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You are here: Home / NAL Collections / Special Collections / Guide to the Collections / Index to the Manuscript Collections / Search Results Printer Friendly
National Agricultural Library Collections
  
Special Collections

Index to the Manuscript Collections--Search Results

40 record(s) found

Collection Number: 9
Collection Name: American Romney Breeders Association (ARBA) Records
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 1980
Linear Feet: 48.5
Collection Description: American Romney Breeders Association (ARBA) Records consist of the American Romney Breeders Association's certificates of registry for ewes and rams.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The American Romney Breeders Association (ARBA) was founded in 1912 by Joe Wing, a world traveler and expert on sheep. He became an early secretary of ARBA, and was instrumental in the development of Romney sheep in America.
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Collection Number: 11
Collection Name: Arkell, Thomas, Account Book
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1829
Latest Date: 1886
Bulk Dates: 1829-1849 & 1854-1886
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Thomas Arkell Account Book Collection consists of two account books, one covering the years 1829-1849, and one spanning 1854-1886. The earlier account book contains entries on dairy products, barley, oats, and the cradling and harvesting of wheat. The later account book, 1854-86, consists of pedigrees of Durham or Short Horned cattle bought and bred by Thomas Arkell on his Little Farmham Farm near Guelph, Canada.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Thomas Arkell (ca. 1802-1875) was a native of Berkshire, England. He settled in Puslinch Township, Ontario, Canada, in May 1831 after living briefly in New York. He became a prominent sheep and cattle breeder in Puslinch and served as a magistrate there for more than 30 years.
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Collection Number: 15
Collection Name: Barnes, Cornelius, Account Book
Earliest Date: 1802
Latest Date: 1809
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Cornelius Barnes Account Book consists of accounting entries relating to the use of leather for the making of boots, shoes, and the binding of books.
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Collection Number: 25
Collection Name: Boone, Merritt Anderson, Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1983
Linear Feet: 5
Collection Description: The Merritt Anderson Boone Collection includes a bibliography of Boone's published works; manuscripts and technical reports by Boone; correspondence; and reprints of some of his published articles. The collection contains items relating to poultry activities in South Carolina. There are materials from the South Carolina Poultry Extension Service and from various poultry short courses conducted by Clemson University between 1930 and 1979. Other components are minutes of the South Carolina Poultry Improvement Association meetings held in 1953-1955 and 1970-1974, and printer's dies from the 1965-1968 Association's yearbooks; approximately 1,000 35-millimeter color slides on various aspects of the poultry industry during the 1960s; and miscellaneous reprints, circulars, and bulletins pertaining to poultry breeding and industry from the 1939-1983 period.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Merritt Anderson "Dan" Boone (1920-1993) was a professor of poultry science at Clemson University from 1947-1977. Originally from Geneva, Nebraska, he studied animal science at the University of Nebraska. He then served four years in the Veterinary Corps of the U.S. Army. While waiting to go to veterinary school, he decided to pursue a master’s degree in poultry science. In the meantime, Boone worked in both the dairy and poultry industries. He worked for the federal Milk Marketing Administration in Chicago and a dairy farm in Utah. He worked for the Michigan State Poultry Improvement Association before settling into a career as a research professor in poultry at Clemson University. While at Clemson, Boone worked primarily in genetics and physiology (where he contributed to heat stress research).
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Reprints

Collection Number: 31
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Dairy Industry Records
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1960-1967
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Dairy Industry Records include clippings of articles by or about Ollie E. Reed, chief of the Bureau of Dairy Industry from 1928-1953; historical information on the Dairy Division as part of the Bureau of Animal Industry as well as the Bureau of Dairy Industry; publications of the Dairy Cattle Research Branch (1956-1957); speeches of Carl W. Larson, former Chief of the Bureau of Dairy Industry and Reed's predecessor; certificates of Ralph E. Hodgson, former chief, Dairy Husbandry Research (1957); and black and white photographs of Beltsville dairy buildings and animals, and dairy personnel.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Secretary of Agriculture Henry C. Wallace, a dairy specialist, supported the expansion of the Dairy Division into the Bureau of Dairying on July 1, 1924. Two years later the name changed to the Bureau of Dairy Industry and five major divisions formed: Division of Dairy Research Laboratories; Division of Market Milk Investigations; Division of Breeding, Feeding, and Management; Division of Dairy Herd Improvement Investigations; and Division of Dairy Manufacturing Investigations and Introduction.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 32
Collection Name: Capron, Horace, Memoirs
Earliest Date: 1884
Latest Date: 1884
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Horace Capron Memoirs [ca. 1884] describe Capron's activities as an operator of mills in New York and Maryland and as a plantation owner and livestock breeder in Maryland and Illinois. In addition, Capron details his service in the Union Army during the Civil War and his tenure as the third Commissioner of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Finally, he discusses his pioneering work for Japan in the development of the island of Hokkaido. This two-volume autobiography is a copy of the original.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Horace Capron (1804-1885) was the third Commissioner of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) (1867-1871). Capron decided to start a career in the cotton manufacturing business in his youth. He became a superintendent of a cotton factory in Baltimore County, Maryland in 1829. Capron started his own factory in Laurel, Maryland, 1836. It was built on land that his wife, Louisa, had inherited upon her father’s death in 1831. Louisa died in 1848, and four years later, Capron received a commission from President Millard Fillmore as special agent for native tribes in the Southwest. He held this post through the end of 1853. Capron remarried in early 1854, and he resettled on farmland in northern Illinois. He also served in the Civil War. In 1867 Capron was appointed by President Andrew Johnson to be the Commissioner of the USDA. In this capacity, Capron commenced on plans for several new USDA buildings, and he also formed the grounds for an arboretum. Capron resigned this post in 1871 to take a similar role in the Kaitakushi Department of Japan, where he primarily advised on the development of the island of Hokkaido. Capron returned to the United States in 1875, and lived his remaining years in Washington, D.C.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 42
Collection Name: Bereskin, Ben, Papers
Earliest Date: 1954
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 18.75
Collection Description: The Ben Bereskin Papers include papers, photographs, publications and reports by Bereskin and others (H.O. Hetzer) as well as data, notes, correspondence, drafts, abstracts, and other manuscripts. Materials cover subjects such as livestock, poultry, and swine.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Ben Bereskin (b. 1922) began working at U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1965 as a research geneticist (animal) with USDA’s Agricultural Research Service, Animal Husbandry Research Division, Swine Research Branch. Bereskin’s swine research objectives included selection for lean growth on low protein diets; comparing responses of pigs to selection under different dietary regimes; monitoring and evaluating physiological traits in the selected lines; evaluating the genetic X nutritional interaction effects and evaluating responses to reverse selection. In 1975 he was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and in 1985-1986 he was the sole winner of the National Swine Improvement Federation’s Distinguished Service Award. Bereskin retired in 1988 as a research geneticist at the USDA Nonruminant Animal Nutrition Laboratory, Animal Science Institute.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 45
Collection Name: Cram, Eloise, Papers
Earliest Date: 1853
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Eloise Cram Papers contain correspondence, photographs, scientific articles, and various ephemera relating to the professional lives and work of several scientists employed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) and by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The scientists included are Eloise B. Cram, Maurice C. Hall, Brayton H. Ransom, Charles W. Stiles, Albert Hassell, and Daniel E. Salmon.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Parasitologist Eloise Cram (1897-1957) entered government service as a zoologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI), where she became noted as a world authority on the parasites of poultry, and eventually rose to be Head, Parasites of Poultry and Game Birds, USDA. When she took a position at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), she contributed to the study of pinworm and researched the curbing of the helminthic disease Schistosomiasis.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 46
Collection Name: Shorthorn Cattle Catalog Collection
Earliest Date: 1900
Latest Date: 2002
Linear Feet: 81
Collection Description: The Shorthorn Cattle Catalog Collection includes approximately 4,500 catalogs of Shorthorn public sales (a few private sale or herd catalogs), complete or nearly complete files of breed magazines, official herd books, breed history books, and a wide variety of ephemeral publications. Most of the catalogs were produced in the United States, but there are catalogs from Canada, the British Isles, Australia, South Africa, and other countries where Shorthorn cattle are bred.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Wayne Caldwell Neely (1904-1994) was a chairman of the department of economics and sociology at Hood College, in Frederick, Maryland. After Neely’s retirement from teaching in 1972, he served as secretary-treasurer of the Maryland Shorthorn Association until 1988. The Shorthorn Cattle Catalog Collection is an outgrowth of Neely’s love of the study of pedigrees and show and sale reports. His family owned a farm in Iowa called Verd Lea (meaning "green field"). The farm was actively engaged in breeding purebred Shorthorn cattle from 1883 until the farm was donated to the Wallace Foundation for Rural Research and Development in 1993.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 47
Collection Name: Historic Poster Collection
Earliest Date: 1877
Latest Date: 1950
Bulk Dates: 1915-1950
Linear Feet: 90
Collection Description: The Historic Poster Collection contains approximately 470 posters relating to World Wars I and II, poultry, cattle, dairy, food, and farming. Most of the posters are not dated. There are approximately 300 World War I- and World War II-era posters. Although many of these posters are not dated, the known date-range runs from 1917-1919 and 1940-1946. The posters display government information relating to wartime agricultural programs and educate and encourage Americans to participate in the war effort through increased food production and conservation. Homemakers are asked to Win the War in the Kitchen by planting war gardens and canning vegetables, while farmers are told that Your Farm Can Help, and encouraged to plant particular crops, construct storage silos, and eliminate plant diseases to help the war effort. Additional World War II posters highlight the various important uses of cotton by U.S. soldiers and encourage Americans to Make America Strong by promoting community education and involvement in proper meal preparation and food preservation. The collection also includes approximately 100 poultry posters and promotional advertisements. Most materials are not dated. The poultry-related advertisements and educational posters provide information about poultry processing, production, and standards of quality; and encourage the consumption of eggs, chicken, and turkey.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Posters
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 52
Collection Name: Dun, Edwin, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 1919
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Edwin Dun Manuscript [ca. 1919] (136 pages) is titled "Reminiscences of Nearly Half a Century in Japan." Dun wrote about life on the farm in central Ohio, where he grew up, and the events that led to his journey to Japan. He described his life in Japan, the people he met, historic events, and natural disasters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edwin Dun (1848-1931) went to Japan in the 1870s as an agricultural expert, whose chief knowledge was in the area of raising sheep and cattle, and served as U.S. minister to Japan.
Processed:
Text Available in NALDR: http://archive.org/details/CAT10899295DunReminisce...
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 56
Collection Name: Carper, Elsie, Collection on Extension Service, Home Economics, and 4-H
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1990
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The Elsie Carper Collection on Extension Service, Home Economics, and 4-H contains materials relating to early extension work, largely saved by Extension specialists and program leaders over Carper's many years of employment as a clerk at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Subject areas include Cooperative Extension history, early history of Extension home economics, Extension Homemaker's Organization, early history of the National Association of Extension Home Economists, and 4-H materials.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Association of Extension Home Economists (NAEHE) began in 1934 as the Home Demonstration Agents’ National Association. The mission of this organization was "to promote the interest of home demonstration work." NAEHE also had a goal of helping to improve the skills of its members in the areas of home economics and adult education. In 1965, members of the National Negro Home Demonstration Agents Association (NNHDAA) merged into the NAEHE. The NNHDAA had been founded seven years earlier, and specifically focused on home economics in the African-American community. In 1995, the NAEHE once again changed its name, this time to the National Extension Association of Family & Consumer Sciences. This change came about because of the evolutionary shift of the profession to family and consumer science.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 60
Collection Name: USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS), Veterinary Services
Earliest Date: 1947
Latest Date: 1974
Bulk Dates: 1960-69
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) cover animal inspection and quarantine memoranda, procedures, forms, letters, and reports. Topics include export livestock; domestics, ruminants, and swine; organisms and vectors; restricted meat; restricted byproducts; and virus-serum control. There are materials related to the Animal Quarantine Station in Clifton, New York, 1949. Additionally, there are records on the Foreign Animal Diseases Advisory Committee, 1974; the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Industry Advisory Committee on Foot-and-Mouth Disease, 1947-1972; and files of court case involving George C. Bump and his failure to permit the depopulation of his poultry flock exposed to Exotic Newcastle Disease.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The goals of the Veterinary Services (VS) program of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) are to properly manage cases of animal disease, and to advocate methods for maintaining healthy and productive animals. VS began as the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI), which was established under the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1884. The BAI set out to deal with livestock problems, most notably diseases. The bureau established several divisions, including those for dairy, animal husbandry, inspection, and quarantine. The organization of the BAI remained virtually unchanged for almost 70 years (the exception being its grouping with other bureaus under the Agricultural Research Administration from 1942-1953). In 1953 the BAI was abolished. Its functions were assigned to various branches of the new Agricultural Research Service, mostly to Animal Disease Eradication and Animal Inspection and Quarantine. These two branches merged in 1970 to form Veterinary Services, ARS. VS was transferred to APHIS in 1972, and remained when APHIS was reorganized and superceded by an organization of the same name. Throughout its history, Veterinary Services has eradicated several diseases from the United States, including foot-and-mouth disease, cattle fever ticks, screwworms, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, exotic Newcastle disease, and hog cholera.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 61
Collection Name: Midwestern Milk Marketing Conference
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1946
Latest Date: 1949
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Midwestern Milk Marketing Conference contains correspondence, programs, constitutions, and notes from the initial meetings of the Midwestern Milk Marketing Conference from 1946-1949. Includes letters from the Assistant Director and Director of the USDA Production and Marketing Administration Dairy Branch regarding attending the meeting.
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Collection Number: 76
Collection Name: Heinemann, Charles Brunk, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1938
Latest Date: 1938
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Charles Brunk Heinemann Manuscript, a typewritten carbon copy of the manuscript "American Live Stock Markets and Marketing," is about the evolution and development of the system of livestock marketing in the United States and a brief history of certain of these markets.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Born 1882 in Shelby County, Illinois, C. B. Heinemann (1882-1955) was one of the founders of NIMPA (National Independent Meat Packers Association. Following the founding of NIMPA, Heinemann served as secretary, then as executive vice president and assistant treasurer. In 1948, he was elected president, an office he held untile 1953. He died in 1953 in Hollywood, Florida.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 81
Collection Name: Hodgson, Ralph Edward, Papers
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 5
Collection Description: The Ralph Edward Hodgson Papers consist of autobiographical and biographical information, writings, studies, papers, speeches, trip reports, bulletins, reprints, and publications. Of significance to those interested in Hodgson's early years is his 1970 autobiographical work titled "From the Sands of Mazomanie: A Story of a Wisconsin Farm Boy."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Ralph Edward Hodgson (1906-1990) worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1930-1973 and held progressively more responsible positions in professional, scientific, and administrative work in connection with dairy and animal husbandry, focusing on dairy cattle breeding, feeding, and management. His notable positions within USDA include Assistant Chief, Bureau of Dairy Industry, 1945-1953; Chief, Dairy Husbandry Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service, 1953-1957, and Director, Animal Science Research Division, 1957-1973.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 85
Collection Name: Howe, Paul E., Papers
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1907
Latest Date: 1973
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Paul E. Howe Papers include Howe's publications and a 1959 Work Project Annual Report for the Animal Husbandry Research Division, Dairy Cattle Research Branch of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Paul E. Howe (1885-1974) started working at the USDA in 1923 as a biological chemist in the Bureau of Animal Industry. In 1936 he became an Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry and Chief of the Division of Animal Nutrition, which conducted research in animal nutrition and the biochemical study of animal products. During World War II he was Head of the Division of Foods and Nutrition of the Surgeon General’s office. After the war, he worked on the nutritional needs of the civilian populations of Germany and Japan. As his career progressed, Howe also served as a consulting biochemist within USDA and, in 1952, went on detail to the Foreign Agricultural Relations Technical Collaboration Branch for approximately five months. He retired in 1955. Howe wrote extensively on topics such as the effects of fasting on humans and animals, animal nutrition, and the biochemistry of animal products.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 107
Collection Name: Mohler, John R., Papers
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1943
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The John R. Mohler Papers consist of photographs, Canadian exhibits, U.S. exhibits, a manuscript entitled "The Outbreak of Foot and Mouth Diseases in California," a log book, and certificates.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John R. Mohler (1875-1952) began working at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1897 as an assistant inspector for the Bureau of Animal Industry. He was promoted to the position of Chief of the Pathological Division in 1902, and became the Chief of the Bureau in 1917, a position he held until his retirement in 1943. Mohler’s work focused on animal diseases, in particular those that affected cattle, birds, sheep, horses, and hogs. He authored or co-authored numerous bulletins, circulars, and articles on these topics. In 1933 Mohler was elected vice president of the International Veterinary Congress and in 1939 received the 12th International Veterinary Congress Prize in recognition of his distinguished achievements in veterinary service in the United States and foreign countries. This is the highest honor the veterinary profession bestows.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 119
Collection Name: North, Charles E., Papers
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1961
Linear Feet: 123.5
Collection Description: The Charles E. North Papers contain correspondence, articles, and reports on a variety of subjects related to the development of the dairy industry during the first half of the 20th century; records concerning his efforts toward gaining passage of milk legislation; patents on processes and devices related to the milk industry; and photographs and movies which reflect his efforts and determination toward upgrading the sanitary standards for processing milk.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles E. North (1869-1961), a physician, public health officer, inventor, and agricultural scientist, was a pioneer in the dairy industry and a leader in gaining public acceptance of milk pasteurization laws, developer of processes and devices, and author of many articles and reports related to the development of the dairy industry.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 120
Collection Name: Gilbert, Henry G., Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection
Earliest Date: 1724
Latest Date: 2013
Bulk Dates: 1890-2003
Linear Feet: 1129
Collection Description: The Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection is a special reference collection of over 150,000 American and foreign catalogs. It was begun in 1904 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) economic botanist, Percy Leroy Ricker. Its purpose now, as then, is to provide information regarding sources, prices, and descriptions of plant material offered for sale by U.S. nurserymen, growers, and seedsmen and, to a lesser extent, by foreign firms. The collection is now named for its longtime curator, Henry G. Gilbert (1930-1996). There are catalogs from the following countries: Africa, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Burma, Canada, Canary Islands, Ceylon, Chile, China, England, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Holland, Hungary, India, Italy, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Russia, Scotland, South America, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Henry G. Gilbert (1930-1996) was a reference librarian at the National Agricultural Library (NAL), USDA. He worked at NAL for 27 years, beginning his tenure at the South Building in Washington, D.C., just prior to the library’s move to Beltsville, Maryland. In addition to working in reference, Gilbert was NAL’s librarian for the U.S. National Arboretum and the curator of the library’s collection of nursery and seed trade catalogs. Gilbert earned an associate of science degree in horticulture from the State University of New York at Farmingdale, a bachelor of science degree in entomology from the University of Georgia, and a master of library science degree from the Pratt Institute (New York). Prior to becoming a librarian at NAL, Gilbert worked for various agricultural organizations, including a position at the Port of New York as a USDA Plant Quarantine Inspector.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 150
Collection Name: Schoening, Harry William, Papers
Earliest Date: 1903
Latest Date: 1960
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Harry William Schoening Papers consist of materials pertaining to Schoening's veterinary research; a pictorial history of individuals who worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry; correspondence related to his retirement; and photographs of his retirement party. There are Bureau of Animal Industry reports on hog cholera, cattle, swine, sheep and goats, horses, poultry, fur animals, foot-and-mouth disease, and parasites.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harry William Schoening (1886-1969) began his almost 50 years of service with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1907 working as a veterinary inspector handling meat inspection for the Bureau of Animal Industry. He retired as director of the Veterinary Pathology Branch of the Animal Disease and Parasite Research Division, Agricultural Research Service. Schoening conducted and supervised investigations into the causes and prevention of livestock diseases. Most prominent among these projects were those involving hog cholera and foot-and-mouth disease.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 166
Collection Name: Tayloe Family Journal
Earliest Date: 1831
Latest Date: 1849
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Tayloe Family Journal is a handwritten agricultural journal of the Tayloe family of the Fredericksburg, Virginia, area. It contains entries on barns, beef, cattle, clover, corn, cultivators, dairying, ditching, drought, fallowing, fencing, grapes, harvesting, hogs, manure, marl, oats, pruning, and sheep, as well as some detailed maps, farm inventories, and an index.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 178
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Animal Industry Photograph Collection (see processing note) many are labeled ASI Archives
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1951
Linear Feet: 17
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Animal Industry Photograph Collection comprises black and white photographs, 531 glass negatives, and 1,220 acetate negatives covering many aspects of the animal industry. Subjects include animal anatomy, animal housing, equipment such as slaughtering tools, animal products such as wool, processing steps, cuts of beef, diseases, and laboratories. Black and white photographs document people involved in the work of the Bureau of Animal Industry.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) was formed in 1884, and was an evolution from the Veterinary Division that had been established a year earlier, and also from the program of the Treasury Department that regulated animal transportation. The BAI was the first bureau established in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). BAI was created to put more emphasis on combating diseases that caused problems in cattle trade and production. The early focus of the bureau was to eradicate the most damaging, most communicable livestock diseases. In addition, very soon after its establishment, the bureau took on the duty of enforcing the new Meat Inspection Act. The BAI created two divisions for this task - one for meat inspection, the other for animal quarantine. Throughout its history, the Bureau of Animal Industry had many other important divisions. Most notable of these were Animal Husbandry, Animal Nutrition, Animal Pathology, Dairy, and Zoological. These divisions had a multitude of tasks related to animal industry, including research, disease eradication, breeding, inspection, and even marketing of animal products. As the research needs of the bureau changed, so did the divisions; many of them changed names and/or merged with others. In 1942 BAI was placed under the Agricultural Research Administration, which was created to consolidate the work of the USDA's major bureaus. In 1953 the USDA established the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), which abolished the bureau system. The functions of the BAI were transferred to various branches of ARS, mostly to the branches of Animal Inspection and Quarantine, and Animal Disease Eradication. The majority of the original functions of the BAI are now the responsibility of Veterinary Services, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS).
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 187
Collection Name: Usinger, Robert Leslie, Collection on Carolus Linnaeus
Earliest Date: 1747
Latest Date: 1957
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Robert L. Usinger Collection on Carolus Linnaeus is a collection of books by Carolus Linnaeus, the founder of systematic biology, on insects and other animals. The collection also includes works about Linneaus.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Robert Leslie Usinger (1912-1968), one of the world’s outstanding entomologists and an expert on the ecology of insects, was a professor of entomology at the University of California during most of his career. He was the author of 150 scientific books and papers. As a hobby, Usinger collected the works of Carolus Linnaeus. Usinger was a fellow of the Linnaean Society of London, and his library of materials by Linnaeus is one of the most extensive of its kind in the world.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.

Collection Number: 206
Collection Name: Sheep skin and wool samples
Earliest Date: 1948
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: Sheep skins and wool samples. 1948. Wool samples and accompanying black and white photographs of each type of animal, undated.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 223
Collection Name: U.S. National Animal Parasite Collection Records
Earliest Date: 1886
Latest Date: 1987
Linear Feet: 188.25
Collection Description: The U.S. National Animal Parasite Collection Records contain photographs, line drawings, lantern slides, and negatives of animal parasites. Many of the drawings were used as illustrations for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) publications. There are copies of articles, reprints, and several manuscripts, materials on the history of animal parasitology in USDA, including biographical information, photographs, and documents prepared for the centennial anniversary of the Bureau of Animal Industry. There is a chart created by parasitologist Cooper Curtis which he used in a presentation before the Biological Society of Washington in 1934.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1884, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) established the Bureau of Animal Industry. In 1891, the bureau was divided into four sections; parasite research was assigned to the "Zoological Laboratory" of the Division of Animal Pathology. Charles Wardell Stiles started the Parasite Collection and the Index-Catalogue of Medical Veterinary Zoology with his assistant, Albert Hassall. When the USDA eliminated its system of bureaus in 1953, the parasitology lab of the Zoological Division of the Bureau of Animal Industry became the Beltsville Parasitological Laboratory of the Animal Disease and Parasitic Research Branch of the Agricultural Research Service. By the end of the 1960s, the name changed to the National Animal Parasite Laboratory. Since 1972, this unit has been known as the Animal Parasitology Institute.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 224
Collection Name: USDA Leather and Paper Laboratory Records
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1986
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The USDA Leather and Paper Laboratory Records include notebooks of specimen records, black and white photographs of animal and fish hides and skins, and publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: On July 1, 1904, the Secretary of Agriculture established a laboratory in the Bureau of Chemistry charged with the investigation of problems of a chemical and chemical-technical nature relating to the paper and leather industries. The need for the laboratory was based on an increased demand for information on tanning materials and the study of leathers in regard to composition, strength, appearance, and durability.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 248
Collection Name: USDA Animal Husbandry Division Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1954
Bulk Dates: 1923-1954
Linear Feet: 25
Collection Description: The USDA Animal Husbandry Division Photograph Collection contains acetate and glass photographic negatives of animals such as cattle, pigs, swine, poultry, sheep, quail, hare, rabbits, and mink. Also included are negatives of Bureau of Animal Industry employees. Images were taken in Beltsville, Maryland, and other locations within the United States and foreign countries.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Although the U.S. Department of Agriculture had recognized animal husbandry as a unique sector in 1901, it was not until 1910 that the Animal Husbandry Division was established under the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI). The research performed in the division focused on the breeding and feeding of animals that were of most importance to agricultural and military productivity and food production. Key areas of research included cattle, horses, and poultry production. Soon after its establishment, the Animal Husbandry Division moved its research facilities to the new research center in Beltsville, Maryland. It remained directly under the BAI until the formation of the Agricultural Research Service, which abolished the BAI and split its functions accordingly. The former Animal Husbandry Division is now under the current Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Veterinary Services.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 251
Collection Name: Terrill, Clair Elman, Collection
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1978
Bulk Dates: 1930s-60s
Linear Feet: 66
Collection Description: The Clair Elman Terrill Collection contains proofs and photographs for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) bulletins and circulars, sheep and goat registry and breeding records, a card catalog of rabbit publications, and black and white photographs of rabbits and related subjects. There are papers related to the U.S. Rabbit Experiment Station in Fontana, California, and the U.S. Fur Experiment Station in Ithaca, New York. Also included are photographs, glass and acetate negatives, equipment, and wool samples used in Hardy's work for the U.S. Animal Husbandry Experiment Station (part of the USDA Division of Animal Husbandry) and his Thin Cross-Section Device. There are records of the Sheep and Fur Animal Research Branch, Animal Husbandry Division, Agricultural Research Service. Additionally, the collection contains over 200 wool samples from 1950-1960 labeled with sheep identification number, location, and date. Samples were taken from Beltsville, Maryland, and other locations within the United States.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Clair Elman Terrill (1910-2001), a worldwide leader in sheep production research, was the chief of USDA’s Sheep and Fur Animal Research Branch, Animal Husbandry Division, Agricultural Research Service, from 1955-1972. He developed a three-pronged strategy for increasing efficiency of meat production from sheep without increasing feed demands: genetically increase the lamb crop, remove low-producing adults at an early age, and reduce lamb mortality.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 253
Collection Name: USDA Livestock Insects Laboratory Records: Screwworm Eradication Records
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 1986
Bulk Dates: 1970-1986
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The USDA Livestock Insects Laboratory Records include reports, data sheets, correspondence, technical bulletins, and journal articles.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture Livestock Insects Laboratory was established in 1979 in Beltsville, Maryland, to discover and develop new and improved methods for control of insects and other arthropods affecting livestock.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 259
Collection Name: American Dairy Goat Association Records
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 2000
Bulk Dates: 1928-1950
Linear Feet: 69
Collection Description: The American Dairy Goat Association (ADGA) Records include registration records of dairy goats, meeting minutes, and publications. The majority of the collection consists of ADGA office records organized alphabetically by goat herd name, then by goat name. Cards include information on registration number, owners, breeders, records of transfer, and additional categories. Animal owners retain the official registration certificate. Also included are publications of the American Dairy Goat Association, the American Milk Goat Record Association, and the Nubian Milk Goat Register. Information in the collection is useful for researchers to track pedigrees.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 273
Collection Name: USDA Poultry and Livestock Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1842
Latest Date: 1950
Linear Feet: 30
Collection Description: The USDA Poultry and Livestock Photograph Collection, contains 26 albums with photographs of poultry, sheep, swine, cattle, and other livestock. Grouped by subject, many of the photographs were taken at the Agricultural Research Service in Beltsville, Maryland, from 1906-1950--most from 1910-1935. The albums also include lithographs from the mid-19th century.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 284
Collection Name: Beef Cattle Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Beef Cattle Photograph Collection consists of various breeds of beef cattle from different geographical regions including Beltsville, Maryland. Photographs are filed by breed, subject, activity, or place.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 297
Collection Name: Man O' War Photograph Collection
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Man O' War Photograph Collection contains black and white photographs of the racehorse Man O' War (1917-1947). It includes photographs of the horse, races, and trainer. No dates on photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Man O' War (1917-1947) was a race horse who competed from 1919-1920. His parents were Mahubah (dam) and Fair Play (sire). Man O' War picked up the nickname "Big Red" because he had a noticeably redder coat than his father. For almost his entire life, Red was owned by Samuel D. Riddle, a Philadelphia sportsman who had purchased the horse as a yearling from Major August Belmont in a fire sale. Although he raced for only two years (1919-1920), Red compiled a remarkable record of 20 wins in 21 starts. His only loss was a second-place finish to Upset in the Sanford Memorial in 1919. Red’s impressive showing on the race track was enough to revive a sport that had been reeling during the war years of the 1910s, making him one of the major sports stars of the era. Man O' War's legacy goes well beyond what he did on the racetrack. His career at stud was considered to be equally as impressive. In his lifetime, Red's offspring, despite being seemingly low in quantity compared to other sires', had won more money than those of any other sire in the history of horse racing. Red sired such horses as Clyde Van Dusen, Battleship, Crusader, and War Admiral (who lost to Seabiscuit, the grandson of Man O' War, in a legendary match race). In all, 61 of Red’s progeny won a total of 172 stakes races, for total winnings of over $1.7 million. He died of a heart attack in 1947, just a month after his longtime groom, Will Harbut, had himself succumbed to a heart attack.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 300
Collection Name: Grand Champion Cows and Bulls Photograph and Pedigree Album
Earliest Date: 1901
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Grand Champion Cows and Bulls Photograph and Pedigree Album contains black and white photographs of grand champion bulls and cows and corresponding pedigree charts. Breeds include Brown Swiss, Guernsey, and Ayrshire.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Livestock exhibits and shows, which are often part of county and state fairs, are places where livestock farmers and breeders enter their animals into competition. The largest such shows attract competitors from many different states and provinces. For each type of animal, a range of honors can be given. The highest honor an animal can receive is grand champion, followed by reserve grand champion. Winning exhibitors usually follow up the competition by entering their animals into an auction. The animals that earn the most money and attention at these auctions are steers. When the auction is for charity, the original owner of the animal is guaranteed a certain amount of the winning bid. This amount depends on the type of animal and the level of the prize given to the animal. The largest shows and exhibits have auctions that gross hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 345
Collection Name: ARS Research Report U-matic Videocassette Collection
Earliest Date: 1969
Latest Date: 1989
Bulk Dates: 1978-1988
Linear Feet: 36
Collection Description: The ARS Research Report U-matic Videocassette Collection is composed of over 200 USDA produced videos on a wide range of subjects. The majority of the videos are stored on the U-matic format, although there are roughly 10 films found on film reels and one audio cassette. Many videos are public service announcements, others are informational videos in a longer format. Topics include plant and animal production, agricultural planning, pesticides, new research directions and machinery, and food and nutrition. The materials were donated by William E. Premble at ARS in 1992. The series of videos were a part of the ARS Research Report series.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 375
Collection Name: USDA Foot-and-Mouth Research Laboratory Records
Earliest Date: 1943
Latest Date: 1956
Bulk Dates: 1947-1949
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The USDA Foot-and-Mouth Research Laboratory Records consist of office files, correspondence, newspaper clippings, press releases, publications, reports to Congress, and materials related to the cooperation of the United States and Mexico to eradicate foot-and-mouth disease in Mexico. These records support the plans of the United States Department of Agriculture to increase the security of the United States from foot-and-mouth disease through research during the late 1940s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In the 1940s, foot-and-mouth disease was one of the world's most widespread and costly livestock maladies. Congress passed Public Law 496 in 1948 which authorized the establishment of a foot-and-mouth disease research laboratory on a coastal island separated from the mainland by deep navigable water. The Bureau of Animal Industry developed preliminary plans for getting the project under way, obtained data on the suitability of the coastal islands of the United States and requested appropriation of necessary funds. The facility was eventually constructed on Plum Island, New York. In 1947, Congress authorized a cooperative project with Mexico to eradicate foot-and-mouth disease in Mexico. Both nations provided personnel and funds for the program. A combination of slaughter and vaccination was adopted as an eradication measure. By spring of 1951, foot-and-mouth disease in Mexico had been eradicated.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 380
Collection Name: Norcross, Marvin A., Papers
Earliest Date: 1966
Latest Date: 2007
Bulk Dates: 1966-1996
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Marvin A. Norcross Papers relate to food safety and food residues, including integrating the concept of risk assessment into food production and processing. There are manuscripts for talks (including slides), publication, and awards. There is also all research data associated with his Ph.D. these titled "An Immunological Study of the Localization of Certain Chemical Carcinogens in Rat Tissue" and includes black and white photographs of dissections, camera slides, and microscope slides.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Born in Tansboro, New Jersey, Marvin A. Norcross (1931-2007) attended Rutgers University and was the recipient of a Veterinary Medical degree (1959) and Ph.D. degree in Pathology (1966) from the University of Pennsylvania. He joined Merck, Sharpe and Dome, initially as a veterinary pathologist and later he was responsible for all developmental studies leading to new animal health products and related claims in the United States. Norcross moved to Rockville in 1975 and became director of the Division of Veterinary Medical Research with the Center for Veterinary Medicine, Food and Drug Administration (1975-1978). After several positions at the Food and Drug Administration, Norcross moved to the Science and Technology Program, Food Safety and Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture (1982-1994). There, in various positions, he was responsible for the overall planning, coordination, direction, and evaluation of the field laboratories and scientific development programs, and provided advice and recommendations regarding the development of overall missions, goals, and policies regarding scientific and technical initiatives in the FSIS. From 1994-1996, Norcross served as the first full-time United States Coordinator for Codex Alimentarius, an inter-governmental body jointly established in 1963 by the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization, to coordinate international food safety and quality standards. He retired in 1996.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 385
Collection Name: Rogers, George Burnett, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The George Burnett Rogers Papers contain documents related to poultry and egg production, marketing, pollution, and other related research. Many of Rogers' publications and presentations are included, as well as a limited amount of his personal correspondence. The collection also contains: poultry trade show pamphlets and programs; egg and poultry pricing documents; poultry and egg marketing, consumer, price-related papers, publications, research data; materials from private poultry companies and associations; survey results; academic and technical papers for conferences, presentations, and publications; poultry and egg-related product trade catalogs, brochures; farm price support data; bibliographies on topics such as eggs and poultry; three egg and poultry bumper stickers; cost of living issue-related papers and documents.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George Burnett Rogers was born in 1919. He worked and published in the Poultry Branch, Food & Restaurant Division, Office of Price Stabilization in the early 1950s. Later he moved to the United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Marketing Economics Division, staying there from the 1950s-1970s. He published numerous articles and monographs on poultry and egg production, marketing, price controls, and other matters.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 398
Collection Name: Food Quality Laboratory Photograph Album Collection
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1950
Bulk Dates: 1900s-1940s
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Food Quality Laboratory Photograph Album Collection consists of three photograph albums that document the construction of part of Beltsville Agricultural Research Center East (BARC-East) abattoir, one of the oldest continuously operating federal slaughter plants in the United States, and some Agricultural Research Service research and short courses conducted there for economic development to small famers and minorities.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Beltsville Agricultural Research Center East (BARC-East) abattoir is one of the oldest continuously operating federal slaughter plants in the United States. It has been home to various Agricultural Research Service (ARS) research projects and some short courses have been taught there in regards to economic development for small farmers and minorities.
Digitization Status: None


Last Modified : August 2, 2013

 
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