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You are here: Home / NAL Collections / Special Collections / Guide to the Collections / Index to the Manuscript Collections / Search Results Printer Friendly
National Agricultural Library Collections
  
Special Collections

Index to the Manuscript Collections--Search Results

136 record(s) found

Collection Number: 6
Collection Name: American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA) Records (now the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association)
Earliest Date: 1938
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 145
Collection Description: The American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA) Records contains correspondence, constitution, bylaws, handbooks, directories, ledgers, invoices, newsletters, black and white and color photographs, membership listings, reports, policies, student chapters papers, publications, and papers of various committees. A majority of the records are drafts of articles for the American Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The AAEA is a professional society for those interested in agricultural economics. The organization is committed to furthering knowledge about the economics of agriculture, rural communities, and natural resources. It was organized in 1910 as the American Farm Management Association, and became the American Farm Economics Association in 1914. In 1968 a subgroup left the organization and called itself the American Agricultural Economics Association.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 8
Collection Name: The Association for Communication Excellence in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Life and Human Sciences (ACE) Records
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 30
Collection Description: The Association for Communication Excellence in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Life and Human Sciences (ACE) Records includes newsletters, ACE Journal (quarterly), clip art books, communication handbooks, minutes of board meetings, annual meeting programs, correspondence, manuscript of "The Presidents of ACE," annual directories, early publications, and miscellaneous photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Association for Communication Excellence in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Life and Human Sciences (ACE) is an international association of communicators and information technologists. ACE members are writers, editors, photographers, graphic designers, videographers, electronic media producers, marketing and public relations practitioners, researchers, Web developers, database programmers, distance education specialists, educators, and managers. They work in universities, government agencies, and research organizations in the public sector, as well as companies and firms in the private sector. ACE develops professional skills of its members to extend knowledge about agriculture, natural resources and human sciences to people worldwide.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 10
Collection Name: American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) Records
Earliest Date: 1883
Latest Date: 1982
Linear Feet: 12.75
Collection Description: The American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) Records consist mostly of photographs and negatives of people and places, organized and labeled by state and name of conference held within the state. Most photographs were taken at ASTA's annual meetings. Other organizational photographs include Southern Seedsmen’s Association, Western Seedsmen’s Association, and Pacific Seedsmen’s Association. The collection also includes minutes, constitutions, by-laws, letters, and memoranda of both New England Seedsmen’s Association and Seed Council of North America; as well as records of the ASTA’s National Beautification Committee papers (1967-1971), reports, committee papers, and seed packets.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: One of the oldest trade organizations in America, the American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) was founded in 1883. Its founding members wanted an effective voice of action in all matters concerning the development, marketing and free movement of seeds, associated products, and services throughout the world with a minimum of regulations affecting its members.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 16
Collection Name: Beattie, Rolla Kent, Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1927
Latest Date: 1949
Linear Feet: 2.75
Collection Description: The Rolla Kent Beattie Photograph Collection consists of negatives that relate to trips to Colorado, California, Hawaii, Florida, the District of Columbia, Japan, Formosa (Taiwan), Hong Kong, Indochina, Cambodia, Malaya, China, France, and England, where he visited shrines, temples, pagodas, gardens, parks, graves, exhibits, and tourist areas. The images document cultural and scenic aspects of the trips.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: A forest pathologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1912-1945, Beattie (1875-1960) is notable for his studies of Northwest flora and chestnut blight. He spent three years in Asia for the USDA's Division of Forest Pathology surveying chestnut trees and related plants and gathering seeds to introduce disease-resistant strains to the United States.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 17
Collection Name: Beaty, Layne R., Papers
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 11
Collection Description: The Layne R. Beaty Papers focus on the history of farm radio and television broadcasting in the United States and on the origins and development of the National Farm and Home Hour, the most popular radio program in the 20th century. There are a small number of documents relating to the Voice of America and Clear Channel Broadcasting. His papers include photographs, correspondence, reports, surveys, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, farm radio and television station promotional literature, annual directories, reports and yearbooks, annual convention literature, and professional newsletters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Beaty (b. 1935) was chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Radio and Television Service from 1954-1980. He graduated from Southeastern Oklahoma State University in 1935. Between 1943 and 1951, he worked as farm editor of radio station WBAP in Fort Worth, Texas. In 1947, he served as president of the National Association of Radio Farm Directors (NARFD).
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 18
Collection Name: Bellinger, Lyle Frederick, Collection
Earliest Date: 1897
Latest Date: 1902
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Lyle Frederick Bellinger Collection consists of 14 letters received from G. D. Brill while Brill was posted to China by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Brill was based at the confluence of the Yangtze and Han Rivers in order to establish a school of agriculture. There are eight black and white photographs, four of which have been colored by hand. All are pictures of Chinese scenery and people, except for a 1901 portrait of Brill.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 19
Collection Name: P.J. Berckmans Company's Nurseries Records
Earliest Date: 1899
Latest Date: 1923
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: P.J. Berckmans Company's Fruitland Nurseries Records contain an inventory of the nursery stock list dated 1918, purchase and shipping orders, a private letter, covers of catalogs, and a number of photographs of the nursery stock.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The P.J. Berckmans Company's Fruitland Nurseries of Augusta, Georgia, were started in 1858 by P.J. Berckmans.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 20
Collection Name: Bergland, Robert Selmer, Collection
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Robert Selmer Bergland Collection includes press clippings containing information about him during his tenure in the U.S. Congress (1971-1977); and his background, experience, nomination, and approval as Secretary of Agriculture under the Carter administration. There is a photograph album of a trip to the Philippines presented to Bergland from the National Grains Authority.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Bergland (b. 1928) was Secretary of Agriculture from 1977-1981 under President Jimmy Carter. A Democrat, he served as a U.S. Representative from Minnesota from 1971-1977, leaving Congress to head the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 26
Collection Name: Borthwick, Harry A., Papers
Earliest Date: 1901
Latest Date: 1967
Linear Feet: 112
Collection Description: The Harry A. Borthwick Papers contain reprints, experiment results, correspondence, abstracts, manuscripts, photographs, negatives, positives, maps, graphs, tables, charts, slides, and notebooks. There are indexes to the reprints, abstracts, photographs, and negatives.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Borthwick (1898-1974), plant physiologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), is notable for heading the investigation on photoperiodism, which culminated in the discovery of phytochrome in plants. In 1995, he was named to the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Science Hall of Fame in recognition of contributions in elucidating the importance of photoperiodic mechanisms controlling flowering in plants.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 29
Collection Name: Brewster, John Monroe, Papers
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1970
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The John Monroe Brewster Papers include correspondence, research notes, photographs, and a manuscript of a book of Brewster's writings which was published posthumously. The book is titled: A Philosopher Among Economists [Selected Works of John M. Brewster]. Philadelphia: J. T. Murphy Co., [1970].
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Monroe Brewster (1904-1965), an agricultural economist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), began his service in 1936 in the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, Land Use Planning Division. Throughout his career he continued to serve as an agricultural economist within many different USDA divisions including the Farm Security Administration, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Production and Marketing Administration, Agricultural Marketing Service, and the Production Economics Research Branch. Brewster’s last position at the USDA was as the leader of the Farm Size and Resource Requirements Investigations, Agricultural Adjustments Branch of the Farm Economics Division of the Economic Research Service. Some of his notable studies focused on oilseed processing, the relation of resources-to-income in family farming, the classification and structure of family and non-family farms, the effects of technological advance on American farming, and cultural attitudes as a factor in the economic growth of under-developed countries. In 1954 Dr. Brewster received the USDA Superior Service Award and the Agricultural Marketing Service Meritorious Award for his work with cottonseed oil mills.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 30
Collection Name: Brooks, Emerson Merlyn, Papers
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1972
Linear Feet: 17.5
Collection Description: The Emerson Merlyn Brooks Papers contain the original manuscript material, worksheets, photographs, and maps relating to the book The Growth of a Nation; A Pictorial Review of the United States from Colonial Days to the Present, 1956. There are also materials intended for use in a book called Pictorial Agriculture-USA.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Emerson Merlyn Brooks (1905-1982) was an agricultural statistician who began his U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) career in 1933 with the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE). In 1939 Brooks was transferred to Washington, D.C., to specialize in estimates of the tobacco, peanut, and sugar crops. From 1963-1967, he served as the deputy director of the Field Operations Division. Brooks completed his service with the USDA working with the Statistical Reporting Service (SRS) as a staff officer for career development and foreign programs, from 1967-1972.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 33
Collection Name: Card, Leslie E., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1919
Latest Date: 1948
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Leslie E. Card Papers contain correspondence, reports, publications, photographs, and miscellaneous papers relating to poultry industry and research in the United States. The correspondence documents early egg-laying contests. There is a comprehensive list, by state, of poultry farmers in the United States (1925). A group of materials relate to the James E. Rice testimonial dinner (1934). Also included are official publications, notes, and programs of the annual meetings of the Poultry Science Association.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: With a Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1922, Card (1883-1968) became an instructor at the University of Connecticut from 1914-1919 and Cornell University from 1919-1922. He was head of the poultry division of the University of Illinois from 1922-1947, and head of the animal science department from 1947-1957. An author of poultry textbooks and many scientific articles, Card researched poultry breeding, physiology, and egg formation. In 1968 he was elected to the American Poultry Historical Society's Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 34
Collection Name: Early Extension Service Miscellaneous Materials
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1980
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: Early Extension Service Miscellaneous Materials contain reference materials from the early U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) extension services including publications, glass slides, photographs, and film.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Materials were gathered by Helen Strow (1904-1999) and Beatrice Judkins (d. 2003), who were employed by the USDA Extension Service.
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 38
Collection Name: Cardon, Philip Vincent, Papers
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1961
Linear Feet: 5.5
Collection Description: The Philip Vincent Cardon Papers include correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, reprints, unpublished lectures and research papers, outlines and notes for radio talks and skits, and some memorabilia.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Among the many positions which Cardon (1889-1965) held with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) were agronomist for the Bureau of Plant Industry (1909-1919) and director of the USDA Graduate School (1950-1952). Beginning in 1953, he served as director general of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 39
Collection Name: Carpenter, Clifford D., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1965
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Clifford D. Carpenter Papers include Carpenter's research, writings, and photographic accomplishments. Materials chronicle the events leading to his election to the International Poultry Hall of Fame and the American Poultry Historical Society Poultry Hall of Fame [1968]. Also includes a 2012 donation of three letters written by Carpenter to his wife in 1934 and 1935. They were written by Carpenter while he was on business trips. The letters were found in an antique store and subsequently donated to Special Collections.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 42
Collection Name: Bereskin, Ben, Papers
Earliest Date: 1954
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 18.75
Collection Description: The Ben Bereskin Papers include papers, photographs, publications and reports by Bereskin and others (H.O. Hetzer) as well as data, notes, correspondence, drafts, abstracts, and other manuscripts. Materials cover subjects such as livestock, poultry, and swine.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Ben Bereskin (b. 1922) began working at U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1965 as a research geneticist (animal) with USDA’s Agricultural Research Service, Animal Husbandry Research Division, Swine Research Branch. Bereskin’s swine research objectives included selection for lean growth on low protein diets; comparing responses of pigs to selection under different dietary regimes; monitoring and evaluating physiological traits in the selected lines; evaluating the genetic X nutritional interaction effects and evaluating responses to reverse selection. In 1975 he was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and in 1985-1986 he was the sole winner of the National Swine Improvement Federation’s Distinguished Service Award. Bereskin retired in 1988 as a research geneticist at the USDA Nonruminant Animal Nutrition Laboratory, Animal Science Institute.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 45
Collection Name: Cram, Eloise, Papers
Earliest Date: 1853
Latest Date: 1991
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Eloise Cram Papers contain correspondence, photographs, scientific articles, and various ephemera relating to the professional lives and work of several scientists employed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) and by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The scientists included are Eloise B. Cram, Maurice C. Hall, Brayton H. Ransom, Charles W. Stiles, Albert Hassell, and Daniel E. Salmon.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Parasitologist Eloise Cram (1897-1957) entered government service as a zoologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI), where she became noted as a world authority on the parasites of poultry, and eventually rose to be Head, Parasites of Poultry and Game Birds, USDA. When she took a position at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), she contributed to the study of pinworm and researched the curbing of the helminthic disease Schistosomiasis.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 48
Collection Name: Darrow, George McMillan, Papers
Earliest Date: 1835
Latest Date: 1980
Bulk Dates: 1925-65
Linear Feet: 19.25
Collection Description: The George McMillan Darrow Papers contain materials related to Darrow's scientific career and the literature he contributed to the field. There are correspondence, manuscripts, galley proofs, a book, publications such as articles and reports, photographs, field notes, papers related to physiology, and miscellaneous items.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George McMillan Darrow (1889-1983), who was considered one of the foremost American authorities on strawberries, worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture for 46 years (1911-1957) as a pomologist and small fruits breeder. Among Darrow's contributions to pomology were the domestication and introduction of the Darrow blueberry.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 49
Collection Name: Davis, John Herbert, Papers
Earliest Date: 1905
Latest Date: 1984
Bulk Dates: 1938-78
Linear Feet: 41
Collection Description: The John Herbert Davis Papers consist of an autobiography, correspondence, speeches, broadcast text, reports, congressional testimony, photographs, periodical publications, term papers, school notes, masters degree thesis, Ph.D. thesis draft, programs, newspaper clippings, certificates signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, oral history tapes, Middle East material, and books authored by Davis.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Herbert Davis (1904-1988) worked as an agricultural economist with several U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administrations beginning in 1936, including the Resettlement Administration, the Farm Security Administration, and the Farm Credit Administration. From 1942-1944, he served as the chief of the Wheat Section, Grain Division of the Commodity Credit Corporation. After working outside of USDA for several years, Davis returned to USDA in 1953 as the president/director of the Commodity Credit Corporation. In June 1953 he became the Assistant Secretary of Agriculture, initially responsible for commodity marketing and adjustment activities, and then responsible for the Foreign Agricultural Service and Agricultural Marketing Service. From 1957-1959 he served as a consultant in the Foreign Agricultural Service, the commissioner general of the United Nations Relief and Work Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) and as vice chairman of the Board of Trustees and director of the New York Office of the American University of Beirut (dates unknown).
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs

Collection Number: 51
Collection Name: Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition Collection
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 1945
Linear Feet: 31.5
Collection Description: The Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition Collection consists of seven photograph albums of the 1929-1931 Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition illustrating plant varieties and uses, landscapes, and Asian cultural practices. In addition to the photographs, the collection contains diaries created by Palemon Howard Dorsett and William Joseph Morse so that they would have a complete report of their work. Combining memoranda, expense reports, itineraries, maps, correspondence, ship logs, invoices, and photographs, the two explorers created 17 books dating from 1928-1932. The photographs in the diaries are from the same trip as the ones in the photograph albums. In 2002, the Arnold Arboretum donated 300 to 500 black and white photographs and negatives from plant expeditions of Palemon Howard Dorsett and other USDA plant explorers. Some of these photographs were taken during the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition and can be found in this collection. The remainder of the photographs and negatives are located in the Collection of Expedition Photographs from the Office of Plant Exploration. In June 2004, Morse's daughter donated a scrapbook of Dorsett and Morse's expeditions in Asia during 1930. There are 32 black and white photographs (two of which are hand-colored) with captions. The photographs in the scrapbook have negative numbers that correspond to the numbers on the negatives from the Arnold Arboretum. Morse's daughter donated more materials to Special Collections in July 2004. This donation included 9 pamphlets on Japan; a scrapbook of black and white photographs (unlabeled) depicting damage from the 1923 Tokyo earthquake; 86 loose black and white photographs taken while Morse was in Japan; packages of postcards depicting Japanese scenery and social life; a blank stationery set; local Japanese restaurant menus; and holiday cards, some of which are personalized to the Morse family.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1929, Palemon Howard Dorsett (1862-1943) and William Joseph Morse (1884-1959) embarked upon a plant exploration trip officially know as the Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition. Dorsett was the veteran plant explorer for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Section of Plant Introduction, and Morse was a soybean specialist from the USDA Office of Forage Crops. This expedition was initiated in response to the growing importance of the soybean as a food crop during the first quarter of the 20th century. The purpose was primarily to collect soybean germplasm, and also seeds and propagating materials for other crops of interest.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 56
Collection Name: Carper, Elsie, Collection on Extension Service, Home Economics, and 4-H
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1990
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The Elsie Carper Collection on Extension Service, Home Economics, and 4-H contains materials relating to early extension work, largely saved by Extension specialists and program leaders over Carper's many years of employment as a clerk at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Subject areas include Cooperative Extension history, early history of Extension home economics, Extension Homemaker's Organization, early history of the National Association of Extension Home Economists, and 4-H materials.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Association of Extension Home Economists (NAEHE) began in 1934 as the Home Demonstration Agents’ National Association. The mission of this organization was "to promote the interest of home demonstration work." NAEHE also had a goal of helping to improve the skills of its members in the areas of home economics and adult education. In 1965, members of the National Negro Home Demonstration Agents Association (NNHDAA) merged into the NAEHE. The NNHDAA had been founded seven years earlier, and specifically focused on home economics in the African-American community. In 1995, the NAEHE once again changed its name, this time to the National Extension Association of Family & Consumer Sciences. This change came about because of the evolutionary shift of the profession to family and consumer science.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 59
Collection Name: USDA Fiber Collection
Earliest Date: 1902
Latest Date: 1982
Linear Feet: 189
Collection Description: The USDA Fiber Collection contains documents relating to more than 300 genera of plants used for fiber. The materials cover the subject of natural plant fiber crops other than cotton and include information on cordage, textiles, and miscellaneous fibers as well as the products made from them. There are reprints and photocopies of fiber articles with an extensive card index, manuscripts, foreign and domestic publications, promotional brochures, reports, newspaper clippings, glass and acetate negatives, slides, black and white photographs, and fiber specimens.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In the early 1900s, Lyster H. Dewey, U.S. Department of Agriculture botanist in charge of fiber plant investigations, created the collection. The collection was begun in the early 1900s by Lyster H. Dewey and was called the "Dewey Index." A separate set of reference materials, mainly on hard or cordage fibers, was started when Harry Edwards took over the hard fiber work in 1915. After he retired, all references were filed in the Dewey Index as they came in. The Dewey Index grew unchanged to thousands of index cards and thousands of indexed publications and reprints. Fiber specialists researched, traveled, and observed commercial production of fiber and research projects around the world. When research work began at Arlington Farms, fiber plants were included and research gradually became a greater part of the activity. Later, cooperative research was expanded to other parts of the United States, especially in Michigan, Wisconsin, Oregon, California, Florida, and Maryland, but was not limited to those states. In 1943, the fiber office was moved from the Administration Building in Washington, D.C., to Beltsville in Buildings 003 and 001 where it continued (in 001) until moved to the National Agricultural Library in 1984. In 1965, the research on plant fibers other than cotton was discontinued and the employees on fiber research were transferred to other work. However, the reference material was kept partially current by those interested in the project and who were assigned elsewhere. In 1970, a former employee (Nelson) retired and came back as a volunteer to review literature, make index cards, and accumulate reference material.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 65
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Horticultural and Pomological Investigations Records
Earliest Date: 1892
Latest Date: 1960
Bulk Dates: 1902-49
Linear Feet: 51.25
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Horticultural and Pomological Investigations Records contain black and white photographs, acetate and glass negatives, glass slides, drawings, note cards, project reports, research records, and correspondence related to small fruits and nuts from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Fruit Laboratory. Examples of topics include experimental fruits, varieties, plant anatomy, breeding, crossing, diseases, insects, irrigation, handling, pruning, harvesting, and marketing. Many photographs were taken in Beltsville and Glenn Dale, Maryland. A subset of this collection is a group of 350 images depicting grapevine plants and grounds of the USDA Oakville, California Experimental Winery. This land is now the property of the University of California. Additional photographs exist of other grapevine research done by USDA in various parts of the country. These materials complement the USDA Bureau of Plant Industry Wine Research Collection (Collection 288) housed in Special Collections, National Agricultural Library.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1913 the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Bureau of Plant Industry combined the functions of its Offices of Horticultural Investigations, Pomological Investigations, and Field Investigations in Pomology, and named the new unit the Office of Horticultural and Pomological Investigations. This office did research in the areas of breeding, growing, physiology, pathology, and disease, with a specific focus on crops. The office changed its name to the Office of Horticulture in 1926, and then merged with several other offices in 1928 to form the Office of Horticultural Crops and Diseases (later the Division of Fruit and Vegetable Crops and Diseases). In 1951, the division was split into the Division of Fruit and Nut Crops and Diseases; and the Division of Vegetable Crops and Diseases, both coming under the Horticultural Crops Group. In the USDA reorganization in 1953, the Horticultural Crops Group became the Horticultural Crops Research Branch.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 66
Collection Name: Galloway, Beverly Thomas, Papers
Earliest Date: 1891
Latest Date: 1933
Linear Feet: 7.75
Collection Description: The Beverly Thomas Galloway Papers consist of biographical information, correspondence, speeches, memoranda, notebooks, photographs, scrapbooks, and published and unpublished articles.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Beverly Thomas Galloway (1863-1938) was appointed as plant pathologist in 1887 for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The following year he became Chief of the Division of Vegetable Physiology and Pathology. In 1900, he became chief of the Division of Gardens and Grounds, was the leader in planning the consolidation of several divisions into what soon became the Bureau of Plant Industry, and moved into position of Chief of this new bureau. For two years (1913-1914), he served as Assistant Secretary of Agriculture and later returned to research work, particularly investigations of the pathological aspects.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 69
Collection Name: Gordeuk, Alexander, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1997
Linear Feet: 9.5
Collection Description: The Alexander Gordeuk Papers contain items relating to the U.S. Branch of the World Poultry Science Association and its participation in World’s Poultry Congresses held in Mexico in 1958, in the Soviet Union in 1966, and in Spain in 1970. The papers include records and minutes; photographs, negatives and color slides; and numerous publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Alexander Gordeuk of Rahway, New Jersey, was a member of U.S. Participation Committee, World’s Poultry Congress.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 81
Collection Name: Hodgson, Ralph Edward, Papers
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 5
Collection Description: The Ralph Edward Hodgson Papers consist of autobiographical and biographical information, writings, studies, papers, speeches, trip reports, bulletins, reprints, and publications. Of significance to those interested in Hodgson's early years is his 1970 autobiographical work titled "From the Sands of Mazomanie: A Story of a Wisconsin Farm Boy."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Ralph Edward Hodgson (1906-1990) worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1930-1973 and held progressively more responsible positions in professional, scientific, and administrative work in connection with dairy and animal husbandry, focusing on dairy cattle breeding, feeding, and management. His notable positions within USDA include Assistant Chief, Bureau of Dairy Industry, 1945-1953; Chief, Dairy Husbandry Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service, 1953-1957, and Director, Animal Science Research Division, 1957-1973.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 82
Collection Name: Hogue, Robert L., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1995
Linear Feet: 21.25
Collection Description: The Robert L. Hogue Papers relate to Hogue’s role on the Participation Committee, U.S.A. Branch, of the World’s Poultry Science Association, which dealt with the 15th World’s Poultry Congress held in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1974. Files include bulletins published during and following World War II on animal feedstuffs, publications on poultry housing and equipment, newsprint, 16-millimeter films, brochures, photographs, and negatives.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Robert L. Hogue (1913-2000) encouraged development of 4-H poultry programs; coordinated disease control and marketing programs; encouraged consumer enlightenment; and provided an organizational hub for industry, university, and governmental interests throughout the United States, as well as representing the United States at many foreign poultry activities. In 1989, Hogue was inducted into the American Poultry Historical Society's Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 86
Collection Name: Intercollegiate Poultry Judging Contest Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1965
Linear Feet: 2.25
Collection Description: The Intercollegiate Poultry Judging Contest Records consist of five bound volumes listing poultry judging team members and coaches, and the names of the institutions that sponsored the teams. Also included are pictures of the winning team members and coaches.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Intercollegiate Poultry Judging Contest was open to undergraduate students enrolled in participating colleges. Contestants formed teams to judge poultry in areas such as production judging, breed selection, and market products judging.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 91
Collection Name: Kellogg, Charles Edwin, Papers
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1975
Bulk Dates: 1947-71
Linear Feet: 307
Collection Description: The Charles Edwin Kellogg Papers contain scripts of Kellogg's speeches, articles, reviews, reprints, correspondence, field notes, journals, slides, photographs, soil maps, and publications relating to soil science and agriculture. Publications include many of the rare works of soil science pioneers such as Glinka, Ruffin, Evelyn, Young, and Marbut.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Edwin Kellogg (1902-1980) began his career at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1934 as a soil technologist on the National Cooperative Soil Survey and was appointed Chief of the Soil Survey Division of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils in 1935. His department became a part of the Bureau of Plant Industry in 1939. A prolific writer, Kellogg played a major part in outlining and writing Soils and Man, the USDA's Yearbook of Agriculture for 1938, and wrote the first edition of the Soil Survey Manual in 1939, which was subsequently adopted by soil survey organizations throughout the world. He advised international organizations and national research and agricultural agencies in this and other countries, helping to organize research and promote improved farming systems for efficient production, soil conservation, and high standards of rural living. While traveling to other countries to learn farming methods and to assist in agricultural development programs, Kellogg wrote field notes and took photographs of his soil surveys and of other experiences of the trips. At the time of his retirement in 1971, Kellogg was the Deputy Administrator of the Soil Conservation Service.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 102
Collection Name: McFarland, J. Horace, Papers
Earliest Date: 1923
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 432
Collection Description: The J. Horace McFarland Papers relate to Mount Pleasant Press; the majority of the collection includes glass negatives, acetate negatives, transparencies, slides, photographs, and watercolors of plants (ornamental and vegetables). There are plant-breeding records which include rose cards or letter-sized forms consisting of a black and white photograph of a variety of a rose and accompanying scientific documentation. Also included are original artwork; catalogs produced by the company; photographs of the office; and a map of McFarland’s residence.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: McFarland (1859-1948), conservationist, master printer, and horticulturist, was well known for his books and photographs of roses. In 1878, McFarland started his own printing business, Mount Pleasant Press, which specialized in horticultural printing and was the first to use color photographs in its publications. In fact, many images were taken at McFarland's famous trial gardens on the grounds of his residence, Breeze Hill.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 104
Collection Name: Martin, Joseph Holmes, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1917
Latest Date: 1930
Bulk Dates: 1917-1930s
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Joseph Holmes Martin Papers include his theses entitled, "The Influence of Mating Upon the Strength of Fertility of Eggs," and "Inheritance in Poultry," as well as black and white photographs of Martin and other leaders of the poultry and allied industries, including Secretaries of Agriculture Earl Butz and Ezra T. Benson, and university and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) leaders in poultry science from the 1930s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Joseph Holmes Martin (1895-1977) was head of the poultry department at the University of Kentucky from 1922-1938 and Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana, from 1922-1938. He specialized in poultry genetics and wrote more than 80 poultry publications, including Turkey Management. In 1971, he was elected to the American Poultry Historical Society Poultry Hall of Fame.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 107
Collection Name: Mohler, John R., Papers
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1943
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The John R. Mohler Papers consist of photographs, Canadian exhibits, U.S. exhibits, a manuscript entitled "The Outbreak of Foot and Mouth Diseases in California," a log book, and certificates.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John R. Mohler (1875-1952) began working at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1897 as an assistant inspector for the Bureau of Animal Industry. He was promoted to the position of Chief of the Pathological Division in 1902, and became the Chief of the Bureau in 1917, a position he held until his retirement in 1943. Mohler’s work focused on animal diseases, in particular those that affected cattle, birds, sheep, horses, and hogs. He authored or co-authored numerous bulletins, circulars, and articles on these topics. In 1933 Mohler was elected vice president of the International Veterinary Congress and in 1939 received the 12th International Veterinary Congress Prize in recognition of his distinguished achievements in veterinary service in the United States and foreign countries. This is the highest honor the veterinary profession bestows.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 109
Collection Name: Mosher, Martin L., Manuscripts
Earliest Date: 1965
Latest Date: 1974
Linear Feet: 2.4
Collection Description: The Martin L. Mosher Manuscripts include two multi-volume titles. The first is a seven-volume manuscript titled "Farmstead Pictures of the United States of North America at the Middle of the Twentieth Century" (1965); it contains 570 mounted illustrations textually documented, depicting the historic, geographic, and economic setting of farm people within each of the states. Mosher's two-volume manuscript, "The Cornbelt’s Last Open Pollenated Corn" (1974) is a historic study of open pollinated corn, such as was grown by Cornbelt farmers during the years immediately preceding the general introduction of hybrid corn.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Martin L. Mosher (b. 1882) spent more than 40 years working for the Agricultural Extension Service in Iowa and Illinois; the last 27 years of his career were spent as Farm Management Specialist in the Agricultural Extension Service in Illinois. During his career, Mosher received some of the highest honors given to extension workers.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 112
Collection Name: National School Lunch Week Collection
Earliest Date: 1956
Latest Date: 1966
Bulk Dates: 1956-1966
Linear Feet: 6
Collection Description: The National School Lunch Week Collection consists of four scrapbooks commemorating National School Lunch Week in 1956 (10th Anniversary Year), 1964, 1965, and 1966 (20th Anniversary Year). The format of materials in the scrapbooks include correspondence, clippings, report excerpts, press releases, photographs, articles, newsletters, artwork, audio scripts, and ephemera. USDA Consumer and Marketing Service and American School Food Service Association (ASFSA) information is represented as well.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: National School Lunch Week was established in 1962. The concept of this week, which begins on the second Sunday in October, is to celebrate and promote the National School Lunch program. According to the American School Food Service Association (ASFSA), this week "is designed to help raise awareness of and garner support for the role that nutrition programs play in the lives of America’s children." Each year, the President of the United States issues a proclamation that calls on the people to observe National School Lunch Week. The program itself began in 1946, the result of a call for the standardization of the appropriations given by Congress to states to administer school local school lunch programs. Prior to 1946 such programs were run on a year-to-year basis, and expansion was quite slow. The congressional legislation provided schools with standards of nutrition for school lunches, as well as federal financial aid to purchase proper food and equipment.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 113
Collection Name: National Agricultural Library (NAL) Records
Earliest Date: 1867
Latest Date: 2002
Bulk Dates: 1867-1980
Linear Feet: 81
Collection Description: The National Agricultural Library (NAL) Records include correspondence, reports, regulations, agreements, budget hearings, clippings, articles, newsletters, manuals, and photographs on library-related activities. Of particular note are the records from 1907-1940 when Claribel R. Barnett was not only head librarian for the departmental library but also was quite active in the library-related organizations. The archival material includes papers relating to directors of the library such as Ralph Robert Shaw, 1940-1954, Foster E. Mohrhardt, 1954-1968, and John Sherrod, 1968-1973.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1862 President Abraham Lincoln signed an act that established the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). One year later, through a donation of a collection of over 1,000 volumes of agriculture-related materials from the Agricultural Division of the U.S. Patent Office, the library mandated by the act establishing the USDA came to life. The purpose of the library was to gather agricultural information from a wide array of sources and provide it to the people of the United States. In the century that followed, the library was located in various locations in the USDA's buildings in Washington, D.C. Also during this time, the library had a formidable succession of librarians who were leaders in furthering the professionalism of librarianship. In 1962 Secretary of Agriculture Orville J. Freeman designated the USDA's library the National Agricultural Library (NAL). This move put the library on par with other national libraries, and also affirmed its distinction as one of the world’s foremost institutes of agricultural information. In 1960 plans were drawn up to create a new dedicated facility for the library. In 1969 the USDA's information institution was successfully moved from the USDA South Building to what is now the Abraham Lincoln Building, USDA, in Beltsville, Maryland. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s NAL brought forth many agriculture-related information resources and centers. Most notable of these resources are the Dictionary Catalog of the National Agricultural Library, 1862-1965; the National Agricultural Library Catalog, 1966-1970; CAIN (CAtaloging and INdexing) and CAIN-ON-LINE (later renamed AGRICOLA); and the Food and Nutrition Information Center.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 117
Collection Name: National Turkey Federation (NTF) Records: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1983
Linear Feet: 94.5
Collection Description: The National Turkey Federation (NTF) Records document the hiring of the Evans Advertising Agency, Salt Lake City, Utah, through 1982 to promote the consumption of turkey products. Records describe the history and objectives of NTF and contain photographs of the early officers; statistics, correspondence, promotional budgets; marketing research projects; recipes; photographs, slides, and audio, filmstrips, videotapes, plus hundreds of color photographs and transparencies, and recipes.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National Turkey Federation (NTF) is an industry organization whose main objectives are to promote the consumption of turkey meat and to encourage turkey growers to gear their production to the market demands plus projected growth. The Evans Advertising Agency, Salt Lake City, Utah, was employed by the NTF through 1982 to promote the consumption of turkey products.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 119
Collection Name: North, Charles E., Papers
Collection Group: Dairy Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1961
Linear Feet: 123.5
Collection Description: The Charles E. North Papers contain correspondence, articles, and reports on a variety of subjects related to the development of the dairy industry during the first half of the 20th century; records concerning his efforts toward gaining passage of milk legislation; patents on processes and devices related to the milk industry; and photographs and movies which reflect his efforts and determination toward upgrading the sanitary standards for processing milk.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles E. North (1869-1961), a physician, public health officer, inventor, and agricultural scientist, was a pioneer in the dairy industry and a leader in gaining public acceptance of milk pasteurization laws, developer of processes and devices, and author of many articles and reports related to the development of the dairy industry.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 128
Collection Name: Pierce, Howard Castner, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1903
Latest Date: 1963
Linear Feet: 5
Collection Description: The Howard Castner Pierce Papers consist of black and white photographs and negatives concerning the poultry industry during the early part of the twentieth century in the United States, and publications of the Food Research Laboratory, Bureau of Chemistry. Also included are correspondence, drawings, and plans of poultry devices submitted to the U.S. Patent Office; material on the first National Chicken of Tomorrow contest in 1946; publications of the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, and lesson plans for a poultry course taught by Pierce at Iowa State College. The photographs document poultry processing, grading, and egg candling experiments conducted by the Bureau of Chemistry, U.S. Department of Agriculture (1912-19); packing plants in Topeka, Kansas and Atlantic, Iowa (1910); poultry houses in Petaluma and Loomis, California (undated); a tour of Europe in 1924 coinciding with the World's Poultry Congress held in Barcelona, Spain; the Seventh World's Poultry Congress held in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1939; a caricature of Pierce farming, made in 1944; and a testimonial dinner for Pierce in 1963.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Howard Castner Pierce (1882-1967) served as head of the Poultry Department at Iowa State College; investigator, Food Research Laboratory, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA); marketing specialist for the Bureau of Economics, USDA; and poultry buyer and director of research for the Great Atlantic & Pacific (A&P) Food Stores.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 129
Collection Name: USDA Pink Bollworm Project Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1980
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The USDA Pink Bollworm Project Photograph Collection documents the work of the Plant Quarantine and Control Administration on bollworm detection, prevention, and quarantine measures. Photographs show scientists' process for cleansing the soil of bollworms, the appearance of infested fields, and the effect of bollworms on cotton and other plants. There are photographs of inspection sites in Texas and New Mexico; field clean-ups in Arizona; and an album presented to the Chief of the division, Paul A. Hoidale, in 1941.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Plant Quarantine and Control Administration (later the Bureau of Plant Quarantine) was established in 1928 as a central agency to regulate activities related to research on insects and plants. It took on the regulatory work of the Bureaus of Entomology and Plant Industry. This work was assigned to several divisions, including one for Pink Bollworm and Thurberia Control. The pink bollworm is considered to be one of the most important cotton pests in the United States, and several control programs have been created to reduce its negative impact on the economy. In 1934 the Bureau of Plant Quarantine merged with the Bureau of Entomology to form the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. As of 2004, research on the pink bollworm is being done by the Plant Protection and Quarantine program of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS).
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 135
Collection Name: Poultry Processing Collection
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1970
Bulk Dates: 1940s to 1970s
Linear Feet: 5.75
Collection Description: The Poultry Processing Collection consists primarily of black and white images and negatives of numerous dimensions, mounted and unmounted, representing the various stages in the handling and processing of poultry and eggs. There are some color images and written material associated with poultry technology.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 136
Collection Name: Poultry Times Newspaper and Poultryman Newspaper Photograph Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1963
Latest Date: 1986
Linear Feet: 37.5
Collection Description: The Poultry Times Newspaper and Poultryman Newspaper Photograph Collection contains black and white negatives taken by the staff of Poultry Times, a weekly newspaper from Gainesville, Georgia, (1956-1985) and the Poultryman, a weekly newspaper from Vineland, New Jersey (1956-1969). Included are negatives of state poultry associations’ personnel and functions, universities’ personnel, U.S. Department of Agriculture and other organizations’ personnel and events, and poultry-related commercial firms’ personnel and products. The Poultry Times portrait file contains negatives and black and white photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Poultry Times is published by Poultry and Egg News and includes news articles on research; technical development; and current trends in production, marketing, and pricing. There are reports of activities of industry organizations with an emphasis placed on regional news.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 143
Collection Name: Riley, Charles Valentine, Collection
Earliest Date: 1868
Latest Date: 1919
Linear Feet: 12.75
Collection Description: The Charles Valentine Riley Collection consist of letters to Riley, unpublished lectures, notes, photographs, news clippings, reports, reprints, paintings, drawings, sketch books, books, and artifacts. The collection focuses on the history of entomology and the development of biological control of insects injurious to crops, and on Riley’s energetic efforts on its behalf during the latter part of the 19th century.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Valentine Riley (1843-1895) was a visual artist and entomologist in the mid-19th century. Born in England, Riley settled in the United States in 1850. He had grown up studying and sketching insects, and he quickly began to apply his abilities while working for Prairie Farmer, a leading agricultural journal. In 1868 Riley was recommended for and appointed to the post of entomologist for the state of Missouri. In this capacity, he not only became a distinguished entomologist, but he also revolutionized the entire field of entomology. In 1878 Riley became the second Chief Entomologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, succeeding Townend Glover. Riley held this position over a period of 17 years, having parted with the USDA briefly from 1880-1881 over a procedural dispute. During the 1880s Riley was also closely involved with the U.S. National Museum (currently the Smithsonian Institution), to whom he donated his collection of over 100,000 insect specimens. He served as an assistant curator for the museum, specializing in insects. Riley worked in both capacities until his death in 1895.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 147
Collection Name: Russell, Edward John, Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1927
Latest Date: 1927
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Edward John Russell Manuscript, titled “Field Experiments at Rothamsted,” was given to the Graduate School of the U.S. Department of Agriculture by Sir John Russell. It was proposed for publication, along with many black and white photographs, as a Bureau of Chemistry and Soils Bulletin in 1928; however, it was never published.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edward John Russell was Director of Rothamsted Experimental Station in Harpenden, England in 1927.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 148
Collection Name: Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories Photograph Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1949
Bulk Dates: 1930s and 1940s
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories Photograph Collection contains approximately 2,000 black and white glossy photographs depicting many facets of poultry and the poultry industry during the 1930s and 1940s. Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories, a major producer of pharmaceutics to treat poultry, used this collection as it published different editions of Dr. Salsbury Health Messenger, a widely distributed poultry health manual in the 1930-40 era.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Veterinarian Joseph E. Salsbury (b. 1887) opened Dr. Salsbury's Poultry Service Company in 1924 in Charles City, Iowa, in order to combat poultry mortality by the use of low-cost medicine. By 1935, the company purchased 55 acres for its research farm and changed its name to Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories. Branches were opened in 1936 and 1937 in Pomona, California; Kansas City, Missouri; Fort Worth, Texas; and Columbus, Ohio. The first product developed by Salsbury was Avitone, a flock wormer. By 1951, the company line consisted of 55 products, and 9 out of 10 of these were for poultry ailments. The research specialists in helminthology, protozoology, biochemistry, and other branches of science developed new products at the research farm.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 150
Collection Name: Schoening, Harry William, Papers
Earliest Date: 1903
Latest Date: 1960
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Harry William Schoening Papers consist of materials pertaining to Schoening's veterinary research; a pictorial history of individuals who worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry; correspondence related to his retirement; and photographs of his retirement party. There are Bureau of Animal Industry reports on hog cholera, cattle, swine, sheep and goats, horses, poultry, fur animals, foot-and-mouth disease, and parasites.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harry William Schoening (1886-1969) began his almost 50 years of service with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1907 working as a veterinary inspector handling meat inspection for the Bureau of Animal Industry. He retired as director of the Veterinary Pathology Branch of the Animal Disease and Parasite Research Division, Agricultural Research Service. Schoening conducted and supervised investigations into the causes and prevention of livestock diseases. Most prominent among these projects were those involving hog cholera and foot-and-mouth disease.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 151
Collection Name: Sharpe, Charles Farquharson Stewart, Papers
Earliest Date: 1925
Latest Date: 1991
Bulk Dates: 1925-1949
Linear Feet: 6.75
Collection Description: The Charles Farquharson Stewart Sharpe Papers consist of copies of articles, translations, and publications relating to geomorphology and erosion; correspondence and other records produced in the course of work for the Climatic and Physiographic Division; research notes and draft reports of physiographic studies in which Sharpe was involved; copies of published reports authored by Sharpe; and photographs and lantern slides documenting soil erosion studies.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Farquharson Stewart Sharpe (b. 1907) worked as a soil conservationist in the Climatic and Physiographic Division of the Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, from 1935-1943.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 152
Collection Name: American Poultry Historical Society (APHS) Photograph Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1925-1954
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The American Poultry Historical Society (APHS) Photograph Collection contains 115 black-and-white and color photographs, with captions and texts, mostly of members of poultry-related institutions and of events held by various poultry groups. Some of the institutions, conferences, and groups represented include the American Association of Instructors and Investigators in Poultry; American Feed Manufacturers Association; American Poultry Association; American Poultry and Hatchery Federation; American Poultry School; International Baby Chick Association; Judging and Breeding School; National Poultry Improvement Plan; National Turkey Federation; National Poultry Congress; Northeast Poultry Producers Council; Poultry Science Association; and the World’s Poultry Congress.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The American Poultry Historical Society (APHS) was organized in 1952. According to the book American Poultry History 1823-1973, "The purpose of the [society] is to find, collect, and preserve records, pictures, materials and objects connected with the development of the poultry industry and to make available its great history to this and future generations, and to honor or recognize persons for outstanding achievement or leadership." The society (and a Hall of Fame, which was formed in 1954) was modeled on similar developments in the dairy industry. The APHS wanted to form an independent and inclusive organization that would serve all types of interest in the poultry industry, from "fanciers" to commercial poultry breeders.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 155
Collection Name: USDA Small Fruit Improvement Programs Records
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 1978
Bulk Dates: 1941-85
Linear Feet: 21
Collection Description: The USDA Small Fruit Improvement Programs Records contain numerous items. Donald H. Scott’s strawberry, blueberry, and blackberry field notebooks (1950-78), Scott’s work notes (1941-70), Scott’s and George M. Darrow’s photographs for illustrations of USDA bulletins, and blackberry records of John Hull (1961-69). Files from the office of Gene Galletta include: Strawberry records (1953-1969), grape papers (1946-1967), correspondence files (1947-72), and raspberry/blackberry files (1917-52). Photographs, artwork, and negatives used for plates in various USDA publications (1949-83) Drafts of publications and final copies of bulletins. Miscellanous photographs, slides, and acetate and glass negatives of fruit, 1914-85. Both black and white and color included.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Scott, Donald H. (b. 1911) received a B.S. in Agriculture from North Dakota Agricultural College and became an assistant horticulturist there from 1936-37. His first position with USDA was as a junior geneticist for the Bureau of Plant Industry’s Fruit and Vegetable Crops and Diseases in Beltsville, Maryland, in 1937. From 1937-41, he worked on breeding investigations with stone fruit, mainly peach breeding and production problems and supervision of those operations at the U.S. Horticultural Station. In 1942 he moved from Beltsville to headquarters in Cheyenne, Wyoming. As an associate geneticist, he assisted in planning and conducted an extensive program of fruit and breeding work with tomatoes, squashes, strawberries, and other fruits and vegetables. By 1946, Scott relocated to Beltsville and as geneticist, he planned and conducted extensive investigations on the breeding and production of small fruit crops, particularly grapes, strawberries, and blueberries. Scott continued working for USDA as a horticulturist and research horticulturist until his retirement in 1975. George M. Darrow (1889-1983), who was known as one of the foremost American authorities on strawberries, worked for the United States Department of Agriculture for 46 years (1911- 1957) as a pomologist and small fruits breeder. Dr. Gene J. Galletta was research geneticist and leader of the Small Fruit Improvement and Disease Biology Project of the USDA Fruit Laboratory at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center upon his retirement in 1997. He contributed 22 years of his career with the federal government, including 18 years as the North Carolina State Cooperator with the Small Fruit Improvement Program led by Scott. He and his cooperators introduced over 50 new strawberry, blueberry, blackberry, and raspberry cultivars.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 159
Collection Name: U.S. Forest Service Smokey Bear Collection
Earliest Date: 1902
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 119.88
Collection Description: The U.S. Forest Service Smokey Bear Collection consists of audiovisuals, posters, slides, photographs, posters and cartoons, original artwork, and a wide variety of commercial products, some of which are from around the world. In November of 2004, a retired Forest Service employee donated around 22 pieces of memorabilia from the Smokey Sports Collection. One of the Smokey Bear campaigns was to join up with college, minor league, and professional athletes to promote fire prevention awareness. Various memorabilia, such as playing cards, posters, baseball gloves and balls, hockey pucks, batting helmets, activity books, wallets, penants, wrist bands, water bottles, and rally rags, were given away to children at sporting events. In December of 2004, Lew Southard, Branch Chief of Fire Prevention in the Forest Service, donated a 60th Annivesary Smokey Bear Commemorative Doll.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: During World War II, the prevalence of human-caused forest fires and the need for wood compelled the U.S. Forest Service to organize the Cooperative Forest Fire Prevention Campaign. In 1944, as a means of encouraging citizens to participate in fire prevention, the campaign introduced the symbol of a bear, endowed with the evocative name of Smokey. In the spring of 1950, a real cub became a living representation of Smokey Bear when he was saved from a forest fire. The Smokey Bear fire prevention advertising campaign is the best-known character symbol in the world.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 162
Collection Name: Street, Harold Kent, Papers
Earliest Date: 1955
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Harold Kent Street Papers include resumes, official correspondence related to his various positions at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, newspaper clippings, unpublished works, photographs, and the article "The Restless Earth" by Nigel Calder.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harold Kent Street (1931-1981) was an agricultural journalist who worked in both the public and private sectors. Street was employed by several agencies within the U.S. Department of Agriculture during the mid-1960s and late 1970s including: the Agricultural Research Service (ARS); the Farm Credit Administration; and the Farmers’ Home Administration. In the private sector, Street served as an agricultural reporter for the American Banker Newspaper, The Dakota Farmer, The Hartford Courant, Successful Farming, Agri-Finance, The Rural New Yorker, and the University of Connecticut, as well as an editor for publications at Kraft Foods and the Independent Bankers’ Association of America.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 164
Collection Name: Sturgeon, Ralph H., Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1917
Latest Date: 1988
Linear Feet: 5.25
Collection Description: The Ralph H. Sturgeon Papers include correspondence, clippings, and photographs describing the professional activities and accomplishments of Sturgeon, a hatcheryman and breeder of Barred and White Plymouth Rock chickens and bantams in Bellevue, Ohio. Included are photographs of Colonel Harlan Sanders and Sturgeon; a letter from President Richard Nixon; newsletters; and judging materials from the American Poultry Association.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 178
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Animal Industry Photograph Collection (see processing note) many are labeled ASI Archives
Earliest Date: 1913
Latest Date: 1951
Linear Feet: 17
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Animal Industry Photograph Collection comprises black and white photographs, 531 glass negatives, and 1,220 acetate negatives covering many aspects of the animal industry. Subjects include animal anatomy, animal housing, equipment such as slaughtering tools, animal products such as wool, processing steps, cuts of beef, diseases, and laboratories. Black and white photographs document people involved in the work of the Bureau of Animal Industry.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) was formed in 1884, and was an evolution from the Veterinary Division that had been established a year earlier, and also from the program of the Treasury Department that regulated animal transportation. The BAI was the first bureau established in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). BAI was created to put more emphasis on combating diseases that caused problems in cattle trade and production. The early focus of the bureau was to eradicate the most damaging, most communicable livestock diseases. In addition, very soon after its establishment, the bureau took on the duty of enforcing the new Meat Inspection Act. The BAI created two divisions for this task - one for meat inspection, the other for animal quarantine. Throughout its history, the Bureau of Animal Industry had many other important divisions. Most notable of these were Animal Husbandry, Animal Nutrition, Animal Pathology, Dairy, and Zoological. These divisions had a multitude of tasks related to animal industry, including research, disease eradication, breeding, inspection, and even marketing of animal products. As the research needs of the bureau changed, so did the divisions; many of them changed names and/or merged with others. In 1942 BAI was placed under the Agricultural Research Administration, which was created to consolidate the work of the USDA's major bureaus. In 1953 the USDA established the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), which abolished the bureau system. The functions of the BAI were transferred to various branches of ARS, mostly to the branches of Animal Inspection and Quarantine, and Animal Disease Eradication. The majority of the original functions of the BAI are now the responsibility of Veterinary Services, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS).
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 182
Collection Name: USDA History Collection
Earliest Date: 1761
Latest Date: 1997
Bulk Dates: 1914-1994
Linear Feet: 819.5
Collection Description: The USDA History Collection documents the work of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), its staff and agencies. It is particularly strong concerning the activities of the Secretaries of Agriculture, their assistants and staffs, especially for the administrations of Henry Agard Wallace, Ezra Taft Benson, and Orville Lothrop Freeman. Large sections of the records relate to the USDA's response to such crises as World War I, World War II, and the Great Depression; droughts, floods and other disasters; and the changes brought about by the economic and technological developments of the 20th century. In addition, there are records or copies of records documenting the earliest years, as well as material covering the entire history of agriculture in the Americas. The collection includes letters, memoranda, reports, speeches, press releases, organizational charts, statistical tables, pamphlets, booklets, clippings, newsletters, scrapbooks, annual reports, audio and video tapes, oral histories and photographs, relating to the activities of the USDA and the history of agriculture. Also included are papers and writings of USDA staff and other individuals on agricultural history, correspondence and other records of the Agricultural and Rural History Section, and a small group of letters, account books, diaries, and other manuscript materials relating to U.S. agriculture dating from the late 18th to the early 20th centuries. Subjects covered include the production, distribution, and marketing of agricultural commodities; price supports and the management of surpluses; research, education, and technology; land use and conservation; rural development and other sociological aspects of agriculture; international trade, international food aid, and technical assistance; the administration of the USDA; and the USDA's relationships with the U.S. Congress and Executive Branch, with states and counties, and with agricultural interest groups and citizens. A small but unique and very valuable segment includes manuscript material such as letters, account books, diaries, and other items relating to agriculture dating from the late 18th to the early 20th centuries. There are also photographs, oral histories, and the papers of former members of the Agricultural and Rural History Section. While many of the documents are duplicates gathered from departmental files, including carbon copies, photocopies, and transcriptions, there are many original letters, memoranda, reports, and newspaper clippings in the collection, including materials received or collected from sources outside of USDA. Many of these records may be duplicated in other repositories, but to find all the materials on a given topic, a researcher might have to consult several different record groups or collections at a number of institutions. The greatest strength of these records lies in their grouping as a whole as the best single resource for the history of USDA.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The USDA History Collection consists of materials gathered by the former Agricultural and Rural History Section of the Economic Research Service. That section was closed in 1994. These papers were created as practical research files to be used as tools for historians and others interested in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 185
Collection Name: U.S. Forest Service History Collection
Earliest Date: 1890
Latest Date: 1991
Bulk Dates: 1940-1979
Linear Feet: 91.25
Collection Description: The U.S. Forest Service History Collection contains forester field notes, photographs, negatives, slides, films, videos, audio cassettes, albums, manuals, speeches, t-shirts, pins, oral histories, and other files related to U.S. Forest Service history.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1876 Congress passed a bill that established the forest administration in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Franklin B. Hough was appointed as special agent to report on the condition of the forests and how to preserve them. The results of his study revealed that forests were beneficial to climate, streamflow, and soil and it was necessary to preserve and renew forests. By 1878 the forest administration became the Division of Forestry. The Forest Service as it is known today was largely due to the work of former Chief Gifford Pinchot and his 11 employees who popularized the concept of forest conservation in 1898.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 186
Collection Name: United States National Arboretum Records
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 34.5
Collection Description: The U.S. National Arboretum Records consist of legislation, Advisory Council papers, correspondence, maps, photographs, field-trip notes, herbarium index files, bound Service Lot Reports, plant indexes, files of staff (John L. Creech and Frederick G. Meyer), taxonomic information, Fred Meyer files, and brochures from miscellaneous arboreta and botanical gardens. There are documents related to Fern Valley, including photographs, cards, programs, newspaper articles, and albums which were collected by volunteer Margaret Donnald. Note that the cherry tree files previously located in this collection are now a separate collection "United States National Arboretum Collection Cherry Tree Files."
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Administered by the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. National Arboretum was established in 1927 to conduct research, provide education, and conserve and display trees, shrubs, flowers, and other plants to enhance the environment. Today's research includes trees, shrubs, turf, and floral plants; development of new technologies for the floral and nursery industries; development of plants with superior characteristics through a program of testing and genetic improvement; development of new methods of pest and disease detection and control; taxonomy and nomenclature of ornamental plants and their wild relatives; and collection and preservation of plant germplasm with ornamental potential.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 194
Collection Name: USDA Weed Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1906
Latest Date: 1946
Linear Feet: 9
Collection Description: The USDA Weed Photograph Collection consists of approximately 1,400 negatives (glass and nitrate) and black and white photographs of weeds in different geographic locations. There are close up shots of various types of weeds, photographs of fields with weeds, and experimental plots of land, weeds in suburban yards, downtown District of Columbia, fields of corn, fallow fields, field experiment stations, desert areas, and farm land as well as examples of well-kept fields. Some of the photographs are more of a scientific nature with the weed having been pulled and laid flat. There are also photographs of people planting cotton and harvesting grain. The photograph envelopes are very well labeled and the notations are descriptive: they list the type of weed along with scientific name, indicate city and state when necessary, indicate how weeds affect growth of crops, how certain tillage machinery encourages growth of weeds, praise a well-weeded field etc. Some of the envelopes are labeled “Forage Crop Investigations” and “Weed Investigations” Examples of some of the weeds pictured: Alligator grass, ragweed, prickly poppy, milkweed, rattleweed, Russian thistle.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Division of Forage Crops and Diseases operated under the Bureau of Plant Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture. Its main purpose was to research crops that are grown specifically for livestock consumption. It started in the 1900s as the Office of Forage-crop Investigations, and was re-designated the Office of Forage Crops in 1926. In 1929 the Office took on research related to forage disease from the Office of Vegetable and Forage Crops, and became the Office (Division in 1931) of Forage Crops and Diseases. This division became a divisional component of the Field Crops Division of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Research in 1946. After the USDA reorganization of 1953, the Division became the Forage and Range Section of the Field Crops Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service. Research on weeds affecting crops was done by the Division of Weed Investigations, of the Bureau of Plant Industry. In 1953, this research was transferred to the Section of Weed Investigations, Field Crops Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 195
Collection Name: Weidlich, John E., Collection: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1951
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The John E. Weidlich Collection contains a description of the initial plans for the National Chicken of Tomorrow Contest, prepared in 1945, and lists of individuals who entered the first contest in 1946. It comprises newspaper clippings, single issues of trade journals, promotional pamphlets, photographs, and correspondence.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John E. Weidlich was a Roanoke, West Virginia, breeder of New Hampshire chickens and an early supporter of the National Chicken of Tomorrow Contest, which is the core of this collection.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 203
Collection Name: U.S. Forest Service Woodsy Owl Collection
Earliest Date: 1974
Latest Date: 1987
Linear Feet: 73
Collection Description: The U.S. Forest Service Woodsy Owl Collection includes films, slides, negatives, videotapes, posters, original artwork, songsheets, bumper stickers, patches, keyrings, campaign materials, costumes, distribution materials, legislation, photograph albums, and other miscellaneous items. Campaign materials consist of publication proposals, drafts, correspondence, newspaper cuttings, news releases, newsletters, magazines, and public service announcement statistics and information.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Woodsy Owl was the U.S. Forest Service’s anti-pollution symbol. Beginning in 1970, the Forest Service promoted Woodsy Owl’s “Give a hoot! Don’t pollute.” campaign against littering and vandalism in national forests.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 204
Collection Name: World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA) Records
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 34
Collection Description: The World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA) Records contain materials collected by various members of the organization. Included are correspondence, reports, publications, awards information, ephemera, meeting meetings, and photographs. The majority of the materials correspond with member participation in the world's poultry congresses, European poultry conferences, and other meetings. The earliest material dates from the 1st World's Poultry Congress in 1921.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The World's Poultry Science Association began with the formation of the International Association of Poultry Instructors in 1912. In 1928 the organization changed its name to the World's Poultry Science Assocation. The 1st World's Poultry Congress was held in 1921 at The Hague, Netherlands. In 1960, the 1st European Poultry Conference was helt at Utrecht, Netherlands. The first national branch of WPSA was established in the United Kingdom in 1947. WPSA continues to be an active international organization with the purpose of advancing knowledge and understanding of all aspects of poultry science and the poultry industry.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 206
Collection Name: Sheep skin and wool samples
Earliest Date: 1948
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: Sheep skins and wool samples. 1948. Wool samples and accompanying black and white photographs of each type of animal, undated.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 209
Collection Name: Society of American Florists (SAF), Records and Book Collection of the
Earliest Date: 1793
Latest Date: 1993
Bulk Dates: 1925-1980
Linear Feet: 62.5
Collection Description: The Records and Book Collection of the Society of American Florists (SAF), 1793-1993, consists of both organizational records and bound volumes. The Records of the SAF, 1894-1993, contain proceedings, minutes, correspondence, memoranda, publications, photographs and scrapbooks from 1900 to 1988. The Book Collection of the SAF consists of over 200 volumes, including monographs and bound serials from 1793 to 1990.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Society of American Florists (SAF) was formed in 1884. Its earliest members came from the American Association of Nurserymen, Florists, and Seedsmen. The purpose of the SAF was to have a national organization devoted solely to florists. The organization was open to both horticultural and floral professionals and amateur gardeners. The first convention was held in 1885, and had over 200 members. The International Telegraph Delivery Association (later the Florists Transworld Delivery Association, or FTD) was created within the SAF. The name of the society was expanded in 1897 to the Society of American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturalists, even though the abbreviation SAF is still commonly used. In 1901 the SAF was granted a national charter, signed by President William McKinley. Throughout its history, the SAF has had several interest groups and committees. These groups have included the Florists’ Hail Association (to insure members against losses related to hail), the Florists’ Protective Association (to protect against other financial losses), the Ladies Society of American Florists, and the Youth Education Program. The SAF has also had a role in lobbying corporations and government bodies. Most of these lobbying efforts have been related to the transportation of floral products and orders.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 210
Collection Name: Knipling, Edward Fred, Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1906
Latest Date: 2003
Bulk Dates: 1930-1990
Linear Feet: 59
Collection Description: The Edward Fred Knipling Papers are part of the larger Screwworm Eradication Program Records. This collection covers all of the areas of entomology researched by Knipling during his career with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), including his early research on the screwworm and the eradication efforts in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, and the Southeast United States in the 1950s. His research included parasite control methods and work on the boll weevil, fruit fly, tsetse fly, European corn borer, and various species of ticks and moths. In addition, the collection reflects Knipling’s continued activity in entomology after his 1973 retirement from the USDA. Materials included are correspondence, publications, manuscripts, reports, photographs, research data, notes, speeches, awards, artifacts, and biographical data.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edward Fred Knipling (1909-2000) was a world-famous entomologist and theorist. His contributions featured the parasitoid augmentation technique, insect control methods involving the medication of the hosts, and various models of total insect population management. He was best known, however, for the sterile insect technique (SIT), which was employed in screwworm eradication efforts in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, Florida, Texas, Mexico, and parts of Central America. Knipling studied entomology at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University) and Iowa State College (now University), and worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1930-1973; Knipling continued to serve as a collaborator with the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) at the USDA and remained active in the field of entomology until 2000.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 211
Collection Name: Southwestern United States and Mexico Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1922
Latest Date: 2004
Bulk Dates: 1960-1990
Linear Feet: 58
Collection Description: The Southwestern United States and Mexico Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records contain research and production records related to sterile fly production plants in Mission, Texas, and Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico. Included in the records are reports, research data, correspondence, fly production and release records, manuscripts, manuals and regulations, publications, notes, case reports, photographs, public information materials, and artifacts. The predominant language is English, though there are materials in Spanish as well. Materials originally located in this collection relating to Central America, the Caribbean, and North Africa have been removed.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: These materials document agricultural programs to eliminate the New World screwworm from the North American continent. A flesh-eating pest of warm-blooded animals, the screwworm was brought under control using the Sterile Insect Technique, which emphasizes biological control methods. The technique uses large numbers of reared sterile flies to overwhelm and eliminate the wild fertile population through interbreeding. These records focus on research activities which supported eradication in the United States and Mexico. Much of the collection relates to field research, the development of effective fly strains for mass rearing and distribution, and information about the release of sterile flies.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 213
Collection Name: Owen Hugh Graham Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1879
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1960-1990
Linear Feet: 14
Collection Description: The Owen Hugh Graham: Screwworm Eradication Program Records relate to eradication efforts in Florida, the U.S. Southwest, Mexico, Central America and North Africa. Materials include correspondence, reports, publications, maps, charts, photographs, public information materials, and manuscripts. Most items are in English, with some in Spanish and a few articles in French.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Owen Hugh Graham (1917-present) Papers document aspects of the effort to eliminate the New World screwworm from the North American continent. A flesh-eating pest of warm-blooded animals, the screwworm was brought under control using the Sterile Insect Technique, which emphasizes biological control methods. The technique uses large numbers of reared sterile flies to overwhelm and eliminate the wild fertile population through interbreeding. As a research entomologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Graham was involved in screwworm research over a period of years and was Director of the USDA Agricultural Research Service's Screwworm Research Laboratory at Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico, from 1981-1984.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 214
Collection Name: Promotional Materials: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 2003
Linear Feet: 12
Collection Description: Promotional Materials: Screwworm Eradication Program Records include items relating to screwworm eradication programs in the U.S. Southwest, Mexico, Central America, and North Africa. There are public information and promotional materials such as baseball caps, mugs, calendars, key rings and bumper stickers, publications and brochures, photographs, fly case collection reports, 16-millimeter films, and fly distribution artifacts.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: These promotional materials collected by Paul T. "Tommy" Stanford (b. 1955), document agricultural programs to eliminate the New World screwworm from the North American continent. Stanford has been involved in aspects of screwworm eradication programs since the 1980s and is Facilities and Administrative Manager for the Kika de la Garza Subtropical Agricultural Research Center in Weslaco, Texas. He also provides administrative support to the Agricultural Research Service Screwworm Research teams located in Mexico and Panama.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 215
Collection Name: Audiovisual Materials: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1944
Latest Date: 2003
Linear Feet: 7
Collection Description: Collection includes photographs, slides, and films portraying the screwworm eradication efforts in the U.S., Mexico, and South America.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Screwworm Audiovisual materials document aspects of the effort to eliminate the New World screwworm from North American and South America. A flesh-eating pest of warm-blooded animals, the screwworm was brought under control using the Sterile Insect Technique, which emphasizes biological control methods. The technique uses large numbers of reared sterile flies to overwhelm and eliminate the wild fertile population through interbreeding.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 218
Collection Name: People on the Farm Program Records
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 1983
Bulk Dates: 1976-83
Linear Feet: 7.5
Collection Description: The People on the Farm Program Records include correspondence, notes, drafts, manuscripts, photographs, and contacts sheets for the "People on the Farm" leaflet series produced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture from 1977-1982. The collection includes a complete set of the publications, titled: "People on the Farm: Dairying"; "People on the Farm: Growing Wheat"; "People on the Farm: Growing Vegetables"; "People on the Farm: Black Families"; "People on the Farm: Growing Oranges"; "People on the Farm: Broiler Growers"; "People on the Farm: Corn and Hog Farming"; "People on the Farm: Raising Beef Cattle"; "Visiting People on a Dairy Farm"; and "A Teacher's Guide to People on the Farm."
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 220
Collection Name: Imle, Ernest, Papers
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 2000
Bulk Dates: 1940-1980
Linear Feet: 13.5
Collection Description: The Ernest Imle Papers include photographs, reports, and articles about U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) rubber research from the 1940s to the 1970s, primarily at the Regional Rubber Experiment Station. Additionally, there are articles and correspondence on tropical agriculture, including cacao, and publications on lilies.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Ernest Imle (b. 1910), a plant pathologist, began working for USDA in 1942. He was director of the Regional Rubber Experiment Station in Turrialba, Costa Rica, from 1945-1954, botanist for the Plant Introduction Section from 1955-1957, director of research at the American Cocoa Research Institute from 1957-1971, and assistant director of the International Programs Division of the Agricultural Research Service from 1971-1998. His research interests included improvement and diseases of tropical crops, research and training needs in tropical agriculture, plant introduction, and quarantine and germplasm problems. Imle developed budding techniques for the rapid production of commercial plants with a vigorous rootstock, a high-yielding stem and a blight-resistant crown.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 222
Collection Name: Lund, Everett Eugene, Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Everett Eugene Lund Papers contain reprints of Lund's publications, notes, correspondence, biographical information on parasitologists, and photographs and slides related to poultry diseases.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Everett Eugene Lund (1907-2000) received a Ph.D. in zoology at the University of California, Berkeley, in the early 1930s and worked as a biologist of disease research for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) at the U.S. Rabbit Experiment Station in Fontana, California, in the 1940s. He was as a world expert on the nutrition and diseases of turkeys while working at the USDA Beltsville Research Center, Animal Disease & Parasite Research Division (later to become the Animal Parasitology Institute) in the 1950s and 1960s. He retired from the USDA in 1970.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 223
Collection Name: U.S. National Animal Parasite Collection Records
Earliest Date: 1886
Latest Date: 1987
Linear Feet: 188.25
Collection Description: The U.S. National Animal Parasite Collection Records contain photographs, line drawings, lantern slides, and negatives of animal parasites. Many of the drawings were used as illustrations for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) publications. There are copies of articles, reprints, and several manuscripts, materials on the history of animal parasitology in USDA, including biographical information, photographs, and documents prepared for the centennial anniversary of the Bureau of Animal Industry. There is a chart created by parasitologist Cooper Curtis which he used in a presentation before the Biological Society of Washington in 1934.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1884, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) established the Bureau of Animal Industry. In 1891, the bureau was divided into four sections; parasite research was assigned to the "Zoological Laboratory" of the Division of Animal Pathology. Charles Wardell Stiles started the Parasite Collection and the Index-Catalogue of Medical Veterinary Zoology with his assistant, Albert Hassall. When the USDA eliminated its system of bureaus in 1953, the parasitology lab of the Zoological Division of the Bureau of Animal Industry became the Beltsville Parasitological Laboratory of the Animal Disease and Parasitic Research Branch of the Agricultural Research Service. By the end of the 1960s, the name changed to the National Animal Parasite Laboratory. Since 1972, this unit has been known as the Animal Parasitology Institute.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 224
Collection Name: USDA Leather and Paper Laboratory Records
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1986
Linear Feet: 8.75
Collection Description: The USDA Leather and Paper Laboratory Records include notebooks of specimen records, black and white photographs of animal and fish hides and skins, and publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: On July 1, 1904, the Secretary of Agriculture established a laboratory in the Bureau of Chemistry charged with the investigation of problems of a chemical and chemical-technical nature relating to the paper and leather industries. The need for the laboratory was based on an increased demand for information on tanning materials and the study of leathers in regard to composition, strength, appearance, and durability.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 226
Collection Name: Carver, George Washington, Collection
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1996
Bulk Dates: 1940-1977
Linear Feet: 6.25
Collection Description: The George Washington Carver Collection consists of photographs and text used in an exhibit at the National Agricultural Library (NAL). Photographs are not originals. NAL staff requested from another source for exhibit. Date of exhibit is unknown. Additionally, there are photocopies of articles (1920-1996) published about Carver. Most articles were obtained by Special Collections through interlibrary loan. There are photocopies of the "Official Personal Record Folder for Federal Employee" for Carver located at the National Archives and Records Administration, National Personnel Records Center, Civilian Personnel Records, 111 Winnebago Street, St. Louis, Missouri 63118-4199. There is also a transcript of a one-man play titled "Listening to the Still Small Voice: The Story of George Washington Carver." By Paxton J. Williams. No date. Autographed by author. Donated by Esther Edwards, USDA Visitor's Center, in 2001.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George Washington Carver (1864-1943), farmer, agricultural chemist, and educator, dedicated his life to agricultural research projects. He developed crop-rotation methods for conserving nutrients in the soil and he created new uses for the peanut and sweet potato crops which helped to improve the southern agricultural economy. Carver was the first African American to serve on the faculty of Iowa State University and spent the majority of his career as director of agricultural research at Tuskegee Institute. Beginning in 1935, he worked for the United States Department of Agriculture as a collaborator in the Division of Plant Mycology.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 227
Collection Name: Swab, Joseph, Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1969
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1987-98
Linear Feet: 44
Collection Description: The NAL Activities Photographs were compiled by one of the National Agricultural Library’s (NAL) photographers, Joseph Swab. There are 116 photograph albums consisting of approximately 16,000 photographs, negatives, contact sheets, and slides. These albums contain Swab’s work as well as that of other NAL photographers, including Dan Starr, who photographed from 1989-1993. Subjects include the NAL building and renovation efforts, employees, meetings, events, and exhibits. The bulk dates range from 1987-1998. Additionally, Swab, as editor of NAL's newsletter Agricultural Libraries Information Notes (ALIN), saved photographs and negatives used for the production of ALIN from 1985-1997. All of these photographs were transferred to Special Collections for storage upon Swab’s retirement in 2003.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 234
Collection Name: New Guinea Impatiens Collection
Earliest Date: 1971
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 4.25
Collection Description: The New Guinea Impatiens Collection, gathered and maintained by Robert J. Armstrong, contains a pedigree book from Longwood Gardens Breeding program; slides showing the original New Guinea impatiens collection and the progeny developed from them at Longwood; and letters, memoranda, reports, brochures, and press releases concerning the breeding program.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service and Longwood Foundation of Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, jointly sponsored an expedition to the subtropical highlands of Australian New Guinea from January to April 1970. Horticulturists Harold F. Winters and J. J. Higgins collected impatiens, which were released by USDA Plant Genetics and Germplasm Research Institute in February 1972 to nurserymen, plant breeders, and other scientists. Geneticist Robert J. Armstrong bred new varieties with ornamental leaves at Longwood Gardens.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 236
Collection Name: Plitt, Charles C., Collection
Earliest Date: 1897
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 10.25
Collection Description: The Charles C. Plitt Collection consists of a series of journals resulting from weekly botany field trips, which Plitt referred to as “tramps,” ranging in date from about 1898-1922. Plitt led these tramps through many areas around Baltimore; such as Loch Raven, Glen Burnie, Towson, Curtis Bay, and Ellicott City. The collection also includes biographical data, correspondence, photographs, and a book.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: A lifelong Marylander, Charles C. Plitt (1869-1933) was both a professor of botany and an international authority on lichens. In 1891, he received a degree in pharmacy from the old Maryland College of Pharmacy. In 1920, he was appointed full professor of botany and pharmacognosy at the School of Pharmacy of the University of Maryland. In 1921, Plitt was awarded an honorary doctor of science degree for his meritorious work in botany by the International Academy of Sciences.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 239
Collection Name: USDA Sugar Crops Section Records
Earliest Date: 1926
Latest Date: 1960
Bulk Dates: 1926-1960
Linear Feet: 32.5
Collection Description: The USDA Sugar Crops Section Records include data sheets, reports, and manuscripts written by various employees; slides, negatives, and photographs of sugar beets; correspondence of George Herbert Coons and Dewey Stewart; and other research files related to sugar beets. The materials are primarily from the administrations of George Herbert Coons and Dewey Stewart. Coons was the Principal Pathologist of the Division of Sugar Plant Investigations, Bureau of Plant Industry during the 1930s and 1940s. Stewart was the head of the Sugar Beet Section, Agricultural Research Service during the 1950s and 1960s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Research to improve sugar production began in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Division of Vegetable Physiology and Pathology during the 1890s. By 1926 the section was named the Office of Sugar Plants, Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI). Other name changes and office re-designations consist of the following: the Division of Sugar Plant Investigations, BPI, in 1931; divisional component of the Field Crops Divisions, Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering (BPISAE) in 1946; Field Crops Group, BPSIAE, in 1951; and Sugar Crops Section, Field Crops Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), in 1953. This unit was re-designated the Crops Research Division during the 1950s. In 1970 it became the Plant Science Research Division, and in 1972 the research was divided into units located in the regional laboratories of the ARS.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 241
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Statistics Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1910
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The USDA Bu reau of Statistics Photograph Collection consists of seven glass negatives, ca. 1910, which are images of statisticians and clerks at work in their offices. There are several glass plates of Victor H. Olmsted, Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, with other members of the Crop Reporting Board, including Assistant Secretary of Agriculture Willet Martin Hays.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Crop Reporting Board prepared the final monthly crop reports and was composed of the Chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Statistics as chairman; the Assistant Chief of the bureau; an expert statistician in the employ of the bureau; and two changeable members--special field agents or state statistical agents--who were called to Washington, D.C., for this service in preparing each crop.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 245
Collection Name: USDA Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1898
Latest Date: 1951
Bulk Dates: 1903-1930
Linear Feet: 51.5
Collection Description: The USDA Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases Photograph Collection contains glass and acetate negatives as well as black and white prints. Subjects include aspects of cereal crop classification, production, utilization, farm machinery, diseases, and pests in the United States and foreign countries. Crops include corn, barley, oats, sorghum, sorgo, milo, millet, wheat, flax, rice, rye, and kafir. A number of the negatives were used in the Journal of Agricultural Research; U.S. Department of Agriculture bulletins, circulars, and yearbooks; and other reports.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Bureau of Plant Industry created a Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases in 1938, due to the expanding functions of the Bureau related to the reorganization of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The work of this division involved various aspects of crop pathology and physiology, as well as several important diseases greatly affecting crops. This division became part of the Field Crops Divisions of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering in 1946; the Field Crops Group in 1951; and the Field Crops Research Branch of the Agricultural Research Service (as the Cereal Crops Section) in 1953.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 246
Collection Name: Leidenfrost, Nancy Boyd, Papers
Earliest Date: 1965
Latest Date: 2003
Linear Feet: 13.25
Collection Description: The Nancy B. Leidenfrost Papers consist of literature from the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, including references and publications associated with policies, development, administration, and evaluation. In addition, there are papers related to projects Leidenfrost initiated and coordinated, books she edited, and papers she authored in support of action on food security public issues, education, and the critical issue of poverty and international development for families. There are 500 black and white photographs relating to the Home Economics Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the University of Maryland, c. 1900-1970. Most of the photographs are of the Extension Service's home demonstrations in the United States and abroad. Also included are materials related to principles of design, such as a "good taste" quiz and a "Good and Bad Design" photograph book.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Nancy B. Leidenfrost was a national program leader for the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, Extension Service, USDA from 1969-89, and a national program leader for Hunger and Undernutrition Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), from 1989-1994.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 248
Collection Name: USDA Animal Husbandry Division Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1954
Bulk Dates: 1923-1954
Linear Feet: 25
Collection Description: The USDA Animal Husbandry Division Photograph Collection contains acetate and glass photographic negatives of animals such as cattle, pigs, swine, poultry, sheep, quail, hare, rabbits, and mink. Also included are negatives of Bureau of Animal Industry employees. Images were taken in Beltsville, Maryland, and other locations within the United States and foreign countries.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Although the U.S. Department of Agriculture had recognized animal husbandry as a unique sector in 1901, it was not until 1910 that the Animal Husbandry Division was established under the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI). The research performed in the division focused on the breeding and feeding of animals that were of most importance to agricultural and military productivity and food production. Key areas of research included cattle, horses, and poultry production. Soon after its establishment, the Animal Husbandry Division moved its research facilities to the new research center in Beltsville, Maryland. It remained directly under the BAI until the formation of the Agricultural Research Service, which abolished the BAI and split its functions accordingly. The former Animal Husbandry Division is now under the current Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Veterinary Services.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 251
Collection Name: Terrill, Clair Elman, Collection
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1978
Bulk Dates: 1930s-60s
Linear Feet: 66
Collection Description: The Clair Elman Terrill Collection contains proofs and photographs for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) bulletins and circulars, sheep and goat registry and breeding records, a card catalog of rabbit publications, and black and white photographs of rabbits and related subjects. There are papers related to the U.S. Rabbit Experiment Station in Fontana, California, and the U.S. Fur Experiment Station in Ithaca, New York. Also included are photographs, glass and acetate negatives, equipment, and wool samples used in Hardy's work for the U.S. Animal Husbandry Experiment Station (part of the USDA Division of Animal Husbandry) and his Thin Cross-Section Device. There are records of the Sheep and Fur Animal Research Branch, Animal Husbandry Division, Agricultural Research Service. Additionally, the collection contains over 200 wool samples from 1950-1960 labeled with sheep identification number, location, and date. Samples were taken from Beltsville, Maryland, and other locations within the United States.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Clair Elman Terrill (1910-2001), a worldwide leader in sheep production research, was the chief of USDA’s Sheep and Fur Animal Research Branch, Animal Husbandry Division, Agricultural Research Service, from 1955-1972. He developed a three-pronged strategy for increasing efficiency of meat production from sheep without increasing feed demands: genetically increase the lamb crop, remove low-producing adults at an early age, and reduce lamb mortality.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 260
Collection Name: Agricultural Marketing Service and Farm Market Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1959
Latest Date: 1984
Bulk Dates: 1960s-1970s
Linear Feet: 11.5
Collection Description: The Agricultural Marketing Service and Farm Market Photograph Collection consists primarily of slides of farm markets and associated marketing and transportation activities throughout the United States, with a few examples from foreign countries.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 261
Collection Name: Atwater, Wilbur Olin, Papers
Earliest Date: 1865
Latest Date: 1993
Bulk Dates: 1893-1904
Linear Feet: 9
Collection Description: The Wilbur Olin Atwater Papers contain correspondence, photographs, publications, and data sheets related to Atwater's research in the chemical composition of foods, dietary studies, and the respiration calorimeter.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Wilbur Olin Atwater (1844-1907) was the first Chief of the Office of Experiment Stations, U.S. Department of Agriculture, in 1888, and the first person in the United States to conduct chemical analysis of food. As a special agent in charge of USDA nutrition programs beginning in 1891, he developed plans for experiments in the areas of food nutrition, the effects of food processing on nutrient changes, food consumption studies, and human nutrient requirements and metabolism.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 266
Collection Name: Alfred H. Baumhover Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1949
Latest Date: 1997
Bulk Dates: 1950-1970
Linear Feet: 17
Collection Description: The Alfred H. Baumhover: Screwworm Eradication Program Records include reports, correspondence, publications, public information materials, photographs, awards, notes, and artifacts.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Alfred H. Baumhover (b. 1921) was integral to the screwworm eradication program in its early stages and continued to advise the program for many years. Baumhover, an entomologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), is best known for his contributions to the screwworm eradication programs of the 1950s and 1960s. He began his career in 1949 in the USDA Grasshopper Control Division and worked with Raymond Bushland in Texas on various farm pests. Bushland and Edward F. Knipling were preparing to begin field experimentation on the sterile insect technique. Baumhover became the lead field agent of these experiments, which primarily targeted the screwworm. In 1954 he led the experiment in Curacao that eradicated screwworms from the island. For his efforts, he was conferred knighthood by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands. Baumhover also worked on the eradication programs in the Southeast and Southwest United States. Although he continued to advise the screwworm program throughout his career, Baumhover worked primarily with tobacco insect research from 1963 until his retirement.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 267
Collection Name: Stiebeling, Hazel Katherine, Papers
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1989
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Hazel Katherine Stiebeling Papers consist of nutrition articles, family photographs, biographical documents and photographs related to Stiebeling's career, a book about her family written by Stiebeling, and a biography of Stiebeling written by Deborah Parry Dale in 1989.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Hazel Katherine Stiebeling (1896-1989) was a food economist for USDA beginning in 1930 and went on to hold leadership positions in home economics until her retirement as ARS deputy administrator in 1963. Her research and interest in diet deficiencies in the United States led to the development of school lunch programs, and programs for increased consumption of milk, fresh fruit, and green vegetables.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 273
Collection Name: USDA Poultry and Livestock Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1842
Latest Date: 1950
Linear Feet: 30
Collection Description: The USDA Poultry and Livestock Photograph Collection, contains 26 albums with photographs of poultry, sheep, swine, cattle, and other livestock. Grouped by subject, many of the photographs were taken at the Agricultural Research Service in Beltsville, Maryland, from 1906-1950--most from 1910-1935. The albums also include lithographs from the mid-19th century.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 274
Collection Name: Drug Garden Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1902
Latest Date: 1943
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Drug Garden Photograph Collection consists of black and white lantern slides featuring drug gardens at several institutions across the United States; views of drug plant field plots including some at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) South Farm in Beltsville, Maryland, during the mid-1940s; detailed photographs of drug plant specimens, distribution charts by plant species, and a few paintings of drug plants in color.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Drug and medicinal plant investigations were not organized in USDA until 1901 or 1902. The investigations were conducted under the direction of botanist Rodney H. True. There was an increased interest in the work because a considerable portion of the plants then used as drugs were imported. With a view to encouraging people in the United States to grow these types of plants, cooperative experiments were begun on the culture of belladonna, digitalis, stramonium, hyoscyamus, aconite, arnica, licorice, and the opium poppy. Small plots of drug plants were grown in the hope of learning the influence of climate and latititude on the development of the plants in question and on the production of their characteristic active principles. State experiment stations were located at Puyallup, Washington, and Burlington, Vermont. Experiments were begun on the Potomac Flats and Arlington Farm.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 275
Collection Name: Pinchot, Gifford, Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1898
Latest Date: 1910
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The Gifford Pinchot Photograph Collection approximately 30 glass negatives of Gifford Pinchot. The activities depicted include Pinchot operating a movie projector, fishing, working at his desk, and participating in a ceremony for the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Negatives are numbered. Glass negatives are undated, but may be from 1923-1935.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946) was the fourth Chief of the U.S. Forest Service. Born in Simsbury, Connecticut, he was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy and Yale University. After his graduation from Yale in 1889, he went to Europe to study forestry, since it was not offered as a course of study at any university in the United States at the time. Pinchot worked in several countries during his time in Europe, but his most notable stop was at L'Ecole Nationale Foretière in Nancy, France. He returned to the United States in 1892. Upon his return, Pinchot did forestry work at Biltmore, the George W. Vanderbilt estate, in North Carolina. Pinchot’s career in forestry was highly decorated. In the early 1900s, he helped found the School of Forestry at Yale, where he was a professor from 1903-1936. Furthermore, he was also the Chief of the U.S. Forest Service from 1898-1910, serving under three Presidents. Pinchot and President Theodore Roosevelt, both staunch conservationists, put forth policies that helped protect the nation’s natural resources. In addition to his duties with the Forest Service, Pinchot was an author. His most distinguished works were his Primer for Forestry (1899), The Fight for Conservation (1909), and Breaking New Ground (1947). Pinchot also had a career in politics. He served two separate terms as Governor of Pennsylvania (1923-1927, 1931-1935), the home of his father James's family, and the location of the family's country estate, "Grey Towers."
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 276
Collection Name: USDA Engineering Division Personnel Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 1940
Linear Feet: 2.25
Collection Description: The USDA Engineering Division Personnel Photograph Collection consists of a photograph album of Engineering Division personnel, including both group and individual shots. Photographs were taken in March 1924 and include staff of Research, Engineering, Grazing, Forest Management, District 7, Operation, Public Relations, Lands, Forester and Branch Chiefs, and Finance and Accounts.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 278
Collection Name: Botanic Garden Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1922
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Botanic Garden Photograph Collection consists of color and black and white lantern slides of U.S. and international botanic gardens and includes landscape and interior views, selected plant specimens, and garden design diagrams. Featured U.S. gardens are the Missouri Botanic Garden, the National Botanic Garden and the National Arboretum, Golden Gate Park, and New York Botanic Garden. International gardens include Konigl Botanischer Garten in Dahlen bei Berlin; Botanic Garden, Tokyo; Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, England; and Quinta Normal, Santiago, Chile.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 279
Collection Name: Poisonous Plants Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1907
Latest Date: 1925
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Poisonous Plants Photograph Collection contains black and white lantern slides of different species of livestock suffering from plant poisons. Most slides feature livestock that have been poisoned and/or include scientific name of poisonous plant species, animal type, animal number, and date and time of photograph. These captions allow the viewer to follow the course of a particular animal's reaction to a plant toxin. A few slide images show landscapes. A few images show livestock, but do not specify a plant poisoning. Some images include charts, tables and figures related to poisonous plant research.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 280
Collection Name: Collection of Expedition Photographs from the Office of Plant Exploration
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1945
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Collection of Expedition Photographs from the Office of Plant Exploration consists of lantern slides and negatives of three U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant-collecting expeditions: a trip to Southeast Asia and China in the latter half of 1922 possibly by J. F. Rock; a forage and fruit-collecting trip to Germany and the Soviet Union from July to September 1929 by H. L. Westover and W. E. Whitehouse; and an expedition to Caucasus (now part of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, and some of Russia including Chechnya), Turkestan (in current Uzbekistan), and Siberia from 1910-1911 by Frank E. Meyer. Lantern slides are mostly black and white. In 2002, the Arnold Arboretum donated 300 to 500 black and white photographs and negatives related to Palemon Howard Dorsett. Those photographs and negatives relating to the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition, which took place between 1929 and 1931, were separated and placed in the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition Collection. Most of the envelopes contain detailed descriptions including subject, date, place, and photographer. The dates range from 1914 to 1945, with the bulk being from 1924 to 1930. The subject matter is plants and landscapes. The geographic areas include China, Japan, Korea, the Soviet Union, Spain, Africa, Mexico, Central and South America. Among the photographers are Dorsett, Piemeisal, Kephart, Whitehouse, Westover, Ryerson, Archer, McMullan, Polhamus, Muller, and Erlanson.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 284
Collection Name: Beef Cattle Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1908
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Beef Cattle Photograph Collection consists of various breeds of beef cattle from different geographical regions including Beltsville, Maryland. Photographs are filed by breed, subject, activity, or place.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 285
Collection Name: 4-H Slide Collection
Earliest Date: 1969
Latest Date: 1975
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The 4-H Slide Collection contains 769 35-millimeter color slides of 4-H club activities during the 1970s such as swimming, canoeing, archery, dairy judging, and knitting; 1970s posters promoting 4-H; an undated slide show titled "Audio-Visual Media in Education"; and unlabeled slides of meetings, people, and events.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: 4-H (Head, Heart, Hands, and Health) is the Cooperative Extension System’s educational program for young people. The program partners the cooperative efforts of youths, volunteer leaders, state land-grant universities, state and local governments, foundations, and the Cooperative State Research, Educational and Extension Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Partners work across the country and internationally to assist youths in developing knowledge, skills, and attitudes that will enable them to become productive and contributing members of society.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 287
Collection Name: USDA Pear Psylla Control Lantern Slide Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1941
Latest Date: 1941
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The USDA Pear Psylla Control Lantern Slide Collection contains color lantern slides produced by U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Fruit Insect Investigations, Pear Psylla Control. There are 13 slides of pears infected with pear psylla, 3 slides of maps, and a slide of a chart of spraying operations in counties of Washington, Idaho, and Oregon in 1941.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 294
Collection Name: Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Collection
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Collection contains photographs and papers related to the 326th Company CCC in New Germany, Maryland. CCC activities represented are camp life, work projects, national defense, and education.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Civilian Conservation Corps was part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, which was a plan to rehabilitate and recover the nation from the Great Depression. It was in operation from 1933 to 1942. Its creation came about as a result of the Emergency Conservation Work Act. In just nine years, over three million unemployed young men fought a war with the destruction and corrosion of America’s natural resources. Programs were set up in every state and also in four territories (Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands). Some of the tasks done by members of the CCC included fighting fires, building roads, erecting fire towers, soil erosion control, and planting trees (in all, more than 3 billion). The CCC also helped to develop several recreational facilities in parks of many jurisdictions (from metropolitan to national). The CCC began to go into decline in the early 1940s, mostly due a better economy and the United States' entry into World War II. Congress no longer funded the CCC because it was not considered to be essential to the war effort.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 296
Collection Name: Poultry Scrapbooks
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1928
Latest Date: 1945
Bulk Dates: 1940-1945
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The Poultry Scrapbooks consist of four scrapbooks about people in the poultry industry, which contain primarily newspaper clippings but also include newsletters, letters, wedding and birth announcements, photographs, and obituaries. In some instances, entire sections of newspapers are simply folded into the scrapbooks.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The collection appears to have been the property of Thomas Burr Charles, who was the head of the Department of Poultry Husbandry at the University of New Hampshire, Durham, until at least 1945.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 297
Collection Name: Man O' War Photograph Collection
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Man O' War Photograph Collection contains black and white photographs of the racehorse Man O' War (1917-1947). It includes photographs of the horse, races, and trainer. No dates on photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Man O' War (1917-1947) was a race horse who competed from 1919-1920. His parents were Mahubah (dam) and Fair Play (sire). Man O' War picked up the nickname "Big Red" because he had a noticeably redder coat than his father. For almost his entire life, Red was owned by Samuel D. Riddle, a Philadelphia sportsman who had purchased the horse as a yearling from Major August Belmont in a fire sale. Although he raced for only two years (1919-1920), Red compiled a remarkable record of 20 wins in 21 starts. His only loss was a second-place finish to Upset in the Sanford Memorial in 1919. Red’s impressive showing on the race track was enough to revive a sport that had been reeling during the war years of the 1910s, making him one of the major sports stars of the era. Man O' War's legacy goes well beyond what he did on the racetrack. His career at stud was considered to be equally as impressive. In his lifetime, Red's offspring, despite being seemingly low in quantity compared to other sires', had won more money than those of any other sire in the history of horse racing. Red sired such horses as Clyde Van Dusen, Battleship, Crusader, and War Admiral (who lost to Seabiscuit, the grandson of Man O' War, in a legendary match race). In all, 61 of Red’s progeny won a total of 172 stakes races, for total winnings of over $1.7 million. He died of a heart attack in 1947, just a month after his longtime groom, Will Harbut, had himself succumbed to a heart attack.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 298
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Personnel and Equipment Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1936
Latest Date: 1942
Bulk Dates: 1938-1941
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Personnel and Equipment Photograph Collection contains black and white photographs of Bureau of Plant Quarantine inspection personnel; plant inspection facilities in Washington and New Jersey; and inspection equipment. Personnel include L.M. Scott, C.E. Cooley, Leonard S. McLaine, J.F. Olds, H.S. McLeod, T.A. Barnett, Donald P. Limber, Martin Hansen, Emile Kostal, Herbert L. Sanford, Charles E. Prince, Emmit I. Smith, John C. Pritchett, James W. Stanton, J. Paul Young, R.F. Wilbur, Clarence V. Scott, Louis M. Scott, James M.R. Adams, Louis Greenberg, George Janifer, and Michael Holmes.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine was established in 1934. In 1942, it became part of the Agricultural Research Administration. The purpose of the bureau was to study and control insects in cooperation with the states to prevent plant diseases.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 300
Collection Name: Grand Champion Cows and Bulls Photograph and Pedigree Album
Earliest Date: 1901
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Grand Champion Cows and Bulls Photograph and Pedigree Album contains black and white photographs of grand champion bulls and cows and corresponding pedigree charts. Breeds include Brown Swiss, Guernsey, and Ayrshire.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Livestock exhibits and shows, which are often part of county and state fairs, are places where livestock farmers and breeders enter their animals into competition. The largest such shows attract competitors from many different states and provinces. For each type of animal, a range of honors can be given. The highest honor an animal can receive is grand champion, followed by reserve grand champion. Winning exhibitors usually follow up the competition by entering their animals into an auction. The animals that earn the most money and attention at these auctions are steers. When the auction is for charity, the original owner of the animal is guaranteed a certain amount of the winning bid. This amount depends on the type of animal and the level of the prize given to the animal. The largest shows and exhibits have auctions that gross hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 301
Collection Name: U.S. Forest Service Lassie Collection
Earliest Date: 1960
Latest Date: 1969
Linear Feet: 1.75
Collection Description: The U.S. Forest Service Lassie Collection contains promotional material featuring Lassie and Forest Ranger Corey Stuart and includes children's books, comic books, games, litter bag, stereo pictures, and photographs.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In the early 1960s, members of the U.S. Forest Service met with executives of the popular "Lassie" television series to discuss ways in which conservation could be applied to the story ideas for the show. By 1964, the Wrather Corporation changed the cast of the show by removing Lassie from her television family and placing her with Forest Ranger Corey Stuart, played by Bob Bray. Plots of the show began to emphasize wildlife management, forest and wildlife research, and wilderness management. Filmed on national rangeland, the "Lassie" episodes were produced with the cooperation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 302
Collection Name: 100 Years of Federal Forestry Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 402, Photograph Collection
Earliest Date: 1905
Latest Date: 1976
Linear Feet: 4.75
Collection Description: The 100 Years of Federal Forestry Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 402 Photograph Collection contains the original photographs for "100 Years of Federal Forestry," Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 402, published in 1976. The book is a pictorial history of the National Forest System and the Nation's chief federal forestry agency, the Forest Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Photograph proofs are mounted and captioned.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service was created in 1905. Its mission evolved from providing water and timber for the United States to managing public lands in national forests and grasslands. The Forest Service also is the world’s largest forestry research organization, and it provides technical and financial assistance to state and private forestry agencies.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 306
Collection Name: Santamour, Frank S., Papers
Earliest Date: 1956
Latest Date: 2001
Linear Feet: 1.75
Collection Description: The Frank S. Santamour Papers consist of Santamour's publications and many photographs used in those publications.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Frank S. Santamour (1932-2000) was a research geneticist in the Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit of the U.S. National Arboretum. He received his M.S. in forestry from Yale University in 1954, his A.M. in biology from Harvard University in 1957, and his Ph.D. in forestry with a minor in plant genetics from the University of Minnesota in 1960. He first worked at the Northeast Forest Experimentation Station, U.S. Forest Service, from 1957-1964, and then took a position as a geneticist for the Morris Arboretum at the University of Pennsylvania from 1964-1967. In 1967 he joined the research staff of the U.S. National Arboretum and continued there until his death in 2000. An author or coauthor of more than 275 publications, he was thought to be the world's leading authority on the genetics, breeding, and development of superior landscape trees. Some of his achievements include using biochemical methods to examine graft incompatibility, insect and disease resistance, verifying interspecific hybrids in several genera, wound compartmentalization, and correct usage of nomenclature to describe landscape trees.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 309
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Entomology Album
Earliest Date: 1925
Latest Date: 1966
Bulk Dates: 1936-53
Linear Feet: 1.6
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Entomology Album consists of black and white photographs, most of which are not labeled, and clippings. There is one U.S. Department of Agriculture Office of Information publication dated 1958. The black and white photographs are primarily of individuals. The date range is 1925-1961 (bulk 1936-1944). Within the album, a few are labeled: R. H. Nelson, 3-1-55; Jessie Mingle, June 1953; P. G. Piguet (sp?), Feb. 1947. At the back of the album are three 8x10 group photographs of the American Association of Economic Entomologists at Washington, D. C., dated January 2, 1925. In the file folders, subjects include the tornado at Beltsville, undated; the fire at Beltsville, 1941; and photographs of Eleanor Roosevelt, dated 1939. The date range of the clippings is 1937-1966 (bulk 1940-1953). Some subjects include: bees; William Robinson, 1941; G. Harris White, 1947; obituaries of Claribel Barnett [1950?], Percy Annand, 1950, Lee A. Strong, 1941, and Norman McIndoo, 1956; fire at Beltsville, 1941; Duke of Windsor visits CCC camps, 1941; National Youth Administration, 1940; insecticides, including DDT; Beltsville forest fire, 1950; and visits of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953, and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, 1959.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Division of Entomology was formed in 1863. Early heads of this division included Townend Glover and Charles Valentine Riley. Early research included the development of insect control and eradication practices, as well as the identification of insects and their life cycles. In 1904 the Division of Entomology reached bureau status, and research greatly expanded to include many more laboratories around the country and the creation of new inspection procedures to prevent insect pest infestation. In 1934 the Bureau of Entomology merged with the Bureau of Plant Quarantine to form the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. This new bureau was able to more efficiently cover more research topics.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 310
Collection Name: Severn Run's Cazador (Caz), Screwworm Detection Dog, Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1994
Latest Date: 2000
Bulk Dates: 2000
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The Severn Run's Cazador (Caz), Screwworm Detection Dog: Screwworm Eradication Program Records includes photographs, correspondence, Caz's working gear, a short biography by John Welch, and a wooden box containing Caz's remains.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The materials relate to Severn Run's Cazador (Caz), the screwworm detection dog. Cazador was an American Kennel Club-registered German wire-haired pointer who served as a detector dog with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service Screwworm Research Unit from 1988 until Caz's death in 2000. USDA scientist John B. Welch was Cazador's trainer and acquired him through the U.S. Customs Service’s Detector Dog training facility in Front Royal, Virginia.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 323
Collection Name: Olmsted, Arthur J., Collection of USDA Photographs
Earliest Date: 1880
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Arthur J. Olmsted Collection consists of black and white photographs of the first U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administration building; other USDA buildings in Washington, D.C., that no longer exist; greenhouses on the National Mall; storm damage to buildings; a motion picture lab; Division of Illustration offices; a group photograph of "Agriculture Lab" photographers; C.A. Holder, foreign trade advisor; a corn club visitng Washington, D.C.; and USDA Assistant Secretary Carl S. Vrooman. Photographs are undated but appear to range in date from the 1880s-1930s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: From the caption on one of the photographs, it appears likely that Olmsted was at a one time the chief photographer for the "Agriculture Lab."
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 325
Collection Name: USDA Forage Crop Investigations Records
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1909
Latest Date: 1930
Bulk Dates: 1929-1931
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The USDA Forage Crop Investigations Records consist of field notes written by William J. Morse from 1909-1930 while he was working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forage Crop Investigations. These 55 hand-written ledgers document Morse’s discoveries of foreign plants throughout his international travels. Almost half of the field notes relate to the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition from 1929-1931. See Collection 325 for journals and photograph albums related to the expedition.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William J. Morse (1884-1959) was a soybean specialist from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Office of Forage Crops. He was a junior team member on the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition and was charged with the collection of soybean materials. The Division of Forage Crops and Diseases operated under the Bureau of Plant Industry of the USDA. Its main purpose was to research crops that are grown specifically for livestock consumption. It started in the 1900s as the Office of Forage-crop Investigations, and was re-designated the Office of Forage Crops in 1926. In 1929 the office took on research related to forage disease from the Office of Vegetable and Forage Crops, and became the Office (Division in 1931) of Forage Crops and Diseases. This division became a divisional component of the Field Crops Division of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Research in 1946. After the USDA reorganization of 1953, the Division became the Forage and Range Section of the Field Crops Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 330
Collection Name: Strawberry Images Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1887
Latest Date: 1953
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The Strawberry Images Collection contains black and white negatives, prints, and glass plates of strawberry plants and activities related to strawberry cultivation.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 333
Collection Name: The United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 50th Anniversary , 1953-2004
Earliest Date: 1947
Latest Date: 2004
Bulk Dates: 2000- 2004
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 50th Anniversary Time Capsule materials in this collection were donated from ARS offices across the nation and Puerto Rico. The materials capture the work, progress, and inventions of ARS over the last 50 years. The donations were various. Types of items included in the capsule are posters, photographs, ephemera, awards, computer software, brochures, stuffed animals, training items, paperweights, miniatures of inventions, buttons, audio tapes, key chains, articles, bookmarks, pens, clothing, and food replicas. In January 2005, a DVD and VHS copy of the Time Capsule program were added to the collection. There is no sound on any of the recordings.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: As ARS closed out their 50th anniversary year on November 2, 2004 they sealed the time capsule that ARS employees helped to build. Each office, unit, or location was encouraged to send in an item that defined what they contributed to the overall ARS mission. ARS employees were encouraged to donate materials of significant accomplishment and something that characterized their place in history. All items were to be sent to Susan Fugate, Head, Special Collections, National Agricultural Library. The Special Collections staff entered items into a database and housed the materials in acid-free boxes. The donation period was actually extended until December 31, 2004.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Audiovisuals; Posters; Photographs

Collection Number: 334
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics Records
Earliest Date: 1921
Latest Date: 1972
Bulk Dates: 1950-1970
Linear Feet: 178
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics Records contain a history of the bureau; organizational charts; photographs of employees, nutrition experiments, equipment, exhibits, and food; a scrapbook of the 25th anniversary of the bureau (1923-1948); publicity information including posters, and lab notebooks. There is also a reprint collection of 24,000 publications and a card index.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1915, the Office of Home Economics was established within the States Relations Service and in 1922, Secretary Henry A. Wallace announced his plans to expand the scope of the office and to establish a bureau under the leadership of a woman. In 1923, the Bureau of Home Economics was established with Louise Stanley as its chief. During the Great Depression, Stanley initiated studies of American diets and had researchers focus on areas of the nation which were most affected by drought and high unemployment. The study results provided basis for determining food products needed for an adequate diet and for planning relief programs using nutritious surplus products. During the period between the two World Wars, USDA concentrated its research in three primary avenues: improving the quantity and quality of agricultural production, finding new uses for agricultural products, and improving and conserving soil. For the National Nutrition Conference held in 1941, the Bureau of Home Economics supplied data showing that an appalling number of families in the US had been living on inadequate diets. Following the recommendations of the conference, USDA launched a national campaign to improve American diets. In this campaign, the nutritive values of food established by the Bureau of Home Economics became an important consideration in the development of goals for agricultural production during the war years.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Posters; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 338
Collection Name: Wyss, John, Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1976
Latest Date: 2003
Bulk Dates: 1990s
Linear Feet: 19
Collection Description: The John Wyss Papers: Screwworm Eradication Program Records contain office files, reports, meeting files, brochures, newsletters, photographs and slides, blueprints, floppy disks and CD-ROMs, promotional materials, and publications related to the screwworm eradication effort in Mexico and Central America. The materials include plans for Screwworm Rearing Facility in Pacora, Panama.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Wyss worked as a screwworm coordinator in Mexico and Central America.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 342
Collection Name: Alexander, Lyle Thomas, Papers
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Lyle Thomas Alexander Papers contain biographical documents, letters, photographs, awards, medals, publications, journal transcript of West Africa and Belgian Congo, maps, and clippings related to his career as a soil chemist for USDA Soil Conservation Service.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Lyle T. Alexander (1905-1983) worked for USDA for over 40 years as a soil chemist. After graduating from the University of Arkansas with a chemistry degree in 1928, he began working at USDA as a soil scientist in the Soil Conservation Service. He earned a Ph.D. in physical chemistry at the University of Maryland in 1935. During his career with USDA, Alexander developed a specialty in tropical soils. He became an expert in the radioactive fallout content of soils and agriculture, thereby traveling extensively to Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific area, the Sahara area of Africa, Europe, and the Near East. He retired in 1968 as chief of the Soil Survey Laboratories, Soil Conservation Service. After retirement, he went to work as a consultant for Resources for the Future, in Washington, D.C. He collaborated with Marion Clawson and Hans Landsberg on the topic of desalination of seawater. During his career with the USDA, he authored approximately 70 papers in soil science in such publications as the USDA's technical bulletins and its yearbooks (1938-1957), and the Proceedings of the Soil Science of America. Together with Thomas M. Shaw, he held a patent in the use of dielectric constant measurements to detect ice formations.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 344
Collection Name: Southmeadow Fruit Gardens Records
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 2005
Bulk Dates: 1959-1989
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Southmeadow Fruit Gardens Records contain materials from a fruit nursery run by Robert A. Nitschke, including records, catalogs, order forms, tasting evaluation forms, and a large collection of color slides and photographs of a variety of fruits. Journal articles, association materials, and correspondence with other growers regarding grafting, plant samples, and the availability and quality of plants are also included. The predominant focus is on apples but there is also information on pears, peaches, grapes, gooseberries, cherries, plums, quince, and currents. A website for the Southmeadow Fruit Gardens can be found at http://www.southmeadowfruitgardens.com/index/html (as of 2/13/2006).
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 346
Collection Name: Isabel S., Collection on Howard Scott Gentry
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1995
Bulk Dates: 1984-1993
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The Isabel S. Cunningham Collection on Howard Scott Gentry consists of articles, notes, photographs, and Cunningham's draft articles on Howard Gentry's expeditions as plant collector. Cunningham collected these materials to write several articles about Gentry. Cunningham donated these materials in April 2006.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Howard Scott Gentry (1903-1993) earned a bachelor's degree in vertebrate zoology from the University of California at Berkeley in 1931. In 1933, Gentry started plant expeditions in Yaqui country (Sonora-Chihuahua, Mexico) and the following year in Indian barranca country in Mexico. He published his first book titled Rio May Plants of Sonora-Chihuahua in 1942. Gentry started working for the United States Department of Agriculture's Rubber Office in 1942 until 1945. The next four years he was a research botanist at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. In 1947 he obtained a Ph.D. in botany from the University of Michigan. From 1950 to 1971, Gentry was a plant collector for the New Crops Research Branch, USDA, and led expeditions into Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Iran, and Mexico. In 1970 Gentry opened the Gentry Experimental Farm in Murrieta, California, and became a research botanist at the Desert Botanical Garden two years later. He began his final position as Research Director for the Desert Botanical Garden in 1985.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 347
Collection Name: Jefferson, Roland Maurice, Collection
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1912
Latest Date: 2007
Bulk Dates: 1979-1989
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Roland Jefferson Collection contains articles, correspondence, e-mail, documents, lectures, photographs, programs, and other notes. Some of the articles, correspondence, and programs are in Japanese or Taiwanese. The majority of the collection highlights Jefferson’s work, including plant expeditions for cherry trees at the United States National Arboretum and his post-retirement lectures. The collection also mentions Jefferson’s work with plant labels, crabapples, the dogwood seed exchange program, and the President Reagan Cherry Tree. Part of the collection was donated by Roland Maurice Jefferson in April 2006. Isabel S. Cunningham added to the collection with an April 2006 donation of materials which she collected to write a series of articles on Jefferson’s work as a plant explorer.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Roland Maurice Jefferson (1923-) was born in Washington, D.C. on September 3, 1923. In 1950 he obtained a bachelor's degree in botany from Howard University and started making plant labels at the United States National Arboretum (USNA) in 1956. The next year Jefferson was promoted to become the first African-American botanist at the USNA and over the next decade studied crabapples. In 1973, Jefferson started compiling historical and scientific data about the Japanese cherry trees planted in Washington, D.C.'s Potomac Park, which included taking cuttings from the surviving trees. In 1977 he published "The Japanese flowering cherry trees of Washington, D.C., which was later translated into Japanese. In 1978-1979 he was part of a plant expedition in Europe to study cherry and crabapple trees. In 1981, Nancy Reagan presented the President Reagan Cherry Tree to Japan, which Jefferson propagated from the 1912 cherry tree that First Lady Taft planted from Japan. From 1981-1983 he went to Japan to study, lecture, locate, evaluate, and collect cherry tree budwood from Prunus germplasm or ornamental cherry trees. He started the dogwood seed exchange program from 1982-1983, where Japanese school children collected cherry seeds in exchange for American collected dogwood seeds. In 1983 he married Keiko Ishisaki. In 1986, Jefferson led expeditions into Japan, Korea, and Taiwan to study cherry trees. He retired from the USNA in 1987, but continued to lecture on cherry trees in Japan through 1998.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Text Available in NALDR: http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/CAT78696066/PDF
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 350
Collection Name: Stoesz, Abraham D. Papers
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1963
Bulk Dates: 1957-1961
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Abraham D. Stoesz Papers are composed of approximately 1100 35mm slides. Subjects of the slides include erosion, soil, plants, and flowers, as well as what seem to be tourism photographs from Washington D.C., New York City, and other cities and universities. Many slides are clearly labeled with the date, location, and subjects of the slide. The slides represent locations all over the United States. A second large part of the collection contains field notebooks kept by Stoesz. There are approximately 50 notebooks which include notes from conferences, meetings, field expeditions, etc. Some are clearly dated and easy to understand; others contain abbreviated notes and are undated. The notebooks date from 1952-1963, with the bulk of them relating to 1957-1961. Also included in this collection is a program from Stoesz's funeral, two photographs, and 12 35mm film rolls. All film rolls are rolled and may not be viewable without proper preservation. Eight of the rolls are stored in metal film canisters that could not be opened during the accession process.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Abraham D. Stoesz was born on April 26, 1894. He worked with the Soil Conservation Service beginning in the late 1920s and continued there until his retirement in the early 1960s. He worked in locations including Mandan, ND; Rapid City, SD; Lincoln, NE; Washington, DC; and Tanzania. He died on February 24, 1982. The Soil Conservation Service (SCS) is now called the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS); for more information: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov
Processed:
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 354
Collection Name: American Seed Trade Association Photographs
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1956
Bulk Dates: 1924-1956, n.d.
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The American Seed Trade Association Photographs contain matted 24"x15" (inc. mat) group photographs from various United States seed trade association meetings. Persons in photographs are not identified. Seed trade associations represented are as follows: American Seed Trade Association (1924, 1925, 1928, 1932, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1951, 1952), Atlantic Seedmen's Association (1956), California Seed Association (1949), Pacific Seedmen's Association (1943), and Western Seedmen's Association (1924, 1931, 1932, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1952, 1953).
Historical or Biographical Sketch: "Founded in 1883, the American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) is one of the oldest trade organizations in the United States. Its membership consists of about 850 companies involved in seed production and distribution, plant breeding, and related industries in North America. As an authority on plant germplasm, ASTA advocates science and policy issues of industry-wide importance." [From the American Seed Trade Association website, www.amseed.com]
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 355
Collection Name: International Collection: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Collection Group: Screwworm Eradication Program Records
Earliest Date: 1954
Latest Date: 2002
Bulk Dates: 1976-2000
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: This collection documents screwworm eradication efforts in international programs. Countries represented in this collection include Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Curacao, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, England, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, North Africa (including Libya), Panama, Paraguay, and the United States. Some records are organized by region, including Central America and the West Indies. Materials relating to the programs in Mexico are located in Collection 211, Southwestern United States and Mexico Collection. Due to the interconnectedness and staff overlap of many of the screwworm eradication programs, there may be international program materials in other Screwworm Eradication Program Record collections.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 356
Collection Name: Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center History Collection
Earliest Date: 1934
Latest Date: 2011
Linear Feet: 29
Collection Description: The Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC) History Collection contains several donations from the ARS Visitor Center at BARC. Materials include land surveys, building specifications, blueprints, and reports about the Visitor Center; a photograph album compiled by Robert T. Walker, former BARC landscape architect, showing the construction of BARC buildings (Departmental Laboratory Group, Main Lab, Mansion House, Sheep Barn, Animal Husbandry Lab, Animal Disease Station, Poultry Unit, Horticultural Field Station, and the Civilian Conservation Corps at the USDA Experimental Farm); blueprints from the construction of BARC; lab materials (microscopes, lab glassware, measuring devices); the silver tea set used during VIP visits; and a miniature train car that was on display at the Visitor Center. In 2011, the ARS Visitor Center closed. At that time the following materials were transferred to Special Collections: ARS Visitor Center records of tours; information files on BARC history, a model of the visitor center, a framed painting of the Log Lodge by a former USDA employee (38.5" x 26.75"), a framed blueprint of The Log Lodge (February 23, 1934) by Louis De Laouranthys for Animal Husbandry Division, Bureau of Animal Industry (26" x 21"); a drawing of the Log Lodge on onion skin paper, undated; a poster on foamcore of the Agricultural Administrators (post 2004); Agricultural Research Center blueprint, undated; and a microscope and case.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center is a central part of the USDA's Agricultural Research Service and is one of the world's largest agricultural research complexes. On June 6, 2000, BARC is named in honor of former Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace, who was instrumental in it's expansion; under his guidance the center grew to 12,600 acres with over 40 major research buildings. USDA began relocating research to Beltsville in 1910. Major expansion during the 1930s and 1940s established its importance within the USDA's research activities.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Posters; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 358
Collection Name: USDA Potato Research Collection
Earliest Date: 1907
Latest Date: 1945
Bulk Dates: 1910-1938
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: The USDA Potato Research Collection consists primarily of photographs used for research studies and documenting labs, fields, experiments, types of potatoes, equipment, and personal photographs and portraits. A wide range of locations are included: Potomac Flats in Washington, DC; Honeoye Falls, NY; the Colorado Potato Experiment Station; and various locations in Idaho, Oregon, California, Minnesota, Michigan, South Dakota, and Texas. Formats are mostly black and white photograph prints, but film negatives, glass plate negatives, and glass prints are also included.
Processed:
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 359
Collection Name: American Biological Safety Association Collection
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1998
Bulk Dates: 1964-1998
Linear Feet: 6
Collection Description: This collection contains conference, administrative, and publication records for the American Biological Safety Association. Materials include photographs of conference attendees (with captions), conference publications, membership directories, ABSA newsletters, ABSA governing laws, digital copies of "Safety Bulletin," and administrative files for ABSA regarding conference planning, annual meetings, membership, meeting minutes, newsletters, and the Arnold G. Wedum Memorial Lecture materials.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: "The American Biological Safety Association (ABSA) was founded in 1984 to promote biosafety as a scientific discipline and serve the growing needs of biosafety professionals throughout the world. Its goals are to provide a professional association that represents the interests and needs of practitioners of biological safety, and to provide a forum for the continued and timely exchange of biosafety in formation." from www.absa.org
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 360
Collection Name: Beltsville Area Modernization Study Records
Earliest Date: 1914
Latest Date: 1997
Bulk Dates: 1930-1960
Linear Feet: 12
Collection Description: The Beltsville Area Modernization Study Records contain materials collected by Robinson & Associates, Inc., a company that was hired by the Beltsville Area Research Center (BARC) to conduct a modernization study. The records include historical newspaper clippings, journal articles, USDA and government agency memos and correspondence, photographs and negatives, floorplans, maps, and blueprints. The main subject of all materials is BARC buildings and land development. The study evaluated all BARC buildings and produced an extensive report outlining their findings.
Processed:
Formats: Maps; Photographs; Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 363
Collection Name: Mayberry, Bennie Douglas, Collection on George Washington Carver
Earliest Date: 1992
Latest Date: 1992
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Bennie Douglas Mayberry Collection on George Washington Carver includes the original book materials of Mayberry's manuscript "George Washington Carver - A Handbook", photographs of George Washington Carver, a facsimile of Carver's official USDA personnel record, a reprint of the article "Bennie Douglas Mayberry: An Unsung Hero" (1995), Mayberry's resume, and photographs of Mayberry.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Bennie Douglas Mayberry spent nearly 40 years working for Tuskegee Instutitue, first in the department of horticulture and lastly as the director of the Carver Research Foundation. Known as an innovative researcher and dynamic teacher, Mayberry was also an outstanding administrator who developed research and instructional programs in the 1890 land-grant system. Some of his accomplishments include improving methods for canning sweet potato, developing instructional materials in the isotope and radiation technology program in 1959, and devising nutrient management projects that examined the absorption and translocation of strontium in plants and the effects of maleic hydrazide in tea. He was influenced by George Washington Carver, the great agricultural chemist, who guest lectured during Mayberry's undergraduate years.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 370
Collection Name: The Payne/National 4-H Fellowship Collection
Earliest Date: 1941
Latest Date: 1980
Bulk Dates: 1947-1969
Linear Feet: 6.75
Collection Description: The Payne/National 4-H Fellowship Collection includes photographs, publications, scrapbooks, programs, monthly reports, newsletters and news clippings, and correspondence detailing various 4-H fellows.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The National 4-H Fellowship was one of the largest grants for study available to professional Extension workers. It was awarded beginning in 1931. Initially, two fellowships were established by Congresswoman Frances Payne Bolton of Ohio through the Payne Fund, Inc. (1927). The Payne organization established the 4-H fellowships as an experiment, in the hopes that the 4-H fellowship would be the nucleus of a larger number of permanent educational fellowships. Sixteen fellowships were granted by the Payne Fund from 1931-1938. Beginning with 1939, the fellowships were financed by the National 4-H Service Committee, and, since 1953, the Massey-Ferguson Company assisted the Committee in financial support of an enlarged program of six fellowships annually. The program ended in 1969. Fellowships were available to three men and three women. In one year, fellows learned the function, structure, and relationships of the Federal Extension Service and the Department of Agriculture; became acquainted with professional and educational organizations; and participated in the cultural experiences of Washington, D.C. Employees of the Extension Training Branch of the Federal Extension Service supervised the program.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 371
Collection Name: Dorsett, Palemon Howard, Persimmon Collection
Collection Group: Plant Exploration Collections
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1930
Bulk Dates: 1924-1925, 1930
Linear Feet: 1.5
Collection Description: The Palemon Howard Dorsett Persimmon Collection contains 200 photographs of persimmon fruits, trees, workers, and related views. The photographs were taken by Palemon Howard Dorsett on several plant exploration trips to Asia from 1924-1930. There are many handwritten legends and Chinese writing. Materials originated from the USDA New Crops Research Branch offices in Beltsville, Maryland. Some of the photographs may duplicate those found in the Dorsett-Morse Oriental Exploration Expedition Collection held in Special Collections. Besides photographs, there is a blueprint of the persimmon hot-water processing kiln for use in the treatment of Chinese persimmons in Peiping, China and the vicinity, 1930. Additionally, there is a typewritten document and notes on the establishment of the Chico, California, Testing and Propagating Garden in 1930. The collection includes the publication Where Persimmon Was King: P.H. Dorsett's Photographic Tour Around Peking, China 1924-1931 edited by William H. Preston.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Palemon Howard Dorsett (1862-1943) was a United States Department of Agriculture plant explorer with USDA Section of Plant Introduction. Dorsett traveled to the persimmon growing region north of Peiping (now Beijing). He and his son James explored the region in 1924-25 and then again in 1930-31 with the Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 372
Collection Name: Carver, George Washington, Correspondence Collection
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 1943
Bulk Dates: 1932-1933, 1938, 1943
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The collection contains correspondence between Carver and former Agricultural Research Service scientist Paul R. Miller. There are three handwritten letters dated 1932-1933 from Carver and a reply from Miller regarding rust specimens. A signed portrait from Carver to Miller (1938) is included. Additionally, there are two letters dated 1943 from Rackham Holt (author of George Washington Carver: An American Biography) to Miller regarding Miller's text contribution to the book. Miller described Carver's standing in the scientific world.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George Washington Carver (1864-1943), farmer, agricultural chemist, and educator, dedicated his life to agricultural research projects. He developed crop-rotation methods for conserving nutrients in the soil and he created new uses for the peanut and sweet potato crops which helped to improve the southern agricultural economy. Carver was the first African American to serve on the faculty of Iowa State University and spent the majority of his career as director of agricultural research at Tuskegee Institute. Beginning in 1935, he worked for the United States Department of Agriculture as a collaborator in the Division of Plant Mycology.
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 377
Collection Name: Siegler, Eduoard Horace, Entomology Lantern Slides
Earliest Date: 1915
Latest Date: 1931
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Eduoard Horace Siegler Entomology Lantern Slides are a collection of slides that may have been used by travelling extension agents for instructional sessions. The title of one set of slides is "How Insects Attack Garden Vegetables and Methods of Control." It was a joint contribution of the Bureau of Entomology and Extension Service, United States Department of Agriculture, cooperating with the State Agricultural Colleges in extension work in agriculture and home economics. Some insects described include the colorado potato beetle, cabbage worm, asparagus beetle, the striped cucumber beetle, Mexican bean beetle, potato flea beetle, and squash-vine borer. There are also images of equipment used to spray insects. Another set of slides are related to the "Effect of Bentonite and of Hydrated Lime on the Toxicity of Phenothiazine to Codling Moth Larvae." Slides are undated but subjects correspond to the work of Siegler during 1915 to 1931.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Eduoard Horace Siegler (b. 1888), USDA Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, researched insecticides, equipment, and methods of controlling orchard insect pests. He also investigated the codling moth in Colorado. In 1917, he was in charge of the Connecticut at Wallingford field station for the study of deciduous fruit insects.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 378
Collection Name: Taylor, William A., Memory Book
Earliest Date: 1944
Latest Date: 1944
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The William A. Taylor Memory Book is a work copy of a memory book compiled and produced by friends of William A. Taylor, former Chief of the Bureau of Plant Industry, who was employed by the United States Department of Agriculture for over 20 years and retired in 1933. Taylor was so favorably remembered by his former associates that they prepared a memory book primarily of the Plant Industry Station in Beltsville in the 1940s and presented it to him in 1944. The book contains reminiscences, congratulatory letters, and photographs. The original given to Taylor had considerably less materials than this work copy saved by Robert L. Taylor (no relation to William). Robert L. Taylor was a scientific photographer who worked for the United States Department of Agriculture for over fifty years beginning in 1910 and travelled extensively with the cotton office in the 1920s and 1930s. He did the majority of the photographic work for the book and kept the work copy.
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 383
Collection Name: Duley, F. L. (Frank Leslie), Photograph Collection
Collection Group: Plant Photograph Collections
Earliest Date: 1939
Latest Date: 1965
Bulk Dates: 1939-1940
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The Frank Leslie Duley Photograph Collection consists of photographs and negatives of sorghum, corn, soil moisture, and soil structure. Many are not labeled as to place. Some are labeled with towns and cities in Nebraska including Lincoln, Dalton, Chappell, and Gurley. There is a note in the collection: "The pictures in this box were examined at this time. There are many in here that might be used for practical publications. It is hoped that they might be preserved." The note is date December 6, 1965, and signed F. L. Duley.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Frank Leslie Duley (b. 1888)
Processed:
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 385
Collection Name: Rogers, George Burnett, Papers: American Poultry Historical Society Papers
Collection Group: Poultry Science Collections
Earliest Date: 1950
Latest Date: 1979
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The George Burnett Rogers Papers contain documents related to poultry and egg production, marketing, pollution, and other related research. Many of Rogers' publications and presentations are included, as well as a limited amount of his personal correspondence. The collection also contains: poultry trade show pamphlets and programs; egg and poultry pricing documents; poultry and egg marketing, consumer, price-related papers, publications, research data; materials from private poultry companies and associations; survey results; academic and technical papers for conferences, presentations, and publications; poultry and egg-related product trade catalogs, brochures; farm price support data; bibliographies on topics such as eggs and poultry; three egg and poultry bumper stickers; cost of living issue-related papers and documents.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: George Burnett Rogers was born in 1919. He worked and published in the Poultry Branch, Food & Restaurant Division, Office of Price Stabilization in the early 1950s. Later he moved to the United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Marketing Economics Division, staying there from the 1950s-1970s. He published numerous articles and monographs on poultry and egg production, marketing, price controls, and other matters.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 387
Collection Name: Schimmelpfennig Family Mill Collection
Earliest Date: 1899
Latest Date: 1987
Bulk Dates: 1930-1958, 1964-1965, 1974-1987
Linear Feet: 3.75
Collection Description: The Schimmelpfennig Family Mill Collection contains materials relating to the family's grain mill and family life in Sigourney, Iowa. Materials include ledger and account books containing detailed accounting of transactions at the mill for the years of 1899, 1930-1958, and 1974-1987. Also included in the collection are materials from the family's hobby interest in the history and preservation of old mills throughout the United States, including various old mill preservation and tourism ephemera. Of particular interest, the collection contains the diaries of Helen Schimmelpfennig, covering the dates of 1938-1942, 1944-1946, and 1964-1965, in which the author describes her daily life and activities in an Iowa farming community.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The information that follows was taken directly from The History of Keokuk County, Iowa: Communities and its Families, Preserving the Past and Present. Keo-Mah Genealogical Society, Inc., 2001. August (Gust) Schimmelpfennig (1876-1949), married Enza Messerschmidt (1885-1956) of Martinsburg, Iowa. He owned a hardware store in Delta, Iowa and later the “Old Red Mill” in Sigourney before it was destroyed by a fire in the early 1920s. He resumed activity in the milling and feed business by purchasing what became Schimmelpfennig’s Mill with his oldest son Everett (1908-1974) in 1929. The early years were plagued by the Great Depression when many lost their businesses and properties because they were unable to make payments for mortgage and taxes. Everett went on the road in and around the county selling calf vitamins to take in enough money to meet those obligations for the mill. The mill stayed in the family until 1958 when it was purchased by Walter Applegate and later sold to Charles Cassens. Everett married Helen Mary Zaki (1909-1994), a Sigourney High School friend and they had two children, Hal Everett (1932- ) and Marylee (1938- ). Hal Everett and his wife, Jean B. Wilson (1930- ) had a son, David Everett (1959- ) who is an economist with the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Maps; Photographs

Collection Number: 389
Collection Name: ARS Biological Control Documentation Center Records
Earliest Date: 1920
Latest Date: 1990
Bulk Dates: 1920s - 1990s
Linear Feet: 140
Collection Description: The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Biological Control Documentation Center Collection contains materials relating to biological control research conducted within the branches and divisions of the Agricultural Research Service. Formats of materials include correspondence, unpublished reports, research reports, grant applications, publications, shipping records, databases, photographs, and videotapes. Materials from closed international laboratories are also included. The records were collected and donated by Jack R. Coulson throughout his career working at many of the branches and divisions of ARS that dealt with biological control. Some of the records donated with the ARS Biological Control Documentation Center Collection were separated and accessioned as smaller collections because they were related to biological control but not directly part of this collection. These collections are the International Organization of Biological Control Collection, membership records and journal abstracts of the nonprofit organization, and the Jack R. Coulson Papers, his personal papers and editing contributions to biological control articles. Books accompanying the manuscript materials are held in Special Collections.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Historical timeline- 1934: Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine (BEPQ) was created. 1953: Agricultural Research Service (ARS) was established and BEPQ was abolished. 1954: Insect Identification and Parasite Introduction (IIPI) Research Branch was formed under ARS. Three foreign locations initially reported to IIPI one of which was the European Parasite Lab (EPL). 1964: Biological Control of Insects Research Laboratory (BCIRL) in Columbia, Missouri was created. 1975-1993: Asian Parasite Laboratory (APL) was reestablished with the help of special funds for ARS biological control research on the gypsy moth. It was located in Seoul, South Korea and sponsored by the Beneficial Insect Introduction Branch (BIIB), ARS, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 391
Collection Name: 100 Years of the International Federation for Home Economics Manuscript and Associated Records
Earliest Date: 1975
Latest Date: 2009
Linear Feet: 21.25
Collection Description: The collection includes manuscript materials and reference sources for the anniversary book 100 Years of the International Federation for Home Economics, script text for the DVD version of book, photographs of members, International Federation for Home Economics (IFHE) History Committee annual reports, other documents associated with the work of the History Committee, IFHE bulletins, files of IFHE Congresses and Councils, and IFHE countries and regions history reports. Additional materials include video tape interviews from some of the IFHE Presidents and Secretary Generals, written reports and statements, and photographs for the DVD titled Reflections of Past IFHE Presidents. Records of selective United Nations World Women’s Conferences and 2000 Focuses, the 1988 Washington Connection Conference, the 1998 American Regional Conference, the IFHE Development Fund, IFHE Councils, IFHE Women and Families in Development Committee are included as collection donor Nancy B. Leidenfrost participated in these events or committees.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The International Federation for Home Economics is the only worldwide organization concerned with Home Economics and Consumer Studies. It was founded in 1908 to serve as a platform for international exchange within the field of Home Economics. IFHE is an International Non Governmental Organization (INGO), having consultative status with the United Nations (ECOSOC, FAO, UNESCO, UNICEF) and with the Council of Europe.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 392
Collection Name: Molecular Plant Pathology Laboratory Photographs
Earliest Date: 1888
Latest Date: 1968
Linear Feet: 1
Collection Description: Collection includes photographs, associated notes, and a record book on various USDA activities and employees, dating between 1888 and 1968. Collection includes a series of photographs on testing of insecticide spraying apparatuses on different plant crops between 1912 and 1944. Much of the collection consists of photographs of employees from departments of Plant Industry and Plant Pathology, and other unknown individuals and departments. Also included are photographs of Arlington Farm in Arlington, Virginia before it was closed in the 1940s. The last item in the collection is a 1925 record book on seed treatment data from Rocky Ford, Colorado. More recent handwritten notes, possibly on the use of these historical documents in recent research, are inserted in the photographs and record book.
Processed: Minimally processed, view the partial finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 393
Collection Name: Holroyd, Glenn A. Papers
Earliest Date: 1957
Latest Date: 1971
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Glenn A. Holroyd Papers include photographs, awards, newsletters, documentation of education courses.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Glenn Holroyd worked for the Federal Government for 35 years. He began in 1945 working with the Kansas City Regional Office of the Commodity Credit Corportaiton (CCC), which then became the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS). He started out as a programmer, then systems analyst, and eventually became Chief of the Price Support Systems Division. His work was instrumental in installing Electronic Data Processing methods with the ASCS and the CCC.
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 400
Collection Name: Stereo Cards of USDA Buildings and Grounds in Washington D.C.
Earliest Date: 1870
Latest Date: 1930
Bulk Dates: 1870-1930
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The collection includes approximately 60 stereo cards documenting various USDA facilities from around 1870 to 1930, as this was when stereo cards were most popular. Many of the cards have information, such as the location of the building in the photograph, on the back or sides of the stereo card.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The stereo cards were collected by Rob Griesbach, Deputy Assistant Administrator, Office of Technology Transfer, ARS. They document the history of the USDA buildings on the National Mall from the beginning of the USDA to approximately 1920. Stereo cards were two photographs of the same object mounted on cardboard that when placed in a stereoscope would give the appearance of being three dimensional. They became popular after 1840 and were most prominently made between the 1870s and 1920s.
Formats: Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized


Last Modified : August 2, 2013

 
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