card files with descriptions of a wide range of fruits and dates of information.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 181
Collection Name: USDA Graduate School Records
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 2009
Linear Feet: 16.75
Collection Description: The USDA Graduate School Records contain catalogs, schedules of classes, annual reports, newsletters, promotional materials, newspaper articles, lectures, publications, legal memoranda and correspondence, history of origin, 25th and 50th anniversary materials, self-evaluation and long range planning information, regulations and operating procedures, general administration, educational statistics, filmstrip, and an audio tape.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Graduate School of the U.S. Department of Agriculture was established in 1921 by the Secretary of Agriculture to stimulate and encourage post-entry education and to offer opportunities for the education and training of employees. The department was primarily concerned with providing further educational opportunities for its younger scientists. The school did not grant degrees and not all of its work was at the graduate level. Furthermore, the curriculum was planned to offer specific courses not usually given by colleges and universities for a given type of government work. There was a cooperative agreement between the school and the University of Maryland in which the resources of each institution were made available to students.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 182
Collection Name: USDA History Collection
Earliest Date: 1761
Latest Date: 1997
Bulk Dates: 1914-1994
Linear Feet: 819.5
Collection Description: The USDA History Collection documents the work of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), its staff and agencies. It is particularly strong concerning the activities of the Secretaries of Agriculture, their assistants and staffs, especially for the administrations of Henry Agard Wallace, Ezra Taft Benson, and Orville Lothrop Freeman. Large sections of the records relate to the USDA's response to such crises as World War I, World War II, and the Great Depression; droughts, floods and other disasters; and the changes brought about by the economic and technological developments of the 20th century. In addition, there are records or copies of records documenting the earliest years, as well as material covering the entire history of agriculture in the Americas. The collection includes letters, memoranda, reports, speeches, press releases, organizational charts, statistical tables, pamphlets, booklets, clippings, newsletters, scrapbooks, annual reports, audio and video tapes, oral histories and photographs, relating to the activities of the USDA and the history of agriculture. Also included are papers and writings of USDA staff and other individuals on agricultural history, correspondence and other records of the Agricultural and Rural History Section, and a small group of letters, account books, diaries, and other manuscript materials relating to U.S. agriculture dating from the late 18th to the early 20th centuries. Subjects covered include the production, distribution, and marketing of agricultural commodities; price supports and the management of surpluses; research, education, and technology; land use and conservation; rural development and other sociological aspects of agriculture; international trade, international food aid, and technical assistance; the administration of the USDA; and the USDA's relationships with the U.S. Congress and Executive Branch, with states and counties, and with agricultural interest groups and citizens. A small but unique and very valuable segment includes manuscript material such as letters, account books, diaries, and other items relating to agriculture dating from the late 18th to the early 20th centuries. There are also photographs, oral histories, and the papers of former members of the Agricultural and Rural History Section. While many of the documents are duplicates gathered from departmental files, including carbon copies, photocopies, and transcriptions, there are many original letters, memoranda, reports, and newspaper clippings in the collection, including materials received or collected from sources outside of USDA. Many of these records may be duplicated in other repositories, but to find all the materials on a given topic, a researcher might have to consult several different record groups or collections at a number of institutions. The greatest strength of these records lies in their grouping as a whole as the best single resource for the history of USDA.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The USDA History Collection consists of materials gathered by the former Agricultural and Rural History Section of the Economic Research Service. That section was closed in 1994. These papers were created as practical research files to be used as tools for historians and others interested in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 249
Collection Name: USDA Insecticide Division Notebooks on White Arsenic
Earliest Date: 1922
Latest Date: 1946
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The USDA Insecticide Division Notebooks on White Arsenic are notebooks of scientists who worked on white arsenic research in the Insecticide Division, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils. Names on notebooks include F.E. Dearborn, Charles Meldrum Smith, Ole Anker Nelson, Lloyd E. Smith, J.W. Barnes, Cecil Robert Gross, J. Weisser, Carroll Clayton Cassil, E.H. Hamilton, Robert K. Preston, Robert A. Hayes, N. Green, Houston Vernon Claborn, and W.H. Tonkin.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: USDA research on insecticides began in 1910 with the Insecticide and Fungicide Board of the Bureau of Chemistry. In 1927 the Bureau of Chemistry merged with the Bureau of Soils and the soil-related divisions of the Bureau of Plant Industry to form the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils. Research on insecticides continued under the broad research subject group "Chemical and Technological Research." In 1934 the Insecticide Division of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils was transferred to the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. The main research goal of the Insecticide Division was to find and regulate chemical solutions suitable for the control of insect pests, especially those affecting crops and other plants.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 224
Collection Name: USDA Leather and Paper Laboratory Records
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1986
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The USDA Leather and Paper Laboratory Records include notebooks of specimen records, black and white photographs of animal and fish hides and skins, and publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: On July 1, 1904, the Secretary of Agriculture established a laboratory in the Bureau of Chemistry charged with the investigation of problems of a chemical and chemical-technical nature relating to the paper and leather industries. The need for the laboratory was based on an increased demand for information on tanning materials and the study of leathers in regard to composition, strength, appearance, and durability.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 253
Collection Name: USDA Livestock Insects Laboratory Records: Screwworm Eradication Records
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 1986
Bulk Dates: 1970-1986
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The USDA Livestock Insects Laboratory Records include reports, data sheets, correspondence, technical bulletins, and journal articles.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture Livestock Insects Laboratory was established in 1979 in Beltsville, Maryland, to discover and develop new and improved methods for control of insects and other arthropods affecting livestock.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 92
Collection Name: USDA Office for Small-Scale Agriculture Records
Earliest Date: 1982
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 13
Collection Description: The USDA Office for Small-Scale Agriculture Records consist of letters, memoranda, correspondence, reports, newspapers, newsletters, and publications. These records were donated by Howard W. Kerr, Director.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Howard W. Kerr (b. 1932) was Director of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Office for Small-Scale Agriculture. In 1984, Secretary of Agriculture John R. Block assigned a team of USDA policy and technical experts to produce ways for the federal government to assist small-scale farms, and Kerr was named to oversee the new effort. In 1986, Kerr was named Director of the newly-created Office for Small-Scale Agriculture which, in 1987, became part of the Cooperative State Research Service.
Processed:

Collection Number: 233
Collection Name: USDA Office of the Appointment Clerk Records
Earliest Date: 1915
Latest Date: 1918
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The USDA Office of the Appointment Clerk Records is a bound volume of copies of charges of misconduct letters written to USDA employees and signed by Secretary of Agriculture Houston for the period October 27, 1915, through April 12, 1918.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 122
Collection Name: USDA Official U.S. Standard for Grades of Wool
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1966
Linear Feet: 11.5
Collection Description: USDA Official U.S. Standard for Grades of Wool collection contains wool samples that document the 12 standards of wool established by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for the 1920s and the 13 standards for the 1940s. Standards are based on the fineness or diameter of the wool fiber. Samples show the maximum diameter/fineness of fiber for each of the grades. The collection includes includes wool standards for 1926, 1928, 1940, and 1966.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 198
Collection Name: USDA Organization for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1914, Broadside
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 1914
Linear Feet: 2.75
Collection Description: The USDA Organization for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1914, Broadside is titled "United States Department of Agriculture Organization for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1914" and was prepared by N.E. Fealey. The broadside includes budget figures.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 287
Collection Name: USDA Pear Psylla Control Lantern Slide Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1941
Latest Date: 1941
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The USDA Pear Psylla Control Lantern Slide Collection contains color lantern slides produced by U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Fruit Insect Investigations, Pear Psylla Control. There are 13 slides of pears infected with pear psylla, 3 slides of maps, and a slide of a chart of spraying operations in counties of Washington, Idaho, and Oregon in 1941.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 129
Collection Name: USDA Pink Bollworm Project Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1980
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The USDA Pink Bollworm Project Photograph Collection documents the work of the Plant Quarantine and Control Administration on bollworm detection, prevention, and quarantine measures. Photographs show scientists' process for cleansing the soil of bollworms, the appearance of infested fields, and the effect of bollworms on cotton and other plants. There are photographs of inspection sites in Texas and New Mexico; field clean-ups in Arizona; and an album presented to the Chief of the division, Paul A. Hoidale, in 1941.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Plant Quarantine and Control Administration (later the Bureau of Plant Quarantine) was established in 1928 as a central agency to regulate activities related to research on insects and plants. It took on the regulatory work of the Bureaus of Entomology and Plant Industry. This work was assigned to several divisions, including one for Pink Bollworm and Thurberia Control. The pink bollworm is considered to be one of the most important cotton pests in the United States, and several control programs have been created to reduce its negative impact on the economy. In 1934 the Bureau of Plant Quarantine merged with the Bureau of Entomology to form the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. As of 2004, research on the pink bollworm is being done by the Plant Protection and Quarantine program of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS).
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 269
Collection Name: USDA Plan Exchange Records
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The USDA Plan Exchange Records consist of plans for agricultural structures and low-cost housing and was the result of the collective work of plan exchange engineers at land-grant universities. Each plan has a date and number.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) supported the development of farm building plans beginning in 1915. The Plan Exchange was formed in 1930 to maximize the use and sharing of building plans. Plans were housed in various offices of the research arm of the USDA. In 1979 management and financial responsibility was transferred to the USDA Extension Service. In 1982 the USDA Extension Service invited state extension services to bid on a contract to provide Plan Exchange headquarters services. The University of Maryland Cooperative Extension Service won the contract and provided the service until 1988. As of 1988, the program was no longer funded by the USDA Extension Service.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 184
Collection Name: USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection (Fruit and Nut Watercolors and Wax Models)
Earliest Date: 1888
Latest Date: 1939
Linear Feet: 70
Collection Description: The USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection contains approximately 7,000 watercolor drawings of fruit and nuts created by artists employed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Division of Pomology from 1888 to the1930s. The first artist was William Prestele. Credit information written by each artist on each watercolor includes name of property owner, county, city, and state where specimen was grown. Many of the specimens were grown in Maryland. The collection also includes 85 wax fruit models.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1887 the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Division of Pomology began hiring artists to render illustrations of fruit varieties for lithographic reproduction in USDA articles, reports, and bulletins. Use of color lithography was critically important to enable the farmer to visualize and comprehend the subjects and principles covered in a particular publication.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 358
Collection Name: USDA Potato Research Collection
Earliest Date: 1907
Latest Date: 1945
Bulk Dates: 1910-1938
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The USDA Potato Research Collection consists primarily of photographs used for research studies and documenting labs, fields, experiments, types of potatoes, equipment, and personal photographs and portraits. A wide range of locations are included: Potomac Flats in Washington, DC; Honeoye Falls, NY; the Colorado Potato Experiment Station; and various locations in Idaho, Oregon, California, Minnesota, Michigan, South Dakota, and Texas. Formats are mostly black and white photograph prints, but film negatives, glass plate negatives, and glass prints are also included.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 273
Collection Name: USDA Poultry and Livestock Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1842
Latest Date: 1950
Linear Feet: 30
Collection Description: The USDA Poultry and Livestock Photograph Collection, contains 26 albums with photographs of poultry, sheep, swine, cattle, and other livestock. Grouped by subject, many of the photographs were taken at the Agricultural Research Service in Beltsville, Maryland, from 1906-1950--most from 1910-1935. The albums also include lithographs from the mid-19th century.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 337
Collection Name: USDA Seed and Grain Branch Division Records
Earliest Date: 1895
Latest Date: 1991
Bulk Dates: 1957-1978
Linear Feet: 40.5
Collection Description: The records include correspondence from plant breeders, seedsmen, and others to mainly Clyde R. Edwards, Seed and Grain Branch Division, for clearance of plant variety names in accordance with the Federal Seed Act. The files of vegetable crops and turf grasses are organized in alphabetical order by name of plant. Information within the letters indicates that trademark applications for seeds and U.S. Plant Variety Protection Certificates were sent to the correspondents by this government office. There are reprints of articles and clippings. The collection also includes a filing cabinet of index cards of plant variety names in alphabetical order. The cards form the "Variety Name List" which is a list of names that have been used as variety names for agricultural and vegetable seeds. The purpose of the list is to prevent violations of the Federal Seed Act by providing to the plant breeders and others who are naming varieties a list of names that have already been used. The information gathered on the cards was collected from sources such as variety release notices, official journals, seed catalogs, and seed trade publications. In the early 2000s, information on the cards was entered into a database. The Variety Name List database can be accessed on the USDA, AMS, Seed Regulatory And Testing Programs website at http://www.ams.usda.gov/lsg/seed/varietyname.htm
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Clyde R. Edwards began his work with the USDA in 1952 as a marketing specialist at the USDA Seed Branch field office in Kansas City, Missouri. In 1958, he transferred to the Seed Branch headquarters in Beltsville, Maryland. By 1962 he was appointed Head of the Enforcement Section, then became Chief of the Seed Branch in 1971. He retired in 1980.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 177
Collection Name: USDA Small Farms Research, Northeastern Region Records
Earliest Date: 1978
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The USDA Small Farms Research, Northeastern Region Records consist of monthly subject reports, correspondence, publications, and photocopies of articles.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Because of a congressional mandate, the Agricultural Research Service began a research program in 1978 to improve small-farm operating skills. With Howard W. Kerr as Coordinator of the Northeastern Region Small Farms Research, innovations developed from projects in the 12 states of the Northeastern Region became standards for other small farmers. These innovations helped farmers to extend growing seasons and improve the fresh-market sales potential.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 155
Collection Name: USDA Small Fruit Improvement Programs Records
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 1978
Bulk Dates: 1941-85
Linear Feet: 21
Collection Description: The USDA Small Fruit Improvement Programs Records contain numerous items. Donald H. Scott’s strawberry, blueberry, and blackberry field notebooks (1950-78), Scott’s work notes (1941-70), Scott’s and George M. Darrow’s photographs for illustrations of USDA bulletins, and blackberry records of John Hull (1961-69). Files from the office of Gene Galletta include: Strawberry records (1953-1969), grape papers (1946-1967), correspondence files (1947-72), and raspberry/blackberry files (1917-52). Photographs, artwork, and negatives used for plates in various USDA publications (1949-83) Drafts of publications and final copies of bulletins. Miscellanous photographs, slides, and acetate and glass negatives of fruit, 1914-85. Both black and white and color included.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Scott, Donald H. (b. 1911) received a B.S. in Agriculture from North Dakota Agricultural College and became an assistant horticulturist there from 1936-37. His first position with USDA was as a junior geneticist for the Bureau of Plant Industry’s Fruit and Vegetable Crops and Diseases in Beltsville, Maryland, in 1937. From 1937-41, he worked on breeding investigations with stone fruit, mainly peach breeding and production problems and supervision of those operations at the U.S. Horticultural Station. In 1942 he moved from Beltsville to headquarters in Cheyenne, Wyoming. As an associate geneticist, he assisted in planning and conducted an extensive program of fruit and breeding work with tomatoes, squashes, strawberries, and other fruits and vegetables. By 1946, Scott relocated to Beltsville and as geneticist, he planned and conducted extensive investigations on the breeding and production of small fruit crops, particularly grapes, strawberries, and blueberries. Scott continued working for USDA as a horticulturist and research horticulturist until his retirement in 1975. George M. Darrow (1889-1983), who was known as one of the foremost American authorities on strawberries, worked for the United States Department of Agriculture for 46 years (1911- 1957) as a pomologist and small fruits breeder. Dr. Gene J. Galletta was research geneticist and leader of the Small Fruit Improvement and Disease Biology Project of the USDA Fruit Laboratory at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center upon his retirement in 1997. He contributed 22 years of his career with the federal government, including 18 years as the North Carolina State Cooperator with the Small Fruit Improvement Program led by Scott. He and his cooperators introduced over 50 new strawberry, blueberry, blackberry, and raspberry cultivars.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 238
Collection Name: USDA Staff Directories Collection
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 1998
Linear Feet: 5
Collection Description: The USDA Staff Directories Collection consists of telephone and staff directories for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service, and some other units of USDA.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 239
Collection Name: USDA Sugar Crops Section Records
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1960
Bulk Dates: 1926-1960
Linear Feet: 32.5
Collection Description: The USDA Sugar Crops Section Records include data sheets, reports, and manuscripts written by various employees; slides, negatives, and photographs of sugar beets; correspondence of George Herbert Coons and Dewey Stewart; and other research files related to sugar beets. The materials are primarily from the administrations of George Herbert Coons and Dewey Stewart. Coons was the Principal Pathologist of the Division of Sugar Plant Investigations, Bureau of Plant Industry during the 1930s and 1940s. Stewart was the head of the Sugar Beet Section, Agricultural Research Service during the 1950s and 1960s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Research to improve sugar production began in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Division of Vegetable Physiology and Pathology during the 1890s. By 1926 the section was named the Office of Sugar Plants, Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI). Other name changes and office re-designations consist of the following: the Division of Sugar Plant Investigations, BPI, in 1931; divisional component of the Field Crops Divisions, Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering (BPISAE) in 1946; Field Crops Group, BPSIAE, in 1951; and Sugar Crops Section, Field Crops Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), in 1953. This unit was re-designated the Crops Research Division during the 1950s. In 1970 it became the Plant Science Research Division, and in 1972 the research was divided into units located in the regional laboratories of the ARS.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 308
Collection Name: USDA Textile Publications
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1962
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The USDA Textile Publications Collection consists of brochures, reprints, leaflets, bulletins, and newspaper clippings related to clothing, textile history, fashion, fabrics, construction, consumer advice, and sewing machines.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: During the 1920s and 1930s, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Division of Textiles and Clothing of the Bureau of Home Economics was responsible for research on textiles and clothing. In 1937 this division was renamed the Textiles and Clothing Division. The reorganization of the USDA in 1942 placed research on textiles and clothing under the Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics, Agricultural Research Administration. When the USDA reorganized in 1953, the research remained under the same bureau (re-designated as a division) under the new Agricultural Research Service (ARS). In 1957, the research was moved to the Clothing and Housing Research Division, Institute of Home Economics, ARS. Since the mid-1960s, research on textiles and clothing has taken place in ARS regional laboratories.
Processed:
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 174
Collection Name: USDA Tobacco Market News Service Records
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 22
Collection Description: The USDA Tobacco Market News Service Records contain historical information on the Tobacco Market News Service (1928-1971); tobacco inspection (1927-1963); stocks, standards, and grading (pre-1929-1935); and auctions (1929-1962). There are correspondence, notes, and copies of tobacco annual reports (1932-1953); major legislation (1933-1952); and hearings and testimony (1947-1950). With the development of World War II, there are wartime regulation summaries and reports of tobacco activities (1941-1948); material related to tobacco agreements made with other countries after the war (1945-1952); and notes and reports of U.S. Department of Agriculture committees meeting after the war (1947-1951). Additional materials include correspondence of the tobacco division for the years 1949 and 1950; notes and publications relating to the main USDA Market News Service, which was the head of all of the individual agriculture commodities, including tobacco (1948-1964); files relating to the Tennessee Burley Tobacco Grower’s Association (1946-1960); black and white photographs; and various types of maps.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1931 the Tobacco Market News Service started its work within the Tobacco Section of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Employees followed sales and prices at the tobacco auctions, and talked to growers, buyers' representatives, and warehousemen to better interpret the day's markets in their reports. The different offices of the service dealt with a particular type of tobacco, compiled their statistics, and issued mimeographed market news reports daily and weekly to the public. Tobacco Market News provided tobacco growers, the tobacco trade, and other interested persons with timely information on prices, sales, and marketing conditions on the tobacco auction markets.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 194
Collection Name: USDA Weed Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1906
Latest Date: 1946
Linear Feet: 9
Collection Description: The USDA Weed Photograph Collection consists of approximately 1,400 negatives (glass and nitrate) and black and white photographs of weeds in different geographic locations. There are close up shots of various types of weeds, photographs of fields with weeds, and experimental plots of land, weeds in suburban yards, downtown District of Columbia, fields of corn, fallow fields, field experiment stations, desert areas, and farm land as well as examples of well-kept fields. Some of the photographs are more of a scientific nature with the weed having been pulled and laid flat. There are also photographs of people planting cotton and harvesting grain. The photograph envelopes are very well labeled and the notations are descriptive: they list the type of weed along with scientific name, indicate city and state when necessary, indicate how weeds affect growth of crops, how certain tillage machinery encourages growth of weeds, praise a well-weeded field etc. Some of the envelopes are labeled “Forage Crop Investigations” and “Weed Investigations” Examples of some of the weeds pictured: Alligator grass, ragweed, prickly poppy, milkweed, rattleweed, Russian thistle.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Division of Forage Crops and Diseases operated under the Bureau of Plant Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture. Its main purpose was to research crops that are grown specifically for livestock consumption. It started in the 1900s as the Office of Forage-crop Investigations, and was re-designated the Office of Forage Crops in 1926. In 1929 the Office took on research related to forage disease from the Office of Vegetable and Forage Crops, and became the Office (Division in 1931) of Forage Crops and Diseases. This division became a divisional component of the Field Crops Division of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Research in 1946. After the USDA reorganization of 1953, the Division became the Forage and Range Section of the Field Crops Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service. Research on weeds affecting crops was done by the Division of Weed Investigations, of the Bureau of Plant Industry. In 1953, this research was transferred to the Section of Weed Investigations, Field Crops Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 187
Collection Name: Usinger, Robert Leslie, Collection on Carolus Linnaeus
Earliest Date: 1747
Latest Date: 1957
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Robert L. Usinger Collection on Carolus Linnaeus is a collection of books by Carolus Linnaeus, the founder of systematic biology, on insects and other animals. The collection also includes works about Linneaus.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Robert Leslie Usinger (1912-1968), one of the world’s outstanding entomologists and an expert on the ecology of insects, was a professor of entomology at the University of California during most of his career. He was the author of 150 scientific books and papers. As a hobby, Usinger collected the works of Carolus Linnaeus. Usinger was a fellow of the Linnaean Society of London, and his library of materials by Linnaeus is one of the most extensive of its kind in the world.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.

Collection Number: 188
Collection Name: Uvarov, Boris Petrovich, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1928
Latest Date: 1928
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Boris Petrovich Uvarov Manuscript is a two-volume manuscript by Uvarov, titled "Insect Nutrition and Metabolism" and consisting of typewritten abstracts. The original abstracts are located at Rowett Research Institution in the United Kingdom.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Uvarov (b. 1888) was an entomologist and director of the Anti-Locust Research Center in London, England, as of 1959. He tracked locusts and their movements over the world while studying the conditions under which they reproduce and swarm. Born in Russia, Uvarov moved to England in 1929 and established the Commonwealth Institute of Entomology. He was responsible for the formation of the International African Migratory Locust Organization and the International Red Locust Control Service.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 311
Collection Name: Voices of American Homemakers Collection
Earliest Date: 1980
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 3.25
Collection Description: The Voices of American Homemakers Collection consists of a set of 171 audiocassette tapes of the interviews plus five large binders of typed transcripts of the interviews. Also included is the monograph that resulted from the project, Voices of American Homemakers, published in 1985. This publication contains photographs and abstracts of selected oral histories from the project.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities, Voices of American Homemakers was a massive oral history project undertaken by the National Extension Homemakers Council and its director, Eleanor Arnold, in the early 1980s. One of the primary objectives of this project was to understand and document the richness and worth of homemakers’ lives and how these lives have affected the fabric of American life. Working in 37 states, dozens of volunteer interviewers collected and processed oral histories from more than 200 homemakers.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 191
Collection Name: Volin, Lazar, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1960
Latest Date: 1966
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The Lazar Volin Manuscript is titled "A Century of Russian Agriculture, from Alexander II to Krushchev." This manuscript was published in 1970.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Russian immigrant and economist Lazar Volin (1896-1966) joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1926 and became chief of the East European Analysis Branch of the Economic Research Service's Regional Analysis Division, a post he retained until his retirement in 1965. Recognized as one of the foremost Western authorities on Russian agriculture, Volin authored many publications for USDA, leading economic and historical periodicals, the New York Times, and the Washington Post.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 192
Collection Name: Wallace, Henry Agard, Papers
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1942
Bulk Dates: 1933-1940
Linear Feet: 4.25
Collection Description: The Henry Agard Wallace Papers include press releases of addresses and statements made by Wallace while he was secretary of agriculture (1933-40) and newspaper clippings about Wallace while secretary of agriculture and during his first year as Vice President of the United States. There is also a copy of the typescript, "The Reminiscences of Henry Agard Wallace," Volume 2, 1935-39, pages 310-643, and Volume 3, January-March 1940, pages 644-991. Wallace pencilled notes on several pages of the typescript. The typescript was published and is owned by the Library of Congress. See also: Enzler, Clarence Joseph Papers
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Wallace (1888-1965) was associate editor (1910-24) and editor (1924-29) of Wallaces’ Farmer, editor (1929-33) of Iowa Homestead and Wallaces’ Farmer, secretary of agriculture (1933-40), vice president of the U.S. (1941-45), secretary of commerce (1945-46), and editor of New Republic (from 1946). He was the son of Henry Cantwell Wallace, the seventh Secretary of Agriculture.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.

Collection Number: 108
Collection Name: Wallace, Henry Cantwell, Papers
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 1924
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Henry Cantwell Wallace Papers consist of press releases of addresses and statements made by Wallace while he was Secretary of Agriculture.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Henry Cantwell Wallace (1866-1924) was Secretary of Agriculture from 1921-1924. Prior to working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Wallace was part owner and publisher of the Farm and Dairy, which became Wallaces’ Farm and Dairy and later Wallaces’ Farmer. After the death of his father, Wallace replaced him as editor. The journal gained a reputation as one of the leading agricultural periodicals in the United States. When he was appointed as Secretary of Agriculture, Wallace continued to assist farmers by developing improved systems of marketing, establishing the Bureau of Agricultural Economics and the Bureau of Home Economics, and initiating the radio service for market reports. His son, Henry Agard Wallace, was Secretary of Agriculture from 1933-1940, and Vice President of the United States from 1941-1945 (see Manuscript Collection 192).
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 193
Collection Name: Warren, Don Cameron, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Earliest Date: 1917
Latest Date: 1990
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Don Cameron Warren Papers include correspondence to and from poultry leaders from 1928-1973, an autobiography, newspaper articles, certificates and awards, reprints of scientific papers, speeches, audiotape recording of induction speeches, and monographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Don Cameron Warren (1890-1994) researched the genetics of fowl at the poultry science department of Kansas State University and was a geneticist for Kimber Farms late in his career. In 1971, Warren was inducted into the Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 195
Collection Name: Weidlich, John E., Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1951
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The John E. Weidlich Collection contains a description of the initial plans for the National Chicken of Tomorrow Contest, prepared in 1945, and lists of individuals who entered the first contest in 1946. It comprises newspaper clippings, single issues of trade journals, promotional pamphlets, photographs, and correspondence.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John E. Weidlich was a Roanoke, West Virginia, breeder of New Hampshire chickens and an early supporter of the National Chicken of Tomorrow Contest, which is the core of this collection.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 196
Collection Name: Wells, Wellington, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Earliest Date: 1898
Latest Date: 1971
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Wellington Wells Collection contains lists of exhibition-type poultry breeders who exhibited in 22 states and Canada between 1898 and 1971 and a list of the awards given to the best individual birds or groups of birds for each breed on exhibit. The emphasis is on exhibitions in Massachusetts, in particular the Boston Poultry Show. A total of 132 poultry show publications are included.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Wellington Wells was a breeder of exhibition poultry in Millis, Massachusetts.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 262
Collection Name: Wendelin, Rudolph, Collection of Smokey Bear Paintings
Earliest Date: 1977
Latest Date: 1996
Bulk Dates: 1977-96
Linear Feet: 12
Collection Description: The Rudolph Wendelin Collection of Smokey Bear Paintings is composed of 19 oil, acrylic, and/or watercolor paintings ranging in size from 18"x24" to 24"x26."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Rudolph Wendelin (1910-2000), a sculptor, painter, and illustrator, worked for the U.S. Forest Service from 1933 until his retirement in 1973. Although he was not the creator of Smokey Bear, Wendelin helped establish the first campaign and coordinate the art material. During his career, he made significant developments toward humanizing the Smokey image with the addition of blue jeans, a forest ranger hat, and a shovel, as well as softening the lines of Smokey's face, thus contributing to the bear's success as one of the most recognizable figures in American culture. He also made the first animated television drawings of Smokey, which synchronized voice with the movements of mouth. By retirement, Wendelin had designed six postage stamps and received many honors. After his retirement, he continued to produce images of Smokey Bear for the Advertising Council and other outlets, including these 19 oil paintings, many of which served as the original artwork for calendars.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 197
Collection Name: White, Richard P., Papers
Earliest Date: 1965
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Richard P. White Papers contain correspondence, brochures, newsletters, publications, subject files, and drafts relating to White's manuscript "A Century of Service: A History of the Nursery Industry Association of the United States."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Richard P. White (b. 1896) was a former executive vice president of the American Association of Nurserymen.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 230
Collection Name: Wilcox, Edwin Mead, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1920
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Edwin Mead Wilcox Manuscript is a typed manuscript and notes for "Diseases of Vegetable Crops and Ornamentals in the United States" (published in 1928).
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edwin Mead Wilcox (1876-1931) was a botanist and university professor. He received degrees from the University of Ohio (B.S. and M.S.) and Harvard University (Ph.D.). From 1901-1902, he was a professor of botany and entomology at Oklahoma A&M College (now Oklahoma State University). Wilcox conducted research for the Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station located at Oklahoma A&M. During the 1900s and 1910s, Wilcox also conducted research at the experiment stations at the Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University) and the University of Nebraska. His research focused on crop diseases.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 199
Collection Name: Wiley, Harvey Washington, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1904
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Harvey Washington Wiley Manuscript is titled "Comparative Fertility and Nitrifying Power of Soils."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harvey Washington Wiley (1844-1930) was chief chemist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1883-1912. During his time with the USDA, he fought for the enactment of a pure food and drug law in the United States. In 1902 he organized a dozen young men in his department to eat food treated with preservatives that manufacturers said were harmless. This group, called the "poison squad," participated in the study for five years. Wiley published a 2,000-page pamphlet with the results. Soon after the study was released, President Theodore Roosevelt passed the pure food law in 1906. A prolific author, Wiley wrote books, government bulletins, and scientific papers on agricultural chemistry.
Processed:

Collection Number: 200
Collection Name: Wiser, Vivian, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1964
Latest Date: 1967
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Vivian Wiser Manuscript consists of seven chapters about U.S. Department of Agriculture history from the founding of the nation to 1938.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Vivian Wiser was a historian for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Economic Research Service. Born on a farm in New York, Wiser attended the University of Maryland for her bachelor’s, master’s, and Ph.D degrees. Employed by the federal government for over 33 years, she worked at the National Archives for 11 years and the history group of the USDA for 19 years. She is coauthor of Century of Service: The First 100 Years of the United States Department of Agriculture (1963) and has published bulletins and articles in historical journals.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 202
Collection Name: Wood, Jethro, Papers
Earliest Date: 1823
Latest Date: 1823
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Jethro Wood Papers consist of an original 1823 contract signed by Jethro Wood and Williams Roads for the manufacture and sale of the improved cast-iron plow.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1819, Wood patented an iron plow with interchangeable parts and, within a few years, thousands were in use.
Processed:

Collection Number: 201
Collection Name: Woods, Charles Dayton, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1893
Latest Date: 1893
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Charles Dayton Woods 1893 Manuscript is handwritten and typewritten and is titled "Compilation of Analyses of New England Feeding Stuffs." It contains charts on oat grass, maize fodder, orchard grass, seeds, grains, and roots.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Dayton Woods (1856-1925) was an agricultural chemist who worked at the Agricultural Experiment Station at Wesleyan University. He was the first person to publish information about the caloric content of foods.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 204
Collection Name: World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA) Records
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 34
Collection Description: The World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA) Records contain materials collected by various members of the organization. Included are correspondence, reports, publications, awards information, ephemera, meeting meetings, and photographs. The majority of the materials correspond with member participation in the world's poultry congresses, European poultry conferences, and other meetings. The earliest material dates from the 1st World's Poultry Congress in 1921.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The World's Poultry Science Association began with the formation of the International Association of Poultry Instructors in 1912. In 1928 the organization changed its name to the World's Poultry Science Assocation. The 1st World's Poultry Congress was held in 1921 at The Hague, Netherlands. In 1960, the 1st European Poultry Conference was helt at Utrecht, Netherlands. The first national branch of WPSA was established in the United Kingdom in 1947. WPSA continues to be an active international organization with the purpose of advancing knowledge and understanding of all aspects of poultry science and the poultry industry.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 205
Collection Name: World's Poultry Science Association U.S.A. Branch Records
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1937
Latest Date: 1996
Linear Feet: 19.5
Collection Description: The World's Poultry Science Association U.S.A. Branch Records include correspondence, branch constitution and bylaws, membership lists, and financial documents. There is correspondence between the U.S.A. Branch, the Canadian branches, and the Poultry Science Association in preparation for participation in World Poultry Congresses.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The World's Poultry Science Association began with the formation of the International Association of Poultry Instructors in 1912. Its purpose was to advance knowledge and understanding of all aspects of poultry science and the poultry industry. The first national branch of the association was formed in 1946 in the United Kingdom and the U.S.A. Branch was formed in 1965. The U.S.A. Branch's objectives were to provide for the participation of the United States in World's Poultry Congresses by maintaining a standing Participation Committee with rotating membership; to increase the membership of the World's Poultry Science Association of the U.S.A.; to cooperate with trade associations in promoting better understanding between the poultry industry in this country and industries in other parts of the world; to cooperate with the Poultry Science Association (U.S. and Canada) in promoting participation of poultry scientists in all international efforts related to poultry science and industry; and to promote the exchange of knowledge in all fields of the poultry industry.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 453
Collection Name: Wunderlich, Gene L. Papers
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1995
Bulk Dates: 1955-1973
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The Gene L. Wunderlich Collection contains materials regarding the land economics programs of the United States Department of Agriculture, and, more specifically, land economics agencies, committees and programs of the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the Economic Research Service (ERS). Materials are chiefly concerned with the era from the late 1950's to the early 1970's. The documents consist of committee meeting reports, papers, correspondence, bibliographies and other publications on land ownership and tenure programs, legislation and policy. There are materials from and concerning the US regional land tenure research committees such as: the Southern Land Economics Research Committee and the North Central Land Economics Committee; also: the Interregional Land Tenure Research Committee and the Interregional Resource Economics Committee. There are also FAO and AID publications from 1970, such as bibliographies and reviews regarding land reform in various regions of the world.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Gene L. (Lee) Wunderlich (1929- ) worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture for forty years (1955-1995), in positions concerning USDA policy on land tenure and ownership in the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the Economic Research Service (ERS). His position before retirement was ERS Senior Economist. He was raised on a farm in North Dakota. He did his undergraduate work at the University of North Dakota and received his M.S. (1951) and Ph.D. (1955) from Iowa State. His Ph.D. dissertation topic is "Bombay Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act as a Means of Agrarian Reform." He also served as a consultant to the World Bank, USAID and others in the former Soviet Union. He is the author or editor of numerous books and articles on land tenure, land taxation, and land reform.
Subjects: Economics; USDA History
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 425
Collection Name: Wye Oak Collection
Earliest Date: 1944
Latest Date: 2002
Bulk Dates: 1990-2002
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Wye Oak Collection contains a Maryland Centennial Garrett State Forest commemorative plaque, preserved Wye Oak leaves (in filter paper, very fragile), Wye Oak lightning rod nails, 2 Wye Oak pins, Big Tree and Champion Tree literature, 1 mounted and framed print of the Wye Oak, 3 mounted and framed displays of Wye Oak leaves, and 2 books. A piece of wood from the actual tree is included in the collection.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: High winds of a violent thunderstorm on June 6, 2002 toppled Maryland's honorary state tree, the Wye Oak (a white oak: Quercus alba). It was located near Wye Mills, Talbot County, Maryland. Its height was 88 feet, and it measured over over 31 feet in circumference. It stood for over 450 years. It was in private hands from 1665 until 1939 when the State of Maryland purchased the acres surrounding it to create the Wye Oak State Park.
Subjects: Agricultural History; Forestry
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 338
Collection Name: Wyss, John, Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 2003
Bulk Dates: 1990s
Linear Feet: 19
Collection Description: The John Wyss Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records contain office files, reports, meeting files, brochures, newsletters, photographs and slides, blueprints, floppy disks and CD-ROMs, promotional materials, and publications related to the screwworm eradication effort in Mexico and Central America. The materials include plans for Screwworm Rearing Facility in Pacora, Panama.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Wyss worked as a screwworm coordinator in Mexico and Central America.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 207
Collection Name: Young, Alvin L., Collection on Agent Orange
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1987
Linear Feet: 120
Collection Description: The Alvin L. Young Collection on Agent Orange contains correspondence, newspaper articles, journal reprints, conference papers, technical reports, congressional hearing testimony, government documents, monographs, and other research materials concerned with the phenoxy herbicides, the toxic impurity 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), and related chemicals. Much of the collection focuses on, or is related to, Agent Orange, a phenoxy herbicide containing TCDD used as a defoliant during the Vietnam War.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Alvin L. Young (b. 1942), a specialist in herbicide physiology, amassed this collection over more than 25 years of research conducted for the U.S. Air Force, Veterans Administration, and other federal agencies. He has also served as an advisor or consultant to the National Academies of Science and the Italian and Austra lian governments. His expertise includes the ecological impact and toxicity of the herbicides used in the Vietnam War; the environmental fate and toxicology of tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins; and science policy and risk assessment/risk management applied to environmental issues.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 208
Collection Name: Zindel, Howard C., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1960
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 9.75
Collection Description: The Howard C. Zindel Papers cover a period during which many of the fundamental concepts on the utilization of agricultural wastes were developed. There are reprints, magazine and newspaper articles, research reports, bulletins, regional project reports, and brochures on livestock and poultry waste utilization.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Howard C. Zindel was head of Michigan State University's poultry science department during the 1960s and 1970s.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None


Last Modified : August 2, 2013

 
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