Water Quality Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Attitudes Toward Water Resources II

 MAY 1990 - SEPTEMBER 1995
 77 citations from AGRICOLA
 Diane Doyle
 Water Quality Information Center
 This electronic bibliography is intended primarily to provide
 awareness of recent investigations and discussions of a topic and
 is not intended to be in-depth and exhaustive. The inclusion or
 omission of a particular publication or citation should not be
 construed as endorsement or disapproval. 
 Send suggestions for electronic bibliographies related to water
 resources and agriculture to wqic@nalusda.gov
 To locate a publication cited in this bibliography, please
 contact your local, state, or university library.  If you are
 unable to locate a particular publication, your library can
 contact the National Agricultural Library (please see "Document
 Delivery Services" at 
 1. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 The 1990 farm bill and water quality in Corn Belt watersheds:
 conserving remaining wetlands and restoring farmed wetlands.
 Lant, C. L.; Kraft, S. E.; Gillman, K. R. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.50, p.201-205. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: land-diversion; agricultural-land; farmland-;
 wetlands-; arable- land; reserved-areas; federal-programs; usda-;
 valuation-; surveys-; farmers'-attitudes; support-measures;
 water-quality; environmental- legislation; resource-conservation;
 wisconsin-; illinois-; indiana-; iowa-; missouri-;
 conservation-reserve-programs; swamp-buster; land-diversion-
 payments; wetland-reserve-program; contigent-valuation-surveys
 2. NAL Call No.: SB476.G7
 Accentuating the positive of pesticide use.
 James, A. 
 Grounds-maint v.30, p.33-34, 36, 40. (1995).
 Descriptors: pesticides-; public-opinion; education-
 3. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 Adoption of nitrogen and water management practices to improve 
 water quality.
 Supalla, R. J.; Selley, R. A.; Bredeweg, S.; Watts, D. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.50, p.77-82. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: zea-mays; irrigated-stands; nitrogen-;
 crop-management; nitrogen- fertilizers; application-to-land;
 water-management; nitrate-; leaching- ; losses-from-soil;
 groundwater-pollution; water-quality; farmers'- attitudes;
 environmental-protection; nebraska-; nitrogen-management
 4. NAL Call No.: SB950.2.A1J58
 Agrichemicals in the U.S.: use increases while consumers say they 
 want less.
 Bane, G. 
 J-pestic-reform v.13, p.23. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: agricultural-chemicals; pesticides-; usage-;
 consumer-attitudes; consumer-surveys; usa-
 5. NAL Call No.: 100-Al1H; LNSU S31.E23
 Alabamians rank environmental problems.
 Vining, L. J.; Molnar, J. J.; Davies, W. D. 
 Highlights-agr-res v.40, p.5. (1993).
 Descriptors: environmental-degradation; environmental-policy;
 public-opinion; resource-allocation; alabama-
 6. NAL Call No.: HD101.S6
 An analysis of potential conservation effort of CRP participants
 in the state of Missouri: a latent variable approach.
 Kalaitzandonakes, N. G.; Monson, M. 
 J-agric-appl-econ v.26, p.200-208. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: land-diversion; soil-conservation; federal-programs;
 program- participants; farmers'-attitudes; decision-making;
 mathematical-models; missouri-; conservation-reserve-program;
 multiple-indicator-multiple-cause- model-mimic
 Abstract: This study investigated the influence of economic, 
 personal, and attitudinal factors on the intended conservation
 effort  of a sample of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)
 contract holders  after their contracts have expired. Economic
 factors were found to  dominate the decision about future
 conservation effort. Attitudes  towards conservation were found
 to have no significant influence on the  decision. This fact may
 relate to the recent changes in the regulatory  environment
 brought about by the 1985 Food Security Act which changed 
 conservation from a voluntary to regulated nature.
 7. NAL Call No.: SB317.5.H68
 Assessing and influencing attitudes toward water-conserving 
 Lohr, V. I.; Bummer, L. H. 
 HortTechnology v.2, p.253-256. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: water-conservation; environmental-education;
 landscape-gardening; perception-; attitudes-; videotapes-;
 human-behavior; horticulture-; urban-environment; xeriscape-
 8. NAL Call No.: aZ5071.N3
 Attitudes toward water resources: January 1988 - December 1993.
 Makuch, J.; Emmert, B. 
 Quick-bibliogr-ser. Beltsville, Md., National Agricultural
 Library.  Apr 1994. (94-28)  49 p. 
 Descriptors: water-resources; drinking-water; water-quality;
 water-pollution; attitudes-; beliefs-; perception-;
 9. NAL Call No.: 79.9-So8-p
 The challenge of informing the public through the media.
 Stuckey, R. E. 
 Proc-S-Weed-Sci-Soc. Raleigh, N.c., etc. Southern Weed Science 
 Society. v.47, p.15-17 (1994).
 Meeting held January 17-19, 1994, Dallas, Texas.
 Descriptors: public-opinion; mass-media; communication-;
 toxic-substances; public-health; health-hazards; perception-;
 10. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 Changes in the soil conservation attitudes and behaviors of
 farmers in the Palouse and Camas prairies: 1976-1990.
 Carlson, J. E.; Schnabel, B.; Beus, C. E.; Dillman, D. A. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.49, p.493-500. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: soil-conservation; erosion-control;
 farmers'-attitudes; environmental-impact; trends-;
 regional-surveys; idaho-; washington-; oregon-;
 11. NAL Call No.: SF85.4.A8A97
 Changing conservation perceptions in the Australian rangelands.
 Morton, S. R. 
 Rangeland-j v.15, p.145-153. (1993).
 Paper presented at the Australian Rangeland Society's Seventh 
 Biennial Conference, October 5-8, 1992.
 Descriptors: rangelands-; conservation-; range-management;
 economic-viability; environmental-protection; australia-
 12. NAL Call No.: HD1773.A3N6
 Commodity information and willingness-to-pay for groundwater 
 quality protection.
 Bergstrom, J. C.; Dorfman, J. H. 
 Rev-agric-econ v.16, p.413-425. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: groundwater-; water-quality; valuation-;
 regional-surveys; consumer- attitudes; information-;
 mathematical-models; georgia-; dougherty-county,-georgia
 Abstract: The potential sensitivity of environmental resource
 valuations to information concerning the resource is of interest
 to researchers and decision-makers involved in estimating and
 applying these numbers. An  analysis of the impact of
 characteristic and service information on the  economic value of
 groundwater quality is described. Characteristic  information
 details the objectively measurable traits of a resource,  while
 service information describes the consumption services provided
 by the resource. The analysis provides insight into the impact of
 information on environmental resource valuation decisions.
 Hypothesis  tests suggest that changes in the joint levels of
 information may cause significant changes in groundwater quality
 valuation behavior. More theoretical and empirical research is
 required before firm conclusions can be drawn concerning the
 effects of information on groundwater value  estimates (e.g.,
 estimated willingness-to-pay for groundwater  protection).
 13. NAL Call No.: S544.3.O5O5
 Communicating water quality risk issues to the public.
 OSU-ext-facts. [Stillwater, Olka. : Cooperative Extension
 Service,  Division of Agriculture, Oklahoma State University,.
 June 1993. (891) 7  p. 
 In subseris: Water Quality Series.
 Descriptors: water-quality; public-opinion; social-participation;
 water-policy; decision-making
 14. NAL Call No.: QP141.A1N83
 Contaminants in the food system: the consumers' response.
 Campbell, C. 
 Proc-nutr-soc-Aus. South Bentley, W.Australia. Society. Dec 1992. 
 v. 17 p. 33-35. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: food-contamination; consumer-attitudes; residues-;
 food-safety; control-methods; alternative-farming
 Abstract: Public concern over toxicants and contaminants in food
 is a major  and growing issue. This is an international concern.
 Even consumers in  the poorest countries are concerned about
 contaminants in food. This  paper addresses the following four
 points: (1) What are contaminants?,  (2) Consumer concerns, (3)
 Reasons for consumer's concerns (4)  Addressing consumer
 15. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 Controversy over CRP in Montana: implications for the future.
 Saltiel, J. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.49, p.284-288. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: soil-conservation; federal-programs; participation-;
 farmers'- attitudes; opinions-; regional-surveys; montana-;
 16. NAL Call No.: HD1750.W4
 Differences in contingent valuation estimates from referendum and 
 checklist questions.
 Jordan, J. L.; Elnagheeb, A. H. 
 J-agric-resour-econ v.19, p.115-128. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: groundwater-; water-quality; consumer-attitudes;
 monte-carlo- method; consumer-surveys; probabilistic-models;
 georgia-; willingness-to-pay-
 17. NAL Call No.: 281.28-R88
 Economic attitudes and responses to siting hazardous waste 
 facilities in rural Utah.
 Bourke, L. 
 Rural-sociol v.59, p.485-496. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: hazards-; waste-disposal-sites; site-selection;
 economic-impact; attitudes-; rural-communities; public-opinion;
 18. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 Economic values and incentives affecting soil and water 
 conservation in developing countries.
 Barbier, E. B.; Bishop, J. T. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.50, p.133-137. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: soil-conservation; water-conservation;
 farmers'-attitudes; environmental-degradation; land-use;
 erosion-; cost-benefit-analysis; costs-; developing-countries;
 19. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 Enrollment of filter strips and recharge areas in the CRP and
 USDA easement programs.
 Lant, C. L.; Kraft, S. E.; Gillman, K. R. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.50, p.193-200. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: land-diversion; agricultural-land;
 groundwater-recharge; trees-; grass-strips; pollution-control;
 groundwater-pollution; water-quality; usda-; federal-programs;
 environmental-protection; valuation-; surveys- ;
 farmers'-attitudes; support-measures; water-conservation;
 reserved- areas; wisconsin-; illinois-; indiana-; iowa-;
 missouri-; land-diversion-payments; conservation-reserve-program;
 contingent- valuation-surveys
 20. NAL Call No.: S67.P82
 Environmental and public health considerations.
 Langeland, K. A. 
 Pub-La-Coop-Ext-Serv p.57-62. (1992).
 In the series analytic: Training manual for aquatic herbicide 
 applicators in the southeastern United States / edited by K. A.
 Descriptors: aquatic-environment; herbicides-; public-opinion;
 regulations-; federal-government; toxicity-; aquatic-plants;
 aquatic-weeds; weed- control; environmental-impact; fish-;
 21. NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
 Environmental impact assessment--valuable experiences of EIA 
 procedure and public perception of major industrial projects.
 Anhava, J.; Kolemainen, O. 
 Water-sci-technol v.29, p.131-136. (1994).
 Selected Proceedings of the 4th IAWQ Symposium on Forestry
 Industry  Wastewaters, held June 8-11, 1993, Tampere, Finland.
 Descriptors: pulp-and-paper-industry; environmental-assessment;
 environmental- impact-reporting; participation-; pollution-;
 pollution-control; environmental-impact-statement;
 22. NAL Call No.: HN49.C6J6
 An examination of the NIMBY syndrome: why not in my backyard.
 Halstead, J. M.; Luloff, A. E.; Myers, S. D. 
 J-Community-Dev-Soc v. 24, p.88-102. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: solid-wastes; waste-disposal; attitudes-;
 Abstract: Logit analysis of New Hampshire survey data indicates
 "NIMBY" (not  in my backyard) beliefs over   solid waste
 management facilities is  primarily motivated by concerns for
 children's health.   Respondents  willing to host a local
 recycling center or viewing recycling as a  short-lived
 phenomenon are less likely to exhibit NIMBY attitudes.  Results
 indicate NIMBYs are not a   homogeneous group.
 23. NAL Call No.: GB500.M68
 Farmer perception of soils in the mountains of the Dominican 
 Ryder, R. 
 Mt-res-dev v.14, p.261-266. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: mountain-soils; erosion-; soil-taxonomy;
 farmers'-attitudes; perception-; mountain-areas; soil-depth;
 soil-morphological-features; dominican-republic; stoniness-
 24. NAL Call No.:  TD223.B67--1993
 Fresh water quality, quantity, and availability : American public
 Bord, R. J. 1.;  Fisher, A.;  O'Connor, R. E. 1.; National
 Geographic Society (U.S.). University Park, PA : PennState,
 Environmental Resources Research  Institute, [1993] iii, 150 p.
 "February 1993.".
 Descriptors: Water-quality-Environmental-aspects-United-States;
 Water-quality- Social-aspects-United-States;
 Water-quality-Economic-aspects-United- States
 25. NAL Call No.: 57.8-C734
 Gauging attitudes toward source separation.
 Feinbaum, R. 
 Biocycle v.36, p.69-71. (1995).
 Descriptors: food-wastes; agroindustrial-sector; waste-disposal;
 waste- utilization; attitudes-; surveys-; california-
 26. NAL Call No.: BJ52.5.J68
 Groundwater quality: responsible agriculture and public
 Goss, M. J.; Barry, D. A. J. 
 J-agric-environ-ethics v.8, p.52-64. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: groundwater-pollution; water-quality;
 drinking-water; wells-; farming-; agricultural-policy; canada-
 27. NAL Call No.:  TD388.5.F57--1994
 A guide to customer incentives for water conservation.  Customer
 incentives for water conservation : a guide.
 Fiske, G. S.;  Weiner, R. A.; California Urban Water Agencies.
 Washington, D.C. : U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office
 of  Water, [1994] 1 v. (various pagings) : ill..
 "February 1994." Water Conservation Council and United States
 Environmental Protection  Agency.
 Descriptors: Water-conservation-California; Consumers-Attitudes
 28. NAL Call No.: HC10.S63
 Hazardous wastes and differing perceptions of risk in Sumter 
 County, Alabama.
 Bailey, C.; Faupel, C. E.; Holland, S. F. 
 Soc-nat-resour v. 5, p.21-36. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: waste-disposal; landfills-; risk-; public-opinion;
 rural- communities; incentives-; interest-groups; alabama-
 29. NAL Call No.: 280.8-J822
 A hedonic analysis of herbicides: do user safety and water
 quality matter.
 Beach, E. D.; Carlson, G. A. 
 Am-j-agric-econ. Ames, Iowa : American Agricultural Economics 
 Association. Aug 1993. v. 75(3) p. 612-623. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: herbicides-; weed-control; water-quality; safety-;
 farmers'- attitudes; econometric-models; zea-mays; glycine-max;
 decision- analysis; usa-; arkansas-; iowa-; north-carolina;
 ohio-; broadleaf-weeds
 Abstract: Farmers may value water quality and user safety
 characteristics of  herbicides as they select among products to
 obtain weed control.  Expenditures per application in the U.S.
 corn and soybean herbicide  markets are explained by several
 safety characteristics in addition to  market and weed control
 characteristics. The explicit inclusion of  safety
 characteristics in the farm decision model indicates that not 
 all safety aspects of pesticide use are external to farmers.
 Leaching  potential and user toxicity are statistically
 significant, but their  elasticities are small relative to
 broadleaf and grass weed control  efficacy.
 30. NAL Call No.: 280.8-J822
 Insurance, moral hazard, and chemical use in agriculture.
 Horowitz, J. K.; Lichtenberg, E. 
 Am-j-agric-econ v.75, p.926-935. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: crop-insurance; farm-management; crop-enterprises;
 zea-mays; nitrogen-fertilizers; pesticides-; usage-; risk-;
 farmers'-attitudes; agricultural-regions; farm-inputs; profits-;
 utility-functions; econometric-models; usa-
 Abstract: This paper examines how crop insurance affects corn
 farmers'  fertilizer and pesticide use in the   U.S. Midwest. 
 Crop insurance  might be expected to affect chemical use because
 of "moral hazard"; insured farmers may undertake riskier
 production than do uninsured  farmers.  Results suggest that
 insurance exerts considerable influence on corn farmers' chemical
 use decisions.  Those purchasing insurance applied significantly
 more nitrogen per acre (19%), spent  more on pesticides (21%),
 and treated more acreage with both  herbicides and insecticides
 (7% and 63%) than did those not  purchasing insurance. These
 results suggest that both fertilizer and pesticides may be
 risk-increasing inputs.
 31. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 Integrated pest management and conservation behaviors.
 Glynn, C. J.; McDonald, D. G.; Tette, J. P. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.50, p.25-29. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: alternative-farming; integrated-pest-management;
 environmental- protection; farmers'-attitudes;
 environmental-impact; soil- conservation; water-conservation
 32. NAL Call No.: SB950.A1P3
 Knapsack sprayer calibration: perception of swath width and
 problems of computation.
 Dent, D. R.; Baines, A.; Hutchings, O.; Neale, T.; Ho, T.; Sully,
 Int-j-pest-manag v.39, p.321-324. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: knapsack-sprayers; calibration-;
 ground-surface-spraying; pesticides-; application-rates;
 equations-; operators-; training-; perception-; skills-;
 surveys-; uk-
 33. NAL Call No.:  S625.A8V36--1994
 Land degradation and land management in Central NSW : farmers'
 knowledge, opinions and practice.
 Vanclay, F.;  Glyde, S.; New South Wales. Dept. of Conservation
 and Land Management. Wagga Wagga, NSW : Centre for Rural Social
 Research, Charles Sturt  University, [1994] x, 68 p. : ill..
 "A study carried out in the mid Lachlan catchment comprising the 
 shires of: Bland, Cowra, Forbes, Parkes, Weddin and Young.".
 Descriptors: Land-degradation-Australia-New-South-Wales;
 Farmers-Australia-New- South-Wales-Attitudes;
 Agricultural-extension-work-Australia-New-South- Wales
 34. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 Land user attitudes toward implementation of conservation
 compliance farm plans.
 Esseks, J. D.; Kraft, S. E. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.46, p.365-370. (1991).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: soil-conservation; water-erosion;
 agricultural-soils; farmland-; farmers'-attitudes;
 federal-programs; usda-; program-participants; wisconsin-;
 missouri-; illinois-; iowa-; indiana-; soil-conservation-programs
 35. NAL Call No.: aSD11.A42
 Living with the land.
 Master, D. C. le. 
 Gen-tech-rep-RM. Fort Collins, Colo. : Rocky Mountain Forest and
 Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of
 Agriculture. 1991. (216) p. 21-25. 
 Paper presented at the Arizona New Perspectives/Centennial 
 Celebration, held October 17-19, 1991, Flagstaff, Arizona.
 Descriptors: national-forests; federal-government; history-;
 environmental- policy; pollution-; environmental-protection;
 population-growth; conservation-; cultural-environment;
 political-attitudes; usa-
 36. NAL Call No.: 1-Ag84y
 Marketing conservation in a changing age.
 Clearfield, F. B. 
 Yearb-agric. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture : For 
 sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., [1980-. 1991.  p. 31-36. 
 In the series analytic: Agriculture and the Environment / edited
 by  D. Takiff Smith.
 Descriptors: soil-conservation; water-conservation; technology-;
 marketing-; public-opinion; farmers'-attitudes;
 environmental-protection; usda-; usa-; soil-conservation-service
 37. NAL Call No.: 290.9-Am32P
 Nebraska resident's perceptions of the state's water quality.
 Hay, D. L. R.; Ziebarth, A.; Rockwell, S. K.; Niemeyer, S. 
 Pap-Am-Soc-Agric-Eng. St. Joseph, Mich. : American Society of 
 Agricultural Engineers,. Summer 1992. (922031) 9 p. 
 Paper presented at the "1992 International Summer Meeting
 sponsored  by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers,"
 June 21-24, 1992,  Charlotte, North Carolina.
 Descriptors: water-quality; surveys-; contamination-; nebraska-
 38. NAL Call No.:  60.18-UN33
 A new attitude: Audubon, our golf course, and the community.
 Leuzinger, P. V. 
 USGA-Green-Sect-rec v.33, p.2-5. (1994).
 Descriptors: golf-courses; environmental-impact;
 agricultural-chemicals; wildlife-management; public-relations;
 environmental-protection; community-involvement
 39. NAL Call No.:  TD424.35.T2W37
 The opinions of Tennessee leaders on water issues.
 Smith, G. F. 
 Water-prot-conserv-manage v.3, p.1-2. (1990).
 Descriptors: water-management; water-quality;
 leadership-training; tennessee-
 40. NAL Call No.:  HC10.S63
 Perceptions of equity and procedural preferences for water 
 allocation decisions.
 Syme, G. J.; Fenton, D. M. 
 Soc-nat-resour. Washington, DC : Taylor & Francis. Oct/Dec 1993.
 v.6 (4) p. 347-360. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: water-resources; water-allocation; attitudes-;
 regional-surveys; case-studies; decision-making;
 41. NAL Call No.: 79.9-W52
 Pesticide issues and systems thinking: looking for leverage.
 William, R. D. 
 Proc-West-Soc-Weed-Sci. Reno, Nev. : The Society. 1994. v. 47 p.
 78- 82. 
 Meeting held March 14-17, 1994, Coeur D'Alene, Idaho.
 Descriptors: pesticides-; public-opinion; farming-; perception-;
 problem- analysis
 42. NAL Call No.:  HT409.I55--no.165
 Pesticide precautions and safety for Iowa migrant workers : 
 perceptions of educational needs and opportunities by employers
 and service providers.
 Petrzelk0a, P. Ames, Iowa : Iowa State University, University
 Extension, [1992]  iv, 27 p..
 "May 1992.".
 43. NAL Call No.:  HD1401.A56
 Pesticide residue concerns and shopping location likelihood.
 Byrne, P. J.; Bacon, J. R.; Toensmeyer, U. C. 
 Agribusiness v. 10, p.491-501. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: food-safety; pesticide-residues; consumer-attitudes;
 location- theory; shopping-; consumer-surveys;
 44. NAL Call No.:  RC965.A5J68
 Pesticides in developing countries: poisons, not "medicine".
 J-agromed v.1, p.5-10. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: pesticides-; integrated-pest-management;
 agriculture-; medicine-; farm-management; farmers'-attitudes;
 application-rates; developing- countries; agromedicine-
 45. NAL Call No.:  100-Il64; LNSU S55.E21
 Pesticides in our food: scientists respond to consumer concerns.
 Sheppard, L. 
 Ill-res v.35, p.24-27. (1993).
 Descriptors: food-safety; pesticide-residues; food-crops;
 consumer-attitudes; application-rates; food-quality
 46. NAL Call No.:  SB950.2.A1J58
 Protecting coastal Oregon from unnecessary poisons.
 Mathis, D.; Kuhneverte, A. J. 
 J-pestic-reform v.14, p.5-7. (1994).
 Descriptors: attitudes-; herbicides-; forests-; aerial-spraying;
 vegetation-; management-; oregon-; public-protests
 47. NAL Call No.: 292.8-W295
 The psychology of drinking water quality: an exploratory study.
 Syme, G. J.; Williams, K. D. 
 Water-resour-res v.29, p.4003-4010. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: drinking-water; water-quality; perception-;
 surveys-; western- australia
 Abstract: Perceptions of drinking water quality were measured for
 residents  at four locations in Western Australia. The total
 dissolved solid  levels for the locations varied. Four scales of
 drinking water  satisfaction were measured: acceptability of
 water quality; water  quality risk judgment; perception of
 neighborhood water quality; and  attitudes toward fluoride as an
 additive. Responses to each of these  scales did not appear to be
 highly related to total dissolved solids.  The relationship
 between attitudes toward water quality and a variety of
 psychological, attitudinal, experiential, and demographic
 variables was investigated. It was found that responses to the
 acceptability of  water quality and water quality risk judgment
 scales related to  perceived credibility of societal institutions
 and feelings of control over water quality and environmental
 problems. For the remaining two  scales few significant
 correlations were found. The results support  those who advocate
 localized information and involvement campaigns on  drinking
 water quality issues.
 48. NAL Call No.:  TD353.J66--1994
 Public involvement in water management \.
 Jones, A. P. Snowmass, CO : Rocky Mountain Institute, c1994. 14
 p. : ill..
 Cover title.
 Descriptors: Water-Management-Public-opinion-United-States;
 Water-resources- development-Public-opinion-United-States
 49. NAL Call No.:  SB9510.2.A1P83--1995
 Public perceptions of agrichemicals.
 Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. Ames, Iowa :
 Council for Agriculture Science and Technology, [1995]  vi, 35 p.
 : ill..
 "January 1995.".
 Descriptors: Pesticides-United-States-Public-opinion;
 Agricultural-chemicals- United-States-Public-opinion;
 Veterinary-drugs-United-States-Public- opinion;
 Pesticides-Public-opinion; Agricultural-chemicals-Public-
 opinion; Veterinary-drugs-Public-opinion
 50. NAL Call No.: SB317.5.H68
 Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, and the environmental movement.
 Beyl, C. A. 
 HortTechnology v.2, p.272-275. (1992).
 Paper presented at the 88th American Society for Horticultural 
 Science "History of the Organic Movement Workshop," July 24,
 1991,  University Park, Pennsylvania.
 Descriptors: organic-farming; history-; publications-;
 attitudes-; biographies-; perception-; pesticides-
 51. NAL Call No.: SB950.2.A1J58
 Reducing forestry herbicide use in northwestern British Columbia:
 public pressure gets results.
 Glover, P. 
 J-pestic-reform v.14, p.2-4. (1994).
 Descriptors: herbicides-; usage-; forests-; public-domain;
 public-opinion; permits-; british-columbia; citizen-action
 52. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 Relationships among farm operators' water quality opinions, 
 fertilization practices, and cropland potential to pollute in two 
 regions of Virginia.
 Pease, J.; Bosch, D. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.49, p.477-483. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: water-quality; environmental-protection;
 regional-surveys; livestock-enterprises; crop-enterprises;
 farmers'-attitudes; water- pollution; risk-; perception-;
 fertilizers-; management-; virginia-
 53. NAL Call No.: 79.9-So8-p
 Safer pesticides--what's in a name.
 Thorne, J. 
 Proc-S-Weed-Sci-Soc. Raleigh, N.c., etc. Southern Weed Science 
 Society. 1993. v. 46 p. 9-12. 
 Meeting held January 18-20, 1993, Charlotte, North Carolina.
 Descriptors: pesticides-; safety-; public-opinion;
 environmental-legislation; health-hazards
 54. NAL Call No.:  HT409.I55--no.160
 Siltation of the Red Rock reservoir : a comparative perspective
 from farmers, agribusiness managers and community leaders. 
 Comparative perspective from farmers, agribusiness managers and
 community leaders.
 Hoiberg, E. O.; Iowa State University. Dept. of Sociology and
 Anthropology. Ames, Iowa : Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology,
 Iowa State  University, [1990] v, 24 p. : map.
 "May 1990.".
 Reservoir-sedimentation-Social-aspects-Iowa-Red-Rock,-Lake; Soil-
 Public-opinion- Iowa-Red-Rock,-Lake,-Region
 55. NAL Call No.:  HT409.I55--no.162
 Siltation of the Red Rock reservoir : agribusiness managers' 
 perspectives on causes and solutions.  Agribusiness managers'
 perspectives on causes and solutions.
 Korsching, P. F. Ames, Iowa : Dept. of Sociology and
 Anthropology, Iowa State  University, [1990] v, 29 p. : ill..
 "May 1990.".
 Soil-conservation-Iowa-Red-Rock,-Lake,-Region- Public-opinion;
 Reservoir-sedimentation-Iowa-Red-Rock,-Lake-Public- opinion;
 56. NAL Call No.:  HT409.I55--no.163
 Siltation of the Red Rock reservoir : community leaders' 
 perspectives on causes and solutions.  Community leaders'
 perspectives on causes and solutions.
 Padgitt, S.; Iowa State University. Dept. of Sociology and
 Anthropology. Ames, Iowa : Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology,
 Iowa State  University, [1990] vi, 28 p. : ill., map.
 "May 1990.".
 Public- opinion-Iowa-Red-Rock,-Lake,-Region
 57. NAL Call No.:  HT409.I55--no.161
 Siltation of the Red Rock reservoir : farmers' perspectives on 
 causes and solutions.  Farmers' perspectives on causes and
 Bultena, G. L.; Iowa State University. Dept. of Sociology and
 Anthropology. Ames, Iowa : Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology,
 Iowa State  University, [1990] v, 65 p. : ill., map.
 "Findings are presented ... from a 1989 study [conducted through
 telephone interviews and mailed questionnaires] of farm operators
 in four watersheds in the Lake Red Rock area ... "--P. 4.
 Farmers- Iowa-Red-Rock,-Lake,-Region
 58. NAL Call No.: 464.8-An72
 Social and political implications of managing plant diseases with
 decreased availability of fungicides in the United States.
 Ragsdale, N. N.; Sisler, H. D. 
 Annu-rev-phytopathol. Palo Alto, Calif. : Annual Reviews, inc., 
 1963-. 1994. v. 32 p. 545-557. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: fungicides-; fungal-diseases; plant-disease-control;
 chemical- control; food-safety; regulations-; society-;
 political-attitudes; history-; trends-; literature-reviews; usa-
 59. NAL Call No.:  HT409.I55--no.159
 Social study of project structure maintenance, western Iowa
 rivers  basin : final report of Joint Agreement between Iowa
 State University and the Soil Conservation Service, United States
 Department of Agriculture Robert Meyer ... [et al.].
 Meyer, R. E.; Iowa State University. Dept. of Sociology and
 Anthropology. [Ames? : The University?, 1989] 120 leaves.
 "The study was conducted by the Iowa State University Department
 of  Sociology and Anthropology in conjunction with and assistance
 from the  Soil Conservation Service (SCS)."--P. 1.
 Descriptors: Watershed-management-Public-opinion-Iowa;
 Flood-control-Social- aspects-Iowa;
 Soil-conservation-Social-aspects-Iowa; Watershed-
 Little-Sioux-River-Watershed-Minn; -and- Iowa
 60. NAL Call No.: HC10.S63
 Soil conservation and poverty: lessons from upland Indonesia.
 Belsky, J. M. 
 Soc-nat-resour. Washington, DC : Taylor & Francis. Sept/Oct 1994. 
 v. 7 (5) p. 429-443. 
 In the special section: Natural resource-dependent communities
 and  persistent rural poverty in the U.S. III / edited by C.R.
 Descriptors: soil-conservation; upland-areas; dry-farming;
 terracing-; poverty-; farmers'-attitudes; sociology-; villages-;
 rural-development; indonesia- 
 61. NAL Call No.: 500-So8
 Statewide water allocation: changing attitudes.
 Potter, R. 
 Bull-South-Calif-Acad-Sci v.90, p.8-9. (1991).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: water-allocation; water-resources; water-storage;
 costs-; problem- analysis; california-
 62. NAL Call No.:  aSD11.U56--no.200
 Status of and attitudes toward aquatic macroinvertebrate
 monitoring on national forests and districts of the Bureau of
 Land Management.
 Angradi, T. R.; Vinson, M. R.; Northeastern Forest Experiment
 Station (Radnor, Pa. Radnor, PA : USDA Forest Service,
 Northeastern Forest Experiment  Station, [1995] 14 p..
 Cover title.
 Descriptors: Water-Microbiology-United-Stares;
 Water-quality-Measurement-United- States;
 63. NAL Call No.: HD101.S6
 The structure of citizen preferences for government soil erosion
 control programs.
 Jordan, J. L.; Elnagheeb, A. H. 
 South-j-agric-econ v.24, p.73-82. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: erosion-control; federal-programs; public-opinion;
 factor-analysis; econometric-models; demography-;
 social-participation; usa-
 Abstract: The 1990 Farm Bill contains several measures concerning
 soil  erosion caused by U.S. farmers. Data from a nationwide
 survey of people  concerning their attitudes toward agriculture
 were used to examine the  structure of respondents' preferences
 for government support-policies  to combat soil erosion.
 Estimates of the influence of socio-economic and demographic
 variables on policy preferences were computed using a
 multiple-indicator model. Results show more support for the
 regulation of soil erosion, including laws and fines, than for
 government financial support.
 64. NAL Call No.: S605.5.A43
 Support in New England for certification and labelling of produce
 grown using integrated pest management.
 Hollingsworth, C. S.; Paschall, M. J.; Cohen, N. L.; Coli, W. M. 
 Am-J-altern-agric. Greenbelt, MD : Henry A. Wallace Institute for 
 Alternative Agriculture. 1993. v. 8 (2) p. 78-84. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: certification-; integrated-pest-management;
 regional-surveys; pesticide-residues; consumer-attitudes;
 consumer-surveys; new-england- states-of-usa
 Abstract: We surveyed a total of 549 Cooperative Extension
 clientele  (consumers), farmstand owners, and food industry
 representatives in New  England to assess the potential for
 certification and labelling of  produce grown using integrated
 pest management (IPM). The survey  elicited self-reported
 knowledge of IPM perceptions of current  pesticide use and IPM,
 and attitudes toward certification and labelling  of produce as
 "IPM-Grown". The respondents expressed widespread support  for
 certification and labelling of produce grown using IPM. Potential 
 barriers to the marketing of IPM-labelled produce were also
 revealed.  The survey showed the need for education to inform the
 public about pest management in agriculture and to build
 confidence in the safety of our food supply.
 65. NAL Call No.: S671.A66
 A survey on attitudes of applicators toward pesticide application
 and waste reduction.
 Ozkan, H. E. 
 Appl-eng-agric v.8, p.771-776. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: pesticides-; application-; waste-disposal;
 farm-surveys; pollution- ; agricultural-education; ohio-
 Abstract: As part of the ongoing pesticide education programs in
 Ohio, a survey was conducted in 18 counties to learn more about
 current pesticide application and disposal practices. The survey
 also provided  information related to applicators' attitudes
 toward reducing pesticide  waste. Survey results based on the
 1,380 responses received are  summarized in this article. Over
 two-thirds of the respondents  calibrate their sprayers at least
 once a year. Approximately 10% said  they never calibrate. Over
 90% of the respondents always rinsed empty  pesticide containers.
 However, only 71% followed acceptable rinsing procedures. About
 3% indicated they do not rinse containers at all.  Burning was
 the number one method of pesticide container disposal used  by
 applicators. Although over two-thirds of the applicators feel
 well- informed about pesticide container disposal practices, the
 number of  improper disposal methods identified by the
 respondents indicate that  educational programs are needed to
 help applicators choose the most environmentally sound disposal
 practice. In general, the pesticide applicators expressed a
 positive attitude toward reducing pesticide  waste.
 66. NAL Call No.: 79.9-W52
 Today: safeguarding the public from pesticides, tomorrow: 
 safeguarding pesticides from the public.
 Whitacre, D. 
 Proc-West-Soc-Weed-Sci. Reno, Nev. : The Society. 1995. v. 48 p.
 6- 9. 
 Descriptors: pesticides-; public-relations; opinions-;
 67. NAL Call No.: HC10.S63
 The toxic waste movement: a new type of activism.
 Brown, P.; Masterson Allen, S. 
 Soc-nat-resour. Washington, DC : Taylor & Francis. May/June 1994. 
 v. 7 (3) p. 269-287. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: toxic-substances; waste-disposal;
 environmental-protection; social- participation; attitudes-;
 case-studies; interest-groups; massachusetts- ;
 not-in-my-back-yard-nimby; social-movements
 68. NAL Call No.: HC79.E5N3
 A 'tragedy of the commons'? perceptions of managing recreation on 
 the River Wye, U.K.
 Penning Rowsell, E. C. 
 Nat-resour-j. Albuquerque, University of New Mexico School of
 Law.  Summer 1994. v. 34 (3) p. 628-655. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: rivers-; water-recreation; resource-management;
 legal-rights; interest-groups; uk-
 69. NAL Call No.: S622.L26
 Understanding farmers' attitudes to land degradation: some 
 methodological considerations.
 Reeve, I. J.; Black, A. W. 
 Land-degrad-rehabil v.5, p.179-189. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: land-use; farmers'-attitudes;
 environmental-degradation; cluster- analysis;
 discriminant-analysis; australia-
 70. NAL Call No.: GB500.M68
 The us of cesium-137 measurements of soil erosion and farmers' 
 perceptions to indicate land degradation amongst shifting
 cultivators in northern Thailand.
 Forsyth, T. J. 
 Mt-res-dev v.14, p.229-244. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: water-erosion; gully-erosion; measurement-; cesium-;
 radionuclides- ; sediment-; markers-; upland-soils; upland-areas;
 shifting- cultivation; perception-; farmers'-attitudes; slopes-;
 sloping-land; thailand-
 71. NAL Call No.: SB950.2.A1J58
 Using fewer pesticides on Idaho potatoes.
 Thiers, P. 
 J-pestic-reform v.14, p.6-7. (1994).
 Descriptors: solanum-tuberosum; pesticides-; usage-; rotations-;
 farmers'- attitudes; farming-systems-research;
 consumer-attitudes; low-input- agriculture; sustainability-;
 idaho-; pesticide-use-reduction
 72. NAL Call No.: HC79.P55J6
 The value of water supply reliability in urban water systems.
 Howe, C. W.; Smith, M. G.; Bennett, L.; Brendecke, C. M.; Flack,
 J. E.; Hamm, R. M.; Mann, R.; Rozaklis, L.; Wunderlich, K. 
 J-environ-econ-manage v. 26, p.19-30. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: water-supply; urban-areas; consumer-attitudes;
 value-theory; mathematical-models; reliability-; colorado-;
 willingness-to-pay; willingness-to-accept
 Abstract: Reliability is an important dimension of urban water
 supply.  While  out-of-pocket losses appear   small, water
 customers place high values  on reliability. This demand for
 reliability can be   measured by  contingent valuation methods,
 while the costs of providing various  levels of  reliability can
 be estimated through hydrologic simulation.   A framework for
 optimizing reliability is presented and the  contingent valuation
 survey is described.  Results from three Colorado towns are
 73. NAL Call No.: 60.18-J82
 Variation of BLM employee attitudes toward environmental
 conditions on rangelands.
 Richards, R. T.; Huntsinger, L. 
 J-range-manage v.47, p.365-368. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: rangelands-; riparian-vegetation; erosion-;
 water-quality; personnel-; attitudes-; surveys-;
 environmental-assessment; grazing- effects; oregon-
 Abstract: Using survey data collected as part of a comprehensive
 reevaluation  of the Vale Rangeland Rehabilitation Project in
 eastern Oregon, this  exploratory study examined variation in
 attitudes of Bureau of Land  Management (BLM) employees toward
 rangeland environmental conditions.  Almost one-half of the BLM
 employees surveyed believed the loss of  streamside vegetation
 (48%) and streambank erosion (42%) were  widespread problems on
 Vale rangelands. Approximately a quarter of the  respondents
 believed rangeland soil loss (24%) and overgrazing (26%)  were
 problems, while only a tenth believed water pollution (10%) was a 
 problem on many or most areas. A composite scale of these
 attitude  toward environmental conditions on rangelands was
 developed and  assessed. The composite scale was regressed on
 respondents' regional  affiliation, length of service, and
 ideological attitudes towards  government role in natural
 resource management. In contrast to findings  from studies for
 USFS employees, attitudes toward range environmental  conditions
 were not determined by regional affiliation or length of service
 (P > 0.05). Rather, BLM employee attitudes toward range 
 environmental conditions were found to vary by the interaction of 
 length of service in the agency and attitude toward government's
 role  in regulating water quality (P < 0.05) and managing
 livestock grazing  (P < 0.01). As length of service increases,
 core beliefs, professional  norms, or client constituencies may
 not polarize employee attitudes but  rather moderate them over
 time. The accumulation of environmental  knowledge may also tend
 to influence environmental attitudes so that  ideological
 attitudes may have a weaker effect as time passes and  expertise
 74. NAL Call No.:  TD223.W373--1993
 Water : a national priority : Americans' attitudes toward water
 quality and availability : conducted for National Geographic
 National Geographic Society (U.S.). [United States] : The
 Organization, [1993] 1 v. (loose-leaf) : ill..
 "November 1993.".
 Descriptors: Water-quality-United-States;
 Water-consumption-United-States; Household-surveys-United-States
 75. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 What have we learned about who conserves soil.
 Lockeretz, W. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.45, p.517-523. (1990).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: soil-conservation; farmers-; farmers'-attitudes;
 agricultural- research; erosion-control
 76. NAL Call No.:  S624.A1W48--1994
 When Conservation Reserve Program contracts expire : the policy
 options : conference proceedings, February 10-11, 1994,
 Arlington, Virginia.
 Soil and Water Conservation Society (U.S.). Ankeny, Iowa : The
 Society, c1994. 143 p..
 Includes bibliographical references.
 Descriptors: Conservation-Reserve-Program-U; S; -Congresses;
 Soil-conservation- Government-policy-United-States-Congresses;
 Land-use,-Rural-Government- policy-United-States-Congresses;
 Soil-conservation-United-States-Public- opinion-Congresses;
 opinion-Congresses; Land-use,-Rural-United-States-Public-opinion-
 77. NAL Call No.: 56.8-J822
 Windbreaks and ecosystem-based assistance in the natural resource
 conservation service.
 Dishongh, G. 
 J-soil-water-conserv v.50, p.249-252. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptors: windbreaks-; technology-; farmers'-attitudes;
 opinions-; program- development; technical-training

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