Water Quality Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Compost Nutrients

 79 citations from AGRICOLA
 Joe Makuch
 Water Quality Information Center
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 1. Agronomic effectiveness of poultry manure composts.
 Mahimairaja, S.; Bolan, N. S.; Hedley, M. J. 
 Commun-soil-sci-plant-anal v.26, p.1843-1861. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: brassica-oleracea-var; -capitata; zea-mays;
 composts-; poultry-manure; rock-phosphate; sulfur-; urea-;
 comparisons-; crop-yield; nitrogen-; use-efficiency; phosphorus-;
 nutrient-uptake; recovery-; nitrate-; leaching-;
 residual-effects; ammonium-nitrogen; nitrate-nitrogen;
 movement-in- soil; sulfocomposts-; phosphocomposts-
 Abstract: Two field experiments were conducted to examine the
 agronomic value of poultry manure composted in the presence of
 both phosphate  rock (PR) and elemental sulphur (So)
 (sulphocompost) and PR alone (phosphocompost). Winter cabbage and
 summer maize were used as test  crops. For the first season's
 winter cabbage, the phosphocompost and sulphocompost were
 approximately 12% and 60% as effective as urea and  both composts
 were equally effective as urea for the second season's maize
 crop. The greater agronomic effectiveness of sulphocompost could 
 be attributed to the improved nitrogen (N)-use efficiency
 increased PR dissolution and improved S nutrition. Distribution
 of nitrate-nitrogen  (NO3-N) in the soil profile of field plots
 indicated greater potential for winter leaching of N from urea
 than poultry manure which could be the  reason for the improved
 residual value of the manure reflected in summer maize yields.
 The results from the field experiments indicated that  composting
 poultry manure with So and PR not only reduces environmental
 pollution associated with manure application, but also increases
 the  agronomic effectiveness of manure.
 NAL Call No.:S590.C63
 2. Amended and composted log yard fines as a growth medium for
 crimson clover and red top grass.
 Campbell, A. G.; Folk, R. L.; Tripepi, R. R. 
 Commun-soil-sci-plant-anal v.25, p.2439-2454. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: trifolium-incarnatum; agrostis-alba; growing-media;
 logs-; residues-; composting-; compound-fertilizers; nitrogen-;
 sulfur-; cattle-manure; physicochemical-properties; stability-;
 growth-; log-yard-residues
 NAL Call No.:S590.C63
 3. Apparent availability of nitrogen in composted municipal
 Iglesias Jimenez, E.; Alvarez, C. E. 
 Biol-fertil-soils v.16, p.313-318. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: lolium-perenne; refuse-compost; nitrogen-;
 nutrient-availability; nutrient-uptake; pot-experimentation;
 waste-disposal; canary-islands
 NAL Call No.:QH84.8.B46
 4. Application of natural zeolites for the reduction of ammonia
 emissions during the composting of organic wastes in a laboratory
 composting  simulator.
 Bernal, M. P.; Lopez Real, J. M.; Scott, K. M. 
 Bioresource-Technol v.43, p.35-39. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composting-; straw-; pig-slurry; mixtures-; ammonia-;
 emission-; nitrogen-; losses-; zeolites-; adsorbents-
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 5. Assessing the impact of composting yard trimmings.
 Cole, M. A. 
 Biocycle v.35, p.92-94, 96. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: litter-plant; yards-; composts-; composting-;
 heavy-metals; nutrients-; pesticides-; pollutants-; leaching-;
 water-pollution; risk-; assessment-
 NAL Call No.:57.8-C734
 6. Bacteriology of composting.
 Golueke, C. G. 
 BioCycle. Emmaus, Pa. : J.G. Press. Jan 1992. v. 33 (1) p. 55-57. 
 Descriptor: composting-; microbial-activities; microorganisms-;
 nutrients-; carbon-; nitrogen-
 NAL Call No.:57.8-C734
 7. Blending composts with fertilizers.
 BioCycle. Emmaus, Pa. : J.G. Press. Feb 1993. v. 34 (2) p. 71. 
 Descriptor: triticum-aestivum; nitrogen-; sugarcane-bagasse;
 composts-; fertilizers-; jute-; agricultural-wastes; usa-;
 NAL Call No.:57.8-C734
 8. Carbon-13 CPMAS NMR and FTIR spectroscopic analysis of organic
 matter transformations during composting of solid wastes from 
 Inbar, Y.; Chen, Y.; Hadar, Y. 
 Soil-Sci v.152, p.272-282. (1991).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: grape-seeds; grape-skins; mixtures-; waste-treatment;
 composting-; decomposition-; organic-wastes; chemical-analysis;
 chemical- composition; carbon-; nitrogen-;
 cation-exchange-capacity; fiber-; organic-matter; lignin-;
 cellulose-; time-; spectral-data;
 cross-polarization-magic-angle-spinning; magnetic-resonance;
 NAL Call No.:56.8-SO3
 9. Carbon- and nitrogen-containing compounds in composted urban
 Gonzalez Prieto, S. J.; Carballas, M.; Villar, M. C.; Beloso, M.
 C.; Cabaneiro, A.; Carballas, T. 
 Bioresour-technol v. 45, p.115-121. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: refuse-; refuse-compost; chemical-composition;
 organic-compounds; carbon-; nitrogen-; spain-
 Abstract: The composition of the organic matter of four composted
 urban refuses (one of them amended with   CaCO3 in the composting
 process)  from Spanish industrial composting plants was studied.  
 Fundamental components and C-bearing compounds (humic substances)
 were assessed  by classical   fractionation methods; N-bearing
 compounds were determined by acid step-wise hydrolyses. Cellulose 
  and hemicelluloses  largely predominated over lignin, which was
 the second important component,  followed by water-soluble
 compounds, the content of lipids  being very low.  Water-soluble  
 compounds represented 3-14% of the organic C. Alkali-soluble
 compounds were quite low since humic    compounds (humic and
 fulvic acids) only represented about 17% of the organic C (24% in
 the amended   compost); humic acids predominated  over fulvic
 acids, the most polymerized compounds being higher   than the
 less polymerized ones. The predominant fraction (about 70% of the 
 organic C) was the   insoluble one which comprised unhumified
 compounds, insolubilizable humin, microbial humin  (1.4-9.0% of
 the organic  C) and residual humin (20-40% of the organic C). 
 The extraction   percentage was very low whereas the degree of
 humification was close to  50%.  About 85% of the   organic N was
 hydrolysable. Hydrolysable unidentified-N was the predominant
 organic N form,   followed by alpha- aminoacid-N.  NH4+-N from
 organic compounds and hexosamine-N were very small and   amide-N
 was not detectable.  According to the  percentage of humification
 the four composted.NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 10. Carbon and nitrogen mineralization in an acid soil fertilized
 with composted urban refuses.
 Beloso, M. C.; Villar, M. C.; Cabaneiro, A.; Carballas, M.;
 Gonzalez Prieto, S. J.; Carballas, T. 
 Bioresour-technol v. 45, p.123-129. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: refuse-; refuse-compost; organic-fertilizers;
 acid-soils; carbon-; biological-activity-in-soil; spain-
 Abstract: The C- and N-mineralization kinetics of a Cambisol over
 granite fertilized with four composted urban refuses (one of them
 amended with  CaCO3 in the composting process) as well as the
 degradation kinetics of the wastes themselves were studied. The
 C-mineralization was  determined by incubation of the samples for
 42 days at 28 degrees C in a thermostat bath and measurement of
 the CO2 evolved from the  samples. The N-mineralization was
 performed by aerobic incubation in an incubator at the same
 temperature and for the same time as in the  case of C. Addition
 of the composts to the soil significantly increased the
 C-mineralization rate. About 30% of the organic C of the composts 
 (only 16% in the amended compost) was mineralized after 6 weeks
 incubation. Most mineralization took place in the first 3 weeks
 for only  about 3% of the organic C (0.9% in the amended compost)
 was mineralized between weeks 3 and 6. The amended compost was
 the only one  that stimulated the soil N-mineralization rate. The
 other composts provoked N-immobilization (or denitrification)
 during the incubation and  although an increase of the net
 inorganic-N production was detected after week 2, the net
 N-mineralization rate was almost nil at the end of the 
 incubation. Net nitrification predominated over net
 ammonification in the soil with or without addition of composts.
 The non-amended compost  behaviours seem to show that they had
 not undergone enough stabilization; as for the amended composted
 refuse its singular behaviour could be  due to its high carbonate
 content.NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 11. Change in N fractions during composting of wheat straw.
 Bannick, C. G.; Joergensen, R. G. 
 Biol-fertil-soils v.16, p.269-274. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: wheat-straw; composting-; nitrogen-; amino-acids;
 amino-sugars; composts-; decomposition-
 NAL Call No.:QH84.8.B46
 12. Changes in ATP content, enzyme activity and inorganic
 nitrogen species during composting of organic wastes.
 Garcia, C.; Hernandez, T.; Costa, F.; Ceccanti, B.; Ciardi, C. 
 Can-J-Soil-Sci v.72, p.243-253. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composting-; sewage-sludge; refuse-; comparisons-;
 organic-wastes; waste-utilization; organic-matter;
 mineralization-; phosphoric- monoester-hydrolases; proteinases-;
 urease-; enzyme-activity; atp-; microbial-flora; biomass-;
 microbial-activities; ammonium-nitrogen; nitrate- nitrogen;
 NAL Call No.:56.8-C162
 13. Changes in microbial population numbers during the composting
 of pine bark.
 Davis, C. L.; Hinch, S. A.; Donkin, C. J.; Germishuizen, P. J. 
 Bioresource-Technol. Essex : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers.
 1992 (pub. 1991). v. 39 (1) p. 85-92. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: pine-bark; composting-; microorganisms-;
 bacterial-count; temperature-; effects-; composts-; stabilizing-;
 fungi-; heat-tolerance; nitrogen- content; south-africa
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 14. Changes in physical and chemical properties of a loamy sand
 soil when amended with composted poultry litter.
 Warren, S. L.; Fonteno, W. C. 
 J-environ-hortic v.11, p.186-190. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: sandy-soils; soil-amendments; composts-;
 poultry-manure; soil-physical-properties; soil-chemistry;
 application-rates; soil-ph; cation- exchange-capacity;
 phosphorus-; nutrient-availability; exchangeable-calcium;
 exchangeable-magnesium; exchangeable-potassium; porosity-;
 soil-density; bulk-density; available-water-capacity;
 NAL Call No.:SB1.J66
 15. Chemical and biological changes in compost of wood shavings,
 sawdust and peat moss.
 N'Dayegamiye, A.; Isfan, D. 
 Can-J-Soil-Sci v.71, p.475-484. (1991).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composting-; sawdust-; wood-shavings; peat-; mosses-;
 cattle-manure; on-farm-production; composts-; growing-media;
 vicia-faba; zea- mays; growth-; dry-matter-accumulation;
 carbon-nitrogen-ratio; absorbance-; ph-; carbon-;
 nitrogen-content; temperature-; temporal-variation;
 nitrate-nitrogen; microbial-flora; populations-; respiration-;
 time-; humification-; optimization-
 NAL Call No.:56.8-C162
 16. Comparison of chemical and microbiological methods for the
 characterization of the maturity of composts from contrasting
 Forster, J. C.; Zech, W.; Wurdinger, E. 
 Biol-Fertil-Soils v.16, p.93-99. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: bark-compost; barley-straw; composts-; rape-straw;
 refuse-compost; straw-disposal; wheat-straw; ammonification-;
 arginine-; enzyme- activity; fulvic-acids; humic-acids;
 immobilization-; nitrogen-; oxidoreductases-; soil-enzymes;
 NAL Call No.:QH84.8.B46
 17. Composition of toxicants and other constituents in yard or
 sludge composts from the same community as a function of
 time-of-waste- collection.
 Lisk, D. J.; Gutenmann, W. H.; Rutzke, M.; Kuntz, H. T.; Doss, G.
 Arch-Environ-Contam-Toxicol v.22, p.380-383. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: yards-; wastes-; sewage-sludge; composts-;
 chemical-analysis; toxic-substances; nutrients-;
 polychlorinated-biphenyls; new-york; time-of-delivery
 NAL Call No.:TD172.A7
 18. Compost as a partial nutrient source.
 Werf, P. v. d. 
 BioCycle. Emmaus, Pa. : J.G. Press. Feb 1993. v. 34 (2) p. 79. 
 Descriptor: poa-; composts-; fertilizers-; nitrogen-;
 phosphorus-; potassium-; lawns-and-turf; ontario-
 NAL Call No.:57.8-C734
 19. Compost extract added to microcosms may simulate
 community-level controls on soil microorganisms involved in
 element cycling.
 Janzen, R. A.; Cook, F. D.; McGill, W. B. 
 Soil-biol-biochem v.27, p.181-188. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: soil-bacteria; azospirillum-; bacillus-;
 azospirillum-brasilense; sulfate-reducing-bacteria; composts-;
 extracts-; nitrogen-fixation; denitrification-; sulfate-;
 reduction-; phosphorus-; nutrient-uptake;
 Abstract: Interactions among populations of soil microorganisms
 might alter soil microenvironments sufficiently to allow
 populations collectively to  inhabit sites which individually
 they could not inhabit. We tested the hypothesis that soluble
 microbial products in soil microenvironments  mediate
 commensalistic interactions among populations involved in
 N2-fixation, denitrification, sulfate reduction and P
 solubilization. We  measured the growth of bacteria in microcosms
 amended with sterile compost extract. Of the 7 Azospirillum
 isolates tested, 3 fixed more N2  when amended with 50 micrograms
 compost extract-C ml-1 medium. Fixation of N2, by one isolate
 amended with NH4Cl or compost extract  decreased with increasing
 concentrations (0.15-15 micrograms N ml-1 medium) of NH4Cl, but
 not with increasing concentration of compost  extract. Optical
 density of cultures of Bacillus sp. increased 6-fold with
 addition of 11 micrograms compost extract-C ml-1 medium under 
 denitrifying conditions. Adding 6 micrograms compost extract-C
 ml-1 medium stimulated the growth of all 10 sulfate-redudng
 enrichment  cultures, and three did not grow without compost
 extract. Addition of 10 micrograms compost extract-C ml-1 medium,
 however, increased  microbial-P in only one of the 10 cultures in
 P-limiting medium. This evidence is consistent with the
 hypothesis that exchange of growth factors  among populations in
 microenvironments contributes to control of microorganisms
 involved in element cycling.NAL Call No.:S592.7.A1S6
 20. Compost impact on groundwater.
 Maynard, A. A. 
 BioCycle. Emmaus, Pa. : J.G. Press. Apr 1993. v. 34 (4) p. 76. 
 Descriptor: composts-; groundwater-pollution; nitrates-;
 soil-fertility; application-rates; application-date; connecticut-
 NAL Call No.:57.8-C734
 21. Compost production from Greek domestic refuse.
 Kapetanios, E. G.; Loizidou, M.; Valkanas, G. 
 Bioresource-Technol v.44, p.13-16. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: refuse-; composting-; nitrogen-content; greece-
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 22. Composted turkey litter. II. Effect on plant growth.
 Tyler, H. H.; Warren, S. L.; Bilderback, T. E.; Perry, K. B. 
 J-environ-hortic v.11, p.137-141. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: cotoneaster-dammeri; hemerocallis-;
 container-grown-plants; growing-media; composts-; litter-;
 turkeys-; waste-utilization; pine-bark; irrigation-scheduling;
 available-water; water-stress; nutrient-uptake; water-use;
 soil-fertility; soil-amendments
 NAL Call No.:SB1.J66
 23. Composted vs. uncomposted organics.
 Garcia, C.; Hernandez, T.; Costa, F. 
 BioCycle. Emmaus, Pa. : J.G. Press. Nov 1992. v. 33 (11) p.
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: crops-; organic-wastes; refuse-compost;
 sewage-sludge; nutritive-value; comparisons-; growth-;
 crop-yield; plant-analysis; nutrient-content; heavy-metals
 NAL Call No.:57.8-C734
 24. Composting--environmental effect of leachates.
 Berner, A. 
 Agricultural alternatives and nutritional self-sufficiency  for a
 sustainable agricultural system that respects man and his
 environment  proc  of the IFOAM Seventh Int Scientific
 Conference, Ouagadougou, January 2-5, 1989. [Witzenhausen?] :
 Ekopan, c1990.. p. 307-316. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composting-; composts-; leachates-;
 environmental-impact; nutrients-; losses-; solubility-;
 soil-analysis; nitrate-; denitrification-; nitrification-;
 nutrient-content; potassium-; nitrogen-; soil-chemistry; oxygen-;
 soil-air; leaching-; groundwater-; surface-water;
 water-pollution; risk-; switzerland-
 NAL Call No.:S605.5.I45-1989
 25. Composting in greenhouses for heat, CO2 enrichment, and
 nutrient economy.
 Fulford, B. 
 Global perspectives on agroecology and sustainable agricultural
 systems  proceedings of the sixth international scientific
 conference of the  International Federation of Organic
 Agriculture Movements. Santa Cruz, CA : Agroecology Program,
 University of California, c1988.. p. 337- 344b. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composting-; energy-sources; heat-production;
 greenhouses-; composts-; carbon-dioxide-enrichment;
 biological-filtration; nitrogen-; ammonia-; structural-design;
 components-; waste-utilization; applications-; biothermal-heating
 NAL Call No.:S605.5.I45-1986
 26. Composting of poultry wastes: implications for dead poultry
 disposal and manure management.
 Sims, J. T.; Murphy, D. W.; Handwerker, T. S. 
 J-sustain-agric v.2, p.67-82. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: chickens-; carcass-disposal; composting-; composts-;
 nitrogen-; mineralization-
 NAL Call No.:S494.5.S86S8
 27. Cumulative effects of sludge compost on crop yields and soil
 Bevacqua, R. F.; Mellano, V. J. 
 Commun-soil-sci-plant-anal v.25, p.395-406. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: allium-cepa; lactuca-sativa; festuca-arundinacea;
 festuca-arundinacea; sewage-sludge; composts-; application-rates;
 timing-; spring-; autumn-; stand-establishment; crop-yield;
 plant-tissues; heavy-metals; soil-; nutrient-content; soil-ph;
 salts-in-soil; soil-organic-matter; eucalyptus-; litter-plant;
 growth-; suppression-
 NAL Call No.:S590.C63
 28. Determination of compost biomaturity. II. Optical density of
 water extracts of composts as a reflection of their maturity.
 Mathur, S. P.; Dinel, H.; Owen, G.; Schnitzer, M.; Dugan, J. 
 Biol-agric-hortic v.10, p.87-108. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composts-; maturation-; stability-; determination-;
 colorimetry-; absorbance-; wavelengths-; extracts-; solubility-;
 organic-matter; carbon-; biochemical-oxygen-demand;
 ammonium-nitrogen; nitrate-nitrogen; nitrogen-content; ash-;
 moisture-content; environmental-temperature; aerobiosis-;
 oxygen-; ammonia-; hydrogen-sulfide; lepidium-sativum;
 seed-germination; composting-; humification-; farmyard-manure;
 waste- paper; dissolved-organic-carbon; biostability-
 NAL Call No.:S605.5.B5
 29. Determination of compost biomaturity. III. Evaluation of a
 colorimetric test by 13C-NMR spectroscopy and pyrolysis-field
 ionization mass  spectrometry.
 Schnitzer, M.; Dinel, H.; Mathur, S. P.; Schulten, H. R.; Owen,
 Biol-agric-hortic v.10, p.109-123. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composts-; maturation-; stability-; determination-;
 evaluation-; colorimetry-; extracts-; spectral-analysis; carbon-;
 organic-compounds; structure-; aromatic-compounds;
 heterocyclic-nitrogen-compounds; humification-; composting-;
 farmyard-manure; waste-paper; mass- spectrometry;
 nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy; biostability-;
 humic-substances; aliphatic-compounds
 NAL Call No.:S605.5.B5
 30.  NAL Call No.: HD1401.S73-no.93-7
 An Economic comparison of composted manure and commercial
 nitrogen with imperfect information.
 Berends, P. T. Manhattan, Kan. : Dept. of Agricultural Economics,
 Kansas State University, [1993] 17 p..
 "January 1993.".
 31. Effect of annual amendments of compost on nitrate leaching in
 nursery stock.
 Maynard, A. A. 
 Compost-sci-util v.2, p.54-55. (1994).
 Paper presented at the symposium, "Spent Mushroom Substrate,
 March 11-14, 1994, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
 Descriptor: refuse-compost; application-rates; nitrate-nitrogen;
 leaching-; groundwater-; water-quality; soil-amendments;
 NAL Call No.:TD796.5.C58
 32. Effect of composted manure on soil chemical properties and
 nitrogen use by grain sorghum.
 Schlegel, A. J. 
 J-Prod-Agric v.5, p.153-157. (1992).
 Paper presented at a symposium on "Ecology and Management of
 Grazing Systems" presented at the annual meeting of the American 
 Association for the Advancement of Science, January 14-19, 1991,
 San Francisco, California.
 Descriptor: sorghum-bicolor; cattle-manure; composts-;
 nitrogen-fertilizers; nutrient-sources; comparisons-;
 application-rates; soil-chemistry; phosphorus-; potassium-;
 nutrient-content; sodium-; soil-organic-matter; nitrate-nitrogen;
 use-efficiency; crop-yield; kansas-NAL Call No.:S539.5.J68
 33. Effect of composting on short-term transformations in soil of
 15N-labelled plant residues.
 Crippa, L.; Zaccheo, P. 
 Soil-biol-biochem v.27, p.247-250. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: soil-flora; biological-activity-in-soil;
 organic-amendments; lolium-perenne; plant-residues; composts-;
 ammonium-nitrogen; nitrate- nitrogen; ammonium-sulfate;
 mineralization-; nitrogen-; isotope-labeling; stable-isotopes
 NAL Call No.:S592.7.A1S6
 34. Effect of composting on the chemical and biological changes
 in peat and in wheat straw.
 Baur, A. J. 
 J-Am-Soc-Agron v.26, p.820-830. (1934).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: wheat-straw; peat-; composting-; decomposition-;
 biodegradation-; straw-; chemical-composition; muck-soils;
 nitrates-; ammonia-; ph-; bacteria-; fungi-; nitrites-; lime-;
 calcium-carbonate; ammonium-sulfate; superphosphate-;
 potassium-chloride; manures-; rose-; montezuma-; cicero-;
 Abstract: An experiment showing the result of composting two
 mucks, a peat, and a straw has been described. Fertilizer salts,
 lime, and manure  inoculum were used as supplements. Chemical and
 biological changes in the variously treated composts were studied
 by determining the  amount of nitrate and ammonia nitrogen and
 the number of heterotrophic micro-organisms at various intervals.
 Hydrogen-ion concentration was  also determined. The
 well-decomposed Rose and Montezuma mucks were not greatly
 affected by any of the treatments. The use of lime alone  caused
 no significant chemical or biological change. Superphosphate plus
 potassium chloride with and without lime decreased nitrates, but
 had  no effect on the number of heterotrophic micro-organisms.
 Some of the composts received ammonium sulfate either alone or
 with a complete  fertilizer. Nitrate accumulation was high in
 these cases due mainly to the nitrification of part of the
 applied ammonium sulphate. The use of  ammonium sulfate alone or
 with superphosphate, potassium chloride, and lime temporarily
 increased the number of bacteria but decreased the  fungi. The
 manure inoculum had very little effect, but any differences noted
 were in favor of increased nitrates and micro-organisms. The 
 control composts showed a rapid accumulation of nitrates, a low
 content of ammonia, and large numbers of bacteria and fungi. An
 application  of lime to the poorly decomposed Cicero peat caused
 nitrate accumulation. This effect was not demonstrated
 consistently by any of the other  treatments. Lime alone or with
 nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium greatly increased the number
 of bacteria during the first part of the  incubation period. All
 of the treatments except lime alone and manure increased the
 ammonia content and the number of fungi in these  composts. The
 application of complete fertilizer with lime hastened the
 decomposition of straw by immediately increasing the number of
 micro- organisms. Nitrates accumulated in these composts. Lime
 decreased and the fertilizer salts increased acidity in the
 composts. Potassium chloride  depressed the accumulation of
 nitrates in the Rose and Montezuma mucks. It proved to be toxic
 to the development of autotrophic organisms.  This effect was not
 observed when either potassium sulfate or dipotassium acid
 phosphate were used.NAL Call No.:4-AM34P
 35. Effects of coal fly ash-amended composts on the yield and
 elemental uptake by plants.
 Menon, M. P.; Ghuman, G. S.; James, J.; Chandra, K. 
 J-Environ-Sci-Health-Part-A-Environ-Sci-Eng v.27, p.1127-1139.
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composts-; coal-; fly-ash; zea-mays; sorghum-bicolor;
 nutrient-uptake; crop-yield
 NAL Call No.:TD172.J6
 36. Estimation of phosphorus availability in composts and
 composT/peat mixtures by different extraction methods.
 Alt, D.; Peters, I.; Fokken, H. 
 Commun-soil-sci-plant-anal v.25, p.2063-2080. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: dendranthema-; phosphorus-; nutrient-availability;
 determination-; composts-; peat-; mixtures-; testing-;
 extraction-; extractants-; comparisons-
 Abstract: A trial was carried out with compost and compost/peat
 mixtures to test several extraction methods for the estimation of
 availability of  phosphorus (P).  The test plant was Dendranthema
 grandiflorum. All composts had a high pH and salt content. 
 Amounts of P extracted by  different extraction methods decreased
 in the order:  Formate < CAL < NH4-acetate < CaCl2/DTPA < CaCl2. 
 Dilution of compost with peat  decreased pH and increased
 availability of P. The better availability of P caused by
 dilution with peat was not reflected by the Formate-, CAL-,  and
 NH4-acetate method. These acid and well-buffered extraction
 solutions overestimate P, and are therefore not suited to
 estimate availability  of P in composts and compost/peat
 mixtures.  Weak extraction solutions, like CaCl2 and CaCl2/DTPA,
 gave results which showed a good  correlation with P content of
 plants and P uptake.  The advantage of the latter method compared
 with CaCl2 is the extraction of amounts of P  comparable to
 amounts taken up by the plants. Therefore, of all the extraction
 methods tested, the CaCl2/DTPA method showed the best 
 suitability to estimate the availability of P in composts and
 compost/peat mixtures.NAL Call No.:S590.C63
 37. Evaluating garbage compost.
 Levi Minzi, R.; Saviozzi, A.; Riffaldi, R. 
 BioCycle. Emmaus, Pa. : J.G. Press. Mar 1992. v. 33 (3) p. 75-77. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: municipal-refuse-disposal; composting-;
 nutritive-value; nutrient-content; italy-
 NAL Call No.:57.8-C734
 38. Evaluation of city refuse compost maturity: a review.
 Jimenez, E. I.; Garcia, V. P. 
 Biol-Wastes v.27, p.115-142. (1989).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: refuse-; composting-; maturity-; application-to-land;
 anaerobic-conditions; rhizosphere-; nitrogen-; deficiency-;
 crops-; adverse-effects; phytotoxicity-; reviews-
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 39.  NAL Call No.: SB87.D4B47-nr.S2254
 Evaluering af komposteret kildesorteret husholdningsaffald :
 kvaelstofvirkning = Evaluation of composted source-graded
 household refuse :  nitrogen effect.  Evaluation of composted
 source-graded household refuse.
 Kjellerup, V. [Kobenhavn?] : Landbrugsministeriet, Statens
 planteavlsforsog, 1993. 38 p. : ill..
 Summary in English.
 40. Fate of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in a simulated compost system.
 Pennington, J. C.; Hayes, C. A.; Myers, K. F.; Ochman, M.;
 Gunnison, D.; Felt, D. R.; McCormick, E. F. 
 Chemosphere v.30, p.429-438. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: explosives-; organic-nitrogen-compounds;
 polluted-soils; composting-; microbial-degradation;
 chemical-reactions; carbon-; isotope- labeling; radionuclides-;
 bioremediation-; microbial-transformation; degradation-products;
 soil-decontamination; rdx-; hmx-
 NAL Call No.:TD172.C54
 41. Fly ash-amended compost as a manure for agricultural crops.
 Menon, M. P.; Sajwan, K. S.; Ghuman, G. S.; James, J.; Chandra,
 J-environ-sci-health,-Part-A,-Environ-sci-eng. New York, Marcel
 Dekker. 1993. v. 28 (9) p. 2167-2182. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: brassica-oleracea; brassica-juncea;
 phaseolus-vulgaris; capsicum-frutescens; solanum-melongena;
 fly-ash; composts-; nutrient-uptake; dry- matter-accumulation;
 nutrients-; crop-yield
 NAL Call No.:TD172.J6
 42. Growth of perennials and leaching of heavy metals in media
 amended with a municipal leaf, sewage sludge and street sand
 Bugbee, G. J.; Frink, C. R.; Migneault, D. 
 J-Environ-Hortic v.9, p.47-50. (1991).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: aster-novi-belgii; onagraceae-; sedum-telephium;
 container-grown-plants; perennials-; growing-media; mixtures-;
 waste-utilization; refuse- compost; leaf-mold; sewage-sludge;
 sand-; topsoil-; peat-; liquid-fertilizers; nutrient-solutions;
 leachates-; heavy-metals; ph-; cadmium-; chromium-; copper-;
 manganese-; nickel-; lead-; zinc-; risk-; assessment-;
 pollutants-; growth-rate; soil-physical-properties; connecticut-;
 gaura-lindheimeri; styrofoam-pellets
 NAL Call No.:SB1.J66
 43. Growth of Rudbeckia and leaching of nitrates in potting media
 amended with composted coffee processing residue, municipal solid
 waste  and sewage sludge.
 Bugbee, G. J. 
 Compost-sci-util v.2, p.72-79. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: rudbeckia-hirta; growth-; leaching-; nitrates-;
 growing-media; amendments-; composts-; coffee-; processing-;
 residues-; solid-wastes; refuse-; sewage-sludge; wood-chips;
 wood-ash; liquid-fertilizers
 NAL Call No.:TD796.5.C58
 44. Horticultural uses of municipal solid waste composts.
 Rosen, C. J.; Halbach, T. R.; Swanson, B. T. 
 HortTechnology v.3, p.167-173. (1993).
 Paper presented at the "Workshop on Waste Product Utilization and
 Disposal in Horticultural Crops", held at the 89th American
 Society  for Horticultural Science, August 5, 1992, Honolulu,
 Descriptor: horticultural-crops; crop-production;
 waste-utilization; refuse-compost; municipal-refuse-disposal;
 solid-wastes; heavy-metals; salts-; boron-; nitrogen-; quality-;
 soil-amendments; soil-properties; phytotoxicity-
 NAL Call No.:SB317.5.H68
 45. How compost fertilization affects soil nitrogen and crop
 Buchanan, M.; Gliessman, S. R. 
 BioCycle. Emmaus, Pa. : J.G. Press. Dec 1991. v. 32 (12) p.
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: brassica-oleracea-var; -italica; nitrogen-;
 use-efficiency; crop-yield; soil-fertility; composts-;
 agricultural-wastes; refuse-; ammonium-sulfate; superphosphate-;
 application-rates; physicochemical-properties; california-
 NAL Call No.:57.8-C734
 46. Humic substances in straw compost with rock phosphate.
 Singh, C. P.; Amberger, A. 
 Biol-Wastes v.31, p.165-174. (1990).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: wheat-straw; composting-; waste-treatment;
 waste-utilization; rock-phosphate; phosphorus-; calcium-;
 retention-; capacity-; humic-acids; fulvic-acids; molasses-;
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 47. Improving nutrient and moisture retention in pine bark
 substrates with rockwool and compost combinations.
 Bilderback, T. E.; Fonteno, W. C. 
 Acta-hortic p.265-272. (1993).
 Paper presented at the International Symposium on "Horticultural
 Substrates Other Than Soil In Situ," September 5-11, 1992,
 Florence,  Italy.
 Descriptor: cotoneaster-dammeri; substrates-; rockwool-;
 composts-; refuse-; turkeys-; broilers-; litter-; sand-;
 physicochemical-properties; growth-; electrical-conductivity;
 nutrient-retention; phosphates-; foliar-diagnosis
 NAL Call No.:80-Ac82
 48. Increasing plant-available phosphorus in an ultisol with a
 yard-waste compost.
 Hue, N. V.; Ikawa, H.; Silva, J. A. 
 Commun-soil-sci-plant-anal v.25, p.3291-3303. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: ultisols-; acid-soils; tropical-soils;
 mineral-deficiencies; phosphorus-; nutrient-availability;
 composts-; yards-; litter-plant; triple- superphosphate;
 application-rates; gypsum-; lime-; sorption-isotherms; shoots-;
 nutrient-content; growth-; dry-matter-accumulation;
 phosphorus-sorption-capacityNAL Call No.:S590.C63
 49. Influence of compost maturity on nutrient status of
 Baca, M. T.; Delgado, I. C.; De Nobili, M.; Esteban, E.; Sanchez
 Raya, A. J. 
 Commun-soil-sci-plant-anal v.26, p.169-181. (1995).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: helianthus-annuus; composts-; sugarcane-bagasse;
 olive-cake; poultry-manure; maturity-; nutrient-availability;
 iron-; zinc-; boron-; trace- element-deficiencies;
 plant-nutrition; mineral-nutrition; immobilization-; nitrogen-;
 phosphorus-; nitrification-; crop-yield; soil-fertility;
 nutrient- uptake; mineral-uptake
 NAL Call No.:S590.C63
 50. Influence of MSW derived compost on Rhizobium trifolii and
 the VA mycorrhizal endophyte Glomus Mosseae in a low fertility
 Leporini, C.; Pera, A.; Vallini, G.; Picci, G.; Giovannetti, M. 
 Acta-Hortic p.385-390. (1992).
 In the series analytic: Compost Recycling of Wastes / edited by
 C. Balis, M. De Bertoldi, G.L. Ferrero, V. Maniow, and E.
 Kapetanios.  Proceedings of an International Symposium, October
 4-7, 1989, Athens, Greece.
 Descriptor: refuse-; solid-wastes; sewage-sludge;
 trifolium-pratense; sorghum-bicolor; rhizobium-trifolii;
 glomus-mosseae; nodulation-; nitrogen- fixation; italy-
 NAL Call No.:80-AC82
 51. Leaching of nitrates from potting media containing composted
 sewage sludge and municipal solid waste.
 Bugbee, G. J. 
 Yank-nurs-q. Storrs, CT : University of Connecticut, Dept. of
 Plant Science, 1991-. Spring 1994. v. 4 (1) p. 13-14. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composts-; sewage-sludge; solid-wastes;
 growing-media; nitrates-; leaching-; carbon-nitrogen-ratio
 NAL Call No.:SB118.48.Y26
 52. Loss of nitrogenous compounds during composting of animal
 Martins, O.; Dewes, T. 
 Bioresource-Technol v.42, p.103-111. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: composting-; mixtures-; chopping-; straw-;
 liquid-manures; poultry-manure; pig-manure; cattle-manure;
 nitrogen-; losses-; leachates-; gases- ; emission-; ph-;
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 53. Microbiological characterization of four composted urban
 Diaz Ravina, M.; Acea, M. J.; Carballas, T. 
 Biol-Wastes v.30, p.89-100. (1989).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: refuse-compost; microbial-flora; populations-;
 nitrites-; oxidants-; nitrogen-fixation; spain-;
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 54. Mineralization of composted 15N-labelled farmyard manure
 during soil incubations.
 Cheneby, D.; Nicolardot, B.; Godden, B.; Penninckx, M. 
 Biol-agric-hortic v.10, p.255-264. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: silty-soils; nitrogen-; carbon-; mineralization-;
 nutrient-availability; composts-; farmyard-manure;
 soil-organic-matter; decomposition-
 NAL Call No.:S605.5.B5
 55. Municipal solid waste compost use in tomato/watermelon
 successional cropping.
 Obreza, T. A.; Reeder, R. K. 
 Proc-Soil-Crop-Sci-Soc-Fla. [S.l.] : The Society. 1994. v. 53 p.
 Meeting held September 22-25, 1993, Gainesville, FL.
 Descriptor: lycopersicon-esculentum; citrullus-lanatus;
 sequential-cropping; refuse-; poultry-manure; composts-;
 application-to-land; application-rates; npk-fertilizers;
 crop-yield; growth-; irrigation-; soil-water-content;
 soil-water-retention; soil-ph; nutrient-availability; florida-
 NAL Call No.:56.9-So32
 56. Nitrate movement beneath a beef cattle manure composting
 Nienaber, J. A.; Ferguson, R. B. 
 Pap-Am-Soc-Agric-Eng. St. Joseph, Mich. : American Society of
 Agricultural Engineers,. Winter 1992. (92-2611/92-2629) 12 p. 
 Paper presented at the "1992 International Winter meeting
 sponsored by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers,"
 December 15- 18, 1992, Nashville, Tennessee.
 Descriptor: profiles-; cattle-manure; nitrate-
 NAL Call No.:290.9-Am32P
 57. Nitrogen availability for corn in soils amended with urea,
 cattle slurry, and solid and composted manures.
 Paul, J. W.; Beauchamp, E. G. 
 Can-j-soil-sci v.73, p.253-266. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: liquid-manures; cattle-manure; composts-; urea-;
 cattle-slurry; nitrogen-; nutrient-availability; nutrient-uptake;
 zea-mays; nitrogen-content; seeds-; maize-stover; crop-yield;
 ammonium-; nitrate-; soil-fertility
 NAL Call No.:56.8-C162
 58. Nitrogen mineralization in soils amended with composted and
 uncomposted poultry litter.
 Tyson, S. C.; Cabrera, M. L. 
 Commun-soil-sci-plant-anal v.24, p.2361-2374. (1993).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: sandy-soils; sandy-loam-soils; poultry-manure;
 composting-; nitrogen-; mineralization-; release-; nitrate-;
 leaching-; pollution-; risk-
 NAL Call No.:S590.C63
 59. Nitrogen mineralization study in compost.
 Navarro, M.; Pujola, M.; Soliva, M.; Garau, M. 
 Acta-Hortic p.279-294. (1992).
 In the series analytic: Compost Recycling of Wastes / edited by
 C. Balis, M. De Bertoldi, G.L. Ferrero, V. Maniow, and E.
 Kapetanios.  Proceedings of an International Symposium, October
 4-7, 1989, Athens, Greece.
 Descriptor: composts-; refuse-; application-to-land; nitrogen-;
 mineralization-; biological-activity-in-soil
 NAL Call No.:80-AC82
 60. Nitrogen transformations during poultry manure composting.
 Hansen, R. C.; Keener, H. M.; Marugg, C.; Dick, W. A.; Hoitink,
 H. A. J. 
 Pap-Am-Soc-Agric-Eng. St. Joseph, Mich. : American Society of
 Agricultural Engineers,. Summer 1991. (914014) 16 p. 
 Paper presented at the "1991 International Summer Meeting
 sponsored by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers,"
 June 23-26,  1991, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
 Descriptor: poultry-manure; composting-; ammonia-; nitrogen-;
 NAL Call No.:290.9-Am32P
 61. Nutrient and pollutant content in sewage sludge and flowing
 muds, refuse and refuse composts.  Nahr- und Schadstoffgehalte in
 Klar- und Flusschlammen, Mull und Mullkomposten : Datensammulung
 und Bewertung : VDLUFA- Projekt 1985 : Datenerhebung im Auftrage
 des Bundesministeriums fur Ernahrung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten.
 Ulken, R. Darmstadt : VDLUFA-Verlag, c1987. 95 p..
 Includes bibliographical references (p. 45-50).
 NAL Call No.: S542.G3V4-Heft-22
 62. Optimizing physical properties of a study soil for higher
 prductivity using town refuse compost in Saudi Arabia.
 Sabrah, R. E. A.; Abdel Magid, H. M.; Abdel Aal, S. I.; Rabie, R.
 J-arid-environ. London, New York, Academic Press. Feb 1995. v. 29
 (2) p. 253-262. 
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: desert-soils; sandy-soils; refuse-compost;
 application-rates; soil-water; field-capacity;
 resistance-to-penetration; pore-size-distribution;
 triticum-aestivum; crop-yield; dry-matter-accumulation; roots-;
 growth-; nutrient-uptake; water-use-efficiency; saudi-arabia
 NAL Call No.:QH541.5.D4J6
 63. Pilot study of coal ash compost.
 Beaver, T. 
 Compost-sci-util v.2, p.18-21. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: coal-; ash-; composting-; composts-; mixtures-;
 waste-treatment; temperature-; ph-; electrical-conductivity;
 soil-fertility; lycopersicon- esculentum; biomass-production;
 hordeum-vulgare; crop-yield; triticum-aestivum; seed-germination;
 metals-; nutrient-content
 NAL Call No.:TD796.5.C58
 64. Planning to use compost? ask these questions.
 Richard, T. 
 St-Lawrence-Cty-Agric-News. Canton, N.Y. : Agricultural Division,
 St. Lawrence County Cooperative Extension Association. June 1993. 
 v. 77 (6) p. 10. 
 Descriptor: composts-; wastes-; soil-structure; nutrient-content;
 phytotoxicity-; plants-
 NAL Call No.:S544.3.N7S3
 65. Recycling of seastar (Asterias amurensis) waste by
 Line, M. A. 
 Bioresour-technol v.49, p.227-229. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: echinodermata-; wastes-; waste-disposal; composting-;
 eucalyptus-; bark-; sawdust-; nutrient-availability;
 nutrient-content; soil-fertility; lactuca-sativa;
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 66. Response of container-grown nursery crops to raw and
 composted paper mill sludges.
 Chong, C.; Cline, R. A. 
 Compost-sci-util v.2, p.90-96. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: paper-mill-sludge; composts-; bark-compost;
 mixtures-; growing-media; cornus-alba; cotoneaster-dammeri;
 weigela-; container-grown- plants; shoots-; roots-;
 biomass-production; leaves-; nutrients-; nutrient-uptake
 NAL Call No.:TD796.5.C58
 67. Response to differently amended wool-waste composts on yield
 and uptake of nutrients by crops.
 Tiwari, V. N.; Pathak, A. N.; Lehri, L. K. 
 Biol-Wastes v.28, p.313-318. (1989).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: wool-production; wastes-; waste-treatment;
 composting-; composts-; application-to-land;
 carbon-nitrogen-ratio; additives-; farmyard- manure;
 rock-phosphate; crop-yield; nutrient-uptake; triticum-aestivum;
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 68. Short-term nitrogen dynamics in soil amended with fresh and
 composted cattle manures.
 Paul, J. W.; Beauchamp, E. G. 
 Can-j-soil-sci v.74, p.147-155. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: zea-mays; nitrogen-; nutrient-uptake;
 nutrient-availability; cattle-manure; composts-;
 ammonium-nitrogen; mineralization-; immobilization-;
 NAL Call No.:56.8-C162
 69. Silkworm litter: use as nitrogen replacment for vegetable
 crop cultivation and substrate for mushroom cultivation.
 Madan, M.; Vasudevan, P. 
 Biol-Wastes v.27, p.209-216. (1989).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: waste-utilization; silkworms-; litter-;
 nitrogen-fertilizers; raphanus-sativus; vegetable-growing;
 mushroom-compost; pleurotus-sajor-caju; chemical-composition;
 crop-yield; india-
 NAL Call No.:TD930.A32
 70. Soil fertility improvement and pollution risks from the use
 of composts referred to N, P, K and C balance.
 Lionello, B.; Francesco, D. Z. 
 Acta-Hortic p.51-62. (1992).
 In the series analytic: Compost Recycling of Wastes / edited by
 C. Balis, M. De Bertoldi, G.L. Ferrero, V. Maniow, and E.
 Kapetanios.  Proceedings of an International Symposium, October
 4-7, 1989, Athens, Greece.
 Descriptor: composts-; application-rates; nutrient-balance;
 pollution-; risk-; soil-fertility; zea-mays; italy-
 NAL Call No.:80-AC82
 71. Soluble phosphorus in a forest soil Ap horizon amended with
 municipal wastewater sludge or compost.
 James, B. R.; Aschmann, S. G. 
 Commun-Soil-Sci-Plant-Anal v.23, p.861-875. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: forest-soils; phosphorus-; solubility-; a-horizons;
 soil-amendments; sewage-sludge; orthophosphates-;
 organophosphorus-compounds; composts-; leaching-; forest-litter
 NAL Call No.:S590.C63
 72. Source separated composts analyzed for quality.
 Spencer, R. L. 
 Biocycle v.35, p.30-33. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: refuse-compost; quality-; heavy-metals;
 NAL Call No.:57.8-C734
 73. Suppression of dollar spot on creeping bentgrass and annual
 bluegrass turf with compost-amended topdressings.
 Nelson, E. B.; Craft, C. M. 
 Plant-Dis v.76, p.954-958. (1991).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: poa-annua; agrostis-stolonifera-var; -palustris;
 sclerotinia-homoeocarpa; fungal-diseases; golf-green-soils;
 golf-courses; composts-; organic- fertilizers; top-dressings;
 plant-disease-control; biological-control; suppression-;
 fungicidal-properties; nutrient-availability
 NAL Call No.:1.9-P69P
 74. Survey of toxicants and nutrients in composted waste
 Lisk, D. J.; Gutenmann, W. H.; Rutzke, M.; Kuntz, H. T.; Chu, G. 
 Arch-Environ-Contam-Toxicol v.22, p.190-194. (1992).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: wastes-; composting-; surveys-; nutrient-content;
 toxic-substances; usa-
 NAL Call No.:TD172.A7
 75. Uptake of multielements by corn form fly ash-compost amended
 Ghuman, G. S.; Menon, M. P.; Chandra, K.; James, J.; Adriano, D.
 C.; Sajwan, K. S. 
 Water-air-soil-pollut v.72, p.285-295. (1994).
 Includes references.
 Descriptor: zea-mays; nutrient-uptake; mineral-uptake; fly-ash;
 composts-; application-to-land; mineral-content; potassium-;
 magnesium-; copper-; growth-; dry-matter-accumulation;
 NAL Call No.:TD172.W36
 76. The use of bottom-ash coal-cinder amended with compost as a
 container medium in horticulture.
 Chen, Y.; Gottesman, A.; Aviad, T.; Inbar, Y. 
 Acta-Hortic p.173-181. (1991).
 Paper presented at the "Second Symposium on Horticultural
 Substrates and their Analysis," September 10-14, 1990, Guernsey,
 United  Kingdom.
 Descriptor: ornamental-plants; substrates-;
 container-grown-plants; industrial-wastes; ash-; composts-;
 mixtures-; physicochemical-properties; nutrient- content;
 coal-fired-power-plants; coal-fired-industrial-boilers
 NAL Call No.:80-AC82
 77. The use of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) as an organic
 manure and plant substrate component.
 Maher, M. J. 
 Compost-sci-util v.2, p.37-44. (1994).
 Paper presented at the symposium, "Spent Mushroom Substrate,
 March 11-14, 1994, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
 Descriptor: mushrooms-; mushroom-compost; peat-; mixtures-;
 organic-fertilizers; application-rates; lolium-; lycopersicon-;
 seedling-growth; phosphorus-; potassium-; magnesium-;
 electrical-conductivity; nitrate-nitrogen; biomass-production;
 dry-matter; leaching-; waste-utilization
 NAL Call No.:TD796.5.C58
 78. The use of waste materials as potting media in fruit tree
 Burroni, F.; Ponzio, C.; Tafani, R.; Tattini, M. 
 Acta-hortic p.612-619. (1994).
 Paper presented at the International Symposium on New Cultivation
 Systems in Greenhouse held April 26-30, 1993, Cagliari, Italy.
 Descriptor: olea-europaea; prunus-persica; growing-media;
 refuse-compost; sewage-sludge; composts-; dairy-wastes; bark-;
 forest-litter; crop-residues; container-grown-plants;
 nutrient-content; mineral-content; phosphorus-; potassium-;
 nitrogen-content; humic-acids; fulvic-acids
 NAL Call No.:80-Ac82
 79. Using compost in landscape beds and nursery substrates.
 Bilderback, T. E.; Powell, M. A. 
 AG-NC-Agric-Ext-Serv. Raleigh : North Carolina Agricultural
 Extension Service,. Sept 1993. (473-14) 4 p. 
 Descriptor: composts-; landscape-gardening; nurseries-;
 nutrient-content; application-rates; north-carolina
 NAL Call No.:S544.3.N6N62

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