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You are here: Home / NAL Collections / Special Collections / Guide to the Collections / Index to the Manuscript Collections / Search Results Printer Friendly
National Agricultural Library Collections
  
Special Collections

Index to the Manuscript Collections--Search Results

54 record(s) found

Collection Number: 1
Collection Name: Agricultural and Pomological Club of King George County, Virginia, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1871
Latest Date: 1876
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Agricultural and Pomological Club of King George County, Virginia, Manuscript consists of the handwritten record book of the club's meetings from 1871-1876. It contains entries on the establishment of the club including its constitution, by-laws, officers, and membership. There is a handwritten index of names and subjects listed in the book. Some of the subjects of meetings include seeds received from the secretary of agriculture for distribution among club members; canning; commercial fertilizer; implements; plowing; crops; grapes; hay; improvement of farms; fences and fence laws; immigration; labor; land; manures; potatoes; and sheep husbandry. Members present at first meeting included Col. Edward T. Tayloe, Maj. John D. Rogers, John F. Dickerson, John P. Robb, Fielding Lewis, Horace D. Ashton, Michael Wallace, Thomas T. Arnold, Julien J. Hason, and William I. Brown [sic]. The Virginia Historical Society Library owns a related eight-page manuscript, "Proceedings at a meeting held at the court house, on Saturday the 11th of November, 1871."
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 6
Collection Name: American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA) Records (now the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association)
Earliest Date: 1938
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 145
Collection Description: The American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA) Records contains correspondence, constitution, bylaws, handbooks, directories, ledgers, invoices, newsletters, black and white and color photographs, membership listings, reports, policies, student chapters papers, publications, and papers of various committees. A majority of the records are drafts of articles for the American Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The AAEA is a professional society for those interested in agricultural economics. The organization is committed to furthering knowledge about the economics of agriculture, rural communities, and natural resources. It was organized in 1910 as the American Farm Management Association, and became the American Farm Economics Association in 1914. In 1968 a subgroup left the organization and called itself the American Agricultural Economics Association.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 11
Collection Name: Arkell, Thomas, Account Book
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1829
Latest Date: 1886
Bulk Dates: 1829-1849 & 1854-1886
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Thomas Arkell Account Book Collection consists of two account books, one covering the years 1829-1849, and one spanning 1854-1886. The earlier account book contains entries on dairy products, barley, oats, and the cradling and harvesting of wheat. The later account book, 1854-86, consists of pedigrees of Durham or Short Horned cattle bought and bred by Thomas Arkell on his Little Farmham Farm near Guelph, Canada.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Thomas Arkell (ca. 1802-1875) was a native of Berkshire, England. He settled in Puslinch Township, Ontario, Canada, in May 1831 after living briefly in New York. He became a prominent sheep and cattle breeder in Puslinch and served as a magistrate there for more than 30 years.
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Collection Number: 13
Collection Name: Bailey, Warren, Papers
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1976
Linear Feet: 7
Collection Description: The Warren Bailey Papers include correspondence and information on meetings attended, unpublished reports by various authors on topics such as food production and farms, published reports by Bailey and various authors, and hand written reports and notes from college classes he attended on economics.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Warren R. Bailey (1910-1984) joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1938 as an agricultural economist working in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Chicago, Illinois; and then Berkeley, California; before moving to Washington, D.C., in 1952. During the 1950s, he conducted research on farming problems in the western states. In the late 1960s he served as acting chief of the Production Adjustments Division of the Economic Research Service (ERS). Bailey worked at USDA for 36 years, retiring in 1974 as the deputy director of the Commodity Economics Division of ERS.
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Collection Number: 30
Collection Name: Brooks, Emerson Merlyn, Papers
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1972
Linear Feet: 17.5
Collection Description: The Emerson Merlyn Brooks Papers contain the original manuscript material, worksheets, photographs, and maps relating to the book The Growth of a Nation; A Pictorial Review of the United States from Colonial Days to the Present, 1956. There are also materials intended for use in a book called Pictorial Agriculture-USA.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Emerson Merlyn Brooks (1905-1982) was an agricultural statistician who began his U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) career in 1933 with the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE). In 1939 Brooks was transferred to Washington, D.C., to specialize in estimates of the tobacco, peanut, and sugar crops. From 1963-1967, he served as the deputy director of the Field Operations Division. Brooks completed his service with the USDA working with the Statistical Reporting Service (SRS) as a staff officer for career development and foreign programs, from 1967-1972.
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Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 32
Collection Name: Capron, Horace, Memoirs
Earliest Date: 1884
Latest Date: 1884
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Horace Capron Memoirs [ca. 1884] describe Capron's activities as an operator of mills in New York and Maryland and as a plantation owner and livestock breeder in Maryland and Illinois. In addition, Capron details his service in the Union Army during the Civil War and his tenure as the third Commissioner of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Finally, he discusses his pioneering work for Japan in the development of the island of Hokkaido. This two-volume autobiography is a copy of the original.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Horace Capron (1804-1885) was the third Commissioner of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) (1867-1871). Capron decided to start a career in the cotton manufacturing business in his youth. He became a superintendent of a cotton factory in Baltimore County, Maryland in 1829. Capron started his own factory in Laurel, Maryland, 1836. It was built on land that his wife, Louisa, had inherited upon her father’s death in 1831. Louisa died in 1848, and four years later, Capron received a commission from President Millard Fillmore as special agent for native tribes in the Southwest. He held this post through the end of 1853. Capron remarried in early 1854, and he resettled on farmland in northern Illinois. He also served in the Civil War. In 1867 Capron was appointed by President Andrew Johnson to be the Commissioner of the USDA. In this capacity, Capron commenced on plans for several new USDA buildings, and he also formed the grounds for an arboretum. Capron resigned this post in 1871 to take a similar role in the Kaitakushi Department of Japan, where he primarily advised on the development of the island of Hokkaido. Capron returned to the United States in 1875, and lived his remaining years in Washington, D.C.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 37
Collection Name: Cooke, George, Diary
Earliest Date: 1826
Latest Date: 1849
Bulk Dates: 1826-1841, 1845-1849
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The George Cooke Diary is a two-volume handwritten record of a Maryland plantation in Hazelwood, near Patuxent, Maryland. The diary includes daily entries for a 20-year period describing the operation of the family farm. It contains information on weather conditions, travel, and Cooke’s pedigree.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George Cooke (1791-1849) was an antebellum planter in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, during the early part of the 19th century. He was born in Annapolis, Maryland, the last of nine children of aristocratic parents William and Elizabeth. George spent most of his childhood growing up in Baltimore, where his father practiced law and served on the city council. George and his brothers fought for the United States during the War of 1812. In 1814, George Cooke married Eleanor Addison Dall, the daughter of James Dall, a Baltimore merchant, and Sarah Brooke Holliday. The couple had 12 children. In 1819, Cooke won an auction that allowed him to buy the 505-acre “Hazlewood” estate for $36 per acre (a total of $18,180). Soon after, the family moved onto the farm located in what is now Howard County, Maryland. Cooke was primarily a planter during his life at Hazlewood. During the 1830s, he was also active in politics, and was once appointed to the state lottery commission. From 1826 through 1849, he maintained a thorough diary of the activities on the plantation, as well as the various other events and interests in his life. Cooke’s account is considered to be one of the most complete in existence of farm life in Maryland during his era.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 38
Collection Name: Cardon, Philip Vincent, Papers
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1961
Linear Feet: 5.5
Collection Description: The Philip Vincent Cardon Papers include correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, reprints, unpublished lectures and research papers, outlines and notes for radio talks and skits, and some memorabilia.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Among the many positions which Cardon (1889-1965) held with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) were agronomist for the Bureau of Plant Industry (1909-1919) and director of the USDA Graduate School (1950-1952). Beginning in 1953, he served as director general of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 41
Collection Name: Cedar Valley Land Company of Vinton, Iowa Records
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1907
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Cedar Valley Land Company of Vinton, Iowa, Records consist of two volumes of the company's contracts and records of land sales.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 47
Collection Name: Poster Collection
Earliest Date: 1877
Latest Date: 1950
Bulk Dates: 1915-1950
Linear Feet: 90
Collection Description: The Poster Collection contains approximately 470 posters relating to World Wars I and II, poultry, cattle, dairy, food, and farming. Most of the posters are not dated. There are approximately 300 World War I- and World War II-era posters. Although many of these posters are not dated, the known date-range runs from 1917-1919 and 1940-1946. The posters display government information relating to wartime agricultural programs and educate and encourage Americans to participate in the war effort through increased food production and conservation. Homemakers are asked to Win the War in the Kitchen by planting war gardens and canning vegetables, while farmers are told that Your Farm Can Help, and encouraged to plant particular crops, construct storage silos, and eliminate plant diseases to help the war effort. Additional World War II posters highlight the various important uses of cotton by U.S. soldiers and encourage Americans to Make America Strong by promoting community education and involvement in proper meal preparation and food preservation. The collection also includes approximately 100 poultry posters and promotional advertisements. Most materials are not dated. The poultry-related advertisements and educational posters provide information about poultry processing, production, and standards of quality; and encourage the consumption of eggs, chicken, and turkey.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Posters
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 52
Collection Name: Dun, Edwin, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 1919
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Edwin Dun Manuscript [ca. 1919] (136 pages) is titled "Reminiscences of Nearly Half a Century in Japan." Dun wrote about life on the farm in central Ohio, where he grew up, and the events that led to his journey to Japan. He described his life in Japan, the people he met, historic events, and natural disasters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edwin Dun (1848-1931) went to Japan in the 1870s as an agricultural expert, whose chief knowledge was in the area of raising sheep and cattle, and served as U.S. minister to Japan.
Processed:
Text Available in NALDR: http://archive.org/details/CAT10899295DunReminisce...
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 55
Collection Name: Eliot, Jared, Letters
Earliest Date: 1747
Latest Date: 1769
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Jared Eliot Letters are photostat copies of letters [1747-1769?] from the original in the Yale University Library. Thirty-nine letters about farming to Eliot (1685-1763) including correspondence from John Bartram, Peter Collinson, Thomas Fitch, Benjamin Franklin, R. Jackson, William Logan, James Monk, Peter Oliver, W. Robinson, Benjamin Stiles, and Robert Walker.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1706, Eliot graduated from Yale College, then called the “Collegiate School” of Connecticut. Eminent physician and minister, Eliot also became an internationally respected scientist. He studied ways to improve farming methods and wrote agricultural essays. He discovered that the black sand found on Connecticut beaches contained iron ore, which could be smelted to produce iron. In 1762, he published an essay on making of iron from the black sand and was awarded a gold medal by the Royal Society of London. Included in his will was a bequest to Yale College, which became its first endowed book fund.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 78
Collection Name: Hinman, Elijah, Account Book
Earliest Date: 1769
Latest Date: 1812
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Elijah Hinman Account Book is a handwritten, 124 page account book containing entries on many agricultural activities including farm animals, flax, indigo, ginger, labor, lumber, molasses, nails, plows, plowing, prices (received and paid), salt, and wine.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 79
Collection Name: Gardner, Karl E., Papers on the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for the National Defense (ICNND) National Surveys of Turkey and the West Indies
Earliest Date: 1956
Latest Date: 1996
Bulk Dates: 1950s-1960s
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Karl E. Gardner Papers on the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for the National Defense (ICNND) National Surveys of Turkey and the West Indies consist of correspondence, reports, field notebooks, data, news clippings, drafts, and publications related to the committee activities of the ICNND National Survey of the Turkish Armed Forces in 1957 and the West Indies Survey of 1961.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Karl E. Gardner (b. 1913) served on the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for the National Defense (ICNND) National Survey of the Turkish Armed Forces in 1957 and the West Indies Survey of 1961. The ICNND, a subdivision of the National Research Council, U.S. National Library of Medicine, conducted nutrition studies in more than 20 countries from 1956-1969.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 89
Collection Name: Jefferson, Thomas, Correspondence
Earliest Date: 1786
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Thomas Jefferson Correspondence collection consists of eleven letters to Jefferson, from Jefferson, and about Jefferson (1786-1819) and a set of four letters (1915) between W. K. Bixby and Secretary of Agriculture D. F. Houston, regarding Jefferson letters that Bixby had found and sent to Houston. Houston later placed the Jefferson letters in the Department of Agriculture Library. The Jefferson letters contain information on agricultural topics. For example, subjects include nursery stock purchased by Jefferson, a request to Jefferson for an appointment to a federal agricultural office, letters from Jefferson transferring "millet seed" and "succory seed" to various acquaintances in the United States and Canada, and a letter to Jefferson from "Lord Sheffield" of the Board of Agriculture in London, England, commenting on Jefferson’s invention of a "mould board" for use in farming.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), one of the founders of the United States, was born into a family of high social standing in Albemarle County, Virginia. His father, Peter Jefferson, was an agriculturalist who had a 1,900-acre plantation, on which he primarily grew tobacco and wheat. Thomas inherited the entire family estate upon his father’s death in 1757. He attended the College of William and Mary, and also studied law under George Wythe. Jefferson was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1767. Jefferson was best known for his career in public service, which began when he became a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1769. Other major positions Jefferson held in public office include delegate to the Second Continental Congress; governor of Virginia; foreign minister to France; Secretary of State; Vice President of the United States; and President of the United States. Jefferson’s greatest accomplishments as President were the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark expedition, both of which allowing the country to handle future expansion and development. Despite a long career in public service, Jefferson never lost his strong interest in agriculture. He had begun his career as an agriculturalist at the age of 21, when he was legally able to take over his father’s estate. As a statesman, he represented himself as a farmer. In addition to his inheritance, Jefferson owned over 5,000 acres in Albemarle County that he maintained as a plantation. The home farm within this plantation was Monticello, which was atop a mountain. After the end of his second term as President in 1809, Jefferson retired to Monticello. In his retirement, Jefferson advised Presidents Madison and Monroe, and also helped found and design the University of Virginia.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 91
Collection Name: Kellogg, Charles Edwin, Papers
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1975
Bulk Dates: 1947-71
Linear Feet: 307
Collection Description: The Charles Edwin Kellogg Papers contain scripts of Kellogg's speeches, articles, reviews, reprints, correspondence, field notes, journals, slides, photographs, soil maps, and publications relating to soil science and agriculture. Publications include many of the rare works of soil science pioneers such as Glinka, Ruffin, Evelyn, Young, and Marbut.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Edwin Kellogg (1902-1980) began his career at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1934 as a soil technologist on the National Cooperative Soil Survey and was appointed Chief of the Soil Survey Division of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils in 1935. His department became a part of the Bureau of Plant Industry in 1939. A prolific writer, Kellogg played a major part in outlining and writing Soils and Man, the USDA's Yearbook of Agriculture for 1938, and wrote the first edition of the Soil Survey Manual in 1939, which was subsequently adopted by soil survey organizations throughout the world. He advised international organizations and national research and agricultural agencies in this and other countries, helping to organize research and promote improved farming systems for efficient production, soil conservation, and high standards of rural living. While traveling to other countries to learn farming methods and to assist in agricultural development programs, Kellogg wrote field notes and took photographs of his soil surveys and of other experiences of the trips. At the time of his retirement in 1971, Kellogg was the Deputy Administrator of the Soil Conservation Service.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 92
Collection Name: USDA Office for Small-Scale Agriculture Records
Earliest Date: 1982
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 13
Collection Description: The USDA Office for Small-Scale Agriculture Records consist of letters, memoranda, correspondence, reports, newspapers, newsletters, and publications. These records were donated by Howard W. Kerr, Director.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Howard W. Kerr (b. 1932) was Director of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Office for Small-Scale Agriculture. In 1984, Secretary of Agriculture John R. Block assigned a team of USDA policy and technical experts to produce ways for the federal government to assist small-scale farms, and Kerr was named to oversee the new effort. In 1986, Kerr was named Director of the newly-created Office for Small-Scale Agriculture which, in 1987, became part of the Cooperative State Research Service.
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Collection Number: 98
Collection Name: LeDuc, William Gates, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1890
Latest Date: 1927
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The William Gates LeDuc Manuscript is an autobiography [ca. 1909] of LeDuc, the fifth U.S. Commissioner of Agriculture. This manuscript, "Recollection of a Quartermaster; Autobiography of General William Gates LeDuc," was copied in 1927 from the original owned by LeDuc's brother Henry. It includes one original letter written by LeDuc on April 8, 1892. Subjects include a family history, details on LeDuc's travels and business dealings, an account of LeDuc's role as quartermaster in the Civil War, incidents during his term of office as commissioner of agriculture, and information about farm life and society in general during the 19th century.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Gates LeDuc (1823-1917) was born and raised in Ohio, and was a graduate of Kenyon College. After graduation, Le Duc went into the book trade, then settled in Minnesota where he started the manufacture and marketing of flour from Minnesota spring wheat. He volunteered for service in the Civil War, served as quartermaster in the army, and was discharged with the brevet rank of brigadier general. After several unsuccessful business ventures, LeDuc turned to farming. He became Commissioner of Agriculture on July 1, 1877, and served until June 30, 1881. Afterward, he was appointed as a receiver of the National Bank in Fayetteville, North Carolina. As Commissioner, LeDuc desired to make the United States as self-sufficient as possible. He believed that sugar and tea should be produced in the United States instead of imported from other countries. Research was done on improving the yield of sugar from cane and obtaining sugar from beets, corn, sorghum, and other products. He established an experimental tea farm at Summerville, South Carolina. Because of the spread of disease through animals, he established the Division of Veterinary Science to deal with disease prevention. He organized a Division of Forestry headed by Franklin B. Hough.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 99
Collection Name: Lloyd, William Allison, Papers
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1945
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The William Allison Lloyd Papers consist of three volumes of papers and addresses relating to agricultural extension from 1913-1940. The collection includes the pre-Smith-Lever work in the northern and western states. Lloyd addresses the organization of cooperative extension work under the Smith-Lever Act; the development of county agent work in the northern and western states, and the development of the County Farm Bureau as an extension agency. He also discusses the New Deal’s national agricultural policies and the Extension Service. Biographical information and a subject index to Lloyd’s public papers are included at end of the third volume.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Allison Lloyd (1870-1946), a lawyer who practiced in Ohio and Texas, was hired by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Office of Farm Management (later the Office of Cooperative Extension Work) in 1913 to supervise the work of county agents in more than 30 states in the U.S. midwestern and western United States. Furthermore, he pioneered programs in farm leadership at the local level, and also worked on plans for state and county bureaus through which extension work could be done. Lloyd was best known for his contributions of scientific applications to practical farming.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 103
Collection Name: Marth, Paul C. and Mitchell, John W., Papers
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The Paul C. Marth and John W. Mitchell Papers include biographical information about both men; material gathered for the book Classic Papers in Horticultural Science; 66 of Marth’s notebooks; Marth’s 1942 Ph.D. thesis; reprints; and negatives of roses. There is correspondence mostly with Marth, very little Mitchell correspondence, and correspondence between J. Ray Frank and Stephen Weller regarding the two men in 1987.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1944, Paul C. Marth (b. 1909) and John W. Mitchell (b. 1905) developed a plant growth regulator for use as a selective herbicide. The substance, "2,4-D," allowed for selective broadleaf weed control in agriculture and turf management. Together, Marth and Mitchell wrote articles.
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Collection Number: 120
Collection Name: Gilbert, Henry G., Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection
Earliest Date: 1724
Latest Date: 2013
Bulk Dates: 1890-2003
Linear Feet: 1129
Collection Description: The Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection is a special reference collection of over 150,000 American and foreign catalogs. It was begun in 1904 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) economic botanist, Percy Leroy Ricker. Its purpose now, as then, is to provide information regarding sources, prices, and descriptions of plant material offered for sale by U.S. nurserymen, growers, and seedsmen and, to a lesser extent, by foreign firms. The collection is now named for its longtime curator, Henry G. Gilbert (1930-1996). There are catalogs from the following countries: Africa, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Burma, Canada, Canary Islands, Ceylon, Chile, China, England, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Holland, Hungary, India, Italy, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Russia, Scotland, South America, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Henry G. Gilbert (1930-1996) was a reference librarian at the National Agricultural Library (NAL), USDA. He worked at NAL for 27 years, beginning his tenure at the South Building in Washington, D.C., just prior to the library’s move to Beltsville, Maryland. In addition to working in reference, Gilbert was NAL’s librarian for the U.S. National Arboretum and the curator of the library’s collection of nursery and seed trade catalogs. Gilbert earned an associate of science degree in horticulture from the State University of New York at Farmingdale, a bachelor of science degree in entomology from the University of Georgia, and a master of library science degree from the Pratt Institute (New York). Prior to becoming a librarian at NAL, Gilbert worked for various agricultural organizations, including a position at the Port of New York as a USDA Plant Quarantine Inspector.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 123
Collection Name: Olsen, Nils Andreas, Collection
Earliest Date: 1855
Latest Date: 1936
Linear Feet: 25
Collection Description: The Nils Andreas Olsen Collection consists of journals, ledgers, and other account books of the Evans Hardware Company, Princeton, Minnesota, covering functions prior to 1920; records of Alfred Erickson, Washington County, Minnesota; minutes, payroll book, cash books, and other records of the Golden Valley Creamery Association and its member groups, a cooperative functioning from 1908 to 1910; some 19th century military post records; and other miscellaneous material.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Nils Andreas Olsen (1886-1940) was born in Herscher, Illinois. He graduated from Luther College, Iowa, in 1907; was a graduate student in history and economics at Johns Hopkins University in 1907-1908; received a master's degree in history and economics at the University of Wisconsin in 1909; was an instructor in history and economics at Muhlenberg College, Pennsylvania, 1909-1910; an instructor and graduate student in history and economics at Harvard University, 1910-1912; and a farm manager from 1912-1919. Olsen joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1919 as an assistant agricultural economist; he was promoted through the various economic branches and in May 1925, became Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. As Assistant Chief he was responsible for the development and coordination of the research work in the bureau and also continued to have charge of the Division of Agricultural Finance, directing the research and investigational work of that unit. On July 16, 1928, Olsen became Chief of the bureau. He retired in 1935.
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Collection Number: 130
Collection Name: Poppleton, Daniel, Account Book
Earliest Date: 1818
Latest Date: 1939
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Daniel Poppleton Account Book (typewritten copy, 1939) is titled "A Pioneer Farmer of Licking County, Ohio . . . 1818-1852." Most of the entries in the account book are debit items. Little money was in circulation at that time, and marketing of farm products was accomplished through barter. There is an introduction to the account book written by W.W. Stockberger, which provides biographical information about Poppleton and an explanation of the account book.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Daniel Poppleton (1784-1852) was born at Pownal, Bennington County, Vermont. In 1812 he and his wife became the first settlers in Hartford Township, Licking County, Ohio. Poppleton served as the first Justice of the Peace in Hartford Township.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 140
Collection Name: Pugsley, Charles William, Manuscript
Bulk Dates: 193-?
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Charles William Pugsley Manuscript was compiled circa 1930s by Pugsley and is titled, "The Land Grant College in South Dakota: Its Field of Work. A Court Record with Supporting Notes." Part 1 of the manuscript contains copies of documents which were presented to and considered by the court. Part 2 has materials used by the attorneys for the defense.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles William Pugsley (d.1940) was president of South Dakota State College. The Regents of Education of South Dakota reported to the 1933 Legislature of the State Senate about duplication in work of the institutions of higher learning in the state. The Legislature discontinued certain courses. Alumni and friends of the university brought suit before the Supreme Court of South Dakota questioning the legal right of the Regents to discontinue courses. The Regents won. Pugsley was U.S. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture from 1921-1923.
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 142
Collection Name: Richardson, John Peter, Correspondence
Earliest Date: 1840
Latest Date: 1840
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The John Peter Richardson Correspondence collection contains two letters between W.S. Reynolds and John Peter Richardson relating to the status of agriculture within South Carolina and the possibility of a survey of agriculture, soils, and mineral resources.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Peter Richardson resided in Clarendon, Sumter District, South Carolina, and W.S. Reynolds resided in Blackville in the Barnwell District of South Carolina .
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Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 160
Collection Name: Spillman, Ramsay, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1940
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Ramsay Spillman Manuscript is typewritten (original with author; copy prepared by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics) and is titled “A Biography of William Jasper Spillman” (453 leaves) was written by son Ramsay Spillman.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1894, William Jasper Spillman (1863-1931) began his career as professor of agriculture at Washington State College, where he undertook extensive experiments to develop winter wheat varieties at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) experiment station. Among his many achievements, Spillman organized USDA’s Office of Farm Management and was instrumental in the establishment of a nationwide system of cooperative extension work. In recognition of his achievements, his associates elected him as the first president of the American Farm Economic Association.
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Collection Number: 161
Collection Name: Stine, Oscar Clemen, Papers
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 1957
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Oscar Clemen Stine Papers are handwritten and typed notes on wheat history, colonial wheat culture, wheat exports and imports, insects and diseases, business and wheat crops, acreage, consumption, demand, and foreign markets. Additionally, there are publications by Stine and a manuscript of his autobiography, "Reminiscences of O.C. Stine."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Oscar Clemen Stine (1884-1974) started working at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1916 as an economist in the Office of Farm Management. In 1921 he moved into the Division of Statistical and Historical Research of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE), which he headed during the 1920s. Stine was appointed Assistant Chief of the BAE in 1946, in charge of prices, income, and marketing.
Processed:
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 169
Collection Name: Manchurian Month, The: Monthly Supplement of the Manchuria Daily News Collection
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 1936
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Manchurian Month: Monthly Supplement of the Manchuria Daily News Collection contains political, social, economic, and other information.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: This was a monthly newspaper published the first of each month by the government of Manchoukuo, a puppet state under the tutelage of the Japanese Imperial Army, during the 1930s.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 175
Collection Name: Tontz, Robert Lee, Papers
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1993
Linear Feet: 6.5
Collection Description: The Robert Lee Tontz Papers consist of statistics, clippings, and publications related to U.S. and foreign trade, including comparisons between exports and imports from 1790 through the 1970s. Also included are data about projected voting in congressional elections (farm versus nonfarm belts) dating from the 1950s to the 1970s, correspondence, reports, membership files on the Farm Bureau and the Grange, and photographs. There is a copy of Tontz’s work: The Agricultural Parity Concept--Reprints of Selected Articles and Memberships of General Farmers’ Organizations, United States 1874-1960. A bibliography of Tontz's publications is also included.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Robert Lee Tontz was Chief of the Trade Statistics and Analysis Branch, Foreign Development and Trade Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), during the 1960s. From the 1940s-1960s, Tontz taught and researched economic problems of international agricultural trade at several universities in the United States and the USDA. He has authored over 100 publications.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 177
Collection Name: USDA Small Farms Research, Northeastern Region Records
Earliest Date: 1978
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The USDA Small Farms Research, Northeastern Region Records consist of monthly subject reports, correspondence, publications, and photocopies of articles.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Because of a congressional mandate, the Agricultural Research Service began a research program in 1978 to improve small-farm operating skills. With Howard W. Kerr as Coordinator of the Northeastern Region Small Farms Research, innovations developed from projects in the 12 states of the Northeastern Region became standards for other small farmers. These innovations helped farmers to extend growing seasons and improve the fresh-market sales potential.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 191
Collection Name: Volin, Lazar, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1960
Latest Date: 1966
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The Lazar Volin Manuscript is titled "A Century of Russian Agriculture, from Alexander II to Krushchev." This manuscript was published in 1970.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Russian immigrant and economist Lazar Volin (1896-1966) joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1926 and became chief of the East European Analysis Branch of the Economic Research Service's Regional Analysis Division, a post he retained until his retirement in 1965. Recognized as one of the foremost Western authorities on Russian agriculture, Volin authored many publications for USDA, leading economic and historical periodicals, the New York Times, and the Washington Post.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 201
Collection Name: Woods, Charles Dayton, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1893
Latest Date: 1893
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Charles Dayton Woods 1893 Manuscript is handwritten and typewritten and is titled "Compilation of Analyses of New England Feeding Stuffs." It contains charts on oat grass, maize fodder, orchard grass, seeds, grains, and roots.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Dayton Woods (1856-1925) was an agricultural chemist who worked at the Agricultural Experiment Station at Wesleyan University. He was the first person to publish information about the caloric content of foods.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 202
Collection Name: Wood, Jethro, Papers
Earliest Date: 1823
Latest Date: 1823
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Jethro Wood Papers consist of an original 1823 contract signed by Jethro Wood and Williams Roads for the manufacture and sale of the improved cast-iron plow.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1819, Wood patented an iron plow with interchangeable parts and, within a few years, thousands were in use.
Processed:

Collection Number: 217
Collection Name: Agricultural Artifacts Collection
Linear Feet: 19.25
Collection Description: The Agricultural Artifacts Collection consists of a variety of small to medium-sized artifacts relating to agriculture. There are hand scythes from China, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Thailand, and the United States; a cocoa knife from Jamaica; a long scythe blade; and various small metal implements. Other categories of artifacts include tools, models, and research and laboratory devices. Examples include an animal trap, an insect trap, a telescope, a liquid nitrogen carrier, a magnifying eye piece, and models of farmers hoeing and plowing. No specific dates are known. Alice H. Schilberg donated one stereoscope plus one colored image titled "Grounds from the Agricultural Department, Washington, DC." J. F. Harris publishers, Washington, D.C. Rob Griesbach donated a piece of wood from the Wye Oak tree, Wye Oak State Park, Maryland. It toppled in a storm in 2002. A plant exploration bag was carried by for U.S. National Arboretum director John L. Creech. The tan bag has a loose top with grommets and rope so it can be pulled shut. There are leather straps for adjusting to a satchel. Creech marked the locations he traveled using marker on the outside of the bag. His journeys include: Japan (1956, 57, and 61), Ethiopa (1958), Hong Kong (1961), India (1962), Nepal (1962), Mexico (1960), USSR (1963), Sikkim (1964), Taiwan (1967), and Siberia (1972).
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 218
Collection Name: People on the Farm Program Records
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1976-83
Linear Feet: 7.5
Collection Description: The People on the Farm Program Records include correspondence, notes, drafts, manuscripts, photographs, and contacts sheets for the "People on the Farm" leaflet series produced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture from 1977-1982. The collection includes a complete set of the publications, titled: "People on the Farm: Dairying"; "People on the Farm: Growing Wheat"; "People on the Farm: Growing Vegetables"; "People on the Farm: Black Families"; "People on the Farm: Growing Oranges"; "People on the Farm: Broiler Growers"; "People on the Farm: Corn and Hog Farming"; "People on the Farm: Raising Beef Cattle"; "Visiting People on a Dairy Farm"; and "A Teacher's Guide to People on the Farm."
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 244
Collection Name: USDA Division of Farm Population and Rural Life Records
Earliest Date: 1935
Latest Date: 1953
Bulk Dates: 1936-1946
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The USDA Division of Farm Population and Rural Life Records consist of reports, manuscripts, and unpublished addresses cited in Sociology in Government: A Bibliography of the Work of the Division of Farm Population and Rural Life, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1919-1953 (Olaf Frederick Larson, Edward O. Moe, and Julie Nadine Zimmerman, Westview Press in cooperation with the American Sociological Association and the Rural Sociological Society, 1992). Also included are several additional reports and memoranda not cited in the book, but related to the subject.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Division of Farm Population and Rural Life existed under the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE). The division was established in 1919, and it was the first unit in the history of the federal government to have the sole purpose of conducting sociological research. During the 1910s and 1920s, work was done to build up knowledge about rural life. The research was based on farm population, the organization of rural communities, family life, and standards of living on farms. During the Depression era, under President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, there was higher demand for information from new agricultural agencies like the Agricultural Adjustment Agency, the Farm Security Administration, and the Soil Conservation Service. The research being done helped to develop programs to improve living conditions for the rural and farm population of the United States. During World War II, research in the division was strictly directed toward winning the war. Much of the research being done was designated for dissemination only within the federal government. Upon the reorganization of the USDA in 1953, the functions of the BAE were split between the Agricultural Research Service and the Agricultural Marketing Service, and the division faded away.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 245
Collection Name: USDA Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1898
Latest Date: 1951
Bulk Dates: 1903-1930
Linear Feet: 51.5
Collection Description: The USDA Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases Photograph Collection contains glass and acetate negatives as well as black and white prints. Subjects include aspects of cereal crop classification, production, utilization, farm machinery, diseases, and pests in the United States and foreign countries. Crops include corn, barley, oats, sorghum, sorgo, milo, millet, wheat, flax, rice, rye, and kafir. A number of the negatives were used in the Journal of Agricultural Research; U.S. Department of Agriculture bulletins, circulars, and yearbooks; and other reports.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Bureau of Plant Industry created a Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases in 1938, due to the expanding functions of the Bureau related to the reorganization of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The work of this division involved various aspects of crop pathology and physiology, as well as several important diseases greatly affecting crops. This division became part of the Field Crops Divisions of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering in 1946; the Field Crops Group in 1951; and the Field Crops Research Branch of the Agricultural Research Service (as the Cereal Crops Section) in 1953.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 255
Collection Name: National Commission on Small Farms (NCSF) Records
Earliest Date: 1997
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1997-1998
Linear Feet: 16.25
Collection Description: The National Commission on Small Farms (NCSF) Records relate to the work of the National Commission on Small Farms. Records include administrative files; transcripts (paper, tape, and disk) of public hearings; letters from small farmers; executive correspondence; memoranda; drafts and final copy of “Report of the USDA National Commission on Small Farms: A Time to Act”; letterhead and design for final report; email requests for copies of the NCSF report; computer disks of small farm documents; committee reports within the NCSF; and miscellaneous resource documents.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Commission on Small Farms (NCSF) was established by Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman in 1997. The committee was charged to study the problems of small and limited-resource farmers and to make recommendations to help those farmers.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 256
Collection Name: USDA Division of Agricultural Engineering Records
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1981
Bulk Dates: 1919-1940
Linear Feet: 40
Collection Description: The USDA Division of Agricultural Engineering Records contain photographs, glass negatives, and acetate negatives relating to agricultural engineering. Some of the subjects include irrigation, drainage, farm buildings, farm power and machinery, crops and crop conditioning, harvesting, care and handling of products, road construction, and farm electrification. Additionally, there are articles on agricultural engineering and farm electrification, and speeches and papers by Arthur William Turner, Assistant Chief, Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering in 1943. Also, there are materials collected for a book to be written on the history of farm electrification by M. Conner Ahrens, assistant chief of the Farm Electrification Research Branch of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) agricultural engineering research began in the Division of Irrigation Investigations in the Office of Experiment Stations in 1898. By 1915, the Division of Agricultural Engineering was created within the Office of Public Roads and Rural Engineering, Bureau of Plant Industry. Agricultural engineering attained bureau status in 1931 and included the Divisions of Irrigation; Drainage and Soil Erosion Control; Mechanical Equipment; Structures; and Plans and Services. In 1939 a new bureau was created called the Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering, followed in 1943 by the establishment of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering. The USDA reorganized in 1953 and the new Agricultural Engineering Research Branch became part of the Agricultural Research Service. In 1957 the branch became its own division with four branches including Crop Production, Livestock Engineering and Farm Structures, Harvesting and Farm Processing, and Farm Electrification. M. Conner Ahrens was former assistant chief of the USDA Farm Electrification Research Branch. Arthur William Turner was Assistant Chief for the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering beginning in 1943.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 260
Collection Name: Agricultural Marketing Service and Farm Market Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1959
Latest Date: 1984
Bulk Dates: 1960s-1970s
Linear Feet: 11.5
Collection Description: The Agricultural Marketing Service and Farm Market Photograph Collection consists primarily of slides of farm markets and associated marketing and transportation activities throughout the United States, with a few examples from foreign countries.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 268
Collection Name: National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) Collection
Earliest Date: 1941
Latest Date: 1986
Bulk Dates: 1967-1986
Linear Feet: 16.25
Collection Description: The National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) Collection consists of miscellaneous articles and brochures on farm safety. There are also materials from NIFS meetings.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1945, the National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) was created by a member of the National Safety Council who invited state farm safety specialists to yearly meetings to discuss ways to improve farm safety. Prior to 1937 little was published on the subject.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 269
Collection Name: USDA Plan Exchange Records
Earliest Date: 1933
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The USDA Plan Exchange Records consist of plans for agricultural structures and low-cost housing and was the result of the collective work of plan exchange engineers at land-grant universities. Each plan has a date and number.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) supported the development of farm building plans beginning in 1915. The Plan Exchange was formed in 1930 to maximize the use and sharing of building plans. Plans were housed in various offices of the research arm of the USDA. In 1979 management and financial responsibility was transferred to the USDA Extension Service. In 1982 the USDA Extension Service invited state extension services to bid on a contract to provide Plan Exchange headquarters services. The University of Maryland Cooperative Extension Service won the contract and provided the service until 1988. As of 1988, the program was no longer funded by the USDA Extension Service.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 289
Collection Name: USDA Farm Building Plans Collection
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The USDA Farm Building Plans Collection includes compilations of house plans and heating duct layouts. There is a series of U.S. Department of Agriculture publications entitled “House Planning Aids.” These small publications contain information about how to design and arrange various parts of a home.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Farmers Home Administration (FmHA) was established in 1946 through an act of Congress. It merged the functions of the Farm Security Administration and the Emergency Crop and Feed Loan Division of the Farm Credit Administration. The mission of the FmHA was to allow the government to provide insured loans to farmers who were unable to secure credit by other means. The loans could be used for purchasing and/or repairing farms and farm buildings. The FmHA continued programs to liquidate older projects and programs, and it also continued the tenant-purchase program from the Bankhead-Jones Act of 1937. Upon the USDA reorganization of 1953, the FmHA became part of the Agricultural Credit Group.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 291
Collection Name: Flood Control Collection
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1972
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Flood Control Collection contains reports, articles, publications, correspondence, notes, and data regarding the issue of flood control in the United States due to erosion, loss of forests, man-made dams, and storms. Most of the publications were produced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Soil Conservation Service, but the collection also includes articles written for professional meetings such as the American Society of Agricultural Engineers and the Society of American Foresters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1935 Congress passed an act that directed the Secretary of Agriculture to create an agency to deal with issues surrounding soil quality and erosion. This new agency would be called the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) and was actually the successor to the Soil Erosion Service (which itself was only two years old) of the Department of the Interior. The USDA had been examining soil erosion for years. However, a new program, developed by Hugh Hammond Bennett (the first chief of the SCS), coordinated much knowledge and practices related to soil. Bennett first began to promote the fight against soil erosion in a published bulletin in 1928. The actions taken by the SCS to maintain and improve soil conditions were driven largely by private landowners, who were organized into local districts. Furthermore, the SCS was given the recommendation to coordinate its actions with other agencies doing similar work. Both of these methods allowed for the most concentrated effort possible to conserve the nation’s soil. After the USDA reorganization of 1994, the SCS was replaced by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 317
Collection Name: Calvert County, Maryland, Oral History Transcripts
Earliest Date: 1990
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Calvert County, Maryland, Oral History Transcripts consist of four oral history interviews. Interviewees include Gorman Buckler, Y.D. Hance, Michael Phipps, and J.W. Waters-Ross.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum and the National Agricultural Library conducted a series of interviews with farmers, farm families, agricultural workers, scientists, and others in Calvert County, Maryland, who made significant contributions to American agriculture.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 321
Collection Name: Report on Trials of Plows
Earliest Date: 1867
Latest Date: 1867
Bulk Dates: 1867
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: "Report on Trials of Plows" by Anonymous, Manuscript. Transactions of the New York State Agricultural Society. 1867. Part I. Volume XXVII. Illustrated. The book is composed of illustrations which appear to be original art with hand lettering on captions. It appears to have been self-published. The illustrations were inserted in handmade pages which were hole-punched. A cord was inserted through the pages and the front and back covers of the book, which have artistic designs on them. The book measures 9"x6"x4".
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 329
Collection Name: Soil Conservation Service Film Collection
Earliest Date: 1953
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Soil Conservation Service Film Collection contains films produced by and for the Soil Conservation Service. These films were used for education, training, and public service announcements.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1935 Congress passed an act that directed the Secretary of Agriculture to create an agency to deal with issues surrounding soil quality and erosion. This new agency would be called the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) and was actually the successor to the Soil Erosion Service (which itself was only two years old) of the Department of the Interior. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) had been examining soil erosion for years. However, a new program, developed by Hugh Hammond Bennett (the first Chief of the SCS), coordinated much knowledge and practices related to soil. Bennett first began to promote the fight against soil erosion in a published bulletin in 1928. The actions taken by the SCS to maintain and improve soil conditions were driven largely by private landowners, who were organized into local districts. Furthermore, the SCS was given the recommendation to coordinate its actions with other agencies doing similar work. Both of these methods allowed for the most concentrated effort possible to conserve the nation’s soil. After the USDA reorganization of 1994, the SCS was replaced by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals

Collection Number: 337
Collection Name: USDA Seed and Grain Branch Division Records
Earliest Date: 1895
Latest Date: 1991
Bulk Dates: 1957-1978
Linear Feet: 40.5
Collection Description: The records include correspondence from plant breeders, seedsmen, and others to mainly Clyde R. Edwards, Seed and Grain Branch Division, for clearance of plant variety names in accordance with the Federal Seed Act. The files of vegetable crops and turf grasses are organized in alphabetical order by name of plant. Information within the letters indicates that trademark applications for seeds and U.S. Plant Variety Protection Certificates were sent to the correspondents by this government office. There are reprints of articles and clippings. The collection also includes a filing cabinet of index cards of plant variety names in alphabetical order. The cards form the "Variety Name List" which is a list of names that have been used as variety names for agricultural and vegetable seeds. The purpose of the list is to prevent violations of the Federal Seed Act by providing to the plant breeders and others who are naming varieties a list of names that have already been used. The information gathered on the cards was collected from sources such as variety release notices, official journals, seed catalogs, and seed trade publications. In the early 2000s, information on the cards was entered into a database. The Variety Name List database can be accessed on the USDA, AMS, Seed Regulatory And Testing Programs website at http://www.ams.usda.gov/lsg/seed/varietyname.htm
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Clyde R. Edwards began his work with the USDA in 1952 as a marketing specialist at the USDA Seed Branch field office in Kansas City, Missouri. In 1958, he transferred to the Seed Branch headquarters in Beltsville, Maryland. By 1962 he was appointed Head of the Enforcement Section, then became Chief of the Seed Branch in 1971. He retired in 1980.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 339
Collection Name: Troy [Pennsylvania] Farmers Club Records
Earliest Date: 1874
Latest Date: 1888
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Troy, Pennsyvlania, Farmers Club materials consist of four record books that include the organization's charter, meeting minutes, and account information. The entries indicate the agricultural problems of the community during the period covered and show how the farmers worked together. The first officers were J. C. McKean, president; G. M. Card, secretary.; A. M. Cornell, treasurer.; and A. S. Hooker, reporting secretary. According to letters found with the record books in the Everett Eugene Edwards Papers, these materials were loaned to the USDA Division of Statistical and Historical Research's Agricultural History Unit by Fred W. Card in 1941. Everett Edwards, agricultural economist, reviewed the record books, determined they were valuable, and recommended that a co-worker persuade Card to donate them.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Troy Farmers Club was created in 1874 to hold meetings for the discussion of subjects pertaining to agriculture and horticulture and to hold an annual fair for the encouragement of agriculture and horticulture.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 342
Collection Name: Alexander, Lyle Thomas, Papers
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Lyle Thomas Alexander Papers contain biographical documents, letters, photographs, awards, medals, publications, journal transcript of West Africa and Belgian Congo, maps, and clippings related to his career as a soil chemist for USDA Soil Conservation Service.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Lyle T. Alexander (1905-1983) worked for USDA for over 40 years as a soil chemist. After graduating from the University of Arkansas with a chemistry degree in 1928, he began working at USDA as a soil scientist in the Soil Conservation Service. He earned a Ph.D. in physical chemistry at the University of Maryland in 1935. During his career with USDA, Alexander developed a specialty in tropical soils. He became an expert in the radioactive fallout content of soils and agriculture, thereby traveling extensively to Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific area, the Sahara area of Africa, Europe, and the Near East. He retired in 1968 as chief of the Soil Survey Laboratories, Soil Conservation Service. After retirement, he went to work as a consultant for Resources for the Future, in Washington, D.C. He collaborated with Marion Clawson and Hans Landsberg on the topic of desalination of seawater. During his career with the USDA, he authored approximately 70 papers in soil science in such publications as the USDA's technical bulletins and its yearbooks (1938-1957), and the Proceedings of the Soil Science of America. Together with Thomas M. Shaw, he held a patent in the use of dielectric constant measurements to detect ice formations.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 364
Collection Name: Shands, Henry, Lantern Slides
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: Henry Shands of the National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation donated 27 3"x4" lantern slides related to farming. Images show experimental fields and farming equipment. There are no dates on the slides.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Henry Shands is a retired employee of the ARS National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 367
Collection Name: Hereford, Maryland, Home Makers Club Record Book and Home Economics Publication Collection
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1960
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: This collection contains Hereford, Maryland, Home Makers Club Record Book, 1926-1932; Extension Service bulletins and documents; newspaper clippings on sewing, and other related publications.
Processed:
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 387
Collection Name: Schimmelpfennig Family Mill Collection
Earliest Date: 1899
Latest Date: 1987
Bulk Dates: 1930-1958, 1964-1965, 1974-1987
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Schimmelpfennig Family Mill Collection contains materials relating to the family's grain mill and family life in Sigourney, Iowa. Materials include ledger and account books containing detailed accounting of transactions at the mill for the years of 1899, 1930-1958, and 1974-1987. Also included in the collection are materials from the family's hobby interest in the history and preservation of old mills throughout the United States, including various old mill preservation and tourism ephemera. Of particular interest, the collection contains the diaries of Helen Schimmelpfennig, covering the dates of 1938-1942, 1944-1946, and 1964-1965, in which the author describes her daily life and activities in an Iowa farming community.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The information that follows was taken directly from The History of Keokuk County, Iowa: Communities and its Families, Preserving the Past and Present. Keo-Mah Genealogical Society, Inc., 2001. August (Gust) Schimmelpfennig (1876-1949), married Enza Messerschmidt (1885-1956) of Martinsburg, Iowa. He owned a hardware store in Delta, Iowa and later the “Old Red Mill” in Sigourney before it was destroyed by a fire in the early 1920s. He resumed activity in the milling and feed business by purchasing what became Schimmelpfennig’s Mill with his oldest son Everett (1908-1974) in 1929. The early years were plagued by the Great Depression when many lost their businesses and properties because they were unable to make payments for mortgage and taxes. Everett went on the road in and around the county selling calf vitamins to take in enough money to meet those obligations for the mill. The mill stayed in the family until 1958 when it was purchased by Walter Applegate and later sold to Charles Cassens. Everett married Helen Mary Zaki (1909-1994), a Sigourney High School friend and they had two children, Hal Everett (1932- ) and Marylee (1938- ). Hal Everett and his wife, Jean B. Wilson (1930- ) had a son, David Everett (1959- ) who is an economist with the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Maps; Photographs

Collection Number: 392
Collection Name: Molecular Plant Pathology Laboratory Photographs
Earliest Date: 1888
Latest Date: 1968
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: Collection includes photographs, associated notes, and a record book on various USDA activities and employees, dating between 1888 and 1968. Collection includes a series of photographs on testing of insecticide spraying apparatuses on different plant crops between 1912 and 1944. Much of the collection consists of photographs of employees from departments of Plant Industry and Plant Pathology, and other unknown individuals and departments. Also included are photographs of Arlington Farm in Arlington, Virginia before it was closed in the 1940s. The last item in the collection is a 1925 record book on seed treatment data from Rocky Ford, Colorado. More recent handwritten notes, possibly on the use of these historical documents in recent research, are inserted in the photographs and record book.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None


Last Modified : August 2, 2013

 
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